Anglesey (/ˈæŋ.ɡəl.siː/; Welsh: Ynys Môn [ˈənɨs ˈmoːn]) is
an island situated on the north coast of
Wales with an area of 276
square miles (715 km2).
Anglesey is by far the largest island
Wales and the seventh largest in the British Isles.
also the largest island in the
Irish Sea by area, and the second most
populous island (after the Isle of Man). The ferry port of Holyhead
handles more than 2 million passengers each year.
Anglesey is one of the historic counties of
Wales and was
administrated as part of Gwynedd. Now,
Anglesey is within the Isle of
Anglesey County together with Holy Island and other smaller
islands. The majority of Anglesey's inhabitants are Welsh
speakers and Ynys Môn, the Welsh name for the island, is used for
the UK Parliament and National Assembly constituencies. The population
at the 2011 census was 69,751.
Two bridges span the
Menai Strait to connect with the mainland: the
Menai Suspension Bridge, designed by
Thomas Telford in 1826, and the
2.1 20th-century history
Anglesey Coastal Path
6 Ecology and conservation
8 Welsh language
10 Other places of interest
11 Notable people
11.1 Born in Anglesey
11.2 Lived in Anglesey
14 Sport and leisure
14.1 Association football
14.2 Rugby Union
15 See also
18 External links
Ordnance Survey map of Anglesey
The island's name may be derived from the Old Norse; either Ǫngullsey
"Hook Island" or Ǫnglisey "Ǫngli's Island". No record of
such an Ǫngli survives, but the place name was used in the Viking
raiders as early as the 10th century and was later adopted by the
Normans during their invasions of Gwynedd. The traditional folk
etymology reading the name as the "Island of the Angles
(English)" may account for its Norman use but has no merit,
although the Angles' name itself is probably a cognate reference to
the shape of the
Angeln peninsula. All of these ultimately derive from
the proposed Proto-Indo-European root *ank- ("to flex, bend,
angle"). Through the 18th and 19th centuries and into the 20th, it
was usually spelt Anglesea in documents.
Ynys Môn, the island's Welsh name, was first recorded as
by various Roman sources. It was likewise known to the
Saxons as Monez. The Brittonic original was in the past taken to
have meant "Island of the Cow". This view is untenable,
however, according to modern scientific philology, and the etymology
remains a mystery.
Poetic names for
Anglesey include the
Old Welsh Ynys Dywyll ("Shady"
or "Dark Isle") for its former groves and Ynys y Cedairn ("Isle of the
Brave") for its royal courts; Gerald of Wales' Môn Mam Cymru
("Môn, Mother of Wales") for its productivity; and Y fêl Ynys
John Speed's map of Anglesey, 1607
Numerous megalithic monuments and menhirs are present on Anglesey,
testifying to the presence of humans in prehistory. Plas Newydd is
near one of 28 cromlechs that remain on uplands overlooking the sea.
Welsh Triads claim that
Anglesey was once part of the
Anglesey has long been associated with the druids. In AD
60 the Roman general Gaius Suetonius Paulinus, determined to break the
power of the druids, attacked the island using his amphibious Batavian
contingent as a surprise vanguard assault and then destroying the
shrine and the nemetons (sacred groves). News of Boudica's revolt
reached him just after his victory, causing him to withdraw his army
before consolidating his conquest. The island was finally brought into
Roman Empire by Gnaeus Julius Agricola, the
Roman governor of
Britain, in AD 78. During the Roman occupation, the area was notable
for the mining of copper. The foundations of Caer Gybi as well as a
Holyhead are Roman, and the present road from
Llanfairpwllgwyngyll was originally a Roman road. The island was
Ireland ("Hibernia") rather than with Britain
British Iron Age
British Iron Age and Roman sites have been excavated and coins and
ornaments discovered, especially by the 19th century antiquarian,
William Owen Stanley. Following the Roman departure from Britain
in the early 5th century, pirates from
the nearby Llŷn Peninsula. In response to this,
Cunedda ap Edern, a
Gododdin warlord from Scotland, came to the area and began to drive
the Irish out. This was continued by his son Einion Yrth ap Cunedda
and grandson Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion; the last Irish invaders were
finally defeated in battle in 470. As an island,
Anglesey was in a
good defensive position, and so
Aberffraw became the site of the
court, or Llys, of the Kingdom of Gwynedd. Apart from a devastating
Danish raid in 853 it remained the capital until the 13th century,
when improvements to the English navy made the location indefensible.
Anglesey was also briefly the most southern possession of the
After the Irish, the island was invaded by
Vikings — some of these
raids were noted in famous sagas (see
Menai Strait History) — and by
Saxons, and Normans, before falling to Edward I of
England in the 13th
Anglesey (together with Holy Island) is one of the thirteen historic
counties of Wales. In medieval times, before the conquest of
1283, Môn often had periods of temporary independence as it was
frequently bequeathed to the heirs of kings as a sub-kingdom of
Gwynedd. The last times this occurred were for a few years after 1171
following the death of Owain
Gwynedd when the island was inherited by
Rhodri ab Owain
Gwynedd and again between 1246 and c. 1255 when it was
Owain Goch as his share of the kingdom. Following the
Wales by Edward I it was created a county under the terms
Statute of Rhuddlan of 1284. Prior to this it had been divided
into the cantrefi ofAberffraw,
Rhosyr and Cemaes.
During the First World War, the Presbyterian minister and celebrity
preacher John Williams toured the island as part of an effort to
recruit young men to volunteer for a “just war”. German POWs
were kept on the island.
By the end of the war, approximately 1,000 of the island's men had
died while on active service.
In 1936 the NSPCC opened its first branch on Anglesey.
During the Second World War,
Anglesey received Italian POWs. The
island was designated a reception zone, and was home to evacuee
children from Liverpool and Manchester. The island's location made
it an ideal place to monitor German U-Boat based in the Irish Sea.
Around half a dozen airships operated out of Mona airfield to monitor
German submarine activity.
Anglesey became a district of the new large county of
Local Government (Wales) Act 1994
Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 abolished the 1974
county and the five districts on 1 April 1996.
Anglesey became an
independent unitary authority. In 2011, the
Welsh Government appointed
a panel of commissioners to administer the council, thus the elected
members were not in control. The commissioners remained in control
until an election was held in May 2013, restoring an elected Council.
Prior to the direct administration, there were a majority of
independent councillors, though members did not generally divide along
party lines, organised into five non-partisan groups on the council,
containing a mix of party and independent candidates. The position
remains substantially unchanged after the election, although the
Labour party has formed a governing coalition with the independents.
The principal offices of the
Isle of Anglesey County Council
Isle of Anglesey County Council (Welsh:
Cyngor Sir Ynys Môn) are in
pronunciation: [ɬanˈɡɛvni]) the county town.
Britannia Bridge from the east along the Menai Strait
Anglesey is a relatively low-lying island, with low hills spaced
evenly over the north of the island. The highest six are Holyhead
Mountain, 220 metres (720 ft); Mynydd Bodafon, 178 metres
(584 ft); Mynydd Llaneilian, 177 metres (581 ft); Mynydd y
Garn, 170 metres (560 ft); Bwrdd Arthur, 164 metres
(538 ft); and Mynydd Llwydiarth, 158 metres (518 ft). To the
south and south-east the island is separated from the Welsh mainland
by the Menai Strait, which at its narrowest point is about 250 metres
(270 yd) wide. In all other directions the island is surrounded
by the Irish Sea. It is the 51st largest island in Europe, and just
five square kilometres smaller than Singapore.
There are several small towns scattered around the island, making it
quite evenly populated. The largest are Holyhead, Llangefni, Benllech,
Menai Bridge, and Amlwch.
Beaumaris (Welsh: Biwmares), in the east of
the island, features
Beaumaris Castle, built by Edward I as part of
Bastide Town campaign in North Wales.
Beaumaris is a yachting
centre, with many boats moored in the bay or off Gallows Point. The
village of Newborough (Welsh: Niwbwrch), in the south, created when
the townsfolk of
Llanfaes were relocated to make way for the building
Beaumaris Castle, includes the site of Llys Rhosyr, another of the
courts of the medieval Welsh princes, which features one of the oldest
courtrooms in the United Kingdom.
Llangefni is located in the centre
and is the island's administrative centre. The town of Menai Bridge
(Welsh: Porthaethwy, in the southeast) expanded when the first bridge
to the mainland was being built, in order to accommodate workers and
construction. Until then, Porthaethwy had been one of the principal
ferry crossing points from the mainland. A short distance from this
town lies Bryn Celli Ddu, a
Stone Age burial mound.
Nearby is the village with the longest name in the United Kingdom,
Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, and Plas
Newydd, ancestral home of the Marquesses of Anglesey. The town of
Amlwch is situated in the northeast of the island and was once largely
industrialised, having grown during the 18th century by supporting an
important copper-mining industry at Parys Mountain.
Trwyn Du Lighthouse
Other villages and settlements include Cemaes, Pentraeth, Gaerwen,
Malltraeth and Rhosneigr. The
Anglesey Sea Zoo
Anglesey Sea Zoo is a
local tourist attraction, providing a descriptive look at local marine
wildlife from common lobsters to congers. All the fish and crustaceans
on display are caught around the island and placed in reconstructions
of their natural habitat. The
Anglesey Sea Zoo
Anglesey Sea Zoo also breed commercially
lobsters, for food, and oysters, for pearls, both from local stocks.
Sea salt (Halen Môn, evaporated from the local sea water), now
produced in a modern facility nearby, was formerly produced at the Sea
There are a few natural lakes, mostly in the west, such as Llyn
Llywenan, the largest on the island, Llyn Coron, and Cors Cerrig y
Daran, but rivers are few and small. There are two large water supply
reservoirs operated by Welsh Water. These are
Llyn Alaw to the north
of the island and
Llyn Cefni in the centre of the island, which is fed
by the headwaters of the afon Cefni.
The climate is humid (though much less so than neighbouring
mountainous Gwynedd) and generally equable, being influenced by the
Gulf Stream. The land is of variable quality and it was probably much
more fertile in the past.
Anglesey is the home of the northernmost
olive grove in Europe and presumably in the world.
Anglesey Coastal Path
The island's entire rural coastline has been designated an Area of
Outstanding Natural Beauty and features many sandy beaches, especially
along its eastern coast between the towns of
along the western coast from
Ynys Llanddwyn through
Rhosneigr to the
little bays around Carmel Head. The northern coastline has dramatic
cliffs interspersed with small bays The
Anglesey Coastal Path
follows the entire way around the island. It is 124 miles
(200 km) long and passes by/through 20 towns/villages. The
official start point is St Cybi's Church, Holyhead..
Tourism is now the most significant economic activity on the island.
Agriculture provides the secondary source of income for the island's
economy, with the local dairies being some of the most productive in
Major industry is restricted to
Holyhead (Caergybi), which until 30
September 2009 supported an aluminium smelter, and the
once a major copper mining town. Nearby is the site of the former
Wylfa Nuclear Power Station
Wylfa Nuclear Power Station and a former bromine extraction plant.
With construction starting in 1963, the two Wylfa reactors began
producing electricity in 1971. One reactor was decommissioned in 2012
and the other in 2015. The site remains a strong possibility for a
replacement reactor, planned by Horizon, a subsidiary of Hitachi, to
start production in the 2020s. The replacement has been
enthusiastically endorsed by
Anglesey Council and Welsh Assembly
members, but protesters have raised doubts about the economic and
safety claims made for the plant.
Anglesey also has three wind farms on land, and more than twenty
offshore wind turbines near the north coast. There are plans for the
world's first Tidal Flow turbines, near The Skerries, off the north
coast, and for a major biomass plant on Holy Island (Ynys Gybi).
Developing such low-carbon energy assets to their full potential forms
part of the
Anglesey Energy Island project.
When the aluminium smelting operation closed in September 2009, it
reduced its workforce from 450 to 80; this has been a major blow to
the island's economy, especially to Holyhead. The Royal Air Force
RAF Valley (Y Fali) is home to the
RAF Fast Jet Training
School and also 22 Sqn Search and Rescue Helicopters, both units
providing employment for about 500 civilians.
RAF Valley is now the
headquarters of 22 Sqn Search and Rescue.
There is a wide range of smaller industries, mostly located in
industrial and business parks, especially at
Llangefni and Gaerwen.
These include an abattoir and fine chemical manufacturing, as well as
factories for timber production, aluminium smelting, fish farming and
food processing. The island is also on one of the
major routes from Britain to Ireland, via ferries from Holyhead, off
the west of
Anglesey on Holy Island, serving
Dún Laoghaire and Dublin
Ecology and conservation
Anglesey is used for relatively intensive cattle and sheep
farming. However, there are a number of important wetland sites which
have protected status. In addition the several lakes all have
significant ecological interest, including their support for a wide
range of aquatic and semi-aquatic bird species. In the west, the
Malltraeth Marshes are believed to support an occasional visiting
bittern, and the nearby estuary of the
Afon Cefni supports a bird
population made internationally famous by the paintings of Charles
Tunnicliffe, who lived for many years – and died – at
Malltraeth on the Cefni estuary. The
RAF airstrip at Mona is a nesting
site for skylarks. The sheer cliff faces at
South Stack near Holyhead
provide nesting sites for huge numbers of auks including puffins,
razorbills and guillemots together with choughs and peregrine falcons.
Three sites on
Anglesey are important for breeding terns – see
Anglesey tern colonies. There are significant occurrences of the
Juncus subnodulosus-Cirsium palustre fen-meadow plant association, a
habitat characterised by certain hydrophilic grasses, sedges and
Anglesey is home to several species of tern, including the
Anglesey is home to two of the UK's few remaining colonies of red
Pentraeth and Newborough.
Almost the entire coastline of
Anglesey is designated as an Area of
Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) to protect the aesthetic appeal and
variety of the island's coastal landscape and habitats from
inappropriate development. The coastal zone of
Anglesey was designated
as an AONB in 1966 and was confirmed as such in 1967.
The AONB is predominantly a coastal designation, covering most of
Anglesey's 125 miles (201 km) coastline but also encompasses
Holyhead Mountain and Mynydd Bodafon. Substantial areas of other land
protected by the AONB form the backdrop to the coast. The AONB is
about 221 km2 (85 sq mi) and it is the largest AONB in Wales,
covering one third of the island.
A number of the habitats in
Anglesey are afforded even greater
protection through both UK and European designations because of their
nature conservation value: these include:
Special Areas of Conservation (cSACs)
Special Protection Areas (SPAs)
1 National Nature Reserve
26 Sites of
Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
52 Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs)
These protected habitats support a variety of wildlife such as harbour
porpoises and marsh fritillary.
The AONB also takes in three sections of open, undeveloped coastline
which have been designated as Heritage Coast. These non-statutory
designations complement the AONB and cover about 31 miles (50 km)
of the coastline. The sections of Heritage Coast are:
Anglesey 28.6 km (17.8 mi)
Holyhead Mountain 12.9 km (8.0 mi)
Aberffraw Bay 7.7 km (4.8 mi)
The most popular forms of recreation include sailing, angling,
cycling, walking, wind surfing and jet skiing. These all place
pressures and demands on the AONB; but these activities contribute to
the local economy.
Ynys Llanddwyn, old lighthouse with
Snowdonia in background.
Anglesey hosted the
National Eisteddfod in 1957, 1983, 1999, and 2017.
The island is a member of the International
Island Games Association.
Its most successful Games were the
1997 Island Games held on Jersey,
(11th in the medals table, with two gold, three silver and nine bronze
medals) and the
2005 Island Games on the Shetland Islands, (again
11th, with 4 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze).
Anglesey Show is held on the second Tuesday and Wednesday
of August: farmers from around the country compete in livestock
rearing contests including sheep and cattle.
Anglesey has featured in the
Channel 4 archaeological television
Time Team (series 14) – episode transmission date 4
Anglesey is home to Gottwood, an electronic music and arts festival
held each summer at the Carreglwyd estate.
The Druidic college at
Anglesey is referred to in the metal band
Eluveitie's song "Inis Mona," an alternative spelling of Ynys Mon.
Capital Cymru, a commercial contemporary hit radio station also covers
Môn FM, a volunteer community radio station broadcasts from the
county town, Llangefni.
Anglesey has historically been a stronghold of the Welsh language, and
according to the 2011 census it was the second most Welsh-speaking
local authority area in Wales. The historical proportions of residents
who could speak Welsh are as follows:
1901: 90.7% 
1911: 88.7% 
1951: 80% 
Today, Welsh is less widely used on the island, but it is still the
dominant language in certain areas, particularly in the centre,
including the town of Llangefni, and some areas of the south coast. A
notable example is the village of Llanfairpwll. The island's five
secondary schools vary widely in the percentage of their pupils who
come from predominantly Welsh-speaking homes, as do the percentages
who can speak Welsh:
Ysgol David Hughes
Ysgol David Hughes (in Menai Bridge): 33% come from Welsh-speaking
homes; 90% "can speak Welsh."
Llangefni (in Llangefni): 68% of pupils speak Welsh as
their first language; 87% of pupils take their exams through the
medium of Welsh.
Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones
Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones (in Amlwch): 34% of pupils come from
Welsh-speaking homes; 82% sit the Welsh First Language General
Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE).
Bodedern (in Bodedern): 67% of pupils come from
Welsh-speaking homes; "a majority" speak Welsh fluently.
Ysgol Uwchradd Caergybi (in Holyhead): 14% of pupils speak Welsh at
home; 11% are taught the "Welsh First Language" curriculum.
The geology of
Anglesey is notably complex and is frequently used for
geology field trips by schools and colleges. Younger strata in
Anglesey rest upon a foundation of very old
needed] that appear at the surface in four areas:
a western region including
Holyhead and Llanfaethlu
a central area about
Aberffraw and Trefdraeth
an eastern region which includes Newborough,
Gaerwen and Pentraeth
a coastal region at Glyn Garth between
Menai Bridge and Beaumaris
Precambrian rocks are schists and phyllites, often much
contorted and disturbed. The general line of strike of the formations
in the island is from north-east to south-west. A belt of
granitic rocks lies immediately north-west of the central Precambrian
mass, reaching from
Llanfaelog near the coast to the vicinity of
Llanerchymedd. Between this granite and the
a narrow tract of
Ordovician slates and grits with Llandovery beds in
places; this tract spreads out in the north of the island between
Dulas Bay and Carmel Point. A small patch of
Ordovician strata lies on the northern side of Beaumaris. In parts,
Ordovician rocks are much folded, crushed and metamorphosed, and
they are associated with schists and altered volcanic rocks which are
probably Precambrian. Between the eastern and central Precambrian
Carboniferous rocks are found. The
occupies a broad area south of
Lligwy Bay and Pentraeth, and sends a
narrow spur in a south-westerly direction by
Llangefni to Malltraeth
Sands. The limestone is underlain on the north-west by a red basement
conglomerate and yellow sandstone (sometimes considered to be of Old
Sandstone age). Limestone occurs again on the north coast around
Llanfihangel and Llangoed; and in the south-west round
the Menai Strait. Puffin Island is made of carboniferous limestone.
Malltraeth marsh is occupied by Coal Measures, and a small patch of
the same formation appears near Tal-y-foel
Ferry on the Menai Strait.
A patch of rhyolitic/felsitic rocks form Parys Mountain, where copper
and iron ochre have been worked. Serpentine (Mona Marble) is found
Llanfair-yn-Neubwll and upon the opposite shore in Holyhead.
Under the name GeoMôn, and in recognition of its extraordinary
geological heritage, the island gained membership of the European
Geoparks Network in spring 2009. and the Global Geoparks Network
in September 2010.
Other places of interest
South Stack lighthouse
Rhosneigr, for its beach, boat launch and surfing facilities.
Lighthouse which can be found at the end of a low piece
of submerged land, north-east of Holyhead
The working windmill at Llanddeusant
Ynys Llanddwyn – Lovers' island
Anglesey Sea Zoo
Anglesey Sea Zoo near Dwyran
The Church in the Sea on Cribinau
Anglesey Motor Racing Circuit
Stone Science, near Pentraeth – a journey through 650
King Arthur's seat near Beaumaris
Penmon Priory and dovecote
Beaumaris Castle and Gaol
Red Wharf Bay, Benllech,
Llanddona and many other beaches
Cemlyn Bay for its ternary
Elin's Tower (Twr Elin) RSPB reserve and the lighthouse at South Stack
(Ynys Lawd) near Holyhead
Moelfre, the fishing village
Malltraeth, noted centre for bird life and home of wildlife artist
Swtan longhouse, owned by the
National Trust and managed by the local
community of Porth Swtan
Born in Anglesey
Tony Adams – actor (Anglesey, 1940)
Stu Allan – radio and club DJ
John C. Clarke – politician
Grace Coddington – creative director for US Vogue, born 1941
Charles Allen Duval – artist and writer (Beaumaris, 1810)
Dawn French – actress, writer, comedian (Holyhead, 1957)
Huw Garmon – actor (Anglesey, 1966)
Hugh Griffith – Oscar-winning actor (Marianglas, 1912)
Meinir Gwilym – singer and songwriter (Llangristiolus, 1983)
Gwynedd – prince (Anglesey, c. 1100)
Hywel Gwynfryn – radio and TV personality (Llangefni, 1942)
John Jones – amateur astronomer (Bryngwyn Bach, Dwyran
1818 – Bangor 1898); a.k.a. Ioan Bryngwyn Bach and Y Seryddwr
William Jones – mathematician (Llanfihangel Tre'r Beirdd, 1675)
Glenys Kinnock – politician (Holyhead, 1944)
Julian Lewis Jones – portrays Karl Morris on the Sky 1 comedy Stella
John Morris-Jones – Welsh grammarian and poet (Llandrygarn, 1864)
Edward Owen – 18th-century artist, notable today for his letters
documenting life in London's art scene
Goronwy Owen – poet (Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf, 1723)
Osian Roberts – association football player and manager (Bodffordd)
Hugh Owen Thomas
Hugh Owen Thomas – pioneering orthopaedic surgeon (1833)
Sefnyn, medieval court poet
Owen Tudor – grandfather of Henry VII (Henry Tudor), married the
widow of Henry V, which gave the Tudor dynasty a tenuous claim on the
Kyffin Williams RA – landscape painter (Anglesey, 1918–2006)
Andy Whitfield – actor (Amlwch, 1971–2011)
Gareth Williams, employee of Britain`s GCHQ signals intelligence
Lived in Anglesey
Rachel Davies (Rahel o Fôn)
Rachel Davies (Rahel o Fôn) – preacher
Henry Austin Dobson
Henry Austin Dobson – poet and essayist (Plymouth, Devon 1840)
Gareth Glyn – composer and broadcaster (has lived on
Wayne Hennessey – footballer – currently goalkeeper with
Crystal Palace and
Wales (Bangor, 1987)
Aled Jones – singer and television presenter (Bangor, 1970)
Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister – heavy metal bass player and singer
The Marquesses of
Anglesey – noble family from Plas Newydd,
Matthew Maynard – cricketer (Oldham, Lancashire 1966)
George North –
Wales rugby union international (born King's Lynn,
1992; family moved to
Anglesey in his early childhood.)
Gruff Rhys – Musician best known for being the leadman of Super
Furry Animals grew up in Rachub, near Bethesda (Haverfordwest, 18 July
Iain Duncan Smith, leader of the Conservative Party 2001–2003,
attended HMS Conway School Ship Plas Newydd, Llanfairpwll,
Charles Tunnicliffe – wildlife artist (Langley, Macclesfield, 1901)
Naomi Watts – Oscar -nominated actress (Kent, 1968)
Rex Whistler – artist (Eltham, Kent 1905)
Maurice Wilks – father of the Land Rover, which was test driven on
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge – grandson of Queen Elizabeth II,
and his wife
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (2010–13)
Clive Woodward – rugby union player and
England / British Lions
coach, attended HMS Conway School Ship Plas Newydd, Llanfairpwll,
Main article: List of schools in Anglesey
Ysgol David Hughes, Menai Bridge
Ysgol Gyfun Llangefni, Llangefni
Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones, Amlwch
Ysgol Uwchradd Bodedern, Bodedern
Ysgol Uwchradd Caergybi, Holyhead
There are also 50 primary schools in Anglesey, all of which are
co-educational day schools.
Anglesey is linked from
Holyhead to the mainland by the Britannia
Bridge, which carries the A55, and the Menai Suspension Bridge, which
carries the A5. The A5025 round the northern edge of
Anglesey and the
A4080 round the southern edge form a ring round the island.
There are six railway stations in Anglesey: Holyhead, Valley,
Rhosneigr, Ty Croes,
Bodorgan and Llanfairpwll. All are on the North
Wales Coast Line and services are operated by
Virgin Trains to London
Euston, and by Arriva Trains
Wales to Chester, Manchester Piccadilly,
Birmingham New Street and
Cardiff Central. Historically the island was
also served by the
Anglesey Central Railway
Anglesey Central Railway which ran from
Amlwch, and the
Red Wharf Bay
Red Wharf Bay branch line between the Holland Arms
railway station and Red Wharf Bay.
Anglesey Airport has a twice-daily scheduled service to
Cardiff International Airport
Cardiff International Airport where connections worldwide can be made.
The ferry port of
Holyhead handles more than 2 million passengers each
Stena Line and
Irish Ferries sail to
Dublin and Dún Laoghaire
in Ireland, forming the principal link for surface transport from
central and northern
Wales to Ireland.
Sport and leisure
Anglesey is independently represented in the
Island Games (under its
Welsh name Ynys Môn). The team finished joint 17th in the 2009 Games
hosted by Åland, winning medals in gymnastics, sailing and
Anglesey made an unsuccessful bid to host the 2009 games, led by Ynys
Môn MP Albert Owen. The island expected to benefit from more than
£3m of spending if it had hosted the event. However, Anglesey
currently lacks two facilities necessary for a successful bid, a
six-lane competition swimming pool and an athletics track.
Several precursors to the modern football codes were highly popular in
Anglesey. They had few rules, and were quite violent. Rhys Cox, at the
turn of the 18th century, described a game in Llandrygan as ending
with "[n]umbers of players... left here and there on the road, some
having limbs broken in the struggle, others severely injured, and some
carried on biers to be buried in the churchyard nearest to where they
had been mortally injured." William Bulkeley, in his April 1734 diary,
records that the violence of such games left no hard feelings, with
both sides parting "as good friends as they came, after they had spent
half an hour together cherishing their spirits with a cup of ale...
having finished Easter Holydays innocently and merrily."
Football arrived on the island in the 1870s. It was initially met with
resistance, given its perceived (by the islanders) associations with
drunkenness and rowdiness, and the lower classes. One critic dismissed
it as "un-Christian practice". The
Anglesey League, comprising teams
from Amlwch, Beaumaris, Holyhead, Menai Bridge, Llandegfan, and
Llangefni, was, however, formed in the 1895–96 football season.
The Ynys Môn football team represents the island of
Anglesey at the
biannual Island Games, winning gold in 1999.
Llangefni Town are reigning
Cymru Alliance champions, only failing
promotion due to the restructuring of the Welsh Premier League.
Holyhead Hotspur and
Llanfairpwll were relegated despite
finishing outside the usual relegation zone at the end of the
Llangefni RFC is the island's highest competing team in the WRU
Division One North.
Llangoed hosts an annual rugby sevens contest. Touring sides have
included Manhattan RFC.
Anglesey Hunt, formed in 1757, was the second oldest fox hunting
Wales (the oldest being the Tivyside Hunt in
Every September the
Anglesey Festival of Running takes place. There is
a marathon, half-marathon, 10 km and 5 km race, as well as
children's contests. Their slogan is Run the Island.
Anglesey Circuit (Welsh: Trac Môn) is a fully licensed MSA and
ACU championship racing circuit, it opened in 1997.
Beaumaris Cricket Club was formed in 1858. Clubs at Holyhead,
Llangefni were formed within the following decade, but it
was not until the 1880s that the sport became popular outside the
Bodedern Cricket Club was formed in 1947.
Anglesey Yacht Club hosts the
Menai Strait Regatta yearly.
Menai Strait hosts two annual open-water swimming contests: the
Menai Strait Swim from Foel to Caernarfon (1 mile), and the Pier to
Pier Open Water Swim, between
Beaumaris and Garth Pier, Bangor.
Part of a series on the
History of the British Isles
Isle of Wight
Isles of Scilly
Isle of Man
Isle of Man (Mann)
Protohistoric Ireland, Roman Ireland
Early medieval England
High medieval England
Late medieval England
Early medieval Scotland
High medieval Scotland
Late medieval Scotland
Early medieval Wales
High medieval Wales
Late medieval Wales
Early medieval Ireland
High medieval Ireland
Late medieval Ireland
Early modern period
Early modern Britain
Early modern England
Early modern Scotland
Early modern Wales
Early modern Ireland
Early modern Mann
Late modern period
United Kingdom (since 1707)
First World War
Second World War
Post-war period (political history)
Post-war period (social history)
Late modern Ireland
Late modern Mann
Roman conquest of Anglesey
List of Scheduled Monuments in Anglesey
List of places in Anglesey
Anglesey towns by population
HMS Anglesea, four ships of the Royal Navy.
List of Lord Lieutenants of Anglesey
Custos Rotulorum of Anglesey
List of Sheriffs of Anglesey
Ynys Môn (UK Parliament constituency)
Ynys Môn (Assembly constituency)
List of islands of
Wales – including those around Anglesey
Anglesey Nature introduction". Retrieved 2 February 2015.
^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Irish Sea. eds P. Saundry and C. Cleveland.
Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the
Environment. Washington DC
^ The National Archives of the United Kingdom. Local Government
(Wales) Act 1994, Schedule 1: The New Principal Areas. Accessed 6
^ "Background Paper 10B:
Anglesey Language Profile" (PDF). Gwynedd
Council website. February 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
^ "Local Authority population 2011". Retrieved 18 May 2015.
^ a b Lena Peterson, et al. Nordiskt runnamnslexikon (Dictionary of
Names from Runic Inscriptions), p. 116, May 2001. Accessed 6 June
^ a b Room, Adrian. Placenames of the World, p. 30. McFarland, 2003.
Accessed 6 February 2013.
^ Warren Kovach Anglesey, Wales. 19 October 2012.
^ Davies, John. A History of Wales, pp. 98–99.
^ a b c d e f g h i j Chisholm 1911, pp. 17–18.
^ a b c The London Encyclopaedia. "Anglesey". Tegg (London), 1839.
Accessed 6 February 2013.
^ University of Texas at Austin's Linguistics Research Center.
"Proto-Indo-European Etyma 9.14 Archived March 8, 2014, at the Wayback
Machine.: Physical Acts & Materials: to Bend". 17 May 2011.
Accessed 6 February 2013.
^ Tacitus. Annals, XIV.29. and Agricola, XIV.14 & 18. Accessed 6
^ Pliny. Natural History, IV.30. Accessed 6 April 2013.
^ Cassius Dio. Roman History, 62.
^ The Present State of the British Empire in Europe, America, Africa,
and Asia. "Wales. Anglesea". Griffith (London), 1768.
^ Davies, Edward. The Mythology and Rites of the British Druids, p.
177. Booth (London), 1809. Accessed 6 February 2013.
Tacitus Agricola 18.3-5
^ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of
Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopædia
Britannica Company. p. 18.
^ Ptolemy, Geog., Bk. 2, Ch. 1 & 2
^ Stanley, Anglesey, 1871, and many Celtic contributions, especially
on Celtic subjects, to Archaeologia Cambrensis.
^ a b c d e Devine, Darren (2012-02-15). "
Anglesey during the First
World War and Second World War". walesonline. Retrieved
^ Devine, Darren (2012-02-15). "
Anglesey during the First World War
and Second World War". walesonline. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
^ A Years' Work of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty
to Children, Annual Report for 1936-1937, adopted by the Council and
Corporation, May 28th1937, London, p. 12
^ Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel; Baines, Menna; Llynch, Peredur (2008).
The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales
Press. p. 494. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6.
^ "First Welsh olive grove planted on Anglesey". WalesOnline. 30 April
2007. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
^ "40 years of outstanding natural beauty". Welsh Government. 13
December 2007. Archived from the original on 24 September 2006.
^ Damian Carrington. "Renewables industry welcomes reduced subsidies
for onshore windfarms". the Guardian. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
Anglesey protest over plans for new nuclear power plant BBC News, 30
Anglesey Today: Energy accessed 15 April 2014
Wales accessed 15 April 2014
^ Energy Island Programme, accessed 15 April 2014
^ *C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Marsh Thistle: Cirsium palustre,
GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Strömberg Archived 2012-12-13 at the
^ "Home – Squirrels Map". Squirrels Map. Retrieved 2 February
^ "Your Page Title". Retrieved 2 February 2015.
^ a b Language in Wales, 1911 (official census report), Table I.
^ Welsh Language and Culture -
Gwynedd Council report
^ Ten Bi-lingual Schools
^ "Ysgol Uwchradd
Bodedern Estyn Report 2014" (PDF). Estyn. Retrieved
28 October 2016.
Anglesey Geopark". Retrieved 2 February 2015.
^ Pterosaur.co.uk Archived August 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
^ Isle of
Anglesey County Council, Serving
Anglesey Archived May 24,
2011, at the Wayback Machine.
Island Games XIII – Medal Table". Retrieved 28 August
Island Games XIII – Ynys Môn Medal Winners". Retrieved
28 August 2010.
^ Clark, Rhodri. "Out of the running for island 'Olympics'". Western
Mail. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
^ ETBRS (2005b).
^ a b Pretty (2005).
^ ETBRS (2005a).
Lile, Emma (2005). "Fox Hunting (Wales)". In Collins, Tony; Martin,
John; Vamplew, Wray. Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural Sports.
Sports Reference series. Routledge. p. 125.
ISBN 978-0-415-35224-6. .
Lile, Emma (2005), "Football (Wales)", in Collins, Tony; Martin, John;
Vamplew, Wray, Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural Sports,
Sports Reference series, Routledge, pp. 120–121,
ISBN 978-0-415-35224-6 .
Pretty, David A. (2005), Anglesey: The Concise History, Vol. 1,
Histories of Wales, University of
Wales Press, p. 111,
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Anglesey",
Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press,
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anglesey.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Anglesey.
"Angelsea", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 (9th ed.), 1878,
Anglesey at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Four Mile Bridge
Barclodiad y Gawres
Bryn Celli Ddu
Bryn Gwyn stones
Castell Bryn Gwyn
Lligwy Burial Chamber
Llyn Cerrig Bach
St Gwenfaen's Well
Ynys Gored Goch
Ynys y Bîg
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings
Communities of Anglesey
Local government districts of
Alyn and Deeside
Ynys Môn - Isle of Anglesey
Vale of Glamorgan
Principal areas of Wales
Neath Port Talbot
Rhondda Cynon Taf
Vale of Glamorgan
Historic counties of Wales
Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Wales
Clwydian Range and Dee Valley
1 Partly in England
Coordinates: 53°17′N 4°20′W / 53.283°N 4.333°W /