The Info List - Anglesey

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ANGLESEY (/ˈæŋ.ɡəl.siː/ ; Welsh : _Ynys Môn_ ) is an island off the north-west coast of Wales
. With an area of 276 square miles (715 km2), Anglesey
is by far the largest island in Wales
and the seventh largest in the British Isles . Anglesey
is also the largest island in the Irish Sea by area , and the second most populous island (after the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
). The population at the 2011 census was 69,751. Two bridges span the Menai Strait
Menai Strait
, connecting the island to the mainland: the Menai Suspension Bridge
Menai Suspension Bridge
, designed by Thomas Telford in 1826, and the Britannia Bridge .

A historic county of Wales
and later administrated as part of Gwynedd , Anglesey
today makes up the ISLE OF ANGLESEY COUNTY along with Holy Island and other smaller islands. The majority of Anglesey's inhabitants are Welsh speakers and Ynys Môn, the Welsh name for the island, is used for the UK Parliament and National Assembly constituencies.


* 1 Name * 2 History

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Industry and energy * 3.2 Rivers, lakes and climate

* 4 Ecology and conservation

* 4.1 A living and working landscape

* 5 Culture * 6 Welsh language * 7 Geology * 8 Other places of interest

* 9 Notable people

* 9.1 Born in Anglesey
* 9.2 Lived in Anglesey

* 10 Government * 11 Schools * 12 Transport

* 13 Sport and leisure

* 13.1 Association football * 13.2 Rugby Union * 13.3 Anglesey
Hunt * 13.4 Athletics * 13.5 Motorsport * 13.6 Cricket * 13.7 Sailing
* 13.8 Swimming * 13.9 Walking

* 14 See also * 15 Notes * 16 References * 17 External links


"Anglesey" is derived from Old Norse , originally either _Ǫngullsey_ "Hook Island" or _Ǫnglisey_ "Ǫngli's Island". No record of such an Ǫngli survives, but the place name was used in the Viking raiders as early as the 10th century and was later adopted by the Normans during their invasions of Gwynedd
. The traditional folk etymology reading the name as the "Island of the Angles
(English)" may account for its Norman use but has no merit, although the Angles\' name itself is probably a cognate reference to the shape of the Angeln peninsula. All of these ultimately derive from the proposed Proto-Indo-European root _*ank-_ ("to flex, bend, angle"). Through the 18th and 19th centuries and into the 20th, it was usually spelt ANGLESEA in documents.

_Ynys Môn_, the island's Welsh name, was first recorded as Latin _Mona_ by various Roman sources. It was likewise known to the Saxons as _Monez_. The Brittonic original was in the past taken to have meant "Island of the Cow". This view is untenable, however, according to modern scientific philology, and the etymology remains a mystery.

Poetic names for Anglesey
include the Old Welsh _Ynys Dywyll_ ("Shady" or "Dark Isle") for its former groves and _Ynys y Cedairn_ ("Isle of the Brave") for its royal courts; Gerald of Wales
' _Môn Mam Cymru_ ("Môn, Mother of Wales") for its productivity; and _Y fêl Ynys_ ("Honey Isle").


John Speed's map of Anglesey, 1607

Numerous megalithic monuments and menhirs are present on Anglesey, testifying to the presence of humans in prehistory . Plas Newydd is near one of 28 cromlechs that remain on uplands overlooking the sea. The Welsh Triads claim that Anglesey
was once part of the mainland. Plas Newydd

Historically, Anglesey
has long been associated with the druids . In AD 60 the Roman general Gaius Suetonius Paulinus , determined to break the power of the druids, attacked the island using his amphibious Batavian contingent as a surprise vanguard assault and then destroying the shrine and the nemetons (sacred groves ). News of Boudica
's revolt reached him just after his victory, causing him to withdraw his army before consolidating his conquest. The island was finally brought into the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by Gnaeus Julius Agricola , the Roman governor of Britain, in AD 78. During the Roman occupation, the area was notable for the mining of copper . The foundations of Caer Gybi as well as a fort at Holyhead are Roman, and the present road from Holyhead to Llanfairpwllgwyngyll was originally a Roman road . The island was grouped by Ptolemy
with Ireland
(" Hibernia
") rather than with Britain (" Albion

British Iron Age
British Iron Age
and Roman sites have been excavated and coins and ornaments discovered, especially by the 19th century antiquarian , William Owen Stanley . Following the Roman departure from Britain in the early 5th century, pirates from Ireland
colonised Anglesey
and the nearby Llŷn Peninsula . In response to this, Cunedda ap Edern , a Gododdin warlord from Scotland
, came to the area and began to drive the Irish out. This was continued by his son Einion Yrth ap Cunedda and grandson Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion ; the last Irish invaders were finally defeated in battle in 470. As an island, Anglesey
was in a good defensive position, and so Aberffraw became the site of the court, or _Llys_, of the Kingdom of Gwynedd
. Apart from a devastating Danish raid in 853 it remained the capital until the 13th century, when improvements to the English navy made the location indefensible. Anglesey
was also briefly the most southern possession of the Norwegian Empire .

After the Irish, the island was invaded by Vikings
— some of these raids were noted in famous sagas (see Menai Strait
Menai Strait
History ) — and by Saxons , and Normans , before falling to Edward I of England
in the 13th century. See also: List of Scheduled Monuments in Anglesey


Britannia Bridge from the east along the Menai Strait
Menai Strait

is a relatively low-lying island, with low hills spaced evenly over the north of the island. The highest six are: Holyhead Mountain (220 metres (720 ft)); Mynydd Bodafon (178 metres (584 ft)); Mynydd Llaneilian (177 metres (581 ft)); Mynydd y Garn (170 metres (560 ft)); Bwrdd Arthur (164 metres (538 ft)) and MYNYDD LLWYDIARTH (158 metres (518 ft)). To the south/south-east the island is separated from the Welsh mainland by the Menai Strait
Menai Strait
, which at its narrowest point is about 250 metres (270 yd) wide. In all other directions the island is surrounded by the Irish Sea . It is the 51st largest island in Europe.

There are several small towns scattered around the island, making it quite evenly populated. The largest towns are Holyhead , Llangefni , Benllech , Menai Bridge
Menai Bridge
, and Amlwch . Beaumaris (Welsh: _Biwmares_), in the east of the island, features Beaumaris Castle , built by Edward I as part of his Bastide Town campaign in North Wales
. Beaumaris is a yachting centre, with many boats moored in the bay or off Gallows Point. The village of Newborough (Welsh: _Niwbwrch_), in the south, created when the townsfolk of Llanfaes were relocated to make way for the building of Beaumaris Castle, includes the site of Llys Rhosyr , another of the courts of the medieval Welsh princes, which features one of the oldest courtrooms in the United Kingdom. Llangefni is located in the centre of the island and is the island's administrative centre. The town of Menai Bridge
Menai Bridge
(Welsh: _Porthaethwy_) (in the south-east) expanded when the first bridge to the mainland was being built, in order to accommodate workers and construction. Until then, Porthaethwy had been one of the principal ferry crossing points from the mainland. A short distance from this town lies Bryn Celli Ddu , a Stone Age
Stone Age
burial mound. Also nearby is the village with the longest purported place name in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch . Nearby is Plas Newydd , ancestral home of the Marquesses of Anglesey
. The town of Amlwch is situated in the northeast of the island and was once largely industrialised, having grown during the 18th century supporting the copper mining industry at Parys Mountain. Ordnance Survey map of Anglesey
Trwyn Du Lighthouse Anglesey coast Menai Bridge
Menai Bridge

Other villages and settlements include Cemaes , Pentraeth , Gaerwen , Dwyran
, Bodedern , Malltraeth , and Rhosneigr . The Anglesey
Sea Zoo is a local tourist attraction, providing a look at and descriptions of local marine wildlife from common lobsters to congers . All the fish and crustaceans on display are caught around the island and are placed in reconstructions of their natural habitat . The Anglesey
Sea Zoo also breed commercially lobsters, for food, and oysters , for pearls, both from local stocks. Sea salt (Halen Môn, evaporated from the local sea water), now produced in a modern facility nearby, was formerly produced at the Sea Zoo site.

The island's entire rural coastline has been designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and features many sandy beaches, especially along its eastern coast between the towns of Beaumaris and Amlwch and along the western coast from Ynys Llanddwyn through Rhosneigr to the little bays around Carmel Head. The northern coastline has dramatic cliffs interspersed with small bays. The Anglesey Coastal Path is a 200-kilometre (124 mi) path which follows nearly the entire coastline. Tourism is now the most significant economic activity on the island. Agriculture provides the secondary source of income for the island's economy, with the local dairies being amongst the most productive in the region.


Major industries are restricted to Holyhead (Caergybi) which, until 30 September 2009, supported an aluminium smelter , and the Amlwch area, once a major copper mining town. Nearby is the Wylfa Nuclear Power Station and a former bromine extraction plant. In 1971 the Wylfa reactors began producing electricity. With one reactor decommissioned in 2012 and the other expected to end production in 2015, the site is a strong possibility for a replacement reactor, planned by Horizon
, a subsidiary of Hitachi , to start production in the 2020s. The replacement has been enthusiastically endorsed by Anglesey
Council and Welsh Assembly members, but protestors have raised doubts about the economic and safety claims made for the plant. Anglesey
also has 3 windfarms on land, and more than 20 offshore wind turbines established near the north coast. There are plans for the world's first Tidal Flow turbines, near The Skerries , off the north coast, and for a major biomass plant on Holy Island (Ynys Gybi). Developing such low carbon energy assets to their full potential forms part of the Anglesey
Energy Island project.

When the aluminium smelting operation closed down in September 2009, it reduced its workforce from 450 to 80; this has been a major blow to the Island's economy, especially to the town of Holyhead. The Royal Air Force station RAF Valley (Y Fali) is home to the RAF
Fast Jet Training School and also 22 Sqn Search and Rescue Helicopters, both units providing employment for approximately 500 civilians. RAF
Valley is now home to the Headquarters of 22 Sqn Search and Rescue.

There is a wide range of smaller industries, mostly located in industrial and business parks especially at Llangefni and Gaerwen . These industries include an abattoir and fine chemical manufacture as well as factories for timber production, aluminium smelting, fish farming and food processing. The island is also on one of the major routes from Britain to Ireland
, via ferries from Holyhead , off the west of Anglesey
on Holy Island, to Dún Laoghaire and Dublin


There are a few natural lakes, mostly in the west, such as Llyn Llywenan , the largest natural lake on the island, Llyn Coron, and Cors Cerrig y Daran, but rivers are few and small. There are two large water supply reservoirs operated by Welsh Water . These are Llyn Alaw to the north of the island and Llyn Cefni in the centre of the island, which is fed by the headwaters of the afon Cefni .

The climate is humid (though much less so than neighbouring mountainous Gwynedd
) and generally equable, being influenced by the Gulf Stream . The land is of variable quality and it was probably much more fertile in the past. Anglesey
is the home of the northernmost olive grove in Europe and presumably in the world.

_See the list of places in Anglesey
for all villages, towns and cities_. _See the List of Anglesey towns by population for populations_.


Much of Anglesey
is used for relatively intensive cattle and sheep farming. However, there are a number of important wetland sites which have protected status. In addition the several lakes all have significant ecological interest, including their support for a wide range of aquatic and semi-aquatic bird species. In the west, the Malltraeth Marshes are believed to support an occasional visiting bittern , and the nearby estuary of the Afon Cefni supports a bird population made internationally famous by the paintings of Charles Tunnicliffe , who lived for many years – and died – at Malltraeth on the Cefni estuary. The RAF
airstrip at Mona is a nesting site for skylarks . The sheer cliff faces at South Stack near Holyhead provide nesting sites for huge numbers of auks including puffins , razorbills and guillemots together with choughs and peregrine falcons . Three sites on Anglesey
are important for breeding terns – see Anglesey tern colonies . There are significant occurrences of the _Juncus subnodulosus_-_Cirsium palustre_ fen-meadow plant association , a habitat characterised by certain hydrophilic grasses, sedges and forbs. Anglesey
is home to several species of tern, including the roseate tern .

is home to two of the UK's few remaining colonies of red squirrels , at Pentraeth and Newborough .

Almost the entire coastline of Anglesey
is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) to protect the aesthetic appeal and variety of the island's coastal landscape and habitats from inappropriate development. The coastal zone of Anglesey
was designated as an AONB in 1966 and was confirmed as such in 1967.

The AONB is predominantly a coastal designation, covering most of Anglesey's 125 miles (201 km) coastline but also encompasses Holyhead Mountain and Mynydd Bodafon. Substantial areas of other land protected by the AONB form the backdrop to the coast. The AONB is about 221 km2 (85 sq mi) and it is the largest AONB in Wales, covering one third of the island.

A number of the habitats in Anglesey
are afforded even greater protection through both UK and European designations because of their nature conservation value: these include:

6 candidate Special
Areas of Conservation (cSACs) 4 Special Protection Areas (SPAs) 1 National Nature Reserve 26 Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) 52 Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs)

These protected habitats support a variety of wildlife such as harbour porpoises and marsh fritillary .

The AONB also takes in three sections of open, undeveloped coastline which have been designated as Heritage Coast. These non-statutory designations complement the AONB and cover about 31 miles (50 km) of the coastline. The sections of Heritage Coast are:

* North Anglesey
28.6 km (17.8 mi) * Holyhead Mountain 12.9 km (8.0 mi) * Aberffraw Bay 7.7 km (4.8 mi)


Employment on Anglesey
is mainly based on agriculture and tourism. In a number of instances the local produce is also organic.

The most popular forms of recreation include sailing, angling, cycling, walking, wind surfing and jet skiing. These all place pressures and demands on the AONB ; but these activities contribute to the local economy. Ynys Llanddwyn , old lighthouse with Snowdonia
in background.


* Anglesey
hosted the National Eisteddfod
National Eisteddfod
in 1957, 1983, and 1999. Anglesey
will also be hosting it for a fourth time, in 2017, in Bodedern * The island is a member of the International Island Games Association . Its most successful Games were the 1997 Island Games held on Jersey
, (11th in the medals table, with two gold, three silver and nine bronze medals) and the 2005 Island Games on the Shetland Islands , (again 11th, with 4 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze). * The annual Anglesey
Show is held on the second Tuesday and Wednesday of August: farmers from around the country compete in livestock rearing contests including sheep and cattle. * Anglesey
has featured in the Channel 4 archaeological television programme _ Time Team _ (series 14) – episode transmission date 4 February 2007. * Anglesey
is home to Gottwood, an electronic music and arts festival held each summer at the Carreglwyd estate.


has historically been a stronghold of the Welsh language , and according to the 2011 census it was the second most Welsh-speaking local authority area in Wales. The historical proportions of residents who could speak Welsh are as follows:

* 1901: 90.7% * 1911: 88.7% * 1921: 87.8% * 1931: 87.4% * 1951: 80% * 1961: 75% * 1971: 66% * 1981: 61% * 1991: 62% * 2001: 60% * 2011: 57%

Today, Welsh is less widely used on the island, but it is still the dominant language in certain areas, particularly in the centre, including the town of Llangefni , and some areas of the south coast. A notable example is the village of Llanfairpwll . The island's five secondary schools vary widely in the percentage of their pupils who come from predominantly Welsh-speaking homes, as do the percentages who can speak Welsh:

* Ysgol David Hughes (in Menai Bridge
Menai Bridge
): 33% come from Welsh-speaking homes; 90% "can speak Welsh." * Ysgol Gyfun Llangefni (in Llangefni ): 68% of pupils speak Welsh as their first language ; 87% of pupils take their exams through the medium of Welsh. * Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones (in Amlwch ): 34% of pupils come from Welsh-speaking homes; 82% sit the Welsh First Language General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). * Ysgol Uwchradd Bodedern (in Bodedern ): 67% of pupils come from Welsh-speaking homes; "a majority" speak Welsh fluently. * Ysgol Uwchradd Caergybi (in Holyhead ): 14% of pupils speak Welsh at home; 11% are taught the "Welsh First Language" curriculum.


The geology of Anglesey
is notably complex and is frequently used for geology field trips by schools and colleges. Younger strata in Anglesey
rest upon a foundation of very old Precambrian rocks that appear at the surface in four areas:

* a western region including Holyhead and Llanfaethlu * a central area about Aberffraw and Trefdraeth * an eastern region which includes Newborough , Gaerwen and Pentraeth * a coastal region at Glyn Garth between Menai Bridge
Menai Bridge
and Beaumaris

These Precambrian rocks are schists and phyllites , often much contorted and disturbed. The general line of strike of the formations in the island is from north-east to south-west. } A belt of granitic rocks lies immediately north-west of the central Precambrian mass, reaching from Llanfaelog near the coast to the vicinity of Llanerchymedd . Between this granite and the Precambrian of Holyhead is a narrow tract of Ordovician
slates and grits with Llandovery beds in places; this tract spreads out in the north of the island between Dulas Bay and Carmel Point. A small patch of Ordovician
strata lies on the northern side of Beaumaris. In parts, these Ordovician
rocks are much folded, crushed and metamorphosed, and they are associated with schists and altered volcanic rocks which are probably Precambrian. Between the eastern and central Precambrian masses Carboniferous rocks are found. The Carboniferous Limestone occupies a broad area south of Lligwy Bay and Pentraeth , and sends a narrow spur in a south-westerly direction by Llangefni to Malltraeth Sands . The limestone is underlain on the north-west by a red basement conglomerate and yellow sandstone (sometimes considered to be of Old Red Sandstone
age). Limestone occurs again on the north coast around Llanfihangel and Llangoed ; and in the south-west round Llanidan near the Menai Strait . Puffin Island is made of carboniferous limestone. Malltraeth marsh is occupied by Coal Measures, and a small patch of the same formation appears near Tal-y-foel Ferry
on the Menai Strait
Menai Strait
. A patch of rhyolitic/felsitic rocks form Parys Mountain , where copper and iron ochre have been worked. Serpentine (Mona Marble) is found near Llanfair-yn-Neubwll and upon the opposite shore in Holyhead .

Under the name _ GeoMôn _, and in recognition of its extraordinary geological heritage, the island gained membership of the European Geoparks Network in spring 2009. and the Global Geoparks Network in September 2010.


_ South Stack lighthouse

* Rhosneigr , for its beach, boat launch and surfing facilities. * The Skerries Lighthouse
which can be found at the end of a low piece of submerged land, north-east of Holyhead * The working windmill at Llanddeusant * Ynys Llanddwyn – Lovers' island_ * The sea zoo near Dwyran * The _church in the sea_ on Cribinau * The Anglesey
Motor Racing Circuit * Stone Science, near Pentraeth – a journey through 650 million years. * King Arthur
King Arthur
's seat near Beaumaris * Penmon Priory and dovecote * The town and castle of Beaumaris * Red Wharf Bay , Benllech , Llanddona and many other beaches * Cemlyn Bay for its ternary * Elin\'s Tower (Twr Elin) RSPB reserve and the lighthouse at South Stack (Ynys Lawd) near Holyhead * Moelfre , the fishing village * Malltraeth , noted centre for bird life and home of wildlife artist Charles Tunnicliffe * Swtan longhouse, owned by the National Trust
National Trust
and managed by the local community of Porth Swtan



* Tony Adams – actor (Anglesey, 1940) * Stu Allan – radio and club DJ * John C. Clarke – politician * Grace Coddington – creative director for US _Vogue_, born 1941 * Charles Allen Duval – artist and writer (Beaumaris, 1810) * Dawn French – actress, writer, comedian (Holyhead, 1957) * Huw Garmon – actor (Anglesey, 1966) * Hugh Griffith – Oscar-winning actor (Marianglas, 1912) * Meinir Gwilym – singer and songwriter (Llangristiolus, 1983) * Owain Gwynedd
– prince (Anglesey, c. 1100) * Hywel Gwynfryn – radio and TV personality (Llangefni, 1942) * John Jones – amateur astronomer (Bryngwyn Bach, Dwyran
1818 – Bangor 1898); a.k.a. Ioan Bryngwyn Bach and Y Seryddwr * William Jones – mathematician (Llanfihangel Tre'r Beirdd, 1675) * Glenys Kinnock
Glenys Kinnock
– politician (Holyhead, 1944) * Julian Lewis Jones – portrays Karl Morris on the Sky 1 comedy Stella * John Morris-Jones – Welsh grammarian and poet (Llandrygarn, 1864) * Edward Owen – 18th-century artist, notable today for his letters documenting life in London's art scene * Goronwy Owen – poet ( Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf , 1723) * Osian Roberts – association football player and manager ( Bodffordd ) * Hugh Owen Thomas – pioneering orthopaedic surgeon (1833) * Owen Tudor – grandfather of Henry VII (Henry Tudor), who married the widow of Henry V to give the Tudor dynasty a tenuous claim on the English throne * Sir Kyffin Williams RA – landscape painter (Anglesey, 1918–2006) * Andy Whitfield – actor (Amlwch, 1972–2011) * Gareth Williams , employee of Britain`s GCHQ signals intelligence agency


* Rachel Davies (Rahel o Fôn) – preacher * Henry Austin Dobson – poet and essayist (Plymouth, Devon 1840) * Gareth Glyn – composer and broadcaster (has lived on Anglesey since 1978) * Wayne Hennessey – footballer – currently goalkeeper with Crystal Palace and Wales
(Bangor, 1987) * Aled Jones – singer and television presenter (Bangor, 1970) * Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister – heavy metal bass player and singer (Stoke-on-Trent, 1945) * The Marquesses of Anglesey
– noble family from Plas Newydd , Llanfairpwll * Matthew Maynard – cricketer (Oldham, Lancashire 1966) * George North Wales
rugby union international (born King's Lynn, 1992; family moved to Anglesey
in his early childhood) * Gary Pritchard – sports journalist -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ " Anglesey
Nature introduction". Retrieved 2 February 2015. * ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. _Irish Sea_. eds P. Saundry and C. Cleveland. _Encyclopedia of Earth_. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC * ^ "Local Authority population 2011". Retrieved 18 May 2015. * ^ The National Archives of the United Kingdom. Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 , Schedule 1: The New Principal Areas. Accessed 6 February 2013. * ^ "Background Paper 10B: Anglesey
Language Profile" (PDF). _ Gwynedd
Council website_. February 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lena Peterson, et al. Nordiskt runnamnslexikon (Dictionary of Names from Runic Inscriptions), p. 116, May 2001. Accessed 6 June 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ Room, Adrian. _Placenames of the World_, p. 30. McFarland, 2003. Accessed 6 February 2013. * ^ Warren Kovach Anglesey, Wales. 19 October 2012. * ^ Davies, John. _A History of Wales_, pp. 98–99. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ Chisholm 1911 , pp. 17–18. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ The _London Encyclopaedia_. "Anglesey". Tegg (London), 1839. Accessed 6 February 2013. * ^ University of Texas at Austin
University of Texas at Austin
's Linguistics Research Center. "Proto-Indo-European Etyma 9.14 Archived March 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine .: Physical Acts & Materials: to Bend". 17 May 2011. Accessed 6 February 2013. * ^ Tacitus
. _Annals _, XIV.29. and _Agricola _, XIV.14 & 18. Accessed 6 April 2013. * ^ Pliny . _Natural History _, IV.30. Accessed 6 April 2013. * ^ Cassius Dio. _Roman History_ , 62. * ^ _The Present State of the British Empire in Europe, America, Africa, and Asia_. "Wales. Anglesea". Griffith (London), 1768. * ^ Davies, Edward. _The Mythology and Rites of the British Druids_, p. 177. Booth (London), 1809. Accessed 6 February 2013. * ^ Tacitus
Agricola 18.3-5 * ^ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). _The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information_. Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
Company. p. 18. * ^ Ptolemy
, _Geog. _, Bk. 2, Ch. 1 & 2 * ^ Stanley, _Anglesey_, 1871, and many Celtic contributions, especially on Celtic subjects, to _ Archaeologia Cambrensis _. * ^ "40 years of outstanding natural beauty". Welsh Government . 13 December 2007. Archived from the original on 24 September 2006. Retrieved 2013-05-09. * ^ Damian Carrington. "Renewables industry welcomes reduced subsidies for onshore windfarms". _the Guardian_. Retrieved 2 February 2015. * ^ Anglesey
protest over plans for new nuclear power plant BBC News, 30 March 2014 * ^ Anglesey
Today: Energy accessed 15 April 2014 * ^ SeaGen Wales
accessed 15 April 2014 * ^ Energy Island Programme, accessed 15 April 2014 * ^ "First Welsh olive grove planted on Anglesey". _WalesOnline_. 30 April 2007. Retrieved 2013-05-09. * ^ *C. Michael Hogan. 2009. _Marsh Thistle: Cirsium palustre_, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Strömberg Archived 2012-12-13 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Home – Squirrels Map". _Squirrels Map_. Retrieved 2 February 2015. * ^ "Your Page Title". Retrieved 2 February 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ Language in Wales, 1911 (official census report), Table I. * ^ * ^ * ^ "Ysgol Uwchradd Bodedern Estyn Report 2014" (PDF). Estyn. Retrieved 28 October 2016. * ^ " GeoMôn Anglesey
Geopark". Retrieved 2 February 2015. * ^ Pterosaur.co.uk Archived August 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Isle of Anglesey
County Council, Serving Anglesey
Archived May 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "NatWest Island Games XIII – Medal Table". Retrieved 28 August 2010. * ^ "NatWest Island Games XIII – Ynys Môn Medal Winners". Retrieved 28 August 2010. * ^ Clark, Rhodri. "Out of the running for island ‘Olympics’". _Western Mail_. Retrieved 30 August 2010. * ^ ETBRS (2005b) . * ^ _A_ _B_ Pretty (2005) . * ^ ETBRS (2005a) . * ^ http://www.visitanglesey.co.uk/about-anglesey/isle-of-anglesey-coastal-path/


* Lile, Emma (2005). "Fox Hunting (Wales)". In Collins, Tony; Martin, John; Vamplew, Wray. _Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural Sports_. Sports Reference series. Routledge. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-415-35224-6 . . * Lile, Emma (2005), "Football (Wales)", in Collins, Tony; Martin, John; Vamplew, Wray, _Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural Sports_, Sports Reference series, Routledge, pp. 120–121, ISBN 978-0-415-35224-6 . * Pretty, David A. (2005), _Anglesey: The Concise History,_ Vol. 1, Histories of Wales, University of Wales
Press, p. 111, ISBN 978-0708319437


* _ This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Anglesey", Encyclopædia Britannica _, 2 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 17–18


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