The Info List - Anglesey

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(/ˈæŋ.ɡəl.siː/; Welsh: Ynys Môn [ˈənɨs ˈmoːn]) is an island situated on the north coast of Wales
with an area of 276 square miles (715 km2).[1] Anglesey
is by far the largest island in Wales
and the seventh largest in the British Isles. Anglesey
is also the largest island in the Irish Sea
Irish Sea
by area, and the second most populous island (after the Isle of Man). The ferry port of Holyhead handles more than 2 million passengers each year.[2] Anglesey
is one of the historic counties of Wales
and was administrated as part of Gwynedd. Now, Anglesey
is within the Isle of Anglesey
County together with Holy Island and other smaller islands.[3] The majority of Anglesey's inhabitants are Welsh speakers[4] and Ynys Môn, the Welsh name for the island, is used for the UK Parliament and National Assembly constituencies. The population at the 2011 census was 69,751.[5] Two bridges span the Menai Strait
Menai Strait
to connect with the mainland: the Menai Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford
Thomas Telford
in 1826, and the Britannia Bridge.


1 Name 2 History

2.1 20th-century history

3 Geography 4 Anglesey
Coastal Path 5 Economy 6 Ecology and conservation 7 Culture 8 Welsh language 9 Geology 10 Other places of interest 11 Notable people

11.1 Born in Anglesey 11.2 Lived in Anglesey

12 Schools 13 Transport 14 Sport and leisure

14.1 Association football 14.2 Rugby Union 14.3 Anglesey
Hunt 14.4 Athletics 14.5 Motorsport 14.6 Cricket 14.7 Sailing 14.8 Swimming

15 See also 16 Notes 17 References 18 External links


Ordnance Survey map of Anglesey

The island's name may be derived from the Old Norse; either Ǫngullsey "Hook Island"[6] or Ǫnglisey "Ǫngli's Island".[6][7] No record of such an Ǫngli survives,[8] but the place name was used in the Viking raiders as early as the 10th century and was later adopted by the Normans
during their invasions of Gwynedd.[9] The traditional folk etymology reading the name as the "Island of the Angles (English)"[10][11] may account for its Norman use but has no merit,[7] although the Angles' name itself is probably a cognate reference to the shape of the Angeln
peninsula. All of these ultimately derive from the proposed Proto-Indo-European root *ank- ("to flex, bend, angle").[12] Through the 18th and 19th centuries and into the 20th, it was usually spelt Anglesea in documents.[10] Ynys Môn, the island's Welsh name, was first recorded as Latin
Mona by various Roman sources.[13][14][15] It was likewise known to the Saxons
as Monez.[16] The Brittonic original was in the past taken to have meant "Island of the Cow".[10][17] This view is untenable, however, according to modern scientific philology, and the etymology remains a mystery. Poetic names for Anglesey
include the Old Welsh Ynys Dywyll ("Shady" or "Dark Isle") for its former groves and Ynys y Cedairn ("Isle of the Brave") for its royal courts;[11] Gerald of Wales' Môn Mam Cymru ("Môn, Mother of Wales") for its productivity;[11] and Y fêl Ynys ("Honey Isle"). History[edit]

John Speed's map of Anglesey, 1607

Numerous megalithic monuments and menhirs are present on Anglesey, testifying to the presence of humans in prehistory. Plas Newydd is near one of 28 cromlechs that remain on uplands overlooking the sea. The Welsh Triads
Welsh Triads
claim that Anglesey
was once part of the mainland.[10]

Plas Newydd

Historically, Anglesey
has long been associated with the druids. In AD 60 the Roman general Gaius Suetonius Paulinus, determined to break the power of the druids, attacked the island using his amphibious Batavian contingent as a surprise vanguard assault[18] and then destroying the shrine and the nemetons (sacred groves). News of Boudica's revolt reached him just after his victory, causing him to withdraw his army before consolidating his conquest. The island was finally brought into the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by Gnaeus Julius Agricola, the Roman governor
Roman governor
of Britain, in AD 78. During the Roman occupation, the area was notable for the mining of copper. The foundations of Caer Gybi as well as a fort at Holyhead
are Roman, and the present road from Holyhead
to Llanfairpwllgwyngyll
was originally a Roman road.[19] The island was grouped by Ptolemy
with Ireland
("Hibernia") rather than with Britain ("Albion").[20] British Iron Age
British Iron Age
and Roman sites have been excavated and coins and ornaments discovered, especially by the 19th century antiquarian, William Owen Stanley.[21] Following the Roman departure from Britain in the early 5th century, pirates from Ireland
colonised Anglesey
and the nearby Llŷn Peninsula. In response to this, Cunedda ap Edern, a Gododdin
warlord from Scotland, came to the area and began to drive the Irish out. This was continued by his son Einion Yrth ap Cunedda and grandson Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion; the last Irish invaders were finally defeated in battle in 470. As an island, Anglesey
was in a good defensive position, and so Aberffraw
became the site of the court, or Llys, of the Kingdom of Gwynedd. Apart from a devastating Danish raid in 853 it remained the capital until the 13th century, when improvements to the English navy made the location indefensible. Anglesey
was also briefly the most southern possession of the Norwegian Empire. After the Irish, the island was invaded by Vikings
— some of these raids were noted in famous sagas (see Menai Strait
Menai Strait
History) — and by Saxons, and Normans, before falling to Edward I of England
in the 13th century. Anglesey
(together with Holy Island) is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales. In medieval times, before the conquest of Wales
in 1283, Môn often had periods of temporary independence as it was frequently bequeathed to the heirs of kings as a sub-kingdom of Gwynedd. The last times this occurred were for a few years after 1171 following the death of Owain Gwynedd
when the island was inherited by Rhodri ab Owain Gwynedd
and again between 1246 and c. 1255 when it was given to Owain Goch
Owain Goch
as his share of the kingdom. Following the conquest of Wales
by Edward I it was created a county under the terms of the Statute of Rhuddlan of 1284. Prior to this it had been divided into the cantrefi ofAberffraw, Rhosyr
and Cemaes. 20th-century history[edit] During the First World War, the Presbyterian minister and celebrity preacher John Williams toured the island as part of an effort to recruit young men to volunteer for a “just war”.[22] German POWs were kept on the island.[22] By the end of the war, approximately 1,000 of the island's men had died while on active service.[23] In 1936 the NSPCC opened its first branch on Anglesey.[24] During the Second World War, Anglesey
received Italian POWs.[22] The island was designated a reception zone, and was home to evacuee children from Liverpool and Manchester.[22] The island's location made it an ideal place to monitor German U-Boat based in the Irish Sea. Around half a dozen airships operated out of Mona airfield to monitor German submarine activity.[22] In 1974, Anglesey
became a district of the new large county of Gwynedd. The Local Government (Wales) Act 1994
Local Government (Wales) Act 1994
abolished the 1974 county and the five districts on 1 April 1996. Anglesey
became an independent unitary authority. In 2011, the Welsh Government
Welsh Government
appointed a panel of commissioners to administer the council, thus the elected members were not in control. The commissioners remained in control until an election was held in May 2013, restoring an elected Council. Prior to the direct administration, there were a majority of independent councillors, though members did not generally divide along party lines, organised into five non-partisan groups on the council, containing a mix of party and independent candidates. The position remains substantially unchanged after the election, although the Labour party has formed a governing coalition with the independents. The principal offices of the Isle of Anglesey County Council
Isle of Anglesey County Council
(Welsh: Cyngor Sir Ynys Môn) are in Llangefni
(Welsh pronunciation: [ɬanˈɡɛvni]) the county town.[25] Geography[edit]

Britannia Bridge
Britannia Bridge
from the east along the Menai Strait

is a relatively low-lying island, with low hills spaced evenly over the north of the island. The highest six are Holyhead Mountain, 220 metres (720 ft); Mynydd Bodafon, 178 metres (584 ft); Mynydd Llaneilian, 177 metres (581 ft); Mynydd y Garn, 170 metres (560 ft); Bwrdd Arthur, 164 metres (538 ft); and Mynydd Llwydiarth, 158 metres (518 ft). To the south and south-east the island is separated from the Welsh mainland by the Menai Strait, which at its narrowest point is about 250 metres (270 yd) wide. In all other directions the island is surrounded by the Irish Sea. It is the 51st largest island in Europe, and just five square kilometres smaller than Singapore. There are several small towns scattered around the island, making it quite evenly populated. The largest are Holyhead, Llangefni, Benllech, Menai Bridge, and Amlwch. Beaumaris
(Welsh: Biwmares), in the east of the island, features Beaumaris
Castle, built by Edward I as part of his Bastide
Town campaign in North Wales. Beaumaris
is a yachting centre, with many boats moored in the bay or off Gallows Point. The village of Newborough (Welsh: Niwbwrch), in the south, created when the townsfolk of Llanfaes
were relocated to make way for the building of Beaumaris
Castle, includes the site of Llys Rhosyr, another of the courts of the medieval Welsh princes, which features one of the oldest courtrooms in the United Kingdom. Llangefni
is located in the centre and is the island's administrative centre. The town of Menai Bridge (Welsh: Porthaethwy, in the southeast) expanded when the first bridge to the mainland was being built, in order to accommodate workers and construction. Until then, Porthaethwy had been one of the principal ferry crossing points from the mainland. A short distance from this town lies Bryn Celli Ddu, a Stone Age
Stone Age
burial mound. Nearby is the village with the longest name in the United Kingdom, Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, and Plas Newydd, ancestral home of the Marquesses of Anglesey. The town of Amlwch
is situated in the northeast of the island and was once largely industrialised, having grown during the 18th century by supporting an important copper-mining industry at Parys Mountain.

Trwyn Du Lighthouse


Menai Bridge

Other villages and settlements include Cemaes, Pentraeth, Gaerwen, Dwyran, Bodedern, Malltraeth
and Rhosneigr. The Anglesey Sea Zoo
Anglesey Sea Zoo
is a local tourist attraction, providing a descriptive look at local marine wildlife from common lobsters to congers. All the fish and crustaceans on display are caught around the island and placed in reconstructions of their natural habitat. The Anglesey Sea Zoo
Anglesey Sea Zoo
also breed commercially lobsters, for food, and oysters, for pearls, both from local stocks. Sea salt (Halen Môn, evaporated from the local sea water), now produced in a modern facility nearby, was formerly produced at the Sea Zoo site. There are a few natural lakes, mostly in the west, such as Llyn Llywenan, the largest on the island, Llyn Coron, and Cors Cerrig y Daran, but rivers are few and small. There are two large water supply reservoirs operated by Welsh Water. These are Llyn Alaw
Llyn Alaw
to the north of the island and Llyn Cefni
Llyn Cefni
in the centre of the island, which is fed by the headwaters of the afon Cefni. The climate is humid (though much less so than neighbouring mountainous Gwynedd) and generally equable, being influenced by the Gulf Stream. The land is of variable quality and it was probably much more fertile in the past. Anglesey
is the home of the northernmost olive grove in Europe and presumably in the world.[26] Anglesey
Coastal Path[edit] The island's entire rural coastline has been designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and features many sandy beaches, especially along its eastern coast between the towns of Beaumaris
and Amlwch
and along the western coast from Ynys Llanddwyn
Ynys Llanddwyn
through Rhosneigr
to the little bays around Carmel Head. The northern coastline has dramatic cliffs interspersed with small bays[27] The Anglesey
Coastal Path follows the entire way around the island. It is 124 miles (200 km) long and passes by/through 20 towns/villages. The official start point is St Cybi's Church, Holyhead.[28]. Economy[edit] Tourism is now the most significant economic activity on the island. Agriculture provides the secondary source of income for the island's economy, with the local dairies being some of the most productive in the region. Major industry is restricted to Holyhead
(Caergybi), which until 30 September 2009 supported an aluminium smelter, and the Amlwch
area, once a major copper mining town. Nearby is the site of the former Wylfa Nuclear Power Station
Wylfa Nuclear Power Station
and a former bromine extraction plant. With construction starting in 1963, the two Wylfa reactors began producing electricity in 1971. One reactor was decommissioned in 2012 and the other in 2015. The site remains a strong possibility for a replacement reactor, planned by Horizon, a subsidiary of Hitachi, to start production in the 2020s.[29] The replacement has been enthusiastically endorsed by Anglesey
Council and Welsh Assembly members, but protesters have raised doubts about the economic and safety claims made for the plant.[30] Anglesey
also has three wind farms on land,[31] and more than twenty offshore wind turbines near the north coast. There are plans for the world's first Tidal Flow turbines, near The Skerries, off the north coast,[32] and for a major biomass plant on Holy Island (Ynys Gybi). Developing such low-carbon energy assets to their full potential forms part of the Anglesey
Energy Island project.[33] When the aluminium smelting operation closed in September 2009, it reduced its workforce from 450 to 80; this has been a major blow to the island's economy, especially to Holyhead. The Royal Air Force station RAF Valley
RAF Valley
(Y Fali) is home to the RAF
Fast Jet Training School and also 22 Sqn Search and Rescue Helicopters, both units providing employment for about 500 civilians. RAF Valley
RAF Valley
is now the headquarters of 22 Sqn Search and Rescue. There is a wide range of smaller industries, mostly located in industrial and business parks, especially at Llangefni
and Gaerwen. These include an abattoir and fine chemical manufacturing, as well as factories for timber production, aluminium smelting, fish farming and food processing.[citation needed] The island is also on one of the major routes from Britain to Ireland, via ferries from Holyhead, off the west of Anglesey
on Holy Island, serving Dún Laoghaire
Dún Laoghaire
and Dublin Port. Ecology and conservation[edit] Much of Anglesey
is used for relatively intensive cattle and sheep farming. However, there are a number of important wetland sites which have protected status. In addition the several lakes all have significant ecological interest, including their support for a wide range of aquatic and semi-aquatic bird species. In the west, the Malltraeth
Marshes are believed to support an occasional visiting bittern, and the nearby estuary of the Afon Cefni
Afon Cefni
supports a bird population made internationally famous by the paintings of Charles Tunnicliffe, who lived for many years – and died – at Malltraeth
on the Cefni estuary. The RAF
airstrip at Mona is a nesting site for skylarks. The sheer cliff faces at South Stack
South Stack
near Holyhead provide nesting sites for huge numbers of auks including puffins, razorbills and guillemots together with choughs and peregrine falcons. Three sites on Anglesey
are important for breeding terns – see Anglesey
tern colonies. There are significant occurrences of the Juncus subnodulosus-Cirsium palustre fen-meadow plant association, a habitat characterised by certain hydrophilic grasses, sedges and forbs.[34] Anglesey
is home to several species of tern, including the roseate tern. Anglesey
is home to two of the UK's few remaining colonies of red squirrels, at Pentraeth
and Newborough.[35] Almost the entire coastline of Anglesey
is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) to protect the aesthetic appeal and variety of the island's coastal landscape and habitats from inappropriate development. The coastal zone of Anglesey
was designated as an AONB in 1966 and was confirmed as such in 1967.[citation needed] The AONB is predominantly a coastal designation, covering most of Anglesey's 125 miles (201 km) coastline but also encompasses Holyhead
Mountain and Mynydd Bodafon. Substantial areas of other land protected by the AONB form the backdrop to the coast. The AONB is about 221 km2 (85 sq mi) and it is the largest AONB in Wales, covering one third of the island. A number of the habitats in Anglesey
are afforded even greater protection through both UK and European designations because of their nature conservation value: these include:

6 candidate Special
Areas of Conservation (cSACs) 4 Special
Protection Areas (SPAs) 1 National Nature Reserve 26 Sites of Special
Scientific Interest (SSSI) 52 Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs)

These protected habitats support a variety of wildlife such as harbour porpoises and marsh fritillary. The AONB also takes in three sections of open, undeveloped coastline which have been designated as Heritage Coast. These non-statutory designations complement the AONB and cover about 31 miles (50 km) of the coastline. The sections of Heritage Coast are:

North Anglesey
28.6 km (17.8 mi) Holyhead
Mountain 12.9 km (8.0 mi) Aberffraw
Bay 7.7 km (4.8 mi)

The most popular forms of recreation include sailing, angling, cycling, walking, wind surfing and jet skiing. These all place pressures and demands on the AONB; but these activities contribute to the local economy.[36]

Ynys Llanddwyn, old lighthouse with Snowdonia
in background.


hosted the National Eisteddfod
National Eisteddfod
in 1957, 1983, 1999, and 2017. The island is a member of the International Island Games
Island Games
Association. Its most successful Games were the 1997 Island Games held on Jersey, (11th in the medals table, with two gold, three silver and nine bronze medals) and the 2005 Island Games on the Shetland Islands, (again 11th, with 4 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze). The annual Anglesey
Show is held on the second Tuesday and Wednesday of August: farmers from around the country compete in livestock rearing contests including sheep and cattle. Anglesey
has featured in the Channel 4
Channel 4
archaeological television programme Time Team
Time Team
(series 14) – episode transmission date 4 February 2007. Anglesey
is home to Gottwood, an electronic music and arts festival held each summer at the Carreglwyd estate. The Druidic college at Anglesey
is referred to in the metal band Eluveitie's song "Inis Mona," an alternative spelling of Ynys Mon. Capital Cymru, a commercial contemporary hit radio station also covers Gwynedd. Môn FM, a volunteer community radio station broadcasts from the county town, Llangefni.

Welsh language[edit] Anglesey
has historically been a stronghold of the Welsh language, and according to the 2011 census it was the second most Welsh-speaking local authority area in Wales. The historical proportions of residents who could speak Welsh are as follows:

1901: 90.7% [37] 1911: 88.7% [37] 1921: 87.8% 1931: 87.4% 1951: 80% [38] 1961: 75% 1971: 66% 1981: 61% 1991: 62% 2001: 60% 2011: 57%

Today, Welsh is less widely used on the island, but it is still the dominant language in certain areas, particularly in the centre, including the town of Llangefni, and some areas of the south coast. A notable example is the village of Llanfairpwll. The island's five secondary schools vary widely in the percentage of their pupils who come from predominantly Welsh-speaking homes, as do the percentages who can speak Welsh:

Ysgol David Hughes
Ysgol David Hughes
(in Menai Bridge): 33% come from Welsh-speaking homes; 90% "can speak Welsh."[39] Ysgol Gyfun Llangefni
(in Llangefni): 68% of pupils speak Welsh as their first language; 87% of pupils take their exams through the medium of Welsh. Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones
Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones
(in Amlwch): 34% of pupils come from Welsh-speaking homes; 82% sit the Welsh First Language General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). Ysgol Uwchradd Bodedern
(in Bodedern): 67% of pupils come from Welsh-speaking homes; "a majority" speak Welsh fluently.[40] Ysgol Uwchradd Caergybi (in Holyhead): 14% of pupils speak Welsh at home; 11% are taught the "Welsh First Language" curriculum.

Geology[edit] The geology of Anglesey
is notably complex and is frequently used for geology field trips by schools and colleges. Younger strata in Anglesey
rest upon a foundation of very old Precambrian
rocks[citation needed] that appear at the surface in four areas:

a western region including Holyhead
and Llanfaethlu[10] a central area about Aberffraw
and Trefdraeth[10] an eastern region which includes Newborough,[10] Gaerwen
and Pentraeth a coastal region at Glyn Garth between Menai Bridge
Menai Bridge
and Beaumaris[10]

These Precambrian
rocks are schists and phyllites, often much contorted and disturbed. The general line of strike of the formations in the island is from north-east to south-west.[10] A belt of granitic rocks lies immediately north-west of the central Precambrian mass, reaching from Llanfaelog
near the coast to the vicinity of Llanerchymedd. Between this granite and the Precambrian
of Holyhead
is a narrow tract of Ordovician
slates and grits with Llandovery beds in places; this tract spreads out in the north of the island between Dulas Bay
Dulas Bay
and Carmel Point.[citation needed] A small patch of Ordovician
strata lies on the northern side of Beaumaris. In parts, these Ordovician
rocks are much folded, crushed and metamorphosed, and they are associated with schists and altered volcanic rocks which are probably Precambrian. Between the eastern and central Precambrian masses Carboniferous
rocks are found. The Carboniferous
Limestone occupies a broad area south of Lligwy Bay
Lligwy Bay
and Pentraeth, and sends a narrow spur in a south-westerly direction by Llangefni
to Malltraeth Sands. The limestone is underlain on the north-west by a red basement conglomerate and yellow sandstone (sometimes considered to be of Old Red Sandstone
age). Limestone occurs again on the north coast around Llanfihangel and Llangoed; and in the south-west round Llanidan
near the Menai Strait. Puffin Island is made of carboniferous limestone. Malltraeth
marsh is occupied by Coal Measures, and a small patch of the same formation appears near Tal-y-foel Ferry
on the Menai Strait. A patch of rhyolitic/felsitic rocks form Parys Mountain, where copper and iron ochre have been worked. Serpentine (Mona Marble) is found near Llanfair-yn-Neubwll
and upon the opposite shore in Holyhead.[10] Under the name GeoMôn, and in recognition of its extraordinary geological heritage, the island gained membership of the European Geoparks Network in spring 2009.[41] and the Global Geoparks Network in September 2010. Other places of interest[edit]

South Stack
South Stack

Rhosneigr, for its beach, boat launch and surfing facilities. The Skerries Lighthouse
which can be found at the end of a low piece of submerged land, north-east of Holyhead The working windmill at Llanddeusant Ynys Llanddwyn
Ynys Llanddwyn
– Lovers' island Anglesey Sea Zoo
Anglesey Sea Zoo
near Dwyran The Church in the Sea on Cribinau The Anglesey
Motor Racing Circuit Stone Science,[42] near Pentraeth – a journey through 650 million years. King Arthur's seat near Beaumaris Penmon
Priory and dovecote Beaumaris
Castle and Gaol Red Wharf Bay, Benllech, Llanddona
and many other beaches Cemlyn Bay for its ternary Elin's Tower (Twr Elin) RSPB reserve and the lighthouse at South Stack (Ynys Lawd) near Holyhead Moelfre, the fishing village Malltraeth, noted centre for bird life and home of wildlife artist Charles Tunnicliffe Swtan longhouse, owned by the National Trust
National Trust
and managed by the local community of Porth Swtan

Notable people[edit] Born in Anglesey[edit]

Tony Adams – actor (Anglesey, 1940) Stu Allan – radio and club DJ John C. Clarke – politician Grace Coddington
Grace Coddington
– creative director for US Vogue, born 1941 Charles Allen Duval – artist and writer (Beaumaris, 1810) Dawn French
Dawn French
– actress, writer, comedian (Holyhead, 1957) Huw Garmon – actor (Anglesey, 1966) Hugh Griffith
Hugh Griffith
– Oscar-winning actor (Marianglas, 1912) Meinir Gwilym
Meinir Gwilym
– singer and songwriter (Llangristiolus, 1983) Owain Gwynedd
– prince (Anglesey, c. 1100) Hywel Gwynfryn – radio and TV personality (Llangefni, 1942) John Jones – amateur astronomer (Bryngwyn Bach, Dwyran 1818 – Bangor 1898); a.k.a. Ioan Bryngwyn Bach and Y Seryddwr William Jones – mathematician (Llanfihangel Tre'r Beirdd, 1675) Glenys Kinnock
Glenys Kinnock
– politician (Holyhead, 1944) Julian Lewis Jones – portrays Karl Morris on the Sky 1 comedy Stella John Morris-Jones
John Morris-Jones
– Welsh grammarian and poet (Llandrygarn, 1864) Edward Owen – 18th-century artist, notable today for his letters documenting life in London's art scene Goronwy Owen – poet (Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf, 1723) Osian Roberts
Osian Roberts
– association football player and manager (Bodffordd) Hugh Owen Thomas
Hugh Owen Thomas
– pioneering orthopaedic surgeon (1833) Sefnyn, medieval court poet Owen Tudor
Owen Tudor
– grandfather of Henry VII (Henry Tudor), married the widow of Henry V, which gave the Tudor dynasty a tenuous claim on the English throne. Sir Kyffin Williams
Kyffin Williams
RA – landscape painter (Anglesey, 1918–2006) Andy Whitfield
Andy Whitfield
– actor (Amlwch, 1971–2011) Gareth Williams, employee of Britain`s GCHQ signals intelligence agency

Lived in Anglesey[edit]

Rachel Davies (Rahel o Fôn)
Rachel Davies (Rahel o Fôn)
– preacher Henry Austin Dobson
Henry Austin Dobson
– poet and essayist (Plymouth, Devon 1840) Gareth Glyn
Gareth Glyn
– composer and broadcaster (has lived on Anglesey
since 1978) Wayne Hennessey
Wayne Hennessey
– footballer – currently goalkeeper with Crystal Palace and Wales
(Bangor, 1987) Aled Jones
Aled Jones
– singer and television presenter (Bangor, 1970) Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister – heavy metal bass player and singer (Stoke-on-Trent, 1945) The Marquesses of Anglesey
– noble family from Plas Newydd, Llanfairpwll Matthew Maynard – cricketer (Oldham, Lancashire 1966) George North
George North
rugby union international (born King's Lynn, 1992; family moved to Anglesey
in his early childhood.) Gruff Rhys
Gruff Rhys
– Musician best known for being the leadman of Super Furry Animals grew up in Rachub, near Bethesda (Haverfordwest, 18 July 1970) Iain Duncan Smith, leader of the Conservative Party 2001–2003, attended HMS Conway School Ship Plas Newydd, Llanfairpwll, 1968–1972. Charles Tunnicliffe
Charles Tunnicliffe
– wildlife artist (Langley, Macclesfield, 1901) Naomi Watts
Naomi Watts
– Oscar -nominated actress (Kent, 1968) Rex Whistler
Rex Whistler
– artist (Eltham, Kent 1905) Maurice Wilks
Maurice Wilks
– father of the Land Rover, which was test driven on Newborough and Llanddona
beach Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
– grandson of Queen Elizabeth II, and his wife Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
(2010–13) Sir Clive Woodward
Clive Woodward
– rugby union player and England
/ British Lions coach, attended HMS Conway School Ship Plas Newydd, Llanfairpwll, 1969–1974.

Schools[edit] Main article: List of schools in Anglesey Secondary schools:

Ysgol David Hughes, Menai Bridge Ysgol Gyfun Llangefni, Llangefni Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones, Amlwch Ysgol Uwchradd Bodedern, Bodedern Ysgol Uwchradd Caergybi, Holyhead

There are also 50 primary schools in Anglesey, all of which are co-educational day schools.[43] Transport[edit] Anglesey
is linked from Holyhead
to the mainland by the Britannia Bridge, which carries the A55, and the Menai Suspension Bridge, which carries the A5. The A5025 round the northern edge of Anglesey
and the A4080 round the southern edge form a ring round the island. There are six railway stations in Anglesey: Holyhead, Valley, Rhosneigr, Ty Croes, Bodorgan
and Llanfairpwll. All are on the North Wales
Coast Line and services are operated by Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
to London Euston, and by Arriva Trains Wales
to Chester, Manchester Piccadilly, Birmingham New Street and Cardiff
Central. Historically the island was also served by the Anglesey Central Railway
Anglesey Central Railway
which ran from Gaerwen
to Amlwch, and the Red Wharf Bay
Red Wharf Bay
branch line between the Holland Arms railway station and Red Wharf Bay. By air, Anglesey Airport
Anglesey Airport
has a twice-daily scheduled service to Cardiff International Airport
Cardiff International Airport
where connections worldwide can be made. The ferry port of Holyhead
handles more than 2 million passengers each year. Stena Line
Stena Line
and Irish Ferries
Irish Ferries
sail to Dublin
and Dún Laoghaire in Ireland, forming the principal link for surface transport from central and northern England
and Wales
to Ireland. Sport and leisure[edit] Anglesey
is independently represented in the Island Games
Island Games
(under its Welsh name Ynys Môn). The team finished joint 17th in the 2009 Games hosted by Åland,[44] winning medals in gymnastics, sailing and shooting.[45] Anglesey
made an unsuccessful bid to host the 2009 games, led by Ynys Môn MP Albert Owen. The island expected to benefit from more than £3m of spending if it had hosted the event. However, Anglesey currently lacks two facilities necessary for a successful bid, a six-lane competition swimming pool and an athletics track.[46] Several precursors to the modern football codes were highly popular in Anglesey. They had few rules, and were quite violent. Rhys Cox, at the turn of the 18th century, described a game in Llandrygan as ending with "[n]umbers of players... left here and there on the road, some having limbs broken in the struggle, others severely injured, and some carried on biers to be buried in the churchyard nearest to where they had been mortally injured." William Bulkeley, in his April 1734 diary, records that the violence of such games left no hard feelings, with both sides parting "as good friends as they came, after they had spent half an hour together cherishing their spirits with a cup of ale... having finished Easter Holydays innocently and merrily."[47] Association football[edit] Football arrived on the island in the 1870s. It was initially met with resistance, given its perceived (by the islanders) associations with drunkenness and rowdiness, and the lower classes. One critic dismissed it as "un-Christian practice". The Anglesey
League, comprising teams from Amlwch, Beaumaris, Holyhead, Menai Bridge, Llandegfan, and Llangefni, was, however, formed in the 1895–96 football season.[48] The Ynys Môn football team represents the island of Anglesey
at the biannual Island Games, winning gold in 1999. Llangefni
Town are reigning Cymru Alliance
Cymru Alliance
champions, only failing promotion due to the restructuring of the Welsh Premier League. Similarly, Holyhead
Hotspur and Llanfairpwll
were relegated despite finishing outside the usual relegation zone at the end of the 2009–10 season. Rugby Union[edit] Llangefni
RFC is the island's highest competing team in the WRU Division One North. Llangoed
hosts an annual rugby sevens contest. Touring sides have included Manhattan RFC. Anglesey
Hunt[edit] The Anglesey
Hunt, formed in 1757, was the second oldest fox hunting association in Wales
(the oldest being the Tivyside Hunt in Cardiganshire).[49] Athletics[edit] Every September the Anglesey
Festival of Running takes place. There is a marathon, half-marathon, 10 km and 5 km race, as well as children's contests. Their slogan is Run the Island. Motorsport[edit] The Anglesey Circuit
Anglesey Circuit
(Welsh: Trac Môn) is a fully licensed MSA and ACU championship racing circuit, it opened in 1997. Cricket[edit] The Beaumaris
Cricket Club was formed in 1858. Clubs at Holyhead, Amlwch
and Llangefni
were formed within the following decade, but it was not until the 1880s that the sport became popular outside the upper classes. Bodedern
Cricket Club was formed in 1947.[48] Sailing[edit] The Royal Anglesey
Yacht Club hosts the Menai Strait
Menai Strait
Regatta yearly. Swimming[edit] The Menai Strait
Menai Strait
hosts two annual open-water swimming contests: the Menai Strait
Menai Strait
Swim from Foel to Caernarfon (1 mile), and the Pier to Pier Open Water Swim, between Beaumaris
and Garth Pier, Bangor. See also[edit]

Part of a series on the

History of the British Isles


United Kingdom


Isle of Wight Isles of Scilly


Shetland Orkney Inner Hebrides Outer Hebrides



Northern Ireland

Ireland Isle of Man
Isle of Man
(Mann) Channel Islands

Jersey Guernsey

Prehistoric period

Prehistoric Britain

Prehistoric England Prehistoric Scotland

Prehistoric Shetland Prehistoric Orkney

Prehistoric Wales

Prehistoric Ireland Prehistoric Mann

Classical period

Roman Britain Roman Scotland Roman Wales Protohistoric Ireland, Roman Ireland Sub-Roman Britain

Medieval period

Medieval England

Early medieval England High medieval England Late medieval England

Medieval Scotland

Early medieval Scotland High medieval Scotland Late medieval Scotland

Medieval Wales

Early medieval Wales High medieval Wales Late medieval Wales

Medieval Ireland

Early medieval Ireland High medieval Ireland Late medieval Ireland

Medieval Mann

Early modern period

Early modern Britain Early modern England Early modern Scotland Early modern Wales Early modern Ireland Early modern Mann

Late modern period

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(since 1707)

Victorian period Edwardian period First World War Interwar period Second World War Post-war period (political history) Post-war period (social history)

Late modern Ireland Late modern Mann

v t e

Roman conquest of Anglesey List of Scheduled Monuments in Anglesey List of places in Anglesey List of Anglesey
towns by population HMS Anglesea, four ships of the Royal Navy. List of Lord Lieutenants of Anglesey Custos Rotulorum of Anglesey List of Sheriffs of Anglesey Ynys Môn (UK Parliament constituency) Ynys Môn (Assembly constituency) List of islands of Wales
– including those around Anglesey Cestyll Garden


^ " Anglesey
Nature introduction". Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Irish Sea. eds P. Saundry and C. Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC ^ The National Archives of the United Kingdom. Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, Schedule 1: The New Principal Areas. Accessed 6 February 2013. ^ "Background Paper 10B: Anglesey
Language Profile" (PDF). Gwynedd Council website. February 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  ^ "Local Authority population 2011". Retrieved 18 May 2015.  ^ a b Lena Peterson, et al. Nordiskt runnamnslexikon (Dictionary of Names from Runic Inscriptions), p. 116, May 2001. Accessed 6 June 2012. ^ a b Room, Adrian. Placenames of the World, p. 30. McFarland, 2003. Accessed 6 February 2013. ^ Warren Kovach Anglesey, Wales. 19 October 2012. ^ Davies, John. A History of Wales, pp. 98–99. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Chisholm 1911, pp. 17–18. ^ a b c The London Encyclopaedia. "Anglesey". Tegg (London), 1839. Accessed 6 February 2013. ^ University of Texas at Austin's Linguistics Research Center. "Proto-Indo-European Etyma 9.14 Archived March 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.: Physical Acts & Materials: to Bend". 17 May 2011. Accessed 6 February 2013. ^ Tacitus. Annals, XIV.29. and Agricola, XIV.14 & 18. Accessed 6 April 2013. ^ Pliny. Natural History, IV.30. Accessed 6 April 2013. ^ Cassius Dio. Roman History, 62. ^ The Present State of the British Empire in Europe, America, Africa, and Asia. "Wales. Anglesea". Griffith (London), 1768. ^ Davies, Edward. The Mythology and Rites of the British Druids, p. 177. Booth (London), 1809. Accessed 6 February 2013. ^ Tacitus
Agricola 18.3-5 ^ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 18.  ^ Ptolemy, Geog., Bk. 2, Ch. 1 & 2  ^ Stanley, Anglesey, 1871, and many Celtic contributions, especially on Celtic subjects, to Archaeologia Cambrensis. ^ a b c d e Devine, Darren (2012-02-15). " Anglesey
during the First World War and Second World War". walesonline. Retrieved 2018-03-05.  ^ Devine, Darren (2012-02-15). " Anglesey
during the First World War and Second World War". walesonline. Retrieved 2018-03-05.  ^ A Years' Work of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, Annual Report for 1936-1937, adopted by the Council and Corporation, May 28th1937, London, p. 12 ^ Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel; Baines, Menna; Llynch, Peredur (2008). The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. p. 494. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6.  ^ "First Welsh olive grove planted on Anglesey". WalesOnline. 30 April 2007. Retrieved 2013-05-09.  ^ "40 years of outstanding natural beauty". Welsh Government. 13 December 2007. Archived from the original on 24 September 2006. Retrieved 2013-05-09.  ^ http://www.visitanglesey.co.uk/about-anglesey/isle-of-anglesey-coastal-path/ ^ Damian Carrington. "Renewables industry welcomes reduced subsidies for onshore windfarms". the Guardian. Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ Anglesey
protest over plans for new nuclear power plant BBC News, 30 March 2014 ^ Anglesey
Today: Energy accessed 15 April 2014 ^ SeaGen Wales
accessed 15 April 2014 ^ Energy Island Programme, accessed 15 April 2014 ^ *C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Marsh Thistle: Cirsium palustre, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Strömberg Archived 2012-12-13 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Home – Squirrels Map". Squirrels Map. Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ "Your Page Title". Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ a b Language in Wales, 1911 (official census report), Table I. ^ Welsh Language and Culture - Gwynedd
Council report ^ Ten Bi-lingual Schools ^ "Ysgol Uwchradd Bodedern
Estyn Report 2014" (PDF). Estyn. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  ^ " GeoMôn Anglesey
Geopark". Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ Pterosaur.co.uk Archived August 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Isle of Anglesey
County Council, Serving Anglesey
Archived May 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "NatWest Island Games
Island Games
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Island Games
XIII – Ynys Môn Medal Winners". Retrieved 28 August 2010.  ^ Clark, Rhodri. "Out of the running for island 'Olympics'". Western Mail. Retrieved 30 August 2010.  ^ ETBRS (2005b). ^ a b Pretty (2005). ^ ETBRS (2005a).


Lile, Emma (2005). "Fox Hunting (Wales)". In Collins, Tony; Martin, John; Vamplew, Wray. Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural Sports. Sports Reference series. Routledge. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-415-35224-6. . Lile, Emma (2005), "Football (Wales)", in Collins, Tony; Martin, John; Vamplew, Wray, Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural Sports, Sports Reference series, Routledge, pp. 120–121, ISBN 978-0-415-35224-6 . Pretty, David A. (2005), Anglesey: The Concise History, Vol. 1, Histories of Wales, University of Wales
Press, p. 111, ISBN 978-0708319437 


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Anglesey", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 17–18 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anglesey.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Anglesey.

 "Angelsea", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 (9th ed.), 1878, p. 30  Isle of Anglesey
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e



Amlwch Beaumaris Benllech Holyhead Llangefni Menai Bridge


Aberffraw Bachau Bodedern Bodewryd Bodffordd Bodorgan Bryngwran Brynrefail Brynsiencyn Bull Bay Burwen Cemaes Cemaes
Bay Cemlyn Church Bay Dwyran Four Mile Bridge Gaerwen Gwalchmai Llaingoch Llanbadrig Llanddaniel Fab Llanddeusant Llanddona Llandegfan Llanfaelog Llanfaes Llanfairpwllgwyngyll Llanfair-yng-Nghornwy Llanfwrog Llangoed Llangristiolus Llangwyllog Llanidan Llannerch-y-medd Llansadwrn Llantrisant Malltraeth Moelfre Newborough Penmon Penmynydd Pentraeth Pentre Berw Porth Dafarch Rhoscolyn Rhosgoch Rhosybol Rhosmeirch Rhosneigr Rhydwyn Star Trearddur Tregele Tŷ Croes Valley


Afon Alaw Afon Braint Afon Cadnant Afon Cefni

Ancient sites

Barclodiad y Gawres Beaumaris
Castle Bodowyr Bryn Celli Ddu Bryn Gwyn stones Caer Gybi Caer Lêb Castell Bryn Gwyn Din Lligwy Lligwy Burial Chamber Llyn Cerrig Bach Llys Rhosyr St Gwenfaen's Well Tŷ Newydd


Holy Island Church Island Cribinau East Mouse Middle Mouse Puffin Island Salt Island South Stack The Skerries North Stack West Mouse Ynys Benlas Ynys Castell Ynys Dulas Ynys Feurig Ynys Gaint Ynys Gored Goch Ynys Llanddwyn Ynys Moelfre Ynys y Bîg


Parliamentary constituencies Places Schools Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Museums Scheduled Monuments SSSIs Country houses Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

v t e

Communities of Anglesey

Aberffraw Amlwch Beaumaris Bodedern Bodffordd Bodorgan Bryngwran Cwm Cadnant Cylch-y-Garn Holyhead Llanbadrig Llanddaniel Fab Llanddona Llanddyfnan Llaneilian Llaneugrad Llanfachraeth Llanfaelog Llanfaethlu Llanfair-Mathafarn-Eithaf Llanfair-yn-Neubwll Llanfairpwllgwyngyll Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog Llangefni Llangoed Llangristiolus Llanidan Llannerch-y-medd Mechell Menai Bridge Moelfre Penmynydd Pentraeth Rhoscolyn Rhosybol Rhosyr Trearddur Tref Alaw Trewalchmai Valley

v t e

Local government districts of Wales


Alyn and Deeside Colwyn Delyn Glyndŵr Rhuddlan Wrexham Maelor


Carmarthen Ceredigion Dinefwr Llanelli Preseli Pembrokeshire South Pembrokeshire


Blaenau Gwent Islwyn Monmouth Newport Torfaen


Aberconwy Arfon Dwyfor Meirionnydd Ynys Môn - Isle of Anglesey

Mid Glamorgan

Cynon Valley Merthyr Tydfil Ogwr Rhondda Rhymney Valley Taff-Ely


Brecknock Montgomeryshire Radnorshire

South Glamorgan

Cardiff Vale of Glamorgan

West Glamorgan

Lliw Valley Neath Port Talbot Swansea

v t e

Principal areas of Wales

Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda Cynon Taf Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan Wrexham Ynys Môn

v t e

Historic counties of Wales

Anglesey Brecknockshire Caernarfonshire Cardiganshire Carmarthenshire Denbighshire Flintshire Glamorganshire Merionethshire Monmouthshire Montgomeryshire Pembrokeshire Radnorshire

v t e

Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Wales

Anglesey Clwydian Range
Clwydian Range
and Dee Valley Gower Llŷn Wye Valley1

1 Partly in England

Coordinates: 53°17′N 4°20′W / 53.283°N 4.333°W / 53