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70.9% White British 1.7% White Irish 0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller 5.9% Other White 1.2% White & Black Caribbean 0.4% White & Black African 1.2% White & Asian 0.9% Other Mixed 3.4% Indian 1.4% Pakistani 0.6% Bangladeshi 1.2% Chinese 5% Other Asian 2.9% Black African 1.4% Black Caribbean 0.5% Other Black 0.5% Arab 0.8% Other

Time zone GMT (UTC)

 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)

Postcodes SM, KT, CR

Area code(s) 020

ONS code 00BF

GSS code E09000029

Police Metropolitan Police

Website http://www.sutton.gov.uk/

The London
London
Borough of Sutton ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a London borough
London borough
in South West London, England
England
and forms part of Outer London. It covers an area of 43 km2 (17 sq mi) and is the 80th largest local authority in England
England
by population. It is one of the southernmost boroughs of London. It is south of the London
London
Borough of Merton, west of the London Borough of Croydon
London Borough of Croydon
and east of the Royal Borough of Kingston Upon Thames. The local authority is Sutton London
London
Borough Council. Its principal town is the eponymous Sutton. The Borough has some of the schools with the best results in the country. A Trust for London
London
and New Policy Institute report noted that Sutton had the highest rate in London
London
of pupils achieving 5 A* – C GCSEs.[2] In December 2014 Sutton was described by a senior Government official as the most "normal place in Britain".[3] In connection with this, the leader of Sutton Council described the borough as "quietly brilliant", and noted that 91% of residents say it is "a great place to live".[4] Low levels of recorded crime are a feature of the borough, being among the lowest in London. An Ipsos MORI poll in 2014 found that 97% of residents felt safe in the borough during the day, and 71% felt safe at night, a higher figure than in 2011.[5] The 2014 Family Hotspots Report, on the best places in England
England
and Wales for families to live, placed three areas within the borough among the top 10 places in London. The areas were identified as postcodes SM1, SM2 (Sutton town) and SM3 (Cheam).[6][7] A Rightmove study in 2015 found that Sutton was the fourth happiest borough in which to live out of 33 in London.[8] It achieved the same placing in the 2016 survey.[9] In 2014, a survey by eMoov (Property Hot Spot Index) found Sutton to be the easiest place in the country in which to sell a property.[10] It was shown in a national detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 that the London
London
Borough of Sutton had the highest proportion of land taken up by gardens, 35.1%, of any district in England.[11] The London
London
Borough of Sutton was one of the four "vanguard areas" selected in 2010 for the Big Society
Big Society
initiative.[12]

Contents

1 History 2 Districts 3 Surrounding area 4 Culture and leisure

4.1 The Charles Cryer Theatre, Carshalton 4.2 The Secombe Theatre, Sutton town centre 4.3 Carew Manor, Beddington 4.4 Church of St Mary the Virgin, Beddington, Sutton 4.5 River Wandle 4.6 Little Holland House, Carshalton 4.7 Sutton Library, Sutton town centre 4.8 Sutton Life Centre, Sutton 4.9 Honeywood Museum, Carshalton 4.10 Arts Network Sutton 4.11 Public art in Sutton town centre 4.12 Whitehall Gallery, Cheam 4.13 Nonsuch Mansion, Cheam

5 Listed buildings 6 Governance 7 Demographics 8 Big Society 9 Notable individuals 10 Education

10.1 Schools 10.2 Adult education

11 Environment 12 Hospitals 13 Transport

13.1 National and international travel 13.2 Local travel

14 Parks and open spaces

14.1 Main parks 14.2 List of parks 14.3 Local nature reserves 14.4 Lavender fields

15 Sports facilities and clubs 16 Climate 17 Town twinning 18 See also 19 References 20 External links

History[edit] The borough was formed in 1965 by the merger of the Municipal Borough of Sutton and Cheam
Cheam
with the Municipal Borough of Beddington
Beddington
and Wallington and Carshalton Urban District
Carshalton Urban District
which had previously been part of Surrey. Districts[edit]

Sculpture representing lavender, gathered in the borough's lavender fields

The borough includes the areas:

Bandon Hill Beddington Beddington
Beddington
Corner Belmont Benhilton Carshalton Carshalton
Carshalton
Beeches Carshalton
Carshalton
on the Hill Cheam Hackbridge Little Woodcote North Cheam Rosehill St. Helier South Beddington Sutton (principal town) Sutton Common Sutton High Street
Sutton High Street
(located within Sutton) The Wrythe Wallington Woodcote Green Worcester Park

Surrounding area[edit]

Neighbouring areas of Surrey
Surrey
& Greater London

Kingston Morden; Wimbledon Mitcham

Ewell

Sutton

Croydon

Epsom Banstead Purley

Culture and leisure[edit]

Charles Cryer Theatre, Carshalton

The London
London
Borough of Sutton was once made up of rural villages, associated with feudal and royal estates. The "village feel" persists, and places in the borough such as Carshalton, Cheam
Cheam
and Belmont continue to be referred to as villages. The historic development of the borough is reflected in the number of heritage areas designated as conservation areas and as areas of special local character.[13] Descriptions of a selection of the borough's cultural institutions and attractions are set out below. The Charles Cryer Theatre, Carshalton[edit] Main article: Charles Cryer Theatre There were frequent productions at The Charles Cryer Studio Theatre, which is situated on the High Street (number 39) in Carshalton Village. [14] It was opened by His Royal Highness Prince Edward in 1991. [15] As well as drama and musicals, productions included comedy and dance. With material ranging from Shakespeare to Chekov to panto and children's favourites, the theatre's aim was to balance popularity with quality. The theatre also served as a concert venue for local bands and played host to the popular local Rockshot festival. The theatre is named after the man who led the campaign to open the Secombe Theatre, Sutton, listed below.[16] In August 2016 Sutton Theatres Trust, which owned the theatre, went into administration and it closed permanently.[17] The Secombe Theatre, Sutton town centre[edit] Main article: Secombe Theatre

Secombe Theatre, Sutton

The Secombe Theatre
Secombe Theatre
(named after Sir Harry Secombe) is in Cheam
Cheam
Road, adjacent to the Holiday Inn Hotel. The theatre was opened by Sir Harry, who lived in Sutton for over 30 years of his life. [18] The theatre was created out of a former Christian Scientist church building originally dating from 1937.[19][20] The main auditorium seats 396 (or 343 if the orchestra pit is in use), and there is a large multi-purpose function room attached. The Secombe Theatre
Secombe Theatre
is operated in conjunction with the Charles Cryer Studio Theatre, named after the man who led the campaign to open the Secombe Theatre. (The Charles Cryer Theatre
Charles Cryer Theatre
is in a converted hall in nearby Carshalton
Carshalton
– see entry above). Productions at the Secombe have ranged in content from modern productions to new twists on older, more established plays. Some productions have been produced locally, while others have come as part of touring groups. From time to time comedians and musicians have appeared at the theatre.[21] In 2014, because of local council budget cuts, the venue was, along with its sister theatre, the Charles Cryer Theatre
Charles Cryer Theatre
in Carshalton, identified by the Theatre Trust as one of 33 theatres in the country for inclusion on its "At Risk" register.[22] The risk of closure spurred celebrity intervention in favour of the two theatres: writer, actor, comedian and BBC
BBC
presenter Tim Vine, called on Sutton Council to reconsider its proposals.[23] On 10 November 2014 the local council announced that four organisations submitting outline bids to take over the two theatres had been invited to submit full business cases by 12 December. The council worked with the Theatres Trust and Sutton Centre for Voluntary Services to help bidders through the bidding process.[24] On 15 January 2015 the bid by the new "Sutton Theatres Trust" (STT) was given approval by the council's environment and neighbourhood committee to take over the theatres, thus saving them from closure.[25] In August 2016 the Trust went into administration and the theatre closed permanently.[17] Carew Manor, Beddington[edit]

Carew Manor, Beddington
Beddington
Park

Beddington
Beddington
Park is the location of Carew Manor which was the home of the Beddington
Beddington
branch of the Carew family. The Grade I
Grade I
listed great hall,[26] which boasts a fine hammerbeam roof, survives from the Tudor house along with part of the early 18th-century orangery built around the orange trees planted by Sir Francis Carew in the 16th century and claimed to be the first in England. In the grounds is an early 18th-century Grade II*
Grade II*
listed dovecote.[27] Archaeologists have recently discovered a Tudor garden including a grotto at Carew Manor, believed to have been created by Sir Francis Carew in the 16th century. There are tours of the great hall organised by the London Borough of Sutton Museum & Heritage Service. Church of St Mary the Virgin, Beddington, Sutton[edit]

St Mary's Church, Beddington

The Grade II*
Grade II*
listed 14th-century flint parish church of St Mary's occupies a prominent position in Beddington
Beddington
Park, immediately south of what is now Carew Manor School and which was from the late Middle Ages the seat of the Carew family. It contains an organ screen by William Morris. The church is designated at Grade II
Grade II
for the following principal reasons:[28]

It has substantial amounts of fabric from the 14th and 15th centuries It was extensively restored and provided with an extremely elaborate and interesting mid-Victorian decorative scheme. It has monuments and other fixtures of importance from c. 1200 to the 20th century, including font and Carew tombs. The Morris and Co. organ is of special note, and the Last Judgment reredos is unusual.

River Wandle[edit]

The River Wandle
River Wandle
in Beddington
Beddington
Park

Beddington
Beddington
Park

The River Wandle
River Wandle
is a 9 miles (14 km) long river which flows through four southwest London
London
boroughs, including Sutton. It passes through Croydon, Sutton, Merton, and Wandsworth where it joins the River Thames. The river changed from being a mainly rural one lined with a scattering of watermills at the beginning of the 19th century to a heavily built-up one by the 1930s. In the second half of the 20th century the river changed again, as the local authorities made improvements to its visual appearance and restored it as a habitat for wildlife.[29] Much of the River is accessible using the Wandle Trail, which passes through Sutton borough at Beddington, Hackbridge
Hackbridge
and Carshalton
Carshalton
(including Grove Park in Carshalton
Carshalton
Village). Little Holland House, Carshalton[edit] Little Holland House in Carshalton
Carshalton
Beeches was the home of the artist Frank Dickinson (1874–1961). Dickinson's Arts and Crafts style interior was influenced by John Ruskin
John Ruskin
and textile designer and artist William Morris. The house contains many of his art works. Admission is free and the house is open 1.30–5.30pm the first Sunday of each month plus Bank Holiday Sundays and Mondays.[30] Sutton Library, Sutton town centre[edit] Sutton Library is situated close to the top of the town, near St Nicholas Church and the Holiday Inn Hotel, and is part of a complex which contains the Civic Offices, home of Sutton Borough Council, and the Sutton College of Liberal Arts. It is the largest library in the borough. Originally opened in 1975, it was extensively refurbished in 2004 to meet changing customer needs. It was the first public library to appoint a library writer-in-residence; the first to establish a CD and video lending library; and the first to offer a full public library service on Sundays. The library is arranged over four storeys, and the lending and reference facilities extend to a reader's lounge; café and shop; IT facilities; opportunities to listen to music; and a children's library themed around the world's environments.[31] Sutton Life Centre, Sutton[edit] The Sutton Life Centre
Sutton Life Centre
is an £8 million community facility designed to improve life chances for younger people and encourage good citizenship. Its key feature – the lifezone – is a virtual street, a room with screens on all walls showing real-life scenes from Sutton's streets. It also has a library, a café, a climbing wall, and community, eco, sports, youth and media zones.[32] It tries to encourage community engagement and involvement. It was opened on 27 October 2010 by Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg.[33] Honeywood Museum, Carshalton[edit]

Panoramic view including the Greyhound Hotel (left) and Honeywood House Museum (centre)

Honeywood House from a distance

Honeywood is a large house at the western end of Carshalton
Carshalton
Ponds. At its earliest it dates from the 17th century but has been much extended and restored, particularly in the period 1896 to 1903 when a large Edwardian
Edwardian
wing was added to the south side. It now houses the London Borough of Sutton's main Museum and has a local history collection, including objects that date back to the Bronze Age. The museum has recently been refurbished, reopening in May 2012 with enhanced features. Among others improvements, there are now expanded displays about the river Wandle and its influence on the life of the area, including an interactive map.[34] Arts Network Sutton[edit] Arts Network Sutton "promotes, champions, nurtures and acts as a voice for the arts" in the borough. Taking over from the former Sutton Arts Council, it was put in place in April 2014, and launched by the Mayor of Sutton in June. It co-ordinates the arts locally and works together with regional and national arts bodies, informs the local arts community about arts initiatives, seeks out funding for local projects and runs events.[35] Public art in Sutton town centre[edit]

Sutton Heritage Mural

Main article: List of public art in Sutton There are a number of examples of public art in Sutton town centre, ranging from building-height murals, to sculptures to an armillary. These are all fully described in the article on the town of Sutton itself. Of particular borough-wide note is one of the murals, which is in the form of a mosaic measuring 9 metres (30 feet) in height and 5 metres (16 feet approximately) in width, and covering the whole of a three-storey wall in the town square near the Waterstones
Waterstones
bookshop. It was made from vitreous ceramic tesserae (small tiles made of glass and clay), and put in place in 1994. It was commissioned to celebrate Sutton's heritage, and shows several aspects of the borough's heritage and local history in a geometric pattern of nineteen panels. The centre-piece is the depiction of Henry VIII's palace at Nonsuch. Other panels depict armorial bearers from the old local families, as well as industrial and architectural heritage.[36] Whitehall Gallery, Cheam[edit]

Nonsuch Mansion, Cheam

Main article: Whitehall, Cheam Whitehall is a timber framed and weatherboarded house in the centre of Cheam
Cheam
village. It was originally built in about 1500 as a wattle and daub yeoman farmer's house but has been much extended. The external weatherboarded appearance dates from the 18th century. In the garden there is a medieval well which served an earlier building on the site. Now an historic house museum, the building features a period kitchen, and house details from the Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian
Edwardian
eras.[37] The museum temporarily closed in 2016 to allow for a £1.6m refurbishment of the building. It will reopen in 2017 with improved facilities.[38] Nonsuch Mansion, Cheam[edit]

The grounds of Nonsuch Mansion

Main article: Nonsuch Mansion Nonsuch Mansion
Nonsuch Mansion
is a Gothic revival
Gothic revival
mansion within Nonsuch Park. The service wing is occasionally open to the public. It is a popular place for wedding receptions, as it is available for hire. In medieval times it was part of the three thousand acre manor of Cuddington. The mansion was originally built in 1731–43 by Joseph Thompson and later bought by Samuel Farmer in 1799. He employed Jeffry Wyattville
Jeffry Wyattville
to rebuild it in a Tudor Gothic style in 1802-6. Farmer was succeeded by his grandson in 1838 under whom the gardens became famous. Nonsuch Mansion bears a resemblance in its design to the original design of Nonsuch Palace, whose construction was begun by King Henry VIII in the 16th century. Built within the north porch of the mansion is a block from the original Nonsuch Palace
Nonsuch Palace
that bears an inscription which means "1543 Henry VIII in the 35th year of His reign."[39][40] Listed buildings[edit] Within the London
London
Borough of Sutton there are 147 Grade II
Grade II
listed buildings, six Grade II*
Grade II*
listings, one Grade I
Grade I
listing, 4 'B’ listings and 6 C listings.[41] Governance[edit]

A map showing the wards of Sutton since 2002

Local council seat distribution as of May 2014:

Party Seats

Liberal Democrat 45

Conservative 9

Total 54

The main local government of the borough is Sutton London
London
Borough Council. The Council has had a Liberal Democrat administration since 1986. From 1965–1986 Conservatives administered the council. At the London local elections, 2010
London local elections, 2010
the Liberal Democrats returned 43 councillors, the Conservatives 11 and the Labour Party lost all of its seats on the council. Councillor Ruth Dombey is the Leader of the Council. The Leader of the Opposition is Councillor Graham Whitham and Deputy Leader of the Opposition: Councillor Tim Crowley. Graham Tope, later Lord Tope was the Leader of the Council from 1986 to 1999.

National Politics

Sutton is divided into two parliamentary constituencies, Sutton and Cheam
Cheam
and Carshalton
Carshalton
and Wallington with one member of the Parliament each:

Party Member of Parliament Constituency

Conservative Paul Scully, replaced Paul Burstow
Paul Burstow
in the 2015 General Election Sutton and Cheam

Liberal Democrat Tom Brake, replaced Conservative Nigel Forman in the 1997 General Election Carshalton
Carshalton
and Wallington

London
London
Assembly

As the London Assembly
London Assembly
has eleven London-wide members from all four main parties, the borough shares its geographical London
London
Assembly member with neighbouring Croydon, in its elections which began in 2000 and take place with the election of the Mayor of London, a Conservative Assembly member has gained a large majority (in other words it is arguably a safe seat). The current Assembly Member is Steve O'Connell, then a local councillor from Croydon, who was elected with an increased share of the vote of 43% following fellow conservative Andrew Pelling's time representing the area.

European Parliament

Sutton is represented in the European Parliament
European Parliament
by the London constituency. Demographics[edit] The proportion of black, Asian and ethnic minority people living in the borough has almost doubled each decade since 1991: the 2011 census recorded the total non-white population at 19.9 percent and the total white population at 80.1 percent.[42]

Population
Population
census

Year Pop. ±%

1801 3,838 —    

1811 4,220 +10.0%

1821 4,856 +15.1%

1831 5,514 +13.6%

1841 6,169 +11.9%

1851 6,425 +4.1%

1861 11,807 +83.8%

1871 17,190 +45.6%

1881 22,573 +31.3%

1891 27,883 +23.5%

1901 39,454 +41.5%

1911 55,828 +41.5%

1921 75,509 +35.3%

1931 102,132 +35.3%

1941 134,002 +31.2%

1951 175,821 +31.2%

1961 172,817 −1.7%

1971 169,879 −1.7%

1981 167,566 −1.4%

1991 171,373 +2.3%

2001 179,667 +4.8%

2011 190,146 +5.8%

Note:[43]

Big Society[edit] The London
London
Borough of Sutton was one of the four "vanguard areas" selected in 2010 for the Government's Big Society
Big Society
initiative. Sutton was chosen because of its reputation for having a strong sense of community, its active voluntary sector and its track record of devolving power to its neighbourhoods.[12] Notable individuals[edit]

Joan Armatrading
Joan Armatrading
in the 1970s, when she lived in Sutton

Sir Nicholas Carew, courtier

Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
grew up in the borough

Tim Vine

Notable individuals closely associated with the borough:

Tom Abbott, broadcaster for Golf Channel
Golf Channel
and NBC Martin Adams, BDO Darts World Champion Joan Armatrading, singer-songwriter & musician, lived in Sutton in the 1970s. Harry Aikines Aryeetey, athlete, attended Greenshaw High School Terry and Jonathan Austen, micronation creators Ben Barnes, actor, attended Homefield Preparatory School. Jeff Beck, musician – rock guitarist: one of the three noted guitarists to have played with the Yardbirds (the other two being Eric Clapton and Jimmy Page). David Bellamy, broadcaster and botanist, attended Sutton Grammar School. Sally Bercow, wife of the current Speaker of the House of Commons, John Bercow. Johnny Borrell, guitarist, singer and frontman of the band Razorlight. Seb Brown, Sutton United goalkeeper, attended Cheam
Cheam
High School Paul Burstow, MP for Sutton and Cheam
Cheam
was born in Carshalton, and was educated at Carshalton
Carshalton
College Angus Calder, writer, historian and academic Rob Davis, Lead Guitarist of Mud Lord Peter Ritchie Calder, author, journalist and academic Sir Nicholas Carew, sheriff of Surrey
Surrey
and Sussex, Master of the King's Horse, executed by Henry VIII Sir Francis Carew, grandson of the above, of Beddington
Beddington
Park, Elizabethan horticulturalist Noël Coward, actor and playwright lived in Lenham Road, Sutton until the age of six James Cracknell
James Cracknell
OBE, Olympic gold medallist in rowing Quentin Crisp, writer, author, raconteur Clark Datchler, lead singer of Johnny Hates Jazz Sir John Fellows(c. 1671–1724), of the South Sea Company Eddie George later Lord George (1938–2009) GBE DL, PC,(16 September 1938 – 18 April 2009), Governor of the Bank of England
England
1993–2003. Les Gray, lead vocalist of Mud Lord Hardwicke, (1690–1764) Lord Chancellor[44] Darius Henderson, footballer Catherine Holman, actress James Hunt, Formula One
Formula One
winning racing driver. Penelope Keith, actress, and famous for her role in The Good Life, was born in Sutton. Ruth Kelly, former Labour Party member of parliament and Transport Secretary, attended Sutton High School. Rebecca Litchfield, photographer. Peter Loader, cricketer Bradley McIntosh, member of former chart topping band S Club 7, attended Greenshaw High School. Sir John Major
John Major
KG CH, former Conservative Prime Minister Gary Mason, boxer Katie Melua, singer, songwriter, and musician David Mitchell (born 1980), cricketer Simon Conway Morris, palaeontologist, specifically research of Burgess Shale type fauna Dave Mount, drummer of Mud Joshua Pascoe, Played Ben Mitchell in Eastenders Peter Alfred Penfold, CMG, OBE,diplomat, attended Sutton Grammar School. Michael Reeves, writer and director of horror classic Witchfinder General Dr John Radcliffe, royal physician and MP see Radcliffe Camera, Radcliffe Infirmary
Radcliffe Infirmary
and the Radcliffe Observatory[44] Michael Reeves, film director and screenwriter, best known for the 1968 film Witchfinder General Sir Cliff Richard, singer and songwriter, attended Stanley Park Junior School Rebecca Romero, Olympic cycling champion Joanna Rowsell Shand, Olympic gold medallist in women's pursuit cycling Dora Russell
Dora Russell
(born Dora Black, 1894–1986), author, feminist and progressive campaigner, attended Sutton High School. Sir William Scawen, merchant who purchased Carshalton
Carshalton
manor Sir Harry Secombe, singer, comedian and entertainer. Member of the Goon Show
Goon Show
cast. Jack Simmons, historian Cardiacs, Tim Smith (Cardiacs) musician Alec Stewart
Alec Stewart
OBE, cricketer Ian Stewart, co-founder of the Rolling Stones. Neil Sullivan, footballer Sarah Tullamore, actress and singer Tracey Ullman, stage and television actress, comedian, singer, dancer, director, author, and screenwriter, grew up in Hackbridge.[45] Tim Vine, actor and comedian David Weir MBE, multi-Olympic gold medallist, Paralympic athlete Helen Young, BBC
BBC
Weather Presenter and former BBC
BBC
Weather Centre Manager Zacron, born Richard Drew, designer of the iconic Led Zeppelin III album cover.

Education[edit]

Sutton High School for Girls

Sutton Grammar School
Sutton Grammar School
for Boys

Saint Philomena's School

Schools[edit] See also: List of schools in Sutton ( London
London
borough) The London
London
Borough of Sutton has some schools at both primary and secondary levels which perform exceptionally well. Five of the state secondary schools are grammar schools.

The Borough came top of the England
England
GCSE league tables in 2011 on the key benchmark – the percentage of pupils achieving five good GCSEs (A* to C) including English and Mathematics. The national average for 2011 was 58.2%. The average for Sutton, at 74.7%, was more than 15% above this national average. Only three other local authorities achieved an average above 70%.[46] In 2013 Sutton's secondary schools bucked the national trend and performed better than in 2012. 83.9% of pupils achieved five A* to C GCSE grades in subjects including Maths and English compared with 75.6% in 2012.[47] Sutton's GCSE performance was second across all borough's in England
England
(The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
was first).[48] Sutton's primary schools were described as 'particularly impressive' by Ofsted in its December 2013 annual schools report 2012-13. It ranked Sutton's primary schools at joint third in the country and joint first in London.[49] In July 2016 it was announced that two schools in the borough had been named the best schools in the country in the Times Educational Supplement (TES) 2016 Awards. Stanley Park High School was named the "Best Secondary School" in the country. Limes College was named the best alternative provision school.[50] TES described Stanley Park as having achieved "remarkable outcomes for its student body by focusing on igniting their passion for learning." The judges were "impressed by the creative, ambitious and supportive culture fostered at Stanley Park". Limes College was recognised as a place where young people are able to make a fresh start and build for the future, and where staff truly believe that every student can excel.[51]

Schools in the borough were set to receive the fourth largest funding increase in the country in 2015/16.[52] In May 2014 it was announced that grammar schools in the borough planned to set aside a number of additional places specifically for Sutton borough pupils. Nonsuch High School for Girls and Sutton Grammar School for Boys had already agreed this new policy at the time of the announcement, while the other three grammar schools in the borough were set to follow suit.[53] Adult education[edit] Sutton College of Learning for Adults (SCOLA), originally named Sutton College of Liberal Arts, is a college offering over 1,000 part-time courses at its borough-wide centres. its main centres are in Sutton and Wallington. Environment[edit] The London
London
Borough of Sutton is home to a number of notable environmental projects, including the following.

BedZED
BedZED
general view

BedZED
BedZED
roofs

BedZED
BedZED
( Beddington
Beddington
Zero Energy Development)

The acclaimed BedZED
BedZED
( Beddington
Beddington
Zero Energy Development) housing complex is located on London
London
Road, SM6, about 500 yards north of Hackbridge
Hackbridge
mainline railway station. It uses a number of innovative technologies to enable it to operate with zero energy use. It was designed by the architect Bill Dunster to support a more sustainable lifestyle. The project was led by the Peabody Trust in partnership with Bill Dunster Architects, Ellis & Moore Consulting Engineers, BioRegional, Arup and the cost consultants Gardiner and Theobald. The 99 homes, and 1,405 square metres of work space were built between 2000 and 2002. It is the UK's largest and first carbon-neutral eco-community. The buildings are constructed of materials that store heat during warm conditions and release heat at cooler times, and where possible, they have been built from natural, recycled or reclaimed materials. The first residents moved in (to the Helios Road part of the development) during March 2002. BedZED
BedZED
receives power from a small-scale combined heat and power plant (CHP). In conventional energy generation, the heat that is produced as a by-product of generating electricity is lost. With CHP technology, this heat can be harnessed and put to use. At BedZED, the heat from the CHP provides hot water, which is distributed around the site via a district heating system of super-insulated pipes. Should residents or workers require a heating boost, each home or office has a domestic hot water tank that doubles as a radiator. The CHP plant at BedZED
BedZED
is powered by off-cuts from tree surgery waste that would otherwise go to landfill. Wood is a carbon neutral fuel because the CO2 released when the wood is burned is equal to that absorbed by the tree as it grew. The development has attracted wide interest and acclaim over the past decade since it was built, and, has won numerous awards. Among other examples of recognition, it was shortlisted for the Stirling Prize
Stirling Prize
for architecture in October 2003, and won awards from the London
London
Evening Standard and RIBA in 2002.

Sutton Ecology Centre

The Sutton Ecology Centre is located in the Carshalton
Carshalton
Village part of Sutton borough.[54] The Grounds are a 1.3 hectare Local Nature Reserve and Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation, Grade 1. It is owned by Sutton Council and managed by the Council together with the Friends of Sutton Ecology Centre.[55][56][57] It is an area of mainly open space where visitors can find out about wildlife habitats, alternative energy, recycling, composting, and organic gardening. The centre's activities include running educational visits for schools and community groups, as well as events and volunteer days. The history of the Ecology Centre is that the grounds were until the late eighties known as the "Lodgelands", named after the old gardens of The Lodge in Carshalton. They were used as a tree nursery until the early 1980s, when they became surplus to requirements. After a prolonged public debate, it was agreed in 1987 to preserve the area as an open space for public use.

Carshalton
Carshalton
Environmental Fair

Musician performing at the Carshalton
Carshalton
Environmental Fair

The Environmental Fair is held in Carshalton
Carshalton
Park on August Bank Holiday Monday.[58] It features over 100 stalls and showcases local sustainability initiatives. It also includes music, performing art, poetry, children's activities, campaign groups, local craft, interactive demonstrations, and a farmers' market. Music is performed from three stages and across the genres from rock to folk. The main stage is a natural open-air amphitheatre. There is food and a bar with real ales. The fair attracts on average around 10,000 people. It is organised by EcoLocal with a team of volunteers.

Sutton Community Farm

Sutton Community Farm, the only one of its kind in London, is located in the Wallington part of the borough. A not-for-profit social enterprise, it occupies a 7.5 acre small-holding of a type originally given to ex-servicemen following the First World War.[59]

Growing the green economy

The London
London
Borough of Sutton has provided funding to grow the green economy by creating a low carbon cluster of green businesses. The project includes the establishment of a "Green Business Network", the provision of training, and the creation of employment opportunities for assessors, surveyors, designers and installers.[60]

Straw-bale café

The café in Manor Park, Sutton
Manor Park, Sutton
has a range of environmental features, in particular its straw-bale construction. It was built in 2010 using UK produced straw-bales and natural sustainable materials, a type of construction which means that the building could last for longer than 200 years.[61] It was London’s first energy-efficient building to use this method of construction.[62] Hospitals[edit]

The art deco entrance of St Helier Hospital floodlit at night

St Helier Hospital (full title: St Helier Hospital and Queen Mary's Hospital for Children) in the London Borough of Merton
London Borough of Merton
and London Borough of Sutton is run by Epsom
Epsom
and St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust along with Epsom
Epsom
Hospital. It is located next to the large St Helier estate and close to the major intersection known as Rosehill. The hospital offers a full range of hospital services including a 24-hour accident and emergency department. The site is also home to the South West Renal and Transplantation Service and the Queen Mary's Hospital for Children, a dedicated children's hospital. St Helier Hospital is a major teaching hospital for St George's, University of London, and is the second main teaching site for the clinical years of the medicine degrees outside of St George's Hospital.[63] Transport[edit] The main forms of public transport used in the borough are surface rail from its various regional railway stations and local buses. Sutton has frequent, direct commuter rail services to central London stations, including London Victoria
London Victoria
(approx 26 minutes travelling time, depending on service), London
London
Bridge and several Thameslink stations, including St Pancras International (the Eurostar
Eurostar
terminus). Sutton borough also has quick access to the London Underground
London Underground
with the Northern line in neighbouring Merton borough easy to reach by several local bus services. In addition, the recent London
London
Overground network, completed c. 2010, is only 5 to 10 minutes away from Sutton borough stations at neighbouring Croydon
Croydon
borough station West Croydon. Sutton borough may also join up fully with the nearby London
London
Tramlink that currently serves places like Croydon
Croydon
and Wimbledon, with discussions about it becoming part of this network at an advanced stage: as of mid-2014, a consultation was taking place into options for the route of a proposed extension from Wimbledon to Sutton.[64][65] National and international travel[edit]

The former Sutton station c. 1905

Taxis by Sutton station in 2012

Sutton is linked into the national motorway network via the A217 and M25 orbital motorway at Junction 8. The M25 skirts the south of the borough, linking Sutton with other parts London
London
and the surrounding counties. The A24 passes through the north western part of the borough, through North Cheam
Cheam
and onto Epsom, Dorking, Horsham, Worthing, Bognor Regis and Chichester. This follows, in part, the course of Stane Street, an old Roman road linking London
London
and Chichester. The A232 links Sutton with other towns in the borough, also the boroughs of Kingston, Croydon
Croydon
and Bromley. The Sutton and Mole Valley Lines railway route south from Sutton links the borough to Sussex and Surrey
Surrey
to the south, and to central London to the north, providing regular, direct services to stations including Clapham Junction, London
London
Victoria, Dorking, Epsom, Horsham, Wimbledon and Croydon. Also running through Sutton is the Sutton Loop Thameslink line which links Luton and St Pancras International directly with the stations on the loop. The main station for all these services is Sutton railway station to the south of the town. The station is the largest and busiest in Sutton. Passenger rail services through Croydon are provided by Southern and First Capital Connect.[66] The Thameslink Programme (formerly known as Thameslink 2000) is a £6 billion major project to expand and improve the Thameslink network, of which Sutton is a part. A pilot scheme launched by the Strategic Rail Authority, Transport for London
London
and three train operators is designed to encourage more passengers to travel off-peak. In full partnership with the South London
London
Boroughs which includes Sutton, SWELTRAC, SELTRANS and the transport users group, the scheme promotes the advantages of off-peak travel following improvements to safety, travel connections and upgrading of station facilities. Sutton is located about 15 miles (24 km) from both London Heathrow Airport and London
London
Gatwick Airport. Heathrow is served by London Buses route X26
London Buses route X26
and Gatwick by the National Express Coaches
National Express Coaches
A3 route, which stops outside Sutton railway station. Luton Airport, about 40 miles (64 km) to the north, is connected to Sutton by a direct train. Croydon
Croydon
Airport which was partly in the borough of Sutton served as London's main airport in the years prior to the second world war but closed in the 1950s. Local travel[edit] The hilly topography of Sutton and the lack of underground services in South London
South London
is a reason for the extensive suburban and inter-urban railway network. Sutton is in the commuter belt to London
London
as part of suburbia. There are several busy local rail routes running along the borough's towns, connecting it with London
London
Bridge, St. Pancras International (the Eurostar
Eurostar
terminus) and London
London
Victoria. These local routes mainly run on the Sutton Loop and Sutton & Mole Valley Lines. As well as the main station of Sutton, there are several suburban stations at Hackbridge, West Sutton, Carshalton
Carshalton
and Cheam
Cheam
and more. The line from Wimbledon to Sutton (now part of the Sutton Loop) was one of the last to be built in the London
London
area (it opened in 1930).

Cyclists in Cheam
Cheam
Village

Bus
Bus
by Carshalton
Carshalton
ponds

Construction of the East London line extension
East London line extension
to West Croydon
Croydon
was completed c. 2010. Sutton borough has easy access to this tube extension via its frequent and quick services to West Croydon
Croydon
station (along with various other routes into central London) – for instance the journey time from Sutton mainline station to West Croydon
Croydon
station is 10 minutes. In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 33.1% of all residents aged 16–74; train, 6.6%; bus, minibus or coach, 6.6%; on foot, 5.6%; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 3.9%; work mainly at or from home, 3.1%; passenger in a car or van, 2.0%; cycling 1.5%.[67] Data from the 2011 Census states that the cycle mode share for people cycling to work had fallen from 2.1% since 2001.[68] A sizeable bus infrastructure which is part of the London
London
Buses network operates from a main hub on the Sutton one-way system. London General, owned by the Go-Ahead Group, is one of the largest bus operators to serve Sutton along with Metrobus, Abellio London, London United and Quality Line. Unlike other places in the country, London's transport infrastructure is regulated and therefore is not subject to price wars between different companies with TfL setting a standard price for bus services which is currently £1.35 with an Oyster card and free for all under 12s. Services include buses to central London, Croydon, Wimbledon, Kingston and a number of other civic centres in the south. London Buses
London Buses
route X26, the longest route in London, provides services between Heathrow airport
Heathrow airport
and Croydon
Croydon
via Kingston. Although hilly, Sutton is compact and has few major trunk roads running through it. It is on one of the National Cycle Network
National Cycle Network
routes running around South London.[69] The nearby North Downs
North Downs
to the south, part of which falls within the borough boundary, is an area of outstanding natural beauty popular with both on and off-road cyclists. Parks and open spaces[edit]

Trees in flower in Oaks Park

Fountain in Manor Park, Sutton

The waterfall in Grove Park

The fountain at Butter Hill

Boating lake, Beddington
Beddington
Park

Leoni Bridge, Grove Park

Mayfield Lavender Fields

In total, the London
London
Borough of Sutton has 89 parks and open spaces within it boundaries, representing a total area of 1,500 acres (6.1 km2). Main parks[edit] Varied in size and layout, green spaces range from the compact Manor Park in Sutton town centre and Sutton Green just to the north of Sutton town centre, through the medium-sized Grove Park, which forms a notable part of the Carshalton
Carshalton
conservation area, to the large and historic Oaks Park in the south of the borough. In the west of the borough is the large Nonsuch Park. Just to the north of Sutton town centre there is more extensive green space in the form of Sutton Common, which originally (until the beginning of the 19th century) encompassed the aforementioned Sutton Green. Today, a small portion of Sutton Common
Sutton Common
is given over to a major junior tennis facility. The common extends both to the east and west of Angel Hill. Slightly further in the opposite direction out of Sutton lie Banstead
Banstead
Common and Banstead
Banstead
Downs—these start a few hundred yards from the southern end of the town, and extend for an additional mile south in the direction of neighbouring Banstead. Manor Park was created in 1914 on a site in the town centre opposite the police station. Its grounds include the Sutton War Memorial, which was added in 1921. A fountain was added in 1924. In 2010 its new café of straw-bale construction was London's first environmentally friendly building to use this building method. Features of interest in the Victorian Grove Park include a white Portland stone
Portland stone
bridge, known as the Leoni Bridge where Lower Pond meets the park. Upper Mill is recent reconstruction of a watermill that has existed here from Anglo-Saxon times. The cascade is near the footbridge towards the Stone Court corner of the park. The 1.5m fall is now ornamental in design and was reconstructed in the 1960s. Its original purpose was to create a head of water to power Upper Mill. Oaks Park has a long history. It was substantially laid out for the Earl of Derby in the 1770s, but its villa dates back to around 1750 and is in that era's fashionable landscape style, with trees forming a perimeter screen and placed in artful clumps to suggest a natural landscape.[70] Nonsuch Park
Nonsuch Park
near Cheam
Cheam
in the west is the last surviving part of the Little Park of Nonsuch, a deer hunting park established by Henry VIII of England
England
surrounding the former Nonsuch Palace. The name "Nonsuch" was given as, it was claimed, there was "none such place like it" in Europe.[71] List of parks[edit] The main parks in the borough are:

Beddington
Beddington
Park Carshalton
Carshalton
Park Cheam
Cheam
Park Grove Park Lakeside Manor Park, Sutton
Manor Park, Sutton
town centre Mellows Park Nonsuch Park Oaks Park Rosehill Park East and West Overton Park Poulter Park Poulter Park Queen Mary's Park Roundshaw
Roundshaw
Down Royston Park Seer's Park St Helier Open Space The Wandle Walkway

Local nature reserves[edit] In addition, Sutton borough contains a large number for its size of Local Nature Reserves:[72]

Anton Crescent Wetland
Anton Crescent Wetland
has ponds, willow carr and reedbeds, and the ponds never dry out as the rock formation is Oxford Clay. The pools and mud provide a habitat for birds such as the green sandpiper and common snipe. Belmont Pastures
Belmont Pastures
is a long narrow triangle north of Belmont railway station. It is an old meadow which formerly belonged to Belmont Hospital. Cuddington Meadows
Cuddington Meadows
is mainly chalk grassland with some scrub. Its most important feature is a variety of unusual flowering plants, including greater knapweed, lady's bedstraw and field scabious. Devonshire Avenue Nature Area
Devonshire Avenue Nature Area
is mainly neutral grassland, but it has areas of chalk grassland, scrub and trees. A notable species is the small blue butterfly, which is rare in the borough. Plants include the nationally scarce ivy broomrape, and kidney vetch and bird's-foot trefoil.[73] Roundshaw Downs
Roundshaw Downs
was in the 19th century an area of farmland, becoming in the first half of the twentieth Croydon
Croydon
Airport.[74] Most of the site is a mixture of chalk and neutral grassland, but there is also some woodland. Areas of unimproved chalk grassland have species typical of this habitat such as common quaking grass, wild carrot and bird's-foot-trefoil. A grassland flower species is greater yellow rattle, which is nationally protected, and Sutton and Croydon
Croydon
are its national strongholds. Ruffett and Big Woods
Ruffett and Big Woods
on the edge of the borough near Woodmansterne are the largest continuous area of woodland in the borough. Ruffett Wood is mainly sycamore, with some ash and hazel. It also has some plant species indicative of ancient woodland, such as bluebells. Big Wood has even more sycamore, as well as two large oaks and a stand of wood anemone. The site also has numerous bird species. Spencer Road Wetlands
Spencer Road Wetlands
has since 1991 been managed by the London Wildlife Trust. The site has reed swamps with wetland vegetation, woodland, a sedge-bed and a pond. Insects include the twin-spotted wainscot and crescent moths, and there are birds such as grey heron, reed warbler and kingfishers. Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds
Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds
is in Carshalton
Carshalton
and owned by Sutton Council and managed by it and the Friends of Sutton Ecology Centre. Habitats include ponds, woodland, meadows, marshlands. There are also small demonstration gardens. In the south is the old course of the River Wandle, which in now dry most of the time, but still has yellow flag iris. Margaret's Pool has a number of species of dragonfly and damselfly, and the trees surrounding it are sycamore and ash. The Spinney, Carshalton, a small L shaped reserve, is a mixture of woodland and scrub, with the main trees being plane and elm. Breeding birds include dunnocks, wrens and blackbirds. Other animals include wood boring beetles and foxes. Wandle Valley Wetland
Wandle Valley Wetland
has open water and seasonal pools, scrub and wet woodland. There are frogs, toads and newts, together with brown hawker dragonflies and birds including blackcaps and wrens. Wilderness Island, near Carshalton, is a 2.7 hectare island between two arms of the River Wandle
River Wandle
and was once the site of a pleasure garden. It features a fish pond, woodland, and meadows. Trees include the black poplar, and there are birds such as the woodpecker, kingfisher and grebe. There is a variety of butterflies including the speckled wood and holly blue, and the rare hornet clearwing moth.

Lavender fields[edit] There are two historic lavender fields in the borough. One, at Oaks Way, Carshalton
Carshalton
Beeches is a not-for-profit community project that manages three acres of lavender. The other, a 25-acre commercial site in Croydon
Croydon
Lane called Mayfield, is popular with tourists. This area was once famous as the "Lavender Capital of the World". From the 18th to the early 20th centuries the North Downs
North Downs
of Surrey, with its chalky free-draining soil, ideal for lavender growing, were at the centre of worldwide production of lavender. It was a very prosperous part of the local agriculture. Blue fields could be seen all over Mitcham, Croydon, Wallington, Banstead, Carshalton
Carshalton
and Sutton.[75] The scale of the operation can be understood from the fact that the Daily News in 1914 was able to state:

“ At Carshalton
Carshalton
Beeches in every direction the low hill sides of the farm beyond Beeches Halt are swept with the bloomy pastel tint of the lavender flowers. ”

Main article: Sutton parks and open spaces

Sports facilities and clubs[edit]

Westcroft centre Carshalton

Football club Sutton United F.C.
Sutton United F.C.
are based in Sutton at Gander Green Lane and play in the National League. Sutton Common
Sutton Common
Rovers also share the ground with Sutton United. Carshalton
Carshalton
has two football clubs: Carshalton
Carshalton
Athletic F.C. (home ground at The War Memorial Sports Ground, Colston Avenue, and play in the Ryman League) and Carshalton FC (at Beddington
Beddington
Park). Wallington has a Non-League football
Non-League football
club Crescent Rovers F.C.
Crescent Rovers F.C.
who play at the Wallington Sports & Social Club. The Croydon
Croydon
Pirates despite their name play just inside the borough of Sutton, at Waddon
Waddon
and are one of the most successful teams in the British Baseball Federation. Sutton Cricket Club[76] is based in Cheam
Cheam
Road, Sutton, (entrance in Gander Green Lane.) The Club's 1st XI plays at the highest level of the sport available to it, the England
England
& Wales Cricket Board's, ' Surrey
Surrey
Championship Premier Division.’ Mitcham
Mitcham
Rugby Union Football Club[77] plays out of Poulter Park in Carshalton, Wandle Valley ward. Mitcham
Mitcham
RUFC play in the Surrey
Surrey
RFU Leagues. Poulter Park also boasts three Gaelic clubs that use Mitcham RUFC as a base for training and playing games Round Towers GAA, Senior Gaelic Football Club,[78] Sean Treacy's Hurling Club[79] and Croydon Camogie Club.[80] Rosehill boasts an ETTA premier level Table Tennis Club, Rosehill TTC[81] who play in the Sutton & District League and the Thames Valley League. At the Westcroft Leisure Centre, in Carshalton
Carshalton
there are health and fitness facilities including two swimming pools, sports hall, squash court and fitness centre.[82] There is also a children's play area called Kid's Kingdom. Westcroft is also home to Sutton Pumas basketball club. In 2012 Westcroft underwent a major renovation costing £11 million, bringing improved swimming facilities, a dance studio and beauty treatment rooms. There are eight courts in the sports hall, providing facilities for activities including badminton, gymnastics, trampolining, basketball, football, netball and volleyball. In addition, Carshalton
Carshalton
Library moved to the Westcroft centre, as part of the renovation. There are also two public basketball courts in the Rosehill district of Sutton borough. The Sutton and Epsom
Epsom
Weightlifting Club meet at Sutton Arena near to St Hellier's Hospital to the North of Sutton. Climate[edit] Sutton has a temperate climate in common with most areas of Great Britain, it is similar to that of Greenwich
Greenwich
in Inner London: its Köppen climate classification is Cfb.[83] Its mean annual temperature of 9.6 °C is similar to that experienced throughout the Weald, and slightly cooler than nearby areas such as the Sussex coast and central London.[84] Rainfall is considerably below England's average (1971–2000) level of 838 mm, and every month is drier overall than the England
England
average.[85] The nearest weather station is at Gatwick Airport.[86][87] Town twinning[edit]

The painting of Gagny

Sutton twin towns mural

The painting of Minden

Sutton's twin towns are as follows:[88][89]

Gagny
Gagny
in France Gladsaxe
Gladsaxe
in Denmark Minden
Minden
in Germany Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
in Germany

In addition, there is a friendship link with:

Tavernelle in Italy

The Sutton twin towns mural
Sutton twin towns mural
on a building in Sutton town centre is made up of individual paintings of all the twin towns. The building is at the junction of Sutton High Street
Sutton High Street
and Sutton Court Road. See also[edit]

Grade I
Grade I
and II* listed buildings in the London
London
Borough of Sutton

References[edit]

^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England
England
and Wales, Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
(2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census. ^ "Overview of London
London
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Surrey
Comet ^ ITV News ^ Telegraph Newspaper ^ Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005 2011 census ^ a b "What is the Big Society?". Sutton London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014.  ^ Borough Profile Archived 20 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Secombe Theatre, Charles Cryer Studio Theatre". Archived from the original on 5 March 2005. Retrieved 4 October 2014.  ^ "Open House London
London
2014". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.  ^ "Over the footlights website, regarding the Secombe Centre Theatre" (PDF). Retrieved 4 October 2014.  ^ a b Hutchinson, David (12 August 2016). "Sutton theatres close amid financial crisis". The Stage. Retrieved 8 January 2017.  ^ "Sir Harry Secombe". Explore Gower. Retrieved 14 October 2014.  ^ Theatre Trust website ^ "Sadler's Wells Theatre" (PDF). Overthefootlights.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2014.  ^ "Secombe Theatre". UK Attraction. Archived from the original on 2007-10-23. Retrieved 4 October 2014.  ^ Ian Youngs (18 September 2014). " Theatres Trust lists 33 historic theatres 'at risk'". BBC. Retrieved 4 October 2014.  ^ "Comic legend Tim Vine
Tim Vine
takes to Twitter to call on Sutton Council to halt theatre closure plans". Sutton Guardian. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.  ^ "Four bids to take over Sutton's theatres invited to submit full business case". London
London
Borough of Sutton Press Office. Retrieved 18 December 2014.  ^ "Dramatic rescue for Sutton's theatres as new 10-year takeover deal gets nod". Sutton Guardian. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.  ^ Beddington
Beddington
Place (Great Hall Only) – Sutton – Greater London
Greater London
– England. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved on 17 July 2013. ^ Pigeon House to the North West of Beddington
Beddington
Place – Sutton – Greater London
Greater London
– England. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved on 17 July 2013. ^ Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin, Sutton ^ London
London
Borough of Sutton ^ " London
London
Borough of Sutton Heritage, Little Holland House".  ^ London
London
Borough of Sutton – Sutton Central Library Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Sutton.gov.uk. Retrieved on 17 July 2013. ^ "Sutton Life Centre" Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine., sutton.gov.uk. Retrieved 1 March 2011. ^ "Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg
Nick Clegg
officially opened Sutton Life Centre", Sutton Guardian, 27 October 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2011. ^ "Honeywood Museum History". Friendsofhoneywood.co.uk. 1 December 1990. Retrieved 26 June 2014.  ^ "Press Release". Arts Network Sutton. Retrieved 29 November 2014.  ^ Drostle and Turner fine tiles — Sutton Heritage page Archived 22 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-15.  Whitehall History ^ Sutton Guardian 7 April 2016 ^ Friends of Nonsuch Archived 19 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ London
London
Borough of Sutton article Archived 19 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ DoE list of buildings of special architectural or historical interest Archived 6 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Sutton's black and Asian population double in a decade: what does this mean for Council policies?". Lester Holloway. Retrieved 20 January 2017.  ^ "Sutton: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September 2011.  ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1912). "Parishes: Carshalton". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 29 November 2012. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ "Famous people that lived in your area – General Discussion – Digital Spy Forums". Forums.digitalspy.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2014.  ^ SUTTON TOPS GCSE LEAGUE TABLES (From Your Local Guardian). Yourlocalguardian.co.uk (31 January 2012). Retrieved on 17 July 2013. ^ "LIVE: Sutton GCSE results day 2013 (From Sutton Guardian)". Suttonguardian.co.uk. 23 August 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2014.  ^ Anna Davis (23 January 2014). "GCSE league tables: One in three London
London
pupils leave school without five good grades – Education – News – London
London
Evening Standard". Standard.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2014.  ^ "Sutton's primary schools hailed as 'particularly impressive' by Ofsted (From Sutton Guardian)". Suttonguardian.co.uk. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.  ^ Sutton Guardian ^ Times Educational Supplement
Times Educational Supplement
Archived 28 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Sutton schools to get £8m boost – fourth largest funding increase in the country (From Sutton Guardian)". Suttonguardian.co.uk. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.  ^ "Grammar schools to save places for Sutton pupils in landmark move (From Sutton Guardian)". Suttonguardian.co.uk. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.  ^ London
London
Borough of Sutton – Sutton Ecology Centre Archived 3 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. Sutton.gov.uk. Retrieved on 17 July 2013. ^ "Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 7 March 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2014.  ^ "Map of Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 29 March 2014.  ^ "Sutton Ecology Centre". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2014.  ^ " Carshalton
Carshalton
Environmental Fair".  ^ Sutton Community Farm ^ Institute for Sustainability ^ "A new café made of straw! This exciting eco-friendly building is Manor Park Café". London
London
Borough of Sutton. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.  ^ "Three little pigs and a straw house – is Sutton becoming a fairytale?". Sutton Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2014.  ^ Epsom
Epsom
St Helier website ^ http://www.newsroomsutton.co.uk/?p=746 ^ http://www.suttonguardian.co.uk/news/11357417.Have_your_say_on_Wimbledon_to_Sutton_Tramlink_extension_as_four_possible_routes_are_revealed/?ref=var_0 ^ "UK rail network map" (PDF). National Rail
National Rail
website. National Rail. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008.  ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England
England
and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013.  Percentages are of all residents aged 16–74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey's longest part by distance. ^ "Roads Task Force - Technical Note 4" (PDF). Transport for London. Retrieved 27 October 2016.  ^ "Areas to cycle in Sutton". 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2008. [dead link] ^ "The Oaks & Oaks Park, London
London
Borough of Sutton". Archived from the original on 7 May 2008.  ^ Nonsuch: A Lost Tudor Palace, Philippa Glanville ^ "Local Nature Reserves: Search results for Greater London". Natural England. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013.  ^ " Devonshire Avenue Nature Area
Devonshire Avenue Nature Area
LNR". London
London
Borough of Sutton. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2014.  ^ " Roundshaw Downs
Roundshaw Downs
LNR". London
London
Borough of Sutton. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.  ^ "Mayfield Lavender". Archived from the original on 30 May 2008.  ^ Sutton Cricket Club ^ Mitcham
Mitcham
Rugby Union Football Club ^ Round Towers GAA, Senior Gaelic Football Club ^ Sean Treacy's Hurling Club ^ Croydon
Croydon
Camogie Club ^ Rosehil TTC ^ "L.B. Sutton – Westcroft Leisure Centre." Archived from the original on 1 May 2007.  ^ WorldClimate ^ "Mean Temperature Annual Average". Met Office. 2001. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2007.  ^ "Met Office: averages 1971–2000". Met Office
Met Office
website. Met Office. 2007. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2007.  ^ (Rainfall data)  ^ (Pressure data)  Temperature and rainfall: 1961–1990 averages. Pressure averages: 1971–1988 averages. Derived from the Global Historical Climatology Network (version 1). ^ London
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Borough of Sutton Town Twinning page Archived 4 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ The Londonist

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to London
London
Borough of Sutton.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for London/South_West.

London
London
Borough of Sutton OpenlyLocal.com page for London
London
Borough of Sutton

v t e

London
London
Borough of Sutton

Districts

Bandonhill Beddington Beddington
Beddington
Corner Belmont Benhill Benhilton Carshalton Carshalton
Carshalton
Beeches Carshalton
Carshalton
on the Hill Cheam
Cheam
(including Cheam
Cheam
Village and North Cheam) Hackbridge Little Woodcote Rosehill Roundshaw South Beddington St Helier Sutton (principal town) Sutton Common Wallington Woodcote Green Worcester Park The Wrythe

Attractions

BedZED Carew Manor Carshalton
Carshalton
House Water Tower Charles Cryer Theatre Honeywood Museum, Carshalton Little Holland House, Carshalton Nonsuch Mansion Secombe Theatre Whitehall, Cheam

Places of worship

All Saints, Benhilton St Alban's, Cheam St Nicholas, Sutton Trinity Church, Sutton

Parks and open spaces

Beddington
Beddington
Park Carshalton
Carshalton
Park Grove Park Manor Park, Sutton Mayfield Lavender Nonsuch Park Oaks Park

Constituencies

Carshalton
Carshalton
and Wallington Sutton and Cheam

Rail and tram stations

 Belmont   Beddington
Beddington
Lane tram stop  Carshalton   Carshalton
Carshalton
Beeches  Cheam  Hackbridge  Sutton  Sutton Common  Therapia Lane tram stop  Wallington  West Sutton

Other topics

Council Grade I
Grade I
and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

v t e

Governance of Greater London

City of London London

Regional

Greater London
Greater London
Authority London
London
Assembly Mayor of London London
London
Councils

Boroughs

Barking and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Ceremonial

Lord Mayor of the City of London Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
of Greater London High Sheriff of Greater London

Historical

Metropolitan Board of Works
Metropolitan Board of Works
(MBW) 1855–1889 London
London
County Council (LCC) 1889–1965 Greater London
Greater London
Council (GLC) 1965–1986 Leaders Sheriffs of

.