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Kyoto
Kyoto
(京都市, Kyōto-shi, pronounced [kʲoːꜜto] ( listen), pronounced [kʲoːtoꜜɕi] ( listen); UK: /kɪˈoʊtoʊ/, US: /kiˈoʊ-/, or /ˈkjoʊ-/[4]) is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the Imperial capital of Japan
Japan
for more than one thousand years, it is now the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture located in the Kansai region, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka- Kobe
Kobe
metropolitan area.

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Origins 2.2 Heian-kyō 2.3 Modern Kyoto

3 Geography 4 Demographics 5 Climate 6 Politics and government

6.1 Kyoto
Kyoto
City Assembly 6.2 Elections 6.3 Wards

7 Culture 8 Economy 9 Colleges and universities 10 Transportation

10.1 Airport 10.2 Buses 10.3 Cycling 10.4 Roads 10.5 Rail

10.5.1 Subway

10.5.1.1 Karasuma Line 10.5.1.2 Tozai Line

10.5.2 High-speed rail

10.6 Waterways

11 Tourism

11.1 UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site 11.2 Museums 11.3 Festivals

12 Sports

12.1 Football 12.2 Baseball 12.3 Horse racing 12.4 Tennis

13 International relations

13.1 Twin towns and sister cities 13.2 Partner cities

14 See also 15 References

15.1 Notes 15.2 Bibliography

16 External links

Name[edit]

18th century map with the Japanese capital "Meaco"

In Japanese, the city has been called Kyō (京), Miyako (都), or Kyō no Miyako (京の都). In the 11th century, the city was renamed Kyoto
Kyoto
("capital city"), after the Chinese word for capital city, jingdu (京都).[5] After the city of Edo
Edo
was renamed Tokyo
Tokyo
(東京, meaning "Eastern Capital") in 1868, and the seat of the Emperor was transferred there, Kyoto
Kyoto
was known for a short time as Saikyō (西京, meaning "Western Capital"). Contemporary Kyoto
Kyoto
is occasionally referred to as thousand-year capital (千年の都). Obsolete spellings for the city's name include Kioto, Miaco and Meaco. Another term commonly used to refer to the city in the pre-modern period was Keishi (京師), meaning "metropolis" or "capital".[6] History[edit] See also: Timeline of Kyoto

18th century European town map of "Miaco"

Origins[edit] Although archaeological evidence suggests human settlement in Kyoto began as early as the Paleolithic period,[7] relatively little is known about human activity in the area before the 6th century, around which time the Shimogamo Shrine
Shimogamo Shrine
is believed to have been established. Heian-kyō[edit] Main article: Heian-kyō During the 8th century, when powerful Buddhist clergy became involved in the affairs of the Imperial government, Emperor Kanmu
Emperor Kanmu
chose to relocate the capital in order to distance it from the clerical establishment in Nara. His last choice for the site was the village of Uda, in the Kadono district of Yamashiro Province.[8] The new city, Heian-kyō
Heian-kyō
(平安京, "tranquility and peace capital"), a scaled replica of the then Tang capital Chang'an,[9] became the seat of Japan's imperial court in 794, beginning the Heian period
Heian period
of Japanese history. Although military rulers established their governments either in Kyoto
Kyoto
(Muromachi shogunate) or in other cities such as Kamakura (Kamakura shogunate) and Edo
Edo
(Tokugawa shogunate), Kyoto
Kyoto
remained Japan's capital until the transfer of the imperial court to Tokyo
Tokyo
in 1869 at the time of the Imperial Restoration. The city suffered extensive destruction in the Ōnin War
Ōnin War
of 1467–1477, and did not really recover until the mid-16th century. During the Ōnin War, the shugo collapsed, and power was divided among the military families.[10] Battles between samurai factions spilled into the streets, and came to involve the court nobility (kuge) and religious factions as well. Nobles' mansions were transformed into fortresses, deep trenches dug throughout the city for defense and as firebreaks, and numerous buildings burned. The city has not seen such widespread destruction since. In the late 16th century, Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
reconstructed the city by building new streets to double the number of north-south streets in central Kyoto, creating rectangle blocks superseding ancient square blocks. Hideyoshi also built earthwork walls called odoi (御土居) encircling the city. Teramachi Street
Teramachi Street
in central Kyoto
Kyoto
is a Buddhist temple quarter where Hideyoshi gathered temples in the city. Throughout the Edo
Edo
period, the economy of the city flourished as one of three major cities in Japan, the others being Osaka
Osaka
and Edo. Modern Kyoto[edit] The Hamaguri rebellion of 1864 burnt down 28,000 houses in the city which showed the rebels' dissatisfaction towards the Tokugawa Shogunate.[11] The subsequent move of the Emperor to Tokyo
Tokyo
in 1869 weakened the economy. The modern city of Kyoto
Kyoto
was formed on April 1, 1889. The construction of Lake Biwa Canal
Lake Biwa Canal
in 1890 was one measure taken to revive the city. The population of the city exceeded one million in 1932.[12] There was some consideration by the United States
United States
of targeting Kyoto with an atomic bomb at the end of World War II
World War II
because, as an intellectual center of Japan, it had a population large enough to possibly persuade the emperor to surrender.[13] In the end, at the insistence of Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of War in the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, the city was removed from the list of targets and replaced by Nagasaki. The city was largely spared from conventional bombing as well, although small-scale air raids did result in casualties. As a result, the Imperial City (Emeritus) of Kyoto
Kyoto
is one of the few Japanese cities that still have an abundance of prewar buildings, such as the traditional townhouses known as machiya. However, modernization is continually breaking down the traditional Kyoto
Kyoto
in favor of newer architecture, such as the Kyōto Station
Kyōto Station
complex. Kyoto
Kyoto
became a city designated by government ordinance on September 1, 1956. In 1997, Kyoto
Kyoto
hosted the conference that resulted in the protocol on greenhouse gas emissions. Geography[edit]

Kyoto
Kyoto
seen from Mount Atago
Mount Atago
in the northwest corner of the city

Kyoto
Kyoto
is located in a valley, part of the Yamashiro (or Kyoto) Basin, in the eastern part of the mountainous region known as the Tamba highlands. The Yamashiro Basin is surrounded on three sides by mountains known as Higashiyama, Kitayama and Nishiyama, with a height just above 1,000 metres (3,281 ft) above sea level. This interior positioning results in hot summers and cold winters. There are three rivers in the basin, the Ujigawa to the south, the Katsuragawa to the west, and the Kamogawa to the east. Kyoto
Kyoto
City takes up 17.9% of the land in the prefecture with an area of 827.9 square kilometres (319.7 sq mi). The original city was arranged in accordance with traditional Chinese feng shui following the model of the ancient Chinese capital of Chang'an. The Imperial Palace faced south, resulting in Ukyō (the right sector of the capital) being on the west while Sakyō (the left sector) is on the east. The streets in the modern-day wards of Nakagyō, Shimogyō, and Kamigyō-ku
Kamigyō-ku
still follow a grid pattern. Today, the main business district is located to the south of the old Imperial Palace, with the less-populated northern area retaining a far greener feel. Surrounding areas do not follow the same grid pattern as the center of the city, though streets throughout Kyoto
Kyoto
share the distinction of having names. Kyoto
Kyoto
sits atop a large natural water table that provides the city with ample freshwater wells. Due to large-scale urbanization, the amount of rain draining into the table is dwindling and wells across the area are drying at an increasing rate. Demographics[edit] Historically, Kyoto
Kyoto
was the largest city in Japan, later surpassed by Osaka
Osaka
and Edo
Edo
(Tokyo) towards the end of the 16th century. In the pre-war years, Kyoto
Kyoto
traded places with Kobe
Kobe
and Nagoya
Nagoya
ranking as the 4th and 5th largest city. In 1947, it went back to being 3rd. By 1960 it had fallen to 5th again, and by 1990 it had fallen to 7th, in 2015 it is now 9th. Climate[edit] Kyoto
Kyoto
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), featuring a marked seasonal variation in temperature and precipitation. Summers are hot and humid, but winters are relatively cold with occasional snowfall. Kyoto's rain season begins around the middle of June and lasts until the end of July, yielding to a hot and sunny latter half of the summer. Kyoto, along with most of the Pacific coast and central areas of Japan
Japan
is prone to typhoons during September and October.

Climate data for Kyoto, Kyoto

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 19.9 (67.8) 22.9 (73.2) 25.7 (78.3) 30.7 (87.3) 33.8 (92.8) 36.8 (98.2) 38.2 (100.8) 39.8 (103.6) 38.1 (100.6) 32.2 (90) 26.9 (80.4) 22.8 (73) 39.8 (103.6)

Average high °C (°F) 8.9 (48) 9.7 (49.5) 13.4 (56.1) 19.9 (67.8) 24.6 (76.3) 27.8 (82) 31.5 (88.7) 33.3 (91.9) 28.8 (83.8) 22.9 (73.2) 17.0 (62.6) 11.6 (52.9) 20.8 (69.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) 4.6 (40.3) 5.1 (41.2) 8.4 (47.1) 14.2 (57.6) 19.0 (66.2) 23.0 (73.4) 26.8 (80.2) 28.2 (82.8) 24.1 (75.4) 17.8 (64) 12.1 (53.8) 7.0 (44.6) 15.9 (60.6)

Average low °C (°F) 1.2 (34.2) 1.4 (34.5) 4.0 (39.2) 9.0 (48.2) 14.0 (57.2) 18.8 (65.8) 23.2 (73.8) 24.3 (75.7) 20.3 (68.5) 13.6 (56.5) 7.8 (46) 3.2 (37.8) 11.7 (53.1)

Record low °C (°F) −11.9 (10.6) −11.6 (11.1) −8.2 (17.2) −4.4 (24.1) −0.3 (31.5) 4.9 (40.8) 10.6 (51.1) 12.8 (55) 7.1 (44.8) 0.2 (32.4) −4.4 (24.1) −9.4 (15.1) −11.9 (10.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 50.3 (1.98) 68.3 (2.689) 113.3 (4.461) 115.7 (4.555) 160.8 (6.331) 214.0 (8.425) 220.4 (8.677) 132.1 (5.201) 176.2 (6.937) 120.9 (4.76) 71.3 (2.807) 48.0 (1.89) 1,491.3 (58.713)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 5 (2) 8 (3.1) 2 (0.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (1.2) 18 (7.1)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 7.8 9.2 11.9 10.6 11.4 12.9 12.9 8.7 11.0 8.8 7.6 8.1 120.9

Average snowy days 3.1 3.9 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 9.2

Average relative humidity (%) 66 66 62 59 62 67 70 66 68 68 68 68 65.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 123.2 117.4 146.8 175.4 180.9 138.3 142.3 182.7 136.8 157.4 138.1 135.8 1,775.1

Source #1: 平年値(年・月ごとの値)

Source #2: (record temperatures) 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)

Politics and government[edit]

Kyoto
Kyoto
City Hall

The directly elected executive mayor in Kyoto
Kyoto
as of 2013[update] is Daisaku Kadokawa, an independent supported by Democratic Party of Japan, Liberal Democratic Party, New Komeito
New Komeito
Party, Your Party
Your Party
and Social Democratic Party. The legislative city assembly has 69 elected members. Kyoto
Kyoto
City Assembly[edit]

Political party Number of seats[14]

Liberal Democratic Party 22

Japanese Communist Party 14

Democratic Party of Japan 13

New Komeito
New Komeito
Party 12

Kyoto
Kyoto
Party 4

Independent 2

Vacant 2

Elections[edit]

Kyoto
Kyoto
mayoral election, 2008 Kyoto
Kyoto
mayoral election, 2012 Kyoto
Kyoto
mayoral election, 2016 (ja:2016年京都市長選挙)

Wards[edit]

Wards of Kyoto

Main article: Wards of Kyoto Kyoto
Kyoto
has eleven wards (区, ku).

Wards of Kyoto

Romaji Japanese

1 Fushimi-ku 伏見区

2 Higashiyama-ku 東山区

3 Kamigyō-ku 上京区

4 Kita-ku 北区

5 Minami-ku 南区

6 Nakagyō-ku administrative center 中京区

7 Nishikyō-ku 西京区

8 Sakyo-ku 左京区

9 Shimogyō-ku 下京区

10 Ukyō-ku 右京区

11 Yamashina-ku 山科区

Together, they make up the city of Kyoto. Like other cities in Japan, Kyoto
Kyoto
has a single mayor and a city council. Culture[edit]

A tsukemono shop on Nishiki Street

Although ravaged by wars, fires, and earthquakes during its eleven centuries as the imperial capital, Kyoto
Kyoto
was spared from much of the destruction of World War II. It was removed from the atomic bomb target list (which it had headed) by the personal intervention of Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, as Stimson wanted to save this cultural center, which he knew from his honeymoon and later diplomatic visits.[15][16]

A monk by the Katsura River
Katsura River
in Arashiyama

Ponto-chō
Ponto-chō
Street

With its 2,000 religious places – 1,600 Buddhist temples and 400 Shinto shrines, as well as palaces, gardens and architecture intact – it is one of the best preserved cities in Japan. Among the most famous temples in Japan
Japan
are Kiyomizu-dera, a magnificent wooden temple supported by pillars off the slope of a mountain; Kinkaku-ji, the Temple of the Golden Pavilion; Ginkaku-ji, the Temple of the Silver Pavilion; and Ryōan-ji, famous for its rock garden. The Heian Jingū is a Shinto shrine, built in 1895, celebrating the Imperial family and commemorating the first and last emperors to reside in Kyoto. Three special sites have connections to the imperial family: the Kyoto
Kyoto
Gyoen area including the Kyoto Imperial Palace
Kyoto Imperial Palace
and Sentō Imperial Palace, homes of the Emperors of Japan
Japan
for many centuries; Katsura Imperial Villa, one of the nation's finest architectural treasures; and Shugaku-in Imperial Villa, one of its best Japanese gardens. In addition, the temple of Sennyu-ji houses the tombs of the emperors from Shijō to Kōmei. Other sites in Kyoto
Kyoto
include Arashiyama, the Gion
Gion
and Pontochō
Pontochō
geisha quarters, the Philosopher's Walk, and the canals that line some of the older streets. The "Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto" are listed by the UNESCO
UNESCO
as a World Heritage Site. These include the Kamo Shrines (Kami and Shimo), Kyō-ō-Gokokuji (Tō-ji), Kiyomizu-dera, Daigo-ji, Ninna-ji, Saihō-ji
Saihō-ji
(Kokedera), Tenryū-ji, Rokuon-ji (Kinkaku-ji), Jishō-ji (Ginkaku-ji), Ryōan-ji, Hongan-ji, Kōzan-ji
Kōzan-ji
and the Nijō Castle, primarily built by the Tokugawa shoguns. Other sites outside the city are also on the list. Kyoto
Kyoto
is renowned for its abundance of delicious Japanese foods and cuisine. The special circumstances of Kyoto
Kyoto
as a city away from the sea and home to many Buddhist temples resulted in the development of a variety of vegetables peculiar to the Kyoto
Kyoto
area (京野菜, kyō-yasai). Japan's television and film industry has its center in Kyoto. Many jidaigeki, action films featuring samurai, were shot at Toei Uzumasa Eigamura.[17] A film set and theme park in one, Eigamura features replicas of traditional Japanese buildings, which are used for jidaigeki. Among the sets are a replica of the old Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
(the bridge at the entry to Edo), a traditional courthouse, a Meiji Period police box and part of the former Yoshiwara
Yoshiwara
red-light district. Actual film shooting takes place occasionally, and visitors are welcome to observe the action. The dialect spoken in Kyoto
Kyoto
is known as Kyō-kotoba or Kyōto-ben, a constituent dialect of the Kansai dialect. When Kyoto
Kyoto
was the capital of Japan, the Kyoto
Kyoto
dialect was the de facto standard Japanese and influenced the development of Tokyo
Tokyo
dialect, the modern standard Japanese. Famous Kyoto
Kyoto
expressions are a polite copula dosu, an honorific verb ending -haru, a greeting phrase okoshi-yasu "welcome", etc.

Economy[edit]

Nintendo
Nintendo
main headquarters

Light blue represents the Kyoto metropolitan area
Kyoto metropolitan area
defined by Kyōto Toshiken Jichitai Network and blue represents Kyoto
Kyoto
MEA.

GDP (PPP) per capita[18][19]

Year US$

1975 5,324

1980 9,523

1985 13,870

1990 20,413

1995 23,627

2000 26,978

2005 32,189

2010 36,306

2014 40,794

The key industry of Kyoto
Kyoto
is information technology and electronics: the city is home to the headquarters of Nintendo, Intelligent Systems, SCREEN Holdings,[20] Tose, Hatena, Omron,[21] Kyocera, Shimadzu Corp.,[22] Rohm,[23] Horiba,[24] Nidec
Nidec
Corporation,[25] Nichicon,[26] Nissin Electric,[27] and GS Yuasa. Tourism
Tourism
also forms a large base of Kyoto's economy. The city's cultural heritages are constantly visited by school groups from across Japan, and many foreign tourists also stop in Kyoto. In 2014, the city government announced that a record number of tourists had visited Kyoto,[28] and it was chosen as the world's best city by U.S. travel magazine.[29] Traditional Japanese crafts are also major industry of Kyoto, most of which are run by artisans in small plants. Kyoto's kimono weavers are particularly renowned, and the city remains the premier center of kimono manufacturing. Such businesses, vibrant in past centuries, have declined in recent years as sales of traditional goods stagnate. Sake
Sake
brewing is Kyoto's traditional industry. Gekkeikan
Gekkeikan
and Takara Holdings are major sake brewers headquartered in Kyoto. Other notable businesses headquartered in Kyoto
Kyoto
includes Aiful, Ishida, MK,[30] Nissen Holdings, Oh-sho, Sagawa Express, Volks
Volks
and Wacoal. The concentration of population to the capital city area is 55%, which is highest among the prefectures. The economic difference between the coastal area and inland area including Kyoto
Kyoto
basin is significant. Encompassing ¥10.12 trillion, Kyoto MEA
Kyoto MEA
has the fourth-largest economy in the country in 2010.[31] Colleges and universities[edit]

Kyoto
Kyoto
University

See also: Higher education
Higher education
in Japan Home to 40 institutions of higher education, Kyoto
Kyoto
is one of the academic centers in Japan.[32] Kyoto University
Kyoto University
is considered to be one of the top national universities nationwide. According to the Times Higher Education
Times Higher Education
top-ranking university, Kyoto University
Kyoto University
is ranked the second university in Japan
Japan
after University of Tokyo, and 25th overall in the world as of 2010[update].[33] The Kyoto
Kyoto
Institute of Technology is also among the most famous universities in Japan
Japan
and is considered to be one of the best universities for architecture and design in the country. Popular private universities, such as Doshisha University and Ritsumeikan University
Ritsumeikan University
are also located in the city. Kyoto
Kyoto
also has a unique higher education network called the Consortium of Universities in Kyoto, which consists of three national, three public (prefectural and municipal), and 45 private universities, as well as the city and five other organizations. The combination does not offer a degree, but offers the courses as part of a degree at participating universities.[34] In addition to Japanese universities and colleges, selected American universities also operates in the city for education and research. Kyoto Consortium for Japanese Studies (KCJS) is a combination of 14 American universities that sponsors a two-semester academic program for undergraduates who wish to do advanced work in Japanese language and cultural studies. Stanford University
Stanford University
also operates their study abroad center for Japanese studies in Kyoto.[35] Transportation[edit]

Kyoto
Kyoto
and Karasuma Street
Karasuma Street
seen from Kyoto
Kyoto
Tower

See also: Transport in Keihanshin Airport[edit]

Kansai Airport express Haruka at Kyoto
Kyoto
Station

See also: Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
and Itami Airport Although Kyoto
Kyoto
does not have its own airport, travelers can get to the city via Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
and Osaka
Osaka
International Airport in Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture. The Haruka Express operated by JR West
JR West
carries passengers from Kansai Airport to Kyoto Station
Kyoto Station
in 73 minutes.[36] Osaka
Osaka
Airport Transport buses connect Itami Airport
Itami Airport
and Kyoto
Kyoto
Station Hachijo Gate in 50 minutes and cost 1,310 yen (as of 2017) for a one-way trip.[37] Some buses go further, make stops at major hotels and terminals in the downtown area. Buses[edit]

A typical Kyoto
Kyoto
Municipal Bus

Kyoto's municipal bus network is extensive. Private carriers also operate within the city. Many tourists join commuters on the public buses, or take tour buses. Kyoto's buses have announcements in English and electronic signs with stops written in the Latin alphabet. Most city buses have a fixed fare. A one-day bus pass and a combined unlimited train and bus pass are also available. These are especially useful for visiting many different points of interest within Kyoto. The bus information center just outside the central station handles tickets and passes. The municipal transport company publishes a very useful leaflet called "Bus Navi." It contains a route map for the bus lines to most sights and fare information. This too is available at the information center in front of the main station. Buses operating on routes within the city, the region, and the nation stop at Kyoto
Kyoto
Station. In addition to Kyoto
Kyoto
Station, bus transfer is available at the intersections of Shijō Kawaramachi
Shijō Kawaramachi
and Sanjō Keihan. The intersection of Karasuma Kitaōji to the north of downtown has a major bus terminal serving passengers who take the Karasuma Line running beneath Karasuma Street, Kyoto's main north–south street. Cycling[edit] Cycling
Cycling
is a very important form of personal transportation in the city. The geography and scale of the city are such that the city may be easily navigated on a bicycle. There are five bicycle rental stations and 21 EcoStations in central Kyoto. Because of the large number of cyclists, permitted bicycle parking areas can be difficult to find.[38] Bicycles parked in non-permitted areas are impounded. Roads[edit] The city is connected with other parts of Japan
Japan
by the Meishin Expressway, which has two interchanges in the city: Kyoto
Kyoto
Higashi ( Kyoto
Kyoto
East) in Yamashina-ku and Kyoto
Kyoto
Minami ( Kyoto
Kyoto
South) in Fushimi-ku. The Kyoto-Jukan Expressway connects the city to northern regions of Kyoto
Kyoto
Prefecture. The Daini Keihan Road
Daini Keihan Road
is a new bypass (completed in 2010) to Osaka. Although Kyoto
Kyoto
has fewer toll-highways than other comparable Japanese cities, it is served with dual and even triple-carriageway national roads. As of 2010[update], only 8.2 kilometres (5.1 miles) of the Hanshin Expressway
Hanshin Expressway
Kyoto
Kyoto
Route is in operation.[39] There are nine national highways in the city of Kyoto: Route 1, Route 8, Route 9, Route 24, Route 162, Route 171, Route 367, Route 477 and Route 478. Rail[edit]

Inside Kyoto
Kyoto
Station

See also: Keihan Electric Railway, Hankyu Railway, Kintetsu Railway, Keifuku Electric Railroad, and Eizan Electric Railway Just like other major cities in Japan, Kyoto
Kyoto
is well served by rail transportation systems operated by several different companies and organizations. The city's main gateway terminal, Kyoto
Kyoto
Station, which is one of the most popular stations in the country, connects The Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
bullet train Line (see below) with five JR West lines, a Kintetsu line and a municipal subway line. The Keihan, the Hankyu, and other rail networks also offer frequent services within the city and to other cities and suburbs in the Kinki region. Subway[edit] Main article: Kyoto
Kyoto
Municipal Subway The Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau
Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau
operates the Kyoto
Kyoto
Municipal Subway consisting of two lines: the Karasuma Line
Karasuma Line
and the Tōzai Line. Karasuma Line[edit]

An express service bound for Kokusaikaikan Station
Kokusaikaikan Station
of the Karasuma Line is running on Kintetsu Kyoto
Kyoto
Line

Main article: Karasuma Line The Karasuma Line
Karasuma Line
is coloured green, and its stations are given numbers following the letter "K". The line has following stations, from north to south: Kokusaikaikan (terminal) and Matsugasaki in Sakyō-ku; Kitayama and Kitaōji in Kita-ku; Kuramaguchi and Imadegawa in Kamigyō-ku; Marutamachi and Karasuma Oike in Nakagyō-ku; Shijō, Gojō and Kyōto in Shimogyō-ku; Kujō and Jūjō in Minami-ku; and Kuinabashi and Takeda (terminal) in Fushimi-ku. Between Kitaōji and Jūjō, trains run beneath the north-south Karasuma Street
Karasuma Street
(烏丸通, Karasuma-dori), hence the name. They link to the other subway line, the Tōzai Line, at Karasuma Oike. They also connect to the JR lines at Kyoto Station
Kyoto Station
and the Hankyu Kyoto
Kyoto
Line running cross-town beneath Shijō Street
Shijō Street
at the intersection of Shijō Karasuma, Kyoto's central business district. At Shijō Karasuma, the subway station is named Shijō, whereas Hankyu's station is called Karasuma. The Transportation Bureau and Kintetsu jointly operate through services, which continue to the Kintetsu Kyoto
Kyoto
Line to Kintetsu Nara Station in Nara. The Karasuma Line
Karasuma Line
and the Kintetsu Kyoto
Kyoto
Line connect at Kyoto
Kyoto
and Takeda. All the stations are located in the city proper. Tozai Line[edit]

Platform screen doors
Platform screen doors
at Higashiyama Station of the Tōzai Line

Main article: Tōzai Line (Kyoto) The Tōzai Line is coloured vermilion, and its stations are given numbers following the letter "T". This line runs from the southeastern area of the city, then east to west (i.e. tōzai in Japanese) through the Kyoto
Kyoto
downtown area where trains run beneath the three east-west streets: Sanjō Street (三条通, Sanjō-dori), Oike Street (御池通, Oike-dori) and Oshikōji Street (押小路通, Oshikōji-dori). The line has following stations, from east to west: Rokujizō (terminal) in Uji; Ishida and Daigo in Fushimi-ku; Ono, Nagitsuji, Higashino, Yamashina and Misasagi in Yamashina-ku; Keage, Higashiyama and Sanjō Keihan in Higashiyama-ku; Kyoto
Kyoto
Shiyakusho-mae, Karasuma Oike, Nijōjō-mae, Nijō and Nishiōji Oike in Nakagyō-ku; and Uzumasa Tenjingawa (terminal) in Ukyō-ku. The Keihan Keishin Line
Keihan Keishin Line
has been integrated into this line, and thus Keihan provides through services from Hamaōtsu in the neighbouring city of Ōtsu, the capital of Shiga Prefecture. The Tōzai Line connects to the Keihan lines at Rokujizō, Yamashina, Misasagi and Sanjō Keihan, to the JR lines at Nijō, Yamashina and Rokujizō, and to the Keifuku Electric Railroad
Keifuku Electric Railroad
at Uzumasa Tenjingawa. All the stations except Rokujizō are located in Kyoto. High-speed rail[edit]

Shinkansen
Shinkansen
at Kyoto
Kyoto
Station

Main articles: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
and Sanyō Shinkansen See also: Central Japan
Japan
Railway Company and West Japan
Japan
Railway Company The Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
operated by JR Central
JR Central
provides high-speed rail service linking Kyoto
Kyoto
with Nagoya, Yokohama
Yokohama
and Tokyo
Tokyo
to the east of Kyoto
Kyoto
and with nearby Osaka
Osaka
and points west on the San'yō Shinkansen, such as Kobe, Okayama, Hiroshima, Kitakyushu, and Fukuoka. The trip from Tokyo
Tokyo
takes about two hours and eighteen minutes. From Hakata in Fukuoka, Nozomi takes you to Kyoto
Kyoto
in just over three hours. All trains including Nozomi stop at Kyoto
Kyoto
Station, serving as a gateway to not only Kyoto Prefecture
Kyoto Prefecture
but also northeast Osaka, south Shiga and north Nara. Waterways[edit] There are a number of rivers, canals and other navigable waterways in Kyoto. The Seta and Uji rivers (Yodo River), Kamogawa and Katsura river flow through Kyoto. Lake Biwa Canal
Lake Biwa Canal
was a significant infrastructural development. In present days, however, the waterways are not used for passenger or goods transportation except for limited sightseeing purpose such as Hozugawa Kudari boat on the Hozu River
Hozu River
and Jukkoku bune sightseeing tour boat in Fushimi-ku area. Tourism[edit]

Tourists on street near Kiyomizu-dera

See also: Tourism
Tourism
in Japan Kyoto
Kyoto
contains roughly 2,000 temples and shrines.[40] UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site[edit] See also: Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto
Kyoto
(Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities) About 20% of Japan's National Treasures and 14% of Important Cultural Properties exist in the city proper. The UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto
Kyoto
(Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities) includes 17 locations in Kyoto, Uji in Kyoto
Kyoto
Prefecture, and Ōtsu in Shiga Prefecture. The site was designated as World Heritage in 1994.

Kamigamo Shrine

Shimogamo Shrine

Tō-ji

Kiyomizu-dera

Saihō-ji

Tenryū-ji

Kinkaku-ji

Ryōan-ji

Nishi Honganji

Nijō Castle

Daigo-ji

Ginkaku-ji

Ninna-ji

Kōzan-ji

Museums[edit]

Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum

Kyoto
Kyoto
International Manga Museum

Kyoto
Kyoto
Botanical Garden

Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum Onishi Seiwemon Museum (ja) (大西清右衛門美術館) Kitamura Museum
Kitamura Museum
(北村美術館) The Kyoto
Kyoto
Arashiyama
Arashiyama
Orgel Museum (ja) (京都嵐山オルゴール美術館) Kyoto
Kyoto
City Heiankyo Sosei-Kan Museum (ja) (京都市平安京創生館) Kyoto
Kyoto
Municipal Museum of Art Kyoto City Archaeological Museum
Kyoto City Archaeological Museum
(京都市考古資料館) Kyoto
Kyoto
Art Center The Kyoto
Kyoto
International Manga Museum The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto The Kyoto National Museum
Kyoto National Museum
(京都国立博物館) The Kyoto University
Kyoto University
Museum (ja) (京都大学総合博物館) Kyoto
Kyoto
Museum of Traditional Crafts (ja) (京都伝統産業ふれあい館) The Museum of Kyoto (ja) (京都府京都文化博物館) The Kyoto Botanical Garden
Kyoto Botanical Garden
(京都府立植物園) Garden of Fine Arts, Kyoto (ja) (京都府立陶板名画の庭) Kyoto
Kyoto
Prefectural Insho-Domoto Museum of Fine Arts (ja) (京都府立堂本印象美術館) Koryo Museum of Art
Koryo Museum of Art
(高麗美術館) Joutenkaku Museum (ja) (承天閣美術館) Ryozen Museum of History
Ryozen Museum of History
(幕末維新ミュージアム 霊山歴史館) Sen-oku Hakuko Kan
Sen-oku Hakuko Kan
(泉屋博古館) Toei Kyoto Studio Park
Toei Kyoto Studio Park
(東映太秦映画村) Nomura Art Museum
Nomura Art Museum
(野村美術館) Namikawa Cloisonne Museum of Kyoto (ja) (並河靖之七宝記念館) The Yurinkan Museum (ja) (藤井斉成会有鄰館) The Tin Toy Museum (ja) (ブリキのおもちゃ博物館) The Hosomi Museum
Hosomi Museum
(細見美術館) Hakusasonso Hashimoto Kansetsu
Hashimoto Kansetsu
Garden and Museum (白沙村荘 橋本関雪記念館) The Raku Museum (楽美術館) Kyoto Museum for World Peace
Kyoto Museum for World Peace
of Ritsumeikan University (立命館大学国際平和ミュージアム) Ōkōchi Sansō
Ōkōchi Sansō
(大河内山荘) The Kyoto
Kyoto
Kaleidoscope
Kaleidoscope
Museum (京都万華鏡ミュージアム) Shigureden

Festivals[edit] Kyoto
Kyoto
is well known for its traditional festivals which have been held for over 1000 years and are a major tourist attraction.[41] The first is the Aoi Matsuri
Aoi Matsuri
on May 15. Two months later (July 1 to 31) is the Gion Matsuri
Gion Matsuri
known as one of the 3 great festivals of Japan, culminating in a massive parade on July 17. Kyoto
Kyoto
marks the Bon Festival with the Gozan no Okuribi, lighting fires on mountains to guide the spirits home (August 16). The October 22 Jidai Matsuri, Festival of the Ages, celebrates Kyoto's illustrious past.

Gion
Gion
Matsuri

Aoi Matsuri

Jidai Matsuri

Gozan Okuribi

Sports[edit] Football[edit] In football, Kyoto
Kyoto
is represented by Kyoto Sanga F.C.
Kyoto Sanga F.C.
who won the Emperor's Cup
Emperor's Cup
in 2002, and rose to J. League's Division 1 in 2005. Kyoto
Kyoto
Sanga has a long history as an amateur non-company club, although it was only with the advent of professionalization that it was able to compete in the Japanese top division. Nishikyogoku Athletic Stadium is its home stadium. Amateur football clubs such as F.C. Kyoto
Kyoto
BAMB 1993 and Kyoto
Kyoto
Shiko Club (both breakaway factions of the original Kyoto
Kyoto
Shiko club that became Kyoto
Kyoto
Sanga) as well as unrelated AS Laranja Kyoto
Kyoto
and Amitie SC Kyoto
Kyoto
compete in the regional Kansai soccer league. Baseball[edit] Between 1951 and 1952 the Central League
Central League
team Shochiku Robins played their franchised games at Kinugasa Ballpark (ja:衣笠球場, Kinugasa Kyujo) in Kita-ku. In 2010, Nishikyogoku Stadium in Ukyo-ku became the home of a newly formed girls professional baseball team, the Kyoto Asto Dreams. Additionally, Kyoto's high school baseball teams are strong, with Heian and Toba in particular making strong showings recently at the annual tournament held in Koshien Stadium, Nishinomiya, near Osaka. Horse racing[edit] Kyoto Racecourse
Kyoto Racecourse
in Fushimi-ku is one of ten racecourses operated by the Japan
Japan
Racing Association. It hosts notable horse races including the Kikuka-shō, Spring Tenno Sho, and Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup. Tennis[edit] Kimiko Date, a tennis player who reached number 4 in WTA Rankings in the 1990s, was born here. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan Kyoto, having been the capital city of Japan, a seat of learning and culture, has long-established ties with other great cities around the world. Many foreign scholars, artists and writers have stayed in Kyoto over the centuries. Twin towns and sister cities[edit] The city of Kyoto
Kyoto
has sister-city relationships with the following cities:[42][43]

Boston, Massachusetts, United States
United States
(1959) Cologne, Germany
Germany
(1963) Prague, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(1996)[44] Florence, Italy
Italy
(1965) Kiev, Ukraine
Ukraine
(1971) Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
China
(1974) (Friendship City) Guadalajara, Mexico
Mexico
(1980)[45] Zagreb, Croatia
Croatia
(1981)

Partner cities[edit] In addition to its sister city arrangements which involve multi-faceted cooperation, Kyoto
Kyoto
has created a system of "partner cities" which focus on cooperation based on a particular topic.[46] At present, Kyoto
Kyoto
has partner-city arrangements with the following cities:[47]

Jinju, South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea
South Korea
(1999) Konya, Turkey
Turkey
(2009) Paris, France
France
(1958) Qingdao, Shandong, China
China
(2012) Huế, Vietnam
Vietnam
(2013) Istanbul, Turkey
Turkey
(2013) Vientiane, Laos
Laos
(2015) Varanasi, India
India
[48] - Kyoto- Varanasi
Varanasi
Partner City Agreement

See also[edit]

List of bridges in Kyoto List of Buddhist temples in Kyoto List of Kyoto's fires List of Shinto shrines in Kyoto Outline of Kyoto

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ 2015 Population Census ^ 京都市統計ポータル/京都市の人口 ^ "What is a Densely Inhabited District?". Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications ^ " Kyoto
Kyoto
or Kioto". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 24 September 2014.  ^ Lowe, John. (2000). Old Kyoto: A short Social History, p. x. ^ " Edo
Edo
era map of Kyoto
Kyoto
labelled 京師内外地図". Retrieved November 16, 2015. [permanent dead link] ^ Nakagaawa, Kazuya (November 2006). 旧石器時代の京都 [Kyoto in Paleolithic period] (PDF). 京都府埋蔵文化財情報 (in Japanese). 京都府埋蔵文化財調查研究センター. 101: 1. ISSN 0286-5424.  ^ Kyoto
Kyoto
Exhibitors' Association (1910) Kyoto
Kyoto
Kyoto
Kyoto
Exhibitors' Association of the Japan-British exhibition, Kyoto, p. 3 OCLC 1244391 ^ Ebrey, Walthall & Palais 2006, p. 103. ^ Stephen, Morillo (1995). "Guns and Government: A Comparative Study of Europe and Japan*" (PDF).  ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1931). Kyoto; its History and Vicissitudes Since its Foundation in 792 to 1868. p. 241.  ^ City of Kyoto
Kyoto
(2003). "情報統計担当(京都市の統計情報)/よくある質問/人口・世帯". Retrieved July 5, 2010.  ^ "The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II: A Collection of Primary Sources". nsarchive2.gwu.edu. Retrieved 2017-09-25.  ^ "京都市会 会派名簿". Retrieved June 16, 2013.  ^ The Manhattan Project, Department of Energy at mbe.doe.gov Archived 2006-09-28 at the Wayback Machine. ^ HyperHistory.net Dec. 22, 2009. Retrieved August 7, 2010 Archived June 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Welcome to Kyoto
Kyoto
Toei Uzumasa Eigamura
Toei Uzumasa Eigamura
Movie Museum". Pref.kyoto.jp. Archived from the original on 2010-03-11. Retrieved 2010-03-07.  ^ "県民経済計算" (in Japanese). Cabinet Office (Japan). Retrieved 2017-10-16.  ^ "Purchasing power parities (PPP)". OECD. Retrieved 2017-10-16.  ^ "Dainippon Screen corporate profile". Retrieved March 6, 2014.  ^ "OMRON corporate data". Retrieved September 13, 2014.  ^ "Shimadzu corporate profile". Retrieved April 16, 2014.  ^ " Rohm
Rohm
corporate data". Retrieved September 13, 2014.  ^ " Horiba
Horiba
company outline". Retrieved September 13, 2014.  ^ " Nidec
Nidec
company profile". Retrieved February 3, 2014.  ^ " Nichicon
Nichicon
company profile". Retrieved June 12, 2015.  ^ " Nissin Electric
Nissin Electric
company outline". Retrieved January 30, 2015.  ^ "Releasing the Overall Kyoto
Kyoto
Tourism
Tourism
Research Result of 2013" (Press release). City of Kyoto. June 18, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2014.  ^ "20 beautiful photos show why Kyoto
Kyoto
is a treasure". CNN travel. 15 September 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.  ^ "MK Taxi Kyoto
Kyoto
official site". Retrieved March 6, 2014.  ^ Yoshitsugu Kanemoto. "Metropolitan Employment Area (MEA) Data". Center for Spatial Information Science of the University of Tokyo.  ^ " Kyoto
Kyoto
Uses Its Many Charms to Attract Foreign Students". The New York Times. June 29, 2014.  ^ "The Times Higher Education
Times Higher Education
Supplement World University Rankings". Retrieved 2010-02-10.  ^ "English". Consortium of Universities in Kyoto. Retrieved July 15, 2014.  ^ "Stanford Japan
Japan
Center". Stanford-jc.or.jp. 1999-02-22. Archived from the original on January 9, 2011. Retrieved 2010-03-07.  ^ JR-WEST: Travel Information > Access to Kansai Airport Archived 2006-04-07 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Timetable, Bus Stop & Fare". Osaka
Osaka
Airport Limousine. Retrieved September 17, 2017.  ^ "Community Cycle Cycle Kyoto". www.cyclekyoto.com. Retrieved 2017-09-25.  ^ Hanshin Expressway. 阪神高速の各種データ (pdf) (in Japanese). Retrieved September 24, 2010. [permanent dead link] ^ Scott, David (1996). Exploring Japan. Fodor's Travel Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-679-03011-5. ^ Kyoto
Kyoto
Visitors Guide (1998). Kyoto
Kyoto
Tourist Office, Kyoto
Kyoto
City Council. ^ "Sister Cities of Kyoto
Kyoto
City". City of Kyoto. Retrieved 2015-12-06.  ^ "Partner Cities of Kyoto
Kyoto
City". City of Kyoto. Archived from the original on 2014-01-21. Retrieved 2015-12-06.  ^ "Partnerská města HMP" [ Prague
Prague
- Twin Cities HMP]. Portál „Zahraniční vztahy“ [ Portal "Foreign Affairs"] (in Czech). 2013-07-18. Archived from the original on 2013-06-25. Retrieved 2013-08-05.  ^ "Sister Cities, Public Relations". Guadalajara
Guadalajara
municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.  ^ "Partner Cities of Kyoto
Kyoto
City". 26 August 2013. Archived from the original on 21 January 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2016.  ^ "パートナーシティとは" [What is a partner city?] (in Japanese). 11 November 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2016.  ^ Som, Visnu (August 30, 2014). "To Rejuvenate Indian Cities, PM Modi Takes First Step With Japan". NDTV. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Kyoto

Fiévé, Nicolas (ed.) (2008) Atlas historique de Kyôto. Analyse spatiale des systèmes de mémoire d’une ville, de son architecture et de ses paysages urbains. Foreword Kôichirô Matsuura, Preface Jacques Gernet, Paris, Éditions de l’ UNESCO
UNESCO
/ Éditions de l’Amateur, 528 pages, 207 maps et 210 ill. ISBN 978-2-85917-486-6. Fiévé, Nicolas and Waley, Paul. (2003). Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective: Place, Power and Memory in Kyoto, Edo
Edo
and Tokyo. London: Routledge. 417 pages + 75 ill. ISBN 978-0-7007-1409-4 Lone, John. (2000). Old Kyoto: A Short Social History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-590940-2. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard A. B. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794–1869. Kyoto: The Ponsonby Memorial Society. Ropke, Ian Martin. Historical Dictionary of Osaka
Osaka
and Kyoto. (1999) 273pp Stewart, Harold. (1981). By the Old Walls of Kyoto: A Year's Cycle of Landscape Poems with Prose Commentaries. New York: Weatherhill. ISBN 0-8348-0154-X. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652], Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. ...Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French) Wyden, Peter. (1984). Day One: Before Hiroshima
Hiroshima
and After. Simon & Schuster, Inc. ISBN 0-671-46142-7.

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kyoto.

Look up 京都 or Kyōto in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Kyoto
Kyoto
(category)

Kyoto
Kyoto
Travel Guide — City of Kyoto
Kyoto
and Kyoto
Kyoto
Tourism
Tourism
Council Kyoto
Kyoto
City Local Government Kyoto
Kyoto
Guide including map with 300+ points of interest Photos of Kyoto, mostly temples and shrines Kyoto
Kyoto
Prefectural Domoto-Insho Museum of Fine Arts at Google Cultural Institute Geographic data related to Kyoto
Kyoto
at OpenStreetMap

v t e

Kyoto
Kyoto
Prefecture

Kyoto
Kyoto
(capital)

Wards of Kyoto

Fushimi Higashiyama Kamigyō Kita Minami Nakagyō Nishikyō Sakyō Shimogyō Ukyō Yamashina

Cities

Ayabe Fukuchiyama Jōyō Kameoka Kizugawa Kyōtanabe Kyōtango Maizuru Miyazu Mukō Nagaokakyō Nantan Uji Yawata

Funai District

Kyōtamba

Kuse District

Kumiyama

Otokuni District

Ōyamazaki

Sōraku District

Kasagi Minamiyamashiro Seika Wazuka

Tsuzuki District

Ide Ujitawara

Yosa District

Ine Yosano

List of mergers in Kyoto
Kyoto
Prefecture

v t e

Metropolitan cities of Japan

Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis

Special
Special
wards of Tokyo※ (Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Koto Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Toshima Taitō)

Designated cities

Chiba※ Fukuoka※ Hamamatsu Hiroshima※ Kawasaki Kitakyushu Kobe※ Kumamoto※ Kyoto※ Nagoya※ Niigata※ Okayama※ Osaka※ Sagamihara Saitama※ Sakai Sapporo※ Sendai※ Shizuoka※ Yokohama※

Core cities

Akita※ Amagasaki Aomori※ Asahikawa Fukuyama Funabashi Gifu※ Hachinohe Hachiōji Hakodate Higashiōsaka Himeji Hirakata Iwaki Kagoshima※ Kanazawa※ Kashiwa Kawagoe Kōchi※ Kōriyama Koshigaya Kurashiki Kure Kurume Maebashi※ Matsuyama※ Miyazaki※ Morioka※ Naha Nagano※ Nagasaki※ Nara※ Nishinomiya Ōita※ Okazaki Ōtsu※ Sasebo Shimonoseki Takamatsu※ Takasaki Takatsuki Toyama※ Toyohashi Toyonaka Toyota Utsunomiya※ Wakayama※ Yokosuka

Special
Special
cities

Akashi Atsugi Chigasaki Fuji Fukui※ Hiratsuka Ibaraki Ichinomiya Isesaki Jōetsu Kakogawa Kasugai Kasukabe Kawaguchi Kishiwada Kōfu※ Kumagaya Matsue※ Matsumoto Mito※ Nagaoka Neyagawa Numazu Odawara Ōta Saga※ Sōka Suita Takarazuka Tokorozawa Tottori※ Tsukuba Yamagata※ Yamato Yao Yokkaichi

Prefectural capitals

Fukushima Tsu Tokushima Yamaguchi

Note: ※ also a prefectural capital

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Japan

Hokkaido

Shiretoko

Tōhoku

Hiraizumi – Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure Land Shirakami-Sanchi Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining

Kantō

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier Shrines and Temples of Nikkō Ogasawara Islands Tomioka Silk Mill

Chūbu

Historic Villages of Shirakawa-gō and Gokayama Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining

Kansai

Buddhist Monuments in the Hōryū-ji Area Himeji Castle Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range

Chūgoku

Hiroshima
Hiroshima
Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome) Itsukushima Shinto Shrine Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine
Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine
and its Cultural Landscape Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining

Kyushu

Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu Sacred Island of Okinoshima and Associated Sites in the Munakata Region Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining Yakushima

v t e

World's fifty most-populous urban areas

Tokyo– Yokohama
Yokohama
(Keihin) Jakarta
Jakarta
(Jabodetabek) Delhi Manila
Manila
(Metro Manila) Seoul– Incheon
Incheon
(Sudogwon) Shanghai Karachi Beijing New York City Guangzhou– Foshan
Foshan
(Guangfo)

São Paulo Mexico
Mexico
City (Valley of Mexico) Mumbai Osaka–Kobe– Kyoto
Kyoto
(Keihanshin) Moscow Dhaka Greater Cairo Los Angeles Bangkok Kolkata

Greater Buenos Aires Tehran Istanbul Lagos Shenzhen Rio de Janeiro Kinshasa Tianjin Paris Lima

Chengdu Greater London Nagoya
Nagoya
(Chūkyō) Lahore Chennai Bangalore Chicago Bogotá Ho Chi Minh City Hyderabad

Dongguan Johannesburg Wuhan Taipei-Taoyuan Hangzhou Hong Kong Chongqing Ahmedabad Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
(Klang Valley) Quanzhou

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 256533061 LCCN: n80024170 ISNI: 0000 0004 0388 9925 GND: 40734

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