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AICHI PREFECTURE (愛知県, _Aichi-ken_) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region . The region of Aichi is also known as the Tōkai region . The capital is Nagoya . It is the focus of the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Etymology

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Cities * 2.2 Towns and villages * 2.3 Mergers

* 3 Economy

* 4 International relations

* 4.1 Sister Autonomous Administrative division

* 5 Demographics

* 5.1 Population by age (2001)

* 6 Transport

* 6.1 Rail * 6.2 People movers and tramways * 6.3 Road * 6.4 Airports * 6.5 Ports

* 7 Education

* 7.1 Universities * 7.2 Senior high schools

* 8 Sports

* 8.1 Baseball * 8.2 soccer * 8.3 Basketball * 8.4 Volleyball * 8.5 Rugby * 8.6 Futsal * 8.7 Football

* 9 Tourism * 10 Festival and events * 11 Notes * 12 References * 13 External links

HISTORY

See also: Historic Sites of Aichi Prefecture

Originally, the region was divided into the two provinces of Owari and Mikawa . After the Meiji Restoration , Owari and Mikawa were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system , Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula , was established as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture . Nagoya Prefecture was renamed to Aichi Prefecture in April 1872, and was united with Nukata Prefecture on November 27 of the same year.

The government of Aichi Prefecture is located in the Aichi Prefectural Government Office in Nagoya, which is the old capital of Owari.

The Expo 2005 World Exposition was held in Seto and Nagakute .

ETYMOLOGY

In the third volume of the _Man\'yōshū _ there is a poem by Takechi Kurohito that reads: "The cry of the crane, calling to Sakurada; it sounds like the tide, draining from Ayuchi flats, hearing the crane cry". Ayuchi is the original form of the name _Aichi_, and the Fujimae tidal flat is all that remains of the earlier Ayuchi-gata. It is now a protected area.

For a time, an Aichi Station existed on the Kansai Line (at the time the Kansai Railway) between Nagoya and Hatta stations, but its role was overtaken by Sasashima-Live Station on the Aonami Line and Komeno Station on the Kintetsu Nagoya Line .

GEOGRAPHY

Aichi Prefectural Government Office Map of Aichi Prefecture Satellite photo of Mikawa Bay

Located near the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu , Aichi Prefecture faces the Ise and Mikawa Bays to the south and borders Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Nagano Prefecture to the northeast, Gifu Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture to the west. It measures 106 km east to west and 94 km south to north and forms a major portion of the Nōbi Plain . With an area of 5,153.81 km2 it accounts for approximately 1.36% of the total surface area of Japan. The highest spot is Chausuyama at 1,415 m above sea level.

The western part of the prefecture is dominated by Nagoya , Japan's third largest city, and its suburbs, while the eastern part is less densely populated but still contains several major industrial centers. Due to its robust economy, for the period from October 2005 to October 2006, Aichi was the fastest growing prefecture in terms of population, beating Tokyo , at 7.4 per cent.

As of April 1, 2012, 17% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks , namely the Aichi Kōgen , Hida-Kisogawa , Mikawa Wan , and Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Parks along with seven Prefectural Natural Parks.

CITIES

Thirty-eight cities are located in Aichi Prefecture.

* Aisai * Ama * Anjō * Chiryū * Chita * Gamagōri * Handa * Hekinan * Ichinomiya * Inazawa * Inuyama * Iwakura * Kariya * Kasugai * Kitanagoya * Kiyosu * Komaki * Kōnan * Miyoshi * Nagakute * NAGOYA (CAPITAL) * Nishio * Nisshin * Okazaki * Obu * Owariasahi * Seto * Shinshiro * Tahara * Takahama * Tokoname * Tōkai * Toyoake * Toyohashi * Toyokawa * Toyota * Tsushima * Yatomi

*

Gamagōri *

Inuyama *

Nagoya *

Toyota *

Tsushima

TOWNS AND VILLAGES

These are the towns and villages in each district :

* Aichi District

* Tōgō

* Ama District

* Kanie * Ōharu * Tobishima

* Chita District

* Agui * Higashiura * Mihama * Minamichita * Taketoyo

* Kitashitara District

* Shitara * Tōei * Toyone

* Nishikasugai District

* Toyoyama

* Niwa District

* Fusō * Ōguchi

* Nukata District

* Kōta

*

Ama District Kanie *

Chita District Minamichita *

Kitashitara District Toyone *

Niwa District Ōguchi *

Nukata District Kōta

MERGERS

Main article: List of mergers in Aichi Prefecture

ECONOMY

Chūkyō Metropolitan Area

Companies headquartered in Aichi include the following.

Aisin Seiki Kariya

Brother Industries, Ltd. Nagoya

Central Japan Railway Company Nagoya

Denso Corporation Kariya

Makita Corporation Anjō

Matsuzakaya Nagoya

Nagoya Railroad Nagoya

Nippon Sharyo Nagoya

Noritake Nagoya

Sumitomo Riko Komaki

Toyota Motor Corporation Toyota

Companies such as Fuji Heavy Industries , Mitsubishi Motors , Pfizer , Sony , Suzuki , Bodycote , and Volkswagen Group also operate plants and/or branch offices in Aichi.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Expo 2005

SISTER AUTONOMOUS ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION

* Victoria , Australia -(1980/5/2) * Jiangsu , China -(1980/7/28) * Bangkok , Thailand -(2012/7/9) * Guangdong , China -(2013/11/25) * Gyeonggi Province , South Korea -(2015/11/10) * Texas , United States -(2016/4/22) * Ho Chi Minh City , Vietnam -(2016/9/13) * Washington , United States -(2016/10/18)

DEMOGRAPHICS

As of 2001, Aichi Prefecture's population was 50.03% male and 49.97% female. 139,540 residents (nearly 2% of the population) are of foreign nationality.

POPULATION BY AGE (2001)

AGE % POPULATION % MALE % FEMALE

0 - 9 10.21 10.45 9.96

10 - 19 10.75 11.02 10.48

20 - 29 15.23 15.71 14.75

30 - 39 14.81 15.31 14.30

40 - 49 12.21 12.41 12.01

50 - 59 15.22 15.31 15.12

60 - 69 11.31 11.22 11.41

70 - 79 6.76 6.01 7.52

OVER 80 3.12 2.01 4.23

UNKNOWN 0.38 0.54 0.23

TRANSPORT

RAIL

Nagoya Station and Nagoya Station building Toyohashi Station and Toyohashi Railroad Komaki Junction Nagoya Expressway Chubu Centrair International Airport , constructed on an artificial island Nagoya Airfield Port of Nagoya Port of Mikawa JR Central Tokaido Shinkansen ■Tokaido Line ■ Chūō Main Line Kansai Line Taketoyo Line ■Iida Line Meitetsu NH Nagoya Line IY Inuyama Line KM Komaki Line TA Centrair Line TA Tokoname Line ST Seto Line TK Toyokawa Line GN Gamagori Line TT Toyota Line KC Chita Line MU MY Mikawa Line TB Bisai Line CH Chikko Line TB Tsushima Line Kintetsu E Nagoya Line Aonami Line Nagoya Municipal Subway Higashiyama Line Meijo Line Tsurumai Line (connecting to Meitetsu Toyota and Inuyama Line) Sakura-dori Line

* Chuo Expressway * Higashi-Meihan Expressway (East Meihan Expressway) * Isewangan Expressway (Ise Bayside Expressway) * Meishin Expressway * Mei-Nikan Expressway * Nagoya Expressway * Shin- Meishin Expressway * Shin-Tōmei Expressway * Tokai-Hokuriku Expressway * Tomei Expressway * Chita Peninsula Road * South Chita Road * Chubu International Airport Connecting Road * Chita across Road * Nagoya Seto Road

National highways

* Route 1 * Route 19 (Nagoya-Kasugai- Tajimi - Nagiso -Matsumoto -Nagano ) * Route 22 (Nagoya-Ichinomiya-Gifu ) * Route 23 (Ise -Matsuzaka -Suzuka -Yokkaichi -Nagoya-Toyoake-Chiryu-Gamagori-Toyohashi) * Route 41 (Nagoya-Komaki-Inuyama- Gero -Takayama -Toyama ) * Route 42 * Route 151 * Route 153 * Route 154 * Route 155 (Tokoname-Chita-Kariya-Toyota-Seto-Kasugai-Komaki-Ichinomiya-Tsushima-Yatomi) * Route 247 * Route 248 * Route 257 (Hamamatsu -Shinshiro-Toyota-Ena-Nakatsugawa-Gero-Takayama) * Route 259 * Route 301 * Route 302 * Route 362 * Route 363 * Route 366 * Route 419 * Route 420 * Route 473 (Gamagori-Okazaki-Toyota-Shitara-Hamamatsu) * Route 474 * Route 475

AIRPORTS

* Chubu Centrair International Airport * Nagoya Airfield

PORTS

* Nagoya Port - International Container hub and ferry route to Sendai and Tomakomai, Hokkaido * Mikawa Port - mainly automobile and car parts export and part of inport base * Kinuura Port - Handa and Hekinan

EDUCATION

UNIVERSITIES

National university

* Aichi University of Education * Graduate University for Advanced Studies - Okazaki Campus(National Institute for Basic Biology, Japan , National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Japan ) * Nagoya Institute of Technology * Nagoya University * Toyohashi University of Technology

*

Aichi University of Education *

Graduate University for Advanced Studies *

Nagoya Institute of Technology *

Nagoya University *

Toyohashi University of Technology

Public university

* Aichi Prefectural University * Aichi Prefectural University of the Arts * Nagoya City University

*

Aichi Prefectural University *

Aichi Prefectural University of the Arts *

Nagoya City University

Private university

* Aichi Bunkyo University * Aichi Gakuin University * Aichi Gakusen University * Aichi Institute of Technology * Aichi Medical University * Aichi Mizuho College * Aichi Sangyo University * Aichi Shukutoku University * Aichi Toho University * Aichi University * Aichi University of Technology * Chubu University * Chukyo University * Daido University * Doho University * Fujita Health University * Globis University Graduate School of Management - Nagoya Campus * Japanese Red Cross Toyota College of Nursing * Kinjo Gakuin University * Meijo University * Nagoya Bunri University * Nagoya College of Music * Nagoya Gakuin University * Nagoya Keizai University * Nagoya Sangyo University * Nagoya University of Arts * Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences * Nagoya University of Commerce ">

Aichi University *

Chukyo University *

Meijo University *

Nagoya University of Foreign Studies *

Nanzan University

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS

_ THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (October 2015)_

SPORTS

Nagoya Dome ( Nagoya Higashi-ku ) Toyota Stadium Toyota ) Wing Arena Kariya (Kariya ) Teva Ocean Arena ( Nagoya Minato-ku ) Mizuho Rugby Stadium Nagoya Mizuho-ku )

The sports teams listed below are based in Aichi.

BASEBALL

Central League

* Chunichi Dragons ( Nagoya )

SOCCER

J.League

* Nagoya Grampus ! Nagoya Grampus ( Nagoya and Toyota )

JFL

* FC Maruyasu Okazaki (Okazaki )

Tokai Regional League

* FC Kariya ! FC Kariya (Kariya )

L.League

* NGU Loveledge Nagoya ( Nagoya )

BASKETBALL

B.League

* SAN-EN NeoPhoenix Toyohashi and Hamamatsu ) * SeaHorses Mikawa (Kariya ) * Nagoya Diamond Dolphins ( Nagoya ) * Toyotsu Fighting Eagles Nagoya Nagoya ) * Aisin AW Areions Anjo( Anjō

VOLLEYBALL

V.League

* Toyoda Gosei Trefuerza (Inazawa ) * JTEKT Stings (Kariya ) * Denso Airybees (Nishio ) * Toyota Auto Body Queenseis (Kariya )

RUGBY

Top League

* Toyota Verblitz ( Toyota ) * Toyota Industries Shuttles (Kariya )

FUTSAL

F.League

* Nagoya Oceans ( Nagoya

FOOTBALL

X-League

* Nagoya Cyclones ( Nagoya ) * Kirix Toyota Bull Fighters ( Toyota ) * Aichi Golden Wings ( Nagoya and Toyota )

AFL

* Nagoya Redbacks Australian Football Club(AFL Japan )( Nagoya

TOURISM

Nagoya Castle Osu Kannon Temple, Naka, Nagoya Toyota Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology SCMaglev and Railway Park Jōkōji, Seto Akabane Beach, Tahara Twin Arch 138 Tower in Kiso River Park, Ichinomiya

Notable sites in Aichi include the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum in Inuyama , which preserves historic buildings from Japan's Meiji and Taishō periods, including the reconstructed lobby of Frank Lloyd Wright 's old Imperial Hotel (which originally stood in Tokyo from 1923 to 1967).

Other popular sites in Aichi include the tour of the Toyota car factory in the city by the same name, the monkey park in Inuyama , and the castles in Nagoya , Okazaki , Toyohashi , and Inuyama .

Because of Aichi's location along the Eastern seacoast, there are some scenic spots, but other than the Atsumi Peninsula surf beaches there are no significant beach destinations when compared to neighboring Shizuoka Prefecture . Most attractions are man-made destinations, dealing with the region's history or modern marvels.

*

Atsuta Shrine *

Toyokawa Inari *

Inuyama Castle *

Kiyosu Castle and Kiyosu Castle Park in Kiyosu *

Okazaki Castle *

Tokugawa Art Museum *

Meiji-mura *

Toyota Automobile Museum *

Tokoname pottery footpath *

Laguna Ten Bosch *

Himakajima *

Site of Expo 2005 *

Field Mustard, Tahara *

Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens *

Sakurabuchi Park *

Kisogawazutsumi *

Nomazaki Lighthouse *

Legoland Japan

FESTIVAL AND EVENTS

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage

* Owari Tsushima Tenno Matsuri (Aisai , Tsushima ) * Inuyama Festival( Inuyama ) * Kamezaki Shiohi Festival(Handa ) * Chiryu Festival(Chiryū ) * Sunari Festival(Ama District Kanie )

*

Owari Tsushima Tennōsai(eve) *

Inuyama Festival *

Kamezaki Shiohi Festival *

Chiryu Festival *

Sunari Festival

etcetera

* Nagoya Festival( Nagoya City ) * Tsutsui-chō/Dekimachi Tennō Festival( Nagoya Higashi-ku ) * Miya Festival(Gamagōri ) * Toyohama Sea bream Festival(Chita District Minamichita Town ) * Okkawa Festival(Handa ) * Hōnen Matsuri (Komaki ) * Omanto festival(Takahama ) * Kōnomiya Hadaka Matsuri (Inazawa ) * Tezutsu Matsuri( Toyohashi , Toyokawa ) * Nagashino festival(Shinshiro )

*

Nagoya Festival *

Tsutsui-chō/Dekimachi Tennō Festival *

Miya Festival *

Toyohama Sea bream Festival *

Okkawa Festival *

Hōnen Matsuri *

Omanto festival *

Kōnomiya Hadaka Matsuri *

Toyokawa Tezutsu Matsuri *

Nagashino festival

NOTES

* ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Aichi-ken" _Japan Encyclopedia, p. 11_, p. 11, at Google Books ; "Chūbu" _Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126_, p. 126, at Google Books . * ^ Nussbaum, "Nagoya" _p. 685_, p. 685, at Google Books . * ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" _ Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780_, p. 780, at Google Books . * ^ "Summary of Aichi Prefecture". Aichi Prefecture. Retrieved 23 March 2011. * ^ Kato, Sadamichi (2000). "Rediscovering an Ancient Poem to Save a Tidal Flat". _International Studies in Literature and Environment_. Oxford University Press . 7 (2): 189–197. doi :10.1093/isle/7.2.189 . * ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved 8 July 2012. * ^ "Domestic production and sales bases." Sumitomo Riko . Retrieved on January 28, 2015. * ^ "Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float festivals in Japan". UNESCO. Retrieved 13 January 2017.

REFERENCES

* Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). _Japan encyclopedia._ Cambridge: Harvard University Press . ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 ; OCLC 58053128

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikim