TOURING CAR RACING is an auto racing competition with heavily
modified road-going cars. It is popular in Argentina, Australia,
Brazil, Britain, Germany,
While not as fast as
As well as short "sprint" races, many touring car series include one or more endurance races , which last anything from 3 to 24 hours and are a test of reliability and pit crews as much as car, driver speed and consistency.
* 1 Characteristics of a touring car * 2 Differences between touring cars and sports cars
* 3 Series of competition
* 3.1 World Touring Car Championship * 3.2 British Touring Car Championship * 3.3 DTM * 3.4 Nürburgring VLN Endurance racing Series * 3.5 Scandinavian Touring Car Championship * 3.6 Supercars Championship
* 3.7 Other series
* 3.7.1 Americas * 3.7.2 Europe * 3.7.3 Asia-Pacific
* 3.8 Former series * 3.9 Famous races
* 4 Rule sets * 5 References * 6 External links
CHARACTERISTICS OF A TOURING CAR
A Chevrolet Cruze touring car.
While rules vary from country to country, most series require that the competitors start with a standard car body , but virtually every other component may be allowed to be heavily modified for racing, including engines, suspension, brakes, wheels and tyres. Aerodynamic aids are sometimes added to the front and rear of the cars. Regulations are usually designed to limit costs by banning some of the more exotic technologies available (for instance, many series insist on a "control tyre" that all competitors must use) and keep the racing close (sometimes by ballast weight where winning a race requires the winner's car to be heavier for subsequent races).
Touring cars share some similarity with American stock car racing
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TOURING CARS AND SPORTS CARS
For the casual observer, there can be a great deal of confusion when it comes to classifying closed-wheel racing cars as 'touring cars' or 'sports cars ' (also known as GT cars). In truth, there is often very little technical difference between the two classifications, and nomenclature is often a matter of tradition.
Touring cars are usually based upon family cars (such as hatchbacks , sedans or estates ), while GT racing cars are based upon more powerful and expensive sports cars , such as Ferraris or Lamborghinis (and are thus usually coupés ). Underneath the bodywork, a touring car is often more closely related to its road-going origins, using many original components and mountings, while some top-flight GT cars are purpose-built tube-frame racing chassis underneath a cosmetic body shell. More recently, there has been an increasing push to make GT cars closer to the road cars with the GT3 set of regulations. Many touring car series, such as the BTCC and the now-defunct JTCC distinguish themselves from sports car racing by featuring front-wheel drive , four-wheel drive and rear-wheel drive cars with smaller engines. Most sports car championships only allow rear-wheel drive cars.
While touring cars generally have a lower technical level than sports cars, there are some exceptions. The Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters (DTM) is considered to be one of the most technologically advanced racing series in the world, with cars that, underneath their body shells, are more purebred racing machines than most FIA -GT vehicles.
Sports car racing
SERIES OF COMPETITION
WORLD TOURING CAR CHAMPIONSHIP
2012 WTCC Race of Japan (Race 1) opening lap
Worldwide Main article: World Touring Car Championship
Running at major international racing facilities, this series is
Following the trend of recent FIA rules, cost control is a major theme in the technical regulation. In 2011 the rules concerning the engine capacity have changed, switching from 2000 cc to 1600 cc turbo engines. Cars equipped with the old 2000 cc engines are still eligible in the championship. Many technologies that have featured in production cars are not allowed, for example: variable valve timing, variable intake geometry, ABS brakes and traction control .
BRITISH TOURING CAR CHAMPIONSHIP
2006 BTCC Oulton Park
United Kingdom Main article: British Touring Car Championship
British Touring Car Championship (BTCC) currently competes at
nine circuits in the UK with cars built to Next Generation Touring Car
specification, with ballast being used to equalise performance. From
2011 , cars that ran to the BTCC's own Next Generation Touring Car
specification were eligible to compete in a phased move away from
Super 2000 regulations. Cars are 2.0-litre saloons , station wagons
and hatchbacks with over 350 bhp (260 kW) and can be front or
rear-wheel drive. During the 2016 season manufacturer team entries
Prior to 2001 the BTCC was contested by cars built to 2.0-litre supertouring regulations and had in its heyday up to nine different manufacturers. Joachim Winkelhock stated on several occasions that it was the best touring car championship in the world, and many champions of that era now race in the World Touring Car Championship (WTCC). Between 2002 and 2006 the BTCC ran its own Touring class with Super Production/ Super 2000 cars making up the numbers; the Touring class was phased out (only privateers are eligible to run old Touring cars) with the intention of a pure Super 2000 series. The introduction of the Next Generation Touring Car specification, from 2011 , started a phased transition from Super 2000 cars in an effort to cut costs and improve the sport.
DTM at Hockenheim in 2012
Germany/Europe Main articles:
Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft and
Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters
The DTM series, the initials standing for Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft until 1996, then following a hiatus, revived as Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters in 2000, features advanced purpose built V8 -powered space frame machines, covered with largely carbon fibre bodyshapes resemblant of the manufacturers' road machine (although the roof and roof pillars do originate from the production car). In order to lower costs, the engine power is limited to 600 hp (450 kW), and transmissions, brakes and tyres (Dunlop) are standard parts for all. Also, dimension and aerodynamics are equalised. The approx. 1,050 kg (2,310 lb) light DTM cars corner incredibly quickly and wear spectacular bodykits incorporating huge wheel arches and diffusers.
More than 20 works-backed entries of
Opel Astra ,
For the 2012 season, the regulations have been adapted to make the
vehicles less reliant on aerodynamic downforce and more on mechanical
NüRBURGRING VLN ENDURANCE RACING SERIES
Germany Main article: Veranstaltergemeinschaft Langstreckenpokal Nürburgring
Since 1997, and nowadays still on the over 20 kilometres (12 mi) long famous old Nürburgring and other circuit worldwide, in average over 150 touring cars compete in the VLN series of ten typically 4 hour long races. Cars range from old 100 hp (75 kW) road legal compacts to 500 hp (370 kW) Porsche 996 and even modified DTM cars (1,250 kg (2,760 lb)). Most entrants of the 24 Hours Nürburgring collect experience here.
SCANDINAVIAN TOURING CAR CHAMPIONSHIP
Sweden/Denmark Main article: Scandinavian Touring Car Championship
Between 1996 and 2010 the
Swedish Touring Car Championship contained
various races in
2011 V8 Supercar Championship at Queensland Raceway
Australia and New Zealand Main article: Supercars Championship
Australian Touring Car Championship , the current
formula was devised in 1993 (based on
As the series has grown, major international motorsport organisations
have become involved. Several teams now benefit from the involvement
Tom Walkinshaw Racing
From 2013 ,
The series incorporates the world famous
* Stock Car Brasil (1979-still, link) * American Touring Car Championship link (2009-still) * Copa Petrobras de Marcas (link)
* ADAC Procar Series (Germany), formerly DMSB -Produktionswagen-Meisterschaft (DPM) with ETCC rules (1995-still)
A Division 1 class during a ADAC Procar Series race in 2013
* Renault Eurocup Mégane Trophy * European Touring Car Cup , held at various European circuits since 2005 * Baltic Touring Car Championship * Finnish Touring Car Championship (1987-still) * Irish Touring Car Championship * Portuguese Touring Car Championship * Russian Touring Car Championship * Cruze Cup (One-make series)
* Australian V8 Touring Car National Series , link
Paul Poon Civic during 2008 Hong Kong Touring Car Championship season.
Hong Kong Touring Car Championship (2002-still)
Asian Touring Car Championship (2000–2002, 2005-still)
Philippine Touring Car Championship (formerly the PNTCC)
China Touring Car Championship
* Malaysian Super Series
* Macau Touring Car Championship (? - still)
NZ Touring Cars
* Supercars Development Series
* Saturday Night Fever Challenge Series - Malaysia (Club Event
* The old World Touring Car Championship, plagued by lack of support
from the FIA , raced under the
* Swedish Touring Car Championship (1996–2010) * South American Super Touring Car Championship ran from 1997 through 2000. * Norwegian Touring Car Championship * Danish Touring Car Championship (1999–2010) * Italian Superturismo Championship (1987–1999, 2003–2008) * Superstars Series (2004-2013) * French Supertouring Championship (Championnat de France de Supertourisme), last season in 2005. * Campeonato Español de Turismos (Spanish Touring Car Championship) ran from 1959 to 1998. * Bankfin Touring Car Championship (South African Touring Car Championship) which ended in 2000. * Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft (1984–1994) then turned to ITCC by the FIA in 1995, based in heavily modified cars, began to be too expensive and due to retirement from Opel and Alfa Romeo the ITCC series were cancelled in 1996. * V8Star Series * New Zealand V8s (1994-2015) * V8SuperTourer
Different sets of regulations do apply:
* Contemporary touring car racing:
* ^ "What is the
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