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Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
(/ˈʃɜːrbrʊk/; Quebec
Quebec
French pronunciation [ʃɛʁbʁʊk]) is a city in southern Quebec, Canada. Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is situated at the confluence of the Saint-François (St. Francis) and Magog rivers in the heart of the Estrie
Estrie
administrative region. Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke. With 161,323 residents at the 2016 census,[3] Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
was the sixth largest city in the province of Quebec
Quebec
and the thirtieth largest in Canada. The Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Census Metropolitan Area
Census Metropolitan Area
had 212,105 inhabitants,[6] making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Quebec
Quebec
and nineteenth largest in Canada. Originally known as Hyatt's Mill, it was renamed after Sir John Coape Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
(1764–1840), a British general who was Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
(1812–1816), and Governor General of British North America (1816–1818). Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is the primary economic, political, cultural and institutional centre of Estrie, and was known as the Queen of the Eastern Townships
Eastern Townships
at the beginning of the 20th century. There are eight institutions educating 40,000 students and employing 11,000 people, 3,700 of whom are professors, teachers and researchers.[7] The direct economic impact of these institutions exceeds 1 billion dollars.[7] The proportion of university students is 10.32 students per 100 inhabitants. In proportion to its population, Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
has the largest concentration of students in Quebec.[8] Since the nineteenth century, Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
has been a manufacturing centre. This segment of the economy has experienced a considerable transformation in recent decades as a result of the decline of the city's traditional manufacturing sectors.[clarification needed] The service sector occupies a prominent place in the economy of the city, as well as a growing knowledge-based economy.[9] The Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
region is surrounded by mountains, rivers and lakes. There are several ski hills nearby and various tourist attractions in regional flavour. Mont-Bellevue Park, a large park in the city, is used for downhill skiing.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Cityscape

3.1 Boroughs 3.2 Neighbourhoods

4 Demographics

4.1 Census Metropolitan Area

5 Economy 6 Culture

6.1 Auditoriums

7 Attractions

7.1 Museums and visitors' centres 7.2 Parks

8 Sports 9 Government

9.1 Municipal 9.2 Federal and provincial 9.3 Public safety 9.4 Military

10 Infrastructure

10.1 Transportation 10.2 Public health

11 Education 12 Media 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

History[edit]

This section needs expansion with: material from the corresponding French article. You can help by adding to it. (February 2013)

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
in 1828

The First Nations
First Nations
were the first inhabitants, having originally settled the region between 8,000 and 3,000 years ago.[10] Traces of seasonal camps, characterized by arrowheads, scrapers, and other similar tools have been found. Ceramic objects dating from the Woodland period (3000 to 500 BP) were also found, indicating that the region continued to be occupied by nomadic people during this period.[clarification needed] Upon the arrival of Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain
in Quebec
Quebec
in 1608, this region was under the control of the Mohawks. France created an alliance through its missionaries with the Abenaki, located in Maine
Maine
and Vermont. The French were driven to the valley of the St. Lawrence River
River
near Trois-Rivières
Trois-Rivières
after a Mohawk victory in the war of 1660.The area around present-day Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
then became a battlefield between the two peoples who had to travel to the region, both of whom sought to obtain control of the territory. For the Abenaki, the confluence of Pskasewantekw (Magog) and Alsigôntekw (the Saint-François), present day Sherbrooke, which they named Shacewanteku ("where one smokes"), was an important resting point during the seasonal passages. During the Seven Years' War
Seven Years' War
between France and Britain, the Abenaki, still allied with the French, travelled along the rivers of the Eastern Townships, frequently near present-day Sherbrooke, during raids against British forts. The Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783, ending the Revolutionary War and recognizing the Independence of the United States. During this time, the Eastern Townships
Eastern Townships
were under Abekani control for a few years, having practised hunting and fishing for centuries. However, the American Revolution attracted British loyalists from America to the region, who began to covet the land and obtain government grants. The first European settler to reside in the Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
region was a French Canadian
French Canadian
named Jean-Baptiste Nolain, of whom few details are known, except that he arrived in 1779 to engage in agriculture.

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
in 1889

The first attempts at colonization occurred in 1792 on the banks of the St. Francis River. This settlement was known as Cowan's Clearance. In 1793, loyalist Gilbert Hyatt, a farmer from Schenectady, New York, established his farm not far from the confluence of the Massawippi River
River
and Coaticook River, before the governor of Lower Canada officially awarded the land. Over the next two years, 18 families came to live on the site. The Crown acknowledged Hyatt's ownership of the land in 1801. Hyatt built the first dam on the Magog River, in collaboration with another loyalist named Jonathan Ball, who had bought land on the north bank of the river. Hyatt then built a gristmill in 1802 on the south bank of the river, while Ball built a sawmill on the north shore. By constructing the mill, Hyatt effectively founded the small village that became known as "Hyatt's Mills". The village was named "Hyatt's Mills" until 1818, when the village was renamed after Governor General Sir John Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
at the time of his retirement and return to Britain. In 1832, the village attracted most of the activities of the British American Land Company (BALC) and benefited from the injection of British capital into the region. Manufacturing activities were established that harnessed the Magog River's hydropower. From 1835 Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
began to seek government support to establish a railway line, but this only became a reality in 1852 through the line connecting the cities of Montreal
Montreal
and Portland. From 1867 to 1892, the manufacturing system was based on hydraulic power. The Gorge of the Magog River
Magog River
is considered one of the best industrial sites in Quebec, since the waters never freeze there, allowing year-long production of energy. At that time, BALC invested significant sums in the reconstruction of several dams in the gorge upstream to Magog Lake, in order to regulate the flow of the river, and thus improve its efficiency, to attract new factories. The founding of several important factories near the Gorges helped to attract more and more Francophone workers, coming mainly from the Beauce and elsewhere in Quebec. Paradoxically, it was mainly the Anglo-Protestant capital that was able to invest in these new factories, supported by the Eastern Townships
Eastern Townships
Bank. The arrival of Francophones also attracted a small French Catholic bourgeoisie, but it remained modest in number and wealth. The many new industrial investments caused the building sites on the shores of the Gorge to be quickly occupied, which limited the expansion and complicated the advent of new companies wanting to benefit from hydraulic power. In addition, the railway network, linking the city to Montreal, Portland, Lévis and several Ontario cities, was located far from the river. This caused problems for industrialists wishing to ship or receive their goods. As early as 1871, the Massawippi Valley Railway
Railway
(to be controlled by Boston & Maine
Maine
in 1887), the Canadian subsidiary of the Connecticut & Passumpsic Rivers Railroad, which connects Boston to the Canadian border, ended in Sherbrooke. Subsequently, other railway projects became reality by the beginning of the 1890s, thanks to new connections to Boston, New York and Halifax. During this time, several phenomena began to affect the hydraulic regime of the Magog. In 1895, the water level was abnormally low, which forced several companies to temporarily shut down due to lack of energy. However, thanks to technical advances in electricity, which were previously used for lighting purposes only, it could at this time be used as a driving force. Due to its flourishing economy, Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
had 9,746 inhabitants in 1896; this growth rate is much higher compared to other industrtialized centers in Quebec. The second half of the nineteenth century saw the establishment of academic institutions which transformed Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
into a college town. King George VI
King George VI
and Queen Elizabeth visited the city by train on 12 June 1939. Over 100,000 people were estimated to be in the crowd that greeted them. They were there to build goodwill for the British Empire before they confronted Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and the Axis Powers
Axis Powers
during World War II.[11][12] Despite the town's English name and heritage, relatively few traces of the city's English past remain, and the vast majority of the city's residents speak French. As part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, the city grew considerably on 1 January 2002, with the amalgamation of the following towns and municipalities: Sherbrooke, Ascot, Bromptonville, Deauville, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Rock Forest, and Saint-Élie-d'Orford. Part of Stoke was also annexed to the newly expanded Sherbrooke. Geography[edit]

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
skyline and Mount Orford

Located at the confluence of the Saint-François (St. Francis) and Magog rivers in the heart of the Eastern Townships
Eastern Townships
and the Estrie administrative region. Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke. Its geographical code is 43.[vague] Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is the seat of the judicial district of Saint-François.[13] Climate[edit] Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with long, cold, and snowy winters, warm summers, and short but crisp springs and autumns. Highs range from −5.8 °C (21.6 °F) in January to 24.6 °C (76.3 °F) in July. In an average year, there are 34 nights at or colder than −20 °C (−4 °F), and 6.5 nights at or colder than −30 °C (−22 °F); 4.1 days will see highs reaching 30 °C (86 °F).[14] Annual snowfall is large, averaging at 287 centimetres (113 in), sometimes falling in May and October. Precipitation
Precipitation
is not sparse any time of the year, but is the greatest in summer and fall and at its least from January to April, totalling 1,100 millimetres (43.3 in) annually. The highest temperature ever recorded in Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
was 36.7 °C (98 °F) on 1 & 2 July 1931.[15] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −41.2 °C (−42.2 °F) on 15 January 2004.[16]

Climate data for Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Airport, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1900−present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high humidex 17.4 17.1 27.0 31.5 36.0 43.9 46.5 43.4 38.7 31.8 26.3 19.0 46.5

Record high °C (°F) 15.0 (59) 17.1 (62.8) 25.3 (77.5) 30.0 (86) 33.3 (91.9) 35.0 (95) 36.7 (98.1) 36.1 (97) 34.0 (93.2) 28.3 (82.9) 23.9 (75) 17.8 (64) 36.7 (98.1)

Average high °C (°F) −5.8 (21.6) −2.8 (27) 2.3 (36.1) 10.4 (50.7) 18.3 (64.9) 22.2 (72) 24.6 (76.3) 23.7 (74.7) 19.2 (66.6) 12.2 (54) 5.1 (41.2) −2.1 (28.2) 10.6 (51.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) −11.9 (10.6) −9.4 (15.1) −3.7 (25.3) 4.5 (40.1) 11.4 (52.5) 15.5 (59.9) 18.2 (64.8) 17.3 (63.1) 12.3 (54.1) 6.3 (43.3) 0.6 (33.1) −7.3 (18.9) 4.5 (40.1)

Average low °C (°F) −17.9 (−0.2) −15.9 (3.4) −9.7 (14.5) −1.4 (29.5) 4.3 (39.7) 8.8 (47.8) 11.7 (53.1) 10.8 (51.4) 6.3 (43.3) 0.5 (32.9) −4 (25) −12.4 (9.7) −1.6 (29.1)

Record low °C (°F) −41.2 (−42.2) −40 (−40) −35 (−31) −21.1 (−6) −6.7 (19.9) −2.2 (28) 0.5 (32.9) −1.7 (28.9) −7.4 (18.7) −15 (5) −25.5 (−13.9) −39.4 (−38.9) −41.2 (−42.2)

Record low wind chill −47.2 −48 −42.4 −29.7 −12.8 −5.4 0.0 −4.7 −8.6 −16.7 −27.9 −48.3 −48.3

Average precipitation mm (inches) 74.3 (2.925) 61.7 (2.429) 71.3 (2.807) 84.0 (3.307) 94.3 (3.713) 108.4 (4.268) 109.5 (4.311) 126.1 (4.965) 94.8 (3.732) 90.4 (3.559) 99.1 (3.902) 86.5 (3.406) 1,100.4 (43.323)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 17.3 (0.681) 16.6 (0.654) 27.6 (1.087) 63.3 (2.492) 94.0 (3.701) 108.4 (4.268) 109.5 (4.311) 126.1 (4.965) 94.7 (3.728) 87.5 (3.445) 70.8 (2.787) 32.0 (1.26) 847.9 (33.382)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 68.2 (26.85) 54.2 (21.34) 48.2 (18.98) 21.2 (8.35) 0.37 (0.146) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.03 (0.012) 3.2 (1.26) 29.1 (11.46) 62.1 (24.45) 286.5 (112.8)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 19.7 15.5 16.0 14.9 15.7 15.2 14.0 13.3 12.6 14.0 17.2 19.1 187.1

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 3.5 3.3 6.4 12.2 15.1 15.1 13.8 14.5 13.0 13.7 11.5 5.4 127.5

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 18.9 14.3 10.9 5.6 0.21 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.07 1.5 8.6 16.2 76.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 84.5 107.8 137.7 159.8 212.3 234.6 257.0 231.3 165.6 118.9 67.9 67.6 1,844.9

Percent possible sunshine 29.8 36.9 37.4 39.5 46.1 50.1 54.2 52.9 43.9 34.9 23.7 24.8 39.5

Source: Environment Canada
Canada
[14][17][18][19]

Cityscape[edit]

Gordon Street

Boroughs[edit] Main article: Boroughs of Sherbrooke In 2002, Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
merged with most of the suburban municipalities in the surrounding area: Rock Forest, Saint-Élie-d'Orford, Deauville, Fleurimont, Bromptonville, Ascot, and Lennoxville. This resulted in the creation of six boroughs for the city: Brompton, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Mont-Bellevue, Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville, and Jacques-Cartier. Neighbourhoods[edit] The city includes several neighbourhoods:

Le quartier universitaire Le Vieux-Nord Collinsville Secteur Galvin L'Est Ascot Mi-Vallon du Pin-Solitaire Le Petit Canada

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic origin (2006)[20][N 1]

Ethnic origin Population Percent

Canadian 99,465 68.8%

French 46,915 32.4%

Irish 8,530 5.9%

English 4,530 3.1%

North American Indian 4,480 3.1%

Scottish 2,885 2.0%

Québécois 2,670 1.8%

German 2,175 1.5%

Italian 2,035 1.4%

Sherbrooke

Year Pop. ±%

1871 8,532 —    

1881 12,410 +45.5%

1891 15,930 +28.4%

1901 18,724 +17.5%

1911 23,865 +27.5%

1921 33,624 +40.9%

1931 39,325 +17.0%

1941 47,614 +21.1%

1951 63,608 +33.6%

1956 72,789 +14.4%

1961 82,939 +13.9%

1966 94,988 +14.5%

1971 103,083 +8.5%

1976 111,137 +7.8%

1981 117,848 +6.0%

1986 122,282 +3.8%

1991 131,123 +7.2%

1996 136,681 +4.2%

2001 139,388 +2.0%

2006 147,427 +5.8%

2011 154,601 +4.9%

2014[23] 162,163 +4.9%

[21][22]

According to the 2011 Census, there were 154,601 people residing in Sherbrooke, a 4.9% increase over the 2006 Census.[5] The city of Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
has a land area of 353.49 km2 (136.48 sq mi), and a population density of 437.356/km2 (1,132.747/sq mi).[5] The median age of the population was 40.3 in 2011 and 84.3% of the population were aged 15 and over.[5] French was the first language of 129,970 people (89.9%), while English was the first language of 5,740 (4%), 7,815 (5.4%) people spoke other first languages, 640 (0.4%) had learned both English and French, while 370 (0.3%) had learned both French and another language.[24] French was the home language of 133,175 people (92.1%), English of 5,350 (3.7%), other languages of 4,480 (3.1%), both English and French of 685 (0.5%), and French and another language of 820 (0.6%).[25] Census Metropolitan Area[edit]

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
CMA

The Census Metropolitan Area
Census Metropolitan Area
(CMA) comprises the cities of Sherbrooke, Magog and Waterville, the municipalities of Ascot Corner, Compton, Stoke and Val-Joli; the parish municipality of Saint-Denis-de-Brompton; the township municipalities of Hatley and Orford; and the village municipality of North Hatley. The population in 2011 was 201,890. The CMA was defined slightly differently in 2006: it did not include Orford or Val-Joli. The remainder of this section applies to the 2006 census, since the applicable 2011 census figures are not yet available as of May 2012. Indigenous peoples comprised just over 0.6% of the population.[26] French was mother tongue to 90.6% of residents (counting both single and multiple responses). The next most common mother tongues were English at 5.6%, Spanish at 1.3%, Arabic and Serbo-Croatian
Serbo-Croatian
languages at 0.6% each, Persian at 0.4%, Niger–Congo languages
Niger–Congo languages
at 0.3%, and Chinese and German at 0.2% each. (Percentages may total more than 100% owing to rounding and multiple responses).[27][28] About 87% of the population identified as Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
in 2001 while 6% said they had no religious affiliation, 1.2% were Anglican, 0.8% Muslim, 0.8% United Church, 0.7% Baptists, 0.5% Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
and 0.3% Jehovah’s Witnesses. Pentecostals and Methodists accounted for 0.2% each, while Buddhists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists, Mormons
Mormons
and Plymouth Brethren
Plymouth Brethren
accounted for 0.1% each.[29] Four thousand recent immigrants (arriving between 2001 and 2006) now comprise about 2% of the total population. Approximately 13% have emigrated from Colombia, 12% from France, 7% from Afghanistan, 6% from each of Morocco
Morocco
and Argentina, 5% from each of Algeria
Algeria
and Congo, 4% from China, and 3% from each of Burundi, Tunisia, and Tanzania. About 2% of these recent immigrants were born in the United States while about 2% were born in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[30] Economy[edit]

Wellington Street North in downtown Sherbrooke

Sherbrooke, which is the economic centre of Estrie, is a significant cultural, industrial, and academic hub in the province. The city is directly served by three railways that have junctions with the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific railways: the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad, the Quebec
Quebec
Central Railway, and the Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway. Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is also served by four highways as well as a regional airport, named for Sherbrooke, but located in the nearby city of Cookshire-Eaton. However the airport no longer offers commercial services as of March 2010. According to data from the Institut de la statistique du Québec, average personal income per capita in the Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) of Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
amounted to C$30,976 in 2010.[31] Estrie's GDP for the same year was $9.59 billion.[32]

Largest employers

As of 2010, the largest employers in Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
are Université de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
(6,000 employees), Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
(5,511), Commission scolaire de la Région-de-Sherbrooke (3,050), Centre de santé et de services sociaux – Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
(2,650), City of Sherbrooke (1,913), Desjardins Group
Desjardins Group
(1,713), Cégep de Sherbrooke
Cégep de Sherbrooke
(800), Centre Jeunesse de l' Estrie
Estrie
(527), Nordia Inc. (500), Canada
Canada
Post (497), Kruger Inc.
Kruger Inc.
- Publication papers business unit (455), Bishop's University (450) and McDonald's
McDonald's
(400).[33][N 2] Culture[edit]

The Sherbrooke War Memorial
Sherbrooke War Memorial
by George William Hill is a cenotaph erected in 1926 to commemorate the soldiers who were killed during World War I.[34] This piece of cultural heritage has become emblematic of the City of Sherbrooke.[citation needed]

In the summer season, several festivals, concerts, and events are held in the city, such as the Fête du Lac des Nations, Sherblues & Folk, and the Festival des traditions du monde. Come winter, the city hosts the Carnaval de Sherbrooke. The city has British architectural heritage, as seen in the buildings in Vieux-Nord.[citation needed] The city has the fourth largest theatre in Quebec, the Maurice O'Bready University Cultural Centre of Sherbrooke.[35] Music, theatre, and dance shows are staged there. The Centennial Theatre of Bishop's University also hosts music and dance concerts from around the world. The Vieux Clocher, owned by the Université de Sherbrooke, has two stages, the primary being used by various music groups and comedians from around the province. The Théâtre Granada, designated as a historical site by the Canadian government, holds music concerts. It has retained its original architecture since its opening. The Petit Théâtre de Sherbrooke, located downtown, presents musicals and plays for children.[36] Since 2007, the Centre des arts de la scène Jean-Besré (CASJB), built by the city with the support of the Ministry of Culture and Communications, has assisted in the creation and production of material for the region's artistic community.[37] Currently it serves as the location for training theatre, music, and dance professionals. It contains three rehearsal studios, a production room, a decoration workshop, and a costume workshop, as well as administrative offices for each of its resident companies.[37]

Historical buildings located on Dufferin Street

Auditoriums[edit]

Salle Maurice-O'Bready Granada Theatre Centennial Theatre Vieux Clocher Petit Théâtre de Sherbrooke Théâtre Léonard Saint-Laurent Salle Alfred-Des Rochers

Attractions[edit]

The former Winter Prison

Museums and visitors' centres[edit]

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Nature and Science Museum Centre d'interprétation de l'histoire de Sherbrooke Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Museum of Fine Arts Centre culturel et du patrimoine Uplands Art gallery at the Centre Culturel of Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
University Centre d'art actuel Sporobole Prison Winter

Parks[edit]

This section needs expansion with:

Johnville Bog & Forest Park André Nadeau outdoor recreational centre[38] Forêt jardinée de l'aéroport de Sherbrooke[39]. You can help by adding to it. (August 2014)

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
has parks and greenspaces that encompass a variety of recreational activities. In total, there are 108 in the municipality.[40] Parks Jacques-Cartier, Mont Bellevue, Bois Beckett, Lucien-Blanchard, Central, Quintal, Victoria, and Marais Réal-D.-Carbonneau are among the most popular destinations.

Jacques-Cartier Park

Jacques-Cartier Park

Situated along lac des Nations, this park is about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) away from the downtown area and is connected to the lac des Nations promenade. It contains several sports facilities including soccer fields and tennis courts. Several festivals are held here including the Fête du Lac des Nations, the Carnaval de Sherbooke, the festivities for the Fête Nationale and Canada
Canada
Day.

Mont Bellevue
Mont Bellevue
Park

Mounts Bellevue (left) and John-S.-Bourque (right), as seen across the Magog River

This park is the largest in Sherbrooke, with an area of 200 hectares (490 acres). Situated partially on the campus of the Université de Sherbrooke, it is managed by the city and developed by volunteer organization Regroupement du Mont-Bellevue. Within the park are mounts Bellevue and John-S.-Bourque, the former of which has a small ski station. The park is also used for cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, walking, and tubing in winter; as well as hiking, mountain biking, archery, tennis, and jogging in summer. The park contains a total of 30 kilometres (19 mi) of trails and several different types of ecosystems.[41]

Bois Beckett Park

This park was established on an old maple grove that belonged to Major Henry Beckett between 1834 and 1870. The property remained in his family until it was acquired by the city in 1963.[42] In 2000, the Ministère de Ressources naturelles et de la Faune recognized the property as an old-growth forest.[43] The oldest tree is said to be 270 years old.[44] The park is maintained, protected and promoted by a volunteer group. Several trails have been built by the city which are open year-round. Within the park, there are several artifacts left behind by Beckett, such as foundations, wells, and farm equipment.

Lucien-Blanchard Park

Armand-Nadeau Pavilion in Jacques-Cartier Park

Situated 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) west of downtown on the bank of the Magog River, this park is open to several outdoor activities such as swimming and beach volleyball. Bicycles, canoes, kayaks, paddle boats, and dragon boats are available for rent. There is an interpretation centre with an emphasis on the reptiles and amphibians of the region as well as a boutique.

Central Park

At the heart of the Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville
Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville
borough, this park is equipped for soccer, tennis, baseball, beach volleyball, and has a playground and an outdoor pool.

Quintal Park

Formerly called Parc Central de Fleurimont, this park is situated in the borough of Fleurimont, and mirrors Central Park of Rock Forest-Saint-Élie-Deauville. In early July, the Pif Classic baseball tournament is held in the park, and in August, it hosts the Festival des Traditions du Monde.

Victoria and Sylvie-Daigle Parks

Across Terrill Street from one another, these parks are situated just east of downtown. Inside these parks lie pedestrian trails, Olympic-size soccer fields, a handicap accessible outdoor pool, and a sports complex.[45] This multifunctional facility, called the Centre MultiSport Roland-Dussault, has an artificial turf allowing local teams the opportunity to practise indoor soccer, baseball, football, rugby, and so on. There is a hockey arena.

Marais Réal-D.-Carbonneau

Le Marais Réal-D.-Carbonneau

Located near the Saint-François River, this marsh was developed by CHARMES, a non-profit management corporation that seeks to promote ecotourism in and around Sherbrooke.[46][47] The park is located on 40 hectares (99 acres) of land and allows visitors access to wooden piers and observation towers, where there are over 50 tree and shrub species and birds.[48]

Sports[edit] The Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Expos of the Ligue de Baseball Senior Élite du Québec play their home games at Amedée Roy Stadium. There have been various baseball teams from the Eastern League, Canadian Baseball League and Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec
Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec
in addition to hosting the 2002 World Junior Baseball Championships.[citation needed] The Sherbrooke Phoenix is a junior hockey team playing in the Quebec
Quebec
Major Junior Hockey League. Government[edit] Main article: Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
City Council

Boroughs and districts of Sherbrooke

Municipal[edit] The current mayor of Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is Steve Lussier. The merged city is composed of six boroughs: Brompton, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Mont-Bellevue, Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville
Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville
and Jacques-Cartier. Each of the boroughs is subdivided into electoral districts, with the number varying based on population. For example, there are only two districts in Brompton, which only has 6,314 inhabitants, whereas Fleurimont (pop. 40,824) has five. Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
has 21 districts total, for which the average population is 7,200 inhabitants.

Borough Population City Councillors

Brompton 5,956 3

Fleurimont 41,276 5

Jacques-Cartier 30,229 4

Lennoxville 5,195 3

Mont-Bellevue 33,377 4

Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville 29,191 4

Federal and provincial[edit] Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is split into the federal electoral districts of Sherbrooke, represented by Pierre-Luc Dusseault of the New Democratic Party (NDP) and Compton—Stanstead, represented by Marie-Claude Bibeau of the Liberals. Provincially, Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is divided into three electoral districts. Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
is represented by Luc Fortin of the Parti Libéral du Québec (PLQ), Saint-François is represented by Guy Hardy of the PLQ and Richmond is represented by Karine Vallières of the PLQ. Public safety[edit] In 2007, the crime rate was 5,491 per 100,000.[49] Military[edit]

Military parade in front of the Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Armoury

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
does not host any units from the Regular Force with the exception of a recruiting centre, but four Primary Reserve
Primary Reserve
units are stationed in the city:

52nd Field Ambulance, formerly known as 8th Medical Company. 714th Communication Squadron Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke The Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Hussars, formed from the amalgamation of The Sherbrooke Regiment and the 7th/11th Hussars in 1965.

A Canadian military artifact is preserved at the William Street Armoury, the Sherman tank "Bomb" which helped liberate Europe fighting with the Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment
Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment
and is the only Canadian tank to have landed on the Normandy beach on D-Day
D-Day
and fought through to VE Day without being knocked out.[citation needed] Infrastructure[edit] Transportation[edit] Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Airport, in Cookshire-Eaton is just east of the city. There are currently no scheduled flights operating out of the airport.[citation needed] Transdev Limocar
Transdev Limocar
provides bus service to Montreal
Montreal
via Granby and Magog. Formerly, Autobus Jordez linked Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
to Drummondville
Drummondville
and Trois-Rivières, and also to Victoriaville
Victoriaville
and Quebec
Quebec
City, but since the company lost their licence to operate heavy vehicles,[50] they have sold their licence to Autobus La Québécoise, who now provide the service. Société de transport de Sherbrooke
Société de transport de Sherbrooke
(STS) provides bus service within the city. It operates 17 bus routes, 11 minibus routes, and 5 taxibus routes. The city is located at the eastern terminus of A-10, and directly on the Autoroute Trans-Québécoise (A-55). A-10 provides a direct freeway connection to Montreal
Montreal
and points west, while A-55 connects directly to Trois-Rivières, Shawinigan, and points north, as well as to Interstate 91
Interstate 91
to the south (Vermont). A-410 and A-610 are the southern and northern bypass roads, respectively. Public health[edit] The suburban Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
University Hospital ("CHUS"[51] or "Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbooke) has over 5,200 employees, including 550 doctors. It includes a clinical research facility, the Etienne-Lebel Research Center. Education[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (July 2010)

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
has eight institutions that make up the Sherbrooke University Pole,[52] which educates some 40,000 students and employs about 11,000 persons.[53] University students comprise 10.32% of the population, the highest concentration in Quebec.[54] The city is the location of one French-language university, the Université de Sherbrooke, and an English-language university, Bishop's University. Université de Sherbrooke
Université de Sherbrooke
is a comprehensive university with schools of medicine and law and extensive graduate programs. Bishop's University
Bishop's University
is smaller and predominantly undergraduate. There are three CEGEPs in Sherbrooke, two of them French-language, the Cégep de Sherbrooke
Cégep de Sherbrooke
and the Séminaire de Sherbrooke, and one English-language, Champlain College Lennoxville. Media[edit] Main article: Media in Sherbrooke See also[edit]

Boroughs of Sherbrooke List of mayors of Sherbrooke List of people from Sherbrooke Société de transport de Sherbrooke List of regional county municipalities and equivalent territories in Quebec

Notes[edit]

^ Taken from the 2006 Census. The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French Canadian" generates an entry in both the "French" and "Canadian" categories.) Groups with greater than 1,500 responses are included. ^ Enterprises operating in Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
only and having 400 or more employees.

References[edit]

^ Reference number 59493 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French) ^ a b Geographic code 43027 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French) ^ a b "Census Profile – Sherbrooke, Ville". Canada
Canada
2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.  ^ "Census Profile – Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
(Population centre)". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.  ^ a b c d "Census Profile – Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Quebec
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)". Canada
Canada
2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012. . The census metropolitan area consists of Sherbrooke, Ascot Corner, Compton, Hatley (township), Magog, North Hatley, Orford, Saint-Denis-de-Brompton, Stoke, Val-Joli, Waterville. In the 2006 census, the census metropolitan area had not included Orford and Val-Joli. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
[Census metropolitan area], Quebec
Quebec
and Sherbrooke, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2017-09-20.  ^ a b "Home: Pôle universitaire de Sherbrooke – Université de Sherbrooke". Sherbrooke, QC: Université de Sherbrooke. Retrieved 1 January 2012.  ^ "Proportion d'étudiants à Sherbrooke". Ville de Sherbrooke. Retrieved 26 August 2010.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ "Économie du savoir". Pole universitaire de Sherbrooke. Retrieved 12 January 2011.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ Kesteman, Jean-Pierre, Histoire de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Take I: l'âge de l'eau à l'ère of vapeur (1802-1866), ed. GGC, 2000, p.14 353. ^ Wheeler, Scott (December 2011). " King George VI
King George VI
and Queen Elizabeth Visit the Vermont- Quebec
Quebec
Border". Vermont's Northland Journal. 10 (9): 6–7.  ^ Keilty, Joseph (December 2011). "Their Britannic Majesties Captivate Hearts of 100,000 at Art Reception in Sherbrooke". Vermont's Northland Journal, reprinting the June 13, 1939, article from the Caledonia-Record, St. Johnsbury. 10 (9): 6–7.  ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec
Quebec
D-11. ^ a b " Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
A, Quebec". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 12 October 2013.  ^ "July 1931". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 27 March 2016.  ^ "January 2004". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 27 March 2016.  ^ " Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
(1900-1972)". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 27 March 2016.  ^ " Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
(Universite)". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 27 March 2016.  ^ "Sherbrooke". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 27 March 2016.  ^ "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for census subdivisions (municipalities) with 5,000-plus population - 20% sample data". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2012.  ^ "Évolution démographique des 10 principales villes du Québec (sur la base de 2006) selon leur limites territoriales actuelles1, Recensements du Canada
Canada
de 1871 à 2006" (in French). Institut de la statistique du Québec. 1 February 2008. Retrieved 2012-02-08.  ^ These figures correspond to the territory of the city of Sherbrooke following the municipal reorganizations of 2002 and 2006. ^ " Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
- Répertoire des municipalités - Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Occupation du territoire". Retrieved 15 February 2016.  ^ "Population by mother tongue and age groups, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities) with 5,000-plus population - 20% sample data". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2012.  ^ "Population by language spoken most often at home and age groups, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities) with 5,000-plus population - 20% sample data". Canada
Canada
2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2012.  ^ "Sherbrooke". Aboriginal Identity (8), Sex (3) and Age Groups (12) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 15 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-06.  ^ "Sherbrooke". Detailed Mother Tongue (148), Single and Multiple Language Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 20 November 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-06.  ^ "Sherbrooke". Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 20 November 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-06.  ^ "Sherbrooke". Religion (95A), Age Groups (7A) and Sex (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 1991 and 2001 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 1 March 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-06.  ^ "Sherbrooke". Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (8) and Place of Birth (261) for the Immigrants and Non-permanent Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 4 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-06.  ^ " Per capita personal income and its components, RCMs and equivalent territory of the Estrie
Estrie
region, 2006-2010". Institut de la statistique du Québec. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2012.  ^ " Gross domestic product
Gross domestic product
(GDP) at basic prices, Estrie
Estrie
and all of Québec, 2006-2010". Institut de la statistique du Québec. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2012.  ^ "Les 500 plus grands employeurs de l'Estrie" (PDF). La Tribune. 18 March 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2012.  ^ Bombardier, David (16 September 2008). "Le cénotaphe sera restauré" (in French). La Tribune. Retrieved 12 August 2014.  ^ French: salle Maurice-O’bready du centre culturel de l’Université de Sherbrooke ^ "Mission" (in French). Retrieved 13 August 2014.  ^ a b "Présentation". Retrieved 13 August 2014.  ^ [1] ^ "AFSQ - La Forêt jardinée". Retrieved 26 April 2015.  ^ "Sports, recreation, and outdoor activities". Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
Innopole. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ City of Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
(24 March 2010). "Un peu d'histoire" (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ "Histoire du parc du Bois-Beckett" (in French). Le Regroupement du Bois Beckett. Retrieved 26 August 2010.  ^ "Parc du Bois-Beckett" (in French). City of Sherbrooke. 20 March 2008. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "Bois-Beckett Park". Destination Sherbrooke. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "Parcs et équipements" (in French). City of Sherbrooke. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "Corporation de gestion CHARMES" (in French). Tourisme Estrie. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "Historique du Marais" (in French). Official site of Marais Réal-D.-Carbonneau. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "Marais Réal-D.-Carbonneau". Destination Sherbrooke. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "Best places to do business in Canada". Canadian Business. 10 September 2007. Retrieved 13 February 2008.  ^ "Autocars Jordez a mis ses passagers en danger - ICI.Radio-Canada.ca". Radio-Canada.ca. Retrieved 26 April 2015.  ^ pronounced "Shoe" ^ "Membership Directory". Retrieved 26 April 2015.  ^ "Home: Pôle universitaire de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
- Université de Sherbrooke: Pôle universitaire de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
- Université de Sherbrooke". Retrieved 26 April 2015.  ^ Ville de Sherbrooke: "Proportion d'étudiants à Sherbrooke"(in French)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sherbrooke, Québec.

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
website (in English) (in French) La Tribune—daily newspaper (in French) The Record—daily newspaper (in English) The Townships Outlet—bi-monthly newspaper (in English)

Adjacent Counties & Equivalent Territories

Le Val-Saint-François RCM

Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke
TE

Le Haut-Saint-François RCM

Memphrémagog RCM

Coaticook RCM

v t e

 Administrative divisions of Estrie  (Region 05)

Regional county municipalities and equivalent territories

Le Granit Les Sources Le Haut-Saint-François Le Val-Saint-François Sherbrooke Coaticook Memphrémagog

Municipalities

Lac-Mégantic Asbestos Danville Cookshire-Eaton East Angus Scotstown Valcourt (V) Windsor Richmond Sherbrooke Coaticook Waterville Stanstead (V) Magog

Administrative divisions of Quebec

v t e

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) in Canada
Canada
by size

Toronto, ON Montreal, QC Vancouver, BC Calgary, AB Ottawa-Gatineau, ON/QC Edmonton, AB Quebec
Quebec
City, QC Winnipeg, MB Hamilton, ON Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, ON London, ON St. Catharines-Niagara, ON Halifax, NS Oshawa, ON Victoria, BC Windsor, ON Saskatoon, SK Regina, SK Sherbrooke, QC St. John's, NL Barrie, ON Kelowna, BC Abbotsford, BC Greater Sudbury, ON Kingston, ON Saguenay, QC Trois-Rivières, QC Guelph, ON Moncton, NB Brantford, ON Thunder Bay, ON Saint John, N

.