pronunciation [ʃɛʁbʁʊk]) is a city in southern Quebec,
Sherbrooke is situated at the confluence of the
Saint-François (St. Francis) and Magog rivers in the heart of the
Estrie administrative region.
Sherbrooke is also the name of a
territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census
division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke. With
161,323 residents at the 2016 census,
Sherbrooke was the sixth
largest city in the province of
Quebec and the thirtieth largest in
Census Metropolitan Area
Census Metropolitan Area had 212,105
inhabitants, making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in
Quebec and nineteenth largest in Canada.
Originally known as Hyatt's Mill, it was renamed after Sir John Coape
Sherbrooke (1764–1840), a British general who was Lieutenant
Nova Scotia (1812–1816), and Governor General of British
North America (1816–1818).
Sherbrooke is the primary economic, political, cultural and
institutional centre of Estrie, and was known as the Queen of the
Eastern Townships at the beginning of the 20th century.
There are eight institutions educating 40,000 students and employing
11,000 people, 3,700 of whom are professors, teachers and
researchers. The direct economic impact of these institutions
exceeds 1 billion dollars. The proportion of university students is
10.32 students per 100 inhabitants. In proportion to its population,
Sherbrooke has the largest concentration of students in Quebec.
Since the nineteenth century,
Sherbrooke has been a manufacturing
centre. This segment of the economy has experienced a considerable
transformation in recent decades as a result of the decline of the
city's traditional manufacturing sectors.[clarification needed] The
service sector occupies a prominent place in the economy of the city,
as well as a growing knowledge-based economy.
Sherbrooke region is surrounded by mountains, rivers and lakes.
There are several ski hills nearby and various tourist attractions in
regional flavour. Mont-Bellevue Park, a large park in the city, is
used for downhill skiing.
4.1 Census Metropolitan Area
7.1 Museums and visitors' centres
9.2 Federal and provincial
9.3 Public safety
10.2 Public health
13 See also
16 External links
This section needs expansion with: material from the corresponding
French article. You can help by adding to it. (February 2013)
Sherbrooke in 1828
First Nations were the first inhabitants, having originally
settled the region between 8,000 and 3,000 years ago. Traces of
seasonal camps, characterized by arrowheads, scrapers, and other
similar tools have been found. Ceramic objects dating from the
Woodland period (3000 to 500 BP) were also found, indicating that the
region continued to be occupied by nomadic people during this
Upon the arrival of
Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain in
Quebec in 1608, this region
was under the control of the Mohawks. France created an alliance
through its missionaries with the Abenaki, located in
Vermont. The French were driven to the valley of the St. Lawrence
Trois-Rivières after a Mohawk victory in the war of
1660.The area around present-day
Sherbrooke then became a battlefield
between the two peoples who had to travel to the region, both of whom
sought to obtain control of the territory. For the Abenaki, the
confluence of Pskasewantekw (Magog) and Alsigôntekw (the
Saint-François), present day Sherbrooke, which they named
Shacewanteku ("where one smokes"), was an important resting point
during the seasonal passages.
Seven Years' War
Seven Years' War between France and Britain, the Abenaki,
still allied with the French, travelled along the rivers of the
Eastern Townships, frequently near present-day Sherbrooke, during
raids against British forts.
The Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783, ending the Revolutionary War
and recognizing the Independence of the United States. During this
Eastern Townships were under Abekani control for a few
years, having practised hunting and fishing for centuries. However,
the American Revolution attracted British loyalists from America to
the region, who began to covet the land and obtain government grants.
The first European settler to reside in the
Sherbrooke region was a
French Canadian named Jean-Baptiste Nolain, of whom few details are
known, except that he arrived in 1779 to engage in agriculture.
Sherbrooke in 1889
The first attempts at colonization occurred in 1792 on the banks of
the St. Francis River. This settlement was known as Cowan's Clearance.
In 1793, loyalist Gilbert Hyatt, a farmer from Schenectady, New York,
established his farm not far from the confluence of the Massawippi
River and Coaticook River, before the governor of Lower Canada
officially awarded the land. Over the next two years, 18 families came
to live on the site. The Crown acknowledged Hyatt's ownership of the
land in 1801. Hyatt built the first dam on the Magog River, in
collaboration with another loyalist named Jonathan Ball, who had
bought land on the north bank of the river. Hyatt then built a
gristmill in 1802 on the south bank of the river, while Ball built a
sawmill on the north shore. By constructing the mill, Hyatt
effectively founded the small village that became known as "Hyatt's
Mills". The village was named "Hyatt's Mills" until 1818, when the
village was renamed after Governor General Sir John
Sherbrooke at the
time of his retirement and return to Britain.
In 1832, the village attracted most of the activities of the British
American Land Company (BALC) and benefited from the injection of
British capital into the region. Manufacturing activities were
established that harnessed the Magog River's hydropower. From 1835
Sherbrooke began to seek government support to establish a railway
line, but this only became a reality in 1852 through the line
connecting the cities of
Montreal and Portland.
From 1867 to 1892, the manufacturing system was based on hydraulic
power. The Gorge of the
Magog River is considered one of the best
industrial sites in Quebec, since the waters never freeze there,
allowing year-long production of energy. At that time, BALC invested
significant sums in the reconstruction of several dams in the gorge
upstream to Magog Lake, in order to regulate the flow of the river,
and thus improve its efficiency, to attract new factories.
The founding of several important factories near the Gorges helped to
attract more and more Francophone workers, coming mainly from the
Beauce and elsewhere in Quebec. Paradoxically, it was mainly the
Anglo-Protestant capital that was able to invest in these new
factories, supported by the
Eastern Townships Bank. The arrival of
Francophones also attracted a small French Catholic bourgeoisie, but
it remained modest in number and wealth.
The many new industrial investments caused the building sites on the
shores of the Gorge to be quickly occupied, which limited the
expansion and complicated the advent of new companies wanting to
benefit from hydraulic power. In addition, the railway network,
linking the city to Montreal, Portland, Lévis and several Ontario
cities, was located far from the river. This caused problems for
industrialists wishing to ship or receive their goods.
As early as 1871, the Massawippi Valley
Railway (to be controlled by
Maine in 1887), the Canadian subsidiary of the
Connecticut & Passumpsic Rivers Railroad, which connects Boston to
the Canadian border, ended in Sherbrooke. Subsequently, other railway
projects became reality by the beginning of the 1890s, thanks to new
connections to Boston, New York and Halifax.
During this time, several phenomena began to affect the hydraulic
regime of the Magog. In 1895, the water level was abnormally low,
which forced several companies to temporarily shut down due to lack of
energy. However, thanks to technical advances in electricity, which
were previously used for lighting purposes only, it could at this time
be used as a driving force.
Due to its flourishing economy,
Sherbrooke had 9,746 inhabitants in
1896; this growth rate is much higher compared to other
industrtialized centers in Quebec.
The second half of the nineteenth century saw the establishment of
academic institutions which transformed
Sherbrooke into a college
King George VI
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth visited the city by train on 12
June 1939. Over 100,000 people were estimated to be in the crowd that
greeted them. They were there to build goodwill for the British Empire
before they confronted
Nazi Germany and the
Axis Powers during World
Despite the town's English name and heritage, relatively few traces of
the city's English past remain, and the vast majority of the city's
residents speak French.
As part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, the
city grew considerably on 1 January 2002, with the amalgamation of the
following towns and municipalities: Sherbrooke, Ascot, Bromptonville,
Deauville, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Rock Forest, and
Saint-Élie-d'Orford. Part of Stoke was also annexed to the newly
Sherbrooke skyline and Mount Orford
Located at the confluence of the Saint-François (St. Francis) and
Magog rivers in the heart of the
Eastern Townships and the Estrie
Sherbrooke is also the name of a territory
equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division
(CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke. Its
geographical code is 43.[vague]
Sherbrooke is the seat of the judicial district of
Sherbrooke has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with long,
cold, and snowy winters, warm summers, and short but crisp springs and
autumns. Highs range from −5.8 °C (21.6 °F) in January
to 24.6 °C (76.3 °F) in July. In an average year, there
are 34 nights at or colder than −20 °C (−4 °F), and
6.5 nights at or colder than −30 °C (−22 °F); 4.1 days
will see highs reaching 30 °C (86 °F). Annual snowfall
is large, averaging at 287 centimetres (113 in), sometimes
falling in May and October.
Precipitation is not sparse any time of
the year, but is the greatest in summer and fall and at its least from
January to April, totalling 1,100 millimetres (43.3 in) annually.
The highest temperature ever recorded in
Sherbrooke was 36.7 °C
(98 °F) on 1 & 2 July 1931. The coldest temperature ever
recorded was −41.2 °C (−42.2 °F) on 15 January
Climate data for
Sherbrooke Airport, 1981−2010 normals, extremes
Record high humidex
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Record low wind chill
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainfall mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Percent possible sunshine
Main article: Boroughs of Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke merged with most of the suburban municipalities in
the surrounding area: Rock Forest, Saint-Élie-d'Orford, Deauville,
Fleurimont, Bromptonville, Ascot, and Lennoxville. This resulted in
the creation of six boroughs for the city: Brompton, Fleurimont,
Lennoxville, Mont-Bellevue, Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville, and
The city includes several neighbourhoods:
Le quartier universitaire
Le Petit Canada
Ethnic origin (2006)[N 1]
North American Indian
According to the 2011 Census, there were 154,601 people residing in
Sherbrooke, a 4.9% increase over the 2006 Census. The city of
Sherbrooke has a land area of 353.49 km2
(136.48 sq mi), and a population density of 437.356/km2
(1,132.747/sq mi). The median age of the population was 40.3
in 2011 and 84.3% of the population were aged 15 and over.
French was the first language of 129,970 people (89.9%), while English
was the first language of 5,740 (4%), 7,815 (5.4%) people spoke other
first languages, 640 (0.4%) had learned both English and French, while
370 (0.3%) had learned both French and another language. French
was the home language of 133,175 people (92.1%), English of 5,350
(3.7%), other languages of 4,480 (3.1%), both English and French of
685 (0.5%), and French and another language of 820 (0.6%).
Census Metropolitan Area
Census Metropolitan Area
Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) comprises the cities of Sherbrooke,
Magog and Waterville, the municipalities of Ascot Corner, Compton,
Stoke and Val-Joli; the parish municipality of
Saint-Denis-de-Brompton; the township municipalities of Hatley and
Orford; and the village municipality of North Hatley. The population
in 2011 was 201,890.
The CMA was defined slightly differently in 2006: it did not include
Orford or Val-Joli. The remainder of this section applies to the 2006
census, since the applicable 2011 census figures are not yet available
as of May 2012.
Indigenous peoples comprised just over 0.6% of the population.
French was mother tongue to 90.6% of residents (counting both single
and multiple responses). The next most common mother tongues were
English at 5.6%, Spanish at 1.3%, Arabic and
at 0.6% each, Persian at 0.4%,
Niger–Congo languages at 0.3%, and
Chinese and German at 0.2% each. (Percentages may total more than 100%
owing to rounding and multiple responses).
About 87% of the population identified as
Roman Catholic in 2001 while
6% said they had no religious affiliation, 1.2% were Anglican, 0.8%
Muslim, 0.8% United Church, 0.7% Baptists, 0.5%
Eastern Orthodox and
0.3% Jehovah’s Witnesses. Pentecostals and Methodists accounted for
0.2% each, while Buddhists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists,
Plymouth Brethren accounted for 0.1% each.
Four thousand recent immigrants (arriving between 2001 and 2006) now
comprise about 2% of the total population. Approximately 13% have
emigrated from Colombia, 12% from France, 7% from Afghanistan, 6% from
Morocco and Argentina, 5% from each of
Algeria and Congo, 4%
from China, and 3% from each of Burundi, Tunisia, and Tanzania. About
2% of these recent immigrants were born in the United States while
about 2% were born in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Wellington Street North in downtown Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke, which is the economic centre of Estrie, is a significant
cultural, industrial, and academic hub in the province. The city is
directly served by three railways that have junctions with the
Canadian National and Canadian Pacific railways: the St. Lawrence and
Atlantic Railroad, the
Quebec Central Railway, and the Montreal, Maine
and Atlantic Railway.
Sherbrooke is also served by four highways as
well as a regional airport, named for Sherbrooke, but located in the
nearby city of Cookshire-Eaton. However the airport no longer offers
commercial services as of March 2010.
According to data from the Institut de la statistique du Québec,
average personal income per capita in the Census Metropolitan Area
Sherbrooke amounted to C$30,976 in 2010. Estrie's GDP for
the same year was $9.59 billion.
As of 2010, the largest employers in
Sherbrooke are Université de
Sherbrooke (6,000 employees), Centre hospitalier universitaire de
Sherbrooke (5,511), Commission scolaire de la Région-de-Sherbrooke
(3,050), Centre de santé et de services sociaux – Institut
universitaire de gériatrie de
Sherbrooke (2,650), City of Sherbrooke
Desjardins Group (1,713),
Cégep de Sherbrooke
Cégep de Sherbrooke (800), Centre
Jeunesse de l'
Nordia Inc. (500),
Canada Post (497),
Kruger Inc. - Publication papers business unit (455), Bishop's
University (450) and
McDonald's (400).[N 2]
Sherbrooke War Memorial
Sherbrooke War Memorial by George William Hill is a cenotaph
erected in 1926 to commemorate the soldiers who were killed during
World War I. This piece of cultural heritage has become emblematic
of the City of Sherbrooke.
In the summer season, several festivals, concerts, and events are held
in the city, such as the Fête du Lac des Nations, Sherblues &
Folk, and the Festival des traditions du monde. Come winter, the city
hosts the Carnaval de Sherbrooke.
The city has British architectural heritage, as seen in the buildings
in Vieux-Nord.
The city has the fourth largest theatre in Quebec, the Maurice
O'Bready University Cultural Centre of Sherbrooke. Music, theatre,
and dance shows are staged there. The Centennial Theatre of Bishop's
University also hosts music and dance concerts from around the world.
The Vieux Clocher, owned by the Université de Sherbrooke, has two
stages, the primary being used by various music groups and comedians
from around the province. The Théâtre Granada, designated as a
historical site by the Canadian government, holds music concerts. It
has retained its original architecture since its opening. The Petit
Théâtre de Sherbrooke, located downtown, presents musicals and plays
Since 2007, the Centre des arts de la scène Jean-Besré (CASJB),
built by the city with the support of the Ministry of Culture and
Communications, has assisted in the creation and production of
material for the region's artistic community. Currently it serves
as the location for training theatre, music, and dance professionals.
It contains three rehearsal studios, a production room, a decoration
workshop, and a costume workshop, as well as administrative offices
for each of its resident companies.
Historical buildings located on Dufferin Street
Petit Théâtre de Sherbrooke
Théâtre Léonard Saint-Laurent
Salle Alfred-Des Rochers
The former Winter Prison
Museums and visitors' centres
Sherbrooke Nature and Science Museum
Centre d'interprétation de l'histoire de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke Museum of Fine Arts
Centre culturel et du patrimoine Uplands
Art gallery at the Centre Culturel of
Centre d'art actuel Sporobole
This section needs expansion with:
Johnville Bog & Forest Park
André Nadeau outdoor recreational centre
Forêt jardinée de l'aéroport de Sherbrooke. You can help by
adding to it. (August 2014)
Sherbrooke has parks and greenspaces that encompass a variety of
recreational activities. In total, there are 108 in the
municipality. Parks Jacques-Cartier, Mont Bellevue, Bois Beckett,
Lucien-Blanchard, Central, Quintal, Victoria, and Marais
Réal-D.-Carbonneau are among the most popular destinations.
Situated along lac des Nations, this park is about 1 kilometre
(0.62 mi) away from the downtown area and is connected to the lac
des Nations promenade. It contains several sports facilities including
soccer fields and tennis courts. Several festivals are held here
including the Fête du Lac des Nations, the Carnaval de Sherbooke, the
festivities for the Fête Nationale and
Mont Bellevue Park
Mounts Bellevue (left) and John-S.-Bourque (right), as seen across the
This park is the largest in Sherbrooke, with an area of 200 hectares
(490 acres). Situated partially on the campus of the Université de
Sherbrooke, it is managed by the city and developed by volunteer
organization Regroupement du Mont-Bellevue. Within the park are mounts
Bellevue and John-S.-Bourque, the former of which has a small ski
station. The park is also used for cross-country skiing, snowshoeing,
walking, and tubing in winter; as well as hiking, mountain biking,
archery, tennis, and jogging in summer. The park contains a total of
30 kilometres (19 mi) of trails and several different types of
Bois Beckett Park
This park was established on an old maple grove that belonged to Major
Henry Beckett between 1834 and 1870. The property remained in his
family until it was acquired by the city in 1963. In 2000, the
Ministère de Ressources naturelles et de la Faune recognized the
property as an old-growth forest. The oldest tree is said to be
270 years old. The park is maintained, protected and promoted by a
volunteer group. Several trails have been built by the city which are
open year-round. Within the park, there are several artifacts left
behind by Beckett, such as foundations, wells, and farm equipment.
Armand-Nadeau Pavilion in Jacques-Cartier Park
Situated 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) west of downtown on the bank of
the Magog River, this park is open to several outdoor activities such
as swimming and beach volleyball. Bicycles, canoes, kayaks, paddle
boats, and dragon boats are available for rent. There is an
interpretation centre with an emphasis on the reptiles and amphibians
of the region as well as a boutique.
At the heart of the
Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville borough,
this park is equipped for soccer, tennis, baseball, beach volleyball,
and has a playground and an outdoor pool.
Formerly called Parc Central de Fleurimont, this park is situated in
the borough of Fleurimont, and mirrors Central Park of Rock
Forest-Saint-Élie-Deauville. In early July, the Pif Classic baseball
tournament is held in the park, and in August, it hosts the Festival
des Traditions du Monde.
Victoria and Sylvie-Daigle Parks
Across Terrill Street from one another, these parks are situated just
east of downtown. Inside these parks lie pedestrian trails,
Olympic-size soccer fields, a handicap accessible outdoor pool, and a
sports complex. This multifunctional facility, called the Centre
MultiSport Roland-Dussault, has an artificial turf allowing local
teams the opportunity to practise indoor soccer, baseball, football,
rugby, and so on. There is a hockey arena.
Le Marais Réal-D.-Carbonneau
Located near the Saint-François River, this marsh was developed by
CHARMES, a non-profit management corporation that seeks to promote
ecotourism in and around Sherbrooke. The park is located on 40
hectares (99 acres) of land and allows visitors access to wooden piers
and observation towers, where there are over 50 tree and shrub species
Sherbrooke Expos of the Ligue de Baseball Senior Élite du Québec
play their home games at Amedée Roy Stadium. There have been various
baseball teams from the Eastern League,
Canadian Baseball League and
Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec
Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec in addition to hosting the 2002
World Junior Baseball Championships. The Sherbrooke
Phoenix is a junior hockey team playing in the
Quebec Major Junior
Sherbrooke City Council
Boroughs and districts of Sherbrooke
The current mayor of
Sherbrooke is Steve Lussier.
The merged city is composed of six boroughs: Brompton, Fleurimont,
Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville and
Jacques-Cartier. Each of the boroughs is subdivided into electoral
districts, with the number varying based on population. For example,
there are only two districts in Brompton, which only has 6,314
inhabitants, whereas Fleurimont (pop. 40,824) has five.
21 districts total, for which the average population is 7,200
Federal and provincial
Sherbrooke is split into the federal electoral districts of
Sherbrooke, represented by
Pierre-Luc Dusseault of the New Democratic
Party (NDP) and Compton—Stanstead, represented by Marie-Claude
Bibeau of the Liberals.
Sherbrooke is divided into three electoral districts.
Sherbrooke is represented by
Luc Fortin of the Parti Libéral du
Québec (PLQ), Saint-François is represented by Guy Hardy of the PLQ
and Richmond is represented by
Karine Vallières of the PLQ.
In 2007, the crime rate was 5,491 per 100,000.
Military parade in front of the
Sherbrooke does not host any units from the
Regular Force with the
exception of a recruiting centre, but four
Primary Reserve units are
stationed in the city:
52nd Field Ambulance, formerly known as 8th Medical Company.
714th Communication Squadron
Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke Hussars, formed from the amalgamation of The Sherbrooke
Regiment and the 7th/11th Hussars in 1965.
A Canadian military artifact is preserved at the William Street
Armoury, the Sherman tank "Bomb" which helped liberate Europe fighting
Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment
Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment and is the only Canadian tank to
have landed on the Normandy beach on
D-Day and fought through to VE
Day without being knocked out.
Sherbrooke Airport, in Cookshire-Eaton is just east of the city. There
are currently no scheduled flights operating out of the
Transdev Limocar provides bus service to
Montreal via Granby and
Magog. Formerly, Autobus Jordez linked
Trois-Rivières, and also to
Quebec City, but since
the company lost their licence to operate heavy vehicles, they
have sold their licence to Autobus La Québécoise, who now provide
Société de transport de Sherbrooke
Société de transport de Sherbrooke (STS) provides bus service within
the city. It operates 17 bus routes, 11 minibus routes, and 5 taxibus
The city is located at the eastern terminus of A-10, and directly on
the Autoroute Trans-Québécoise (A-55). A-10 provides a direct
freeway connection to
Montreal and points west, while A-55 connects
directly to Trois-Rivières, Shawinigan, and points north, as well as
Interstate 91 to the south (Vermont). A-410 and A-610 are the
southern and northern bypass roads, respectively.
Sherbrooke University Hospital ("CHUS" or "Centre
Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbooke) has over 5,200 employees,
including 550 doctors. It includes a clinical research facility, the
Etienne-Lebel Research Center.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (July
Sherbrooke has eight institutions that make up the Sherbrooke
University Pole, which educates some 40,000 students and employs
about 11,000 persons. University students comprise 10.32% of the
population, the highest concentration in Quebec.
The city is the location of one French-language university, the
Université de Sherbrooke, and an English-language university,
Université de Sherbrooke
Université de Sherbrooke is a comprehensive
university with schools of medicine and law and extensive graduate
Bishop's University is smaller and predominantly
undergraduate. There are three CEGEPs in Sherbrooke, two of them
Cégep de Sherbrooke
Cégep de Sherbrooke and the Séminaire de
Sherbrooke, and one English-language, Champlain College Lennoxville.
Main article: Media in Sherbrooke
Boroughs of Sherbrooke
List of mayors of Sherbrooke
List of people from Sherbrooke
Société de transport de Sherbrooke
List of regional county municipalities and equivalent territories in
^ Taken from the 2006 Census. The percentages add to more than 100%
because of dual responses (e.g. "French Canadian" generates an entry
in both the "French" and "Canadian" categories.) Groups with greater
than 1,500 responses are included.
^ Enterprises operating in
Sherbrooke only and having 400 or more
^ Reference number 59493 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in
^ a b Geographic code 43027 in the official Répertoire des
municipalités (in French)
^ a b "Census Profile – Sherbrooke, Ville".
Canada 2011 Census.
Statistics Canada. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
^ "Census Profile –
Sherbrooke (Population centre)". Canada
2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 29 July
^ a b c d "Census Profile –
Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 9 February
2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012. . The census metropolitan area
consists of Sherbrooke, Ascot Corner, Compton, Hatley (township),
Magog, North Hatley, Orford, Saint-Denis-de-Brompton, Stoke, Val-Joli,
Waterville. In the 2006 census, the census metropolitan area had not
included Orford and Val-Joli.
^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Census Profile, 2016
Sherbrooke [Census metropolitan area],
Quebec and Sherbrooke,
Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved
^ a b "Home: Pôle universitaire de Sherbrooke – Université de
Sherbrooke". Sherbrooke, QC: Université de Sherbrooke. Retrieved 1
^ "Proportion d'étudiants à Sherbrooke". Ville de Sherbrooke.
Retrieved 26 August 2010. External link in publisher= (help)
^ "Économie du savoir". Pole universitaire de Sherbrooke. Retrieved
12 January 2011. External link in publisher= (help)
^ Kesteman, Jean-Pierre, Histoire de
Sherbrooke Take I: l'âge de
l'eau à l'ère of vapeur (1802-1866), ed. GGC, 2000, p.14 353.
^ Wheeler, Scott (December 2011). "
King George VI
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth
Visit the Vermont-
Quebec Border". Vermont's Northland Journal. 10 (9):
^ Keilty, Joseph (December 2011). "Their Britannic Majesties Captivate
Hearts of 100,000 at Art Reception in Sherbrooke". Vermont's Northland
Journal, reprinting the June 13, 1939, article from the
Caledonia-Record, St. Johnsbury. 10 (9): 6–7.
^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of
^ a b "
Sherbrooke A, Quebec". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010.
Environment Canada. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
^ "July 1931". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 27
^ "January 2004". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved
27 March 2016.
Sherbrooke (1900-1972)". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada.
Retrieved 27 March 2016.
Sherbrooke (Universite)". Canadian Climate Data. Environment
Canada. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
^ "Sherbrooke". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved
27 March 2016.
^ "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for census subdivisions
(municipalities) with 5,000-plus population - 20% sample data". Canada
2006 Census. Statistics Canada. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 29 July
^ "Évolution démographique des 10 principales villes du Québec (sur
la base de 2006) selon leur limites territoriales actuelles1,
Canada de 1871 à 2006" (in French). Institut de la
statistique du Québec. 1 February 2008. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
^ These figures correspond to the territory of the city of Sherbrooke
following the municipal reorganizations of 2002 and 2006.
Sherbrooke - Répertoire des municipalités - Ministère des
Affaires municipales et de l'Occupation du territoire". Retrieved 15
^ "Population by mother tongue and age groups, 2006 counts, for
Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions
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^ "Sherbrooke". Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official
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^ French: salle Maurice-O’bready du centre culturel de
l’Université de Sherbrooke
^ "Mission" (in French). Retrieved 13 August 2014.
^ a b "Présentation". Retrieved 13 August 2014.
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^ "Sports, recreation, and outdoor activities".
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^ "Histoire du parc du Bois-Beckett" (in French). Le Regroupement du
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^ "Historique du Marais" (in French). Official site of Marais
Réal-D.-Carbonneau. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
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^ pronounced "Shoe"
^ "Membership Directory". Retrieved 26 April 2015.
^ "Home: Pôle universitaire de
Sherbrooke - Université de
Sherbrooke: Pôle universitaire de
Sherbrooke - Université de
Sherbrooke". Retrieved 26 April 2015.
^ Ville de Sherbrooke: "Proportion d'étudiants à Sherbrooke"(in
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sherbrooke, Québec.
Sherbrooke website (in English) (in French)
La Tribune—daily newspaper (in French)
The Record—daily newspaper (in English)
The Townships Outlet—bi-monthly newspaper (in English)
Adjacent Counties & Equivalent Territories
Le Val-Saint-François RCM
Le Haut-Saint-François RCM
Administrative divisions of Estrie (Region 05)
Regional county municipalities
and equivalent territories
Administrative divisions of Quebec
Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) in
Canada by size
Quebec City, QC
St. Catharines-Niagara, ON
St. John's, NL
Greater Sudbury, ON
Thunder Bay, ON
Saint John, N