SENDAI (仙台市, _Sendai-shi_, Japanese: ) is the capital city of
Miyagi Prefecture ,
Japan , the largest city in the
Tōhoku region ,
and the second largest city north of
Tokyo . In 2010, the city had a
population of one million, and is one of Japan's 20 designated cities
. The city was founded in 1600 by the _daimyō _
Date Masamune , and
is nicknamed the _City of Trees_ (杜の都, _Mori no Miyako_); there
are about 60 zelkova trees on Jōzenji Street (定禅寺通, _Jōzenji
dōri_) and Aoba Street (青葉通, _Aoba dōri_).
In the summer, the
Tanabata Festival, the largest Tanabata
festival in Japan, is held. In winter, the trees are decorated with
thousands of lights for the Pageant of Starlight
(光のページェント), lasting through most of December.
On March 11, 2011, coastal areas of the city suffered catastrophic
damage from a magnitude 9.0 offshore earthquake , which triggered a
destructive tsunami .
* 1 History
* 1.2 Modern era
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Governance
* 5 Economy
* 6 Education
* 7 Transport
* 7.1 Railway stations
* 7.2 Highways
* 8 Culture
* 8.1 Streets
* 8.2 Festivals
* 8.3 Specialties and crafts
* 9 Sites of interest
* 9.1 Museums
* 9.2 Natural sites
* 9.3 Other sites
* 10 Religion
* 10.1 Catholicism
* 11 Sports
* 12 International relations
* 12.1 Twin towns, sister cities, and friendship cities
* 13 Notable people
* 14 References
* 15 External links
Sendai area was inhabited as early as 20,000 years ago,
the history of
Sendai as a city begins from 1600, when the _daimyō _
Date Masamune relocated to Sendai. Masamune was not happy with his
previous stronghold, Iwadeyama . Iwadeyama was located to the north of
his territories and was also difficult to access from
Sendai was an ideal location, being in the centre of
Masamune's newly defined territories, upon a major road from Edo, and
near the sea.
Tokugawa Ieyasu gave Masamune permission to build a new
castle in Aoba-yama (Mount Aoba),
Sendai after the Battle of
Sekigahara . The previous ruler of the
Sendai area had used a castle
located on Aobayama.
At this time
Sendai was written as 千代 ("a thousand generations"),
because a temple with a THOUSAND BUDDHA STATUES (千体, _sentai_)
used to be located in Aobayama. Masamune changed the kanji to 仙臺,
which later became 仙台 (literally: "hermit/wizard" plus
"platform/plateau" or more figuratively, "hermit on a platform/high
ground"). The kanji came from a Chinese poem that praised a palace
created by the
Emperor Wen of Han China (reigned 180–157 BCE),
comparing it to a mythical palace in the
Kunlun Mountains . Tradition
says that Masamune chose this kanji so that the castle would prosper
as long as a mountain inhabited by an immortal hermit.
Masamune ordered the construction of
Sendai Castle in December 1600
and the construction of the town of
Sendai in 1601. The grid plan
roads in present-day central
Sendai are based upon his plans.
A city map of 1927, Japanese language edition
The first railway line between
Sendai and Tokyo, now the Tōhoku Main
Line , opened in 1887, bringing the area within a day's travel from
Tokyo for the first time in history. Tohoku Imperial University , the
region's first university, was founded in
Sendai in 1907 and became
the first Japanese university to admit female students in 1913.
Sendai was incorporated as a city on 1 April 1889, as a result of the
abolition of the han system . At the time of incorporation the city's
area was 17.45 square kilometres (6.74 sq mi) and its population was
86,000. The city grew, however, through seven annexations that
occurred between 1928 and 1988. The city became a designated city on 1
April 1989; the city's population exceeded one million in 1999.
Sendai was considered to be one of Japan's greenest cities, mostly
because of its great numbers of trees and plants.
Sendai became known
as THE CITY OF TREES before the
Meiji Restoration , the feudal Sendai
Domain encouraged residents to plant trees in their gardens. As a
result, many houses, temples, and shrines in central
HOUSEHOLD FORESTS (屋敷林, _yashikirin_), which were used as
resources for wood and other everyday materials.
In 1925, the
Senseki Line to
Sendai Station became the first
underground railway segment in Japan, preceding the opening of the
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (Asia's first subway line) by two years.
The 2nd Infantry Division was known as the "
Sendai Division" as it
was based in Sendai, and recruited locally. During the Second World
War it was involved in many different campaigns, but one of the most
important was the
Battle of Guadalcanal . During the bombing of Sendai
during World War II by the
United States on 10 July 1945, much of the
historic center of the city was burned, with 2,755 inhabitants killed
and 11,933 houses destroyed in the city.
Following World War II, the city was rebuilt, and
Sendai became a
vital transportation and logistics hub for the
Tōhoku region with the
construction of major arteries such as the
Tōhoku Expressway and
Tōhoku Shinkansen . An aerial view of
Sendai harbour after the
earthquake, 12 March 2011
Sendai has been subject to several major earthquakes in recent
history, including the
1978 Miyagi earthquake , which was a catalyst
for the development of Japan's current earthquake resistance
standards, and the
2005 Miyagi earthquake . Most recently, the coastal
area of Sendai, including
Sendai Airport , was severely damaged in the
2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami . The tsunami reportedly
reached as far as Wakabayashi Ward Office, 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) from
the coastline. Hundreds were killed, and countless more were injured
and/or made homeless. Sendai's port was heavily damaged and
temporarily closed, but reopened on 16 April 2011.
Sendai is located at lat. 38°16'05" north, long. 140°52'11" east.
The city's area is 788.09 km², and stretches from the Pacific Ocean
Ōu Mountains , which are the east and west borders of Miyagi
Prefecture. As a result, the city's geography is quite diverse.
Sendai is a plains area, the center of the city is hilly, and
western areas are mountainous. The highest point in the city is Mt.
Funagata which stands 1,500 metres (4,921 feet) above sea level .
The HIROSE RIVER (広瀬川, _Hirose-gawa_) flows 45 kilometres (28
miles) through Sendai. The river is well known as a symbol of Sendai,
especially because it appears in the lyrics of Aoba-jō Koi-uta
(青葉城恋唄; literally, _The Aoba Castle Love Song_), a popular
song sung by Muneyuki Satō .
Sendai Castle was built close to the
river to use the river as a natural moat . The river frequently
flooded until the 1950s, but dams and levees constructed in the 1960s
and 1970s have made such floods rare.
Most mountains in
Sendai are dormant volcanoes, much older than the
more famous Zaō and Naruko volcanoes in nearby municipalities.
However, many hot springs can be found in the city, indicating
hydrothermal activity . The Miyagi Oki earthquake occurs offshore
Sendai once every 25 to 40 years. The 7.2 magnitude 2005 Miyagi
earthquake , which occurred on August 16, 2005 had an epicenter close
to the Miyagi Oki earthquake area. However, the Headquarters for
Earthquake Research Promotion concluded that it was not the Miyagi Oki
earthquake, saying "...the recent event is not thought to be this
earthquake. This is because the magnitude of the earthquake was small,
and the source area, which was estimated from the aftershock
distribution and seismic waves, did not cover the whole expected
source region. Although, the recent event ruptured a part of the focal
region of the expected earthquake." In 2011, the 9.0 magnitude 2011
Tōhoku earthquake occurred offshore Sendai, resulting in a
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
33 5 −2
48 6 −2
73 9 1
98 15 6
108 20 11
138 22 15
160 26 19
174 28 21
218 24 17
99 19 11
67 13 5
26 8 1
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
1.3 41 28
1.9 42 29
2.9 48 33
3.9 59 42
4.3 67 51
5.4 72 60
6.3 78 67
6.9 82 70
8.6 75 63
3.9 66 51
2.6 56 41
1 47 33
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Sendai has a warm oceanic climate _Cfb_, close to a humid subtropical
(Köppen _Cfa_), climate, with neither the very hot summers of Tokyo
nor the snowbound winters of Sapporo, but retains significant seasonal
differences. Winters are cool and relatively dry, with January
temperatures averaging 1.5 °C (34.7 °F). Summers are very warm and
much of the year's precipitation is delivered at this time, with an
August average of 24.1 °C (75.4 °F). The city is rarely hit by
typhoons , and experiences only 6 days with more than 10 centimetres
(4 in) of rainfall on average. Sendai's rainy season usually begins in
late June to early July, which is later than in most cities in Japan.
During this season, cold winds from the Okhotsk air mass, called
Yamase ", blow in and depress daytime highs.
Extremes range from −11.7 to +37.2 °C (11 to 99 °F).
CLIMATE DATA FOR SENDAI, MIYAGI (1981–2010)
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE SNOWFALL CM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.5 MM)
AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
In 2005, the city had an estimated population of 1,028,214 and a
population density of 1,304.10 persons per km². The city's total area
was 788.09 km². Most people in the city at this time lived in urban
areas close to train and subway stations. The 2000 National Census
revealed that 88.5% of the city's population (892,252 people) lived in
a 129.69 km² area, which is 16.6% of the city's total area. The
population density in this area was 6,879.9 persons per km², more
than 5 times higher than the city's average population density at that
time, 1,286.6 persons per km². Approximately 10,000 people in Sendai
were non-Japanese citizens.
Sendai had 444,514 households in 2005. The average household had
approximately 2.31 members. The average household was becoming smaller
every year, because single-member households were increasing. At this
Sendai had more people in their early 50s and in their 20s and
early 30s than in other age groups. This is a result of the first and
second baby booms in Japan, and university students. The average age
Sendai is 38.4, which makes the city one of the youngest major
cities in Japan.
A map of Sendai's Wards
Sendai City Hall
Sendai's political system is similar to other cities in Japan,
Local Autonomy Law makes all municipalities uniform in
terms of organization and power. However,
Sendai is a designated city,
so it has the same jurisdiction as prefectures in some areas.
Sendai's local government is essentially a mayor-council government.
The mayor is elected from a citywide election.
Sendai City Assembly
members are elected from 5 elective districts, which correspond to the
city's 5 wards. The number of assembly members allocated to each ward
is based upon population. As of May 2005, the city has 60 assembly
members; 17 from Aoba Ward, 11 from Miyagino, 8 from Wakabayashi, 13
from Taihaku, and 11 from Izumi. The City Assembly elects an Assembly
Chairperson and Vice Chairperson.
Sendai has two vice mayors, who are
not elected by the populace.
Sendai has five wards ("ku"), which were created when it became a
designated city in 1989. The city consciously avoided names that
included directions (e.g., north 北, center 中央) when it chose
names for the new wards.
* Aoba-ku (青葉区) – administrative center
* Izumi-ku (泉区)
* Miyagino-ku (宮城野区)
* Taihaku-ku (太白区)
* Wakabayashi-ku (若林区)
Sendai is the center of the Tōhoku region's economy, and is the base
of the region's logistics and transportation. The
GDP in Greater
Sendai Metropolitan Employment Area (1.6 million people), is
US$61.7 billion in 2010. The city's economy heavily relies upon
retail and services – the two industries provide approximately two
thirds of the employment and close to half of the establishments.
Sendai city there are a lot of different types of industries that
make up the economy. The largest group is Wholesale and Retail with
28.7% of all business establishments. Followed up by the food service
business/accommodation industry with 12.5%. The construction industry
is third with 9.1% while fourth place is held by the entertainment
industry with 8%.
In 2016 the estimated gross production for
Sendai is US$45.4 million.
Annual item sales in the area add up to around US$73.5 million, while
the manufactured goods amount adding up to around US$10 billion.
Sendai is frequently called a branch-office economy, because very few
major companies are headquartered in the city. Various authorities are
cooperating to alleviate this problem, primarily by encouraging
high-tech ventures from
Tohoku University , which is well known for
its science and engineering departments.
Tohoku Electric Power , a major regional supplier of electric power,
has its headquarters in Sendai.
Sendai’s economic growth rate has stabilized since the 2011 Japan
earthquake. The growth rate was only 0.4% in 2011 after the quake
created economic turmoil in coastal areas. The year after, in 2012 the
rate spiked to 10.4% after reconstruction efforts. It has since fallen
to a closer trend to what is expected of 3.7% in 2013.
Tourism in 2016 has attracted an estimated 2.229 million visitors to
Tohoku University , Aobayama Campus
Sendai is sometimes called an "Academic City" (学都, _gakuto_)
because the city has many universities relative to its population.
Universities in the
Sendai vicinity include
Tohoku Gakuin University
* Miyagi Gakuin Women\'s University
Miyagi University of Education
Tohoku Fukushi University
Tohoku Pharmaceutical University
Schools in the city include
Tohoku International School .
JR East 's
Sendai Station is the main transport hub for the city. The
station is served by seven JR lines and is a major station on the
Akita Shinkansen lines. An underground passage connects
the station to the
Sendai Subway . The subway has two lines— Namboku
("north-south") and Tōzai ("east-west").
The city is served by
Sendai Airport (located in neighboring Natori
), which has international flights to several countries, and Sendai
Port . A rail link to
Sendai began service on March 18, 2007.
Tōhoku Expressway runs north-south through western Sendai, and
is connected to other highways, such as the Sendai-Nambu Road,
Sendai-Tobu Road, Sanriku Expressway (Sendai-
Matsushima Road), and
Sendai Hokubu Road.
* TōHOKU SHINKANSEN :
* TōHOKU MAIN LINE : Minami-
Sendai – Nagamachi –
Sendai – Iwakiri
* JōBAN LINE : Minami-
Sendai – Nagamachi –
* SENZAN LINE :
Sendai – Tōshōgū – Kita-
Sendai – Kitayama
– Tōhoku-Fukushi-dai-mae – Kunimi –
Kuzuoka Station –
Rikuzen-Ochiai – Ayashi – Rikuzen-Shirasawa – Kumagane –
Sakunami – Yatsumori – Okunikkawa –
Yama-dera – Yamagata
* SENSEKI LINE : Aoba-dōri –
Sendai – Tsutsujigaoka –
Miyaginohara – Rikuzen-Haranomachi – Nigatake – Kozurushinden
– Fukudamachi – Rikuzen-Takasago – Nakanosakae
* SENDAI SUBWAY (All stations)
* Sanriku Expressway
* Sendai-Tobu Road
* Sendai-Nambu Road
* Sendai-Nishi Road
Japan National Route 4
Japan National Route 6
Japan National Route 45
Japan National Route 47
Japan National Route 48
Japan National Route 286
Japan National Route 346
Japan National Route 457
Sendai Pageant of Starlights Dainenji The Miyagi Museum
The most well-known streets in Sendai, Jozenji-Dori (定禅寺通り)
and Aoba-Dori (青葉通り), are both lined with Japanese zelkovas .
These are symbols of "The City of Trees". Jozenji-Dori has a promenade
and a few sculptures. It is a place of relaxation. Many events and
festivals, such as the
Sendai Pageant of Starlight and the Jozenji
Street Jazz Festival, take place on Jozenji-Dori and in Kōtōdai Park
(匂当台公園). Aoba-Dori is the main business road in Sendai.
Other major roads in the city include Hirose-Dori (ginkgo ) and
The most famous festival in
Sendai is Tanabata, which attracts more
than 2 million visitors every year and is the largest Tanabata
Festival in Japan. It is relatively quiet compared to other
traditional Japanese festivals, because its main attractions are
The Aoba Matsuri Festival follows more typical Japanese festival
traditions, with a mikoshi , floats , a samurai parade, and
Local people burn their New Year decorations and pray for health in
the new year during the Dontosai Festival, the oldest festival in
Various contemporary festivals also take place in Sendai, such as the
Jōzenji Streetjazz Festival, the Michinoku Yosakoi Festival, and the
Sendai Pageant of Starlight. The Jōzenji Streetjazz Festival is one
of the largest amateur music festivals in Japan. It began as a jazz
festival in 1991, but soon began to accept applications from all
genres. The Michinoku Yosakoi festival is a dance festival, derived
Yosakoi Festival that takes place in Kōchi . Trees in
Sendai are decorated with lights during the
Sendai Pageant of
Starlights. The event provided the idea for the Festival of Lights
annually held in Riverside , Sendai's sister city. In 2005, the
streets were lit up with one million miniature bulbs.
SPECIALTIES AND CRAFTS
Gyūtan teishoku _, a Table d\'hôte of beef tongue
Sendai is the origin of several foods, including _gyūtan _ (beef
tongue, usually grilled), hiyashi chūka (cold Chinese noodles), and
robatayaki (Japanese-style barbecue). However, robatayaki was later
introduced to Kushiro , which developed and popularized the dish. As a
result, many people believe Kushiro is the origin of Robatayaki.
Zundamochi (ずんだ餅, mochi balls with sweet, bright green edamame
paste), and sasakamaboko (笹かまぼこ, kamaboko shaped like bamboo
leaves) are also considered to be
Sendai is also
known for good sashimi , sushi , and sake . This is because
near several major fishing ports, such as Kesennuma , Ishinomaki , and
Shiogama , and the fact that
Miyagi Prefecture is a major producer of
rice . There are many ramen restaurants in Sendai, and the area is
known for a particular spicy miso ramen . Also,
Sendai station offers
the most types of ekiben of any station in Japan. In autumn, many
people organise Imonikai, a sort of picnic by the river which involves
making a potato stew called _
Many crafts from
Sendai were originally created under the influence
of the Date family during the
Edo period . Examples are
Sendai Hira, a
hand woven silk fabric, Tsutsumiyaki pottery, and Yanagiu
. However, some crafts, such as umoregi zaiku (crafts created from
fossil wood) were developed by low-ranking samurai who needed side
jobs to survive.
Kokeshi dolls were popularized by hot spring resorts
that sold them as gifts. Some relatively recent developments include
Sendai Tsuishu lacquerware and Tamamushinuri lacquerware, both of
which were developed after the
Meiji Restoration .
Sendai was also known for its production of
Tansu , clothing drawers
made from wood with elaborate ironwork.
SITES OF INTEREST
Sendai is home to historical sites related to the
Date clan . The
Sendai Castle are close to downtown on Aobayama, which also
gives a panoramic view of the city. The
Zuihōden is the tomb of Date
Masamune and is home to artifacts related to the Date family. It is on
a hill called Kyogamine, which is the traditional resting place for
Date family members. In Aoba-ku , the
Ōsaki Hachiman-gū _shaden_,
built in 1607 by Date Masamune, is designated a National Treasure .
Mutsu Kokubun-ji Yakushidō is the provincial temple of Mutsu Province
Newer historical sites include the former home of Doi Bansui , a
famous lyricist, and a monument at
Sendai City Museum that
commemorates the Chinese writer
Lu Xun . Another statue of
Lu Xun can
be found in the
Tohoku University Katahira Campus, where Lu Xun
studied medical science. Older historical sites include the Tōmizuka
Tomb, a tomb that dates back to the late 4th century or early 5th
century, and the Tomizawa Preserved Forest site, where the excavated
remains of a
Stone Age human settlement (
Upper Palaeolithic –
roughly 20,000 years ago) have been protected by a large museum
structure, built in 1996. The nearby
Site of Tagajō was an important
early fort and administrative centre.
Sendai City Museum displays artifacts related to the Date family and
the history of Sendai. Date Masamune's famous suit of armour and
artifacts related to
Hasekura Tsunenaga 's visit to Rome (National
Japan ) are sometimes on display.
Miyagi Museum of Art is Sendai's largest art museum. A total of
24 sculptures have been installed in public locations in Sendai
through its 'City of Sculptures' project.
The Tomizawa site museum in the southern part of the city preserves a
fossilized forest where the remains of human habitation from 20,000
years ago can be seen.
Sendai City War Reconstruction Memorial Hall is dedicated to
remembering the air raid of July 1945 in which most of
Sendai is home to many sites of natural beauty, many of them
found around Akiu and
Sakunami , which are hot spring resorts . Sites
around the Akiu area include the
Akiu Great Falls , sometimes counted
as one of Japan's three great waterfalls, and the Rairai Gorge, known
for its autumn colours. The Futakuchi Gorge contains waterfalls that
have been designated as natural monuments and the Banji Cliffs, an
example of columnar basalt .
Sakunami area is also known for its natural beauty, with cherry
blossoms in the spring, and beautiful colours in the autumn. The
nearby Hōmei Shijuhachi Taki Falls is the name of waterfalls found in
the higher reaches of the Hirose River. The origin of the name
"Hōmei" (鳳鳴, "Chinese phoenix cry") is said to come from ancient
local inhabitants' claim that the sound of the waterfalls was similar
to the legendary bird's call.
The Tatsunokuchi Gorge offers a view of a petrified wood next to the
Otamaya-bashi bridge. Nishi Park and Tsutsujigaoka Park are
appreciated for their cherry blossom in the spring. The Hirose River
and the Gamo tideland are home to diverse wildlife.
Matsushima , which is one of the Three Views of
Japan , is near
Sendai Mediatheque is a multipurpose facility that houses the city
library, galleries, and film studio facilities open for use by the
general public. The building was designed by
Toyo Ito and is known for
its innovative architecture.
The AER Building, the Miyagi Prefectural Office, and the SS30
Building are all relatively high buildings in downtown
offer panoramic views. The
Sendai Daikannon is an approximately
100-meter high Kannon statue. The statue was built during Japan's
bubble economy by a now defunct company.
Sendai also contains a
Peace Pagoda , built by
Nipponzan-Myōhōji-Daisanga in 1974. City view from the
Sendai Castle on Mount Aoba
The Catholic Church has been associated with
Sendai since 1613, the
year in which
Date Masamune , _daimyō_ of Sendai, built a galleon to
send an embassy to the Pope in Rome headed by
Hasekura Tsunenaga .
Although the embassy was successful in its aim of establishing
relations with the Holy See, Masamune's plans were frustrated by the
suppression of Christianity in Japan. The diocese of Sendai
(previously the diocese of Hakodate) was established in 1891, only two
years after the promulgation of a new constitution guaranteeing
freedom of religion in Japan, in 1889. The Bishop of
oversees the four northern prefectures of Miyagi, Fukushima, Iwate and
Aomori, serving 11,152 Catholics in 56 parishes. Mototerakoji, the
Cathedral of the diocese, is located a few blocks north of Sendai
Lotte Orions briefly used
Sendai as a temporary home for
the franchise from 1973 to 1977, the city was largely ignored by
professional sports until 1994. In that year, the Tohoku Electric
Power football team was changed into a club team, Brummel Sendai, with
the goal of eventually being promoted into the
J. League . The team
achieved this goal when the
J. League expanded in 1999 with the
creation of a second division. The name of the team was simultaneously
Vegalta Sendai . Currently the city also host
Sony Sendai F.C. .
In 2005, the number of professional sports teams based in Sendai
suddenly increased to three. The
Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles was
introduced as a new
Pacific League baseball franchise after widely
publicized turmoil involving the merger of the
Kintetsu Buffaloes and
Orix Blue Wave developed into the first strike in Nippon
Professional Baseball . Additionally, the
Japan Basketball League ,
which began its inaugural season in November 2005, included the Sendai
89ers among its first six teams.
Annual sporting events include the
Sendai Cup, an international
football tournament for U-18 teams, and the
Sendai International Half
Marathon . In 2006 of the
Sendai International half marathon, Mizuki
Noguchi, who won the women's marathon Gold medal at the 2004 Athens
Olympic Games, took part in and won the race in a surprising course
Various sporting venues can be found in Sendai, such as Miyagi
Stadium (venue of
2002 FIFA World Cup ),
Sendai Stadium , Miyagi
Baseball Stadium ,
Sendai City Gymnasium and
Sendai Hi-Land Raceway .
The city is also known as the origin of figure skating in Japan, and
both 2006 Olympic gold medalist
Shizuka Arakawa and 2014 Olympic gold
Yuzuru Hanyu trained in
Sendai during their childhood. Tohoku
Fukushi University and
Sendai Ikuei Gakuen High School are well known
for their strong sports programs, the latter for baseball .
Sendai hosted some games of the Basketball World
Championship 2006 . Before that, the city had some experience at
hosting international basketball events such as the 1994 and 2004
editions of the
Asian Basketball Championship for Women .
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
TWIN TOWNS, SISTER CITIES, AND FRIENDSHIP CITIES
Sendai has a long history of international relationships . Its
Riverside, California , on March 9, 1957, is the
second oldest sister city partnership in Japan.
Riverside, California , USA
Rennes , France
Acapulco , Mexico
Dallas, Texas , USA
Changchun , People's Republic of China
Tainan , Republic of
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Miho Arakawa , voice actress
Hirohiko Araki , manga artist; creator of _JoJo\'s Bizarre
Mika Doi , voice actress
Mimori Yusa , singer-songwriter
Yuzuru Hanyu , figure skater
Eugen Herrigel lectured at Tohoku Imperial University from 1924
Kanata Hongō , actor and model
Karen Iwata , member of girl-group AKB48
Monkey Majik , band, formed and based in Sendai
Yūsei Oda , voice actor
Minene Sakurano , manga artist; creator of _
Mamotte Shugogetten _
Kimi Sato , composer
Somei Satoh , composer
Satomi Satō , voice actress
Shizuka Arakawa , figure skater
Yoko Kanno , composer
* ^ _A_ _B_ US Geological Survey 9.0 assessment
* ^ _A_ _B_ UK Foreign Office 9.0 assessment
* ^ _A_ _B_ _The Telegraph_ 9.0 assessment "
timeline of the disaster, from tsunami to nuclear crisis" 15 March
* ^ _Sydney Morning Herald_ earthquake report
* ^ Fackler, Martin (13 March 2011). "At
Sendai City Hall, a Relief
Center, Thousands Wait and Wonder What\'s Next". _The New York Times_.
Sendai BBC report
Kyodo News , "
Sendai port reopens for business", _The Japan
Times _, 17 April 2011, p. 1.
* ^ "
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* ^ Shoji Yamada Shots in the Dark
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