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Romford
Romford
is a large town in east London, and the administrative centre of the London
London
Borough of Havering. It is located 14.1 miles (22.7 km) northeast of Charing Cross
Charing Cross
and is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London
London
Plan.[2] It was historically a market town in the county of Essex[3] and formed the administrative centre of the liberty of Havering, until it was dissolved in 1892.[4] Good road links and the opening of the railway station in 1839 were key to the development of the town[3] and the economic history of Romford
Romford
is underpinned by a shift from agriculture to light industry and then to retail and commerce.[3] As part of the suburban growth of London
London
in the 20th century, Romford
Romford
significantly expanded and increased in population,[5] becoming a municipal borough in 1937[6] and has formed part of Greater London
Greater London
since 1965.[7] It now forms one of the largest commercial, retail, entertainment and leisure districts outside central London[8] and has a developed night-time economy.[9]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Toponymy 1.2 Economic development 1.3 Local government 1.4 Suburban expansion

2 Governance 3 Sports 4 Geography 5 Demography 6 Economy 7 Transport

7.1 Roads 7.2 Buses 7.3 Coaches 7.4 Railway 7.5 Air

8 Religion

8.1 Saint Edward the Confessor's Church (Church of England) 8.2 Saint Edward the Confessor's Church (Roman Catholic) 8.3 Saint Andrew's Church 8.4 Trinity Methodist Church 8.5 Salem Baptist Chapel

9 Culture 10 In popular culture 11 Local media 12 See also 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links

History[edit]

Romford
Romford
(parish) population

1881 9,050

1891 10,722

1901 13,656

1911 16,970

1921 19,442

1931 35,918

1941 war[N 1]

1951 76,580

1961 114,584

^ No census was held due to war

source: UK census[5][10]

Toponymy[edit] Romford
Romford
is first recorded in 55 AD as the Roman settlement and army camp of Durolitum<Friths History website>. It was later Rumford in Saxon times, the name derives from Rum which meant roomy and ford being a crossing point<Ashmolean Museum, Oxford>. For many years it was a hamlet of nearby Hornchurch<Francis Frith>. The original site of the town was to the south, in an area still known as Oldchurch. It was moved northwards to the present site in the later medieval period to avoid the frequent flooding of the River Rom. The first building on the new site was the parish church of Saint Edward the Confessor.[11] Economic development[edit]

Romford
Romford
in 1851

The town developed in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
on the main road to London
London
and the regionally significant Romford Market
Romford Market
was established in 1247.[3] The early history of Romford
Romford
and the immediate area is agricultural and it is recorded as being the location of a number of mills used to grind corn.[3] The area was a focus of the leather industry from the 15th to the early 19th centuries and there is record of a wide range of industries such as cloth making, weaving, charcoal burning, metal working and brewing.[3] Communications played an important part in its development; the main road to London
London
was maintained by the Middlesex and Essex
Essex
Turnpike Trust from 1721 and Romford
Romford
became a coaching town in the 18th century.[12] Several failed attempts were made in the early 19th century to connect the town to the Thames via a Romford Canal. Initially intended to transport agricultural products to London and later intended to serve growing industrial sites in Romford, only two miles of canal were constructed and the canal company were unable to reach the town.[13] The development of the town was accelerated by the opening of the railway station in 1839 which stimulated the local economy and was key to the development of the Star Brewery. Initially Eastern Counties Railway services operated between Mile End
Mile End
and Romford, with extensions to Brentwood and to Shoreditch
Shoreditch
in 1840. A second station was opened on South Street in 1892 by the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway on the line to Upminster
Upminster
and Grays, giving Romford
Romford
a rail connection to Tilbury Docks. The two stations were combined into one in 1934.[12] Light industry
Light industry
slowly developed, reaching a peak in the 1970s with a number of factories on the edge of town, such as the Roneo Vickers office machinery company, Colvern manufacturers of wireless components, May's Sheet Metal Works and brush manufacturers Betterware.[3] Suburban expansion increased the population and reinforced Romford's position as a significant regional town centre. The Liberty Shopping Centre
Liberty Shopping Centre
was constructed in the 1960s, and has been modernised and supplemented with further shopping centres throughout the town, including The Mall, opened in 1990 (as 'Liberty 2'); and The Brewery, opened in 2000 on the site of the old Star Brewery.[14] Local government[edit] Romford
Romford
formed a chapelry in the large ancient parish of Hornchurch
Hornchurch
in the Becontree hundred of Essex; as well as the town it included the wards of Collier Row, Harold Wood, and Noak Hill.[15] Through ancient custom the area enjoyed special status and a charter in 1465 removed the parish from the Becontree hundred and the county of Essex
Essex
and it instead formed the independent liberty of Havering.[4] Over time the vestry of Romford
Romford
chapelry absorbed the local powers that would usually be held by the parish authorities[15] and in 1849 Romford became a separate parish within the liberty.[16] Improvement commissioners were set up in 1819 for paving, lighting, watching, and cleansing of the marketplace and main streets.[15] As the town grew this arrangement became ineffective at controlling sanitation and in 1851 a local board of health was set up for the parish; although its area was reduced in 1855 to cover only the town ward.[15] The remainder of the parish became part of the Romford
Romford
rural sanitary district in 1875. These changes and the introduction of the Romford Poor Law Union
Poor Law Union
in 1836[15] eroded the powers of the liberty and it was finally abolished in 1892 and reincorporated into Essex.[4] The Local Government Act 1894
Local Government Act 1894
reformed local government and created the Romford Urban District
Romford Urban District
and Romford Rural District
Romford Rural District
to replace the local board and sanitary district; following which the Romford
Romford
parish was split into Romford
Romford
Urban and Romford
Romford
Rural along the lines of the urban district.[15] In 1900 the parish was recombined and the urban district expanded to cover all of the former area of the historic chapelry, except for Noak Hill
Noak Hill
which remained in the rural district and had become a parish in its own right in 1895.[15] The enlarged urban district formed part of the London Traffic Area from 1924 and the London
London
Passenger Transport Area from 1933.[17] The suburban expansion of London
London
caused an increase in population during the 1930s[5] and the urban district was expanded further in 1934, taking in the parishes of Havering-atte-Bower
Havering-atte-Bower
and Noak Hill.[6] It was incorporated as the Municipal Borough of Romford
Municipal Borough of Romford
in 1937.[6] In 1965 the municipal borough was abolished and its former area was combined with that of Hornchurch
Hornchurch
Urban District; it was again removed from Essex
Essex
and since then has formed the northern part of the London Borough of Havering in Greater London.[18] Suburban expansion[edit]

Romford Urban District
Romford Urban District
(1) absorbed Havering-atte-Bower
Havering-atte-Bower
(2) and Noak Hill (3) in 1934[6]

There was early expansion in the 1840s in the area now occupied by the Waterloo estate, and then known as New Romford, where 200 cottages were built.[12] To the east of the market place from 1850 middle class suburban housing was constructed with a much larger area of 200 acres (81 ha) built-over to the south of the railway from 1851. Through a gradual process of selling off former manors, houses were built radiating from the town in all directions for about a mile. More significant growth occurred between 1910 and 1911 with the construction of Gidea Park
Gidea Park
Garden Suburb, which included Raphael Park and Gidea Park
Gidea Park
railway station.[12] Large sections of land to the north of the town at Collier Row
Collier Row
were developed in the interwar period and after World War II, the London County Council
London County Council
built the Harold Hill estate to the north east from 1948 to 1958.[12] The right to supply electricity to the town was secured by the County of London
London
Electricity Supply Company in 1913. Initially power was generated within the Star Brewery site, with the supply switching to Barking Power Station
Barking Power Station
in 1925.[15] Gas supply began in 1825 with gas works of 25 acres (10 ha) constructed by 1938.[15] Following the Telegraph Act 1899 Romford
Romford
became part of the Post Office London telephone area[19] and the Romford
Romford
exchange was recorded as having 240 subscribers in 1916.[20] The town water supply initially came from the Havering Well, and 1859 a new public well and pump was built at the east end of the market.[15] The South Essex
Essex
Waterworks Company started installing mains water supply in 1863 and had offices in South Street. By 1905 its supply was serving Ilford, Collier Row, Ardleigh Green, Brentwood, and Hornchurch. Sewage works were installed by the local board at Oldchurch in 1862, with further works built in Hornchurch
Hornchurch
in 1869.[15] Governance[edit]

Romford
Romford
constituency in Greater London

The Romford
Romford
UK Parliament constituency consists of the Havering wards of Brooklands, Havering Park, Mawneys, Pettits, Romford
Romford
Town, and Squirrel's Heath. In 2001 it had a population of 76,323.[21] The current MP is Andrew Rosindell, a native of the town. Romford
Romford
forms part of the Havering and Redbridge London
London
Assembly constituency and the London
London
European Parliament constituency. Each ward elects three councillors to Havering London
London
Borough Council. From the next [when?] UK general election the constituency will also include the Hylands ward. The councillors elected in 2006 were: Brooklands – 3 Conservative;[22] Havering Park – 2 Conservative and 1 Collier Row and Mawneys Residents Association;[23] Mawneys – 3 Conservative;[24] Pettits – 3 Conservative;[25] Romford
Romford
Town – 3 Conservative;[26] Squirrel's Heath – 3 Conservative after 2007 by-election;[27] and Hylands – 3 Conservative.[28] Sports[edit] Romford
Romford
has one local team called Romford
Romford
who currently play in the Isthmian League. Geography[edit] Further information: Geography of London

The River Rom
River Rom
emerges from underground channels at Roneo Corner

Map of Romford
Romford
and its environs

The town centre is about 50 feet (15 m) above sea level on a gravel terrace rising from the River Thames.[12] The north of the town has developed on London Clay
London Clay
and is situated as much as 150 feet (46 m) above sea level. The town centre is for the most part contained within a ring road formed of St Edwards Way, Mercury Gardens, Thurloe Gardens, Oldchurch Road and Waterloo Road. The market place and much of South Street and the High Street are pedestrianised.[8] The railway cuts through the town from east to west on a viaduct, with the bulk of the central Romford
Romford
area to its north. The River Rom
River Rom
flows through the town in underground channels and joins the Thames after flowing through Hornchurch;[12] elsewhere along its course it is known as the River Beam[29] and forms part of the strategic waterways Blue Ribbon Network.[30] Romford
Romford
has formed part of the continuously built-up area of London
London
since the 1930s[31] and is contiguous with Rush Green
Rush Green
to the west, Collier Row
Collier Row
to the north, Gidea Park
Gidea Park
to the east and Hornchurch
Hornchurch
to the south east. The Romford post town covers all of the former municipal borough and extends over a much wider area, including parts of Barking
Barking
and Dagenham
Dagenham
and Epping Forest.[32] Climate data for Romford
Romford
is taken from the nearest weather station at Greenwich, around 10 miles (16.1 km) south west of the marketplace:

Climate data for London
London
(Greenwich)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 14.0 (57.2) 19.7 (67.5) 21.0 (69.8) 26.9 (80.4) 31.0 (87.8) 35.0 (95) 35.5 (95.9) 37.5 (99.5) 30.0 (86) 28.8 (83.8) 19.9 (67.8) 15.0 (59) 37.5 (99.5)

Average high °C (°F) 8.3 (46.9) 8.5 (47.3) 11.4 (52.5) 14.2 (57.6) 17.7 (63.9) 20.7 (69.3) 23.2 (73.8) 22.9 (73.2) 20.1 (68.2) 15.6 (60.1) 11.4 (52.5) 8.6 (47.5) 15.2 (59.4)

Average low °C (°F) 2.6 (36.7) 2.4 (36.3) 4.1 (39.4) 5.4 (41.7) 8.4 (47.1) 11.5 (52.7) 13.9 (57) 13.7 (56.7) 11.2 (52.2) 8.3 (46.9) 5.1 (41.2) 2.8 (37) 7.5 (45.5)

Record low °C (°F) −10.0 (14) −9.0 (15.8) −8.0 (17.6) −2.0 (28.4) −1.0 (30.2) 5.0 (41) 7.0 (44.6) 6.0 (42.8) 3.0 (37.4) −4.0 (24.8) −5.0 (23) −7.0 (19.4) −10.0 (14)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.6 (2.031) 38.2 (1.504) 40.5 (1.594) 45.0 (1.772) 46.5 (1.831) 47.3 (1.862) 41.1 (1.618) 51.6 (2.031) 50.4 (1.984) 68.8 (2.709) 58.0 (2.283) 53.0 (2.087) 591.8 (23.299)

Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.8 8.5 9.6 9.4 9.0 8.3 8.0 7.6 8.5 10.7 10.1 9.9 110.4

Average snowy days 4 4 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 16

Average relative humidity (%) 81.0 76.0 69.0 64.0 62.0 60.0 60.0 62.0 67.0 73.0 78.0 82.0 69.5

Mean monthly sunshine hours 49.9 71.4 107.1 159.8 181.2 181.0 192.1 195.1 138.9 108.1 58.5 37.4 1,480.5

Source #1: Record highs and lows from BBC
BBC
Weather,[33] except August and February maximum from Met Office[34][35]

Source #2: All other data from Met Office,[36] except for humidity and snow data which are from NOAA[37]

Climate data for London
London
( Heathrow airport
Heathrow airport
1981−2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 8.1 (46.6) 8.4 (47.1) 11.3 (52.3) 14.2 (57.6) 17.9 (64.2) 21.0 (69.8) 23.5 (74.3) 23.2 (73.8) 19.9 (67.8) 15.5 (59.9) 11.1 (52) 8.3 (46.9) 15.2 (59.4)

Average low °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 2.1 (35.8) 3.9 (39) 5.5 (41.9) 8.7 (47.7) 11.7 (53.1) 13.9 (57) 13.7 (56.7) 11.4 (52.5) 8.4 (47.1) 4.9 (40.8) 2.7 (36.9) 7.4 (45.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 55.2 (2.173) 40.9 (1.61) 41.6 (1.638) 43.7 (1.72) 49.4 (1.945) 45.1 (1.776) 44.5 (1.752) 49.5 (1.949) 49.1 (1.933) 68.5 (2.697) 59.0 (2.323) 55.2 (2.173) 601.7 (23.689)

Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.1 8.5 9.3 9.1 8.8 8.2 7.7 7.5 8.1 10.8 10.3 10.2 109.6

Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.5 77.9 114.6 168.7 198.5 204.3 212.0 204.7 149.3 116.5 72.6 52.0 1,632.6

Source: Met Office[38]

Demography[edit]

Romford
Romford
compared (2001 Census)

Statistic Romford Town[39] Brooklands[40] Havering[39] London[39] England[39]

Ethnic group

White 12,247 11,987 213,421 5,103,203 44,679,361

Asian 388 374 4,088 866,693 2,248,289

Black 234 389 3,139 782,849 1,132,508

Mixed 200 161 2,298 226,111 643,373

Chinese/Other 131 113 1,302 193,235 435,300

Population

Total 13,200 13,024 224,248 7,172,091 49,138,831

Density(/hectare) 46.05 31.00 19.97 45.62 3.77

Households 5,829 5,361 91,722 3,015,997 20,451,427

The Havering committee area for Romford
Romford
is defined as the wards of Romford
Romford
Town and Brooklands.[41] Demographic data is produced by the Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
for these wards. In 2001 the population of Romford
Romford
Town was 13,200[39] and Brooklands was 13,024,[40] giving a total population of 26,224. In contrast, the approximate population of the area within the 2005 Romford
Romford
Urban Strategy was estimated to be 36,500.[8] 71.52% in Romford
Romford
Town and 70.48% in Brooklands report their religion as Christian, compared to 76.13% for Havering, 58.23% in London
London
and 71.74% in England. 15.71% in Romford
Romford
Town and 16.62% in Brooklands report having no religion, compared to 13.18% in Havering, 15.76% in London
London
and 14.59% in England.[39][40] In 2011, Romford
Romford
was 82% White British, 5.8% Asian, 5% Other White and 4.7% Black.[42] The area is also predominantly Christian with 64% of the residents being part of the religion. Economy[edit]

The market place

Romford
Romford
is recognised in the London Plan
London Plan
as one of 13 regionally significant metropolitan centres in Greater London, with a considerable catchment area.[8] The total commercial floorspace in the town was 353,258 square metres (3,802,440 sq ft) in 2002, of which 147,627 square metres (1,589,040 sq ft) was retail space and 63,357 square metres (681,970 sq ft) was offices. The retail space is growing and in 2005 consisted of 190,000 square metres (2,000,000 sq ft).[14] The retail economy is complemented by a central business district close to the railway station, where the offices of employers such as Aon are located. Employment in the town centre was categorised in 2002 as approximately 40% commercial office, 40% comparison retail, 10% hospitality, 5% public sector, 2.5% service retail and 2.5% arts and entertainment.[8] Compared to the similar east London
London
areas of Ilford, Stratford and Barking, there is more comparison retail and commercial office employment in Romford
Romford
and less public sector work.[8] The total turnover of £413,395,000 in 2002 for Romford
Romford
was larger than any other comparable town centre in east London
London
and approximately 70% came from the commercial office businesses.[8] There is a developed night time economy, greater than in any other metropolitan centre in Greater London, with 8,360 square metres (90,000 sq ft) of cinemas, theatres and concert hall space; 9,530 square metres (102,600 sq ft) of bars and pubs; 5,510 square metres (59,300 sq ft) of cafés and restaurants; and 2,680 square metres (28,800 sq ft) of fast food and take away venues.[9] The night time economy is almost as significant as the day economy with around 12,000 visits to Romford
Romford
during the day and 11,000 visits to pubs, clubs and bars at night.[8] Transport[edit] Further information: Transport in London
Transport in London
and Public transport in Havering Roads[edit] Romford's road centre is a dual-carriageway ring-road with three designations:

North from The Brewery roundabout along St Edwards Way to The Mercury Mall it is the A118 South from The Brewery roundabout to Oldchurch Roundabout it is the A125 East from Oldchurch Roundabout to The Mercury Mall
The Mercury Mall
it is the A1251

Radiating from the Ring Road:

The A118 runs east to west from Stratford in East London
East London
to the Gallows Corner. At the Gallows Corner, the road intersects with the A127 road
A127 road
to Southend[43] and the A12 trunk road between London
London
and East Anglia. The A125 runs north to south, from the A12 trunk road traffic lights with the B175, to the A1306 near Rainham. At Rush Green
Rush Green
the road intersects with the A124 which runs from Canning Town
Canning Town
to Upminster.

Inside the Ring Road, the area is now heavily pedestrianized, with key roads no longer thoroughfares.

South Street was originally the A125 main road connecting the A12 trunk road and the A13 trunk road High Street and Market Place was originally the A12 trunk road between London
London
and East Anglia.

The east to west road was originally the A12, with the existing A12 trunk road being the old A106 from Wanstead
Wanstead
to Gallows Corner
Gallows Corner
[44] Buses[edit] There are several bus routes:

Route Number Route Via Operator Operation

5 Romford Market
Romford Market
to Canning Town
Canning Town
Romford
Romford
Station , Queen's Hospital
Queen's Hospital
(Romford), Becontree Heath, Barking
Barking
, East Ham
East Ham
(Newham Town Hall), Upton Park (Green Street), Plaistow (Balaam Street) Go-Ahead London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

66 Romford
Romford
Station to Leytonstone Eastern Avenue (Whalebone Lane North), Newbury Park , Gants Hill , Redbridge , Wanstead
Wanstead
, New Wanstead Arriva London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

86 Romford
Romford
Station to Stratford Chadwell Heath
Chadwell Heath
, Goodmayes
Goodmayes
, Seven Kings
Seven Kings
, Ilford
Ilford
Broadway, Manor Park (Library), Forest Gate
Forest Gate
(Police Station) Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

103 Chase Cross
Chase Cross
to Rainham Interchange Eastern Avenue (Pettits Lane), Romford
Romford
Station , Becontree Heath, Dagenham
Dagenham
East Arriva London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

128 Romford
Romford
Station to Claybury Broadway Queen's Hospital
Queen's Hospital
(Romford), Becontree Heath, Goodmayes
Goodmayes
, Ilford
Ilford
, Gants Hill , Barkingside
Barkingside
(High Street) Arriva London 24 Hour (Daily). London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

165 Romford
Romford
The Brewery to Rainham Abbey Wood
Abbey Wood
Lane Romford
Romford
Station , Gidea Park
Gidea Park
(The Drill), Hornchurch
Hornchurch
(Town Centre), Elm Park
Elm Park
, Rainham (War Memorial) Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

174 Dagenham
Dagenham
Marsh Way to Harold Hill Dagenham
Dagenham
Heathway , Oxlow Lane (Dagenham), Romford
Romford
Station , Gallows Corner, Hilldene Avenue (Harold Hill) Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

175 Dagenham
Dagenham
New Road to Hillrise Estate Dagenham
Dagenham
Heathway , Becontree Heath, Queen's Hospital
Queen's Hospital
(Romford), Romford
Romford
Station , Collier Row Arriva London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

193 Romford
Romford
Queen's Hospital
Queen's Hospital
to County Park Estate Romford
Romford
Station , Osbourne Road (Hornchurch), Hornchurch
Hornchurch
(Town Centre), Hornchurch
Hornchurch
Station Go-Ahead London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

247 Romford
Romford
Station to Barkingside
Barkingside
Collier Row, Marks Gate, Hainault , Barkingside
Barkingside
(High Street) Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

248 Romford Market
Romford Market
to Cranham Romford
Romford
Station , Hornchurch
Hornchurch
(Town Centre), Upminster
Upminster
Bridge , Upminster
Upminster
, Upminster
Upminster
Park Estate Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

252 Collier Row
Collier Row
to Hornchurch
Hornchurch
Town Centre Romford
Romford
Station , Elm Park
Elm Park
, Hornchurch
Hornchurch
Station Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

294 Noak Hill
Noak Hill
to Havering Park Harold Hill, Harold Wood
Harold Wood
, Gidea Park
Gidea Park
, Romford
Romford
Station , Collier Row Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

296 Romford
Romford
Station to Ilford
Ilford
Broadway Rose Lane Estate, Marks Gate, Newbury Park , Gants Hill Stagecoach London 24 Hour (Weekend). London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

347 Romford
Romford
Station to Ockendon Gallows Corner
Gallows Corner
(Tesco), Harold Wood
Harold Wood
, Upminster
Upminster
, Cranham Arriva London Mon-Sat Shopping Hours. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

365 Havering Park to Orchard Village Collier Row, Romford
Romford
Station , Queen's Hospital
Queen's Hospital
(Romford), Abbs Cross, Elm Park
Elm Park
, Mungo Park Road Stagecoach London 24 Hour (Daily). London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

370 Romford Market
Romford Market
to Lakeside Romford
Romford
Station , Gidea Park
Gidea Park
(The Drill), Hornchurch
Hornchurch
(Town Centre), Upminster
Upminster
Bridge , Upminster
Upminster
, Corbets Tey Arriva London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

375 Romford
Romford
Station to Passingford Bridge Collier Row, Chase Cross, Stapleford Abbotts Arriva London Monday to Saturday. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

496 Romford
Romford
Queen's Hospital
Queen's Hospital
to Harold Wood
Harold Wood
Romford
Romford
Station , Gidea Park
Gidea Park
, Gallows Corner, Harold Hill Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

498 Romford
Romford
Queen's Hospital
Queen's Hospital
to Brentwood Sainsbury's Romford
Romford
Station , Gallows Corner, Harold Park, Brentwood (High Street) Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

499 Gallows Corner
Gallows Corner
Tesco to Heath Park Estate Harold Hill, Noak Hill, Romford
Romford
Station , Queen's Hospital (Romford), Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

575 Romford
Romford
The Brewery to Harlow Romford
Romford
Station , Chase Cross, Stapleford Abbotts, Passingford Bridge, Abridge, Debden , Epping (High Road) Go-Ahead London Monday to Friday. Times

648 Romford Market
Romford Market
to Cranham Romford
Romford
Station , Hornchurch
Hornchurch
(Town Centre), Upminster
Upminster
Bridge , Upminster
Upminster
Go-Ahead London Mon-Fri Schooldays. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

649 Romford
Romford
Parkside Avenue to Campion School Romford
Romford
Station , Gidea Park
Gidea Park
, Parkstone Avenue Go-Ahead London Mon-Fri Schooldays. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

650 Romford
Romford
Parkside Avenue to Emerson Park
Emerson Park
School Romford
Romford
Station , Gidea Park
Gidea Park
, Parkstone Avenue Go-Ahead London Mon-Fri Schooldays. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

651 Romford
Romford
Station to Bower Park School Eastern Avenue (Mawney Road), Collier Row, Havering Park Go-Ahead London Mon-Fri Schooldays. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

686 St Edward's School to Romford
Romford
Station or Harold Hill Towards Romford
Romford
Station : Romford
Romford
Market, Western Road (Romford) Towards Harold Hill: Romford
Romford
Market, Gallows Corner, Hilldene Avenue (Harold Hill)

Go-Ahead London Mon-Fri Schooldays. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

N15 Romford Market
Romford Market
to Oxford Circus Romford
Romford
Station , Becontree Heath, Barking
Barking
, East Ham
East Ham
(Newham Town Hall), Upton Park (Green Street), Plaistow (Balaam Street), Canning Town , Poplar , Limehouse
Limehouse
, Aldgate , Tower Hill , St Paul's Cathedral, Aldwych, Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
(Charing Cross) , Piccadilly Circus Go-Ahead London Every night. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

N86 Harold Hill
Harold Hill
to Stratford Hilldene Avenue (Harold Hill), Gallows Corner, Romford
Romford
Station , Chadwell Heath
Chadwell Heath
, Goodmayes
Goodmayes
, Seven Kings
Seven Kings
, Ilford
Ilford
Broadway, Manor Park (Library), Forest Gate
Forest Gate
(Police Station) Stagecoach London Every night. London Buses
London Buses
service. Times

UL18 Romford
Romford
Station to Stratford City Chadwell Heath
Chadwell Heath
, Goodmayes
Goodmayes
, Seven Kings
Seven Kings
, Ilford
Ilford
, Manor Park , Forest Gate
Forest Gate
, Maryland Abellio London Rail Replacement Bus Service, operating mainly on weekends and Bank Holidays only.

UL51 Shenfield
Shenfield
to Chadwell Heath
Chadwell Heath
Brentwood , Harold Wood
Harold Wood
, Gidea Park
Gidea Park
, Romford
Romford
Sullivan Buses Rail Replacement Bus Service, operating mainly on weekends and Bank Holidays only.

Coaches[edit] National Express
National Express
operate a daily 481 service from London
London
to Ipswich via Colchester, and a daily 484 service from London
London
to Walton-on-the-Naze
Walton-on-the-Naze
via Colchester
Colchester
and Clacton. Railway[edit]

Romford
Romford
railway station

The town is served by Romford railway station
Romford railway station
on the TfL Rail
TfL Rail
in London
London
fare zone 6.[45] Trains calling at the station are formed of the high-frequency Liverpool Street- Shenfield
Shenfield
local TfL Rail service.[46] Some Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia
services to/from Southend Victoria and Colchester
Colchester
Town also call at the station. A branch line shuttle on the Romford
Romford
to Upminster
Upminster
Line connects Romford
Romford
to Upminster, operated by London
London
Overground.[46] It is planned that the Liverpool Street- Shenfield
Shenfield
service will be replaced by Crossrail
Crossrail
in 2018[47] and there is a proposal that Romford will be served by a future extension of the East London
East London
Transit.[48] Air[edit] Romford
Romford
had an airport for passenger flights in the early 1930s located at Maylands Aerodrome. This is now the site of Maylands Golf Club on the A12. Regular services to Clacton
Clacton
were operated by E.H. Hillman using Puss Moth and Fox Moth aircraft and The Midland & Scottish Air Ferries operated regular flights from Romford
Romford
to Glasgow. There were expansion plans for E.H. Hillman to expand services to Paris, Glasgow and Belfast, but operations moved from Romford
Romford
to Stapleford Aerodrome
Stapleford Aerodrome
in the mid 1930s.[49] A conflict of interest between The Midland & Scottish Air Ferries and Scottish Motor Traction saw services cease in the mid 1930s.[50] Religion[edit]

St Edward the Confessor
Edward the Confessor
Church, Romford's original church

There are several churches in Romford. Confusingly, two of them are dedicated to Edward the Confessor, one of England's two kings that were made saints, and who lived at Havering-atte-Bower
Havering-atte-Bower
nearby. The main church, which is Anglican, is Romford's original church and situated in Market Place, in the heart of the town. The other one, which is Roman Catholic, is located to the north of the town centre, in Park End Road. Other churches in the town centre include Trinity Methodist Church, in Angel Way; Salem Baptist Chapel in London
London
Road; and another Anglican church, Saint Andrew's, in Saint Andrew's Road. All are located to the west. Romford
Romford
also has a synagogue, in Eastern Road, consecrated on 25 May 1956.[51] Saint Edward the Confessor's Church (Church of England)[edit] Main article: St Edward the Confessor
Edward the Confessor
Church, Romford The current church building, with its prominent spire, dates from 1850, and was designed by John Johnson. It is located on Market Place and replaced an earlier church of 1410. It has several monuments to the Hervey and Cooke families. Saint Edward the Confessor's Church (Roman Catholic)[edit] This church replaced a temporary building which stood on the site from 1854, and was built with money and on land donated by William Petre, 12th Baron Petre, who was from a prominent Catholic family; he was also responsible for other churches in Essex
Essex
at Barking, Ongar, Brentwood and Chelmsford. Of relatively modest size and in a then rural location, St Edward’s was amongst the first 19th century churches built in Essex
Essex
under the Catholic Diocese of Westminster, established in 1850. The church was dedicated in May 1856 by Nicholas Wiseman, the first Archbishop of Westminster, and designed by the London-based architect Daniel Cubitt Nichols.[52] In 1917, a gallery was added to the west end of the chancel, and in 1934 the North Chapel was added. The Church is built in the 13th century English Gothic style in coursed ragstone with a red-tiled roof and a central wooden belfry, topped by a splayed-foot spire and small dormers at the west end. The plan is of an aisle-less nave with a lower chancel, north chapel and south porch with a stair tower for the gallery (all at the west end of the church), with a sacristy linking it to the presbytery in the north-east corner. The windows are of Bath stone.[52] Saint Andrew's Church[edit]

Saint Andrew's Church, Romford

Saint Andrew's Church was built to cope with the growing population of Romford
Romford
in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It was built in 1861-2 by John Johnson, the same architect who designed the present Saint Edward the Confessor's Church.[53] Trinity Methodist Church[edit]

Trinity Methodist Church

The red brick Trinity Methodist Church was completed in 1888. It has survived many troubles, including flooding in its opening year, damage on the night of 8/9 December 1940 by enemy action, and an arson attack on Christmas Eve 1980, when the church was only just saved from complete destruction by the presence of a police officer in a patrol car nearby, who managed to call the fire brigade.[54] Salem Baptist Chapel[edit] Salem Chapel stands on land which had been part of the old Napoleonic Barrack Ground. Hence the name for the nearby Waterloo Road. The land was auctioned in 1839, and in the following year the purchaser, a Mr George Gould, himself a Baptist, sold two plots fronting the London Road for the erection of a Baptist Chapel. The land was purchased and fenced for the sum of £300 which was raised by way of a mortgage. The original meeting room, (now the Church Parlour) was built and opened in July 1840. The present chapel was completed and opened in 1847.[55] Culture[edit]

Welcome sign at Roneo Corner with the coat of arms and motto of Havering London
London
Borough Council

Havering Council's urban strategy aims to make Romford
Romford
a cultural destination, whilst recognising that Hornchurch
Hornchurch
forms the main cultural hub of the borough with a large theatre and arts spaces.[8] As a former market and coaching town, Romford
Romford
is well served by public houses and two that are located in the market place are listed buildings.[56] The market and adjacent streets also form a conservation area.[8][57] Mass entertainment facilities in the town include the Brookside Theatre, Romford
Romford
Greyhound Stadium, one of the few remaining dog racing tracks in London;[58] 2 multi-screen cinemas;[8] and until April 2013 Romford
Romford
Ice Arena, which was home to the local Romford Raiders ice hockey team.[59][60] The Dolphin Centre was a popular swimming and leisure facility located in the town from 1982 to 1995, but the site was redeveloped into the current Axis residential tower block and Asda
Asda
superstore in the mid-2000s. There is also a Romford F.C. associated with the town.[61] Romford
Romford
Bowls Club, the premier bowls club in Essex, is based in Lodge Farm Park. The town is strongly associated with the electronic music group Underworld.[62]

“ Ride the sainted rhythms on the midnight train to Romford ”

— Dirty Epic on dubnobasswithmyheadman, Underworld (1994)[62]

Romford's position as a focus for electronic music production was reinforced by the presence of the Strictly Underground and Suburban Base record labels, with Suburban Base developing from the Boogie Times record store.[63] According to a Billboard article in 1992, Romford-produced dance music formed part of a trend favouring suburban and provincial "bedroom" record labels over those in central London.[64] In popular culture[edit] In 2013, the film Death Walks was filmed in Romford
Romford
over a four-month period. The cult TV series Garth Marenghi's Darkplace
Garth Marenghi's Darkplace
was set in the fictional Darkplace Hospital, in Romford. Local media[edit] The local newspapers for the town and the borough of Havering are the Romford
Romford
Recorder, Romford and Havering Post
Romford and Havering Post
and Romford
Romford
Yellow Advertiser. Two radio stations are located in the area: Time 107.5 [65] and Bedrock (hospital radio)[66] See also[edit]

List of people from Havering List of schools in Havering

References[edit]

^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/romford/ ^ Mayor of London
London
(February 2008). " London Plan
London Plan
(Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Retrieved 6 August 2009.  ^ a b c d e f g Powell, W.R. (Edr.) (1978). Romford: Economic History, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 7. Victoria County History. British History Online. Retrieved 6 August 2009.  ^ a b c Powell, W.R. (Edr.) (1978). The liberty of Havering-atte-Bower, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 7. Victoria County History. British History Online. Retrieved 16 August 2009.  ^ a b c Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Romford
Romford
parish (created 1900) population. Retrieved 6 August 2009. ^ a b c d Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Romford
Romford
UD/MB (historic map). Retrieved 14 August 2009. ^ Young, K. & Garside, P., (1982). Metropolitan London: Politics and Urban Change 1837-1981. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Urban Practitioners & Allies and Morrison (July 2005). " Romford
Romford
Urban Strategy". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ a b Mayor of London
London
(June 2006). "Managing the Night Time Economy" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Romford parish (abolished 1894) population. Retrieved 6 August 2009. ^ Weinreb, Ben, and Hibbert, Christopher (1992). The London Encyclopaedia (reprint ed.). Macmillan. p. 675. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ a b c d e f g Powell, W.R. (Edr.) (1978). Romford: Introduction, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 7. Victoria County History. British History Online. Retrieved 6 August 2009.  ^ "Archaeological Investigations Project 2001: Greater London" (PDF). Bournemouth University. 2001. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ a b Havering London
London
Borough Council. " Romford
Romford
Town Centre". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 6 August 2009.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Powell, W.R. (Edr.) (1978). Romford: Local government, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 7. Victoria County History. British History Online. Retrieved 6 August 2009.  ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Havering atte Bower liberty. Retrieved 6 August 2009. ^ Robson, William (1939). The Government and Mis-government of London. London: Allen & Unwin.  ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Havering LB (historic map). Retrieved 6 August 2009. ^ Crang, Crang & May (1999). Virtual Geographies. Routledge.  ^ " London
London
Telephone Area in 1916". Private Line. Archived from the original on 14 December 2006. Retrieved 14 August 2008.  ^ "2001 Census, Census Area Statistics, Key Figures, Area: Romford ( Westminster
Westminster
Parliamentary Constituency)". Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ "Brooklands Ward". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ "Havering Park Ward". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ "Mawneys Ward". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ "Pettits Ward". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ " Romford
Romford
Town Ward". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ "Squirrel's Heath Ward". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ "Hylands Ward". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ Mills, A.D. (2001). Dictionary of London
London
Place Names. Oxford.  ^ Mayor of London
London
(2004). "The blue ribbon network". Greater London Authority. Archived from the original on 31 May 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ Robson, William (1939). The Government and Mis-government of London. London: Allen & Unwin. pp. 26–27.  ^ Royal Mail
Royal Mail
(2004). Address Management Guide. Royal Mail
Royal Mail
Group. p. 168.  ^ "London, Greater London: Average conditions". BBC Weather
BBC Weather
Website. BBC
BBC
Weather. Archived from the original on 28 February 2011.  ^ "August 2003 — Hot spell". Met Office
Met Office
Website. Met Office. Archived from the original on 28 February 2011.  ^ "Monthly temperature records by country". Met Office
Met Office
Website. Met Office. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
1981−2010 averages". Met Office
Met Office
Website. Met Office. Retrieved 10 April 2013.  ^ "NOAA". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 20 October 2013.  ^ "Heathrow Climate period: 1981−2010". Met Office
Met Office
Website. Met Office. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ a b c d e f Neighbourhood Statistics (2001). "2001 Census: Census Area Statistics, Area: Romford
Romford
Town (Ward)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 August 2008.  ^ a b c Neighbourhood Statistics (2001). "2001 Census: Census Area Statistics, Area: Brooklands (Ward)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 August 2008.  ^ Romford
Romford
Area Committee (June 2009). " Romford
Romford
Area Committee (Brooklands and Romford
Romford
Town Wards) Agenda". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2008.  ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/romford/ ^ "Map of Havering". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Retrieved 16 August 2008.  ^ Sabre Maps 51.57607,0.17049 ^ Transport for London
London
(March 2009). "High frequency services" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Retrieved 14 August 2008.  ^ a b National Express East Anglia
National Express East Anglia
(May 2009). "Table 6" (PDF). National Express. Retrieved 13 August 2009.  ^ " Crossrail
Crossrail
maps: Route map". Crossrail. Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ Transport for London. " East London
East London
Transit". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 6 August 2009.  ^ http://www.airfieldinformationexchange.org/community/showthread.php?11490-Maylands-(Romford)[dead link] ^ Hutchison, Iain. "Trade and Communications: Airways". The Glasgow Story. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.  ^ " Romford
Romford
and District Synagogue". Jewish Historical Records. Retrieved 27 February 2015.  ^ a b "St Edward's Roman Catholic Parish - A Brief History". St Edward's RC Church, Romford. Retrieved 26 February 2015.  ^ "Saint Andrew's Church Romford
Romford
- Photographs and History". Essex Churches. Retrieved 27 February 2015.  ^ "History of Trinity". Trinity Church Romford. Retrieved 27 February 2015.  ^ "Salem Baptist Church - History". Salem Baptist Church. Retrieved 27 February 2015.  ^ "Listed buildings in Romford". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2010.  ^ Planning Department (2006). " Romford
Romford
Conservation Area". Havering London
London
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2009.  ^ BBC News
BBC News
(19 May 2008). " Walthamstow
Walthamstow
race track to close". BBC. Retrieved 16 August 2009.  ^ "Hockey is Back!". Romford
Romford
Ice Arena. Archived from the original on 6 April 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ "Skaters left without a home as doors close on ice rink". Romford Recorder. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ Romford
Romford
Football Club. "History". Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ a b Ben Thompson (25 August 2000). "On top of the Underworld". London: The Independent. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  ^ Shapiro, Peter (1999). Drum 'n' bass: the rough guide. Rough Guides.  ^ Sexton, Paul (August 1992). UK indies step outside london for dance hits. Billboard.  ^ "Time FM". Time 107.5.  ^ "Bedrock (Hospital Radio)". Bedrock (Hospital Radio). 

Further reading[edit]

James Thorne (1876), "Romford", Handbook to the Environs of London, London: John Murray 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Romford.

Havering London
London
Borough Council: A history of Romford Romford
Romford
Now & Then Romford
Romford
photos, maps and memories

v t e

London
London
Borough of Havering

Districts

Ardleigh Green Chase Cross Coldharbour Collier Row Cranham Elm Park Emerson Park Frog Island Gallows Corner Gidea Park Hacton Harold Hill Harold Park Harold Wood Havering-atte-Bower Heath Park Hornchurch Noak Hill North Ockendon Rainham Rise Park Romford Rush Green South Hornchurch Upminster Upminster
Upminster
Bridge Wennington

Attractions

CEME The Diver Havering Museum Langtons Queen's Theatre Rainham Hall Rainham War Memorial The Rom Tithe Barn Museum Upminster
Upminster
Windmill

Major retail

The Brewery The Liberty The Mercury Romford
Romford
Market

Places of worship

St Andrew, Hornchurch St Edward the Confessor, Romford St John, South Hornchurch St Helen and St Giles, Rainham St Laurence, Upminster St Mary Magdalene, North Ockendon

Parks and open spaces

Bedfords Park Dagnam Park Harrow Lodge Park Havering Country Park Hornchurch
Hornchurch
Country Park Hylands Park Pyrgo Park Tylers Common Wildspace Conservation Park Upminster
Upminster
Park

Constituencies

Dagenham
Dagenham
and Rainham (part) Hornchurch
Hornchurch
and Upminster Romford

Tube and rail stations

Elm Park Emerson Park Gidea Park Harold Wood Hornchurch Rainham Romford Upminster Upminster
Upminster
Bridge

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Public transport Schools

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London
London
Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan
London Plan
2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greater Lond

.