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A 20th-century system of plant taxonomy, the Reveal system (see also the Thorne & Reveal system[1][2]) of plant classification was drawn up by the American botanist James Reveal
James Reveal
(1941-2015). The system was published online in 1997 in ten parts[3] as lecture notes comparing the major systems in use at that time.[4] Subsequently, Reveal became an author with the consensus Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) on the APG II 2003[5] and APG III 2009[6][7] processes. Although this largely supplanted the earlier and competing systems, he collaborated with Robert Thorne on his system (2007),[2] and subsequently continued to develop his own system.[1][8]

Contents

1 1997 system 2 References 3 Bibliography 4 External links

1997 system[edit]

division Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
[= angiosperms]

class Magnoliopsida

subclass Magnoliidae

class Piperopsida

subclass Piperidae subclass Nymphaeidae subclass Nelumbonidae

class Liliopsida [= monocots]

subclass Triurididae subclass Aridae subclass Liliidae subclass Arecidae subclass Commelinidae subclass Zingiberidae

class Ranunculopsida

subclass Ranunculidae

class Rosopsida

subclass Caryophyllidae subclass Hamamelididae subclass Dilleniidae subclass Rosidae subclass Cornidae subclass Lamiidae subclass Asteridae

In more detail:

division 6. Magnoliophyta

class 1. Magnoliopsida

subclass 1. Magnoliidae

superorder 1. Magnolianae

order 1. Winterales

family 1. Winteraceae

order 2. Canellales

family 1. Canellaceae

order 3. Illiciales

family 1. Illiciaceae family 2. Schisandraceae

order 4. Magnoliales

family 1. Degeneriaceae family 2. Himantandraceae family 3. Magnoliaceae

order 5. Eupomatiales

family 1. Eupomatiaceae

order 6. Annonales

family 1. Annonaceae

order 7. Myristicales

family 1. Myristicaceae

order 8. Austrobaileyales

family 1. Austrobaileyaceae

superorder 2. Lauranae

order 1. Laurales

family 1. Amborellaceae family 2. Trimeniaceae family 3. Monimiaceae family 4. Gomortegaceae family 5. Hernandiaceae family 6. Lauraceae

order 2. Calycanthales

family 1. Calycanthaceae family 2. Idiospermaceae

order 3. Chloranthales

family 1. Chloranthaceae

class 2. Piperopsida

subclass 1. Piperidae

superorder 1. Piperanae

order 1. Piperales

family 1. Saururaceae family 2. Piperaceae

superorder 2. Lactoridanae

order 1. Lactoridales

family 1. Lactoridaceae

order 2. Aristolochiales

family 1. Aristolochiaceae

superorder 3. Rafflesianae

order 1. Hydnorales

family 1. Hydnoraceae

order 2. Rafflesiales

family 1. Apodanthaceae family 2. Mitrastemonaceae family 3. Rafflesiaceae family 4. Cytinaceae

superorder 4. Balanophoranae

order 1. Cynomoriales

family 1. Cynomoriaceae

order 2. Balanophorales

family 1. Mystropetalaceae family 2. Dactylanthaceae family 3. Lophophytaceae family 4. Sarcophytaceae family 5. Scybaliaceae family 6. Heloseaceae family 7. Langsdorffiaceae family 8. Balanophoraceae

subclass 2. Nymphaeidae

superorder 1. Nymphaeanae

order 1. Nymphaeales

family 1. Nymphaeaceae family 2. Barclayaceae

subclass 3. Nelumbonidae

superorder 1. Nelumbonanae

order 1. Nelumbonales

family 1. Nelumbonaceae

order 2. Hydropeltidales

family 1. Hydropeltidaceae family 2. Cabombaceae

superorder 2. Ceratophyllanae

order 1. Ceratophyllales

family 1. Ceratophyllaceae

class 3. Liliopsida

subclass 1. Alismatidae

superorder 1. Butomanae

order 1. Butomales

family 1. Butomaceae

superorder 2. Alismatanae

order 1. Alismatales

family 1. Limnocharitaceae family 2. Alismataceae

order 2. Hydrocharitales

family 1. Hydrocharitaceae

order 3. Aponogetonales

family 1. Aponogetonaceae

order 4. Najadales

family 1. Najadaceae

order 5. Juncaginales

family 1. Scheuchzeriaceae family 2. Juncaginaceae

order 6. Potamogetonales

family 1. Potamogetonaceae family 2. Ruppiaceae family 3. Zannichelliaceae family 4. Zosteraceae family 5. Posidoniaceae family 6. Cymodoceaceae

subclass 2. Triurididae

superorder 1. Triuridanae

order 1. Triuridales

family 1. Triuridaceae

subclass 3. Aridae

superorder 1. Acoranae

order 1. Acorales

family 1. Acoraceae

superorder 2. Aranae

order 1. Arales

family 1. Araceae

superorder 3. Cyclanthanae

order 1. Cyclanthales

family 1. Cyclanthaceae

superorder 4. Pandananae

order 1. Pandanales

family 1. Pandanaceae

subclass 4. Liliidae

order 1. Lilianae order 1. Tofieldiales

family 1. Tofieldiaceae

order 2. Dioscoreales

family 1. Trichopodaceae family 2. Stenomeridaceae family 3. Avetraceae family 4. Dioscoreaceae family 5. Stemonaceae family 6. Croomiaceae family 7. Pentastemonaceae family 8. Taccaceae

order 3. Smilacales

family 1. Ripogonaceae family 2. Smilacaceae family 3. Petermanniaceae

order 4. Nartheciales

family 1. Nartheciaceae

order 5. Petrosaviales

family 1. Petrosaviaceae

order 6. Melanthiales

family 1. Chionographidaceae family 2. Heloniadaceae family 3. Xerophyllaceae family 4. Melanthiaceae family 5. Japonoliriaceae family 6. Campynemataceae

order 7. Trilliales

family 1. Trilliaceae

order 8. Alstroemeriales

family 1. Alstroemeriaceae

order 9. Colchicales

family 1. Burchardiaceae family 2. Colchicaceae family 3. Tricyrtidaceae family 4. Uvulariaceae family 5. Scoliopaceae family 6. Calochortaceae

order 10. Liliales

family 1. Liliaceae family 2. Medeolaceae

order 11. Hypoxidales

family 1. Hypoxidaceae

order 12. Orchidales

family 1. Orchidaceae

order 13. Tecophilaeales

family 1. Lanariaceae family 2. Ixioliriaceae family 3. Walleriaceae family 4. Tecophilaeaceae family 5. Cyanastraceae family 6. Eriospermaceae

order 14. Iridales

family 1. Iridaceae

order 15. Burmanniales

family 1. Burmanniaceae family 2. Corsiaceae

order 16. Amaryllidales

family 1. Hyacinthaceae family 2. Themidaceae family 3. Alliaceae family 4. Hesperocallidaceae family 5. Amaryllidaceae

order 17. Asparagales

family 2. Convallariaceae family 3. Ophiopogonaceae family 4. Asparagaceae

order 18. Asteliales

family 1. Dracaenaceae family 2. Ruscaceae family 3. Nolinaceae family 4. Asteliaceae family 6. Geitonoplesiaceae family 7. Luzuriagaceae family 8. Philesiaceae

order 19. Hanguanales

family 1. Hanguanaceae

order 20. Agavales

family 1. Dasypogonaceae family 2. Calectasiaceae family 3. Hemerocallidaceae family 4. Blandfordiaceae family 5. Xanthorrhoeaceae family 6. Agavaceae family 7. Anthericaceae family 8. Laxmanniaceae family 9. Herreriaceae family 10. Phormiaceae family 11. Johnsoniaceae family 12. Doryanthaceae family 13. Asphodelaceae family 14. Aloaceae family 15. Aphyllanthaceae family 16. Hostaceae

subclass 5. Arecidae

superorder 1. Arecanae

order 1. Arecales

family 1. Arecaceae

subclass 6. Commelinidae

superorder 1. Bromelianae

order 1. Bromeliales

family 1. Bromeliaceae

order 2. Velloziales

family 1. Velloziaceae

superorder 2. Pontederianae

order 1. Haemodorales

family 1. Haemodoraceae

order 2. Philydrales

family 1. Philydraceae

order 3. Pontederiales

family 1. Pontederiaceae

superorder 3. Commelinanae

order 1. Xyridales

family 1. Rapateaceae family 2. Xyridaceae family 3. Mayacaceae

order 2. Commelinales

family 1. Commelinaceae

order 3. Eriocaulales

family 1. Eriocaulaceae

superorder 4. Hydatellanae

order 1. Hydatellales

family 1. Hydatellaceae

superorder 5. Typhanae

order 1. Typhales

family 1. Typhaceae family 2. Sparganiaceae

superorder 6. Juncanae

order 1. Juncales

family 1. Juncaceae family 2. Thurniaceae

order 2. Cyperales

family 1. Cyperaceae

order 3. Flagellariales order 4. Restionales

family 1. Flagellariaceae family 2. Joinvilleaceae family 3. Restionaceae family 4. Anarthriaceae family 5. Ecdeiocoleaceae family 6. Centrolepidaceae

order 5. Poales

family 1. Poaceae

subclass 7. Zingiberidae

superorder 1. Zingiberanae

order 1. Zingiberales

family 1. Strelitziaceae family 2. Heliconiaceae family 3. Musaceae family 4. Lowiaceae family 5. Zingiberaceae family 6. Costaceae family 7. Cannaceae family 8. Marantaceae

class 4. Ranunculopsida

subclass 1. Ranunculidae

superorder 1. Ranunculanae

order 1. Lardizabalales

family 1. Lardizabalaceae family 2. Sargentodoxaceae family 3. Decaisneaceae

order 2. Menispermales

family 1. Menispermaceae

order 3. Berberidales

family 1. Nandinaceae family 2. Berberidaceae family 3. Ranzaniaceae family 4. Podophyllaceae family 5. Leonticaceae

order 4. Ranunculales

family 1. Hydrastidaceae family 2. Ranunculaceae

order 5. Circaeasterales

family 1. Kingdoniaceae family 2. Circaeasteraceae

order 6. Glaucidiales

family 1. Glaucidiaceae

order 7. Paeoniales

family 1. Paeoniaceae

order 8. Papaverales

family 1. Pteridophyllaceae family 2. Papaveraceae

class 5. Rosopsida

subclass 1. Caryophyllidae

superorder 1. Caryophyllanae

order 1. Caryophyllales

family 1. Achatocarpaceae family 2. Portulacaceae family 3. Hectorellaceae family 4. Basellaceae family 5. Didiereaceae family 6. Cactaceae family 7. Stegnospermataceae family 8. Phytolaccaceae family 9. Petiveriaceae family 10. Gisekiaceae family 11. Agdestidaceae family 12. Barbeuiaceae family 13. Nyctaginaceae family 14. Sarcobataceae family 15. Aizoaceae family 16. Sesuviaceae family 17. Tetragoniaceae family 18. Halophytaceae family 19. Molluginaceae family 20. Chenopodiaceae family 21. Amaranthaceae family 22. Caryophyllaceae

superorder 2. Polygonanae

order 1. Polygonales

family 1. Polygonaceae

superorder 3. Plumbaginanae

order 1. Plumbaginales

family 1. Plumbaginaceae

subclass 2. Hamamelididae

superorder 1. Trochodendranae

order 1. Trochodendrales

family 1. Trochodendraceae family 2. Tetracentraceae

order 2. Eupteleales

family 1. Eupteleaceae

order 3. Cercidiphyllales

family 1. Cercidiphyllaceae

superorder 2. Myrothamnanae

order 1. Myrothamnales

family 1. Myrothamnaceae

superorder 3. Hamamelidanae

order 1. Hamamelidales

family 1. Hamamelidaceae family 2. Altingiaceae family 3. Platanaceae

superorder 4. Casuarinanae

order 1. Casuarinales

family 1. Casuarinaceae

superorder 5. Daphniphyllanae

order 1. Barbeyales

family 1. Barbeyaceae

order 2. Daphniphyllales

family 1. Daphniphyllaceae

order 3. Balanopales

family 1. Balanopaceae

order 4. Didymelales

family 1. Didymelaceae

order 5. Buxales

family 1. Buxaceae

order 6. Simmondsiales

family 1. Simmondsiaceae

superorder 6. Juglandanae

order 1. Fagales

family 1. Nothofagaceae family 2. Fagaceae

order 2. Corylales

family 1. Betulaceae family 2. Corylaceae family 2. Stylocerataceae family 3. Ticodendraceae

order 3. Myricales

family 1. Myricaceae

order 4. Rhoipteleales

family 1. Rhoipteleaceae

order 5. Juglandales

family 1. Juglandaceae

subclass 3. Dilleniidae

superorder 1. Dillenianae

order 1. Dilleniales

family 1. Dilleniaceae

superorder 2. Theanae

order 1. Paracryphiales

family 1. Paracryphiaceae

order 2. Theales

family 1. Stachyuraceae family 2. Theaceae family 3. Asteropeiaceae family 4. Pentaphylacaceae family 5. Tetrameristaceae family 6. Oncothecaceae family 7. Marcgraviaceae family 8. Caryocaraceae family 9. Pellicieraceae family 10. Clusiaceae

order 3. Physenales

family 1. Physenaceae

order 4. Ochnales

family 1. Medusagynaceae family 2. Strasburgeriaceae family 3. Scytopetalaceae family 4. Ochnaceae family 5. Quiinaceae

order 5. Elatinales

family 1. Elatinaceae

order 6. Ancistrocladales

family 1. Ancistrocladaceae

order 7. Dioncophyllales

family 1. Dioncophyllaceae

superorder 3. Lecythidanae

order 1. Lecythidales

family 1. Lecythidaceae family 2. Asteranthaceae family 3. Napoleonaeaceae family 4. Foetidiaceae

superorder 4. Sarracenianae

order 1. Sarraceniales

family 1. Sarraceniaceae

superorder 5. Nepenthanae

order 1. Nepenthales

family 1. Nepenthaceae

order 2. Droserales

family 1. Droseraceae

superorder 6. Ericanae

order 1. Actinidiales

family 1. Actinidiaceae

order 2. Ericales

family 1. Cyrillaceae family 2. Clethraceae family 3. Ericaceae

order 3. Diapensiales

family 1. Diapensiaceae

order 4. Bruniales

family 1. Bruniaceae family 2. Grubbiaceae

order 5. Geissolomatales

family 1. Geissolomataceae

order 6. Fouquieriales

family 1. Fouquieriaceae

superorder 7. Primulanae

order 1. Styracales

family 1. Styracaceae family 2. Symplocaceae family 3. Ebenaceae family 4. Lissocarpaceae family 5. Sapotaceae

order 2. Primulales

family 1. Theophrastaceae family 2. Myrsinaceae family 3. Primulaceae

superorder 8. Violanae

order 1. Violales

family 1. Berberidopsidaceae family 2. Aphloiaceae family 3. Bembiciaceae family 4. Flacourtiaceae family 5. Lacistemataceae family 6. Peridiscaceae family 7. Violaceae family 8. Dipentodontaceae family 9. Scyphostegiaceae

order 2. Passiflorales

family 1. Passifloraceae family 2. Turneriaceae family 3. Malesherbiaceae family 4. Achariaceae

order 3. Caricales

family 1. Caricaceae

order 4. Salicales

family 1. Salicaceae

order 5. Elaeocarpales

family 1. Elaeocarpaceae

order 6. Tamaricales

family 1. Tamaricaceae family 2. Frankeniaceae

superorder 9. Capparanae

order 1. Moringales

family 1. Moringaceae

order 2. Gyrostemonales

family 1. Gyrostemonaceae

order 3. Batales

family 1. Bataceae

order 4. Capparales

family 1. Koeberliniaceae family 2. Pentadiplandraceae family 3. Capparaceae family 4. Brassicaceae family 5. Tovariaceae family 6. Resedaceae

superorder 10. Malvanae

order 1. Cistales

family 1. Bixaceae family 2. Cochlospermaceae family 3. Cistaceae family 4. Diegodendraceae

order 2. Malvales

family 1. Tiliaceae family 2. Dirachmaceae family 3. Monotaceae family 4. Dipterocarpaceae family 5. Sarcolaenaceae family 6. Plagiopteraceae family 7. Huaceae family 8. Sterculiaceae family 9. Sphaerosepalaceae family 10. Bombacaceae family 11. Malvaceae

order 3. Thymelaeales

family 1. Gonystylaceae family 2. Thymelaeaceae

superorder 11. Cucurbitanae

order 1. Begoniales

family 1. Datiscaceae family 2. Begoniaceae

order 2. Cucurbitales

family 1. Cucurbitaceae

superorder 12. Urticanae

order 1. Urticales

family 1. Ulmaceae family 2. Celtidaceae family 3. Moraceae family 4. Cecropiaceae family 5. Urticaceae family 6. Cannabaceae

superorder 13. Euphorbianae

order 1. Euphorbiales

family 1. Euphorbiaceae family 2. Pandaceae family 3. Dichapetalaceae

subclass 4. Rosidae

superorder 1. Saxifraganae

order 1. Cunoniales

family 1. Cunoniaceae family 2. Davidsoniaceae family 3. Eucryphiaceae family 4. Brunelliaceae

order 2. Cephalotales

family 1. Cephalotaceae

order 3. Greyiales

family 1. Greyiaceae

order 4. Francoales

family 1. Francoaceae

order 5. Crossosomatales

family 1. Crossosomataceae

order 6. Saxifragales

family 1. Tetracarpaeaceae family 2. Penthoraceae family 3. Crassulaceae family 4. Grossulariaceae family 5. Pterostemonaceae family 6. Iteaceae family 7. Saxifragaceae

superorder 2. Podostemanae

order 1. Gunnerales

family 1. Gunneraceae

order 2. Haloragales

family 1. Haloragaceae

order 3. Podostemales

family 1. Podostemaceae

superorder 3. Celastranae

order 1. Brexiales

family 1. Brexiaceae

order 2. Parnassiales

family 1. Parnassiaceae family 2. Lepuropetalaceae

order 3. Celastrales

family 1. Celastraceae family 2. Goupiaceae family 3. Lophopyxidaceae family 4. Stackhousiaceae

order 4. Salvadorales

family 1. Salvadoraceae

order 5. Aquifoliales

family 1. Aquifoliaceae family 2. Phellinaceae family 3. Sphenostemonaceae family 4. Icacinaceae family 5. Cardiopteridaceae family 6. Aextoxicaceae

order 6. Corynocarpales

family 1. Corynocarpaceae

superorder 4. Santalanae

order 1. Medusandrales

family 1. Medusandraceae

order 2. Santalales

family 1. Olacaceae family 2. Opiliaceae family 3. Santalaceae family 4. Misodendraceae family 5. Loranthaceae family 6. Eremolepidaceae family 7. Viscaceae

superorder 5. Rosanae

order 1. Rosales

family 1. Rosaceae family 2. Neuradaceae family 3. Chrysobalanaceae

superorder 6. Geranianae

order 1. Geraniales

family 1. Oxalidaceae family 2. Geraniaceae

order 2. Linales

family 1. Hugoniaceae family 2. Linaceae family 3. Ctenolophonaceae family 4. Ixonanthaceae family 5. Humiriaceae family 6. Erythroxylaceae family 7. Zygophyllaceae

order 3. Balsaminales

family 1. Balsaminaceae

order 4. Vochysiales

family 1. Malpighiaceae family 2. Trigoniaceae family 3. Vochysiaceae family 4. Tremandraceae family 5. Krameriaceae

order 5. Polygalales

family 1. Polygalaceae family 2. Xanthophyllaceae family 3. Emblingiaceae

superorder 7. Fabanae

order 1. Fabales

family 1. Mimosaceae family 2. Caesalpiniaceae family 3. Fabaceae

superorder 8. Rutanae

order 1. Sapindales

family 1. Staphyleaceae family 2. Tapisciaceae family 3. Melianthaceae family 4. Sapindaceae family 5. Hippocastanaceae family 6. Aceraceae family 7. Bretschneideraceae family 8. Akaniaceae

order 2. Tropaeolales

family 1. Tropaeolaceae

order 3. Limnanthales

family 1. Limnanthaceae

order 4. Sabiales

family 1. Sabiaceae

order 5. Connarales

family 1. Connaraceae

order 6. Rutales

family 1. Rutaceae family 2. Rhabdodendraceae family 3. Cneoraceae family 4. Simaroubaceae family 5. Picramniaceae family 6. Leitneriaceae family 7. Surianaceae family 8. Irvingiaceae family 9. Kirkiaceae family 10. Ptaeroxylaceae family 11. Tepuianthaceae family 12. Meliaceae family 13. Lepidobotryaceae

order 7. Coriariales

family 1. Coriariaceae

order 8. Burserales

family 1. Burseraceae family 2. Anacardiaceae family 3. Podoaceae

superorder 9. Rhamnanae

order 1. Rhamnales

family 1. Rhamnaceae

order 2. Elaeagnales

family 1. Elaeagnaceae

superorder 10. Proteanae

order 1. Proteales

family 1. Proteaceae

superorder 11. Vitanae

order 1. Vitales

family 1. Vitaceae family 2. Leeaceae

superorder 12. Rhizophoranae

order 1. Rhizophorales

family 1. Anisophylleaceae family 2. Rhizophoraceae

superorder 13. Myrtanae

order 1. Myrtales

family 1. Combretaceae family 2. Crypteroniaceae family 3. Melastomataceae family 4. Psiloxylaceae family 5. Heteropyxidaceae family 6. Myrtaceae family 7. Alzateaceae family 8. Rhynchocalycaceae family 9. Penaeaceae family 10. Oliniaceae family 11. Lythraceae family 12. Trapaceae family 13. Onagraceae

subclass. 5 Cornidae

superorder 1. Cornanae

order 1. Hydrangeales

family 1. Escalloniaceae family 2. Hydrangeaceae family 3. Abrophyllaceae family 4. Argophyllaceae family 5. Corokiaceae family 6. Alseuosmiaceae family 7. Carpodetaceae family 8. Phyllonomaceae family 9. Pottingeriaceae family 10. Tribelaceae family 11. Melanophyllaceae family 12. Montiniaceae family 13. Kaliphoraceae family 14. Eremosynaceae family 15. Vahliaceae family 16. Columelliaceae

order 2. Roridulales

family 1. Roridulaceae

order 3. Garryales

family 1. Aucubaceae family 2. Garryaceae

order 4. Desfontainiales

family 1. Desfontainiaceae

order 5. Aralidiales

family 1. Aralidiaceae

order 6. Cornales

family 1. Mastixiaceae family 2. Davidiaceae family 3. Nyssaceae family 4. Curtisiaceae family 5. Cornaceae family 6. Alangiaceae family 7. Griseliniaceae

superorder 2. Eucommianae

order 1. Eucommiales

family 1. Eucommiaceae

superorder 3. Aralianae

order 1. Torricelliales

family 1. Helwingiaceae family 2. Torricelliaceae

order 2. Pittosporales

family 1. Pittosporaceae

order 3. Byblidales

family 1. Byblidaceae

order 4. Araliales

family 1. Araliaceae family 2. Hydrocotylaceae family 3. Apiaceae

superorder 4. Dipsacanae

order 1. Dipsacales

family 1. Viburnaceae family 2. Sambucaceae family 3. Adoxaceae family 4. Caprifoliaceae family 5. Valerianaceae family 6. Dipsacaceae family 7. Morinaceae

subclass 6. Lamiidae

superorder 1. Gentiananae

order 1. Gentianales

family 1. Gelsemiaceae family 2. Loganiaceae family 3. Strychnaceae family 4. Gentianaceae family 5. Saccifoliaceae family 6. Geniostomaceae family 7. Plocospermataceae

order 2. Rubiales

family 1. Dialypetalanthaceae family 2. Rubiaceae family 3. Carlemanniaceae

order 3. Apocynales

family 1. Apocynaceae

superorder 2. Solananae

order 1. Solanales

family 1. Solanaceae family 2. Sclerophylacaceae family 3. Goetzeaceae family 4. Duckeodendraceae family 5. Convolvulaceae family 6. Cuscutaceae family 7. Polemoniaceae family 8. Hydrophyllaceae family 9. Boraginaceae family 10. Tetrachondraceae family 11. Hoplestigmataceae family 12. Lennoaceae

superorder 3. Loasanae

order 1. Loasales

family 1. Loasaceae

superorder 4. Oleanae

order 1. Oleales

family 1. Oleaceae

superorder 5. Lamianae

order 1. Lamiales

family 1. Buddlejaceae family 2. Stilbaceae family 3. Bignoniaceae family 4. Paulowniaceae family 5. Schlegeliaceae family 6. Globulariaceae family 7. Scrophulariaceae family 8. Veronicaceae family 9. Orobanchaceae family 10. Oftiaceae family 11. Myoporaceae family 12. Callitrichaceae family 13. Gesneriaceae family 14. Plantaginaceae family 15. Pedaliaceae family 16. Martyniaceae family 17. Trapellaceae family 18. Acanthaceae family 19. Lentibulariaceae family 20. Verbenaceae family 21. Phrymaceae family 22. Cyclocheilaceae family 23. Avicenniaceae family 24. Lamiaceae

order 2. Hydrostachyales

family 1. Hydrostachyaceae

order 3. Hippuridales

family 1. Hippuridaceae

subclas 7. Asteridae

superorder Campanulanae

order 1. Menyanthales

family 1. Menyanthaceae

order 2. Goodeniales

family 1. Goodeniaceae

order 3. Stylidiales

family 1. Donatiaceae family 2. Stylidiaceae

order 4. Campanulales

family 1. Pentaphragmataceae family 2. Sphenocleaceae family 3. Campanulaceae

superorder 2. Asteranae

order 1. Calycerales

family 1. Calyceraceae

order 2. Asterales

family 1. Asteraceae

References[edit]

^ a b Reveal 2011. ^ a b Thorne & Reveal 2007. ^ Reveal 1997. ^ Reveal 1998. ^ APG II 2003. ^ APG III 2009. ^ Chase & Reveal 2009. ^ Reveal 2012.

Bibliography[edit]

Chase, Mark W; Reveal, James L (2009). "A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 122–127. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01002.x. Retrieved 21 April 2015.  Reveal, J.L. (2 April 2012). "An outline of a classification scheme for extant flowering plants" (PDF). Phytoneuron (37): 1–221. Retrieved 2 January 2016.  Reveal, James L. (30 April 2011). "Summary of recent systems of angiosperm classification". Kew Bulletin. 66 (1): 5–48. doi:10.1007/s12225-011-9259-y.  Thorne, Robert F.; Reveal, James L. (April 2007). "An Updated Classification of the Class Magnoliopsida
Magnoliopsida
("Angiospermae")". The Botanical Review. 73 (2): 67–181. doi:10.1663/0006-8101(2007)73[67:AUCOTC]2.0.CO;2.  Reveal, James L (5 Nov 1997). "Reveal System of Classification" (pbio 250 Lecture Notes). Plant Systematics. University of Maryland: Norton-Brown Herbarium. Retrieved 10 January 2016.  Reveal, James L (22 Nov 1998). "Vascular Plant Family Nomenclature: Lists of the Flowering Plant Taxa Accepted by Cronquist, Dahlgren, Reveal, Takhtajan & Thorne". Plant Systematics. University of Maryland: Norton-Brown Herbarium. Retrieved 10 January 2016.  Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II (2003), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II" (PDF), Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 141: 399–436, doi:10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x  Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161: 105–121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x 

External links[edit]

Plant systematics

v t e

List of systems of plant taxonomy

Pre-Linnaean

John Ray
John Ray
system (1686–1704)

A discourse on the seeds of plants Methodus plantarum nova De Variis Plantarum Methodis Dissertatio Brevis Methodus plantarum emendata et aucta

Pre-Darwinian

Linnaean system (1735–51)

Systema Naturae Species Plantarum Genera Plantarum Philosophia Botanica

Adanson system (1763)

Familles naturelles des plantes

De Jussieu system (1789)

Genera Plantarum, secundum ordines naturales disposita juxta methodum in Horto Regio Parisiensi exaratam

De Candolle system (1819–24)

Théorie élémentaire de la botanique, ou exposition des principes de la classification naturelle et de l'art de décrire et d'etudier les végétaux Prodromus systemati naturalis regni vegetabilis sive enumeratio contracta ordinum, generum specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarum, juxta methodi naturalis normas digesta

Berchtold and Presl system (1820–1823)

O Prirozenosti Rostlin

Agardh system (1825)

Classes Plantarum

Gray system (1821)

The Natural Arrangement of British Plants

Dumortier
Dumortier
system (1829)

Analyse des familles des plantes

Lindley system (1830–45)

An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany The Vegetable Kingdom

Don system (1834)

General History of Dichlamydious Plants.

Bentham & Hooker system (1862–83)

Genera plantarum ad exemplaria imprimis in herbariis kewensibus servata definita.

Baillon system (1867–94)

Histoire des plantes

Post- Darwinian
Darwinian
(Phyletic)

Nineteenth century

Eichler system (1875–1886)

Blüthendiagramme: construirt und erläutert Syllabus der Vorlesungen über Phanerogamenkunde

Engler system
Engler system
(1886–1924)

Führer durch den Königlich botanischen Garten der Universität zu Breslau Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien Das Pflanzenreich

van Tieghem system (1891)

Traité de botanique

Twentieth century

Dalla Torre & Harms system (1900–07)

Genera Siphonogamarum, ad systema Englerianum conscripta

Warming system (1912)

Haandbog i den systematiske botanik

Hallier system (1912)

L'origine et le système phylétique des angiospermes

Bessey system (1915)

The phylogenetic taxonomy of flowering plants

Wettstein system (1901–35)

Handbuch der systematischen Botanik

Lotsy system (1907–11)

Vorträge über botanische Stammesgeschichte, gehalten an der Reichsuniversität zu Leiden. Ein Lehrbuch der Pflanzensystematik.

Hutchinson system (1926–73)

The families of flowering plants, arranged according to a new system based on their probable phylogeny

Calestani system (1933)

Le origini e la classificazione delle Angiosperme

Kimura system (1956)

Système et phylogénie des monocotyledones

Emberger system (1960)

Traité de Botanique systématique

Melchior system (1964)

Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien

Takhtajan system (1966–97)

A system and phylogeny of the flowering plants Flowering plants: origin and dispersal Diversity and classification of flowering plants

Cronquist system
Cronquist system
(1968–81)

The evolution and classification of flowering plants An integrated system of classification of flowering plants

Goldberg system (1986–89

Classification, Evolution and Phylogeny of the Families of Dicotyledons

Dahlgren system (1975–85)

The families of the monocotyledons: structure, evolution, and taxonomy

Thorne system (1968–2000)

An updated phylogenetic classification of the flowering plants

Kubitzki system (1990–)

The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants

Reveal system (1999)

Reveal System of Angiosperm Classification

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group System (1998–2009)

An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants (APG I) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV Angiosperm Phylogeny Website

See also

Plantae at Wikispecies

Note: This is a selected list of the more influential systems. There are many other systems, for instance a review of earlier systems, published by Lindley in his 1853 edition, and Dahlgren (1982). Examples include the works of Scopoli, Bat

.