Kwon Young-jin (권영진)
883.48 km2 (341.11 sq mi)
POPULATION (OCTOBER 31, 2014 )
2,800/km2 (7,300/sq mi)
ISO 3166 CODE
US$ 54.5 billion
GDP PER CAPITA
daegu.go.kr (in English)
DAEGU (Korean: ), (대구, 大邱, literally 'large hill') formerly
spelled TAEGU and officially known as the DAEGU METROPOLITAN CITY, is
a city in
South Korea , the fourth largest after
Busan , and
Incheon , and the third largest metropolitan area in the nation with
over 2.5 million residents.
Daegu and surrounding North Gyeongsang
Province are often referred to as
Daegu-Gyeongbuk , with a total
population of over 5 million.
Daegu is located in south-eastern Korea about 80 kilometres (50
miles) from the seacoast, near the
Geumho River and its mainstream,
Nakdong River in
Gyeongsang-do . The
Daegu basin, where the city lies,
is the central plain of the
Yeongnam region . In ancient times, there
was a proto-country named
Jinhan , to which the current
Daegu was part of the
Silla Kingdom which unified the
Korean Peninsula . During the
Joseon Dynasty period, the city was the
Gyeongsang-do which was one of the traditional eight
provinces of the country.
Daegu was an economic motor of Korea during the 1960s–1980s period
and was especially known for its electronics industry. The humid
subtropical climate of
Daegu is ideal for producing high quality
apples, thus the nickname, "
Daegu is also known as
Textile City". Textiles used to be the pillar industry of the city.
With the establishment of the
Daegu-Gyeongbuk Free Economic Zone ,
Daegu is currently focusing on fostering fashion and high-tech
Daegu was the host city of the 22nd World Energy Congress of 2013 ,
2011 World Championships in Athletics
2011 World Championships in Athletics and the 2003 Summer
Universiade . It also hosted four matches in the 2002 FIFA World Cup
Daegu hosted the World Masters Indoor Championships on March
19–25, 2017. More than 4600 athletes worldwide including 101
athletes from the
United States competed.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Prehistory and early history
* 1.3 Later Three Kingdoms and
* 1.4 Joseon
Korean Empire and Colonial rule
* 1.6 Partition
* 2 Politics
* 2.1 Administrative divisions
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Topography
* 3.2 Climate
* 4 Economy
* 5 Culture and sightseeing
* 5.1 Sights
* 5.2 Mountains and parks
* 5.3 Downtown and shopping
* 5.4 Festivals
* 5.5 Museums
* 5.6 Theaters
* 5.7 Sports
* 5.7.1 Sports teams
* 5.8 Media
* 5.9 International
* 6 Religion
* 7 Education
* 7.1 Universities and colleges
* 7.1.1 Medical institutions
* 7.2 Primary and secondary schools
* 8 Transportation
* 8.1 Rail
* 8.2 Metro
* 8.3 Road
* 8.4 Air
* 9 Others
* 9.1 Accidents
* 10 Notable people
* 11 Twin towns – sister cities
* 12 See also
* 13 Notes
* 14 References
* 14.1 Citations
* 14.2 Bibliography
* 15 Further reading
* 16 External links
History of Daegu
PREHISTORY AND EARLY HISTORY
Archaeological investigations in the Greater
Daegu area have revealed
a large number of settlements and burials of the prehistoric Mumun
Pottery Period (c. 1500–300 B.C.). In fact, some of the earliest
evidence of Mumun settlement in Gyeongsangdo have been excavated from
Siji-dong and Seobyeon-dong. Dongcheon-dong is one of the substantial
Mumun agricultural villages that have been excavated. The
Dongcheon-dong site dates back to the Middle Mumun (c. 850–550 B.C.)
and contains the remains of many prehistoric pit-houses and
agricultural fields. Megalithic burials (dolmens) have also been found
in large numbers in Daegu.
Ancient historical texts indicate that during the Proto–Three
Kingdoms (Mahan ,
Byeonhan ) period,
Daegu was the site of
a chiefdom or walled-town polity known from that time, according to
historical records, as
Dalgubeol . It was absorbed into the kingdom of
Silla no later than the fifth century. The vestiges of the wall can be
seen, and relics have been excavated in the current
Dalseong Park .
Reliquary from 8th century Silla,
Daegu National Museum
Silla succeeded in unifying the Korean peninsula by defeating the
other kingdoms of Baekje and Koguryo in the late 7th century, partly
thanks to assistance from China's
Tang Dynasty . Shortly thereafter,
in 689, Silla's King Sinmun considered moving the capital from
Daegu but was unable to do so. This initiative is known
only through a single line in the
Samguk Sagi , a most valued
historical record of ancient Korea by Koryeo Dynasty historian Kim
Bu-sik, but it is presumed that it indicates both an attempt by the
Silla king to reinforce royal authority and the entrenched resistance
Gyeongju political elites that was the likely cause of the
move's failure. The city was given its current name in 757.
In the late 1990s archaeologists excavated a large scale fortified
Silla site in Dongcheon-dong, Buk-gu. The site at Locality 2 consists
of the remains of 39 raised-floor buildings enclosed by a formidable
ditch-and-palisade system. The excavators hypothesize that the
fortified site was a permanent military encampment or barracks.
Archaeologists also uncovered a large
Silla village dating to the 6th
to 7th centuries AD at Siji-dong.
LATER THREE KINGDOMS AND GORYEO
Later Three Kingdoms period
Later Three Kingdoms period , 892–936,
initially aligned with
Hubaekje . In 927, northern
Daegu was the site
of the Battle of Gong Mountain between the forces of
Goryeo under Wang
Geon and those of
Gyeon Hwon . In this battle, the
Goryeo were crushed and
Wang Geon himself was saved only by
the heroic deed of his general
Shin Sung-gyeom . However, it appears
that the atrocities of the
Hubaekje forces at this time changed local
sympathizers to favor Wang Geon, who later became the king of
Numerous place-names and local legends in the area still bear witness
to the historic battle of 927. Among these are "Ansim ", which
literally means "peace of mind", said to be the first place where Wang
Geon dared to stop after escaping the battle, and "Banwol ", or
half-moon, where he is said to have stopped and admired the moon
before returning to Goryeo. A statue commemorating the battle now
stands in northern Daegu, as does a memorial to Sin Sunggyeom.
Goryeo period, the first edition of the
Tripitaka Koreana was
stored in Daegu, at the temple of Buinsa. However, this edition was
destroyed when the temple was sacked in 1254, during the Mongol
invasions of Korea .
Daegu in the 18th century
Daegu served as an important transportation center during the Joseon
Dynasty. She stands in the mid part of the Great
Yeongnam Road which
Seoul and Busan. It lay at the junction of this arterial
road and the roads to
Daegu became the administrative capital of the Gyeongsang-do
, which is current Daegu,
Gyeongsangbuk-do , and
Gyeongsangnam-do . At about that time, the city began to grow into a
major city. The status continued for nearly three hundred years. And
the city has been transformed as the capital of
Gyeongsang-do was divided into two provinces, Gyeongsangbuk-do
(northern Gyeongsang-province) and
Gyeongsangnam-do (southern one) in
Daegu's first regular markets were established during the late Joseon
period. The most famous of these is the
Yangnyeongsi herbal medicine
market. This became a center of herbal trade in Joseon, and even
attracted buyers from neighboring countries. Traders from Japan, who
were not permitted to leave the
Nakdong River valley, hired messengers
to visit the market on their behalf.
Seomun Market which stood at the
city's west gate at that time, was one of the top three markets in the
KOREAN EMPIRE AND COLONIAL RULE
The Korean hermit kingdom finally opened herself to the outside world
in the late 19th century. In 1895,
Daegu became the site of one of the
country's first modern post offices , as a part of the 'Gab-o' reforms
introduced in the aftermath of the Sino-Japanese war.
Beginning in the late 1890s, increasing number of foreign merchants
and workers started to visit Daegu, which emerged as a modern
transportation center of the newly constructed
Gyeongbu Line main
Seoul and Busan.
In 1905, the old fortress wall was forcibly destroyed. The wall still
survives only in the street names such as the streets Dongseongno and
Bukseongno , "east fortress street" and "north fortress street", which
now run where the wall once stood.
Independence movements against imperial aggressions were outstanding
in Daegu. These began as early as 1898, when a branch of the
Independence Club was opened in the town. As the demise of the Korean
Empire approached in 1907, local citizens led by Seo Sang-don
National Debt Repayment Movement . The movement spread
nationwide, although it fell short of repaying the national debt
through individual donations. Freedom fighting continued after the
1910 annexation, notably during the
March 1st movement of 1919. At
that time, four major demonstrations took place in Daegu, involving an
estimated 23,000 peace-loving citizens.
Despite the glorious liberation in 1945,
Daegu turned into a hotbed
of unrest. In 1946, the
Daegu October Incident took place, one of the
most serious social disorder after the foundation of the Republic of
Korea. An operation by the Korean national police to take control of
rioters on October 1 resulted in the death of three student
demonstrators and injuries to many others, sparking a massive
counter-attack killing as many as 38 policemen. It was also the site
of major demonstrations on February 28, 1960, prior to the fraudulent
presidential election of that year.
Daegu and all of North
Gyeongsang province saw heavy guerrilla
activities in the late 1940s, as thousands of refugees shied away from
the fighting in Jeolla province and sought shelters in Daegu. In
November 1948, a unit in
Daegu joined the mutiny which had begun in
Yeosu the previous month.
Korean War , much heavy fighting occurred nearby along the
Nakdong River .
Daegu sat inside the
Pusan Perimeter , however, and
therefore remained in South Korean hands throughout the war. As in
many other areas during the Korean War, political killings of
dissenters were widespread. A large series of engagements were fought
around the city to prevent North Korean troops from crossing the
Battle of Taegu .
In the second half of the twentieth century, the city underwent
explosive growth, and the population has increased more than tenfold
since the end of the Korean War. The city was politically favored
during the 18-year-long rule of
Park Chung-hee , when it and the
surrounding area served as his political base.
conservative political ideas and movements today.
Daegu is a political
base for the Saenuri Party .
In the 1980s,
Daegu separated from
Gyeongsangbuk-do and became a
separately administered provincial-level Directly Governed City
(Jikhalsi), and was redesignated as a Metropolitan City (Gwangyeoksi)
in 1995. Today,
Daegu is the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Korea
with respect to both population and commerce.
Daegu City Hall
There are two local governments in the city, the
Government in Jung District and
Gyeongbuk Provincial Government in Buk
District . The provincial government will be relocated to
its proper province, Gyeongbuk. The mayor and heads of city's eight
districts are directly elected by the citizens every four years. The
city council has twenty nine members which consist of twenty six from
the same number of electoral districts and three proportional
representations. They are also directly elected every four years. Most
of them are the members of the Saenuri Party , the main conservative
political party in South Korea.
Daegu is the home to the party and has
produced two Presidents of the Republic of Korea thus far: Roh Tae-woo
Park Geun-hye . As the capital of the Korean conservatives, the
city has wielded strong political influence in elections .
Administrative divisions Main article: List of districts and
Daegu is divided into 7 districts (Gu) and 1 county (Gun)
* Jung District (중구, 中區) – means the central district.
* Dong District (동구, 東區) – means the east district.
* Seo District (서구, 西區) – means the west district.
* Nam District (남구, 南區) – means the south district.
* Buk District (북구, 北區) – means the north district.
Suseong District (수성구, 壽城區)
Dalseo District (달서구, 達西區)
Dalseong County (달성군, 達城郡)
Daegu sits in a basin surrounded by low mountains.
Palgongsan to the
Biseulsan to the south, Waryongsan to the west, and a series of
smaller hills in the east. The
Geumho River flows along the northern
and eastern edges of the city, emptying in the
Nakdong River west of
Daegu has a cooler version of a humid subtropical climate (Köppen
climate classification Cwa) The mountains that comprise the basin trap
hot and humid air. Similarly, in winter, cold air lies in the basin.
The area receives little precipitation except during the rainy season
of summer, and is sunny throughout much of the year. Data gathered
since 1961 indicates that the mean temperature for January, the
coldest month in Daegu, is 0.6 °C (33 °F) and that for August, the
warmest month, is 26.4 °C (80 °F). The City's lowest record
temperature was −20.2 °C (−4 °F), and the City's highest record
temperature was 40.0 °C (104 °F).
CLIMATE DATA FOR DAEGU (1981–2010, EXTREMES 1907–PRESENT)
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM)
AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent sunshine
and snowy days)
Daegu Metro Line 3
Daegu Metro Line 3 .
Daegu is a manufacturing industry city. The major industries are
textiles , metals and machinery . In the year 2010,
Daegu had a
regional GDP of $45,387 million with 7.2% real GDP growth rate. The
GDP per capita though is well below Korea national average. The
quality of the apples grown around the city is renowned around Korea .
Many companies such as
Daegu Bank , Korea Delphi , Hwasung corp. , and
TaeguTec are situated in this city, and
Kolon were founded
here. Numerous factories are located in the industrial complexes
situated in the west and north sides of the city including the
Seongseo Industrial Complex, West
Daegu Industrial Complex and the
Daegu Dyeing Industrial Complex.
The city is the economic and industrial core of the Daegu-Gyeongbuk
region, one of the major industrial areas in Korea. It accounted for
as much as 94 percent of Korea's trade surplus in 2006. The
electronics industries in Gumi and the steel industries in Pohang
provided great services to that surplus. World-leading manufacturing
Samsung Mobile ) and
POSCO 's main factories
are located near the city.
Daegu and its neighbouring cities were
designated for the
Daegu-Gyeongbuk Free Economic Zone by the central
government in 2008. It is specialized companies like Winitech software
company in knowledge-based service and manufacturing industries.
Daegu has been the commercial center of the southern
part of the
Korean Peninsula with
Seoul in the center and
the north (currently
North Korea ), because of its advantageous
location. Some of the large, traditional markets like Seomun Market
are still flourishing in the city.
Daegu was considered the third major economic city in
Seoul and Busan. However, due to the decline of the
textile industry, which is the heart of Daegu's economy, the overall
economic growth of the city has also fallen.
Also, the city is the warmest region in
South Korea due to the humid
subtropical climate. This climate condition provides the region with
high quality apples and oriental melons. The fruit industry is a
crucial support for the local economy. Due to the stagnant economy,
Daegu’s population began to decrease after 2003. Recently, the local
government has begun focusing on working towards economic revival and
concentrating on improving the city’s fashion industry.
Beginning in the late 1990s,
Daegu has been actively making efforts
to promote its fashion industry based on its textile and clothing
manufacturing industries under the 'Daegu:
Fashion City'. The city
opens many exhibitions related to the fashion and textile industries
Fashion Fair and Preview in
Daegu annually or
semi-annually, and invites national institutes. A large new town
specializing in the textile-fashion industries is currently under
construction in Bongmu-dong, northeastern Daegu. The district,
officially named Esiapolis, takes aim at the fashion hub of East Asia.
Textile complexes, textile-fashion institutions, an international
school, fashion malls as well as residential areas plan to be
developed in the district.
CULTURE AND SIGHTSEEING
Daegu is known as a conservative city. As well as being the
largest inland city in the country beside
Seoul it has become one of
the major metropolitan areas in the nation. Traditionally, Buddhism
has been strong; today there are still many temples. Confucianism is
also popular in Daegu, with a large academy based in the city. Neon
cross-topped spires of Christian churches can also be seen in the
The most well-known sight of the city is the stone Buddha called
Gatbawi on the top of Gwanbong,
Palgongsan . It is famous for its
stone gat (Korean traditional hat). People from all over the country
visit the place, because they believe that the Buddha will grant one's
single desire. Administratively, the site itself is located in the
Gyeongbuk . Scenery of
On the outskirts of the city, mountains keep many traditional and
renowned temples such as
Pagyesa , and Buinsa ("-sa" means
Donghwasa itself dates from the
Silla period, and many
artifacts of the period are found around the temple in northern Daegu.
Some lecture halls or memorial halls such as Dodong-seowon
(도동서원, 道東書院) and Nokdong-seowon (녹동서원,
鹿洞書院) are also located in the suburbs. Those places have
served as resting places for the citizens mentally and physically. The
old villages such as the
Otgol village (
Gyeongju Choi clan's original
residence area) and the Inheung village (Nampyeong Mun's) rarely
In the urban area, the
Joseon Dynasty 's administrative or
educational buildings including Gyeongsang-gamyeong (경상감영,
Daegu-hyanggyo (대구향교, 大邱鄕校) remain.
The main gateway of the city in that period called Yeongnam-jeilmun
(영남제일문, 嶺南第一門, means the first gateway in Yeongnam
) is restored in Mangudang Park, east of Daegu.
Western style modern architectures like Gyesan Cathedral and the old
building of Jeil Church are preserved in many places of the urban
area. Gyesan Cathedral is the third oldest gothic church building in
Korea and the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Daegu
which is one of three archdioceses in
South Korea . Several buildings,
in the present
Keisung Academy and the KNU middle/high school, are
Yangnyeongsi (약령시, 藥令市) in Namseongno (often called
Yakjeon-golmok) is the oldest market for Korean medicinal herbs in the
country with a history of 350 years. Bongsan-dong which has some art
galleries and studios is being developed as the artistic center of the
city since the 1990s.
Nearby tourist attractions include
Haeinsa —a Buddhist temple that
Tripitaka Koreana (a woodblock edition of the
one of the world's oldest extant complete collections of the Buddhist
Haeinsa is located in Gayasan National Park of
Gyeongnam . The historic city of
Gyeongbuk , the capital of
the ancient kingdom of
Silla is located east of Daegu.
MOUNTAINS AND PARKS
List of parks in Daegu Dalgubeol-daejong, a city bell
at the Gukchae Bosang Park
Daegu Botanical Garden bridge
Mt.Palgong, Mt.Biseul, and Mt.Ap are the representative mountains in
Daegu. Apsan, just in the southern part of the city, is the closest
mountain from the urban area among them. It has many trails, Buddhist
Korean War museum, and a gondola ride to the peak.
Additionally, Waryongsan, Hamjisan, and Yongjibong are located in the
city. These serve as neighborhood parks to the citizens.
In the urban area, several small mountains and hills play the same
role. Dalseong Park, which sits inside a 1,500-year-old earth
fortress, is a historic place of the city. It contains the city's only
zoo and some monuments as well as the wall.
Duryu Park or Duryusan is
a large forest in the middle of the urban area. It has
Daegu Tower ,
Woobang Land ,
Kolon Bandstand, Duryu Stadium, and many sports
Daegu Tower, also called Woobang Tower or Duryu Tower, is
the tallest contemporary structure (202 m) and a symbol of the city.
Its observatory commands good views of the surroundings. Woobang Land
is the largest amusement park out of the capital area. Many small
gardens lie in the heart of the city, such as the National Debt
Repayment Movement Memorial Park (Gukchae Bosang Park) and 2·28 Park.
The former park includes Dalgubeol-daejong (달구벌대종,
達句伐大鐘), which means the
Dalgubeol grand bell. The bell is
struck every week and year. There is also a botanical garden with a
variety of plants and flowers.
DOWNTOWN AND SHOPPING
Dongseongno (동성로, 東城路) is the downtown of
Daegu Station to Jungang pachulso (central police station)
near the Banwoldang subway station in the center of the city Jung-gu .
It has the Jungangno subway station as the nearest station from its
heart. Like its name meaning the street in the east fortress, the
eastern part of Daegu-eupseong (대구읍성, 大邱邑城, means the
Daegu-Principality Fortress) was situated along this street. The
fortress, however, had been demolished in the early 20th century.
Daegu is the nation's third or fourth largest city, the
Dongseongno area form the largest and the broadest downtown area in
the whole country except the capital city,
Seoul . In most cases,
famous brands open their branch shop first here out of the Greater
Seoul area. The sign of the
Sub-downtowns in the city have its own commercial powers and colors.
The area around the Seongseo Industrial Complex subway station in
Dalseo-gu is a concentration of many amusement spots, and young people
easily can be seen around
Kyungpook National University in Buk-gu .
Deuran-gil (means the street inside the field) in
Suseong-gu is known
for many restaurants.
The city has a number of department stores. Many of these belong to
national or multinational chains, but the local
Daegu Department Store
also operates two branches, while another local chain, Donga
Department Store operates four in the city proper. The six department
stores among them gather at the downtown. The traditional markets such
Seomun Market and Chilseong Market sell all sorts of goods.
Many traditional ceremonies and festivals in agrarian society
disappeared in the process of modernization. A Confucian ritual
ceremony called Seokjeondaeje is held at
Daegu-hyanggyo every spring
and autumn. The
Yangnyeongsi herb medical festival and Otgol village
festival are the contemporary festivals about traditional culture.
Lately in the city, enthusiasm about performing arts is growing and
the local government is trying to meet its demand.
Opera Festival (DIOF) in October since 2003,
Musical Festival (DIMF), and
Daegu International Bodypainting Festival
(DIBF) are three of the most famous festivals on each field in Korea,
although those have short histories.
Various festivals in various themes like the Colorful
Palgongsan maple festival,
festival, Korea in Motion Daegu, and so on, are held by the city, each
ward, or the specific groups, all through the year.
On August 25 through August 31, 2008,
Daegu hosted the first ever
Asian Bodypainting Festival, a sister event of the World Bodypainting
Each year the city is home to the
Daegu International Jazz Festival:
Daegu Art Museum
Daegu Art Museum
Daegu National Museum – A notable national museum collecting
relics excavated in and around Daegu
Daegu Bangjja Yugi (Korean Bronzeware) Museum
Hengso Museum of
* Korea Video Museum
Kyungpook National University Museum
* Museum for
Daegu National University of Education
* Museum of Natural Dye Arts
Daegu Opera House – The first theater in Korea only for
* Suseong Artpia
* Keimyung Art Center – One of the largest scale theaters in the
Daegu Culture and Arts Center
The official emblem of the 2011 World Championships in Athletics
On March 27, 2007, the city was selected to host the 2011 World
Championships in Athletics .
Daegu competed with cities such as Moscow
Australia to earn the votes of the IAAF
Council. The event was the fourth IAAF World Championships in
Athletics to be held outside Europe, and the first games in mainland
Asia. It was also the third worldwide sports event held in Korea after
1988 Summer Olympics
1988 Summer Olympics in
2002 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA World Cup in Korea and
Daegu also hosted three matches in the 2002 FIFA World Cup, and
2003 Summer Universiade . The city hosts the Colorful Daegu
Pre-Championships Meeting every year since 2005. A home game of
Samsung Lions , one of the most popular sports teams in the city
Daegu Stadium is the second largest sports complex in South Korea
with a seating capacity of 66,422.
Daegu Civic Stadium hosted some
football matches at the
1988 Summer Olympics
1988 Summer Olympics .
Samsung Lions Park
K League Classic
There are three terrestrial TV broadcasting stations in the city: KBS
Daegu Broadcast Station,
Daegu MBC , and TBC . These are affiliated
companies of central broadcasting stations in
Seoul just like other
local broadcasting companies in South Korea. TBC (Taegu Broadcasting
Corporation) depends on SBS . They cover to
Gyeongsangbuk-do out of
the city. Each television broadcasting company has its own radio
station as well.
Daegu is largely a homogeneous community that includes few
non-Koreans. However, a number of immigrants from South and Southeast
Asia work in automotive-parts factories on the city's west side. In
addition, there is a small group of English -speaking Westerners
working in English schools and university programs. The American
military bases are also home to several hundred Americans. Recently
Chinese students have begun studying Korean at universities in Daegu,
and there is an increasing number of graduate and post-graduate
students from other Asian countries. As elsewhere in Korea, Korean
food overwhelmingly dominates; Chinese, Japanese and Western food
forms the bulk of non-Korean food but recently Indian and Russian
foods have become available.
Daegu hosts three American military bases,
Camp Henry , Camp George
Daegu American School, and
Camp Walker . Camp Walker
Daegu High School for high school children, while Camp George
hold the school for elementary and middle school (both of which are
primarily for children of military personnel and US Military civilian
employees). Camp George also houses most of the married ranked
Camp Henry and
Camp Walker serve as the primary place of
work for all the military personnel.
Camp Walker serves as the home to
enlisted Sergeants Major and Officer ranked soldiers, Major and up.
Although non-military families can enroll their children at the
school, most either home-school their children or send them to a small
Christian private school which teaches about 25 children near the
central business district of Daegu.
Daegu (2005) Not religious (46.4%)
Protestantism (10.4%) Catholicism (9.8%)
According to the census of 2005, of the people of
Daegu 33.4% follow
Buddhism and 20.2% follow
Protestantism and 9.8%
Catholicism ). 46.4% of the population is mostly not religious or
follow other indigenous religions.
See also: Education in
As of 2009 ,
Daegu has 215 elementary schools, 123 middle schools
including the Dong-Pyeong Middle School, and 91 high schools. There
are two specialized public high schools which are
Daegu Science High
Taegu Foreign Language High School , and some other high
schools such as
Keisung Academy , Gyeongsin High School and Daeryun
High School have good grades for university admission. Most of
well-known high schools are located in
Suseong-gu because its
educational grade and zeal are high standard in the country.
Daegu has 4 independent private high schools like KEISUNG
ACADEMY (also called Keisung High School), GYEONGSIN HIGH SCHOOL,
GYEONG-IL GIRL\'S HIGH SCHOOL, DAEGUN CATHOLIC HIGH SCHOOL.
UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES
Kyungpook National University , School of Medicine
Keimyung University , main building
Daegu and its satellite towns are one of the areas which have the
largest private higher educational institutions in Korea. Many of
their main campuses are located in the nearby
Gyeongsan city which
Daegu region as a college town . Kyungpook National
University (KNU) is one of the most highly ranked and well organized
national universities in Korea. It holds first place in and around the
city in almost all of the fields.
Daegu has two of the most
prestigious private universities outside Seoul, Keimyung University
Yeungnam University . There are some smaller private universities
Catholic University of Daegu and
Daegu University . Daegu
National University of Education offers elementary education training.
The other universities and colleges include
Daegu Arts University ,
Daegu Cyber University ,
Daegu Haany University ,
Daegu Health College
Daegu Mirae College ,
Daegu Polytechnic College ,
Daegu University of Foreign Studies , Daeshin University,
Keimyung University , Kyongbuk Science University, Kyongbuk University
of Foreign Studies, Kyungil University,
Taekyeung College , Yeungjin
Yeungnam College of Science and Technology , and Youngnam
Theological College and Seminary .
Some large university hospitals make the city the medical hub of
south-eastern Korea. The
Kyungpook National University Hospital,
founded as Daegu-dongin-uiwon in 1907 by the Japanese, is the
well-known hospital in the city. The Dongsan Hospital (attached to
Keimyung University ), founded as Jejungwon in 1899, is one of the
oldest western style medical clinics in Korea. The Yeungnam University
Medical Center has the largest number of beds in the city. The yearly
treatment amount of these tertiary hospitals is the second largest in
South Korea after that of Seoul. The
Daegu Catholic University
Medical Center is also included in them.
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS
International schools in
Daegu International School
Daegu Chinese Elementary School or Korea Daeguhwagyo Elementary
Overseas Chinese High School, Daegu
Daegu is the hub of the Korean inland railroad traffic. The main
railroad of the country,
Gyeongbu Line passes through the city. The
largest railroad station in the city,
Dongdaegu Station has the second
largest passenger traffic in Korea after
Seoul Station , and the
largest train traffic. The station re-opened in 2004 after extensive
renovations serving the
KTX highspeed train , Saemaul and Mugunghwa
trains. All kinds of trains except
KTX depart from
Daegu Station , an
all-new building with cinemas, restaurants and a department store,
located near the city centre. It has the tenth largest passenger
traffic in Korea.
Daegu Line branches off from
Gacheon Station of
Daegu Metropolitan Subway Map of the rapid
transit of Daegu. The red line is line 1 , and the green is line 2 .
The city also has a metro system, consisting of two heavy rail lines.
Line 1 crosses the city from northeast to southwest, while Line 2
crosses from west to east. Line 3 from northwest to southeast is an
elevated monorail . All the lines are and will be operated by the
Daegu Metropolitan Transit Corporation (DTRO). Another line will
operate in a few years as a heavy rail system using the
Gyeongsan section of Gyeongbu Line. Line 4 is a
long-range plan and will be a circle line. Fare is 1200 won on
distance and 1100 won with a prepaid card. There is a free interchange
scheme between the metro and bus within an hour of first use for the
prepaid card users.
There are two types of buses which are local and limited express.
Limited express buses have more seats, but often passengers are
required to stand. As of 2008 , Local bus fare costs around 1100 won ,
Limited express bus fare would set you back around 1500 won.
Discounted fare is available with a prepaid card.
Bus route numbers are made up with 3 digits, each number indicates
the area that bus serves. For example, number 407 bus runs from zone
four, to zone zero, and then to zone seven. Other routes, usually
circular, are named for the districts they serve and numbered 1
Traffic is sometimes heavy, however, the major thoroughfares handle
fairly high volumes of traffic without too much trouble.
Daegu is served by
Daegu Airport (international/domestic) located in
Daegu subway construction site explosion on April 28, 1995 which
killed 101 and injured 202. A pagoda for consolation of the dead was
erected in Haksan park.
Daegu subway fire
Daegu subway fire on Feb 18, 2003 which killed 198 and injured
147. The tragedy prompted outpourings of sympathy and anger from
South Korea and internationally.
Roh Tae-woo – army general and thirteenth president of South
Park Geun-hye – former president of South Korea, from 2013 to
2017, daughter of former president
Kim Woo-jung – Korean businessman, founder and former chairman
Kim Sou-hwan – first Korean Cardinal of the
Catholic Church .
His father escaped from his hometown of
Chungcheong province for
keeping his religion.
Jaegwon Kim – philosopher
Actors and Actresses
Shin Seong-il – Korean actor in the 1960s and 1970s
Son Ye-jin – actress
Moon Chae-won – actress
Song Hye-kyo – actress
Min Hyo-rin – actress
Yoo Ah-in – actor
Tom Choi – actor
* Lee Man-Soo – baseball player
Yang Jun-Hyuk – baseball player
Lee Seung-Yeop – baseball player
Park Chu-Young – soccer player
Jin Sun-Yu – short-track speed skater, triple gold medalist at
2006 Winter Olympics
Bae Sang-moon – golfer, leading money winner on the
Tour for the 2011 season
Choi Doo-ho – mixed martial artist
* Chang Yun-jong – 1st runner-up of the
Miss Universe 1988 ,
winner of the
Miss Korea 1987
Son Tae-young – 1st runner-up of the
Miss International 2000 ,
2nd runner-up of the
Miss Korea 2000, actress
* Seo Eun-mi – 1st runner-up of the
Miss International 2009 , one
of two 1st runners-up of the
Miss Korea 2009
Yoo Ye-bin – winner of the
Miss Korea 2013, competed in Miss
* Bae Joo-hyun (stage name Irene ) – leader and member of K-Pop
girl group, Red Velvet
* Kim Ji-yeon (stage name Bona ) – visual and member of K-Pop girl
* Choi Seungcheol (stage name S.Coups ) – leader and member of
K-Pop boy group, Seventeen
Kang Chan-hee (stage name Chani ) - main dancer and member of the
K-Pop boy group, SF9
* Kim Kibum (stage name Key ) – member K-Pop boy group, SHINee
* Kim Minjun (stage name
Jun. K ) – member of K-Pop boy group, 2PM
* Kim Taehyung (stage name V ) – member of K-Pop boy group, BTS
* Min Yoongi (stage name Suga ) – member of K-Pop boy group, BTS
* Kim Yu-jin (stage name
Uee ) – member of K-Pop girl group, After
* Lee Hee-jin (stage name Red ) – model and member of the Korean
Lee Jooheon – member of K-Pop boy group,
* Park Ji-young (stage name Kahi ) – former leader and member of
Park Sojin – leader and member of K-Pop girl group, Girl\'s Day
* Yang Yena – member of K-Pop girl group, APRIL
* Jang Da-hye (stage name
Heize ) – singer-songwriter, rapper,
Unpretty Rapstar 2
Sung Jae-gi – human rights activist
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
Daegu is twinned with the following locations.
United States (1981)
Minas Gerais ,
Saint Petersburg ,
List of Korea-related topics
* List of cities in
History of Daegu
Daegu International Opera Festival
* ^ This romanization of the city's name is in
It was used prior to the official adoption of the Revised Romanization
by the South Korean Government in 2000. In the 19th century,
also known in English sources as TAI-KOU.
* ^ The 2005 census first found that Incheon's population was
larger than Daegu's. Still, the city is considered as one of the three
major cities of South Korea, because
Incheon belongs to the Seoul
National Capital Area .
* ^ A B "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived
from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
* ^ EB (1878) , p. 390.
* ^ Guide to Daegu
Daegu - The City of
* ^ A B FISU 22nd SUMMER UNIVERSIADE Retrieved 2011-10-12
* ^ March 12, 2017 -- "Team USA to go for gold at World Masters
Championships March 19–25 in Daegu, South Korea, after 50 world more
than 4600 athletes from 73 countries competing" Data compiled by
Robert Weiner Associates and USATF Masters Media Committee.
* ^ A B YUM (
Yeungnam University Museum). Siji-eui Munhwayujeok
VIII: Chwirakji Bonmun . Research Report No. 33. Yeungnam University
Museum, Gyeongsan, 1999b.
* ^ YICP (Yongnam Institute of Cultural Properties). Daegu
Dongcheon-dong Chwirak Yujeok . 3 vols. Research Report of
Antiquities, Vol. 43. YICP, Daegu, 2002. ISBN 978-89-88226-41-4
* ^ Lee (1984), p. 76 and Shin (1999).
* ^ Lee (1984) and Shin (1999) both make this assumption.
* ^ FPCP (Foundation for the Preservation of Cultural Properties).
Daegu Chilgok Sam Taekji Munhwayejeok Balguljosa Bogoseo . 3 vols.
Antiquities Research Report 62. FPCP, Gyeongju, 2000.
* ^ Lee (1984), p. 131.
* ^ Lee (1984), p. 149.
* ^ Lee (1984), p. 294.
* ^ Lee (1984), p. 302.
* ^ Lee (1984), p. 343.
* ^ Lee (1984), p. 377.
* ^ Green Left – Features: HISTORICAL FEATURE: The
Korean War –
a war of counter-revolution
* ^ Lee (1984), p. 384.
* ^ Cumings (1997), pp. 243–244.
* ^ Nahm (1996), p. 379.
* ^ 기후자료극값 1월 일최저기온, 대구(143)
* ^ 기후자료극값 8월 일최고기온, 대구(143)
* ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 대구(143)". Korea
Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
* ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온
(℃) 최고순위, 대구(143)". Korea Meteorological Administration.
Retrieved 23 December 2016.
* ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온
(℃) 최고순위, 대구(143)". Korea Meteorological Administration.
Retrieved 23 December 2016.
* ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological
Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF)
on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
* ^ (in Korean)
Yeongnam Ilbo (2007-03-17)
* ^ (in Korean)
The Chosun Ilbo (2009-11-25)
* ^ "대구광역시 관광문화정보시스템 – 계산성당".
Daegu Metropolitan City. Archived from the original on 2013-05-16.
* ^ (in Korean)
http://www.seoul.co.kr/news/newsView.php?id=20090210026021 The Seoul
* ^ A B 2005 Census - Religion Results
* ^ "2009년도 대구통계연보 ⅩⅣ.교육및문화". Daegu
Metropolitan City. 2009-04-01.
* ^ "2006~2008년 지역간 의료이용량 분석". National
Health Insurance Corporation. 2009-10-21.
* ^ Home page.
Daegu International School . Retrieved on March 30,
2016. "22, Palgong-ro 50-gil, Dong-gu, Daegu, Korea 41021
(대구광역시 동구 팔공로 50길 22; 구. 지번주소> 동구
* ^ "Korea Daeguhwagyo Elementary School." International School
Information, Government of South Korea. Retrieved on March 30, 2016.
* ^ A B "2008년 철도통계연보". Korea Railroad. 2010.
* "Corea", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. VI, New York:
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394 .
* Cumings, Bruce. Korea's place in the sun: A modern history
(updated ed.). New York: W.W.Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-31681-0 . LCCN
OCLC 62042862 .
Daegu-Gyeongbuk Historical Society (대구-경북역사연구회).
역사 속의 대구, 대구사람들 (Yeoksa sok-ui Daegu, Daegu
Daegu and its people in history). Seoul: Jungsim. ISBN
978-89-89524-09-0 . LCCN 2001549622 .
* Lee, Ki-baik (1984). A new history of Korea, rev. ed. Tr. by E.W.
Wagner and E.J. Shultz. Seoul: Ilchogak. ISBN 978-89-337-0204-8 .
* Nahm, Andrew C. (1996). Korea: A history of the Korean people, 2nd
ed. Seoul: Hollym. ISBN 978-1-56591-070-6 .
* Shin, Hyeong-seok (신형석). (1999). 통일신라의 새로운
수도가 될 뻔했던 대구 (Tongilsilla-ui saeroun sudo-ga doel
ppeonhaetteon Daegu) (Daegu, which almost became the new capital of
Unified Silla). In
Daegu-Gyeongbuk Historical Society, ed., pp.
* Lee, Jungwoong (이정웅) (1993). 팔공산을 아십니까
(About Mt. Palgong). Daegu: 그루. ISBN 978-0-7520-0081-7 .
* Lee, Jungwoong (이정웅) (2000). 대구가 자랑스러운
12가지 이유. Seoul: 북랜드. ISBN 978-89-7787-158-8 .
* Lee, Jungwoong (이정웅) (2006). 푸른 대구 이야기. Daegu:
그루. ISBN 978-89-8069-138-8 .
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: DAEGU (category)
Daegu travel guide from Wikivoyage
* City website (in English)
Daegu : Official Site of Korea Tourism Org
Bus Schedule and Routes
Metropolitan city of
Regions and administrative divisions of
* Sudogwon (Capital area)
* Southeastern MIR
* North Jeolla
* South Jeolla
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