The culture of Chicago,
Illinois is known for the invention or
significant advancement of several performing arts, including
improvisational comedy, house music, blues, hip hop, gospel, jazz,
The city is known for its
Chicago School and Prairie School
architecture. It continues to cultivate a strong tradition of
classical music, popular music, dance, and performing arts, rooted in
Western civilization, as well as other traditions carried forward by
its African-American, Asian-American, European American, Hispanic
American, and Native American citizens.
The city is additionally known for various popular culinary dishes,
including deep-dish pizza, the
Chicago-style hot dog
Chicago-style hot dog and the Italian
1 Food and drink
1.1 Local specialties
1.2 Restaurant scene
1.4 Distilled spirits
3 Performing arts
5 Visual arts
8 Public attractions
9 See also
Food and drink
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Cuisine of the Midwestern United States
Chicago lays claim to a large number of regional specialties that
reflect the city's ethnic and working-class roots. Included among
these are its nationally renowned deep-dish pizza; this style is said
to have originated at Pizzeria Uno. The Chicago-style thin crust is
also popular in the city. A number of well-known chefs have had
restaurants in Chicago, including Charlie Trotter, Rick Tramonto,
Grant Achatz, and Rick Bayless.
Robb Report named
Chicago the country's "most exceptional
dining destination" and in 2008, Maxim awarded
Chicago the title of
Chicago-style hot dog
The most popular Chicago-style foods are:
The Chicago-style hot dog, traditionally a steamed or boiled,
natural-casing all-beef wiener on a poppy-seed bun, topped with yellow
mustard, chopped onion, sliced tomato, neon-green sweet-pickle relish,
sport peppers, a dill pickle spear, and a sprinkling of celery
salt—but never ketchup.
Chicago-style pizza is deep-dish pizza with a tall outer crust and
large amounts of cheese, with chunky tomato sauce on top of the cheese
instead of underneath it. Similar to this is stuffed pizza, with
even more cheese, topped with a second, thinner crust. Thin-crust
pizza is also very popular in Chicago.
The Italian beef, a sandwich featuring thinly sliced roast beef
simmered in a broth (known locally as "gravy") containing
Italian-style seasonings and served on an Italian roll soaked in the
meat juices. Most beef stands offer a "cheesy beef" option, which is
typically the addition of a slice of provolone or mozzarella. A
"combo" is a beef sandwich with the addition of grilled Italian
Italian beef sandwiches are traditionally topped with sweet
peppers or spicy giardiniera.
Other Chicago-style dishes include:
Chicken Vesuvio, an Italian-American dish made from chicken on the
bone and wedges of potato, celery, and carrots; sauteed with garlic,
oregano, white wine, and olive oil, then baked until the chicken's
skin becomes crisp.
Shrimp DeJonghe, a casserole of whole peeled shrimp blanketed in soft,
garlicky, sherry-laced bread crumbs.
Maxwell Street Polish, named after
Maxwell Street where it was first
sold. It's a Polish sausage made with beef and pork, and with garlic
and other spices, served on a bun with grilled onions.
A francheezie is a variation of the Chicago-style hot dog. The hot dog
is wrapped in bacon and deep-fried, and either stuffed or topped with
The jibarito is a specialty sandwich that originated in the heart of
Chicago's Puerto Rican community. Invented by Borinquen Restaurant in
the Humboldt Park neighborhood, a jibarito is made with meat or
chicken, and condiments, placed between two pieces of fried and
flattened plantain instead of bread.
The mother-in-law is a tamale on a hot dog bun, topped with
Chicago also has its own unique style of tamale, machine-extruded from
cornmeal and wrapped in paper, and typically sold at hot dog
Gyros is popular in Chicago. While some restaurants still make their
own gyros cones,
Chicago is the hometown of mass-produced gyros.
Flaming saganaki was popularized by restaurants in the Greektown
neighborhood. A square piece of kasseri, kefalotyri, or a similar
cheese is fried in a small, two-handled pan, topped with a splash of
brandy, and served flambé-style, traditionally with a cry of "Opa!"
from the waiter.
A pizza puff is a deep-fried dough pocket filled with cheese, tomato
sauce, and other pizza ingredients such as sausage. Indigenous to
Chicago, pizza puffs can be found at some hot dog
A pepper and egg sandwich combines scrambled eggs and grilled bell
peppers, served on French bread. Originally eaten during
Italian immigrants in Chicago, it now can be found in some casual
Less well known are:
The more provincial South Side specialties such as the big baby, a
style of double cheeseburger with the cheese in between the hamburger
patties, ketchup, mustard, and pickle slices underneath them, and
grilled onions on top; said to have originated at Nicky's The Real
McCoy in the Gage Park neighborhood.
The breaded-steak sandwich, a specialty particularly found in the
Bridgeport neighborhood, which consists of a flattened inexpensive cut
of beef that has been breaded, fried Milanesa-style and served on an
Italian bread roll with marinara sauce, topped with optional
mozzarella cheese and/or green peppers.
The gym shoe (sometimes spelled Jim Shoe or Jim Shoo), a submarine
sandwich made with a combination of corned beef, gyros, and either
roast beef or Italian beef.
Aquarium-smoked barbecue, particularly rib tips and hot links. This is
barbecue that has been cooked in a rectangular indoor smoker with
glass sides and a large compartment for a wood fire under the
grill. Barbecued ribs are also very popular in
Atomic cake, featuring banana, yellow, and chocolate cake layers
alternating with banana, strawberry, and fudge fillings.
Chicago mix popcorn, which consists of caramel corn and
cheese-flavored popcorn mixed together.
Chicago Brick ice cream, a Neapolitan-style three-flavor ice-cream
with orange sherbet, vanilla, and caramel flavors.
See also: List of Michelin starred restaurants in Chicago
Chicago features many restaurants that highlight the city's various
ethnic neighborhoods, including Chinatown on the South Side, Greektown
on Halsted Street, and Little Italy on Taylor Street and the Heart of
Italy. The South Asian community along Devon Avenue hosts many
Pakistani and Indian eateries. The predominantly Mexican neighborhoods
of Pilsen and Little Village are home to numerous eateries ranging
from small taquerías to full scale restaurants. Several restaurants
featuring Middle Eastern fare can be found along Lawrence Avenue,
Polish cuisine is well represented along Milwaukee Avenue on the
Northwest side and Archer Avenue on the Southwest side. A large
concentration of Vietnamese restaurants can be found in the Argyle
Street district in Uptown.
Chicago has its own local fried-chicken chain, Harold's Chicken Shack.
The city is also home to many fried-shrimp shacks.
Along with ethnic fare and fast food,
Chicago is home to many
steakhouses, as well as a number of upscale dining establishments
serving a wide array of cuisine. Some notable destinations include
Frontera Grill, a gourmet Mexican restaurant owned by chef and Mexico:
One Plate at a Time host, Rick Bayless; Graham Elliot's eponymous
restaurant, Graham Elliot; Jean Joho's Everest, a new-French
restaurant located on the top floor of the
Chicago Stock Exchange
building downtown, and Tru from chefs
Rick Tramonto and Gale Gand.
Chicago has become known for its ventures in molecular gastronomy,
Grant Achatz of Alinea,
Homaro Cantu of Moto, and
Michael Carlson of Schwa.
Chicago is a large annual food festival held in early July in
Grant Park in downtown Chicago. It features booths from dozens of
Chicago-area restaurants, as well as live music.
Chicago has a long brewing history that dates back to the early days
of the city. While its era of mass-scale commercial breweries
largely came to an end with Prohibition, the city today has a large
number of microbreweries and brewpubs. Included among these
are craft brewers like Argus, Half Acre, Metropolitan, Off Color,
Pipeworks and Revolution Brewing.
The two largest breweries in Chicago are Lagunitas, based in
Petaluma, California and now owned by Heineken International, and
Goose Island, founded in
Chicago in 1988 and now owned by
Annual events include
Illinois Craft Beer Week, the Festival
of Barrel-Aged Beers (known as FOBAB), the
Festival, and the
Chicago Beer Classic.
In the mid- to late-twentieth century, the most popular beer in
Chicago was Old Style, a mass-produced lager that at the time was
brewed by G. Heileman in La Crosse, Wisconsin. The Old Style brand is
now owned by the Pabst
Brewing Company which supervises its production
Jeppson's Malört is a brand of bäsk, a Swedish-style liqueur
flavored with wormwood. Known for its bitter taste, it can be found in
some Chicago-area taverns and liquor stores, but is seldom seen
elsewhere in the country. The Carl Jeppson Company was founded in
Chicago in the 1930s and is still based there, but the beverage is now
distilled in Florida.
Koval, Chicago's first distillery to operate within city limits since
Prohibition, began operation in 2008. Located in the Andersonville
neighborhood on the city's North Side, Koval offers a wide range of
spirits and was featured on the
Chicago ("World's Greenest Beer")
episode during the second season of the
Esquire Network show Brew Dogs
Music of Chicago
Chicago record labels and List of musicians from Chicago
Chicago has made many significant pop-cultural contributions in the
field of music:
Chicago soul, Jazz, Gospel, indie rock,
hip hop, industrial music, and punk rock. With the advent of Chicago
house in the 1980s, the city is also the birthplace of the house style
of music, which helped lead to the development of techno music in
Chicago artists have played an influential role in the R&B–soul
genre. Popular R&B artists to hail from
Chicago include R. Kelly,
Curtis Mayfield, The Impressions, Jerry Butler, The Chi-Lites, Ahmad
Jamal, Dave Hollister, Jennifer Hudson, Baby Huey, and Carl Thomas.
Prominent figures from
Chicago blues include Sunnyland Slim, Howlin'
Wolf, Muddy Waters, Sonny Boy Williamson, Willie Dixon, Elmore James,
Albert King, Koko Taylor, Bo Diddley, Little Walter, Lonnie Brooks,
Junior Wells, Syl Johnson, Buddy Guy, Magic Slim, and Luther Allison.
Jazz musicians based in
Chicago have included Jelly Roll Morton, Bix
Beiderbecke, Benny Goodman, Sun Ra, Von Freeman, and Dinah Washington.
The city is the home of the Association for the Advancement of
Creative Musicians, a group of musical artists who helped pioneer
The hip hop scene in
Chicago is also very influential, with major
artists including Kanye West, Chance the Rapper, Twista, Common, Lupe
Fiasco, Crucial Conflict, Psychodrama, Cupcakke, Da Brat, Shawnna,
Chief Keef, King Louie, Lil Reese, and Rhymefest.
The rock band
Chicago was named after the city, although its original
name was the
Chicago Transit Authority. The band's name was shortened
Chicago after the CTA threatened to sue them for unauthorized use
of the original trademark. Popular 1980s band Survivor is from
Many mainstream rock bands hail from
Chicago or were made famous
there. Among these are The Blues Brothers, the aforementioned Chicago,
Styx, Cheap Trick, REO Speedwagon, Survivor, the Butterfield Blues
Band, and the Siegel–Schwall Band.
Chicago has also been home to a thriving folk music scene,
particularly in the 1960s and 1970s. John Prine,
Steve Goodman and
Bonnie Koloc were the most prominent folk singer–songwriters of that
In the late 1970s, local band The Shoes arguably started indie rock
with a power pop album recorded in their living room.
1980s and 1990s alternative bands Local H, Eleventh Dream Day,
Ministry, Veruca Salt, My Life With the Thrill Kill Kult, Material
Issue, Liz Phair, Urge Overkill, and
The Smashing Pumpkins
The Smashing Pumpkins hail from
Chicago. Contemporary rock bands The Lawrence Arms, Soil, Kill Hannah
Wilco are also Chicago-based. The 2000s have seen local artists
Disturbed, Alkaline Trio, The Academy Is, Rise Against, The Audition,
Spitalfield, Chevelle, the Plain White T's, Kanye West, Lupe Fiasco,
Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy also attain success in the U.S.
Chicago has become known for indie rockers following in the paths of
the Smashing Pumpkins, Urge Overkill, Wilco, and The Jesus Lizard;
bands like The Sea and Cake, Califone, OK Go,
Andrew Bird and
Umphrey's McGee hail from the city. Tim and Mike Kinsella, hailing
from Chicago, fronted several seminal 90s emo bands: Cap'n Jazz,
American Football, Owen, Joan of Arc, and Owls. Matthew and Eleanor
Friedberger of The Fiery Furnaces, who now reside in Brooklyn, New
York are originally from Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago.
Chicago is also home to many independent labels like Thrill Jockey,
Drag City, and others, and to the popular music-news website Pitchfork
A handful of punk rock bands are based in Chicago. Some of the more
famous punk rock products of the city are Naked Raygun, The Effigies,
Big Black and
Shellac (featuring Steve Albini), and Screeching Weasel.
Many of these punk and indie bands got their start at noted
alternative music venues Metro (originally Cabaret Metro), Lounge Ax,
Empty Bottle, Double Door, and The Fireside Bowl.
Chicago is also known for being the "birthplace of American Industrial
Music", as many bands got their start in Chicago. The
city was also home of the now-defunct
Wax Trax! Records record label
which once had KMFDM, Ministry, Front 242, PIG, Front Line Assembly,
My Life With the Thrill Kill Kult, Coil, and more on its roster.
Chicago Symphony Orchestra is one of the nation's oldest and most
respected orchestras. It is well regarded throughout the world through
tours in both Asia and Europe and also through a large number of
recordings widely available. Perhaps because of Chicago's historically
large German-American population, the CSO is particularly well known
for its performances of pieces by German composers.
Chicago also has a thriving and youthful contemporary classical scene.
Major venues for new music include concerts by the International
Contemporary Ensemble, Ensemble Dal Niente, Third Coast Percussion,
Fulcrum Point and the CSO's MusicNOW series. Composers of note include
Augusta Read Thomas, Lee Hyla, Marcos Balter, Kirsten Broberg, Hans
Jay Alan Yim and Shulamit Ran.
While lacking a school of music with the stature of the Juilliard
School or the Curtis Institute of Music, the
Chicago area does have a
number of colleges. The best known outside of the region is the
Northwestern University Bienen School of Music. The
Chicago College of
Performing Arts at
Roosevelt University and the School of
DePaul University are both working to expand their reputations.
Chicago's colorful history and culture have provided inspiration for a
wide variety of musical compositions. In the 19th century, the chain
of events surrounding the Great
Chicago Fire led
Horatio Spafford to write the hymn "It Is Well With My Soul".
Annual music festivals in
Chicago with free admission include the
Chicago Blues Festival, the
Jazz Festival, the Grant Park
Music Festival, and World
Music Festival Chicago. Annual ticketed
festivals in the city include Lollapalooza, Pitchfork
Riot Fest, North Coast
Music Festival, Spring Awakening, and Ruido
Main article: Theatre in Chicago
Chicago is a major center for theater, and is the birthplace of modern
improvisational comedy. The city is home to two renowned comedy
The Second City
The Second City and iO
Theater (formerly known as
ImprovOlympic). The form itself was invented at the University of
Chicago in the 1960s by an undergraduate performance group called the
Compass Players, whose members went on to found Second City. It is
also home to one of the longest running plays in the country—the
Neo-Futurists' Too Much Light Makes the Baby Go Blind, an ensemble of
30 plays in 60 minutes. Many world-famous actors and comedians are
Chicagoans or came to study in the area, particularly at Northwestern
University in Evanston.
Since their foundings in 1925 and 1974, Goodman Theatre, downtown, and
Steppenwolf Theatre Company
Steppenwolf Theatre Company on the city's north side have nurtured
generations of actors, directors, and playwrights. They have grown
into internationally renowned companies of artists. Many other
theatres, from nearly 100 black box performances spaces like the
Strawdog Theatre Company in the Lakeview area to landmark downtown
houses like the
Chicago Theatre on State and Lake Streets, present a
wide variety of plays and musicals, including touring shows and
original works such as the premiere in December 2004 of Spamalot. The
Chicago Shakespeare Theater, Lookingglass Theatre Company, and the
Theater have won regional Tony Awards, along with
Goodman and Steppenwolf. Broadway In Chicago, created in July 2000,
hosts touring productions and Broadway musical previews at: Bank of
America Theatre, Cadillac Palace Theatre, Ford Center for the
Performing Arts Oriental Theatre. Broadway In
Chicago provides over
7,500 jobs and an economic impact of over $635 million. Polish
language productions for Chicago's large Polish speaking population
can be seen at the historic Gateway Theatre in Jefferson Park.
Opera of Chicago, founded in 1954, performs in the Civic
Opera House. The
Civic Opera House
Civic Opera House was built in 1929 on the east bank
Chicago River and is the second-largest opera auditorium in
North America with 3,563 seats. The Lyric
Opera purchased the Civic
Opera House from the building's owner in 1993.
Opera Company of
Chicago was founded by Lithuanian
Chicagoans in 1956, and presents operas in Lithuanian. It
celebrated fifty years of existence in 2006, and operates as a
not-for-profit organization. It is noteworthy for performing the
rarely staged Rossini's William Tell (1986) and Ponchielli's I Lituani
(1981, 1983 and 1991), and also for contributing experienced chorus
singers to the Lyric
Opera of Chicago. The opera Jūratė and
Kastytis by Kazimieras Viktoras Banaitis was presented in Chicago,
Illinois in 1996.
Joffrey Ballet makes its home in Chicago. Other ballet, modern and
jazz dance troupes that are located in the city include Hubbard Street
Gus Giordano Jazz
Dance Crash, Thodos
Dance Chicago, Chicago
Festival Ballet and The Joel Hall Dancers.
The city's Uptown neighborhood is reported to be the birthplace of
Slam Poetry, a style of spoken word poetry that incorporates elements
of hip hop culture, drama, jazz and lyricism.
Main article: Sports in Chicago
See also: U.S. cities with teams from four major league sports
Chicago is one of 13 metropolitan areas that have major league
baseball, football, basketball, and hockey teams. In four of these
metropolitan areas the teams from all four sports play their games
within the limits of one city — Chicago, Detroit, Philadelphia, and
Denver. Four of the metropolitan areas have two baseball teams —
Chicago, New York City, Los Angeles, and the San Francisco Bay Area
— and of these four, only
Chicago has had the same two teams since
American League was established in 1901.
Chicago White Sox of the American League, who won the World Series
in 2005, play at Guaranteed Rate Field, located on the city's South
Side in the Armour Square neighborhood.
Wrigley Field, home of the
Chicago Cubs of the National League, who won the
World Series in
2016, play at Wrigley Field, located in the North Side neighborhood of
Lakeview. The area of Lakeview near the stadium is commonly referred
to as "Wrigleyville."
Soldier Field, home of the
Chicago Bears of the
National Football League
National Football League play at Soldier
Field. The Bears have won nine
American Football championships (eight
NFL Championships and Super Bowl XX) trailing only the Green Bay
Packers, who have thirteen.
Chicago Bulls of the
National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association are one of
the world's most recognized basketball teams, thanks to their enormous
success during the
Michael Jordan era, when they won six NBA titles in
the 1990s. The Bulls play at the
United Center on Chicago's Near West
Chicago Blackhawks of the
National Hockey League
National Hockey League also play at the
United Center. The Hawks are an
Original Six franchise, founded in
1926, and have won six Stanley Cups, including 2010, 2013, and 2015.
Chicago Fire, members of Major League Soccer, won one league and
four US Open Cups since 1997. After eight years at Soldier Field, they
moved to the new Toyota Park in nearby Bridgeview at 71st and Harlem
Avenue during the summer of 2006.
Chicago Red Stars of the
National Women's Soccer League
National Women's Soccer League also play
at Toyota Park. The team was founded in 2009.
Chicago Wolves of the
American Hockey League
American Hockey League play at the Allstate
Arena in nearby Rosemont. The Wolves won the league championships in
1998, 2000, 2002, and 2008. Their first season was 1994–95.
Chicago Sky of the Women's
National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association also
play at the Allstate Arena. The Sky were in the WNBA playoffs in 2013,
2014, and 2015.
NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I college football team plays in the
— the Northwestern Wildcats, in nearby Evanston. Chicago-area
college basketball teams competing at the Division I level are the
Northwestern Wildcats, the DePaul Blue Demons, the Loyola Ramblers,
the UIC Flames, and the
Chicago State Cougars.
Minor league baseball teams that play near
Chicago include the Kane
County Cougars, the Windy City ThunderBolts, the Schaumburg Boomers,
the Joliet Slammers, the Gary SouthShore RailCats, and the Chicago
Chicago Bandits, a women's professional softball team, play their
home games at Rosemont Stadium.
Chicago Mustangs of the
Major Arena Soccer League
Major Arena Soccer League play at the
Sears Centre in Hoffman Estates.
The city is home to several roller derby leagues, including the Windy
City Rollers, the
Chicago Outfit, and the
Chicago Red Hots.
Chicago Swans are the
Australian rules football
Australian rules football club in the city,
competing in the Mid American Australian Football League.
Rugby teams in the city include the
Chicago Lions and the Chicago
There are two facilities for auto racing near Chicago, both of them in
Chicagoland Speedway hosts
NASCAR races, and the Route 66
Raceway is the site of drag racing events.
Once a year in early autumn, thousands of long-distance runners from
around the world compete in the
In most of the U.S., softball is played with a 12-inch ball, but in
16-inch softball is more popular.
Chicago hosted the 1959 Pan American Games, and
Gay Games VII
Gay Games VII in 2006.
The city made an unsuccessful bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics, though
it was heavily favored.
Main article: Visual arts of Chicago
Chicago is home to a lively fine arts community. The highest
concentration of contemporary art galleries can be found in the River
North neighborhood, though a great amount of arts activity also
centers around the area around Wicker Park.
Chicago visual art has had
a strong individualistic streak, little influenced by outside
fashions. "One of the unique characteristics of Chicago," said
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts curator Bob Cozzolino, "is there's
always been a very pronounced effort to not be derivative, to not
follow the status quo", and arts pioneers such as Stanislav
Szukalski who were tied to the "
Chicago Renaissance" helped to fashion
the city into a nexus for new trends in art.
Chicago has long had a strong tradition of figurative surrealism, as
in the works of
Ivan Albright and Ed Paschke. In 1968 and 1969,
members of the
Chicago Imagists, such as Roger Brown, Leon Golub,
Robert Lostutter, Jim Nutt, and
Barbara Rossi produced bizarre
representational paintings. Today
Robert Guinan paints gritty
realistic portraits of
Chicago people which are popular in Paris,
although he is little known in
These same impulses also appeared in Chicago's lively street
photography scene, gaining notoriety through artists centered around
the Institute of Design such as Harry Callahan, Aaron Siskind, as well
as in the work of nanny-savant Vivian Maier. Bob Thall's beautiful,
bleak photographs of Chicago-area architecture have also won much
Chicago has a
Percent for Art program of public artworks, although it
is notoriously more opaque and secretive than that of most other
cities; arts activist such as Paul Klein and attorney Scott Hodes have
long criticized its lack of public accountability.
Chicago is home to a number of large, outdoor works by well-known
artists. These include the
Chicago Picasso, Miró's Chicago, Flamingo
and Flying Dragon by Alexander Calder,
Monument with Standing Beast
Monument with Standing Beast by
Batcolumn by Claes Oldenburg,
Cloud Gate by Anish
Crown Fountain by Jaume Plensa,
Man Enters the Cosmos
Man Enters the Cosmos by Henry
Moore, Agora by Magdalena Abakanowicz, and the Four Seasons mosaic by
Main article: Architecture of Chicago
The central part of
Chicago was largely destroyed by the
in 1871. Almost all the buildings currently standing in the city's
downtown area were built after that, one exception being the Chicago
Wrigley Building and Tribune Tower
Around the turn of the twentieth century,
Chicago was a key location
in the development of the skyscraper. This movement was spearheaded by
architects promoting the
Chicago School design philosophy, including
Louis Sullivan and others. Notable tall buildings and skyscrapers
built before the mid-1930s include the Rookery Building, the
Auditorium Building, the
Chicago Cultural Center, the Monadnock
Building, the Reliance Building, the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company
Building, the Marquette Building, the
Chicago Building, the Wrigley
Building, Tribune Tower, the London Guarantee Building, 333 North
Michigan, the Carbide & Carbon Building, the Merchandise Mart, and
Chicago Board of Trade Building.
In the 1940s, a modernist Second
Chicago School of architecture
emerged from the work of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Buildings that he
designed include 860–880 Lake Shore Drive, Crown Hall, 330 North
Wabash, and the Kluczynski Federal Building.
The tallest buildings in
Chicago are Willis Tower, Trump Tower, the
Aon Center, the John Hancock Center, and the Franklin Center. Willis
Tower was originally named Sears Tower, and was the tallest building
in the world from 1973 to 1998. It is now the second-tallest building
in the United States, after One World Trade Center, though the height
to the roof of
Willis Tower is greater than that of One World Trade
Other architecturally significant modern and postmodern skyscrapers in
Chicago include the Inland Steel Building, Marina City, Lake Point
Tower, the CNA Center, 333 Wacker Drive, the Crain Communications
Building, the Thompson Center, the Harold Washington Library, and
Prairie School of architecture originated in Chicago, which is
home to a number of buildings by
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright and other Prairie
School architects. Examples include
Robie House and the First
Congregational Church of Austin.
The Pullman District was the first planned industrial community in the
Some neighborhoods in the city have many
Chicago bungalow houses.
Built mostly between 1910 and 1940, these single-family homes are
narrow, 1 1⁄2-story brick structures, with gables parallel
to the street.
Early writers associated with
Chicago include Theodore Drieser, Eugene
Field, Hamlin Garland, Edgar Lee Masters, and Frank Norris. Poets
Gwendolyn Brooks and Carl Sandburg. Other notable
writers often associated with the city's literary tradition include
Nelson Algren, Saul Bellow, John Dos Passos, James T. Farrell, Loraine
Hansberry, Ernest Hemingway, Upton Sinclair, Studs Terkel, and Richard
The main hall of the
Field Museum of Natural History
Field Museum of Natural History in 2007, with Sue
the T. rex in the foreground
Popular public attractions in
Chicago include the Museum of Science
and Industry, the Field Museum of Natural History, Adler Planetarium,
Shedd Aquarium, Lincoln Park Zoo, the
Chicago History Museum,
Millennium Park, and Navy Pier.
The city has a number of art museums, of which the two largest are the
Art Institute and the Museum of Contemporary Art.
One weekend each August the city hosts the
Chicago Air & Water
Show, a free exhibition on the shores of Lake Michigan.
LGBT culture in Chicago
List of fiction set in Chicago
List of museums and cultural institutions in Chicago
Tourism in Chicago
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City of Chicago
Colleges and universities
Museums in Chicago
Art Institute of Chicago
Arts Club of Chicago
Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art
Loyola University Museum of Art
Museum of Contemporary Art
Museum of Contemporary Photography
National Museum of Mexican Art
National Veterans Art Museum
Smart Museum of Art
Ukrainian Institute of Modern Art
Chicago Architecture Foundation
Bronzeville Children's Museum
Chicago Children's Museum
American Writers Museum
Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture
Museum of Broadcast Communications
National Radio Hall of Fame
Chicago Cultural Center
Chicago Design Museum
Chinese American Museum of Chicago
DANK Haus German American Cultural Center
Irish American Heritage Center
Leather Archives and Museum
Mitchell Museum of the American Indian
National Hellenic Museum
National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame
National Museum of Puerto Rican Arts and Culture
Polish Museum of America
Spertus Institute for Jewish Learning and Leadership
Swedish American Museum
Ukrainian National Museum
Chicago History Museum
DuSable Museum of African American History
Pritzker Military Museum & Library
Pullman National Monument
Field Museum of Natural History
International Museum of Surgical Science
Museum of Science and Industry
Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum
Barack Obama Presidential Center
Col. Wood's Museum
Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows
Music, theater and performing arts in Chicago
A Red Orchid
Barrel of Monkeys
Oak Park Festival
Opera in Focus
Theatre Building Chicago
Under the Gun
ETA Creative Arts Foundation
Les Enfants Terribles
Bang Bang Spontaneous
Happy Happy Good Show
Illinois Theatre Center
New Age Vaudeville
Playwrights Theatre Club
The Practical Theatre Company
Opera Company of Chicago
Opera of Chicago
Opera in Focus
Chicago City Opera
Chicago Civic Opera
Chicago Grand Opera
Chicago Festival Ballet
Ruth Page Center for the Arts
Chicago a cappella
Chicago Gay Men's Chorus
Chicago Symphony Chorus
Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Grant Park Symphony Orchestra
Arie Crown Theater
Briar Street Theater
Broadway Playhouse at Water Tower Place
Cadillac Palace Theatre
Chicago Avenue Pumping Station
Harris and Selwyn Theaters
New Regal Theater
Jay Pritzker Pavilion
The Vic Theatre
Drury Lane Water Tower Place
List of festivals in Chicago