Brampton (/ˈbræmptən/ or /ˈbræmtən/) is a city in the Canadian
province of Ontario. Situated in Southern Ontario, it is a suburban
city in the
Greater Toronto Area
Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and the seat of Peel Region.
The city has a population of 593,638 as of the
Canada 2016 Census.
Brampton is Canada's ninth-most populous municipality, the
seventy-seventh largest city in
North America and the third most
populous city in the
Greater Golden Horseshoe
Greater Golden Horseshoe Region, behind Toronto
Brampton was incorporated as a village in 1853 with 50 residents,
taking its name from the market town of Brampton, in Cumbria, England.
In 1873, with 2,000 residents,
Brampton was incorporated as a town.
The city was once known as "The Flower Town of Canada", a title based
on its large greenhouse industry. Today, Brampton's major economic
sectors include advanced manufacturing, retail administration and
logistics, information and communication technologies, food and
beverage, life sciences and business services. Mass immigration has
greatly increased Brampton's population from 10,000 in the 1950s to
50,000 in the 1970s, when it was incorporated as a city, to 250,000 in
the early 1990s to over 600,000 today. Today "visible minorities" make
up the vast majority (73.3%) of Brampton's population, which is 45%
South Asian, 20% Sikh, and 16.6% black, while only being 26% white,
according to the 2011 Canadian Census. 0.7% of Brampton's' population
are descendants of Canada's native peoples.
1.1 Development of Bramalea
1.2 Region of Peel
1.3 Development as a city
2 Geography and climate
3.2 Population growth
6.1 Sites of interest
6.3 Sports and recreation
7.1 Health and medicine
8.1 Public transit
9 Representation in other media
10 Notable Bramptonians
10.4 Film, television and comedy
11 Sister cities
12 See also
14 External links
John Haggert, Brampton's first mayor
Main article: History of Brampton
See also: List of mayors of Brampton,
Brampton Fall Fair, and Brampton
Prior to the 1800s, all real business in Chinguacousy Township took
place at Martin Salisbury's tavern. One mile distant at the corner of
Main and Queen streets, now the recognised centre of Brampton, William
Buffy's tavern was the only significant building. At the time, the
area was referred to as "Buffy's Corners". By 1834, John Elliott laid
out the area in lots for sale, calling it "Brampton", which was soon
adopted by others.
In 1853, a small agricultural fair was set up by the newly initiated
County Agricultural Society of the County of Peel, and was held at the
corner of Main and Queen streets. Grains, produce, roots, and dairy
products were up for sale. Horses and cattle, along with other lesser
livestock, were also sold at market. This agricultural fair eventually
became the modern
Brampton Fall Fair.
In that same year
Brampton was incorporated as a village. In 1866,
the town became the county seat and the location of the Peel County
Courthouse which was built in 1865-66; a three-storey County gaol was
added at the rear in 1867.
Edward Dale, an immigrant from Dorking, England, established a flower
nursery in Brampton shortly after his arrival in 1863. Dale's
Nursery became the town's largest and most prominent employer,
developed a flower grading system, and established a global export
market for its products. The company chimney was a town
Brampton Town Council allowed it to be torn down in
1977. At its height, the company had 140 greenhouses, and was
the largest cut flower business in North America, producing 20
million blooms and introducing numerous rose and orchid varietals and
species to the market. It also spurred the development of other
nurseries in the town. Forty-eight hothouse flower nurseries once did
business in the town.
In January 1867, Peel County separated from the County of York, a
union which had existed since 1851. By 1869, Brampton, had a
population of 1800.
The Alder Lea mansion, built between 1867 and 1870, whose surrounding
property became part of Gage Park in 1903
A federal grant had enabled the village to found its first public
library in 1887, which included 360 volumes from the Mechanic's
Institute (est 1858). In 1907, the library received a grant from the
Carnegie Foundation, set up by
United States steel magnate and
philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, to build a new, expanded library; it
serves several purposes, featuring the
Brampton Library. The Carnegie
libraries were built on the basis of communities coming up with
matching funds and guaranteeing maintenance.
In 1902, Sir William J. Gage (owner of Gage Publishing, a publishing
house specializing in school text books) purchased a 3.25 acres (1.3
hectares) part of the gardens and lawns of the Alder Lea estate (now
called Alderlea) that had been built on Main Street by Kenneth Chisolm
in 1867 to 1870. (Chisholm, a merchant and founding father of
Brampton, had been the Town reeve, then warden of Peel County, then
Brampton and eventually, Registrar of Peel County.) Sir
William donated 1.7 acres (0.7 hectares) of the property to the town,
with a specific condition that it be made into a park. Citizens
donated $1,054 and the town used the funds to purchase extra land to
ensure a larger park.
One of the PAMA buildings, formerly the Peel County Court House
A group of regional farmers in
Brampton had trouble getting insurance
from city-based companies. After several meetings in Clairville Hall,
they decided to found the County of Peel Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance
Company. In 1955, when the company moved to its third and current
location, 103 Queen Street West, it took the new name of Peel Mutual
Insurance Company. It reigns as the longest-running company in modern
Brampton. Harmsworth Decorating Centre was established in 1890, as
Harmsworth and Son, operated out of the family's house on Queen Street
West. The current location was purchased on September 1, 1904, after a
fire destroyed their original store. Purchased for $1,400, the 24 Main
Street South location is the longest-operating retail business in what
is now Brampton.
In 1974, the two townships of Chinguacousy and
Toronto Gore were
incorporated into Brampton. The small pine added to the centre of the
shield on the
Brampton city flag represents Chinguacousy, honouring
Chippewa chief Shinguacose, "The Small Pine." After this merger,
outlying communities such as Bramalea, Heart Lake and Professor's
Lake, Snelgrove, Tullamore, and Mayfield, were developed.
In 1963, the town established The Flower Festival of Brampton, based
on the Rose Festival of
Portland, Oregon in the United States. It
began to market itself as the Flower Town of Canada.
In a revival of this theme, on 24 June 2002, the City Council
established the "Flower City Strategy", to promote a
connection to its flower-growing heritage. The intention was to
inspire design projects and community landscaping to beautify the
city, adopt a sustainable environmental approach, and to protect its
natural and cultural heritage. The Rose Theatre was named in
keeping with this vision and is to serve as a cultural institution in
the city. In addition, the city participates in the national
Communities in Bloom competition as part of that strategy.
The Old Shoe Factory, located on 57 Mill Street North, once housed the
Hewetson Shoe Company. It was listed as a historical property under
Ontario Heritage Act in 2008. Today it is occupied by various
small businesses. The lobby and hallways retain details from 1907.
Walls are decorated with pictures and artifacts of local Brampton
history and old shoe making equipment.
A self-guided historical walking tour of downtown
Brampton called "A
Walk Through Time" is available at
Brampton City Hall
Brampton City Hall and online
free of cost.
Development of Bramalea
Main article: Bramalea, Ontario
Developed as an innovative "new town", Bramalea was constructed
approximately 40 kilometres northwest of Toronto. Located in the
former Chinguacousy Township, it was Canada's first satellite
community developed by one of the country's largest real estate
developers, Bramalea Limited. The name "Bramalea" was created by the
farmer William Sheard, who combined "BRAM" from Brampton, "MAL" from
Malton (then a neighbouring town which is now part of the city of
Mississauga), and "LEA", an
Old English word meaning meadow or
grassland. He sold the land to
Brampton Leasing (the former name of
the developer) and built one of Bramalea's first houses on Dixie Road.
The community was developed according to its detailed master plan,
which included provisions for a parkland trail system and a "downtown"
to include essential services and a shopping centre. The downtown's
centrepiece was the Civic Centre, built in 1972 to include the city
hall and library. Directly across Team
Canada Drive, a shopping centre
Bramalea City Centre
Bramalea City Centre was built. These developments were
connected by a long underground tunnel, planned to provide protection
from winter weather. But, the tunnel has long since been closed due to
safety issues. Urbanists have also found that pedestrians at street
level make for much livelier and safer streets. Other features
included a police station, fire hall, bus terminal, and a collection
of seniors' retirement homes.
Each phase of the new city was marked with progressing first letters
of street names. Development started with the "A" section, with street
names such as Argyle, Avondale, and Aloma. Developers then created a
"B" section, "C" section, and so forth. Children on the boundaries of
these divisions would regularly compete in street hockey games,
pitting, for example, the "D" section versus the "E" section.
The community was initially developed with a large number of
recreational facilities, including tennis courts, playgrounds,
hockey/lacrosse rinks and swimming pools. An extensive parkland trail
and sidewalk system connects the entire community.
Region of Peel
Brampton in the Region of Peel
Brampton's City Hall
In 1974, the
Ontario provincial government decided to update Peel
County's structure. It amalgamated a series of villages into the City
of Mississauga. In addition, it created the new City of
the greater portion of the Townships of Chinguacousy and
including Bramalea and the other communities such as Claireville,
Ebenezer, Victoria, Springbrook, Churchville, Coleraine, and
Huttonville. While only Huttonville and Churchville still exist as
identifiable communities, other names like Claireville are re-emerging
as names of new developments.
The province converted Peel County into the Regional Municipality of
Brampton retained its role as the administrative centre of Peel
Region, which it already had as county seat. The regional council
Peel Regional Police
Peel Regional Police force, the public health department,
and the region's only major museum, the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and
Archives, are all located in Brampton.
This change had its critics among those with a strong sense of local
identities. Bramptonians feared urban sprawl would dissolve their
town's personality. Bramalea residents took pride in the
built-from-scratch and organised structure that had come with their
new city and did not want to give it up. Others in Bramalea accept
they are part of Brampton, and they make up the tri-city area:
Brampton, Heart Lake, Bramalea.
In 1972, Bramalea had built its civic centre. Two years later, when
Brampton and Bramalea merged, the new city's council chambers and
other facilities were installed in the Bramalea building. They were
moved from Brampton's modest downtown locale. The library systems of
Brampton and Bramalea were joined, resulting in a system of four
Some have questioned the future of Peel Region as encompassing all of
Brampton, Mississauga, and Caledon. The
Mississauga council, led by
Mayor Hazel McCallion, voted to become a single-tier municipality and
asked the provincial government to be separated from Peel Region. They
argued the city has outgrown the need for a regional layer of
government, and that
Mississauga is being held back by supporting
Brampton and Caledon with its municipal taxes.
Development as a city
Main Street in downtown Brampton
The early 1980s brought new residential development, as Brampton
released large tracts of land to developers. In 1995 the large new
suburban community of Springdale was developed, contributing to what
people consider urban sprawl. This area had its largest boom in 1999,
when development started to appear as far north as the city's border
with Caledon. The region has designated this border as the line of
demarcation for urban development until 2021. Neighbouring communities
not part of Peel Region have also been dramatically affected by the
city's sudden spurt. The end of
Brampton and start of Georgetown, for
example, has no identifiable boundary.
In the early 1980s,
Cineplex Odeon closed the Capitol Theatre in
Brampton. The City bought the facility in 1981 under the leadership of
councillor Diane Sutter. It adapted the former vaudeville venue and
movie house as a performing arts theatre, to be used also as a live
music venue. It was renamed the Heritage Theatre. Renovations and
maintenance were expensive. In 1983,
Toronto consultants Woods Gordon
reported to the City that, rather than continue "pouring money" into
the Heritage, they should construct a new 750-seat facility with
up-to-date features. This recommendation was adopted, and the city
designated the 2005/06 as the Heritage Theatre's "grand finale"
season. The city funded construction of the new Rose Theatre, which
opened in September 2006.
Carabram was founded in 1984, the result of volunteers from different
ethnic communities wanting to organise a festival celebrating
diversity and cross-cultural friendship. The name was loosely related
to Toronto's Caravan Festival of Cultures. Carabram's first event
featured Italian, Scots, Ukrainian, and
West Indian pavilions. By
2003, the fair had 18 pavilions attracting 45,000 visitors. The
national government of
Canada had an anchor pavilion in the late 1980s
and early 1990s, and for Carabram's 25th Anniversary in 2009.
Responding to a growing multi-cultural population, the Peel Board of
Education introduced evening English as a Second Language (ESL)
classes at high schools. Originally taught by volunteers, the classes
eventually were scheduled as daytime courses taught by paid
instructors. In the 1980s, the public and Catholic board expanded its
languages programs, offering night classes in 23 languages. These were
introduced due to requests by parents, who wanted their children to
learn their ancestral languages and heritage.
Brampton has a very
South Asian population, which is expected to grow at a high
In the early 1990s, Mayor Ken Whillans gained approval and funding for
construction of a new city hall in Brampton's downtown. The facility
was designed by local architects and constructed by Inzola
Construction. Whillians did not get to see the opening of the new hall
because of his death in August of that same year. With the return of
city government to downtown Brampton, politicians and businesses
allied to revitalize the core.
Changes continue to reflect the growth of the city. In 1992 the City
Brampton Fairgrounds, to be used for other development.
The Agricultural Society relocated in 1997 outside the boundaries of
the city to Heart Lake and Old School roads. In 1997 the Health
Services Restructuring Commission (HSRC) decided to amalgamate
Georgetown and District Memorial Hospital, Etobicoke General Hospital,
Peel Memorial Hospital as the William Osler Health Centre. It
became what is now the province's 6th-largest hospital corporation.
Brampton's 2003 Sesquicentennial celebrations boosted community
spirit, reviving the tradition of a summer parade (with 100 floats),
and creating other initiatives. To commemorate the town's history, the
city under Mayor Fennell reintroduced floral projects to the
community. These have included more plantings around town, the revival
in 2005 of the city Parade, and participation in the Canada
Communities in Bloom project.
Geography and climate
Brampton has a total land area of 265 square kilometres
(102 sq mi). The City of
Brampton is bordered by Highway 50
(Vaughan) to the East, Winston Churchill Boulevard (Halton Hills) to
the West, Mayfield Road (Caledon) to the north (except for a small
neighbourhood, Snelgrove, which is part of
Brampton despite extending
somewhat north of Mayfield Road) and the hydro corridor (Mississauga)
to the south except at Finch Avenue (at this point, Finch Avenue
serves as the border between the two cities).
Brampton features a continental climate (Köppen climate
classification Dfb) which is typical to much of Peel Region and the
rest of the Greater
Climate data for Lester B.
Pearson International Airport
Pearson International Airport 1981–2010
Brampton and North Mississauga)
Record high humidex
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Record low wind chill
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainfall mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Percent possible sunshine
Source: Environment Canada
Brampton annexed Chinguacousy Township—including the highly
populated communities of Bramalea and Heart Lake—in 1974.
The 2011 population count was revised in 2016.
Visible minority and Aboriginal population (
Canada 2016 Census)
% of total population
Other Visible Minority
Multiple visible minority
Total visible minority population
Multiple Aboriginal identity
Total Aboriginal population
Brampton has more Sikhs and Hindus than any other
Canadian city. However, 50.5 percent of Brampton's population claimed
various Christian denominations. The largest was Catholicism (26.0%),
followed by various Protestant denominations, including Anglican,
United Church, Lutheran, Baptist, and Reformed, while the remaining
numbers of Christians consists mostly of the
Eastern Orthodox rite.
Other religions with a notable presence include
Hinduism (12.1%), and
Islam (7.1%). Nearly 10 percent of the
population does not identify with a particular religion. The
Ontario Temple for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day
Saints (LDS Church) is located in Brampton.
Other or not religious (14.9%)
With a population of 593,638,
Brampton is the third-largest city in
Toronto Area, and the ninth-largest city in Canada. With
the median age at 33.7, it is the youngest community in the GTA.
Brampton has attracted residents and businesses due to its proximity
Pearson International Airport
Pearson International Airport and road infrastructure,
population growth, cost of land, and more favourable corporate tax
structure. It is becoming a prime location for corporate head offices,
factories, warehouses, etc., as well as the typical domestic goods and
services required to provide for the population.
The 2011 census found that English was spoken as mother tongue by
51.71% of the population. The next most common language was Punjabi,
spoken by 17.51% of the population, followed by
Urdu at 2.79%, and
Portuguese and Gujarati at 2.12% each.
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Companies with headquarters in
Brampton include Loblaw Companies Ltd.,
among the largest employers. Others of the largest include Rogers
Brampton Assembly Plant, Maple
Lodge Farms, Canadian Tire Corp, and formerly
Zellers (offices and
distribution), Coca-Cola Bottling Company Ltd., Gamma-Dynacare Medical
Laboratories, and Olymel L.P.
The international companies of Bacardi, Brita, and
Clorox have their
Canadian national headquarters in the city. It is also the location of
Canadian Forces Army Reserve unit The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin
and Halton Regiment).
Other major companies operating in
Brampton include: CN Rail Brampton
Intermodal Terminal, IKO Industries,
Best Buy (and Future Shop),
Brafasco, Ford, Rogers Communications, Nortel, Para Paints, Nestlé,
Canada Ltd., Sofina Foods Inc,
Hudson's Bay Company
Hudson's Bay Company (HBC),
Frito Lay Canada, MDA Space Missions, Goemans Appliances, and
Parkinson Coach Line.
An automobile manufacturing facility was opened by American Motors
(AMC) in 1960 as the
Brampton Assembly Plant. In 1986, AMC developed a
new, state-of-the-art operation at Bramalea. After AMC was acquired by
Chrysler in 1987, AMC's Canadian division and its plants were
absorbed; the older facility in
Brampton closed in 1992. The newest
factory was renamed
Brampton Assembly; it is one of the city's largest
employers, with over 4,200 workers when running at capacity.[citation
Brampton's only public higher education institution is Sheridan
College, which also has a campus in Oakville. Founded in 1967, the
local campus focuses on business training. The Oakville branch is the
second-largest school of Art and Design in North America. Algoma
Brampton offers some courses at Market Square Business
Centre, 24 Queen Street East. The closest universities to Brampton
York University and University of
Two main school boards operate in Brampton: the Peel District School
Board, which operates secular anglophone public schools, and
Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, which operates Catholic
anglophone public schools. Under the Peel District School Board, the
secondary schools are Bramalea,
Brampton Centennial, Central Peel,
Chinguacousy, Fletcher's Meadow, Harold M. Brathwaite, Heart Lake,
Louise Arbour, Mayfield, North Park, Judith Nyman, Sandalwood Heights,
Turner Fenton, David Suzuki, Castlebrooke Secondary School, and Jean
Augustine, one of the newest. A total of 85 elementary and middle
schools feed these high schools in the city.
Under the Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, the secondary
schools are Cardinal Leger, Holy Name of Mary, Notre Dame, St.
Augustine, St. Edmund Campion, St. Roch, St. Marguerite d'Youville,
St. Thomas Aquinas, and Cardinal Ambrozic. A total of 44 Catholic
elementary and middle schools feed these high schools in the city.
Conseil scolaire Viamonde
Conseil scolaire Viamonde operates secular Francophone schools
serving the area. The Conseil scolaire de district catholique
Centre-Sud operates Catholic Francophone schools serving the area.
The Rose Theatre Fountain Stage
LCD video screen at Garden Square, downtown
A Peel Art Gallery, Museum, Archives building, formerly the Peel
County Court House
Several cultural entities in the city operate under the umbrella of
Brampton Arts Council. Located in the city is the Peel Art
Gallery, Museum and Archives (PAMA, formerly the Peel Heritage
Complex), which is run by the Region of Peel.
The Rose Theatre (originally the
Brampton Performing Arts Centre),
opened in September 2006. The City had expected the facility to
generate $2.7 million in economic activity the first year, growing to
$19.8 million by the fifth year. The Rose Theatre far surpassed
projections, attracting more than 137,000 patrons in its inaugural
year, which exceeded its five-year goal. The arrival of so many new
patrons downtown has stimulated the development of numerous new
businesses nearby. A new Fountain Stage was unveiled in June 2008 at
the nearby Garden Square.
Brampton has six library locations to serve its half-million
residents. With a ratio of one library per more than 80,000 residents,
it has the lowest library ratio among major Canadian cities.[citation
Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives
Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives (PAMA) in
a museum, art gallery, and archives. Since opening in 1968, the art
gallery section (previously known as the Art Gallery of Peel) has
exhibited local, national, and international artists, both
contemporary and historical from their permanent collection.
The City of Brampton's long-standing heritage conservation program was
recognised with the 2011 Lieutenant Governor's
Ontario Heritage Award
for Community Leadership. In 2010 the City received an 'honourable
mention' under the same provincial awards program.
Sites of interest
Beaux Arts Brampton
Greenhouse and gardens
Claireville Conservation Area
Flower City Theatre Festival
Great War Flying Museum
Heart Lake Conservation Area
Brampton Historical Society
Historic Bovaird House
Korean War Memorial Wall (Canada)
Ontario Field of Honour
Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives
Lester B. Pearson Theatre
South Fletchers Sportsplex
Wild Water Kingdom
Major shopping areas include Bramalea City Centre, Shoppers World, and
"big box centre" Trinity Common Mall. The downtown area has some
retail; the Centennial Mall and the
Brampton Mall are also of note.
Main article: Media in Peel
Brampton was one of the first areas where
Rogers Cable offered its
service. The city started a community access channel in the 1970s,
which still operates. While some programs on the channel are produced
Brampton studios, most are based in its
Christian specialty channel
Vertical TV is based in Brampton.
The Brampton Guardian
The Brampton Guardian is the community's only newspaper. The city's
first newspaper, The Daily Times, stopped circulation in the early
1980s. For a little over a year, The
Brampton Bulletin attempted to
challenge the Guardian, but it was dismantled after a series of editor
Brampton is the official city of license for two radio stations, CIAO
and CFNY. Both stations address their programming toward the entire
Greater Toronto Area
Greater Toronto Area rather than exclusively to Brampton.
Sports and recreation
Main article: Sports in Brampton
Sports teams of Brampton
National Basketball League of Canada
Northern Football Conference
"The Beaver Dam" at MGS Sports Park
Ontario Provincial Junior A
Brampton Canadettes Thunder
Ontario Provincial Junior A
Brampton Memorial Arena
Major Series Lacrosse
Major Series Lacrosse Senior "A" Lacrosse League.
OLA Junior A Lacrosse League
Brampton Memorial Arena
Junior "b" Excelsiors
OLA Junior B Lacrosse League
Victoria Park Arena
Dave Dash Memorial Field
Brampton Senior Royals
Dave Dash Memorial Field
Northern Football Conference
Brampton United FC
Canadian Soccer League, National Division
Victoria Park Stadium
Brampton is home to one professional sports franchise, the Brampton
Beast of the ECHL, which plays at the Powerade Centre. From 2013 to
2015, the Powerade Center was also the home of the
Brampton A's in the
National Basketball League of Canada, however, they relocated to
Ontario to decrease costs of operations of switching the
arena floor from ice hockey to basketball.
The numerous sporting venues and activities includes the outdoor ice
path for skating through Gage Park.
Chinguacousy Park includes a ski
Curling Club, and Tennis Centre for multi-season activities.
In the summer, amateur softball leagues abound. Crowds line the
Professor's Lake for the annual outdoor "shagging" display.
Every year since 1967, the
Brampton Canadettes have hosted the
Brampton Canadettes Easter Tournament in hockey. Women's and
girls' hockey teams invade
Brampton for 3½ days of head-to-head
competition. Teams of all ages and categories from across
United States compete in this annual tournament. Teams from
England, Switzerland, Japan,
Russia attend this
international tournament. Thousands of players and spectators pass
through the doors during the tournament. There is no limit on the
number of teams in a division.
The Intermediate AA and Midget AA divisions are highly scouted by
United States colleges and universities seeking recruits for
varsity teams. Teams from as far as Alaska and Calgary, Quebec and
Carolina, Michigan and Minnesota, as well as virtually all hockey
centres in Ontario, will compete in a minimum of 3 games each over the
course of the tournament. Including championship finals, over 600
games are played in 3½ days.
Health and medicine
Brampton Civic Hospital
Brampton Civic Hospital and Peel Memorial Hospital
Grenville & William Davis Courthouse,
Ontario Court of Justice, is
Brampton at 7755
Hurontario Street (
Hurontario Street at
Brampton Transit and GO Transit
Brampton Transit bus at the now-relocated Bramalea City Centre
Local transit is provided by
Brampton Transit, with connections to
other systems such as MiWay, York Region Transit, Go Transit, and
Toronto Transit Commission.
Brampton also has a new Bus Rapid Transit
system, "Züm" (pronounced Zoom), previously known as AcceleRide along
Steeles Avenue and Queen Street/Highway 7,
which would form the backbone to its bus network.
funding from the provincial government in 2006 to begin implementation
of this system. The cash fare is $4.00 for single adult transfer,
which is valid for 2 hours.
There is GO Bus service to
York University and subway stations at
Yorkdale Mall and York Mills in Toronto. There are three GO Train
stations in Brampton: Bramalea,
Brampton and Mount Pleasant.
Canadian National Railways
Canadian National Railways and the Orangeville-
short line (formerly part of the
Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway line) run
through the city. CN's Intermodal Yards are located east of Airport
Road between Steeles and Queen Street East. The CN Track from
Toronto's Union Station, is the Kitchener
GO Transit Rail Corridor
providing commuter rail and bus services to and from
Toronto with rail
station stops at Bramalea, Downtown Brampton, and Mount Pleasant. Via
Rail connects through
Brampton as part of the Quebec City-Windsor
Canada's busiest airport,
Toronto Pearson International Airport
(CYYZ), is located near Brampton, in Mississauga. For general
aviation, the city is served by the privately owned
(CNC3), located to the north of the city in neighbouring Caledon.
Brampton is served by several major transportation routes: Highway 401
Toronto is a short distance south in Mississauga, and can be
reached by Highway 410, which runs north-south through the middle of
the city. Highway 407 runs along the southern portion of the city,
just north of the boundary with Mississauga. Steeles Avenue, which
runs north of the 407, is another thoroughfare from Toronto. Main
Street, a part of the historic road, Hurontario Street, and formerly
Highway 10, is the city's main north-south artery. The former Highway
7, (now Regional Road 107) is another east-west corridor, incorporates
the eastern part of Queen Street (which is the city's main east-west
street) and the western part of Bovaird Drive.
Representation in other media
Deepa Mehta's 2008 film Heaven on Earth is set in Brampton.
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removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing
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Main article: List of people from Brampton
Four people from
Brampton have received the Order of Canada: Robert
William Bradford, former Director of the National Aviation Museum;
Michael F. Clarke, director at Evergreen, the Yonge Street Mission for
street youth in Toronto; Howard Pawley, professor and former Premier
of Manitoba; and William G. Davis, former Premier of Ontario.
Rick Nash in 2006, playing for the Columbus Blue Jackets
Basketball: Michael Meeks (internationally), Tyler Ennis (NBA),
Tristan Thompson (NBA), Anthony Bennett (NBA)
Curling: Scott Bailey, Peter Corner, Graeme McCarrel, Wayne Middaugh,
Field hockey: Bernadette Bowyer
Figure skating: Vern Taylor, Mark Janoschak
Football: Courtney Stephen (CFL) Michael Bailey (CFL), Fernand Kashama
Chris Kowalczuk (CFL),
Rob Maver (CFL),
Jerome Messam (CFL,
Jason Nugent (CFL),
Junior Turner (CFL),
Steven Turner (CFL),
Jabar Westerman (CFL),
Jamaal Westerman (NFL), James Yurichuk
Golf: David Hearn;
Steve Duplantis (caddy)
Hockey: Andrew Cassels, Mike Danton, Mike Dwyer, Todd Elik, Chris
Felix, Sheldon Keefe, Tom Laidlaw, Andrew Martin (internationally),
Kris Newbury, Rick Nash, Tyler Seguin, Jamie Storr, Mike Weaver, Mike
Wilson, Sean Monahan, Tyler Graovac
Horse-racing: Sid C. Attard, Patrick Husbands, Robert P. Tiller,
Jim Veltman (NLL)
Sailing: Kevin Stittle
Gabe Gala (MLS),
Atiba Hutchinson (Super Lig), Peter Roe (ASL,
MISL), Murphy Wiredu, Doniel Henry, David "Junior" Hoilett, Paul
Stalteri, Roger Thompson, Cyle Larin
Speed skating: Tyson Heung
Tennis: Jill Hetherington, Milos Raonic
Track and field: Charles Allen, Mark Boswell
Wrestling: Ohenewa Akuffo
Brampton City Council
Three Canadian premiers got their start in Brampton; Premiers Tobias
Howard Pawley OC of Manitoba, and "
Brampton Billy", Ontario
William Grenville Davis
William Grenville Davis CC. Other notable politicians include
John Coyne, and Conservative opposition leader Gordon Graydon. Alberta
politician and businessman Sir James A. Lougheed was born in Brampton,
and served 30 years in Senate; Regina mayor
David Lynch Scott
David Lynch Scott was born
President of the Treasury Board
Tony Clement spent time as a Brampton
John McDermid held various cabinet positions under Brian
Bal Gosal Minister of State-Sport, and current Mayor Linda
Jeffrey held cabinet positions at the provincial level.
Ruby Dhalla represented the riding of Brampton—Springdale in the
Canadian House of Commons from 2004-2011 as a member of the Liberal
Party. Dhalla and British Columbia Conservative MP Nina Grewal were
Sikh women to serve in the Canadian House of Commons. Parm
Gill was elected as the member of parliament from the Conservative
Canada for the riding of Brampton-Springdale in 2011, who was
also appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of
Veteran Affairs in 2013.
Authors born in or living in
Rohinton Mistry and Edo
Beaux Arts Brampton, VAB, and PAMA are of interest for artists wishing
to integrate into the artistic community.
Visual arts notables from
Brampton include Curtis Albert Williamson,
co-founder of the
Canadian Art Club (1907), etcher Caroline Helena
Armington, Ronald Bloore, Member of the Order of Canada; Organiser
and member of the "Regina Five",(1960) watercolourist Jack Reid,
and William Ronald, who was raised in town. Norman Mills Price.
David Feiss and
Jay Stephens grew up here.
Music acts from
Brampton include Punk band The Flatliners, R&B
singer Keshia Chanté, country singer Johnny Reid, "Metal Queen" Lee
Aaron, pop singer Alyssa Reid, and rapper D-Pryde. Country singer and
"World Champion Yodeler"
Donn Reynolds lived here from 1969 to
1997. Barry Stock, guitarist from
Three Days Grace
Three Days Grace was raised in
Brampton, and currently resides in Caledon. Singer
Alessia Cara and
Roy Woods was also born in Brampton.
Film, television and comedy
Comedian Russell Peters
Two notable comedians hail from Brampton, Scott Thompson and Russell
Michael Cera was born and raised in Brampton. Shawn
Aaron Ashmore (Smallville) are Brampton-raised. Tyler Labine
locally raised actor is currently the star of (Mad Love).
Other Brampton-born or affiliated actors include Paulo Costanzo,
Gemini Award winner
Kris Lemche and his younger
brother Matt Lemche, Lara Jean Chorostecki, Sabrina Grdevich, Nicole
Lyn, Dulé Hill, film director Mark Penney, actor and producer David
J. Phillips, and Gemini Award-winner George R. Robertson.
Of those best known as voice actors,
Brenna O'Brien (InuYasha, Zixx:
Level Two). On-air media personalities Cassie Campbell, Chris Connor,
Chris Cuthbert and
Scott McGillivray have connections to the town.
Brampton has two sister cities as well as active economic, historic,
and cultural relationships with others.
Miami Beach, Florida
Ribeira Grande, Azores, Portugal
Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China
Brampton, Eden, Cumbria, England
Gapyeong, South Korea
Fangshan District (Funhill), Beijing, China
Brampton Board of Trade
Brampton municipal election, 2006
Brampton Arts Person of the Year
List of airports in the Greater
List of historic places in Brampton
"(Code 3521010) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
^ Rayburn, Alan (2001). Naming Canada: Stories about Canadian Place
Names. Toronto: University of
Toronto Press. p. 45.
^ a b c d e Statistics Canada: 2017
^ a b "Brampton's Beginning" in Bramptons's 100th Anniversary as an
Incorporated Town: 1873–1973, Brampton: The Corporation of the Town
Brampton and the
Brampton Centennial Committee, 1973, originally
published in Ross Cumming, ed., Historical Atlas of Peel County, n.p.:
Walker and Miles, 1877.
^ a b c "Discover Brampton's History". City of Brampton. Archived from
the original on 2010-02-21. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
^ a b c d e f g Bost, John (30 December 2007). "Without a trace". Book
Review. Retrieved 2010-04-08. O’Hara tells the story of how the Dale
Estate joined with the town to market the town as the "Flower Town of
Canada" by instituting in 1963, The Flower Festival of Brampton,
patterned after the great Rose Festival parade of Portland,
Oregon. [permanent dead link]
^ O'Hara, Dale (September 2007). Acres of Glass: The Story of the Dale
Estate and How
Brampton Became "The Flower Town of Canada".
Eastendbooks. ISBN 978-1-896973-39-5. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
^ a b c "Brampton's FlowerTown Heritage". Archived from the original
on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
^ "The creation of the County of Peel, 1851-1867". 25 April 2017.
Retrieved 2 December 2017.
^ The province of
Ontario gazetteer and directory. H. McEvoy Editor
and Compiler, Toronto : Robertson & Cook, Publishers, 1869
^ "Biography – CHISHOLM, KENNETH – Volume XIII (1901-1910) –
Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Retrieved 2 December 2017.
^ "History of Alderlea". www.brampton.ca. Retrieved 2 December
^ Douglas, Pam (26 March 2015). "Alderlea reborn: Brampton's heritage
home now available for rent - BramptonGuardian.com". Retrieved 2
^ "Flower City Strategy". City of Brampton. Archived from the original
on June 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-08. On June 24, 2002, Council
received and approved the "Flower City Strategy", with the expressed
purpose of recapturing of Brampton’s Floral heritage.
^ "Heritage". City of Brampton. Archived from the original on
2010-04-09. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
^ a b "Environmental Responsibility". City of Brampton. Archived from
the original on 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2010-04-08. The City is taking
steps to reclaim our "flower town" roots through the Flower City
Strategy, a multifaceted approach that strives to beautify Brampton,
preserve its natural and cultural heritage and protect the
environment. An important part of this strategy is adopting a
sustainable environmental approach that combines conservation with
urban development and design, naturalisation and community
^ Hewetson Shoe Factory. City of Brampton. "Archived copy". Archived
from the original on 2013-05-18. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
^ "A Walk Through Time", City of Brampton, c.2010
Toronto Lester B. Pearson International Airport". 1981-2010
Canadian Climate Normals. Environment Canada. Retrieved
Toronto Lester B. Pearson INT'L A". Canadian Climate Normals
1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
^ "Daily Data Report for February 2017". Environment Canada. Retrieved
29 March 2017.
^ a b "National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2016".
2.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
^ Census Profile, 2016 Census Brampton,
Ontario and Peel, Regional
^ "Ethnic origin population". statcan.ca. 2016-10-25. Retrieved
^ Ethnocultural Portrait of
Canada Highlight Tables, 2006 Census
^ "Ethnocultural Portrait of
Canada - Data table". 2.statcan.ca.
2010-10-06. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
^ 2006 Community Profiles
^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics
Canada - Census
Subdivision". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
Ontario Temple". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day
Saints. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
^ "Brampton, CY". Census Profile for the Census Subdivision of
Brampton (City), Ontario. Statistics Canada. 2012-10-24. Retrieved
^ "Address[permanent dead link]."
Loblaw Companies Ltd.
Loblaw Companies Ltd. Retrieved on
March 8, 2011. "Loblaw Companies Limited 1 President’s Choice Circle
Canada L6Y 5S5"
^ "Home - Peel Art Gallery Museum + Archives". m.pama.peelregion.ca.
^ "Mount Chinguacousy". Retrieved 10 July 2016.
Brampton Historical Society". Retrieved 10 July 2016.
^ "Historic Bovaird House-Home Page". Retrieved 10 July 2016.
^ "Welcome to the Rose Theatre". Retrieved 10 July 2016.
^ "LESTER B. PEARSON THEATRE". Retrieved 30 January 2018.
Archived August 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
Toronto Airports Authority draft plan for Pickering Airport,
Toronto Airports Authority (2003). Retrieved on 2006-12-08.
^ "Mehta's film resonates with Indian women". The Star. Toronto.
2008-11-04. Retrieved 2010-04-26.
^ Campbell, Mogan (2008-01-03). "Local boy not quite local enough for
Toronto Star. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
^ Christine Boyanoski (1944-04-18). "Williamson, Curtis Albert". The
Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
^ "Caroline Armington - Artist, Fine Art, Auction Records, Prices,
Biography for Caroline Helena (Wilkinson) Armington". Askart.com.
^ Clara Hargittay (1925-05-29). "Bloore, Ronald". The Canadian
Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
Brampton Guardian. "Reynolds, Donn". Our
^ a b c "Economic Development Committee Committee of the Council of
The Corporation of the City of Brampton" (PDF). City of Brampton. City
of Brampton. March 2, 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2016. City of Brampton
currently has two formal Sister Cities; Page 7.1-1
Brampton Global Partnership Agreements" (PDF). City of Brampton.
City of Brampton. April 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3
March 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
^ a b c d e Criscione, Peter (October 20, 2016). "
Brampton Eyes New
Relationship With Portuguese City".
^ a b c d e "Economic Development Committee" (PDF). City of Brampton.
2 March 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brampton, Ontario.
Wikinews has news related to:
Brampton official website
CENSUS BULLETIN #4,
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Brampton.
Places adjacent to Brampton
Municipalities of Peel Region, Ontario
City of Brampton
Town of Caledon
City of Mississauga
Largest city: Toronto
Townships and municipalities
Toronto Gore Township
Buildings and structures
A. Grenville and William Davis Courthouse
Bramalea City Centre
Brampton Civic Hospital
Brampton Soccer Centre
Korean War Memorial Wall
Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives
Peel County Courthouse
Peel Memorial Centre for Integrated Health and Wellness (formerly Peel
Shoppers World Brampton
Trinity Common Mall
Brampton Arts Council
Brampton Board of Trade
Visual Arts Brampton
Brampton Fall Fair
Brampton City Council
Brampton City Hall
10 Peel Centre Drive
Peel District School Board
Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board
Conseil scolaire Viamonde
Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud