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Brampton
Brampton
(/ˈbræmptən/ or /ˈbræmtən/) is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Situated in Southern Ontario, it is a suburban city in the Greater Toronto Area
Greater Toronto Area
(GTA) and the seat of Peel Region. The city has a population of 593,638 as of the Canada
Canada
2016 Census. Brampton
Brampton
is Canada's ninth-most populous municipality, the seventy-seventh largest city in North America
North America
and the third most populous city in the Greater Golden Horseshoe
Greater Golden Horseshoe
Region, behind Toronto and Mississauga.[2] Brampton
Brampton
was incorporated as a village in 1853 with 50 residents, taking its name from the market town of Brampton, in Cumbria, England. In 1873, with 2,000 residents, Brampton
Brampton
was incorporated as a town. The city was once known as "The Flower Town of Canada", a title based on its large greenhouse industry. Today, Brampton's major economic sectors include advanced manufacturing, retail administration and logistics, information and communication technologies, food and beverage, life sciences and business services. Mass immigration has greatly increased Brampton's population from 10,000 in the 1950s to 50,000 in the 1970s, when it was incorporated as a city, to 250,000 in the early 1990s to over 600,000 today. Today "visible minorities" make up the vast majority (73.3%) of Brampton's population, which is 45% South Asian, 20% Sikh, and 16.6% black, while only being 26% white, according to the 2011 Canadian Census. 0.7% of Brampton's' population are descendants of Canada's native peoples.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Development of Bramalea 1.2 Region of Peel 1.3 Development as a city

2 Geography and climate 3 Demographics

3.1 Religion 3.2 Population growth 3.3 Languages

4 Economy 5 Education 6 Culture

6.1 Sites of interest 6.2 Media 6.3 Sports and recreation

7 Infrastructure

7.1 Health and medicine 7.2 Courts

8 Transportation

8.1 Public transit 8.2 Rail 8.3 Air 8.4 Road

9 Representation in other media 10 Notable Bramptonians

10.1 Sports 10.2 Politics 10.3 Arts 10.4 Film, television and comedy

11 Sister cities 12 See also 13 References

13.1 Notes

14 External links

History[edit]

John Haggert, Brampton's first mayor

Main article: History of Brampton See also: List of mayors of Brampton, Brampton
Brampton
Fall Fair, and Brampton Library Prior to the 1800s, all real business in Chinguacousy Township took place at Martin Salisbury's tavern. One mile distant at the corner of Main and Queen streets, now the recognised centre of Brampton, William Buffy's tavern was the only significant building. At the time, the area was referred to as "Buffy's Corners". By 1834, John Elliott laid out the area in lots for sale, calling it "Brampton", which was soon adopted by others.[3] In 1853, a small agricultural fair was set up by the newly initiated County Agricultural Society of the County of Peel, and was held at the corner of Main and Queen streets. Grains, produce, roots, and dairy products were up for sale. Horses and cattle, along with other lesser livestock, were also sold at market. This agricultural fair eventually became the modern Brampton
Brampton
Fall Fair. In that same year Brampton
Brampton
was incorporated as a village.[3] In 1866, the town became the county seat and the location of the Peel County Courthouse which was built in 1865-66; a three-storey County gaol was added at the rear in 1867. Edward Dale, an immigrant from Dorking, England, established a flower nursery in Brampton[4] shortly after his arrival in 1863.[5] Dale's Nursery became the town's largest[4] and most prominent employer, developed a flower grading system,[5] and established a global export market for its products.[4] The company chimney was a town landmark,[5] until Brampton
Brampton
Town Council allowed it to be torn down in 1977.[5] At its height, the company had 140 greenhouses,[6] and was the largest cut flower business in North America,[7] producing 20 million blooms and introducing numerous rose and orchid varietals and species to the market.[7] It also spurred the development of other nurseries in the town. Forty-eight hothouse flower nurseries once did business in the town.[5][7] In January 1867, Peel County separated from the County of York, a union which had existed since 1851.[8] By 1869, Brampton, had a population of 1800.[9]

The Alder Lea mansion, built between 1867 and 1870, whose surrounding property became part of Gage Park in 1903

A federal grant had enabled the village to found its first public library in 1887, which included 360 volumes from the Mechanic's Institute (est 1858). In 1907, the library received a grant from the Carnegie Foundation, set up by United States
United States
steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, to build a new, expanded library; it serves several purposes, featuring the Brampton
Brampton
Library. The Carnegie libraries were built on the basis of communities coming up with matching funds and guaranteeing maintenance. In 1902, Sir William J. Gage (owner of Gage Publishing, a publishing house specializing in school text books) purchased a 3.25 acres (1.3 hectares) part of the gardens and lawns of the Alder Lea estate (now called Alderlea) that had been built on Main Street by Kenneth Chisolm in 1867 to 1870. (Chisholm, a merchant and founding father of Brampton, had been the Town reeve, then warden of Peel County, then MPP for Brampton
Brampton
and eventually, Registrar of Peel County.)[10] Sir William donated 1.7 acres (0.7 hectares) of the property to the town, with a specific condition that it be made into a park. Citizens donated $1,054 and the town used the funds to purchase extra land to ensure a larger park.[11][12]

One of the PAMA buildings, formerly the Peel County Court House

A group of regional farmers in Brampton
Brampton
had trouble getting insurance from city-based companies. After several meetings in Clairville Hall, they decided to found the County of Peel Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Company. In 1955, when the company moved to its third and current location, 103 Queen Street West, it took the new name of Peel Mutual Insurance Company. It reigns as the longest-running company in modern Brampton. Harmsworth Decorating Centre was established in 1890, as Harmsworth and Son, operated out of the family's house on Queen Street West. The current location was purchased on September 1, 1904, after a fire destroyed their original store. Purchased for $1,400, the 24 Main Street South location is the longest-operating retail business in what is now Brampton. In 1974, the two townships of Chinguacousy and Toronto
Toronto
Gore were incorporated into Brampton. The small pine added to the centre of the shield on the Brampton
Brampton
city flag represents Chinguacousy, honouring the Chippewa
Chippewa
chief Shinguacose, "The Small Pine." After this merger, outlying communities such as Bramalea, Heart Lake and Professor's Lake, Snelgrove, Tullamore, and Mayfield, were developed. In 1963, the town established The Flower Festival of Brampton, based on the Rose Festival of Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
in the United States. It began to market itself as the Flower Town of Canada.[5] In a revival of this theme, on 24 June 2002, the City Council established the "Flower City Strategy",[13][14] to promote a connection to its flower-growing heritage.[15] The intention was to inspire design projects and community landscaping to beautify the city, adopt a sustainable environmental approach, and to protect its natural and cultural heritage.[15] The Rose Theatre was named in keeping with this vision and is to serve as a cultural institution in the city.[5] In addition, the city participates in the national Communities in Bloom competition as part of that strategy. The Old Shoe Factory, located on 57 Mill Street North, once housed the Hewetson Shoe Company. It was listed as a historical property under the Ontario
Ontario
Heritage Act in 2008. Today it is occupied by various small businesses. The lobby and hallways retain details from 1907. Walls are decorated with pictures and artifacts of local Brampton history and old shoe making equipment.[16] A self-guided historical walking tour of downtown Brampton
Brampton
called "A Walk Through Time"[17] is available at Brampton City Hall
Brampton City Hall
and online free of cost. Development of Bramalea[edit] Main article: Bramalea, Ontario Developed as an innovative "new town", Bramalea was constructed approximately 40 kilometres northwest of Toronto. Located in the former Chinguacousy Township, it was Canada's first satellite community developed by one of the country's largest real estate developers, Bramalea Limited. The name "Bramalea" was created by the farmer William Sheard, who combined "BRAM" from Brampton, "MAL" from Malton (then a neighbouring town which is now part of the city of Mississauga), and "LEA", an Old English
Old English
word meaning meadow or grassland. He sold the land to Brampton
Brampton
Leasing (the former name of the developer) and built one of Bramalea's first houses on Dixie Road. The community was developed according to its detailed master plan, which included provisions for a parkland trail system and a "downtown" to include essential services and a shopping centre. The downtown's centrepiece was the Civic Centre, built in 1972 to include the city hall and library. Directly across Team Canada
Canada
Drive, a shopping centre named Bramalea City Centre
Bramalea City Centre
was built. These developments were connected by a long underground tunnel, planned to provide protection from winter weather. But, the tunnel has long since been closed due to safety issues. Urbanists have also found that pedestrians at street level make for much livelier and safer streets. Other features included a police station, fire hall, bus terminal, and a collection of seniors' retirement homes. Each phase of the new city was marked with progressing first letters of street names. Development started with the "A" section, with street names such as Argyle, Avondale, and Aloma. Developers then created a "B" section, "C" section, and so forth. Children on the boundaries of these divisions would regularly compete in street hockey games, pitting, for example, the "D" section versus the "E" section. The community was initially developed with a large number of recreational facilities, including tennis courts, playgrounds, hockey/lacrosse rinks and swimming pools. An extensive parkland trail and sidewalk system connects the entire community. Region of Peel[edit]

Brampton
Brampton
in the Region of Peel

Brampton's City Hall

In 1974, the Ontario
Ontario
provincial government decided to update Peel County's structure. It amalgamated a series of villages into the City of Mississauga. In addition, it created the new City of Brampton
Brampton
from the greater portion of the Townships of Chinguacousy and Toronto
Toronto
Gore, including Bramalea and the other communities such as Claireville, Ebenezer, Victoria, Springbrook, Churchville, Coleraine, and Huttonville. While only Huttonville and Churchville still exist as identifiable communities, other names like Claireville are re-emerging as names of new developments. The province converted Peel County into the Regional Municipality of Peel. Brampton
Brampton
retained its role as the administrative centre of Peel Region, which it already had as county seat. The regional council chamber, the Peel Regional Police
Peel Regional Police
force, the public health department, and the region's only major museum, the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives, are all located in Brampton. This change had its critics among those with a strong sense of local identities. Bramptonians feared urban sprawl would dissolve their town's personality. Bramalea residents took pride in the built-from-scratch and organised structure that had come with their new city and did not want to give it up. Others in Bramalea accept they are part of Brampton, and they make up the tri-city area: Brampton, Heart Lake, Bramalea. In 1972, Bramalea had built its civic centre. Two years later, when Brampton
Brampton
and Bramalea merged, the new city's council chambers and other facilities were installed in the Bramalea building. They were moved from Brampton's modest downtown locale. The library systems of Brampton
Brampton
and Bramalea were joined, resulting in a system of four locations. Some have questioned the future of Peel Region as encompassing all of Brampton, Mississauga, and Caledon. The Mississauga
Mississauga
council, led by Mayor Hazel McCallion, voted to become a single-tier municipality and asked the provincial government to be separated from Peel Region. They argued the city has outgrown the need for a regional layer of government, and that Mississauga
Mississauga
is being held back by supporting Brampton
Brampton
and Caledon with its municipal taxes. Development as a city[edit]

Main Street in downtown Brampton

The early 1980s brought new residential development, as Brampton released large tracts of land to developers. In 1995 the large new suburban community of Springdale was developed, contributing to what people consider urban sprawl. This area had its largest boom in 1999, when development started to appear as far north as the city's border with Caledon. The region has designated this border as the line of demarcation for urban development until 2021. Neighbouring communities not part of Peel Region have also been dramatically affected by the city's sudden spurt. The end of Brampton
Brampton
and start of Georgetown, for example, has no identifiable boundary. In the early 1980s, Cineplex Odeon
Cineplex Odeon
closed the Capitol Theatre in Brampton. The City bought the facility in 1981 under the leadership of councillor Diane Sutter. It adapted the former vaudeville venue and movie house as a performing arts theatre, to be used also as a live music venue. It was renamed the Heritage Theatre. Renovations and maintenance were expensive. In 1983, Toronto
Toronto
consultants Woods Gordon reported to the City that, rather than continue "pouring money" into the Heritage, they should construct a new 750-seat facility with up-to-date features. This recommendation was adopted, and the city designated the 2005/06 as the Heritage Theatre's "grand finale" season. The city funded construction of the new Rose Theatre, which opened in September 2006. Carabram was founded in 1984, the result of volunteers from different ethnic communities wanting to organise a festival celebrating diversity and cross-cultural friendship. The name was loosely related to Toronto's Caravan Festival of Cultures. Carabram's first event featured Italian, Scots, Ukrainian, and West Indian pavilions. By 2003, the fair had 18 pavilions attracting 45,000 visitors. The national government of Canada
Canada
had an anchor pavilion in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and for Carabram's 25th Anniversary in 2009. Responding to a growing multi-cultural population, the Peel Board of Education introduced evening English as a Second Language (ESL) classes at high schools. Originally taught by volunteers, the classes eventually were scheduled as daytime courses taught by paid instructors. In the 1980s, the public and Catholic board expanded its languages programs, offering night classes in 23 languages. These were introduced due to requests by parents, who wanted their children to learn their ancestral languages and heritage. Brampton
Brampton
has a very large South Asian
South Asian
population, which is expected to grow at a high rate. In the early 1990s, Mayor Ken Whillans gained approval and funding for construction of a new city hall in Brampton's downtown. The facility was designed by local architects and constructed by Inzola Construction. Whillians did not get to see the opening of the new hall because of his death in August of that same year. With the return of city government to downtown Brampton, politicians and businesses allied to revitalize the core. Changes continue to reflect the growth of the city. In 1992 the City purchased the Brampton
Brampton
Fairgrounds, to be used for other development. The Agricultural Society relocated in 1997 outside the boundaries of the city to Heart Lake and Old School roads. In 1997 the Health Services Restructuring Commission (HSRC) decided to amalgamate Georgetown and District Memorial Hospital, Etobicoke General Hospital, and Peel Memorial Hospital as the William Osler Health Centre. It became what is now the province's 6th-largest hospital corporation. Brampton's 2003 Sesquicentennial celebrations boosted community spirit, reviving the tradition of a summer parade (with 100 floats), and creating other initiatives. To commemorate the town's history, the city under Mayor Fennell reintroduced floral projects to the community. These have included more plantings around town, the revival in 2005 of the city Parade, and participation in the Canada Communities in Bloom project. Geography and climate[edit] Brampton
Brampton
has a total land area of 265 square kilometres (102 sq mi). The City of Brampton
Brampton
is bordered by Highway 50 (Vaughan) to the East, Winston Churchill Boulevard (Halton Hills) to the West, Mayfield Road (Caledon) to the north (except for a small neighbourhood, Snelgrove, which is part of Brampton
Brampton
despite extending somewhat north of Mayfield Road) and the hydro corridor (Mississauga) to the south except at Finch Avenue (at this point, Finch Avenue serves as the border between the two cities). Brampton
Brampton
features a continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) which is typical to much of Peel Region and the rest of the Greater Toronto
Toronto
Area.

Climate data for Lester B. Pearson International Airport
Pearson International Airport
1981–2010 ( Brampton
Brampton
and North Mississauga)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high humidex 19.0 14.8 29.2 37.9 42.6 45.0 50.3 46.6 48.0 39.1 28.6 23.9 50.3

Record high °C (°F) 17.6 (63.7) 17.7 (63.9) 25.6 (78.1) 31.1 (88) 34.4 (93.9) 36.7 (98.1) 37.6 (99.7) 38.3 (100.9) 36.7 (98.1) 31.6 (88.9) 25.0 (77) 20.0 (68) 38.3 (100.9)

Average high °C (°F) −1.5 (29.3) −0.4 (31.3) 4.6 (40.3) 12.2 (54) 18.8 (65.8) 24.2 (75.6) 27.1 (80.8) 26.0 (78.8) 21.6 (70.9) 14.3 (57.7) 7.6 (45.7) 1.4 (34.5) 13.0 (55.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) −5.5 (22.1) −4.5 (23.9) 0.1 (32.2) 7.1 (44.8) 13.1 (55.6) 18.6 (65.5) 21.5 (70.7) 20.6 (69.1) 16.2 (61.2) 9.5 (49.1) 3.7 (38.7) −2.2 (28) 8.2 (46.8)

Average low °C (°F) −9.4 (15.1) −8.7 (16.3) −4.5 (23.9) 1.9 (35.4) 7.4 (45.3) 13.0 (55.4) 15.8 (60.4) 15.1 (59.2) 10.8 (51.4) 4.6 (40.3) −0.2 (31.6) −5.8 (21.6) 3.3 (37.9)

Record low °C (°F) −31.3 (−24.3) −31.1 (−24) −28.9 (−20) −17.2 (1) −5.6 (21.9) 0.6 (33.1) 3.9 (39) 1.1 (34) −3.9 (25) −8.3 (17.1) −18.3 (−0.9) −31.1 (−24) −31.3 (−24.3)

Record low wind chill −44.7 −38.9 −36.2 −25.4 −9.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 −8.0 −13.5 −25.4 −38.5 −44.7

Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.8 (2.039) 47.7 (1.878) 49.8 (1.961) 68.5 (2.697) 74.3 (2.925) 71.5 (2.815) 75.7 (2.98) 78.1 (3.075) 74.5 (2.933) 61.1 (2.406) 75.1 (2.957) 57.9 (2.28) 785.9 (30.941)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 25.1 (0.988) 24.3 (0.957) 32.6 (1.283) 63.0 (2.48) 74.3 (2.925) 71.5 (2.815) 75.7 (2.98) 78.1 (3.075) 74.5 (2.933) 60.6 (2.386) 68.0 (2.677) 34.0 (1.339) 681.6 (26.835)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 29.5 (11.61) 24.0 (9.45) 17.7 (6.97) 4.5 (1.77) 0.02 (0.008) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.4 (0.16) 7.5 (2.95) 24.9 (9.8) 108.5 (42.72)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 15.1 11.6 12.4 12.5 12.5 10.8 10.4 10.2 10.5 12.1 13.2 14.8 145.9

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 5.4 4.6 7.4 11.3 12.5 10.8 10.4 10.2 10.5 12.0 11.0 7.1 113.2

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 12.1 9.4 6.8 2.4 0.03 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.4 10.0 44.4

Average relative humidity (%) 80.8 79.3 78.1 75.4 77.2 79.8 81.9 85.7 87.4 85.2 83.3 81.8 81.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 79.7 112.2 159.4 204.4 228.2 249.7 294.4 274.5 215.7 163.7 94.2 86.2 2,161.4

Percent possible sunshine 27.6 38.0 43.2 50.8 50.1 54.1 63.0 63.4 57.4 47.8 32.0 30.9 46.5

Source: Environment Canada[18][19][20]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations

Year Pop. ±%

1858 50 —    

1871 2,090 +4080.0%

1881 2,920 +39.7%

1891 3,252 +11.4%

1901 2,748 −15.5%

1911 3,412 +24.2%

1921 4,527 +32.7%

1931 5,532 +22.2%

1941 5,975 +8.0%

1951 8,389 +40.4%

1961 18,467 +120.1%

1971 41,211 +123.2%

1981 149,030 +261.6%

1991 234,445 +57.3%

1996 268,251 +14.4%

2001 325,428 +21.3%

2006 433,806 +33.3%

2011 523,906 +20.8%

2016 593,638 +13.3%

Brampton
Brampton
annexed Chinguacousy Township—including the highly populated communities of Bramalea and Heart Lake—in 1974. The 2011 population count was revised in 2016.[2]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population ( Canada
Canada
2016 Census)

Population group Population % of total population

South Asian 261,705 7001443000000000000♠44.3%

Black 82,175 7001139000000000000♠13.9%

Filipino 20,100 7000340000000000000♠3.4%

Latin American 14,045 7000240000000000000♠2.4%

Southeast Asian 8,425 7000140000000099999♠1.4%

Chinese 8,955 7000150000000000000♠1.5%

West Asian 5,275 6999900000000000000♠0.9%

Japanese 530 6999100000000000000♠0.1%

Korean 430 6999100000000000000♠0.1%

Other Visible Minority 15,950 7000270000000000000♠2.7%

Multiple visible minority 9,585 7000160000000000000♠1.6%

Total visible minority population 433,230 7001733000000000000♠73.3%

Aboriginal group[21] First Nations 2,630 6999400000000000000♠0.4%

Métis 1,255 6999200000000000000♠0.2%

Inuit 100 5000000000000000000♠0%

Aboriginal, n.i.e. 160 5000000000000000000♠0%

Multiple Aboriginal identity 180 5000000000000000000♠0%

Total Aboriginal population 4,330 6999700000000000000♠0.7%

European 153,390 7001260000000000000♠26%

Total population 590,950 100%

[22][23][24][25]

[26][27]

Religion[edit] Proportionally, Brampton
Brampton
has more Sikhs and Hindus than any other Canadian city. However, 50.5 percent of Brampton's population claimed various Christian denominations. The largest was Catholicism (26.0%), followed by various Protestant denominations, including Anglican, United Church, Lutheran, Baptist, and Reformed, while the remaining numbers of Christians consists mostly of the Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
rite. Other religions with a notable presence include Sikhism
Sikhism
(18.8%), Hinduism
Hinduism
(12.1%), and Islam
Islam
(7.1%). Nearly 10 percent of the population does not identify with a particular religion.[21] The Toronto
Toronto
Ontario
Ontario
Temple for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is located in Brampton.[28]

Religion in Brampton
Brampton
(2011)    Christianity
Christianity
(50.5%)    Sikhism
Sikhism
(18.8%)    Hinduism
Hinduism
(12.1%)    Islam
Islam
(7.1%)   Other or not religious (14.9%)

Population growth[edit] With a population of 593,638,[2] Brampton
Brampton
is the third-largest city in the Greater Toronto
Toronto
Area, and the ninth-largest city in Canada. With the median age at 33.7, it is the youngest community in the GTA. Brampton
Brampton
has attracted residents and businesses due to its proximity to the Pearson International Airport
Pearson International Airport
and road infrastructure, population growth, cost of land, and more favourable corporate tax structure. It is becoming a prime location for corporate head offices, factories, warehouses, etc., as well as the typical domestic goods and services required to provide for the population. Languages[edit] The 2011 census found that English was spoken as mother tongue by 51.71% of the population. The next most common language was Punjabi, spoken by 17.51% of the population, followed by Urdu
Urdu
at 2.79%, and Portuguese and Gujarati at 2.12% each.[29]

Mother tongue Population Percentage

English 269,790 51.71%

Punjabi 91,345 17.51%

Urdu 14,580 2.79%

Portuguese 11,095 2.12%

Gujarati 11,040 2.12%

Spanish 10,225 1.96%

Hindi 10,060 1.93%

Tamil 9,530 1.83%

Tagalog (Filipino) 8,785 1.68%

Italian 7,990 1.53%

Economy[edit]

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Companies with headquarters in Brampton
Brampton
include Loblaw Companies Ltd., among the largest employers.[30] Others of the largest include Rogers Communications Inc., Chrysler
Chrysler
Canada
Canada
Brampton Assembly
Brampton Assembly
Plant, Maple Lodge Farms, Canadian Tire Corp, and formerly Zellers
Zellers
(offices and distribution), Coca-Cola Bottling Company Ltd., Gamma-Dynacare Medical Laboratories, and Olymel L.P. The international companies of Bacardi, Brita, and Clorox
Clorox
have their Canadian national headquarters in the city. It is also the location of the Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
Army Reserve unit The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment). Other major companies operating in Brampton
Brampton
include: CN Rail Brampton Intermodal Terminal, IKO Industries, Best Buy
Best Buy
(and Future Shop), Brafasco, Ford, Rogers Communications, Nortel, Para Paints, Nestlé, Chrysler
Chrysler
Canada
Canada
Ltd., Sofina Foods Inc, Hudson's Bay Company
Hudson's Bay Company
(HBC), Frito Lay Canada, MDA Space Missions, Goemans Appliances, and Parkinson Coach Line.[citation needed] An automobile manufacturing facility was opened by American Motors (AMC) in 1960 as the Brampton Assembly
Brampton Assembly
Plant. In 1986, AMC developed a new, state-of-the-art operation at Bramalea. After AMC was acquired by Chrysler
Chrysler
in 1987, AMC's Canadian division and its plants were absorbed; the older facility in Brampton
Brampton
closed in 1992. The newest factory was renamed Brampton
Brampton
Assembly; it is one of the city's largest employers, with over 4,200 workers when running at capacity.[citation needed] Education[edit] Brampton's only public higher education institution is Sheridan College, which also has a campus in Oakville. Founded in 1967, the local campus focuses on business training. The Oakville branch is the second-largest school of Art and Design in North America. Algoma University @ Brampton
Brampton
offers some courses at Market Square Business Centre, 24 Queen Street East. The closest universities to Brampton include York University
York University
and University of Toronto
Toronto
Mississauga. Two main school boards operate in Brampton: the Peel District School Board, which operates secular anglophone public schools, and Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, which operates Catholic anglophone public schools. Under the Peel District School Board, the secondary schools are Bramalea, Brampton
Brampton
Centennial, Central Peel, Chinguacousy, Fletcher's Meadow, Harold M. Brathwaite, Heart Lake, Louise Arbour, Mayfield, North Park, Judith Nyman, Sandalwood Heights, Turner Fenton, David Suzuki, Castlebrooke Secondary School, and Jean Augustine, one of the newest. A total of 85 elementary and middle schools feed these high schools in the city. Under the Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, the secondary schools are Cardinal Leger, Holy Name of Mary, Notre Dame, St. Augustine, St. Edmund Campion, St. Roch, St. Marguerite d'Youville, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Cardinal Ambrozic. A total of 44 Catholic elementary and middle schools feed these high schools in the city. The Conseil scolaire Viamonde
Conseil scolaire Viamonde
operates secular Francophone schools serving the area. The Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud operates Catholic Francophone schools serving the area. Culture[edit]

The Rose Theatre Fountain Stage

LCD
LCD
video screen at Garden Square, downtown

A Peel Art Gallery, Museum, Archives building, formerly the Peel County Court House

Several cultural entities in the city operate under the umbrella of the Brampton
Brampton
Arts Council. Located in the city is the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives (PAMA, formerly the Peel Heritage Complex), which is run by the Region of Peel.[31] The Rose Theatre (originally the Brampton
Brampton
Performing Arts Centre), opened in September 2006. The City had expected the facility to generate $2.7 million in economic activity the first year, growing to $19.8 million by the fifth year. The Rose Theatre far surpassed projections, attracting more than 137,000 patrons in its inaugural year, which exceeded its five-year goal. The arrival of so many new patrons downtown has stimulated the development of numerous new businesses nearby. A new Fountain Stage was unveiled in June 2008 at the nearby Garden Square. Brampton
Brampton
has six library locations to serve its half-million residents. With a ratio of one library per more than 80,000 residents, it has the lowest library ratio among major Canadian cities.[citation needed] The Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives
Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives
(PAMA) in Brampton
Brampton
includes a museum, art gallery, and archives. Since opening in 1968, the art gallery section (previously known as the Art Gallery of Peel) has exhibited local, national, and international artists, both contemporary and historical from their permanent collection. The City of Brampton's long-standing heritage conservation program was recognised with the 2011 Lieutenant Governor's Ontario
Ontario
Heritage Award for Community Leadership. In 2010 the City received an 'honourable mention' under the same provincial awards program. Sites of interest[edit]

Gage Park Artway Gallery Beaux Arts Brampton Camp Naivelt Chinguacousy Park- Greenhouse
Greenhouse
and gardens Mount Chinguacousy[32] Claireville Conservation Area Flower City Theatre Festival Great War Flying Museum Heart Lake Conservation Area Brampton
Brampton
Historical Society[33] Historic Bovaird House[34] Korean War Memorial Wall (Canada) Ontario
Ontario
Field of Honour Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives Powerade Centre Professor's Lake Rose Theatre[35] Lester B. Pearson Theatre[36] South Fletchers Sportsplex Wild Water Kingdom

Major shopping areas include Bramalea City Centre, Shoppers World, and "big box centre" Trinity Common Mall. The downtown area has some retail; the Centennial Mall and the Brampton Mall
Brampton Mall
are also of note. Media[edit] Main article: Media in Peel Brampton
Brampton
was one of the first areas where Rogers Cable
Rogers Cable
offered its service. The city started a community access channel in the 1970s, which still operates. While some programs on the channel are produced in its Brampton
Brampton
studios, most are based in its Mississauga
Mississauga
location. Christian specialty channel Vertical TV
Vertical TV
is based in Brampton. The Brampton Guardian
The Brampton Guardian
is the community's only newspaper. The city's first newspaper, The Daily Times, stopped circulation in the early 1980s. For a little over a year, The Brampton
Brampton
Bulletin attempted to challenge the Guardian, but it was dismantled after a series of editor changes. Brampton
Brampton
is the official city of license for two radio stations, CIAO and CFNY. Both stations address their programming toward the entire Greater Toronto Area
Greater Toronto Area
rather than exclusively to Brampton. Sports and recreation[edit] Main article: Sports in Brampton

Sports teams of Brampton

Club League Sport Venue Established Disestablished Championships

Brampton
Brampton
A's National Basketball League of Canada Basketball Powerade Centre 2013 2015 0

Brampton
Brampton
Battalion OHL Hockey Powerade Centre 1998 2013 0

Brampton
Brampton
Bears Northern Football Conference Football

1985 1995

Brampton
Brampton
Beavers Marshall Premiership Rugby "The Beaver Dam" at MGS Sports Park 1963

Brampton
Brampton
Beast ECHL Hockey Powerade Centre 2013

0

Bramalea Blues Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Junior A Hockey
Hockey
League Hockey Powerade Centre 1972 2010 1

Brampton
Brampton
Canadettes Thunder Canadian Women's Hockey
Hockey
League Hockey Powerade Centre 1999

0

Brampton
Brampton
Capitals Ontario
Ontario
Provincial Junior A Hockey
Hockey
League Hockey Brampton
Brampton
Memorial Arena 1984

4

Brampton
Brampton
Excelsiors Major Series Lacrosse
Major Series Lacrosse
Senior "A" Lacrosse League. Box Lacrosse Powerade Centre 1912

30

Junior Excelsiors OLA Junior A Lacrosse League Box Lacrosse Brampton
Brampton
Memorial Arena 1971

4

Junior "b" Excelsiors OLA Junior B Lacrosse League Box Lacrosse Victoria Park Arena 2012

0

Brampton
Brampton
Royals Central Ontario
Ontario
Baseball
Baseball
Assoc. Baseball Dave Dash Memorial Field 1948

3

Brampton
Brampton
Senior Royals Central Ontario
Ontario
Major Baseball
Baseball
Assoc. Baseball Dave Dash Memorial Field 2004

0

Bramalea Satellites Northern Football Conference Football

1974 1975

Brampton United
Brampton United
FC Canadian Soccer League, National Division Soccer Victoria Park Stadium 2002

1

Brampton
Brampton
is home to one professional sports franchise, the Brampton Beast of the ECHL, which plays at the Powerade Centre. From 2013 to 2015, the Powerade Center was also the home of the Brampton A's
Brampton A's
in the National Basketball League of Canada, however, they relocated to Orangeville, Ontario
Ontario
to decrease costs of operations of switching the arena floor from ice hockey to basketball. The numerous sporting venues and activities includes the outdoor ice path for skating through Gage Park. Chinguacousy Park
Chinguacousy Park
includes a ski lift, a Curling
Curling
Club, and Tennis Centre for multi-season activities. In the summer, amateur softball leagues abound. Crowds line the beaches at Professor's Lake for the annual outdoor "shagging" display. Every year since 1967, the Brampton
Brampton
Canadettes have hosted the Brampton Canadettes Easter Tournament in hockey.[37] Women's and girls' hockey teams invade Brampton
Brampton
for 3½ days of head-to-head competition. Teams of all ages and categories from across Canada
Canada
and the United States
United States
compete in this annual tournament. Teams from England, Switzerland, Japan, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and Russia
Russia
attend this international tournament. Thousands of players and spectators pass through the doors during the tournament. There is no limit on the number of teams in a division. The Intermediate AA and Midget AA divisions are highly scouted by local and United States
United States
colleges and universities seeking recruits for varsity teams. Teams from as far as Alaska and Calgary, Quebec and Carolina, Michigan and Minnesota, as well as virtually all hockey centres in Ontario, will compete in a minimum of 3 games each over the course of the tournament. Including championship finals, over 600 games are played in 3½ days. Infrastructure[edit] Health and medicine[edit] Main articles: Brampton Civic Hospital
Brampton Civic Hospital
and Peel Memorial Hospital Courts[edit] Grenville & William Davis Courthouse, Ontario
Ontario
Court of Justice, is located in Brampton
Brampton
at 7755 Hurontario Street
Hurontario Street
( Hurontario Street
Hurontario Street
at County Court). Transportation[edit] Public transit[edit] Main articles: Brampton Transit
Brampton Transit
and GO Transit

Brampton Transit
Brampton Transit
bus at the now-relocated Bramalea City Centre Terminal

Local transit is provided by Brampton
Brampton
Transit, with connections to other systems such as MiWay, York Region Transit, Go Transit, and Toronto
Toronto
Transit Commission. Brampton
Brampton
also has a new Bus Rapid Transit system, "Züm" (pronounced Zoom), previously known as AcceleRide along Main/Hurontario Streets, Steeles Avenue
Steeles Avenue
and Queen Street/Highway 7, which would form the backbone to its bus network. Züm
Züm
received funding from the provincial government in 2006 to begin implementation of this system. The cash fare is $4.00 for single adult transfer, which is valid for 2 hours. There is GO Bus service to York University
York University
and subway stations at Yorkdale Mall and York Mills in Toronto. There are three GO Train stations in Brampton: Bramalea, Brampton
Brampton
and Mount Pleasant. Rail[edit] Both Canadian National Railways
Canadian National Railways
and the Orangeville- Brampton
Brampton
Railway short line (formerly part of the Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway
line) run through the city. CN's Intermodal Yards are located east of Airport Road between Steeles and Queen Street East. The CN Track from Toronto's Union Station, is the Kitchener GO Transit
GO Transit
Rail Corridor providing commuter rail and bus services to and from Toronto
Toronto
with rail station stops at Bramalea, Downtown Brampton, and Mount Pleasant. Via Rail connects through Brampton
Brampton
as part of the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. Air[edit] Canada's busiest airport, Toronto
Toronto
Pearson International Airport (CYYZ), is located near Brampton, in Mississauga.[38] For general aviation, the city is served by the privately owned Brampton
Brampton
Airport (CNC3), located to the north of the city in neighbouring Caledon. Road[edit] Brampton
Brampton
is served by several major transportation routes: Highway 401 from Toronto
Toronto
is a short distance south in Mississauga, and can be reached by Highway 410, which runs north-south through the middle of the city. Highway 407 runs along the southern portion of the city, just north of the boundary with Mississauga. Steeles Avenue, which runs north of the 407, is another thoroughfare from Toronto. Main Street, a part of the historic road, Hurontario Street, and formerly Highway 10, is the city's main north-south artery. The former Highway 7, (now Regional Road 107) is another east-west corridor, incorporates the eastern part of Queen Street (which is the city's main east-west street) and the western part of Bovaird Drive. Representation in other media[edit]

Deepa Mehta's 2008 film Heaven on Earth is set in Brampton.[39]

Notable Bramptonians[edit]

This article's list of residents may not follow's verifiability or notability policies. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they are notable AND residents, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations. (October 2015)

Main article: List of people from Brampton Four people from Brampton
Brampton
have received the Order of Canada: Robert William Bradford, former Director of the National Aviation Museum; Michael F. Clarke, director at Evergreen, the Yonge Street Mission for street youth in Toronto; Howard Pawley, professor and former Premier of Manitoba; and William G. Davis, former Premier of Ontario. Sports[edit]

Rick Nash
Rick Nash
in 2006, playing for the Columbus Blue Jackets

Basketball: Michael Meeks (internationally), Tyler Ennis (NBA), Tristan Thompson
Tristan Thompson
(NBA), Anthony Bennett (NBA) Curling: Scott Bailey, Peter Corner, Graeme McCarrel, Wayne Middaugh, Allison Pottinger Field hockey: Bernadette Bowyer Figure skating: Vern Taylor, Mark Janoschak Football: Courtney Stephen (CFL) Michael Bailey (CFL), Fernand Kashama (CFL), Chris Kowalczuk (CFL), Rob Maver (CFL), Jerome Messam (CFL, NFL), Jason Nugent (CFL), Junior Turner (CFL), Steven Turner (CFL), Jabar Westerman (CFL), Jamaal Westerman
Jamaal Westerman
(NFL), James Yurichuk (CFL)[40] Golf: David Hearn; Steve Duplantis (caddy) Hockey: Andrew Cassels, Mike Danton, Mike Dwyer, Todd Elik, Chris Felix, Sheldon Keefe, Tom Laidlaw, Andrew Martin (internationally), Kris Newbury, Rick Nash, Tyler Seguin, Jamie Storr, Mike Weaver, Mike Wilson, Sean Monahan, Tyler Graovac Horse-racing: Sid C. Attard, Patrick Husbands, Robert P. Tiller, Emma-Jayne Wilson Lacrosse: Jim Veltman
Jim Veltman
(NLL) Sailing: Kevin Stittle Soccer: Gabe Gala
Gabe Gala
(MLS), Atiba Hutchinson
Atiba Hutchinson
(Super Lig), Peter Roe (ASL, MISL), Murphy Wiredu, Doniel Henry, David "Junior" Hoilett, Paul Stalteri, Roger Thompson, Cyle Larin Speed skating: Tyson Heung Tennis: Jill Hetherington, Milos Raonic Track and field: Charles Allen, Mark Boswell Wrestling: Ohenewa Akuffo

Politics[edit] See also: Brampton
Brampton
City Council Three Canadian premiers got their start in Brampton; Premiers Tobias Norris and Howard Pawley OC of Manitoba, and " Brampton
Brampton
Billy", Ontario premier William Grenville Davis
William Grenville Davis
CC. Other notable politicians include John Coyne, and Conservative opposition leader Gordon Graydon. Alberta politician and businessman Sir James A. Lougheed was born in Brampton, and served 30 years in Senate; Regina mayor David Lynch Scott
David Lynch Scott
was born here. President of the Treasury Board Tony Clement
Tony Clement
spent time as a Brampton MPP. John McDermid held various cabinet positions under Brian Mulroney, Bal Gosal
Bal Gosal
Minister of State-Sport, and current Mayor Linda Jeffrey held cabinet positions at the provincial level. Ruby Dhalla
Ruby Dhalla
represented the riding of Brampton—Springdale in the Canadian House of Commons from 2004-2011 as a member of the Liberal Party. Dhalla and British Columbia Conservative MP Nina Grewal were the first Sikh
Sikh
women to serve in the Canadian House of Commons. Parm Gill was elected as the member of parliament from the Conservative Party of Canada
Canada
for the riding of Brampton-Springdale in 2011, who was also appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Veteran Affairs in 2013. Arts[edit] Authors born in or living in Brampton
Brampton
include Rohinton Mistry and Edo Van Belkom. Beaux Arts Brampton, VAB, and PAMA are of interest for artists wishing to integrate into the artistic community. Visual arts notables from Brampton
Brampton
include Curtis Albert Williamson, co-founder of the Canadian Art Club (1907),[41] etcher Caroline Helena Armington,[42] Ronald Bloore, Member of the Order of Canada; Organiser and member of the "Regina Five",(1960)[43] watercolourist Jack Reid, and William Ronald, who was raised in town. Norman Mills Price. Animators David Feiss and Jay Stephens
Jay Stephens
grew up here. Music acts from Brampton
Brampton
include Punk band The Flatliners, R&B singer Keshia Chanté, country singer Johnny Reid, "Metal Queen" Lee Aaron, pop singer Alyssa Reid, and rapper D-Pryde. Country singer and "World Champion Yodeler" Donn Reynolds
Donn Reynolds
lived here from 1969 to 1997.[44] Barry Stock, guitarist from Three Days Grace
Three Days Grace
was raised in Brampton, and currently resides in Caledon. Singer Alessia Cara
Alessia Cara
and hip-hop artist Roy Woods
Roy Woods
was also born in Brampton. Film, television and comedy[edit]

Comedian Russell Peters

Two notable comedians hail from Brampton, Scott Thompson and Russell Peters. Comedic actor Michael Cera
Michael Cera
was born and raised in Brampton. Shawn Ashmore, Aaron Ashmore
Aaron Ashmore
(Smallville) are Brampton-raised. Tyler Labine locally raised actor is currently the star of (Mad Love). Other Brampton-born or affiliated actors include Paulo Costanzo, Jordan Gavaris, Gemini Award winner Kris Lemche and his younger brother Matt Lemche, Lara Jean Chorostecki, Sabrina Grdevich, Nicole Lyn, Dulé Hill, film director Mark Penney, actor and producer David J. Phillips, and Gemini Award-winner George R. Robertson. Of those best known as voice actors, Brenna O'Brien
Brenna O'Brien
(InuYasha, Zixx: Level Two). On-air media personalities Cassie Campbell, Chris Connor, Chris Cuthbert
Chris Cuthbert
and Scott McGillivray have connections to the town. Sister cities[edit] Brampton
Brampton
has two sister cities as well as active economic, historic, and cultural relationships with others.[45][46][47] Sister cities:

Miami Beach, Florida[45][48] Plano, Texas[45][48]

Friendship relationships:[47]

Ribeira Grande, Azores, Portugal[47] Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China[47] Brampton, Eden, Cumbria, England[47] Marikina, Philippines[48] Gapyeong, South Korea[48] Fangshan District
Fangshan District
(Funhill), Beijing, China[48]

See also[edit]

Toronto
Toronto
portal

Brampton
Brampton
Board of Trade Brampton
Brampton
municipal election, 2006 City of Brampton
Brampton
Arts Person of the Year List of airports in the Greater Toronto
Toronto
Area List of historic places in Brampton

References[edit]

"(Code 3521010) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 

Notes[edit]

^ Rayburn, Alan (2001). Naming Canada: Stories about Canadian Place Names. Toronto: University of Toronto
Toronto
Press. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-8020-8293-0.  ^ a b c d e Statistics Canada: 2017 ^ a b "Brampton's Beginning" in Bramptons's 100th Anniversary as an Incorporated Town: 1873–1973, Brampton: The Corporation of the Town of Brampton
Brampton
and the Brampton
Brampton
Centennial Committee, 1973, originally published in Ross Cumming, ed., Historical Atlas of Peel County, n.p.: Walker and Miles, 1877. ^ a b c "Discover Brampton's History". City of Brampton. Archived from the original on 2010-02-21. Retrieved 2010-04-08.  ^ a b c d e f g Bost, John (30 December 2007). "Without a trace". Book Review. Retrieved 2010-04-08. O’Hara tells the story of how the Dale Estate joined with the town to market the town as the "Flower Town of Canada" by instituting in 1963, The Flower Festival of Brampton, patterned after the great Rose Festival parade of Portland, Oregon. [permanent dead link] ^ O'Hara, Dale (September 2007). Acres of Glass: The Story of the Dale Estate and How Brampton
Brampton
Became "The Flower Town of Canada". Eastendbooks. ISBN 978-1-896973-39-5. Retrieved 2010-04-08.  ^ a b c "Brampton's FlowerTown Heritage". Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-04-08.  ^ "The creation of the County of Peel, 1851-1867". 25 April 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ The province of Ontario
Ontario
gazetteer and directory. H. McEvoy Editor and Compiler, Toronto : Robertson & Cook, Publishers, 1869 ^ "Biography – CHISHOLM, KENNETH – Volume XIII (1901-1910) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ "History of Alderlea". www.brampton.ca. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ Douglas, Pam (26 March 2015). "Alderlea reborn: Brampton's heritage home now available for rent - BramptonGuardian.com". Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ "Flower City Strategy". City of Brampton. Archived from the original on June 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-08. On June 24, 2002, Council received and approved the "Flower City Strategy", with the expressed purpose of recapturing of Brampton’s Floral heritage.  ^ "Heritage". City of Brampton. Archived from the original on 2010-04-09. Retrieved 2010-04-08.  ^ a b "Environmental Responsibility". City of Brampton. Archived from the original on 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2010-04-08. The City is taking steps to reclaim our "flower town" roots through the Flower City Strategy, a multifaceted approach that strives to beautify Brampton, preserve its natural and cultural heritage and protect the environment. An important part of this strategy is adopting a sustainable environmental approach that combines conservation with urban development and design, naturalisation and community landscaping.  ^ Hewetson Shoe Factory. City of Brampton. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-18. Retrieved 2013-05-06.  ^ "A Walk Through Time", City of Brampton, c.2010 ^ " Toronto
Toronto
Lester B. Pearson International Airport". 1981-2010 Canadian Climate Normals. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2013-07-10.  ^ " Toronto
Toronto
Lester B. Pearson INT'L A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 June 2014.  ^ "Daily Data Report for February 2017". Environment Canada. Retrieved 29 March 2017.  ^ a b "National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2016". 2.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-25.  ^ Census Profile, 2016 Census Brampton, Ontario
Ontario
and Peel, Regional municipality, Ontario ^ "Ethnic origin population". statcan.ca. 2016-10-25. Retrieved 2016-10-26.  ^ Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada
Canada
Highlight Tables, 2006 Census ^ "Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada
Canada
- Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2011-02-19.  ^ 2006 Community Profiles ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada
Canada
- Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2011-02-19.  ^ " Toronto
Toronto
Ontario
Ontario
Temple". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 11 August 2014.  ^ "Brampton, CY". Census Profile for the Census Subdivision of Brampton
Brampton
(City), Ontario. Statistics Canada. 2012-10-24. Retrieved 2012-10-26.  ^ "Address[permanent dead link]." Loblaw Companies Ltd.
Loblaw Companies Ltd.
Retrieved on March 8, 2011. "Loblaw Companies Limited 1 President’s Choice Circle Brampton, Ontario, Canada
Canada
L6Y 5S5" ^ "Home - Peel Art Gallery Museum + Archives". m.pama.peelregion.ca. Retrieved 2015-10-03.  ^ "Mount Chinguacousy". Retrieved 10 July 2016.  ^ " Brampton
Brampton
Historical Society". Retrieved 10 July 2016.  ^ "Historic Bovaird House-Home Page". Retrieved 10 July 2016.  ^ "Welcome to the Rose Theatre". Retrieved 10 July 2016.  ^ "LESTER B. PEARSON THEATRE". Retrieved 30 January 2018.  ^ http://www.bramptoncanadettes.com/main/tournaments_easter.html Archived August 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Greater Toronto
Toronto
Airports Authority draft plan for Pickering Airport, Greater Toronto
Toronto
Airports Authority (2003). Retrieved on 2006-12-08. ^ "Mehta's film resonates with Indian women". The Star. Toronto. 2008-11-04. Retrieved 2010-04-26.  ^ Campbell, Mogan (2008-01-03). "Local boy not quite local enough for the CFL". Toronto
Toronto
Star. Retrieved 2008-01-03.  ^ Christine Boyanoski (1944-04-18). "Williamson, Curtis Albert". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-02-19.  ^ "Caroline Armington - Artist, Fine Art, Auction Records, Prices, Biography for Caroline Helena (Wilkinson) Armington". Askart.com. Retrieved 2011-02-19.  ^ Clara Hargittay (1925-05-29). "Bloore, Ronald". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-02-19.  ^ Brampton
Brampton
Guardian. "Reynolds, Donn". Our Ontario
Ontario
Newspapers. Retrieved 2013-05-29.  ^ a b c "Economic Development Committee Committee of the Council of The Corporation of the City of Brampton" (PDF). City of Brampton. City of Brampton. March 2, 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2016. City of Brampton currently has two formal Sister Cities; Page 7.1-1  ^ " Brampton
Brampton
Global Partnership Agreements" (PDF). City of Brampton. City of Brampton. April 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016.  ^ a b c d e Criscione, Peter (October 20, 2016). " Brampton
Brampton
Eyes New Relationship With Portuguese City". Brampton
Brampton
Guardian.  ^ a b c d e "Economic Development Committee" (PDF). City of Brampton. 2 March 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brampton, Ontario.

Wikinews has news related to: Brampton, Ontario

City of Brampton
Brampton
official website CENSUS BULLETIN #4, Brampton
Brampton
City

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Brampton.

Places adjacent to Brampton

Caledon

Halton Hills

Brampton

Vaughan

Mississauga Toronto

v t e

Municipalities of Peel Region, Ontario

City of Brampton Town of Caledon City of Mississauga

v t e

Greater Toronto
Toronto
Area

Largest city: Toronto

Regions

Durham Halton Peel York

Cities

Brampton Burlington Markham Mississauga Oshawa Pickering Vaughan

Towns

Ajax Aurora Caledon East Gwillimbury Georgina Halton Hills Milton Newmarket Oakville Richmond Hill Whitby

Townships and municipalities

Brock Clarington King Scugog Uxbridge Whitchurch-Stouffville

The Toronto
Toronto
portal

v t e

Brampton

Geography

Bramalea Castlemore Claireville Heart Lake Loafers Lake Mount Pleasant Camp Naivelt Professor's Lake Snelgrove Toronto
Toronto
Gore Township

Buildings and structures

A. Grenville and William Davis Courthouse Bramalea City Centre Brampton
Brampton
Civic Hospital Brampton
Brampton
Library Brampton
Brampton
Soccer Centre Korean War Memorial Wall Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives

Peel County Courthouse

Peel Memorial Centre for Integrated Health and Wellness (formerly Peel Memorial Hospital) Powerade Centre Rose Theatre Shoppers World Brampton Trinity Common Mall

Organization

Brampton
Brampton
Arts Council Brampton
Brampton
Board of Trade Visual Arts Brampton

Events

Brampton
Brampton
Fall Fair Carabram

Politics

Brampton
Brampton
City Council Brampton
Brampton
City Hall 10 Peel Centre Drive

Media

CFNY-FM CIAO Brampton
Brampton
Guardian

Defunct The Bramptonian The Brampton
Brampton
Times

Education

Peel District School Board Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board Conseil scolaire Viamonde Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud Sheridan College, Brampton
Brampton
Campus Algoma University, Brampton
Brampton
Campus

Transportation

Brampton
Brampton
Airport Brampton
Brampton
Transit Züm

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 123162587 LCCN: n83030

.