Outline of academic disciplines
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An
academic discipline An academic discipline or academic field is a subdivision of knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. The usual test for a statement of fact is ...
or
field of study An academic discipline or academic field is a subdivision of knowledge that is Education, taught and researched at the college or university level. Disciplines are defined (in part) and recognized by the academic journals in which research is pu ...
is a branch of
knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. The usual test for a statement of fact is verifiability—that is whether it can be demonstrated to correspond to exp ...
,
taught
taught
and
research Research is "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". It involves the collection, organization and analysis of information to increase understanding of a topic or issue. A research project may be an expa ...

research
ed as part of
higher education Higher education is tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree. Higher education, also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education, is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion o ...
. A scholar's discipline is commonly defined by the university faculties and
learned societies A learned society (; also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organization An organization, or organisation ( Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is an entity – such as a compan ...
to which they belong and the
academic journal An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of serial publications that appear in a new edition on a regular schedule. The most ...
s in which they publish
research Research is "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". It involves the collection, organization and analysis of information to increase understanding of a topic or issue. A research project may be an expa ...

research
. Disciplines vary between well-established ones that exist in almost all universities and have well-defined rosters of journals and conferences, and nascent ones supported by only a few universities and publications. A discipline may have branches, and these are often called sub-disciplines. The following
outline Outline or outlining may refer to: * Outline (list), a document summary, in hierarchical list format * Code folding, a method of hiding or collapsing code or text to see content in outline form * Outline drawing, a sketch depicting the outer edg ...
is provided as an overview of and topical guide to academic disciplines. In each case an entry at the highest level of the hierarchy (e.g., Humanities) is a group of broadly similar disciplines; an entry at the next highest level (e.g., Music) is a discipline having some degree of autonomy and being the basic identity felt by its scholars; and lower levels of the hierarchy are sub-disciplines not normally having any role in the structure of the university's governance.


Humanities


Performing arts The performing arts are arts such as music, dance, and drama which are performed for an audience. It is different from visual arts The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is ...

*
Music Music is the of arranging s in time through the of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the aspects of all human societies. General include common elements such as (which governs and ), (and its associated concepts , , and ...

Music
(
outline Outline or outlining may refer to: * Outline (list), a document summary, in hierarchical list format * Code folding, a method of hiding or collapsing code or text to see content in outline form * Outline drawing, a sketch depicting the outer edg ...
) ** Accompanying **
Chamber music Chamber music is a form of classical music Classical music generally refers to the formal musical tradition of the Western world The Western world, also known as the West, refers to various regions, nations and state (polity), stat ...
**
Church music Church music is Christian music written for performance in church, or any musical setting of ecclesiastical liturgy, or music set to words expressing propositions of a sacred nature, such as a hymn. History Early Christian music The only ...
**
Conducting Conducting is the art of directing a musical performance, such as an orchestral or Choir, choral concert. It has been defined as "the art of directing the simultaneous performance of several players or singers by the use of gesture." The primary ...

Conducting
***
Choral conducting
Choral conducting
***
Orchestral conducting
Orchestral conducting
***
Wind ensemble conducting
Wind ensemble conducting
**
Early music Early music generally comprises Medieval music In the broadest sense, medieval music or the music of the Middle Ages encompasses the music of the Western Europe during the Middle Ages, from approximately the 6th to 15th centuries. It is the ...
** Jazz studies (
outline Outline or outlining may refer to: * Outline (list), a document summary, in hierarchical list format * Code folding, a method of hiding or collapsing code or text to see content in outline form * Outline drawing, a sketch depicting the outer edg ...
) ** Musical composition ** Music education ** Music history ** Musicology *** Music history, Historical musicology *** Systematic musicology ** Ethnomusicology ** Music theory ** Orchestra, Orchestral studies ** Organology *** Organ (music), Organ and Keyboard instrument, historical keyboards *** Piano *** String instrument, Strings, harp, oud, and guitar (Outline of guitars, outline) *** Singing *** Woodwind instrument, Woodwinds, Brass instrument, brass, and Percussion instrument, percussion ** Sound recording and reproduction, Recording * Dance (Outline of dance, outline) ** Choreography ** Dance notation ** Ethnochoreology ** History of dance * Television (Outline of television broadcasting, outline) ** Television studies * Theatre (Outline of theatre, outline) ** Acting ** Theatre director, Directing ** Dramaturgy ** History of theater, History ** Musical theatre ** Playwrighting ** Puppetry ** Scenography ** Scenic design, Stage design ** Ventriloquism * Film studies, Film (Outline of film, outline) ** Animation ** Film criticism ** Filmmaking ** Film theory ** Live action


Visual arts

* Applied arts ** Animation ** Calligraphy ** Decorative arts ** Mixed media ** Printmaking ** Studio art ** Architecture (Outline of architecture) *** Interior architecture *** Landscape architecture **** Landscape design **** Landscape planning *** Architectural analytics *** Historic preservation *** Interior design (interior architecture) *** Technical drawing * Fashion * Fine arts ** Graphic arts *** Drawing (Outline of drawing and drawings, outline) *** Painting (Outline of painting, outline) *** Photography (Outline of photography, outline) ** Sculpture (Outline of sculpture, outline)


History

* African history * American history * Ancient history ** Ancient Egypt ** Carthage ** Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek history (Outline of ancient Greece#General history of ancient Greece, outline) ** Ancient Rome, Ancient Roman history (Outline of ancient Rome, outline) **Assyria, Assyrian Civilization **Bronze Age, Bronze Age Civilizations ** Historicity of the Bible, Biblical history ** Indus Valley Civilisation, History of the Indus Valley Civilization ** Preclassic Maya ** History of Mesopotamia ** The Stone Age ** Yangtze civilization, History of the Yangtze civilization ** Yellow River civilization, History of the Yellow River civilization * History of Asia, Asian history ** History of China, Chinese history ** History of India, Indian history (Outline of ancient India, outline) ** History of Indonesia, Indonesian history ** History of Iran, Iranian history * History of Australia, Australian history * Ecclesiastical history of the Catholic Church * Economic history of the world, Economic history * Environmental history * History of Europe, European history * Intellectual history * Jewish history * History of Latin America, Latin American history * Modern history * History of philosophy ** Ancient philosophy ** Contemporary philosophy ** Medieval philosophy *** Humanism (Outline of humanism, outline) *** Scholasticism ** Modern philosophy * History of political thought, Political history * Pre-Columbian era * History of Russia, Russian history * Cultural history, History of culture * History of Science, Scientific history * History of Technology, Technological history * World history * Public history


Languages and literature

* Linguistics (Outline of linguistics) ** Applied linguistics ** Composition studies ** Computational linguistics ** Discourse analysis ** English studies ** Etymology ** Grammar ** Grammatology ** Historical linguistics ** History of linguistics ** Interlinguistics ** Lexicology ** Linguistic typology ** Morphology (linguistics) ** Natural language processing ** Philology ** Phonetics ** Phonology ** Pragmatics ** Psycholinguistics ** Rhetoric ** Semantics ** Semiotics (Outline of semiotics, outline) ** Sociolinguistics ** Syntax ** Usage ** Word usage * Comics studies * Comparative literature * Creative writing ** Fiction (Outline of fiction, outline) ** Non-fiction * English literature * History of literature ** Ancient literature ** Medieval literature ** Post-colonial literature ** Post-modern literature * Literary theory ** Critical theory (Outline of critical theory, outline) ** Literary criticism ** Poetics * Poetry * World literature ** African-American literature ** American literature ** British literature


Law

* Administrative law * Canon law * Civil law (common law), Civil law ** Admiralty law ** Animal law/Animal rights ** Civil procedure ** Common law ** Contract law ** Corporations ** Environmental law ** Family law ** Federal law ** International law *** Public international law *** Supranational law ** Labor law ** Property law ** Tax law ** Tort law (Outline of tort law, outline) * Comparative law * Competition law * Constitutional law * Criminal law ** Criminal justice (Outline of criminal justice, outline) ** Criminal procedure *** Forensic science (Outline of forensic science, outline) *** Police science * Sharia, Islamic law * Jewish law (Outline of Jewish law, outline) * Jurisprudence (Philosophy of Law) * Legal management ** Commercial law ** Corporate law * Procedural law * Substantive law


Philosophy

* Aesthetics (Outline of aesthetics, outline) * Philosophy#Applied philosophy, Applied philosophy ** Philosophy and economics, Philosophy of economics ** Philosophy of education ** Philosophy of engineering ** Philosophy of history ** Philosophy of language ** Philosophy of law ** Philosophy of mathematics ** Philosophy of music ** Philosophy of psychology ** Philosophy of religion ** Philosophy of science, Philosophy of physical sciences *** Philosophy of biology *** Philosophy of chemistry *** Philosophy of physics ** Philosophy of social science ** Philosophy of technology ** Systems philosophy * Epistemology (Outline of epistemology, outline) ** Theory of justification, Justification ** List of fallacies#Informal fallacies, Reasoning errors * Ethics (Outline of ethics, outline) ** Applied ethics *** Animal rights *** Bioethics *** Environmental ethics ** Meta-ethics ** Moral psychology, Descriptive ethics, Value theory ** Normative ethics *** Virtue ethics * Logic (Outline of logic, outline) ** Mathematical logic ** Philosophical logic * Meta-philosophy * Metaphysics (Outline of metaphysics, outline) ** Action (philosophy), Philosophy of Action ** Determinism and Free will ** Ontology ** Philosophy of mind *** Pain (philosophy), Philosophy of pain *** Philosophy of artificial intelligence *** Philosophy of perception ** Philosophy of space and time ** Teleology ** Theism and Atheism * Philosophical movement, Philosophical traditions and schools ** African philosophy ** Analytic philosophy ** Aristotelianism ** Continental philosophy ** Eastern philosophy ** Feminist philosophy ** Platonism * Social philosophy and political philosophy ** Anarchism (Outline of anarchism, outline) ** Feminist philosophy ** Libertarianism (Outline of libertarianism, outline) ** Marxism


Theology

* Biblical studies ** Biblical Hebrew, Koine Greek, Aramaic * Religious studies * Buddhist philosophy, Buddhist theology ** Pali language, Pali Studies * Christian theology ** Anglican theology ** Baptist theology ** Catholic theology ** Eastern Orthodox theology ** Protestant theology * Hindu theology ** Sanskrit language, Sanskrit Studies **Dravidian studies, Dravidian Studies * Jewish theology * Muslim theology ** Arabic language, Arabic Studies


Social science


Anthropology

* Biological anthropology * Linguistic anthropology * Cultural anthropology * Social anthropology


Archaeology

* Biocultural anthropology * Evolutionary anthropology * Feminist archaeology * Forensic anthropology * Maritime archaeology * Palaeoanthropology


Economics

* Agricultural economics * Anarchist economics * Applied economics * Behavioural economics * Bioeconomics (biophysical), Bioeconomics * Complexity economics * Computational economics * Consumer economics * Development economics * Ecological economics * Econometrics * Economic geography * Economic sociology * Economic systems * Education economics * Energy economics * Entrepreneurial economics * Environmental economics * Evolutionary economics * Experimental economics * Feminist economics * Financial econometrics * Financial economics * Green economics * Economic growth, Growth economics * Human development theory * Industrial organization * Information economics * Institutional economics * International economics * Islamic economics * Labor economics * Law and economics * Macroeconomics * Managerial economics * Marxian economics * Mathematical economics * Microeconomics * Monetary economics * Neuroeconomics * Participatory economics * Political economy * Public economics * Public finance * Real estate economics * Resource economics * Social choice theory * Socialist economics * Socioeconomics * Transport economics * Welfare economics


Geography

* Physical geography ** Water vapour#In Earth's atmosphere, Atmology ** Biogeography ** Climatology ** Coastal geography ** Emergency management ** Environmental geography ** Geobiology ** Geochemistry ** Geology ** Geomatics ** Geomorphology ** Geophysics ** Glaciology ** Hydrology ** Landscape ecology ** Lithology ** Meteorology ** Mineralogy ** Oceanography ** Palaeogeography ** Palaeontology ** Petrology ** Quaternary science ** Pedology, Soil geography * Human geography ** Behavioural geography ** Cognitive geography ** Cultural geography ** Development geography ** Economic geography ** Health geography ** Historical geography ** Language geography ** Mathematical geography ** Marketing geography ** Military geography ** Political geography ** Population geography ** Religion geography ** Social geography ** Strategic geography ** Time geography ** Tourism geography ** Transport geography ** Urban geography * Integrated geography * Cartography ** Celestial cartography ** Planetary cartography ** Topography


Political science

* Politics of the United States, American politics * Politics of Canada, Canadian politics * Civics * Comparative politics * European studies * Geopolitics (Political geography) * International relations * International organizations * Nationalism studies * Peace and conflict studies * Policy studies * Theories of political behavior, Political behavior * Political culture * Political economy * Political history * Political philosophy * Public administration * Public law * Psephology * Social choice theory * Singapore politics


Psychology

* Abnormal psychology * Applied psychology * Biological psychology * Clinical neuropsychology * Clinical psychology * Cognitive psychology * Community psychology * Comparative psychology * Conservation psychology * Consumer psychology * Counseling psychology * Criminal psychology * Cultural psychology ** Asian psychology ** Black psychology * Developmental psychology * Differential psychology * Ecological psychology * Educational psychology * Environmental psychology * Evolutionary psychology * Experimental psychology * Group dynamics, Group psychology * Journal of Family Psychology, Family psychology * Feminine psychology * Forensic developmental psychology * Forensic psychology * Health psychology * Humanistic psychology * Indigenous psychology * Legal psychology * Mathematical psychology * Media psychology * Medical psychology * Military psychology * Moral psychology and Descriptive ethics * Music psychology * Neuropsychology * Occupational health psychology * Occupational psychology * Industrial and organizational psychology, Organizational psychology (a.k.a., Industrial Psychology) * Parapsychology (Outline of parapsychology, outline) * Pediatric psychology * Pedology (children study) * Personality psychology * Phenomenology (psychology), Phenomenology * Political psychology * Positive psychology * Psychoanalysis * Psychobiology * Psychology of religion * Psychometrics * Psychopathology ** Child psychopathology * Psychophysics * Quantitative psychology * Rehabilitation Psychology (journal), Rehabilitation psychology * School psychology * Social psychology * Sport psychology * Traffic psychology * Transpersonal psychology


Sociology

* Analytical sociology * Applied sociology ** Leisure studies ** Political sociology ** Public sociology ** Social engineering (political science), Social engineering * Architectural sociology * Area studies ** African studies ** American studies *** Appalachian studies *** Canadian studies *** Latin American studies ** Asian studies *** Central Asian studies *** East Asian studies *** Indology *** Iranian studies *** Japanese studies *** Korean studies *** Pakistan studies *** Sindhology *** Sinology (Outline of sinology, outline) *** Southeast Asian studies *** Thai studies ** Australian studies ** European studies *** Celtic studies *** German studies *** Sociology in Poland *** Scandinavian studies *** Slavic studies ** Middle Eastern studies *** Arab studies *** Assyriology *** Egyptology *** Jewish studies * Collective behavior, Behavioral sociology * Collective behavior ** Social movements * Community informatics ** Social network analysis * Comparative sociology * Conflict theories, Conflict theory * Criminology/Criminal justice (Outline of criminal justice, outline) * Critical management studies * Critical sociology * Cultural sociology * Cultural studies/ethnic studies ** Africana studies ** Cross-cultural studies ** Culturology ** Deaf studies ** Ethnology ** Utopian studies ** Whiteness studies * Demography/Population * Digital sociology * Dramaturgical sociology * Economic sociology * Educational sociology * Empirical sociology * Environmental sociology * Evolutionary sociology * Feminist sociology * Figurational Sociology, Figurational sociology * Futures studies (Outline of futures studies, outline) * Gender studies ** Men's studies ** Women's studies * Historical sociology * Human ecology * Humanistic sociology * Industrial sociology * Interactionism * Interpretive sociology ** Ethnomethodology ** Phenomenology (philosophy), Phenomenology ** Social constructionism ** Symbolic interactionism * Jealousy sociology * Macrosociology * Marxist sociology * Mathematical sociology * Medical sociology * Mesosociology * Microsociology * Military sociology * Natural resource sociology * Organizational studies * Phenomenological sociology * Policy sociology * Psychoanalytic sociology * Science studies/Science and technology studies * Sexology ** Heterosexism ** Human sexual activity, Human sexual behavior ** Human sexuality (Outline of human sexuality, outline) ** Queer studies/Queer theory ** Sex education * Social capital * Social change * Social conflict theory * Social control ** Pure sociology * Social economy * Social philosophy * Social policy * Social psychology * Social stratification * Social theory * Social transformation ** Computational sociology ** Economic sociology/Socioeconomics *** Economic development *** Social development theory, Social development * Sociobiology * Sociocybernetics * Sociolinguistics * Gerontology#Social gerontology, Sociology of aging * Rural sociology, Sociology of agriculture * Sociology of art * Societal and cultural aspects of autism, Sociology of autism * Sociology of the family#Sociology of childhood, Sociology of childhood * Social conflict, Sociology of conflict * Sociology of culture * Sociology of the Internet, Sociology of cyberspace * Development theory, Sociology of development * Deviance (sociology), Sociology of deviance * Sociology of disaster * Sociology of education * Sociology of emotions * Sociology of the family#Sociology of fatherhood, Sociology of fatherhood * Social studies of finance, Sociology of finance * Sociology of food * Sociology of gender * Theory of generations, Sociology of generations * World-systems theory, Sociology of globalization * Political sociology, Sociology of government * Sociology of health and illness * Sociology of human consciousness * Sociology of immigration * Sociology of knowledge * Sociology of language * Sociology of law * Sociology of leisure * Sociology of literature * Economic sociology, Sociology of markets * Sociology of the family#Sociology of marriage, Sociology of marriage * Sociology of the family#Sociology of motherhood, Sociology of motherhood * Sociomusicology, Sociology of music * Natural resource management, Sociology of natural resources * Organizational behavior, Sociology of organizations * Sociology of peace, war, and social conflict * Sociology of punishment * Sociology of race and ethnic relations * Sociology of religion * Risk, Sociology of risk * Sociology of scientific knowledge, Sociology of science * Sociology of scientific knowledge * Social change, Sociology of social change * Social movement, Sociology of social movements * Sociology of space * Sociology of sport * Science, technology and society, Sociology of technology * Sociology of terrorism * Sociology of the body * Sociology of the family * Sociology of the history of science * Sociology of the Internet * Industrial sociology, Sociology of work * Sociomusicology * Structural sociology * Theoretical sociology * Urban studies or Urban sociology/Rural sociology * Victimology * Visual sociology


Social work

* Clinical social work * Community practice * Mental health * Psychosocial rehabilitation * Person-centered therapy * Family therapy * Financial social work


Natural science


Biology

* Aerobiology * Anatomy ** Comparative anatomy ** Human anatomy (Outline of human anatomy, outline) * Biochemistry (Outline of biochemistry, outline) * Bioinformatics * Biophysics (Outline of biophysics, outline) * Biotechnology (Outline of biotechnology, outline) * Botany (Outline of botany, outline) ** Ethnobotany ** Phycology * Cell biology (Outline of cell biology, outline) * Chronobiology * Computational biology * Cryobiology * Developmental biology ** Embryology ** Teratology * Ecology (Outline of ecology, outline) ** Agroecology ** Ethnoecology ** Human ecology ** Landscape ecology * Endocrinology * Epigenetics * Ethnobiology ** Anthrozoology * Evolutionary biology * Genetics (Outline of genetics, outline) ** Behavioural genetics ** Molecular genetics ** Population genetics * Histology * Human biology * Immunology (Outline of immunology, outline) * Limnology * Linnaean taxonomy * Marine biology * Mathematical biology * Microbiology ** Bacteriology ** Protistology * Molecular biology * Mycology * Neuroscience (Outline of neuroscience, outline) ** Behavioral neuroscience * Nutrition (Outline of nutrition, outline) * Paleobiology ** Paleontology * Parasitology * Pathology ** Anatomical pathology ** Clinical pathology ** Dermatopathology ** Forensic pathology ** Hematopathology ** Histopathology ** Molecular pathology ** Surgical pathology * Physiology ** Human physiology *** Exercise physiology * Structural Biology * Systematics (Taxonomy (general), Taxonomy) * Systems biology * Virology ** Molecular virology * Xenobiology * Zoology (Outline of zoology, outline) ** Animal communications ** Apiology ** Arachnology ** Arthropodology ** Batrachology ** Bryozoology ** Carcinology ** Cetology ** Cnidariology ** Entomology *** Forensic entomology ** Ethnozoology ** Ethology ** Helminthology ** Herpetology ** Ichthyology (Outline of fish, outline) ** Invertebrate zoology ** Mammalogy *** Cynology *** Felinology ** Malacology *** Conchology *** Limacology *** Teuthology ** Myriapodology ** Myrmecology (Outline of ants, outline) ** Nematology ** Neuroethology ** Oology ** Ornithology (Outline of birds, outline) ** Planktology ** Primatology ** Zootomy ** Zoosemiotics


Chemistry

* Agrochemistry * Analytical chemistry * Astrochemistry * Atmospheric chemistry * Biochemistry (Outline of biochemistry, outline) * Chemical biology * Chemical engineering (Outline of chemical engineering, outline) * Cheminformatics * Computational chemistry * Cosmochemistry * Electrochemistry * Environmental chemistry * Femtochemistry * Flavor * Flow chemistry * Geochemistry * Green chemistry * Histochemistry * Hydrogenation * Immunochemistry * Inorganic chemistry * Marine chemistry * Mathematical chemistry * Mechanochemistry * Medicinal chemistry * Molecular biology * Molecular mechanics * Nanotechnology * Natural product chemistry * Neurochemistry * Oenology * Organic chemistry (Outline of organic chemistry, outline) * Organometallic chemistry * Petrochemistry * Pharmacology * Photochemistry * Physical chemistry * Physical organic chemistry * Phytochemistry * Polymer chemistry * Quantum chemistry * Radiochemistry * Solid-state chemistry * Sonochemistry * Supramolecular chemistry * Surface chemistry * Synthetic chemistry * Theoretical chemistry * Thermochemistry


Earth science

* Edaphology * Environmental chemistry * Environmental science * Gemology * Geochemistry * Geodesy * Physical geography (Outline of geography#Physical geography, outline) ** Atmospheric science / Meteorology (Outline of meteorology, outline) ** Biogeography / Phytogeography ** Climatology / Paleoclimatology / Palaeogeography ** Coastal geography / Oceanography ** Edaphology / Pedology or Soil science ** Geobiology ** Geology (Outline of geology, outline) (Geomorphology, Mineralogy, Petrology, Sedimentology, Speleology, Tectonics, Volcanology) ** Geostatistics ** Glaciology ** Hydrology (Outline of hydrology, outline)/ Limnology / Hydrogeology ** Landscape ecology ** Quaternary science * Geophysics (Outline of geophysics, outline) * Paleontology ** Paleobiology ** Paleoecology


Space science

* Astrobiology * Astronomy (Outline of astronomy, outline) ** Observational astronomy *** Gamma ray astronomy *** Infrared astronomy *** Timeline of cosmic microwave background astronomy, Microwave astronomy *** Optical astronomy *** Radio astronomy *** UV astronomy *** X-ray astronomy * Astrophysics ** Gravity, Gravitational astronomy *** Black holes * Cosmology ** Physical cosmology * Interstellar medium * Direct numerical simulation, Numerical simulations ** Astrophysical plasma ** Galaxy formation and evolution ** High-energy astronomy, High-energy astrophysics ** Hydrodynamics ** Magnetohydrodynamics ** Star formation * Star, Stellar astrophysics ** Helioseismology ** Stellar evolution ** Stellar nucleosynthesis * Planetary science


Physics

* Acoustics * Aerodynamics * Applied physics * Astrophysics * Atomic, molecular, and optical physics * Biophysics (Outline of biophysics, outline) * Computational physics * Condensed matter physics * Cryogenics * Electricity * Electromagnetism * Elementary particle physics * Experimental physics * Fluid dynamics * Geophysics (Outline of geophysics, outline) * Mathematical physics * Mechanics * Medical physics * Molecular physics * Newton's laws of motion, Newtonian dynamics * Nuclear physics * Optics * Plasma physics * Quantum physics * Solid mechanics * Solid state physics * Statistical mechanics * Theoretical physics * Thermal physics * Thermodynamics


Formal science


Computer science

''Also a branch of electrical engineering'' * Logic in computer science ** Formal methods (Formal verification) ** Logic programming ** Multi-valued logic *** Fuzzy logic ** Formal semantics of programming languages, Programming language semantics ** Type theory * Algorithms ** Computational geometry ** Distributed algorithms ** Parallel algorithms ** Randomized algorithms * Artificial intelligence (Outline of artificial intelligence, outline) ** Cognitive science *** Automated reasoning *** Computer vision (Outline of computer vision, outline) *** Machine learning **** Artificial neural networks *** Natural language processing (Computational linguistics) ** Expert systems ** Robotics (Outline of robotics, outline) * Data structures * Computer architecture * Computer graphics ** Image processing ** Scientific visualization * Computer networking, Computer communications (networks) ** Cloud computing ** Information theory ** Internet, World Wide Web ** Ubiquitous computing ** Wireless computing (Mobile computing) * Computer security and High availability, reliability ** Cryptography ** Fault-tolerant system, Fault-tolerant computing * Computing in mathematics, natural sciences, engineering, and medicine ** Symbolic computation, Algebraic (symbolic) computation ** Computational biology, Computational biology (bioinformatics) ** Computational chemistry ** Computational mathematics ** Computational neuroscience ** Computational number theory ** Computational physics ** Computer-aided engineering *** Computational fluid dynamics *** Finite element analysis ** Numerical analysis ** Scientific computing, Scientific computing (Computational science) * Computing in social sciences, The arts, arts, humanities, and professions ** Community informatics ** Computational economics ** Computational finance ** Computational sociology ** Digital humanities (Humanities computing) ** History of computer hardware ** History of computer science (Outline of computer science#History of computer science, outline) ** Humanistic informatics ** Databases (Outline of databases, outline) *** Distributed databases *** Object databases *** Relational databases ** Data management ** Data mining ** Information architecture ** Information management ** Information retrieval ** Knowledge management ** Multimedia, hypermedia *** Sound and music computing * Distributed computing ** Grid computing * Human-computer interaction * Operating systems * Parallel computing ** High-performance computing * Programming languages ** Compilers ** Programming paradigms *** Concurrent programming language, Concurrent programming *** Functional programming *** Imperative programming *** Logic programming *** Object-oriented programming ** Program semantics ** Type theory * Quantum computing * Software engineering ** Formal methods (Formal verification) * Theory of computation ** Automata theory (Formal languages) ** Computability theory (computer science), Computability theory ** Computational complexity theory ** Concurrency (computer science)#Theory, Concurrency theory * Very-large-scale integration, VLSI design


Mathematics

Pure mathematics * Mathematical logic and Foundations of mathematics ** Intuitionistic logic ** Modal logic ** Model theory ** Proof theory ** Recursion theory ** Set theory * Algebra (Outline of algebra, outline) ** Associative algebra ** Category theory *** Topos, Topos theory ** Differential algebra ** Field theory (mathematics), Field theory ** Group theory *** Group representation ** Homological algebra ** K-theory ** Lattice theory (Order theory) ** Lie algebra ** Linear algebra (Vector space) ** Multilinear algebra ** Non-associative algebra ** Representation theory ** Ring theory *** Commutative algebra *** Noncommutative algebra ** Universal algebra * Mathematical analysis, Analysis ** Complex analysis ** Functional analysis *** Operator theory ** Harmonic analysis *** Fourier analysis ** Non-standard analysis ** Ordinary differential equations ** p-adic analysis ** Partial differential equations ** Real analysis *** Calculus (Outline of calculus, outline) * Probability theory ** Ergodic theory ** Measure theory *** Integral geometry ** Stochastic process * Geometry (Outline of geometry, outline) and Topology ** Affine geometry ** Algebraic geometry ** Algebraic topology ** Convex geometry ** Differential topology ** Discrete geometry ** Finite geometry ** Galois geometry ** General topology ** Geometric topology ** Integral geometry ** Noncommutative geometry ** Non-Euclidean geometry ** Projective geometry * Number theory ** Algebraic number theory ** Analytic number theory ** Arithmetic combinatorics ** Geometric number theory Applied mathematics * Approximation theory * Combinatorics (Outline of combinatorics, outline) ** Coding theory * Cryptography * Dynamical systems ** Chaos theory ** Fractal geometry * Game theory * Graph theory * Information theory * Mathematical physics ** Quantum field theory ** Quantum gravity *** String theory ** Quantum mechanics ** Statistical mechanics * Numerical analysis * Operations research ** Assignment problem ** Decision analysis ** Dynamic programming ** Inventory theory ** Linear programming ** Mathematical optimization ** Optimal maintenance ** Real options analysis ** Job shop scheduling, Scheduling ** Stochastic processes ** Systems analysis * Statistics (Outline of statistics, outline) ** Actuarial science ** Demography ** Econometrics ** Mathematical statistics ** Data visualization * Theory of computation ** Computational complexity theory


Applied science


Agriculture

* Aeroponics * Agroecology * Agrology * Agronomy * Animal husbandry (Animal science) ** Beekeeping (Apiculture) * Anthroponics * Agricultural economics * Agricultural engineering ** Biological systems engineering ** Food engineering * Aquaculture * Aquaponics * Enology * Entomology * Fogponics * Food science ** Culinary arts * Forestry * Horticulture * Hydrology (Outline of hydrology, outline) * Hydroponics * Pedology * Plant science (Outline of botany, outline) ** Pomology * Pest control * Water purification, Purification * Viticulture


Architecture and design

* Architecture (Outline of architecture, outline) ** Interior architecture ** Landscape architecture * Architectural analytics * Historic preservation * Interior design (interior architecture) * Landscape architecture (landscape planning) * Landscape design * Urban planning (urban design) * Visual communication ** Graphic design *** Type design ** Technical drawing * Industrial design (product design) ** Ergonomics (Outline of ergonomics, outline) ** Toy, Toy and amusement design * User experience design ** Interaction design ** Information architecture ** User interface design ** User experience evaluation * Decorative arts * Fashion design * Textile design


Business

* Accounting ** Accounting research ** Accounting scholarship * Business administration * Business analysis * Business ethics * Business law * Business management * E-Business * Entrepreneurship * Finance (Outline of finance, outline) * Industrial relations, Industrial and labor relations ** Collective bargaining ** Human resources ** Organizational studies ** Labor economics ** Labor history (discipline), Labor history * Information systems (Business informatics) ** Management information systems ** Health informatics * Information technology (Outline of information technology, outline) * International trade * Management (Outline of business management, outline) * Marketing (Outline of marketing, outline) * Operations management * Purchasing * Risk management and insurance * Systems science


Divinity

* Canon law * History of Christianity, Church history * Field ministry ** Pastoral counseling ** Pastoral theology ** Religious education techniques ** Homiletics ** Liturgy ** Sacred music ** Missiology * Hermeneutics * Scriptural study and languages ** Biblical Hebrew language, Biblical Hebrew ** Biblical studies/Sacred scripture **Vedic Study ** Koine Greek, New Testament Greek ** Latin ** Old Church Slavonic * Theology (Outline of theology, outline) ** Dogmatic theology ** Ecclesiology ** Sacrament, Sacramental theology ** Systematic theology ** Christian ethics **Hindu ethics ** Moral theology ** Historical theology


Education

* Comparative education * Critical pedagogy * Curriculum and instruction ** Alternative education ** Early childhood education ** Elementary education ** Secondary education ** Higher education ** Mastery learning ** Cooperative learning ** Agricultural education ** Art education ** Bilingual education ** Chemistry education ** Counselor education ** Language education ** Legal education ** Mathematics education ** Medical education ** Military education and training ** Music education ** Nursing education ** Outdoor education ** Peace education ** Physical education/Coach (sport), Sports coaching ** Physics education ** Reading education ** Religious education ** Science education ** Special education ** Sex education ** Sociology of education ** Technology education ** Vocational education * Educational leadership * Educational philosophy * Educational psychology * Educational technology * Distance education


Engineering and technology

Chemical engineering, Chemical Engineering * Bioengineering ** Biochemical engineering ** Biomolecular engineering * Catalysis * Materials engineering * Molecular engineering * Nanotechnology * Polymer engineering * Process design ** Petroleum engineering ** Nuclear engineering ** Food engineering * Process engineering * Reaction engineering * Thermodynamics * Transport phenomena Civil engineering, Civil Engineering * Coastal engineering * Earthquake engineering * Ecological engineering * Environmental engineering * Geotechnical engineering ** Engineering geology * Hydraulic engineering * Mining engineering * Transportation engineering ** Highway engineering * Structural engineering ** Architectural engineering * Structural mechanics * Surveying Educational technology, Educational Technology * Instructional design ** Distance education ** Instructional simulation * Human performance technology * Knowledge management Electrical engineering, Electrical Engineering * Applied physics * Computer engineering (Outline of computer engineering, outline) * Computer science * Control engineering, Control systems engineering ** Control theory * Electronic engineering ** Instrumentation engineering * Engineering physics ** Photonics * Information theory * Mechatronics * Power engineering * Quantum computing * Robotics (Outline of robotics, outline) * Semiconductors * Telecommunications engineering Materials science, Materials Science and Engineering * Biomaterials * Ceramic engineering * Crystallography * Nanomaterials * Photonics * Metallurgy, Physical Metallurgy * Polymer engineering * Polymer science * Semiconductors Mechanical engineering, Mechanical Engineering * Aerospace engineering **Aeronautics **Astronautics * Acoustical engineering * Automotive engineering * Biomedical engineering ** Biomechanical engineering ** Neural engineering * Continuum mechanics * Fluid mechanics * Heat transfer * Industrial engineering * Manufacturing engineering * Marine propulsion, Marine engineering * Mass transfer * Mechatronics * Nanoengineering * Offshore construction, Ocean engineering * Optical engineering * Robotics * Thermodynamics Systems science * Chaos theory * Complex systems * Conceptual systems * Control theory ** Affect control theory ** Control engineering ** Control systems ** Dynamical systems ** Perceptual control theory * Cybernetics ** Biocybernetics ** Engineering cybernetics ** Management cybernetics ** Medical cybernetics ** New Cybernetics ** Second-order cybernetics ** Sociocybernetics * Network science * Operations research * Systems biology ** Computational systems biology ** Synthetic biology ** Systems immunology ** Systems neuroscience * System dynamics ** Social dynamics * Systems ecology ** Ecosystem ecology * Systems engineering ** Biological systems engineering ** Earth systems engineering and management ** Enterprise systems engineering ** Systems analysis * Systems psychology ** Ergonomics ** Family systems theory ** Systemic therapy * Systems theory ** Biochemical systems theory ** Ecological systems theory ** Developmental systems theory ** General systems theory ** Living systems theory ** LTI system theory ** Mathematical system theory ** Sociotechnical systems theory ** World-systems theory * Systems theory in anthropology


Environmental studies and forestry

* Environmental management ** Coastal management ** Fisheries management ** Land management ** Natural resource management ** Waste management ** Wildlife management * Environmental policy * Wildlife observation * Recreation ecology * Silviculture * Sustainability studies ** Sustainable development * Toxicology * Ecology


Family and consumer science

* Consumer education * Housing * Interior design * Nutrition (Outline of nutrition, outline) ** Foodservice, Foodservice management * Textiles


Human physical performance and recreation

* Biomechanics / Sports biomechanics * Coach (sport), Sports coaching * Escapology * Ergonomics * Physical fitness ** Aerobics ** Personal trainer / Personal fitness training * Game design * Exercise physiology * Kinesiology / Exercise physiology / Performance science * Leisure studies * Navigation * Outdoor activity * Physical activity * Physical education / Pedagogy * Sociology of sport * Sexology * Sports / exercise * Sports journalism / sportscasting * Sport management ** Athletic Administration, Athletic director * Sport psychology * Sports medicine ** Athletic training * Survival skills ** Batoning ** Bushcraft ** Scoutcraft ** Woodcraft * Toy, Toy and amusement design


Journalism, media studies and communication

* Journalism (Outline of journalism, outline) ** Broadcast journalism ** Digital journalism ** Creative nonfiction, Literary journalism ** New media, New media journalism ** Journalism, Print journalism ** Sports journalism / Broadcasting of sports events, sportscasting * Media studies (Mass media) ** Newspaper ** Magazine ** Radio (Outline of radio, outline) ** Television (Outline of television broadcasting, outline) *** Television studies ** Film (Outline of film, outline) *** Film studies ** Game studies ** Fan studies * Narratology ** Internet (Outline of the Internet, outline) * Communication studies ** Advertising ** Animal communication ** Communication design ** Conspiracy theory ** Digital media ** Electronic media ** Environmental communication ** Hoax ** Information theory ** Cross-cultural communication, Intercultural communication ** Marketing (Outline of marketing, outline) ** Mass communication ** Nonverbal communication ** Organizational communication ** Popular culture studies ** Propaganda ** Public relations (Outline of public relations, outline) ** Speech, Speech communication ** Technical writing ** Translation


Law

* Legal management ** Corporate law ** Mercantile law ** Business law * Administrative law * Canon law * Comparative law * Constitutional law * Competition law * Criminal law ** Criminal procedure ** Criminal justice (Outline of criminal justice, outline) *** Police science *** Forensic science (Outline of forensic science, outline) * Sharia, Islamic law * Jewish law (Outline of Jewish law, outline) * Jurisprudence (Philosophy of Law) * Civil law (common law), Civil law ** Admiralty law ** Animal law/Animal rights ** Common law ** Corporations ** Civil procedure ** Contract law ** Environmental law ** Family law ** Federal law ** International law *** Public international law *** Supranational law ** Labor law ** Paralegal, Paralegal studies ** Property law ** Tax law ** Tort law (Outline of tort law, outline) * Law enforcement (Outline of law enforcement, outline) * Procedural law * Substantive law


Library and museum studies

* Archival science * Archivist * Bibliographic databases * Bibliometrics * Bookmobile * Cataloging ** Citation analysis * Categorization * Classification ** Library classification ** Taxonomic classification ** Scientific classification ** Statistical classification ** Security classification ** Film classification * Collections care * Librarian#Librarian roles and duties, Collection management * Collection Management Policy * Conservation science (cultural heritage), Conservation science * Conservation and restoration of cultural heritage * Curator * Data storage * Database management * Data modeling * Digital preservation * Dissemination * Film preservation * Five laws of library science * Historic preservation * Library science#History, History of library science * Human-computer interaction * Bibliographic index, Indexer * Informatics * Information architecture * Information broker * Information literacy * Information retrieval * Information science (Outline of information science, outline) * Information systems and technology * Integrated library system * Interlibrary loan * Knowledge engineering * Knowledge management * Library * Library binding * Library circulation * Library instruction * Library portal * Library technical services * Management * Mass deacidification * Museology * Museum education ** Arts administration, Museum administration * Object conservation * Historic preservation, Preservation * Prospect research * Readers' advisory * Records management * Reference * Reference desk * Reference management software * Registrar (museum), Registrar * Research methods * Slow fire * Special library * Statistics


Medicine and health

* Alternative medicine * Audiology * Clinical laboratory sciences/Clinical pathology/Laboratory medicine ** Clinical biochemistry ** Cytogenetics ** Cytohematology ** cell biology, Cytology (Outline of cell biology, outline) ** Haemostasiology ** Histology ** Clinical immunology ** Clinical microbiology ** Molecular genetics ** Parasitology * Clinical physiology * Dentistry (Outline of dentistry and oral health, outline) ** Dental hygienist, Dental hygiene and epidemiology ** Dental surgery ** Endodontics ** Dental implant, Implantology ** Oral and maxillofacial surgery ** Orthodontics ** Periodontics ** Prosthodontics * Dermatology * Emergency medicine (Outline of emergency medicine, outline) * Epidemiology * Geriatrics * Gynaecology * Health informatics/Clinical informatics * Hematology * Holistic medicine * Infectious disease * Intensive care medicine * Internal medicine ** Cardiology *** Cardiac electrophysiology ** Endocrinology ** Gastroenterology ** Hepatology ** Nephrology ** Neurology ** Oncology ** Pulmonology ** Rheumatology * Medical toxicology * Music therapy * Nursing * Nutrition (Outline of nutrition, outline) and dietetics * Obstetrics (Outline of obstetrics, outline) * Occupational hygiene * Occupational therapy * Occupational toxicology * Ophthalmology ** Neuro-ophthalmology * Optometry * Otolaryngology * Pathology * Pediatrics * Pharmaceutical sciences ** Pharmaceutical chemistry ** Toxicology, Pharmaceutical toxicology ** Pharmaceutics ** Pharmacocybernetics ** Pharmacodynamics ** Pharmacogenomics ** Pharmacognosy ** Pharmacokinetics ** Pharmacology ** Pharmacy * Physical fitness ** Group Fitness / aerobics ** Kinesiology / Exercise science / Human performance ** Personal fitness training * Physical therapy * Physiotherapy * Podiatry * Preventive healthcare, Preventive medicine * Primary care ** General medical services, General practice * Psychiatry (Outline of psychiatry, outline) ** Forensic psychiatry * Psychology (Outline of psychology, outline) * Public health * Radiology * Recreational therapy * Physical medicine and rehabilitation, Rehabilitation medicine * Respiratory therapy * Sleep medicine * Speech–language pathology * Sports medicine * Surgery ** Bariatric surgery ** Cardiothoracic surgery ** Neurosurgery ** Orthoptics ** Orthopedic surgery ** Plastic surgery ** Trauma surgery ** Traumatology * Traditional medicine * Urology ** Andrology * Veterinary medicine


Military sciences

* Amphibious warfare * Artillery * Battlespace ** Aerial warfare, Air ** Information warfare, Information ** Ground warfare, Land ** Naval warfare, Sea ** Space warfare, Space * Military campaign, Campaigning * Military engineering * Doctrine * Espionage * Game theory *Grand strategy ** Containment **Limited war ** Military science (Outline of military science and technology, outline) ** Philosophy of war ** Strategic studies ** Total war ** War (Outline of war, outline) * Leadership * Military logistics, Logistics ** Materiel ** Military supply chain management, Supply chain management * Military operation * Military history ** Prehistoric warfare, Prehistoric ** Ancient warfare, Ancient ** Medieval warfare, Medieval ** Early modern warfare, Early modern ** Industrial warfare, Industrial ** Modern warfare, Modern ** Fourth-generation warfare * Military intelligence * Military law * Military medicine * Naval science ** Naval engineering ** Naval tactics ** Naval architecture *Military organization, Organization ** Command and control ** Doctrine ** Military education and training, Education and training ** Military engineering, Engineers ** Military intelligence, Intelligence ** Military rank, Ranks ** Staff (military), Staff ** Military technology, Technology and equipment ** Military exercises ** Military simulation ** Military sports * Strategy ** Attrition warfare, Attrition ** Military deception, Deception ** Strategic defence, Defensive ** Offensive (military), Offensive ** Counter-offensive ** Maneuver warfare, Maneuver ** Strategic goal (military), Goal ** Naval strategy, Naval * Military tactics, Tactics ** Air combat manoeuvring, Aerial ** Battle ** Cavalry tactics, Cavalry ** Charge (warfare), Charge ** Counter-attack ** Counter-insurgency ** Counter-intelligence ** Counter-terrorism ** Defensive fighting position, Foxhole ** Endemic warfare ** Guerrilla warfare ** Infiltration tactics, Infiltration ** Irregular warfare ** Morale ** Naval tactics ** Siege ** Surgical strike ** Tactical objective ** Trench warfare * Weapon, Military weapons ** Armoured warfare, Armor ** Artillery ** Biological warfare, Biological ** Cavalry ** Conventional warfare, Conventional ** Chemical warfare, Chemical ** Cyberweapon, Cyber ** Economic warfare, Economic ** Electronic warfare, Electronic ** Infantry ** Nuclear warfare, Nuclear ** Psychological warfare, Psychological ** Unconventional warfare, Unconventional * Other Military ** Arms control ** Arms race ** Assassination ** Asymmetric warfare ** Civil defense ** Clandestine operation ** Collateral damage ** Cold war (general term) ** Combat ** Covert operation ** Cyberwarfare ** Defense industry ** Disarmament ** Intelligence agency ** Laws of war ** Mercenary ** Military campaign ** Military operation ** Mock combat ** Network-centric warfare ** Paramilitary ** Principles of war ** Private defense agency ** Private military company ** Proxy war ** Religious war ** Security ** Special forces ** Special operations ** Theater (warfare) ** Theft ** Undercover operation, Undercover ** War crimes ** Warrior


Public administration

* Civil service * Corrections * Conservation biology * Criminal justice (Outline of criminal justice, outline) * Disaster research * Disaster response * Emergency management * Emergency services * Fire safety (Structural fire protection) * Fire ecology (Wildland fire management) * Government, Governmental affairs * international relations, International affairs * Law enforcement * Peace and conflict studies * Police science * Policy studies ** Policy analysis * Public administration ** Nonprofit, Nonprofit administration ** Non-governmental organization, Non-governmental organization (NGO) administration ** Public policy doctrine ** Public policy school ** Regulation * Public safety * Public service


Public policy

* Agricultural policy * Commercial policy * Cultural policy * Domestic policy * Drug policy ** Drug policy reform * Economic policy ** Fiscal policy ** Incomes policy ** Industrial policy ** Investment policy ** Monetary policy ** Tax policy * Education policy * Energy policy ** Nuclear energy policy ** Renewable energy policy * Environmental policy * Food policy * Foreign policy * Health policy ** Pharmaceutical policy ** Vaccination policy * Housing policy * Immigration policy * Knowledge policy * Language policy * Military policy * Science policy ** Climate change policy ** Stem cell research policy ** Space policy ** Technology policy * Security policy * Social policy * List of public policy topics by country, Public policy by country


Social work

* Child welfare * Community practice ** Community organizing ** Social policy * Human Services * Corrections * Gerontology * Medical social work * Mental health * School social worker, School social work


Transportation

* Highway safety * Infographics * Intermodal passenger transport, Intermodal transportation studies * Logistics * Marine transportation ** Port management ** Seafaring * Operations research * Mass transit * Travel * Vehicles


See also

* Academia (Outline of academia, outline) * Academic genealogy * Curriculum * Interdisciplinarity * Transdisciplinarity * Professions * Classification of Instructional Programs * Joint Academic Coding System * List of fields of doctoral studies in the United States * List of academic fields * International Academic Association for the Enhancement of Learning in Higher Education


References

* * * US Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences
''Classification of Instructional Programs'' (CIP)
National Center for Education Statistics.


External links


Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP 2000)
Developed by the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics to provide a taxonomic scheme that will support the accurate tracking, assessment, and reporting of fields of study and program completions activity.
Complete JACS
(Joint Academic Classification of Subjects) from Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) in the United Kingdom * Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification]
(ANZSRC 2008)web-page
Chapter 3 and Appendix 1: Fields of research classification.
Fields of Knowledge
a zoomable map allowing the academic disciplines and sub-disciplines in this article be visualised.
Sandoz, R. (ed.), ''Interactive Historical Atlas of the Disciplines'', University of Geneva
{{DEFAULTSORT:Academic Disciplines Outlines of general reference, academic disciplines Wikipedia outlines, academic disciplines Academic disciplines, Education-related lists Science-related lists Higher education-related lists