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History Of China
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty The Shang dynasty (), also historically known as the Yin dynasty (), was a Chinese dynasty that ruled in the middle and lower Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty. ... (c. 1600–1046 BC), during the king Wu Ding Wu Ding (), personal name Zǐ Zhāo, was a king of the Shang dynasty The Shang dynasty (), also historically known as the Yin dynasty (), was a Chinese dynasty that ruled in the middle and lower Yellow River valley in the second millennium ...'s reign, who was mentioned as the twenty-first Shang king by the same. Ancient historical texts such as the ''Book of Documents The ''Book of Documents'' (''Shūjīng'', earlier ''Shu King'') or ''Classic of History'', also known as the ''Shangshu'' ("Esteemed Documents"), is one of the Five Classics of ancient Chine ...
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China Dynasties
China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, most populous country, with a Population of China, population of more than 1.4 billion. China spans five geographical time zones and Borders of China, borders 14 different countries, the List of countries and territories by land borders, second most of any country in the world after Russia. Covering an area of approximately , it is the world's List of countries and dependencies by area, third or fourth largest country. The country consists of 23 provinces of China, provinces, four direct-administered municipalities of China, municipalities, five autonomous regions of China, autonomous regions, and two special administrative regions of China, Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong and Macau). The national capital is Beijing, the largest city and financial center is Shanghai, and Shenzhen serves as the hub for technology an ...
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World History Encyclopedia
World History Encyclopedia (formerly Ancient History Encyclopedia) is a non-profit educational company created in 2009 by Jan van der Crabben. The organization publishes and maintains articles, images, videos, podcasts and interactive educational tools related to history. All users can contribute content to the site, although submissions are reviewed by an editorial team before publication. In 2021, the organization was renamed World History Encyclopedia to reflect its broadened scope, covering world history from all time periods, as opposed to just ancient history. Organization history Van der Crabben founded Ancient History Encyclopedia in 2009 with the stated goal of improving history education worldwide by creating a freely accessible and reliable history source. The non-profit organization is based in Godalming, United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' a ...
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Emperor Of China
Emperor of China, or ''Huángdì'' (), was the Chinese sovereign, monarch of China during the History of China#Imperial China, imperial period of Chinese history. In traditional Chinese political theory, the emperor was considered the Son of Heaven and the autocracy, autocrat of Tianxia, All under Heaven. Under the Han dynasty, Confucianism replaced Legalism (Chinese philosophy), Legalism as the official political theory and Succession to the Chinese throne, succession theoretically followed agnatic primogeniture. The succession of emperors in a paternal family line constituted a Dynasties in Chinese history, dynasty. The absolute authority of the emperor came with a variety of governing duties and moral obligations; failure to uphold these was thought to remove the dynasty's Mandate of Heaven and to justify its overthrow. In practice, emperors sometimes avoided the strict rules of succession and dynasties' ostensible "failures" were detailed in Twenty-Four Histories, official hi ...
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Qin's Wars Of Unification
Qin's wars of unification were a series of military campaigns launched in the late 3rd century BC by the Qin state against the other six major Chinese states — Han Han may refer to: Ethnic groups * Han Chinese The Han Chinese,
. Huayuqiao.org. Retrieved on ...
, Zhao, Yan, Wei,
Chu Chu or CHU may refer to: Chinese history * Chu (state) (c. 1030 BC–223 BC), a state during the Zhou dynasty * Western Chu (206 BC–20 ...
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Qin Shi Huang
Qin Shi Huang (, ; 259–210 BCE), or Shihuangdi, was the founder of the Qin dynasty, and first Emperor of China, emperor of a unified China. Rather than maintain the title of "Chinese king, king" ( ''wáng'') borne by the previous Shang dynasty, Shang and Zhou dynasty, Zhou rulers, he ruled as the First Emperor () of the Qin dynasty from 221 to 210 BCE. His self-invented title "emperor" ( ') would continue to be borne by List of rulers of China, Chinese rulers for the next two millennia. Historically, he was often portrayed as a tyrannical ruler and strict Legalism (Chinese philosophy), Legalist, in part from the Han dynasty's scathing assessments of him. Since the mid 20th-century, scholars have begun to question this evaluation, inciting considerable discussion on the actual nature of his policies and reforms. Regardless, according to sinologist Michael Loewe "few would contest the view that the achievements of his reign have exercised a paramount influence on the whole of Ch ...
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Chinese Philosophy
Chinese philosophy originates in the Spring and Autumn period The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC), during the king Wu Ding's reign, who was men ... () and Warring States period The Warring States period () was an era in ancient Chinese history characterized by warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation. It followed the Spring and Autumn period and concluded with the Qin wars of conquest ... (), during a period known as the "Hundred Schools of Thought The Hundred Schools of Thought () were philosophies and schools that flourished from the 6th century to 221 BC during the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period of ancient China. An era of great cultural and intellectual expansion ...", which was characterized by significant intellectual and cultural ...
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Chinese Literature
The history of Chinese literature extends thousands of years, from the earliest recorded dynastic court archive An archive is an accumulation of Historical document, historical records – in any media – or the physical facility in which they are located. Archives contain primary source documents that have accumulated over the course of an individual o ...s to the mature vernacular fiction novels that arose during the Ming dynasty#REDIRECT Ming dynasty {{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from move {{R from other capitalisation ... to entertain the masses of literate Chinese. The introduction of widespread woodblock printing Woodblock printing or block printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of textile printing, printing on textiles and later paper. As a Woodbl ... during the Tang dynasty The Tang dynasty (, ; ), or Tang Empire, was an imperial dynasty of ...
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Culture Of China
Chinese culture () is one of the world's oldest cultures, originating thousands of years ago. The culture prevails across a large geographical region in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and Northern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere of the Earth, Hemispheres. It shares the ... and is extremely diverse and varying, with customs and traditions varying greatly between provinces A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are gene ..., cities A city is a large human settlement In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live. The complexity of a settlement can range from a ...
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Warring States Period
The Warring States period () was an era in ancient Chinese history characterized by warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation. It followed the Spring and Autumn period The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC), during the king Wu Ding's reign, who was men ... and concluded with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire, known as the Qin dynasty. Although different scholars point toward different dates ranging from 481 BC to 403 BC as the true beginning of the Warring States, Sima Qian Sima Qian (; ; ) was a Chinese historian of the early Han dynasty The Han dynasty () was the second Dynasties in Chinese history, imperial dynasty of China (202 B ...
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Spring And Autumn Period
#REDIRECT Spring and Autumn period The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC), during the king Wu Ding's reign, who was men ...
{{R from other capitalization ...
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Mandate Of Heaven
The Mandate of Heaven () is a Chinese political philosophy that was used in ancient Ancient history is the aggregate of past eventsAztec King Nezahualpiltzintli of Texcoco King is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is queen ... or Emperor of China Emperor of China, or ''Huáng dì'' was the monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Houghton Mifflin. Boston. 2001. p. 707. Life tenure, for life or until abdication, and therefore the head of state of a .... According to this doctrine Doctrine (from la, doctrina, meaning "teaching, instruction") is a codification of beliefs or a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the essence of teachings in a given branch of knowledge or in a belief syste ..., heaven (天, ''Tian ''Tiān'' () is one of the oldest Chinese terms for heaven and a key concept in Chinese mythology Chinese mythology () is m ...
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Zhou Dynasty
The Zhou dynasty ( ; Old Chinese Old Chinese, also called Archaic Chinese in older works, is the oldest attested stage of Chinese, and the ancestor of all modern varieties of Chinese. The earliest examples of Chinese are divinatory inscriptions on oracle bones from around 125 ... ( B&S): *''tiw'') was a Chinese dynasty Dynasties in Chinese history, or Chinese dynasties, were hereditary monarchical regimes that ruled over China during much of its history. From the inauguration of dynastic rule by Yu the Great in circa 2070 BC to the abdication of the Puyi, ... that followed the Shang dynasty The Shang dynasty (), also historically known as the Yin dynasty (), was a Chinese dynasty that ruled in the middle and lower Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty. ... and preceded the Qin dynasty. The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history The earliest know ...
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