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The KOREAN PENINSULA is a peninsula in East Asia . It extends southwards for about 1,100 km (680 mi) from continental Asia into the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan (East Sea) to the east, and the Yellow Sea (West Sea) to the west, the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Summarized comparison of the two countries on the Korean Peninsula * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Korea

Until the end of World War II , Korea was a single political entity whose territory roughly coincided with the Korean Peninsula. Since the Armistice Agreement ended the Korean War in 1953, the northern section of the peninsula has been governed by the Democratic People\'s Republic of Korea , while the southern portion has been governed by the Republic of Korea .

The northern boundaries for the Korean Peninsula are commonly (and tacitly) taken to coincide with today's political borders between North Korea and its northern neighbors, China (1,416 km (880 mi) along the provinces of Jilin and Liaoning ) and Russia (19 km (12 mi)). These borders are formed naturally by the rivers Yalu/Amnok and Tumen/Tuman/Duman . Taking this definition, the Korean Peninsula (including its islands) has an area of 220,847 km2 (85,270 sq mi).

The peninsula's names in Korean , Chinese and Japanese all have the same origin, that being _Joseon_, the old name of Korea under the Joseon Dynasty and Gojoseon even longer before that. In North Korea's Chosonmal, the peninsula is called _Chosŏn Pando_ (Chosongul : 조선반도 / Han\'cha : 朝鮮半島), while in China , it is called _Cháoxiǎn Bàndǎo_ (朝鲜半岛/朝鮮半島). In Japan , it is either _Chōsenhantō_ ( Kanji : 朝鮮半島 / Hiragana : ちょうせんはんとう) or _Kanhantō_ ( Kanji : 韓半島 / Hiragana : かんはんとう). Meanwhile, in South Korea, it is called _Hanbando_ ( Hangul : 한반도 / Hanja : 韓半島), referring to the Samhan (since the Joseon Dynasty, Samhan was also used as an idiomatic meaning of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.) They both use "Korea" as part of their official English names, which is a name that comes from the Goryeo (or Koryŏ, in North Korea) dynasty (고려/高麗).

SUMMARIZED COMPARISON OF THE TWO COUNTRIES ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA

INDICATOR NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA

Capital Pyongyang Seoul

Official languages Korean

Official scripts Chosŏn\'gŭl Hangul

Government Juche single-party state Representative democracy

Formal declaration 9 September 1948 15 August 1948

Area 120,540 km2 100,210 km2

Population (2014/2013 est.) 24,851,627 50,219,669

GDP total (2011/2014 est.) $40 billion $1.755 trillion

GDP/capita (2011/2014 est.) $1,800 $34,777

Currency North Korean won (sign: ₩, ISO : KPW) South Korean won (₩, KRW)

Calling code +850 +82

Internet TLD .kp .kr

Drives on the right

Active military personnel 1,106,000 639,000

Military expenditure (2010/2012) $10 billion $30 billion

SEE ALSO

* Korea portal * Asia portal * Geography portal

* Korea

* Geography of Korea

* Geography of North Korea * Geography of South Korea

* List of Korea-related topics

REFERENCES

* ^ _PopulationData.net_: Asie

FURTHER READING

* KOIS ( Korea Overseas Information Service) (2003). _Handbook of Korea_ (11th ed.). Seoul: Hollym . ISBN 1-56591-212-8 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to KOREAN PENINSULA _.

* Location of the Korean