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Amy Jade Winehouse (14 September 1983 – 23 July 2011) was an English singer and songwriter. She was known for her deep, expressive contralto vocals and her eclectic mix of musical genres, including soul[1][2][3] (sometimes labelled as blue-eyed soul and neo soul),[4][5] rhythm and blues,[6][7][8] and jazz.[9][10] Winehouse's debut album, Frank (2003), was a critical success in the UK and was nominated for the Mercury Prize. Her follow-up album, Back to Black (2006), led to five 2008 Grammy Awards, tying the then record for the most wins by a female artist in a single night, and made her the first British woman to win five Grammys,[11][12] including three of the General Field "Big Four" Grammy Awards: Best New Artist, Record of the Year and Song of the Year. Winehouse won three Ivor Novello Awards: in 2004, Best Contemporary Song for "Stronger Than Me"; in 2007, Best Contemporary Song again, this time for "Rehab"; and in 2008, Best Song Musically and Lyrically for "Love Is a Losing Game." She also won the 2007 Brit Award for Best British Female Artist, having been nominated for Best British Album, with Back to Black. Winehouse died of alcohol poisoning on 23 July 2011, aged 27. Her album Back to Black
Back to Black
posthumously became, for a time, the UK's best-selling album of the 21st century.[13]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Musical career

2.1 Early career 2.2 2003–2005: Debut album Frank 2.3 2006–2007: international success, Back to Black
Back to Black
and touring 2.4 2008: Continued success and acclaim 2.5 2009–2011: Final projects before death

3 Image 4 Other ventures 5 Criticism 6 Awards and nominations 7 Critical reputation 8 Charity work 9 Legacy

9.1 Artwork and Tussauds wax figure 9.2 The next generation 9.3 Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Foundation 9.4 Films

10 Personal life

10.1 Relationships 10.2 Substance abuse
Substance abuse
and mental illness 10.3 Violence and legal difficulties 10.4 Paparazzi 10.5 Respiratory and other health problems

11 Death 12 Posthumous retrospectives 13 Discography 14 Filmography 15 References 16 Sources 17 Further reading 18 External links

Early life Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
was born in Chase Farm Hospital, in north London, to Jewish parents.[14] Her father, Mitchell "Mitch" Winehouse, was a window panel installer[15] and then a taxi driver; and her mother, Janis Winehouse (née Seaton),[16] was a pharmacist.[17] Winehouse's ancestors were Russian Jewish
Russian Jewish
and Polish Jewish
Polish Jewish
immigrants to London. Amy had an older brother, Alex (born 1979),[18] and the family lived in London's Southgate area,[14] where she attended Osidge Primary School.[19] Winehouse as a child attended a Jewish Sunday school.[20] After she rose to fame, during an interview she expressed her dismissal towards the school by saying that she used to beg her father to allow her not to go and that she learned nothing about being Jewish by going anyway.[21] In the same interview, Winehouse said she only went to a synagogue once a year on Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
"out of respect".[20] Many of Winehouse's maternal uncles were professional jazz musicians.[22] Amy's paternal grandmother, Cynthia, was a singer and dated the English jazz saxophonist Ronnie Scott.[23] She and Amy's parents influenced Amy's interest in jazz.[23] Her father, Mitch, often sang Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
songs to her, and whenever she got chastised at school, she would sing "Fly Me to the Moon" before going up to the headmistress to be told off.[24] Winehouse's parents separated when she was nine,[25] and she lived with her mother and stayed with her father and his girlfriend in Hatfield Heath, Essex, on weekends.[26] In 1992, her grandmother Cynthia suggested that Amy attend the Susi Earnshaw Theatre School, where she went on Saturdays to further her vocal education and to learn to tap dance.[27][28] She attended the school for four years and founded a short-lived rap group called Sweet 'n' Sour, with Juliette Ashby, her childhood friend,[29] before seeking full-time training at Sylvia Young Theatre School. Winehouse was allegedly expelled at 14 for "not applying herself" and also for piercing her nose.[18][30] Sylvia Young has denied this—"She changed schools at 15...I've heard it said she was expelled; she wasn't. I'd never have expelled Amy"[31]—as has Mitch Winehouse.[15] She also appeared in an episode of The Fast Show, 1997, with other children from the Sylvia Young School[32] and later attended the Mount School, Mill Hill; the BRIT School
BRIT School
in Selhurst, Croydon; Osidge JMI School and then Ashmole School.[33][34][35] Musical career Early career After toying around with her brother Alex's guitar, Winehouse bought her own when she was 14 and began writing music a year later. Soon after, she began working for a living, including, at one time, as an entertainment journalist for the World Entertainment News Network, in addition to singing with local group the Bolsha Band.[18][36] In July 2000, she became the featured female vocalist with the National Youth Jazz
Jazz
Orchestra; her influences were to include Sarah Vaughan
Sarah Vaughan
and Dinah Washington,[37] the latter of whom she was already listening to at home.[23] Amy's best friend, soul singer Tyler James, sent her demo tape to an A&R person.[23] Winehouse signed to Simon Fuller's 19 Management in 2002 and was paid £250 a week against future earnings.[38] While being developed by the management company, she was kept as a recording industry secret[39] although she was a regular jazz standards singer at the Cobden Club.[38] Her future A&R representative at Island, Darcus Beese, heard of her by accident when the manager of The Lewinson Brothers showed him some productions of his clients, which featured Winehouse as key vocalist. When he asked who the singer was, the manager told him he was not allowed to say. Having decided that he wanted to sign her, it took several months of asking around for Beese to eventually discover who the singer was. However, Winehouse had already recorded a number of songs and signed a publishing deal with EMI
EMI
by this time. Incidentally, she formed a working relationship with producer Salaam Remi through these record publishers.[39] Beese introduced Winehouse to his boss, Nick Gatfield, and the Island head shared his enthusiasm in signing the young artist. Winehouse was signed to Island, as rival interest in Winehouse had started to build to include representatives of EMI
EMI
and Virgin starting to make moves. Beese told HitQuarters
HitQuarters
that he felt the reason behind the excitement, over an artist who was an atypical pop star for the time, was due to a backlash against reality TV music shows, which included audiences starved for fresh, genuine young talent.[39] 2003–2005: Debut album Frank

Winehouse performing live in July 2004

Winehouse's debut album, Frank, was released on 20 October 2003. Produced mainly by Salaam Remi, many songs were influenced by jazz and, apart from two covers, Winehouse co-wrote every song. The album received positive reviews[40][41] with compliments over the "cool, critical gaze" in its lyrics[9] and brought comparisons of her voice to Sarah Vaughan,[42] Macy Gray
Macy Gray
and others.[9] The album entered the upper levels of the UK album chart in 2004 when it was nominated for Brit Awards
Brit Awards
in the categories of "British Female Solo Artist" and "British Urban Act." It went on to achieve platinum sales.[43][44] Later in 2004, she and Remi won the Ivor Novello Award for Best Contemporary Song, for their first single together, "Stronger Than Me."[45] The album was also shortlisted for the 2004 Mercury Music Prize. In the same year, she performed at the Glastonbury Festival – Jazzworld, the V Festival and the Montreal International Jazz
Jazz
Festival (7 July 2004, at the Club Soda). After the release of the album, Winehouse commented that she was "only 80 percent behind [the] album" because Island Records
Island Records
had over-ruled her preferences for the songs and mixes to be included.[23] Further singles from the album were "Take the Box," "In My Bed"/"You Sent Me Flying" and "Pumps"/" Help Yourself." 2006–2007: international success, Back to Black
Back to Black
and touring In contrast to her jazz-influenced former album, Winehouse's focus shifted to the girl groups of the 1950s and 1960s. Winehouse hired New York singer Sharon Jones's longtime band, the Dap-Kings, to back her up in the studio and on tour.[46] Mitch Winehouse relates in Amy, My Daughter how fascinating watching her process was: her perfectionism in the studio and how she would put what she had sung on a CD and play it in his taxi outside to know how most people would hear her music.[47] In May 2006, Winehouse's demo tracks such as "You Know I'm No Good" and "Rehab" appeared on Mark Ronson's New York radio show on East Village Radio. These were some of the first new songs played on the radio after the release of "Pumps" and both were slated to appear on her second album. The 11-track album, completed in five months,[47] was produced entirely by Salaam Remi and Ronson, with the production credits being split between them. Ronson said in a 2010 interview that he liked working with Winehouse because she was blunt when she did not like his work.[48] She in turn thought that when they first met, he was a sound engineer and that she was expecting an older man with a beard.[49] Promotion of Back to Black
Back to Black
soon began and, in early October 2006 Winehouse's official website was relaunched with a new layout and clips of previously unreleased songs.[43] Back to Black
Back to Black
was released in the UK on 30 October 2006. It went to number one on the UK Albums Chart for two weeks in January 2007, dropping then climbing back for several weeks in February. In the US, it entered at number seven on the Billboard 200. It was the best-selling album in the UK of 2007, selling 1.85 million copies over the course of the year.[50]

Winehouse at the Avalon in Boston, Massachusetts, 2007

The album spawned a number of hit singles. The first single released from the album was the Ronson-produced "Rehab." The song reached the top ten in the UK and the US.[51][52] Time magazine named "Rehab" the Best Song of 2007. Writer Josh Tyrangiel praised Winehouse for her confidence, saying, "What she is mouthy, funny, sultry, and quite possibly crazy" and "It's impossible not to be seduced by her originality. Combine it with production by Mark Ronson
Mark Ronson
that references four decades worth of soul music without once ripping it off, and you've got the best song of 2007."[53] The album's second single and lead single in the US, "You Know I'm No Good," was released in January 2007 with a remix featuring rap vocals by Ghostface Killah. It ultimately reached number 18 on the UK singles chart. The title track, "Back to Black," was released in the UK in April 2007 and peaked at number 25, but was more successful across mainland Europe.[54] "Tears Dry on Their Own," "Love Is a Losing Game" were also released as singles, but failed to achieve the same level of success.[55] A deluxe edition of Back to Black
Back to Black
was also released on 5 November 2007 in the UK. The bonus disc features B-sides, rare, and live tracks, as well as "Valerie." Winehouse's debut DVD I Told You I Was Trouble: Live in London was released the same day in the UK and 13 November in the US. It includes a live set recorded at London's Shepherd's Bush Empire and a 50-minute documentary charting the singer's career over the previous four years.[56] Frank was released in the United States on 20 November 2007 to positive reviews.[57][58] The album debuted at number 61 on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
chart.[59] In addition to her own album, she collaborated with other artists on singles. Winehouse was a vocalist on the song "Valerie" on Ronson's solo album Version. The song peaked at number two in the UK, upon its October single release. "Valerie" was nominated for a 2008 Brit Award for "Best British Single."[60][61][62] Her work with ex-Sugababe Mutya Buena, "B Boy Baby," was released on 17 December 2007. It served as the fourth single from Buena's debut album, Real Girl.[63] Winehouse was also in talks of working with Missy Elliott
Missy Elliott
for her album, Block Party.[64]

Winehouse with The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
at the 2007 Isle of Wight Festival

Winehouse toured in conjunction with the Back to Black
Back to Black
album's release, performing headliners in September and November 2006, including a Little Noise Sessions charity concert at the Union Chapel in Islington, North London. On 31 December 2006, Winehouse appeared on Jools Holland's Annual Hootenanny live on the BBC
BBC
and performed a cover of Marvin Gaye's "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" along with Paul Weller
Paul Weller
and Holland's Rhythm and Blues Orchestra. She also performed Toots and the Maytals' "Monkey Man". She began a run of another fourteen gigs beginning in February 2007. At his request, Hollywood star Bruce Willis
Bruce Willis
introduced Winehouse before her performance of "Rehab" at the 2007 MTV Movie Awards
2007 MTV Movie Awards
in Universal City, California. She had made awards organizers nervous when she went on a Las Vegas jaunt in the hours before the show.[65] During the summer of 2007, she performed at various festivals, including the Isle of Wight Festival and Glastonbury Festival
Glastonbury Festival
in England, Lollapalooza
Lollapalooza
festival in Chicago, Belgium's Rock Werchter
Rock Werchter
and Virgin Music Festival in Baltimore.[66] The rest of her tour, however, did not go as well. In November 2007 the opening night of a 17-date tour was marred by booing and walkouts at the National Indoor Arena
National Indoor Arena
in Birmingham. A critic for the Birmingham Mail
Birmingham Mail
said it was "one of the saddest nights of my life...I saw a supremely talented artist reduced to tears, stumbling around the stage and, unforgivably, swearing at the audience."[67] Other concerts ended similarly, with, for example, fans at her Hammersmith Apollo performance in London saying that she "looked highly intoxicated throughout,"[68] until she announced on 27 November 2007, that her performances and public appearances were cancelled for the remainder of the year, citing her doctor's advice to take a complete rest. A statement issued by concert promoter Live Nation blamed "the rigours involved in touring and the intense emotional strain that Amy has been under in recent weeks" for the decision.[69] Mitch Winehouse wrote about her nervousness before public performances in his 2012 book, Amy, My Daughter.[70] 2008: Continued success and acclaim

Winehouse performing at the Virgin Festival, Pimlico, Baltimore
Baltimore
in 2007

On 13 January 2008, Back to Black
Back to Black
held the number-one position on the Billboard Pan European charts for the third consecutive week.[71] On 20 February 2008, Winehouse performed at the 2008 Brit Awards, performing "Valerie" with Mark Ronson, followed by "Love Is a Losing Game." She urged the crowd to "make some noise for my Blake."[72] In February 2008, Winehouse also won Grammy Awards in the following categories: Record of the Year, Song of the Year, Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for the single "Rehab," and Best Pop Vocal Album. Additionally, Back to Black
Back to Black
was nominated for Album of the Year.[73][74] Ronson's work with her won the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Producer of the Year, in the non-classical category.[75] The singer also earned a Grammy as Best New Artist, earning her an entry in the 2009 edition of the Guinness Book of World Records for Most Grammy Awards won by a British Female Act.[76] She ended her acceptance speech for Record of the Year with, "This is for London because Camden town ain't burning down," in reference to the Camden Market
Camden Market
fire.[77] Winehouse was forced to perform "You Know I'm No Good" and "Rehab" for the awards ceremony via satellite, as her visa approval had not been processed in time.[15] After the Grammys, the album's sales increased, catapulting Back to Black to number two on the US Billboard 200, after it initially peaked in the seventh position.[78] A special deluxe edition of Back to Black topped the UK album charts on 2 March 2008. Meanwhile, the original edition of the album was ranked at number 30 in its 68th week on the charts, while Frank charted at number 35.[79] In Paris, she performed what was described as a "well-executed 40-minute" set at the opening of a Fendi
Fendi
boutique in early March.[80] By 12 March, the album had sold a total of 2,467,575 copies—318,350 copies had been sold in the previous 10 weeks—putting the album on the UK's top-10 best-selling albums of the 21st century for the first time.[81] On 7 April, Back to Black
Back to Black
was in the top position of the pan-European charts for the sixth consecutive and thirteenth aggregate week.[82] Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
– The Girl Done Good: A Documentary Review, a 78-minute DVD, was released on 14 April 2008. The documentary features interviews with those who knew her at a young age, people who helped her achieve success, jazz music experts, and music and pop-culture specialists.[83][84] At the 2008 Ivor Novello Awards
Ivor Novello Awards
in May, Winehouse became the first-ever artist to receive two nominations for the top award: best song, musically and lyrically. She won the award for "Love Is a Losing Game" and was nominated for "You Know I'm No Good."[85] "Rehab," a Novello winner for best contemporary song in 2006, also received a 2008 nomination for best-selling British song.[86] Winehouse was also nominated for a 2008 MTV
MTV
Europe Award in the "Act of the Year" category.[87] Although her father, manager and various members of her touring team reportedly tried to dissuade her, Winehouse performed at the Rock in Rio Lisboa festival in Portugal in May 2008.[27] Although the set was plagued by a late arrival and problems with her voice, the crowd warmed to her. In addition to her own material she performed two Specials covers.[88] Winehouse performed at Nelson Mandela's 90th Birthday Party concert at London's Hyde Park on 27 June,[89] and the next day at the Glastonbury Festival.[90] On 12 July, at the Oxegen Festival in Ireland she performed a well-received 50-minute set[91] which was followed the next day by a 14-song set at T in the Park.[92] On 16 August she played at the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
leg of the V Festival, and the following day played the Chelmsford
Chelmsford
leg of the festival. Organizers said that Winehouse attracted the biggest crowds of the festival. Audience reaction was reported as mixed.[93] On 6 September, she was Bestival's Saturday headliner, where her performance was described as polished—terminated by a curfew as the show running overdue, after Winehouse started an hour late—and her storming off stage.[94] A clip of Winehouse's music was included in the "Roots and Influences" area that looked at connections between different artists at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Annex NYC, which opened in December 2008. One thread started with Billie Holiday, continued with Aretha Franklin
Aretha Franklin
and Mary J. Blige, and then finished with Winehouse.[95] Back to Black
Back to Black
was the world's seventh-biggest-selling album of 2008.[96] The album's sales meant that the market performance of Universal Music's recorded music division did not drop to levels experienced by the overall music market.[97] 2009–2011: Final projects before death In a poll of US residents conducted for VisitBritain by Harris Interactive, the results of which were released in March 2009, one-fifth of those polled indicated they had listened to Winehouse's music during the previous year.[98] Winehouse performed with Rhythms del Mundo on their cover of the Sam Cooke
Sam Cooke
song, "Cupid", for an Artists Project Earth benefit album that was released on 13 July 2009.[99][100] Winehouse and Ronson contributed a cover of Lesley Gore's "It's My Party" to the Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
tribute album Q Soul Bossa Nostra
Q Soul Bossa Nostra
released 9 November 2010.[101] Winehouse and drummer Questlove
Questlove
of The Roots
The Roots
had agreed to form a group but her problems obtaining a visa delayed their working together: Salaam Remi had already created some material with Winehouse as part of the project.[102] According to The Times, Universal Music
Universal Music
pressed her for new material in 2008, and Winehouse as of 2 September had not been near a recording studio.[97] In late October Winehouse's spokesman was quoted as saying that Winehouse had not been given a deadline to complete her third album, for which she was learning to play drums.[103]

Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
with her band backstage, 16 March 2009

In May 2009 Winehouse returned to performing at a jazz festival in Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
amid torrential downpours and technical difficulties. During her set it was reported she was unsteady on her feet and had trouble remembering lyrics. She apologised to the crowd for being "bored" and ended the set in the middle of a song.[104][105] To a cheering crowd on 23 August at the V festival, Winehouse sang with The Specials on their songs "You're Wondering Now" and "Ghost Town."[106] During her stay in Saint Lucia, she also worked on new music with Salaam Remi. Island claimed that a new album would be due in 2010 with Island co-president Darcus Beese saying, "I've heard a couple of song demos that have absolutely floored me."[107] In July 2010, Winehouse was quoted as saying her next album would be released no later than January 2011, saying "It's going to be very much the same as my second album, where there's a lot of jukebox stuff and songs that are... just jukebox, really." Ronson said the same month however that he had not started to record the album.[108] She performed "Valerie" with Ronson at a movie premiere but forgot some of the song's lyrics.[108] In October Winehouse performed a four-song set to promote her fashion line. In December 2010, she played a 40-minute concert at a Russian oligarch's party in Moscow, the tycoon hand picking the songs.[109] During January 2011, she played five dates in Brazil, with opening acts of Janelle Monáe
Janelle Monáe
and Mayer Hawthorne.[110][111] On 11 February 2011, Winehouse cut short a performance in Dubai
Dubai
following booing from the audience. Winehouse was reported to be tired, distracted and "tipsy" during the performance.[112] On 18 June 2011, Winehouse started her twelve-leg 2011 European tour in Belgrade. Local media described her performance as a scandal and disaster, and she was booed off the stage due to her apparently being too drunk to perform. It was reported that she was unable to remember the city she was in, the lyrics of her songs or—when trying to introduce them—the names of the members of her band.[113][114] The local press also claimed that Winehouse was forced to perform by her bodyguards, who did not allow her to leave the stage when she tried to do so.[115] She then pulled out of performances in Istanbul and Athens which had been scheduled for the following week.[116] On 21 June, it was announced that she had cancelled all shows of her tour and would be given "as long as it takes" to sort herself out.[117] Winehouse's last public appearance took place at Camden's Roundhouse, London on 20 July 2011, when she made a surprise appearance on stage to support her goddaughter, Dionne Bromfield, who was singing "Mama Said" with The Wanted.[118] Winehouse died on 23 July 2011. On the week of 26 July 2011, Frank, Back to Black
Back to Black
and the Back to Black
Back to Black
EP re-entered the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
at number 57, number 9 and number 152 respectively, with the album climbing to number 4 the following week.[119][120] Back to Black
Back to Black
also topped the Billboard Digital Albums chart on the same week and was the second best-seller at iTunes.[121] "Rehab" re-entered and topped the Billboard Hot Digital Songs
Digital Songs
chart as well, selling up to 38,000 more digital downloads.[122] As of August 2011, "Back to Black" was the best-selling album in the UK in the twenty-first century.[123] Winehouse's last recording was a duet with American singer Tony Bennett for his latest album, Duets II, released on 20 September 2011.[124] Their single from the album, "Body and Soul," was released on 14 September 2011 on MTV
MTV
and VH1 to commemorate what would have been her 28th birthday. Her father, Mitch Winehouse, launched the Amy Winehouse Foundation with the goal of raising awareness and support for organisations that help vulnerable, young adults with problems such as addiction. Proceeds from "Body and Soul" benefit the Amy Winehouse Foundation.[125] The song received the Grammy for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance at the 54th Grammy Awards on 12 February 2012.[126] Winehouse's father picked up the award at the awards ceremony with his wife Janis, saying, "We shouldn't be here. Our darling daughter should be here. These are the cards that we're dealt."[127] When interviewed by Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
on The Daily Show
The Daily Show
on 29 September 2011, Bennett stated that in hindsight, he believed that Winehouse:

was in trouble at that time because she had a couple of engagements that she didn't keep up. But what people didn't realise at that time, that she really knew, and in fact I didn't even know it when we were making the record, and now looking at the whole thing; she knew that she was in a lot of trouble; that she wasn't going to live. And it wasn't drugs. It was alcohol toward the end... It was such a sad thing because... she was the only singer that really sang what I call the 'right way' because she was a great jazz-pop singer... She was really a great jazz singer. A true jazz singer. And I regret that because that's the 'right way' to sing.[128]

An album of previously unreleased material, titled Lioness: Hidden Treasures, was released on 6 December 2011.[129] It debuted at the top of the UK Albums Chart with the biggest first-week sales of Winehouse's career.[130] It debuted at number five on the Billboard 200, selling 114,000 units, making it her highest-debuting album in the US.[131] Image

Winehouse was influenced by soul girl groups such as The Ronettes, whose look she imitated.

Winehouse's greatest love was 1960s girl groups.[132] Her stylist, Alex Foden, borrowed her "instantly recognisable" beehive hairdo (a weave[133][134]) and she borrowed her Cleopatra
Cleopatra
makeup from The Ronettes.[132] Her imitation was so successful, as The Village Voice reports: "Ronnie Spector—who, it could be argued, all but invented Winehouse's style in the first place when she took the stage at the Brooklyn Fox Theater with her fellow Ronettes more than 40 years ago—was so taken aback at a picture of Winehouse in the New York Post that she exclaimed, "I don't know her, I never met her, and when I saw that pic, I thought, 'That's me!' But then I found out, no, it's Amy! I didn't have on my glasses."[135] The New York Times
The New York Times
style reporter, Guy Trebay, discussed the multiplicity of influences on Winehouse's style after her death. Trebay noted, "her stylish husband, Blake Fielder-Civil, may have influenced her look." Additionally, Trebay observed:

She was a 5-foot-3 almanac of visual reference, most famously to Ronnie Spector
Ronnie Spector
of the Ronettes, but also to the white British soul singer Mari Wilson, less famous for her sound than her beehive; to the punk god Johnny Thunders...; to the fierce council-house chicks... (see: Dior
Dior
and Chanel
Chanel
runways, 2007 and 2008) ... to a lineage of bad girls, extending from Cleopatra
Cleopatra
to Louise Brooks's Lulu and including Salt-n-Pepa, to irresistible man traps that always seemed to come to the same unfortunate end.[136]

Former Rolling Stone editor Joe Levy, who had put her on the magazine's cover, broke her look down this way:

Just as her best music drew on sampling — assembling sonic licks and stylistic fragments borrowed from Motown, Stax, punk and early hip-hop – her personal style was also a knowing collage. There was a certain moment in the '90s when, if you were headed downtown and turned left, every girl looked like Bettie Page. But they did not do what Winehouse did, mixing Bettie Page
Bettie Page
with Brigitte Bardot
Brigitte Bardot
and adding that little bit of Ronnie Spector.[137]

Mitch Winehouse later revealed that the influence for the bold red lipstick, thick eyebrows and heavy eyeliner came from Latinas she saw in Miami, on her trip there to work with Salaam Remi on Back to Black.[138] This same look, however, was repeatedly denigrated by the British press. At the same time that the NME Awards
NME Awards
nominated Winehouse in the categories of "Best Solo Artist" and "Best Music DVD" in 2008, they awarded her "Worst Dressed Performer."[139][140] Winehouse was also ranked number two on Richard Blackwell's 48th annual "Ten Worst Dressed Women" list, behind Victoria Beckham.[141] Other ventures

The first act on Winehouse's record label was her goddaughter Dionne Bromfield.

Winehouse joined a campaign to stop a block of flats being built beside the George Tavern, a famous London East End
East End
music venue. Campaign supporters feared the residential development would end the spot's lucrative sideline as a film and photo location, on which it relies to survive.[142] As part of a breast cancer awareness campaign, Winehouse appeared in a revealing photograph for the April 2008 issue of Easy Living magazine.[143] Winehouse had an estimated £10m fortune, tying her for tenth place in the 2008 The Sunday Times listing of the wealth of musicians under age 30.[144] The following year her fortune had dropped to an estimated £5m.[145] Her finances are run by Mitch and Janis Winehouse.[146] It was reported she earned about £1m singing at two private parties during Paris Fashion Week.[147] as well as another £1m to perform at a Moscow Art Gallery for Russian oligarch
Russian oligarch
Roman Abramovich.[148] Winehouse loaned a vintage dress used in her video for "Tears Dry on Their Own" as well as a DVD to the British Music Experience, a new museum dedicated to the history of British pop music.[149] The museum, located in The O2, opened on 9 March 2009.[150][151] In January 2009, Winehouse announced that she was launching her own record label. The first act on her Lioness Records
Lioness Records
is Winehouse's 13-year-old goddaughter, Dionne Bromfield. Her first album, featuring covers of classic soul records, was released on 12 October 2009.[152] Winehouse is the backing singer on several tracks on the album and she performed backing vocals for Bromfield on the television programme Strictly Come Dancing
Strictly Come Dancing
on 10 October.[153] Winehouse and her family are the subject of a 2009 documentary shot by Daphne Barak titled Saving Amy.[154] Winehouse entered into a joint venture in 2009 with EMI
EMI
to launch a range of wrapping paper and gift cards containing song lyrics from her album Back to Black.[155] On 8 January 2010, a television documentary, My Daughter Amy, aired on Channel 4.[156] Saving Amy was released as a paperback book in January 2010.[157] Winehouse collaborated on a 17 piece fashion collection with the Fred Perry label. It was released for sale in October 2010. According to Fred Perry's marketing director "We had three major design meetings where she was closely involved in product style selection and the application of fabric, colour and styling details," and gave "crucial input on proportion, colour and fit." The collection consists of "vintage-inspired looks including Capri pants, a bowling dress, a trench coat, pencil skirts, a longline argyle sweater and a pink-and-black checkerboard-printed collared shirt."[158][159] At the behest of her family, three forthcoming collections up to and including autumn/winter 2012 that she had designed prior to her death will be released.[160] Criticism

Winehouse in Los Angeles, 2007

Winehouse's dichotomous public image of critical and commercial success versus personal turmoil prompted media comment. The New Statesman called Winehouse "a filthy-mouthed, down-to-earth diva,"[161] while Newsweek
Newsweek
called her "a perfect storm of sex kitten, raw talent and poor impulse control."[162] Karen Heller with The Philadelphia Inquirer summarised the maelstrom this way:

She's only 24 with six Grammy nominations, crashing headfirst into success and despair, with a codependent husband in jail, exhibitionist parents with questionable judgement, and the paparazzi documenting her emotional and physical distress. Meanwhile, a haute designer Karl Lagerfeld appropriates her dishevelled style and eating issues to market to the elite while proclaiming her the new Bardot.[163]

By 2008, her continued drug problems threatened her career. As Nick Gatfield, the president of Island Records, toyed with the idea of releasing Winehouse "to deal with her problems," he said, "It's a reflection of her status [in the U.S.] that when you flick through the TV coverage [of the Grammys] it's her image they use."[164] Post-Grammys, some questioned whether Winehouse should have been honoured with the awards given her recent personal and drug problems,[165][166][167] including Natalie Cole, who introduced Winehouse at the ceremony and who herself battled substance-abuse problems while winning a Grammy for Best New Artist in 1975.[168] (Winehouse was prevented from travelling to and performing at the Grammy Awards ceremony in the US due to failing a drug test.[70]) In a newspaper commentary, the executive director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, Antonio Maria Costa, said that the alleged drug habits of Winehouse and other celebrities sent a bad message "to others who are vulnerable to addiction" and undermine the efforts of other celebrities trying to raise awareness of problems in Africa, now that more cocaine used in Europe passes through that continent.[169] Winehouse's spokesperson noted that "Amy has never given a quote about drugs or flaunted it in any way. She's had some problems and is trying to get better. The U.N. should get its own house in order."[170] In January 2008, her record label stated it believed the extensive media coverage she had received increased record sales.[171] In an April 2008 poll conducted by Sky News, Winehouse was named the second greatest "ultimate heroine" by the UK population at large, topping the voting for that category of those polled under 25 years old.[172] Psychologist Donna Dawson commented that the results demonstrated that women like Winehouse who had "a certain sense of vulnerability or have had to fight against some adversity in their lives" received recognition.[172] In July 2008, BBC
BBC
Radio Scotland's head, Jeff Zycinski, stated that the BBC, and media in general, were complicit in undermining celebrities, including Winehouse.[173] He said that public interest in the singer's lifestyle did not make her lifestyle newsworthy. Rod McKenzie, editor of the BBC
BBC
Radio One programme Newsbeat, replied: "If you play [Amy Winehouse's] music to a certain demographic, those same people want to know what's happening in her private life. If you don't cover it, you're insulting young licence fee payers."[173] In The Scotsman, British singer and songwriter Lily Allen
Lily Allen
was quoted to have said – "I know Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
very well. And she is very different to what people portray her as being. Yes, she does get out of her mind on drugs sometimes, but she is also a very clever, intelligent, witty, funny person who can hold it together. You just don't see that side."[174] Awards and nominations Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Amy Winehouse Among the awards and recognition for her debut album Frank, Winehouse earned an Ivor Novello Award from the British Academy of Songwriters for Best Contemporary Song ("Stronger Than Me"),[175] a Brit Award nomination for Best British Female Solo Artist,[176] and an inclusion in Robert Dimery's 2006 book, 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[177] Her second studio album, Back to Black, produced numerous nominations, including two Brit Awards
Brit Awards
(Best British Album, and won her Best British Female Solo Artist), six Grammy Awards (including five wins),[11] four Ivor Novello Awards, four MTV
MTV
Europe Music Awards, three MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards, three World Music Awards, and it was nominated for the Mercury Prize
Mercury Prize
(Album of the Year) and a MOBO Awards (Best UK Female). During her career, Winehouse received 23 awards from 60 nominations. Critical reputation The BBC's Garry Mulholland called Winehouse "the pre-eminent vocal talent of her generation".[178] According to AllMusic's Cyril Cordor, she was one of the UK's premier singers during the 2000s; "fans and critics alike embraced her rugged charm, brash sense of humor, and distinctively soulful and jazzy vocals".[179] In The Guardian, Caroline Sullivan later wrote that "her idolisation of Dinah Washington and the Ronettes distinguished her from almost all newly minted pop singers of the early 2000s; her exceptionally-susceptible-to-heartbreak voice did the rest".[180] By contrast, Robert Christgau
Robert Christgau
dismissed Winehouse as "a self-aggrandizing self-abuser who's taken seriously because she makes a show of soul". In his opinion, the singer "simulated gravitas by running her suicidal tendencies through an amalgam of 20th-century African-American vocal stylings--the slides, growls, and melismatic outcries that for many matures are now the only reliable signifiers of pop substance".[181] On 13 February 2012, Winehouse was ranked 26th on VH1's 100 Greatest Women in Music list.[182] In March 2017, singer-songwriter Bob Dylan said he was enjoying listening to Winehouse's last record (Back to Black), and called her "the last real individualist around."[183] Charity work Throughout her life Winehouse donated her money, music and time to many charities, particularly those concerned with children. She was once named "the most charitable act" by Pop World. While this side of her personality was never well known to the general public, throughout both the arts community and the charity community she was known for her generosity.[184] Among the charities she supported are Adopt-A-Minefield, Anti-Slavery International, Breast Cancer Campaign, CARE, Children of the Andes, Children's Medical Research Institute, Christian Children's Fund, City at Peace, UK charity telethon Comic Relief, London's Great Ormond Street Hospital
Great Ormond Street Hospital
for sick children, Greenpeace, Healthlink Worldwide, Hear the World, Heifer International, Holy Apostles Soup Kitchen, the Red Cross, LIFEbeat, Lifeline and Rape Crisis PMB, Opportunity International, Oxfam, Rights and Humanity, Save the Children, Save the Music Foundation, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Teenage Cancer Trust, Christina Noble Children's Foundation, Little Dreams Foundation, Lotus Outreach, Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
Children's Fund, UNHCR, UNICEF, V-Day, WaterAid, and World Neighbors.[185][186] In 2008, Winehouse appeared naked in an issue of Easy Living Magazine to raise awareness of breast cancer.[187] In 2009, she appeared on a CD called Classics alongside musicians such as The Rolling Stones, The Killers and many Cuban musicians to raise awareness of climate change. In March 2011, Winehouse donated over £20,000 worth of clothes to a local charity shop in London.[188][189] In 2012, it was revealed that she had paid for the medical tests for a man called Julian Jean DeBaptiste in Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
in 2009. "I had surgery on 1 July 2009... it cost a fortune and Amy paid for the whole thing. I tried to thank her but she just hugged me and told me not to say anything. Her generosity gave me my life back."[190] Legacy Artwork and Tussauds wax figure

Wax figure of Winehouse at Madame Tussauds
Madame Tussauds
in London

London's Mall Galleries opened an exhibition in May 2008 that included a sculpture of Winehouse, titled Excess. The piece, created by Guy Portelli, had a miniature of the singer lying on top of a cracked champagne bottle, with a pool of spilled liquid underneath. The body was covered with what appeared to be tiny pills, while one outstretched hand held a glass.[191] Another piece, a print titled Celebrity 1 by artist Charlotte Suckling, was shown in the same exhibition.[191] A wax sculpture of Winehouse went on display at the London Madame Tussauds on 23 July 2008. The singer did not attend the unveiling, although her parents did.[192] A sculpture by Marco Perego, titled The Only Good Rock Star Is a Dead Rock Star, that depicts Winehouse lying in a pool of blood with an apple and a bullet hole in her head after being shot by American novelist and Beat poet William S. Burroughs
William S. Burroughs
(in a recreation of the accidental killing of his wife Joan Vollmer),[193] was scheduled to go on display in New York's Half Gallery on 14 November 2008 with a sale price of US$100,000. Perego said of the sculpture: "Rock stars are the sacrificial animals of society." Winehouse's spokesperson stated: "It's a funny kind of tribute. The artist seems in thrall to a tabloid persona that is not the real Amy. People often use her image to sell their work."[193]

Bronze statue of Winehouse in Camden Town, London unveiled in September 2014

In 2012, Winehouse was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires.[194] On 14 September 2014 (which would have been Winehouse's 31st birthday), a statue was unveiled of her, which was created by sculptor Scott Eaton, at Stables Market
Stables Market
in Camden Town, north London. Fans and relatives gathered for the unveiling in Camden's Stable Market, where it will be a permanent memorial to her.[195] London-based Eaton, who sculpted the piece after being introduced to Winehouse's father Mitch, said the statue was meant to capture her "attitude and strength, but also give subtle hints of insecurity."[195] Her father Mitch said of the statue: "Now Amy will oversee the comings and goings of her home town forever... Amy was in love with Camden and it is the place her fans from all over the world associate her with."[196] The next generation British singer Adele
Adele
has credited Winehouse's success in making her and fellow British singer Duffy's journey to the United States "a bit smoother."[197] Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
credited Winehouse with paving the way for her rise to the top of the charts, explaining that Winehouse made it easier for unconventional women to have mainstream pop success.[198] Raphael Saadiq, Anthony Hamilton and John Legend
John Legend
said "Amy Winehouse was produced by people who wanted to create a marketing coup. The positive side is that it reacquainted an audience with this music and played an introductory role for others. This reinvigorated the genre by overcoming the vintage aspect."[199] Other artists that have credited Winehouse as an influence and/or for paving the way for them include Bruno Mars,[200] Tove Lo,[201] Ellie Goulding,[202] Jessie J,[203] Emeli Sandé,[204] Victoria Justice,[205] Paloma Faith,[206] Lana Del Rey,[207] Sam Smith,[208] Florence Welch,[209] Halsey,[210] Alessia Cara,[211] Daya,[212] and Estelle.[213] After the release of Back to Black, record companies sought out female artists with a similar sound and fearless and experimental female musicians in general. Adele
Adele
and Duffy were the second wave of artists with a sound similar to Winehouse's. A third wave of female musicians that has emerged since the album was released are led by V V Brown, Florence and the Machine, La Roux
La Roux
and Little Boots.[214] In March 2011, the New York Daily News ran an article attributing the continuing wave of British female artists that have been successful in the United States to Winehouse and her absence. Spin magazine music editor Charles Aaron was quoted as saying " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
was the Nirvana moment for all these women," "They can all be traced back to her in terms of attitude, musical styles or fashion." According to Keith Caulfield, chart manager for Billboard, "Because of Amy, or the lack thereof, the marketplace was able to get singers like Adele, Estelle and Duffy," "Now those ladies have brought on the new ones, like Eliza Doolittle, Rumer and Ellie."[215] Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Foundation Main article: Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Foundation After the singer's death by alcohol intoxication in July 2011, the Amy Winehouse Foundation was set up by Winehouse's family and launched on 14 September 2011 (which would have been Winehouse's 28th birthday). Its aim is to help young people and it works with other charitable organisations to provide frontline support. Its central office is in North London, but it also has an office in New York (operating under the name 'The Amy Winehouse Foundation
Amy Winehouse Foundation
US').[216] Both Jon Snow and Barbara Windsor
Barbara Windsor
are patrons for the charity, and ambassadors include Keira Chaplin and Mica Paris. In October 2015 Mark Ronson
Mark Ronson
became a patron.[217] Amy's brother Alex works full-time for the foundation, having given up his career as an online music journalist.[19] The charity itself works to prevent the effects of drug and alcohol misuse on young people and it also aims to support, inform and inspire vulnerable and disadvantaged young people to help them reach their full potential.[218] On 12 March 2013, with the help of ex-addict Russell Brand, the Foundation launched the Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Foundation Resilience Programme For Schools across the UK which aims to provide effective education around drugs, alcohol and dealing with emotional issues.[219] Films A documentary film, Amy (2015), directed by Asif Kapadia, was released in the United Kingdom on 3 July and worldwide on 10 July. The film attempts to portray Winehouse as a "Fragile Jewish girl" who had a great music talent but unfortunately became a victim to her addictions and eating disorder, while people who should have helped her did not.[220] The film received its première at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival on 16 May and has been reviewed as "a tragic masterpiece", "brilliant", "heartbreaking" and "unmissable".[221] The soundtrack of the same name was released on 30 October 2015, along with the DVD that includes music featured in the documentary by film composer Antônio Pinto and classic tracks by Winehouse. The film has received various accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature at the 2016 Oscars, Best Music Film at the 2016 Grammy Awards, the BAFTA for Best Documentary, the MTV
MTV
Movie Award for Best Documentary, in addition to a nomination for the BAFTA Award for Best British Film.[222][223] The success of the film has also led Winehouse her second posthumous nomination for Best British Female Solo Artist at the 2016 Brit Awards.[224] On 5 November 2015, it was announced that a new drama biopic about Winehouse's life simply entitled as Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
is in production, directed and written by Kirsten Sheridan.[225] It was also revealed that actress Noomi Rapace
Noomi Rapace
is in talks to star as Winehouse.[226] Personal life Although Winehouse was raised Jewish and expressed pride in being Jewish, she was not religious.[227] During one interview, Winehouse said "being Jewish to me is about being together as a real family. It’s not about lighting candles and saying a bracha."[20] Winehouse also frequently performed with a large Star of David
Star of David
medallion.[20] In 2013, in memory of Winehouse the Jewish Museum in London ran an exhibition titled "Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait".[20] The museum researched about her paternal great-great-grandfather’s arrival from Minsk
Minsk
in 1890, and how the family finally settled in London, starting out in working-class jobs before gradually moving to middle-class jobs.[20] Winehouse had 14 known tattoos, including "Daddy's Girl" on her left arm for her father and the name "Cynthia" on her right arm in memory of her Jewish grandmother.[228] Relationships Winehouse dated chef-musician Alex Clare
Alex Clare
(sometimes referred to as Alex Claire) in 2006, while on a break from her on-off boyfriend and future husband, Blake Fielder-Civil. She and Clare lived together briefly,[229] and in a pattern that Fielder-Civil would later repeat, Clare famously sold his story to the News of the World, which published it under the headline "Bondage Crazed Amy Just Can't Beehive in Bed."[230][231][232] Fielder-Civil (born August 1978), a former video production assistant,[233] had dropped out of Bourne Grammar School
Bourne Grammar School
and, aged 16, moved to London from his native Lincolnshire.[27] In a June 2007 interview, Winehouse admitted she could sometimes be violent toward him after she had been drinking, saying: "If he says one thing I don't like, then I'll chin him."[234] In August 2007, they were photographed, bloodied and bruised, in the streets of London after an alleged fight, although she contended her injuries were self-inflicted.[235] Winehouse married Fielder-Civil on 18 May 2007, in Miami Beach, Florida.[233] Winehouse's parents and in-laws publicly reported their numerous concerns, the latter citing fears that the two might commit suicide. Fielder-Civil's father encouraged fans to boycott Winehouse's music, and Mitch Winehouse said this would not help.[236] Fielder-Civil was quoted in a British tabloid as saying he introduced Winehouse to crack cocaine and heroin.[237] During a visit with Mitch Winehouse at the prison in July 2008, Fielder-Civil reportedly said that he and Winehouse would cut themselves to ease the pain of withdrawal.[27] From 21 July 2008 to 25 February 2009, Fielder-Civil was imprisoned following his guilty plea on charges of trying to pervert the course of justice and of grievous bodily harm with intent.[238][239] The incident, in July 2007, involved his assault of a pub landlord that broke the victim's cheek.[240] According to the prosecution, the landlord accepted £200,000 as part of a deal to "effectively throw the [court] case and not turn up," and he testified that the money belonged to Winehouse,[241] but she pulled out of a meeting with the men involved in the plot, to attend an awards ceremony.[242] Mitch Winehouse, as manager of his daughter's money, has denied the payoff came from her.[70] When Winehouse was spotted with aspiring actor Josh Bowman
Josh Bowman
on holiday in Saint Lucia, in early January 2009, she said she was "in love again, and I don't need drugs."[243] She commented that her "whole marriage was based on doing drugs" and that "for the time being I've just forgotten I'm even married."[243] On 12 January, Winehouse's spokesman confirmed that "papers have been received" for what Fielder-Civil's solicitor has said are divorce proceedings based on a claim of adultery.[244][245] In March, Winehouse was quoted in a magazine as saying, "I still love Blake and I want him to move into my new house with me—that was my plan all along ... I won't let him divorce me. He's the male version of me and we're perfect for each other."[246] Nonetheless, an uncontested divorce was granted on 16 July 2009 and became final on 28 August 2009.[247] Fielder-Civil received no money in the settlement.[15][248] After Winehouse's death, Pete Doherty
Pete Doherty
said that he and Winehouse had been lovers at one point. Speaking to the Daily Mail
Daily Mail
about it he said "This is difficult for me to admit. But, yes, it's true. Amy and I were lovers. I loved her then and, well, I still do today. But towards the end, as only lovers can, she became quite mean and cruel to me. She didn't suffer fools…and believe me, she had a mean right hook."[249] However, in July 2008, when Rolling Stone reporter Claire Hoffman asked Winehouse about her relationship with Doherty, Winehouse replied: "We're just good friends", and added: "I asked Pete to do a concept EP, and he made this face, he looked at me like I'd pooed on the floor. He wouldn't do it. We're just really close".[250] Substance abuse
Substance abuse
and mental illness Winehouse's battles with substance abuse were the subject of much media attention. In 2005, she went through a period of drinking, heavy drug use, and weight loss.[15][27] People who saw her during the end of that year and early 2006 reported a rebound that coincided with the writing of Back to Black.[27] Her family believes that the mid-2006 death of her grandmother, who was a stabilising influence, set her off into addiction.[27] In August 2007, Winehouse cancelled a number of shows in the UK and Europe, citing exhaustion and ill health. She was hospitalised during this period for what was reported as an overdose of heroin, ecstasy, cocaine, ketamine and alcohol.[251] In various interviews, she admitted to having problems with self-harm, depression, and eating disorders.[18][175] Winehouse told a magazine that the drugs were to blame for her hospitalisation and that "I really thought that it was over for me then."[252] Soon afterward, Winehouse's father commented that when he had made public statements regarding her problems he was using the media because it seemed the only way to get through to her.[253] In an interview with The Album Chart Show on British television, Winehouse said she was manic depressive and not alcoholic, adding that that sounded like "an alcoholic in denial."[254] A US reporter writes that Winehouse was a "victim of mental illness in a society that doesn't understand or respond to mental illness with great effectiveness."[255] In December 2007, Winehouse's spokesman reported that the singer was in a physician-supervised programme and was channelling her difficulties by writing a lot of music.[256] The British tabloid The Sun posted a video of a woman, alleged to be Winehouse, apparently smoking crack cocaine and speaking of having taken ecstasy and valium. Winehouse's father moved in with her,[257] and Island Records, her record label, announced the abandonment of plans for an American promotion campaign on her behalf.[164] In late January 2008, Winehouse reportedly entered a rehabilitation facility for a two-week treatment program.[258] On 23 January 2008, the video was passed on to the Metropolitan Police,[164] who questioned her on 5 February.[259] No charges were brought. On 26 March 2008, Winehouse's spokesman said she was "doing well."[260] Her record company reportedly believed that her recovery remained fragile.[261] By late April 2008, her erratic behaviour, including an allegation of assault, caused fear that her drug rehabilitation efforts had been unsuccessful,[262] leading to efforts by Winehouse's father and manager to seek assistance in having her involuntarily committed.[263] Her dishevelled appearance during and after a scheduled club night in September sparked new rumours of a relapse. Photographers were quoted as saying she appeared to have cuts on her legs and arms.[264] According to her physician, Winehouse quit illegal substances in 2008.[265] In an October 2010 interview, speaking of her decision to quit drugs, Winehouse said, "I literally woke up one day and was like, 'I don't want to do this any more'."[266] Drinking alcohol emerged as a problem with Winehouse abstaining for a few weeks then lapsing.[265] The physician said that Winehouse was treated with Librium for alcohol withdrawal and anxiety, and underwent psychological and psychiatric evaluations in 2010, but refused psychological therapy.[265] Violence and legal difficulties In 2006, Winehouse admitted to punching a female fan in the face for criticising her having taken Blake Fielder-Civil as a husband. She then attacked her own spouse as he attempted to calm her down.[234] In October 2007, Winehouse and Fielder-Civil were arrested in Bergen, Norway, for possession of seven grams of cannabis. The couple were later released and fined 3850 kroner (around £350).[267] Winehouse first appealed the fines,[267][268] but later dropped the appeal.[269] On 26 April 2008, Winehouse was cautioned after she admitted to police she slapped a 38-year-old man in the face, a "common assault" offence, her first of two. She voluntarily turned herself in and was held overnight. Police said, at her arrival she was "in no fit state" to be interviewed.[270] Ten days later, Winehouse was arrested on suspicion of possessing drugs after a video of her apparently smoking crack cocaine was passed to the police in January, but was released on bail a few hours later because they could not confirm, from the video, what she was smoking.[251][271] The Crown Prosecution Service
Crown Prosecution Service
considered charging her, but cleared her when it could not establish that the substance in the video was a controlled drug.[272] Some members of Parliament reacted negatively.[273] Two London residents were subsequently charged with conspiracy to supply cocaine and ecstasy to Winehouse.[274] One of the pair was sentenced to two years in prison on 13 December 2008, while the other received a two-year community order.[275] On 5 March 2009, Winehouse was arrested and charged with common assault following a claim by Sharene Flash that Winehouse hit her in the eye at the September 2008 Prince's Trust charity ball.[276] Winehouse's spokesperson announced the cancellation of the singer's US Coachella Festival appearance in light of the new legal issue,[277] and Winehouse appeared in court on 17 March to enter her plea of not guilty.[278] On 23 July, her trial began with prosecutor Lyall Thompson charging that Winehouse acted with "deliberate and unjustifiable violence" while appearing to be under the influence of alcohol or another substance. She testified that she did not punch Flash, but tried to push her away because she was scared of her; she cited her worry that Flash would sell her story to a tabloid, Flash's height advantage, and Flash's "rude" behaviour.[279][280] On 24 July, District Judge Timothy Workman ruled that Winehouse was not guilty, citing the facts that all but two of the witnesses were intoxicated at the time of the incident and that medical evidence did not show "the sort of injury that often occurs when there is a forceful punch to the eye."[281] On 19 December 2009, Winehouse was arrested for a third time on charges of common assault, plus another charge of public order offence after assaulting the front-of-house manager of the Milton Keynes Theatre after he asked her to move from her seat.[282] Winehouse plead guilty to the charges and was given a conditional discharge.[283] Paparazzi With the paparazzi taking photographs of her wherever they could, Winehouse obtained an injunction against a leading paparazzi agency, Big Pictures, under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997; the resultant court order issued by the High Court in 2009 banned them from following her.[284] Photographers were also banned from following her within 100 metres of her London home and photographing Winehouse in her home or the homes of her friends and relatives. According to a newspaper report, sources close to the singer said legal action was taken out of concern for the safety of Winehouse and those close to her.[284] Respiratory and other health problems On 23 June 2008, Winehouse's publicist corrected earlier misstatements by Mitch Winehouse that his daughter had early stage emphysema, instead claiming she had signs of what could lead to early-stage emphysema.[285] Mitch Winehouse had also stated that his daughter's lungs were operating at 70 percent capacity and that she had an irregular heartbeat. He said that these problems had been caused by her chain smoking crack cocaine. The singer's father also reported that doctors had warned Winehouse that, if she continued smoking crack cocaine, she would have to wear an oxygen mask and would eventually die.[286] In a radio interview, Mitch Winehouse said the singer was responding "fabulously" to treatment, which included being covered with nicotine patches.[287] British Lung Foundation spokesman Keith Prowse noted this type of condition could be managed with treatment. Prowse also said the condition was not normal for a person her age but "heavy smoking and inhaling other substances like drugs can age the lungs prematurely."[288] Norman H. Edelman of the American Lung Association explained that if she stopped smoking, her lung functions would decline at the rate of a normal person, but continued smoking would lead to a more rapid decline in lung function.[289] Winehouse was released from the London Clinic
London Clinic
24 hours after returning from a temporary leave to perform at Nelson Mandela's 90th birthday and at a concert in Glastonbury, and continued receiving treatment as an outpatient.[290] In July 2008, Winehouse stated that she had been diagnosed with "some areas of emphysema" and said she was getting herself together by "eating loads of healthy food, sleeping loads, playing my guitar, making music and writing letters to my husband every day."[291] She also kept a vertical tanning bed in her flat.[134] Winehouse began precautionary testing on her lungs and chest on 25 October 2008[292] at the London Clinic
London Clinic
for what was reported as a chest infection. Winehouse was in and out of the facility and was granted permission to set her own schedule regarding home leave.[103] She returned to the hospital on 23 November 2008 for a reported reaction to her medication.[293] Death

Tributes outside Amy Winehouse's home at Camden Square
Camden Square
days following her death on 23 July 2011

Winehouse's bodyguard said that he had arrived at her residence three days before her death and felt she had been somewhat intoxicated. He observed moderate drinking over the next few days. He observed her "laughing, listening to music and watching TV at 2 a.m. the day of her death". According to the bodyguard, at 10 a.m. he observed her lying on her bed and tried unsuccessfully to rouse her. This did not raise much suspicion because she usually slept late after a night out. According to the bodyguard, shortly after 3 pm, he checked on her again and observed her lying in the same position as before, leading to a further check, in which he concluded that she was not breathing and had no pulse. He said he subsequently called emergency services.[265] At 3:54 p.m. BST on 23 July 2011, two ambulances were called to Winehouse's home in Camden, London.[294][295] Winehouse was pronounced dead at the scene. Shortly afterwards, the Metropolitan Police confirmed that she had died.[296] After her death was announced, media and camera crews appeared, as crowds gathered near Winehouse's residence to pay their respects. Forensic investigators entered the flat as police cordoned off the street outside; they recovered one small and two large bottles of vodka from her room.[265] After her death, the singer broke her second Guinness World Record: for the most songs by a woman to simultaneously appear on the UK singles chart, with eight.[297] A coroner's inquest reached a verdict of misadventure. The report released on 26 October 2011 explained that Winehouse's blood alcohol content was 416 mg per 100 ml (0.416%) at the time of her death, more than five times the legal drink-drive limit.[265] According to the coroner, "The unintended consequences of such potentially fatal levels was her sudden death."[298]

Romanian singers Rona Hartner, Paula Seling, Nico and Maria Radu performing at a memorial Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
concert in Bucharest
Bucharest
on 23 October 2011

Winehouse's record label, Universal Republic, released a statement that read in part: "We are deeply saddened at the sudden loss of such a gifted musician, artist and performer."[299] Many musical artists have since paid tribute to Winehouse including U2, M.I.A., Lady Gaga, Marianne Faithfull, Bruno Mars, Nicki Minaj, Keisha Buchanan, Rihanna, George Michael, Adele, Kelly Clarkson, Courtney Love,[300] and the punk rock band Green Day, who wrote a song in her tribute titled "Amy".[301] In her 2012 album Banga, singer Patti Smith
Patti Smith
released "This Is the Girl," written as a homage to Winehouse.[302] Mark Ronson dedicated his UK number one album Uptown Special
Uptown Special
to Winehouse, stating: "I'm always thinking of you and inspired by you."[303] There was a large amount of media attention devoted to the 27 Club
27 Club
once again.[304] Three years earlier, she had expressed a fear of dying at that age.[305] Family and friends attended Winehouse's funeral on 26 July 2011 at Edgwarebury Lane cemetery in north London.[306][307][308] Her mother and father, Janis and Mitch Winehouse, close friend Kelly Osbourne, producer Mark Ronson, and her boyfriend Reg Traviss were among those in attendance at the private service led by Rabbi Frank Hellner.[306][307] Her father delivered the eulogy, saying "Goodnight, my angel, sleep tight. Mummy and Daddy love you ever so much."[306] Carole King's "So Far Away" closed the service with mourners singing along.[309] She was later cremated at Golders Green Crematorium.[310] The family planned to sit a two-day shiva.[310] Winehouse's parents set up The Amy Winehouse Foundation
Amy Winehouse Foundation
to prevent harm from drug misuse among young people, and Amy Winehouse's brother Alex is an employee.[19][311] Winehouse did not leave a will; her estate is inherited by her parents.[312] On 17 December 2012, British authorities reopened the probe of Winehouse's death.[313] On 8 January 2013, a second inquest confirmed that Winehouse died of accidental alcohol poisoning.[314] In a late June 2013 interview, Alex Winehouse revealed his belief that his sister's eating disorder, and the consequent physical weakness, was the primary cause of her death:

She suffered from bulimia very badly. That's not, like, a revelation – you knew just by looking at her… She would have died eventually, the way she was going, but what really killed her was the bulimia… I think that it left her weaker and more susceptible. Had she not had an eating disorder, she would have been physically stronger.[19]

Posthumous retrospectives Winehouse's parents have each written memoirs about their daughter and donated the proceeds from both books to the Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Foundation. In the introduction to Mitch Winehouse's biography, entitled Amy: My Daughter (2012), he explained: "Apart from being her father, I was also her friend, confidant and adviser—not that she always took my advice, but she always heard me out."[315] Her mother Janis published Loving Amy: A Mother's Story, in 2014.[316] Winehouse is the subject of Amy (2015), a documentary directed by Asif Kapadia and produced by James Gay-Rees, Kapadia, and Universal Music.[317] Kapadia and Gay-Rees introduced the project at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.[318] The film debuted at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival[319] and won the 2016 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.[320] An exhibit of Winehouse's personal items, co-curated by her brother and sister-in-law, entitled Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait, was on display at the Jewish Museum London
Jewish Museum London
from 3 July 2013 until 15 September 2013.[321] Display items, such as books and music, were featured together with captions written by Winehouse's brother.[322] In late 2011, there were reports that Winehouse's former boyfriend, Reg Traviss, was developing a film about her. Winehouse's father Mitch Winehouse, who owns the copyright to his daughter's music, said he would not authorise the use of her music for the film.[323] Discography Main article: Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
discography

Frank (2003) Back to Black
Back to Black
(2006)

Filmography

Amy (2015)

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had wide influence with thin output". Archived from the original on 29 October 2011. . CBS News. 23 July 2011. ^ Thurmond, Alexandra (11 April 2015). "Sound Scout: Meet Halsey, Songstress Who's Making Waves With Her Feminist Pop Mystique". Teen Vogue. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ "2nd Alessia Cara". BBC
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Amy Winehouse
now includes Eliza Doolittle, Adele, Rumer". Archived from the original on 22 December 2013. . Daily News. ^ " Amy Winehouse Foundation
Amy Winehouse Foundation
US". Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ " Mark Ronson
Mark Ronson
'happy' to be Amy patron". Newsbeat. 18 October 2015.  ^ "Charity overview". Charity Commission for England and Wales. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "The Amy Winehouse Foundation
Amy Winehouse Foundation
Resilience Programme". 18 March 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2016.  ^ Nussbaum Cohen, Debra (17 July 2015). "Portrait of Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
as a Fragile Jewish Girl". Haaretz. Retrieved 6 July 2017.  ^ Lodge, Guy (16 May 2015). "Cannes Film Review: Amy Winehouse Documentary 'Amy'". Variety. Retrieved 28 May 2015.  ^ "Baftas 2016: the nominations". The Daily Telegraph. 8 January 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ Ford, Rebecca (14 January 2016). "Oscar Nominations: The Complete List". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 14 January 2016.  ^ " Brit Awards
Brit Awards
2016: The nominations". BBC
BBC
News. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ Lee, Benjamin (5 November 2015). " Noomi Rapace
Noomi Rapace
in talks to play Amy Winehouse in biopic". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 November 2015.  ^ McNary, Dave (5 November 2015). " Noomi Rapace
Noomi Rapace
Starring in Amy Winehouse Biopic". Variety. Retrieved 8 November 2015.  ^ "Amy Winehouse: in her own words". The Guardian. 22 July 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2017.  ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Tattoos". Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
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Amy Winehouse
cut out my heart and stomped on it says ex". Archived from the original on 29 September 2016. . NOW Daily. 29 April 2007. ^ Hoffman, Claire (10 July 2008). "Up All Night With Amy Winehouse: Rolling Stone's 2008 Story". Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. . Rolling Stone. p. 2 of 3. ^ a b "Singer Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
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Amy Winehouse
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BBC
News. 28 August 2007. ^ Perry, Simon (1 December 2008). "Divorce Drama for Amy Winehouse?". People. Retrieved 31 May 2014.  ^ Addley, Esther (10 June 2008). "Crime: Amy Winehouse's husband pleads guilty to GBH and cover-up". Archived from the original on 6 November 2011. . The Guardian. ^ "Winehouse husband must stay in jail, judge rules". The Times. 21 July 2008.  ^ "Winehouse is arrested by police". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. . BBC
BBC
News. 18 December 2007. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
husband Blake Fielder-Civil 'used her money to pay off victim'". The Times. 11 June 2008.  ^ "Singer absent from 'plot' meeting". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. . BBC
BBC
News. 11 June 2008. ^ a b "Amy Winehouse's husband seeks divorce". Archived from the original on 21 January 2009. . CNN. 12 January 2009. ^ "Amy Winehouse's husband to file for divorce". MSNBC. Associated Press. 12 January 2009. Archived from the original on 21 January 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2016.  ^ Collett-White, Mike (12 January 2009). "Amy Winehouse's husband seeks divorce". Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. . Reuters. ^ Laurie I (24 March 2009). "Winehouse 'Won't Let' Husband Divorce Her". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 31 May 2014.  ^ "Winehouse divorces Fielder-Civil". Archived from the original on 19 July 2009. . BBC
BBC
News. 16 July 2009. ^ Isola, Laurie (7 July 2010). "Blake Fielder-Civil received nothing in Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
split". Archived from the original on 26 January 2011. . SFGate. ^ Hernu, Piers (26 November 2012). "My secret affair with Amy Winehouse, by Pete Doherty: Troubled rock star reveals the truth about their explosive romance". Daily Mail. Retrieved 6 July 2017.  ^ Hoffman, Claire (10 July 2008). "Up All Night With Amy Winehouse: Rolling Stone's 2008 Story". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 23 July 2011.  ^ a b Singh, Anita (8 May 2008). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
bailed over drugs video". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 June 2014.  ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
was not hospitalized for 'exhaustion'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 28 May 2015.  ^ "Who'd be a pop star's parent?". Archived from the original on 22 December 2013. . BBC
BBC
News. 17 March 2008. ^ Salahi, Lara (25 July 2011). "Amy Winehouse: Career Shadowed by Manic Depression". Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. . ABC News. ^ Sparber, Max (25 July 2011). "On the death of Amy Winehouse". Archived from the original on 19 August 2011. . MinnPost. Her mental illness described also in Milloy, Courtland (24 July 2011). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
another tragic victim of manic depression". The Washington Post.  and Satel, Sally (27 July 2011). "Amy Winehouse's Killers". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones. Retrieved 28 July 2011.  ^ Rubin, Courtney (10 December 2007). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
'Determined' to Attend Grammys". Archived from the original on 20 September 2013. . People. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
living with her father, under 24-hour watch". Archived from the original on 27 January 2008. . The Daily Telegraph. 24 January 2008. ^ "Amy takes the rehab route". Archived from the original on 12 January 2009. . The Times
The Times
of India. 12 January 2009. ^ "Winehouse Questioned About Drugs". Archived from the original on 26 November 2014. . The New York Times. 7 February 2008. ^ "Rep: Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Not Returning to Rehab". Archived from the original on 30 March 2008. . Us Magazine. 26 March 2008. ^ Sherwin, Adam (21 March 2008). "Rep: Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Not Returning to Rehab". Archived from the original on 30 March 2008. . The Times. ^ Miller, Vikki (26 April 2008). "Rep: Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Not Returning to Rehab". Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. . The Daily Telegraph. ^ "Papa Winehouse 'committed' to Amy's care". Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. . Boston Herald. ^ Gregory, Jason (12 September 2008). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Sparks New Health Fears After Wild Night Out". Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. . Gigwise. ^ a b c d e f Davies, Caroline (26 October 2011). "Amy Winehouse inquest records verdict of misadventure". Archived from the original on 27 October 2011. . The Guardian. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Unveils Her Fred Perry Designs". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. . People. StyleWatch. 5 October 2010. ^ a b " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
is summoned to court over drugs appeal". Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. . Boston Herald. 1 January 2009. ^ White, Nicholas (27 December 2007). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
summoned to appear in court in Norway for drug conviction". Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. . People. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
drops drug case appeal in Norway". USA Today. Associated Press. 6 January 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2015.  ^ "Winehouse cautioned over assault". Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. . BBC
BBC
News. 26 April 2008. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
released after arrest over 'drugs video'". Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. . The Times. 8 May 2008. ^ "CPS statement: Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
suspected drug abuse". Archived from the original on 30 May 2008. . Crown Prosecution Service. 30 May 2008. ^ Sahu, Nina (15 May 2008). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
escapes charges over drug video". TopNews.in. Retrieved 2 June 2014.  ^ "Winehouse drug accused in court". Archived from the original on 1 July 2008. . BBC
BBC
News. 1 July 2008. ^ "Jail for Winehouse drug plot man". Archived from the original on 12 December 2008. . BBC
BBC
News. 12 December 2008. ^ Itzkoff, Dave (6 March 2009). "Winehouse Charged With Assaulting Fan". Archived from the original on 17 April 2009. . The New York Times. ^ "Winehouse pulls out of Coachella". Archived from the original on 12 March 2009. . BBC
BBC
News. 9 March 2009. ^ "Winehouse denies assault charge". Archived from the original on 20 March 2009. . ITV. 17 March 2009. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
'punched dancer after photo request". Archived from the original on 26 July 2009. . The Guardian. Press Association. ^ "Amy Winehouse: I'm too short to have punched anyone". The Times. 23 July 2009.  ^ "Winehouse not guilty of assault". Archived from the original on 24 July 2009. . BBC
BBC
News. 24 July 2009. ^ Naughton, Philippe (24 December 2009). "Rep: Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Not Returning to Rehab". Archived from the original on 25 March 2010. . The Times. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
admits pantomime assault". BBC
BBC
News. 20 January 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2016.  ^ a b Dowell, Ben; Robinson, James (1 May 2009). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
wins court ban on paparazzi at her home". Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. . The Guardian. ^ "Spokeswoman: Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
doesn't have emphysema". USA Today. 23 June 2008.  ^ "Singer Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
has lung damage and irregular heart beat, says her father". Archived from the original on 29 June 2008. . International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. ^ "Dad says Winehouse flourishing". Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. . BBC
BBC
News. 23 June 2008. ^ Schmidt, Veronica (23 June 2008). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
diagnosed with emphysema". Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. . Times Online. ^ Kaufman, Gil (23 June 2008). "Amy Winehouse's Father Clarifies Diagnosis, Sort Of: 'She Has A Small Amount Of Emphysema'". Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. . MTV. MTV
MTV
Networks. ^ "Winehouse leaves London clinic". United Press International. 1 July 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2011.  ^ Singh, Anita (22 July 2008). "Amy Winehouse: I want five kids and to appear on Countdown". Archived from the original on 9 December 2013. . The Daily Telegraph. ^ "Winehouse back in the hospital for more tests". Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. . Today. MSNBC. 27 October 2008. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
hospitalized for drug reaction". Archived from the original on 17 December 2008. . CNN. 25 November 2008. ^ Roberts, Randall (23 July 2011). "Soul singer Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
found dead in her London home". Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. . Los Angeles Times. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
post-mortem takes place". Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. . BBC
BBC
News. 25 July 2011. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
found dead, aged 27". Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. . BBC
BBC
News. 24 July 2011. ^ "Rihanna, Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
and Adele
Adele
break World Records with digital music sales". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. . Guinness World Records. 7 September 2012. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
death: Coroner records misadventure verdict". Archived from the original on 26 October 2011. . 26 October 2011. BBC
BBC
News. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Found Dead". Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. . MTV. Viacom. 27 March 2011. ^ Baltin, Steve (23 July 2011). " Courtney Love
Courtney Love
on Amy Winehouse: 'I'm Gutted'". Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. . Rolling Stone. ^ Kaufman, Gil (26 July 2011). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Funeral Held in London". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 26 July 2011.  ^ Hendicott, James (2 April 2012). " Patti Smith
Patti Smith
pays tribute to Amy Winehouse on new album 'Banga'". NME. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ "Ronson dedicates album to Winehouse". Irish Independent. 13 January 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2016.  ^ Chaney, Jen; Hughes, Sarah Anne (23 July 2011). "Amy Winehouse, Jimi Hendrix, Kurt Cobain and the 27 Club". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 July 2015.  ^ "Stating the Obvious, Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Fears Early Death". Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. . Inquisitr.com. 28 December 2008. ^ a b c Levy, Glen (26 July 2011). "'Good Night, My Angel': Friends and Family Gather for Amy Winehouse's Funeral". Time. Retrieved 26 July 2011.  ^ a b Saunders, Emma (26 July 2011). "Singer Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
bows out gracefully". Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. . BBC News. ^ "Family plan private funeral for Amy Winehouse". Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. . BBC
BBC
News. 25 July 2011. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Laid To Rest". Chicago's B96. 26 July 2011.  ^ a b Marikar, Sheila (26 July 2011). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
to Be Cremated Following Emotional Funeral". Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. . ABC News. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
foundation for addiction planned". Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. . BBC
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News. 27 July 2011. ^ Mayoras, Danielle; Mayoras, Andy (28 March 2012). "Amy Winehouse Didn't Have a Will After All, But Did Have Millions". Forbes. Retrieved 14 June 2012.  ^ Duke, Alan (18 December 2012). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
death probe reopened". Archived from the original on 17 December 2012. . CNN. ^ " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
inquest: Singer drank herself to death". Archived from the original on 29 March 2014. . BBC
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News. 8 January 2013. ^ Winehouse 2012, p. ix. ^ Winehouse, Janis (23 September 2014). "Interview: Janis Winehouse". The Jewish Chronicle
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(Interview). Interview with Charlotte Oliver. Retrieved 16 August 2015.  ^ Itzkoff, David (25 April 2013). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Documentary Coming From Director of 'Senna'". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 July 2013.  ^ McNary, Dave (24 April 2013). " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Documentary Planned by 'Senna' Director". Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. . Variety. ^ Macnab, Geoffrey. "Amy, Cannes film review: Brilliant, unutterably sad film depicts the descent of Amy Winehouse". The Independent. Retrieved 16 April 2015.  ^ Clark, Jessica. "All the winners from the 2016 Oscars". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 February 2016.  ^ "Past Exhibitions: Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait". Jewish Museum London. Retrieved 5 August 2015.  ^ Brown, Mark (4 July 2013). "Amy Winehouse's possessions go on display at Jewish Museum in London". Archived from the original on 16 July 2013. . The Guardian. ^ Boardman, Madeline (22 November 2013). "Amy Winehouse's Dad Shoots Down Movie Rumors". Archived from the original on 9 December 2013. . The Huffington Post.

Sources

Winehouse, Mitch (2012). Amy, My Daughter. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780062191397. 

Further reading

Winehouse, Janis (2014). Loving Amy: A Mother's Story. Random House. ISBN 9781473508163. 

External links

Find more aboutAmy Winehouseat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata

Official website Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
at AllMusic " Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
collected news and commentary". The Guardian.  Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
collected news and commentary at The New York Times Obituary in The Daily Telegraph

v t e

Amy Winehouse

Awards and nominations Discography Songs

Frank

"Stronger Than Me" "Take the Box" "In My Bed" "You Sent Me Flying" "Fuck Me Pumps" " Help Yourself"

Back to Black

"Rehab" "You Know I'm No Good" "Back to Black" "Tears Dry on Their Own" "Love Is a Losing Game"

Lioness: Hidden Treasures

"Body and Soul" "Our Day Will Come"

Featured singles

"Valerie" "B Boy Baby" "Cherry Wine"

Live albums

Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
at the BBC

Video releases

I Told You I Was Trouble: Live in London

Related articles

Lioness Records Dionne Bromfield Mark Ronson Tyler James Island Records Secret Diary of a Call Girl 27 Club Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
Foundation Amy

soundtrack

Statue

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best New Artist

Bobby Darin
Bobby Darin
(1960) Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(1961) Peter Nero
Peter Nero
(1962) Robert Goulet
Robert Goulet
(1963) The Swingle Singers
The Swingle Singers
(1964) The Beatles
The Beatles
(1965) Tom Jones (1966) No award given (1967) Bobbie Gentry
Bobbie Gentry
(1968) José Feliciano
José Feliciano
(1969) Crosby, Stills & Nash (1970) The Carpenters
The Carpenters
(1971) Carly Simon
Carly Simon
(1972) America (1973) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1974) Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1975) Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
(1976) Starland Vocal Band
Starland Vocal Band
(1977) Debby Boone (1978) A Taste of Honey (1979) Rickie Lee Jones
Rickie Lee Jones
(1980) Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) Sheena Easton
Sheena Easton
(1982) Men at Work
Men at Work
(1983) Culture Club
Culture Club
(1984) Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
(1985) Sade (1986) Bruce Hornsby
Bruce Hornsby
and the Range (1987) Jody Watley
Jody Watley
(1988) Tracy Chapman
Tracy Chapman
(1989) Milli Vanilli
Milli Vanilli
(1990; withdrawn) Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
(1991) Marc Cohn
Marc Cohn
(1992) Arrested Development (1993) Toni Braxton
Toni Braxton
(1994) Sheryl Crow
Sheryl Crow
(1995) Hootie & the Blowfish (1996) LeAnn Rimes
LeAnn Rimes
(1997) Paula Cole
Paula Cole
(1998) Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
(1999) Christina Aguilera
Christina Aguilera
(2000) Shelby Lynne
Shelby Lynne
(2001) Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
(2002) Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) Evanescence (2004) Maroon 5
Maroon 5
(2005) John Legend
John Legend
(2006) Carrie Underwood
Carrie Underwood
(2007) Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(2008) Adele
Adele
(2009) Zac Brown Band
Zac Brown Band
(2010) Esperanza Spalding
Esperanza Spalding
(2011) Bon Iver
Bon Iver
(2012) Fun (2013) Macklemore & Ryan Lewis (2014) Sam Smith (2015) Meghan Trainor
Meghan Trainor
(2016) Chance the Rapper
Chance the Rapper
(2017) Alessia Cara
Alessia Cara
(2018)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Song of the Year

1959−1980

"Volare" – Domenico Modugno
Domenico Modugno
(songwriter) (1959) "The Battle of New Orleans" – Jimmy Driftwood
Jimmy Driftwood
(songwriter) (1960) "Theme from Exodus" – Ernest Gold (songwriter) (1961) "Moon River" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(songwriters) (1962) "What Kind of Fool Am I?" – Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley (songwriters) (1963) "Days of Wine and Roses" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini (songwriters) (1964) "Hello, Dolly!" – Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(songwriter) (1965) "The Shadow of Your Smile" – Paul Francis Webster & Johnny Mandel (songwriters) (1966) "Michelle" – John Lennon
John Lennon
& Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
(songwriters) (1967) "Up, Up, and Away" – Jimmy Webb
Jimmy Webb
(songwriter) (1968) "Little Green Apples" – Bobby Russell (songwriter) (1969) "Games People Play" – Joe South
Joe South
(songwriter) (1970) "Bridge over Troubled Water" – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(songwriter) (1971) "You've Got a Friend" – Carole King
Carole King
(songwriter) (1972) "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" – Ewan MacColl (songwriter) (1973) "Killing Me Softly with His Song" – Norman Gimbel & Charles Fox (songwriters) (1974) "The Way We Were" – Alan and Marilyn Bergman & Marvin Hamlisch (songwriters) (1975) "Send in the Clowns" – Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(songwriter) (1976) "I Write the Songs" – Bruce Johnston (songwriter) (1977) "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)" – Barbra Streisand & Paul Williams (songwriters) / "You Light Up My Life" – Joe Brooks (songwriter) (1978) "Just the Way You Are" – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(songwriter) (1979) "What a Fool Believes" – Kenny Loggins
Kenny Loggins
& Michael McDonald (songwriters) (1980)

1981−2000

"Sailing" – Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(songwriter) (1981) "Bette Davis Eyes" – Donna Weiss & Jackie DeShannon (songwriters) (1982) "Always on My Mind" – Johnny Christopher, Mark James & Wayne Carson (songwriters) (1983) "Every Breath You Take" – Sting (songwriter) (1984) "What's Love Got to Do with It" – Graham Lyle & Terry Britten (songwriters) (1985) "We Are the World" – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
& Lionel Richie (songwriters) (1986) "That's What Friends Are For" – Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
& Carole Bayer Sager (songwriters) (1987) "Somewhere Out There" – James Horner, Barry Mann
Barry Mann
& Cynthia Weil (songwriters) (1988) "Don't Worry, Be Happy" – Bobby McFerrin
Bobby McFerrin
(songwriter) (1989) "Wind Beneath My Wings" – Larry Henley & Jeff Silbar (songwriters) (1990) "From a Distance" – Julie Gold
Julie Gold
(songwriter) (1991) "Unforgettable" – Irving Gordon
Irving Gordon
(songwriter) (1992) "Tears in Heaven" – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1993) "A Whole New World" – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
& Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(songwriters) (1994) "Streets of Philadelphia" – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(songwriter) (1995) "Kiss from a Rose" – Seal (songwriter) (1996) "Change the World" – Gordon Kennedy, Wayne Kirkpatrick & Tommy Sims (songwriters) (1997) "Sunny Came Home" – Shawn Colvin
Shawn Colvin
& John Leventhal
John Leventhal
(songwriters) (1998) "My Heart Will Go On" – James Horner
James Horner
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1999) "Smooth" – Itaal Shur
Itaal Shur
& Rob Thomas (songwriters) (2000)

2001−present

"Beautiful Day" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2001) "Fallin'" – Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
(songwriter) (2002) "Don't Know Why" – Jesse Harris (songwriter) (2003) "Dance with My Father" – Richard Marx
Richard Marx
& Luther Vandross (songwriters) (2004) "Daughters" – John Mayer
John Mayer
(songwriter) (2005) "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2006) "Not Ready to Make Nice" – Emily Burns Erwin, Martha Maguire, Natalie Maines
Natalie Maines
Pasdar & Dan Wilson (songwriters) (2007) "Rehab" – Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(songwriter) (2008) "Viva la Vida" – Guy Berryman, Jonathan Buckland, William Champion & Christopher Martin (songwriters) (2009) "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" – Thaddis "Kuk" Harrell, Beyoncé Knowles, Terius Nash & Christopher Stewart (songwriters) (2010) "Need You Now" – Dave Haywood, Josh Kear, Charles Kelley
Charles Kelley
& Hillary Scott (songwriters) (2011) "Rolling in the Deep" – Adele
Adele
Adkins & Paul Epworth (songwriters) (2012) "We Are Young" – Jack Antonoff, Jeff Bhasker, Andrew Dost
Andrew Dost
& Nate Ruess (songwriters) (2013) "Royals" – Joel Little & Ella Yelich O'Connor (songwriters) (2014) "Stay with Me" (Darkchild version) – James Napier, William Phillips & Sam Smith (songwriters) (2015) "Thinking Out Loud" – Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
& Amy Wadge
Amy Wadge
(songwriters) (2016) "Hello" – Adele
Adele
Adkins & Greg Kurstin
Greg Kurstin
(songwriters) (2017) "That's What I Like" – Christopher Brody Brown, James Fauntleroy, Philip Lawrence, Bruno Mars, Ray Charles
Ray Charles
McCullough II, Jeremy Reeves, Ray Romulus & Jonathan Yip (songwriters) (2018)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Record of the Year

1959−1980

"Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)" by Domenico Modugno
Domenico Modugno
(1959) "Mack the Knife" by Bobby Darin
Bobby Darin
(1960) "Theme from A Summer Place" by Percy Faith
Percy Faith
(1961) "Moon River" by Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1962) "I Left My Heart in San Francisco" by Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1963) "Days of Wine and Roses" by Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1964) "The Girl from Ipanema" by Astrud Gilberto
Astrud Gilberto
& Stan Getz
Stan Getz
(1965) "A Taste of Honey" by Herb Alpert
Herb Alpert
and the Tijuana Brass (1966) "Strangers in the Night" by Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) "Up, Up and Away" by The 5th Dimension
The 5th Dimension
(Billy Davis, Jr., Florence LaRue, Marilyn McCoo, Lamont McLemore, Ron Townson) (1968) "Mrs. Robinson" by Simon & Garfunkel (Art Garfunkel, Paul Simon) (1969) "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" by The 5th Dimension
The 5th Dimension
(Billy Davis, Jr., Florence LaRue, Marilyn McCoo, Lamont McLemore, Ron Townson) (1970) "Bridge over Troubled Water" by Simon & Garfunkel (Art Garfunkel, Paul Simon) (1971) "It's Too Late" by Carole King
Carole King
(1972) "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" by Roberta Flack
Roberta Flack
(1973) "Killing Me Softly with His Song" by Roberta Flack
Roberta Flack
(1974) "I Honestly Love You" by Olivia Newton-John
Olivia Newton-John
(1975) "Love Will Keep Us Together" by Captain & Tennille (Daryl Dragon, Toni Tennille) (1976) "This Masquerade" by George Benson
George Benson
(1977) "Hotel California" by Eagles (Don Felder, Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Randy Meisner, Joe Walsh) (1978) "Just the Way You Are" by Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1979) "What a Fool Believes" by The Doobie Brothers
The Doobie Brothers
(Jeffrey Baxter, John Hartman, Keith Knudsen, Michael McDonald, Tiran Porter, Patrick Simmons) (1980)

1981−2000

"Sailing" by Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) "Bette Davis Eyes" by Kim Carnes
Kim Carnes
(1982) "Rosanna" by Toto (Bobby Kimball, Steve Lukather, David Paich, Jeff Porcaro, David Hungate, Steve Porcaro) (1983) "Beat It" by Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) "What's Love Got to Do with It" by Tina Turner
Tina Turner
(1985) "We Are the World" by USA for Africa
USA for Africa
(1986) "Higher Love" by Steve Winwood
Steve Winwood
(1987) "Graceland" by Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1988) "Don't Worry, Be Happy" by Bobby McFerrin
Bobby McFerrin
(1989) "Wind Beneath My Wings" by Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1990) "Another Day in Paradise" by Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1991) "Unforgettable" by Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
with Nat King Cole
Nat King Cole
(1992) "Tears in Heaven" by Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) "I Will Always Love You" by Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1994) "All I Wanna Do" by Sheryl Crow
Sheryl Crow
(1995) "Kiss from a Rose" by Seal (1996) "Change the World" by Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1997) "Sunny Came Home" by Shawn Colvin
Shawn Colvin
(1998) "My Heart Will Go On" by Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1999) "Smooth" by Santana (Rodney Holmes, Tony Lindsay, Karl Perazzo, Raul Rekow, Benny Rietveld, Carlos Santana, Chester Thompson) featuring Rob Thomas (2000)

2001−present

"Beautiful Day" by U2 (Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr.) (2001) "Walk On" by U2 (Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr.) (2002) "Don't Know Why" by Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) "Clocks" by Coldplay
Coldplay
(Guy Berryman, Jon Buckland, Will Champion, Phil Harvey, Chris Martin) (2004) "Here We Go Again" by Ray Charles
Ray Charles
and Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2005) "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" by Green Day
Green Day
(Billie Joe Armstrong, Mike Dirnt, Frank Edwin Wright III) (2006) "Not Ready to Make Nice" by Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(Martie Maguire, Natalie Maines, Emily Robison) (2007) "Rehab" by Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(2008) "Please Read the Letter" by Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
and Robert Plant
Robert Plant
(2009) "Use Somebody" by Kings of Leon
Kings of Leon
(Caleb Followill, Jared Followill, Matthew Followill, Nathan Followill) (2010) "Need You Now" by Lady Antebellum
Lady Antebellum
(Hillary Scott, Charles Kelley, Dave Haywood) (2011) "Rolling in the Deep" by Adele
Adele
(2012) "Somebody That I Used to Know" by Gotye
Gotye
featuring Kimbra
Kimbra
(2013) "Get Lucky" by Daft Punk
Daft Punk
featuring Pharrell Williams
Pharrell Williams
& Nile Rodgers (2014) "Stay with Me" (Darkchild version) by Sam Smith (2015) "Uptown Funk" by Mark Ronson
Mark Ronson
featuring Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2016) "Hello" by Adele
Adele
(2017) "24K Magic" by Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018)

v t e

UK best-selling albums (by year) (1990–2009)

1990: ...But Seriously
...But Seriously
(Phil Collins) 1991: Stars (Simply Red) 1992: Stars (Simply Red) 1993: Bat Out of Hell II: Back into Hell (Meat Loaf) 1994: Cross Road (Bon Jovi) 1995: Robson & Jerome (Robson & Jerome) 1996: Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
(Alanis Morissette) 1997: Be Here Now (Oasis) 1998: Talk on Corners
Talk on Corners
(The Corrs) 1999: Come On Over
Come On Over
(Shania Twain) 2000: 1 (The Beatles) 2001: No Angel
No Angel
(Dido) 2002: Escapology (Robbie Williams) 2003: Life for Rent
Life for Rent
(Dido) 2004: Scissor Sisters
Scissor Sisters
(Scissor Sisters) 2005: Back to Bedlam
Back to Bedlam
(James Blunt) 2006: Eyes Open (Snow Patrol) 2007: Back to Black
Back to Black
(Amy Winehouse) 2008: Rockferry
Rockferry
(Duffy) 2009 : I Dreamed a Dream (Susan Boyle)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40585299 LCCN: no2004056320 ISNI: 0000 0000 7992 0467 GND: 134167953 SELIBR: 354980 SUDOC: 153918683 BNF: cb146389839 (data) MusicBrainz: dfe9a7c4-8cf2-47f4-9dcb-d233c2b86ec3 NDL: 01156631 BN

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