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In English-speaking popular culture, the modern
pirate Piracy is an act of robbery Robbery is the crime In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. The term ''crime'' does not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted ...

pirate
stereotype owes its attributes mostly to the imagined tradition of the 18th century
Caribbean The Caribbean (, ; es, Caribe; french: Caraïbes; ht, Karayib; also gcf, label=Antillean Creole Antillean Creole (Antillean French Creole, Kreyol, Kwéyòl, Patois) is a French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles ...
pirate sailing off the
Spanish Main During the Spanish colonization of the Americas The Spanish colonization of the Americas began under the Crown of Castile The Crown of Castile was a medieval polity in the Iberian Peninsula that formed in 1230 as a result of the third ...
and to such celebrated 20th century depictions as
Captain Hook Captain James Hook is a fictional character, the main antagonist of J. M. Barrie's 1904 play ''Peter and Wendy, Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up'' and its various adaptations, in which he is Peter Pan's archenemy. The character is a ...

Captain Hook
and his crew in the theatrical and film versions of J. M. Barrie's children's book ''
Peter Pan Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie. A free-spirited and mischievous young boy who can fly and never grows up, Peter Pan spends his never-ending childhood having adventures on the mythi ...

Peter Pan
'',
Robert Newton Robert Guy Newton (1 June 1905 – 25 March 1956) was an English actor. Along with Errol Flynn Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn (20 June 1909 – 14 October 1959) was an Australian-American actor. Considered the natural successor to Douglas Fa ...

Robert Newton
's portrayal of
Long John Silver Long John Silver is a Character (arts), fictional character and the main antagonist in the novel ''Treasure Island'' (1883) by Robert Louis Stevenson. The most colourful and complex character in the book, he continues to appear in popular cultu ...
in the
1950 film adaptation Year 195 (Roman numerals, CXCV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Scrapula and Clemens (or, less frequently, year 948 ...
of the
Robert Louis Stevenson Robert Louis Stevenson (born Robert Lewis Balfour Stevenson; 13 November 1850 – 3 December 1894) was a Scottish novelist, essayist, poet and travel writer. He is best known for works such as ''Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (origi ...

Robert Louis Stevenson
novel ''
Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (originally titled ''The Sea Cook: A Story for Boys''Hammond, J. R. 1984. "Treasure Island." In ''A Robert Louis Stevenson Companion'', Palgrave Macmillan Literary Companions. London: Palgrave Macmillan. .) is an adventure no ...

Treasure Island
'', and various adaptations of the
Middle East The Middle East ( ar, الشرق الأوسط, ISO 233 The international standard An international standard is a technical standard A technical standard is an established norm (social), norm or requirement for a repeatable technical task whi ...

Middle East
ern pirate, ''
Sinbad the Sailor Sinbad the Sailor (; ar, السندباد البحري, as-Sindibādu al-Baḥriyy; or Sindbad) is a fictional mariner and the hero of a Literary cycle, story-cycle of Middle Eastern origin. He is described as hailing from Baghdad during the e ...

Sinbad the Sailor
''. In these and countless other books, films, and legends, pirates are portrayed as "
swashbuckler A swashbuckler is a genre Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed-upon conventions developed over time. In popular usage, it normally describes a Category of b ...
s" and "
plunderers
plunderers
". They are shown on ships, often wearing
eyepatch An eyepatch is a small patch that is worn in front of one eye Eyes are organs of the visual system. They provide living organisms with vision, the ability to receive and process visual detail, as well as enabling several photo response ...
es or peg legs, having a parrot perched on their shoulder, and saying phrases like "Arr, matey" and "Avast, me hearty". Pirates have retained their image through pirate-themed tourist attractions, film, toys, books and plays.


Origins

The characteristics of pirates in popular culture largely derive from the
Golden Age of Piracy The Golden Age of Piracy is a common designation for the period between the 1650s and the 1730s, when maritime piracy Piracy is an act of robbery Robbery is the crime In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by ...
in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, with many examples of pirate fiction being set within this era.
Vikings Vikings—"pirate", non, víkingr is the modern name given to seafaring people primarily from Scandinavia Scandinavia; : ''Skadesi-suolu''/''Skađsuâl''. ( ) is a in , with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties. In ...

Vikings
, who were also pirates, took on a distinct and separate archetype in popular culture, dating from the
Viking revival The Viking revival was a movement reflecting new interest in, and appreciation for Viking medieval history and culture. Interest was reawakened in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often with added heroic overtones typical of that Romanticism, Rom ...
. The first major literary work to popularise the subject of pirates was '' A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the most notorious pirates'' (1724) by
Captain Charles Johnson Captain Charles Johnson was the British author of the 1724 book ''A General History of the Pyrates, A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the most notorious Pyrates'', whose identity remains a mystery. No record exists of a captain by t ...
. It is the prime source for the biographies of many well known pirates of the Golden Age, providing an extensive account of the period. In giving an almost mythical status to the more colourful characters, such as the notorious English pirates
Blackbeard Edward Teach (alternatively spelled Edward Thatch, – 22 November 1718), better known as Blackbeard, was an English pirate Piracy is an act of robbery Robbery is the crime In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punish ...

Blackbeard
and
Calico Jack John Rackham (December 26, 1682November 18, 1720), commonly known as Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain operating in the Bahamas and in Cuba during the early 18th century. His nickname was derived from the Calico (fabric), calico clothing ...
, the book provided the standard account of the lives of many pirates in the Golden Age, and influenced pirate literature of Scottish novelists
Robert Louis Stevenson Robert Louis Stevenson (born Robert Lewis Balfour Stevenson; 13 November 1850 – 3 December 1894) was a Scottish novelist, essayist, poet and travel writer. He is best known for works such as ''Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (origi ...

Robert Louis Stevenson
and J. M. Barrie.A general history of the robberies & murders of the most notorious pirates. Page viii
/ref> While Johnson's text recounted the lives of many famous pirates from the era, it is likely that he used considerable
licence A license (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of variety (linguistics), varieties of the English language native to the United States. Cur ...
in his accounts of pirate conversations. Stevenson's ''
Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (originally titled ''The Sea Cook: A Story for Boys''Hammond, J. R. 1984. "Treasure Island." In ''A Robert Louis Stevenson Companion'', Palgrave Macmillan Literary Companions. London: Palgrave Macmillan. .) is an adventure no ...

Treasure Island
'' (1883) is considered the most influential work of pirate fiction, along with its many film and television adaptations, and introduced or popularised many of the characteristics and cliches now common to the genre. Stevenson identified Johnson's ''General History of the pirates'' as one of his major influences, and even borrowed one character's name (
Israel Hands Israel Hands, also known as Basilica Hands, was an eighteenth-century pirate best known for being second in command to Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard. His name serves as the basis for the name of the villainous sidekick Israel Hands in ...
) from a list of Blackbeard's crew which appeared in Johnson's book.


Appearance and mannerisms of Caribbean pirates

In films, books, cartoons, and toys, pirates often have an unrefined appearance that evokes their criminal lifestyle, rogue personalities and adventurous, seafaring pursuits. They are frequently depicted as greedy, mean-spirited, and focused largely on fighting and looting from enemy pirates and locating hidden
treasure Treasure (from la, thesaurus A thesaurus (plural ''thesauri'' or ''thesauruses'') or synonym dictionary is a reference work A reference work is a work, such as a book or periodical literature, periodical (or electronic publishing, the ...

treasure
. They are often shown wearing shabby 17th or 18th century clothing, with a
bandana A kerchief (from the Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French French ( or ) is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, are the modern languages that evolved from Vulgar Latin V ...

bandana
or a feathered
tricorne The tricorne or tricorn is a style of hat A collection of 18th and 19th century men's beaver felt hats A hat is a head covering which is worn for various reasons, including protection against weather conditions, ceremonial reasons such as un ...

tricorne
. They sometimes have an
eye patch An eyepatch is a small patch that is worn in front of one eye. It may be a cloth patch attached around the head by an elastic band or by a string, an adhesive bandage, or a plastic device which is clipped to a pair of glasses. It is often worn ...
and almost always have a
cutlass A cutlass is a short, broad sabre A sabre (sometimes spelt saber in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English lan ...

cutlass
and a
flintlock Flintlock is a general term for any firearm A firearm is any type of gun A gun is a ranged weapon designed to use a shooting tube ( gun barrel) to launch typically solid projectiles, but can also project pressurized liquid (e.g. ...

flintlock
pistol, or some other
sword A sword is an edged, bladed weapon intended for manual cutting or thrusting. Its blade, longer than a knife A knife (plural knives; from Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Ge ...
or
gun A gun is a ranged weapon A ranged weapon is any weapon A weapon, arm or armament is any implement or device that can be used with the intent to inflict physical damage or harm. Weapons are used to increase the efficacy and efficien ...
. They sometimes have scars and battle wounds, rotten or missing teeth (suggesting the effects of
scurvy Scurvy is a disease A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure A structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system A system is a group of ...
), as well as a
hook A hook is a tool A tool is an object that can extend an individual's ability to modify features of the surrounding environment. Although many animals use tool use by animals, simple tools, only human beings, whose use of stone tools dates ...
or wooden stump where a hand or leg has been amputated. Some depictions of pirates also include
monkey Monkey is a common name that may refer to most mammals of the infraorder In biological classification In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structur ...

monkey
s or
parrot Parrots, also known as psittacines , are birds of the roughly 398 species in 92 genus (biology), genera comprising the order (biology), order Psittaciformes , found mostly in tropics, tropical and subtropics, subtropical regions. The order is s ...

parrot
s as
pets A pet, or companion animal, is an animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are multicellular A multicellular organism is an organism In biology, an organism () is any organic, life, living system that functions as an individua ...

pets
, the former usually assisting them in thieving goods due to their supposed mischievous disposition. The ship's captain will force captives and traitorous shipmates to , usually over shark-infested waters. Historical pirates were often sailors or soldiers who had fallen into misfortune, forced to serve at sea or to plunder goods and ships in order to survive. Depending on the moral and social context of a piece of pirate literature, the pirate characters in that piece may be represented as having fallen, perhaps resembling a "respectable" person in some way.http://www.literarytraveler.com/authors/captain_hook.aspx The Real Life and Fictional Characters Who Inspired J.M. Barrie's Captain Hook Pirate characters generally quest for
buried treasure Howard Pyle illustration of pirates burying Captain Kidd's treasure, from ''Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates''. Buried treasure is a literary trope commonly associated with depictions of pirates, criminals, and Old West outlaws. According to popul ...

buried treasure
, which is often stored, after being plundered, in treasure chests. Pirates' treasure is usually gold or silver, often in the form of
doubloon The doubloon (from Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambi ...

doubloon
s or
pieces of eight The Spanish dollar, also known as the piece of eight ( es, Real de a ocho, , , or ), is a silver Silver is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all h ...
.


Pirate subculture

In the 1990s,
International Talk Like a Pirate Day International Talk Like a Pirate Day is a parody, parodic holiday created in 1995 by John Baur (Ol' Chumbucket) and Mark Summers (Cap'n Slappy), of Albany, Oregon, U.S., who proclaimed September 19 each year as the day when everyone in the worl ...
was invented as a parody holiday celebrated on September 19. This holiday allows people to "let out their inner pirate" and to dress and speak as pirates are stereotypically portrayed to have dressed and spoken. International Talk Like a Pirate Day has been gaining popularity through the Internet since its founders set up
website
which instructs visitors in "pirate ." Venganza.org is also a major supporter of this day. In the online community, many games, movies, and other media are built upon the premise, thought to have been generated by Real Ultimate Power, that pirates (in the Caribbean buccaneer sense) and
ninja A or was a covert agent The term covert agent can have many meanings, depending on context. Covert agents in the United States As it is used in the United States Intelligence Community, it is legally defined in Title 50 of the United Sta ...

ninja
s are sworn enemies. The " Pirates versus Ninjas"
meme A meme ( ) is an idea, behavior, or style that spreads by means of imitation from person to person within a culture and often carries symbolic meaning representing a particular phenomenon or theme. A meme acts as a unit for carrying cultural ...
is expressed offline too, through house parties and merchandise found at popular-culture clothing and gift stores. Pirates also play a central role in the parody religion of Pastafarianism. Established in 2005, Pastafarians (members of The Church of the
Flying Spaghetti Monster The Flying Spaghetti Monster (FSM) is the deity of the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster, or Pastafarianism, a social movement that promotes a light-hearted view of religion and originated in opposition to the creationism in public educat ...

Flying Spaghetti Monster
) claim to believe that global warming is a result of the severe decrease in pirates since the 18th century, explaining the coldness associated with winter months that follow Halloween as a direct effect of the number of pirates that make their presence known in celebration.


Alternative pirate archetypes

In addition to the traditional archetype of seafaring pirates, other pirate archetypes exist in popular culture. *
Air pirate Air pirates (or sky pirates) are a class of stock character A stock character is a stereotypical Police officers buying doughnuts and coffee, an example of perceived stereotypical behavior in North America. Social psychology So ...
s are
science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, Parall ...

science fiction
and
fantasy Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction involving Magic (supernatural), magical elements, typically set in a fictional universe and sometimes inspired by mythology and folklore. Its roots are in oral traditions, which then became fantasy lit ...

fantasy
character
archetype The concept of an archetype (; from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its popu ...
s who operate in the
air The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gas Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter In physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (ph ...

air
, rather than sailing the sea. As traditional seafaring pirates target sailing ships, air pirates capture and plunder
aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to flight, fly by gaining support from the Atmosphere of Earth, air. It counters the force of gravity by using either Buoyancy, static lift or by using the Lift (force), dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in ...

aircraft
and other targets for cargo, money, and occasionally they steal entire aircraft. *
Space pirate Space pirates are a type of stock character from science fiction. A take on the traditional seafaring piracy, pirates of history or the fictional air pirates of the 19th century, space pirates travel through outer space. Where traditional pirate ...
s are science fiction character archetypes who operate in
outer space Outer space, commonly shortened to space, is the expanse that exists beyond Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting ...
, rather than sailing the sea. As traditional seafaring pirates target sailing ships, space pirates capture and plunder for cargo, money, and occasionally they steal entire spacecraft. The dress and speech of these alternate archetypes may vary. It may correspond to a particular author's vision of a story's setting, rather than their traditional seafaring counterparts. On the other hand, they may be modeled after stereotypical sea pirates.


Pirates in the arts


Comics and manga

* ''
Terry and the Pirates''Terry and the Pirates'' is the title of: * Terry and the Pirates (comic strip), ''Terry and the Pirates'' (comic strip), the comic strip created by Milton Caniff * Terry and the Pirates (radio serial), ''Terry and the Pirates'' (radio serial), a r ...
'' (1934–1973) by
Milton Caniff Milton Arthur Paul "Milt" Caniff (; February 28, 1907 – April 3, 1988) was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The Unite ...

Milton Caniff
is an adventure
comic strip A comic strip is a sequence of drawings, often cartoons A cartoon is a type of illustration An illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visual explanation of a text, concept or process, designed for integration in print and digi ...
frequently set among 20th-century pirates of
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
and
Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical United Nations geoscheme for Asia#South-eastern Asia, southeastern subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions ...

Southeast Asia
, led by the notorious
Dragon Lady Dragon Lady is usually a stereotype of certain East Asian and occasionally South Asian South Asia is the southern region of Asia Asia () is a landmass variously described as part of Eurasia Eurasia () is the largest continent ...
. * Abraham Tuizentfloot, a mad man dressed up as a pirate who frequently wants to attack people. He debuted in
Marc Sleen Marcel Honoree Nestor, Ridder (title), Knight Neels (30 December 1922 – 6 November 2016), known as Marc Sleen, was a Belgian cartoonist. He was mostly known for his comic ''The Adventures of Nero, The Adventures of Nero and Co.'', but also cr ...
's ''
The Adventures of Nero ''The Adventures of Nero'' or ''Nero'' was a Belgian Belgian may refer to: * Something of, or related to, Belgium Belgium, ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe Weste ...
'' in 1957. * ''
Redbeard Redbeard or Red Beard may refer to: People * Frederick Barbarossa (Redbeard), another name for Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (1122–1190) * Oruç Reis or Redbeard (''Barbarossa'') (1474–1518), Ottoman naval commander * Hayreddin Barbarossa o ...
'' (1959 onwards), a Belgian comics series by
Jean-Michel Charlier Jean-Michel Charlier (; 30 October 1924 – 10 July 1989) was a Belgian Belgians ( nl, Belgen, french: Belges, german: Belgier) are people identified with the Kingdom of Belgium, a federal state in Western Europe. As Belgium is a multin ...

Jean-Michel Charlier
and
Victor Hubinon Victor Hubinon (26 April 1924 – 8 January 1979) was a Belgium, Belgian comic-book artist, best known for the series ''Buck Danny'' and ''Redbeard (comics), Redbeard''. Biography Victor Hubinon was born in Angleur, Belgium, in 1924.De Weyer, ...
starring captain Redbeard. * A group of hapless pirates in
Albert Uderzo Alberto Aleandro Uderzo (; ; 25 April 1927 – 24 March 2020) was a French comic book artist A cartoonist (also comic strip creator, comic book artist, graphic novel artist, or comic book illustrator) is a visual artist An artist is a perso ...

Albert Uderzo
's '' Astérix'', in themselves parodies of the characters of ''Redbeard'' (see above), often run into Asterix and Obelix and are subsequently beaten up and usually sunk. * '' Batman: Leatherwing'' (
1994 The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family The year 1994 was proclaimed the International Year of the Family by the United Nations General Assembly. Its objectives are promoted by the United Nations Programme on ...
), an
Elseworlds ''Elseworlds'' was the publication imprint Imprint or imprinting may refer to: Entertainment * Imprint (TV series), ''Imprint'' (TV series), Canadian television series * Imprint (Masters of Horror), "Imprint" (''Masters of Horror''), episode ...
comic by
Chuck Dixon Charles Dixon (born April 14, 1954) is an American comic book writer, best known for his work on the Marvel Comics Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc., formerly Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel C ...

Chuck Dixon
featuring
Batman Batman is a superhero who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. Batman was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, and debuted in Detective Comics 27, the 27th issue of the comic book ''Detective Comics'' on Marc ...

Batman
as a pirate. * ''
One Piece ''One Piece'' (stylized in all caps) is a Japanese manga Manga (Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Cente ...

One Piece
'' (1997 onwards), set in a fictional world where piracy is at its height, the World Government and its Navy attempt to put it to a stop, and one young man desires to become the next Pirate King. The most popular
manga Manga (Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat ...

manga
to date in Japan. * ''
Black Lagoon ''Black Lagoon'' (stylized as ''BLACK LAGOON'') is a Japanese manga Manga (Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag ...
'' (2002 onwards) is a Japanese manga portraying group of modern-day pirates in the southeast Asian sea, largely making money with acts of smuggling, extortion, or acting as mercenaries. * ''
The Red Seas ''The Red Seas'' is a series appearing in the British comics magazine ''2000 AD (comics), 2000 AD'', written by Ian Edginton and drawn by Steve Yeowell. The stories revolve around Captain Jack Dancer and the crew of his ship the Red Wench. It mixe ...
'' (2002 onwards), a mix of pirates and strange phenomena by
Ian Edginton Ian Edginton is a British comic book writer, known for his work on such titles as ''X-Force'', ''Scarlet Traces'', ''H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds (comics), H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds'' and ''Leviathan (2000 AD), Leviathan''. Career ...
and
Steve Yeowell Steve Yeowell () is a British comics artist, well known for his work on the long-running science fiction and fantasy weekly comic ''2000 AD (comics), 2000 AD''. Biography Having trained in 3D design (specialising in silversmithing and jeweller ...
. * ''
Outlaw Star is a Japanese anime Television show, television series produced by Sunrise (company), Sunrise and Seinen manga, ''seinen'' manga series written and illustrated by Takehiko Itō. The series takes place in the "Toward Stars Era" universe i ...
'', the primary antagonists of the series are members of the Pirate's Guild, a large network of space pirate clans throughout the universe. * ''
Watchmen ''Watchmen'' is an American comic book Limited series (comics), maxiseries by the British creative team of writer Alan Moore, artist Dave Gibbons and colorist John Higgins (comics), John Higgins. It was published monthly by DC Comics in 1986 an ...

Watchmen
'' features a "comic book within a comic book" called '' Tales of the Black Freighter''. ''Watchmen'' is set in an alternate history where
superheroes A superhero or superheroine is a stock character that possesses Superpower (ability), ''superpowers'', abilities beyond those of ordinary people, and fits the role of the hero, typically using his or her powers to help the World peace, world b ...
are alive and known to be in disgrace, so instead of comics dealing with superheroes, comics dealing with pirates are more popular.


Films

*''
The Black Pirate ''The Black Pirate'' is a 1926 American silent film, silent action adventure film shot entirely in two-color Technicolor about an adventurer and a "company" of pirates. Directed by Albert Parker (director), Albert Parker, it stars Douglas Fairb ...
'', a 1926 film starring
Douglas Fairbanks Douglas Elton Fairbanks Sr. (born Douglas Elton Thomas Ullman; May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer. He was best known for his swashbuckling A swashbuckler is a genre Genre () is ...
. *''
Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (originally titled ''The Sea Cook: A Story for Boys''Hammond, J. R. 1984. "Treasure Island." In ''A Robert Louis Stevenson Companion'', Palgrave Macmillan Literary Companions. London: Palgrave Macmillan. .) is an adventure no ...
'', a 1934 adaptation of Stevenson's book, starring
Wallace Beery Wallace Fitzgerald Beery (April 1, 1885 – April 15, 1949) was an American film and stage actor. He is best known for his portrayal of Bill in ''Min and Bill ''Min and Bill'' is a 1930 American Pre-Code '' (1931) were able to feature c ...
. *'' Captain Blood'', a 1935 film starring
Errol Flynn Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn (20 June 1909 – 14 October 1959) was an Australian-American actor. Considered the natural successor to Douglas Fairbanks Douglas Elton Fairbanks Sr. (born Douglas Elton Thomas Ullman; May 23, 1883 – December ...

Errol Flynn
. *'' The Buccaneer'', a 1938 film starring
Fredric March Fredric March (born Ernest Frederick McIntyre Bickel; August 31, 1897 – April 14, 1975) was an American actor, regarded as one of Hollywood's most celebrated, versatile stars of the 1930s and 1940s.Obituary ''Variety Variety may refer to: ...
. *''
Jamaica Inn The Jamaica Inn is a traditional inn Inns are generally establishments or buildings where travelers can seek lodging, and usually, food and drink. Inns are typically located in the country or along a highway; before the advent of motoriz ...
'', a 1939 film starring
Charles Laughton Charles Laughton (1 July 1899 – 15 December 1962) was an English, and later naturalized American, stage and film actor. Laughton was trained in London at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA ) is ...

Charles Laughton
,
Maureen O'Hara Maureen O'Hara (born Maureen FitzSimons; 17 August 1920 – 24 October 2015) was an Irish actress and singer, who became successful in Cinema of the United States, Hollywood throughout the 1940s to '60s. She was a natural redhead who was ...
, and
Robert Newton Robert Guy Newton (1 June 1905 – 25 March 1956) was an English actor. Along with Errol Flynn Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn (20 June 1909 – 14 October 1959) was an Australian-American actor. Considered the natural successor to Douglas Fa ...

Robert Newton
. *''
The Sea Hawk ''The Sea Hawk'' is a novel by Rafael Sabatini Rafael Sabatini (29 April 1875 – 13 February 1950) was an Italian people, Italian-English people, English writer of novels, writer of romance novel, romance and adventure novel, adventure no ...
'', a 1940 film starring Errol Flynn. *''
Reap the Wild Wind ''Reap the Wild Wind'' is a 1942 American adventure film produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille and released by Paramount Pictures. It stars Ray Milland, John Wayne, and Paulette Goddard in the leading roles, and features Raymond Massey, Rob ...
'', a 1942 film starring
John Wayne Marion Robert Morrison (May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker who became a popular icon through his starring roles in films made during Hollywood’s Gold ...

John Wayne
. *'' The Black Swan'', a 1942 film starring
Tyrone Power Tyrone Edmund Power III (May 5, 1914 – November 15, 1958) was an American actor. From the 1930s to the 1950s, Power appeared in dozens of films, often in swashbuckler A swashbuckler is a genre of European adventure literature that focuses ...
, Maureen O'Hara, and
Anthony Quinn Manuel Antonio Rodolfo Quinn Oaxaca (April 21, 1915 – June 3, 2001), known professionally as Anthony Quinn, was a Mexican-American actor, painter, writer, and film director. He was known for his portrayal of earthy, passionate characters ...

Anthony Quinn
. *'' Frenchman's Creek'', a 1944 film starring
Basil Rathbone Philip St. John Basil Rathbone Military Cross, MC (13 June 1892 – 21 July 1967) was an English actor. He rose to prominence in the United Kingdom as a Shakespearean stage actor and went on to appear in more than 70 films, primarily costume dra ...
and
Joan Fontaine Joan de Beauvoir de Havilland (October 22, 1917 – December 15, 2013), known professionally as Joan Fontaine, was a British-American actress who is best known for her starring roles in Hollywood Hollywood is a neighborhood A neighb ...
. *'' The Pirate'', a 1948 musical starring
Gene Kelly Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996) was an American actor, dancer, singer, filmmaker, and choreographer. He was known for his energetic and athletic dancing style, his good looks, and the likable characters that he played ...

Gene Kelly
and
Judy Garland Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American actress and singer. She is widely known for playing the role of Dorothy Gale Dorothy Gale is a fictional character created by American author L. Frank Baum ...
. *''
Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (originally titled ''The Sea Cook: A Story for Boys''Hammond, J. R. 1984. "Treasure Island." In ''A Robert Louis Stevenson Companion'', Palgrave Macmillan Literary Companions. London: Palgrave Macmillan. .) is an adventure no ...
'', a 1950 adaptation of Stevenson's book, starring Robert Newton. *''
Against All Flags ''Against All Flags'' is a 1952 American pirate film directed by George Sherman and Douglas Sirk and starring Errol Flynn as Brian Hawke, Maureen O'Hara as Prudence "Spitfire" Stevens and Anthony Quinn as Roche Braziliano, Roc Brasiliano. The fil ...
'', a 1952 film starring Errol Flynn and Maureen O'Hara. *''
Long John Silver Long John Silver is a Character (arts), fictional character and the main antagonist in the novel ''Treasure Island'' (1883) by Robert Louis Stevenson. The most colourful and complex character in the book, he continues to appear in popular cultu ...
'', a 1954 sequel to ''
Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (originally titled ''The Sea Cook: A Story for Boys''Hammond, J. R. 1984. "Treasure Island." In ''A Robert Louis Stevenson Companion'', Palgrave Macmillan Literary Companions. London: Palgrave Macmillan. .) is an adventure no ...
'', starring Robert Newton. *'' The Buccaneer'', a 1958 film starring
Yul Brynner Yuliy Borisovich Briner (russian: link=no, Юлий Борисович Бринер; July 11, 1920 – October 10, 1985), known professionally as Yul Brynner, was a Russian Americans, Russian-American actor, singer, and director, best known fo ...
,
Charles Boyer Charles Boyer (; 28 August 1899 – 26 August 1978) was a French-American actor who appeared in more than 80 films between 1920 and 1976. After receiving an education in drama, Boyer started on the stage, but he found his success in American fil ...
and
Charlton Heston Charlton Heston (born John Charles Carter; October 4, 1923April 5, 2008) was an American actor and political activist. As a Hollywood star, he appeared in almost 100 films over the course of 60 years. He played Moses in the epic film ''The Ten ...

Charlton Heston
. *''
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'', a 1962 sequel to '' Captain Blood'', starring Sean Flynn. *''
Blackbeard's Ghost ''Blackbeard's Ghost'' is a 1968 American Fantasy film, fantasy comedy film directed by Robert Stevenson (director), Robert Stevenson and starring Peter Ustinov, Dean Jones (actor), Dean Jones, Suzanne Pleshette. It was produced by Walt Disney Pi ...
'', a 1968 film starring
Peter Ustinov Sir Peter Alexander von Ustinov (; 16 April 192128 March 2004) was a British actor, filmmaker and writer. He was a fixture on television talk show A talk show (or chat show in British English British English (BrE) is the standard ...

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. *''
Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (originally titled ''The Sea Cook: A Story for Boys''Hammond, J. R. 1984. "Treasure Island." In ''A Robert Louis Stevenson Companion'', Palgrave Macmillan Literary Companions. London: Palgrave Macmillan. .) is an adventure no ...
'', a 1972 adaptation of Stevenson's book, starring
Orson Welles George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American director, actor, screenwriter, and producer who is remembered for his innovative work in radio, theatre and film. He is considered to be among the greatest and most in ...

Orson Welles
. *''
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'', a 1976 film starring Robert Shaw,
James Earl Jones James Earl Jones (born January 17, 1931) is an American actor whose career spans more than seven decades. He has been described as "one of America's most distinguished and versatile" actors for his performances in film, theater, and television, a ...

James Earl Jones
,
Peter Boyle Peter Lawrence Boyle (October 18, 1935 – December 12, 2006) was an American actor. Known as a character actor A character actor is a supporting actor who plays unusual, interesting, or Eccentricity (behavior), eccentric character (arts), ch ...

Peter Boyle
, Genevieve Bujold,
Beau Bridges Lloyd Vernet "Beau" Bridges III (born December 9, 1941) is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of Americ ...
and
Anjelica Huston Anjelica Huston ( ; born July 8, 1951) is an American actress, director, producer, author, and former fashion model. She is the daughter of director John Huston John Marcellus Huston ( ; August 5, 1906 – August 28, 1987) was an Americ ...

Anjelica Huston
about pirates in
Jamaica Jamaica (; ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or ...

Jamaica
fighting against the island's corrupt Governor. *'' Pirates of the 20th Century'', a 1979
Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sove ...
adventure film Adventure films are a genre of film whose plots feature elements of travel Travel is the movement of people between distant geographical location In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth descriptio ...
about modern piracy. *'' The Island'' (1980), a film based on
Peter Benchley Peter Bradford Benchley (May 8, 1940 – February 11, 2006) was an American author, screenwriter, and ocean activist. He is known for his bestselling novel ''Jaws (novel), Jaws'' and co-wrote its Jaws (film), film adaptation with Carl Gottlieb. ...
's
novel A novel is a relatively long work of narrative A narrative, story or tale is any account of a series of related events or experiences, whether nonfiction Nonfiction (also spelled non-fiction) is any document A document is a written ...
. *''
The Pirate Movie ''The Pirate Movie'' is a 1982 Australian Musical film, musical romantic comedy film directed by Ken Annakin and starring Christopher Atkins and Kristy McNichol. Loosely based on Gilbert and Sullivan's 1879 comic opera ''The Pirates of Penzance' ...
'' (1982), an
Australian Australians, colloquially referred to as "Aussies", are the citizens Citizenship is a relationship between an individual and a state to which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is entitled to its protection. Each state determines ...
film loosely based on ''The Pirates of Penzance'', stars
Christopher Atkins Christopher Atkins Bomann (born February 21, 1961) is an American actor, perhaps best known for his debut in the 1980 film '' The Blue Lagoon''. Early life Christopher Atkins Bomann was born and raised in Rye, New York Rye is a small, coast ...
and
Kristy McNichol Christina Ann McNichol (born September 11, 1962) is an American former actress, comedian,Producer and singer. She is known for such film roles as Angel in ''Little Darlings'', Polly in ''Only When I Laugh (film), Only When I Laugh'' as well as Ba ...
. *''
Nate and Hayes ''Nate and Hayes'' (also known as ''Savage Islands'' in New Zealand and the UK) is a 1983 swashbuckling A swashbuckler is a genre Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socia ...
'', a 1983 film based on the adventures of the notorious
Bully Hayes William Henry "Bully" Hayes (1827 or 1829 – 31 March 1877) was a notorious American-born ship's captain who engaged in blackbirding Blackbirding involves the coercion of people through deception or kidnapping to work as slaves or poorly pai ...
, a pirate in the
South Pacific The South Pacific is the Southern Hemisphere portion of the Pacific Ocean, Earth's largest oceanic division, and which includes several islands and archipelagos. It may also refer to: Arts and entertainment * South Pacific (novel), ''South Paci ...

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in the late 19th century. Also known as ''Savage Islands''. * '' Yellowbeard'', a 1983 film starring
Graham Chapman Graham Chapman (8 January 1941 – 4 October 1989) was an English actor, comedian and writer. He was one of the six members of the surreal comedy group Monty Python Monty Python (also collectively known as the Pythons) were a British ...
as Yellowbeard the pirate. * ''
The Goonies ''The Goonies'' is a 1985 American adventure comedy film co-produced and directed by Richard Donner from a screenplay by Chris Columbus (filmmaker), Chris Columbus, based on a story by executive producer Steven Spielberg. In the film, kids who l ...
'', a 1985 film starring
Sean Astin Sean Patrick Astin (né Duke; February 25, 1971) is an American actor, director and producer. His acting roles include Samwise Gamgee in The Lord of the Rings (film series), ''The Lord of the Rings'' trilogy (2001–2003), Mikey Walsh in ''The Go ...

Sean Astin
,
Josh Brolin Josh James Brolin (; born February 12, 1968) is an American actor. He is the recipient of several accolades, including a Critics' Choice Movie Award The Critics' Choice Movie Awards (formerly known as the Broadcast Film Critics Association ...
and
Corey Feldman Corey Scott Feldman (born July 16, 1971) is an American actor, musician and activist. As a youth, he became well known for roles in the 1980s in films such as '' Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter'' (1984), ''Gremlins ''Gremlins'' is a 1 ...

Corey Feldman
. *''
Pirates Piracy is an act of robbery Robbery is the crime In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. The term ''crime'' does not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted ...
'', a 1986
Roman Polanski Roman Polanski ( ; pl, Roman Polański ; born Raymond Thierry Liebling on 18 August 1933) is a Polish-French film director, producer, screenwriter, and actor. His Polish-Jewish parents moved the family back from Paris to Kraków in 1937.Pa ...

Roman Polanski
comic/adventure film starring
Walter Matthau Walter Matthau (; born Walter John Matthow; October 1, 1920 – July 1, 2000) was an American actor. He is best known for his film roles in ''A Face in the Crowd (film), A Face in the Crowd'' (1957), ''King Creole'' (1958) and as a coach of a ha ...
. *''
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'', a 1987 film adaptation of the
William Goldman William Goldman (August 12, 1931 – November 16, 2018) was an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter. He first came to prominence in the 1950s as a novelist before turning to screenwriting. He won Academy Awards for his screenplays '' ...

William Goldman
novel that has "The Dread Pirate Roberts" as one of its central characters. *''
Hook A hook is a tool A tool is an object that can extend an individual's ability to modify features of the surrounding environment. Although many animals use tool use by animals, simple tools, only human beings, whose use of stone tools dates ...
'', a 1991 film starring
Robin Williams Robin McLaurin Williams (July 21, 1951August 11, 2014) was an American actor and comedian. Known for his improvisation Improvisation is the activity of making or doing something not planned beforehand, using whatever can be found. Impro ...

Robin Williams
. *''
Cutthroat Island ''Cutthroat Island'' is a 1995 adventure An adventure is an exciting experience that is typically bold, sometimes risk In simple terms, risk is the possibility of something bad happening. Risk involves uncertainty about the effects/implicatio ...
'', a 1995
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film that was a notable flop, starring
Geena Davis Virginia Elizabeth Davis (born January 21, 1956) is an American actress,
*''
Muppet Treasure Island ''Muppet Treasure Island'' is a 1996 American Musical film, musical Adventure film, adventure comedy film directed by Brian Henson. It is the fifth theatrical film in The Muppets (franchise), ''The Muppets'' franchise. Adapted from the 1883 nov ...
'', a 1996 film starring
The Muppets The Muppets are an American ensemble cast In a dramatic production, an ensemble cast is one which is composed of multiple principal actors and performers who are typically assigned roughly equal amounts of screen time.Random House: ensemble ac ...
and
Tim Curry Timothy James Curry (born 19 April 1946) is an English actor and singer. He rose to prominence for his portrayal of Dr. Frank-N-Furter in the film ''The Rocky Horror Picture Show'' (1975), reprising the role he had originated in the 1973 London ...
. *'' Six Days Seven Nights'', a 1998 film, features piracy in the South China Sea. *''Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island'', a 1998 film, Scooby and the gang investigate a bayou island haunted by the spirits of Morgan Moonscar and his crew. *''Treasure Planet'', a 2002 film, Disney-animated science fiction adaptation of Stevenson's book. *''Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl'' (2003), ''Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest'' (2006), ''Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End'' (2007 in film, 2007), ''Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides'' (2011) and ''Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales'' (2017), movies based on the popular Disneyland attraction, "Pirates of the Caribbean (theme park ride), Pirates of the Caribbean". *''Pirates of Treasure Island'', a 2006 film adaptation of the novel ''
Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (originally titled ''The Sea Cook: A Story for Boys''Hammond, J. R. 1984. "Treasure Island." In ''A Robert Louis Stevenson Companion'', Palgrave Macmillan Literary Companions. London: Palgrave Macmillan. .) is an adventure no ...

Treasure Island
'' produced by The Asylum. *''The Pirates! In an Adventure with Scientists!'', a 2012 Aardman Animations film loosely adapted from a comedy book by Gideon Defoe.


Literature

*''Robinson Crusoe'' (1719) and ''Captain Singleton, The Life, Adventures and Piracies of the Famous Captain Singleton'' (1720) by Daniel Defoe were among the first novels to depict piracy, among other maritime adventures. *''A General History of the Pyrates, A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the most notorious Pyrates'' (1724) by Captain Charles Johnson (possibly a pseudonym for Defoe) introduced many features which later became common in pirate literature, such as pirates with missing legs or eyes, the myth of pirates burying treasure, and the name of the pirates flag Jolly Roger. *''The Corsair'' (1814), a poem by George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, Byron concerns a pirate captain. It directly inspired Hector Berlioz, Berlioz' overture ''Le Corsair'' (1844). • ''Moby Dick'' by Herman Melville (1851). *''The Pirate (novel), The Pirate'' (1821), a novel by Sir Walter Scott. *"The Gold-Bug" (1843), a short story by Edgar Allan Poe featured a search for
buried treasure Howard Pyle illustration of pirates burying Captain Kidd's treasure, from ''Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates''. Buried treasure is a literary trope commonly associated with depictions of pirates, criminals, and Old West outlaws. According to popul ...

buried treasure
hidden by Captain William Kidd and found by following an elaborate cryptography, code on a scrap of parchment. *''Fanny Campbell, the Female Pirate Captain'', a novel about a woman who goes to sea dressed as a man to rescue her fiancé and becomes a pirate captain *''
Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (originally titled ''The Sea Cook: A Story for Boys''Hammond, J. R. 1984. "Treasure Island." In ''A Robert Louis Stevenson Companion'', Palgrave Macmillan Literary Companions. London: Palgrave Macmillan. .) is an adventure no ...

Treasure Island
'' (1883 in literature, 1883), a novel by
Robert Louis Stevenson Robert Louis Stevenson (born Robert Lewis Balfour Stevenson; 13 November 1850 – 3 December 1894) was a Scottish novelist, essayist, poet and travel writer. He is best known for works such as ''Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (origi ...

Robert Louis Stevenson
. *''The Black Corsair'' (1898), first in a series of pirate novels by Emilio Salgari. *''Sandokan'' (1883–1913), a series of pirate novels by Emilio Salgari. Set in Malaysia in the late 1800s. *''Captain Blood (novel), Captain Blood'' (1922), a novel by Rafael Sabatini (followed by two sequels: ''Captain Blood Returns'' [aka ''The Chronicles of Captain Blood''] and ''The Fortunes of Captain Blood'', each being a collection of Captain Blood adventures). *''The Dealings of Captain Sharkey'' (1925), a novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, famous for his stories of Sherlock Holmes. *''Queen of the Black Coast'' (1934), novelette by Robert E. Howard features Bêlit a pirate queen who has a romantic relationship with Conan. She is Conan's first serious lover. *''Atlas Shrugged'' (1957) by Ayn Rand contains a fictional pirate Ragnar Danneskjöld whose activities are motivated by a capitalism, capitalist ideology. *''The Princess Bride (novel), The Princess Bride'' (1973 in literature, 1973), a novel by
William Goldman William Goldman (August 12, 1931 – November 16, 2018) was an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter. He first came to prominence in the 1950s as a novelist before turning to screenwriting. He won Academy Awards for his screenplays '' ...

William Goldman
has "The Dread Pirate Roberts" as one of its central characters. *''The Island (1979 novel), The Island'' (1979) by
Peter Benchley Peter Bradford Benchley (May 8, 1940 – February 11, 2006) was an American author, screenwriter, and ocean activist. He is known for his bestselling novel ''Jaws (novel), Jaws'' and co-wrote its Jaws (film), film adaptation with Carl Gottlieb. ...
and the 1980 movie adaptation for which he wrote the screenplay, feature a latter-day band of pirates who prey on civilian shipping in the
Caribbean The Caribbean (, ; es, Caribe; french: Caraïbes; ht, Karayib; also gcf, label=Antillean Creole Antillean Creole (Antillean French Creole, Kreyol, Kwéyòl, Patois) is a French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles ...
. *''On Stranger Tides'' (1987), a historical fantasy novel by Tim Powers. It was later adapted into the Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, fourth ''Pirates of the Caribbean'' film. *''Bloody Jack (novel), Bloody Jack'' (2002), a historical novel by L.A. Meyer. *''The Pirates! in an Adventure with Scientists'' (2004 in literature, 2004) by Gideon Defoe, a surreal adventure with stereotypical pirates and Charles Darwin. Defoe has written subsequent books involving the same pirate crew and their anachronistic, absurd adventures. *''The Piratica Series'' (2004 in literature, 2004, 2006 in literature, 2006, and 2007 in literature, 2007), a series of pirate novels by Tanith Lee. *''Sea Witch'' (2006), a novel for adults by Helen Hollick published by DA Diamonds. *''The Adventures of Hector Lynch'' (2007–2009), a pirate series by Tim Severin *''The Government Manual for New Pirates'' (2007), a spoof of survival guides by Matthew David Brozik and Jacob Sager Weinstein. *''Isle of Swords'' (2007), a novel by Wayne Thomas Batson. *''Pirate Latitudes'' (2009), a novel by Michael Crichton. *''The Pyrates Way Magazine'' (2006–Present), a quarterly online magazine by Kimball Publications, LLC. *Maddox (writer) often portrays himself as a pirate on his website The Best Page in the Universe. *Ana e os piratas do novo mundo (2012), a novel by Lucas Peixoto Dantas


Music

* Musicians have long been drawn towards pirate culture, due to its disestablishmentarianism and motley dress. An early 1960s British pop group called itself Johnny Kidd and the Pirates, and wore eye patches while they performed. Keith Moon, drummer of The Who, was a fan of
Robert Newton Robert Guy Newton (1 June 1905 – 25 March 1956) was an English actor. Along with Errol Flynn Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn (20 June 1909 – 14 October 1959) was an Australian-American actor. Considered the natural successor to Douglas Fa ...

Robert Newton
. Flogging Molly, The Briggs, Dropkick Murphys, The LeperKhanz, The Coral, The Mighty Mighty Bosstones, Tokyo Ska Paradise Orchestra, Bullets And Octane, Mad Caddies, The Vandals, Gnarkill, Armored Saint, Jimmy Buffett, and Stephen Malkmus have pirate-themed songs as well. * Alestorm is a pirate-themed Power metal, power/folk metal based in Perth, Scotland. Their fans are also encouraged to dress up like pirates and bring props to concerts. *Ye Banished Privateers, an Umeå, Umea based band, perform shanty- and folk inspired pirate music, also incorporating theatrical elements into their concerts. * Swashbuckle (band), Swashbuckle is an American thrash metal band who dress up and sing about pirates. * Emerson, Lake & Palmer recorded the song "Pirates", a 13 minute long performance piece from their 1977 tour. It features the Orchestra de L'Opera de Paris. The piece can be found on the album "Works, volume 1" * Running Wild (band), Running Wild, a German Metal band, adopted a "pirate metal" image in 1987, with its third album. * The Sex Pistols adapted the saucy song "Good Ship Venus" as their hit "Friggin' in the Rigging". Fellow Malcolm McLaren protégée Adam Ant took the pirate image further. One of the tracks on the album ''Kings of the Wild Frontier'' was called "Jolly Roger". * Gorillaz recorded a song called "Pirate Jet" which appears as the 16th track on their third studio album Plastic Beach. * In 1986, the Beastie Boys paid homage to the pirate lifestyle on their ''Licensed to Ill'' album with the song "Rhymin' and Stealin'". The song is filled with piratical and nautical phrasing liberally mixed with 1980s hip-hop references. * Mutiny (band), Mutiny is an Australian pirate themed folk-punk band with releases on Fistolo Records. * Goth musician/comedian Voltaire (musician), Voltaire illustrates the sometimes humorous rivalry between vampiric and pirate camps of goths in the song "Vampire Club" from the album ''Boo Hoo'' (2002). * American comedy band The Aquabats recorded a song entitled "Captain Hampton and the Midget Pirates" on their 1997 album ''The Fury of The Aquabats!'', which told the story of Jim, a young boy who joins a pirate-hunting crew headed by Captain Hampton. Pirates are also mentioned in the band's 2000 song "The Wild Sea" on ''Myths, Legends and Other Amazing Adventures, Vol. 2''. * '' The Pirate'', a musical starring
Judy Garland Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American actress and singer. She is widely known for playing the role of Dorothy Gale Dorothy Gale is a fictional character created by American author L. Frank Baum ...
and
Gene Kelly Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996) was an American actor, dancer, singer, filmmaker, and choreographer. He was known for his energetic and athletic dancing style, his good looks, and the likable characters that he played ...

Gene Kelly
, has a number of songs about piracy in general, and the dread pirate "Mack the Black" Macoco in particular. * Pirate Shantyman and his Bonnie Lass * The Dreadnoughts are a Vancouver, Canada pirate-based band, including use of an accordion as well as a fiddle. * Relient K released a single covering the song "The Pirates Who Don't Do Anything" for the children's show VeggieTales. It was originally recorded by the cast of VeggieTales, and Relient K's version of the song was later included in the 2003 compilation album called ''Veggie Rocks!'' * In Eurovision Song Contest 2008, the Latvian band Pirates of the Sea entered with the song Wolves of the Sea * Nox Arcana recorded a pirate-themed album ''Phantoms of the High Seas'' in 2008 that contains a series of hidden puzzles and clues leading to a treasure map. * Cosmo Jarvis released the song "Gay Pirates" on 23 January 2011. * The Original Rabbit Foot Spasm Band released the song "Pirates!" in their album ''Year of the Rabbit'' on 3 February 2011. * "Barret's Privateers" is a song written by Stan Rogers popular in Nova Scotia, Canada detailing the fictional story of Elcid Barret and his privateers and their voyage on the Antelope to raid American shipping vessels.


Stage

In 1879, the comic opera ''The Pirates of Penzance'' was an instant hit in New York, and the original London production in 1880 ran for 363 performances. The piece, depicting an incompetent band of "tenderhearted" British pirates, is still performed widely today, and obviously corresponds to historical knowledge about the emergence of piracy in the Piracy in the Caribbean, Caribbean. While no pirates are ever on stage in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Hamlet claims that his ship to England was overtaken by pirates. In 1904, J.M. Barrie's play ''Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up'' was first performed. In the book, Peter's enemy in Neverland is the pirate crew led by
Captain Hook Captain James Hook is a fictional character, the main antagonist of J. M. Barrie's 1904 play ''Peter and Wendy, Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up'' and its various adaptations, in which he is Peter Pan's archenemy. The character is a ...

Captain Hook
. Details on Barrie's conception of Captain Hook are lacking, but it seems he was inspired by at least one historical privateer, and possibly by
Robert Louis Stevenson Robert Louis Stevenson (born Robert Lewis Balfour Stevenson; 13 November 1850 – 3 December 1894) was a Scottish novelist, essayist, poet and travel writer. He is best known for works such as ''Treasure Island ''Treasure Island'' (origi ...

Robert Louis Stevenson
's
Long John Silver Long John Silver is a Character (arts), fictional character and the main antagonist in the novel ''Treasure Island'' (1883) by Robert Louis Stevenson. The most colourful and complex character in the book, he continues to appear in popular cultu ...
as well. In film adaptations released in 1924, 1953, and 2003, Hook's dress, as well as the attire of his crew, corresponds to stereotypical notions of pirate appearance. * ''Il pirata'' (The Pirate) is an opera by Vincenzo Bellini, 1827 * ''The Pirates of Penzance'', a comic operetta by Gilbert and Sullivan contains a Pirate King and a crew of orphan pirates. * ''Captain Sabertooth'' is a play first performed in the zoo\amusement park at Norway by Terje Formoe. * ''The Buccaneers of America'' by John Esquemeling is the supposedly real stories of some Caribbean pirates. *''The Lady Pirates of Captain Bree'' also called ''Captain Bree and her Lady Pirates'' by Martin A. Follose and Bill Francoeur, a musical spoof *''Störtebeker Festival'' on Rügen island in Germany, established in 1959/1993, is one of the best-established open-air theatres in Europe, following the stories and legends of Klaus Störtebeker and his Victual Brothers and Likedeelers of the 14th century.


Television

* ''The Buccaneers ''1956 - A juvenile adventure series produced for Britain's ITV (TV network), ITV. It featured Robert Shaw as Captain Dan Tempest, a reformed pirate in service to the British administration in the Bahamas during the early 18th century. *''Captain Pugwash'', a series of British children's animated television programmes, comic strips and books, was first shown on the BBC in 1957. * Doctor (Doctor Who), The Doctor and his friends encountered space pirates in numerous episodes of BBC, BBC's ''Doctor Who'' (such as ''The Space Pirates''), though they also met historical pirates in ''The Smugglers'' (1966) and ''The Curse of the Black Spot'' (2011). Both stories involved the bounty of Henry Every, Captain Henry Avery (Hugh Bonneville), who the Doctor eventually befriended. * In a 1969 episode of Hanna-Barbera's ''Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!'', Mystery Inc. faced the ghost of Redbeard (voiced by John Stephenson (actor), John Stephenson). * The singing and dancing pirates Nasty Max, Mighty Matt, Massmedia and Sleazeappeal from the animated series ''Spartakus and the Sun Beneath the Sea''. *Disney's ''TaleSpin'' (1990) featured the air pirate Don Karnage who always tried to steal goods and sometimes treasures from Baloo. *''The Pirates of Dark Water'' is a Hanna-Barbera animated series of the 1990s. *''Mad Jack the Pirate'', produced by Bill Kopp, showed on Fox Kids in the 1990s. *''Pirates (TV series), Pirates'' was a 1994 children's sitcom about a family of pirates living in a council house. * The animated series ''SpongeBob SquarePants'' theme song is sung by Painty the Pirate, voiced by Pat Pinney. Certain episodes are also introduced by Patchy the Pirate, portrayed by Tom Kenny, the voice of SpongeBob SquarePants (character), SpongeBob SquarePants. Also in some of the ''SpongeBob'' episodes there is a character called The Flying Dutchman who is a pirate ghost. *''
One Piece ''One Piece'' (stylized in all caps) is a Japanese manga Manga (Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Cente ...

One Piece
'' (1999 onwards), the animated adaptation of the Japanese comic of the same name (see below). *''Pirate Islands'', a 2003 Australian children's television show, and sequel ''Pirate Islands: The Lost Treasure of Fiji''. *''
Black Lagoon ''Black Lagoon'' (stylized as ''BLACK LAGOON'') is a Japanese manga Manga (Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag ...
'' is a 2006 anime about pirates in the South China Sea. It is a somewhat realistic look at the underlying themes of modern-day piracy. * The seventh season of ''Survivor (U.S. TV series), Survivor'', ''Survivor: Pearl Islands, Pearl Islands'', and Pirate Master had a piracy theme. * In the show ''Deadliest Warrior'', there was an episode titled "Pirate vs. Knight". * The Disney Junior animated series ''Jake and the Never Land Pirates'' debuted in 2011. * ''Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger'' (2011) is the 35th anniversary season of the ''Super Sentai'' series that has a pirate theme & its American counterpart Power Rangers Megaforce, Power Rangers Super Megaforce which is part of the 20th anniversary season of the ''Power Rangers'' which uses costumes, props, & footage from Gokaiger. * Marika Kato is the protagonist and space pirate captain of the Bentenmaru in the anime ''Bodacious Space Pirates'' (2012). * ''Black Sails (TV series), Black Sails'' is a television drama series created by Jonathan E. Steinberg and Robert Levine for Starz Inc., which premiered in January 2014. * ''Crossbones (TV series), Crossbones'' is an American television series on the NBC network which premiered May 30, 2014. * The Flemish children's TV series ''Piet Piraat'' by Studio 100 stars a pirate captain and his crew. * The Nickelodeon animated TV series ''The Loud House'' features a character named CJ, who likes to play pirates. There is even an episode of ''The Casagrandes'' revolving around the pirate theme, entitled "Arrr in the Family".


Video games

* ''Alone in the Dark'' is a survival horror game in which the antagonist is a pirate turned eldritch cultist named Ezechiel Pregzt. It's sequel ''Alone in the Dark 2'', featured a large number of antagonists who were all pirates led by One Eyed Jack. * ''Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag'' is centered around the
Golden Age of Piracy The Golden Age of Piracy is a common designation for the period between the 1650s and the 1730s, when maritime piracy Piracy is an act of robbery Robbery is the crime In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by ...
. * ''Claw (video game), Claw'' is a platform game by Monolith Productions that is a cartoon parody of pirate films. * ''Donkey Kong Country 2: Diddy's Kong Quest'' features pirate-themed enemies and locations, including the recurring villain King K. Rool now named Kaptain K. Rool and dressed as a pirate captain. * ''Doodle Pirate'' is an Android Game developed by Impudia Games, featuring a comedic side of treasure hunting. * ''Final Fantasy XII'' has many characters, including Balthier are sky pirates. Also, Faris in Final Fantasy V and Leila in Final Fantasy II are pirates. * Pirates feature as a character class in several ''Fire Emblem'' games. *''Heroes of the Storm'' features pirate-themed battleground Blackheart's Bay, and Blackheart, the ghost pirate lord, as an announcer. * The action role-playing game ''Kingdom Hearts II'' features a section that adapts the plot of ''Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl''. It features heroes Sora, Donald, and Goofy teaming up with movie protagonist Jack Sparrow to fight against the movie's villain, Barbossa, as well as a later scenario where the heroes revisit Jack. ''Kingdom Hearts III'' revisits this world, as the three heroes team up with Jack once again to battle Davy Jones in an adaptation of ''Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End''. * ''The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker'' features pirates such as Princess Zelda#Tetra, Tetra and her crew. * ''Lego Racers'' first boss is Captain Redbeard. When he is beaten, you can build cars using "pirated-themed" lego pieces. * ''Loot'', a card game made by Gamewright. * ''Maple Story'' has added a Pirate job class. *''Medal of Honor: Warfighter'', a first-person shooter made by Danger Close Games * '' Megaman Battle Network 6'' has a WWW member named Captain Blackbeard, an operator of Diveman.EXE who dressed as a sailor. * ''Metroid'' is a videogame in which the main antagonists are space pirates. * The pirate-themed ''Monkey Island series, Monkey Island'' series of video games is inspired by Tim Powers' book ''On Stranger Tides'' and Disneyland's Pirates of the Caribbean (theme park ride), Pirates of the Caribbean ride. It is set in the 18th century Caribbean and stars the ''hero'' pirate Guybrush Threepwood and the ''evil'' pirate LeChuck. * ''Pirates of the Burning Sea'' is a swashbuckling MMORPG set in the early 18th century Caribbean. * '' Pirates: The Legend of Black Kat'' by Westwood studios is a mix of third-person adventure and sea battles. *''Pirates, Vikings and Knights II'' is a multiplayer video game in which players can play as a team of highly stereotypical pirates. * '' Ratchet & Clank Future: Tools of Destruction'' and ''Ratchet & Clank Future: Quest for Booty'' contain pirates as enemies throughout the levels. * ''Rogue Galaxy'' is a role-playing video game in which the main character, Jaster Rogue joins a crew of space pirates to help defeat an oppressive empire. * ''Sea of Thieves'' is an open world video game with a pirate-themed setting. * ''Sid Meier's Pirates!'' is a well-known video game featuring pirates. * ''Skies of Arcadia'' is a video game for the Sega Dreamcast (later remade as Skies of Arcadia Legends for the Nintendo Gamecube) about a group of air pirates that struggle against an oppressive power threatening to take over and destroy the world. * ''Sly 3: Honor Among Thieves'' features a level in which the Cooper Gang steals a pirate ship, and upgrades it to defeat rival pirate crews * ''Sonic Rush Adventure'' takes place in a pirate-themed world. This includes a robot pirate named Captain Whisker. * In the ''Soul (series), Soul'' series, Cervantes de Leon, Cervantes, a long-standing character in the franchise, is a pirate. In ''Soul Calibur III'' specifically, there is a 'Pirate' class option for custom characters. * '' Star Wars Empire At War'' contains a non-playable faction called the Black Sun Pirates, a large gang of mercenaries. * In ''Suikoden IV'' there are a great deal of pirates to encounter and recruit. * In ''Tales of Berseria'' the protagonist reluctantly teams up with a group of pirates. The first mate, Eizen, becomes part of the main cast while the rest of the crew makes frequent appearances throughout the game. The player has the choice of sending the crew on expeditions to retrieve items and explore uncharted waters. *''Tropico 2: Pirate Cove'' is a 2003 city-building game in which player runs a pirate island as the Pirate King. * ''Uncharted Waters'' is a series of role-playing video games by Koei set in the Age of Exploration where the player takes the role of a naval fleet captain. All the games feature pirates as regular threats and it is possible to play with pirate characters in some of the iterations. * The independent action-adventure game ''Wandersong'' features a chapter called "Voyage of the Lady Arabica," where the bard protagonist and his witch friend Miriam set out on a voyage with what appears to be a pirate crew. Despite their appearance, however, they don't engage in usual pirate activities, instead growing and selling coffee beans. * ''World of Warcraft'' features pirates as Non-player character, NPCs and quest givers. In addition
Pirate's Day
is celebrated in-game on September 19 each year in honour of
International Talk Like a Pirate Day International Talk Like a Pirate Day is a parody, parodic holiday created in 1995 by John Baur (Ol' Chumbucket) and Mark Summers (Cap'n Slappy), of Albany, Oregon, U.S., who proclaimed September 19 each year as the day when everyone in the worl ...
. *''Yohoho! Puzzle Pirates'' is a massively multiplayer online game in which the player takes the role of a pirate, having adventures on the high seas and pillaging money from roaming enemy ships. * ''Zack & Wiki: Quest for Barbaros' Treasure'' is an adventure game, adventure video puzzle game for the Nintendo Wii. * The first hub in ''Pac-Man World'' contains four pirate-themed levels named Buccaneer Beach, Corsair's Cove, Crazy Cannonade, and HMS Windbag. * ''Uncharted 4: A Thief's End'' is an adventure game centered around trying to find Henry Every, Henry Every's treasure


Advertising

* ''Captain Crook'' was a character in McDonald's restaurants' ''McDonaldland'' advertising, 1971–1985. He appeared as a "mascot"-type costumed character, performed by Robert Towers and voiced by Larry Storch. * ''Jean LaFoote'' was an animated pirate character appearing in advertising for Cap'n Crunch cereal in the mid-1970s. He was created by Jay Ward Productions and voiced by Jay Ward regular Bill Scott (voice actor), Bill Scott. * ''Captain Morgan'' – the namesake of the British brand of rum is Sir Henry Morgan (c. 1635 – 1688), known as both a Captain Morgan in popular culture, privateer and a pirate.


Pirates in sports

Because pirate ships connote fearsomeness, loyalty and teamwork, many professional and amateur sports teams use the nickname ''Pirates'', as well as other nicknames or logos associated with cultural depictions of pirates, such as an eyepatch. Teams: *Professional **American football ***Las Vegas Raiders – National Football League ***Tampa Bay Buccaneers – National Football League **Association football ***Bristol Rovers FC – Football League One, England ***FC St. Pauli – 2. Fußball-Bundesliga, Germany ***Orlando Pirates – Premier Soccer League, South Africa ***Tampa Bay Mutiny – Major League Soccer **Baseball ***Amsterdam Pirates – Honkbal Hoofdklasse (Dutch Baseball League) ***Pittsburgh Pirates – Major League Baseball ***Piratas de Campeche – Liga Mexicana de Béisbol (Mexican League) **Basketball ***Wörthersee Piraten – Österreichische Basketball Bundesliga, Austria **Ice hockey ***Portland Pirates – American Hockey League **Rugby league ***Canberra Raiders – National Rugby League, Australia *Collegiate **Barry University, Barry University Buccaneers – Sunshine State Conference **East Carolina Pirates – American Athletic Conference **East Tennessee State University, East Tennessee State Buccaneers – Southern Conference **Massachusetts Maritime Academy, Mass Maritime Buccaneers – Massachusetts State College Athletic Conference **Middle Tennessee Blue Raiders – Sun Belt Conference **Mount Union College, Mount Union Purple Raiders – Ohio Athletic Conference **Seton Hall Pirates – Big East Conference (1979–2013), Big East Conference **Southwestern University, Southwestern Pirates – NCAA Division III Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference **University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, UMass Dartmouth Corsairs – Little East Conference **University of New Orleans, New Orleans Privateers – Sun Belt Conference *Minor **Hockey ***Nepean Raiders – Central Junior Hockey League ***Prince Albert Raiders – Western Hockey League ***Richmond Renegades – ECHL ***Rochester Raiders – Great Lakes Indoor Football League ***Tottenville High School, Tottenville Pirates ** Rugby Union ***Cornish Pirates Pro wrestler Paul Burchill from ''WWE Friday Night SmackDown'' dressed like a pirate and claimed that
Blackbeard Edward Teach (alternatively spelled Edward Thatch, – 22 November 1718), better known as Blackbeard, was an English pirate Piracy is an act of robbery Robbery is the crime In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punish ...

Blackbeard
is his great-great-great-great-great-grandfather. Previously, Carl Ouellet wrestled as Jean-Pierre Lafitte (supposedly a descendant of pirate Jean Lafitte). * Kung Fu * The music group Ye Banished Privateers recently introduced the sports genre "pirate kung fu" for fans and musicians alike.


See also

*List of space pirates *Lego Pirates


References


External links


Arrrr! Pirates invading pop culture
NBC News, May 18, 2007 * Mark G. Hanna
A Lot of What Is Known about Pirates Is Not True, and a Lot of What Is True Is Not Known.
HUMANITIES, Winter 2017, Volume 38, Number 1 * Richard R. E. Kania
Pirates and Piracy in American Popular Culture
Romanian Journal of English Studies, Volume 11, Issue 1 * Ben Brotemarkle
Florida Frontiers “Pirates in Florida, Real and Imagined”
Florida Historical Society, 2015 * Louis Kemner
Magic: The Gathering - A Whole FLEET of New Pirates Just Arrived
Comic Book Resources, November 8, 2020 {{DEFAULTSORT:Pirates In Popular Culture Pirates in popular culture, Crime in popular culture Maritime folklore Historical fiction Cultural depictions of pirates