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Bathurst is a city in the
Central Tablelands The Central Tablelands in New South Wales is a geographic area that lies between the Sydney Metropolitan Area and the Central Western Slopes (New South Wales), Central Western Slopes and Plains. The Great Dividing Range passes in a north–south ...
of
New South Wales New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspape ...
,
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
. It is about west-northwest of
Sydney Sydney ( ; Dharug The Darug or Dharug people are an Aboriginal Australian people, who share strong ties of kinship and, in Colonial Australia, pre-colonial times, survived as skilled hunters in family groups or clans, scattered througho ...

Sydney
and is the seat of the
Bathurst Regional Council Bathurst Regional Council is a Local government in Australia, local government area in the Central West, New South Wales, Central West region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is located adjacent to the Great Western Highway, Mid-Western ...
. Bathurst is the oldest inland settlement in Australia and had a population of 37,191 Estimated resident population, 30 June 2019. at June 2019. Bathurst is often referred to as the Gold Country as it was the site of the first gold discovery and where the first gold rush occurred in Australia. Today education, tourism and manufacturing drive the economy. The internationally known racetrack
Mount Panorama Mount Panorama Circuit is a motor racing track located in Bathurst, New South Wales, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia. It is situated on Mount Panorama (Wahluu) and is best known as the home of the Bathurst 1000 motor race held each October, ...
is a landmark of the city. Bathurst has a historic city centre with many ornate buildings remaining from the gold rush period of the mid to late 19th century. The median age of the city's population is 35 years; which is particularly young for a regional centre (the state median is 38), and is related to the large education sector in the community. The city has had moderate population growth of 1.29% year-on-year averaged over the five years until 2019, making Bathurst the tenth fastest growing urban area in New South Wales outside Sydney. This growth over recent years has resulted in increased urban development including retail precincts, sporting facilities, housing estates and expanding industrial areas.


Geography

Bathurst is located on the western edge of the
Great Dividing Range The Great Dividing Range, also known as the East Australian Cordillera or the Eastern Highlands, is a cordillera A cordillera is an extensive chain of mountains A mountain is an elevated portion of the Earth's crust 350px, Plates in ...

Great Dividing Range
in the
Macquarie River The Macquarie River is part of the Macquarie–Barwon River (New South Wales), Barwon catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, is one of the main inland rivers in New South Wales, Australia. The river rises in the central highlands of New ...
plain In geography, a plain is a flat expanse of land that generally does not change much in elevation, and is primarily treeless. Plains occur as lowlands along valleys or at the base of mountains, as coastal plains, and as plateaus or Highland, up ...

plain
; also known as the Bathurst plains. The Macquarie River, which is part of the Murray-Darling basin, the largest river system in Australia, runs through the centre of the city. The city is protected by a
levee file:River Levee Cross Section Figure.svg, Components of a levee: file:Sacramento River Levee.jpg, The side of a levee in Sacramento, California A levee (), dike (American English), dyke (Commonwealth English), embankment, floodbank, or stop ...

levee
bank to protect the city from occasional flood events. Mount Panorama is located from the CBD and effectively within the city limits; it is
AMSL Height above mean sea level is a measure of the vertical distanceVertical position or vertical location is a position along a vertical direction above or below a given vertical datum A vertical datum, altimetric datum, or height datum is a r ...
and rises above the Bathurst CBD. The
Great Western Highway The Great Western Highway is a state highway A state highway, state road, or state route (and the equivalent provincial highway, provincial road, or provincial route) is usually a road that is either ''numbered'' or ''maintained'' by a ...
which begins in the centre of the city of Sydney, ends at Bathurst. Two main state highways start at Bathurst: the
Mitchell Highway The Mitchell Highway is a state highway located in the central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions and gene ...
to Bourke and the
Mid-Western Highway The Mid-Western Highway, sometimes the Mid Western Highway, is a state highway located in the central western and northern Riverina regions of New South Wales New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state State may refer to: Arts, en ...
to
Hay Hay is grass Poaceae () or Gramineae () is a large and nearly ubiquitous family In , family (from la, familia) is a of people related either by (by recognized birth) or (by marriage or other relationship). The purpose of fam ...
. Bathurst is about mid-way along a regional road route from
Canberra Canberra ( ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the holding primary status in a , , , , or other , usually as its seat of the government. A capital is typically a that physically encompasses the government's offices an ...

Canberra
and
Goulburn Goulburn is a regional city in the Southern Tablelands of the Australian States and territories of Australia, state of New South Wales, approximately south-west of Sydney, and north-east of Canberra. It was proclaimed as Australia's first inl ...

Goulburn
to
Mudgee Mudgee is a town in the Central West (New South Wales), Central West of New South Wales, Australia. It is in the broad fertile Cudgegong River valley north-west of Sydney and is the largest town in the Mid-Western Regional Council Local gover ...
and the
Hunter Region The Hunter Region, also commonly known as the Hunter Valley, is a region of New South Wales, Australia, extending from approximately to north of Sydney. It contains the Hunter River (New South Wales), Hunter River and its tributaries with hi ...
.
BathurstBathurst may refer to: People * Bathurst (surname) Places and jurisdictions In Australia * Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia and the following things associated with the city ** Bathurst Region, the local government area for the Bathurst u ...
is also on the
Main Western railway line The Main Western Railway is a major railway in New South Wales, Australia. It runs through the Blue Mountains (Australia), Blue Mountains, Central West, New South Wales, Central West, North West Slopes, New South Wales, North West Slopes and the ...
that starts at and proceeds for by rail to Bathurst. The Macquarie River divides Bathurst with the CBD located on the western side of the river. Four road bridges and two rail bridges span the river within the city area. From the upstream side they are: Macquarie River Railway Bridge (built in 1876) closed in 2011 (replaced with a new concrete single track rail bridge structure alongside and brought into use in 2011); the four lane Evans Bridge which opened in 1995; the
Denison Bridge The Denison Bridge is a heritage-listed footbridge A footbridge (also a pedestrian bridge, pedestrian overpass, or pedestrian overcrossing) is a bridge A bridge is a Nonbuilding structure, structure built to Span (engineering), span a physic ...
opened in 1870 (closed to road traffic and now a pedestrian bridge); the Gordon Edgell Bridge, a low−level bridge located on George Street; and Rankens Bridge at Eglinton.


Landform

Two physical components comprise the Bathurst region; the Bathurst Basin and the Tablelands areas. They are drained by the Macquarie, Turon,
Fish Fish are aquatic Aquatic means relating to water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the ...
and Campbells Rivers to the north and Abercrombie and Isabella Rivers to the south. The central basin area of the Bathurst area is mainly granite soils while in the north area
sandstone Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock of a clast (sand grain), derived from a basalt Basalt (, ) is a fine-grained extrusive igneous rock formed from the rapid cooling of low-viscosity lava rich in magnesium and iron ('' mafic ' ...

sandstone
,
conglomerate Conglomerate or conglomeration may refer to: * Conglomerate (company) * Conglomerate (geology) * Conglomerate (mathematics) In popular culture: * The Conglomerate (American group), a production crew and musical group founded by Busta Rhymes ** Con ...
s,
greywacke Photomicrograph of a lithic wacke (sandstone). Top image is in plane polarized light (PPL); bottom image is in cross polarized light (XPL). Blue epoxy fills pore spaces. Greywacke or graywacke ( German ''grauwacke'', signifying a grey, earthy r ...

greywacke
,
siltstone Siltstone, also known as aleurolite, is a clastic sedimentary rock of a clast (sand grain), derived from a basalt Basalt (, ) is a fine-grained extrusive igneous rock formed from the rapid cooling of low-viscosity lava rich in magne ...
s,
limestone Limestone is a common type of carbonate In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of Salt (chemistry), salts; salt in its na ...

limestone
s and minor
volcano A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object A planet is an astronomical body orbit In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an physical body, object, such as the trajectory of a planet a ...

volcano
s predominate. The south is more complex geology with siltstones, sandstones, greywacke,
shale Shale is a fine-grained, clastic Clastic rocks are composed of fragments, or clasts, of pre-existing minerals In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defi ...

shale
s and
chert Chert () is a hard, fine-grained sedimentary rock Sedimentary rocks are types of rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is cat ...

chert
,
basalt Basalt (, ) is a fine-grained extrusive A volcanic rock from Italy with a relatively large six-sided phenocryst (diameter about 1 mm) surrounded by a fine-grained groundmass, as seen in thin section under a petrographic microscope Extr ...

basalt
and
granite Granite () is a coarse-grained (phanerite, phaneritic) intrusive rock, intrusive igneous rock composed mostly of quartz, alkali feldspar, and plagioclase. It forms from magma with a high content of silica and alkali metal oxides that slowly cool ...

granite
intrusions and embedded volcanic and limestones. Underlying Bathurst is the dominant feature of Bathurst granite (intruded in the
Devonian The Devonian ( ) is a geologic period and system of the Paleozoic The Paleozoic (or Palaeozoic) Era ( ; from the Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the H ...
period) and at Mount Panorama and Mount Stewart basalt occurs. Topography of the region ranges from slightly undulating to rough and very steep country, about 30 km to the east of Bathurst is the folded and faulted
sedimentary Sedimentary rocks are types of rock (geology), rock that are formed by the accumulation or deposition of mineral or organic matter, organic particles at Earth#Surface, Earth's surface, followed by cementation (geology), cementation. Sedimentatio ...

sedimentary
and
metamorphosed Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the mineral ...

metamorphosed
formations of the
Great Dividing Range The Great Dividing Range, also known as the East Australian Cordillera or the Eastern Highlands, is a cordillera A cordillera is an extensive chain of mountains A mountain is an elevated portion of the Earth's crust 350px, Plates in ...

Great Dividing Range
which runs roughly north–south.


Climate

Due to its elevation, Bathurst has an
oceanic climate An oceanic climate, also known as a maritime climate or marine climate, is the Köppen classification of climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the deg ...
(''Cfb''), according to
Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification Climate classification is a way of categorizing the world's s. A climate classification may correlate closely with a category, as climate is a major infl ...
. Bathurst is in Australia's cool
temperate climate In geography Geography (from Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and Solar System, plan ...
zone which is defined as having mild to warm summers and cool to cold winters. Regular summer
thunderstorms A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm or a lightning storm, is a storm characterized by the presence of lightning Lightning is a naturally occurring electrostatic discharge Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden fl ...

thunderstorms
are common, resulting from the flat plains country to the west, leading into the mountainous nature of the country around Bathurst and assisting the development of storm cells. These storms rarely strike the city and instead often move either in a south east or north east direction away from Bathurst Bathurst gets 106.9 clear days annually. In winter, light to moderate
snowfalls Snow comprises individual ice Ice is water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's and the s of all known living organisms (in which it acts as a ). ...
regularly occur each year on the higher peaks around Bathurst, whilst snow is relatively uncommon in the city itself—although it does occur most years. On 5 July 1900, Bathurst received its heaviest snowfall on record; measuring at in the main street. On 11 February 2017, Bathurst Ag recorded a new record high temperature of 41.5 °C (106.7 °F), although temperatures of 40 °C (104 °F) are exceedingly rare for Bathurst. However, this reading did not even slightly compare to Bathurst Gaol's 44.7 °C (112.5 °F), on 12 January 1878.


Bathurst Agricultural Station (1909–2020, records >1966)


Bathurst Gaol (1858–1983)


Central Business District and suburbs

Bathurst's central business district (CBD) is located on William, George, Howick, Russell, and Durham Streets. The CBD is about in area and covers two city blocks. Banking, government services, shopping centres, retail shops, a park (shown) and monuments are in this area. Bathurst has retained a mix of main street shopping along with enclosed shopping centres within the CBD, unlike other towns where the CBD focus has split between main street and new shopping centre developments located in the suburbs. Within the CBD lies Kings Parade; this is a park setting with several memorials of people and events in history. It is a popular location for locals to meet. Keppel Street is Bathurst's second commercial shopping area, removed from the CBD by two blocks to the south. This area developed once the railway arrived in 1876. The main suburbs of Bathurst are: Kelso, Eglinton, West Bathurst, Llanarth, South Bathurst, Gormans Hill, Windradyne, Windradyne Heights and Abercrombie Estate. One of the newer suburbs is Marsden Estate, in Kelso.


Landmarks

Bathurst's place in Australia's history is evidenced by the large number of landmark monuments, buildings, and parks. In the centre of the city is a square known as Kings Parade. Originally a market area from 1849 to 1906 , it was redesignated as a public recreation ground and site for a soldiers memorial. Kings Parade now contains three memorials, an open space park and gardens. The Bathurst War Memorial
Carillon A carillon ( or ; ) is a Pitched percussion instrument, pitched percussion idiophone that is played with a keyboard instrument, keyboard and consists of at least 23 bellfounding, cast bell metal, bronze bells in fixed suspension and tuned ...

Carillon
is a tall tower structure located in the centre of Kings Parade. The Parade is located in the centre of Bathurst's CBD. The Carillon is a memorial to the soldiers who lost their lives in the two World Wars. The
bell tower A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells even if it has none. Such a tower commonly serves as part of a church (building), church, and will contain church bells, but there are also many secular b ...

bell tower
contains 49 bronze bells cast by
John Taylor & Co John Taylor Bell Foundry (Loughborough) Limited, trading as John Taylor & Co and commonly known as Taylor's Bell Foundry, Taylor's of Loughborough, or simply Taylor's, is the world's largest working bell (instrument), bell foundry. It is located ...
in 1928 that are rung daily at lunchtime, and an
eternal flame An eternal flame is a flame, lamp or torch that burns for an indefinite time. Most eternal flames are ignited and tended intentionally, but some are natural phenomena caused by natural gas Natural gas (also called fossil gas; sometimes ...

eternal flame
on the platform level of the structure. The Carillon was officially completed on
Armistice Day Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I The Allies of World War I or Entente Powers were a coalition The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group ...
, 11 November 1933 at a cost of £8,880. It was upgraded in 2020 to World Carillon Federation standards, making it only the third such carillon in Australia. The Evans memorial stands at the northern end of Kings Parade. Completed in 1920, the memorial commemorates the discovery of the Bathurst Plains in 1813 by George Evans, Assistant Surveyor of Lands. The
Boer War The Second Boer War ( af, Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, lit. "Second Freedom War", 11 October 189931 May 1902), also known as the Boer War, the Anglo–Boer War, or the South African War, was a conflict fought between the British Empire and the two B ...
memorial stands at the southern end of Kings Parade. This memorial was unveiled in 1910 by
Lord KitchenerLord Kitchener may refer to: * Earl Kitchener, for the title * Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener (1850–1916), British soldier in the Sudan, the Second Boer War, and First World War ** Lord Kitchener Wants You, a British Army recruitment poster ...

Lord Kitchener
.


History

The Bathurst region was originally occupied by the
Wiradjuri The Wiradjuri people (; ) are a group of Aboriginal Australian Aboriginal Australians are the various Indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as first peoples, first nations, aboriginal peoples, native peoples (wit ...
Aboriginal people.


Colonial period (1800s) to gold rush era (1860s)

The government surveyor, George Evans, was the first European to sight the Bathurst Plains in 1813, following the first successful European crossing of the Blue Mountains in the same year. In 1814, Governor
Lachlan Macquarie Major-general (United Kingdom), Major General Lachlan Macquarie, Companion of the Order of the Bath, CB (; gd, Lachann MacGuaire; 31 January 1762 – 1 July 1824) was a British Army officer and colonial administrator from Scotland. Macquarie se ...
approved an offer by William Cox to build a road crossing the
Blue MountainsBlue Mountains may refer to: Geography *Blue Mountains (New South Wales), Australia **City of Blue Mountains, a local government area west of Sydney **Blue Mountains Line, a railway line **Blue Mountains National Park **Blue Mountains walking track ...
, from
Emu Plains Emu Plains is a suburb of Sydney in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 58 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the Local government in Australia, local government area of the City of Penrith and is part of th ...
, the existing road terminus west of Sydney, to the Bathurst Plains. The first road to cross the Blue Mountains was wide and long, built between 18 July 1814 and 14 January 1815 using 5 freemen, 30 convict labourers and 8 soldiers as guards. Governor Macquarie surveyed the finished road in April 1815 by driving his carriage across it from Sydney to Bathurst. The Governor commended Cox and stated that the project would have taken three years if it had been done under a contract. On 7 May 1815,
Governor Macquarie Major General Major general (abbreviated MG, maj. gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparent ...
at the terminus of Cox's Road raised the flag, ordered a
ceremonial A ceremony (, ) is a unified ritual A ritual is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, actions, or objects, performed according to a set sequence. Rituals may be prescribed by the traditions of a community, including a religious ...

ceremonial
volley to be fired and proclaimed and named the future town of Bathurst after the
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies The Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was a British cabinet The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is a group of the most senior ministers of the crown in the government of the United Kingdom The Government of the United Kingdom ...
,
Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst, (22 May 176227 July 1834) was a High Tory High Toryism is a term used in Britain, and elsewhere, to refer to old traditionalist conservatism which is in line with the Tory A Tory () is a person who holds ...
. Bathurst is the oldest inland town in Australia. It was intended to be the administrative centre of the western plains of New South Wales, where orderly colonial settlement was planned. Local Wiradjuri groups under leaders such as
Windradyne Windradyne ( – 21 March 1829) was an Indigenous Australians, Aboriginal warrior and Resistance movement, resistance leader of the Wiradjuri nation, in what is now central-western New South Wales, Australia; he was also known to the British set ...
resisted the settlers until the Frontier Wars of the early 1820s ended the open conflict. The initial settlement of Bathurst was on the eastern side of the river in 1816. It is in today's suburb of Kelso. Ten men were granted ; five were men born in the colony and five were immigrants. These men were William Lee, Richard Mills, Thomas Kite, Thomas Swanbrooke, George Cheshire, John Abbott, John and James Blackman, John Neville and John Godden. In 1818, Governor Macquarie stated in his diary:
This morning I inspected 10 new settlers for Bathurst. I have agreed to grant each 50 acres of land, a
servant A domestic worker is a person who works within the scope of a residence. The term "domestic service" applies to the equivalent occupational category. In traditional English contexts, such a person was said to be "in service". Domestic workers p ...
, a cow, four
bushels A bushel (abbreviation: bsh. or bu.) is an imperial Imperial is that which relates to an empire, emperor, or imperialism. Imperial or The Imperial may also refer to: Places United States * Imperial, California * Imperial, Missouri * Imperi ...
41 litresof wheat, an allotment in the new town, and to receive into the King's Store at Bathurst all the Wheat they can grow for the first 12 months.
In the early years of settlement, Bathurst was a base for many of the early explorers of the NSW inland, including George Evans in 1815,
John Oxley John Joseph William Molesworth Oxley (1784 – 25 May 1828) was an explorer Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery Discovery may refer to: * Discovery (observation) Discovery is the act of detecting somet ...

John Oxley
in 1817–1818, Allan Cunningham in 1823, and Thomas Mitchell during the 1830s. Flecks of gold were first discovered in the Fish River in February 1823, but it was 12 February 1851 in a Bathurst Hotel when
Edward Hargraves Edward Hammond Hargraves (7 October 1816 – 29 October 1891) was a gold prospector who claimed to have found gold in Australia in 1851, starting an Australian gold rush During the Australian gold rushes, starting in 1851, significant numb ...
announced the discovery of payable gold. Soon, gold was found at Ophir (later Sofala) and Hill End in the 1850s. Hill End, called 'Bald Hills' in 1850, 'Forbes' in 1860 and finally Hill End in 1862 was part of the Tambaroora district. At its peak had a population of 7 000 people. Hill End's fame is the finding of the 'Holtermann Specimen (Correctly the Beyers Holtermann Specimen)' on 20 October 1871 being the largest single mass of gold ever discovered in the world, a record that still stands today. Found in 1872 this single mass of quartz and gold weighed 630 lbs and when crushed produced and est. of 3000 troy oz (205 lbs or 93 kg) of gold, thus processed held more gold then the processed gold from largest nugget ever found, that being the Welcome Stranger from the Victorian Goldfields. Holtermann recognizing the significance of the find attempted to preserve it by buying it from the Company of which he was one of a number of directors. His efforts were in vain. It is reported that a larger mass was discovered a few days later in the same mine but was broken up underground. Absolutely reliant on Gold, the towns decline was dramatic once the Gold ran out before the 1900s
Photo: Hotlermann with the Beyers-Holterman Specimen
In the 1860s, the town of Bathurst began to boom. Bathurst was to become the first gold centre of Australia. The nearby gold localities would transport their gold to Bathurst then to Sydney. The mail and gold transport coaches became an obvious target for
bushrangers Bushrangers were originally escaped convicts in Australia, convicts in the early years of the History of Australia (1788–1850), British settlement of Australia who used The bush#Australia, the bush as a refuge to hide from the authorities. B ...
, which became a major problem for the authorities. The Ribbon Gang and the Bathurst Rebellion occurred in 1830, when a large group of over 80 convicts roamed the Bathurst district. They were eventually captured and charged with murder, bushranging and horse-thieving. On 2 November 1830, ten members of the Ribbon Boys were hanged in Bathurst for their crimes. The site of the first and largest public hanging in Bathurst is still marked by the laneway sign ''Ribbon Gang Lane'' in the CBD. Ben Hall, who became a notorious bushranger, was married in St Michael's Church at Bathurst in 1856. In October 1863, a gang of five (including Hall) raided Bathurst, robbing a jeweller's shop, bailed up the Sportsmans Arms Hotel and tried to steal a racehorse. They returned three days later and held up more businesses. John Peisley, another bushranger, was tried and hanged for murder at Bathurst Gaol in 1862. Bathurst's economy was transformed by the discovery of gold in 1851. One illustration of the prosperity gold brought to Bathurst is the growth and status of
hotels A hotel is an establishment that provides paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided inside a hotel room may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a refrigerat ...
and
inns Inns are generally establishments or buildings where travelers can seek lodging Lodging refers to the use of a short-term dwelling In law, a dwelling (also known as a residence or an abode) is a self-contained unit of accommodation ...
. The first licensed inn within the township was opened in 1835, the ''Highland Laddie''. At the peak of hotel activity in 1875, coinciding with the
gold rush A gold rush or gold fever is a discovery of gold Gold is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, ...

gold rush
period, there were 61 operating concurrently. A total of 89 hotel locations have been identified in the town of Bathurst, with 112 operating in the immediate district during the course of the history in Bathurst. Initially many pubs were simply a cottage with stables. As prosperity increased during the gold rush, the Hotels became typical of architecture of pubs known today.


Development (1860s) to Federation (1910)

The
Cobb & Co Cobb & Co was the name used by many successful sometimes quite independent Australian coaching businesses. The first was established in 1853 by American Freeman Cobb Freeman Cobb (1830–1878) was an American, born in Brewster, Massachusetts, w ...
business was a horse drawn coaching transport business originally established in Victoria but relocated to Bathurst in 1862 to follow the gold rush. The business provided gold escorts, mail services and passenger services to the towns and rural settlements. Cobb & Co. coaches were constructed in the coaching workshops located in Bathurst and the Bathurst Information Centre contains a restored Cobb & Co. coach. Bathurst later became the centre of an important coal-mining and manufacturing region. The
Main Western railway line The Main Western Railway is a major railway in New South Wales, Australia. It runs through the Blue Mountains (Australia), Blue Mountains, Central West, New South Wales, Central West, North West Slopes, New South Wales, North West Slopes and the ...
from Sydney reached Bathurst in 1876. From that time, the town became an important railway centre with workshops, crew base with locomotive depot and track and signal engineering offices. It remains today as the railway regional engineering headquarters with a large rail component manufacturing facility. The heritage listed
Bathurst Courthouse Bathurst Courthouse is a heritage-listed courthouse at Russell Street, Bathurst, New South Wales, Bathurst, Bathurst Region, New South Wales, Australia. Constructed in the Australian non-residential architectural styles#Federation Free Classica ...

Bathurst Courthouse
, a predominant landmark of the city centre, was constructed in 1880 based on designs by the New South Wales Colonial and Government architects,
James Barnet James Johnstone Barnet, (1827 in Almericlose, Arbroath, Scotland – 16 December 1904 in Forest Lodge, New South Wales, Forest Lodge, Sydney, New South Wales) was the New South Wales Government Architect, Colonial Architect for Colony of New So ...
and
Walter Liberty Vernon Colonel (Australia), Colonel Walter Liberty Vernon (11 August 184617 January 1914) was an English people, English architect who migrated to Australia and pursued his career as an architect in Sydney, New South Wales. In his role as the New Sout ...
. In 1885, Bathurst had a population of about 8,000 and an additional 20,000 people in the district. The town in 1885 was a hub for stores such as E.G. Webb & Co. with supplies and distribution occurring throughout large parts of western NSW and into
Queensland Queensland ( ) is a state situated in northeastern Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the ...

Queensland
and South Australia.


Federation (1910) and post war development (1940s)

This period is characterised by periods of slow to moderate population growth, with industrial and education industries developing and technology and services delivered to the town. Several major infrastructure developments arrive such as distributed
town gas Coal gas is a flammable gaseous fuel Fuel gas is any one of a number of fuels that under ordinary conditions are gaseous. Many fuel gases are composed of hydrocarbons (such as methane or propane), hydrogen, carbon monoxide, or mixtures ther ...
,
electricity Electricity is the set of physical Physical may refer to: *Physical examination, a regular overall check-up with a doctor *Physical (album), ''Physical'' (album), a 1981 album by Olivia Newton-John **Physical (Olivia Newton-John song), "Physi ...
, town water supplies, and a
sewage treatment Sewage treatment (or domestic wastewater treatment, municipal wastewater treatment) is a type of wastewater treatment Wastewater treatment is a process used to remove contaminants from wastewater or sewage Sewage, or domestic/municip ...
system. Town gas had arrived in Bathurst courtesy of a private venture in 1872, with the Council providing a competing network from 1888. On 30 June 1914, the Council purchased the Wark Bros gas system and combined the gas networks. The old gasworks plant on Russell Street (now out of use) was built in 1960. In 1987 natural gas arrived via a new 240 km spur pipeline off the
Moomba Moomba (also known as the Moomba Festival) is held annually in Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are ...
to Sydney pipeline. The early part of the century saw electricity arrive initially for
street lighting A street light, light pole, lamppost, street lamp, light standard or lamp standard is a raised source of light on the edge of a road or path. Similar lights may be found on a railway platform. When urban electric power distribution became ubiqui ...
; the city converted from gas street lighting to electric lighting on 22 December 1924, when 370 electric lights at a cost of £40,000 were switched on. Lighting spread along streets through to 1935, over time to businesses and finally private houses. Sewage treatment was an early infrastructure project funded by the state government and built in 1915. Water supply started with private wells in backyards. Eventually a waterworks was built to the south of the town on the river with the water pumped through piping laid progressively to the businesses and private dwellings. In 1931, work started on the 1,700 ML Winburndale Dam project to gravity feed water through a wood stave pipe laid to the town. The scheme was opened by the Premier of New South Wales on 7 October 1933. Later, a new larger water supply dam was built on the Campbells River. Originally known as the Campbell River Dam scheme and later renamed the Ben Chifley Dam after the late Prime Minister Ben Chifley of Bathurst. It was opened in November 1956. The Ben Chifley Dam received a major storage upgrade designed to meet the cities needs to 2050; the work was completed in 2001 increasing the capacity by 30% to . An ambulance service commenced on 6 June 1925 with a new Hudson Motor Car Company, Hudson ambulance. A new ambulance station was opened 2 March 1929 and is still used by the NSW Ambulance Service. Motor cars were becoming common in the early 20th century and the need for road service patrols commenced in 1927, provided by the NRMA using a motorcycle/sidecar response vehicle. The early electronic media age arrived with the opening of commercial radio station 2BS on 1 January 1937. Bathurst Airport (Australia), Bathurst Aerodrome was opened in 1942, initially to benefit the war effort providing parking for aircraft overflowing from RAAF Base Richmond, Richmond air force base. The first commercial airline service departed for Sydney on 16 December 1946. A famous Australian brand name of frozen foods began in Bathurst. Robert Gordon Edgell arrived in Bathurst in 1902. By 1906, he was growing pears, apples and asparagus and experimenting with canning and preserving fruit and vegetables, eventually opening a small cannery in 1926. In 1930, he formed the company Gordon Edgell & Sons which became, and still is, a famous Australian food brand, now owned by Simplot. Many attempts were made to start a University College, the earliest attempts were 1912 through to 1947 when real progress was made with plans for a state teachers college. The first intake of teacher students came at the beginning of 1951 with the official opening on 9 November 1951. The college has transformed over time into the Mitchell College of Advanced Education on 1 January 1970. The College grew and ultimately became the Charles Sturt University on 19 July 1989. Bathurst was one of the locations to campaign to be the site of the new Federal Capital. In an essay prepared by a journalist with the ''Bathurst Times'', Price Warung, in 1901 to promote Bathurst's candidacy, he responds to the Federal committees key requirements for the capital to have: ''centrality and accessibility of situation, salubrity, and capacity for impregnable defence.'' An Army camp was established at Bathurst in early 1940 and was intended for the Second Australian Imperial Force's 1st Armoured Division (Australia), 1st Armoured Division, although it was later converted to an infantry training centre due to the unsuitability of the closely settled area to armoured training. Following the war, this camp was converted to a Post-war immigration to Australia#Migrant reception and training centres, migrant reception and training centre. The first group of migrants arrived at Bathurst in 1948; at times the centre had up to residents.


Population growth

Bathurst's population has had rapid growth periods throughout its history; during the mid to late 19th century gold rush period, then post World War 2 when migrants from the war ravaged countries were settled in the area and returning soldiers were offered farming land, and at the start of this century has been another fast growth period corresponding in part to Sydney's congestion. Other periods have seen a slightly declining population, including the decade around the 1900s and during the 1960s. The following chart illustrates the growth from 1856 to recent times.


Heritage listings

Bathurst has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: * All Saints Anglican Cathedral Church Street: All Saints Cathedral Bells * Bathurst City Library 70-78 Keppel Street: Bathurst Old School of Arts Library Collection * Bathurst Street Lamps, located throughout the central business district * Bentinck Street: Bentinck Street Elm Trees * 67 and 71 Bentinck Street: Bentinck Street houses, Bathurst, Bentinck Street houses * Browning Street: Bathurst Correctional Complex * 10 Busby Street: Ben Chifley's House * 218 Gormans Hill Road: Merembra Homestead * Havannah Street: Bathurst railway station, New South Wales, Bathurst railway station * Howick Street: Old Bathurst Hospital * 194, 196, 198, 200 and 202 Howick Street: Howick Street houses, Bathurst, Howick Street houses * Kendall Avenue (Great Western Highway): Bathurst Showground * Macquarie River, Great Western Highway:
Denison Bridge The Denison Bridge is a heritage-listed footbridge A footbridge (also a pedestrian bridge, pedestrian overpass, or pedestrian overcrossing) is a bridge A bridge is a Nonbuilding structure, structure built to Span (engineering), span a physic ...
* Main Western railway: Macquarie River Railway Bridge * 3249 O'Connell Road: The Grange and Macquarie Plains Cemetery * Russell Street:
Bathurst Courthouse Bathurst Courthouse is a heritage-listed courthouse at Russell Street, Bathurst, New South Wales, Bathurst, Bathurst Region, New South Wales, Australia. Constructed in the Australian non-residential architectural styles#Federation Free Classica ...

Bathurst Courthouse
* 321 Russell Street: Miss Traill's House * 16 Stanley Street: Old Government Cottages Group, Bathurst, Old Government Cottages Group * 107 William Street: Cathedral of St Michael and St John * 108 William Street: Royal Hotel, Bathurst, Royal Hotel


Population

At June 2019 there were 37,191 people in Bathurst. * Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 5.8% of the population. * 84.1% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 1.8%, New Zealand 1.1%, India 0.5%, Philippines 0.4% and Scotland 0.4%. * 87.3% of people only spoke English at home. * The most common responses for religion were Catholic 31.6%, No Religion 22.7% and Anglican 18.8%.


Governance


Local

Local government was trialled in the new Colony with a 'Bathurst and Carcoar District Council' established on 12 August 1843, Bathurst was proclaimed a town in 1852 and incorporated as a borough in 1862, next a municipality in 1883, then gazetted a city in on 20 March 1885. the same day as Sydney was declared a city. Bathurst Regional Council was formed on 26 May 2004 following the amalgamation of the Bathurst City Council, most of Evans Shire and a small amount of land formerly included in Oberon Shire.


State

The Electoral district of Bathurst is the state seat in the NSW Parliament. This seat covers the major centres of Bathurst and Lithgow, New South Wales, Lithgow, and all or part of Bathurst, Blayney Shire Council, Blayney, Cabonne Shire Council, Cabonne, Lithgow, Mid-Western Regional Council, Mid-Western and Oberon Shire, Oberon local government areas. Since 1859, Bathurst has existed as an Electoral districts of New South Wales, electoral district in the NSW Parliament. Prior to 1856, Bathurst was a part of the Electoral district of Western Boroughs. Before the 1920s, Bathurst was a Single-member constituency, single member constituency, in the 1920s it became a multimember district with proportional representation. During the middle part of the 20th century the seat was marginal between Australian Labor Party, Labor and Australian Country Party (1920), Country Parties, from 1981 when the strong Labor town of Lithgow moved from Blue Mountains (New South Wales), Blue Mountains to Bathurst, the seat was dominated by Labor, except for 1988 when it was won by the Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal Party for one 3-year term, and the 2011 election when Paul Toole of the National Party of Australia, National Party won the seat.


Federal

Bathurst is currently within the federal electoral district of Calare which includes a large part of western NSW from Lithgow in the east to Tullamore in the west. Prior to the 2010 election, Bathurst was within the Macquarie federal electoral district which was more easterly based including the Blue Mountains area with Bathurst as the western boundary of the district.


Economy

Bathurst's economy is broad based with a manufacturing industry, large education sector (including agricultural) and government service sectors. In 2015, the Gross Regional Product was $1.96 billion representing 0.4% of the Gross State Product of New South Wales. To capitalise on Bathurst's growth, education facilities and youthful population, in 2011 the Regional Council announced it was progressing plans for a new Australian Centre for Science, Technology and Emerging Industries (ACSTEI), also known as the Technology Park, to be established adjacent to the Charles Sturt University Campus with the centre featuring next generation emerging industries.


Manufacturing and food

Private sector employers with large workforces in Bathurst (according to statistics published in 2009) include Devro, an international company that produces food casing products and Mars Petcare manufacturing plant are the single largest private employers of labour. Companies such as Telstra's call centre, Simplot Australia's (more recognisable as brands such as Edgells, BirdsEye, Chiko Roll, and I&J Seafood products) food processing and canning plant and Burkes Transport a local trucking and distribution company. In 1982, Clyde Engineering opened a railway component facility in Kelso, initially producing electrical equipment under licence from Hitachi. In 1982 it began manufacturing locomotives. It closed in 2013.


Public sector

Government sector employers with large local workforces include Country Energy with their District Field Office and Corporate Office, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst Regional Council, the NSW Land Registry Services that provide mapping and survey data across NSW, the Greater Western Area Health Service – Regional Office, Bathurst Correctional Centre, Department of Education and Training (New South Wales), Department of Education and Training – Regional Office, New South Wales Police Force, Police Service – Chifley Local Area Command, and NSW State Forests – Regional Office. In April 1982, the State Rail Authority opened a locomotive and wagon overhaul facility in Bathurst.


Agriculture

The Bathurst region's climate of cool winter weather lends itself to stone fruit production and cool variety grapes suitable for wine production. Bathurst is the location for the Bathurst Primary Industries Centre, a government facility that has been operating since 1895 and originally known as The Experimental Farm. Originally established to study most facets of agriculture in the early growth years of the western inland, work included dairy, pigs, vegetable, cereal plantings, and fruit trees. The site is still one of the most important stone fruit research units in Australia. Lamb and mutton, Sheep and wool production are the main Primary sector of the economy, primary sector Industry (economics), industries in the surrounding area with beef cattle a secondary production. Wool has been a significant part of the Bathurst rural scene since the 1850s when the industry was growing rapidly. Lambs for meat production are a common product of the region's farms. Beef cattle breeds are predominantly British, British cross and European cross; the Bos indicus types are present but not common.


Forestry

Bathurst is the site of a major timber processing facility, which uses timber harvested from the surrounding forests. There are large plantations of softwood timber (pinus radiata) that are harvested for timber products; the main product being sawlogs, and some Pulp (paper), pulp. Bathurst is the headquarters for the Macquarie Region of Forestry Corporation of NSW (a NSW State Owned Corporation).


Motorsport

Today, Bathurst is synonymous with motorsport, being the site of the Mount Panorama Circuit, Mount Panorama motor racing circuit. It hosts the Bathurst 12 Hour motor race each February, the Bathurst Motor Festival every Easter, and the Bathurst 1000 motor race each October. During these times, the population swells with tourists. The circuit is a public road when not being used for racing and is a popular tourist attraction for visitors to the city. Bathurst has a long history of racing, beginning with motorcycle racing from 1911. From 1931 to 1938, motorcycle racing was conducted at the Old Vale Circuit before moving to the newly created Mount Panorama Circuit in 1938. On 16 April 1938, Mount Panorama attracted 20,000 spectators to its first race, The Australian Tourist Trophy and in 2006 the crowd figure reached 194,000 for the 3-day Bathurst 1000 event. A group known as 'Mount Panorama Second Circuit Action Group' is promoting and lobbying to incorporate additional track and facilities into the existing circuit to capture additional events and increase the use of the facility. Beside the circuit is the National Motor Racing Museum. This museum was built to encourage visitors to the circuit all year round and includes motor cycles and cars, representing the racing history of Bathurst. Peter Brock, the race car driver, was synonymous with Mount Panorama racing and a memorial sculpture dedicated to him, is located in the museum grounds.


Sport

Sports in general are well supported by the Bathurst community. The Bathurst Regional Council and NSW State Government have contributed significant funds over the past decade to build new facilities, such as a new heated Aquatic Centre, an Indoor Sports Stadium, Hockey Complex and major upgrade of the track, new pit complex and spectator facilities at the Mount Panorama circuit. The Hockey Complex is an advanced facility which includes water and sand based fields as well as numerous grass fields. Bathurst has had a long association with competitive Hockey at the National level. The city provides dedicated sports facilities for motor racing, Rugby League (part of Group 10 Rugby League, Group 10), Rugby Union, AFL, Athletics, Cricket, Netball, Tennis, Football and Touch Football. There are over 70 different sporting groups and organisations in the region from the Academy of Dance, croquet, aero, pony clubs, through to the football, rugby, cricket and cycling. Cycling is increasingly considered a speciality sport of the Bathurst Region with ideal road and community facilities around the city. The Bathurst Cycling Club is one of the oldest sports clubs in Australia founded in 1884. Sports grounds around Bathurst: * Alan Morse Park – cricket and athletics * Anne Ashwood Park – rugby union (Bathurst Bulldogs Rugby Union Club) * Bathurst Sportsground – turf cricket pitch, rugby league / rugby union field, velodrome, and turf 'track and field' facilities – home of Bathurst Panthers Rugby League Club & others * Bathurst Indoor Sports Stadium – basketball, volleyball, netball, soccer and badminton courts * Brooke Moore Oval – 3 synthetic cricket nets, and 1 turf cricket pitch * Carrington Park – rugby league, and rugby union * Cooke Hockey Complex – 9 grass hockey fields, 3 synthetic hockey fields * Cubis Park Facilities – 2 synthetic cricket pitches, and 2 full size rugby league / soccer fields * Eglinton Oval * George Park – AFL, and cricket * John Matthews Complex – 14 all weather netball courts, and tennis * Kennerson Park, Upfold Street - Bathurst Greyhound racing in Australia, greyhound racing, opened 30 November 1935. * Learmonth Park – 4 synthetic cricket pitches, and 9 touch football fields (turf) * Marsden Estate – table tennis tournament * Proctor Park – 12 turf soccer fields * Police Paddock – 2 synthetic cricket pitches, and 4 full sized turf soccer fields * Ralph Cameron Oval, Raglan – 2 tennis courts, 3 cricket nets, 2 synthetic cricket wickets * Walmer Park * Paddy's Hotel Sports Fields – turf cricket pitch, turf cricket nets and synthetic cricket nets Gliding is a popular activity and there is a large gliding community in Bathurst. Gliding takes place at Pipers Airfield which is about 5 kilometres to the north of the city. Gliding also occurs most school holidays at the Bathurst Regional Airport where Australian Air Force Cadets (AAFC) from ''No.301 Air Training Flight'' learn to fly. Bathurst, with its young demographic, has established modern sporting competitions such as the Newtons Nation event. At this event, held at Mount Panorama, young people can participate in modern sports such as BMX Dirt Bikes, Mountain Bikes, Wakeboarding, Parkour, Flatland BMX, Krumping, Skateboarding, and Luge.


Culture

Bathurst is a City status in the United Kingdom, cathedral city, being the cathedra, seat for the Anglican Diocese of Bathurst, Anglican and Roman Catholic Diocese of Bathurst in Australia, Roman Catholic bishops of Bathurst. The city is dotted with many churches and other religious buildings such as schools and halls. The cathedrals are All Saints' (Anglican), and St Michael and St John's (Catholic); then there are many churches and places of worship including St Stephens Presbyterian Church & Hall, Assumption Church (Catholic), St Barnabas' South Bathurst (Anglican) that was partially fire-destroyed in 2014 and others. Bathurst was also the home of wartime Australian Labor Party, Labor Prime Minister Ben Chifley, who represented the area in the Federal Parliament and is buried in Bathurst. His legacy is celebrated by the Labor Party each year with a function known as ''The light on the hill, the Light on the Hill'' speech by a senior Labor figure. The Light on the Hill speech was first delivered to the ALP Conference by Chifley in 1949. Bathurst is unusual in that it has a collection of house museums representing different periods of its history from first settlement to the 1970s. The house museums include ''Old Government Cottage'' built 1837–1860, ''Abercrombie House'' a 40-room historic mansion built c. 1870s, ''Miss Traill's House'' built in 1845, and ''Chifley Home'' which retains the simple furnishings that demonstrated the lifestyle and image of Chifley as a 'plain man'. Bathurst is home to several museums including the Bathurst Historical Society Museum located in the left wing of the historic courthouse. This museum includes in its collection a range of Aboriginal artefacts and large collections of documents relating to Bathurst's early history and collection of local items from Australia's early settlement. Central Bathurst is host to the Australian Fossil and Mineral Museum, which houses the Somerville Collection of fossils and minerals, and features Australia's only complete Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton. The Somerville Collection also consists of one of the largest collections of tourmaline in the Southern Hemisphere. The Fossil and Mineral Museum is located in the historic school building in the CBD. Organisations that support the various arts are well catered for in Bathurst they include the Mitchell Conservatorium which was the NSW's first regional, community-based, pre-tertiary and non-profit music centre, it was established in May 1978. The Conservatorium provides musical education and performance opportunities to children and adults. Th
Bathurst Regional Art Gallery
focuses on Australian art from 1955 and has a strong representation of local landscapes and particularly local villages and towns. The collection includes several Lloyd Rees paintings. The design of the gallery allows regular exhibitions with an average of 25 exhibitions per year. The gallery is owned by the Bathurst Regional Council and is located in a modern purpose built building incorporating the Regional Library. Another Arts group is the Macquarie Philharmonia, this professional and amateur orchestra annually brings together professional musicians living in western areas of NSW. Known as Australia's Inland Symphony Orchestra, throughout the year the Macquarie Philharmonia invites selected music students from the region's Conservatoriums to perform alongside professionals to audiences throughout the Region. Carillon Theatrical Society is an amateur theatrical society that has been performing musicals for the people of Bathurst since 1959. Recent shows include The Producers (musical), The Producers and Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. The NSW Government and Charles Sturt University supports the Arts in the area through Arts OutWest which is the peak arts and cultural body for the Central West area of NSW, operating since 1974. This group promotes and educates arts and cultural development for Bathurst and the region. The Bathurst Memorial Entertainment Centre (BMEC) is a new purpose built building completed in 1999 that provides a venue for local and visiting performances. BMEC has an annual season of entertainment encompassing all forms of the performing arts from Australia and around the world. Entertainment and learning is promoted by the historic Royal Bathurst Show, this Agricultural Show has been operating since 1860 and is one of the largest regional shows in NSW. The show has been operating continuously from the present site since 1878 and attendances now typically reach 20,000 people over a two-day period. In 1994 approval was received from the Queen to name the show the ''Royal Bathurst Show''. The Central Tablelands region is a location with a growing reputation as a producer of gourmet food and drink. A non-profit volunteer based organisation known as Bre&d was established in 2001 to encourage visitors and residents to experience the regions produce. The organisation operates the monthly Bathurst Farmers Markets held at the Bathurst Showground as well as the ''Bre&d Under the Stars'' and ''Bre&d on the Bridge'' annual events that showcase the regions chefs and local produce. The events are held on the historic
Denison Bridge The Denison Bridge is a heritage-listed footbridge A footbridge (also a pedestrian bridge, pedestrian overpass, or pedestrian overcrossing) is a bridge A bridge is a Nonbuilding structure, structure built to Span (engineering), span a physic ...
with the Macquarie River (New South Wales), Macquarie River passing below.


Attractions

* Yerranderie Regional Park * Evans Crown Nature Reserve * Abercrombie House * National Motor Racing Museum * Trunkey Creek * Abercrombie Caves * Bathurst Regional Art Gallery


Education

Education is Bathurst's largest industry with 60 education facilities that represent 7.6% of Bathurst's Gross Regional Product. The education range covers all levels including university, TAFE, secondary, primary both public and private. 12.1% of the local population are employed in the education sector; the NSW state average is 7.0%. Bathurst is the headquarters for Charles Sturt University which has a major campus in Bathurst, complementing campuses in Wagga Wagga, Albury, Dubbo, Orange, New South Wales, Orange,
Canberra Canberra ( ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the holding primary status in a , , , , or other , usually as its seat of the government. A capital is typically a that physically encompasses the government's offices an ...

Canberra
, and
Goulburn Goulburn is a regional city in the Southern Tablelands of the Australian States and territories of Australia, state of New South Wales, approximately south-west of Sydney, and north-east of Canberra. It was proclaimed as Australia's first inl ...

Goulburn
. It is a major provider of regional tertiary education. The university is renowned for its reputation in journalism. The Western Institute of TAFE has two campuses in Bathurst. The College has 12 Industry Training Divisions including arts and media, building and construction, business services, computing and information services, engineering services, rural and mining services and tourism and hospitality. Western Sydney University has a clinical education facility, housed within Bathurst Hospital, open since June 2010 for its fourth year medical students. Bathurst has numerous primary schools and high schools, both public and private. These include the All Saints College, Bathurst, All Saints College, Denison College, MacKillop College, Bathurst, MacKillop College, St Stanislaus College (Bathurst), St. Stanislaus College, The Scots School, Bathurst, The Scots School.


Transport


Roads

Bathurst is a regional highway hub. Several roads including the
Great Western Highway The Great Western Highway is a state highway A state highway, state road, or state route (and the equivalent provincial highway, provincial road, or provincial route) is usually a road that is either ''numbered'' or ''maintained'' by a ...
,
Mid-Western Highway The Mid-Western Highway, sometimes the Mid Western Highway, is a state highway located in the central western and northern Riverina regions of New South Wales New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state State may refer to: Arts, en ...
,
Mitchell Highway The Mitchell Highway is a state highway located in the central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions and gene ...
, O'Connell Road to Oberon, New South Wales, Oberon and Bathurst-Ilford Road all start in Bathurst. Other major roads in Bathurst include Durham Street, Eleven Mile Drive, and Bradwardine Road.


Rail

Bathurst railway station, New South Wales, Bathurst railway station is located ten minutes' walk from the city centre. It is serviced by daily NSW TrainLink trains and buses east to Lithgow railway station, Lithgow then on to Sydney, north west to Dubbo railway station, Dubbo, west to Parkes railway station, Parkes and south to Cootamundra railway station, Cootamundra.


Bus

Local bus services provided by Buslines Group#Bathurst Buslines, Bathurst Buslines operate in the surrounding suburbs of Bathurst, with a bus interchange in Howick Street, opposite Stockland Bathurst. Interurban bus services are provided between Bathurst and Lithgow, Bathurst and Orange, and Bathurst and Oberon. Long distance coaches are operate between Bathurst and Sydney by Australia Wide Coaches.


Air

Regional Express Airlines is the only airline providing passenger services at Bathurst Airport (Australia), Bathurst Airport; it services the route with three daily return flights to Sydney.


Bathurst Region development

Bathurst's location close to Sydney and on major highways placed it in a desirable position for Decentralization, decentralisation plans by various governments over the years. Several decentralisation plans relating to Bathurst can be identified: # in the late 1940s the John Curtin, Curtin Federal Government encouraged the NSW government to establish regions for regional development purposes. Bathurst and Orange were grouped as the Mitchell Region and established as such in 1945. Later the new John Menzies, Menzies federal government dropped support for the Regionalism (politics), regionalisation scheme however the NSW Government continued, albeit modestly, promoting the regionalisation plan. # on 3 October 1972 the Federal Government and New South Wales Governments agreed on a plan to introduce a decentralisation policy to various regions in NSW. This plan included a pilot growth centre in the Bathurst-Orange area and was known as the Bathurst Orange Development Corporation (BODC). Initially 13 areas were proposed, however only four were established with Bathurst-Orange and Albury-Wodonga the only in rural regional NSW. The project would comprise domestic, commercial and industrial developments and would develop the area economically, raise new capital investment, bring population to the region and create new employment opportunities. A statutory body was established by Act of Parliament to manage the BODC. The Act was effective from 1 July 1974. A key focus for the BODC was the purchase of land and to that end it purchased 209 properties around Bathurst valued at $22 million. A decline in regional trade as a result of changing global trends and the international depression and the oil shock during the mid-70s resulted in a declining interest by developers in new facilities. The BODC progressively received less and less government support and suffered liquidity problems. Several large new employers moved to Bathurst as part of the BODC initiative, including Devro , Uncle Bens (now Mars, Incorporated#Products for non-human consumption, Mars ), and Omya Minerals. # In 1989, the Greiner government promoted the regional hub strategy that encouraged regional centres that had natural growth potential. Bathurst was one of 12 regional hub locations in NSW that received support funding for development of University expansions, administration, health and general education sectors. # In 2010, a new plan to attract residents and therefore business to regional centres was launched. The marketing name is EVO Cities, a name coming from Energy, Vision and Opportunity (EVO). Seven NSW regional cities including Bathurst have developed the EVO City strategy at a local government level with funding provided by the NSW and Federal governments. The strategy largely relies on advertising in capital city markets to promote residents to relocate to the EVO Cities.


Notable people

* Charles Bean (1879–1968), barrister, journalist, war correspondent and historian, born in Bathurst. * George Bonnor, (1855–1912), Australian cricketer. * Brian Booth (1933–), test cricketer and Olympic hockey player. * Keith Bremner (1947–2013), Australian Paralympic Shooter. * Reg Campbell (1923–2008), Australian portrait painter. * Ben Chifley (1885–1951), Australian Prime Minister and Bathurst loco driver. * Brendan Cowell (1976–), actor, screenwriter and director. * William Cox (1764–1837), engineer of the first road from Sydney to Bathurst. * Andrew Denton (1960–), television presenter and producer, host of ''Enough Rope''. * Robert Gordon Edgell (1866–1948), founder of Edgells food processing. * George Evans (explorer), George William Evans (1780–1852), first European to reach site of Bathurst. * Beatrice Grimshaw (1870–1953), noted for her writing about New Guinea, buried in Catholic portion of cemetery. * Gus Kelly (politician), Gus Kelly (1890–1967), Member for Bathurst for 38 years. * Janelle Lindsay (1976–), Australian Paralympic tandem cycling pilot. * Kim Mackay (1902–1960), British Labour politician. * Scott McGregor (television presenter), Scott McGregor (1957–), television presenter, actor. * James Thomas Morisset (1780–1852), was appointed Commandant at Bathurst in 1823. * Matt Naylor (1983–), Australian field hockey player. * Peter O'Malley (golfer), Peter O'Malley (1965–), Australian professional golfer. * Tommy Raudonikis (1950–), Australian rugby league player and coach. * Mark Renshaw (1982–), Australian professional cyclist, born and educated in Bathurst * Beau Robinson (1986–), Australian rugby union player. * Rodney Rude, Rodney Keft (A.K.A. Rodney Rude) (1943–) Australian comedian. * James Stewart (archaeologist) (1913–1962) archaeologist and academic. * Gordon Neil Stewart (1912–1999), author and journalist. * Tim Storrier (1949–), Australian painter, winner of the 2012 Archibald Prize. Resident of Bathurst 1995–2013. * Francis Bathurst Suttor, Sir Francis Bathurst Suttor (1839–1915), a local politician and pastoralist. * William Henry Suttor, (1805–1877), a local politician and pastoralist. * Archie Thompson (1978–), A-League record-holding footballer. * Charles Turner (Australian cricketer), Charles Turner (1862–1944), Australian cricketer. * B. Linden Webb (1884–1968), Methodist minister and pacifist. * Bluey Wilkinson (1911–1940), Australian speedway rider, Individual World Champion in 1938, known as the ''Bathurst Burr''. *
Windradyne Windradyne ( – 21 March 1829) was an Indigenous Australians, Aboriginal warrior and Resistance movement, resistance leader of the Wiradjuri nation, in what is now central-western New South Wales, Australia; he was also known to the British set ...
(), Wiradjuri Warrior.


Media


Print

The local daily newspaper is the The Western Advocate (Bathurst, New South Wales), Western Advocate, published in Bathurst for 150 years. The publication has a circulation of 5,800 copies.


Radio stations

Bathurst-licensed stations * 2BS Bathurst, 2BS FM 95.1 (commercial) – transmitted from the broadcaster's own tower in the northern suburb of Eglinton * B-Rock 99.3FM, B-Rock FM 99.3 (commercial) – transmitted from the broadcaster's own tower in the Ovens Ranges near Yetholme * 2MCE FM Bathurst, 2MCE-FM 92.3 (community) * Life FM 100.1(Christian community) – transmitted from the Bathurst broadcast site Yetholme National and other stations * ABC Central West 549 AM * NewsRadio 98.3 * Radio National 104.3/96.7 * Triple J 101.9/95.9 * Classic FM 102.7/97.5 * SBS Radio 88.9 MHz -Special Broadcasting Service, (Multicultural) * Vision Radio (UCB relay) 1629 AM * Racing Radio 2KY 100.9


Television stations

Television in the town area is transmitted from a tower on Mount Panorama * Prime7, 7Two, 7mate, 7flix and Ishop TV, ishopTV (Seven Network/Prime Media Group affiliated channels). * Southern Cross Nine, 9Gem, 9Go!, 9Go, 9Life, Aspire TV and SBN (Nine Network Australia/Nine (Southern Cross Austereo), Southern Cross Austereo). * WIN Television, WIN, 10 Bold, Bold, 10 Peach, Peach, Gold (Australian TV channel), Gold and TVSN (Network 10, Network Ten/WIN Television affiliated channels). *ABC1, ABC, ABC Comedy, ABC Me, ABCME and ABC News (Australian TV channel), ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). *SBS (Australian TV channel), SBS, SBS Viceland, SBS World Movies, SBS Food and National Indigenous Television, NITV (Special Broadcasting Service). *Subscription Television services are provided by Austar. Of the three main commercial networks: * ''Prime7 News'' produces a half-hour local news bulletin for the Central West (New South Wales), Central West, airing each weeknight at 6pm. It is produced from local newsrooms in Orange, New South Wales, Orange and Dubbo and broadcast from studios in
Canberra Canberra ( ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the holding primary status in a , , , , or other , usually as its seat of the government. A capital is typically a that physically encompasses the government's offices an ...

Canberra
. * Southern Cross Nine airs a regional New South Wales edition of ''Nine News'' from Sydney each weeknight at 6pm, featuring opt-outs for the Central West. * WIN Television aired a half-hour local bulletin until the closure of its Orange newsroom in June 2019. The station now produces short news updates throughout the day from its Wollongong studios.


Twin city

* Ōkuma, Fukushima, Ōkuma, Japan,"Bathurst's sister city home to nuclear plant"
since 1991 * Iiyama, Nagano, Iiyama, Japa


See also

* History of infrastructure development in Bathurst a sequence of significant infrastructure building events in the growth of Bathurst * Bathurst County one of the 141 Lands division areas within NSW, now only used for land titles and geographic surveying * New South Wales gold rush


References


Books

* * * * * * *


External links


Bathurst Regional Council
{{Authority control Bathurst, New South Wales, Towns in the Central West (New South Wales) 1814 establishments in Australia Populated places established in 1814 Mining towns in New South Wales University towns in Australia