ST AUSTELL (/sɪnt ˈɔːstəl/ ; Cornish : S. Austel ) is a civil
parish and major town in
Cornwall , England, UK. It is situated on the
south coast, approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of
Bodmin and 30
miles (48 km) west of the border with
St Austell is one of the largest towns in Cornwall; in the 2011
St Austell civil parish had a population of 19,958, with a
total of 34,700 living in the wider area comprising several other
* 1 History
* 1.1 Redevelopment
* 2 Governance
* 2.1 Parliamentary
* 2.2 Local government
* 3 Economy
* 3.1 Tourism
* 3.2 Newspaper and radio
* 4 Landmarks
* 5 Transport
St Austell bus station
* 5.1.1 History
* 6 Education
* 7 Health services
* 8 Religious sites
* 8.1 Quakers
* 9 Sport
* 9.1 Speedway
Stock car racing
Stock car racing
* 9.3 Football
* 9.4 Rugby and tennis
* 9.5 Cricket
* 10 See also
* 11 References
* 12 Further reading
* 13 External links
Named after Saint
Saint Austell is mostly unrelated), one of
the earliest references to the village of
St Austell is in John Leland
's Itinerary, where he says "At S. Austelles is nothing notable but
the paroch chirch".
Not long after
William Cookworthy discovered china clay at Tregonning
hill in west Cornwall, the same mineral was found in greater quantity
Hensbarrow downs north of St Austell. Clay mining soon took over
from tin and copper mining as the principal industry in the area, and
this eventually contributed enormously to the growth of the town. The
clay industry really only came into its own during the mid 19th to
early 20th century, at a time when the falling prices of tin and other
metals forced many mines to close down or convert to clay mining. The
success and high profitability of the industry attracted many families
whose breadwinner had been put out of work by the depression in the
local metal mining industry, and increased the population of the town
considerably. This meant that more shops and businesses took root,
providing more jobs and improving trade. This, along with other
factors, led to
St Austell becoming one of the ten most important
commercial centres of Cornwall.
Work began in 1963 on the pedestrian precinct which included shops,
offices and flats: the design was by Alister MacDonald "> In August
2007, developers David McLean and demolition team Gilpin moved onto
the town centre site to complete the preparation, with the Filmcentre
which was originally an Odeon cinema dating back to 1936, being
demolished in late September/early October.
In October 2007, the South West of
England Regional Development
Agency (SWRDA) and project developers David McLean announced that the
new development would be named 'White River Place'. It was also
announced that 50% of shop units had been leased to high street
stores, with New Look , Peacocks , Bonmarché and Wilko opening new
stores. This would mean New Look relocating from its current premises
in Fore Street and the return of Peacocks to
St Austell following the
demolition of its old store to make way for the new development.
Bonmarche has since closed.
In October 2008, it was announced that the developer David McLean
Developments had gone into administration and concern was expressed
that this could jeopardise the completion of the project
In December 2008, the new White River Cinema opened its doors for the
first time: the cinema is technically advanced and the first
purpose-built cinema in
Cornwall for over 60 years.
The Torchlight Carnival was revived in November 2009 as a direct
result of public demand through a survey conducted with local
residents. The Torchlight Procession has become an important event in
the town's calendar, heralding in the Winter celebrations and drawing
thousands of people from across
Cornwall and Devon. The event is run
by a small group of non affiliated volunteers.
St Austell and Clay Country Eco-town is a plan for several new
St Austell on old Imerys sites. It was given
outline government approval in July 2009.
In July 2011, the
Cornwall Council strategic planning committee voted
to approve a £250 million beach resort scheme at
Carlyon Bay , St
Austell. The development was initially proposed in 2003.
The four civil parishes in the
St Austell area created in 2009
The arms of
St Austell are Arg. a saltire raguly Gu.
St Austell is in the parliamentary constituency of
St Austell and
Newquay which was created in 2010 by the Boundary Commission for
England (increasing the number of seats in
Cornwall from five to six).
Before 2010 it was in the
St Austell seat.
The main local authority is
Cornwall Council , the unitary authority
created as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in
England . The six former Districts and the former
Council were abolished and replaced by
Cornwall Council on 1 April
Also on 1 April 2009, four new parishes were created for the St
Austell area. They are:
St Austell Town Council covering Bethel, Gover, Mount Charles,
Poltair and Holmbush ; represented by 20 councillors.
Carlyon Parish Council covering
Carlyon Bay and Tregrehan;
represented by 9 councillors.
St Austell Bay Parish Council covering Charlestown, Duporth,
Porthpean and Trenarren; represented by 7 councillors.
Pentewan Valley Parish Council covering Tregorrick, Trewhiddle,
London Apprentice and Pentewan; represented by 9 councillors.
Before this date the area had been an unparished area .
St Austell is the main centre of the china clay industry in Cornwall
and employs around 2,200 people as of 2006 , with sales of £195
St Austell Brewery
St Austell Brewery , which celebrated its 150th anniversary in
2001, supplies cask ale to pubs in
Cornwall and other parts of the
country. Its flagship beer is
St Austell Tribute; a number of other
ales are brewed but are less commonly sold outside Cornwall. St
Austell Brewery's first public house,'The Seven Stars Inn' purchased
in 1863, still stands today on East Hill in the town. Tregonissey
House, the site of the company's first steam Brewery, built in 1870,
can also be seen in Market Hill. A Brewery museum and Visitor Centre
is open to the public on the present Brewery site in Trevarthian Road.
Panoramic view of the geodesic biome domes at the
As in much of
Cornwall and neighbouring counties, tourism is
increasingly important to St Austell's economy. Tourists are drawn to
the area by nearby beaches and attractions such as the
Eden Project ,
sited in a former clay pit , and the
Lost Gardens of Heligan . The
China Clay Country Park, in a former china-clay pit two miles north of
the town, tells the story of the men, women and children who lived,
worked and played in the shadow of the clay tips around St Austell.
St Austell is home to several public houses , numerous high street
retailers, and several independent shops, many of which cater for
tourists. The town has a small museum which is situated in the Market
House. A Brewery Museum and Visitor Centre is situated on the site of
St Austell Brewery
St Austell Brewery in Trevarthian Road.
NEWSPAPER AND RADIO
The town has two weekly newspapers
St Austell Guardian , part of the
Cornish Guardian series
Devon Media Ltd. It has a long history in
the town and is published on Friday.
St Austell Voice , sister paper to the
Newquay Voice , had
offices close to the town centre in
Truro Road, but has since moved to
Old Vicarage Place. It is published on Wednesday
St Austell Bay is a local radio station which broadcasts from
studios at Tregorrick Park. It launched in January 2008 to cover the
Trewoon in the west to
Tywardreath in the east.
Notable Cornish architect
Silvanus Trevail designed a number of St
Austell's buildings and houses, including the Thin End and the
Moorland Road terrace. Of other notable architects from St Austell
include John Goode, who contributed considerably during the 1970s to
residential developments in the area.
Holy Trinity Church, St
Pevsner remarks in his guide to
Cornwall that the following buildings
* The Parish Church
* The Old Town Hall, in Italian Renaissance style, 1844
* Friends Meeting House, 1829, a plain granite structure
* Masonic Hall, South Street, 1900 and is home to nine Masonic
* White Hart Hotel: once contained panoramic wallpaper of the Bay of
Naples by Dufour (now in the
Victoria and Albert Museum
Victoria and Albert Museum )
* Holy Well at Menacuddle.
* Three buildings of the 1960s: Penrice School, 1960; Public
Library, 1961; former Magistrates' Court, 1966.
St Austell railway station
St Austell railway station was opened by the
Cornwall Railway on 4
May 1859 on the hillside above the town centre. Two branch lines west
of the town were later opened to serve the china clay industry; the
Cornwall Junction Railway which is still partly open, and
Trenance Valley line
Trenance Valley line . The independent narrow gauge
Pentewan Railway ran from West Hill to the coast at
Pentewan . The
Cornish Main Line in
St Austell is quite renowned for its viaduct
which passes through the Gover Valley and Trenance areas of the town.
the original timber structure was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel
, it was 115 feet (35 m) high, 720 feet (220 m) long on 10 piers; it
was replaced by a new stone viaduct in 1899. There was a siding
located west of the viaduct. In the early years trains from St Austell
had to push wagons over the tall, curving viaduct to shunt this
Great Western Railway 's instructions stated that: "Trucks
may be pushed from
St Austell to the Siding, but when this is done the
speed of the Train between the two places must not exceed 8 miles an
hour, and the head Guard must ride on the leading vehicle, unless it
be a bonnet end one, in which case he must ride in the first low sided
vehicle from it, to keep a good look out, and be prepared to give a
signal to the Driver either by Day or Night, as may be required".
Train services today operate west to
Penzance , and east to
Plymouth and London . There are also three services on most days to
the North of
England and Scotland.
The town\'s bus station faces the entrance to the railway station to
offer an easy interchange between buses and trains. National Express
coach services call here, a dedicated link operates to the Eden
Project , and local buses operate to villages such as
Mevagissey . The town can be accessed by the A390 which by-passes the
town to the south on its way from
Truro , or by the A391
Bodmin , or by the A3058 from
Newquay . In addition there are the
B3273 to Mevagissey, the B3274 to
Padstow and the A3082 to Fowey.
ST AUSTELL BUS STATION
St Austell Bus Station
St Austell Bus Station in June 2013
St Austell bus station is the main bus and coach terminus for the
town of St Austell,
Cornwall , United Kingdom. The bus station is
located in the forecourt of the railway station , formerly a railway
The bus station was redeveloped again in 2008, the new facility being
opened on 3 November. It now comprises seven stands and shares
facilities such as a taxi rank and buffet with the adjoining railway
station which is operated by
First Great Western
First Great Western , a sister company to
the main local bus operator. Local services are provided by First
South West . Long-distance coach services are part of the National
Express Coaches network.
Great Western Railway started to operate what they called 'road
motors ' from outside their railway station on 3 August 1908. These
first services ran to St Columb Road via St Dennis . A bus garage was
later provided nearby in Eliot Road, next to the railway's new goods
yard. The network was progressively extended over the next twenty
years, after which time the services were transferred to the Western
National Omnibus Company, formed in 1929 to free the railway company
from its bus services and avoid complaints about its transport
Western National has now become part of the
First South West but with most local buses branded as
St Austell has three comprehensive schools ,
Poltair School ,
formerly the grammar school , and
Penrice Academy ; together with
Brannel school which is situated in the nearby village of St
Stephen-in-Brannel , together with seven primary schools: Charlestown
County Primary School, Bishop Bronescombe School, Carclaze Community
Primary School, Mount Charles School, Pondhu Primary School, St Mewan
Primary School, and Sandy Hill Community Primary School.
St Austell is a Further ">
St Austell Community
Hospital St John's Methodist Church (built 1828 and restored in
St Austell has its own hospital,
St Austell Community Hospital,
formerly called Penrice Hospital. The hospital provides a number of
inpatient beds and services as well as a range of outpatient clinics.
Maternity services are also provided on site at the Penrice Birthing
Unit. The hospital provides some urgent treatment at its minor injury
unit, with the Royal
Cornwall Hospital at Treliske,
more serious cases.
The church was originally dedicated to St
Austol , a Breton saint
associated with St Meven, but is now dedicated to the
Holy Trinity .
By 1150 it had been appropriated to the Priory of
Tywardreath by the
Cardinhams : this continued until 1535. There was originally a Norman
church here, of which some remains may be seen. The present church is
of the 15th century and is large because the mediaeval parish was also
a large one: the tower is impressive. All four outside walls bear
sculptural groups in carved niches: the Twelve Apostles in three
groups on the north, east and south; the
Holy Trinity above the
Annunciation and below that the Risen Christ between two saints on the
west. The tower can be dated to between 1478 and 1487 by the arms of
Bishop Courtenay, and the walls are faced in
Pentewan stone . The
tower and other parts of the church have an interior lining of granite
On the south side of the church, a formerly separate chantry has
been incorporated into the church when it was extended. (The chantry
itself was abolished in 1543.) There are holy wells at Menacuddle and
Towan. A new organ was placed on the north side of the chancel in
1880 and the first recital was held on 22 April. The organ was built
by Messrs Bryceson Brothers and Ellis and cost circa £600. The
church is dedicated to the
Holy Trinity , is Grade I listed, and seats
300. There is a Cornish cross in the churchyard which was found
buried in the ground on the manor of
Treverbyn in 1879.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to CHURCHES IN ST AUSTELL .
The parish of
St Austell was part of the archdeaconry of
Diocese of Exeter
Diocese of Exeter until 1876 when the Diocese of
established. A new rural deanery of
St Austell was established in
1875. The style of worship of the parish church is in the Evangelical
tradition of the Church of
England . The two chapels-of-ease are All
Pentewan , and St Levan's,
Higher Porthpean . In the 19th
century the following parishes were created out of
St Austell parish:
St Blazey (1845); Charlestown (1846),
Treverbyn (1847), and Par (1846
St Blazey and Tywardreath).
There was formerly a Quaker burial ground at Tregongeeves, just
outside the town on the
Truro Road . It was covered by about 6 ft (1.8
m) of earth removed from the building of the new road in the 1960s. A
high stone wall bounds the remaining acre of land; access can be
gained through a wrought iron gate. Approximately forty of the
headstones from Tregongeeves were removed and are now located at the
Friends meeting house in the High Cross Street in St Austell, just
below the high wall which surrounds
St Austell railway station. That
meeting house is still in use.
Speedway racing first took place a venue called Rocky Park, under the
St Austell Gulls ". The sport was a hit during various years,
between 1949 and 1963 at the Cornish Stadium – now Stadium Retail
Park, home of Cornish Market World . The sport returned to the area in
the late 1990s, in the Clay Country Moto Parc, located at Old Pound,
Nanpean . The club operated as the
St Austell Gulls for four years,
until the club changed ownership, and moved up a league to the Premier
League , re-formed as the Trelawny JAG Tigers , until site owners
Imerys Minerals Ltd ended the lease. Speedway has not been held in
Cornwall since. Many attempts have been made to re-introduce the
sport, but none have got past planning permission. The two highest
profile bids were at Par Moor Motor Museum and St Eval Raceway. The
owner of the land for the Par Moor bid confirmed that he would rent
the land for speedway but locals objected. The St Eval bid failed
after residents expressed fears about noise.
STOCK CAR RACING
Stock car racing
Stock car racing , promoted by 1950s Kiwi Speedway star Trevor
Redmond , ran side by side with speedway on numerous occasions.
Numerous championships were run here, including the 1972 BriSCA World
Championship for Formula 2 cars, won by Jimmy Murray from N.Ireland.
It closed its doors in 1987.
St Austell Football Club was formed on 17 September 1890. In 1908 the
club won its first trophy: the
Cornwall Charity Cup. The club achieved
some success in the late 1920s and 1930s, winning the Senior Cup and
Charity Cup twice. In May 2009, the team won the Senior Cup with a
closely fought 3–2 victory over
Saltash United .
RUGBY AND TENNIS
Tregorrick Park is the home of
St Austell RFC ,
St Austell Tennis
Cornwall Table Tennis Centre.
St Austell RFC play in the
Tribute Western Counties West league and the club supports two senior
teams, a ladies team and 14 youth teams covering most age groups.
Founded in 1963
St Austell RFC has played at the Tregorrick Park
ground since their move from Cromwell Road in the 1980s to make way
Asda supermarket. Tregorrick Park also hosts a gym, sports
hall, squash courts, bar, function room and holds local events such as
firework displays and schools cross country competitions.
Wheal Eliza cricket ground is the home of
St Austell Cricket Club ,
and is also used for Minor Counties matches.
St Austell Cricket Club
supports four senior teams, a ladies team and youth teams.
Wheal Eliza includes two playing fields with their own
changing room facilities enabling
St Austell Cricket Club to hold two
competitive matches every match day. The club also has a pavilion,
scorebox, artificial and grass nets.
St Austell Brewery
St Austell Brewery
Boscoppa , a suburb of St Austell
* Charlestown , the port of St Austell
St Austell with
Fowey , a former local government area
St Stephen-in-Brannel , a district of village near St Austell
* Sticker , a village near St Austell
Treverbyn , a nearby village and parish
Trewoon , a village near St Austell
* People from
St Austell Bay (K634)
* ^ A B "Lead View Table
St Austell (parish)". Office for National
Statistics . Retrieved 1 March 2017.
* ^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF).
Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Archived from the original
(PDF) on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
* ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200
* ^ "Data from the 2011 Census (Office for National Statistics)".
Cornwall Council. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013.
Retrieved 15 November 2013.
* ^ Leland, John (1964). "Part III". In
Lucy Toulmin Smith .
Leland's Itinerary in
England and Wales. I. London: Centaur Press. p.
* ^ Smith, John R. (1992). "Cookworthy and the Early Years".
Cornwall's China-Clay Heritage.
Cornwall Archaeological Unit. p. 3. ISBN 0-906294-25-8 .
* ^ A B Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp.
Cornish Guardian , 3 October 2007
Cornish Guardian , 27 October 2008
* ^ "Eco-town home page".
Cornwall Council. Retrieved 7 November
* ^ "\'World-class\' development approved for
Carlyon Bay". Cornish
* ^ "
Carlyon Bay development given the go ahead".
* ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall:
Lodenek Press. p. 134. ISBN 0-902899-76-7 .
* ^ "
Cornwall (Structural Change) Order 2008". Office of Public
Sector Information . 25 February 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
* ^ "Town and parishes to get councils".
BBC News website.
BBC . 5
December 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
Cornwall Council website (1); Accessed May 2010
Cornwall Council website (2); Accessed May 2010
* ^ British Geological Survey (January 2006). "Kaolin Mineral
Planning Factsheet" (PDF). Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.
Retrieved 9 June 2013.
* ^ Imerys Minerals Limited (2003) Blueprint: Vision for the Future
* ^ Cryer, Revd N B (1989) Masonic Halls of England: The South
Shepperton: Ian Allan, pp 107-114
* ^ Province of
Cornwall Masonic Year Book
* ^ "Vues d’Italie; La Baie de Naples". vam.ac.uk.
* ^ Bennett, Alan (1988). The
Great Western Railway in Mid
Cornwall. Southampton: Kingfisher Railway Publications. ISBN
* ^ Binding, John (1993). Brunel's Cornish Viaducts. Penryn:
Atlantic Transport Publishing/Historical Model Railway Society. ISBN
* ^ "
Viaduct - St. Austell". wikimapia.org.
* ^ "National Rail Timetable 135 (Winter 2008)" (
PDF ). Network
Rail. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
* ^ Cummings, John (1980). Railway Motor Buses and Bus Services in
the British Isles 1902-1933, volume 2. Headington: Oxford Publishing
Company. ISBN 0-86093-050-5 .
* ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., revised by Enid
Radcliffe. Penguin Books
* ^ Roberts, E. (1967) The Story of
St Austell Parish Church
Ramsgate: The Church Publishers
* ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 57
* ^ "St Austell. Organ Recital On The New Church Organ". The
Cornishman (94). 29 April 1880. p. 7.
Truro Diocesan Directory 2008.
Truro Diocesan Board of Finance.
* ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph
Pollard; p. 253
* ^ "Club history".
St Austell AFC. Retrieved 24 June 2009.
* Hammond, Joseph (1897) St Austell: being an account of St Austell,
town, church, district and people. London: Skeffington
Ceremonial county of
Council of the Isles of Scilly
Council of the Isles of Scilly
* St Austell
St Columb Major
St Columb Major
* St Ives
St Just in Penwith
St Just in Penwith
See also: LIST OF CIVIL PARISHES IN CORNWALL
* De Lank
* Port Navas
* Status debate
* Population of major settlements
* Notable people
* The Duchy
* Places of interest
* full list...
Civil parishes of
St Austell and
Grampound with Creed
* St Austell
St Austell Bay
* St Blaise
St Columb Major
St Columb Major
* St Dennis
St Michael Caerhays
* St Sampson
Tywardreath and Par
* WorldCat Identities
* VIAF : 152559027
* GND :