St Austell (/sɪnt ˈɔːstəl/; Cornish: S. Austel) is a civil
parish and major town in Cornwall, England, UK. It is situated on the
south coast, approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of
30 miles (48 km) west of the border with Devon.
St Austell is one of the largest towns in Cornwall; in the 2011
St Austell civil parish had a population of 19,958, with a
total of 34,700 living in the wider area comprising several other
2.2 Local government
3.2 Newspaper and radio
St Austell bus station
7 Health services
8 Religious sites
9.2 Stock car racing
9.4 Rugby and tennis
10 See also
12 Further reading
13 External links
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Named after Saint
Saint Austell is mostly unrelated), one of
the earliest references to the village of
St Austell is in John
Leland's Itinerary, where he says "At S. Austelles is nothing notable
but the paroch chirch".
Not long after
William Cookworthy discovered china clay at Tregonning
Hill in west Cornwall, the same mineral was found in greater quantity
Hensbarrow downs north of St Austell.
Clay mining soon took over from tin and copper mining as the principal
industry in the area, and this eventually contributed enormously to
the growth of the town. The clay industry really only came into its
own during the mid 19th to early 20th century, at a time when the
falling prices of tin and other metals forced many mines to close down
or convert to clay mining. The success and high profitability of the
industry attracted many families whose breadwinner had been put out of
work by the depression in the local metal mining industry, and
increased the population of the town considerably. This meant that
more shops and businesses took root, providing more jobs and improving
trade. This, along with other factors, led to
St Austell becoming one
of the ten most important commercial centres of Cornwall.
Work began in 1963 on the pedestrian precinct which included shops,
offices and flats: the design was by Alister MacDonald & Partners
and the materials reinforced concrete with some stone facing.
The town centre recently underwent a £75 million redevelopment
process. The redevelopment attracted heavy opposition from its
outset. In August 2007, developers David McLean and
demolition team Gilpin moved onto the town centre site to complete the
preparation, with the Filmcentre which was originally an Odeon cinema
dating back to 1936, being demolished in late September/early
In October 2007, the South West of
England Regional Development Agency
(SWRDA) announced the new development would be named White River
Place. It was also announced that 50% of shop units had been leased to
High Street stores, with New Look, Peacocks, Bonmarché and Wilko
opening new stores. This would mean New Look relocating from its
current premises in Fore Street and the return of Peacocks to St
Austell following the demolition of its old store to make way for the
new development. Bonmarche has since closed.
In October 2008, it was announced that the developer David McLean
Developments had gone into administration and concern was expressed
that this could jeopardise the completion of the project 
In December 2008, the new White River Cinema opened its doors for the
first time: the cinema is technically advanced and the first
purpose-built cinema in
Cornwall for over 60 years. The Torchlight
Carnival was revived [clarification needed] in November 2009 as a
direct result of public demand through a survey conducted with local
residents. The Torchlight Procession has become an important event in
the town's calendar, heralding in the Winter celebrations and drawing
thousands of people from across
Cornwall and Devon. The event is run
by a small group of non affiliated volunteers.
St Austell and Clay Country Eco-town is a plan for several new
St Austell on old Imerys sites. It was given
outline government approval in July 2009.
In July 2011, the
Cornwall Council strategic planning committee voted
to approve a £250 million beach resort scheme at
Carlyon Bay, St
Austell. The development was initially proposed in 2003.
The four civil parishes in the
St Austell area created in 2009
The arms of
St Austell are Arg. a saltire raguly Gu.
St Austell is in the parliamentary constituency of
St Austell and
Newquay which was created in 2010 by the Boundary Commission for
England (increasing the number of seats in
Cornwall from five to six).
Before 2010 it was in the
St Austell seat.
The main local authority is
Cornwall Council, the unitary authority
created as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in
England . The six former Districts and the former
Council were abolished and replaced by
Cornwall Council on 1 April
Also on 1 April 2009, four new parishes were created for the St
Austell area. They are:
St Austell Town Council covering Bethel, Gover, Mount Charles, Poltair
and Holmbush; represented by 20 councillors.
Carlyon Parish Council covering
Carlyon Bay and Tregrehan; represented
by 9 councillors.
St Austell Bay
St Austell Bay Parish Council covering Charlestown, Duporth, Porthpean
and Trenarren; represented by 7 councillors.
Pentewan Valley Parish Council covering Tregorrick, Trewhiddle, London
Apprentice and Pentewan; represented by 9 councillors.
Before this date the area had been an unparished area.
St Austell is the main centre of the china clay industry in Cornwall
and employs around 2,200 people as of 2006[update], with sales of
St Austell Brewery, which celebrated its 150th anniversary in
2001, supplies cask ale to pubs in
Cornwall and other parts of the
country. Its flagship beer is
St Austell Tribute; a number of other
ales are brewed but are less commonly sold outside Cornwall. St
Austell Brewery's first public house,'The Seven Stars Inn' purchased
in 1863, still stands today on East Hill in the town. Tregonissey
House, the site of the company's first steam Brewery, built in 1870,
can also be seen in Market Hill. A Brewery museum and Visitor Centre
is open to the public on the present Brewery site in Trevarthian Road.
Panoramic view of the geodesic biome domes at the Eden Project
As in much of
Cornwall and neighbouring counties, tourism is
increasingly important to St Austell's economy. Tourists are drawn to
the area by nearby beaches and attractions such as the Eden Project,
sited in a former clay pit, and the Lost Gardens of Heligan. The China
Clay Country Park, in a former china-clay pit two miles north of the
town, tells the story of the men, women and children who lived, worked
and played in the shadow of the clay tips around St Austell.
St Austell is home to several public houses, numerous high street
retailers, and several independent shops, many of which cater for
tourists. The town has a small museum which is situated in the Market
House. A Brewery Museum and Visitor Centre is situated on the site of
St Austell Brewery
St Austell Brewery in Trevarthian Road.
Newspaper and radio
The town has two weekly newspapers
St Austell Guardian, part of the
Cornish Guardian series published
Devon Media Ltd. It has a long history in the town and
is published on Friday.
St Austell Voice, sister paper to the
Newquay Voice, had offices
close to the town centre in
Truro Road, but has since moved to Old
Vicarage Place. It is published on Wednesday
St Austell Bay
St Austell Bay is a local radio station which broadcasts from
studios at Tregorrick Park. It launched in January 2008 to cover the
Trewoon in the west to
Tywardreath in the east.
Notable Cornish architect
Silvanus Trevail designed a number of St
Austell's buildings and houses, including the Thin End and the
Moorland Road terrace. Of other notable architects from St Austell
include John Goode, who contributed considerably during the 1970s to
residential developments in the area.
Holy Trinity Church, St Austell
Pevsner remarks in his guide to
Cornwall that the following buildings
The Parish Church
The Old Town Hall, in Italian Renaissance style, 1844
Friends Meeting House, 1829, a plain granite structure
Masonic Hall, South Street, 1900 and is home to nine Masonic
White Hart Hotel: once contained panoramic wallpaper of the Bay of
Naples by Dufour (now in the Victoria and Albert Museum)
Holy Well at Menacuddle.
Three buildings of the 1960s: Penrice School, 1960; Public Library,
1961; former Magistrates' Court, 1966.
St Austell railway station
St Austell railway station
St Austell railway station was opened by the
Cornwall Railway on 4 May
1859 on the hillside above the town centre. Two branch lines west of
the town were later opened to serve the china clay industry; the
Cornwall Junction Railway which is still partly open, and
the short-lived Trenance Valley line. The independent narrow gauge
Pentewan Railway ran from West Hill to the coast at Pentewan. The
Cornish Main Line
Cornish Main Line in
St Austell is quite renowned for its viaduct
which passes through the Gover Valley and Trenance areas of the town.
the original timber structure was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel,
it was 115 feet (35 m) high, 720 feet (220 m) long on 10
piers; it was replaced by a new stone viaduct in 1899. There
was a siding located west of the viaduct. In the early years trains
St Austell had to push wagons over the tall, curving viaduct to
shunt this siding. The Great Western Railway's instructions stated
that: "Trucks may be pushed from
St Austell to the Siding, but when
this is done the speed of the Train between the two places must not
exceed 8 miles an hour, and the head Guard must ride on the leading
vehicle, unless it be a bonnet end one, in which case he must ride in
the first low sided vehicle from it, to keep a good look out, and be
prepared to give a signal to the Driver either by Day or Night, as may
be required". Train services today operate west to
Truro and Penzance,
and east to Plymouth and London. There are also three services on most
days to the North of
England and Scotland.
The town's bus station faces the entrance to the railway station to
offer an easy interchange between buses and trains. National Express
coach services call here, a dedicated link operates to the Eden
Project, and local buses operate to villages such as
Mevagissey. The town can be accessed by the A390 which by-passes the
town to the south on its way from
Liskeard to Truro, or by the A391
from Bodmin, or by the A3058 from Newquay. In addition there are the
B3273 to Mevagissey, the B3274 to
Padstow and the A3082 to Fowey.
St Austell bus station
St Austell Bus Station
St Austell Bus Station in June 2013
St Austell bus station is the main bus and coach terminus for the town
of St Austell, Cornwall, United Kingdom. The bus station is located in
the forecourt of the railway station, formerly a railway goods
The bus station was redeveloped again in 2008, the new facility being
opened on 3 November. It now comprises seven stands and shares
facilities such as a taxi rank and buffet with the adjoining railway
station which is operated by First Great Western, a sister company to
the main local bus operator. Local services are provided by First
South West. Long-distance coach services are part of the National
Express Coaches network.
Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway started to operate what they called 'road
motors' from outside their railway station on 3 August 1908. These
first services ran to St Columb Road via St Dennis. A bus garage was
later provided nearby in Eliot Road, next to the railway's new goods
yard. The network was progressively extended over the next twenty
years, after which time the services were transferred to the Western
National Omnibus Company, formed in 1929 to free the railway company
from its bus services and avoid complaints about its transport
Western National has now become part of the FirstGroup
and operates as
First South West
First South West but with most local buses branded as
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St Austell has three comprehensive schools, Poltair School, formerly
the grammar school, and Penrice Academy; together with Brannel School
which is situated in the nearby village of St Stephen-in-Brannel,
together with seven primary schools: Charlestown Primary School (a
member of the Atlantic Centre Of Excellence Multi Academy Trust),
Bishop Bronescombe School,
Carclaze Community Primary School, Mount
Charles School, Pondhu Primary School,
St Mewan Primary School, and
Sandy Hill Community Primary School.
St Austell is a Further & Higher Education
institution incorporating the former
St Austell Sixth Form Centre and
Cornwall College of Further Education. The College is based at
John Keay House, which is also home to the college group's
St Austell Community Hospital
St John's Methodist Church (built 1828 and restored in 1882)
St Austell has its own hospital,
St Austell Community Hospital,
formerly called Penrice Hospital. The hospital provides a number of
inpatient beds and services as well as a range of outpatient clinics.
Maternity services are also provided on site at the Penrice Birthing
Unit. The hospital provides some urgent treatment at its minor injury
unit, with the Royal
Cornwall Hospital at Treliske,
more serious cases.
The church was originally dedicated to St Austol, a Breton saint
associated with St Meven, but is now dedicated to the Holy Trinity. By
1150 it had been appropriated to the Priory of
Tywardreath by the
Cardinhams: this continued until 1535. There was originally a Norman
church here, of which some remains may be seen.
The present church is of the 15th century and is large because the
mediaeval parish was also a large one: the tower is impressive. All
four outside walls bear sculptural groups in carved niches: the Twelve
Apostles in three groups on the north, east and south; the Holy
Trinity above the Annunciation and below that the Risen Christ between
two saints on the west. The tower can be dated to between 1478 and
1487 by the arms of Bishop Courtenay, and the walls are faced in
The tower and other parts of the church have an interior lining of
granite  On the south side of the church, a formerly separate
chantry has been incorporated into the church when it was extended.
(The chantry itself was abolished in 1543.) There are holy wells at
Menacuddle and Towan. A new organ was placed on the north side of
the chancel in 1880 and the first recital was held on 22 April. The
organ was built by Messrs Bryceson Brothers and Ellis and cost circa
£600. The church is dedicated to the Holy Trinity, is Grade I
listed, and seats 300. There is a Cornish cross in the churchyard
which was found buried in the ground on the manor of
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Churches in St Austell.
The parish of
St Austell was part of the archdeaconry of
Diocese of Exeter
Diocese of Exeter until 1876 when the Diocese of
established. A new rural deanery of
St Austell was established in
1875. The style of worship of the parish church is in the Evangelical
tradition of the Church of England. The two chapels-of-ease are All
Saints, Pentewan, and St Levan's, Higher Porthpean. In the 19th
century the following parishes were created out of
St Austell parish:
St Blazey (1845); Charlestown (1846),
Treverbyn (1847), and Par (1846
St Blazey and Tywardreath).
There was formerly a Quaker burial ground at Tregongeeves, just
outside the town on the
Truro Road. It was covered by about 6 ft
(1.8 m) of earth removed from the building of the new road in the
1960s. A high stone wall bounds the remaining acre of land; access can
be gained through a wrought iron gate.
Approximately forty of the headstones from Tregongeeves were removed
and are now located at the Friends meeting house in the High Cross
Street in St Austell, just below the high wall which surrounds St
Austell railway station. That meeting house is still in use.
Speedway racing first took place a venue called Rocky Park, under the
St Austell Gulls". The sport was a hit during various years,
between 1949 and 1963 at the Cornish Stadium – now Stadium Retail
Park, home of Cornish Market World. The sport returned to the area in
the late 1990s, in the Clay Country Moto Parc, located at Old Pound,
Nanpean. The club operated as the
St Austell Gulls for four years,
until the club changed ownership, and moved up a league to the Premier
League, re-formed as the Trelawny JAG Tigers, until site owners Imerys
Minerals Ltd ended the lease. Speedway has not been held in Cornwall
since. Many attempts have been made to re-introduce the sport, but
none have got past planning permission. The two highest profile bids
were at Par Moor Motor Museum and St Eval Raceway. The owner of the
land for the Par Moor bid confirmed that he would rent the land for
speedway but locals objected. The St Eval bid failed after residents
expressed fears about noise.
Stock car racing
Stock car racing, promoted by 1950s Kiwi Speedway star Trevor Redmond,
ran side by side with speedway on numerous occasions. Numerous
championships were run here, including the 1972 BriSCA World
Championship for Formula 2 cars, won by Jimmy Murray from N.Ireland.
It closed its doors in 1987.
St Austell Football Club was formed on 17 September 1890. In 1908 the
club won its first trophy: the
Cornwall Charity Cup. The club achieved
some success in the late 1920s and 1930s, winning the Senior Cup and
Charity Cup twice. In May 2009, the team won the Senior Cup with a
closely fought 3–2 victory over
Rugby and tennis
Tregorrick Park is the home of
St Austell RFC,
St Austell Tennis Club
Cornwall Table Tennis Centre.
St Austell RFC
St Austell RFC play in the Tribute
Western Counties West league and the club supports two senior teams, a
ladies team and 14 youth teams covering most age groups. Founded in
St Austell RFC
St Austell RFC has played at the Tregorrick Park ground since
their move from Cromwell Road in the 1980s to make way for the Asda
supermarket. Tregorrick Park also hosts a gym, sports hall, squash
courts, bar, function room and holds local events such as firework
displays and schools cross country competitions.
Wheal Eliza cricket ground is the home of
St Austell Cricket Club, and
is also used for Minor Counties matches.
St Austell Cricket Club
supports four senior teams, a ladies team and youth teams.
Wheal Eliza includes two playing fields with their own
changing room facilities enabling
St Austell Cricket Club to hold two
competitive matches every match day. The club also has a pavilion,
scorebox, artificial and grass nets.
St Austell Brewery
Boscoppa, a suburb of St Austell
Carclaze. a suburb of St Austell
Charlestown, the port of St Austell
St Austell with Fowey, a former local government area
St Stephen-in-Brannel, a district of village near St Austell
Sticker, a village near St Austell
Treverbyn, a nearby village and parish
Trewoon, a village near St Austell
People from St Austell
St Austell Bay
St Austell Bay (K634)
^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report –
St Austell Parish
(1170220638)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20
^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF).
Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Archived from the original
(PDF) on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200
Newquay & Bodmin
^ "Data from the 2011 Census (Office for National Statistics)".
Cornwall Council. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013.
Retrieved 15 November 2013.
^ Leland, John (1964). "Part III". In Lucy Toulmin Smith. Leland's
England and Wales. I. London: Centaur Press.
^ Smith, John R. (1992). "Cookworthy and the Early Years". Cornwall's
China-Clay Heritage. Twelveheads:
Archaeological Unit. p. 3. ISBN 0-906294-25-8.
^ a b Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 156–58
^ Cornish Guardian, 3 October 2007
^ Cornish Guardian, 27 October 2008.
^ "Eco-town home page".
Cornwall Council. Retrieved 7 November
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Carlyon Bay". Cornish
Carlyon Bay development given the go ahead".
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Press. p. 134. ISBN 0-902899-76-7.
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Cornwall Council website (2); Accessed May 2010
^ British Geological Survey (January 2006). "Kaolin Mineral Planning
Factsheet" (PDF). Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Retrieved 9
^ Imerys Minerals Limited (2003) Blueprint: Vision for the Future
^ Cryer, Revd N B (1989) Masonic Halls of England: The South
Shepperton: Ian Allan, pp 107-114
^ Province of
Cornwall Masonic Year Book 2012-2013
^ "Vues d'Italie; La Baie de Naples". vam.ac.uk.
^ Bennett, Alan (1988). The
Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway in Mid Cornwall.
Southampton: Kingfisher Railway Publications.
^ Binding, John (1993). Brunel's Cornish Viaducts. Penryn: Atlantic
Transport Publishing/Historical Model Railway Society.
Viaduct - St. Austell". wikimapia.org.
^ "National Rail Timetable 135 (Winter 2008)" (PDF). Network Rail.
Retrieved 23 February 2009.
^ Cummings, John (1980). Railway Motor Buses and Bus Services in the
British Isles 1902-1933, volume 2. Headington: Oxford Publishing
Company. ISBN 0-86093-050-5.
^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., revised by Enid Radcliffe.
^ Roberts, E. (1967) The Story of
St Austell Parish Church Ramsgate:
The Church Publishers
^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 57
^ "St Austell. Organ Recital On The New Church Organ". The Cornishman
(94). 29 April 1880. p. 7.
Truro Diocesan Directory 2008.
Truro Diocesan Board of Finance.
^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard; p.
^ "Club history".
St Austell AFC. Retrieved 24 June 2009.
Hammond, Joseph (1897) St Austell: being an account of St Austell,
town, church, district and people. London: Skeffington & Son
Rowse, A. L. (1960) St Austell: Church, Town, Parish. St Austell: H.
Roberts, E (1967) The Story of
St Austell Parish Church, Ramsgate: The
Wikimedia Commons has media related to St Austell.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
St Austell Town Council
St Austell at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Cornwall Record Office Online Catalogue for St Austell
St Austell Old
St Austell travel guide from Wikivoyage
Ceremonial county of Cornwall
Council of the Isles of Scilly
St Columb Major
St Just in Penwith
See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall
Population of major settlements
Places of interest
Outline of Cornwall
Index of Cornwall-related articles
Civil parishes of
St Austell and
Grampound with Creed
St Austell Bay
St Columb Major
St Michael Caerhays
Tywardreath and Par