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SAN ANTONIO (/ˌsæn ænˈtoʊni.oʊ/ Spanish for "Saint Anthony "), officially the CITY OF SAN ANTONIO, is the seventh-most populated city in the United States
United States
and the second-most populous city in the state of Texas
Texas
, with a population of 1,469,845. It was the fastest growing of the top 10 largest cities in the United States
United States
from 2000 to 2010 , and the second from 1990 to 2000 . The city straddles South Texas
Texas
and Central Texas
Texas
and is on the southwestern corner of an urban megaregion known as the Texas
Texas
Triangle .

San Antonio
San Antonio
serves as the seat of Bexar County . Recent annexations have extended the city's boundaries into Medina County and, though for only a very tiny area near the city of Garden Ridge , into Comal County. Due to its placement, the city has characteristics of other western urban centers in which there are sparsely populated areas and a low density rate outside of the city limits. San Antonio
San Antonio
is the center of the San Antonio– New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area. Commonly referred to as Greater San Antonio , the metropolitan area has a population of 2,454,061 based on the 2017 US Census estimate, making it the 24th-largest metropolitan area in the United States and third-largest in the state of Texas. Growth along the Interstate 35 and Interstate 10
Interstate 10
corridors to the north, west and east make it likely that the metropolitan area will continue to expand.

San Antonio
San Antonio
was named for Saint Anthony of Padua , whose feast day is on June 13, by a 1691 Spanish expedition in the area. The city contains five 18th-century Spanish frontier missions, including The Alamo
Alamo
and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park , which were designated UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites in 2015. Other notable attractions include the River Walk , the Tower of the Americas , SeaWorld
SeaWorld
, the Alamo Bowl
Alamo Bowl
, and Marriage Island . Commercial entertainment includes Six Flags Fiesta Texas
Texas
and Morgan\'s Wonderland amusement parks, and according to the San Antonio
San Antonio
Convention and Visitors Bureau, the city is visited by about 32 million tourists a year. The city is home to the five-time NBA champion San Antonio
San Antonio
Spurs and hosts the annual San Antonio
San Antonio
Stock Show "> Lithograph of San Antonio in 1886

At the time of European encounter, Payaya Indians lived near the San Antonio River Valley in the San Pedro Springs area, calling the vicinity Yanaguana , meaning "refreshing waters". In 1691, a group of Spanish Catholic explorers and missionaries came upon the river and Payaya settlement on June 13, the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua . They named the place and river "San Antonio" in his honor.

It was years before any Spanish settlement took place. Father Antonio de Olivares visited the site in 1709, and he was determined to found a mission and civilian settlement there. The viceroy gave formal approval for a combined mission and presidio in late 1716, as he wanted to forestall any French expansion into the area from their colony of La Louisiane , as well as prevent illegal trading with the Payaya. He directed Martin de Alarcón, the governor of Coahuila and Texas, to establish the mission complex. Differences between Alarcón and Olivares resulted in delays, and construction did not start until 1718. Fray Antonio de Olivares built, with the help of the Payaya Indians , the Misión de San Antonio
San Antonio
de Valero (The Alamo) , the Presidio San Antonio de Bexar , the bridge that connected both, and the Acequia Madre de Valero .

The families who clustered around the presidio and mission formed the beginnings of Villa de Béjar, destined to become the most important town in Spanish Texas. On May 1, the governor transferred ownership of the Mission San Antonio de Valero (later famous as the Alamo) to Fray Antonio de Olivares. On May 5, 1718 he commissioned the Presidio San Antonio
San Antonio
de Béxar ("Béjar" in modern Spanish orthography) on the west side of the San Antonio
San Antonio
River, one-fourth league from the mission.

On February 14, 1719, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo proposed to the king of Spain
Spain
that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands , Galicia , or Havana
Havana
to populate the province of Texas. His plan was approved, and notice was given the Canary Islanders (isleños ) to furnish 200 families; the Council of the Indies suggested that 400 families should be sent from the Canaries to Texas
Texas
by way of Havana
Havana
and Veracruz. By June 1730, 25 families had reached Cuba, and 10 families had been sent to Veracruz before orders from Spain
Spain
came to stop the re-settlement.

Under the leadership of Juan Leal Goraz, the group marched overland from Veracruz to the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar , where they arrived on March 9, 1731. Due to marriages along the way, the party now included 15 families, a total of 56 persons. They joined the military community established in 1718. The immigrants formed the nucleus of the villa of San Fernando de Béxar, the first regularly organized civil government in Texas. Several older families of San Antonio trace their descent from the Canary Island colonists. María Rosa Padrón was the first baby born of Canary Islander descent in San Antonio.

During the Spanish Mexican settlement of Southwestern lands, which took place over the following century, Juan Leal Goraz Jr. was a prominent figure. He claimed nearly 100,000 sq miles (153,766 acres) as Spanish territory and held some control for nearly three decades: this area stretched across six present-day states. San Antonio
San Antonio
was designated as Leal Goraz's capital. It represented Mexican expansion into the area. With his robust military forces, he led exploration and establishing Spanish colonial bases as far as San Francisco, California. Widespread bankruptcy forced Leal Goraz Jr.'s army back into the current boundaries of Mexico; they fell into internal conflict and turmoil with neighboring entities. Memorial to the Alamo
Alamo
defenders

San Antonio
San Antonio
grew to become the largest Spanish settlement in Texas; it was designated as the capital of the Spanish, later Mexican, province of Tejas . From San Antonio, the Camino Real (today Nacogdoches Road), was built to the small frontier town of Nacogdoches . Mexico
Mexico
allowed European-American settlers from the United States into the territory; they mostly occupied land in the eastern part. When Antonio López de Santa Anna unilaterally abolished the Mexican Constitution of 1824 , violence ensued in many states of Mexico
Mexico
.

In a series of battles, the Texian Army succeeded in forcing Mexican soldiers out of the settlement areas east of San Antonio, which were dominated by Americans. Under the leadership of Ben Milam , in the Battle of Bexar , December 1835, Texian forces captured San Antonio from forces commanded by General Martin Perfecto de Cos
Martin Perfecto de Cos
, Santa Anna's brother-in-law. In the spring of 1836, Santa Anna marched on San Antonio. A volunteer force under the command of James C. Neill occupied and fortified the deserted mission.

Upon his departure, the joint command of William Barrett Travis and James Bowie were left in charge of defending the old mission. The Battle of the Alamo
Alamo
took place from February 23 to March 6, 1836. The outnumbered Texian force was ultimately defeated, with all of the Alamo
Alamo
defenders killed. These men were seen as "martyrs" for the cause of Texas
Texas
freedom and "Remember the Alamo" became a rallying cry in the Texian Army's eventual success at defeating Santa Anna's army.

Juan Seguín , who organized the company of Tejano patriots, who fought for Texas
Texas
independence, fought at the Battle of Concepción , Siege of Bexar , and the Battle of San Jacinto , and served as mayor of San Antonio. He was forced out of that office, due to threats on his life, by sectarian newcomers and political opponents in 1842, becoming the last Tejano mayor for nearly 150 years. An aerial view of San Antonio
San Antonio
in 1939

In 1845, the United States
United States
finally decided to annex Texas
Texas
and include it as a state in the Union. This led to the Mexican–American War
Mexican–American War
. Though the US ultimately won, the war was devastating to San Antonio. By its end, the population of the city had been reduced by almost two-thirds, to 800 inhabitants. Bolstered by migrants and immigrants, by 1860 at the start of the Civil War, San Antonio
San Antonio
had grown to a city of 15,000 people.

POST-CIVIL WAR TO PRESENT

Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio

Following the Civil War, San Antonio
San Antonio
prospered as a center of the cattle industry. During this period, it remained a frontier city, with a mixture of cultures that was different from other US cities. In the 1850s Frederick Law Olmsted
Frederick Law Olmsted
, the landscape architect who designed Central Park
Central Park
in New York City, traveled throughout the South and Southwest, and published accounts of his observations. In his 1859 book about Texas, Olmsted described San Antonio
San Antonio
as having a "jumble of races, costumes, languages, and buildings", which gave it a quality that only New Orleans
New Orleans
could rival in what he described as "odd and antiquated foreignness."

In 1877, following the Reconstruction Era , developers constructed the first railroad to San Antonio, connecting it to major markets and port cities. Texas
Texas
was the first state to have major cities develop by railroads rather than waterways. In Texas, the railroads supported a markedly different pattern of development of major interior cities, such as San Antonio, Dallas
Dallas
and Fort Worth , compared to the historical development of coastal port cities in the established eastern states.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the streets of the city's downtown were widened to accommodate street cars and modern traffic. At that time, many of the older historic buildings were demolished in the process of this modernization.

Since the late twentieth century, San Antonio
San Antonio
has had steady population growth . The city's population has nearly doubled in 35 years, from just over 650,000 in the 1970 census to an estimated 1.2 million in 2005, through both population growth and land annexation (the latter has considerably enlarged the physical area of the city). In 1990, the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
reported San Antonio's population as 55.6% Hispanic, 7% black, and 36.2% non-Hispanic white.

GEOGRAPHY

SAN ANTONIO

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

1.8 62 39 1.8 67 42 2.3 74 50 2.1 80 57 4 86 66 4.1 91 72 2.7 95 74 2.1 95 74 3 90 69 4.1 82 59 2.3 71 49 1.9 64 41

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Source: NOAA

METRIC CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

45 17 4 45 20 6 59 24 10 53 27 14 102 30 19 105 33 22 70 35 23 53 35 23 77 32 20 104 28 15 58 22 9 49 18 5

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

San Antonio
San Antonio
is located near 29.5°N 98.5°W. It is about 75 miles (121 km) to the southwest of its neighboring city, Austin , the state capital. The city is also about 190 miles (310 km) west of Houston
Houston
and about 250 miles (400 km) south of the Dallas– Fort Worth area. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2000 the city had a total area of 412.07 square miles (1,067.3 km2)—407.56 square miles (1,055.6 km2) (98.9%) of land and 4.51 square miles (11.7 km2) (1.1%) of water. The city sits on the Balcones Escarpment . The altitude of San Antonio is 772 feet (235 m) above sea level .

The primary source of drinking water for the city is the Edwards Aquifer . Impounded in 1962 and 1969, respectively, Victor Braunig Lake and Calaveras Lake were among the first reservoirs in the country built to use recycled treated wastewater for power plant cooling, reducing the amount of groundwater needed for electrical generation.

NEIGHBORHOODS

Further information: Neighborhoods and districts of San Antonio and Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio

CLIMATE AND VEGETATION

San Antonio
San Antonio
has a transitional humid subtropical climate (Köppen : Cfa). The weather is hot in the summer, comfortably warm or mild winters subject to descending northern cold fronts in the winter with cool to cold nights, and warm and rainy in the spring and fall.

San Antonio
San Antonio
receives about a dozen subfreezing nights each year, typically seeing some sort of wintry precipitation about once every 2-3 winters (i.e. sleet/freezing rain), but accumulation and snow itself are very rare. Winters may pass without any freezing precipitation at all, and up to a decade has passed between snowfalls in the past. According to the National Weather Service, there have been 31 instances of snowfall (a trace or more) in the city in the past 122 years, about once every four years. Snow was most recently seen on February 4, 2011 when 0.5 in (1.3 cm) of snow coated the city. In 1985, the city received a record snowfall of 16 inches (41 cm).

San Antonio
San Antonio
and New Braunfels , forty miles to the northeast, are some of the most flood-prone regions in North America. The October 1998 Central Texas
Texas
floods were one of the costliest floods in United States history, resulting in $750 million in damage and 32 deaths. In 2002, from June 30 to July 7, 35 in (890 mm) of rain fell in the San Antonio area, resulting in widespread flooding and 12 fatalities.

Instances of tornadoes within the city limits have been reported as recently as February 2017, although they seldom occur. An F2 tornado will land within 50 mi (80 km) of the city on average once every five years. San Antonio
San Antonio
has experienced two F4 tornadoes, one in 1953 and another in 1973. The 1953 tornado resulted in two deaths and 15 injuries.

In San Antonio, July and August tie for the average warmest months, with an average high of 95 °F (35 °C). The highest temperature ever to be recorded was 111 °F (44 °C) on September 5, 2000. The average coolest month is January. The lowest recorded temperature ever was 0 °F (−18 °C) on January 31, 1949. May, June, and October have quite a bit of precipitation. Since recording began in 1871, the average annual precipitation has been 29.03 inches (737 mm), with a maximum of 52.28 inches (1,328 mm) and a minimum of 10.11 inches (256.8 mm) in one year.

CLIMATE DATA FOR SAN ANTONIO (SAN ANTONIO INT\\'L ), 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1885–PRESENT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 89 (32) 100 (38) 100 (38) 101 (38) 104 (40) 107 (42) 106 (41) 110 (43) 111 (44) 99 (37) 94 (34) 90 (32) 111 (44)

MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 79.8 (26.6) 84.3 (29.1) 88.1 (31.2) 92.5 (33.6) 95.9 (35.5) 98.4 (36.9) 99.7 (37.6) 101.5 (38.6) 98.2 (36.8) 92.9 (33.8) 85.4 (29.7) 80.2 (26.8) 102.9 (39.4)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 62.9 (17.2) 66.9 (19.4) 73.5 (23.1) 80.5 (26.9) 87.0 (30.6) 92.3 (33.5) 94.6 (34.8) 96.0 (35.6) 90.3 (32.4) 82.2 (27.9) 72.2 (22.3) 64.0 (17.8) 80.2 (26.8)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 40.7 (4.8) 44.2 (6.8) 50.8 (10.4) 58.1 (14.5) 66.8 (19.3) 72.6 (22.6) 74.6 (23.7) 74.7 (23.7) 69.1 (20.6) 60.1 (15.6) 50.1 (10.1) 41.7 (5.4) 58.6 (14.8)

MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) 25.1 (−3.8) 27.1 (−2.7) 32.3 (0.2) 40.9 (4.9) 53.0 (11.7) 63.9 (17.7) 69.1 (20.6) 68.5 (20.3) 55.0 (12.8) 41.8 (5.4) 32.5 (0.3) 25.0 (−3.9) 20.8 (−6.2)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) 0 (−18) 4 (−16) 19 (−7) 31 (−1) 42 (6) 48 (9) 60 (16) 57 (14) 41 (5) 27 (−3) 21 (−6) 6 (−14) 0 (−18)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 1.76 (44.7) 1.79 (45.5) 2.31 (58.7) 2.10 (53.3) 4.01 (101.9) 4.14 (105.2) 2.74 (69.6) 2.09 (53.1) 3.03 (77) 4.11 (104.4) 2.28 (57.9) 1.91 (48.5) 32.27 (819.8)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 0.7 (1.8) trace 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.7 (1.8)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 7.0 7.2 8.8 6.4 8.5 7.5 5.2 4.7 6.6 6.9 6.7 7.5 83.0

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 0.2 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 67.1 65.2 63.2 66.3 70.5 68.8 65.0 64.7 68.0 67.2 68.3 68.0 66.9

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 159.4 169.7 215.5 209.7 221.8 275.9 308.8 293.9 234.9 218.0 171.9 149.7 2,629.2

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 49 54 58 54 52 66 72 72 63 61 54 47 59

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990) , The Weather Channel

Natural vegetation in the San Antonio
San Antonio
area (where undisturbed by development) includes oak-cedar woodland, oak grassland savanna, chaparral brush and riparian (stream) woodland. San Antonio
San Antonio
is at the westernmost limit for both Cabbage palmetto ( Sabal palmetto ) and Spanish moss
Spanish moss
.

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1850 3,488

1860 8,235

136.1%

1870 12,256

48.8%

1880 20,550

67.7%

1890 37,673

83.3%

1900 53,321

41.5%

1910 96,614

81.2%

1920 161,379

67.0%

1930 231,542

43.5%

1940 253,854

9.6%

1950 408,442

60.9%

1960 587,718

43.9%

1970 654,153

11.3%

1980 785,940

20.1%

1990 935,933

19.1%

2000 1,144,646

22.3%

2010 1,327,407

16.0%

EST. 2016 1,492,510

12.4%

historical data sources:

RACIAL COMPOSITION 2010 1990 1970 1950

White 72.6% 72.2% 91.4% 92.8%

Non-Hispanic whites 26.6% 36.2% 47.7% n/a

Black or African American
African American
6.9% 7.0% 7.6% 7.0%

Asian 2.4% 1.1% 0.3% 0.2%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 63.2% 55.6% 44.9% n/a

Map of racial distribution in San Antonio, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: WHITE, BLACK, ASIAN HISPANIC OF ANY RACE, or OTHER (yellow)

2010

According to the 2010 US Census , 1,327,407 people resided in the city proper of San Antonio, an increase of 16.0% since 2000.

The racial composition of the city based on the 2010 US Census is as follows:

* 72.6% White ( Non-Hispanic Whites : 26.6%) * 6.9% Black * 0.9% Native American * 2.4% Asian * 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander * 3.4% Two or more races * 13.7% Other races

In addition, 63.2% of the city's population was of Hispanic or Latino origin, of any race.

2000

According to the 2000 US Census , the city proper had a population of 1,144,646, ranking it the ninth-most populated city in the country. Due to San Antonio's low density rate and lack of significant metropolitan population outside the city limits, the metropolitan area ranked just 30th in the US with a population of 1,592,383.

Subsequent population counts, however, indicate continued rapid growth in the area. As stated above, the 2010 US Census showed the city's population at 1,327,407, making it the second-most-populous city in Texas
Texas
(after only Houston
Houston
), as well as the seventh-most-populous city in the United States. The 2011 US Census estimate for the eight-county San Antonio– New Braunfels metropolitan area placed its population at 2,194,927 making it the third-most populous metro area in Texas
Texas
(after Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex and Houston
Houston
Metropolitan Area ) and the 24th-most populous metro area in the US. The metropolitan area is bordered to the northeast by Austin–Round Rock–San Marcos , and the two metropolitan areas together combine to form a region of over 4.1 million people.

About 405,474 households, and 280,993 families reside in San Antonio. The population density is 2,808.5 people per square mile (1,084.4 km2). There are 433,122 housing units at an average density of 1,062.7 per square mile (410.3 km2).

The age of the city's population distributed as 28.5% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. In San Antonio, 48% of the population are males, and 52% of the population are females. For every 100 females, there are 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $36,214, and the median income for a family is $53,100. Males have a median income of $30,061 versus $24,444 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,487. About 17.3% of the population and 14.0% of families are below the poverty line . Of the total population, 24.3% of those under the age of 18 and 13.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Source:

ECONOMY

Fortune 500
Fortune 500
Companies in San Antonio, 2013 with San Antonio
San Antonio
and US ranks.

SAT

CORPORATION

US

1

Valero Energy Corp.

9

2

Tesoro Corporation

95

3

USAA

139

4

CST Brands, Inc.

220

5

NuStar Energy

389

6

Clear Channel
Clear Channel

407

Headquarters of Valero Energy Corporation

San Antonio
San Antonio
has a diversified economy with about a $96.8 billion metropolitan Gross Domestic Product. This ranks the city 4th among Texas
Texas
metropolitan areas and 38th in the United States. San Antonio's economy is focused primarily within military , health care , government civil service , financial services , oil and gas and tourism sectors. Within the past twenty years, San Antonio
San Antonio
has become a significant location for American-based call centers and has added a significant manufacturing sector centered around automobiles.

Located about 10 miles northwest of Downtown is the South Texas Medical Center , which is a conglomerate of various hospitals, clinics, and research (see Southwest Research Institute ) and higher educational institutions.

Over twenty million tourists visit the city and its attractions every year, contributing substantially to the city's economy, primarily due to The Alamo
Alamo
and River Walk . The Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center alone hosts more than 300 events each year with over 750,000 convention delegates from around the world. Tourism
Tourism
employs 94,000 citizens and makes an economic impact of over $10.7 billion in the local economy as revealed in the Economic Impact Study conducted every two years by the San Antonio
San Antonio
Tourism
Tourism
Council and the research team of Dr. Richard Butler and Dr. Mary Stefl of Trinity University . Tourism also brings new annual revenues to the City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
and other governmental entities with the hotel ">

San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to six Fortune 500
Fortune 500
companies: Valero Energy , Tesoro Corp , USAA , iHeartMedia , NuStar Energy and CST Brands, Inc. . H-E-B , the 14th-largest private company in the United States
United States
is also headquartered in San Antonio. Other companies headquartered in San Antonio
San Antonio
include: Bill Miller Bar-B-Q Enterprises , Carenet Healthcare Services , Security Service Federal Credit Union , Eye Care Centers of America , Frost Bank , Harte-Hanks , Kinetic Concepts , SWBC , NewTek , Rackspace , Taco Cabana , Broadway Bank , Zachry Holdings/Zachry Construction Company , Randolph-Brooks Federal Credit Union and Whataburger
Whataburger
.

In 2015, San Antonio
San Antonio
ranked No. 50 on Forbes
Forbes
' list of the Best Places for Business and Careers, with a ranking of 15th best market for job growth.

MILITARY INSTALLATIONS

The city is home to one of the largest concentrations of military bases in the United States, and has become known as Military
Military
City, USA. The city is home to several active military installations: Lackland Air Force Base , Brooke Army Medical Center , Randolph Air Force Base , and Fort Sam Houston . The defense industry in San Antonio employs over 89,000 and provides a $5.25 billion impact to the city's economy.

RELOCATION LOSSES

San Antonio
San Antonio
has lost several major company headquarters, the largest being the 2008 move of AT"> Cathedral of San Fernando
Cathedral of San Fernando
Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio
from the Tower of the Americas

San Antonio
San Antonio
is a popular tourist destination.

The Alamo Mission in San Antonio ("the Alamo"), located in Downtown, is Texas' top tourist attraction. Because of the mission, San Antonio is often called the " Alamo
Alamo
City".

The River Walk , which meanders through the Downtown area, is the city's second-most-visited attraction, giving it the additional nickname of "River City." Extended an additional 13 miles between 2009–2013, the landscaped walking and bike path line the San Antonio River from the "Museum Reach" beginning at the Historic Pearl Brewery through downtown, "Downtown Reach", past the Blue Star's "Eagleland" to the "Mission Reach" ending at Loop 410 South past Mission San Juan Capistrano (Texas) . Lined with numerous shops, bars, and restaurants, as well as the Arneson River Theater
Arneson River Theater
, this attraction is transformed into an impressive festival of lights during the Christmas and New Year holiday period, and is suffused with the local sounds of folklorico and flamenco music during the summer, particularly during celebrations such as the Fiesta Noche del Rio .

The Downtown Area also features San Fernando Cathedral , The Majestic Theatre , Hemisfair (home of the Tower of the Americas , and UTSA's Institute of Texan Cultures
Institute of Texan Cultures
), La Villita , Market Square , the Spanish Governor\'s Palace , and the historic Menger Hotel . The Fairmount Hotel , built in 1906 and San Antonio's second oldest hotel, is in the Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
as one of the heaviest buildings ever moved intact. It was placed in its new location, three blocks south of the Alamo, over four days in 1985, and cost $650,000 to move.

SeaWorld
SeaWorld
, located 16 miles (26 km) west of Downtown in the city's Westover Hills district, is the number 3 attraction. Also, there is the very popular San Antonio Zoo located in the city's Brackenridge Park.

San Antonio
San Antonio
is also home to several amusement parks including Six Flags Fiesta Texas
Texas
, Splashtown and Morgan\'s Wonderland , a theme park for children who have special needs. Kiddie Park, featuring old fashioned amusement rides for children, was established in 1925, and is the oldest children's amusement park in the U.S.

San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to the first museum of modern art in Texas, the McNay Art Museum
McNay Art Museum
. Other art institutions and museums include ArtPace , Blue Star Contemporary Art Center , the Briscoe Western Art Museum, Buckhorn Saloon ">

The Alamo, San Antonio's most famous attraction *

San José Mission Church, part of the San Antonio Missions National Historical Park *

The River Walk on Christmas Day *

San Antonio's historic River Walk extends some 15 miles, attracting several million visitors every year. *

Boat with sightseers on the San Antonio River *

Another view of the city's downtown area *

Central Library of The San Antonio Public Library , Color of exterior referred to as "Enchilada Red" by San Antonians *

The Tower of the Americas characterizes the city's skyline *

The historic Bexar County Courthouse
Bexar County Courthouse
*

The San Antonio Convention Center *

Rivercenter Mall in downtown San Antonio
San Antonio
*

The Buckhorn Museum with a plethora of western exhibits, is located in downtown San Antonio. *

Pat O'Brien's Bar and Restaurant, based in New Orleans
New Orleans
, has an outlet in downtown San Antonio. *

San Antonio
San Antonio
Children's Museum sign *

Airplane exhibit at the San Antonio
San Antonio
Children's Museum *

Carriage rides in downtown San Antonio
San Antonio
*

The Shops at La Cantera is a non-enclosed shopping mall located near the University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio
San Antonio
in the northwestern portion of the city. *

The San Antonio Botanical Garden *

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park *

SeaWorld San Antonio *

Aztec On The River
Aztec On The River
Theater *

IMAX Theater *

C.H. Guenther and Sons flour mill and grain elevator *

Emily Morgan Hotel *

Tower Life Building *

Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center *

Chestnut Springs Park at 10239 Ingram Road was renamed in 2008 for Officer John Randolph Wheeler (1964-2005), a patrolman who perished when his car was rear-ended and burst into flames. The park has pond, benches, and jogging trail. *

Hot Wells, San Antonio, Texas
Texas
(postcard, circa 1907)

DIGITAL LIBRARY

In the fall of 2013, Bexar County opened BiblioTech – Bexar County\'s Digital Library , the nation's first bookless library. It serves the city of San Antonio
San Antonio
and Bexar County.

SPORTS

Main article: Sports in San Antonio

Professional and major NCAA D1 sports teams (ranked by attendance) CLUB SPORT LEAGUE FOUNDED VENUE (CAPACITY) ATTENDANCE TITLES Championship years

UTSA Roadrunners American football NCAA Division I 2011 Alamodome (65,000) 27,576 0

San Antonio Spurs Basketball NBA 1967 AT&T Center (18,580) 18,418 5

San Antonio Missions Baseball Texas
Texas
League 1888 Wolff Stadium (9,200) 8,500 13

San Antonio Stars Basketball WNBA 1997 AT&T Center (18,418) 7,719 0

San Antonio Rampage Ice hockey AHL 2002 AT">

* ^ 1999, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2014 * ^ 1897, 1908, 1933, 1950, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2013

PROFESSIONAL SPORTS

The AT&T Center , home of the NBA's Spurs .

The city's only top-level professional sports team, and consequently the team most San Antonians follow, is the San Antonio Spurs of the National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
. Previously, the Spurs played at the Alamodome (which was speculatively built in an attempt to lure a professional football team to the region), and before that the HemisFair Arena , but the Spurs moved into the SBC Center in 2002 (since renamed the AT&T Center ), built with public funds.

The AT"> The city has also hosted the Dallas
Dallas
Cowboys and Houston Oilers preseason camps in the past, and the Cowboys practiced in San Antonio through 2011. Cowboys owner Jerry Jones acknowledged his support for the city to become home to an NFL franchise.

The Valero Texas
Texas
Open is a professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour held at San Antonio
San Antonio
since 1922. It has been played at TPC San Antonio since 2010. Previous venues include the Brackenridge Park Golf Course , La Cantera Golf Club and Pecan Valley Golf Club ; the latter also hosted the 1968 PGA Championship . The Alamo
Alamo
Ladies Classic was an L PGA Tour event held from 1960 to 1973.

The first Rising Phoenix World Championships was held at Grand Hyatt , San Antonio
San Antonio
in 2015.

COLLEGE SPORTS

The University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio
San Antonio
fields San Antonio's main NCAA Division I athletic teams, known as the UTSA Roadrunners . The teams play in Conference USA . The University added football in 2011, hiring former University of Miami coach Larry Coker as its initial head coach. Roadrunner football began play in 2011, with a record of 4-6. UTSA set attendance records for both highest attendance at an inaugural game (56,743) and highest average attendance for a first year program (35,521). The Roadrunners moved to the Western Athletic Conference in 2012, and to Conference USA in 2013. University of the Incarnate Word also fields a full slate of NCAA Division I athletic teams, known as the Incarnate Word Cardinals , however their football team competes in the football championship subdivision in the Southland Conference .

San Antonio
San Antonio
hosts the NCAA football Alamo Bowl
Alamo Bowl
each December, played among the Big XII and Pac-12 each December in the Alamodome. The city is also home of the U.S. Army All-American Bowl, played annually in the Alamodome and televised live on NBC. The Bowl is an East versus West showdown featuring the nation's top 90 high school senior football players. The game has featured NFL stars Reggie Bush , Vince Young , Adrian Peterson , and many other college and NFL stars.

The University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio
San Antonio
fields the only collegiate men's rugby team in the city. UTSA competes in Division III Texas Rugby Union.

CRIME

Crime in San Antonio
San Antonio
began to rise in the early 1980s. In 1983 San Antonio had the 10th highest homicide rate in Texas
Texas
with 18.5 homicides per 100,000 residents. The number of juveniles arrested in San Antonio
San Antonio
for violent crimes tripled between 1987 and 1994, according to the Texas
Texas
Law Enforcement Management and Administration Statistics Program. The number of youths arrested for unlawfully carrying firearms doubled over the same period.

In 1993 San Antonio
San Antonio
was nicknamed the "Drive-By City" after San Antonio Police Department recorded over 1,200 drive-by shootings nearly 3.5 per day. That figure dwarfed the number in other Texas cities, and it unofficially marked San Antonio
San Antonio
as the state's drive-by capital. Although no part of the city was immune, the vast majority of the violence occurred on the East and West Sides, particularly where poverty was prevalent. Gang members killed each other and innocent bystanders to protect their home turf and drug-selling interests. Housing projects – such as Alazan-Apache Courts, Cassiano Homes, East Terrace and Wheatley Courts served as hubs for different groups, sometimes housing multiple rival gangs. By the end of 1993 the city hit a peak in homicides with 230 killings, the highest since 1991 when 211 where killed.

In 2016, the number of murders hit 151, the highest toll in 20 years. A majority of the San Antonio
San Antonio
homicide victims were Hispanic and African-American men between ages 18 and 29. 40% of the killings were either drug-related or domestic incidents.

GOVERNMENT

Further information: List of mayors of San Antonio City
City
Hall, San Antonio, Texas
Texas
(postcard, circa 1906)

The City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
runs under a Council-Manager form of government. The city is divided into 10 council districts designed to ensure equal population distribution between all districts. Each district elects one person to sit on the City
City
Council with the mayor elected on a citywide basis. All members of the City
City
Council, which includes the mayor, are elected to two-year terms and are limited to four terms in total (except for those who were in office in November 2008 and are limited to a total of two terms). Houston
Houston
and Laredo have similar term limits to those in San Antonio. All positions are elected on non-partisan ballots as required by Texas
Texas
law. Council members are paid $20 per meeting, while the Mayor earns $4,000 a year. Most council members maintain full-time employment in addition to their positions on the council. The current mayor is Ron Nirenberg who was elected in 2017.

The council hires a City Manager to handle day-to-day operations. The council effectively functions as the city's legislative body with the city manager acting as its chief executive, responsible for the management of day-to-day operations and execution of council legislation. The current city manager is Sheryl Sculley .

The city operates its own electric and gas utility service, CPS Energy .

The San Antonio
San Antonio
Police Department (SAPD) is the city's municipal body of law enforcement.

The San Antonio
San Antonio
Fire Department (SAFD) provides the city with fire protection and EMS service.

The city stretches into several national congressional districts and is represented in Congress by the following:

* Senate

* Ted Cruz (R) * John Cornyn
John Cornyn
(R)

* House of Representatives

* Texas
Texas
District 20: Joaquín Castro (D) * Texas
Texas
District 21: Lamar Smith (R) * Texas
Texas
District 23: Will Hurd (R) * Texas
Texas
District 28: Henry Cuellar (D) * Texas
Texas
District 35: Lloyd Doggett (D)

* State Governor

* Greg Abbott (R)

GROWTH POLICY

Unlike most large cities in the US, San Antonio
San Antonio
is not completely surrounded by independent suburban cities, and under Texas
Texas
state law it exercises extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ) over much of the surrounding unincorporated land, including planning major thoroughfares and enforcing rules for platting and subdivision. It pursues an aggressive annexation policy and opposes the creation of other municipalities within its ETJ. Nearly three-fourths of its current land area had been annexed since 1960.

In the 2000s the city annexed several long narrow corridors along major thoroughfares in outlying areas to facilitate eventual annexation of growth developing along the routes. The city planned to annex nearly forty additional square miles by 2009. In May 2010, the City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
agreed to release thousands of acres of land in its extraterritorial jurisdiction along Interstate 10
Interstate 10
to Schertz . The agreement releases a total of 3,486 acres (14.11 km2) of San Antonio's ETJ lands north of I-10 to Schertz . The ETJ lands are in an area bordered by FM 1518 to the west, Lower Seguin Road to the north, Cibolo Creek to the east and I-10 to the south.

Involuntary annexation is a controversial issue in those parts of unincorporated Bexar County affected by it. Residents attracted to the outlying areas by lower taxes and affordable real estate values, often see annexation as a mechanism to increase property tax rates (which are primarily driven by school district taxes, not city taxes) without a corresponding improvement in services such as police and fire protection, while the city regards its annexation policy as essential to its overall prosperity.

Also, since the City
City
has annexed a large amount of land over time, San Antonio
San Antonio
surrounds several independent enclave cities which include Alamo
Alamo
Heights , Terrell Hills , Olmos Park , Hollywood Park , Hill Country Village , Castle Hills
Castle Hills
, Windcrest , Kirby , Balcones Heights , and Shavano Park . These neighborhoods are not districts of the City of San Antonio
San Antonio
like Lincoln Heights and Brackenridge Park , rather, they are independent cities throughout the San Antonio
San Antonio
region completely surrounded, but not directly controlled, by the City
City
of San Antonio. San Antonio
San Antonio
Main Post Office

STATE AND FEDERAL REPRESENTATION

The Texas
Texas
Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Parole Division Region IV headquarters in the San Antonio
San Antonio
Metro Parole Complex. San Antonio
San Antonio
district parole offices I and III are in the parole complex, while office II is in another location.

The Texas
Texas
Department of Transportation operates the San Antonio District Office in San Antonio.

The United States Postal Service
United States Postal Service
operates San Antonio's Main Post Office. Other post offices are located throughout San Antonio.

EDUCATION

Main article: Education in San Antonio The University of Texas at San Antonio
San Antonio

San Antonio
San Antonio
hosts over 100,000 students in its 31 higher-education institutions. Publicly supported schools include UT Health San Antonio , the University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio
San Antonio
(UTSA) , Texas
Texas
A"> Trinity University

Private universities include Trinity University , St. Mary\'s University , Our Lady of the Lake University , University of the Incarnate Word , Webster University
Webster University
, Baptist University of the Américas , Hallmark University , Oblate School of Theology , and the Southwest School of Art, which enrolled its first BFA class in 2014. The San Antonio Public Library serves all of these institutions along with the 19 independent school districts within the Bexar County/ San Antonio metropolitan area.

The city is home to more than 30 private schools and charter schools. These schools include: Keystone School , St. Gerard Catholic High School , Central Catholic Marianist High School , Incarnate Word High School , Saint Mary\'s Hall , The Atonement Academy , Antonian College Preparatory High School , San Antonio Academy , Holy Cross High School , Providence High School , The Carver Academy , Keystone School , TMI – The Episcopal School of Texas
Texas
, St. Anthony Catholic High School , Lutheran High School of San Antonio , and Harmony Science Academy .

San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to U.S. Air Force Basic Military
Military
Training (AFBMT). The Air Force only has one location for enlisted basic training: the 737th Training Group, at Lackland Air Force Base . All new Air Force recruits go through the same basic training at Lackland. Each year, over 35,000 new recruits go through AFBMT. In addition, METC (the Military
Military
Education and Training Campus), which provides the medical training for the U.S. military at Fort Sam Houston , hosts 30 programs and over 24,000 annual graduates. It is the largest medical education center in the world.

MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT

Main article: Media in San Antonio

PRINT

San Antonio
San Antonio
has one major newspaper, the San Antonio Express-News , which has served the area since 1865. The Express-News currently circulates as the largest newspaper service in South Texas
Texas
. The Hearst Corporation
Hearst Corporation
, which owned a second newspaper, the San Antonio Light, purchased the Express-News from News Corp. in 1992 and shut down the Light after failing to find a buyer.

Hearst, using the Express-News brand, also produces Conexion, a weekly magazine written by an entirely Hispanic staff with a Hispanic spin on weekly events. The San Antonio Current is the free "alternative" paper published weekly with local political issues, art and music news, restaurant listings and reviews, and listings of events and nightlife around town. The San Antonio
San Antonio
Business Journal covers general business news. La Prensa, a bilingual publication, also has a long history in San Antonio. Edible San Antonio, San Antonio's bi-monthly food magazine, is published every eight weeks. The 64-page full color magazine, distributed free across the city, is printed with soy ink on recycled paper and covers the city's food scene with an emphasis on local food and sustainability. The San Antonio River Walk Current covers general San Antonio
San Antonio
news.

RADIO

About 50 radio stations can be heard in the San Antonio
San Antonio
area—30 of them are actually located in the city proper. San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to iHeartMedia , the largest operator of radio stations in the US. Its flagship, WOAI AM-1200 , is known for its local news operation, considered among the best in the country. It is a 50,000-watt clear channel station that reaches most of North America at night. The first radio station to broadcast in south Texas
Texas
was KTSA AM-550 in 1922.

The region's National Public Radio member is Texas
Texas
Public Radio , a group of three stations; KSTX 89.1 FM is NPR news/talk, KPAC 88.3 is a 24-hour classical music station, and KTXI 90.1 is a mix of NPR news/talk and classical music broadcast for the West Central Texas Hill Country. KSTX also broadcasts "Riverwalk Jazz", featuring Jim Cullum Jazz Band at The Landing, a fixture on the River Walk since 1963.

KRTU 91.7 is a non-commercial radio station based out of Trinity University. Unlike other college radio stations throughout the US, the station plays jazz 17 hours a day and college rock/indie rock at night. College Alternative station KSYM, 90.1 FM, is owned by the Alamo
Alamo
Community College District and operated by San Antonio
San Antonio
College students and like KRTU it plays the Third Coast music network during the day and alternative music at night.

Most Latin stations in the area play regional Mexican , Tejano or contemporary pop. On January 12, 2006, Univision
Univision
-owned KCOR-FM "La Kalle 95.1" changed its format from Hispanic-Rhythmic Contemporary Hits to Spanish Oldies, then named "Recuerdo 95.1". However, Univision announced on November 10, 2006, that it flipped KLTO Tejano 97.7's format to reggaeton in an attempt to reintroduce the format to San Antonio. Then, 97.7 was flipped again to feature a rock format. The station no longer broadcasts anything in English and while still owned by Univision
Univision
, it had broadcast music from artists such as Linkin Park , before selling the station to the Educational Media Foundation and flipping it once again to Air1 .

95.1 was then flipped back to the "La Kalle" format again after being flipped to feature a "95X" format. KLTO was acquired and is operated as a simulcast of KXTN-FM Tejano 107.5. San Antonio
San Antonio
radio is diversified, due to an influx of non- Tejano Latinos , mostly from the East Coast , who are serving in the city's various military bases, as well as immigrants from Mexico
Mexico
. Therefore, just like in the rest of the country, radio station conglomerates have been changing formats in San Antonio
San Antonio
to reflect shifting demographics .

TELEVISION

WOAI-TV is San Antonio's NBC
NBC
affiliate

Despite the relatively large size of both the city proper and the metropolitan area, San Antonio
San Antonio
has always been a medium-sized market. It presently ranks 33rd in the United States, according to marketing research firm ACNielsen . By comparison, the other two Texas
Texas
cities with populations of over a million people, Houston
Houston
and Dallas, are among the 10 largest markets. This is mainly because the nearby suburban and rural areas are not much larger than the city itself. Additionally, the close proximity of Austin truncates the potential market area.

San Antonio-based TV stations are WOAI channel 4 ( NBC
NBC
), KSAT channel 12 (ABC ), KENS channel 5 ( CBS
CBS
), KABB channel 29 (Fox Broadcasting Company ), KCWX channel 2 (myNetworkTV ), KMYS channel 35 ( The CW
The CW
) and KLRN channel 9 ( PBS
PBS
). The market is also home to six Spanish-language stations, three religious stations, three independent stations and one Internet-based station (210 TV). As of 2010 , the San Antonio market has 65% cable TV penetration.

TRANSPORTATION

AIR

The San Antonio International Airport (SAT) is located in uptown San Antonio, about eight miles north of Downtown. San Antonio International is the 6th busiest airport based on passenger boardings in Texas
Texas
and 45th in the United States. It has two terminals and is served by 10 airlines serving 44 destinations including six in Mexico. In May 2017 Air Canada opened its reach to Texas
Texas
creating a non-stop flight between San Antonio
San Antonio
and Toronto. Stinson Municipal Airport
Stinson Municipal Airport
is a reliever airport located six miles (10 km) south of Downtown San Antonio. The airport has three runways and is also home to the Texas Air Museum .

MASS TRANSIT

Further information: VIA Metropolitan Transit A VIA bus stopped at a Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio
intersection

A bus and rubber tired streetcar (bus) system is provided by the city's metropolitan transit authority, VIA Metropolitan Transit . VIA's full fare monthly unlimited Big Pass is $35 per month. VIA began operating a Bus Rapid Transit
Bus Rapid Transit
line known as VIA Primo in December 2012, which connects Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio
to the South Texas
Texas
Medical Center , the main campus of the University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio
San Antonio
, and the independent enclave city of Leon Valley .

In August 2010, VIA Metropolitan Transit unveiled buses that are powered by diesel-electric hybrid technology. The 30 hybrid buses were put into service on VIA's express routes to serve daily commuters across the city. This set of buses follows the introduction of new vehicles powered by compressed natural gas, which were unveiled in May 2010. In the fall of 2010, VIA took delivery of three new buses that are powered by electricity from on-board batteries. These buses serve the Downtown core area, and are the first revenue vehicles VIA operates which have zero emissions.

VIA offers 89 regular bus routes and two Downtown streetcar routes. This includes express service from Downtown to park and ride locations in the south, west, northwest, north central and northeast sides of the city, with service to major locations such as UTSA , Six Flags Fiesta Texas
Texas
and SeaWorld
SeaWorld
. VIA also offers a special service to city events including Spurs games and city parades from its park and ride locations. VIA has, among its many routes, one of the longest local transit routes in America. Routes 550 (clockwise) and 551 (counterclockwise) travel 48 miles (77 km) one way as they loop around the city.

RAIL

Amtrak
Amtrak
, the national passenger rail service, provides service to San Antonio at San Antonio
San Antonio
Amtrak
Amtrak
Station , operating the Texas
Texas
Eagle daily between San Antonio
San Antonio
and Chicago
Chicago
's Union Station . Amtrak
Amtrak
also operates the Sunset Limited three times a week in each direction through San Antonio
San Antonio
between Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and New Orleans.

The Texas
Texas
Eagle section travels between San Antonio
San Antonio
and Los Angeles as part of the Sunset Limited. The old Sunset Station is now an entertainment venue owned by VIA and neighbored by the current station and the Alamodome .

Freight service from San Antonio
San Antonio
to Corpus Christi is provided by the Union Pacific Railroad
Railroad
. The predecessor route, including passenger service, from 1913 to 1956 was provided by the San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad
Railroad
, or "The Sausage", as it was commonly termed. The SAU"> US 281 southbound towards Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio

San Antonio
San Antonio
is served by these major freeways:

* Interstate 10
Interstate 10
: McDermott Freeway (Northwest) runs west toward El Paso , Phoenix and Los Angeles. Jose Lopez Freeway (East) runs east toward Seguin , Houston
Houston
, New Orleans
New Orleans
and Jacksonville * Interstate 35 : Pan Am Expressway (Northeast/Southwest)—runs south toward Laredo and runs north toward Austin , Dallas–Fort Worth , Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
, Kansas City
City
, Des Moines , and Minneapolis
Minneapolis
* Interstate 37 : Lucian Adams Freeway (Southeast)—runs from San Antonio through its junction with US Highway 281 south (Edinburg and McAllen ) near Three Rivers and into Corpus Christi through its junction with Interstate 69E /US Highway 77 south (Kingsville , Harlingen and Brownsville ) to its southern terminus at Corpus Christi Bay. * Interstate 410 : Connally Loop—simply called Loop 410 (four-ten) by locals is a 53-mile (85 km) inner beltway around the city. * US 90 : Cleto Rodriguez Freeway (West) through Uvalde and Del Rio to its western terminus at I-10 in Van Horn . Prior to I-10 East and US 90 West expressway being built US 90 traveled through the west side via West Commerce St. (westbound) and Buena Vista St. (eastbound) and Enrique M. Barrera Pkwy. On the east side it traveled along East Commerce St. to its current alignment which runs concurrent with I-10 East to Seguin . * US 281 : McAllister Freeway (North) to Johnson City
City
and Wichita Falls . Southbound, it runs concurrent with I-37, then I-410 for 4 miles (6 km), then heads south to Pleasanton . Prior to I-37 and McAllister Fwy. being built US 281 traveled through the north side via San Pedro Ave. and the south side via Roosevelt Ave. * State Highway 151 : Stotzer Freeway runs from US Hwy 90 West through Westover Hills which includes SeaWorld
SeaWorld
to its western terminus at State Loop 1604. * State Loop 1604 : Charles W. Anderson Loop—simply called 1604 (sixteen-oh-four) by locals—is a 96-mile (154 km) outer beltway around San Antonio.

Other highways include:

* US 87 : Southbound to Victoria along Roland Avenue then Rigsby Avenue. It runs concurrent with I-10 for 52 miles (84 km) where it goes to San Angelo northbound. * US 181 : Starts 0.5 miles (0.8 km) south of I-410/I-37/US 281 interchange and heads toward Corpus Christi via Beeville . Prior to I-37 being built, US 181 traveled along Presa St. from Downtown to its current alignment. * State Highway 16 : From Freer , it runs concurrent with I-410 for 17 miles (27 km) along southwest San Antonio, over to Bandera Road to Bandera . * State Loop 345 : Fredericksburg Road is the business loop for I-10 West/US-87 North. * State Loop 368 : Broadway and Austin Highway is the business loop for I-35 North. * State PA 1502 (Wurzbach Parkway) : Limited-access, high speed road parallel to north IH-410. Has connections to I-35 and I-10 across the north side of town. * State Loop 353 : Nogalitos Street and New Laredo Highway is the business loop for I-35 South. * State Loop 13 : Is the city's inner loop on the south side serving Lackland AFB , Port San Antonio , South Park Mall and Brooks CityBase traveling along Military
Military
Dr. on the south side and WW White Rd. on the east side to its junction with I-35/I-410. The northern arc of the loop is now I-410.

BICYCLE PATHS

San Antonio
San Antonio
has about 136 miles (219 km) of bike lanes, routes or off-road paths. Off-road trails travel along the San Antonio River , linear greenways, or city parks. Although largely disconnected, the progress to create a bicycle-friendly environment was recognized when San Antonio
San Antonio
was designated a bronze-level "Bicycle Friendly Community" by the League of American Bicyclists.

BICYCLE SHARING

A bike sharing service was approved by the city council on June 17, 2010. The initial program consisted of 140 bikes at 14 locations supported by a "central hub". It is expected to serve both residents and visitors. San Antonio
San Antonio
Bike Share, a non-profit, was formed to oversee the operation, locally operated and maintained by Bike World. B-Cycle, the same system used in Denver, supplies the bike share system. It began operation in March 2011.

WALKABILITY

A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked San Antonio
San Antonio
the 40th-most walkable of the fifty largest cities in the United States. With an average Walk Score of 33, San Antonio
San Antonio
is one of the most car-dependent major cities in America.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Main article: List of people from San Antonio

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

SISTER CITIES

San Antonio
San Antonio
is twinned with:

* – Monterrey
Monterrey
, Nuevo León , Mexico
Mexico
(1953) * – Guadalajara
Guadalajara
, Jalisco , Mexico
Mexico
(1974) * – Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
, Canary Islands
Canary Islands
, Spain
Spain
(1975) * – Gwangju
Gwangju
, South Korea
South Korea
(1981) * – Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
, Taiwan
Taiwan
(1981) * – Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
, Canary Islands
Canary Islands
, Spain
Spain
(1983) * – Kumamoto , Japan
Japan
(1987) * – Chennai
Chennai
, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
, India
India
(2008) * – Wuxi
Wuxi
, Jiangsu
Jiangsu
, People's Republic of China
China
(2012) * - Windhoek
Windhoek
, Namibia
Namibia
(2016)

FRIENDSHIP CITIES

* – Suzhou , Jiangsu
Jiangsu
, People's Republic of China
China
(2010 friendship city) * – Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, Israel
Israel
(2011 friendship city) * – Darmstadt
Darmstadt
, Germany
Germany
(2016 friendship city)

SEE ALSO

* Texas
Texas
portal * New Spain
Spain
portal

* Chisholm Trail
Chisholm Trail
* Fiesta San Antonio * National Register of Historic Places listings in Bexar County, Texas
Texas
* Father Antonio de San Buenaventura y Olivares

NOTES

* ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. * ^ Official records for San Antonio
San Antonio
were kept at downtown from March 1885 to December 1940, at Stinson Municipal Airport
Stinson Municipal Airport
from January 1941 to June 1942, and at San Antonio
San Antonio
Int'l since July 1942. For more information, see Threadex

REFERENCES

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Alamo
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UNESCO
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City
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Texas
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* ^ "Average Weather for San Antonio, TX - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-04-20. * ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. * ^ "1990 Population and Housing Unit Counts: United States (CPH-2)" (PDF). Retrieved August 11, 2008. * ^ A B " San Antonio
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Census Bureau. "San Antonio city, Texas
Texas
- ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates: 2006–2008". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2010. * ^ Fortune 500
Fortune 500
: Texas
Texas
Companies 2013 – Retrieved on March 3, 2014 * ^ US Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_metro/2011b/pdf/gdp_metro0211b.pdf * ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Tourism, SanAntonioRiverwalk.com. Retrieved January 7, 2007. * ^ " Fortune 500
Fortune 500
2009: States: Texas
Texas
Companies". CNN. Retrieved May 23, 2010. * ^ "America\'s Largest Private Companies". Forbes.com. March 25, 2014. Retrieved March 25, 2014. * ^ "Best Places For Business and Careers – Forbes". Forbes. Retrieved March 30, 2016. * ^ "Welcome to the City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
Economic Development Department-Index". Sanantonio.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2010. * ^ AT&T
AT&T
shareholder statement regarding corporate relocation , retrieved May 20, 2013 * ^ Nowlin, Sanford. "Aquila bids for sale or merger." San Antonio Express-News . March 11, 1998. Business 1E. Published in: Polishuk, Paul. Utilities Telecommunications News. Information Gatekeepers Inc. 8-9. Retrieved from Google Books
Google Books
on July 21, 2010. ISSN 1079-2937. * ^ Popik, Barry (December 20, 2007). " Alamo
Alamo
City
City
(San Antonio Nickname)". The Big Apple. * ^ "Destination SA Update 2011" (Report). San Antonio
San Antonio
Area Tourism Council. San Antonio
San Antonio
Area Tourism
Tourism
Council. March 2012. * ^ Gordon Hartman (July 25, 2015). "Every Day, Morgan\'s Wonderland is ADA". San Antonio
San Antonio
Express-News. * ^ http://www.sanantonioriver.org/mission_reach/recreation_opportunities.php * ^ John W. Gonzalez; Hot Wells Poised to Spring Alive Again: County OKs First Phase of Improvements for New Park; San Antonio Express-News; October 10, 2015; p. 1, A12 * ^ "Officer John R. Wheeler". bctpom.blogspot.com. May 24, 2010. Retrieved January 30, 2016. * ^ "Nation\'s first bookless library opens in San Antonio". Dallas Morning News. January 3, 2014. * ^ Football: Cowboys returning to S.A. in \'07, San Antonio Express-News, April 1, 2006. Archived May 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Football: Cowboys\' Jones backs S.A. team, San Antonio Express-News, May 5, 2006. Archived May 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Welcome to the 2009 U.S. Army All American Bowl". Usarmyallamericanbowl.com. Retrieved June 30, 2010. * ^ 7 Texas
Texas
Cities are in Top 20 in Murder per Capita; New York Times online; accessed April 2017 * ^ "Drive-by City;" Remembering San Antoinio Gang Violence in the 1990s; SA Current; online; retrieved April 2017 * ^ Once Again Homicide Records Fall in Many Big Cities; Associated Press News Archive online; accessed April 2017 * ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Records 151 Homicides in 2016; Most in 2 Decades; CBS
CBS
Local news, online; accessed April 2017 * ^ Homicides Hit a 21 Year High; Why?; My San Antonio
San Antonio
online; accessed April 2017 * ^ " City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
Official Web Site – City
City
Council". Sanantonio.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2010. * ^ http://home.bexar.org/el45a.htm * ^ http://www.sanantonio.gov/planning/pdf/GIS/map_download/0702GG24.pdf * ^ Texas
Texas
Local Government Code section 212.003, Extension of Rules to Extraterritorial Jurisdiction * ^ Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Boundary (PDF), City
City
of San Antonio Planning Department. July 28, 2006. * ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Master Plan, Public Studio ( San Antonio
San Antonio
Chapter American Institute of Architects); retrieved January 7, 2007. * ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities (PowerPoint), City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
Planning Department. Retrieved January 7, 2007. * ^ Three-year Annexation Plan; (PDF) format, City
City
of San Antonio Planning Department, January 6, 2006. * ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Agrees to Release ETJ to Schertz; * ^ MySA.com: Public Safety Archived May 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Parole Division Region IV; Texas
Texas
Department of Criminal Justice ; retrieved on May 21, 2010. Archived September 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
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. * ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
TDT District Office. Texas
Texas
Department of Transportation ; retrieved on January 11, 2010. * ^ "Post Office Location - San Antonio; United States
United States
Postal Service ; retrieved on May 22, 2010. Archived June 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
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. * ^ "Bexar County School Districts". Bexarcountytexas.us. March 30, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2013. * ^ Designated Market Areas Archived May 17, 2006, at the Wayback Machine ., Nielsen Media Research. * ^ VIA Primo www.viabrt.net * ^ A B VIA Metropolitan Transit – Communications; * ^ "VIA Metropolitan Transit". * ^ "Amtrak\'s Texas
Texas
Eagle Welcome aboard!". Texaseagle.com. Retrieved June 30, 2010. * ^ "Sunset Station San Antonio
San Antonio
near the Convention Center, Alamo and River Walk Hotels". Sunset-station.com. Retrieved June 30, 2010. * ^ "Nancy Beck Young, "San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad Company"". Texas
Texas
State Historical Association on-line. Retrieved April 28, 2013. * ^ "Hugh Hemphill, " San Antonio
San Antonio
Uvalde and Gulf Railroad"". txtransportationmuseum.org. Retrieved April 28, 2013. * ^ Lone Star Rail District www.lonestarrail.com * ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 345". Highway Designation Files. Texas
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Department of Transportation . * ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 368". Highway Designation Files. Texas
Texas
Department of Transportation . * ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 353". Highway Designation Files. Texas
Texas
Department of Transportation . * ^ San Antonio
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Bikes; City
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of San Antonio
San Antonio
Official Web Site * ^ Alamo
Alamo
City
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Named Bike-friendly City; San Antonio
San Antonio
Business Journal * ^ News Release - Bike Share Program * ^ Bicycling Proposals Gear Up * ^ "2011 City
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and Neighborhood Rankings". Walk Score. 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J Sister Cities Program. Sainternationalrelations.org. Retrieved on December 11, 2011. * ^ "Sister Cities, Public Relations". Guadalajara
Guadalajara
municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013. * ^ Gwangju
Gwangju
Sister Cities * ^ /news/NewsMayorCouncil/nrChennaiSisterCity.asp?res=1280 border:inherit; padding:inherit;">url= value (help ). Sanantonio.gov. February 28, 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2010. * ^ http://www.sanantonio.gov/Clerk/News-Releases-Events/ArtMID/13292/ArticleID/8990/Windhoek-becomes-first-San-Antonio-Sister-City-in-Africa-10th-total * ^ The Greater San Antonio Chinese Chamber of Commerce - Wuxi
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and Suzhou Are Friends with San Antonio. Gsaccc.org (May 28, 2010). Retrieved on December 11, 2011. * ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
mayor boosts ties with Israel
Israel
JTA - Jewish padding:0.75em; background:#f9f9f9;"> Find more aboutSAN ANTONIOat Wikipedia's sister projects

* Definitions from Wiktionary * Media from Commons * News from Wikinews * Texts from Wikisource * Travel guide from Wikivoyage

* City
City
of San Antonio * San Antonio
San Antonio
Convention ">Coordinates : 29°25′N 98°30′W / 29.417°N 98.500°W / 29.417; -98.500

* v * t * e

City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio

Nickname: Alamo
Alamo
City
City

ATTRACTIONS

* The Alamo
Alamo
* Alamo
Alamo
Cenotaph * La Antorcha de la Amistad * Basilica of the National Shrine of the Little Flower * Cathedral of San Fernando
Cathedral of San Fernando
* HemisFair \'68 * Houston
Houston
Street * San Antonio Zoo * Tower of the Americas * Tower Life Building

MUSEUMS

* Artpace * Blue Star Contemporary Art Museum * Briscoe Western Art Museum * Casa Navarro State Historic Site * Fort Sam Houston Museum * Gallista * Gas Gallery * Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center * Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
* UTSA Institute of Texan Cultures
Institute of Texan Cultures
* McNay Art Museum
McNay Art Museum
* Museo Alameda * Museum of Aerospace Medicine * O. Henry House Museum * Ripley\'s Believe It or Not! * San Antonio Academy Museum * San Antonio Museum of Art * Southwest School of Art * Spanish Governor\'s Palace * Edward Steves Homestead
Edward Steves Homestead
* Texas
Texas
Air Museum * Texas
Texas
Transportation Museum * United States Army Medical Department Museum * Witte Museum
Witte Museum
* Yturri-Edmunds Historic Site

See also: List of museums in Central Texas
Texas

ENTERTAINMENT

* Alamodome * Alamo
Alamo
City
City
Rugby * Arneson River Theater
Arneson River Theater
* AT&T Center * Aztec on the River * Fiesta Noche del Rio * Fiesta San Antonio * Freeman Coliseum * Majestic Theatre * Morgan\'s Wonderland * Nelson W. Wolff Stadium * San Antonio Missions (Baseball) * San Antonio Rampage * San Antonio Scorpions * San Antonio Spurs * San Antonio Stars * San Antonio
San Antonio
Stock Show border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Christus Santa Rosa * iHeartMedia * Visionworks of America * Firstmark Credit Union
Firstmark Credit Union
* Frost Bank * Harte Hanks * H-E-B * M7 Aerospace * NewTek * Rackspace * San Antonio Express-News * SAS Shoemakers
SAS Shoemakers
(SAS) * SAWS * Security Service Federal Credit Union * SWBC * Tesoro * Toyota Motor Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Texas
Texas
* USAA * Valero

Research and education

* The Alamo
Alamo
Colleges * Baptist School of Health Professions * Cancer Therapy & Research Center * Children\'s Cancer Research Institute * Oblate School of Theology * Our Lady of the Lake University * San Antonio Public Library * South Texas
Texas
Medical Center * Texas
Texas
Biomedical Research Institute * Southwest Research Institute * St. Mary\'s University * Texas Aborder-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* San Antonio
San Antonio
Military
Military
Medical Center * Brooks City-Base * Camp Bullis * Fort Sam Houston * Lackland Air Force Base * Pershing House * Randolph Air Force Base * Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center

PARKS

* Acequia Park * Brackenridge Park * Denman Estate Park * Dwight D. Eisenhower Park * Friedrich Wilderness Park * Government Canyon State Natural Area * Hardberger Park * Mahncke Park * Orsinger Park * San Antonio Botanical Garden * Japanese Tea Garden * San Antonio Missions National Historical Park * San Pedro Springs Park * O. P. Schnabel Park * Travis Park

Restaurants and shopping

* Bill Miller Bar-B-Q Enterprises * Buckhorn Saloon border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Acequia Madre de Valero * Architecture * Bexar County Courthouse
Bexar County Courthouse
* Culture * Downtown * Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center * History timeline * St. Joseph Catholic Church * Metropolitan Area * Neighborhoods and Districts * San Antonio Conservation Society * San Antonio International Airport * San Antonio Springs * San Antonio Station * VIA Metropolitan Transit

* Bexar County * San Antonio– New Braunfels Metro * Texas
Texas
* United States
United States

* v * t * e

Municipalities and communities of Bexar County, Texas
Texas
, United States

County seat
County seat
: SAN ANTONIO

CITIES

* Alamo
Alamo
Heights * Balcones Heights * Castle Hills
Castle Hills
* Cibolo ‡ * Converse * Elmendorf ‡ * Fair Oaks Ranch ‡ * Grey Forest * Helotes * Hill Country Village * Kirby * Leon Valley * Live Oak * Lytle ‡ * Olmos Park * San Antonio‡ * Sandy Oaks * Schertz ‡ * Selma ‡ * Shavano Park * Somerset * Terrell Hills * Universal City
City
‡ * Von Ormy * Windcrest

TOWNS

* China
China
Grove * Hollywood Park * St. Hedwig

CDPS

* Cross Mountain * Lackland AFB * Macdona * Randolph AFB * Scenic Oaks * Timberwood Park

Other unincorporated communities

* Adkins * Atascosa * Leon Springs * Losoya * Martinez * Sayers * Wetmore

FOOTNOTES ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

* v * t * e

Municipalities and communities of Comal County, Texas
Texas
, United States

County seat
County seat
: NEW BRAUNFELS

CITIES

* Bulverde * Fair Oaks Ranch ‡ * Garden Ridge * New Braunfels ‡ * San Antonio‡ * Schertz ‡ * Selma ‡ * Spring Branch

CDP

* Canyon Lake

Unincorporated communities

* Bracken * Fischer

GHOST TOWN

* Canyon City
City

FOOTNOTES ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

* v * t * e

Municipalities and communities of Medina County, Texas
Texas
, United States

County seat
County seat
: HONDO

CITIES

* Castroville * Devine * Hondo * LaCoste * Lytle ‡ * Natalia * San Antonio‡

CDPS

* D\'Hanis * Lake Medina Shores ‡

Other unincorporated communities

* Dunlay * Mico * Pearson * Rio Medina * Yancey

GHOST TOWNS

* New Fountain * Quihi * Vandenburg

FOOTNOTES ‡This city also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

* v * t * e

State of Texas
Texas

AUSTIN (capital)

TOPICS

* Architecture * Climate * Cuisine * Geography * Government * Healthcare * History * Languages * Law * Literature

* Media

* Newspapers * Radio * TV

* National Historic Landmarks * Recorded Texas
Texas
Historic Landmarks * National Register of Historic Places Sites * Sports * Symbols * Texans * Tourist attractions * Transportation

SOCIETY

* Culture * Crime * Demographics
Demographics
* Economy * Education * Gambling * Politics

REGIONS

* Ark‑La‑Tex * Big Bend * Blackland Prairies * Brazos Valley * Central Texas
Texas
* Coastal Bend * Concho Valley * Cross Timbers * Deep East Texas
Texas
* East Texas
Texas
* Edwards Plateau * Golden Triangle * Hill Country * Llano Estacado * Northeast Texas
Texas
* North Texas
Texas
* Osage Plains * Panhandle * Permian Basin * Piney Woods * Rio Grande Valley
Rio Grande Valley
* Southeast Texas
Texas
* South Plains
South Plains
* South Texas
Texas
* Texoma * Trans-Pecos * West Texas
Texas

Metropolitan areas

* Abilene * Amarillo * Austin –Round Rock * Beaumont –Port Arthur * Brownsville –Harlingen * College Station –Bryan * Corpus Christi * Dallas
Dallas
Fort Worth –Arlington * El Paso * Houston
Houston
–The Woodlands –Sugar Land * Killeen –Temple * Laredo * Longview * Lubbock * McAllen –Edinburg –Mission * Midland * Odessa * San Angelo * San Antonio– New Braunfels * Sherman –Denison * Texarkana * Tyler * Victoria * Waco * Wichita Falls

COUNTIES See: List of counties in Texas
Texas

* v * t * e

All-America City
City
Award: Hall of Fame

* Akron, Ohio
Akron, Ohio
* Anchorage, Alaska
Anchorage, Alaska
* Asheville, North Carolina * Baltimore
Baltimore
* Boston
Boston
* Cincinnati
Cincinnati
* Cleveland
Cleveland
* Columbus, Ohio
Columbus, Ohio
* Dayton, Ohio * Des Moines, Iowa * Edinburg, Texas
Texas
* Fayetteville, North Carolina * Fort Wayne, Indiana
Fort Wayne, Indiana
* Fort Worth, Texas
Texas
* Gastonia, North Carolina * Grand Island, Nebraska * Grand Rapids, Michigan * Hickory, North Carolina * Independence, Missouri
Independence, Missouri
* Kansas City, Missouri
Kansas City, Missouri
* Laurinburg, North Carolina * New Haven, Connecticut * Peoria, Illinois * Philadelphia
Philadelphia
* Phoenix, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
* Roanoke, Virginia * Rockville, Maryland * Saint Paul, Minnesota
Saint Paul, Minnesota
* San Antonio * Seward, Alaska
Seward, Alaska
* Shreveport, Louisiana * Tacoma, Washington * Toledo, Ohio
Toledo, Ohio
* Tupelo, Mississippi * Wichita, Kansas
Wichita, Kansas
* Worcester, Massachusetts

* v * t * e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Texas
Texas

* SYLVESTER TURNER (D) ( Houston
Houston
) * RON NIRENBERG (I) (San Antonio) * MIKE RAWLINGS (D) ( Dallas
Dallas
) * STEVE ADLER (D) (Austin ) * BETSY PRICE (R) ( Fort Worth ) * DEE MARGO (R) (El Paso ) * JEFF WILLIAMS (R) (Arlington ) * JOE MCCOMB (R) (Corpus Christi ) * HARRY LAROSILIERE (D) (Plano ) * PETE SAENZ (D) (Laredo ) * DAN POPE (D) (Lubbock ) * DOUGLAS ATHAS (Garland ) * BETH VAN DUYNE (R) (Irving ) * GINGER NELSON (Amarillo ) * RON JENSEN (Grand Prairie ) * TONY MARTINEZ (Brownsville ) * JOHNNY ISBELL (Pasadena ) * BRIAN LOUGHMILLER (R) (McKinney ) * STAN PICKETT (Mesquite ) * JIM DARLING (McAllen ) * MAHER MASO (Frisco ) * JOSE SEGARRA (Killeen ) * KYLE DEAVER (Waco ) * KEVIN FALCONER (R) (Carrollton ) * JERRY MORALES (Midland ) * CHRIS WATTS (Denton ) * NORM ARCHIBALD (Abilene ) * BECKY AMES (R) (Beaumont ) * DAVID TURNER (Odessa ) * ALAN MCGRAW (Round Rock ) * GLENN BARHAM (Wichita Falls ) * PAUL VOELKER (Richardson ) * DEAN UECKERT (Lewisville ) * MARTIN HEINES (Tyler ) * TOM REID (Pearland ) * NANCY BERRY (College Station )

Other states AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

* v * t * e

County seats of Texas
Texas

A

* Abilene * Albany * Alice * Alpine * Amarillo * Anahuac * Anderson * Andrews * Angleton * Anson * Archer City
City
* Aspermont * Athens * Austin

B

* Baird * Ballinger * Bandera * Bastrop * Bay City
City
* Beaumont * Beeville * Bellville * Belton * Benjamin * Big Lake * Big Spring * Boerne * Bonham * Boston
Boston
* Brackettville * Brady * Breckenridge * Brenham * Brownfield * Brownsville * Brownwood * Bryan * Burnet

C

* Caldwell * Cameron * Canadian * Canton * Canyon * Carrizo Springs * Carthage * Center * Centerville * Channing * Childress * Clarendon * Clarksville * Claude * Cleburne * Coldspring * Coleman * Colorado City
City
* Columbus * Comanche * Conroe * Cooper * Corpus Christi * Corsicana * Cotulla * Crane * Crockett * Crosbyton * Crowell * Crystal City
City
* Cuero

D

* Daingerfield * Dalhart * Dallas
Dallas
* Decatur * Del Rio * Denton * Dickens * Dimmitt * Dumas

E

* Eagle Pass * Eastland * Edinburg * El Paso * Eldorado * Emory

F

* Fairfield * Falfurrias * Farwell * Floresville * Floydada * Fort Davis * Fort Stockton * Fort Worth * Franklin * Fredericksburg

G

* Gail * Gainesville * Galveston * Garden City
City
* Gatesville * George West * Georgetown * Giddings * Gilmer * Glen Rose * Goldthwaite * Goliad * Gonzales * Graham * Granbury * Greenville * Groesbeck * Groveton * Guthrie

H

* Hallettsville * Hamilton * Haskell * Hebbronville * Hemphill * Hempstead * Henderson * Henrietta * Hereford * Hillsboro * Hondo * Houston
Houston
* Huntsville

J

* Jacksboro * Jasper * Jayton * Jefferson * Johnson City
City
* Jourdanton * Junction

K

* Karnes City
City
* Kaufman * Kermit * Kerrville * Kingsville * Kountze

L

* La Grange * Lamesa * Lampasas * Laredo * Leakey * Levelland * Liberty * Linden * Lipscomb * Littlefield * Livingston * Llano * Lockhart * Longview * Lubbock * Lufkin

M

* Madisonville * Marfa * Marlin * Marshall * Mason * Matador * McKinney * Memphis * Menard * Mentone * Meridian * Mertzon * Miami * Midland * Monahans * Montague * Morton * Mount Pleasant * Mount Vernon * Muleshoe

N

* Nacogdoches * New Braunfels * Newton

O

* Odessa * Orange * Ozona

P

* Paducah * Paint Rock * Palestine * Palo Pinto * Pampa * Panhandle * Paris * Pearsall * Pecos * Perryton * Pittsburg * Plains * Plainview * Port Lavaca * Post

Q

* Quanah * Quitman

R

* Rankin * Raymondville * Refugio * Richmond * Rio Grande City
City
* Robert Lee * Roby * Rockport * Rocksprings * Rockwall * Rusk

S

* San Angelo * San Antonio * San Augustine * San Diego * San Marcos * San Saba * Sanderson * Sarita * Seguin * Seminole * Seymour * Sherman * Sierra Blanca * Silverton * Sinton * Snyder * Sonora * Spearman * Stanton * Stephenville * Sterling City
City
* Stinnett * Stratford * Sulphur Springs * Sweetwater

T

* Tahoka * Throckmorton * Tilden * Tulia * Tyler

U

* Uvalde

V

* Van Horn * Vega * Vernon * Victoria

W

* Waco * Waxahachie * Weatherford * Wellington * Wharton * Wheeler * Wichita Falls * Woodville

Z

* Zapata

* v * t * e

San Antonio– New Braunfels

CENTRAL CITY

* San Antonio

COUNTIES

* Atascosa * Bandera * Bexar * Comal * Guadalupe * Kendall * Medina * Wilson

SATELLITE CITIES

* New Braunfels * Seguin

MUNICIPALITIES 25K–50K

* Schertz

MUNICIPALITIES 10K–25K

* Boerne * Canyon Lake * Cibolo * Converse * Leon Valley * Live Oak * Timberwood Park * Universal City
City

MUNICIPALITIES 5K–10K

* Alamo
Alamo
Heights * Bulverde * Fair Oaks Ranch * Floresville * Helotes * Hondo * Kirby * Lackland AFB * Lakehills * Pleasanton * Selma * Terrell Hills * Windcrest

MUNICIPALITIES 1K–5K

* Balcones Heights * Castle Hills
Castle Hills
* Castroville * Charlotte * China
China
Grove * Comfort * Cross Mountain * Devine * Elmendorf * Garden Ridge * Hill Country Village * Hollywood Park * Jourdanton * LaCoste * La Vernia * Lake Dunlap * Lytle * Marion * McQueeney * Natalia * Nixon (partial) * Northcliff (former) * Olmos Park * Poteet * Poth * Randolph AFB * Redwood * Sandy Oaks * Scenic Oaks * Shavano Park * Somerset * St. Hedwig * Stockdale * Von Ormy

MUNICIPALITIES

Links: ------ /wiki/Help:IPA_for_English /wiki/Anthony_of_Padua /wiki/List_of_United_States_cities_by_population /wiki/List_of_cities_in_Texas_by_population /wiki/Texas /#cite_note-population2-5 /wiki/List_of_United_States_cities_by_population

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