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San Antonio
San Antonio
(/ˌsæn ænˈtoʊni.oʊ/ Spanish for "Saint Anthony"), officially the City
City
of San Antonio, is the seventh most populous city in the United States
United States
and the second most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States.[5] Founded as a Spanish mission and colonial outpost in 1718, the city became the first chartered civil settlement in Texas
Texas
in 1731, making it the state's oldest municipality.[6][7] The city's deep history is contrasted with its rapid growth: it was the fastest-growing of the top ten largest cities in the United States
United States
from 2000 to 2010, and the second from 1990 to 2000.[8][9] Straddling the regional divide between South and Central Texas, San Antonio
San Antonio
anchors the southwestern corner of an urban megaregion colloquially known as the " Texas
Texas
Triangle". San Antonio
San Antonio
serves as the seat of Bexar County. Recent annexations[10] have extended the city's boundaries into Medina County and, for a tiny area near the city of Garden Ridge, into Comal County.[11] Since San Antonio
San Antonio
was founded during the Spanish Colonial Era, it has a church (San Fernando Cathedral) in its center, located on the main civic plaza in front, a characteristic which is found in some other Spanish-founded cities, towns, and villages in Spain
Spain
and Latin America. Due to its placement, the city is similar to other Western urban centers, in which areas outside the city limits are sparsely populated and have low density. San Antonio
San Antonio
is the center of the San Antonio–New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area. Commonly referred to as Greater San Antonio, the metropolitan area has a population of 2,454,061 based on the 2017 US Census estimate, making it the 24th-largest metropolitan area in the United States
United States
and third-largest in the state of Texas. Growth along the Interstate 35
Interstate 35
and Interstate 10
Interstate 10
corridors to the north, west and east make it likely that the metropolitan area will continue to expand. San Antonio
San Antonio
was named by a 1691 Spanish expedition for Saint Anthony of Padua, whose feast day is on June 13. The city contains five 18th-century Spanish frontier missions, including The Alamo
Alamo
and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, which together were designated as a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 2015.[12] Other notable attractions include the River Walk, the Tower of the Americas, SeaWorld, the Alamo
Alamo
Bowl, and Marriage Island. Commercial entertainment includes Six Flags Fiesta Texas
Texas
and Morgan's Wonderland amusement parks. According to the San Antonio
San Antonio
Convention and Visitors Bureau, the city is visited by about 32 million tourists a year. The city is home to the five-time NBA champion San Antonio
San Antonio
Spurs. It hosts the annual San Antonio
San Antonio
Stock Show & Rodeo, one of the largest such events in the country. The U.S. armed forces have numerous facilities in and around San Antonio; Fort Sam Houston
Fort Sam Houston
being the only one within the city limits. Lackland Air Force Base, Randolph Air Force Base, Lackland AFB/Kelly Field Annex, Camp Bullis, and Camp Stanley are located outside the city limits. Kelly Air Force Base operated out of San Antonio
San Antonio
until 2001, when the airfield was transferred to Lackland AFB. The remaining portions of the base were developed as Port San Antonio, an industrial/business park and aerospace complex. San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to six Fortune 500
Fortune 500
companies and the South Texas
Texas
Medical Center, the only medical research and care provider in the South Texas
Texas
region.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Post-Civil War to present

2 Geography

2.1 Neighborhoods 2.2 Climate and vegetation

3 Demographics

3.1 2010 3.2 2000

4 Economy

4.1 Military
Military
installations 4.2 Relocation losses

5 Culture

5.1 Attractions

6 Photo gallery

6.1 Digital library

7 Sports

7.1 Professional sports 7.2 College sports

8 Crime 9 Government

9.1 Growth policy 9.2 State and federal representation

10 Education 11 Media and entertainment

11.1 Print 11.2 Radio 11.3 Television 11.4 Annual events

12 Transportation

12.1 Air 12.2 Mass transit 12.3 Rail 12.4 Road 12.5 Bicycle paths 12.6 Bicycle sharing 12.7 Walkability

13 In popular culture 14 Notable people 15 International relations

15.1 Sister cities 15.2 Friendship cities

16 See also 17 Notes 18 References 19 External links

History[edit] Main articles: History of San Antonio
History of San Antonio
and Timeline of San Antonio

Lithograph of San Antonio
San Antonio
in 1886

At the time of European encounter, Payaya Indians
Payaya Indians
lived near the San Antonio River Valley in the San Pedro Springs
San Pedro Springs
area. They called the vicinity Yanaguana, meaning "refreshing waters". In 1691, a group of Spanish Catholic explorers and missionaries came upon the river and Payaya settlement on June 13, the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua. They named the place and river "San Antonio" in his honor.[13] It was years before any Spanish settlement took place. Father Antonio de Olivares visited the site in 1709, and he was determined to found a mission and civilian settlement there. The viceroy gave formal approval for a combined mission and presidio in late 1716, as he wanted to forestall any French expansion into the area from their colony of La Louisiane to the east, as well as prevent illegal trading with the Payaya. He directed Martín de Alarcón, the governor of Coahuila and Texas, to establish the mission complex. Differences between Alarcón and Olivares resulted in delays, and construction did not start until 1718.[14] Fray Antonio de Olivares
Antonio de Olivares
built, with the help of the Payaya Indians, the Misión de San Antonio
San Antonio
de Valero (The Alamo), the Presidio San Antonio
San Antonio
de Bexar, the bridge that connected both, and the Acequia Madre de Valero.[2] The families who clustered around the presidio and mission formed the beginnings of Villa de Béjar, destined to become the most important town in Spanish Texas.[15] On May 1, the governor transferred ownership of the Mission San Antonio de Valero
Mission San Antonio de Valero
(later famous as the Alamo) to Fray Antonio de Olivares.[2] On May 5, 1718 he commissioned the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar
Presidio San Antonio de Béxar
("Béjar" in modern Spanish orthography) on the west side of the San Antonio
San Antonio
River, one-fourth league from the mission.[14] On February 14, 1719, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo proposed to the king of Spain
Spain
that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands, Galicia, or Havana
Havana
to populate the province of Texas. His plan was approved, and notice was given the Canary Islanders (isleños) to furnish 200 families; the Council of the Indies suggested that 400 families should be sent from the Canaries to Texas by way of Havana
Havana
and Veracruz. By June 1730, 25 families had reached Cuba, and 10 families had been sent to Veracruz before orders from Spain
Spain
came to stop the re-settlement.[16] Under the leadership of Juan Leal Goraz, the group marched overland from Veracruz to the Presidio San Antonio
San Antonio
de Béxar, where they arrived on March 9, 1731. Due to marriages along the way, the party now included 15 families, a total of 56 persons. They joined the military community established in 1718. The immigrants formed the nucleus of the villa of San Fernando de Béxar, the first regularly organized civil government in Texas. Several older families of San Antonio trace their descent from the Canary Island colonists. María Rosa Padrón was the first baby born of Canary Islander descent in San Antonio.[16] During the Spanish Mexican settlement of Southwestern lands, which took place over the following century, Juan Leal Goraz Jr. was a prominent figure. He claimed nearly 100,000 sq miles (153,766 acres) as Spanish territory and held some control for nearly three decades: this area stretched across six present-day states. San Antonio
San Antonio
was designated as Leal Goraz's capital. It represented Mexican expansion into the area. With his robust military forces, he led exploration and establishing Spanish colonial bases as far as San Francisco, California. Widespread bankruptcy forced Leal Goraz Jr.'s army back into the current boundaries of Mexico; they fell into internal conflict and turmoil with neighboring entities.

Memorial to the Alamo
Alamo
defenders

San Antonio
San Antonio
grew to become the largest Spanish settlement in Texas; it was designated as the capital of the Spanish, later Mexican, province of Tejas. From San Antonio, the Camino Real (today Nacogdoches
Nacogdoches
Road), was built to the small frontier town of Nacogdoches. Mexico
Mexico
allowed European-American settlers from the United States
United States
into the territory; they mostly occupied land in the eastern part. When Antonio López de Santa Anna unilaterally abolished the Mexican Constitution of 1824, violence ensued in many states of Mexico.[17] In a series of battles, the Texian Army
Texian Army
succeeded in forcing Mexican soldiers out of the settlement areas east of San Antonio, which were dominated by Americans. Under the leadership of Ben Milam, in the Battle of Bexar, December 1835, Texian forces captured San Antonio from forces commanded by General Martin Perfecto de Cos, Santa Anna's brother-in-law. In the spring of 1836, Santa Anna marched on San Antonio. A volunteer force under the command of James C. Neill occupied and fortified the deserted mission.[18] Upon his departure, the joint command of William Barrett Travis and James Bowie
James Bowie
were left in charge of defending the old mission. The Battle of the Alamo
Alamo
took place from February 23 to March 6, 1836. The outnumbered Texian force was ultimately defeated, with all of the Alamo
Alamo
defenders killed. These men were seen as "martyrs" for the cause of Texas
Texas
freedom and "Remember the Alamo" became a rallying cry in the Texian Army's eventual success at defeating Santa Anna's army.[18] Juan Seguín, who organized the company of Tejano patriots, who fought for Texas
Texas
independence, fought at the Battle of Concepción, Siege of Bexar, and the Battle of San Jacinto, and served as mayor of San Antonio. He was forced out of that office, due to threats on his life, by sectarian newcomers and political opponents in 1842, becoming the last Tejano mayor for nearly 150 years.[19]

An aerial view of San Antonio
San Antonio
in 1939

In 1845, the United States
United States
finally decided to annex Texas
Texas
and include it as a state in the Union. This led to the Mexican–American War. Though the US ultimately won, the war was devastating to San Antonio. By its end, the population of the city had been reduced by almost two-thirds, to 800 inhabitants.[20] Bolstered by migrants and immigrants, by 1860 at the start of the Civil War, San Antonio
San Antonio
had grown to a city of 15,000 people. Post-Civil War to present[edit]

Downtown San Antonio

Following the Civil War, San Antonio
San Antonio
prospered as a center of the cattle industry. During this period, it remained a frontier city, with a mixture of cultures that was different from other US cities. In the 1850s Frederick Law Olmsted, the landscape architect who designed Central Park
Central Park
in New York City, traveled throughout the South and Southwest, and published accounts of his observations. In his 1859 book about Texas, Olmsted described San Antonio
San Antonio
as having a "jumble of races, costumes, languages, and buildings", which gave it a quality that only New Orleans
New Orleans
could rival in what he described as "odd and antiquated foreignness."[21][22] In 1877, following the Reconstruction Era, developers constructed the first railroad to San Antonio, connecting it to major markets and port cities. Texas
Texas
was the first state to have major cities develop by railroads rather than waterways. In Texas, the railroads supported a markedly different pattern of development of major interior cities, such as San Antonio, Dallas
Dallas
and Fort Worth, compared to the historical development of coastal port cities in the established eastern states. At the beginning of the 20th century, the streets of the city's downtown were widened to accommodate street cars and modern traffic. At that time, many of the older historic buildings were demolished in the process of this modernization.[23] Since the late twentieth century, San Antonio
San Antonio
has had steady population growth. The city's population has nearly doubled in 35 years, from just over 650,000 in the 1970 census to an estimated 1.2 million in 2005, through both population growth and land annexation (the latter has considerably enlarged the physical area of the city).[24] In 1990, the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
reported San Antonio's population as 55.6% Hispanic, 7.0% black, and 36.2% non-Hispanic white.[25] Geography[edit]

San Antonio

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    1.8     62 39

    1.8     67 42

    2.3     74 50

    2.1     80 57

    4     86 66

    4.1     91 72

    2.7     95 74

    2.1     95 74

    3     90 69

    4.1     82 59

    2.3     71 49

    1.9     64 41

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Source: NOAA

Metric conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    45     17 4

    45     20 6

    59     24 10

    53     27 14

    102     30 19

    105     33 22

    70     35 23

    53     35 23

    77     32 20

    104     28 15

    58     22 9

    49     18 5

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

San Antonio
San Antonio
is located near 29.5°N 98.5°W. It is about 75 miles (121 km) to the southwest of its neighboring city, Austin, the state capital. The city is also about 190 miles (310 km) west of Houston
Houston
and about 250 miles (400 km) south of the Dallas–Fort Worth area. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2000 the city had a total area of 412.07 square miles (1,067.3 km2)—407.56 square miles (1,055.6 km2) (98.9%) of land and 4.51 square miles (11.7 km2) (1.1%) of water. The city sits on the Balcones Escarpment. The altitude of San Antonio
San Antonio
is 772 feet (235 m) above sea level. The primary source of drinking water for the city is the Edwards Aquifer. Impounded in 1962 and 1969, respectively, Victor Braunig Lake and Calaveras Lake were among the first reservoirs in the country built to use recycled treated wastewater for power plant cooling, reducing the amount of groundwater needed for electrical generation. Neighborhoods[edit] Further information: Neighborhoods and districts of San Antonio
Neighborhoods and districts of San Antonio
and Downtown San Antonio Climate and vegetation[edit] San Antonio
San Antonio
has a transitional humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa),[26][27][28] featuring very hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. The area is subject to descending northern cold fronts in the winter with cool to cold nights, and is warm and rainy in the spring and fall. San Antonio
San Antonio
receives about a dozen subfreezing nights each year, typically seeing snow, sleet, or ice about once every two or three winters, but accumulation and snow itself are very rare. Winters may pass without any frozen precipitation at all, and up to a decade has passed between snowfalls in the past. According to the National Weather Service, there have been 32 instances of snowfall (a trace or more) in the city in the past 122 years, about once every four years. Snow was most recently seen on December 7, 2017, when 1.9 inches (5 cm) of snow coated the city.[29] On January 13, 1985, San Antonio received a record snowfall of 16 inches (41 cm).[30][31] San Antonio
San Antonio
and New Braunfels, 40 miles (64 km) to the northeast, are some of the most flood-prone regions in North America.[32] The October 1998 Central Texas
Texas
floods were one of the costliest floods in United States
United States
history, resulting in $750 million in damage and 32 deaths. In 2002, from June 30 to July 7, 35 in (890 mm) of rain fell in the San Antonio
San Antonio
area, resulting in widespread flooding and 12 fatalities.[33] Instances of tornadoes within the city limits have been reported as recently as February 2017, although they seldom occur.[34] An F2 tornado will land within 50 mi (80 km) of the city on average once every five years. San Antonio
San Antonio
has experienced two F4 tornadoes, one in 1953 and another in 1973. The 1953 tornado resulted in two deaths and 15 injuries.[35] In San Antonio, July and August tie for the average warmest months, with an average high of 95 °F (35 °C). The highest temperature ever to be recorded was 111 °F (44 °C) on September 5, 2000.[29] The average coolest month is January. The lowest recorded temperature ever was 0 °F (−18 °C) on January 31, 1949.[29] May, June, and October have quite a bit of precipitation. Since recording began in 1871, the average annual precipitation has been 29.03 inches (737 mm), with a maximum of 52.28 inches (1,328 mm) and a minimum of 10.11 inches (256.8 mm) in one year.[36]

Climate data for San Antonio
San Antonio
( San Antonio
San Antonio
Int'l), 1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1885–present[b]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 89 (32) 100 (38) 100 (38) 101 (38) 104 (40) 107 (42) 106 (41) 110 (43) 111 (44) 99 (37) 94 (34) 90 (32) 111 (44)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 79.8 (26.6) 84.3 (29.1) 88.1 (31.2) 92.5 (33.6) 95.9 (35.5) 98.4 (36.9) 99.7 (37.6) 101.5 (38.6) 98.2 (36.8) 92.9 (33.8) 85.4 (29.7) 80.2 (26.8) 102.9 (39.4)

Average high °F (°C) 62.9 (17.2) 66.9 (19.4) 73.5 (23.1) 80.5 (26.9) 87.0 (30.6) 92.3 (33.5) 94.6 (34.8) 96.0 (35.6) 90.3 (32.4) 82.2 (27.9) 72.2 (22.3) 64.0 (17.8) 80.2 (26.8)

Average low °F (°C) 40.7 (4.8) 44.2 (6.8) 50.8 (10.4) 58.1 (14.5) 66.8 (19.3) 72.6 (22.6) 74.6 (23.7) 74.7 (23.7) 69.1 (20.6) 60.1 (15.6) 50.1 (10.1) 41.7 (5.4) 58.6 (14.8)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 25.1 (−3.8) 27.1 (−2.7) 32.3 (0.2) 40.9 (4.9) 53.0 (11.7) 63.9 (17.7) 69.1 (20.6) 68.5 (20.3) 55.0 (12.8) 41.8 (5.4) 32.5 (0.3) 25.0 (−3.9) 20.8 (−6.2)

Record low °F (°C) 0 (−18) 4 (−16) 19 (−7) 31 (−1) 42 (6) 48 (9) 60 (16) 57 (14) 41 (5) 27 (−3) 21 (−6) 6 (−14) 0 (−18)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.76 (44.7) 1.79 (45.5) 2.31 (58.7) 2.10 (53.3) 4.01 (101.9) 4.14 (105.2) 2.74 (69.6) 2.09 (53.1) 3.03 (77) 4.11 (104.4) 2.28 (57.9) 1.91 (48.5) 32.27 (819.8)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.7 (1.8) trace 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.7 (1.8)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.0 7.2 8.8 6.4 8.5 7.5 5.2 4.7 6.6 6.9 6.7 7.5 83.0

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.2 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4

Average relative humidity (%) 67.1 65.2 63.2 66.3 70.5 68.8 65.0 64.7 68.0 67.2 68.3 68.0 66.9

Mean monthly sunshine hours 159.4 169.7 215.5 209.7 221.8 275.9 308.8 293.9 234.9 218.0 171.9 149.7 2,629.2

Percent possible sunshine 49 54 58 54 52 66 72 72 63 61 54 47 59

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[37][38][39], The Weather Channel[40]

Natural vegetation in the San Antonio
San Antonio
area (where undisturbed by development) includes oak-cedar woodland, oak grassland savanna, chaparral brush and riparian (stream) woodland. San Antonio
San Antonio
is at the westernmost limit for both cabbage palmetto (Sabal palmetto) and Spanish moss. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1850 3,488

1860 8,235

136.1%

1870 12,256

48.8%

1880 20,550

67.7%

1890 37,673

83.3%

1900 53,321

41.5%

1910 96,614

81.2%

1920 161,379

67.0%

1930 231,542

43.5%

1940 253,854

9.6%

1950 408,442

60.9%

1960 587,718

43.9%

1970 654,153

11.3%

1980 785,940

20.1%

1990 935,933

19.1%

2000 1,144,646

22.3%

2010 1,327,407

16.0%

Est. 2016 1,492,510 [41] 12.4%

historical data sources:[42]

Racial composition 2010[43] 1990[25] 1970[25] 1950[25]

White 72.6% 72.2% 91.4% 92.8%

 —Non-Hispanic whites 26.6% 36.2% 47.7% n/a

Black or African American 6.9% 7.0% 7.6% 7.0%

Asian 2.4% 1.1% 0.3% 0.2%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 63.2% 55.6% 44.9% n/a

Map of racial distribution in San Antonio, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian Hispanic of any race, or other (yellow)

2010[edit] According to the 2010 US Census, 1,327,407 people resided in the city proper of San Antonio, an increase of 16.0% since 2000. The racial composition of the city based on the 2010 US Census
2010 US Census
is as follows:[43]

72.6% White (Non-Hispanic Whites: 26.6%) 6.9% Black 0.9% Native American 2.4% Asian 0.1% Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
or Pacific Islander 3.4% Two or more races 13.7% Other races

In addition, 63.2% of the city's population was of Hispanic or Latino origin, of any race. 2000[edit] According to the 2000 US Census, the city proper had a population of 1,144,646,[44] ranking it the ninth-most populated city in the country. Due to San Antonio's low density rate and lack of significant metropolitan population outside the city limits, the metropolitan area ranked just 30th in the US with a population of 1,592,383.[45] San Antonio has a large Hispanic population with a significant African American population.[46] Subsequent population counts, however, indicate continued rapid growth in the area. As stated above, the 2010 US Census
2010 US Census
showed the city's population at 1,327,407,[47] making it the second-most-populous city in Texas
Texas
(after Houston), as well as the seventh-most-populous city in the United States. The 2011 US Census estimate for the eight-county San Antonio– New Braunfels
New Braunfels
metropolitan area placed its population at 2,194,927,[48] making it the third-most populous metro area in Texas (after Dallas- Fort Worth
Fort Worth
metroplex and Houston
Houston
Metropolitan Area) and the 24th-most populous metro area in the US. The metropolitan area is bordered to the northeast by Austin–Round Rock–San Marcos, and the two metropolitan areas together combine to form a region of over 4.1 million people. About 405,474 households, and 280,993 families reside in San Antonio. The population density is 2,808.5 people per square mile (1,084.4 km2). There are 433,122 housing units at an average density of 1,062.7 per square mile (410.3 km2). The age of the city's population distributed as 28.5% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. In San Antonio, 48% of the population are males, and 52% of the population are females. For every 100 females, there are 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.7 males. The median income for a household in the city is $36,214, and the median income for a family is $53,100. Males have a median income of $30,061 versus $24,444 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,487. About 17.3% of the population and 14.0% of families are below the poverty line. Of the total population, 24.3% of those under the age of 18 and 13.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Source:[49] Economy[edit]

Fortune 500
Fortune 500
companies in San Antonio, 2017[50] with San Antonio
San Antonio
and US ranks.

SAT

Corporation

US

1

Valero Energy
Valero Energy
Corp.

37

2

USAA

102

3

Tesoro
Tesoro
Corporation

117

4

CST Brands, Inc.

306

5

iHeartMedia

426

Headquarters of Valero Energy
Valero Energy
Corporation

San Antonio
San Antonio
has a diversified economy with about a $96.8 billion metropolitan Gross Domestic Product. This ranks the city 4th among Texas
Texas
metropolitan areas and 38th in the United States.[51] San Antonio's economy is focused primarily within the military, health care, government-civil service, financial services, oil and gas, and tourism sectors. Within the past twenty years, San Antonio
San Antonio
has become a significant location for American-based call centers and has added a sizable manufacturing sector centered around automobiles. Located about 10 miles northwest of Downtown is the South Texas Medical Center, which is a conglomerate of various hospitals, clinics, and research (see Southwest Research Institute
Southwest Research Institute
and Texas
Texas
Biomedical Research Institute) and higher educational institutions. Over twenty million tourists visit the city and its attractions every year, contributing substantially to the city's economy, primarily due to The Alamo
Alamo
and River Walk.[52] The Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center alone hosts more than 300 events each year with over 750,000 convention delegates from around the world. Tourism
Tourism
provided over 130,000 jobs, and had an economic impact of $13.6 billion in the local economy.[53] The City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
received $195 million in the same year from the hospitality industry, with revenues from hotel occupancy tax, sales taxes and others. San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to six Fortune 500
Fortune 500
companies: Valero Energy, Andeavor
Andeavor
(formerly known as Tesoro
Tesoro
Corp), USAA, iHeartMedia, NuStar Energy and CST Brands, Inc..[54] H-E-B, the 13th-largest private company in the United States[55] is also headquartered in San Antonio. Other companies headquartered in San Antonio
San Antonio
include: Bill Miller Bar-B-Q Enterprises, Carenet Healthcare Services, Security Service Federal Credit Union, Visionworks of America, Frost Bank, Harte-Hanks, Kinetic Concepts, SWBC, NewTek, Rackspace, Taco Cabana, Broadway Bank, Zachry Holdings/Zachry Construction Company, Randolph-Brooks Federal Credit Union, SWBC, SAS, and Whataburger. The North American Development Bank, a development institution jointly held by the governments of the U.S. and Mexico
Mexico
is also headquartered in San Antonio. Other notable companies that maintain sizable presernces in the city include Hulu, OCI, Kaco New Energy, Silver Spring Networks, Toyota, Argo Group, EOG Resources, Microsoft, Cogeco Peer1, and Boeing, among others. In 2015, San Antonio
San Antonio
ranked No. 50 on Forbes' list of the Best Places for Business and Careers, with a ranking of 15th best market for job growth.[56] Military
Military
installations[edit] The city is home to one of the largest concentrations of military bases in the United States, and has become known as Military
Military
City, USA. The city is home to several active military installations: Lackland Air Force Base, Brooke Army Medical Center, Randolph Air Force Base, and Fort Sam Houston. The defense industry in San Antonio employs over 89,000 and provides a $5.25 billion impact to the city's economy.[57] Relocation losses[edit] San Antonio
San Antonio
has lost several major company headquarters, the largest being the 2008 move of AT&T Inc. to Dallas
Dallas
"to better serve customers and expand business in the future."[58] In 1997 Titan Holdings and USLD Communications had sold their operations to larger companies. After a Los Angeles
Los Angeles
buyout specialist purchased Builders Square, the company's operations were moved out of San Antonio.[59] Culture[edit] Further information: Culture of San Antonio Attractions[edit]

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Cathedral of San Fernando

Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio
from the Tower of the Americas

San Antonio
San Antonio
is a popular tourist destination. The Alamo Mission in San Antonio
Alamo Mission in San Antonio
("the Alamo"), located in Downtown, is Texas' top tourist attraction. Because of the mission, San Antonio is often called the " Alamo
Alamo
City".[60] The River Walk, which meanders through the Downtown area, is the city's second-most-visited attraction, giving it the additional nickname of "River City." Extended an additional 13 miles between 2009–2013, the landscaped walking and bike path line the San Antonio River from the "Museum Reach" beginning in Brackenridge Park
Brackenridge Park
through downtown, "Downtown Reach", past the Blue Star's "Eagleland" to the "Mission Reach" ending near Loop 410 South past Mission Espada.[61] Lined with numerous shops, bars, and restaurants, as well as the Arneson River Theater, this attraction is transformed into an impressive festival of lights during the Christmas and New Year holiday period (except for the Mission Reach), and is suffused with the local sounds of folklorico and flamenco music during the summer, particularly during celebrations such as the Fiesta Noche del Rio. The Downtown Area also features San Fernando Cathedral, The Majestic Theatre, Hemisfair (home of the Tower of the Americas, and UTSA's Institute of Texan Cultures), La Villita, Market Square, the Spanish Governor's Palace, and the historic Menger Hotel. The Fairmount Hotel, built in 1906 and San Antonio's second oldest hotel, is in the Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
as one of the heaviest buildings ever moved intact. It was placed in its new location, three blocks south of the Alamo, over four days in 1985, and cost $650,000 to move. The city is home to two animal attractions. SeaWorld, located 16 miles (26 km) west of Downtown in the city's Westover Hills district, is the number 3 attraction and is one of the largest marine life parks in the world. Also, there is the very popular and historic San Antonio Zoo located in the city's Brackenridge Park. A third animal attraction is in development by British company Merlin Entertainments accompanying SeaWorld
SeaWorld
as the city’s second aquarium attraction and an indoor counterpart to SeaWorld. The new attraction will be located inside the Shops at Rivercenter
Rivercenter
in Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio
and will be one of Merlin’s Sea Life Aquariums. It is expected to open by summer of 2018. San Antonio
San Antonio
is also home to several commercial amusement parks including Six Flags Fiesta Texas, Splashtown and Morgan's Wonderland, a theme park for children who have special needs.[62] Kiddie Park, featuring old fashioned amusement rides for children, was established in 1925, and is the oldest children's amusement park in the U.S. San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to the first museum of modern art in Texas, the McNay Art Museum. Other art institutions and museums include ArtPace, Blue Star Contemporary Art Center, the Briscoe Western Art Museum, Buckhorn Saloon & Museum (where visitors can experience something of the cowboy culture year round), San Antonio
San Antonio
Museum of Art, formerly the Lonestar Brewery, Say Si (mentoring San Antonio
San Antonio
artistic youth), the Southwest School of Art, Texas
Texas
Rangers Museum, Texas Transportation Museum, the Witte Museum
Witte Museum
and the DoSeum. An outdoor display at North Star Mall
North Star Mall
features 40 foot (12 meters) tall cowboy boots. The five missions in the city, which are four found in the San Antonio Missions National Historical Park as well the Alamo, were named a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
on July 5, 2015. The San Antonio
San Antonio
Missions became the 23rd U.S. site on the World Heritage List, which includes the Grand Canyon and the Statue of Liberty. It is the first site in the state of Texas. The new Mission Reach of the River Walk was completed in 2013, and created over 15 miles of biking, hiking, and paddling trails that connect the Missions to Downtown and the Broadway Corridor.[63] Other places of interest include the San Antonio
San Antonio
Botanical Garden, Brackenridge Park, the Japanese Tea Gardens, the Sunken Garden Theater, The Woodlawn Theatre
The Woodlawn Theatre
and the Majik Theatre, a children's educational theater. Work was authorized to begin in 2015 on the restoration of the former Hot Wells hotel, spa, and bathhouses on the San Antonio River
San Antonio River
on the south-side of the city.[64] Photo gallery[edit]

The Alamo, San Antonio's most famous attraction

San José Mission Church, part of the San Antonio Missions
San Antonio Missions
National Historical Park

The River Walk on Christmas Day

San Antonio's historic River Walk extends some 15 miles, attracting several million visitors every year.

Boat with sightseers on the San Antonio
San Antonio
River

Another view of the city's downtown area

Central Library of the San Antonio
San Antonio
Public Library, color of exterior referred to as "enchilada red" by San Antonians

The Tower of the Americas
Tower of the Americas
characterizes the city's skyline.

The historic Bexar County Courthouse

The San Antonio
San Antonio
Convention Center

Rivercenter
Rivercenter
Mall in downtown San Antonio

The Buckhorn Museum with a plethora of western exhibits, is located in downtown San Antonio.

Pat O'Brien's Bar and Restaurant, based in New Orleans, has an outlet in downtown San Antonio.

San Antonio
San Antonio
Children's Museum sign

Airplane exhibit at the San Antonio
San Antonio
Children's Museum

Carriage rides in downtown San Antonio

The Shops at La Cantera
The Shops at La Cantera
is a non-enclosed shopping mall located near the University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio
San Antonio
in the northwestern portion of the city.

The San Antonio
San Antonio
Botanical Garden

San Antonio Missions
San Antonio Missions
National Historical Park

SeaWorld
SeaWorld
San Antonio

Aztec On The River
Aztec On The River
Theater

IMAX Theater

C.H. Guenther and Sons flour mill and grain elevator

Emily Morgan Hotel

Tower Life Building

Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center

Chestnut Springs Park at 10239 Ingram Road was renamed in 2008 for Officer John Randolph Wheeler (1964-2005), a patrolman who perished when his car was rear-ended and burst into flames. The park has a pond, benches, and jogging trail.[65]

Hot Wells, San Antonio, Texas
Texas
(postcard, circa 1907)

Digital library[edit] In the fall of 2013, Bexar County opened BiblioTech – Bexar County's Digital Library, the nation's first bookless library. It serves the city of San Antonio
San Antonio
and Bexar County.[66] Sports[edit] Main article: Sports in San Antonio

Professional and major NCAA D1 sports teams (ranked by attendance)

Club Sport League Founded Venue (capacity) Attendance Titles Championship years

UTSA Roadrunners American football NCAA Division I 2011 Alamodome
Alamodome
(65,000) 27,576 0

San Antonio
San Antonio
Spurs Basketball NBA 1967 AT&T Center (18,580) 18,418 5 [o 1]

San Antonio
San Antonio
Missions Baseball Texas
Texas
League 1888 Wolff Stadium (9,200) 8,500 13 [o 2]

San Antonio
San Antonio
Rampage Ice hockey AHL 2002 AT&T Center (16,151) 7,001 0

San Antonio
San Antonio
FC Soccer USL 2016 Toyota
Toyota
Field (8,300) 7,153 0

^ 1999, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2014 ^ 1897, 1908, 1933, 1950, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2013

Professional sports[edit]

The AT&T Center, home of the NBA's Spurs

The city's only top-level professional sports team, and consequently the team most San Antonians follow, is the San Antonio Spurs
San Antonio Spurs
of the National Basketball Association. Previously, the Spurs played at the Alamodome
Alamodome
(which was speculatively built in an attempt to lure a professional football team to the region), and before that the HemisFair Arena. They moved into the SBC Center in 2002 (since renamed the AT&T Center), built with public funds. The AT&T Center is also home to the San Antonio Rampage
San Antonio Rampage
of the American Hockey League, who are owned by the Spurs organization. San Antonio is home to the Double-A San Antonio Missions
San Antonio Missions
who play at Nelson Wolff Stadium and are the minor league affiliate of the San Diego Padres. San Antonio
San Antonio
had a professional soccer franchise when the San Antonio Thunder played two seasons in the original NASL during the 1975–1976 seasons. Professional soccer returned with the birth of the San Antonio Scorpions of the modern NASL in 2012. The Scorpions won the 2014 Soccer Bowl, the first soccer championship in city history. On December 22, 2015, it was announced that Toyota
Toyota
Field and S.T.A.R. Soccer Complex were sold to the City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
and Bexar County, a deal which was accompanied by an agreement for Spurs Sports and Entertainment to operate the facilities and field a team that plays in the United Soccer League. San Antonio FC
San Antonio FC
began play in the soccer-specific stadium, Toyota
Toyota
Field, in 2016. As a result, the San Antonio Scorpions franchise of the NASL was shut down. San Antonio
San Antonio
has two rugby union teams, the Alamo
Alamo
City
City
Rugby Football Club, and San Antonio Rugby Football Club. The San Antonio
San Antonio
metropolitan area's smaller population has so far contributed to its lack of an NFL, MLB, NHL, or MLS
MLS
team. City officials are said to be attempting to lure the National Football League permanently to San Antonio. Former NFL Commissioner Paul Tagliabue stated San Antonio
San Antonio
was successful in hosting the New Orleans Saints, and that the city would be on the short list for any future NFL expansions.[citation needed] The city has also hosted the Dallas Cowboys and Houston
Houston
Oilers preseason camps in the past, and the Cowboys practiced in San Antonio
San Antonio
through 2011.[67] Cowboys owner Jerry Jones acknowledged his support for the city to become home to an NFL franchise.[68] The Valero Texas
Texas
Open is a professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour held at San Antonio
San Antonio
since 1922. It has been played at TPC San Antonio since 2010. Previous venues include the Brackenridge Park
Brackenridge Park
Golf Course, La Cantera Golf Club and Pecan Valley Golf Club; the latter also hosted the 1968 PGA Championship. The Alamo
Alamo
Ladies Classic was an L PGA Tour
PGA Tour
event held from 1960 to 1973. The first Rising Phoenix World Championships was held at Grand Hyatt, San Antonio
San Antonio
in 2015. College sports[edit] The University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio
San Antonio
fields San Antonio's main NCAA Division I athletic teams, known as the UTSA Roadrunners. The teams play in Conference USA. The University added football in 2011, hiring former University of Miami
University of Miami
coach Larry Coker as its initial head coach. Roadrunner football began play in 2011, with a record of 4-6. UTSA set attendance records for both highest attendance at an inaugural game (56,743) and highest average attendance for a first year program (35,521).[citation needed] The Roadrunners moved to the Western Athletic Conference
Western Athletic Conference
in 2012, and to Conference USA
Conference USA
in 2013. University of the Incarnate Word
University of the Incarnate Word
also fields a full slate of NCAA Division I athletic teams, known as the Incarnate Word Cardinals; however, their football team competes in the football championship subdivision in the Southland Conference. San Antonio
San Antonio
hosts the NCAA football Alamo Bowl
Alamo Bowl
each December, played among the Big XII and Pac-12 each December in the Alamodome. The city is also home of the U.S. Army All-American Bowl,[69] played annually in the Alamodome
Alamodome
and televised live on NBC. The Bowl is an East versus West showdown featuring the nation's top 90 high school senior football players. The game has featured NFL stars Reggie Bush, Vince Young, Adrian Peterson, and many other college and NFL stars. The University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio
San Antonio
fields the only collegiate men's rugby team in the city. UTSA competes in Division III Texas Rugby Union. Crime[edit] Crime in San Antonio
San Antonio
began to rise in the early 1980s. In 1983 San Antonio had the 10th highest homicide rate in Texas
Texas
with 18.5 homicides per 100,000 residents.[70] The number of juveniles arrested in San Antonio
San Antonio
for violent crimes tripled between 1987 and 1994, according to the Texas
Texas
Law Enforcement Management and Administration Statistics Program. The number of youths arrested for unlawfully carrying firearms doubled over the same period. In 1993 San Antonio
San Antonio
was nicknamed the "Drive-By City" after San Antonio Police Department recorded over 1,200 drive-by shootings or nearly 3.5 per day. That figure dwarfed the number in other Texas cities, and it unofficially marked San Antonio
San Antonio
as the state's drive-by capital. Although no part of the city was immune, the vast majority of the violence occurred on the East and West Sides, particularly where poverty was prevalent. Gang members killed each other and innocent bystanders to protect their home turf and drug-selling interests. Housing projects such as Alazan-Apache Courts, Cassiano Homes, East Terrace and Wheatley Courts served as hubs for different groups, sometimes housing multiple rival gangs.[71] By the end of 1993 the city hit a peak in homicides with 230 killings, the highest since 1991 when 211 where killed.[72] In 2016, the number of murders hit 151, the highest toll in 20 years. A majority of the San Antonio
San Antonio
homicide victims were Hispanic and African-American men between ages 18 and 29. 40% of the killings were either drug-related or domestic incidents.[73][74] Government[edit] Further information: List of mayors of San Antonio

City
City
Hall, San Antonio, Texas
Texas
(postcard, circa 1906)

The City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
runs under a Council-Manager form of government. The city is divided into 10 council districts designed to ensure equal population distribution between all districts. Each district elects one person to sit on the City
City
Council with the mayor elected on a citywide basis. All members of the City
City
Council, which includes the mayor, are elected to two-year terms and are limited to four terms in total (except for those who were in office in November 2008 and are limited to a total of two terms). Houston
Houston
and Laredo have similar term limits to those in San Antonio. All positions are elected on non-partisan ballots as required by Texas
Texas
law. Council members are paid $45,722 while the Mayor earns $61,725 a year. The current mayor is Ron Nirenberg
Ron Nirenberg
who was elected in 2017 with 54.59% of the vote.[75] The council hires a city manager to handle day-to-day operations. The council effectively functions as the city's legislative body with the city manager acting as its chief executive, responsible for the management of day-to-day operations and execution of council legislation. The current city manager is Sheryl Sculley. The city operates its own electric and gas utility service, CPS Energy. The San Antonio
San Antonio
Police Department (SAPD) is the city's municipal body of law enforcement. The San Antonio
San Antonio
Fire Department (SAFD) provides the city with fire protection and EMS service. The city stretches into several national congressional districts and is represented in Congress by the following:[76]

Senate

Ted Cruz
Ted Cruz
(R) John Cornyn
John Cornyn
(R)

House of Representatives

Texas
Texas
District 20: Joaquín Castro
Joaquín Castro
(D) Texas
Texas
District 21: Lamar Smith (R) Texas
Texas
District 23: Will Hurd
Will Hurd
(R) Texas
Texas
District 28: Henry Cuellar
Henry Cuellar
(D) Texas
Texas
District 35: Lloyd Doggett
Lloyd Doggett
(D)

State Governor

Greg Abbott
Greg Abbott
(R)

Growth policy[edit] Unlike most large cities in the US, San Antonio
San Antonio
is not completely surrounded by independent suburban cities, and under Texas
Texas
state law[77] it exercises extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ) over much of the surrounding unincorporated land,[78] including planning major thoroughfares and enforcing rules for platting and subdivision. It pursues an aggressive annexation policy and opposes the creation of other municipalities within its ETJ.[79] Nearly three-fourths of its current land area has been annexed since 1960.[80] In the 2000s the city annexed several long narrow corridors along major thoroughfares in outlying areas to facilitate eventual annexation of growth developing along the routes. The city planned to annex nearly forty additional square miles by 2009.[81] In May 2010, the City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
agreed to release thousands of acres of land in its extraterritorial jurisdiction along Interstate 10
Interstate 10
to Schertz. The agreement releases a total of 3,486 acres (14.11 km2) of San Antonio's ETJ lands north of I-10 to Schertz. The ETJ lands are in an area bordered by FM 1518 to the west, Lower Seguin Road to the north, Cibolo Creek to the east and I-10 to the south.[82] Involuntary annexation is a controversial issue in those parts of unincorporated Bexar County affected by it. Residents attracted to the outlying areas by lower taxes and affordable real estate values, often see annexation as a mechanism to increase property tax rates (which are primarily driven by school district taxes, not city taxes) without a corresponding improvement in services such as police and fire protection, while the city regards its annexation policy as essential to its overall prosperity.[83] Also, since the City
City
has annexed a large amount of land over time, San Antonio surrounds several independent enclave cities which include Alamo
Alamo
Heights, Terrell Hills, Olmos Park, Hollywood Park, Hill Country Village, Castle Hills, Windcrest, Kirby, Balcones Heights, and Shavano Park. These neighborhoods are not districts of the City
City
of San Antonio like Lincoln Heights and Brackenridge Park, rather, they are independent cities throughout the San Antonio
San Antonio
region completely surrounded, but not directly controlled, by the City
City
of San Antonio.

San Antonio
San Antonio
Main Post Office

State and federal representation[edit] The Texas
Texas
Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Parole Division Region IV headquarters in the San Antonio
San Antonio
Metro Parole Complex. San Antonio
San Antonio
district parole offices I and III are in the parole complex, while office II is in another location.[84] The Texas
Texas
Department of Transportation operates the San Antonio District Office in San Antonio.[85] The United States
United States
Postal Service operates San Antonio's Main Post Office.[86] Other post offices are located throughout San Antonio. Education[edit] Main article: Education in San Antonio

The University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio

San Antonio
San Antonio
hosts over 100,000 students in its 31 higher-education institutions. Publicly supported schools include UT Health San Antonio, the University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio
San Antonio
(UTSA), Texas
Texas
A&M University–San Antonio, and the Alamo
Alamo
Community College District. UTSA is San Antonio's largest university.

Trinity University

Private universities include Trinity University, St. Mary's University, Our Lady of the Lake University, University of the Incarnate Word, Webster University, Baptist University of the Américas, Hallmark University, Oblate School of Theology, and the Southwest School of Art, which enrolled its first BFA class in 2014. The San Antonio Public Library
San Antonio Public Library
serves all of these institutions along with the 19 independent school districts within the Bexar County/San Antonio metropolitan area.[87] The city is home to more than 30 private schools and charter schools. These schools include: Keystone School, St. Gerard Catholic High School, Central Catholic Marianist High School, Incarnate Word High School, Saint Mary's Hall, The Atonement Academy, Antonian College Preparatory High School, San Antonio
San Antonio
Academy, Holy Cross High School, Providence High School, The Carver Academy, Keystone School, TMI – The Episcopal School of Texas, St. Anthony Catholic High School, Lutheran High School of San Antonio, and Harmony Science Academy. San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to U.S. Air Force Basic Military
Military
Training (AFBMT). The Air Force only has one location for enlisted basic training: the 737th Training Group, at Lackland Air Force Base. All new Air Force recruits go through the same basic training at Lackland. Each year, over 35,000 new recruits go through AFBMT. In addition, METC (the Military
Military
Education and Training Campus), which provides the medical training for the U.S. military at Fort Sam Houston, hosts 30 programs and over 24,000 annual graduates. It is the largest medical education center in the world. San Antonio
San Antonio
is also home to a campus of The Culinary Institute of America [88] Media and entertainment[edit] Main article: Media in San Antonio Print[edit] San Antonio
San Antonio
has one major newspaper, the San Antonio
San Antonio
Express-News, which has served the area since 1865. The Express-News currently circulates as the largest newspaper service in South Texas. The Hearst Corporation, which owned a second newspaper, the San Antonio
San Antonio
Light, purchased the Express-News from News Corp.
News Corp.
in 1992 and shut down the Light after failing to find a buyer. Hearst, using the Express-News brand, also produces Conexion, a weekly magazine written by an entirely Hispanic staff with a Hispanic spin on weekly events. The San Antonio Current is the free "alternative" paper published weekly with local political issues, art and music news, restaurant listings and reviews, and listings of events and nightlife around town. The San Antonio
San Antonio
Business Journal covers general business news. La Prensa, a bilingual publication, also has a long history in San Antonio. Edible San Antonio, San Antonio's bi-monthly food magazine, is published every eight weeks. The 64-page full color magazine, distributed free across the city, is printed with soy ink on recycled paper and covers the city's food scene with an emphasis on local food and sustainability. The San Antonio River Walk
San Antonio River Walk
Current covers general San Antonio
San Antonio
news. Radio[edit] About 50 radio stations can be heard in the San Antonio
San Antonio
area—30 of them are actually located in the city proper. San Antonio
San Antonio
is home to iHeartMedia, the largest operator of radio stations in the US. Its flagship, WOAI AM-1200, is known for its local news operation, considered among the best in the country. It is a 50,000-watt clear channel station that reaches most of North America at night. The first radio station to broadcast in south Texas
Texas
was KTSA AM-550 in 1922. The region's National Public Radio
National Public Radio
member is Texas
Texas
Public Radio, a group of three stations; KSTX 89.1 FM is NPR news/talk, KPAC 88.3 is a 24-hour classical music station, and KTXI 90.1 is a mix of NPR news/talk and classical music broadcast for the West Central Texas Hill Country. KSTX also broadcasts "Riverwalk Jazz", featuring Jim Cullum Jazz Band at The Landing, a fixture on the River Walk since 1963. KRTU 91.7 is a non-commercial radio station based out of Trinity University. Unlike other college radio stations throughout the US, the station plays jazz 17 hours a day and college rock/indie rock at night. College Alternative station KSYM, 90.1 FM, is owned by the Alamo
Alamo
Community College District and operated by San Antonio
San Antonio
College students and like KRTU it plays the Third Coast music network during the day and alternative music at night. Most Latin stations in the area play regional Mexican, Tejano or contemporary pop. On January 12, 2006, Univision-owned KCOR-FM "La Kalle 95.1" changed its format from Hispanic-Rhythmic Contemporary Hits to Spanish Oldies, then named "Recuerdo 95.1". However, Univision announced on November 10, 2006, that it flipped KLTO Tejano 97.7's format to reggaeton in an attempt to reintroduce the format to San Antonio. Then, 97.7 was flipped again to feature a rock format. The station no longer broadcasts anything in English and while still owned by Univision, it had broadcast music from artists such as Linkin Park, before selling the station to the Educational Media Foundation
Educational Media Foundation
and flipping it once again to Air1. 95.1 was then flipped back to the "La Kalle" format again after being flipped to feature a "95X" format. KLTO was acquired and is operated as a simulcast of KXTN-FM
KXTN-FM
Tejano 107.5. San Antonio
San Antonio
radio is diversified, due to an influx of non- Tejano Latinos, mostly from the East Coast, who are serving in the city's various military bases, as well as immigrants from Mexico. Therefore, just like in the rest of the country, radio station conglomerates have been changing formats in San Antonio
San Antonio
to reflect shifting demographics. Television[edit]

WOAI-TV
WOAI-TV
is San Antonio's NBC
NBC
affiliate.

Despite the relatively large size of both the city proper and the metropolitan area, San Antonio
San Antonio
has always been a medium-sized market. It presently ranks 33rd in the United States, according to marketing research firm ACNielsen.[89] By comparison, the other two Texas
Texas
cities with populations of over a million people, Houston
Houston
and Dallas, are among the 10 largest markets. This is mainly because the nearby suburban and rural areas are not much larger than the city itself. Additionally, the close proximity of Austin truncates the potential market area. San Antonio-based TV stations are WOAI channel 4 (NBC), KSAT channel 12 (ABC), KENS
KENS
channel 5 (CBS), KABB
KABB
channel 29 (Fox Broadcasting Company), KCWX
KCWX
channel 2 (myNetworkTV), KMYS
KMYS
channel 35 (The CW) and KLRN
KLRN
channel 9 (PBS). The market is also home to six Spanish-language stations, three religious stations, three independent stations and one Internet-based station (210 TV[90]). As of 2010[update], the San Antonio market has 65% cable TV penetration. Annual events[edit] Yearly events, such as Fiesta San Antonio
Fiesta San Antonio
(the city's signature event) and Fiesta Noche del Rio, add a variety of entertainment options to the area, as well as strengthening the economy. Fiesta San Antonio alone carries an annual economic impact of $340 million for the city.[91] Transportation[edit] Air[edit] The San Antonio International Airport
San Antonio International Airport
(SAT) is located in uptown San Antonio, about eight miles north of Downtown. San Antonio International is the 6th busiest airport based on passenger boardings in Texas
Texas
and 44th in the United States.[92] It has two terminals and is served by 11 airlines serving 42 destinations. In May 2017 Air Canada opened its reach to Texas
Texas
creating a non-stop flight between San Antonio
San Antonio
and Toronto. Stinson Municipal Airport
Stinson Municipal Airport
is a reliever airport located six miles (10 km) south of Downtown San Antonio. The airport has three runways and is also home to the Texas
Texas
Air Museum. Mass transit[edit] Further information: VIA Metropolitan Transit

A VIA bus stopped at a Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio
intersection

A bus and rubber tired streetcar (bus) system is provided by the city's metropolitan transit authority, VIA Metropolitan Transit. VIA's full fare monthly unlimited Big Pass is $38 per month. VIA began operating a Bus Rapid Transit
Bus Rapid Transit
line known as VIA Primo[93] in December 2012, which connects Downtown San Antonio
Downtown San Antonio
to the South Texas
Texas
Medical Center, the main campus of the University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio, and the independent enclave city of Leon Valley. In August 2010, VIA Metropolitan Transit
VIA Metropolitan Transit
unveiled buses that are powered by diesel-electric hybrid technology.[94] The 30 hybrid buses were put into service on VIA's express routes to serve daily commuters across the city. This set of buses follows the introduction of new vehicles powered by compressed natural gas, which were unveiled in May 2010. In the fall of 2010, VIA took delivery of three new buses that are powered by electricity from on-board batteries. These buses serve the Downtown core area, and are the first revenue vehicles VIA operates which have zero emissions.[94] VIA offers 89 regular bus routes and two Downtown streetcar routes. This includes express service from Downtown to park and ride locations in the south, west, northwest, north central and northeast sides of the city, with service to major locations such as UTSA, Six Flags Fiesta Texas
Texas
and SeaWorld. VIA also offers a special service to city events including Spurs games and city parades from its park and ride locations. VIA has, among its many routes, one of the longest local transit routes in America. Routes 550 (clockwise) and 551 (counterclockwise) travel 48 miles (77 km) one way as they loop around the city.[95] Rail[edit] Amtrak, the national passenger rail service, provides service to San Antonio at San Antonio
San Antonio
Amtrak
Amtrak
Station, operating the Texas
Texas
Eagle daily between San Antonio
San Antonio
and Chicago's Union Station.[96] Amtrak
Amtrak
also operates the Sunset Limited
Sunset Limited
three times a week in each direction through San Antonio
San Antonio
between Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and New Orleans. The Texas
Texas
Eagle section travels between San Antonio
San Antonio
and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
as part of the Sunset Limited. The old Sunset Station is now an entertainment venue owned by VIA and neighbored by the current station and the Alamodome.[97] Freight service from San Antonio
San Antonio
to Corpus Christi is provided by the Union Pacific Railroad. The predecessor route, including passenger service, from 1913 to 1956 was provided by the San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad, or "The Sausage", as it was commonly termed. The SAU&G was merged into the Missouri Pacific Railroad
Railroad
in 1956 and subsequently subsumed by the Union Pacific.[98][99] San Antonio
San Antonio
became the largest American city without an intra-city rail system when Phoenix, the former largest city without such a system, procured one in 2008. A proposed passenger rail line, LSTAR, would link San Antonio
San Antonio
to Austin.[100] Road[edit] Further information: List of highways in San Antonio

US 281 southbound towards Downtown San Antonio

San Antonio
San Antonio
is served by these major freeways:

Interstate 10: McDermott Freeway (Northwest) runs west toward El Paso, Phoenix and Los Angeles. Jose Lopez Freeway (East) runs east toward Seguin, Houston, New Orleans
New Orleans
and Jacksonville Interstate 35: Pan Am Expressway (Northeast/Southwest)—runs south toward Laredo and runs north toward Austin, Dallas–Fort Worth, Oklahoma City, Kansas City, Des Moines, and Minneapolis-St. Paul Interstate 37: Lucian Adams Freeway (Southeast)—runs from San Antonio through its junction with US Highway 281 south (Edinburg and McAllen) near Three Rivers and into Corpus Christi through its junction with Interstate 69E/US Highway 77 south (Kingsville, Harlingen and Brownsville) to its southern terminus at Corpus Christi Bay. Interstate 410: Connally Loop—simply called Loop 410 (four-ten) by locals is a 53-mile (85 km) inner beltway around the city. US 90: Cleto Rodriguez Freeway (West) through Uvalde and Del Rio to its western terminus at I-10 in Van Horn. Prior to I-10 East and US 90 West expressway being built US 90 traveled through the west side via West Commerce St. (westbound) and Buena Vista St. (eastbound) and Enrique M. Barrera Pkwy. On the east side it traveled along East Commerce St. to its current alignment which runs concurrent with I-10 East to Seguin. US 281: McAllister Freeway (North) to Johnson City
City
and Wichita Falls. Southbound, it runs concurrent with I-37, then I-410 for 4 miles (6 km), then heads south to Pleasanton. Prior to I-37 and McAllister Fwy. being built US 281 traveled through the north side via San Pedro Ave. and the south side via Roosevelt Ave. State Highway 151: Stotzer Freeway runs from US Hwy 90 West through Westover Hills which includes SeaWorld
SeaWorld
to its western terminus at State Loop 1604. State Loop 1604: Charles W. Anderson Loop—simply called 1604 (sixteen-oh-four) by locals—is a 96-mile (154 km) outer beltway around San Antonio.

Other highways include:

US 87: Southbound to Victoria along Roland Avenue then Rigsby Avenue. It runs concurrent with I-10 for 52 miles (84 km) where it goes to San Angelo northbound. US 181: Starts 0.5 miles (0.8 km) south of I-410/I-37/US 281 interchange and heads toward Corpus Christi via Beeville. Prior to I-37 being built, US 181 traveled along Presa St. from Downtown to its current alignment. State Highway 16: From Freer, it runs concurrent with I-410 for 17 miles (27 km) along southwest San Antonio, over to Bandera Road to Bandera State Highway 130: Starting at its southern terminus at I-35 South, it travels along East S Loop 410 until I-10/US-90, where it runs concurrently with the interstate until outside of Seguin, turning into a state toll road. State Highway Spur 421: Also known more commonly as "Culebra Rd." and "Bandera Rd." inside Loop 410. State Highway Spur 422: Known as the Poteet Jourdanton Freeway. It was originally planned to have a high speed direct connection to I-35. State Loop 345: Fredericksburg Road by locals; is the business loop for I-10 West/US-87 North.[101] State Loop 368: Broadway and Austin Highway by locals; is the business loop for I-35 North.[102] State PA 1502 (Wurzbach Parkway): Limited-access, high speed road parallel to north IH-410. It has connections to I-35 (via O'Connor Rd.) and I-10 (via Wurzbach Rd.) across the north side of town. State Loop 353: Nogalitos Street and New Laredo Highway is the business loop for I-35 South.[103] State Loop 13: Is the city's inner loop on the south side serving Lackland AFB, Port San Antonio, South Park Mall and Brooks CityBase traveling along Military
Military
Dr. on the south side and WW White Rd. on the east side to its junction with I-35/I-410. The northern arc of the loop is now I-410.

Along with FM 471, FM 1957, and State Highway 211 Also, the city has multiple streets with the same (or similar) names. As examples:

" Military
Military
Dr.", " Military
Military
Hwy.", and " Military
Military
Dr. West" -- Military Drive loops around the western and southern parts of the city. Military
Military
Highway, also called "Northwest Military
Military
Drive" by the locals, serves the northwestern part of the city. Military
Military
Drive West serves the far western portion of the city. None intersect each other. "Wurzbach Rd.", "Wurzbach Pkwy.", and "Harry Wurzbach Rd." -- Wurzbach Rd. serves the northwestern part of the city. Wurzbach Pkwy., an expressway, is a east-west road serving the northwestern and northeastern parts of the city (and can be considered an extension of Wurzbach Rd.). Harry Wurzbach Rd. runs past Fort Sam Houston
Fort Sam Houston
and Terrell Hills
Terrell Hills
on the city's northeast side, and it does not intersect Wurzbach Rd. or Wurzbach Pkwy. "Hausman Rd." and "S. Hausman Rd." are two roads serving Helotes and the far northwest side of the city. Hausman is a major road, and a route used by locals of Helotes and NW San Antonio
San Antonio
as an alternative to Loop 1604 connecting to I-10. S. Hausman is a suburban road that does not connect with Hausman (despite its name).

San Antonio
San Antonio
is the only one of the three biggest cities in Texas
Texas
to not have toll roads. Bicycle paths[edit] San Antonio
San Antonio
has about 136 miles (219 km) of bike lanes, routes or off-road paths.[104] Off-road trails travel along the San Antonio River, linear greenways, or city parks. Although largely disconnected, the progress to create a bicycle-friendly environment was recognized when San Antonio
San Antonio
was designated a bronze-level "Bicycle Friendly Community" by the League of American Bicyclists.[105] Bicycle sharing[edit] A bike sharing service was approved by the city council on June 17, 2010.[106] The initial program consisted of 140 bikes at 14 locations supported by a "central hub". It is expected to serve both residents and visitors. San Antonio
San Antonio
Bike Share, a non-profit, was formed to oversee the operation, locally operated and maintained by Bike World. B-Cycle, the same system used in Denver, supplies the bike share system. It began operation in March 2011.[107] Walkability[edit] A 2011 study by Walk Score
Walk Score
ranked San Antonio
San Antonio
the 40th-most walkable of the fifty largest cities in the United States. With an average Walk Score of 33, San Antonio
San Antonio
is one of the most car-dependent major cities in America.[108] In popular culture[edit] Movies filmed in San Antonio
San Antonio
include Wings (1927), I Wanted Wings (1941), Viva Max!
Viva Max!
(1969), Sugarland Express
Sugarland Express
(1974), Piranha (1978), Cloak and Dagger (1984) and Pee Wee's Big Adventure (1985).[109] Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from San Antonio International relations[edit] Sister cities[edit]

A train in Darmstadt, Germany
Germany
showcasing the Sister City
City
relationship with San Antonio

San Antonio
San Antonio
is twinned with:

– Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico
Mexico
(1953)[110] – Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Mexico
(1974)[110][111] – Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
Spain
(1975)[110] – Gwangju, South Korea
South Korea
(1981)[110][112] – Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Taiwan
(1981)[110] – Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
Spain
(1983)[110] – Kumamoto, Japan
Japan
(1987)[110] – Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
India
(2008)[110][113] – Wuxi, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China
China
(2012)[110] - Windhoek, Namibia
Namibia
(2016) [114] -Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany
Germany
(2016)

[115]

Friendship cities[edit]

– Suzhou, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China
China
(2010 friendship city)[110][116] – Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel
Israel
(2011 friendship city)[117]

See also[edit]

Texas
Texas
portal New Spain
Spain
portal

National Register of Historic Places listings in Bexar County, Texas San Antonio
San Antonio
Area Foundation

Notes[edit]

^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official records for San Antonio
San Antonio
were kept at downtown from March 1885 to December 1940, at Stinson Municipal Airport
Stinson Municipal Airport
from January 1941 to June 1942, and at San Antonio
San Antonio
Int'l since July 1942. For more information, see Threadex

References[edit]

^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk ^ a b c Adina Emilia De Zavala
Adina Emilia De Zavala
(December 8, 1917). "History and Legends of The Alamo
Alamo
and Other Missions In and Around San Antonio". History legends of de Zarichs Online. p. 8. Retrieved June 2, 2014.  ^ http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79054641.html ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48/4865000.html ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved 2013-07-01. , Census.gov – "American Factfinder" July 2014. ^ "San Fernando de Bexar". Chabot, Frederick Charles. Texas
Texas
State Historical Association. Uploaded 15 June 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2017. ^ "The First Civil Settlement in Texas". Guerra, Mary Ann Noonan. Excerpted from The San Antonio River
San Antonio River
(The Alamo
Alamo
Press, San Antonio: 1987). Retrieved 17 September 2017. ^ "Population Distribution and Change 2000 to 2010". 2010 United States Census. Retrieved June 1, 2012. ^ "Incorporated Places of 100,000 or More Ranked by Numeric Population Change: 1990 to 2000". United States
United States
Census 2000. Retrieved June 1, 2012. ^ " San Antonio
San Antonio
Annexation History" (PDF).  ^ "Comal GIS Map". Archived from the original on August 25, 2015.  ^ Mach, Andrew (July 5, 2015). " San Antonio Missions
San Antonio Missions
among new UNESCO World Heritage Sites". PBS. Retrieved October 29, 2016.  ^ "San Antonio: The City
City
of St. Anthony". St. Anthony Messenger Magazine Online. Americancatholic.org. June 2004. Retrieved June 30, 2010.  ^ a b [1] Spanish Texas, Texas
Texas
State Historical Society: The Handbook of Texas
Texas
Online ^ [2] Martin de Alarcon, Texas
Texas
State Historical Society: The Handbook of Texas
Texas
Online ^ a b [3] The Canary Islanders, Texas
Texas
State Historical Society: The Handbook of Texas
Texas
Online ^ John H. Jenkins, ed., Papers of the Texas
Texas
Revolution (10 vols.; Austin: Presidial Press, 973), p.13 ^ a b John H. Jenkins, ed., Papers of the Texas
Texas
Revolution (10 vols.; Austin: Presidial Press, 973), p. 13 ^ Gonzalez, Juan. Harvest of Empire. Penguin, 2000. ^ Fisher, Lewis F. (1996). Saving San Antonio: the precarious preservation of a heritage. Lubbock: Texas
Texas
Tech University Press.  ^ A Journey Through Texas, by Frederick Olmsted ISBN 978-1-144-80380-1 ^ Frederick Law Olmsted, A Journey through Texas; or, A Saddle-trip on the South-western Frontier: with a statistical appendix (1859), on-line text at Internet Archive ^ Saving San Antonio
San Antonio
by Lewis F. Fisher ISBN 978-0-89672-372-6 ^ "POPULATION DISTRIBUTION IN 2005" (PDF). United States
United States
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Texas
– Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012.  ^ "The Roles of Geography and Climate in Forecasting Weather in South Texas". Theweatherprediction.com. Retrieved March 6, 2013.  ^ http://www.srh.noaa.gov/images/ewx/sat/satclisum.pdf ^ "Climatemapusa2.PNG file- Wikimedia Commons". Commons.wikimedia.org. Retrieved March 6, 2013.  ^ a b c " San Antonio
San Antonio
Climate Summary" (PDF). National Weather Service. Retrieved August 19, 2010.  ^ " San Antonio
San Antonio
Suffers Worst Snowfall". Schenectady, New York: Schenectady Gazette, via Google News. United Press International. January 12, 1985.  ^ "Record Snow Buries San Antonio". Associated Press. The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A3. ^ "San Antonio, Texas
Texas
"One of the most flood-prone regions in North America"".  ^ "South Central Texas
Texas
June 30-July 7, 2002". Flood Safety Education Project.  ^ "Tornado rakes S.A. neighborhood".  ^ " San Antonio
San Antonio
Bexar County Texas
Texas
Tornado History and Damage Risk Grade".  ^ "MONTHLY/ANNUAL/AVERAGE PRECIPITATION SAN ANTONIO, TX (1871–2010)" (PDF). National Weather Service. Retrieved June 3, 2012.  ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-06-20.  ^ "Station Name: TX SAN ANTONIO INTL AP". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-27.  ^ "WMO Climate Normals for SAN ANTONIO/INTL, TX 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-10.  ^ "Average Weather for San Antonio, TX - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-04-20.  ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "1990 Population and Housing Unit Counts: United States
United States
(CPH-2)" (PDF). Retrieved August 11, 2008.  ^ a b " San Antonio
San Antonio
(city), Texas". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2017.  ^ Census 2000: Incorporated Places of 100,000 or More, Ranked by Population, U.S. Census Bureau. ^ Census 2000: Metropolitan Areas Ranked by Population, U.S. Census Bureau. ^ Census 2000: Metropolitan Areas Ranked by Population, U.S. Census Bureau. ^ [4], U.S. Census Bureau.[dead link] ^ [5], U.S. Census Bureau.[dead link] ^ American FactFinder, United States
United States
Census Bureau. " San Antonio
San Antonio
city, Texas
Texas
- ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates: 2006–2008". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2010.  ^ Fortune 500: San Antonio
San Antonio
2017 – Retrieved on July 27, 2017 ^ US Bureau of Economic Analysis, https://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_metro/2011b/pdf/gdp_metro0211b.pdf ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Tourism, SanAntonioRiverwalk.com. Retrieved January 7, 2007. ^ The Economic Impact of San Antonio's Hospitality Industry, http://www.sanantoniotourism.com/downloads/research/TourismReport.pdf ^ " Fortune 500
Fortune 500
2009: States: Texas
Texas
Companies". CNN. Retrieved May 23, 2010.  ^ "America's Largest Private Companies". Forbes.com. August 1, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.  ^ "Best Places For Business and Careers – Forbes". Forbes. Retrieved March 30, 2016.  ^ "Welcome to the City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
Economic Development Department-Index". Sanantonio.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2010.  ^ AT&T shareholder statement regarding corporate relocation [6], retrieved May 20, 2013 ^ Nowlin, Sanford. "Aquila bids for sale or merger." San Antonio Express-News. March 11, 1998. Business 1E. Published in: Polishuk, Paul. Utilities Telecommunications News. Information Gatekeepers Inc. 8-9. Retrieved from Google Books
Google Books
on July 21, 2010. ISSN 1079-2937. ^ Popik, Barry (December 20, 2007). " Alamo
Alamo
City
City
(San Antonio Nickname)". The Big Apple.  ^ "Destination SA Update 2011" (Report). San Antonio
San Antonio
Area Tourism Council. San Antonio
San Antonio
Area Tourism
Tourism
Council. March 2012.  ^ Gordon Hartman (July 25, 2015). "Every Day, Morgan's Wonderland
Morgan's Wonderland
is ADA". San Antonio
San Antonio
Express-News.  ^ http://www.sanantonioriver.org/mission_reach/recreation_opportunities.php ^ John W. Gonzalez; Hot Wells Poised to Spring Alive Again: County OKs First Phase of Improvements for New Park; San Antonio
San Antonio
Express-News; October 10, 2015; p. 1, A12 ^ "Officer John R. Wheeler". bctpom.blogspot.com. May 24, 2010. Retrieved January 30, 2016.  ^ "Nation's first bookless library opens in San Antonio". Dallas Morning News. January 3, 2014.  ^ Football: Cowboys returning to S.A. in '07, San Antonio Express-News, April 1, 2006. Archived May 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Football: Cowboys' Jones backs S.A. team, San Antonio
San Antonio
Express-News, May 5, 2006. Archived May 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Welcome to the 2009 U.S. Army All American Bowl". Usarmyallamericanbowl.com. Retrieved June 30, 2010.  ^ 7 Texas
Texas
Cities are in Top 20 in Murder per Capita; New York Times online; accessed April 2017 ^ "Drive-by City;" Remembering San Antoinio Gang Violence in the 1990s; SA Current; online; retrieved April 2017 ^ Once Again Homicide Records Fall in Many Big Cities; Associated Press News Archive online; accessed April 2017 ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Records 151 Homicides in 2016; Most in 2 Decades; CBS Local news, online; accessed April 2017 ^ Homicides Hit a 21 Year High; Why?; My San Antonio
San Antonio
online; accessed April 2017 ^ http://home.bexar.org/el45a.htm ^ http://www.sanantonio.gov/planning/pdf/GIS/map_download/0702GG24.pdf ^ Texas
Texas
Local Government Code section 212.003, Extension of Rules to Extraterritorial Jurisdiction ^ Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Boundary (PDF), City
City
of San Antonio Planning Department. July 28, 2006. ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Master Plan, Public Studio ( San Antonio
San Antonio
Chapter American Institute of Architects); retrieved January 7, 2007. ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities (PowerPoint), City of San Antonio
San Antonio
Planning Department. Retrieved January 7, 2007. ^ Three-year Annexation Plan; (PDF) format, City
City
of San Antonio Planning Department, January 6, 2006. ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Agrees to Release ETJ to Schertz; ^ MySA.com: Public Safety Archived May 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Parole Division Region IV Archived September 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.; Texas
Texas
Department of Criminal Justice; retrieved on May 21, 2010. ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
TDT District Office. Texas
Texas
Department of Transportation; retrieved on January 11, 2010. ^ "Post Office Location - San Antonio; United States
United States
Postal Service; retrieved on May 22, 2010. Archived June 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Bexar County School Districts". Bexarcountytexas.us. March 30, 2008. Archived from the original on December 30, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2013.  ^ http://www.foodandwine.com/travel/united-states/san-antonio-unesco-culinary-food-destination ^ Designated Market Areas Archived May 17, 2006, at the Wayback Machine., Nielsen Media Research. ^ 210 TV ^ Yearly Impact; Fiesta, San Antonio
San Antonio
website; accessed March 2018 ^ "Calendar Year 2014 Passenger Boardings at Commercial Service Airports" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. p. 1. Retrieved November 19, 2015.  ^ VIA Primo
VIA Primo
www.viabrt.net ^ a b VIA Metropolitan Transit
VIA Metropolitan Transit
– Communications[permanent dead link]; ^ "VIA Metropolitan Transit".  ^ "Amtrak's Texas
Texas
Eagle Welcome aboard!". Texaseagle.com. Retrieved June 30, 2010.  ^ "Sunset Station San Antonio
San Antonio
near the Convention Center, Alamo
Alamo
and River Walk Hotels". Sunset-station.com. Retrieved June 30, 2010.  ^ "Nancy Beck Young, "San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad
Railroad
Company"". Texas
Texas
State Historical Association on-line. Retrieved April 28, 2013.  ^ "Hugh Hemphill, " San Antonio
San Antonio
Uvalde and Gulf Railroad"". txtransportationmuseum.org. Retrieved April 28, 2013.  ^ Lone Star Rail District www.lonestarrail.com ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 345". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.  ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 368". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.  ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 353". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.  ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
Bikes; City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
Official Web Site ^ Alamo
Alamo
City
City
Named Bike-friendly City; San Antonio
San Antonio
Business Journal ^ News Release - Bike Share Program Archived June 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Bicycling Proposals Gear Up ^ "2011 City
City
and Neighborhood Rankings". Walk Score. 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011.  ^ Barth, Jack (1991). Roadside Hollywood: The Movie Lover's State-By-State Guide to Film Locations, Celebrity Hangouts, Celluloid Tourist Attractions, and More. Contemporary Books. Page 63. ISBN 9780809243266. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Sister Cities Program. Sainternationalrelations.org. Retrieved on December 11, 2011. ^ "Sister Cities, Public Relations". Guadalajara
Guadalajara
municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.  ^ Gwangju
Gwangju
Sister Cities Archived July 4, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ /news/NewsMayorCouncil/nrChennaiSisterCity.asp?res=1280&ver=true "Mayor announces Chennai, India
India
Sister City
City
Agreement" Check url= value (help). Sanantonio.gov. February 28, 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2010.  ^ http://www.sanantonio.gov/Clerk/News-Releases-Events/ArtMID/13292/ArticleID/8990/Windhoek-becomes-first-San-Antonio-Sister-City-in-Africa-10th-total ^ http://www.sainternationalrelations.org/sister-cities-program.html ^ The Greater San Antonio
Greater San Antonio
Chinese Chamber of Commerce - Wuxi
Wuxi
and Suzhou
Suzhou
Are Friends with San Antonio
San Antonio
Archived January 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Gsaccc.org (May 28, 2010). Retrieved on December 11, 2011. ^ San Antonio
San Antonio
mayor boosts ties with Israel
Israel
JTA - Jewish & Israel
Israel
News Archived July 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. JTA (July 14, 2011). Retrieved on December 11, 2011.

External links[edit]

Find more aboutSan Antonioat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Texts from Wikisource Travel guide from Wikivoyage

City
City
of San Antonio Visit San Antonio San Antonio
San Antonio
Missions: Spanish Influence in Texas, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) lesson plan Census quickfacts San Antonio
San Antonio
City
City
Data

Coordinates: 29°25′N 98°30′W / 29.417°N 98.500°W / 29.417; -98.500

v t e

City
City
of San Antonio

Nickname: Alamo
Alamo
City

Attractions

The Alamo Alamo
Alamo
Cenotaph La Antorcha de la Amistad Basilica of the National Shrine of the Little Flower Cathedral of San Fernando HemisFair '68 Houston
Houston
Street San Antonio
San Antonio
Zoo Tower of the Americas Tower Life Building

Museums

Artpace Blue Star Contemporary Art Museum Briscoe Western Art Museum Casa Navarro State Historic Site Fort Sam Houston
Fort Sam Houston
Museum Gallista Gas Gallery Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center Guinness World Records UTSA Institute of Texan Cultures McNay Art Museum Museo Alameda Museum of Aerospace Medicine O. Henry House Museum Ripley's Believe It or Not! San Antonio Academy Museum San Antonio
San Antonio
Museum of Art Southwest School of Art Spanish Governor's Palace Edward Steves Homestead Texas
Texas
Air Museum Texas
Texas
Transportation Museum United States
United States
Army Medical Department Museum Witte Museum Yturri-Edmunds Historic Site

See also: List of museums in Central Texas

Entertainment

Alamodome Alamo
Alamo
City
City
Rugby Arneson River Theater AT&T Center Aztec on the River Fiesta Noche del Rio Fiesta San Antonio Freeman Coliseum Majestic Theatre Morgan's Wonderland Nelson W. Wolff Stadium San Antonio Missions
San Antonio Missions
(Baseball) San Antonio
San Antonio
Rampage San Antonio
San Antonio
Scorpions San Antonio
San Antonio
Spurs San Antonio
San Antonio
Stars San Antonio
San Antonio
Stock Show & Rodeo San Antonio
San Antonio
Symphony San Antonio
San Antonio
Talons Santikos Theatres San Antonio
San Antonio
Zoo SeaWorld
SeaWorld
San Antonio Six Flags Fiesta Texas Splashtown St. Mary's Strip Texas
Texas
Folklife Festival Toyota
Toyota
Field Tobin Center for the Performing Arts
Tobin Center for the Performing Arts
( San Antonio
San Antonio
Municipal Auditorium)

Companies

Christus Santa Rosa iHeartMedia Visionworks of America Firstmark Credit Union Frost Bank Harte Hanks H-E-B M7 Aerospace NewTek Rackspace San Antonio
San Antonio
Express-News SAS Shoemakers
SAS Shoemakers
(SAS) SAWS Security Service Federal Credit Union SWBC Tesoro Toyota
Toyota
Motor Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Texas USAA Valero

Research and education

The Alamo
Alamo
Colleges Baptist School of Health Professions Cancer Therapy & Research Center Children's Cancer Research Institute Oblate School of Theology Our Lady of the Lake University San Antonio
San Antonio
Public Library South Texas
Texas
Medical Center Texas
Texas
Biomedical Research Institute Southwest Research Institute St. Mary's University Texas
Texas
A&M University–San Antonio Texas
Texas
Neurosciences Institute Trinity University University Hospital System University of the Incarnate Word University of Texas
Texas
Health Science Center University of Texas
Texas
at San Antonio

Military

San Antonio
San Antonio
Military
Military
Medical Center Brooks City-Base Camp Bullis Fort Sam Houston Lackland Air Force Base Pershing House Randolph Air Force Base Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center

Parks

Acequia Park Brackenridge Park Denman Estate Park Dwight D. Eisenhower Park Friedrich Wilderness Park Government Canyon State Natural Area Hardberger Park Mahncke Park Orsinger Park San Antonio
San Antonio
Botanical Garden Japanese Tea Garden San Antonio Missions
San Antonio Missions
National Historical Park San Pedro Springs
San Pedro Springs
Park O. P. Schnabel Park Travis Park

Restaurants and shopping

Bill Miller Bar-B-Q Enterprises Buckhorn Saloon & Museum Don Pedro Mexican Restaurant Earl Abel's Guenther House Jim's Restaurants La Villita Luby's Market Square North Star Mall Pearl Brewery Rivercenter River Walk The Shops at La Cantera Taco Cabana Whataburger

Other

Acequia Madre de Valero Architecture Bexar County Courthouse Culture Downtown Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center History timeline St. Joseph Catholic Church Metropolitan Area Neighborhoods and Districts San Antonio
San Antonio
Conservation Society San Antonio
San Antonio
International Airport San Antonio
San Antonio
Springs San Antonio
San Antonio
Station VIA Metropolitan Transit

Bexar County San Antonio– New Braunfels
New Braunfels
Metro Texas United States

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Bexar County, Texas, United States

County seat: San Antonio

Cities

Alamo
Alamo
Heights Balcones Heights Castle Hills Cibolo‡ Converse Elmendorf‡ Fair Oaks Ranch‡ Grey Forest Helotes Hill Country Village Kirby Leon Valley Live Oak Lytle‡ Olmos Park San Antonio‡ Sandy Oaks Schertz‡ Selma‡ Shavano Park Somerset Terrell Hills Universal City‡ Von Ormy Windcrest

Towns

China
China
Grove Hollywood Park St. Hedwig

CDPs

Cross Mountain Lackland AFB Macdona Randolph AFB Scenic Oaks Timberwood Park

Other unincorporated communities

Adkins Atascosa Leon Springs Losoya Martinez Sayers Wetmore

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Comal County, Texas, United States

County seat: New Braunfels

Cities

Bulverde Fair Oaks Ranch‡ Garden Ridge New Braunfels‡ San Antonio‡ Schertz‡ Selma‡ Spring Branch

CDP

Canyon Lake

Unincorporated communities

Bracken Fischer

Ghost town

Canyon City

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Medina County, Texas, United States

County seat: Hondo

Cities

Castroville Devine Hondo LaCoste Lytle‡ Natalia San Antonio‡

CDPs

D'Hanis Lake Medina Shores‡

Other unincorporated communities

Dunlay Mico Pearson Rio Medina Yancey

Ghost Towns

New Fountain Quihi Vandenburg

Footnotes

‡This city also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

 State of Texas

Austin (capital)

Topics

Architecture Climate Cuisine Geography Government Healthcare History Languages Law Literature Media

Newspapers Radio TV

National Historic Landmarks Recorded Texas
Texas
Historic Landmarks National Register of Historic Places Sites Sports Symbols Texans Tourist attractions Transportation

Seal of Texas

Society

Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Gambling Politics

Regions

Ark‑La‑Tex Big Bend Blackland Prairies Brazos Valley Central Texas Coastal Bend Concho Valley Cross Timbers Deep East Texas East Texas Edwards Plateau Golden Triangle Hill Country Llano Estacado Northeast Texas North Texas Osage Plains Panhandle Permian Basin Piney Woods Rio Grande Valley Southeast Texas South Plains South Texas Texoma Trans-Pecos West Texas

Metropolitan areas

Abilene Amarillo Austin–Round Rock Beaumont–Port Arthur Brownsville–Harlingen College Station–Bryan Corpus Christi Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington El Paso Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land Killeen–Temple Laredo Longview Lubbock McAllen–Edinburg–Mission Midland Odessa San Angelo San Antonio–New Braunfels Sherman–Denison Texarkana Tyler Victoria Waco Wichita Falls

Counties

See: List of counties in Texas

v t e

All-America City
City
Award: Hall of Fame

Akron, Ohio Anchorage, Alaska Asheville, North Carolina Baltimore Boston Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus, Ohio Dayton, Ohio Des Moines, Iowa Edinburg, Texas Fayetteville, North Carolina Fort Wayne, Indiana Fort Worth, Texas Gastonia, North Carolina Grand Island, Nebraska Grand Rapids, Michigan Hickory, North Carolina Independence, Missouri Kansas City, Missouri Laurinburg, North Carolina New Haven, Connecticut Peoria, Illinois Philadelphia Phoenix, Arizona Roanoke, Virginia Rockville, Maryland Saint Paul, Minnesota San Antonio Seward, Alaska Shreveport, Louisiana Tacoma, Washington Toledo, Ohio Tupelo, Mississippi Wichita, Kansas Worcester, Massachusetts

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Texas

Sylvester Turner
Sylvester Turner
(D) (Houston) Ron Nirenberg
Ron Nirenberg
(I) (San Antonio) Mike Rawlings
Mike Rawlings
(D) (Dallas) Steve Adler (D) (Austin) Betsy Price
Betsy Price
(R) (Fort Worth) Dee Margo
Dee Margo
(R) (El Paso) Jeff Williams (R) (Arlington) Joe McComb (R) (Corpus Christi) Harry LaRosiliere
Harry LaRosiliere
(I) (Plano) Pete Saenz
Pete Saenz
(D) (Laredo) Dan Pope (R) (Lubbock) Douglas Athas (Garland) Beth Van Duyne (R) (Irving) Ginger Nelson (Amarillo) Ron Jensen (Grand Prairie) Tony Martinez (Brownsville) Johnny Isbell (Pasadena) Brian Loughmiller (R) (McKinney) Stan Pickett (Mesquite) Jim Darling (McAllen) Jeff Cheney (Frisco) Jose Segarra (Killeen) Kyle Deaver (Waco) Kevin Falconer (R) (Carrollton) Jerry Morales (Midland) Chris Watts (Denton) Norm Archibald (Abilene) Becky Ames (R) (Beaumont) David Turner (Odessa) Alan McGraw (Round Rock) Glenn Barham (Wichita Falls) Paul Voelker (Richardson) Dean Ueckert (Lewisville) Martin Heines (Tyler) Tom Reid (Pearland) Nancy Berry (College Station)

v t e

County seats of Texas

A

Abilene Albany Alice Alpine Amarillo Anahuac Anderson Andrews Angleton Anson Archer City Aspermont Athens Austin

B

Baird Ballinger Bandera Bastrop Bay City Beaumont Beeville Bellville Belton Benjamin Big Lake Big Spring Boerne Bonham Boston Brackettville Brady Breckenridge Brenham Brownfield Brownsville Brownwood Bryan Burnet

C

Caldwell Cameron Canadian Canton Canyon Carrizo Springs Carthage Center Centerville Channing Childress Clarendon Clarksville Claude Cleburne Coldspring Coleman Colorado City Columbus Comanche Conroe Cooper Corpus Christi Corsicana Cotulla Crane Crockett Crosbyton Crowell Crystal City Cuero

D

Daingerfield Dalhart Dallas Decatur Del Rio Denton Dickens Dimmitt Dumas

E

Eagle Pass Eastland Edinburg El Paso Eldorado Emory

F

Fairfield Falfurrias Farwell Floresville Floydada Fort Davis Fort Stockton Fort Worth Franklin Fredericksburg

G

Gail Gainesville Galveston Garden City Gatesville George West Georgetown Giddings Gilmer Glen Rose Goldthwaite Goliad Gonzales Graham Granbury Greenville Groesbeck Groveton Guthrie

H

Hallettsville Hamilton Haskell Hebbronville Hemphill Hempstead Henderson Henrietta Hereford Hillsboro Hondo Houston Huntsville

J

Jacksboro Jasper Jayton Jefferson Johnson City Jourdanton Junction

K

Karnes City Kaufman Kermit Kerrville Kingsville Kountze

L

La Grange Lamesa Lampasas Laredo Leakey Levelland Liberty Linden Lipscomb Littlefield Livingston Llano Lockhart Longview Lubbock Lufkin

M

Madisonville Marfa Marlin Marshall Mason Matador McKinney Memphis Menard Mentone Meridian Mertzon Miami Midland Monahans Montague Morton Mount Pleasant Mount Vernon Muleshoe

N

Nacogdoches New Braunfels Newton

O

Odessa Orange Ozona

P

Paducah Paint Rock Palestine Palo Pinto Pampa Panhandle Paris Pearsall Pecos Perryton Pittsburg Plains Plainview Port Lavaca Post

Q

Quanah Quitman

R

Rankin Raymondville Refugio Richmond Rio Grande City Robert Lee Roby Rockport Rocksprings Rockwall Rusk

S

San Angelo San Antonio San Augustine San Diego San Marcos San Saba Sanderson Sarita Seguin Seminole Seymour Sherman Sierra Blanca Silverton Sinton Snyder Sonora Spearman Stanton Stephenville Sterling City Stinnett Stratford Sulphur Springs Sweetwater

T

Tahoka Throckmorton Tilden Tulia Tyler

U

Uvalde

V

Van Horn Vega Vernon Victoria

W

Waco Waxahachie Weatherford Wellington Wharton Wheeler Wichita Falls Woodville

Z

Zapata

v t e

San Antonio–New Braunfels

Central city

San Antonio

Counties

Atascosa Bandera Bexar Comal Guadalupe Kendall Medina Wilson

Satellite cities

New Braunfels Seguin

Municipalities 25k–50k

Cibolo Schertz

Municipalities 10k–25k

Boerne Canyon Lake Converse Leon Valley Live Oak Timberwood Park Universal City

Municipalities 5k–10k

Alamo
Alamo
Heights Bulverde Fair Oaks Ranch Floresville Helotes Hondo Kirby Lackland AFB Lakehills Pleasanton Selma Terrell Hills Windcrest

Municipalities 1k–5k

Balcones Heights Castle Hills Castroville Charlotte China
China
Grove Comfort Cross Mountain Devine Elmendorf Garden Ridge Hill Country Village Hollywood Park Jourdanton LaCoste La Vernia Lake Dunlap Lytle Marion McQueeney Natalia Nixon (partial) Northcliff (former) Olmos Park Poteet Poth Randolph AFB Redwood Sandy Oaks Scenic Oaks Shavano Park Somerset St. Hedwig Stockdale Von Ormy

Municipalities <1k

Bandera Christine Geronimo Grey Forest Kingsbury New Berlin Santa Clara Spring Branch Staples

Unincorporated communities

Adkins Amphion Atascosa Bandera Falls Carpenter D'Hanis Dunlay Fischer Kicaster Leming Leon Springs Losoya Macdona Martinez Medina Mico Pearson Pandora Pipe Creek Rio Medina Saspamco Sayers Sisterdale Sutherland Springs Tarpley Vanderpool Waring Yancey Zuehl

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153426020 ISNI: 0000 0004 0398 4914 GND: 4124107-1 BNF:

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