1.5% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
14.5% Other White
1.8% White & Black Caribbean
0.9% White & Black African
1% White "> in locations scattered around the borough, proving that
it was a significant area of Roman occupation. The
Act 1963 established the borough in 1965 from the combined areas of
the former Municipal Borough of
Chingford , Municipal Borough of
Leyton and Municipal Borough of
Walthamstow , which all transferred to
Greater London from the English county of
A petition opposed calling the new borough "Walthamstow", so perhaps
for that reason the new borough took its name from the former Waltham
Forest , an institution responsible for managing deer in an area that
stretched eastwards from the
River Lea and included large areas of
agricultural land as well as the wooded areas subsequently known as
Epping Forest and
Hainault Forest .
The southern part of
Epping Forest still extends into the south of
the borough, 90% of it having been preserved by
Epping Forest Act of
1878. This not only assisted in preserving the forest but also helped
develop the towns around it: Chingford, Forest Gate, Walthamstow,
Leytonstone, and Leyton. The area's location between the City of
Epping Forest encouraged large-scale urban development.
The area now known as Waltham Forest experienced at least two
Zeppelin raids during
World War I
World War I . On 17/18 August 1915, Airship L10
took a route roughly following the Gospel Oak to Barking railway line,
dropping incendiary and high-explosive bombs. The first bomb, an
incendiary, fell on Hoe St, Walthamstow, at the junction of Orford and
Queens Road; the last was dropped in Aldersbrook area. Ten people were
Leyton and another 48 injured across the wider area. On
23/24 September 1916 the German Navy airship L 31 dropped around ten
bombs along the line of
Lea Bridge Road, Leyton, killing eight there.
She also dropped bombs on Streatham and Brixton the same night.
The main centres of population in the borough are
Chingford in the
Walthamstow in the centre (the administrative hub including the
council offices) and
Leytonstone to the South. Waltham
Forest has the fifth largest Muslim population in
England and the
third largest in
London (coming after its neighbouring boroughs,
Newham and Tower Hamlets ).
ARTS, CULTURE AND LEISURE
Historically known as the seat of the
Arts and Crafts Movement
Arts and Crafts Movement under
the stewardship of
William Morris , Waltham Forest has continued to
succour many contemporary artists grime acts hailing from the borough
More Fire Crew ,
Lethal Bizzle , and Jammer amongst others.
The only theatre in the borough, The Waltham Forest Theatre, was
situated in Lloyds Park. Though a local campaign was launched to save
it in 2008 the theatre was demolished in 2011.
Leyton Orient F.C. is the local professional football team, based at
Brisbane Road, Leyton. In the 1962-63 season the club played in the
top tier of English football, the
Football League First Division , but
currently are in the
National League , the fifth tier of the English
football league system .
Waltham Forest was one of six local authorities to set up a Housing
Action Trust under the Housing Act 1988. The Waltham Forest HAT
covered various estates in need of regeneration :
Cathall Road in
Oliver Close in
Leyton , Boundary Road in Walthamstow
Chingford Hall in
Chingford . The HAT transferred its redeveloped
Community-based Housing Association and shut down in April
2002. English Partnerships then demolished four empty tower blocks.
Council housing in the borough is now managed by an
arms-length management organisation , Waltham Forest Housing (formerly
Waltham Forest was one of four host boroughs in east
London for the
2012 Olympics . The northern part of the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
is located in
Eton Manor . The borough hosted events in its three
Olympic-size swimming pools, one synchronised swimming pool and one
water polo pool. These pools were used for athlete training.
During the Paralympic Games,
Eton Manor hosted the Wheelchair Tennis
events, with temporary seating for 10,500 spectators.
In April 2012, the Ministry of Defence identified the roof of Fred
Wigg Tower as a potential location for surface-to-air missile defences
during the Games.
List of schools in Waltham Forest
Waltham Forest has a number of institutes, including 3 colleges of
Leyton Sixth Form College was the second sixth form
college in Southern
England to get a licence, and was awarded the
title of best college in
London for sport in 2013. Others include
Waltham Forest College and
Sir George Monoux College .
* Friday Hill
* Hale End
A map showing the wards of Waltham Forest since 2002
Inner yards of terrasse houses in
* Chapel End
* Grove Green
* Hale End and
* Hatch Lane
* High Street
* Hoe Street
* Wood Street
The Central line of the
London Underground serves the south of the
borough, running alongside the A12 road with stations at
Leytonstone . The Victoria Line runs roughly through the middle of the
borough with stations at
Walthamstow Central and Blackhorse Road . The
Gospel Oak to Barking Line of
London Overground has stations at
Walthamstow Queens Road , Blackhorse Road ,
Leyton Midland Road and
Leytonstone High Road . The
London Overground (TfL) also runs services
Liverpool Street station
Liverpool Street station in the
City of London
City of London and serves
stations at St James Street ,
Walthamstow Central , Wood Street ,
Highams Park and
London Buses routes 20, 34, 48, 55, 56, 58, 66, 69, 97, 123, 145,
158, 179, 212, 215, 230, 257, 275, 308, 313, 339, 357, 379, 385, 397,
444, W11, W12, W13, W14, W15, W16, W19, School buses route 657, 675,
other route 505, 853 and Night route N8, N26, N38, N55, N73 and N205.
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to
travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 21.0% of
all residents aged 16–74; driving a car or van, 7.0%; bus, minibus
or coach, 7.0%; train, 6.5%; on foot, 4.3%; work mainly at or from
home, 2.1%; bicycle, 1.8%.
There is one police station in
Chingford and one office in
Walthamstow Town Centre, and a number of additional patrol centres
throughout the borough.
David Beckham Main article: List of people from Waltham Forest
Waltham Forest is the birthplace of
William Morris , best known as
one of the principal founders of the British Arts and Crafts Movement.
Morris was a designer of wallpaper and patterned fabrics, a writer of
poetry and fiction, and a pioneer of the socialist movement in
Other notable people, such as footballer and former
David Beckham , I, Claudius star
Derek Jacobi , former
England cricket Captain
Graham Gooch , and the film director and
Alfred Hitchcock , were also born in the borough. The heavy
Iron Maiden was formed in Leyton, and Eastenders actress
Rita Simons was born in Leytonstone. Notable Eastenders Actor Adam
Woodyatt is from Walthamstow.The poet Pascale Petit , shortlisted
three times for the TS Eliot poetry prize, lives in Walthamstow.
Notable Rap/Grime Artist
Lethal Bizzle is from Walthamstow, and
Grayson Perry , the 2003
Turner Prize -winning artist, has his studio
in Walthamstow. X Factor Finalist (Runners-up)
Fleur East is also from
Walthamstow as well as British Taekwondo Athlete
Leyton Orient Football Club
Leyton Football Club
Waltham Forest F.C.
Lee Valley Lions
London Borough of Waltham Forest is twinned with:–
Saint-Mandé , France
Wandsbeck , Germany
Friendship Links have also been established with:
* St John\'s ,
Antigua and Barbuda
* Mirpur ,
Walthamstow Town Hall
Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge
Leyton Town Hall
All Saints and St Paul's Tower
Waltham Forest parks and open spaces
Whipps Cross Hospital
* ^ "The Mayor".
London Borough of Waltham Forest. Retrieved
* ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in
Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of
ethnicity in the
United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the
* ^ "
London Sub-regions" (PDF).
London Places. Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015.
Retrieved 13 September 2015.
* ^ "Waltham Forest: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through
Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September
* ^ "\'The Gift\', Eamon Everall",
Walker Art Gallery , National
Museums Liverpool . Retrieved 16 October 2008.
* ^ Sarah Cosgrove, "Teenage twins in bid to take over theatre",
The Waltham Forest Guardian
* ^ "English Partnerships: A residuary body for Housing Action
Trusts". Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. Retrieved
2007-03-03. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link )
* ^ "Ascham Homes performance worsens". Waltham Forest Guardian. 24
May 2010. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 1 May
* ^ "Missiles could be deployed at six sites during Olympics, MOD
confirm". Daily Telegraph. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
* ^ Koscielak, Kasia. "News -
Leyton Sixth Form achieves Investors
in People Gold Award". www.londoncolleges.com.
* ^ "College named best in
London for sport". East
London and West
Essex Guardian Series.
* ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local