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The Info List - London Borough Of Waltham Forest



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36% White British 1.5% White Irish 0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller 14.5% Other White 1.8% White & Black Caribbean 0.9% White & Black African 1% White "> in locations scattered around the borough, proving that it was a significant area of Roman occupation. The London
London
Government Act 1963 established the borough in 1965 from the combined areas of the former Municipal Borough of Chingford
Chingford
, Municipal Borough of Leyton and Municipal Borough of Walthamstow
Walthamstow
, which all transferred to Greater London
Greater London
from the English county of Essex
Essex
.

A petition opposed calling the new borough "Walthamstow", so perhaps for that reason the new borough took its name from the former Waltham Forest , an institution responsible for managing deer in an area that stretched eastwards from the River Lea
River Lea
and included large areas of agricultural land as well as the wooded areas subsequently known as Epping Forest
Epping Forest
and Hainault Forest .

The southern part of Epping Forest
Epping Forest
still extends into the south of the borough, 90% of it having been preserved by Epping Forest
Epping Forest
Act of 1878. This not only assisted in preserving the forest but also helped develop the towns around it: Chingford, Forest Gate, Walthamstow, Leytonstone, and Leyton. The area's location between the City of London
London
and Epping Forest
Epping Forest
encouraged large-scale urban development.

The area now known as Waltham Forest experienced at least two Zeppelin
Zeppelin
raids during World War I
World War I
. On 17/18 August 1915, Airship L10 took a route roughly following the Gospel Oak to Barking railway line, dropping incendiary and high-explosive bombs. The first bomb, an incendiary, fell on Hoe St, Walthamstow, at the junction of Orford and Queens Road; the last was dropped in Aldersbrook area. Ten people were killed in Leyton and another 48 injured across the wider area. On 23/24 September 1916 the German Navy airship L 31 dropped around ten bombs along the line of Lea Bridge Road, Leyton, killing eight there. She also dropped bombs on Streatham and Brixton the same night.

SETTLEMENT

The main centres of population in the borough are Chingford
Chingford
in the north, Walthamstow
Walthamstow
in the centre (the administrative hub including the council offices) and Leyton and Leytonstone
Leytonstone
to the South. Waltham Forest has the fifth largest Muslim population in England
England
and the third largest in London
London
(coming after its neighbouring boroughs, Newham and Tower Hamlets ).

POPULATION CENSUS

YEAR POP. ±%

1801 6,500 —

1811 8,165 +25.6%

1821 9,239 +13.2%

1831 9,505 +2.9%

1841 9,806 +3.2%

1851 10,759 +9.7%

1861 22,635 +110.4%

1871 34,512 +52.5%

1881 46,388 +34.4%

1891 92,948 +100.4%

1901 154,146 +65.8%

1911 255,661 +65.9%

1921 267,592 +4.7%

1931 280,094 +4.7%

1941 274,172 −2.1%

1951 268,383 −2.1%

1961 251,205 −6.4%

1971 235,145 −6.4%

1981 214,595 −8.7%

1991 217,625 +1.4%

2001 218,277 +0.3%

2011 258,249 +18.3%

Note:

ARTS, CULTURE AND LEISURE

Historically known as the seat of the Arts and Crafts Movement
Arts and Crafts Movement
under the stewardship of William Morris
William Morris
, Waltham Forest has continued to succour many contemporary artists grime acts hailing from the borough include More Fire Crew , Lethal Bizzle , and Jammer amongst others.

The only theatre in the borough, The Waltham Forest Theatre, was situated in Lloyds Park. Though a local campaign was launched to save it in 2008 the theatre was demolished in 2011.

Leyton Orient F.C. is the local professional football team, based at Brisbane Road, Leyton. In the 1962-63 season the club played in the top tier of English football, the Football League First Division , but currently are in the National League
National League
, the fifth tier of the English football league system .

HOUSING

Waltham Forest was one of six local authorities to set up a Housing Action Trust under the Housing Act 1988. The Waltham Forest HAT covered various estates in need of regeneration : Cathall Road in Leytonstone
Leytonstone
, Oliver Close in Leyton , Boundary Road in Walthamstow and Chingford
Chingford
Hall in Chingford
Chingford
. The HAT transferred its redeveloped estates to Community-based Housing Association and shut down in April 2002. English Partnerships then demolished four empty tower blocks.

The remaining Council housing in the borough is now managed by an arms-length management organisation , Waltham Forest Housing (formerly Ascham Homes).

OLYMPICS

Waltham Forest was one of four host boroughs in east London
London
for the 2012 Olympics . The northern part of the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park is located in Eton Manor . The borough hosted events in its three Olympic-size swimming pools, one synchronised swimming pool and one water polo pool. These pools were used for athlete training.

During the Paralympic Games, Eton Manor hosted the Wheelchair Tennis events, with temporary seating for 10,500 spectators.

In April 2012, the Ministry of Defence identified the roof of Fred Wigg Tower as a potential location for surface-to-air missile defences during the Games.

EDUCATION

Main article: List of schools in Waltham Forest

Waltham Forest has a number of institutes, including 3 colleges of further education. Leyton Sixth Form College was the second sixth form college in Southern England
England
to get a licence, and was awarded the title of best college in London
London
for sport in 2013. Others include Waltham Forest College and Sir George Monoux College .

DISTRICTS

* Bakers Arms * Cann Hall * Chingford
Chingford
* Chingford
Chingford
Hatch * Friday Hill * Hale End * Highams Park * Leyton * Leytonstone
Leytonstone
* Upper Walthamstow
Walthamstow
* Walthamstow
Walthamstow
* Whipps Cross

WARDS

A map showing the wards of Waltham Forest since 2002 Inner yards of terrasse houses in Leyton

* Cann Hall * Cathall * Chapel End * Chingford
Chingford
Green * Endlebury * Forest * Grove Green * Hale End and Highams Park * Hatch Lane * High Street * Higham Hill * Hoe Street * Larkswood * Lea Bridge * Leyton * Leytonstone
Leytonstone
* Markhouse * William Morris
William Morris
* Wood Street * Valley

TRANSPORT

The Central line of the London Underground
London Underground
serves the south of the borough, running alongside the A12 road with stations at Leyton and Leytonstone
Leytonstone
. The Victoria Line runs roughly through the middle of the borough with stations at Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Central and Blackhorse Road . The Gospel Oak to Barking Line of London Overground
London Overground
has stations at Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Queens Road , Blackhorse Road , Leyton Midland Road and Leytonstone
Leytonstone
High Road . The London Overground
London Overground
(TfL) also runs services from Liverpool Street station
Liverpool Street station
in the City of London
City of London
and serves stations at St James Street , Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Central , Wood Street , Highams Park and Chingford
Chingford
.

London
London
Buses routes 20, 34, 48, 55, 56, 58, 66, 69, 97, 123, 145, 158, 179, 212, 215, 230, 257, 275, 308, 313, 339, 357, 379, 385, 397, 444, W11, W12, W13, W14, W15, W16, W19, School buses route 657, 675, other route 505, 853 and Night route N8, N26, N38, N55, N73 and N205.

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 21.0% of all residents aged 16–74; driving a car or van, 7.0%; bus, minibus or coach, 7.0%; train, 6.5%; on foot, 4.3%; work mainly at or from home, 2.1%; bicycle, 1.8%.

LAW ENFORCEMENT

There is one police station in Chingford
Chingford
and one office in Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Town Centre, and a number of additional patrol centres throughout the borough.

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

David Beckham
David Beckham
Main article: List of people from Waltham Forest

Waltham Forest is the birthplace of William Morris
William Morris
, best known as one of the principal founders of the British Arts and Crafts Movement. Morris was a designer of wallpaper and patterned fabrics, a writer of poetry and fiction, and a pioneer of the socialist movement in Britain.

Other notable people, such as footballer and former England
England
Captain David Beckham
David Beckham
, I, Claudius star Derek Jacobi , former Essex
Essex
and England
England
cricket Captain Graham Gooch , and the film director and producer Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
, were also born in the borough. The heavy metal band Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden
was formed in Leyton, and Eastenders actress Rita Simons was born in Leytonstone. Notable Eastenders Actor Adam Woodyatt is from Walthamstow.The poet Pascale Petit , shortlisted three times for the TS Eliot poetry prize, lives in Walthamstow. Notable Rap/Grime Artist Lethal Bizzle is from Walthamstow, and Grayson Perry
Grayson Perry
, the 2003 Turner Prize
Turner Prize
-winning artist, has his studio in Walthamstow. X Factor Finalist (Runners-up) Fleur East
Fleur East
is also from Walthamstow
Walthamstow
as well as British Taekwondo Athlete Lutalo Muhammad

SPORTS TEAMS

* Leyton Orient Football Club * Leyton Football Club * Waltham Forest F.C. * Lee Valley Lions

TWINNED CITIES

The London
London
Borough of Waltham Forest is twinned with:–

* Saint-Mandé , France * Wandsbeck , Germany

Friendship Links have also been established with:

* St John\'s , Antigua and Barbuda * Roseau , Dominica
Dominica
* Mirpur , Pakistan
Pakistan

GALLERY

*

Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Town Hall *

Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge *

Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Stadium *

Leyton Town Hall *

Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Marshes *

Leytonstone
Leytonstone
Station *

All Saints and St Paul's Tower

SEE ALSO

* London
London
portal

* Waltham Forest parks and open spaces * Whipps Cross Hospital

REFERENCES

* ^ "The Mayor". London
London
Borough of Waltham Forest. Retrieved 2016-09-08. * ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England
England
and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census. * ^ " London
London
Sub-regions" (PDF). London
London
Places. Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015. * ^ "Waltham Forest: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September 2011. * ^ "\'The Gift\', Eamon Everall", Walker Art Gallery , National Museums Liverpool . Retrieved 16 October 2008. * ^ Sarah Cosgrove, "Teenage twins in bid to take over theatre", The Waltham Forest Guardian * ^ "English Partnerships: A residuary body for Housing Action Trusts". Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. Retrieved 2007-03-03. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ "Ascham Homes performance worsens". Waltham Forest Guardian. 24 May 2010. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2012. * ^ "Missiles could be deployed at six sites during Olympics, MOD confirm". Daily Telegraph. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012. * ^ Koscielak, Kasia. "News - Leyton Sixth Form achieves Investors in People Gold Award". www.londoncolleges.com. * ^ "College named best in London
London
for sport". East London
London
and West Essex
Essex
Guardian Series. * ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England