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36% White British 1.5% White Irish 0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller 14.5% Other White 1.8% White & Black Caribbean 0.9% White & Black African 1% White & Asian 1.6% Other Mixed 3.5% Indian 10.2% Pakistani 1.8% Bangladeshi 1% Chinese 4.5% Other Asian 7.3% Black African 7.3% Black Caribbean 2.8% Other Black 1.5% Arab 2.6% Other

Time zone GMT (UTC)

 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)

Postcodes E, IG

Area code(s) 020

ONS code 00BH

GSS code E09000031

Police Metropolitan Police

Website http://www.walthamforest.gov.uk/

The London
London
Borough of Waltham Forest is a London borough
London borough
in North East London,[3] England. The borough was formed in 1965 from the merger of the County Boroughs of Leyton, Walthamstow
Walthamstow
and Chingford; it took its name from Waltham Forest – an institution which managed deer in south-west Essex. The north and south of the borough, split by the North Circular Road, contrast markedly in terms of ethnicity and socio-economic indicators, with built-up urban districts in the south having inner-city characteristics, and more affluent residential development in the north with open spaces, parks, and playing fields. Neighbouring authorities are Epping Forest Essex
Essex
in the north, Redbridge in the east, with Newham and Hackney to the south. Haringey and Enfield lie to the west of the River Lea
River Lea
where the surrounding parkland and marshes forms a green corridor, which, along the reservoir-lined reaches, separates north and east London. Waltham Forest was one of the host boroughs of the London
London
Olympics in 2012, with the Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre and part of the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
providing an ongoing legacy.

Contents

1 History 2 Settlement 3 Arts, culture and leisure 4 Housing 5 Olympics 6 Education 7 Districts 8 Wards 9 Transport 10 Law enforcement 11 Notable residents 12 Sports teams 13 Twinned cities 14 Gallery 15 See also 16 References 17 External links

History[edit] Many Stone Age
Stone Age
remains are found in the area. Ancient Roman relics have also been found[by whom?] in locations scattered around the borough, proving that it was a significant area of Roman occupation. The London Government Act 1963
London Government Act 1963
established the borough in 1965 from the combined areas of the former Municipal Borough of Chingford, Municipal Borough of Leyton
Municipal Borough of Leyton
and Municipal Borough of Walthamstow, which all transferred to Greater London
Greater London
from the English county of Essex. A petition opposed calling the new borough "Walthamstow", so perhaps for that reason the new borough took its name from the former Waltham Forest, an institution responsible for managing deer in an area that stretched eastwards from the River Lea
River Lea
and included large areas of agricultural land as well as the wooded areas subsequently known as Epping Forest
Epping Forest
and Hainault Forest. The southern part of Epping Forest
Epping Forest
still extends into the south of the borough, 90% of it having been preserved by Epping Forest
Epping Forest
Act of 1878. This not only assisted in preserving the forest but also helped develop the towns around it: Chingford, Forest Gate, Walthamstow, Leytonstone, and Leyton. The area's location between the City of London
London
and Epping Forest
Epping Forest
encouraged[when?] large-scale urban development. The area now known as Waltham Forest experienced at least two Zeppelin raids during World War I. On 17/18 August 1915, Airship L10 took a route roughly following the Gospel Oak to Barking railway line, dropping incendiary and high-explosive bombs. The first bomb, an incendiary, fell on Hoe St, Walthamstow, at the junction of Orford and Queens Road; the last was dropped in Aldersbrook area. Ten people were killed in Leyton
Leyton
and another 48 injured across the wider area. On 23/24 September 1916 the German Navy airship L 31 dropped around ten bombs along the line of Lea Bridge
Lea Bridge
Road, Leyton, killing eight there. She also dropped bombs on Streatham and Brixton the same night. Settlement[edit] The main centres of population in the borough are Chingford
Chingford
in the north, Walthamstow
Walthamstow
in the centre (the administrative hub including the council offices) and Leyton
Leyton
and Leytonstone
Leytonstone
to the South. Waltham Forest has the fifth largest Muslim population in England
England
and the third largest in London
London
(coming after its neighbouring boroughs, Newham and Tower Hamlets).

Population census

Year Pop. ±%

1801 6,500 —    

1811 8,165 +25.6%

1821 9,239 +13.2%

1831 9,505 +2.9%

1841 9,806 +3.2%

1851 10,759 +9.7%

1861 22,635 +110.4%

1871 34,512 +52.5%

1881 46,388 +34.4%

1891 92,948 +100.4%

1901 154,146 +65.8%

1911 255,661 +65.9%

1921 267,592 +4.7%

1931 280,094 +4.7%

1941 274,172 −2.1%

1951 268,383 −2.1%

1961 251,205 −6.4%

1971 235,145 −6.4%

1981 214,595 −8.7%

1991 217,625 +1.4%

2001 218,277 +0.3%

2011 258,249 +18.3%

Note:[4]

Arts, culture and leisure[edit] Historically known as the seat of the Arts and Crafts Movement
Arts and Crafts Movement
under the stewardship of William Morris, Waltham Forest has continued to succour many contemporary artists & art groups. These include the North East London
London
Independent Artists (NELIA) group, based at the Changing Room Gallery in Lloyd Park, the 491 Gallery
491 Gallery
in Leytonstone, and a number of independent artists, also mainly in the Leytonstone area. The annual E17 Art Trail, which includes open studios, exhibitions and events, is the biggest art event in the borough, and there is now a similar event in Leytonstone. Eamon Everall, founder member of the Stuckism
Stuckism
art movement is a long-time resident in the borough where he also maintains a studio.[5] Waltham Forest is home to a number of musicians that have found success in the UK, including East 17, Blazin' Squad, and Indie band Hefner, who formed in Walthamstow. The borough is also a centre of the grime musical genre; grime acts hailing from the borough include More Fire Crew, Lethal Bizzle, and Jammer amongst others. The only theatre in the borough, The Waltham Forest Theatre, was situated in Lloyds Park. Though a local campaign was launched to save it in 2008 [6] the theatre was demolished in 2011. Leyton
Leyton
Orient F.C. is the local professional football team, based at Brisbane Road, Leyton. In the 1962-63 season the club played in the top tier of English football, the Football League First Division, but currently are in the National League, the fifth tier of the English football league system. Housing[edit] Waltham Forest was one of six local authorities to set up a Housing Action Trust under the Housing Act 1988. The Waltham Forest HAT covered various estates in need of regeneration: Cathall Road in Leytonstone, Oliver Close in Leyton, Boundary Road in Walthamstow
Walthamstow
and Chingford
Chingford
Hall in Chingford. The HAT transferred its redeveloped estates to Community-based Housing Association
Community-based Housing Association
and shut down in April 2002. English Partnerships then demolished four empty tower blocks.[7] The remaining Council housing
Council housing
in the borough is now managed by an arms-length management organisation, Waltham Forest Housing (formerly Ascham Homes).[8] Olympics[edit] Waltham Forest was one of four host boroughs in east London
London
for the 2012 Olympics. The northern part of the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park is located in Eton Manor. The borough hosted events in its three Olympic-size swimming pools, one synchronised swimming pool and one water polo pool. These pools were used for athlete training. During the Paralympic Games, Eton Manor
Eton Manor
hosted the Wheelchair Tennis events, with temporary seating for 10,500 spectators. In April 2012, the Ministry of Defence identified the roof of Fred Wigg Tower as a potential location for surface-to-air missile defences during the Games.[9] Education[edit] Main article: List of schools in Waltham Forest Waltham Forest has a number of institutes, including 3 colleges of further education. Leyton
Leyton
Sixth Form College was the second sixth form college in Southern England
England
to get a licence,[10] and was awarded the title of best college in London
London
for sport in 2013.[11] Others include Waltham Forest College and Sir George Monoux College. Districts[edit]

Bakers Arms Cann Hall Chingford Chingford
Chingford
Hatch Friday Hill Hale End Highams Park Leyton Leytonstone Upper Walthamstow Walthamstow Whipps Cross

Wards[edit]

A map showing the wards of Waltham Forest since 2002

Inner yards of terrasse houses in Leyton

Cann Hall Cathall Chapel End Chingford
Chingford
Green Endlebury Forest Grove Green Hale End and Highams Park Hatch Lane High Street Higham Hill Hoe Street Larkswood Lea Bridge Leyton Leytonstone Markhouse William Morris Wood Street Valley

Transport[edit] The Central line of the London Underground
London Underground
serves the south of the borough, running alongside the A12 road with stations at Leyton
Leyton
and Leytonstone. The Victoria Line runs roughly through the middle of the borough with stations at Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Central and Blackhorse Road. The Gospel Oak to Barking Line
Gospel Oak to Barking Line
of London Overground
London Overground
has stations at Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Queens Road, Blackhorse Road, Leyton
Leyton
Midland Road and Leytonstone
Leytonstone
High Road. London Overground
London Overground
also runs services from Liverpool Street station
Liverpool Street station
in the City of London
City of London
and serves stations at St James Street, Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Central, Wood Street, Highams Park
Highams Park
and Chingford. London
London
Buses routes 20, 34, 48, 55, 56, 58, 66, 69, 97, 123, 145, 158, 179, 212, 215, 230, 257, 275, 308, 313, 339, 357, 379, 385, 397, 444, W11, W12, W13, W14, W15, W16, W19, School buses route 657, 675, other route 505, 853 and Night route N8, N26, N38, N55, N73 and N205. In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 21.0% of all residents aged 16–74; driving a car or van, 7.0%; bus, minibus or coach, 7.0%; train, 6.5%; on foot, 4.3%; work mainly at or from home, 2.1%; bicycle, 1.8%.[12] Law enforcement[edit] There is one police station in Chingford
Chingford
and one office in Walthamstow Town Centre, and a number of additional patrol centres throughout the borough. Notable residents[edit]

David Beckham

Main article: List of people from Waltham Forest Waltham Forest is the birthplace of William Morris, best known as one of the principal founders of the British Arts and Crafts Movement. Morris was a designer of wallpaper and patterned fabrics, a writer of poetry and fiction, and a pioneer of the socialist movement in Britain. Other notable people, such as footballer and former England
England
Captain David Beckham, rapper, songwriter and actor Redzz, I, Claudius star Derek Jacobi, former Essex
Essex
and England
England
cricket Captain Graham Gooch, and the film director and producer Alfred Hitchcock, were also born in the borough. The heavy metal band Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden
was formed in Leyton, and Eastenders actress Rita Simons
Rita Simons
was born in Leytonstone. Notable Eastenders Actor Adam Woodyatt
Adam Woodyatt
is from Walthamstow. The poet Pascale Petit, shortlisted three times for the TS Eliot poetry prize, lives in Walthamstow. Notable rap/grime artist Lethal Bizzle
Lethal Bizzle
is from Walthamstow, and Grayson Perry, the 2003 Turner Prize-winning artist, has his studio in Walthamstow. X Factor finalist Fleur East
Fleur East
is also from Walthamstow
Walthamstow
as well as British Taekwondo Athlete Lutalo Muhammad. Sports teams[edit]

Leyton
Leyton
Orient Football Club Leyton
Leyton
Football Club Waltham Forest F.C. Lee Valley Lions

Twinned cities[edit] The London
London
Borough of Waltham Forest is twinned[13] with

Saint-Mandé, France, Wandsbek, Germany, Antigua and Barbuda, and Dominica.

Friendship links have also been established with

Mirpur, Pakistan.[13]

Gallery[edit]

Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Town Hall

Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge

Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Stadium

Leyton
Leyton
Town Hall

Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Marshes

Leytonstone
Leytonstone
Station

All Saints and St Paul's Tower

See also[edit]

London
London
portal

Waltham Forest parks and open spaces Whipps Cross
Whipps Cross
Hospital

References[edit]

^ "The Mayor". London
London
Borough of Waltham Forest. Retrieved 2016-09-08.  ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England
England
and Wales, Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
(2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census. ^ " London
London
Sub-regions" (PDF). London
London
Places. Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015.  ^ "Waltham Forest: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September 2011.  ^ "'The Gift', Eamon Everall", Walker Art Gallery, National Museums Liverpool. Retrieved 16 October 2008. ^ Sarah Cosgrove, "Teenage twins in bid to take over theatre", The Waltham Forest Guardian[when?] ^ "English Partnerships: A residuary body for Housing Action Trusts". Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. Retrieved 2007-03-03. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Ascham Homes performance worsens". Waltham Forest Guardian. 24 May 2010. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2012.  ^ "Missiles could be deployed at six sites during Olympics, MOD confirm". Daily Telegraph. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.  ^ Koscielak, Kasia. "News - Leyton
Leyton
Sixth Form achieves Investors in People Gold Award". www.londoncolleges.com.  ^ "College named best in London
London
for sport". East London
London
and West Essex Guardian Series.  ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England
England
and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013.  Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance. ^ a b "Town twinning". Waltham Forest Council. Retrieved 7 November 2017. 

External links[edit]

Waltham Forest Council Local newspaper Waltham Forest Police

v t e

London
London
Borough of Waltham Forest

Districts

Bakers Arms Cann Hall Chingford Chingford
Chingford
Green Chingford
Chingford
Hatch Chingford
Chingford
Mount Friday Hill Higham Hill Highams Park
Highams Park
(including Hale End) Lea Bridge Leyton Leytonstone South Chingford Temple Mills Upper Walthamstow Walthamstow
Walthamstow
(including Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Village) Whipps Cross Woodford Green

Attractions

Brisbane Road
Brisbane Road
football stadium Lee Valley Riding Centre Lee Valley Ice Centre New Spitalfields Market Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge Vestry House Museum Waltham Forest Theatre Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Pump House Museum Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Stadium William Morris
William Morris
Gallery

Street markets

Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Market

Parks and open spaces

Larkswood Playing Fields Lee Valley Park WaterWorks Nature Reserve Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Marshes

Constituencies

Chingford
Chingford
and Woodford Green
Woodford Green
(part) Leyton
Leyton
and Wanstead (part) Walthamstow

Tube and rail stations

Blackhorse Road Chingford Highams Park Leyton Leyton
Leyton
Midland Road Leytonstone Leytonstone
Leytonstone
High Road St James Street Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Central Walthamstow
Walthamstow
Queen's Road Wood Street

Other topics

Council Grade II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

v t e

Governance of Greater London

City of London London

Regional

Greater London
Greater London
Authority London
London
Assembly Mayor of London London
London
Councils

Boroughs

Barking and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Ceremonial

Lord Mayor of the City of London Lord Lieutenant of Greater London High Sheriff of Greater London

Historical

Metropolitan Board of Works
Metropolitan Board of Works
(MBW) 1855–1889 London
London
County Council (LCC) 1889–1965 Greater London
Greater London
Council (GLC) 1965–1986 Leaders Sheriffs of the City of London

Coordinates: 51°34′N 0°02′W / 51.567°N 0.033°W / 51.567; -0.033

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