Haugesund (help·info) (HGSD) is a town and municipality in
Rogaland county, Norway. The town is the main population centre of the
Haugaland region in northern Rogaland. The majority of the population
Haugesund lives in the main urban area surrounding the city centre,
with the northwestern part of the municipality being fairly rural.
3.2 Coat of arms
7.1 Municipal council
10 International relations
10.1 Twin towns – sister cities
11 Notable people
12 See also
14 External links
The town is situated on a strategically important sound, the
Karmsundet, through which ships could pass without traversing heavy
seas. In the early years, the coastal waters off
Haugesund were a huge
source of herring, and the town grew accordingly. Despite being barely
a village back then, King
Harald Fairhair lived at Avaldsnes, very
close to the modern town of Haugesund. In the last decades, the town,
like its neighbours, has been turning towards the petroleum industry,
with the herring being long gone.
The 73-square-kilometre (28 sq mi) municipality is the 396th
largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway, making it one
of the smallest in Norway.
Haugesund is the 23rd most populous
Norway with a population of 37,166. The municipality's
population density is 543.7 inhabitants per square kilometre
(1,408/sq mi) and its population has increased by 15.1% over the
last decade. The "urban area" of the town of Haugesund, which
actually crosses over slightly into the neighboring municipality of
Karmøy, has a total of about 40,152 (of that 5,425 people live in
Karmøy) people. This leaves about 2,000 residents of
live outside the town of
Haugesund in the rural portion of the
Haugesund Region, a statistical metropolitan area, which consists
of the municipalities Karmøy, Haugesund, Tysvær,
Sveio and Bokn, has
a population of approximately 100,000 people (as of 2009).
Despite being a fairly young town, the areas around
lands of power during the Viking Age. Harald Fairhair, the first king
of Norway, had his home at Avaldsnes, very close to the present town.
Fairhair was buried at Haraldshaugen, a burial mound adjacent to the
Karmsundet strait. This site is the namesake of the town and
municipality of Haugesund. The national monument at
raised in 1872, to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the Battle of
Hafrsfjord in 872. The
Battle of Hafrsfjord
Battle of Hafrsfjord has traditionally been
regarded as when western
Norway was unified under a single monarch for
the first time.
Karmøy pastures and St. Olav's church at Avaldsnes
The urban village area of
Haugesund (population: 1,066) was declared
to be a "town" and it was separated from the municipality of Torvastad
on 1 February 1855 to become a separate municipality of its own. On 1
January 1911, a small urban area of Skåre (population: 3,847) that
directly abutted the town of
Haugesund was transferred to Haugesund.
On 1 January 1958, the remainder of the municipality of Skåre was
merged with the town of Haugesund, creating a larger Haugesund
municipality. On 1 January 1965, the island of Vibrandsøy
(population: 70) was transferred from
Torvastad municipality to
Haugesund has a strong historical bond to the sea and especially the
herring. In the earlier years, the coastal waters of
Haugesund were a
huge source for fishing herring, and the town grew accordingly. The
protective straits of Smedasund and
Karmsund gave the town potential
to grow in both fishing and shipping. Even to this day,
one of Norway's busiest waterways. The town is still growing
geographically even though the population has increased only
moderately the last decade. Today the herring is long gone, and the
town is turning more and more towards the petroleum industry, like its
neighbouring town to the south, Stavanger.
The town is named after the Haugesundet strait. The first element
(Hauge) goes back to the genitive plural of the
Old Norse word haugr
meaning hill or mound. The last element is sund meaning strait or
Coat of arms
The coat-of-arms for
Haugesund was granted on 5 March 1930. They were
designed by Hallvard Trætteberg. The arms are blue with three
silver/white seagulls lined up vertically. The seagulls and blue color
were chosen to represent the importance of the sea. These arms
replaced the old coat-of-arms that were granted on 29 December 1862.
The old arms showed three herring barrels, an anchor, and three
seagulls. The old arms showed the importance of herring fishing and
processing in the town. The three barrels also represented the three
parts of the municipality: the mainland and the islands of Hasseløy
and Risøy. The new arms from 1930 removed the herring barrels due to
the decline in the importance of that industry.
Urban area of
Haugesund has a coastline with the North Sea, however, the island of
Karmøy and the archipelago of
Røvær shelter most of the city from
the rough waters of the ocean. The Karmsundet strait, located between
Haugesund used to be very strategically important, since
ships could pass without having to sail through heavy sea. Haugesund's
city centre has a distinctive street layout, similar to those found in
Kristiansand and Oslo.
Haugesund has a typical maritime climate with
mild winters, cool but pleasant springs, and mild summers lasting
until the end of September. Monthly 24-hr average range from
1.1 °C (34.0 °F) in February to 14 °C (57 °F)
in August. Mean annual precipitation is 1,520 millimetres
(60 in), with September to December as the wettest period.
The municipality includes several islands.
densely built, and connected to the mainland by bridges.
lies further out and consists of a number of islands, is also
populated and connected to the mainland by ferry.
Vibrandsøy and its
neighboring islands are now mainly a recreational area. Røværsholmen
Lighthouse sits just off the coast of the main
Røvær island. The
Stakkastadvatnet are located in the
Haugesund from the
The city hall, designed by
Gudolf Blakstad and Herman Munthe-Kaas
Common street in Haugesund
Haugesund's town hall was built in 1931, celebrating its 75th
anniversary in 2006. The pink city hall, designed by Gudolf
Blakstad and Herman Munthe-Kaas, is one of the finest
neo-classical buildings in Norway, and has been elected the most
beautiful building in Haugesund. It is also included in the new
Norwegian edition of monopoly after it was successful in a national
vote. The building may not be altered in any way without permission
from the national preservation agency. It overlooks the town square
and a park which was inaugurated on 28 August 1949.
The town has during the last 20 years established its position as the
main trading centre for the
Haugaland region and southern parts of
Hordaland county. It has several relatively large shopping centres,
considering the size of the town. However, this has led to a decline
of the trade and shopping activity in the town centre.
Risøybrua seen from Risøy. Photo: Knut Arne Gjertsen
Haugesund docks, with bridge to Risøy
MS Draupner, one of the catamaran ferries on the former route Bergen
Haugesund – Stavanger
Haugesund Airport, located on the island of
Karmøy to the southwest
Karmøy municipality, has year-round flights to Oslo
Gdańsk in addition to some seasonal and charter destinations.
The Norwegian airline
Coast Air was based at
Haugesund airport, but
filed for bankruptcy on 23 January 2008.
The European Route E39 bypasses
Haugesund to the east, passing through
Aksdal. The European Route E134 leads eastwords to
The bus station in
Haugesund is located at Flotmyr on the east side of
the downtown area. Long distance bus services are available to
Stavanger, Bergen, and Oslo. The local bus transport is operated by
Tide Buss, on a contract with
Kolumbus lasting to 2017.
The town is connected to the island of
Utsira by car ferry, and to the
Feøy by passenger ferry. Until 2008, the
Stavanger ferry operated here as well.
Part of central Haugesund
All municipalities in Norway, including Haugesund, are responsible for
primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services,
senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services,
zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is
governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in
turn elect a mayor.
The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of
Haugesund is made up of 49
representatives that are elected every four years. For 2015–2019,
the party breakdown is as follows:
Haugesund Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Name in Norwegian
Christian Democratic Party
Miljøpartiet De Grønne
Socialist Left Party
Total number of members:
Haugesund is the main cultural centre for its region, and is home to
several festivals, the largest being the Norwegian International Film
Festival and Sildajazz, an international jazz festival with
approximately 70 bands and close to 200 concerts. Every August, The
Norwegian Trad-jazz festival, the
Sildajazz is held. Both local and
international musicians are presented at the Sildajazz.
In the summer of 2004, the annual rock festival, ""RockFest"" started.
It attracted local, national and international pop and rock bands,
such as Elton John, Madcon,
DumDum Boys and Kaizers Orchestra. The
festival started as a part of the celebration of Haugesund's 150 year
anniversary. In 2009, the last Rockfest was held, and got replaced by
a new concept in 2010;
Haugesund Live is a series of
individual concerts, and has featured bands such as The Baseballs, Kim
Larsen and Mötley Crüe.
The soccer team from Haugesund,
FK Haugesund is playing in the
Norway's highest league, Tippeligaen.
Norwegian International Film Festival has since 1973 been held in
Haugesund, premiering and showing international and Norwegian films.
The Amanda Award, Norway's variation of the Oscars, has been held in
Haugesund since 1985  in concurrence with the film festival.
Haugesunds Avis is a daily newspaper published in Haugesund, but with
branches in Bømlo, Kopervik, Odda,
Sauda and Stord. Founded in 1895,
it is today owned by the investment group Mecom Group, and is as such
part of the media group Edda Media. In 2006,
Haugesunds Avis had a
circulation of 33 448. As of 2007, the executive editor is
Tonny Nundal. The newspaper owns the local radio channel Radio 102.
The Church of
Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality
of Haugesund. It is part of the
Haugaland deanery in the Diocese of
Churches in Haugesund
Location of the Church
Vår Frelsers Church
The main campus of
Stord/Haugesund University College is located in
Haugesund. Established in 1994, it is the result of the merger between
Haugesund Nursing College,
Stord Teachers College, and
College. The university college has approximately 2700 students
and 260 employees, thus making it one of the smallest university
colleges in Norway.
FK Haugesund (soccer)
Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Norway
Twin towns – sister cities
Haugesund has sister city agreements with the following places:
Søllerød, Hovedstaden, Denmark
Ystad, Skåne, Sweden
Ekenäs, Uusimaa, Finland
Emden, Lower Saxony, Germany
Each of the sister cities (with exception of Emden) has given its name
to a street in Haugesund. The streets are located in the same area
near the border to the neighbouring municipality.
Marilyn Monroe sculpture at Haugesund
Sigmund R. Petersen, born in Haugesund, emigrated with his family to
United States and became a rear admiral and the fourth Director of
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned
A statue of
Marilyn Monroe by artist
Nils Aas stands in the harbor of
Haugesund. Martin Edward Mortensen (1897–1981), the son of an
emigrant from the village of Skjold near Haugesund, was listed as
father on Monroe's birth certificate.
Hannah Kallem, an American Army nurse who served in the
Spanish–American War, was born in Haugesund.
Tina Sjursen,a make-up artist and famous vlogger,was born in
Dramatist and play-write
Jon Fosse was born in Haugesund.
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Haraldshaugen monument to the founder of
Norway in Haugesund
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Haugesund Airport". Retrieved 2017-11-20.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-24. Retrieved
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Haugesund kommune. 14 October 2015.
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^ "Sildajazz" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 May 2017.
^ Furuly, Jan Gunnar (16 August 2014). "Haugesund: - Filmfestivalen er
vår, fingrene av fatet Stavanger". Aftenposten (in Norwegian).
Retrieved 18 May 2017.
^ "Avisenes leser- og opplagstall for 2006" (in Norwegian).
Mediebedriftenes Landsforening. 2007. Archived from the original on
2007-04-27. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
^ a b "Om HSH" (in Norwegian). Høgskolen Stord/Haugesund. 2007.
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Marilyn Monroe is in Haugesund". Retrieved September 3, 2016.
^ "Birth of
Marilyn Monroe Shown to Be Legitimate". The New York
Times. 1981-02-13. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haugesund.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
Municipal fact sheet from Statistics
Norway (in Norwegian)
Haugesund travel guide from Wikivoyage
"Haugesund". Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.).
Tourist information (English, German and Norwegian language)
Municipality website (Norwegian language)
Haraldshaugen, the national monument
Municipalities of Rogaland
Most populous urban areas of Norway
As of 1 January 2014, according to Statistics
Mo i Rana
Most populous metropolitan areas in Norway
As of 2013, according to Statistics
ISNI: 0000 0004 1792 6096