The Info List - Haugesund

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 Haugesund (help·info) (HGSD) is a town and municipality in Rogaland
county, Norway. The town is the main population centre of the Haugaland
region in northern Rogaland. The majority of the population of Haugesund
lives in the main urban area surrounding the city centre, with the northwestern part of the municipality being fairly rural.[2]


1 Location 2 Population 3 History

3.1 Etymology 3.2 Coat of arms

4 Geography 5 Cityscape 6 Transport 7 Government

7.1 Municipal council

8 Culture

8.1 Churches 8.2 Education

9 Sports 10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns – sister cities

11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Location[edit] The town is situated on a strategically important sound, the Karmsundet, through which ships could pass without traversing heavy seas. In the early years, the coastal waters off Haugesund
were a huge source of herring, and the town grew accordingly. Despite being barely a village back then, King Harald Fairhair
Harald Fairhair
lived at Avaldsnes, very close to the modern town of Haugesund. In the last decades, the town, like its neighbours, has been turning towards the petroleum industry, with the herring being long gone. Population[edit] The 73-square-kilometre (28 sq mi) municipality is the 396th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway, making it one of the smallest in Norway. Haugesund
is the 23rd most populous municipality in Norway
with a population of 37,166. The municipality's population density is 543.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,408/sq mi) and its population has increased by 15.1% over the last decade.[3] The "urban area" of the town of Haugesund, which actually crosses over slightly into the neighboring municipality of Karmøy, has a total of about 40,152 (of that 5,425 people live in Karmøy) people. This leaves about 2,000 residents of Haugesund
that live outside the town of Haugesund
in the rural portion of the municipality.[4] The Haugesund
Region, a statistical metropolitan area, which consists of the municipalities Karmøy, Haugesund, Tysvær, Sveio
and Bokn, has a population of approximately 100,000 people (as of 2009). History[edit]


Despite being a fairly young town, the areas around Haugesund
were lands of power during the Viking Age. Harald Fairhair, the first king of Norway, had his home at Avaldsnes, very close to the present town. Fairhair was buried at Haraldshaugen, a burial mound adjacent to the Karmsundet strait. This site is the namesake of the town and municipality of Haugesund. The national monument at Haraldshaugen
was raised in 1872, to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the Battle of Hafrsfjord in 872. The Battle of Hafrsfjord
Battle of Hafrsfjord
has traditionally been regarded as when western Norway
was unified under a single monarch for the first time.[5]

pastures and St. Olav's church at Avaldsnes

The urban village area of Haugesund
(population: 1,066) was declared to be a "town" and it was separated from the municipality of Torvastad on 1 February 1855 to become a separate municipality of its own. On 1 January 1911, a small urban area of Skåre (population: 3,847) that directly abutted the town of Haugesund
was transferred to Haugesund. On 1 January 1958, the remainder of the municipality of Skåre was merged with the town of Haugesund, creating a larger Haugesund municipality. On 1 January 1965, the island of Vibrandsøy (population: 70) was transferred from Torvastad
municipality to Haugesund.[6] Haugesund
has a strong historical bond to the sea and especially the herring. In the earlier years, the coastal waters of Haugesund
were a huge source for fishing herring, and the town grew accordingly. The protective straits of Smedasund and Karmsund
gave the town potential to grow in both fishing and shipping. Even to this day, Karmsund
is one of Norway's busiest waterways. The town is still growing geographically even though the population has increased only moderately the last decade. Today the herring is long gone, and the town is turning more and more towards the petroleum industry, like its neighbouring town to the south, Stavanger. Etymology[edit] The town is named after the Haugesundet strait. The first element (Hauge) goes back to the genitive plural of the Old Norse
Old Norse
word haugr meaning hill or mound. The last element is sund meaning strait or sound.[2] Coat of arms[edit] The coat-of-arms for Haugesund
was granted on 5 March 1930. They were designed by Hallvard Trætteberg. The arms are blue with three silver/white seagulls lined up vertically. The seagulls and blue color were chosen to represent the importance of the sea. These arms replaced the old coat-of-arms that were granted on 29 December 1862. The old arms showed three herring barrels, an anchor, and three seagulls. The old arms showed the importance of herring fishing and processing in the town. The three barrels also represented the three parts of the municipality: the mainland and the islands of Hasseløy and Risøy. The new arms from 1930 removed the herring barrels due to the decline in the importance of that industry.[7] Geography[edit]

Urban area of Haugesund

has a coastline with the North Sea, however, the island of Karmøy
and the archipelago of Røvær
shelter most of the city from the rough waters of the ocean. The Karmsundet strait, located between Karmøy
and Haugesund
used to be very strategically important, since ships could pass without having to sail through heavy sea. Haugesund's city centre has a distinctive street layout, similar to those found in Kristiansand
and Oslo. Haugesund
has a typical maritime climate with mild winters, cool but pleasant springs, and mild summers lasting until the end of September. Monthly 24-hr average range from 1.1 °C (34.0 °F) in February to 14 °C (57 °F) in August. Mean annual precipitation is 1,520 millimetres (60 in), with September to December as the wettest period.[8] The municipality includes several islands. Risøy
and Hasseløy
are densely built, and connected to the mainland by bridges. Røvær
which lies further out and consists of a number of islands, is also populated and connected to the mainland by ferry. Vibrandsøy
and its neighboring islands are now mainly a recreational area. Røværsholmen Lighthouse sits just off the coast of the main Røvær
island. The lakes Vigdarvatnet and Stakkastadvatnet are located in the municipality. Cityscape[edit]

from the Risøy

The city hall, designed by Gudolf Blakstad
Gudolf Blakstad
and Herman Munthe-Kaas

Common street in Haugesund

Haugesund's town hall was built in 1931, celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2006.[9] The pink city hall, designed by Gudolf Blakstad and Herman Munthe-Kaas,[10] is one of the finest neo-classical buildings in Norway, and has been elected the most beautiful building in Haugesund.[11] It is also included in the new Norwegian edition of monopoly after it was successful in a national vote. The building may not be altered in any way without permission from the national preservation agency. It overlooks the town square and a park which was inaugurated on 28 August 1949.[11] The town has during the last 20 years established its position as the main trading centre for the Haugaland
region and southern parts of Hordaland
county. It has several relatively large shopping centres, considering the size of the town. However, this has led to a decline of the trade and shopping activity in the town centre.[12]

Risøybrua seen from Risøy. Photo: Knut Arne Gjertsen

docks, with bridge to Risøy


MS Draupner, one of the catamaran ferries on the former route Bergen – Haugesund
– Stavanger

Airport, located on the island of Karmøy
to the southwest of Haugesund
in Karmøy
municipality, has year-round flights to Oslo and Gdańsk
in addition to some seasonal and charter destinations.[13] The Norwegian airline Coast Air
Coast Air
was based at Haugesund
airport, but filed for bankruptcy on 23 January 2008.[14] The European Route E39 bypasses Haugesund
to the east, passing through Aksdal. The European Route E134 leads eastwords to Drammen
outside Oslo. The bus station in Haugesund
is located at Flotmyr on the east side of the downtown area. Long distance bus services are available to Stavanger, Bergen, and Oslo. The local bus transport is operated by Tide Buss, on a contract with Kolumbus
lasting to 2017.[15] The town is connected to the island of Utsira
by car ferry, and to the islands of Røvær
and Feøy
by passenger ferry. Until 2008, the Newcastle–Bergen– Stavanger
ferry operated here as well. Government[edit]

Part of central Haugesund

All municipalities in Norway, including Haugesund, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. Municipal council[edit] The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Haugesund
is made up of 49 representatives that are elected every four years. For 2015–2019, the party breakdown is as follows:[16]

Kommunestyre 2015–2019

Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of representatives

  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 19

  Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet 7

  Conservative Party Høyre 11

  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 3

  Green Party Miljøpartiet De Grønne 2

  Pensioners' Party Pensjonistpartiet 2

  Centre Party Senterpartiet 1

  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 2

  Liberal Party Venstre 2

Total number of members: 49

Culture[edit] Haugesund
is the main cultural centre for its region, and is home to several festivals, the largest being the Norwegian International Film Festival and Sildajazz, an international jazz festival with approximately 70 bands and close to 200 concerts. Every August, The Norwegian Trad-jazz festival, the Sildajazz is held. Both local and international musicians are presented at the Sildajazz.[17] In the summer of 2004, the annual rock festival, ""RockFest"" started. It attracted local, national and international pop and rock bands, such as Elton John, Madcon, DumDum Boys
DumDum Boys
and Kaizers Orchestra. The festival started as a part of the celebration of Haugesund's 150 year anniversary. In 2009, the last Rockfest was held, and got replaced by a new concept in 2010; Haugesund
Live. Haugesund
Live is a series of individual concerts, and has featured bands such as The Baseballs, Kim Larsen and Mötley Crüe. The soccer team from Haugesund, FK Haugesund
FK Haugesund
is playing in the Norway's highest league, Tippeligaen. The Norwegian International Film Festival has since 1973 been held in Haugesund, premiering and showing international and Norwegian films. The Amanda Award, Norway's variation of the Oscars, has been held in Haugesund
since 1985 [18] in concurrence with the film festival. Haugesunds Avis is a daily newspaper published in Haugesund, but with branches in Bømlo, Kopervik, Odda, Sauda
and Stord. Founded in 1895, it is today owned by the investment group Mecom Group, and is as such part of the media group Edda Media. In 2006, Haugesunds Avis had a circulation of 33 448.[19] As of 2007, the executive editor is Tonny Nundal. The newspaper owns the local radio channel Radio 102. Churches[edit] The Church of Norway
has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Haugesund. It is part of the Haugaland
deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Haugesund

Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built

Rossabø Rossabø
Church Rossabø 1972

Skåre Skåre Church Haugesund 1858

Udland Church Haugesund 2002

Vår Frelser Vår Frelsers Church Haugesund 1901

Education[edit] The main campus of Stord/Haugesund University College is located in Haugesund. Established in 1994, it is the result of the merger between Haugesund
Nursing College, Stord
Teachers College, and Stord
Nursing College.[20] The university college has approximately 2700 students and 260 employees,[20] thus making it one of the smallest university colleges in Norway. Sports[edit]

FK Haugesund
FK Haugesund

International relations[edit] Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Norway Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Haugesund
has sister city agreements with the following places:

Søllerød, Hovedstaden, Denmark[21] Ystad, Skåne, Sweden[21] Ekenäs, Uusimaa, Finland[21] Emden, Lower Saxony, Germany[21]

Each of the sister cities (with exception of Emden) has given its name to a street in Haugesund. The streets are located in the same area near the border to the neighbouring municipality.[22]

Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
sculpture at Haugesund

Notable people[edit]

Sigmund R. Petersen, born in Haugesund, emigrated with his family to the United States
United States
and became a rear admiral and the fourth Director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps. A statue of Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
by artist Nils Aas
Nils Aas
stands in the harbor of Haugesund. Martin Edward Mortensen (1897–1981), the son of an emigrant from the village of Skjold near Haugesund, was listed as father on Monroe's birth certificate.[23][24] Hannah Kallem, an American Army nurse who served in the Spanish–American War, was born in Haugesund. Tina Sjursen,a make-up artist and famous vlogger,was born in Haugesund. Dramatist and play-write Jon Fosse
Jon Fosse
was born in Haugesund.

See also[edit]

Norman Radio Privatsykehuset Haugesund


^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.  ^ a b Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2017-08-13). "Haugesund". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2017-11-01.  ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-01.  ^ sentralbyrå, Statistisk (1 January 2014). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".  ^ " Haraldshaugen
monument to the founder of Norway
in Haugesund ( Stavanger
Travel AS)". stavangertravel.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.  ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.  ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway
- Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2015-10-12.  ^ met.no: Normaler for Haugesund ^ Pedersen, Idar H. (2006). " Haugesund
Rådhus" (in Norwegian). Haugesund
kommune. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2007-10-24.  ^ Pedersen, Idar H. (2007). "Den italienske drømmen" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2007-10-24. [dead link] ^ a b "The City Hall in Haugesund" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Haugesund kommune. Retrieved 2007-10-24. [dead link] ^ Ballo, Jannike Gottschalk (29 June 2010). "Flytter ut av sentrum" (in Norwegian). Haugesunds avis. Retrieved 2013-06-14.  ^ "Avinor entry for Haugesund
Airport". Retrieved 2017-11-20.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-24. Retrieved 2008-01-24.  ^ Lütcherath, Tone (19 April 2010). "Tide vant busskontrakt" (in Norwegian). Haugesunds avis. Retrieved 2012-09-14.  ^ "BYSTYRET" (in Norwegian). Haugesund
kommune. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2017.  ^ "Sildajazz" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ Furuly, Jan Gunnar (16 August 2014). "Haugesund: - Filmfestivalen er vår, fingrene av fatet Stavanger". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ "Avisenes leser- og opplagstall for 2006" (in Norwegian). Mediebedriftenes Landsforening. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-04-27. Retrieved 2007-10-26.  ^ a b "Om HSH" (in Norwegian). Høgskolen Stord/Haugesund. 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-24.  ^ a b c d Pedersen, Idar H. (2004). "Vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Haugesund
kommune. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2007-10-25.  ^ "Map of Norway". 1881.no. Retrieved 2015-10-12.  ^ " Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
is in Haugesund". Retrieved September 3, 2016.  ^ "Birth of Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
Shown to Be Legitimate". The New York Times. 1981-02-13. Retrieved 2016-12-01. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haugesund.

has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Haugesund.

Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
(in Norwegian) Haugesund
travel guide from Wikivoyage  "Haugesund". Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). 1911.  Tourist information (English, German and Norwegian language) Municipality website (Norwegian language) Haugalandet.net Haraldshaugen, the national monument

v t e

Municipalities of Rogaland


Bjerkreim Eigersund Lund Sokndal


Bokn Haugesund Karmøy Tysvær Utsira Vindafjord


Gjesdal Hå Klepp Randaberg Sandnes Sola Stavanger Time


Finnøy Forsand Hjelmeland Kvitsøy Rennesøy Sauda Strand Suldal

v t e

Most populous urban areas of Norway

As of 1 January 2014, according to Statistics Norway

1. Oslo 942,084

2. Bergen 251,281

3. Stavanger/Sandnes 207,439

4. Trondheim 172,226

5. Drammen 112,123

6. Fredrikstad/Sarpsborg 107,920

7. Porsgrunn/Skien 91,349

8. Kristiansand 59,681

9. Tønsberg 50,372

10. Ålesund 50,345

11. Moss 45,017

12. Sandefjord 42,345

13. Arendal 42,145

14. Haugesund 40,631

15. Bodø 39,384

16. Tromsø 33,319

17. Hamar 26,232

18. Halden 24,707

19. Larvik 23,579

20. Askøy 21,911

21. Kongsberg 20,670

22. Harstad 20,533

23. Molde 20,327

24. Horten 20,036

25. Gjøvik 19,604

26. Lillehammer 19,586

27. Mo i Rana 18,592

28. Kristiansund 18,300

29. Korsvik 16,385

30. Tromsdalen 16,271

31. Jessheim 15,966

32. Hønefoss 15,154

33. Ski 14,446

34. Alta 14,430

35. Elverum 14,326

36. Narvik 14,202

37. Askim 13,822

38. Leirvik 13,717

39. Drøbak 13,445

40. Nesoddtangen 12,428

41. Osøyro 12,296

42. Vennesla 12,242

43. Steinkjer 12,224

44. Grimstad 12,172

45. Arna 11,960

46. Kongsvinger 11,938

47. Råholt 11,828

48. Stjørdalshalsen 11,453

v t e

Most populous metropolitan areas in Norway

As of 2013, according to Statistics Norway

1. Oslo 1,502,604

2. Bergen 407,935

3. Stavanger 319,822

4. Trondheim 267,132

5. Kristiansand 155,648

6. Drammen 151,769

7. Fredrikstad 138,682

8. Haugesund 128,797

9. Tønsberg 120,747

10. Sandvika 118,115

11. Skien 112,082

12. Sandefjord 90,532

13. Ålesund 82,165

14. Tromsø 73,631

15. Sandnes 71,462

16. Moss 56,210

17. Sarpsborg 54,049

18. Bodø 52,768

19. Arendal 43,755

20. Larvik 42,637

21. Porsgrunn 35,504

22. Hamar 30,921

23. Halden 30,116

24. Gjøvik 29,618

25. Ski 29,482

26. Askøy 27,273

27. Lillehammer 27,044

28. Horten 26,701

29. Kongsberg 26,296

30. Molde 26,027

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 154757210 ISNI: 0000 0004 1792 6096 GND: 4096010-9 BNF: