HAUGESUND (help ·info ) (HGSD) is a town and municipality in
Rogaland county ,
Norway . The town is the main population centre of
Haugaland region in northern Rogaland. The majority of the
Haugesund lives in the main urban area surrounding the
city centre, with the northwestern part of the municipality being
* 1 Location
* 2 Population
* 3 History
* 3.1 Etymology
* 3.2 Coat of arms
* 4 Geography
* 5 Cityscape
* 6 Transport
* 7 Government
* 7.1 Municipal council
* 8 Culture
* 8.1 Churches
* 8.2 Education
* 9 Sports
* 10 International relations
* 10.1 Twin towns – sister cities
* 11 Notable people
* 12 See also
* 13 References
* 14 External links
The town is situated on a strategically important sound , the
Karmsundet , through which ships could pass without traversing heavy
seas. In the early years, the coastal waters off
Haugesund were a huge
source of herring , and the town grew accordingly. Despite being
barely a village back then, King
Harald Fairhair lived at
very close to the modern town of Haugesund. In the last decades, the
town, like its neighbours, has been turning towards the petroleum
industry, with the herring being long gone.
Haugesund is a small municipality , only about 73 square kilometres
(28 sq mi). The population (in 2015) is 36,538, giving the
municipality a population density of 534.5 inhabitants per square
kilometre (1,384/sq mi). The "urban area" of the town of Haugesund,
which actually crosses over slightly into the neighboring municipality
Karmøy , has a total of about 40,152 (of that 5,425 people live in
Karmøy) people. This leaves about 2,000 residents of
live outside the town of
Haugesund in the rural portion of the
Haugesund Region , a statistical metropolitan area , which
consists of the municipalities
Karmøy , Haugesund,
Tysvær , Sveio
Bokn , has a population of approximately 100,000 people (as of
Despite being a fairly young town, the areas around
lands of power during the
Viking Age .
Harald Fairhair , the first
king of Norway, had his home at
Avaldsnes , very close to the present
town. Fairhair was buried at
Haraldshaugen , a burial mound adjacent
to the Karmsundet strait. This site is the namesake of the town and
municipality of Haugesund. The national monument at
raised in 1872, to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the Battle of
Hafrsfjord in 872. The
Battle of Hafrsfjord has traditionally been
regarded as when western
Norway was unified under a single monarch for
the first time.
Karmøy pastures and St. Olav's church at
The urban village area of
Haugesund (population: 1,066) was declared
to be a "town " and it was separated from the municipality of
Torvastad on 1 February 1855 to become a separate municipality of its
own. On 1 January 1911, a small urban area of Skåre (population:
3,847) that directly abutted the town of
Haugesund was transferred to
Haugesund. On 1 January 1958, the remainder of the municipality of
Skåre was merged with the town of Haugesund, creating a larger
Haugesund municipality. On 1 January 1965, the island of Vibrandsøy
(population: 70) was transferred from
Torvastad municipality to
Haugesund has a strong historical bond to the sea and especially the
herring . In the earlier years, the coastal waters of
Haugesund were a
huge source for fishing herring , and the town grew accordingly. The
protective straits of Smedasund and
Karmsund gave the town potential
to grow in both fishing and shipping . Even to this day,
one of Norway's busiest waterways. The town is still growing
geographically even though the population has increased only
moderately the last decade. Today the herring is long gone, and the
town is turning more and more towards the petroleum industry, like its
neighbouring town to the south,
The town is named after the Haugesundet strait. The first element
(Hauge ) goes back to the genitive plural of the
Old Norse word haugr
meaning hill or mound. The last element is sund meaning strait or
COAT OF ARMS
The coat-of-arms for
Haugesund was granted on 5 March 1930. They were
designed by Hallvard Trætteberg. The arms are blue with three
silver/white seagulls lined up vertically. The seagulls and blue color
were chosen to represent the importance of the sea. These arms
replaced the old coat-of-arms that were granted on 29 December 1862.
The old arms showed three herring barrels, an anchor , and three
seagulls. The old arms showed the importance of herring fishing and
processing in the town. The three barrels also represented the three
parts of the municipality: the mainland and the islands of Hasseløy
Risøy . The new arms from 1930 removed the herring barrels due to
the decline in the importance of that industry.
Urban area of
Haugesund has a coastline with the
North Sea , however, the island of
Karmøy and the archipelago of
Røvær shelter most of the city from
the rough waters of the ocean. The Karmsundet strait, located between
Haugesund used to be very strategically important, since
ships could pass without having to sail through heavy sea. Haugesund's
city centre has a distinctive street layout, similar to those found in
Haugesund has a typical maritime climate with
mild winters, cool but pleasant springs, and mild summers lasting
until the end of September. Monthly 24-hr average range from 1.1 °C
(34.0 °F) in February to 14 °C (57 °F) in August. Mean annual
precipitation is 1,520 millimetres (60 in), with September to December
as the wettest period.
The municipality includes several islands.
densely built, and connected to the mainland by bridges.
lies further out and consists of a number of islands, is also
populated and connected to the mainland by ferry.
Vibrandsøy and its
neighboring islands are now mainly a recreational area. Røværsholmen
Lighthouse sits just off the coast of the main
Røvær island. The
Stakkastadvatnet are located in the
Haugesund from the
Risøy bridge The city hall , designed
Gudolf Blakstad and
Herman Munthe-Kaas Common street in
Haugesund's town hall was built in 1931, celebrating its 75th
anniversary in 2006. The pink city hall, designed by Gudolf Blakstad
Herman Munthe-Kaas , is one of the finest neo-classical buildings
in Norway, and has been elected the most beautiful building in
Haugesund. It is also included in the new Norwegian edition of
monopoly after it was successful in a national vote. The building may
not be altered in any way without permission from the national
preservation agency. It overlooks the town square and a park which was
inaugurated on 28 August 1949.
The town has during the last 20 years established its position as the
main trading centre for the
Haugaland region and southern parts of
Hordaland county. It has several relatively large shopping centres,
considering the size of the town. However, this has led to a decline
of the trade and shopping activity in the town centre.
Risøybrua seen from Risøy. Photo: Knut Arne Gjertsen
Haugesund docks, with bridge to
MS Draupner, one of the catamaran ferries on the former route
Haugesund Airport , located on the island of
Karmøy to the southwest
Karmøy municipality, is connected to the cities of
Copenhagen amongst other
destinations. The Norwegian airline
Coast Air was based at Haugesund
airport, but filed for bankruptcy on 23 January 2008.
The European Route E39 bypasses
Haugesund to the east, passing
Aksdal . The European Route E134 leads eastwords to Drammen
The bus station in
Haugesund is located at Flotmyr on the east side
of the downtown area. Long distance bus services are available to
Stavanger, Bergen, and Oslo. The local bus transport is operated by
Tide Buss , on a contract with
Kolumbus lasting to 2017.
The town is connected to the island of
Utsira by car ferry, and to
the islands of
Feøy by passenger ferry. Until 2008, the
Stavanger ferry operated here as well.
Part of central
All municipalities in Norway, including Haugesund, are responsible
for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services
, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services ,
zoning , economic development , and municipal roads . The municipality
is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which
in turn elect a mayor .
The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of
Haugesund is made up of 49
representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2015–2019,
the party breakdown is as follows:
Haugesund Kommunestyre 2015–2019
NAME IN NORWEGIAN
Christian Democratic Party
Miljøpartiet De Grønne
Socialist Left Party
Total number of members:
Haugesund is the main cultural centre for its region, and is home to
several festivals, the largest being the Norwegian International Film
Sildajazz , an international jazz festival with
approximately 70 bands and close to 200 concerts. Every August, The
Norwegian Trad-jazz festival, the
Sildajazz is held. Both local and
international musicians are presented at the Sildajazz.
In the summer of 2004, the annual rock festival, ""RockFest""
started. It attracted local, national and international pop and rock
bands, such as
Elton John ,
DumDum Boys and Kaizers Orchestra
. The festival started as a part of the celebration of Haugesund's 150
year anniversary. In 2009, the last Rockfest was held, and got
replaced by a new concept in 2010;
Haugesund Live is a
series of individual concerts, and has featured bands such as The
Kim Larsen and
Mötley Crüe .
The soccer team from Haugesund,
FK Haugesund is playing in the
Norway's highest league,
Norwegian International Film Festival has since 1973 been held in
Haugesund, premiering and showing international and Norwegian films.
The Amanda Award , Norway's variation of the Oscars, has been held in
Haugesund since 1985 in concurrence with the film festival.
Haugesunds Avis is a daily newspaper published in Haugesund, but with
Stord . Founded in
1895, it is today owned by the investment group
Mecom Group , and is
as such part of the media group
Edda Media . In 2006, Haugesunds Avis
had a circulation of 33 448. As of 2007, the executive editor is
Tonny Nundal. The newspaper owns the local radio channel Radio 102.
The Church of
Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the
municipality of Haugesund. It is part of the
Haugaland deanery in the
CHURCHES IN HAUGESUND
LOCATION OF THE CHURCH
Vår Frelsers Church
The main campus of
Stord/Haugesund University College is located in
Haugesund. Established in 1994, it is the result of the merger between
Haugesund Nursing College,
Stord Teachers College, and
College. The university college has approximately 2700 students and
260 employees, thus making it one of the smallest university colleges
FK Haugesund (soccer)
Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
Haugesund has sister city agreements with the following places:
Søllerød , Hovedstaden ,
Ystad , Skåne ,
* Ekenäs ,
Lower Saxony ,
Each of the sister cities (with exception of Emden) has given its
name to a street in Haugesund. The streets are located in the same
area near the border to the neighbouring municipality. Marilyn
Monroe sculpture at
Sigmund R. Petersen
Sigmund R. Petersen , born in Haugesund, emigrated with his family
United States and became a rear admiral and the fourth Director
of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned
Officer Corps .
* A statue of
Marilyn Monroe by artist
Nils Aas stands in the harbor
of Haugesund. Martin Edward Mortensen (1897-1981), the son of an
emigrant from the village of Skjold near Haugesund, was listed as
father on Monroe's birth certificate.
* ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian).
Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
* ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Haugesund". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved
December 1, 2016.
* ^ sentralbyrå, Statistisk (1 January 2014). "Urban settlements.
Population and area, by municipality.".
* ^ "
Haraldshaugen monument to the founder of
Norway in Haugesund
Stavanger Travel AS)". stavangertravel.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
* ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i
kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk
* ^ leksikon, Store norske . "Haugesund" (in Norwegian). Retrieved
* ^ "Civic heraldry of
Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of
the World. Retrieved 2015-10-12.
* ^ met.no: Normaler for
Haugesund * ^ Pedersen, Idar H. (2006). "
Haugesund Rådhus" (in
Haugesund kommune. Archived from the original on
2007-10-09. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
* ^ Pedersen, Idar H. (2007). "Den italienske drømmen" (in
Norwegian). Retrieved 2007-10-24.
* ^ A B "The City Hall in Haugesund" (PDF) (in Norwegian).
Haugesund kommune. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
* ^ Ballo, Jannike Gottschalk (29 June 2010). "Flytter ut av
sentrum" (in Norwegian). Haugesunds avis. Retrieved 2013-06-14.
* ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-03.
* ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-24.
* ^ Lütcherath, Tone (19 April 2010). "Tide vant busskontrakt" (in
Norwegian). Haugesunds avis. Retrieved 2012-09-14.
* ^ "BYSTYRET" (in Norwegian).
Haugesund kommune. 14 October 2015.
Retrieved 30 April 2017.
* ^ "Sildajazz" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 May 2017.
* ^ Furuly, Jan Gunnar (16 August 2014). "Haugesund: -
Filmfestivalen er vår, fingrene av fatet Stavanger". Aftenposten (in
Norwegian). Retrieved 18 May 2017.
* ^ "Avisenes leser- og opplagstall for 2006" (in Norwegian).
Mediebedriftenes Landsforening. 2007. Archived from the original on
2007-04-27. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
* ^ A B "Om HSH" (in Norwegian). Høgskolen Stord/Haugesund. 2007.
* ^ A B C D Pedersen, Idar H. (2004). "Vennskapsbyer" (in
Haugesund kommune. Archived from the original on
2007-10-09. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
* ^ "Map of Norway". 1881.no. Retrieved 2015-10-12.
* ^ "
Marilyn Monroe is in Haugesund". Retrieved September 3, 2016.
* ^ "Birth of
Marilyn Monroe Shown to Be Legitimate". The New York
Times. February 13, 1981. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
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