HOME
The Info List - Haugesund



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i)

HAUGESUND (help ·info ) (HGSD) is a town and municipality in Rogaland
Rogaland
county , Norway
Norway
. The town is the main population centre of the Haugaland region in northern Rogaland. The majority of the population of Haugesund
Haugesund
lives in the main urban area surrounding the city centre, with the northwestern part of the municipality being fairly rural.

CONTENTS

* 1 Location * 2 Population

* 3 History

* 3.1 Etymology * 3.2 Coat of arms

* 4 Geography * 5 Cityscape * 6 Transport

* 7 Government

* 7.1 Municipal council

* 8 Culture

* 8.1 Churches * 8.2 Education

* 9 Sports

* 10 International relations

* 10.1 Twin towns – sister cities

* 11 Notable people * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 External links

LOCATION

The town is situated on a strategically important sound , the Karmsundet , through which ships could pass without traversing heavy seas. In the early years, the coastal waters off Haugesund
Haugesund
were a huge source of herring , and the town grew accordingly. Despite being barely a village back then, King Harald Fairhair lived at Avaldsnes
Avaldsnes
, very close to the modern town of Haugesund. In the last decades, the town, like its neighbours, has been turning towards the petroleum industry, with the herring being long gone.

POPULATION

Haugesund
Haugesund
is a small municipality , only about 73 square kilometres (28 sq mi). The population (in 2015) is 36,538, giving the municipality a population density of 534.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,384/sq mi). The "urban area" of the town of Haugesund, which actually crosses over slightly into the neighboring municipality of Karmøy , has a total of about 40,152 (of that 5,425 people live in Karmøy) people. This leaves about 2,000 residents of Haugesund
Haugesund
that live outside the town of Haugesund
Haugesund
in the rural portion of the municipality.

The Haugesund Region , a statistical metropolitan area , which consists of the municipalities Karmøy , Haugesund, Tysvær , Sveio and Bokn , has a population of approximately 100,000 people (as of 2009).

HISTORY

Haraldshaugen
Haraldshaugen

Despite being a fairly young town, the areas around Haugesund
Haugesund
were lands of power during the Viking Age
Viking Age
. Harald Fairhair , the first king of Norway, had his home at Avaldsnes
Avaldsnes
, very close to the present town. Fairhair was buried at Haraldshaugen
Haraldshaugen
, a burial mound adjacent to the Karmsundet strait. This site is the namesake of the town and municipality of Haugesund. The national monument at Haraldshaugen
Haraldshaugen
was raised in 1872, to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the Battle of Hafrsfjord in 872. The Battle of Hafrsfjord has traditionally been regarded as when western Norway
Norway
was unified under a single monarch for the first time. Karmøy pastures and St. Olav's church at Avaldsnes
Avaldsnes

The urban village area of Haugesund
Haugesund
(population: 1,066) was declared to be a "town " and it was separated from the municipality of Torvastad on 1 February 1855 to become a separate municipality of its own. On 1 January 1911, a small urban area of Skåre (population: 3,847) that directly abutted the town of Haugesund
Haugesund
was transferred to Haugesund. On 1 January 1958, the remainder of the municipality of Skåre was merged with the town of Haugesund, creating a larger Haugesund
Haugesund
municipality. On 1 January 1965, the island of Vibrandsøy (population: 70) was transferred from Torvastad municipality to Haugesund.

Haugesund
Haugesund
has a strong historical bond to the sea and especially the herring . In the earlier years, the coastal waters of Haugesund
Haugesund
were a huge source for fishing herring , and the town grew accordingly. The protective straits of Smedasund and Karmsund
Karmsund
gave the town potential to grow in both fishing and shipping . Even to this day, Karmsund
Karmsund
is one of Norway's busiest waterways. The town is still growing geographically even though the population has increased only moderately the last decade. Today the herring is long gone, and the town is turning more and more towards the petroleum industry, like its neighbouring town to the south, Stavanger .

ETYMOLOGY

The town is named after the Haugesundet strait. The first element (Hauge ) goes back to the genitive plural of the Old Norse
Old Norse
word haugr meaning hill or mound. The last element is sund meaning strait or sound.

COAT OF ARMS

The coat-of-arms for Haugesund
Haugesund
was granted on 5 March 1930. They were designed by Hallvard Trætteberg. The arms are blue with three silver/white seagulls lined up vertically. The seagulls and blue color were chosen to represent the importance of the sea. These arms replaced the old coat-of-arms that were granted on 29 December 1862. The old arms showed three herring barrels, an anchor , and three seagulls. The old arms showed the importance of herring fishing and processing in the town. The three barrels also represented the three parts of the municipality: the mainland and the islands of Hasseløy and Risøy . The new arms from 1930 removed the herring barrels due to the decline in the importance of that industry.

GEOGRAPHY

Urban area of Haugesund
Haugesund
(2005)

Haugesund
Haugesund
has a coastline with the North Sea
North Sea
, however, the island of Karmøy and the archipelago of Røvær shelter most of the city from the rough waters of the ocean. The Karmsundet strait, located between Karmøy and Haugesund
Haugesund
used to be very strategically important, since ships could pass without having to sail through heavy sea. Haugesund's city centre has a distinctive street layout, similar to those found in Kristiansand
Kristiansand
and Oslo
Oslo
. Haugesund
Haugesund
has a typical maritime climate with mild winters, cool but pleasant springs, and mild summers lasting until the end of September. Monthly 24-hr average range from 1.1 °C (34.0 °F) in February to 14 °C (57 °F) in August. Mean annual precipitation is 1,520 millimetres (60 in), with September to December as the wettest period.

The municipality includes several islands. Risøy and Hasseløy are densely built, and connected to the mainland by bridges. Røvær which lies further out and consists of a number of islands, is also populated and connected to the mainland by ferry. Vibrandsøy
Vibrandsøy
and its neighboring islands are now mainly a recreational area. Røværsholmen Lighthouse sits just off the coast of the main Røvær island. The lakes Vigdarvatnet and Stakkastadvatnet are located in the municipality.

CITYSCAPE

Haugesund
Haugesund
from the Risøy bridge The city hall , designed by Gudolf Blakstad and Herman Munthe-Kaas Common street in Haugesund
Haugesund

Haugesund's town hall was built in 1931, celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2006. The pink city hall, designed by Gudolf Blakstad and Herman Munthe-Kaas , is one of the finest neo-classical buildings in Norway, and has been elected the most beautiful building in Haugesund. It is also included in the new Norwegian edition of monopoly after it was successful in a national vote. The building may not be altered in any way without permission from the national preservation agency. It overlooks the town square and a park which was inaugurated on 28 August 1949.

The town has during the last 20 years established its position as the main trading centre for the Haugaland region and southern parts of Hordaland county. It has several relatively large shopping centres, considering the size of the town. However, this has led to a decline of the trade and shopping activity in the town centre.

Risøybrua seen from Risøy. Photo: Knut Arne Gjertsen Haugesund
Haugesund
docks, with bridge to Risøy

TRANSPORT

MS Draupner, one of the catamaran ferries on the former route Bergen
Bergen
Haugesund
Haugesund
Stavanger

Haugesund
Haugesund
Airport , located on the island of Karmøy to the southwest of Haugesund
Haugesund
in Karmøy municipality, is connected to the cities of Oslo
Oslo
, Bergen
Bergen
, London
London
, Gdańsk
Gdańsk
and Copenhagen
Copenhagen
amongst other destinations. The Norwegian airline Coast Air was based at Haugesund airport, but filed for bankruptcy on 23 January 2008.

The European Route E39 bypasses Haugesund
Haugesund
to the east, passing through Aksdal
Aksdal
. The European Route E134 leads eastwords to Drammen outside Oslo
Oslo
.

The bus station in Haugesund
Haugesund
is located at Flotmyr on the east side of the downtown area. Long distance bus services are available to Stavanger, Bergen, and Oslo. The local bus transport is operated by Tide Buss , on a contract with Kolumbus lasting to 2017.

The town is connected to the island of Utsira
Utsira
by car ferry, and to the islands of Røvær and Feøy by passenger ferry. Until 2008, the Newcastle–Bergen– Stavanger ferry operated here as well.

GOVERNMENT

Part of central Haugesund
Haugesund

All municipalities in Norway, including Haugesund, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services , senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services , zoning , economic development , and municipal roads . The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor .

MUNICIPAL COUNCIL

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Haugesund
Haugesund
is made up of 49 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2015–2019, the party breakdown is as follows:

Haugesund
Haugesund
Kommunestyre 2015–2019 PARTY NAME NAME IN NORWEGIAN Number of representatives

Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 19

Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet 7

Conservative Party Høyre 11

Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 3

Green Party Miljøpartiet De Grønne 2

Pensioners\' Party Pensjonistpartiet 2

Centre Party Senterpartiet 1

Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 2

Liberal Party Venstre 2

Total number of members: 49

CULTURE

Haugesund
Haugesund
is the main cultural centre for its region, and is home to several festivals, the largest being the Norwegian International Film Festival and Sildajazz , an international jazz festival with approximately 70 bands and close to 200 concerts. Every August, The Norwegian Trad-jazz festival, the Sildajazz is held. Both local and international musicians are presented at the Sildajazz.

In the summer of 2004, the annual rock festival, ""RockFest"" started. It attracted local, national and international pop and rock bands, such as Elton John
Elton John
, Madcon , DumDum Boys and Kaizers Orchestra . The festival started as a part of the celebration of Haugesund's 150 year anniversary. In 2009, the last Rockfest was held, and got replaced by a new concept in 2010; Haugesund
Haugesund
Live. Haugesund
Haugesund
Live is a series of individual concerts, and has featured bands such as The Baseballs , Kim Larsen and Mötley Crüe
Mötley Crüe
.

The soccer team from Haugesund, FK Haugesund is playing in the Norway's highest league, Tippeligaen .

The Norwegian International Film Festival has since 1973 been held in Haugesund, premiering and showing international and Norwegian films. The Amanda Award , Norway's variation of the Oscars, has been held in Haugesund
Haugesund
since 1985 in concurrence with the film festival.

Haugesunds Avis is a daily newspaper published in Haugesund, but with branches in Bømlo , Kopervik , Odda
Odda
, Sauda and Stord . Founded in 1895, it is today owned by the investment group Mecom Group , and is as such part of the media group Edda Media . In 2006, Haugesunds Avis had a circulation of 33 448. As of 2007, the executive editor is Tonny Nundal. The newspaper owns the local radio channel Radio 102.

CHURCHES

The Church of Norway
Norway
has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Haugesund. It is part of the Haugaland deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger .

CHURCHES IN HAUGESUND PARISH (SOKN) CHURCH NAME LOCATION OF THE CHURCH YEAR BUILT

Rossabø Rossabø Church Rossabø
Rossabø
1972

Skåre Skåre Church Haugesund 1858

Udland Church
Udland Church
Haugesund 2002

Vår Frelser Vår Frelsers Church Haugesund 1901

EDUCATION

The main campus of Stord/Haugesund University College is located in Haugesund. Established in 1994, it is the result of the merger between Haugesund
Haugesund
Nursing College, Stord Teachers College, and Stord Nursing College. The university college has approximately 2700 students and 260 employees, thus making it one of the smallest university colleges in Norway.

SPORTS

* FK Haugesund (soccer)

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Norway
Norway

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

Haugesund
Haugesund
has sister city agreements with the following places:

* Søllerød , Hovedstaden , Denmark
Denmark
* Ystad
Ystad
, Skåne , Sweden
Sweden
* Ekenäs , Uusimaa , Finland
Finland
* Emden
Emden
, Lower Saxony , Germany
Germany

Each of the sister cities (with exception of Emden) has given its name to a street in Haugesund. The streets are located in the same area near the border to the neighbouring municipality. Marilyn Monroe sculpture at Haugesund
Haugesund

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Sigmund R. Petersen
Sigmund R. Petersen
, born in Haugesund, emigrated with his family to the United States
United States
and became a rear admiral and the fourth Director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps . * A statue of Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
by artist Nils Aas stands in the harbor of Haugesund. Martin Edward Mortensen (1897-1981), the son of an emigrant from the village of Skjold near Haugesund, was listed as father on Monroe's birth certificate.

SEE ALSO

* Norman Radio

REFERENCES

* ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. * ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Haugesund". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved December 1, 2016. * ^ sentralbyrå, Statistisk (1 January 2014). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality.". * ^ " Haraldshaugen
Haraldshaugen
monument to the founder of Norway
Norway
in Haugesund ( Stavanger Travel AS)". stavangertravel.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24. * ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå . * ^ leksikon, Store norske . "Haugesund" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2015-10-12. * ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway
Norway
- Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2015-10-12.

* ^ met.no: Normaler for Haugesund
Haugesund
* ^ Pedersen, Idar H. (2006). " Haugesund
Haugesund
Rådhus" (in Norwegian). Haugesund
Haugesund
kommune. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2007-10-24. * ^ Pedersen, Idar H. (2007). "Den italienske drømmen" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2007-10-24. * ^ A B "The City Hall in Haugesund" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Haugesund
Haugesund
kommune. Retrieved 2007-10-24. * ^ Ballo, Jannike Gottschalk (29 June 2010). "Flytter ut av sentrum" (in Norwegian). Haugesunds avis. Retrieved 2013-06-14. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2013-01-29. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-24. Retrieved 2008-01-24. * ^ Lütcherath, Tone (19 April 2010). "Tide vant busskontrakt" (in Norwegian). Haugesunds avis. Retrieved 2012-09-14. * ^ "BYSTYRET" (in Norwegian). Haugesund
Haugesund
kommune. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2017. * ^ "Sildajazz" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 May 2017. * ^ Furuly, Jan Gunnar (16 August 2014). "Haugesund: - Filmfestivalen er vår, fingrene av fatet Stavanger". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 May 2017. * ^ "Avisenes leser- og opplagstall for 2006" (in Norwegian). Mediebedriftenes Landsforening. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-04-27. Retrieved 2007-10-26. * ^ A B "Om HSH" (in Norwegian). Høgskolen Stord/Haugesund. 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-24. * ^ A B C D Pedersen, Idar H. (2004). "Vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Haugesund
Haugesund
kommune. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2007-10-25. * ^ "Map of Norway". 1881.no. Retrieved 2015-10-12. * ^ " Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
is in Haugesund". Retrieved September 3, 2016. * ^ "Birth of Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
Shown to Be Legitimate". The New York Times. February 13, 1981. Retrieved December 1, 2016.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to HAUGESUND .

.