HOME
The Info List - Gelderland





Gelderland
Gelderland
(Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣɛldərˌlɑnt] ( listen), also Guelders
Guelders
in English) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. With a land area of nearly 5,000 km2, it is the largest province of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and shares borders with six other provinces and Germany. The capital is Arnhem. However, both Nijmegen
Nijmegen
and Apeldoorn
Apeldoorn
are larger cities, Nijmegen
Nijmegen
being the largest with nearly 170,000 inhabitants. Other major regional centres in Gelderland
Gelderland
are Ede, Doetinchem, Zutphen, Tiel, Wageningen, Zevenaar, Winterswijk
Winterswijk
and Harderwijk. Gelderland
Gelderland
had a population of just over two million in 2015.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Municipalities 2.2 Abolished municipalities

3 Cultural references 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Historically, the province dates from states of the Holy Roman Empire and takes its name from the nearby German city of Geldern. According to the Wichard saga, the city was named by the Lords of Pont who fought and killed a dragon in 878 AD. They named the town they founded after the death rattle of the dragon: "Gelre!"[2] The County of Guelders
Guelders
arose out of the Frankish pagus Hamaland
Hamaland
in the 11th century around castles near Roermond
Roermond
and Geldern. The counts of Gelre acquired the Betuwe
Betuwe
and Veluwe
Veluwe
regions and, through marriage, the County of Zutphen. Thus the counts of Guelders
Guelders
laid the foundation for a territorial power that, through control of the Rhine, Waal, Meuse
Meuse
and IJssel
IJssel
rivers, was to play an important role in the later Middle Ages. The geographical position of their territory dictated the external policy of the counts during the following centuries; they were committed to the interests of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
and to expansion south and west. Further enlarged by the acquisition of the imperial city of Nijmegen in the 13th century, the countship was raised to a duchy in 1339 by the Holy Roman Emperor, Louis IV. After 1379, the duchy was ruled from Jülich
Jülich
and by the counts of Egmond and Cleves. The duchy resisted Burgundian domination, but William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
was forced to cede it to Charles V in 1543, after which it formed part of the Burgundian-Habsburg hereditary lands.[3] The duchy revolted with the rest of the Netherlands
Netherlands
against Philip II of Spain and joined the Union of Utrecht
Union of Utrecht
(1579). After the deposition of Philip II, its sovereignty was vested in the States of Gelderland, and the princes of Orange were stadtholders. In 1672, the province was temporarily occupied by Louis XIV and, in 1713, the southeastern part including the ducal capital of Geldern
Geldern
fell to Prussia. Part of the Batavian Republic
Batavian Republic
(1795–1806), of Louis Bonaparte’s Kingdom of Holland (1806–10), and of the French Empire (1810–13), Gelderland became a province of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
in 1815.[3] During the Second World War, it saw heavy fighting between Allied Paratroopers, British XXX Corps and the German II SS Panzer Corps, at the Battle of Arnhem. Geography[edit] Gelderland
Gelderland
can roughly be divided into four geographical regions: the Veluwe
Veluwe
in the north, the Rivierenland including the Betuwe
Betuwe
in the southwest, the Achterhoek
Achterhoek
(literally meaning the "back corner") or Graafschap (which originally means earldom or county) in the east and the city-region of Arnhem
Arnhem
and Nijmegen
Nijmegen
in the centre-south. Municipalities[edit]

Clickable map of Gelderland

In 2015, the 54 municipalities in Gelderland
Gelderland
were divided into four COROPs:

Veluwe
Veluwe
COROP
COROP
group

Apeldoorn Barneveld Ede Elburg Epe Ermelo Harderwijk Hattem Heerde Nijkerk Nunspeet Oldebroek Putten Scherpenzeel Voorst Wageningen

South West Gelderland
Gelderland
COROP
COROP
group

Buren Culemborg Geldermalsen Lingewaal Maasdriel Neder-Betuwe Neerijnen Tiel West Maas en Waal Zaltbommel

Achterhoek
Achterhoek
COROP
COROP
group

Aalten Berkelland Bronckhorst Brummen Doetinchem Lochem Montferland Oost Gelre Oude IJsselstreek Winterswijk Zutphen

Arnhem
Arnhem
& Nijmegen
Nijmegen
COROP
COROP
group

Arnhem Berg en Dal Beuningen Doesburg Druten Duiven Heumen Lingewaard Nijmegen Overbetuwe Renkum Rheden Rijnwaarden Rozendaal Westervoort Wijchen Zevenaar

Abolished municipalities[edit]

Veluwezoom National Park

Landscape near Putten

View of Dodewaard

These municipalities were merged with neighbouring ones:

Angerlo
Angerlo
was merged into Zevenaar Dinxperlo
Dinxperlo
was merged into Aalten Gorssel
Gorssel
was merged into Lochem Hoevelaken
Hoevelaken
was merged into Nijkerk Lichtenvoorde
Lichtenvoorde
was merged into Groenlo
Groenlo
(renamed Oost Gelre
Oost Gelre
in 2006) Warnsveld
Warnsveld
was merged into Zutphen Wehl
Wehl
was merged into Doetinchem Millingen aan de Rijn
Millingen aan de Rijn
and Ubbergen
Ubbergen
were merged into Groesbeek
Groesbeek
(renamed Berg en Dal in 2016)

These municipalities were merged and given a new name:

Borculo, Eibergen, Neede
Neede
and Ruurlo
Ruurlo
have become Berkelland Hengelo, Hummelo en Keppel, Steenderen, Vorden
Vorden
and Zelhem
Zelhem
have become Bronckhorst Bergh
Bergh
and Didam
Didam
has become Montferland Gendringen
Gendringen
and Wisch have become Oude IJsselstreek

Cultural references[edit] In the 2001 movie A Knight's Tale, the protagonist, William Thatcher (played by Heath Ledger) pretends to be a knight known as "Ulrich von Lichtenstein from Gelderland". References[edit]

^ "Regionale kerncijfers Nederland" (in Dutch). CBS. Retrieved 30 May 2015.  ^ Geldersche volksalmanak Volumes 21-22; Nijhoff & son; 1855 ^ a b "Gelderland". Britannica.com. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gelderland.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Gelderland.

Official website

v t e

Municipalities of Gelderland

Aalten Apeldoorn Arnhem Barneveld Berg en Dal Berkelland Beuningen Bronckhorst Brummen Buren Culemborg Doesburg Doetinchem Druten Duiven Ede Elburg Epe Ermelo Geldermalsen Harderwijk Hattem Heerde Heumen Lingewaal Lingewaard Lochem Maasdriel Montferland Neder-Betuwe Neerijnen Nijkerk Nijmegen Nunspeet Oldebroek Oost Gelre Oude IJsselstreek Overbetuwe Putten Renkum Rheden Rijnwaarden Rozendaal Scherpenzeel Tiel Voorst Wageningen West Maas en Waal Westervoort Wijchen Winterswijk Zaltbommel Zevenaar Zutphen

See also Netherlands Provinces Municipalities

v t e

Provinces of the Netherlands

Coats of arms Flags

Drenthe Flevoland Friesland Gelderland Groningen Limburg North Brabant North Holland Overijssel South Holland Utrecht Zeeland

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 244523055 LCCN: n78095359 ISNI: 0000 0004 0624 4858 GND: 4019898-4 BNF: cb1195

.