Francis is a French and English given name of Latin origin.
Francis is a name that has many derivatives in most European languages. The female version of the name in English is Frances, and (less commonly) Francine. (For most speakers, Francis and Frances are homophones or near homophones; a popular mnemonic for the spelling is "i for him and e for her".) The name Frank is a common diminutive for Francis and Franny for Frances.
Francesco ("the Frenchman") was the name given to Saint Francis of Assisi (born Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone) by his francophile father, celebrating his trade with French merchants. Due to the renown of the saint, this Italian name became widespread in Western Europe during the Middle Ages in different versions (Francisco, François, etc.). However, it was not regularly used in Britain until the 16th century as Francis.
The name of France itself comes from the Germanic people known as the Franks; the origin of their name is unclear but is thought to mean "free".
The characteristic national weapon of the Franks was the francisca, a throwing axe.
Related names in other languages
Related names are common in other Western European languages, in countries that are (or were before the Reformation) Catholic. Other non-European languages have also adopted variants of the name. These names include:
- Arabic: فرانشيسكو (Farānsheskū), فرنسيس (Fransĩs), فرانسيس (Farānsĩs)
- Aragonese: Francho
- Armenian: Ֆրանծիսկոս (Franciskos)
- Asturian: Xicu
- Albanian: Françesku
- Alemannic German: Franz
- Basque: Frantzisko, Frantziska, Patxi
- Belarusian: Francišak, Францішак (Frantsishak)
- Bulgarian: Франциск (Frantsisk)
- Breton: Franseza, Frañsez, Fañch, Fañchig, Soaig, Saig
- Catalan: Francesc, Cesc, Cesco, Xesc, Xisco, Fran (male version); Francesca, Cisca, Xisca, Xesca, Fani, Francina (female version)
- Chinese: 弗朗西斯 (Fúlǎngxīsī), 方濟各 (Fāngjìgè), 法蘭西斯 (Fǎlánxīsī)
- Corsican: Francescu, Franciscu
- Croatian: Franjo, Frano, Frane, Fran (male version); Franciska, Franka, Franca, Franjica (female version)
- Czech: František, Františka (female version)
- Dutch: Frans, Frank, Franciscus, Franciescus, Francieskus, Francis, Francies, Cies (Franciska, Francisca or Francien is used to signify the female version in the Netherlands)
- Esperanto: Francisko
- Estonian: Franciscus
- Finnish: Frans, Fransiscus,"Ransu".
- French: François, Francis, Francisque (rare) (male version); Françoise, France, Francine (female version)
- Galician: Francisco
- German: Franziskus, Franz, Franziska (female version)
- Greek: Fragiskos, Fragkiskos, Frangiskos, Frangkiskos, Frankiskos, (Φραγκίσκος), Frantzeskos (Φραντζέσκος), Frankiski (Φραγκίσκη), Frantzeska (Φραντζέσκα) (female version)
- Gujarati: ફ્રાન્સિસ (Phrānsisa)
- Hawaiian: Palakiko
- Hindi: फ्रांसिस (Phrānsisa)
- Hungarian: Ferenc, Feri, Franciska (female version)
- Icelandic: Frans
- Indonesian: Fransiskus, Fransiska (female version)
- Irish: Proinsias, Proinnsias [Francie], (all variants are valid for both males & females, rare for a female to adopt this name in Irish)
- Italian: Francesco, Franco, Fran, Cino, Cisco, Cecco (male version); Franca, Francesca, Ciccia, Cina, Cesca, Cecca (female version)
- Japanese: フランシス (Furanshisu) (for translation of English name), フランシスコ (Furanshisuko) (for translation of Christian name)
- Kannada: ಫ್ರಾನ್ಸಿಸ್ (Phrānsis)
- Konkani: Frask, Forso
- Korean: Pranchisko (프란치스코)
- Latin: Franciscus
- Latvian: Francisks
- Lithuanian: Francas, Pranciškus (historical)
- Lombard: Francesch
- Luo (Ke/Tz): Fransisko, Pransis
- Macedonian: Френсис (Frensis)
- Malayalam: പൊറിഞ്ചു (Porinchu/Porinju), പ്രാഞ്ചി Pranchi, Prenju, Frenju (popular amongst the Syro Malabar Catholics of Kerala. Porinchu being more common in the North around the Thrissur ArchDiocese, while Prenju and Frenju are more common in the South in the Kuttanad region of the Changanacherry ArchDiocese)
- Maltese: Franġisk, Frans
- Manx: Frank
- Neapolitan: Franciscu
- Norman: Françouais
- Norwegian: Frans, Franciskus
- Occitan: Francés
- Persian: فرانسیس
- Piedmontese: Fransesch
- Polish: Franciszek
- Portuguese: Francisco, Francisquinho, Chico, Chiquinho, Quico, Fran, Paco (diminutives) Francisca (female version), Francisquinha, Chica, Chiquinha, Quica (diminutives)
- Romanian: Francisc, Frâncu
- Russian: Франческо (Franchesko) for Italians, Франциск (Frantsisk) for popes, Франц (Frants) for Germans.
- Samogitian: Prancėškos
- Sardinian: Franchiscu, Franciscu, Frantziscu
- Scottish Gaelic: Frangag, Frances, Francis
- Serbian: Френсис, Franja, Franc, Francisko (rare in native usage)
- Sicilian: Franciscu, Ciscu
- Slovak: František
- Slovene: Frančišek, Franček, France, Franci, Franc, Fran, Franko
- Spanish: Francisco, Paco, Paquito, Curro, Fran, Quico, Pancho, Cisco, Chisco, Francisca (female version), Paca (female version), Paqui or Paquita (female version)
- Swahili: Fransisko
- Swedish: Franciskus, Frans
- Tamil: பிரான்சிஸ் (Pirāṉcis)
- Telugu: ఫ్రాన్సిస్ (Phrānsis)
- Thai: ฟรานซิส (F rān sis̄)
- Turkish: Fransız, Fransuva
- Venetian: Francesco
- Vietnamese: Phanxicô
- Welsh: Fransis
- West Frisian: Fransiskus
- Yiddish: פראַנסיס (Prʼansys)
- Ukrainian: Франциск (Frantsisk)
List of people with the given name Francis
- Francis Bacon (1561–1626), English philosopher, statesman, scientist, lawyer, jurist, author and pioneer of the scientific method.
- Francis Bacon (1909-1992), Artist.
- Francis Baines (1648–1710), English Jesuit.
- Francis C. Heitmeier (born 1950), American politician.
- Francis Ford Coppola (born 1939), American film-director, producer, and screenwriter.
- Francis Albert "Frank" Sinatra (1915-1998), American singer, actor, and producer.
- Francis E. Donoghue (1872–1952), member of Illinois State House of Representatives.
- Francis Drake, English sea captain.
- Francis Dugas (1919-2008), member of the Louisiana House of Representatives.
- Francis Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940), American novelist and short story writer.
- Francis B. Foley (1887-1973), American metallurgist.
- Francis Fontaine (author) (1845-1901), American poet and novelist.
- Francis Fukuyama (born 1952), American political scientist.
- Francis Alick "Frankie" Howerd (1917-1992), British comedian and actor.
- Francis Irving, British computer programmer and activist for freedom of information
- Francis Kobangoye (born 1990), Gabonese basketball player
- Francis Scott Key (1779-1843), writer of the American national anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner".
- Francis J. McCaffrey (1917-1989), American lawyer and politician from The Bronx, New York.
- Francis J. McCaffrey, Jr. (1902-1972), American lawyer and politician from Brooklyn, New York.
- Francis Maude, politician.
- Francis Molo (born 1994), New Zealand-Australian rugby league player.
- Francis Valentino American Musician.
- Francis Webb (other), multiple people.
- Francis "Frank" Castle, fictional vigilante from Marvel Comics also known as the Punisher.
- Francis the Talking Mule, featured in seven movies in the 1950s, voiced by Chill Wills
- Francis Underwood from the Netflix original series House of Cards (U.S. TV series)'
- Francis Urquhart, lead character of the British political thriller House of Cards (UK TV series)
- Francis Abernathy, character in Donna Tartt's 1992 novel The Secret History.
- A ladybug named Francis appears in A Bug's Life.
- Francis, Son of Hal, a character of unknown surname. He is Malcolm's oldest brother in Malcolm in the Middle.
- Francis Xavier Cross, "Frank", Scrooge-like protagonist in the Christmas comedy Scrooged.
- Francis Freeman, a character from Deadpool (Film)