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Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Rotterdam
Rotterdam
(Dutch pronunciation: [ˈfɛi̯əˌnoːrt]) is a Dutch professional football club based in Rotterdam, playing in the Eredivisie. Founded as Wilhelmina in 1908, the club changed its name to SC Feijenoord in 1912, SC Feyenoord
SC Feyenoord
in 1974,[1] and Feyenoord Rotterdam
Rotterdam
in 1978, when SC Feyenoord
SC Feyenoord
became a separate amateur team. Since 1937, Feyenoord's home ground has been Stadion Feijenoord, nicknamed De Kuip. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
is one of the most successful clubs in the Netherlands, winning 15 Eredivisie
Eredivisie
titles, 12 KNVB Cups, and 3 Johan Cruyff Shields. Internationally, it has won one European Cup, two UEFA
UEFA
Cups, and one Intercontinental Cup. The club has played continuously in the top tier of the Dutch football system since gaining promotion to Eerste Klasse (the Eredivisie's forerunner competition) in 1921, more times than any other club in the country,[2] including the likes of Ajax and PSV Eindhoven. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
is known as a people's club with a huge national support. The club's most successful period in history was the 1960s and '70s, when Coen Moulijn
Coen Moulijn
and Ove Kindvall
Ove Kindvall
led the club to six league titles, two European trophies, and an Intercontinental Cup, thereby becoming the first Dutch club in history to win both the European Cup and the Intercontinental Cup. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
has a longstanding rivalry with Ajax, a clash between two teams from the two biggest cities in the Netherlands, called De Klassieker
Klassieker
("The Classic"). The club's anthem is "Hand in Hand". In 2019, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
will become a multi-sports club; HC Feijenoord, Sportclub Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(amateur football team), and Rotterdam
Rotterdam
Basketball will become part of the club.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Foundation 1.2 First successes 1.3 Golden era 1.4 Millennium 1.5 Financial problems 1.6 The revival

2 Location 3 e-Sports 4 Stadia

4.1 De Kuip 4.2 New stadium 4.3 Stadium songs

4.3.1 Official Feyenoord
Feyenoord
hymn 4.3.2 Other songs

5 Supporters

5.1 Popularity 5.2 Supporters organisations 5.3 Jeugdproject 5.4 Opening day 5.5 Notable supporters

6 Rivalries 7 Honours

7.1 National 7.2 International

8 European record 9 Domestic results 10 UEFA
UEFA
Current ranking 11 Feyenoord
Feyenoord
managers 12 Feyenoord
Feyenoord
chairmen 13 Media 14 Current squad

14.1 Retired numbers 14.2 On loan 14.3 Youth/reserves squad

15 Personnel

15.1 Backroom staff 15.2 Partnerships 15.3 SC Feyenoord 15.4 Partnerships with other clubs

16 Sponsorships 17 Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors 18 See also 19 References 20 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Feyenoord
History of Feyenoord
Rotterdam Foundation[edit]

The first logo (1912)

The football club Wilhelmina was founded in the pub De Vereeniging on 19 July 1908[3] and played in blue-sleeved red shirts and white shorts.[3] Between 1908, 1910, 1911, and 1912, the club underwent a series of changes of name and team colours, becoming Hillesluise Football Club in 1909,[4] and then RVV Celeritas. Upon earning promotion to the National football association in 1912, the club renamed to SC Feijenoord (after the city district in which the team was founded), and changed uniform once again, adopting the red and white shirts, black shorts and black socks that they still wear today.[5] In 1918, Feijenoord were promoted to the highest level of Dutch football and moved to the ground Kromme Zandweg.[5] First successes[edit] After 18 years, the formation of the club and a mere three years after they were promoted to the highest level of Dutch football Feijenoord earned their first honours by capturing the national league championship in 1924.[5] The team enjoyed a string of successes in the latter half of the decade, taking divisional titles in 1926, 1927, 1928 and 1929, and winning their second national championship in 1928.[5] Feijenoord won their first Dutch Cup in 1930 by scoring the only goal in a derby final against Excelsior.[6] They continued to dominate their division with three consecutive titles, but were winless in subsequent championship finals. Five years after their first cup win, Feijenoord took the prize for a second time in 1935, by beating Helmond Sport.[6] Feijenoord started to attract more fans to their stadium at Kromme Zandweg, and in 1933, they decided to build a new facility. The club moved to the Feijenoord Stadion
Feijenoord Stadion
(nicknamed "De Kuip" or "the Tub") in 1937, playing the first match there on 27 March against Beerschot.[7] During this period Feijenoord won three consecutive division titles from 1936 to 1938, with their third and fourth national championships coming in 1936 and 1938.[8] During World War II, Feijenoord played their matches at Sparta Rotterdam's Kasteel, as the Nazis had occupied De Kuip.[8] When Het Kasteel was unavailable due to clashes with Sparta fixtues, Feijenoord played at their former ground, the Kromme Zandweg.[8] Feijenoord's again won a division title with a national championship in 1940, their fifth Dutch title. During the German occupation of the Netherlands, play continued in Dutch football leagues, though the 1945 championship was cancelled as the war came to its conclusion.[9] During this period, Feijenoord's only trophy was a divisional championship in 1943. After the war, Feijenoord did not perform as well as they had in previous decades, not seriously challenging in their division and so missing the national playoff rounds. On 30 June 1954, the chairmen of the three biggest Rotterdam
Rotterdam
teams organised a meeting in Utrecht, which was attended by several chairmen of other clubs and a delegation of the KNVB to discuss the start of professional football in the Netherlands.[10] The professional era commenced with the first Eredivisie
Eredivisie
season in 1954/1955.[11] Feijenoord were one of the clubs participating in the inaugural Eredivisie
Eredivisie
and have never been relegated.[10] One of the most memorable matches in these first years of professional football was the clash between Feijenoord and the Volewijckers
Volewijckers
at 2 April 1956, which Feijenoord won 11–4, with nine goals by Henk Schouten. Feijenoord would grow an intense rivalry with Ajax. Matches between the two clubs quickly were dubbed as de Klassieker
Klassieker
("The Classic"). The first memorable Klassieker
Klassieker
from a Feijenoord point of view took place at 11 November 1956, when Daan den Bleijker scored four times to give Feijenoord a 7–3 win over their archrivals.[12] Golden era[edit] Feijenoord claimed their first professional Eredivisie
Eredivisie
Championship and their sixth Dutch Championship in 1961.[13] On the road to the title Ajax was beaten 9–5 in De Kuip, four of Feijenoord's goals were scored by Henk Schouten.[12] The following season, they played their first European Cup match facing IFK Göteborg. The Swedes were beaten 0–3 in Gothenburg and 8–2 in Rotterdam.[14][15] Feijenoord were eliminated by Tottenham Hotspur in the following round.[16] In 1962, Feijenoord successfully defended their Dutch Championship title and reached the final of the Intertoto Cup
Intertoto Cup
1961-62.[13] where Feijenoord faced arch-rival Ajax in the final and subsequently lost 4–2.[17] On 12 December 1962, Feijenoord played a decisive match versus Vasas SC in the second round of the 1962–63 European Cup. The first two legs, in Rotterdam
Rotterdam
and Budapest, both ended in a 1–0 home victory, forcing a replay on a neutral ground to take place.[18] The match was played in Antwerp, where 30,000 Feijenoord fans travelled by bus to see their team play.[18] Also this time, the final score was 1–0; Rinus Bennaars
Rinus Bennaars
scored the only goal and was immediately nicknamed "The Hero of Deurne", reflecting the neighbourhood in Antwerp
Antwerp
where the match was played.[18] The events in Antwerp
Antwerp
resulted in an enduring friendly relationship between the fans of Feijenoord and Royal Antwerp.[18] In 1963, hundreds of thousands of people stood ashore by the Nieuwe Maas and the Nieuwe Waterweg
Nieuwe Waterweg
to wave two ships, deGroote Beer and the Waterman goodbye. The ships transported thousands of Feijenoord fans to Lisbon
Lisbon
where the club faced Benfica on 8 May 1963 in the European Cup semi-finals.[18] The first leg, held in Rotterdam
Rotterdam
a month earlier, finished 0–0.[19] Despite Feijenoord eventually losing the match 3–1, this turned out to be the start of the most successful period in the club's history.[20] Feijenoord won the double for the first time in their history in 1965, and managed to win another double a few years later in 1969.[13] The 1965 title secured Feijenoord a spot in the 1965–66 European Cup, where they faced multiple cup champion Real Madrid on 8 September 1965. During the match, Hans Kraay
Hans Kraay
had to leave the pitch injured after 31 minutes, without being substituted. He returned at the start of the second half and scored the goal which resulted in a 2–1 win. During the match, fans' favourite Coen Moulijn
Coen Moulijn
was attacked by a Spanish defender. Moulijn then proceeded to chase the defender down the pitch, leading other players, and even fans who entered the pitch, to do the same. The referee could do nothing but to suspend the match at 2–1 in Feijenoord's favour. Two weeks later, Real Madrid comfortably beat Feijenoord 5–0 and eventually won the European Cup that season.[21] As the 1969 Dutch champions, Feijenoord participated in the 1969–70 European Cup. After winning against Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur 16–2 on aggregate in the first round, the club faced Milan.[16] Feijenoord lost the first leg 1–0 in Italy
Italy
but overcame the loss in their own stadium with a 2–0 win, securing a place in the quarter-finals, where they faced ASK Vorwärts Berlin.[16] The tie followed the same pattern as the previous round: Feijenoord losing the first match 1–0 away, then winning 2–0 at home.[16] In the semi-finals, Feijenoord beat Legia Warszawa
Legia Warszawa
2–0 on aggregate, earning Feijenoord their first European final.[16] Feijenoord faced Celtic in the final, held in the San Siro
San Siro
stadium in Milan. Goals by Tommy Gemmell
Tommy Gemmell
and Rinus Israël
Rinus Israël
resulted in a 1–1 draw after 90 minutes. Three minutes before the end of extra time, Ove Kindvall scored Feijenoord's winning goal, leading Feijenoord to be the first Dutch team to claim a major European trophy.[22] As reigning European champions, Feijenoord faced Estudiantes La Plata in the Intercontinental Cup.[23] The first match in Buenos Aires' La Bombonera finished in a 2–2 draw. Back in Rotterdam, Feijenoord managed a 1–0 victory (winning goal by Joop van Daele) to win the world club crown, the first Dutch team to do so.[24] Estudiantes player Oscar Malbernat got frustrated and grabbed Van Daele's glasses and trampled on them. "You are not allowed to play with glasses... at least not in South America" was his excuse.[25] As the cup holders, Feijenoord participated in the 1970–71 European Cup
1970–71 European Cup
despite relinquishing the Dutch title, which was won by Ajax. Feijenoord were eliminated in the first round, following a surprise defeat by the Romanian team UT Arad.[16] In 1971, Feijenoord won their 10th Dutch Championship.[26] In 1974, the club changed their name from Feijenoord to Feyenoord, as people from outside the Netherlands
Netherlands
did not know how to pronounce Dutch ij.[1] Under their new name, they played in the 1973–74 UEFA Cup, reaching the final, following a 4–3 aggregate win over VfB Stuttgart in the semi finals.[16] The opponent in the final was Tottenham Hotspur. Spurs took a 2–1 lead in the first leg at White Hart Lane, but Theo de Jong
Theo de Jong
equalised after 85 minutes and the match ended in a 2–2 draw.[27] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
then won their match in Rotterdam
Rotterdam
2–0, thanks to goals by Wim Rijsbergen
Wim Rijsbergen
and Peter Ressel, and also became the first Dutch team to win the UEFA
UEFA
Cup.[28] As a result, Spurs fans started to riot,[29] introducing Dutch football to the spectre of hooliganism in the process. The remainder of the decade saw Feyenoord
Feyenoord
win only one more honour: the Dutch Championship in 1974.[9] In 1978, the club divided their professional and amateur sides to form two separate teams, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Rotterdam
Rotterdam
for professionals and SC Feyenoord
SC Feyenoord
for amateurs.[30] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
won their fifth Dutch Cup in 1980 by beating Ajax 3–1 in the final.[30] In 1984, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
had another bright season, winning the double for the third time in their history.[30] Key players in the squad from this period included Johan Cruyff, Ruud Gullit
Ruud Gullit
and Peter Houtman (who later became the Feyenoord
Feyenoord
stadium announcer).[31] Cruyff reacted to Ajax's decision not to offer him a new contract at the start of the season and signed for archrivals Feyenoord
Feyenoord
instead.[31] Cruyff's move to Rotterdam
Rotterdam
was criticised and increased Ajax's motivation to beat Feyenoord. In the Olympic Stadium of Amsterdam Feyenoord
Feyenoord
suffered one of their most heavy defeats ever: 8–2.[32] However, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
later defeated Ajax in Rotterdam
Rotterdam
4–1 and Ajax were subsequently beaten a second time in the Dutch Cup.[33] Feyenoord proceeded to win a league and cup double by beating Fortuna Sittard
Fortuna Sittard
in the cup final.[34] After the successful season, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
experienced a lean period and were unable to finish the season in a higher position than third.[35] In the 1989–90 season, the club struggled to remain in the Eredivisie, but eventually managed to avoid relegation.[36] The club had financial problems, and as a result, the staff was not able to recover and their main sponsor, HCS went bankrupt.[37] When Wim Jansen
Wim Jansen
was appointed as the interim manager to replace Günder Bengtsson and Pim Verbeek
Pim Verbeek
after a 6–0 defeat against PSV, the outlook began to improve for the club.[38] PSV, the strongest Dutch club of the period, were knocked out of the KNVB Cup
KNVB Cup
by a Henk Fräser goal in Eindhoven. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
progressed to the 1991 final, where they beat BVV Den Bosch 1–0 to win the competition.[39] As the cup holders, they faced champions PSV again, this time in the 1991 Dutch Supercup, the first Supercup held since 1949. PSV were beaten 1–0 by a Marian Damaschin goal to add another honour to the club's achievements.[40] They went on to win another Dutch Cup in 1992, beating Roda JC 3–0 in the final.[41] The same year, Feyenoord reached the semi-finals in the 1991–92 European Cup
1991–92 European Cup
Winners' Cup, beating Tottenham Hotspur in the quarter-finals, before being eliminated by Monaco on away goals, after two draws.[16] In 1993, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
secured another Dutch Championship by beating Groningen
Groningen
5–0 in the last league match of the season.[42] The match was played at the Oosterpark Stadion
Oosterpark Stadion
in Groningen, so 40.000 Feyenoord fans watched the game on giant screens in De Kuip.[42] The title was followed by another two Dutch Cups in 1994 (beating NEC 2–1) and 1995 (beating Volendam 2–1).[6] During the 1994–95 UEFA
UEFA
Cup Winners' Cup, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
reached the quarter finals after beating Werder Bremen in the second round. They eventually lost to Real Zaragoza.[16] In the quarter-finals in the 1995 KNVB Cup, Feyenoord visited Ajax, which would win the 1994–95 UEFA
UEFA
Champions League later that season. Ajax was leading 1–0 when Ruud Heus equalised with a penalty just before full time. In extra time, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
became the only team to defeat Ajax the same season they won the Eredivisie and the Champions League unbeaten. The goal scored by Mike Obiku was the decider as the new golden goal rule became in use.[43][44] During the 1995–96 UEFA
UEFA
Cup Winners' Cup, Everton and Borussia Mönchengladbach were beaten. A total of 14,000 Feyenoord
Feyenoord
fans travelled to Germany
Germany
to support the team against Mönchengladbach.[45][46] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
were eliminated in the semi-finals by a Carsten Jancker-inspired Rapid Wien.[16][47] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
made their UEFA Champions League
UEFA Champions League
debut in 1997–98, finishing third in their group behind Manchester United and Juventus. However, Juventus was beaten 2–0 in Rotterdam, with both Feyenoord goals scored by Julio Cruz.[48] In 1998, the FIOD-ECD (Fiscal Information and Investigation Service/Economic Investigation Service) visited Feyenoord
Feyenoord
because of suspected fraud,[49] mainly based on the signings of Aurelio Vidmar, Christian Gyan and Patrick Allotey.[50] This became an ongoing scandal in following years, with club chairman Jorien van den Herik the main suspect.[49] On 25 April 1999, Feyenoord secured their 14th Dutch Championship. 250,000 fans celebrated with the team in the center of Rotterdam. However, later in the evening, heavy rioting started.[51] Prior to the start of the 1999–2000 season, Ajax were beaten in their own stadium when Feyenoord
Feyenoord
won their second Dutch Super Cup title after a free-kick goal by Patrick Paauwe secured a 3–2 win.[40] Millennium[edit] During the 1999–2000 season, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
participated in the Champions League for the second time. This time, the club managed to finish second in their group, behind Rosenborg BK
Rosenborg BK
and ahead of Borussia Dortmund.[52] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
reached the second group stage and secured wins against Marseille (home) and Lazio (away). Chelsea won both clashes and, as a result, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
had to win their last group match away to Marseille to reach the knockout stages. The final result was 0–0, and Feyenoord
Feyenoord
were eliminated.[52] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
again participated in the Champions League in 2001–02, finishing third in a group containing Bayern Munich, Sparta Prague and Spartak Moscow.[53] This meant Feyenoord
Feyenoord
continued their European season in the 2001–02 UEFA Cup
2001–02 UEFA Cup
instead of the second Champions League group stage.[54] The disappointment of failing to reach the second group stage eventually resulted in optimism and celebration. By defeating SC Freiburg
SC Freiburg
and Rangers, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
faced fellow Dutch club PSV in the quarter-finals.[54] Both matches ended in 1–1 draws, and the clash went into extra time and a penalty shoot-out.[55] Pierre van Hooijdonk, who had a superb season by scoring many free-kicks goals, secured Feyenoord's win by scoring a 90th minute equalizer before finishing PSV off by scoring the last goal in the penalty shoot-out.[56] A 1–0 win in Milan
Milan
against Internazionale and a 2–2 return match in Rotterdam
Rotterdam
then earned Feyenoord
Feyenoord
a spot in the final, against Borussia Dortmund.[57] Coincidentally, the final was held at De Kuip, and as a result, most spectators inside the stadium were Feyenoord
Feyenoord
fans. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
took a 2–0 lead thanks to another free-kick goal and a penalty by Van Hooijdonk.[54] Early in the second half, Márcio Amoroso scored a goal to make it 2–1. Jon Dahl Tomasson then made it 3–1 and things looked good for Feyenoord.[54] Dortmund only managed to score one more goal and the cup was won by Bert van Marwijk's Feyenoord.[54] A huge party erupted in and outside De Kuip
De Kuip
not only because of the title, but also because the final was held several days after Rotterdam's political figure Pim Fortuyn
Pim Fortuyn
was murdered.[58] Lots of fans were still full of emotion, before and after the match. As a result of Fortuyn's murder, the cup was not officially celebrated in the city centre.[59] The 2002 UEFA
UEFA
Cup win was the start of a long dry spell for Feyenoord. In the 2002–03 season, the club finish third in the Eredivisie, as well as reach the final of the KNVB Cup, which was lost 1–4 to Utrecht. However, in the following years, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
disappointed in both the Eredivisie
Eredivisie
and KNVB Cup. In between, in 2002 Feyenoord
Feyenoord
and chairman Jorien van den Herik were both found not guilty. Following the prosecutor's appeal, and despite three years of investigations, the trial verdict was upheld. Nonetheless, the prosecution stated it would not yet abandon its case.[60] The 2005–06 season ended in disappointment for Feyenoord. The team pursued the Dutch championship for most of the season, but eventually lost out to champions PSV.[61] The newly created Dutch play-offs then proved to be gloomy for Feyenoord. Ajax, which finished several points behind in the regular league, were Feyenoord's opponent in the play-offs. Ajax ouclassed them and Feyenoord
Feyenoord
lost out on a Champions League place.[62]

Feyenoord
Feyenoord
100 Years Balloon

In the 2006–07 season, the nightmare grew even bigger. The supporters saw their two star players leave to Chelsea (Salomon Kalou) and Liverpool (Dirk Kuyt). At the same time, it became clear Feyenoord were in an appalling financial state despite earlier comments made by chairman Jorien van den Herik, who claimed that the club was financially healthy. Supporters' unrest grew into anger when Feyenoord bought Angelos Charisteas, a back-up striker of arch-rivals Ajax, with a poor track record, as a replacement for Dirk Kuyt. After continuous protests, Van den Herik resigned and the club began managerial reforms. However, the worst was not over. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
were banned from European competition following hooliganism prior to and during a match against Nancy,[63] despite an appeal by the club.[64] The season ended in bitter disappointment with a seventh-place finish, causing Feyenoord
Feyenoord
to miss European football for the first time in 16 years. While desperate supporters started preparing for a dark age, the club surprised friend and foe in the 2007 summer transfer window. A brilliant performance of young Dutch left back Royston Drenthe at the 2007 UEFA European Under-21 Championship
2007 UEFA European Under-21 Championship
had investors flocking to the new investment schemes Feyenoord
Feyenoord
had established. The club appointed former manager Bert van Marwijk
Bert van Marwijk
and was able to make a number of high-profile signings, including Giovanni van Bronckhorst and Roy Makaay. Despite the efforts, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
underperformed once again in the Eredivisie, finishing in a disappointing sixth place. The pain was relieved by claiming the first prize in six years: 100 years after the foundation of the club, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
managed to win the KNVB Cup
KNVB Cup
after defeating Roda JC 2–0. As Van Marwijk accepted a job as manager of the national team, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
appointed Gertjan Verbeek
Gertjan Verbeek
as their manager for the 2008–09 season. Financial problems[edit] In the 2008–09 season, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
celebrated their 100th birthday and organised many events throughout the year. The old "golden logo" returned as Feyenoord's official logo, which had earlier been presented at the 2007 New Year's brunch.[65] During the summer, a historical tournament was held between Feyenoord
Feyenoord
and the three opponents they met in the European Cup finals – Borussia Dortmund, Tottenham Hotspur and Celtic – named the Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Jubilee Tournament.[66] Midway through the season, manager Verbeek was sacked due to disappointing league results. His assistant, Leon Vlemmings, took over as manager. The results in this period improved slightly, resulting in securing a spot in the playoffs for the final Dutch Europa League slot. For the 2009–10 season, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
appointed former assistant manager and Feyenoord
Feyenoord
footballer Mario Been
Mario Been
to take over from Vlemmings. Been, after achieving minor European successes with NEC, was considered the ideal candidate for the job. Former manager Leo Beenhakker, at the time manager of the Poland
Poland
national team, took over as technical director. Partly because of this position, Beenhakker was able to attract more investors to the club, leading to some unexpected signings, including Sekou Cissé, Dani Fernández
Dani Fernández
and Stefan Babović. On 24 October 2010, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
lost heavily to PSV 10–0. In mid-January 2011, Beenhakker resigned after multiple clashes with the Feyenoord
Feyenoord
directors.[67] His replacement was former Feyenoord
Feyenoord
player Martin van Geel, who at the time was working as technical director for fellow Eredivisie
Eredivisie
club Roda JC.[68] In July 2011, a majority of players in the squad voted to oust Been as club manager; 13 of 18 players voted they had lost all confidence in Been's ability to successfully manage the club.[69] Been's subsequent sacking became global news, if only because reports of Been's firing quickly became a trending topic on Twitter, leaving people around the world to wonder who exactly Been was.[70] After Louis van Gaal turned down an offer to manage Feyenoord, the club approached former Barcelona defender Ronald Koeman, who had played for Feyenoord
Feyenoord
during the late 1990s. With his eventual hiring as manager, Koeman became the first to ever serve as both player and head coach at all teams of the so-called "traditional big three" of Dutch football: Ajax, PSV and Feyenoord. Moreover, he played and managed these teams in the same order.[71] At the beginning of the 2011–12 season, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
lost valuable players Leroy Fer, Georginio Wijnaldum
Georginio Wijnaldum
and André Bahia
André Bahia
to Twente, PSV and Samsunspor
Samsunspor
respectively. In return, the club restocked with players such as Jordy Clasie, Miquel Nelom, Guyon Fernandez and Kaj Ramsteijn, who came mostly from their own youth academy. Two other players were loaned, John Guidetti
John Guidetti
from Manchester City and Otman Bakkal from PSV. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
started the season well and played the first match of the Eredivisie
Eredivisie
against the other Rotterdam
Rotterdam
club in the league, Excelsior. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
ended the season by placing second in the Eredivisie, resulting in the third qualifying round for Champions League football.[72] The revival[edit] On 16 December 2011, it was revealed that Feyenoord
Feyenoord
had been placed in the more favorable second category (Categorie 2), meaning Feyenoord were no longer in debt, according to the KNVB. They achieved the reclassification following the transfer of several significant players and a large capital injection made by the organisation VVF (Friends of Feyenoord, Vrienden Van Feyenoord). However, to remain in the second category, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
needed to obtain the same amount of points earned, rounding up to at least 65 points.[73] On 13 April 2012, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was officially out of what has been described as the "financial dangerzone" and was officially placed in the second category. According to club chairman Eric Gudde, the placing in the more favourable category came earlier than anticipated; he also congratulated the fans and promised to maintain the same policy until Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was completely healthy again, saying the club will never fall back into the first category.[74][75] Despite no longer having to request permission from the KNVB to invest in new players, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
kept continuing the policy for the 2012–13 season, only contracting players who were either out of contract or available for a low transfer fee. John Goossens,[76] Ruud Vormer[77] and Daryl Janmaat[78] were out of contract and signed a deal with Feyenoord
Feyenoord
over their respective prior clubs. Mitchell te Vrede[79] played for the affiliated football club Excelsior, as well as for the highest-ranked academy team Jong Feyenoord/Excelsior and was promoted to the main senior team. Harmeet Singh[80] and Lex Immers[81] are were the only two players whom Feyenoord
Feyenoord
paid a transfer fee for. Singh, a Norwegian midfielder and one of two non- Eredivisie
Eredivisie
players joining Feyenoord, was purchased from Vålerenga, while Immers joined from ADO Den Haag. The other non- Eredivisie
Eredivisie
player joining Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was Omar Elabdellaoui, who was brought in on loan from Manchester City.[82] On 2 July 2012, Karim El Ahmadi
Karim El Ahmadi
completed his transfer from Feyenoord to English Premier League
Premier League
club Aston Villa for an undisclosed fee believed to be in the region of €2.6 million.[83] On 15 July, Aston Villa supports uploaded a picture on Twitter which showed Ron Vlaar, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
captain since 2010–11, visiting Villa Park
Villa Park
– Aston Villa's home ground – in Birmingham. Shortly after, Martin van Geel confirmed Vlaar sought to leave Feyenoord.[84][85] After the incident, Villa did not contact Vlaar, prompting Ronald Koeman
Ronald Koeman
to issue Villa a deadline of 23 July to negotiate Vlaar's transfer. On 23 July, Vlaar told the public that he would not leave Feyenoord, and said that he felt he was kept "dangling" by Villa.[85][86][87] However, four days later, Vlaar told the public he would eventually be joining Villa, as he had agreed personal terms and would sign for Villa subject to him passing a medical. On 1 August, Vlaar officially joined Aston Villa, signing a three-year contract. Feyenoord supporters received the news generally mixed, with some congratulating and wishing the best of luck and others feeling betrayed by Vlaar for misleading them.[88] Stefan de Vrij
Stefan de Vrij
became the new Feyenoord
Feyenoord
captain, with Jordy Clasie, who because of his good play and tenacity soon became one of the most popular players among the supporters, becoming vice-captain.[89] On 7 August, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was eliminated by Dynamo Kyiv in the third qualifying round of the Champions League following losses in both legs. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was therefore demoted to the play-off round of the UEFA
UEFA
Europa League. Koeman said that Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was the better side over the two legs but had missed a scoring striker, referring to John Guidetti, who had rejoined Manchester City following the end of his loan.[90] On 10 August 2012, Dutch international and Málaga defender Joris Mathijsen
Joris Mathijsen
joined Feyenoord
Feyenoord
on a three-year contract. Málaga had made clear to Mathijsen that he needed to find a new club to generate income for the financially-suffering Málaga after Sheikh Al Thani left. Stefan de Vrij
Stefan de Vrij
remained captain, despite Mathijsen being more experienced at both international and club level.[91] After drawing the first leg of the Europa League
Europa League
qualifier at home 2–2 against Sparta Prague, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was eliminated following a 2–0 loss in the second leg, meaning Feyenoord
Feyenoord
would not be playing European football in 2012–13.[92] Following these events, Feyenoord loaned Parma and former AZ striker Graziano Pellè[93] and exchanged Jerson Cabral
Jerson Cabral
for Twente striker Wesley Verhoek
Wesley Verhoek
in a straight player swap.[94] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
ended the season in third, behind champions Ajax and second-placed PSV. Pellè surprised many after scoring 27 goals in 29 matches, prompting Feyenoord
Feyenoord
to sign him permanently from Parma on a contract lasting until summer 2017. In the 2013–14 season, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
recorded the worst start in its history, losing its first three matches to PEC Zwolle, Twente and Ajax respectively.[95] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
would recover, but its performances were unstable throughout the season. However, because the Eredivisie's other top teams also played inconsistently, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
remained in the title race, although it eventually finished second, four points behind Ajax.[96] In the UEFA
UEFA
Europa League, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was eliminated in the third qualifying round by Kuban Krasnodar, making it Feyenoord's fifth consecutive season without European football.[97] On 1 February 2014, Ronald Koeman
Ronald Koeman
announced he would be resigning at the end of the season. On 3 March 2014, Fred Rutten
Fred Rutten
was named the new manager for the 2014–15 season.[98] During the summer of the 2014–15 season, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
lost four of its best players: Daryl Janmaat
Daryl Janmaat
to Newcastle United, Stefan de Vrij
Stefan de Vrij
to Lazio, Bruno Martins Indi
Bruno Martins Indi
to Porto and Graziano Pellè
Graziano Pellè
to Southampton, with Southampton having just appointed Koeman as its new manager. To replace them, as well as other departed players, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
signed Warner Hahn
Warner Hahn
from Dordrecht, Luke Wilkshire
Luke Wilkshire
from Dynamo Moscow, Khalid Boulahrouz from Brøndby, Bilal Başaçıkoğlu from Heerenveen, Colin Kazim-Richards from Bursaspor, Jens Toornstra
Jens Toornstra
from Utrecht, Kenneth Vermeer from Ajax and Karim El Ahmadi
Karim El Ahmadi
from Aston Villa.[99] With new players as well as a new head coach, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
began the 2014–15 Eredivisie
Eredivisie
season with just five points after four matches. However, the club was successful in reaching the Europa League
Europa League
group stage for the first time in six years. After losing to Besiktas 5–2 aggregate in the third qualifying round of the Champions League,[100] they defeated Zorya Luhansk in the final qualifying round of the Europa League
Europa League
play-off, 5–4 aggregate.[101] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
won with 2–1 against Standard Liège
Standard Liège
in their first home match in Group G of the Europa League. It was the first victory for Feyenoord
Feyenoord
in the Europa League
Europa League
group stage in eight years. Feyenoord also beat Rijeka (2–0) and defending champions Sevilla (2–0), results sufficient for Feyenoord's progress to the knockout round for the first time in ten years. In the knockout round, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
lost to Roma 3–2 on aggregate. After this loss, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
did not recover. Despite nearly securing a spot in next season's Europa League qualification rounds, they failed to win any of their last five matches, ending the year in the fourth spot, behind AZ. In the play-offs to earn a spot for Europa League, they were eliminated by Heerenveen. After manager Fred Rutten
Fred Rutten
opted not to extend his contract, on 23 March 2015 Feyenoord
Feyenoord
announced former Dutch international and Feyenoord
Feyenoord
player Giovanni van Bronckhorst
Giovanni van Bronckhorst
would become its new manager. That summer the club contracted a couple new key players, Eric Botteghin from FC Groningen, Jan-Arie van der Heijden from Vitesse, and Eljero Elia
Eljero Elia
from SV Werder Bremen. Furthermore Feyenoord
Feyenoord
welcomed back club legend Dirk Kuyt
Dirk Kuyt
from Fenerbahçe, on a one year contract. After 8 yeards without any prizes, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
won their 12th KNVB Cup on April 24th 2016. In the competition the team would come in 3rd, a distance behind Ajax, and the champions, PSV. That next summer Feyenoord
Feyenoord
managed to do some good business in the transfer market. The contracts of starting players like Dirk Kuyt
Dirk Kuyt
and Eljero Elia
Eljero Elia
were extended. Furthermore they aquired Nicolai Jørgensen
Nicolai Jørgensen
from F.C. Copenhagen for €3.500.000 and Brad Jones was contracted on a free transfer from N.E.C.
N.E.C.
as a replacement for injured first goalkeeper Kenneth Vermeer. The 2016/2017 season started perfectly, as the first nine league matches were won, and Feyenoord
Feyenoord
beat Manchester United F.C.
Manchester United F.C.
1-0 in the Europe League.That was with a little help from the referee as Nicolai Jørgensen, who gave the assist, was clearly offside. This match, and all of Feyenoord
Feyenoord
European Home games were played in only a half filled stadium. These measurements were taken to avoid new penalties from the UEFA. In that same week reigning Dutch champions PSV were beaten, 0-1. The first loss of points was against Ajax on Octboer 23rd 2016. The final score was 1-1 after goals of Kasper Dolberg
Kasper Dolberg
and Dirk Kuyt. A week later another draw followed against SC Heerenveen
SC Heerenveen
On November 6th, a weakened team lost for the first time that season; relegation candidate Go Ahead Eagles
Go Ahead Eagles
won, 1-0] In the European campaign Feyenoord struggled, and after losses to Manchester United (4-0)and Fenerbahçe (0-1) the European afventure ended. In the Eredivisie
Eredivisie
the team booked big victories, such as a 6-1 defeat against Spartaand 0-4 against AZ. With a 5 point lead to second place Ajax, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
ended the year at the top of the league table. The second half of the season, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
started strong, winning the first seven league games of 2017. However in Arnhem, Vitesse proved to be too strong in the KNVB Cup
KNVB Cup
(2-0). Feyenoord
Feyenoord
beat PSV at home (2-1)due, to an own goal from PSV-goalkeeper Jeroen Zoet, which was indicated by Goal-line technology. On March 5th, Sparta was the first team to beat Feyenoord
Feyenoord
in the new year, by a goal in the first minute of the game, scored by Mathias Pogba. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
recovered quickly and another big win followed when they beat AZ, 5-2, and a week later SC Heerenveen were beat, 2-1. When Feyenoord
Feyenoord
lost to Ajax, and drew against PEC Zwolle, their lead was decreased to one point. After two more victories from Feyenoord, and a loss for number two Ajax against PSV, the gap was four points with two games to go. One week before the end of the compatition, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
could become champions away at Excelsior, not 4 kilometers from their home stadium. However the team had an off-day and lost, 3-0. One week later, in the final game, the team still became champions by beating Heracles by 3-1. All three goals were made by the team captain, Dirk Kuyt, who would later announce his retirement. This championship was Feyenoord's 15th and the first in 18 years. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
also was only the second team in the history of the Dutch league to stay at the top of the table the entire season. Because of the championship, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was allowed to compete for the Johan Cruyff Shield against cup winner Vitesse in the Kuip on August 5th 2017. After a 1-1 tie Feyenoord
Feyenoord
beat Vitesse by penalties. Location[edit]

Logo near De Kuip

Feyenoord
Feyenoord
are located in the Feijenoord district
Feijenoord district
of southern Rotterdam and is named after the district in which the club was founded.[102] More frequent appearances in international tournaments led the club to change its name in 1974, because foreign fans unfamiliar with the Dutch language
Dutch language
did not know how to pronounce ij.[1] Beside Feyenoord, there are two other professional football clubs in Rotterdam: Sparta and Excelsior. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
is currently playing in the Eredivisie, while Sparta was relegated to the second tier after the 2009–10 season.[103] Two years later Excelsior also relegated from the Eredivisie
Eredivisie
in the season 2011–12. e-Sports[edit] From 2017, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
will participate in the new found e-Divisie. Quinten van der Most will represent Feyenoord
Feyenoord
as their official e-player. Stadia[edit] De Kuip[edit] Main article: De Kuip

Outside the stadium.

The club's Feijenoord Stadion, located in the IJsselmonde district of Rotterdam, is nicknamed De Kuip, Dutch for The Tub.[104] It was built in 1937 and is one of the major European stadiums.[105] It has 51,117 seats and has hosted a record of ten finals of UEFA
UEFA
club competitions, including the 2002 UEFA Cup Final
2002 UEFA Cup Final
fittingly won by Feyenoord.[106] Former Feyenoord
Feyenoord
player Mike Obiku once said, "Every time you enter the pitch, you're stepping into a lion's home."[105] Feyenoord, however, does not own the stadium; it is an organisation on its own.[105] In 1935, Feijenoord player Puck van Heel
Puck van Heel
hit the first pole on their way into their new stadium. The stadium was opened on 27 March 1937 and Beerschot was beaten by 5–2, Leen Vente
Leen Vente
scored the first goal in De Kuip.[105] Already in the very beginning the stadium was sold out on several occasions and other events held at de Kuip also gained lots of attendance.[105] During World War II, the stadium was one of the few locations which was not bombed, however the Nazis occupied the stadium.[105] After the war, De Kuip
De Kuip
became a popular location once again. In 1949, the attendance record was broken during the match to decide the Dutch championship between SVV Schiedam and Heerenveen; 64,368 fans visited the match.[105] Besides football, there were also boxing and motorcycle speedway races in De Kuip, which were also gaining popularity. In 1953, people had to hide inside the stadium during the North Sea flood of 1953.[105] On 27 November 1957, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
played versus Bolton Wanderers during an evening match. It was the first time the floodlights were taken in use.[105] The players entered the pitch in the dark and the fans were asked to light their matchsticks when the floodlights were activated. Since that evening, that match at De Kuip
De Kuip
has always been special among Feyenoord
Feyenoord
fans.[105] In 1963, De Kuip
De Kuip
hosted their first European final (Cup winners' Cup) between Tottenham Hotspur and Atlético Madrid. Nine more European finals would follow in the years after with Feyenoord's win over Borussia Dortmund
Borussia Dortmund
in the 2002 UEFA
UEFA
Cup final being the tenth and latest.[105] The attendance record of 1949 was broken in 1968 when 65,427 fans visited the Feyenoord–Twente match.[105]

De Kuip
De Kuip
in 2006

New stadium[edit] In December 2006, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
director Chris Woerts announced that Feyenoord
Feyenoord
were developing plans to build a new stadium which would have a capacity of roughly 90,000 seats. The stadium would most likely be placed on the Nieuwe Maas, the river that runs through Rotterdam, and should be completed by 2016.[107] In May 2008, Woerts announced further details: the club is aiming for a stadium with a capacity of around 100,000 seats.[108] If possible, a capacity of over 130,000 should be realized according to Woerts, which would earn the title of biggest stadium in Europe. The club emphasized its efforts to make it a true football stadium with seats close to the pitch. The stadium will get a retractable roof so that other events can be held as well. According to plans in those days, the stadium should be ready in 2016. Due to financial difficulties for all parties involved and the fact that the Netherlands
Netherlands
were chosen to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup, the plans for a new stadium have been put on hold. A new stadium will most likely be built in the future, though it will likely not have a spectator capacity greater than 70,000. In September 2012, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
confirmed that there will arise a new stadium in 2018. The stadium will be built by builder VolkerWessels, it will cost around €300 million (~£242 million). Another option was a plan made by a consortium of BAM, Eneco Energie
Eneco Energie
and Siemens. But the plan was rejected by the Feyenoord
Feyenoord
and Stadion Feijenoord direction. The new stadium should be a 63,000 all-seater. Despite the new plans, much of the supporters prefer a renovation of De Kuip. One of those initiatives are Red de Kuip, which is Dutch for Save de Kuip.[109] They made plans of building a third tier on top of the current stadium, increasing the capacity to 68,000. This plan would cost only €117 million (~£94 million). In 2016, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
announced their plans for a new stadium called Feyenoord
Feyenoord
City. The new stadium will have a capacity of 65,000. The city council agreed with the plans of Feyenoord
Feyenoord
City which also involve new sporting facilities, nightlife and renewed infrastructure. The old stadium 'De Kuip' will be transformed into an athletics track. The project is ought to be delivered in 2022. Stadium songs[edit] Official Feyenoord
Feyenoord
hymn[edit] Feyenoord's official hymn since 1961 is called "Hand in Hand".[110] Its melody was written in the 19th century by German Wilhelm Speidel (de). In 1961, Jaap Valkhoff wrote the lyrics which became popular among Feyenoord
Feyenoord
supporters who adopted the song as their unofficial hymn.[111] Valkhoff wrote lyrics on the same melody for several other teams as well. Among them were Feyenoord's archrivals Ajax.[112] Nowadays, the song is heard wherever Feyenoord play their matches, but also fans of MVV and Club Brugge have their own version that they sing.[113] Other songs[edit] When a goal is scored by Feyenoord
Feyenoord
in their home matches the song I Will Survive, covered by the Hermes House Band (but made famous by Gloria Gaynor
Gloria Gaynor
in the 1970s) is played.[114] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
supporters are known to be creative and have a lot of various songs and chants in their equipment during matches. Among the most important Feyenoord
Feyenoord
songs are "Mijn Feyenoord" by Lee Towers,[115] "Feyenoord, wat gaan we doen vandaag?" by Cock van der Palm (nl),[116] and "De laatste trein naar Rotterdam" by Dorus.[117] During the 2001/02 season, when Feyenoord
Feyenoord
won the UEFA Cup, a parody of the song "Put your hands up" by Black and White Brothers was launched, called "Put your hands up for Pi-Air", a tribute to Pierre ("Pi-Air") van Hooijdonk, one of the club's key players at the time.[118] In the 1970s, Coen Moulijn
Coen Moulijn
also had a song dedicated to him, "Coentje Coentje Coentje".[119] Supporters[edit] Further information: Het Legioen The supporters of Feyenoord
Feyenoord
are said to be one of the most loyal supporter groups in the world supporting the team during both good or bad times.[120][121] They are nicknamed Het Legioen, Dutch for The Legion and can be found everywhere in The Netherlands
Netherlands
and far across the Dutch borders. Squad number 12 is never given to a player, but is reserved for Het Legioen
Het Legioen
instead. Popularity[edit] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
is a popular club in the Netherlands
Netherlands
with a large number of supporters.[122] The team's first training session of a season alone attracts thousands of fans;[123] 20,000 attended 2007–08's inaugural session.[124] In 1963, about 3,000 fans boarded on two ships, among thousands of others by train or car and they travelled to Lisbon
Lisbon
where Feyenoord faced Benfica in the European Cup.[125] When Feyenoord
Feyenoord
play abroad in European competitions, about 8,000 travel together to support their team.[126] Almost 15,000 fans were cheering for their team in 1996 when Feyenoord
Feyenoord
played in Germany
Germany
against Borussia Mönchengladbach.[127] About 40,000 fans visit a regular match at home while top classes against Ajax, PSV and European cup opponents are sold out most of the time.[126] About 250,000 fans showed up when Feyenoord's latest Dutch championship was celebrated in 1999 at the Coolsingel
Coolsingel
in the centre of the city.[128] After Feyenoord
Feyenoord
beat Internazionale in the 2002 UEFA
UEFA
Cup semi-final, Inter midfielder Clarence Seedorf
Clarence Seedorf
said, "I really enjoyed the atmosphere in the Kuip. As an ex-Ajax player I was really given the bird, but that's all part of the emotions in football. It also illustrates the intense way in which the Feyenoord
Feyenoord
supporters experience their club's matches."[129] A number of the club's followers acknowledge a very close link with English side Sunderland, although it is an association that is often unwelcome and denied by the authorities. Over 100 Feyenoord
Feyenoord
supporters attended a function in Sunderland on the evening before their fixture with Newcastle in April 2015 and a similar number of Sunderland fans made the journey to watch the Dutch side in their ultimately delayed fixture against Vitesse. Beyond the Netherlands, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
opened a fanshop in the centre of Tokyo, when Japanese player Shinji Ono
Shinji Ono
was a key player at the club, and also in South Korea when Song Chong-gug
Song Chong-gug
played for Feyenoord.[130] Supporters organisations[edit]

Coentje, the mascot of the Kameraadjes

Feyenoord
Feyenoord
have one official fan supporters club, the Feyenoord Supportersvereniging.[131] Independent of the club, FSV has a membership of about 23,000, as of 2006.[131] The FSV act as a liaison between club and fans, produce match programmes, arrange travel to away games and organise supporters' evenings, as well as being involved in the other supporters organisations.[131] Children between 0 and 12 years old can join the Kameraadjes group (English: little comrades).[132] In 1998, the Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Supporters Vereniging were wondering about whether or not it would be possible to create more atmosphere inside the stadium mainly during important matches. As a result, a few huge flags were produced and brought into the stadium prior to matches played by Feyenoord.[133] The flags were a success, but people started asking for more activities and a meeting between fans and officials were arranged. In 2000 Harry Veth was given permission to establish a group of five Feyenoord
Feyenoord
fans called TIFO team Feyenoord Rotterdam.[133] Besides creating more flags and small pieces of paper released from the second platform the team also started to organise bigger activities. The first big activity was held on 10 December 2000 when Feyenoord
Feyenoord
faced Ajax and 40 fog machines were activated when the players entered the pitch.[133] In the following years many different and various activities were held to improve the atmosphere inside the stadium. Feyenoord's TIFO team became famous abroad as well and the Italian TIFO foundation awarded Feyenoord
Feyenoord
the Best of TIFO Award 2000/01.[134] Jeugdproject[edit] Feyenoord's Jeugdproject (Youth Project) concentrate on children between 6 and 12 years of age, playing football at schools and amateur teams.[135] To show the kids the importance of sports and sportsmanship, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
invite the children to De Kuip
De Kuip
to see what sport can do to people: happiness, disappointment, excitement, emotions, fear and cosines, it brings people together.[135] In Feyenoord's Youth Project visiting a match is the central point, but there is also an educative and cultural character included.[135] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
provide schools and amateur clubs with small teaching books and expect these to be filled in by the visiting youth when they enter the stadium on a match day.[135] The groups that support Feyenoord
Feyenoord
in the most original way and those who can predict the score correctly are awarded with prizes.[135] Opening day[edit] A few weeks after the start of the pre-season, yet prior to the start of the competitive season, the club opens its doors for free for all Feyenoord
Feyenoord
fans to have fun together and to present the squad for the upcoming season.[136] De Kuip
De Kuip
already opens in the morning when there are many activities around the stadium mainly for kids and promotional activities for companies which have a partnership with Feyenoord.[136] Fans can also take a stadium tour and walk on the pitch. The activities inside the stadium itself normally start around noon, when there are several performances by various artists. Every year, the new Feyenoord
Feyenoord
ambassador of the year is announced at opening day.[137] A minute of silence is held for all former Feyenoord
Feyenoord
players who have died and for known fans who have died in the previous year.[138] Former Feyenoord
Feyenoord
players return to De Kuip
De Kuip
every year to play versus a team of Dutch celebrities.[139] The stadium activities end after the squad for the upcoming season is presented to the fans. This is always a special happening, mainly for the new signings of the team. They will be flown into the stadium with helicopters when a full stadium is cheering for them when they arrive.[137] Once they are there, the other players and club officials enter the pitch one by one. Last but not least, all players are available for autograph sessions afterwards.[137] Feyenoord's open day attracts approximately 60,000 to 70,000 fans towards Rotterdam, coming from all over the Netherlands, while there are only 51,117 seats available within the stadium.[140] The opening day is known as a unique event in the Netherlands. Notable supporters[edit] Notable supporters of Feyenoord
Feyenoord
include Craig Bellamy,[141] Gerard Cox,[142] Frans Timmermans, Mark Rutte, Wouter Bos,[143] Jan Marijnissen,[144] Robert Eenhoorn,[145] Arjan Erkel,[146] Dennis van der Geest,[147] DJ Paul Elstak[148] and Raemon Sluiter.[149] Raemon Sluiter, Lee Towers, Dennis van der Geest, Robert Eenhoorn
Robert Eenhoorn
and Renate Verbaan have all officially been Feyenoord
Feyenoord
ambassadors. Gerard Meijer is the current ambassador, also being appointed "ambassador for life" on 19 July 2008. Rivalries[edit] Ajax from Amsterdam
Amsterdam
are Feyenoord's archrivals.[150] The two clubs share a long history together and matches between the two clubs are called the Klassieker
Klassieker
("The Classic").[151] The rivalry is not only between the two teams, but also a confrontation between the two largest cities of the country, Amsterdam
Amsterdam
and Rotterdam, two cities with extreme differences in attitude and culture.[151][dead link][citation needed] The meeting between the two teams is still considered to be the biggest match of the season.[151][dead link] In the past, there have been many clashes between the supporters of both clubs, of which the Beverwijk clash in 1997 is the most infamous, with Ajax fan Carlo Picornie being killed and several others injured.[151] In 2004, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
player Jorge Acuña was taken to hospital with head, neck and rib injuries after Feyenoord
Feyenoord
players were attacked by Ajax hooligans during a match between the reserve teams of both clubs.[152] Another Feyenoord
Feyenoord
player, Robin van Persie, had to be rescued by Ajax coach John van 't Schip
John van 't Schip
and player Daniël de Ridder.[152] In 2005, riots before and after the match occurred in Rotterdam
Rotterdam
and were considered to belong to the worst in the history of Dutch football.[151][dead link] Rotterdam
Rotterdam
is the city with the most professional teams in the Netherlands. Besides Feyenoord
Feyenoord
there are Sparta Rotterdam
Rotterdam
and Excelsior and the city is often referred to as "Voetbalstad nummer 1" (English: Football city number 1).[153][154] There is a rivalry between the teams, mostly between Feyenoord
Feyenoord
and Sparta as Excelsior can be seen as Feyenoord's feeder club, but it is not comparable to other local derbies. The rivalry between Sparta and Feyenoord
Feyenoord
is mostly seen on the Sparta side.[155] Some Sparta fans have refused to enter Feyenoord's De Kuip
De Kuip
stadium, even when Sparta had reached the KNVB Cup
KNVB Cup
final, which was played in De Kuip.[155] In the 1950s there was much more of a rivalry. One of the key factors for these feelings was footballer Tinus Bosselaar, who moved from Sparta to Feyenoord
Feyenoord
in 1954 before Sparta re-signed him, despite Feyenoord
Feyenoord
trying to prevent the deal in court.[156] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
also have a rivalry abroad against Tottenham Hotspur following several violent clashes between the club's supporters and Tottenham's "link" to Ajax.[citation needed] Honours[edit] National[edit]

Eredivisie: 15

Winners: 1923–24, 1927–28, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1939–40, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1964–65, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1973–74, 1983–84, 1992–93, 1998–99, 2016–17

KNVB Cup: 12

Winners: 1929–30, 1934–35, 1964–65, 1968–69, 1979–80, 1983–84, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1993–94, 1994–95, 2007–08, 2015–16

Johan Cruijff Shield: 3

Winners: 1991, 1999, 2017

International[edit]

European Cup: 1

Winners: 1969–70

UEFA
UEFA
Cup: 2

Winners: 1973–74, 2001–02

Intercontinental Cup: 1

Winners: 1970

International Football Cup
International Football Cup
/ Intertoto Cup: 5

Winners: 1958, 1959, 1967, 1968, 1973

European record[edit] As of 6 December 2017

Competition[157] Pld W D L GF GA GD Win%

UEFA
UEFA
Champions League 7001890000000000000♠89 7001340000000000000♠34 7001230000000000000♠23 7001320000000000000♠32 7002147000000000000♠147 7002116000000000000♠116 +31 07001382000000000000♠38.20

UEFA
UEFA
Europa League 7002127000000000000♠127 7001560000000000000♠56 7001280000000000000♠28 7001430000000000000♠43 7002194000000000000♠194 7002154000000000000♠154 +40 07001440900000000000♠44.09

UEFA
UEFA
Cup Winners' Cup 7001360000000000000♠36 7001180000000000000♠18 7001100000000000000♠10 7000800000000000000♠8 7001570000000000000♠57 7001340000000000000♠34 +23 07001500000000000000♠50.00

UEFA
UEFA
Super Cup 7000100000000000000♠1 5000000000000000000♠0 5000000000000000000♠0 7000100000000000000♠1 7000100000000000000♠1 7000300000000000000♠3 −2 005000000000000000000♠0.00

Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 7000200000000000000♠2 7000100000000000000♠1 5000000000000000000♠0 7000100000000000000♠1 7000200000000000000♠2 7000400000000000000♠4 −2 07001500000000000000♠50.00

Total 7002255000000000000♠255 7002109000000000000♠109 7001610000000000000♠61 7001850000000000000♠85 7002401000000000000♠401 7002311000000000000♠311 +90 07001427500000000000♠42.75

Domestic results[edit] Below is a table with Feyenoord's domestic results, since the introduction of the Eredivisie
Eredivisie
in 1956.

Domestic Results since 1956

Domestic league League result Qualification to KNVB Cup
KNVB Cup
season Cup result

2016-17 Eredivisie 1st Champions League 2016–17 quarter-final

2015-16 Eredivisie 3rd Europa League 2015–16 winners

2014-15 Eredivisie 4th - (after losing EL play-offs) 2014–15 second round

2013–14 Eredivisie 2nd Champions League (Q3) 2013–14 quarter final

2012–13 Eredivisie 3rd Europa League
Europa League
(PO) 2012–13 quarter final

2011–12 Eredivisie 2nd Champions League (Q3) 2011–12 third round

2010–11 Eredivisie 10th – 2010–11 third round

2009–10 Eredivisie 4th Europa League
Europa League
(Q4) 2009–10 final

2008–09 Eredivisie 7th - (after losing EL play-offs) 2008–09 round of 16

2007–08 Eredivisie 6th UEFA
UEFA
Cup 2007–08 winners

2006–07 Eredivisie 7th - (after losing UC play-offs) 2006–07 third round

2005–06 Eredivisie 3rd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 2005–06 round of 16

2004–05 Eredivisie 4th UEFA
UEFA
Cup 2004–05 semi-final

2003–04 Eredivisie 3rd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 2003–04 quarter final

2002–03 Eredivisie 3rd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 2002–03 final

2001–02 Eredivisie 3rd Champions League (Q3) 2001–02 quarter final

2000–01 Eredivisie 2nd Champions League 2000–01 quarter final

1999–2000 Eredivisie 3rd Champions League (Q3) 1999–2000 round of 16

1998–99 Eredivisie 1st Champions League 1998–99 semi-final

1997–98 Eredivisie 4th UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1997–98 quarter final

1996–97 Eredivisie 2nd Champions League (Q2) 1996–97 quarter final

1995–96 Eredivisie 3rd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1995–96 semi-final

1994–95 Eredivisie 4th Cup Winners' Cup 1994–95 winners

1993–94 Eredivisie 2nd Cup Winners' Cup 1993–94 winners

1992–93 Eredivisie 1st Champions League 1992–93 semi-final

1991–92 Eredivisie 3rd Cup Winners' Cup 1991–92 winners

1990–91 Eredivisie 8th Cup Winners' Cup 1990–91 winners

1989–90 Eredivisie 11th – 1989–90 round of 16

1988–89 Eredivisie 4th UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1988–89 round of 16

1987–88 Eredivisie 6th – 1987–88 quarter final

1986–87 Eredivisie 3rd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1986–87 round of 16

1985–86 Eredivisie 3rd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1985–86 round of 16

1984–85 Eredivisie 3rd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1984–85 second round

1983–84 Eredivisie 1st European Cup 1983–84 winners

1982–83 Eredivisie 2nd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1982–83 round of 16

1981–82 Eredivisie 6th – 1981–82 round of 16

1980–81 Eredivisie 4th UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1980–81 round of 16

1979–80 Eredivisie 4th Cup Winners' Cup 1979–80 winners

1978–79 Eredivisie 2nd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1978–79 second round

1977–78 Eredivisie 10th – 1977–78 round of 16

1976–77 Eredivisie 4th – 1976–77 round of 16

1975–76 Eredivisie 2nd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1975–76 quarter final

1974–75 Eredivisie 2nd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1974–75 round of 16

1973–74 Eredivisie 1st European Cup 1973–74 quarter final

1972–73 Eredivisie 2nd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1972–73 quarter final

1971–72 Eredivisie 2nd UEFA
UEFA
Cup 1971–72 round of 16

1970–71 Eredivisie 1st European Cup 1970–71 quarter final

1969–70 Eredivisie 2nd European Cup 1969–70 second round[citation needed]

1968–69 Eredivisie 1st European Cup 1968–69 winners

1967–68 Eredivisie 2nd Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1967–68 group stage[citation needed]

1966–67 Eredivisie 2nd – 1966–67 first round[citation needed]

1965–66 Eredivisie 2nd – 1965–66 round of 16[citation needed]

1964–65 Eredivisie 1st European Cup 1964–65 winners

1963–64 Eredivisie 4th – 1963–64 quarter final[citation needed]

1962–63 Eredivisie 4th – 1962–63 round of 16[citation needed]

1961–62 Eredivisie 1st European Cup 1961–62 ?[citation needed]

1960–61 Eredivisie 1st European Cup 1960–61 ?[citation needed]

1959–60 Eredivisie 2nd (losing championship match) – not held not held

1958–59 Eredivisie 5th – 1958–59 ?[citation needed]

1957–58 Eredivisie 11th – 1957–58 ?[citation needed]

1956–57 Eredivisie 6th – 1956–57 ?[citation needed]

UEFA
UEFA
Current ranking[edit]

As of 26/05/2017[158]

Rank Country Team Points

65

Feyenoord 23212

Feyenoord
Feyenoord
managers[edit] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
have had managers from all over Europe. In the early years, the club mainly had English managers, as football was already professional there. Feyenoord's first Dutch manager was Engel Geneugelijk (ad interim), while Richard Dombi is seen as the first successful coach. He led the team in three different periods. During the club's weakest period, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
was managed by two managers at once, the Dutchman Pim Verbeek
Pim Verbeek
and the Swede Gunder Bengtsson. Bengtsson was the last foreign manager to lead Feyenoord. Feyenoord's international trophies were won by Ernst Happel, Wiel Coerver
Wiel Coerver
and Bert van Marwijk.[159]

Season(s) Manager

1921–22 Bill Julian

1924–25 Harry Waites

1925–26 Engel Geneugelijk (a.i.)

1926–29 Jack Hall

1929–30 Joseph Lamb

1930–31 Jaap Kruys (a.i.)

1931–35 Eddy Donaghy

1935–39 Richard Dombi

1939–40 Jack Hall

1940 Karel Kaufman
Karel Kaufman
(a.i.)

1940–41 Theo Huizenaar

1941–42 Kees van Dijke

1942–46 Kees Pijl

1946–50 Adriaan Koonings

1950–51 Harry Topping

1951–56 Richard Dombi

1956 Piet de Wolf (a.i.)

1956–58 Jaap van der Leck

1958–59 Piet de Wolf (a.i.)

1959–61 George Sobotka

1961–63 Franz Fuchs

1963–64 Norberto Höfling

1964–67 Willy Kment

1967–69 Ben Peeters

1969–73 Ernst Happel

1973 Ad Zonderland (a.i.)

1973–75 Wiel Coerver

1975–76 Antoni Brzezanczyk

1976 Ad Zonderland (a.i.)

1976–78 Vujadin Boškov

1978–82 Vaclav Jezek

Season(s) Manager

1982 Clemens Westerhof
Clemens Westerhof
(a.i.)

1982–83 Hans Kraay

1983 Ab Fafié
Ab Fafié
(a.i.)

1983–84 Thijs Libregts

1984–86 Ab Fafié

1986–88 Rinus Israël

1988–89 Rob Jacobs

1989 Pim Verbeek

1989–91 Gunder Bengtsson

1991 Wim Jansen
Wim Jansen
(a.i.)

1991–92 Hans Dorjee

1992 Wim Jansen
Wim Jansen
(a.i.)

1992–95 Willem van Hanegem

1995 Geert Meijer
Geert Meijer
(a.i.)

1995–97 Arie Haan

1997 Geert Meijer
Geert Meijer
(a.i.)

1997 John Metgod
John Metgod
(a.i.)

1997-00 Leo Beenhakker

2000 Henk van Stee
Henk van Stee
(a.i.)

2000–04 Bert van Marwijk

2004–05 Ruud Gullit

2005–07 Erwin Koeman

2007 Leo Beenhakker
Leo Beenhakker
(a.i.)

2007–08 Bert van Marwijk

2008–09 Gertjan Verbeek

2009 Leon Vlemmings
Leon Vlemmings
(a.i.)

2009–11 Mario Been

2011 Leon Vlemmings
Leon Vlemmings
(a.i.)

2011–14 Ronald Koeman

2014–15 Fred Rutten

2015– Giovanni van Bronckhorst

Feyenoord
Feyenoord
chairmen[edit] Although Feyenoord's managers have come from all over Europe, the club's chairmen have been mostly Dutch, with Amandus Lundqvist from Sweden
Sweden
as the only exception. With 28 years, Cor Kieboom was the longest-reigning chairman in club history.[160]

Season(s) Chairmen

1908–11 Gerardus Dirk van Leerdam

1911–18 Leen van Zandvliet

1918–19 Jan van Bennekom

1920–25 Johan Weber

1925–39 Leen van Zandvliet

1939–67 Cor Kieboom

1967–73 Guus Couwenberg

1973–79 Leo van Zandvliet

Season(s) Chairmen

1979–82 Guus Couwenberg

1982–89 Gerard Kerkum

1989–90 Carlo de Swart

1990–92 Amandus Lundqvist

1992-06 Jorien van den Herik

2006–07 Gerard Kerkum

2007–15 Dick van Well

2015– Gerard Hoetmer

Media[edit] Since 2000 Feyenoord
Feyenoord
have had its own television programme, shown weekly on SBS6.[161] The show features interviews with players and other team members as well as documentaries about the team.[161] As of the 2006–07 season Feyenoord
Feyenoord
launched its own Feyenoord
Feyenoord
TV project on their website with daily news and reports that tells everything about the club.[162] In 1993 Feyenoord
Feyenoord
introduced their own newspaper, the Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Krant, the only Dutch club to do so.[163] The newspaper is published fortnightly, with a print run of 25,000. Extra editions are published to coincide with European matches.[163] Inside the newspaper news, background information, interviews, reports and columns by Feyenoord
Feyenoord
related figures can be found.[163] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
were one of the latest Dutch teams to open their own official website on 21 May 2001.[164] The site is available in Dutch and English, plus other languages depending upon the nationalities of the club's high-profile players. As of 2007, Japanese and Korean editions are available due to the popularity of Shinji Ono
Shinji Ono
and Song Chong-Gug
Song Chong-Gug
in their home countries.[165] Since 2004 Feyenoord
Feyenoord
have shared a website 2 teams 1 goal with UNICEF as part of Feyenoord's children's welfare project in Ghana. To mark Feyenoord's centenary another site was launched in January 2007 to publicise events related to the occasion.[166] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
also opened official Live.com and YouTube
YouTube
pages in 2006.[161] Feyenoord
Feyenoord
also offer the option to follow the club with news and statistics on cell phones or email.[161] For each and every home match a daily program magazine is created and children who are members of the Kameraadjes also receive a magazine.[161] At the beginning of the season Feyenoord
Feyenoord
produce a new presentation magazine, while at the end of the season a Feyenoord
Feyenoord
yearbook is created.[161] Current squad[edit]

As of 1 February 2018

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.

Position Player

2

DF Bart Nieuwkoop

3

DF Sven van Beek

4

DF Jerry St. Juste

5

DF Ridgeciano Haps

6

DF Jan-Arie van der Heijden

7

FW Jean-Paul Boëtius

8

MF Karim El Ahmadi
Karim El Ahmadi
(Captain)

9

FW Nicolai Jørgensen

10

MF Tonny Vilhena

11

FW Sam Larsson

14

FW Bilal Başaçıkoğlu

17

DF Kevin Diks (on loan from Fiorentina)

19

FW Steven Berghuis

20

MF Renato Tapia

21

MF Sofyan Amrabat

No.

Position Player

22

GK Justin Bijlow

24

DF Mats Knoester

25

GK Brad Jones

28

MF Jens Toornstra

30

GK Ramon ten Hove

32

FW Robin van Persie

33

DF Eric Botteghin

34

FW Dylan Vente

35

DF Tyrell Malacia

36

MF Emil Hansson

37

MF Jordy Wehrmann

39

FW Cheick Touré

41

DF Lutsharel Geertruida

Retired numbers[edit] Main article: Retired numbers in association football

12 Het Legioen
Het Legioen
(reserved for the club supporters)

On loan[edit] Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.

Position Player

GK Kenneth Vermeer
Kenneth Vermeer
(at Club Brugge until 30 June 2018)

DF Faris Hammouti (at Almere City FC
Almere City FC
until 30 June 2018)

DF Miquel Nelom
Miquel Nelom
(at Sparta Rotterdam
Rotterdam
until 30 June 2018)

DF Calvin Verdonk (at NEC until 30 June 2018)

MF Simon Gustafson (at Roda JC until 30 June 2018)

No.

Position Player

MF Gustavo Hamer
Gustavo Hamer
(at Dordrecht until 30 June 2018)

MF Jari Schuurman (at NEC until 30 June 2018)

MF Marko Vejinović (at AZ until 30 June 2018)

FW Mohamed El Hankouri (at Willem II until 30 June 2018)

Youth/reserves squad[edit] Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.

Position Player

22

GK Justin Bijlow

30

GK Ramon ten Hove

24

DF Mats Knoester

35

DF Tyrell Malacia

DF Boyd Reith

No.

Position Player

36

MF Emil Hansson

37

MF Jordy Wehrmann

34

FW Dylan Vente

39

FW Cheick Touré

Personnel[edit] Backroom staff[edit]

Position

Head coach Giovanni van Bronckhorst

Assistant coach Jan Wouters

Assistant coach Jean-Paul van Gastel

Team manager Bas van Noortwijk

Goalkeeping coach Khalid Benlahsen

Physical fitness coach Arno Philips

Recovery coach Marcel Cas

Physio Fred Zwang

Physio Melvin Fleur

Physio René Dannenburg

Club doctor Casper van Eijck

Director of Football Martin van Geel

Academy Director Richard Grootscholten

Head Coach Reserve Team Patrick Lodewijks

Partnerships[edit] See also: SBV Excelsior, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Academy (Varkenoord), and Újpest FC SC Feyenoord[edit] Main article: SC Feyenoord SC Feyenoord
SC Feyenoord
are Feyenoord's amateur and youth side, who have played at Varkenoord, directly behind De Kuip
De Kuip
since 1949.[11] Sportclub Feyenoord's annual youth trials attract a large number of hopefuls, with thousands of boys attempting to impress the coaches.[11] The Feyenoord
Feyenoord
squad typically contains a number of players who joined the club after playing for Sportclub Feyenoord, and several players from Sportclub Feyenoord
Feyenoord
have progressed to have successful careers at international level, including Puck van Heel, Wim Jansen
Wim Jansen
and Giovanni van Bronckhorst.[11] A number of high-profile managers also started their coaching careers at Varkenoord, including Clemens Westerhof
Clemens Westerhof
and Leo Beenhakker.[11] Partnerships with other clubs[edit] As of 2007, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
currently have three formal partnerships, a satellite club arrangement with nearby Excelsior, a partnership with Hungary's Újpest FC
Újpest FC
and the Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Academy in Ghana. The strongest of these partnerships is that with Excelsior, who since 1996 have loaned young Feyenoord
Feyenoord
players on the verge of the first team.[167] The purpose of this is to allow them to experience regular first-team football, aiding their development while simultaneously strengthening Excelsior's squad. The highest profile players to have played at Excelsior as part of this arrangement are Thomas Buffel
Thomas Buffel
and Salomon Kalou, who were both subsequently involved in transfer deals worth several million euros.[168][169] The partnership between Feyenoord
Feyenoord
and Excelsior was scaled back in 2006, though the clubs still work together.[170] Feyenoord's co-operation with Újpest started when Hungarian ex-footballer and former Feyenoord
Feyenoord
player Jószef Kiprich
Jószef Kiprich
joined the Hungarian team as an under-19 coach and started as a scout for Feyenoord.[171] The Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Ghana
Ghana
academy in arose form a visit by Feyenoord chairman Jorien van den Herik to Abidjan
Abidjan
to sign the then unknown Bonaventure Kalou, when Van den Herik contacted with the education institute at Kalou’s club.[167] The academy was built in Fetteh, just outside Accra, after go-ahead for and was given by the Chief of Fetteh in 1998. At the academy, young talented African footballers can work on their football skills. In addition to helping their football potential, the students are provided with formal education which is funded by Feyenoord.[167] The Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Academy currently play their matches in the OneTouch Premier League. The club have also entered into several other partnerships which are now discontinued, most extensively in Brazil
Brazil
with América and J.J.'s football school in Rio de Janeiro. Other clubs who have previously entered partnerships with Feyenoord
Feyenoord
include Parramatta Power, Nagoya Grampus Eight, B.93, Helsingborgs IF, Supersport United, Westerlo, KV Mechelen, Breiðablik UBK, Lyn, UKS SMS Łódź, Omiya Ardija
Omiya Ardija
and Jiangsu Shuntian.[167][172] The club also set ties with Indian Super League
Indian Super League
franchise Delhi Dynamos FC.[173] Sponsorships[edit]

Fortis cars

As of the 1981–82 Eredivisie
Eredivisie
season, the KNVB allowed the teams participating in the league to use sponsor names on their shirts in exchange for money.[174] At the time, Feyenoord's shirts were produced by Adidas
Adidas
and the first main sponsor was the Dutch Yellow Pages, Gouden Gids.[174] In the second half of the 1982–83 season Adidas were replaced by Puma as the shirt supplier.[174] As a result, the Gouden Gids name was enlarged and was more visible on the shirts.[174] Gouden Gids sponsored the team until 1984, when Opel
Opel
became the new sponsor.[174] The deal between Feyenoord
Feyenoord
and Opel
Opel
lasted until 1989, but in 1987 Hummel International
Hummel International
replaced Puma as the shirt manufacturer.[174] In 1989, Hummel produced the shirts sponsored by HCS (nl). In 1990, Adidas
Adidas
began producing Feyenoord's kits, however HCS declared bankruptcy shortly thereafter and could no longer sponsor the club.[174] Stad Rotterdam
Rotterdam
Verzekeringen then began sponsoring Feyenoord
Feyenoord
in what would turn out to be a long-term partnership: it remained Feyenoord's main sponsor until 2004, when it was taken-over by Fortis.[174] On January 2007, the parties' sponsorship contract was extended until 2009, with the option of Fortis continuing its obligations for an additional three seasons.[175] In 2000, Kappa began producing the club's kits (replacing Adidas) until after the 2008–09, when it was replaced by Puma.[174] When Fortis faced near bankruptcy, its assets were divided among several companies. The same insurance branch which previously sponsored Feyenoord
Feyenoord
became ASR. To help with their brand recognition, it decided to continue Fortis' sponsor obligations, but in 2011, it announced it would stop its sponsorship deal in the 2012–13 season. However, due to an economic recession, Feyenoord
Feyenoord
had trouble finding a new shirt sponsor. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
and ASR therefore reached a compromise: ASR would remain sponsor for one more season, giving Feyenoord
Feyenoord
the time it needed to find another sponsor. After negotiations with several corporations, Opel
Opel
became the club's new sponsor, signing a contract until 2018. Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors[edit]

Period Kit Manufacturer Period Kit Sponsor

1981–82 Adidas 1981–84 Gouden Gids

1982–87 Puma 1984–89 Opel

1987–90 Hummel International 1989–91 HCS (nl)

1990–00 Adidas 1991–04 Stad Rotterdam
Rotterdam
Verzekeringen

2000–09 Kappa 2004–09 Fortis

2009–14 Puma 2009–13 ASR Nederland

2013 Diergaarde Blijdorp

2013–14 Opel

2014– Adidas 2014–17 Opel

2017– Qurrent [176]

See also[edit]

Dutch football league teams

References[edit] [177]

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Stadion Feijenoord
als Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Rotterdam
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met een lange ij geschreven werd. Pas in 1974 besloot de voetbalclub een y te gebruiken, de lange ij gaf namelijk problemen met de uitspraak in het buitenland  ^ "Coventric!". RSSSF.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 24 June 2015.  ^ a b Oprichting Wilhelmina, frgoals.nl ^ HFC en Celeritas, frgoals.nl ^ a b c d Tot Feijenoord en de eerste prijzen, frgoals.nl ^ a b c Netherlands
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Cup Finals, rsssf.com ^ Feijenoord werkt aan prijzenkast, frgoals.nl ^ a b c Landstitel in Sparta Stadion, frgoals.nl ^ a b Dutch Championships, rsssf.com ^ a b De nieuwe start, frgoals.nl ^ a b c d e About Mario, Giovanni and dreaming in the shadow of the Kuip, feyenoord.nl ^ a b The rival, feyenoord.nl ^ a b c Landstitels en de dubbel(s), frgoals.nl ^ IFK Göteborg
IFK Göteborg
Feyenoord
Feyenoord
0 – 3 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
IFK Göteborg
IFK Göteborg
8 – 2 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ a b c d e f g h i j Feyenoord
Feyenoord
in Europa Archived 18 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ Intertoto Cup
Intertoto Cup
1961/62, rsssf.com ^ a b c d e Passage to Lisbon
Lisbon
Archived 22 January 2013 at Archive.is, feyenoord.com ^ 10-04-1963 Halve finale EC1 Feyenoord-Benfica 0–0 Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ 08-05-1963 Halve finale return EC1 Benfica- Feyenoord
Feyenoord
3–1 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ De avond waarop Puskas in De Kuip
De Kuip
speelde, feyenoordgeschiedenis.net ^ 1970 European Cup Final Archived 30 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ Toyota Intercontinental Cup, netvasco.com.br ^ Vervolg van succesvolle jaren, frgoals.nl ^ Party in Rotterdam, feyenoord.nl ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
gaat door, frgoals.nl ^ Tottenham Hotspur- Feyenoord
Feyenoord
1974 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ Feyenoord-Tottenham Hotspur 1974 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ England
England
told: more rioting and you're out, guardian.co.uk ^ a b c Splitsing en weer prijzen, frgoals.nl ^ a b Playing for Feyenoord
Feyenoord
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Feyenoord
8–2, footballderbies.com ^ Ajax vs. Feyenoord
Feyenoord
since 1922, rsssf.com ^ KNVB-beker finales, foot.dk ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Final League Standings Archived 3 October 2005 at the Wayback Machine., foot.dk ^ Eredivisie
Eredivisie
1989/90, foot.dk ^ De zwarte bladzij[permanent dead link], uva.nl ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
manager history Archived 4 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine., ronaldzwiers ^ Amstel Cup 1990–1991, ronaldzwiers ^ a b Netherlands
Netherlands
list of Super Cup finals, rsssf.com ^ Amstel Cup 1991–1992, ronzwiers ^ a b 1993 Groningen- Feyenoord
Feyenoord
0–5, qontour.nl ^ Ajax-Feyenoord, Mike Obiku scoort in sudden death, feyenoord.nl ^ The curious world of Ajax, funtrivia.com ^ Borussia Mönchengladbach- Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ Over de Grote Beer, havenarbeiders op de tribune en veertienduizend fans in Düsseldorf, feyenoord.nl ^ Rapid Wien- Feyenoord
Feyenoord
3–0 Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ Champions League 1997/98 Standings and results, zanziball.it ^ a b Laatste woord Jorien van den Herik in Hoger Beroep "FIOD-Affaire"[permanent dead link], feyenoord.nl ^ Feye fraud, precision-football.com ^ Harde maatregelen voorkomen rellen niet. Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., sovs.nl ^ a b Champions League 1999/2000 Standings and results, zanziball.it ^ Champions League 2001/02 Standings and results, zanziball.it ^ a b c d e Van Hooijdonk fires Feyenoord
Feyenoord
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UEFA
Cup 2002 – Feyenoord-PSV Archived 27 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine., voetbalstats.nl ^ PSV in de UEFA
UEFA
Cup, planet.nl ^ UEFA
UEFA
Cup Results/Fixtures 2002 Archived 20 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine., the-English-football-archive.com ^ Low-key plans for Uefa final, bbc.co.uk ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
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UEFA
Cup Finale 2002 Archived 14 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine., cheeseheadz.net ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
cleared of fraud, soccerway.com ^ Eredivisie
Eredivisie
2005/06, foot.dk ^ Feyenoord's play-off nightmare came true at ArenA: 3–0 Archived 25 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine., ajax-usa.com ^ Feyenoord
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sink as Nancy roar, uefa.com ^ Court upholds Spurs' Uefa Cup bye, BBC ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
100 jaar, feyenoordleven.nl ^ Borussia, Spurs en Celtic naar Kuip, ad.nl ^ Beenhakker stapt op, AD.nl ^ van Geel nieuwe technisch directeur Archived 6 September 2012 at Archive.is, nieuwslog.nl ^ Feyenoorders die hebben gestemd Archived 25 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine., feyenoordreport.nl ^ Vertrekt Been wereldnieuws, NOS.nl ^ Koemand nieuwe trainer Feyenoord, nu.nl ^ "Cookies op VI.nl". www.vi.nl.  ^ 16/12/11 07:37 (16 December 2011). " Feyenoord
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neemt Mitchell te Vrede
Mitchell te Vrede
over van Excelsior". Feyenoord.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ " Feyenoord
Feyenoord
versterkt zich met Harmeet Singh". Feyenoord.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ " Lex Immers
Lex Immers
wordt Feyenoorder". Feyenoord.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ " Omar Elabdellaoui
Omar Elabdellaoui
meldt zich op 21 juli bij Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Feyenoord nieuws". FR12.nl. 3 July 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "Villa clinch El Ahmadi deal Latest Football Transfer News". Sky Sports. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ Dutch defender to consider English deal (16 July 2012). "Villa in Vlaar talks Latest Football Transfer News". Sky Sports. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ a b "Transfer Vlaar naar Aston Villa lijkt af te ketsen nu.nl/sport Het laatste nieuws het eerst op". Nu.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "Vlaar – Villa move off for now Football News". Sky Sports. 22 July 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ 22/07/12 15:23 (22 July 2012). "Vlaar: Ik wil niet meer aan het lijntje worden gehouden – Home" (in Dutch). Volkskrant.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "vlaar alsnog naar aston villa nusport.nl/eredivisie Voor het laatste nieuws van elke sport". Nusport.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ 30/07/12 09:05 (30 July 2012). "Trotse De Vrij nieuwe captain van Feyenoord
Feyenoord
– Home – AD" (in Dutch). Ad.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ " Feyenoord
Feyenoord
redt het niet tegen Kiev – NOS Sport". Nos.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "Voetbal International – Medisch goedgekeurde Mathijsen tekent bij Feyenoord". Vi.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "Voetbal – Voorronde EL: geen Europees voetbal voor Feyenoord". Sportdome.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "Koeman: 'Graziano Pelle is net wat we nodig hebben'". Voetbal4u.com. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ Tijd (31 August 2012). "' Feyenoord
Feyenoord
en Twente akkoord over ruil Cabral-Verhoek' VoetbalPrimeur" (in Dutch). Voetbalprimeur.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "' Feyenoord
Feyenoord
beleeft slechtste seizoenstart ooit: 'Het is niet dramatisch" (in Dutch). Voetbalzone.nl. 18 August 2013.  ^ "' Feyenoord
Feyenoord
wint ruim van Cambuur en eindigt tweede'" (in Dutch). V-bal.nl. 27 April 2014.  ^ "' Feyenoord
Feyenoord
verliest ook thuis van Krasnodar'" (in Dutch). Elfvoetbal.nl. 29 August 2013.  ^ "'Rutten volgt Koeman op bij Feyenoord'" (in Dutch). nu.nl. 3 March 2014.  ^ "' Feyenoord
Feyenoord
transfers 2014/2015'" (in Dutch). voetbal.com.  ^ "' Feyenoord
Feyenoord
verliest ook in Istanbul'" (in Dutch). rijnmond.nl. 6 August 2014.  ^ "' Feyenoord
Feyenoord
worstelt zich naar groepsfase Europa League'" (in Dutch). rijnmond.nl. 28 August 2014.  ^ hoogtepunten per jaartal, feyenoordtime.nl ^ "Sparta suffer relegation". Mirror Football. 16 May 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.  ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
revive glory days, bbc.co.uk ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Stadion Feijenoord
Stadion Feijenoord
– historie Archived 16 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine., vasf.nl ^ Stadiums European Cup finals, stadiumguide.com ^ " Feyenoord
Feyenoord
behoudt zijn identiteit, Volkskrant ^ " Feyenoord
Feyenoord
To Build Europe’s Biggest Stadium", Goal.com ^ "Home – RedDeKuip". www.reddekuip.nl.  ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Archived 2 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine., ajax-usa.com ^ Jaap Valkhoff, de deinende boeien, muziekweb.nl ^ Tante Leen, hand in hand, popinstituut.nl ^ Soccer chants, wanadoo.nl ^ Hermes House Band, discogs.com ^ Lee Towers
Lee Towers
– Mijn Feyenoord, peterkoelewijn.nl ^ Cock van der Palm – Feyenoord, wat gaan we doen vandaag?, muziek.bibliotheek.nl ^ Tom Manders (Dorus) als Rotterdammer, rotterdammers.nl ^ Put your hands up for Pi-Air, feyenoordaubry.tripod.com ^ "Benny Boy catalogus, muziekweb.nl".  ^ Dirk Kuyt
Dirk Kuyt
will be a sensation at Liverpool, liverpoolfc.tv ^ Rotterdammed Archived 23 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine., rainbowhearts.co.uk ^ The club history Archived 24 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine., feyenoord.com ^ Eerste training, feyenoord.nl ^ Twintigduizend supporters zien start Feyenoord., feyenoord.nl ^ Passage to Lisbon
Lisbon
Archived 25 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine., feyenoord.com ^ a b Toeschouwers gemiddelden Archived 10 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine., feyenoord.netwerk.to ^ history of the legion Archived 13 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., feyenoord.nl ^ Feyenoord, Het Legioen. ^ "Seedorf impressed by the letion and its team". Feyenoord.com.  ^ " Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Fanshops". Feyenoord.com. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012.  ^ a b c De Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Supportersvereniging Archived 20 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine., feyenoord.nl ^ Kameraadjes, feyenoord.nl ^ a b c TIFO Team Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Rotterdam
Rotterdam
Archived 9 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine., tifonet.nl ^ The best of TIFO 2000/01 TIFO Northstand Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Archived 7 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine., tifo.it ^ a b c d e Jeugdproject, feyenoord.nl ^ a b Open Dag 2005, ego2.nl ^ a b c Open Dag Feyenoord, ad.nl ^ Minuut stilte voor overleden oud-Feyenoorders en supporters Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., fr-fanatic ^ Verslag Open Dag Feyenoord, v-bal.nl ^ Massale drukte Open dag, cybercomm.nl ^ Ik word Feyenoorder als Beenhakker mij serieus neemt, ad.nl ^ Het lied van Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., uitgeverijnijghenvanditmar.nl ^ De ongrijpbare Wouter Bos, elsevier.nl ^ Liefde voor de underdog, janmarijnissen.nl ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
ambassadeur Robert Eenhoorn, feyenoord.nl ^ Going Dutch, portobellofilmfestival.com ^ Van der Geest, feyenoord.nl ^ Bro Hymn last.fm ^ Raemon Sluiter
Raemon Sluiter
gelooft in vooruitgang, feyenoord.nl ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
striker force too much for Ajax: 1–2, ajax-usa.com ^ a b c d e "No words, but deeds!" – Introduction to an eternal rivalry Archived 2 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine., ajax-usa.com ^ a b Feyenoord's Acuña hurt after attack by Ajax hooligans, chinadailly.com ^ De derby van Rotterdam: Feyenoord-Sparta, soccernews.nl ^ Rotterdam
Rotterdam
voetbalstad nr. 1, marktplaza.nl ^ a b Gratis naar binnen op Zuid, itwm.nl ^ Feitjes en weetjes over Feyenoord, sportgeschiedenis.nl ^ http://www.uefa.com/uefaeuropaleague/season=2017/clubs/club=52749/index.html ^ "Uefa current ranking". uefa.com. Retrieved 25 September 2017.  ^ Alle trainers van 1908 tot en met 2006, fr4ever.nl ^ "Feyenoord.nl". Feyenoord.nl. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ a b c d e f Feyenoord
Feyenoord
media, feyenoord.nl ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
TV, feyenoord.nl ^ a b c Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Krant, feyenoord.nl ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
website in bedrijf, feyenoord.nl ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
lanceert in juni Koreaanse website, feyenoord.nl ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
100 jaar, feyenoord.nl ^ a b c d Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Worldwide Archived 23 January 2013 at Archive.is, feyenoord.nl ^ Profile for Salomon Kalou, cfcnet.co.uk ^ Thomas Buffel
Thomas Buffel
player profile, 4thegame.com ^ Feyenoord
Feyenoord
laat Excelsior niet zitten, erfc.nl ^ Joszef Kiprich wordt scout voor Feyenoord, rijnmond.nl ^ 19 July 2006: Feyenoord
Feyenoord
klaar met satellietclubs, feyenoord-internet.nl ^ "Manchanda: Our dream is to take India to the World Cup". Goal. Retrieved 17 July 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h i Shirtsponsors vanaf 1982, fr4ever.nl ^ "Samenwerking met Fortis verlengd". Feyenoord.nl. 18 January 2007. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "Knalgroene energie". qurrent.nl. Retrieved 25 September 2017.  ^ " Feyenoord
Feyenoord
nieuws". feyenoordismylife.nl. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Feyenoord.

Official sites

Official website (in Dutch) Official website (in English) Official Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Academy website

Other sites

Official website of Feyenoord's TIFO Team (in Dutch) Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Poland
Poland
website (in Polish)

v t e

Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Rotterdam

Players History Academy & Reserves Current season List of seasons All articles

Stadia

Afrikaanderplein (1908–1917) Kromme Zandweg (1917–1937) De Kuip
De Kuip
(1937–present)

Training ground

Varkenoord

Academy

Feyenoord
Feyenoord
Academy

Tournaments

Feyenoord Tournament (1978–1991)

Rivalries

De Klassieker Rotterdam
Rotterdam
derby

Supporters

Het Legioen S.C.F

Culture

Battle of Beverwijk Big Three Olli

Media

Roffa

Affiliates

Excelsior West African Football Academy

Seasons

1993–94 1994–95 1995–96 1996–97 1997–98 1998–99 1999–00 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007-08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 2014–15 2015–16 2016–17 2017–18

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Eredivisie

2017–18 clubs

ADO Den Haag Ajax AZ Excelsior Feyenoord Groningen Heerenveen Heracles NAC PEC Zwolle PSV Roda JC Sparta Twente Utrecht Vitesse VVV Willem II

Stadiums

Abe Lenstra Stadion AFAS Stadion Euroborg Galgenwaard GelreDome De Grolsch Veste IJsseldeltastadion Johan Cruijff Arena Het Kasteel De Koel Koning Willem II Stadion De Kuip Kyocera Stadion Parkstad Limburg Stadion Philips Stadion Polman Stadion Rat Verlegh Stadion Woudestein

Former clubs

Alkmaar '54 FC Amsterdam Blauw-Wit Amsterdam Cambuur FC Den Bosch FC Dordrecht DOS DS '79 DWS FC Eindhoven Elinkwijk SC Enschede Fortuna '54 Fortuna Sittard Go Ahead Eagles De Graafschap GVAV Haarlem Helmond Sport MVV N.E.C. NOAD RBC RKC SHS Sittardia SVV Telstar SC Veendam FC Volendam De Volewijckers FC Wageningen XerxesDZB

Competition

Champions Players (foreign) Managers Derbies Eredivisie
Eredivisie
Live

Awards

Footballer of the Year Rinus Michels Award

Associated competitions

League system Eerste Divisie Tweede Divisie (defunct) Topklasse Hoofdklasse KNVB Cup Johan Cruijff Shield Beloften Eredivisie Eredivisie
Eredivisie
for women UEFA
UEFA
Champions League UEFA
UEFA
Europa League

Netherlands
Netherlands
Football League seasons

1888–89 1889–90 1890–91 1891–92 1892–93 1893–94 1894–95 1895–96 1896–97 1897–98 1898–99 1899–00 1900–01 1901–02 1902–03 1903–04 1904–05 1905–06 1906–07 1907–08 1908–09 1909–10 1910–11 1911–12 1912–13 1913–14 1914–15 1915–16 1916–17 1917–18 1918–19 1919–20 1920–21 1921–22 1922–23 1923–24 1924–25 1925–26 1926–27 1927–28 1928–29 1929–30 1930–31 1931–32 1932–33 1933–34 1934–35 1935–36 1936–37 1937–38 1938–39 1939–40 1940–41 1941–42 1942–43 1943–44 1945–46 1946–47 1947–48 1948–49 1949–50 1950–51 1951–52 1952–53 1953–54 1954–55 1955–56

Eredivisie
Eredivisie
seasons

1956–57 1957–58 1958–59 1959–60 1960–61 1961–62 1962–63 1963–64 1964–65 1965–66 1966–67 1967–68 1968–69 1969–70 1970–71 1971–72 1972–73 1973–74 1974–75 1975–76 1976–77 1977–78 1978–79 1979–80 1980–81 1981–82 1982–83 1983–84 1984–85 1985–86 1986–87 1987–88 1988–89 1989–90 1990–91 1991–92 1992–93 1993–94 1994–95 1995–96 1996–97 1997–98 1998–99 1999–00 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 2014–15 2015–16 2016–17 2017–18

v t e

European Cup and UEFA Champions League
UEFA Champions League
winners

European Cup

1950s

1955–56: Real Madrid 1956–57: Real Madrid 1957–58: Real Madrid 1958–59: Real Madrid 1959–60: Real Madrid

1960s

1960–61: Benfica 1961–62: Benfica 1962–63: Milan 1963–64: Internazionale 1964–65: Internazionale 1965–66: Real Madrid 1966–67: Celtic 1967–68: Manchester United 1968–69: Milan 1969–70: Feyenoord

1970s

1970–71: Ajax 1971–72: Ajax 1972–73: Ajax 1973–74: Bayern Munich 1974–75: Bayern Munich 1975–76: Bayern Munich 1976–77: Liverpool 1977–78: Liverpool 1978–79: Nottingham Forest 1979–80: Nottingham Forest

1980s

1980–81: Liverpool 1981–82: Aston Villa 1982–83: Hamburg 1983–84: Liverpool 1984–85: Juventus 1985–86: Steaua București 1986–87: Porto 1987–88: PSV 1988–89: Milan 1989–90: Milan

1990s

1990–91: Red Star Belgrade 1991–92: Barcelona

UEFA
UEFA
Champions League

1990s

1992–93: Marseille 1993–94: Milan 1994–95: Ajax 1995–96: Juventus 1996–97: Borussia Dortmund 1997–98: Real Madrid 1998–99: Manchester United 1999–2000: Real Madrid

2000s

2000–01: Bayern Munich 2001–02: Real Madrid 2002–03: Milan 2003–04: Porto 2004–05: Liverpool 2005–06: Barcelona 2006–07: Milan 2007–08: Manchester United 2008–09: Barcelona 2009–10: Internazionale

2010s

2010–11: Barcelona 2011–12: Chelsea 2012–13: Bayern Munich 2013–14: Real Madrid 2014–15: Barcelona 2015–16: Real Madrid 2016–17: Real Madrid

Finals Winning managers Winning players

v t e

UEFA
UEFA
Cup and UEFA Europa League
UEFA Europa League
winners

UEFA
UEFA
Cup

1971–72: Tottenham Hotspur 1972–73: Liverpool 1973–74: Feyenoord 1974–75: Borussia Mönchengladbach 1975–76: Liverpool 1976–77: Juventus 1977–78: PSV 1978–79: Borussia Mönchengladbach 1979–80: Eintracht Frankfurt 1980–81: Ipswich Town 1981–82: IFK Göteborg 1982–83: Anderlecht 1983–84: Tottenham Hotspur 1984–85: Real Madrid 1985–86: Real Madrid 1986–87: IFK Göteborg 1987–88: Bayer Leverkusen 1988–89: Napoli 1989–90: Juventus 1990–91: Internazionale 1991–92: Ajax 1992–93: Juventus 1993–94: Internazionale 1994–95: Parma 1995–96: Bayern Munich 1996–97: Schalke 04 1997–98: Internazionale 1998–99: Parma 1999–2000: Galatasaray 2000–01: Liverpool 2001–02: Feyenoord 2002–03: Porto 2003–04: Valencia 2004–05: CSKA Moscow 2005–06: Sevilla 2006–07: Sevilla 2007–08: Zenit St. Petersburg 2008–09: Shakhtar Donetsk

UEFA
UEFA
Europa League

2009–10: Atlético Madrid 2010–11: Porto 2011–12: Atlético Madrid 2012–13: Chelsea 2013–14: Sevilla 2014–15: Sevilla 2015–16: Sevilla 2016–17: Manchester United

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Intercontinental Cup winners

Two-legged editions

1960: Real Madrid 1961: Peñarol 1962: Santos 1963: Santos 1964: Internazionale 1965: Internazionale 1966: Peñarol 1967: Racing 1968: Estudiantes de La Plata 1969: Milan 1970: Feyenoord 1971: Nacional 1972: Ajax 1973: Independiente 1974: Atlético Madrid 1976: Bayern Munich 1977: Boca Juniors 1979: Olimpia

Single match editions

1980: Nacional 1981: Flamengo 1982: Peñarol 1983: Grêmio 1984: Independiente 1985: Juventus 1986: River Plate 1987: Porto 1988: Nacional 1989: Milan 1990: Milan 1991: Red Star Belgrade 1992: São Paulo 1993: São Paulo 1994: Vélez Sársfield 1995: Ajax 1996: Juventus 1997: Borussia Dortmund 1998: Real Madrid 1999: Manchester United 2000: Boca Juniors 2001: Bayern Munich 2002: Real Madrid 2003: Boca Juniors 2004: Porto

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Netherlands
Netherlands
Football league champions (1889–1956)

   

1888–89   VV Concordia 1889–90   HFC (1/3) 1890–91   HVV (1/10) 1891–92   RAP (1/5) 1892–93   HFC (2/3) 1893–94   RAP (2/5) 1894–95   HFC (3/3) 1895–96   HVV (2/10) 1896–97   RAP (3/5) 1897–98   RAP (4/5) 1898–99   RAP (5/5) 1899–00   HVV (3/10)

1900–01   HVV (4/10) 1901–02   HVV (5/10) 1902–03   HVV (6/10) 1903–04   Craeyenhout (1/3) 1904–05   HVV (7/10) 1905–06   Craeyenhout (2/3) 1906–07   HVV (8/10) 1907–08   Quick 1908–09   Sparta (1/6) 1909–10   HVV (9/10)

1910–11   Sparta (2/6) 1911–12   Sparta (3/6) 1912–13   Sparta (4/6) 1913–14   HVV (10/10) 1914–15   Sparta (5/6) 1915–16   Willem II (1/3) 1916–17   Go Ahead (1/4) 1917–18   Ajax (1/33) 1918–19   Ajax (2/33) 1919–20   Be Quick 1887

1920–21   NAC 1921–22   Go Ahead (2/4) 1922–23   RCH (1/2) 1923–24   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(1/15) 1924–25   Craeyenhout (3/3) 1925–26   SC Enschede 1926–27   Heracles (1/2) 1927–28   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(2/15) 1928–29   PSV (1/22) 1929–30   Go Ahead (3/4)

1930–31   Ajax (3/33) 1931–32   Ajax (4/33) 1932–33   Go Ahead (4/4) 1933–34   Ajax (5/33) 1934–35   PSV (2/22) 1935–36   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(3/15) 1936–37   Ajax (6/33) 1937–38   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(4/15) 1938–39   Ajax (7/33) 1939–40   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(5/15)

1940–41   Heracles (2/2) 1941–42   ADO (1/2) 1942–43   ADO (2/2) 1943–44   De Volewijckers 1944–45   Not Played 1945–46   HFC Haarlem 1946–47   Ajax (8/33) 1947–48   BVV 1948–49   SVV 1949–50   Limburgia

1950–51   PSV (3/22) 1951–52   Willem II (2/3) 1952–53   RCH (2/2) 1953–54   EVV 1954–55   Willem II (3/3) 1955–56   Rapid JC

List of Dutch football champions

v t e

KNVB Cup
KNVB Cup
winners (1899–1960)

   

1898–99   RAP 1899–00   Velocitas 1900–01   HBS Craeyenhout
HBS Craeyenhout
(1/2) 1901–02   HFC Haarlem
HFC Haarlem
(1/2) 1902–03   HVV Den Haag 1903–04   Koninklijke HFC
Koninklijke HFC
(1/3) 1904–05   VOC Rotterdam
Rotterdam
(1/2) 1905–06   Concordia 1906–07   VOC Rotterdam
Rotterdam
(2/2) 1907–08   HBS Crayenhout 2 (2/2) 1908–09   Quick D.Haag 2 (1/4) 1909–10   Quick D.Haag 2 (2/4)

1910–11  Quick D.Haag (3/4) 1911–12   HFC Haarlem
HFC Haarlem
(2/2) 1912–13   Koninklijke HFC
Koninklijke HFC
(2/3) 1913–14   DFC (1/2) 1914–15   Koninklijke HFC
Koninklijke HFC
(3/3) 1915–16  Quick D.Haag (4/4) 1916–17   Ajax (1/18) 1917–18   RHC (1/2) 1918–19   not played 1919–20   CVV

1920–21   Schoten 1921–22   not played 1922–23   not played 1923–24   not played 1924–25   ZFC 1925–26   LONGA 1926–27   VUC Den Haag 1927–28   RHC (2/2) 1928–29   not played 1929–30   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(1/12)

1930–31   not played 1931–32   DFC (2/2) 1932–33   not played 1933–34   Velocitas 1897 1934–35   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(2/12) 1935–36   Roermond 1936–37   EVV 1937–38   VSV 1938–39   FC Wageningen
FC Wageningen
(1/2) 1939–40   not played

1940–41   not played 1941–42   not played 1942–43   Ajax (2/18) 1943–44   Willem II (1/2) 1944–45   not played 1945–46   not played 1946–47   not played 1947–48   FC Wageningen
FC Wageningen
(2/2) 1948–49   Quick 1888 1949–50   PSV (1/9)

1950–51   not played 1951–52   not played 1952–53   not played 1953–54   not played 1954–55   not played 1955–56   not played 1956–57   Fortuna '54 (1/2) 1957–58   Sparta (1/3) 1958–59   VVV 1959–60   not played

v t e

KNVB Cup
KNVB Cup
winners (1961–present)

   

1960–61   Ajax (3/18) 1961–62   Sparta (2/3) 1962–63   Willem II (2/2) 1963–64   Fortuna '54 (2/2) 1964–65   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(3/12) 1965–66   Sparta (3/3) 1966–67   Ajax (4/18) 1967–68   ADO 1968–69   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(4/12) 1969–70   Ajax (5/18)

1970–71   Ajax (6/18) 1971–72   Ajax (7/18) 1972–73   NAC 1973–74   PSV (2/9) 1974–75   FC Den Haag 1975–76   PSV (3/9) 1976–77   FC Twente
FC Twente
(1/3) 1977–78   AZ (1/4) 1978–79   Ajax (8/18) 1979–80   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(5/12)

1980–81   AZ (2/4) 1981–82   AZ (3/4) 1982–83   Ajax (9/18) 1983–84   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(6/12) 1984–85   FC Utrecht
FC Utrecht
(1/3) 1985–86   Ajax (10/18) 1986–87   Ajax (11/18) 1987–88   PSV (4/9) 1988–89   PSV (5/9) 1989–90   PSV (6/9)

1990–91   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(7/12) 1991–92   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(8/12) 1992–93   Ajax (12/18) 1993–94   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(9/12) 1994–95   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(10/12) 1995–96   PSV (7/9) 1996–97   Roda JC (1/2) 1997–98   Ajax (13/18) 1998–99   Ajax (14/18) 1999–00   Roda JC (2/2)

2000–01   FC Twente
FC Twente
(2/3) 2001–02   Ajax (15/18) 2002–03   FC Utrecht
FC Utrecht
(2/3) 2003–04   FC Utrecht
FC Utrecht
(3/3) 2004–05   PSV (8/9) 2005–06   Ajax (16/18) 2006–07   Ajax (17/18) 2007–08   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(11/12) 2008–09   Heerenveen 2009–10   Ajax (18/18)

2010–11   FC Twente
FC Twente
(3/3) 2011–12   PSV (9/9) 2012–13   AZ (4/4) 2013–14   PEC Zwolle 2014–15   FC Groningen 2015–16   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(12/12) 2016–17   Vitesse

v t e

Dutch Supercup / Johan Cruijff Shield winners

1949   SVV 1991   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(1/2) 1992   PSV (1/11) 1993   Ajax (1/8) 1994   Ajax (2/8) 1995   Ajax (3/8) 1996   PSV (2/11) 1997   PSV (3/11) 1998   PSV (4/11) 1999   Feyenoord
Feyenoord
(2/2) 2000   PSV (5/11) 2001   PSV (6/11) 2002   Ajax (4/8) 2003   PSV (7/11) 2004   FC Utrecht 2005   Ajax (5/8) 2006   Ajax (6/8) 2007   Ajax (7/8) 2008   PSV (8/11) 2009   AZ 2010   FC Twente
FC Twente
(1/2) 2011   FC Twente
FC Twente
(2/2) 2012   PSV (9/11) 2013   Ajax (8/8) 2014   PEC Zwolle 2015   PSV (10/11) 2016   PSV (11/11)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 247409195 LCCN: n00107

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