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Bataan
Bataan
(/bɑːtɑːˈɑːn/ Filipino: Lalawigan ng Bataan; Kapampangan: Lalawigan ning Bataan) is a province situated in the Central Luzon
Central Luzon
region of the Philippines. Its capital is the City of Balanga. Occupying the entire Bataan Peninsula
Bataan Peninsula
on Luzon, Bataan
Bataan
is bordered by the provinces of Zambales
Zambales
and Pampanga
Pampanga
to the north. The peninsula faces the South China Sea
South China Sea
to the west and Subic Bay
Subic Bay
to the north-west, and encloses Manila Bay
Manila Bay
to the east. The Battle of Bataan
Battle of Bataan
is famous in history as one of the last stands of American and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanese forces in World War II. The Bataan Death March
Bataan Death March
was named after the province, where the infamous march started.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Classical Period 1.2 Colonial Period 1.3 World War II

2 Geography

2.1 Administrative divisions

3 Demographics

3.1 Ethnicity 3.2 Religion

4 Education

4.1 Schools, colleges and universities

5 Tourist attractions

5.1 Historical places

5.1.1 Churches 5.1.2 Other places of interest

5.2 Natural places of interest

6 Infrastructure

6.1 Power

6.1.1 Generation 6.1.2 Distribution

6.2 Sea ports / terminals 6.3 Airport 6.4 Highways / expressways / national roads

7 Notable people from Bataan 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Classical Period[edit] The first inhabitants of the Bataan
Bataan
peninsula are the Ayta Magbeken people, who are one of the first Negrito
Negrito
ancestors of present-day Filipinos. Later on, Tagalog communities from southern Luzon
Luzon
migrated to parts of Bataan
Bataan
and the Ayta Magbeken migrated towards the mountain areas of Bataan
Bataan
by the end of the 16th century. Colonial Period[edit] In 1647, Dutch naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from Spain. The Dutch massacred the people of Abucay
Abucay
in Bataan. Historian Cornelio Bascara documents that the province of Bataan
Bataan
was established on January 11, 1757 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to Pampanga
Pampanga
and the corregimiento of Mariveles which, at the time, included Maragondon, Cavite
Maragondon, Cavite
across the Manila
Manila
Bay.[3][4] World War II[edit] Main article: Battle of Bataan Bataan
Bataan
featured prominently during World War II. Prior to the 1941 Japanese invasion, the US Army stored nearly 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800 m3) of gasoline there.

March 1942: burning houses after a Japanese bombing raid in Bataan

Shortly after the Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined US and Filipino forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
moved his troops to the Bataan Peninsula
Bataan Peninsula
in an attempt to hold out until a relief force could be sent from the US. Japanese forces started a siege of the peninsula on January 7, 1942, and launched an all-out assault on April 3, a few months after the Battle of the Points. The majority of the American and Filipino forces surrendered on April 9 and were forced to march more than a 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Bataan
Bataan
to Capas, Tarlac, which became known as the Bataan
Bataan
Death March. Further information: Bataan
Bataan
Death March Geography[edit]

Bataan
Bataan
as seen from Manila
Manila
Bay

The province has an area of 1,372.98 square kilometres (530.11 sq mi),[5] and covers the entire Bataan
Bataan
Peninsula, a rocky extension of the Zambales
Zambales
Mountains jutting out into the South China Sea, enclosing the Manila
Manila
Bay. At the northern portion of the peninsula is Mount Natib
Mount Natib
(elevation 1,253 metres (4,111 ft)) and its surrounding mountains, separated from Mount Samat
Mount Samat
and the Mariveles Mountains in the south by a pass.[4] A narrow coastline plain characterizes the eastern portion of the province, while the western coast features many ridges, cliffs and headlands.[4]

Administrative divisions[edit] Bataan
Bataan
is politically subdivided into 11 municipalities and one component city.

 †  Provincial capital and component city      Municipality

City or municipality District[5] Population ±% p.a. Area[5] Density Brgy. Coordinates[A]

(2015)[2] (2010)[6]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

Abucay 1st 7000520000000000000♠5.2% 39,880 37,719 1.07% 79.72 30.78 500 1,300 9 14°43′17″N 120°32′05″E / 14.7213°N 120.5348°E / 14.7213; 120.5348 (Abucay)

Bagac 2nd 7000350000000000000♠3.5% 26,936 25,568 1.00% 231.20 89.27 120 310 14 14°35′48″N 120°23′32″E / 14.5967°N 120.3922°E / 14.5967; 120.3922 (Bagac)

Balanga † 2nd 7001126000000000000♠12.6% 96,061 87,920 1.70% 111.63 43.10 860 2,200 25 14°40′46″N 120°32′27″E / 14.6795°N 120.5409°E / 14.6795; 120.5409 (Balanga)

Dinalupihan 1st 7001140000000000000♠14.0% 106,371 97,275 1.72% 92.52 35.72 1,100 2,800 46 14°51′59″N 120°27′47″E / 14.8663°N 120.4631°E / 14.8663; 120.4631 (Dinalupihan)

Hermosa 1st 7000870000000099999♠8.7% 65,862 56,997 2.79% 157.00 60.62 420 1,100 23 14°49′52″N 120°30′27″E / 14.8312°N 120.5075°E / 14.8312; 120.5075 (Hermosa)

Limay 2nd 7000890000000000000♠8.9% 68,071 57,207 3.37% 103.60 40.00 660 1,700 12 14°33′45″N 120°35′42″E / 14.5625°N 120.5949°E / 14.5625; 120.5949 (Limay)

Mariveles 2nd 7001168000000000000♠16.8% 127,536 112,707 2.38% 153.90 59.42 830 2,100 18 14°26′08″N 120°29′25″E / 14.4356°N 120.4903°E / 14.4356; 120.4903 (Mariveles)

Morong 1st 7000390000000000000♠3.9% 29,901 26,171 2.57% 219.20 84.63 140 360 5 14°40′40″N 120°15′55″E / 14.6779°N 120.2652°E / 14.6779; 120.2652 (Morong)

Orani 1st 7000880000000000000♠8.8% 66,909 61,099 1.74% 64.90 25.06 1,000 2,600 29 14°48′03″N 120°32′12″E / 14.8007°N 120.5367°E / 14.8007; 120.5367 (Orani)

Orion 2nd 7000740000000000000♠7.4% 56,002 51,454 1.63% 65.41 25.25 860 2,200 23 14°37′11″N 120°34′49″E / 14.6198°N 120.5802°E / 14.6198; 120.5802 (Orion)

Pilar 2nd 7000550000000000000♠5.5% 41,823 39,787 0.95% 37.60 14.52 1,100 2,800 19 14°40′01″N 120°33′10″E / 14.6669°N 120.5528°E / 14.6669; 120.5528 (Pilar)

Samal 1st 7000460000000099999♠4.6% 35,298 33,578 0.96% 56.30 21.74 630 1,600 14 14°46′09″N 120°32′32″E / 14.7693°N 120.5421°E / 14.7693; 120.5421 (Samal)

Total 760,650 687,482 1.94% 1,372.98 530.11 550 1,400 237 (see GeoGroup box)

^ Coordinates
Coordinates
mark the city/town center, and are sortable by latitude.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bataan

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 45,166 —    

1918 58,340 +1.72%

1939 85,538 +1.84%

1948 92,901 +0.92%

1960 145,323 +3.80%

1970 216,210 +4.05%

1975 263,269 +4.03%

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1980 323,254 +4.19%

1990 425,803 +2.79%

1995 491,459 +2.72%

2000 557,659 +2.75%

2007 662,153 +2.40%

2010 687,482 +1.38%

2015 760,650 +1.94%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][6][7]

The population of Bataan
Bataan
in the 2015 census was 760,650 people,[2] with a density of 550 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,400 inhabitants per square mile. Ethnicity[edit] The two most prominent ethnic groups in Bataan
Bataan
are the Tagalog and the Ayta Magbeken, though the latter has a much lower population despite being the first inhabitant of the province. Kapampangan migrants are also present at the northeast of the province. Religion[edit] Various religious groups are subscribed to by the people but Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion, comprising 85% of the Bataan population.[citation needed] Aglipayan as well as several Christian faiths are the minority. Education[edit]

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Schools, colleges and universities[edit]

Acuña Welding School Inc. — Hermosa AMA Computer Learning Center — Balanga Antonio G. Llamas Elementary School — Mariveles Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies (APCAS) - Balanga Bataan
Bataan
Aces Foundation- Balanga Bataan
Bataan
Christian School — Pilar Bataan
Bataan
Heroes Memorial College — Balanga Bataan
Bataan
Maritime Institute — Balanga Bataan
Bataan
Montessori School, Inc. — Balanga Bataan
Bataan
National High School (formerly Arellano Memorial (Bataan) High School) — Balanga Bataan Peninsula
Bataan Peninsula
State University — Balanga, Dinalupihan, Orani Bataan
Bataan
School of Fisheries — Orion BEPZ Multinational School (formerly Jose Abad Santos Memorial School) — Mariveles BLC International School (formerly Bataan
Bataan
Learning Center) — Orani Bonifacio Camacho National High School — Abucay Cabcaben Elementary School — Mariveles Colegio de San Juan de Letran
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
— Abucay College of Subic Montessori — Dinalupihan DSOB — Blessed Regina Protmann Catholic School — Mariveles DSOB — Holy Rosary Parochial Institute — Orani DSOB — St. Catherine of Siena Academy — Samal DSOB — St. James Catholic School of Morong — Morong DSOB — St. John Academy — Dinalupihan DSOB — St. Michael the Archangel Academy — Orion DSOB — St. Nicholas Catholic School — Mariveles DSOB — St. Peter of Verona Academy — Hermosa DSOB — Colegio Santa Catarina de Alexandria — Bagac Eastwoods College of Science and Technology — Dinalupihan EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology) - Balanga Jose Rizal
Rizal
Institute — Orion and Orani Limay National High School — Limay Limay Polytechnic College — Limay Llamas Memorial Institute — Mariveles Manuel L. Quezon
Quezon
University — Balanga (under construction) Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific — Mariveles Mariveles National High School — Cabcaben — Mariveles Mariveles National High School — Poblacion
Poblacion
— Mariveles Microcity College of Business and Technology (Formerly: Microcity Computer College Foundation, Inc.) - Balanga Mountain View Village School — Mariveles Northridge Montessori School — Pilar Orion National High School — Orion The Peninsula School, Incorporated — Limay Philippine Women's University
Philippine Women's University
— CDCEC Bataan Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Philippines
— Mariveles St. Joseph College's of Balanga - Balanga Saint Michael the Archangel Academy — Orion St. Nicholas Catechetical Center — Mariveles Softnet Information Technology Center — Mariveles TESDA Provincial and Regional Training Center — Orion and Mariveles Thy Word International Bible College Extension — Mariveles Tomas del Rosario College — Balanga TWI, Bethel Bible College Extension — Balanga University of Nueva Caceres — Dinalupihan Wellcare Institute of Science & Technology — Pilar Lamao Elementary School — Lamao Lamao National Highschool — Lamao St. Francis Catholic School — Orion St. Catherine of Sienna Academy - Samal

Tourist attractions[edit]

This section is written like a travel guide rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. If a travel guide is intended, use of Wikivoyage
Wikivoyage
is strongly suggested. (May 2016)

Historical places[edit]

Bataan Death March
Bataan Death March
Marker (Orani) Bataan
Bataan
First Line of Defense (Layac, Dinalupihan) Filipino-Japanese Friendship Tower (Bagac) Limbagang Pinpin (Abucay) Mount Samat
Mount Samat
— Shrine of Valor (Pilar) World War II
World War II
Museum (Balanga) Zero Kilometer Death March Marker (Mariveles and Bagac) The Flaming Sword (Pilar)

Churches[edit]

Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church — Morong Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church — Pilar Nuestra Señora, Virgen Milagrosa del Rosario Church — Orani, declared as a diocesan-shrine by the Diocese of Balanga. It is home to the miraculous image of the Our Lady of Orani
Our Lady of Orani
which was canonically crowned 18 April 1959. San Francisco de Asis Church — Limay Diocesan Shrine and Cathedral-Parish of Saint Joseph — Balanga City, was declared as a diocesan-shrine and is the seat of the Diocese of Balanga San Juan Bautista Church — Dinalupihan San Miguel Arcangel Church — Orion San Nicolas de Tolentino Church — Mariveles San Pedro Martir de Verona Church — Hermosa Santa Catalina de Alexandria Church — Bagac Santa Catalina de Siena Church — Samal Santo Domingo de Guzman Church — Abucay, the oldest church in Bataan

Other places of interest[edit]

Bataan
Bataan
Tourism Center — Balanga Las Casas Filipinas de Acuzar
Las Casas Filipinas de Acuzar
— Bagac Philippine Refugee Processing Center
Philippine Refugee Processing Center
— Morong Ocean Adventure — Mabayo, Morong (SBFZ) Zoobic Safari — Mabayo, Morong (SBFZ) Major General Edward P. King (Grave) — Lamao Sinagtala Farm Resort & Adventure Park — Orani Vista Tala Resort & Recreational Park — Orani Camaya Coast
Camaya Coast
(Camaya Sands Resorts and Leisure) — Mariveles Montemar Beach Club — Bagac

Natural places of interest[edit]

Ambon-ambon (Lumutan) Falls (Binukawan, Bagac) Anvaya Cove (Morong) Balong Anito (Mariveles) Bataan
Bataan
National Park Camaya Coast
Camaya Coast
(Mariveles) Claubel Beach Resort (Mariveles) Dunsulan Falls - Pilar Emerald Resort (Mariveles) Mariveles Five Fingers (Mariveles) Mount Mariveles Mount Natib
Mount Natib
(Orani) Panoypoy Cove (Mariveles) Pasukulan Falls (Abucay) Playa La Caleta (Morong) Roosevelt Protected Landscape San Miguel Mountain Peak (Mariveles) Sibul Spring (Abucay) Sinagtala & Vista Tala (Orani) Talain Cove (Mariveles) Tarak Ridge (Mariveles) Tortugas Bay Park (Balanga)

Infrastructure[edit] Power[edit] Generation[edit] Bataan
Bataan
is a location of bulk power generation, whose most of the power produced are sent to the Luzon
Luzon
Grid. Most power plants in Bataan
Bataan
rely on fossil fuels, like oil and coal, but renewable energy sources, primarily solar power, forms part of the generation. The total output of existing power plants equals to 2068.1 MW, and new power plants to start operation will increase the output to 4224.1 MW. Fossil fuel-fired plants form most of the bulk power generation from Bataan, with a total capacity of 2020 MW, and mostly concentrated in Limay and Mariveles. Existing power plants include the GN Power Mariveles Coal Power Plant, with 660 (2x330) MW, SMC Limay Greenfield Power Plant (4x150 MW), Petron Cogeneration Power Plant (4x35 MW), and Panasia Bataan
Bataan
Combined Cycle Power Plant (620 MW). Two plants under construction, the Dinginin Power Station (1,336 MW) and SMC Mariveles Coal Power Plant (4x150) will increase the capacity by 1936 MW. Renewable energy, primarily solar power, forms a small portion of power generation in Bataan, with a total capacity of 48.1 MW, and are concentrated on the northern part of the province. Existing renewable energy power plants include the Bataan
Bataan
2020 Cogen Power Plant (12.5 MW), YH Green Energy Solar Power Plant (12.6 MW), Citicore Solar Power Plant (18 MW), and Morong Solar Power Plant (5 MW). Three renewable energy power plants, namely the Solana Solar Alpha Inc. (20 MW), Bataan
Bataan
Solar Power Project (150 MW), and Santa Rita Wind Power Project (50 MW), are awarded to increase the capacity by 220 MW. The Bataan Nuclear Power Plant
Bataan Nuclear Power Plant
in Morong, with 600 MW capacity, is supposed to be the first nuclear power plant in the Philippines
Philippines
and is built during the Marcos era. It was supposed to commence operation in 1986, but abandoned amidst critical opposition to the Marcos regime and concerns on nuclear power. Distribution[edit] Power distribution in the province are served by the Peninsula Electric Cooperative (PENELCO), but some large customers have their power supply sourced from the transmission grid, operated by National Grid Corporation of the Philippines
Philippines
(NGCP), whose network of 69,000 volt lines supply substations owned by PENELCO. On Freeport Area of Bataan
Bataan
(FAB) and barangays Malaya and Maligaya, they are served by the National Transmission Corporation
National Transmission Corporation
(TransCo) - FAB branch through its distribution facilities within the freeport. Sea ports / terminals[edit]

Mariveles Grain Terminal — Mariveles Seasia-Nectar Mariveles Dry Bulk Terminal — Mariveles Port of Lucanin — Mariveles Port of Lamao — Limay Port Capinpin — Orion

Airport[edit]

Subic Bay
Subic Bay
International Airport — Morong

Highways / expressways / national roads[edit] Bataan
Bataan
is served by a network of national highways and one expressway. Roman Superhighway, part of highway N301, and Jose Abad Santos Avenue, or highway N3 and Olongapo- Gapan
Gapan
Road, forms the backbone of the national highway network. Subic–Clark– Tarlac
Tarlac
Expressway, a toll expressway, links the province with Pampanga
Pampanga
and Tarlac. Bataan/Old National Road and Governor
Governor
J.J. Linao National Road forms the secondary network, which connects the smaller municipalities with the main highway network. Notable people from Bataan[edit]

Persida Rueda-Acosta (Mariveles) — Chief Public Attorney, Public Attorney's Office Bradwyn Guinto
Bradwyn Guinto
(Orani) — basketball player Raymond Almazan (Orion) — basketball player Cayetano Arellano
Cayetano Arellano
(Orion) — first Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Republic of the Philippines Francisco Baltazar
Francisco Baltazar
(Orion) — one of the greatest Filipino literary laureates, born in Bigaa (Balagtas), Bulacan
Bulacan
but spent his adult life in Orion, Bataan Luz Banzon (Balanga) — wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay; seventh First Lady of the Philippines David Consunji (Samal) — chairman of publicly listed holding firm, DMCI Holdings, Incorporated Gary David
Gary David
(Dinalupihan) — basketball player and television actor/comedian Romi Garduce
Romi Garduce
(Balanga) — mountain climber who reached the peak of Mount Everest Merceditas Gutierrez (Samal) — ombudsman, first female to head the post Manuel C. Herrera (Pilar) — Ombudsman, justice of the Court of Appeals and chair of the National Unification Commission Rodel Naval
Rodel Naval
(Orion) — Filipino singer, songwriter and actor. Evangeline Pascual (Orani) — actress and First Runner-Up Miss World 1973 Felicito Payumo (Dinalupihan) — Chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority from 1998-2004 Chad Peralta
Chad Peralta
(Limay) — Top 6 scholars of the first sequel ABS-CBN Pinoy Dream Academy searched and competed worldwide. Tomas Pinpin
Tomas Pinpin
(Abucay) — printer, writer and publisher; first Filipino printer Kerby Raymundo (Orion) — basketball player Jackie Rice
Jackie Rice
(Dinalupihan) — actress Eric Rodriguez (Orion) — basketball player Geraldine Roman (Orani) — journalist and politician; first transgender woman elected to Congress of the Philippines Tomas del Rosario
Tomas del Rosario
(Orani) — judge, statesman and first governor of the province of Bataan
Bataan
from 1903 to 1905 Mel Tiangco (Pilar) — popular television newscaster and television host; head of GMA Kapuso foundation. Pedro Tuazon (Balanga) — Solicitor General of the Philippines, 1921 Janine Tugonon (Orion) — model, TV host and beauty pageant titleholder- Miss Universe 2012 first runner-up. Manuel Bamba Villar Jr.
Manuel Bamba Villar Jr.
(Orani) — Senator, Republic of the Philippines Joao Constancia — singer, dancer, Pinoy Boyband Superstar winner; BoybandPH member. Oscar V. Cruz
Oscar V. Cruz
- Archbishop Emeritus of Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan Florita Rubiano-Villar (Samal) - Undersecretary, Department of Social Welfare and Development Alfredo Juinio
Alfredo Juinio
(Limay) - Secretary Department of Public Works and Highways

See also[edit]

Bataan
Bataan
Provincial Expressway Petron Corporation
Petron Corporation
(formerly known as Bataan
Bataan
Refining Corporation) Roman Catholic Diocese of Balanga

References[edit]

^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ Cornelio R. Bascara. 2010. A History of Bataan
Bataan
(1587-1900). UST Publishing ^ a b c Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Bataan". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 32. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 4 December 2015.  ^ a b c "Province: Bataan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ " Philippines
Philippines
Census Of Population of all LGUs 1903-2007". archive.org. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Media related to Bataan
Bataan
at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Bataan
Bataan
at OpenStreetMap Bataan
Bataan
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Balanga (capital)

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Abucay Bagac Dinalupihan Hermosa Limay Mariveles Morong Orani Orion Pilar Samal

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Balanga

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