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Acura
Acura
is the luxury vehicle marque of Japanese automaker Honda.[1] The brand was launched in the United States
United States
and Canada
Canada
in March 1986, marketing luxury, performance, and high-performance vehicles. It was introduced to Hong Kong
Hong Kong
in 1991, Mexico
Mexico
in 2004, China in 2006, Russia in 2014 and Kuwait
Kuwait
in 2015, and is also sold in Ukraine.[2] Honda's plan to introduce Acura
Acura
to the Japanese domestic market
Japanese domestic market
(JDM) in 2008 was delayed, due to economic reasons,[3] and later withheld as a result of the 2008 financial crisis.[4] Acura
Acura
holds the distinction of being the first Japanese automotive luxury brand.[5] The creation of Acura
Acura
coincided with the introduction of a JDM Honda
Honda
dealership sales channel, called Honda
Honda
Clio, which sold luxury vehicles, joining previously established Honda
Honda
Verno, followed by Honda
Honda
Primo the following year. In its first few years of existence, Acura
Acura
was among the best-selling luxury marques in the US. Though sales were down in the mid-to-late 1990s, the brand experienced a revival in the early 2000s, due to drastic redesigns and the introductions of new models.[5] In the late 1980s, the success of the company's first flagship vehicle, the Legend, inspired fellow Japanese automakers Toyota
Toyota
and Nissan
Nissan
to launch their own luxury brands, Lexus
Lexus
and Infiniti, respectively. The 1990 launch of the NSX, a mid-engine exotic sports car, offered a reliable and practical alternative to exotic European sports cars, and introduced Honda's VTEC variable valve timing system to the North American market. The 1993 Legend coupé featured Honda's first use of a six-speed manual transmission, mated to a Type II engine. In the late 1990s, Acura
Acura
produced a Type R version of its compact Integra coupé, which featured a reduced curb weight, a stiffer and lower suspension, and a high-output VTEC engine. In the early 2000s, Acura
Acura
introduced new models, including the company's first all-original SUV, the MDX, and two models which replaced the Integra coupé and sedan, the RSX and TSX, respectively. Type-S versions of the RSX, CL, and TL were added to the brand's lineup during that decade. Acura's 2005 RL flagship introduced SH-AWD, a torque-vectoring all-wheel drive system. The 2007 RDX, a crossover SUV, featured the first North American use of a turbocharged Honda engine. In the 2010s, Acura
Acura
debuted more new models, including the ILX, TLX, and RLX, the latter of which introduced Acura's Jewel Eye LED headlights. A second generation NSX was launched in 2015 and features a twin-turbocharged mid-engine, a nine-speed dual-clutch transmission, and Sport Hybrid SH-AWD.

Contents

1 History

1.1 1980s: Introduction of the Acura
Acura
brand 1.2 1990s: NSX, 1.3 2010s: NSX, update 1.4 2000–2003: TL, CL, RSX, MDX 1.5 2004–2006: RL, TSX, RDX 1.6 2007–present: ILX, TLX, RLX, RDX, MDX, ZDX

2 Racing 3 Marketing 4 Timeline 5 Current models

5.1 Product Gallery

6 Discontinued models 7 US sales 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] 1980s: Introduction of the Acura
Acura
brand[edit] The brand was created around the same time as Japanese rivals Nissan and Toyota
Toyota
developed their Infiniti
Infiniti
and Lexus
Lexus
premium brands. The Japanese government imposed voluntary export restraints for the U.S. market, so it was more profitable for Japanese automakers to export more expensive cars to the U.S.

1987 Acura
Acura
Legend

Following a decade of research, Honda
Honda
opened 60 new dealerships in North America by 1986, to support its Acura
Acura
automobile division. Acura was the first Japanese luxury brand, introduced under the slogan, "Acura. Precision Crafted Automobiles."[1] Its initial offering consisted of two models: the executive class Legend and the compact class Integra, available as a five-door and three-door hatchback. The Legend was the result of Project XX, a joint venture Honda
Honda
entered into with the UK's Austin Rover Group. It was mechanically related to the Rover 800
Rover 800
series, while the Integra was an improvement of the Honda
Honda
Quint hatchback.[6] The success of these models, particularly the Legend, led to competing Japanese luxury brand ventures (Toyota's Lexus
Lexus
that began development in 1983 as the F1 project, and Nissan's Infiniti
Infiniti
who began development in 1985 by revising their Japan-only flagship Nissan
Nissan
President; in the late 1990s Mazda
Mazda
planned but never launched its own Amati luxury division). The goal of the Legend was to compete with rivals Toyota Crown and the Nissan
Nissan
Cedric and Gloria, but due to its 1986 introduction worldwide, Toyota, Nissan
Nissan
and other companies like Lincoln took notice of the markets reaction to the Legend and later the Vigor and offered vehicles that addressed the executive size car. Toyota
Toyota
introduced the Lexus
Lexus
ES, Nissan
Nissan
introduced the Infiniti
Infiniti
J30 and Ford utilized the Taurus platform and named their new sedan the Lincoln Continental.

First generation Acura
Acura
Integra

In 1987, Acura's first full year of sales, they sold 109,000 cars with the flagship Legend sedan accounting for 55,000 sales and the rest were of the smaller Integra. By 1990, Acura
Acura
was selling 138,000 vehicles, including 54,000 Legends, compared to Mercedes-Benz's 78,000 cars and 64,000 each for BMW and Lexus.[5] 1990s: NSX,[edit] In 1990, five years after the debut of the Legend and Integra, Acura introduced the NSX, a midship V6 powered, rear-wheel-drive sports car. The NSX, an acronym for "New Sports eXperimental", was billed as the first Japanese car capable of competing with Ferrari
Ferrari
and Porsche. This vehicle served as an "image car" for both the Honda
Honda
and Acura
Acura
brands, heralding the introduction of Honda's VTEC technology. The NSX was the world's first all-aluminum production car, and was also marketed and viewed by some as the "Everyday Supercar" thanks in part to its ease of use, quality and reliability, traits that were unheard of in the supercar segment at the time. With the release of the NSX, Acura introduced the "A-badge", a stylized pair of calipers—a tool used for exacting measurements to imply that Acura
Acura
vehicles are built to precise and demanding standards.

The Honda
Honda
NSX, badged as an Acura
Acura
in certain regions

Despite a strong start in market acceptance for the Acura
Acura
brand, sales suffered in the mid-to-late 1990s. Some critics attributed this decline in part to less inspiring designs, which were re-branded Japanese-spec Hondas, such as the Acura Vigor
Acura Vigor
in 1992. Additionally, during this time Acura
Acura
switched to an alphanumeric nomenclature formula, dropping the Legend, Vigor and Integra titles, following the lead of the NSX sportscar. The 1996 3.5 RL, which replaced the popular Legend, and the Vigor became the 2.5 TL and 3.2 TL, and was regarded by many as the epitome of this problem, namely because the alphanumeric designations were more anonymous than the former Legend, Vigor and Integra titles, which had grown into their own cult followings.[7] The parent company, Honda, was also feeling the results of the decline of the Japanese economy, due to the Japanese asset price bubble
Japanese asset price bubble
that took place during the 1990s and into the 2000s. This period is known in Japan
Japan
as The Lost Decade. During this time, the NSX also lost sales as Acura
Acura
made few changes from its original 1990 trim. A year later, the Integra sedan was withdrawn from the Canadian market, replaced by the market-exclusive Acura
Acura
1.6 EL, a rebadged Honda
Honda
Civic/Domani. The Integra sedan continued to be sold in the United States
United States
until 2001 (in name only, the model it was replaced with, the RSX, was simply a rebadged left-hand-drive version of the JDM DC5 Honda
Honda
Integra). Despite these letdowns, Acura
Acura
gained prominence in the 1990s with a young group of customers: "tuner" enthusiasts. Parent company Honda's reputation with this demographic as a maker of "easy-to-tune" and "rev-happy" engines rubbed off onto Acura, and the Integra became a popular tuner car. 2010s: NSX, update[edit] See Honda
Honda
NSX second generation 2000–2003: TL, CL, RSX, MDX[edit]

The Acura
Acura
3.2 TL

Beginning around the year 2000, Acura
Acura
experienced a rebirth which was catalyzed by the introduction of several redesigned models. The first of these models was the 1999 Acura
Acura
3.2 TL, an upscale sedan. Critics suggested that although 3.2 TL did not outdo its competition in any one area of luxury cars, it offered a well-rounded blend of sportiness and luxury.[8] These characteristics, combined with the TL's competitive price, proved very popular with consumers. Subsequent Acura
Acura
models have followed a similar philosophy of offering lots of standard equipment and very few options.

First generation Acura
Acura
MDX

Another refreshed Acura
Acura
introduced in the early 2000s was the MDX, a popular three-row crossover SUV based on the Honda
Honda
Odyssey minivan. The MDX replaced the slow-selling SLX, which was little more than a rebadged Isuzu Trooper. The MDX was a car-like crossover SUV with limited off-road capability that catered to the demands of the luxury SUV market. It was given top honors by Car and Driver
Car and Driver
in its first comparison test against seven other SUVs.[9] Other cars in Acura's line-up during this time included the 3.2 TL, 3.2 CL, RSX (formerly the Integra hatchback), and the NSX. By the late 2000s, Acura
Acura
had dropped the inclusion of engine displacement numbers in its vehicle designations, retaining a simpler, two- or three-letter designation instead (e.g. 3.5 RL became RL). The 1999-2003 TL have been plagued by transmission and other problems.[10]

In 2001, a new coupe, badged as the RSX was introduced to the Acura line up. It was a replacement for the outgoing Integra. The RSX is a rebadged Honda
Honda
Integra (DC5) from the Japanese market. As a result, the RSX is technically a new generation of the outgoing Integra. Much like the Integra, the RSX was a hit in the tuner market. However, at the end of 2006, the RSX was taken out of the Acura
Acura
line up, subsequently in the Japanese market as well. It is not known why the RSX did not continue to be sold as the Integra in Japan, however, the reason that Acura
Acura
gave for the cancellation of the RSX is that Acura wishes to move up in the luxury brand, thus cannot sell a car that is mostly driven by teenagers. 2004–2006: RL, TSX, RDX[edit] A new TL debuted for the 2004 model year, featuring sharp, Italianate styling and a 270 hp (200 kW) V6[11] measured by the then-current SAE standards. The new TL increased sales dramatically to 70,943 American units in 2005. Also around the same time the Acura TSX
Acura TSX
was introduced. It was essentially a re-badged European and Japanese market Honda
Honda
Accord loaded with features. This model became the only 4-cylinder sedan in Acura's line-up (with the exception of the Canadian market Acura
Acura
CSX, which replaced the EL in 2006).

2005 Acura
Acura
RL

In 2005, a new RL was introduced with a 300 hp (220 kW) V6, improved styling, and Super Handling All-Wheel Drive (SH-AWD), a system capable of sending almost all of the RL's power to just one wheel in a turn. The second-generation RL appeared on Car and Driver's Ten Best list for 2005, and also garnered an CNET.com "Editor's Choice" When the RL was introduced, it did not perceive Acura
Acura
as being on par with its German rivals and expected more value from the Japanese marque. The damage from Honda
Honda
Japan's alleged hubris was done, even though Honda
Honda
Canada
Canada
has since reduced the RL's price.[12] Acura's new models—particularly the TL and TSX—were well received by the motoring press and became Acura's top selling vehicles. The TSX was on Car and Driver's Ten Best list from 2004–2006. In 2006 Acura
Acura
introduced a small SUV which was based on its own unique unibody chassis called the RDX with models becoming available to U.S. consumers in August 2006. It is powered by a turbocharged 240-hp 4-cylinder engine and, like the RL, uses Acura's SH-AWD system. The model is available in two versions: Premium (the standard offering), and Technology Package (an upgraded offering with a GPS navigation system). A completely redesigned MDX became available in the fall of 2006 with a 300 hp (220 kW) V6 engine and Super Handling All-Wheel Drive.

This section reads like a press release or a news article. (August 2012)

2007–present: ILX, TLX, RLX, RDX, MDX, ZDX[edit]

First generation Acura
Acura
TSX

Acura
Acura
re-introduced the TL Type-S for the 2007 model year. 2009 marked the all new TL and TSX models as well as a mid-year model update for the RL; all three made their debuts in the 2008 calendar year. Acura planned on redesigning the RL by 2011 as well as announced the creation of a brand new luxury crossover vehicle called the ZDX, previewed by the concept of the same name. The ZDX was the first Acura
Acura
designed in Acura's design studio located at Torrance in Southern California. The ZDX was designed by Michelle Christensen and based on the Acura MDX
Acura MDX
using that vehicles 3.7 litre V6 engine (300 bhp) and SH-AWD system. A common misconception is that it is based on the Honda
Honda
Crosstour which was based on the Honda Accord rather than the bigger and more complex underpinnings of the MDX. It is also the first Acura
Acura
to be completely built in North America. The production model of the ZDX made its debut in the Orange County Auto Show in Southern California on October 15, 2009. The concept behind the ZDX is that it is a "four door coupe," and the design emphasis of the body of the car is like a "pulled back slingshot." Another prominent design aspect of the ZDX is the wide rear shoulders above the rear wheels. The ZDX went on sale in December 2009.

2012 Acura
Acura
TL

Acura
Acura
initially had plans for the third generation of RL to be a rear wheel drive V8 sedan for its flagship, but shelved the plans in the wake of the 2008 economic downturn.[13] Acura
Acura
announced new TSX wagon in the 2010 New York Auto Show and the car is due to go on sale in Fall of 2010. The wagon version of the TSX is based on the wagon version of the Euro-spec Honda
Honda
Accord which has been in the European market for some time. However, Acura
Acura
did not announce any plans for the third-generation RL. For the 2010 model year the MDX models received some slight exterior changes and increased equipment levels. Mechanically the engine remained unchanged but the transmission was updated from the previous 5-speeds to 6-speeds including steering column mounted shift override paddles. This new transmission was shared with the ZDX. In 2012, Acura
Acura
introduced a new model called the ILX
ILX
which is based heavily on the Honda
Honda
Civic platform. It shares the same 3 power train variants from the Civic: the 2.0L, 2.4L VTEC and a 1.5L Hybrid. It also unveiled the Acura RLX
Acura RLX
Concept, a replacement for the RL sedan, at the New York International Auto Show. The ILX
ILX
went on sale in May 2012 in the United States
United States
as a 2013 model.

Third generation Acura
Acura
MDX

Also in 2012, Acura
Acura
"reinvented" another model, The RDX concept. For the new model, Acura
Acura
dropped the 4 cylinder turbo for a 3.5L V6. When the official 2013 Acura RDX
Acura RDX
was released, it was relatively similar to the concept but had changes in wheels, taillights, and some other cosmetics. A lot of this Acura
Acura
looks like its brother the ILX. The 2013 RDX doesn't have the SH-AWD system instead it has "AWD with intelligent control", similar to the CR-V's AWD system. The RDX is now available with BASE, BASE AWD, TECH., and TECH AWD. In 2013, Acura
Acura
showed a 2014 Concept of the MDX. Shortly after, it was released to the public. The MDX competes with the Lexus
Lexus
RX, Audi Q7, and many others. For the first time, American buyers of the 2014 MDX didn't have to get the SH-AWD model since Acura
Acura
released the FWD model of the MDX. However the Canadians will have SH-AWD with the standard model of the MDX due to weather conditions. This model also gets the Jewel Eye LED lights similar to the RLX. The trim levels are BASE, TECH, TECH AND ENTERTAINMENT, and ADVANCE AND ENTERTAINMENT. All of these can be equipped with SH-AWD. For the 2014 model of the RDX. Acura
Acura
drops color Amber Brownstone which was really popular for Kona Coffee Metallic from the CR-V. The new color is a little darker. Changes for the 2014 ILX
ILX
include the 1.5L engine being dropped and leather now being standard on all trims.

2015 Acura
Acura
TLX

In December 2013, at the Los Angeles Auto Show, Acura
Acura
unveiled a Sport Hybrid SH-AWD version of the flagship RLX sedan. It will be the most powerful and technologically advanced vehicle in Acura's history. This high-end vehicle will come standard with a 310-horsepower 3.5L V6 engine and a pair of electric motors (one for each axle) that generate a combined 377 horsepower through a new 7-speed dual clutch transmission. Acura
Acura
technology firsts on the 2014 RLX Sport Hybrid SH-AWD also include an electronic gear selector that replaces the conventional, center console-mounted shift lever with an efficiently packaged push-button array allowing the driver to easily select the desired mode—Park, Drive and Reverse, as well as Sport and Normal driving modes. The new RLX Sport Hybrid will go on sale in mid-2014. In January 2014, at the Detroit Auto Show, Acura
Acura
unveiled the all-new 2015 TLX sports sedan. This new vehicle will replace the soon to be discontinued TSX and TL sedans. The TLX in the 2.4-liter comes with Acura’s all new eight-speed dual clutch DCT transmission. Meanwhile, the high-end 3.5-liter V6 model will come with the new nine-speed transmission and Super-Handling All Wheel Drive (SH-AWD). The TLX went on sale in the Summer of 2014. In 2015, Acura
Acura
redesigned the ILX
ILX
for the 2016 model year. Now with a 2.4L 8-speed dual clutch transmission (DCT) instead of the 2.0L 5-speed and 2.4L manual. Added is the signature Acura
Acura
Jewel Eye LED headlights, LED taillights, updated wheels, suspension modifications, bumper redesign, and new packages such as AcuraWatch Package (includes adaptive cruise control, collision mitigation, lane keeping assist system, road departure mitigation, and forward collision warning) and A-Spec (sportier appearance). Replacing the color Fathom Blue is Catalina Blue Pearl. Also redesigned is the 2016 RDX. Featured with the same 3.5L 6-speed automatic with some slight adjustments for efficiency and hp/torque boosts. The RDX gets the Acura
Acura
Jewel Eye LED treatment as well. A new suspension is added to "solve" the shock failures of 2013-2015 models. A new Advance Package is being offered with the inclusion of upgraded wheels, parking sensors (front and rear), rain-sensing windshield wipers, auto-dimming side mirrors, remote start, ventilated seats, and foglights. Acura
Acura
is making foglight an option for those lower trims such as Technology Package and Premium. AcuraWatch is also now being offered throughout the line. Racing[edit] Almost since its inception, Acura
Acura
has been involved in American motorsports, specifically in Sports Car Club of America
Sports Car Club of America
(SCCA) and IMSA GT Championship
IMSA GT Championship
series. Starting in 1991, Acura
Acura
reached an agreement with Comptech
Comptech
Racing to use the V6 motor of the all-new Acura NSX
Acura NSX
in Comptech's Camel Lights Spice prototype. Acura
Acura
would go on to take the Lights championship in its initial year, including a class win at the 24 Hours of Daytona. Acura
Acura
and Comptech
Comptech
would take the Lights championships again in 1992 and 1993, as well as another Daytona class win in 1992 and a class win at the 12 Hours of Sebring for 1993.

Comptech's 1992 Spice- Acura
Acura
IMSA GT Championship
IMSA GT Championship
competitor.

However a change in the IMSA rules would lead to the demise of the Camel Lights, and so Acura
Acura
moved to touring car racing, joining Realtime Racing in the SCCA World Challenge with the NSX in 1996, winning the final two races of the season. In 1997, Acura
Acura
added Acura Integras to the lower classes, and were successful in taking the championship in both of these classes. Realtime took the touring championship with the Integra again in 1998, and came within a few points of winning it again in 1999 only to lose it in the final race, then coming back to retake the title in 2000. Although Realtime had abandoned the NSX program in 1998, the NSXs returned to the top class in 2001. Although the NSX squad suffered mechanical woes and were unable to take the title, the Integras of the touring class once again took the teams championship. By 2002, Acura replaced the aged Integra with the new Acura RSX
Acura RSX
in the final races of the season, scoring good finishes in their debut. At the same time, Acura
Acura
finally retired the NSXs from the top GT class. The RSXs would later be joined by new Acura
Acura
TSXs in 2004. Realtime continues to campaign the RSX and TSX in the SCCA Speed World Challenge. Acura
Acura
also currently races RSXs and TSXs in the Grand American Road Racing Association's KONI Challenge Series
KONI Challenge Series
for touring cars.

Highcroft Racing's ARX-01a.

At the Detroit Auto Show
Detroit Auto Show
in 2006, Acura
Acura
announced their plans to enter the American Le Mans Series
American Le Mans Series
with multiple teams of Le Mans prototypes in the LMP2 class starting in 2007 season. The cars would be purchased chassis from existing manufacturers, but use American-built Acura
Acura
V8s (a first for Acura
Acura
and Honda). Acura
Acura
also announced their initiative to take the cars to the 24 Hours of Le Mans
24 Hours of Le Mans
in 2008 and eventually move to the superior LMP1 class with cars built by Acura
Acura
themselves in 2009. Later in 2006, Acura
Acura
announced that the three factory teams would be Andretti Green Racing, Fernández Racing, and Highcroft Racing, and that the chassis would be built by Lola Cars
Lola Cars
of the UK and Courage Compétition
Courage Compétition
of France. The three Acura-powered prototypes debuted at the 2007 12 Hours of Sebring, which was the opening round of the ALMS season, and were successful in their debut. Andretti Green's Acura
Acura
took second place overall and first in the LMP2 class, while Fernández Racing
Fernández Racing
took third overall, and Highcroft sixth, beating a series of established Porsche
Porsche
teams in their class. At the same time, Acura
Acura
began development of their own chassis by heavily modifying their purchased Courage chassis. The cars now have been so radically changed from their original orientation that they are now named Acura
Acura
ARX-01a. Acura
Acura
will introduce evolved B-spec cars in the 2008 season, with Gil de Ferran launching a fourth Acura
Acura
team in the ALMS. In 2009, Acura
Acura
produced its very first LMP1 car, the Acura
Acura
ARX-02a. In 2010, Honda
Honda
rebadged all Acura
Acura
prototypes as Honda
Honda
Performance Development (HPD) cars, and announced that all future prototypes (such as the HPD ARX-03) would be constructed under the HPD name. Acura
Acura
did not participate in motorsports again until 2013, where an Acura ILX
Acura ILX
was unofficially entered in the 25 Hours of Thunderhill by Honda
Honda
engineers. The car would retire from the race due to engine problems. The Acura ILX
Acura ILX
returned to Thunderhill for the 2014 25-hour race. This time the car won its class and finished 8th overall. Marketing[edit]

2016 Acura
Acura
NSX

The Acura
Acura
logo, introduced in 1990 for the 1991 model year, is, according to Honda, a caliper - a design tool used for measuring[14] that can also be interpreted as a skewed "H" (for Honda) or a stylised "A" (for Acura). The logo that was originally authorized without approval by Soichiro Honda
Honda
did not contain the small horizontal bar joining the two vertical pillars—thus, it did not form the letter "H". Soichiro Honda
Honda
ordered the 5,000 badges already produced to be destroyed, including prying off the emblems applied to 309 cars already (US-spec Integra, Legend, and NSX models).[15] Acura's current marketing slogan is "Precision Crafted Performance[16]."[17] Recent models include Technology, Advance, Type-S, and SH-AWD trim levels. Technology and Advance models typically come with the latest hi-tech features such as keyless start and a blind spot information system. Type-S and SH-AWD models are performance-oriented, with a substantial increase in horsepower compared to the lower trim levels. Some models, such as the TL, also combine trim levels (i.e. " SH-AWD with Advance").[18] Acura
Acura
began an association with Marvel Entertainment
Marvel Entertainment
in 2010, upon release of the film Iron Man
Iron Man
2, which featured a ZDX after the ending credits. On April 20, 2011, Acura
Acura
and Marvel announced a promotional campaign, making Acura
Acura
the official brand of Marvel's fictional S.H.I.E.L.D.
S.H.I.E.L.D.
organization.[19] Soon thereafter, several Acura models—such as the MDX, ZDX, RL, and TL—appeared in the films Thor and Captain America: The First Avenger. In the 2012 film, The Avengers, Iron Man
Iron Man
(played by Robert Downey, Jr.) drove an exotic sportscar by Acura, made specifically for the film,[20] rather than the Audi R8 he previously drove. It was rumored that the car spotted during filming was a concept for the second generation NSX,[21][22] however, a different-looking 2012 Acura NSX
Acura NSX
Concept was unveiled at the North American International Auto Show, on January 9, 2012. From 1995 to 2007, Acura
Acura
sponsored two WTA Tour tennis tournaments, both named the Acura
Acura
Classic. In 2012, Acura
Acura
was the presenting sponsor and official vehicle of the Sundance Film Festival.[23] Acura
Acura
also has a 'Mobility Program' that ensures drivers who are disabled are safe in their vehicles. The program offers cash reimbursement towards the cost of adaptive equipment for disabled drivers.[24] Timeline[edit]

1986 Acura
Acura
debuts in North America as the first Japanese luxury marque. 1990 Acura
Acura
dealerships in the US win their fifth consecutive first-place ranking on the Customer Satisfaction Index by J. D. Power and Associates Acura
Acura
announces that it will expand research and development in the US The second-generation Integra is introduced

1992–1994 Acura
Acura
Vigor

1991 The Legend coupe wins Motor Trend's "Import Car of the Year" trophy Honda's VTEC technology is introduced in the NSX Acura
Acura
is introduced in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
by Reliance Motors 1992 The Legend and Integra are joined by the Vigor 1994 The third generation Integra is introduced 1995 Acura SLX
Acura SLX
(re-badged Isuzu Trooper) is introduced 1996 The CL is introduced as a 1997 model The Legend is replaced by the RL and the Vigor is replaced by the TL 1997 The Integra Type R is introduced The NSX receives 20 more horsepower with a larger 3.2 L V6 engine and a new six-speed manual transmission The Civic-based 1.6 EL replaces the Integra sedan in the Canadian lineup, while the Integra sedan continued U.S. sales until 2001

Third generation Acura
Acura
Integra

1999 Acura SLX
Acura SLX
is discontinued 2000 The MDX is introduced as a 2001 model along with a new CL 2001 The MDX wins the Motor Trend
Motor Trend
"2001 Sport/Utility of the Year" award Civic-based 1.7 EL launched, replacing the 1.6 EL, in the Canadian lineup 2002 The Integra is replaced by the RSX, which is a left-hand-drive version of the fourth generation Honda
Honda
Integra The TL Type-S is introduced The NSX receives a cosmetic face-lift, with the retractable headlights being replaced with fixed ones. The suspension is also slightly revised, and an automatic transmission becomes optional 2003 The CL receives a new six-speed manual transmission, before being discontinued later that year 2004 Acura
Acura
is introduced in Mexico
Mexico
by Honda
Honda
de Mexico Third generation Acura TL
Acura TL
is introduced The TSX is introduced and becomes a very competitive choice against popular BMW 3 Series The MDX receives a mid-model change with more horsepower 2005 The NSX is discontinued The RSX receives a mid-model change and more horsepower in the Type-S The new Acura TL
Acura TL
wins "Consumer's Most Wanted Vehicle" at Edmunds.com Acura RL
Acura RL
is introduced with the SH-AWD system Acura
Acura
drops engine size from 1.7 EL model name

The 2009 Acura
Acura
TSX

2006 Acura
Acura
is introduced in China Acura RDX
Acura RDX
is introduced with SH-AWD Acura
Acura
introduces CSX to replace EL, and is only sold in Canada The RSX (as well as the Honda
Honda
Integra) is discontinued The TSX gets mid-model change with 5 more horsepower 2007 Acura MDX
Acura MDX
receives a redesign Acura TL
Acura TL
Type-S is reintroduced, and the CSX Type-S is introduced in Canada 2008 Acura
Acura
leaves the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
market Acura
Acura
introduces the new RL, which receives a mid-model change redesign Acura
Acura
introduces new TSX at the New York Auto Show 2009 model year Acura TSX
Acura TSX
receives a redesign. Acura TL
Acura TL
receives a redesign Acura RL
Acura RL
receives a mid-model change Acura CSX
Acura CSX
receives a mid-model change 2010 model year Acura
Acura
introduces all new ZDX Acura MDX
Acura MDX
receives a mid-model change Acura RDX
Acura RDX
receives a mid-model change Acura TSX
Acura TSX
receives an optional V6 engine from the TL and a minor mid-model change 2011 model year Acura TSX
Acura TSX
Sport Wagon is introduced Acura CSX
Acura CSX
is dropped 2012 model year Acura TL
Acura TL
gets mid-model change Acura TSX
Acura TSX
Special
Special
Edition is introduced 2013 model year Acura ILX
Acura ILX
is introduced Acura RDX
Acura RDX
receives a redesign Acura RLX
Acura RLX
is released to the market. Acura MDX
Acura MDX
is redesigned.

2014 model year

Acura
Acura
is introduced in Russia. Last year for both TSX and TL. Acura ZDX
Acura ZDX
is discontinued. RDX little changes Last year for ILX
ILX
hybrid, leaving Acura
Acura
with the RLX Sports Hybrid (that will be coming soon)

2015 model year

Acura
Acura
is introduced in Kuwait
Kuwait
in April 2015. The 2015 Acura TLX
Acura TLX
is introduced and was expected to go on sale in summer 2014. The TL and TSX are retired, with the TLX taking its place. The ILX
ILX
hybrid is dropped, leaving only the 2.0 and 2.4 engines.

2016 model year

Acura
Acura
leaves Russian market[25] A new generation NSX is introduced. Honda
Honda
Motor Company filed a trademark with the US Patent and Trademark Office to register the ‘CDX’ name, which is rumored to be for a sub-RDX Acura
Acura
vehicle.

Current models[edit]

2000–present MDX (luxury SUV) 2006–present RDX (crossover SUV) 2013–present ILX
ILX
(compact sedan, successor to the Integra[26]) 2013–present RLX (full-size luxury sedan, replaces RL and RSX) 2014–present TLX (mid-size sports sedan, replaces TL and TSX) 2017–present NSX (exotic sports car, successor to 1st-gen NSX) 2017–present CDX (Luxury CUV)

Product Gallery[edit]

Acura
Acura
CDX

Acura
Acura
ILX

Acura
Acura
MDX

Acura
Acura
NSX

Acura
Acura
RDX

Acura
Acura
RLX

Acura
Acura
TLX

Discontinued models[edit]

2009–2013 ZDX (crossover SUV, discontinued for 2014 model year due to low sales and a $50,000 pricetag) 2005–2011 CSX (compact sedan, replacement for the EL; only available in Canada, replaced by the ILX) 2003–2014 TSX (compact sports sedan, sport wagon, replaced by the TLX) 2002–2006 RSX (sports coupe, replaced by the TSX) 1997–2005 EL (compact sedan, replaced Integra sedan; only available in Canada, replaced by the CSX) 1997–1999, 2001–2003 CL (luxury coupe, discontinued after 2003 model year) 1996–2014 TL (mid-size sports sedan, replaced by the TLX) 1996–2012 RL (full-size sedan, discontinued after 2012 model year, replaced by the RLX) 1996–1999 SLX (SUV, re-badged Isuzu Trooper, replaced by the MDX; only available in the United States) 1992–1994 Vigor (mid-sized sedan, replaced by the TL) 1990–2005 NSX (exotic coupe, in production until 2005; revived in 2015)[27] 1985–2001 Integra (sports coupe and sedan, replaced by the RSX and EL) 1985–1995 Legend (luxury sedan and coupe, renamed RL for 1996)

US sales[edit]

Calendar year Total US sales[28]

1986 52,868

1987 109,470

1988 128,238

1989 142,061

1990 138,344

1991 143,708

1992 120,100

1993 108,291

1994 112,137

1995 97,451

1996 107,908

1997 108,143

1998 110,392

1999 118,006

2000 142,681

2001 170,109

2002 165,552

2003 170,915

2004 198,919

2005 209,610

2006 201,223

2007 180,104[29]

2008 144,504[29]

2009 105,723[30]

2010 133,606[30]

2011 123,299[31]

2012 156,216[31]

2013 165,436[32]

2014 167,843

2015 177,165[33]

2016 161,360

2017 154,602[34]

See also[edit]

Japanese Car portal

Honda RPA (Rubin Postaer and Associates) Mullen Advertising Sterling

References[edit]

^ a b " Acura
Acura
revs up the TL for '09". Mysanantonio.com. 2008-09-21. Retrieved 2010-11-20. [permanent dead link] ^ https://www.carfax.com/acura ^ 2007 Mid-Year CEO Speech (Japanese) Establishing A Sales Channel from the Customer Viewpoint, 2. Accelerating our effort in Japan
Japan
to strengthen the core characteristics that make Honda
Honda
unique, Summary of 2007 Mid-Year CEO Speech Archived 2007-09-22 at the Wayback Machine. (English) ホンダ、高級車アキュラの国内発売延期 (Japanese) ^ "December 17, 2008 Summary of 2008 Year-End CEO Speech". Honda Worldwide. 2008-12-17. Archived from the original on October 16, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-26.  ^ a b c "A Short History of Japanese Luxury Cars". Businessweek.com. 2006-05-23. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-19.  ^ " Acura
Acura
History page". Acura.com. Archived from the original on 14 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-20.  ^ Jerry Flint (2003-04-01). "Backseat Driver – Acura". Forbes. Retrieved 2010-11-20.  ^ "Review: 2003 Acura
Acura
3.2 TL Type-S". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2010-11-20.  ^ Road Test: You Can Hang A Star On The Acura MDX
Acura MDX
Archived September 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "1999-2003 Acura
Acura
TL: Reliability - Consumer Guide Automotive". Consumerguideauto.howstuffworks.com. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-26.  ^ " Acura TL
Acura TL
V 6-3.2L (2004)". workshop-manuals.com.  ^ "Driving.ca - Road test: 2009 Acura
Acura
RL". Autos.canada.com. Retrieved 2010-11-20.  ^ Joseph, Noah (2009-11-02). " Acura
Acura
sticks with V6 on large sedans". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-20.  ^ "Gods, Diamonds, and Mystical Beasts: Explore the Fascinating World of Car Company Logos". The Daily Drive Consumer Guide®. 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2017-12-25.  ^ Nunn, Peter (October 1990). " Honda
Honda
emblem inACURAte". Wheels. Sydney: 28. Development of the Acura
Acura
badge you see here — destined for upscale American Hondas such as the NSX and '91 Integra and Legend — caused an enormous amount of aggro for company underlinings. The original design was okayed without Mr Honda's approval, getting as far as full, final production before The Man cast eyes on it. With 5000 examples stamped — 309 of which had already been fitted to US-spec NSXs and the balance on Integras and Legends — Honda
Honda
San firmly suggested the vertical goalposts be joined by a small horizontal bar. The bar, he reasoned, made the design A (for Acura) and an H (for Honda) — and his was the final word. The decision caused a flurry of activity, with badges being pried off and on paintwork with screwdrivers. Every single original badge has been accounted for — and destroyed.  ^ "Luxury Sedans and SUVs Acura.com". www.acura.com. Retrieved 2017-12-25.  ^ Advance. Acura.com. Accessed on October 24, 2011. ^ 2012 TL Pricing Acura.com. Accessed on October 24, 2011. ^ Acura
Acura
and Marvel Entertainment
Marvel Entertainment
Announce Exclusive Co-Promotion Campaign for THOR PR Newswire. Accessed on October 24, 2011. ^ Tony Stark trades his Audi for mystery Acura
Acura
in The Avengers (UPDATED) Autoblog. Accessed on October 24, 2011. ^ Acura
Acura
Sports Car Concept from “Avengers” Flick Previews NSX Successor AutoGuide. Accessed on October 24, 2011. ^ Avengers Movie Acura
Acura
Concept Points The Way Towards New NSX: Report MotorAuthority. Accessed on October 24, 2011. ^ [1] Acura.com. Accessed on May 09, 2012. ^ Taylor, Tom. " Acura
Acura
mobility program". AutoComparison.com. Retrieved 21 September 2012.  ^ " Acura
Acura
withdraws from Russian market". Wroom.ru. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2016.  ^ Acura ILX
Acura ILX
Compact Sedan Headed for 2012 Detroit Auto Show, Based on Civic Platform -- Car & Driver (Received 2011-12-12) ^ McCausland, Evan (2012-01-09). " Acura NSX
Acura NSX
Concept". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2012-04-15.  ^ "2012 Digital FactBook" (PDF). Honda. September 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 June 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.  ^ a b American Honda
Honda
Reports 2008 Annual and December Monthly Sales Archived 2012-07-23 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b " Honda
Honda
Media Newsroom – Headlines – American Honda
Honda
December Sales Up 25.5 Percent". Hondanews.com. Archived from the original on 11 November 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011.  ^ a b "2012 Honda
Honda
SALES & PRODUCTION RESULTS". Archived from the original on 2013-03-06.  ^ " Honda
Honda
Sets All-Time December Sales Record to Earn 2nd Best Annual Sales Total for American Honda; Acura
Acura
Light Trucks Post Best Year in Brand History" (Press release). Hondanews.com. 3 January 2014. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.  ^ http://hondanews.com/releases/american-honda-sets-new-all-time-annual-sales-record ^ http://acuranews.com/acura-automobiles/releases/american-honda-sets-3rd-straight-annual-sales-record-with-best-ever-december

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Acura.

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Acura, a division of Honda, road car timeline, 1986–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Entry-level luxury car Sedan

EL EL CSX

ILX

Integra Integra Integra

TSX TSX

Coupé Integra Integra Integra RSX

Mid-size
Mid-size
luxury car Sedan

Vigor

TL TL TL TL TLX

Coupé Legend Legend

CL

CL

Full-size
Full-size
luxury car Legend Legend RL RL

RLX

Crossover

CDX

RDX RDX

MDX MDX MDX

ZDX

SUV

SLX

Sports car

NSX

NSX

Note Vehicle sold only in Canada.

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Motor Company

Divisions and subsidiaries

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Canada

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Manufacturing

Aircraft Performance Development India

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F1

Taiwan China (65%) UK

Joint ventures and shareholdings

Bangladesh Honda
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Private Limited (70%) Dongfeng Honda
Honda
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Aero Engines (50%) Guangqi Honda
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(50%)

Everus

Mobilityland (100%)

Aircraft

MH01 MH02 HA-420

Honda

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Amaze Brio/Brio Satya City/Grace/Greiz Civic

Civic Si Civic Type R

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Pickup trucks

Acty Ridgeline

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Avancier/UR-V BR-V CR-V Pilot/MR-V Vezel/HR-V/XR-V

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Historic and discontinued

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Concept

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Bikes

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Aero-Engines

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Robots

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People

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Other

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(2)Former meaning the company is no longer in the automotive manufacturing business

Cate

.