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Helsinki
HELSINKI (/hɛlˈsɪŋki/ ; Finnish pronunciation: (_ listen ); Swedish : Helsingfors_; Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )) is the capital and largest city of Finland . It is in the region of Uusimaa , in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland . Helsinki has a population of 629,512, an urban population of 1,231,595, and a metropolitan population of over 1.4 million, making it the most populous municipality and urban area in Finland. Helsinki is located some 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn , Estonia , 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm , Sweden , and 390 km (240 mi) west of Saint Petersburg , Russia . Helsinki has close historical connections with these three cities. The Helsinki metropolitan area includes the urban core of Helsinki, Espoo , Vantaa , Kauniainen , and surrounding commuter towns . It is the world's northernmost metro area of over one million people, and the city is the northernmost capital of an EU member state . The Helsinki metropolitan area is the third largest metropolitan area in the Nordic countries after Stockholm and Copenhagen , and the City of Helsinki being the third largest after Stockholm and Oslo
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Hälsingfors
HäLSINGFORS is a village in Lycksele Municipality , Västerbotten County , Sweden , very near to Lycksele Airport . Coordinates : 64°32′59.96″N 18°41′59.14″E / 64.5499889°N 18.6997611°E / 64.5499889; 18.6997611 REFERENCES * ^ http://www.svenskgeografi.se/laen/vaesterbotten/56532-haelsingfors.html * ^ http://www.geonames.org/2708326/haelsingfors.html This Swedish geography article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hälsingfors additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Hellsinki
_HELLSINKI_ (Finnish : _RööPERI_) is a 2009 Finnish film directed by Aleksi Mäkelä . The film is based on the novel _Rööperi – rikoksen vuodet 1955–2005_ by Harri Nykänen and Tom Sjöberg. _Hellsinki_ follows the journey of two criminals, Tomppa and Krisu, in Punavuori (in slang _Rööperi_), a neighbourhood in Helsinki , from the mid-1960s to the late 1970s. CAST * Samuli Edelmann as Tomppa * Peter Franzén as Krisu * Pihla Viitala as Monika * Kari Hietalahti as Gypsy Kari * Juha Veijonen as Koistinen * Jasper Pääkkönen as Korppu * Kristo Salminen as Arska * Pekka Valkeejärvi as Uki * Hiski Grönstrand as Pera * Tommi Rantamäki as Sale * Santeri Kinnunen as Teukka * Kalle Holmberg as Lindström * Leena Uotila as Tomppa's mother * Pirkko Mannola as Tyyne, Kari's motherREFERENCES * ^ _A_ _B_ " Hellsinki (Rööperi)". _ses.fi_. The Finnish Film Foundation. Retrieved November 3, 2013. * ^ "Facts ">(PDF). _ses.fi_. The Finnish Film Foundation. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2011. Retrieved September 2, 2011. * ^ "Rööperi oli rikosten pesä". _solarfilms.com_ (in Finnish). Solar Films Inc. Retrieved September 2, 2011
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Helsinki Cathedral
HELSINKI CATHEDRAL (Finnish : _Helsingin tuomiokirkko_, Suurkirkko; Swedish : _Helsingfors domkyrka_, Storkyrkan) is the Finnish Evangelical Lutheran cathedral of the Diocese of Helsinki , located in the neighborhood of Kruununhaka in the centre of Helsinki , Finland . The church was originally built from 1830-1852 as a tribute to the Grand Duke of Finland , Tsar Nicholas I of Russia . It was also known as ST NICHOLAS\' CHURCH until the independence of Finland in 1917. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Gallery * 4 In popular culture * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 External links DESCRIPTION View of the cathedral from south west A distinctive landmark in the Helsinki cityscape, with its tall, green dome surrounded by four smaller domes, the building is in the neoclassical style. It was designed by Carl Ludvig Engel as the climax of his Senate Square layout: it is surrounded by other, smaller buildings designed by him. The church's plan is a Greek cross (a square centre and four equilateral arms), symmetrical in each of the four cardinal directions, with each arm's façade featuring a colonnade and pediment . Engel originally intended to place a further row of columns on the western end to mark the main entrance opposite the eastern altar, but this was never built
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Sanoma
SANOMA CORPORATION (Finnish: _SANOMA OYJ _, formerly SANOMAWSOY) is a leading media group in the Nordic countries with operations in over 10 European countries, based in Helsinki . The group is also among the top five European magazine publishers and has a strong position in Finland as well as in Belgium , Croatia , the Czech Republic , Denmark , Estonia , Hungary , Latvia , Lithuania , the Netherlands , Russia , Serbia , Slovakia , and until 2015 in Ukraine . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Profile * 2.1 Divisions * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYSanomaWSOY was formed in 1999 with the merger of Sanoma Corporation, WSOY (_Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö; Werner Söderström Corporation_) and Helsinki Media Company. The group reverted to the name Sanoma Corporation in October 2008. On 5 March 2012, the group announced that it had sold R-kioski , a Finland-based Finnish–Baltic kiosk chain with 1,048 outlets, to Norway's Reitan Group for roughly 1 billion Norwegian krone . The group had been working on the purchase for a decade, but previous negotiations had stranded as Sanoma had demanded a merger where they owned 51 percent
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Kiasma
1990 (1990) ( Museum of Contemporary Art) 1998 (1998) (opening of Kiasma building) LOCATION Helsinki , Finland COORDINATES 60°10′18″N 24°56′13″E / 60.17167°N 24.93694°E / 60.17167; 24.93694 TYPE Art museum COLLECTIONS Contemporary art VISITORS 165,715 (2013) DIRECTOR Pirkko Siitari OWNER Finnish National Gallery WEBSITE www.kiasma.fi/en/KIASMA is a contemporary art museum located on Mannerheimintie in Helsinki , Finland . Its name _kiasma_, Finnish for chiasma , alludes to the basic conceptual idea of its architect, Steven Holl . The museum exhibits the contemporary art collection of the Finnish National Gallery founded in 1990. Its central goal is to make contemporary art better known and strengthen its status. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 The collection * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links HISTORYAn architectural design competition to design a contemporary arts museum in Helsinki was held in 1992. The competition was meant for architects from the Nordic and Baltic countries . Five internationally renowned architects participated among whom there was only one US citizen. In 1993 the work _Chiasma_ by the American architect Steven Holl was selected from the 516 competitors
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Aurinkolahti
AURINKOLAHTI (meaning "Sunny Bay"; Swedish : _Solvik_) is a young and fast-growing sub-neighbourhood of the East Helsinki neighbourhood of Vuosaari , in Helsinki , Finland . Aurinkolahti's original name was Mustalahti ("Black Bay"), but for marketing reasons the decision was made to update it. HISTORYConstruction of residential buildings in Aurinkolahti began in 2000 and is still continuing. The completed neighbourhood will have about 7,000 residents. The neighbourhood was planned by the city of Helsinki as a residential area for high-income people, in order to balance the low-income housing in much of East Helsinki and boost the image of Vuosaari. Much of the housing which has been built there to date is upscale condominiums; the housing development includes a regional fiber-optic network, 700m of swimming beach and a 200-place small-craft harbour, among other amenities. TRANSIT CONNECTIONS Aurinkolahti is easily accessible by public transport. The transit time between Vuosaari's metro station and downtown Helsinki is about 20 minutes. Located approximately 1 km from the Vuosaari metro station, Aurinkolahti can be reached on foot, by bicycle or on the 78 bus, as well as by car. The 519A bus runs between Aurinkolahti and Helsinki Airport
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Parliament House, Helsinki
PARLIAMENT HOUSE (Finnish : Eduskuntatalo, Swedish : Riksdagshuset) is the seat of the Parliament of Finland . It is located in the Finnish capital of Helsinki , in the district of Töölö . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Architecture and features * 2.1 First floor * 2.2 Second floor * 2.3 Third floor * 2.4 Fourth floor * 2.5 Fifth floor * 3 Sightseeing * 4 External links HISTORYIn 1923 a competition was held to choose a site for a new Parliament House. Arkadianmäki, a hill beside what is now Mannerheimintie , was chosen as the best site. The architectural competition which was held in 1924 was won by the firm of Borg–Sirén–Åberg with a proposal called Oratoribus (Latin for "for the speakers"). Johan Sigfrid Sirén (1889–1961), who was mainly responsible for preparing the proposal, was given the task of designing Parliament House. The building was constructed 1926–1931 and was officially inaugurated on March 7, 1931. Ever since then, and especially during the Winter War and Continuation War , it has been the scene of many key moments in the nation's political life. ARCHITECTURE AND FEATURES Exterior wall of the Parliament House. The Corinthian capitals of Parliament House are made of red Kalvola granite. Sirén designed Parliament House in a stripped classical architectural style combining Neoclassicism with early twentieth century modernism
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Suomenlinna
SUOMENLINNA (Finnish ) or SVEABORG (Swedish ), until 1918 VIAPORI (Finnish ), is an inhabited sea fortress built on six islands (Kustaanmiekka, Susisaari, Iso-Mustasaari, Pikku-Mustasaari, Länsi-Mustasaari and Långören) and which now forms part of the city of Helsinki , the capital of Finland . Suomenlinna is a UNESCO World Heritage site and popular with tourists and locals, who enjoy it as a picturesque picnic site. Originally named _Sveaborg_ (Fortress of Svea ), or _Viapori_ as called by Finnish-speaking Finns, it was renamed in Finnish to _Suomenlinna_ (Castle of Finland) in 1918 for patriotic and nationalistic reasons, though it is still known by its original name in Sweden and by Swedish-speaking Finns. The Swedish crown commenced the construction of the fortress in 1748 as protection against Russian expansionism. The general responsibility for the fortification work was given to Augustin Ehrensvärd . The original plan of the bastion fortress was strongly influenced by the ideas of Vauban , the foremost military engineer of the time, and the principles of star fort style of fortification, albeit adapted to a group of rocky islands. In addition to the island fortress itself, seafacing fortifications on the mainland would ensure that an enemy would not acquire a beach-head from which to stage attacks
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Coat Of Arms Of Helsinki
The COAT OF ARMS OF HELSINKI first appeared in a 17th-century seal of the city. The current design was drawn by heraldist A. W. Rancken in 1951. The blazon : ”On a field azure, boat or on waves argent; crown or above the boat.” Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coat_of_arms_of_Helsinki additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Uusimaa
UUSIMAA or NYLAND (Finnish: ; Swedish: ; both names mean “new land”, the former being a direct translation of the latter) is a region in Finland. It borders the regions Southwest Finland , Tavastia Proper , Päijänne Tavastia and Kymenlaakso . Helsinki , Finland’s capital and largest city, along with Finland's second largest city Espoo and its fourth largest city Vantaa are all located centrally in Uusimaa, making it by far the most populous region. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Languages * 3 Regional Council * 4 Municipalities * 5 Gallery * 6 Media * 6.1 Newspapers * 6.2 Radio stations * 7 Heraldry * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORY Uusimaa was, along with the rest of Southern and Western Finland, held by the Kingdom of Sweden from the 12th or 13th century. The coastal Uusimaa had earlier been sparsely populated, mostly by Tavastians , but was from the 12th century populated by Swedish settlers, mostly from Hälsingland , and Swedish-speaking villages came up near the mouths of Vantaanjoki and Keravanjoki . The Swedish placenames of Uusimaa date back to this period. However, there are traces of the older Tavastian placenames left in some names, like Konala which likely derives older name _Konhola_. The names _Uusimaa_ and _Nyland_ mean “new land” in English
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Regions Of Finland
Finland comprises 19 regions called MAAKUNTA in Finnish and LANDSKAP in Swedish. The regions are governed by regional councils, which serve as forums of cooperation for the municipalities of a region. The main tasks of the regions are regional planning and development of enterprise and education. In addition, the public health services are usually organized on the basis of regions. Currently, the only region where a popular election is held for the council is Kainuu. Other regional councils are elected by municipal councils , each municipality sending representatives in proportion to its population. In addition to inter-municipal cooperation, which is the responsibility of regional councils, there are 15 Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (Finnish: _elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus_, abbreviated _ely-keskus_), which is responsible for the local administration of labour, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and entrepreneurial affairs. They are each responsible for one or more of regions of Finland, and include offices of the Ministries of Employment and the Economy, Transport and Communications and Environment. The Finnish Defence Forces regional offices are responsible for the regional defence preparations and for the administration of conscription within the region
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Sub-regions Of Finland
Finland is divided into 70 SUB-REGIONAL UNITS (Finnish : _seutukunta_, Swedish : _ekonomisk region_). The sub-regions are formed by groups of municipalities within the 19 regions of Finland . The sub-regions represent a LAU 1 level of division used in conjunction with the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics . CONTENTS* 1 Sub-regions grouped by regions * 1.1 Lapland (1) * 1.2 Northern Ostrobothnia (2) * 1.3 Kainuu (3) * 1.4 North Karelia (4) * 1.5 Pohjois-Savo (5) * 1.6 Etelä-Savo (6) * 1.7 Southern Ostrobothnia (7) * 1.8 Ostrobothnia (8) * 1.9 Pirkanmaa (9) * 1.10 Satakunta (10) * 1.11 Central Ostrobothnia (11) * 1.12 Central Finland (12) * 1.13 Southwest Finland (13) * 1.14 South Karelia (14) * 1.15 Päijät-Häme (15) * 1.16 Kanta-Häme (16) * 1.17 Uusimaa (17 and 18) * 1.18 Kymenlaakso (19) * 1.19 Åland (20) * 2 External links * 3 References SUB-REGIONS GROUPED BY REGIONSLAPLAND (1) * Eastern Lapland * Kemi-Tornio sub-region * Northern Lapland * Rovaniemi sub-region * Torne Valley * Tunturi Lapland , i.e
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Finland
FINLAND (/ˈfɪnlənd/ (_ listen ); Finnish : Suomi_ (_ listen ); Swedish : Finland_ ), officially the REPUBLIC OF FINLAND, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe . A peninsula with the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west, the country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. Estonia is south of the country across the Gulf of Finland. Finland is a Nordic country situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia , which also includes Scandinavia . Finland's population is 5.5 million (2014), and the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish people who speak Finnish , a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages; the second major group are the Finland-Swedes (5.3%). In terms of area, it is the eighth largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union . Finland is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital Helsinki , local governments in 311 municipalities , and an autonomous region , the Åland Islands . Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces a third of the country's GDP
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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia. Europe is considered by historical convention as separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains , the Ural River , the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits . Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth's surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 740 million (about 11% of world population ) as of 2015
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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