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Helsinki
HELSINKI (/hɛlˈsɪŋki/ ; Finnish pronunciation: ( listen ); Swedish : Helsingfors; Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )) is the capital and largest city of Finland
Finland
. It is in the region of Uusimaa , in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland
Finland
. Helsinki has a population of 629,512, an urban population of 1,231,595, and a metropolitan population of over 1.4 million, making it the most populous municipality and urban area in Finland. Helsinki
Helsinki
is located some 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn
Tallinn
, Estonia
Estonia
, 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm
Stockholm
, Sweden
Sweden
, and 390 km (240 mi) west of Saint Petersburg , Russia
Russia
. Helsinki
Helsinki
has close historical connections with these three cities
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Urban Area
An URBAN AREA is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment . Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities , towns , conurbations or suburbs . In urbanism , the term contrasts to rural areas such as villages and hamlets and in urban sociology or urban anthropology it contrasts with natural environment . The creation of early predecessors of urban areas during the urban revolution led to the creation of human civilization with modern urban planning , which along with other human activities such as exploitation of natural resources leads to human impact on the environment . The world's urban population in 1950 of just 746 million has increased to 3.9 billion in the decades since. In 2009, the number of people living in urban areas (3.42 billion) surpassed the number living in rural areas (3.41 billion) and since then the world has become more urban than rural
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Eastern European Summer Time
TIME IN THE MIDDLE EAST UTC+02:00 Eastern European Time UTC+02:00 UTC+03:00 Eastern European Time / Israel Standard Time Eastern European Summer Time / Israel Summer Time UTC+03:00 Turkey
Turkey
Time Arabia Standard Time UTC+03:30 UTC+04:30 Iran Standard Time Iran Daylight Time UTC+04:00 Gulf Standard Time Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed.EASTERN EUROPEAN SUMMER TIME (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone , 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time . It is used as a summer daylight saving time in some European and Middle Eastern countries, which makes it the same as Arabia Standard Time , East Africa Time and Moscow Time
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of The Journal of Paris , suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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UTC+2
UTC+02:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +02. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-09T10:11:53+02:00
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Charter
A CHARTER is the grant of authority or rights , stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified. It is implicit that the granter retains superiority (or sovereignty ), and that the recipient admits a limited (or inferior) status within the relationship, and it is within that sense that charters were historically granted, and that sense is retained in modern usage of the term. The word entered the English language
English language
from the Old French
Old French
charte (ultimately from the Greek Latin
Latin
"χάρτης" word for "paper"). It has come to be synonymous with the document that lays out the granting of rights or privileges
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Telephone Numbering Plan
A TELEPHONE NUMBERING PLAN is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints. Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. Numbering plans may follow a variety of design strategies which have often arisen from the historical evolution of individual telephone networks and local requirements. A broad division is commonly recognized, distinguishing open numbering plans and closed numbering plans. A closed numbering plan imposes a fixed number of digits assigned to every telephone, while an open numbering plan features a variable length of telephone numbers assigned to stations
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UTC+3
UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03. In areas using this time offset, the time is three hours later than the Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC) . Following the ISO 8601 standard, a time with this offset would be written as, for example, 2017-08-10T00:39:25+03:00 (boldface only here to be clear). Some areas in the world use UTC+03:00 all year, other areas only part of the year
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Demographics
DEMOGRAPHY (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
δῆμος dēmos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γράφω graphō, implies "writing, description or measurement" ) is the statistical study of populations , especially human beings . As a very general science, it can analyze any kind of dynamic living population, i.e., one that changes over time or space (see population dynamics ). Demography encompasses the study of the size, structure, and distribution of these populations, and spatial or temporal changes in them in response to birth , migration , ageing , and death . Based on the demographic research of the earth, earth's population up to the year 2050 and 2100 can be estimated by demographers. Demographics are quantifiable characteristics of a given population
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Pakistani for a person from Pakistan
Pakistan
, Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Metropolitan Area
A METROPOLITAN AREA, sometimes referred to as a METRO AREA or COMMUTER BELT, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing. A metro area usually comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities : neighborhoods , townships , boroughs , cities , towns , exurbs , suburbs , counties , districts , states , and even nations like the eurodistricts . As social, economic and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. Metropolitan areas include one or more urban areas , as well as satellite cities, towns and intervening rural areas that are socio-economically tied to the urban core, typically measured by commuting patterns
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Mayor
In many countries, a MAYOR (/ˈmɛər/ or /ˈmeɪər/ , from the Latin
Latin
maior , meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town . Worldwide, there is a wide variance in local laws and customs regarding the powers and responsibilities of a mayor as well as the means by which a mayor is elected or otherwise mandated. Depending on the system chosen, a mayor may be the chief executive officer of the municipal government, may simply chair a multi-member governing body with little or no independent power, or may play a solely ceremonial role. Options for selection of a mayor include direct election by the public, or selection by an elected governing council or board
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Russia
Coordinates : 60°N 90°E / 60°N 90°E / 60; 90 Russian Federation Российская Федерация (Russian ) Rossiyskaya Federatsiya Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " "Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii " (transliteration ) "State Anthem of the Russian Federation" Location of Russia
Russia
(green) Russian-administered Crimea
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