HOME
The Info List - Kauniainen



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

KAUNIAINEN (Finnish pronunciation: ; Swedish : Grankulla) is a small town and a municipality of 9,395 inhabitants (31 March 2016) in the Helsinki
Helsinki
Metropolitan Area , Finland
Finland
. It is surrounded by the City of Espoo
Espoo
, in Greater Helsinki
Greater Helsinki
. Kauniainen
Kauniainen
was founded by a corporation in 1906, AB Grankulla, that parcelled land and created a suburb for villas ; Kauniainen
Kauniainen
received the status of a market town in 1920, the Finnish name in 1949, and the title of kaupunki ("city, town") in 1972.

The local taxation rate in Kauniainen
Kauniainen
is the lowest in Finland (16.5%), which makes the city attractive to the highest earners. This in turn makes the average income generally high, making it possible to keep the taxation rate low without compromising the service to the inhabitants.

Approximately 7,001,580,000,000,000,000♠58% of the population have Finnish as their mother tongue while 7,001,380,000,000,000,000♠38% are Swedish speakers. The dominant party in the city council has traditionally been the Swedish People\'s Party .

Today, Kauniainen
Kauniainen
is the only municipality in Finland
Finland
to be fully enclosed by another municipality.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 History

* 3 Transport

* 3.1 Roads * 3.2 Public transportation

* 4 Services * 5 Districts

* 6 Politics

* 6.1 Parliamentary elections

* 7 Sports * 8 Notable People * 9 References * 10 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The Swedish name Grankulla is composed by the Swedish words "gran" (spruce ) and "kulle" (hill ) and has been in use in this form since the beginning of the 1900s. Earlier the place was known under its dialectal form Gränkull. The name Gränkull is found on modern maps as the name of the hill where the water tower in Kauniainen
Kauniainen
is located. The Finnish name of the town, Kauniainen, is derived from the name of a homestead that was located in Kauniainen
Kauniainen
called Kauniais. It was named after an estate near Tampere
Tampere
. The Finnish name was taken into use in the 1930s and was made the official name of the town alongside the Swedish name in 1949.

HISTORY

Villa
Villa
Vallmogård was the home of author Mikael Lybeck . It briefly housed the American Embassy during World War II.

Around 10,000 years ago, after the Ice Age
Ice Age
, only a few islets were visible in the Yoldia Sea
Yoldia Sea
, heights that today form the highest peaks of the area that is today known as Kauniainen. As the land slowly rose Kauniainen
Kauniainen
became a part of the inner archipelago around 4,000 years ago and there is evidence of human activity in the area in form of pieces of ceramics from this time period. However, the first permanent settlements in the area were established in the 19th century. Today Kauniainen
Kauniainen
is situated several kilometres from the sea.

In the beginning of the 20th century Kauniainen
Kauniainen
only consisted of a few crofters’ holdings at the outskirts of larger farms in Espoo. The name of the place, Grankulla, was known as the more dialectal Gränkull. The main road between Helsinki
Helsinki
and Turku
Turku
had passed through the northern parts of Kauniainen
Kauniainen
for centuries, but the new railway between the same cities that opened in 1903 was crucial for the development of the area.

The history of modern Kauniainen
Kauniainen
began in 1906 when a company, AB Grankulla , bought the land and sold it to people who wanted to have a villa outside the unhealthy city life in Helsinki. Several other similar communities were established at the same time around Helsinki: Kulosaari , Haaga
Haaga
, Leppävaara and Puistola . The share holders, among them the "father" of the municipality Janne Thurman , could be satisfied with their investment; they got the invested money back in one year. The era of the villas had though begun a few years earlier, when Elia Heikel and Emil Lindstedt bought the area around lake Gallträsk and built the first villas. No properties sold were smaller than 3,000 square metres. Lake Gallträsk

Because the municipality of Espoo, to which the area of Kauniainen belonged, did not show much interest in the new community, the company was responsible for developing it; roads were built, a school founded, electricity arranged and the company lobbied for a railway station (opened in 1908) and a police office . In 1915 Kauniainen
Kauniainen
received a limited autonomy from Espoo
Espoo
and the role of the company declined.

The first exact population figure is from 1917 when the community had 1,647 inhabitants. In 1920 Kauniainen
Kauniainen
became a market town and gained complete municipal sovereignty. Kauniainen
Kauniainen
also differed from its rural surroundings in Espoo
Espoo
with a town plan, road network, villas and electricity. It was decided to keep Kauniainen
Kauniainen
a green, idyllic, rural community and industrial buildings were banned. Most of the villas were built in neoclassical style or in the late 1920s functionalism. The work with a new town plan was started in the late 1920s, but the proposal was disputed; the inhabitants (and property owners) thought the roads were too wide. The architect also died in the middle of the process, which led to that a compromise could be reached as late as in 1937. The population grew only by 10% from 1917 to 1939, while the population right outside the market town’s borders grew significantly.

Kauniainen
Kauniainen
has been officially bilingual since 1936 and the Finnish name Kauniainen
Kauniainen
was made official beside the Swedish name Grankulla in 1949 by the market town’s council. Already in the 1930s the name Kauniainen
Kauniainen
was used by the railways and the post service. The era of the villas ended with the Second World War and was replaced by reconstruction and economically challenging times. Kauniainen's commercial centre, where the old building from the 1960s to the right will be demolished

The independence of Kauniainen
Kauniainen
as a municipality was threatened by the municipal obligations and the small number of inhabitants. In the 1950s the market town tried to incorporate a few surrounding areas from Espoo, but the application was rejected in 1953. Instead the area of Kasavuori , which the market town had bought, was incorporated in 1957. Otto-Iivari Meurman was given the task of making a new town plan. He suggested that the villa milieu would be kept, but that the number of inhabitants would be significantly raised, from 2,500 to 10,000, and that the unmodern villas would be replaced by new ones. Also apartment buildings should be built. A new commercial centre was planned next to the railway station with Vällingby
Vällingby
in Stockholm as a model. The plans for Kasavuori were approved in 1959 and for the rest of the market town in 1961 and 1963. The commercial centre was inaugurated in 1966. The town plan has later been criticised because the unique villa environment was disrupted and many of the beautiful villas were demolished. A skiing centre was planned in Kasavuori of the same type as Holmenkollen in Oslo
Oslo
, but the plans were never realised. Today this area is protected.

The number of inhabitants grew rapidly; in 1967 by as much as 25%. In 1972 Kauniainen
Kauniainen
gained the status of a city (fi. kaupunki) and the year after Finnish became the majority language of the inhabitants and Swedish the minority. The town had at the time 6,400 inhabitants. The commercial centre has been considered ugly and outdated for more than 20 years and a new development plan for the town centre was approved in May 2006. The project begun in December 2006 when the first building was demolished.

TRANSPORT

ROADS

Kauniainen
Kauniainen
has good road connections in most directions. The east-to-west Helsinki– Turku
Turku
motorway (national road 1 ) passes Kauniainen
Kauniainen
to the south and the old Helsinki– Turku
Turku
main road passes the northern parts of the town. The construction of the motorway in the 1960s played a big role when new inhabitants moved to Kauniainen, when they could drive quickly along the motorway into Helsinki's city centre. The north-to-south Kehä II (Ring Road 2) passes the eastern corner of Kauniainen.

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

The most important form of public transportation in Kauniainen
Kauniainen
is the Rantarata railway, opened in 1903. The railway has been important for the development of Kauniainen
Kauniainen
as a suburb of Helsinki. Trains leave every 15 minutes and the ride to Helsinki
Helsinki
Central railway station takes less than 20 minutes.

There are two regional bus lines which connect to Helsinki. There are also local bus lines which connect to various districts of Espoo
Espoo
.

SERVICES

Kauniainen
Kauniainen
offers a very large range of services to its inhabitants, considering the size of the town. There are six schools in Kauniainen, spread out on three levels and two languages – Finnish and Swedish. Kauniainen
Kauniainen
has:

* swimming baths * indoor ice rink * slalom slope (only one slope, the oldest in Finland
Finland
opened in 1934) * small athletics stadium * indoor sports arena (handball , tennis, etc.) * music school (for children) * art school (for children) * public library * adult education school * health station

DISTRICTS

There are three districts in Kauniainen
Kauniainen
called I, II and III. No districts are named because of the small size of the town. The only area that is viewed as a named district is Kasavuori (Swedish : Kasaberget) in the western part of the town.

POLITICS

The following parties have seats in the city council of Kauniainen following the 2017 municipal election :

PARTY SEATS

Swedish People\'s Party 16

National Coalition Party 13

Green League
Green League
3

Christian Democrats 1

Social Democratic Party 1

Finns Party 1

TOTAL 35

PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011
Finnish parliamentary election, 2011
in Kauniainen:

* National Coalition Party 39.5% * Swedish People\'s Party 35.2% * Green League
Green League
6.2% * True Finns
True Finns
5.9% * Social Democratic Party 5.7% * Centre Party 2.7% * Christian Democrats 2.4% * Left Alliance 1.4%

SPORTS

Kauniainen
Kauniainen
has a large range of sports facilities and the town council has been active in sponsoring sports. There are activities in most sports with Grankulla IFK (GrIFK) as the biggest association. GrIFK was founded in 1925 and is today active in ice hockey , football , team handball , floorball and alpine skiing .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Isac Elliot , singer * Marcus Grönholm
Marcus Grönholm
, World Rally Championship racer

A road in Kauniainen
Kauniainen
during winter

REFERENCES

* ^ "Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017. * ^ A B "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016. * ^ A B "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. * ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. * ^ A B "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J Jaana af Hällström (2006): Grankulla 1906–2006 Kauniainen
Kauniainen
– Den sista i sitt slag. Gummerus, Jyväskylä ISBN 951-96894-9-4 * ^ Finlandssvenska bebyggelsenamn – Grankulla * ^ "Kauniainen: Tulos puolueittain ja yhteislistoittain". Ministry of Justice. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2017.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons