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UUSIMAA or NYLAND (Finnish: ; Swedish: ; both names mean “new land”, the former being a direct translation of the latter) is a region in Finland. It borders the regions Southwest Finland , Tavastia Proper , Päijänne Tavastia and Kymenlaakso . Helsinki , Finland’s capital and largest city, along with Finland's second largest city Espoo and its fourth largest city Vantaa are all located centrally in Uusimaa, making it by far the most populous region.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Languages * 3 Regional Council * 4 Municipalities * 5 Gallery

* 6 Media

* 6.1 Newspapers * 6.2 Radio stations

* 7 Heraldry * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

Uusimaa was, along with the rest of Southern and Western Finland, held by the Kingdom of Sweden from the 12th or 13th century. The coastal Uusimaa had earlier been sparsely populated, mostly by Tavastians , but was from the 12th century populated by Swedish settlers, mostly from Hälsingland , and Swedish-speaking villages came up near the mouths of Vantaanjoki and Keravanjoki . The Swedish placenames of Uusimaa date back to this period. However, there are traces of the older Tavastian placenames left in some names, like Konala which likely derives older name _Konhola_.

The names _Uusimaa_ and _Nyland_ mean “new land” in English. The Swedish-language name _Nyland_ appears in the documents from the 14th century. The Finnish-language name _Uusimaa_ appears for the first time in 1548 as _Wsimaa_ in the first translation of the New Testament to Finnish by Mikael Agricola .

The Finnish provinces were ceded to Imperial Russia in the War of Finland in 1809. After this, Uusimaa became the Province of Uusimaa of the old lääni system. From 1997 to 2010, Uusimaa was a part of the Province of Southern Finland . It has been divided in the regions of Uusimaa and Eastern Uusimaa . In 2011, two regions were merged.

LANGUAGES

Uusimaa is an officially bilingual region, with both Finnish and Swedish having the same status. The region, especially coastal areas, is traditionally Swedish-speaking, the traditional regional dialects of Swedish _(nyländska)_ are currently mostly spoken in Eastern Uusimaa , while in the rest of Uusimaa Swedish language became more standardised.

The Finnish-speaking population started to grow when the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland was moved from Turku to Helsinki by Emperor of Russia Alexander I in 1812, and the region attracted settlers from other parts of Finland. Helsinki's slang, stadin slangi , first evolved in the late 19th century. 8.5% of population of the region speak Swedish language as native.

REGIONAL COUNCIL

Is the main governing body for region and focueses primarily on urban planning. Like all regional councils it is mandated by law.

MUNICIPALITIES

Main article: Municipalities of Uusimaa

The region of Uusimaa is made up of 26 municipalities , of which 13 have city status (marked in bold).

HELSINKI SUB-REGION:

* _ ESPOO (Esbo) * HELSINKI (Helsingfors) * HYVINKää (Hyvinge_) * _ JäRVENPää (Träskända_) * _ KAUNIAINEN (Grankulla) * KERAVA (Kervo_) * _ Kirkkonummi (Kyrkslätt) * Mäntsälä * Nurmijärvi * Pornainen (Borgnäs_) * _ Sipoo (Sibbo) * Siuntio (Sjundeå) * Tuusula (Tusby_) * _ VANTAA (Vanda) * KARKKILA (Högfors_) * _ LOHJA (Lojo) * Vihti (Vichtis_)

RASEBORG SUB-REGION:

* HANKO (Hangö) * Ingå (Inkoo) * RASEBORG (Raasepori)

LOVIISA SUB-REGION:

* Lapinjärvi (Lappträsk) * LOVIISA (Lovisa)

PORVOO SUB-REGION:

* _ Askola * Myrskylä (Mörskom_) * Pukkila * PORVOO (Borgå)

GALLERY

*

Helsinki Cathedral , the symbol of the capital *

Porvoo Old Town *

Nurmijärvi Church *

Ekenäs Old Town *

A view of central Helsinki with the Railway Station *

Helsinki Airport in Vantaa, the busiest airport in Finland *

A view of Hanko, the southernmost town in Finland *

The cottage where Aleksis Kivi died, Tuusula; an example of late 19th century housing in the area *

Fagervik Manor, Ingå; there are plenty of manor houses in the area *

The medieval, late 15th century Lohja Church is one of the biggest of its kind in Finland *

Tapiola, Espoo *

Hvitträsk, a residence in National Romantic Style in Kirkkonummi, now a museum *

A view from Fiskars, Pohja; the corporation was founded as an ironworks in the village *

A rural 19th century peasant interior in Lohilampi Museum, Sammatti *

Ainola, Home of Jean Sibelius , in Järvenpää *

Loviisa Town Hall *

A view of Finnish Gulf in Porvoo Archipelago with Söderskär Lighthouse *

Raseborg Castle from the 14th century, partly ruined *

Church of St. Lawrence in Vantaa, the oldest building in Greater Helsinki *

Hyvinkää Church, one of the best examples of modern Finnish church architecture *

A rural landscape in Pusula with Lake Hiidenvesi *

Kerava town centre tower blocks *

Hirvihaara Manor, Mäntsälä *

Karkkila, a small town in north of the region *

Suomenlinna Fortress with the city of Helsinki in the background *

A view from Nuuksio National Park, Espoo *

Leppävaara, one of Espoo's centres

MEDIA

_ Hufvudstadsbladet '_s building, Mannerheimintie , Helsinki Yle 's headquarters, Pasila , Helsinki

NEWSPAPERS

See also: List of newspapers in Finland

The largest subscription newspapers published in the region are _ Helsingin Sanomat _ and _ Hufvudstadsbladet _ in Helsinki , _Aamuposti _ in Hyvinkää , _Länsi- Uusimaa _ in Lohja , _Loviisan Sanomat _ and _ Östra Nyland _ in Loviisa , _ Uusimaa _ and _ Borgåbladet _ in Porvoo , _ Västra Nyland _ in Raseborg , and _Keski- Uusimaa _ in Tuusula . Also two popular tabloid newspapers, _ Iltalehti _ and _ Ilta-Sanomat _, are published there.

RADIO STATIONS

Yle 's local radio stations in the western part of the region are Finnish-language Ylen läntinen and Swedish-language Yle Vega Västnyland , in the Capital Region Finnish-language Yle Radio Suomi Helsinki and Swedish-language Yle Vega Huvudstadsregionen , and in the eastern part Finnish-language Yle Radio Itä- Uusimaa and Swedish-language Yle Vega Östnyland .

HERALDRY

Household pennant of Finnish-speaking Uusimaa Household pennant of Swedish-speaking Uusimaa

The coat of arms of the region shows a yellow boat which is a symbol for the coastal areas, and two silver streams which are the symbol for rivers.

Uusimaa received its coat of arms at the end of the 16th century. There is an image of the coat of arms made in 1599. In 1997, the traditional coat of arms became the official coat of arms of the region.

REFERENCES

* ^ "2014 GDP per capita in 276 EU regions" (PDF) (in German). Eurostat. 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2016. * ^ "2014 GDP per capita in 276 EU regions" (PDF) (in German). Eurostat. 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2016. * ^ Terhi Ainiala, Minna Saarelma ja Paula Sjöblom (2008). _Nimistötutkimuksen perusteet_. Helsinki: Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura. p. 68. * ^ Terhi Ainiala, Minna Saarelma ja Paula Sjöblom (2008). _Nimistötutkimuksen perusteet_. Helsinki: Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura. p. 66. * ^ Uusimaa Regional Council (12 May 2010). "Nytt Land, Nylands historia" (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 May 2010. * ^ "Regional Council - Uudenmaan liitto". _www.uudenmaanliitto.fi_. 2013-03-05. Retrieved 2017-01-31.

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to