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VANTAA (Finnish pronunciation: ; Swedish : _Vanda_) is a city and municipality in Finland
Finland
. It is part of the inner core of the Finnish Capital Region along with Helsinki
Helsinki
, Espoo
Espoo
, and Kauniainen . With a population of 215,813 (31 March 2016 ), Vantaa
Vantaa
is the fourth most populated city of Finland.

Vantaa
Vantaa
is bordered by Helsinki, the Finnish capital, to the south; Espoo
Espoo
to the southwest; Nurmijärvi to the northwest; Kerava and Tuusula to the north; and Sipoo to the east. The city encompasses 238.36 square kilometres (92.03 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.

The largest airport in Finland, and the main airport and airline hub of Greater Helsinki , the Helsinki Airport , is located in Vantaa. Companies with headquarters in Vantaa
Vantaa
include Finnair , Finavia , R-kioski , Tikkurila Oyj , Veikkaus Oy , and Metsähallitus . The city also hosts a science center, Heureka .

The city of Vantaa
Vantaa
is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. 88.6% of the population are Finnish speakers, while 3% speak Swedish as their first language . 8.4% of the population speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Location * 2.2 Subdivision * 2.3 Features * 2.4 Climate

* 3 Demographics
Demographics

* 3.1 Population

* 4 Economy

* 5 Arts and culture

* 5.1 Music * 5.2 Museums

* 6 Politics

* 6.1 Mayors

* 7 Infrastructure

* 7.1 Services * 7.2 Transportation

* 8 Education

* 9 International relations

* 9.1 Twin towns and sister cities

* 10 Gallery * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links

HISTORY

_ The old station building of Tikkurila The historical parish of Helsingin Pitäjä_ in the late 1800s

Prior to the name _Vantaa_ being taken into use in 1974, the area was known as _Helsingin Pitäjä_ (Swedish : _Helsinge_; " Socken of Helsinki"). The earliest record of the area is as _Helsinge_ in 1351 when king Magnus II of Sweden granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa
Vantaa
to the Estonian Padise monastery . The rapids of river Vantaa
Vantaa
were known as _Helsingfors_, from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki
Helsinki
derives. Early settlement in Vantaa
Vantaa
was centered around the river, and from it the city's current coat of arms derived its imagery.

Since the 14th century, the road between Turku
Turku
and Vyborg , King\'s Road , has run through Vantaa. The road brought significant attention to the city, and its location on the salmon rich river led to a permanent population.

Ore
Ore
deposits in _Helsingin Pitäjä_ had been discovered in the 1700s, but weren't utilized until Finland
Finland
transferred to Russian control in the early 1800s. Ore
Ore
extraction and processing lead to rapid industrialization in the area, with communities forming around locations like Tikkurila and Kerava . The industrial community in Tikkurila included an expeller pressing plant, which currently operates in the area as the paint manufacturer Tikkurila Oyj .

In 1862, the railway between Helsinki
Helsinki
and Hämeenlinna was constructed, and one of its seven stations was built in Tikkurila, on its intersection with King's Road. The Swedish architect Carl Albert Edelfelt designed a Renaissance Revival styled station building, which is the oldest extant station building in Finland
Finland
and (as of 1978) has been adapted into the Vantaa
Vantaa
City Museum. The railway brought industry and induced population growth.

_Helsingin Pitäjä_ gained municipality rights in 1865, after which it was named _Helsingin maalaiskunta_ ("Rural Municipality of Helsinki").

In 1952, the new international airport of Helsinki
Helsinki
opened in Vantaa for the 1952 Summer Olympics .

In 1972, the municipality was renamed _Vantaa_ (Swedish : _Vanda_) and promoted to a köping (market town ) (i.e. _Vantaan kauppala/Vanda köping_). In 1974, the town got full city rights as _Vantaan kaupunki/Vanda stad_ or "City of Vantaa".

The city grew rapidly starting from 1960's and a railway line was built to the western side of the city in 1970's.

On October 11, 2002, a bomb exploded in the mall of Myyrmanni in Myyrmäki district, killing 7 (including the perpetrator) and injuring 166 people.

In 2015, an extension to the existing railway line, the Ring Rail Line opened, providing service to the airport and new residential and working districts.

GEOGRAPHY

The districts and major regions of Vantaa
Vantaa

LOCATION

Vantaa
Vantaa
is located in southern Finland, in the region of Uusimaa and the Helsinki
Helsinki
sub-region . It is separated from the Gulf of Finland
Finland
by Helsinki. Prior to the abolition of Finnish provinces in 2009, Vantaa was a part of the Southern Finland
Finland
Province .

The city borders Helsinki
Helsinki
, the Finnish capital, which is to the south and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are Espoo
Espoo
to the west; Nurmijärvi , Kerava , and Tuusula to the north; and Sipoo to the east. Vantaa
Vantaa
is a part of the Finnish Capital Region, which is the inner core of the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area.

SUBDIVISION

Main article: Districts of Vantaa

Vantaa
Vantaa
is divided into seven major regions (Finnish : _suuralueet_, Swedish : _storområden_): Tikkurila _(Dickursby)_, Hakunila _(Håkansböle)_, Koivukylä _(Björkby)_, Korso , Aviapolis , Myyrmäki _(Myrbacka)_, and Kivistö . These major regions are then divided into a total of 60 city districts , the most populated of which are Myyrmäki , Martinlaakso , Hakunila , and Pakkala .

FEATURES

Rapids of river Vantaa
Vantaa

Vantaa
Vantaa
encompasses 238.36 square kilometres (92.03 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water. The city is mostly suburban and urban area with some rural landscape, notably in the districts of Sotunki and Seutula . Average population density is 905.37/km2 (2,344.9/sq mi), which rises above 5,000 inhabitants per square kilometre (13,000/sq mi) in concentrated urban districts like Myyrmäki and Tikkurila.

The river Vantaa
Vantaa
runs through western Vantaa, and its tributary Keravanjoki runs through eastern Vantaa.

For its area, Vantaa
Vantaa
has relatively few lakes. The city encompasses two natural lakes: _Kuusijärvi_ in Kuninkaanmäki and _Lammaslampi_ Pähkinärinne , Hämeenkylä . In addition to these, there is an artificial lake , _Silvolan tekojärvi_. Vantaa
Vantaa
shares two lakes with Espoo
Espoo
: _Odilampi_ and _Pitkäjärvi_.

Vantaa
Vantaa
exhibits frequent exposed granite bedrock ground, which is common in Finland. Resulting from erosion in the last glacial period (about 10,000 years ago), elevated surfaces often lack soil (superficial deposits ), revealing bare stone unsuitable for most plant life. Other geological impacts of the last Ice Age include a series of eskers running through central Vantaa.

CLIMATE

Tammisto forest nature reserve

Vantaa
Vantaa
has a humid continental climate (Köppen : Dfb), slightly above the threshold for subarctic classification. Although the city no longer (since 2009) has a coastline along the Baltic Sea , it is close enough to experience the mitigating influence of the sea and the Gulf Stream . The record low temperature in Vantaa
Vantaa
is −35.9 °C (−32.6 °F) and the record high is 34.0 °C (93.2 °F).

CLIMATE DATA FOR HELSINKI AIRPORT (AVIAPOLIS )

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 8.2 (46.8) 10.0 (50) 17.5 (63.5) 23.6 (74.5) 28.8 (83.8) 31.4 (88.5) 34.0 (93.2) 31.5 (88.7) 25.3 (77.5) 18.2 (64.8) 10.5 (50.9) 9.6 (49.3) 34.0 (93.2)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −2.4 (27.7) −2.7 (27.1) 1.5 (34.7) 8.7 (47.7) 15.8 (60.4) 19.6 (67.3) 22.5 (72.5) 20.5 (68.9) 14.8 (58.6) 8.6 (47.5) 2.6 (36.7) −0.7 (30.7) 9.1 (48.4)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −5.0 (23) −5.7 (21.7) −1.9 (28.6) 4.1 (39.4) 10.4 (50.7) 14.6 (58.3) 17.7 (63.9) 15.8 (60.4) 10.7 (51.3) 5.6 (42.1) 0.4 (32.7) −3.2 (26.2) 5.3 (41.5)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −8.1 (17.4) −8.9 (16) −5.4 (22.3) −0.2 (31.6) 4.8 (40.6) 9.5 (49.1) 12.6 (54.7) 11.3 (52.3) 6.9 (44.4) 2.7 (36.9) −2.1 (28.2) −6.0 (21.2) 1.4 (34.5)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −35.9 (−32.6) −30.2 (−22.4) −27.2 (−17) −12.1 (10.2) −5.4 (22.3) −0.5 (31.1) 4.0 (39.2) 2.0 (35.6) −7.3 (18.9) −14.5 (5.9) −19.9 (−3.8) −29.5 (−21.1) −35.9 (−32.6)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 54 (2.13) 37 (1.46) 37 (1.46) 32 (1.26) 39 (1.54) 61 (2.4) 66 (2.6) 79 (3.11) 64 (2.52) 82 (3.23) 73 (2.87) 58 (2.28) 682 (26.86)

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 38 74 131 196 275 266 291 219 143 84 37 26 1,780

Source: Climatological statistics for the normal period 1981–2010 Sun and record temperatures 1981-2011 only

DEMOGRAPHICS

The city is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. A majority (88.6%) of the population are Finnish speakers while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. Vantaa's residents that speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish stand at 8.4% of the population.

In 2011, 199,236 of the municipality's 203,001 residents lived in officially recognized urban areas (Finnish : _taajama_; Swedish : _tätort_). The remaining population lives in the few rural sections of Vantaa, such as those in Sotunki and Seutula .

In 2015, 60.7% of the population were members of the Lutheran Church of Finland
Finland
.

POPULATION

Vantaa
Vantaa
Population Growth 1980–2010 YEAR POPULATION

1980 132,050

1985 143,844

1990 152,263

1995 166,480

2000 178,471

2005 187,281

2010 200,055

2015 211,206

ECONOMY

Finnair headquarters

Of those employed, two thirds are in the private sector . The most common industries in Vantaa
Vantaa
include the food , architectural engineering , and machine industries. In 2007, the unemployment rate was 6.3%.

Companies that have their headquarters in Vantaa
Vantaa
(at the Helsinki Airport
Airport
, in Aviapolis ) include Finnair , Finavia and Nordic Regional Airlines . Companies with headquarters in Vantaa
Vantaa
outside of Aviapolis include R-kioski , Tikkurila Oyj , Veikkaus Oy , and Metsähallitus .

The City of Vantaa
Vantaa
has been in increasing debt since the early 2000s, due to a decrease in state funding and an increase in investments. A contributing factor to its situation is the high concentration of families with children, leading to comparatively larger social expenditure. According to the former mayor Juhani Paajanen, the worst expenditures have ended, and the city's gains are increasing.

ARTS AND CULTURE

Science centre Heureka

MUSIC

There are about 20 choirs in Vantaa, like Vantaan Laulu and Vantaa Chamber Choir . Three actively performing concert bands Tikkurilan Soittokunta , Lumon Puhaltajat and Puhallinorkesteri Louhi exist at the east, north and west corners of the city respectively. Vantaa Pops (Vantaan Viihdeorkesteri in Finnish), conducted by a Welshman Nick Davies, is the only professional full symphonic pops orchestra in Finland.

Ankkarock was a rock music festival held every summer in Korso between 1989-2010.

MUSEUMS

Tikkurila is home of the major science centre in Finland, Heureka . In addition there is the city museum next to the railway station in Tikkurila which has exhibitions with various themes on local history. The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland, designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. The Finnish Aviation Museum is located in Vantaa, near Helsinki Airport .

POLITICS

The city hall of Vantaa, located in Tikkurila

Vantaa's city council has 67 seats. Following the 2017 municipal election the council seats are allocated in the following way: Social Democrats 18 seats, National Coalition Party 17, Greens 12, True Finns 8, Left Alliance 5, Centre Party 3, Christian Democrats 2, Swedish People\'s Party 2.

MAYORS

* Lauri Lairala 1974–1989 * Pirjo Ala-Kapee 1989–1997 * Erkki Rantala 1997–2003 * Juhani Paajanen 2003-2011 * Jukka Peltomäki 2011 * Kari Nenonen 2012-

INFRASTRUCTURE

SERVICES

The main library of Vantaa, in Tikkurila

Vantaa
Vantaa
has two hospitals , Peijas Hospital
Hospital
in Asola and Katriina Hospital
Hospital
in Seutula . Peijas is responsible for emergency and short-term health services, while Katriina specializes in long-term care and elderly care . The Vantaa
Vantaa
branch of the HelMet library network has 10 libraries in Vantaa, with a total of 518,117 books in 2005. The main library is in Tikkurila .

For sports, the city has five swimming halls , four sports halls, two gyms , six tennis courts , 69 hockey and skating rinks , and 19 lit-up running tracks . Additionally, Vantaa
Vantaa
has two golf courses , in Hiekkaharju and Keimola .

TRANSPORTATION

The Helsinki Airport (HEL), although associated with Helsinki, is located in Vantaa.

Vantaa
Vantaa
infrastructurally serves as the transportational hub of the Helsinki
Helsinki
metropolitan area. Several key freeways and highways , such as Ring III and Porvoonväylä, originate in or pass through the municipality. Additionally, two of the three railway lines exiting Helsinki
Helsinki
pass through Vantaa, connecting the city's 14 stations. All long-distance trains exiting Helsinki
Helsinki
stop at Tikkurila railway station in Vantaa, with the exception of train D.

Public transport
Public transport
in Vantaa
Vantaa
consists of a bus network and commuter rail , provided by HSL/HRT and VR . Since the introduction of the Ring Rail Line in 2015, Vantaa
Vantaa
has had a total of 14 stations. Key railway stations also act as central bus stations . The Ring Rail Line is speeding up the development in Western parts of Vantaa. For example, the Vantaankoski area is foreseen to double the amount of jobs in the future. Planning ideas are sought through an ideas competition.

The largest airport in Finland, and the primary airport of Greater Helsinki, Helsinki Airport , is located in Vantaa. In 2016, it attracted a total of 17.1 million passengers.

EDUCATION

Vantaa
Vantaa
has a total of 50 Finnish-speaking, five Swedish-speaking, and one English-speaking primary and junior high schools. The city has nine upper secondary schools , including Tikkurila Upper Secondary , Finland's largest upper secondary school. For vocational education , Vantaa
Vantaa
has two vocational schools and two universities of applied sciences : Metropolia and Laurea .

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

TWIN TOWNS AND SISTER CITIES

Vantaa
Vantaa
is twinned with:

* Askim , Norway (1951) * Frankfurt an der Oder , Germany (1987) * Huddinge , Sweden (1951) * Jinan
Jinan
, Shandong
Shandong
, China (2001) * Kineshma , Russia
Russia
(1969)

* Lyngby-Taarbæk , Denmark (1951) * Matte Yehuda Regional Council , Israel (1967) * Mladá Boleslav , Czech Republic (1978) * Nuuk , Greenland (1965)

* District of Rastatt , Germany (1968) * Salgótarján , Hungary (1976) * Seyðisfjörður , Iceland (1980) * Słupsk
Słupsk
, Poland (1987) * Windhoek
Windhoek
, Namibia (2002)

GALLERY

*

The Church of St. Lawrence (Finnish : _Pyhän Laurin kirkko_), the oldest church in Vantaa
Vantaa
(ca. 1460) *

Aerial view of Helsinki Airport , located in Lentokenttä , Vantaa
Vantaa

*

The old railway station building of Tikkurila , now a museum *

Ring III (national road 50, E18) *

Tikkurila railway station , as of 2015 *

Rural hills of Sotunki *

Tikkurila Upper Secondary , the largest high school in Finland
Finland
*

Martintorni, the tallest building in Vantaa
Vantaa
at 56 m.

A panoramic view of Jumbo Shopping Centre in Aviapolis , Vantaa. Ring III runs through the foreground.

SEE ALSO

* Finland
Finland
portal

* People from Vantaa
Vantaa
* Districts of Vantaa

REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "City of Vantaa
Vantaa
- City Management". _www.vantaa.fi_. Retrieved 16 February 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Population density by area 1.1.2016". _Statistics Finland_. Retrieved 12 February 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016. * ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". _Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases_. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. * ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". _Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases_. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. * ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ http://www.finavia.fi/about_finavia/contact Contact Information]." Finavia . Retrieved on 15 February 2010. * ^ _A_ _B_ Government Decree on the Official Languages in Administrative Districts
Districts
for 2003–2012 (in Finnish); (the same in Swedish). Retrieved on 7 July 2012 * ^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Vantaan historiaa". _www.vantaa.fi_. Retrieved 16 February 2015. * ^ "City of Vantaa
Vantaa
- The Major Regions of Vantaa". _www.vantaa.fi_. Retrieved 16 February 2015. * ^ "Normal period 1981-2010". * ^ "Taajama-aste alueittain 31.12.2011". Tilastokeskus. Retrieved 23 March 2015. * ^ "Väestö kielen mukaan sekä ulkomaan kansalaisten määrä ja maa-pinta-ala alueittain 1980–2012" (in Finnish). Tilastokeskus. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013. * ^ "Oy Air Finland
Finland
Ltd in English." Air Finland
Finland
. Retrieved on 25 February 2010. * ^ "Privacy Policy * ^ "About Us." Nordic Regional Airlines . Retrieved on October 25, 2016. " Nordic Regional Airlines Oy Öljykuja 2, 01530 Vantaa, Finland" * ^ Vantaan kuntakonsernianalyysi 2005, Bo-Erik Ekström 28.10.2005. * ^ http://www.vantaanlauri.fi/arkisto/2006/2006-01-12/ajankohtaista/Kaupunkien_yhdistaminen * ^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Kulttuuri". _www.vantaa.fi_. Retrieved 16 February 2015. * ^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Kulttuuri". _www.vantaa.fi_. Retrieved 16 February 2015. * ^ http://www.hs.fi/kulttuuri/artikkeli/Nick+Davies+Vantaan+viihdeorkesterin+ylikapellimestariksi/1135259753244 * ^ "Vantaa: Tulos puolueittain ja yhteislistoittain". Ministry of Justice. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2017. * ^ Uusi Vantaankoski -ideakilpailu

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for VANTAA AND NORTHERN HELSINKI _.

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to VA