HOME
The Info List - Vantaa



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i)

VANTAA (Finnish pronunciation: ; Swedish : Vanda) is a city and municipality in Finland
Finland
. It is part of the inner core of the Finnish Capital Region along with Helsinki
Helsinki
, Espoo
Espoo
, and Kauniainen
Kauniainen
. With a population of 221,821 (31 August 2017 ), Vantaa
Vantaa
is the fourth most populated city of Finland.

Vantaa
Vantaa
is bordered by Helsinki, the Finnish capital, to the south; Espoo
Espoo
to the southwest; Nurmijärvi
Nurmijärvi
to the northwest; Kerava
Kerava
and Tuusula
Tuusula
to the north; and Sipoo to the east. The city encompasses 238.36 square kilometres (92.03 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.

The largest airport in Finland, and the main airport and airline hub of Greater Helsinki
Greater Helsinki
, the Helsinki Airport
Helsinki Airport
, is located in Vantaa. Companies with headquarters in Vantaa
Vantaa
include Finnair
Finnair
, Finavia , R-kioski , Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Oyj , Veikkaus
Veikkaus
Oy , and Metsähallitus . The city also hosts a science center, Heureka .

The city of Vantaa
Vantaa
is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. 88.6% of the population are Finnish speakers, while 3% speak Swedish as their first language . 8.4% of the population speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Location * 2.2 Subdivision * 2.3 Features * 2.4 Climate

* 3 Demographics
Demographics

* 3.1 Population

* 4 Economy

* 5 Arts and culture

* 5.1 Music * 5.2 Museums

* 6 Politics

* 6.1 Mayors

* 7 Infrastructure

* 7.1 Services * 7.2 Transportation

* 8 Education

* 9 International relations

* 9.1 Twin towns and sister cities
Twin towns and sister cities

* 10 Gallery * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links

HISTORY

The old station building of Tikkurila
Tikkurila
The historical parish of Helsingin Pitäjä in the late 1800s

Vantaa
Vantaa
has a rich history that dates back to the stone age . Before Swedish colonisation of the area after the so called second crusade to Finland
Finland
in the 13th century the area was inhabited by Tavastians
Tavastians
and Finns proper .

Prior to the name Vantaa
Vantaa
being taken into use in 1974, the area was known as Helsingin Pitäjä (Swedish : Helsinge; " Socken
Socken
of Helsinki"). The earliest record of the area is as Helsinge in 1351 when king Magnus II of Sweden
Magnus II of Sweden
granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa
Vantaa
to the Estonian Padise monastery . The rapids of river Vantaa
Vantaa
were known as Helsingfors, from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki
Helsinki
derives. Early settlement in Vantaa
Vantaa
was centered around the river, and from it the city's current coat of arms derived its imagery.

Since the 14th century, the road between Turku
Turku
and Vyborg
Vyborg
, King\'s Road , has run through Vantaa. The road brought significant attention to the city, and its location on the salmon rich river led to a permanent population.

Ore
Ore
deposits in Helsingin Pitäjä had been discovered in the 1700s, but weren't utilized until Finland
Finland
transferred to Russian control in the early 1800s. Ore
Ore
extraction and processing lead to rapid industrialization in the area, with communities forming around locations like Tikkurila
Tikkurila
and Kerava
Kerava
. The industrial community in Tikkurila
Tikkurila
included an expeller pressing plant, which currently operates in the area as the paint manufacturer Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Oyj .

In 1862, the railway between Helsinki
Helsinki
and Hämeenlinna
Hämeenlinna
was constructed, and one of its seven stations was built in Tikkurila, on its intersection with King's Road. The Swedish architect Carl Albert Edelfelt designed a Renaissance Revival styled station building, which is the oldest extant station building in Finland
Finland
and (as of 1978) has been adapted into the Vantaa
Vantaa
City Museum. The railway brought industry and induced population growth.

Helsingin Pitäjä gained municipality rights in 1865, after which it was named Helsingin maalaiskunta ("Rural Municipality of Helsinki").

In 1952, the new international airport of Helsinki
Helsinki
opened in Vantaa for the 1952 Summer Olympics .

In 1972, the municipality was renamed Vantaa
Vantaa
(Swedish : Vanda) and promoted to a köping (market town ) (i.e. Vantaan kauppala/Vanda köping). In 1974, the town got full city rights as Vantaan kaupunki/Vanda stad or "City of Vantaa".

The city grew rapidly starting from 1960's and a railway line was built to the western side of the city in 1970's.

On October 11, 2002, a bomb exploded in the mall of Myyrmanni in Myyrmäki district, killing 7 (including the perpetrator) and injuring 166 people.

In 2015, an extension to the existing railway line, the Ring Rail Line opened, providing service to the airport and new residential and working districts.

GEOGRAPHY

The districts and major regions of Vantaa
Vantaa

LOCATION

Vantaa
Vantaa
is located in southern Finland, in the region of Uusimaa
Uusimaa
and the Helsinki
Helsinki
sub-region . It is separated from the Gulf of Finland
Finland
by Helsinki. Prior to the abolition of Finnish provinces in 2009, Vantaa was a part of the Southern Finland
Finland
Province .

The city borders Helsinki
Helsinki
, the Finnish capital, which is to the south and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are Espoo
Espoo
to the west; Nurmijärvi
Nurmijärvi
, Kerava
Kerava
, and Tuusula
Tuusula
to the north; and Sipoo to the east. Vantaa
Vantaa
is a part of the Finnish Capital Region, which is the inner core of the Greater Helsinki
Greater Helsinki
metropolitan area.

SUBDIVISION

Main article: Districts of Vantaa

Vantaa
Vantaa
is divided into seven major regions (Finnish : suuralueet, Swedish : storområden): Tikkurila
Tikkurila
(Dickursby), Hakunila (Håkansböle), Koivukylä (Björkby), Korso , Aviapolis , Myyrmäki (Myrbacka), and Kivistö . These major regions are then divided into a total of 60 city districts , the most populated of which are Myyrmäki , Martinlaakso , Hakunila , and Pakkala
Pakkala
.

FEATURES

Rapids of river Vantaa
Vantaa

Vantaa
Vantaa
encompasses 238.36 square kilometres (92.03 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water. The city is mostly suburban and urban area with some rural landscape, notably in the districts of Sotunki and Seutula
Seutula
. Average population density is 930.57/km2 (2,410.2/sq mi), which rises above 5,000 inhabitants per square kilometre (13,000/sq mi) in concentrated urban districts like Myyrmäki and Tikkurila.

The river Vantaa
Vantaa
runs through western Vantaa, and its tributary Keravanjoki runs through eastern Vantaa.

For its area, Vantaa
Vantaa
has relatively few lakes. The city encompasses two natural lakes: Kuusijärvi in Kuninkaanmäki and Lammaslampi Pähkinärinne , Hämeenkylä . In addition to these, there is an artificial lake , Silvolan tekojärvi. Vantaa
Vantaa
shares two lakes with Espoo
Espoo
: Odilampi and Pitkäjärvi.

Vantaa
Vantaa
exhibits frequent exposed granite bedrock ground, which is common in Finland. Resulting from erosion in the last glacial period (about 10,000 years ago), elevated surfaces often lack soil (superficial deposits ), revealing bare stone unsuitable for most plant life. Other geological impacts of the last Ice Age include a series of eskers running through central Vantaa.

CLIMATE

Tammisto forest nature reserve

Vantaa
Vantaa
has a humid continental climate (Köppen : Dfb), slightly above the threshold for subarctic classification. Although the city no longer (since 2009) has a coastline along the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
, it is close enough to experience the mitigating influence of the sea and the Gulf Stream . The record low temperature in Vantaa
Vantaa
is −35.9 °C (−32.6 °F) and the record high is 34.0 °C (93.2 °F).

CLIMATE DATA FOR HELSINKI AIRPORT (AVIAPOLIS )

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 8.2 (46.8) 10.0 (50) 17.5 (63.5) 23.6 (74.5) 28.8 (83.8) 31.4 (88.5) 34.0 (93.2) 31.5 (88.7) 25.3 (77.5) 18.2 (64.8) 10.5 (50.9) 9.6 (49.3) 34.0 (93.2)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −2.4 (27.7) −2.7 (27.1) 1.5 (34.7) 8.7 (47.7) 15.8 (60.4) 19.6 (67.3) 22.5 (72.5) 20.5 (68.9) 14.8 (58.6) 8.6 (47.5) 2.6 (36.7) −0.7 (30.7) 9.1 (48.4)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −5.0 (23) −5.7 (21.7) −1.9 (28.6) 4.1 (39.4) 10.4 (50.7) 14.6 (58.3) 17.7 (63.9) 15.8 (60.4) 10.7 (51.3) 5.6 (42.1) 0.4 (32.7) −3.2 (26.2) 5.3 (41.5)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −8.1 (17.4) −8.9 (16) −5.4 (22.3) −0.2 (31.6) 4.8 (40.6) 9.5 (49.1) 12.6 (54.7) 11.3 (52.3) 6.9 (44.4) 2.7 (36.9) −2.1 (28.2) −6.0 (21.2) 1.4 (34.5)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −35.9 (−32.6) −30.2 (−22.4) −27.2 (−17) −12.1 (10.2) −5.4 (22.3) −0.5 (31.1) 4.0 (39.2) 2.0 (35.6) −7.3 (18.9) −14.5 (5.9) −19.9 (−3.8) −29.5 (−21.1) −35.9 (−32.6)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 54 (2.13) 37 (1.46) 37 (1.46) 32 (1.26) 39 (1.54) 61 (2.4) 66 (2.6) 79 (3.11) 64 (2.52) 82 (3.23) 73 (2.87) 58 (2.28) 682 (26.86)

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 38 74 131 196 275 266 291 219 143 84 37 26 1,780

Source: Climatological statistics for the normal period 1981–2010 Sun and record temperatures 1981-2011 only

DEMOGRAPHICS

The city is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. A majority (88.6%) of the population are Finnish speakers while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. Vantaa's residents that speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish stand at 8.4% of the population.

In 2011, 199,236 of the municipality's 203,001 residents lived in officially recognized urban areas (Finnish : taajama; Swedish : tätort). The remaining population lives in the few rural sections of Vantaa, such as those in Sotunki and Seutula
Seutula
.

In 2016, 59.1% of the population were members of the Lutheran Church of Finland
Finland
.

POPULATION

Vantaa
Vantaa
Population Growth 1980–2010 YEAR POPULATION

1980 132,050

1985 143,844

1990 152,263

1995 166,480

2000 178,471

2005 187,281

2010 200,055

2015 211,206

ECONOMY

Finnair
Finnair
headquarters

Of those employed, two thirds are in the private sector . The most common industries in Vantaa
Vantaa
include the food , architectural engineering , and machine industries. In 2007, the unemployment rate was 6.3%.

Companies that have their headquarters in Vantaa
Vantaa
(at the Helsinki Airport
Airport
, in Aviapolis ) include Finnair
Finnair
, Finavia and Nordic Regional Airlines . Companies with headquarters in Vantaa
Vantaa
outside of Aviapolis include R-kioski , Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Oyj , Veikkaus
Veikkaus
Oy , and Metsähallitus .

The City of Vantaa
Vantaa
has been in increasing debt since the early 2000s, due to a decrease in state funding and an increase in investments. A contributing factor to its situation is the high concentration of families with children, leading to comparatively larger social expenditure. According to the former mayor Juhani Paajanen, the worst expenditures have ended, and the city's gains are increasing.

ARTS AND CULTURE

Science centre
Science centre
Heureka

MUSIC

There are about 20 choirs in Vantaa, like Vantaan Laulu and Vantaa Chamber Choir . Three actively performing concert bands Tikkurilan Soittokunta , Lumon Puhaltajat and Puhallinorkesteri Louhi exist at the east, north and west corners of the city respectively. Vantaa Pops (Vantaan Viihdeorkesteri in Finnish), conducted by a Welshman Nick Davies, is the only professional full symphonic pops orchestra in Finland.

Ankkarock was a rock music festival held every summer in Korso between 1989-2010.

MUSEUMS

Tikkurila
Tikkurila
is home of the major science centre in Finland, Heureka . In addition there is the city museum next to the railway station in Tikkurila
Tikkurila
which has exhibitions with various themes on local history. The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland, designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. The Finnish Aviation Museum is located in Vantaa, near Helsinki Airport
Helsinki Airport
.

POLITICS

The city hall of Vantaa, located in Tikkurila
Tikkurila

Vantaa's city council has 67 seats. Following the 2017 municipal election the council seats are allocated in the following way: Social Democrats 18 seats, National Coalition Party
National Coalition Party
17, Greens 12, True Finns 8, Left Alliance 5, Centre Party 3, Christian Democrats 2, Swedish People\'s Party 2.

MAYORS

* Lauri Lairala 1974–1989 * Pirjo Ala-Kapee 1989–1997 * Erkki Rantala 1997–2003 * Juhani Paajanen 2003-2011 * Jukka Peltomäki 2011 * Kari Nenonen 2012-

INFRASTRUCTURE

SERVICES

The main library of Vantaa, in Tikkurila
Tikkurila

Vantaa
Vantaa
has two hospitals , Peijas Hospital
Hospital
in Asola and Katriina Hospital
Hospital
in Seutula
Seutula
. Peijas is responsible for emergency and short-term health services, while Katriina specializes in long-term care and elderly care . The Vantaa
Vantaa
branch of the HelMet library network has 10 libraries in Vantaa, with a total of 518,117 books in 2005. The main library is in Tikkurila
Tikkurila
.

For sports, the city has five swimming halls , four sports halls, two gyms , six tennis courts , 69 hockey and skating rinks , and 19 lit-up running tracks . Additionally, Vantaa
Vantaa
has two golf courses , in Hiekkaharju and Keimola .

TRANSPORTATION

The Helsinki Airport
Helsinki Airport
(HEL), although associated with Helsinki, is located in Vantaa.

Vantaa
Vantaa
infrastructurally serves as the transportational hub of the Helsinki
Helsinki
metropolitan area. Several key freeways and highways , such as Ring III and Porvoonväylä, originate in or pass through the municipality. Additionally, two of the three railway lines exiting Helsinki
Helsinki
pass through Vantaa, connecting the city's 14 stations. All long-distance trains exiting Helsinki
Helsinki
stop at Tikkurila
Tikkurila
railway station in Vantaa, with the exception of train D.

Public transport
Public transport
in Vantaa
Vantaa
consists of a bus network and commuter rail , provided by HSL/HRT and VR . Since the introduction of the Ring Rail Line in 2015, Vantaa
Vantaa
has had a total of 14 stations. Key railway stations also act as central bus stations . The Ring Rail Line is speeding up the development in Western parts of Vantaa. For example, the Vantaankoski area is foreseen to double the amount of jobs in the future. Planning ideas are sought through an ideas competition.

The largest airport in Finland, and the primary airport of Greater Helsinki, Helsinki Airport
Helsinki Airport
, is located in Vantaa. In 2016, it attracted a total of 17.1 million passengers.

EDUCATION

Vantaa
Vantaa
has a total of 50 Finnish-speaking, five Swedish-speaking, and one English-speaking primary and junior high schools. The city has nine upper secondary schools , including Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Upper Secondary , Finland's largest upper secondary school. For vocational education , Vantaa
Vantaa
has two vocational schools and two universities of applied sciences : Metropolia and Laurea .

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

TWIN TOWNS AND SISTER CITIES

Vantaa
Vantaa
is twinned with:

* Askim , Norway (1951) * Frankfurt an der Oder , Germany (1987) * Huddinge , Sweden (1951) * Jinan
Jinan
, Shandong
Shandong
, China (2001) * Kineshma
Kineshma
, Russia
Russia
(1969)

* Lyngby-Taarbæk
Lyngby-Taarbæk
, Denmark (1951) * Matte Yehuda Regional Council , Israel (1967) * Mladá Boleslav
Mladá Boleslav
, Czech Republic (1978) * Nuuk
Nuuk
, Greenland (1965)

* District of Rastatt , Germany (1968) * Salgótarján
Salgótarján
, Hungary (1976) * Seyðisfjörður
Seyðisfjörður
, Iceland (1980) * Słupsk
Słupsk
, Poland (1987) * Windhoek
Windhoek
, Namibia (2002)

GALLERY

*

The Church of St. Lawrence (Finnish : Pyhän Laurin kirkko), the oldest church in Vantaa
Vantaa
(ca. 1460) *

Aerial view of Helsinki Airport
Helsinki Airport
, located in Lentokenttä , Vantaa
Vantaa

*

The old railway station building of Tikkurila
Tikkurila
, now a museum *

Ring III (national road 50, E18) *

Tikkurila
Tikkurila
railway station , as of 2015 *

Rural hills of Sotunki *

Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Upper Secondary , the largest high school in Finland
Finland
*

Martintorni, the tallest building in Vantaa
Vantaa
at 56 m.

A panoramic view of Jumbo Shopping Centre
Jumbo Shopping Centre
in Aviapolis , Vantaa. Ring III runs through the foreground.

SEE ALSO

* Finland
Finland
portal

* People from Vantaa