HOME
The Info List - Vantaa


--- Advertisement ---



Vantaa
Vantaa
(Finnish pronunciation: [ˈʋɑntɑː]; Swedish: Vanda) is a city and municipality in Finland. It is part of the inner core of the Finnish Capital Region along with Helsinki, Espoo, and Kauniainen. With a population of 221,821 (31 August 2017[3]), Vantaa
Vantaa
is the fourth most populated city of Finland. Vantaa
Vantaa
is bordered by Helsinki, the Finnish capital, to the south; Espoo
Espoo
to the southwest; Nurmijärvi
Nurmijärvi
to the northwest; Kerava
Kerava
and Tuusula
Tuusula
to the north; and Sipoo
Sipoo
to the east. The city encompasses 240.35 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.[2] The largest airport in Finland, and the main airport and airline hub of Greater Helsinki, the Helsinki
Helsinki
Airport, is located in Vantaa. Companies with headquarters in Vantaa
Vantaa
include Finnair, Finavia,[7] R-kioski, Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Oyj, Veikkaus
Veikkaus
Oy, and Metsähallitus. The city also hosts a science center, Heureka. The city of Vantaa
Vantaa
is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. 88.6% of the population are Finnish speakers, while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. 8.4% of the population speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish.[8]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Location 2.2 Subdivision 2.3 Features 2.4 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 Population

4 Economy 5 Arts and culture

5.1 Music 5.2 Museums

6 Politics

6.1 Mayors

7 Infrastructure

7.1 Services 7.2 Transportation

8 Education 9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns and sister cities

10 Gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit]

The old station building of Tikkurila

The historical parish of Helsingin Pitäjä in the late 1800s

Vantaa
Vantaa
has a rich history that dates back to the stone age.[9] Before Swedish colonisation of the area after the so-called second crusade to Finland
Finland
in the 13th century the area was inhabited by Tavastians
Tavastians
and Finns proper.[10] Prior to the name Vantaa
Vantaa
being taken into use in 1974, the area was known as Helsingin Pitäjä (Swedish: Helsinge; " Socken
Socken
of Helsinki"). The earliest record of the area is as Helsinge in 1351 when king Magnus II of Sweden
Magnus II of Sweden
granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa to the Estonian Padise monastery. The rapids of river Vantaa
Vantaa
were known as Helsingfors, from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki derives. Early settlement in Vantaa
Vantaa
was centered around the river, and from it the city's current coat of arms derived its imagery. Since the 14th century, the road between Turku
Turku
and Vyborg, King's Road, has run through Vantaa. The road brought significant attention to the city, and its location on the salmon rich river led to a permanent population. Ore
Ore
deposits in Helsingin Pitäjä had been discovered in the 1700s, but weren't utilized until Finland
Finland
transferred to Russian control in the early 1800s. Ore
Ore
extraction and processing lead to rapid industrialization in the area, with communities forming around locations like Tikkurila
Tikkurila
and Kerava. The industrial community in Tikkurila
Tikkurila
included an expeller pressing plant, which currently operates in the area as the paint manufacturer Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Oyj. In 1862, the railway between Helsinki
Helsinki
and Hämeenlinna
Hämeenlinna
was constructed, and one of its seven stations was built in Tikkurila, on its intersection with King's Road. The Swedish architect Carl Albert Edelfelt designed a Renaissance Revival styled station building, which is the oldest extant station building in Finland
Finland
and (as of 1978) has been adapted into the Vantaa
Vantaa
City Museum. The railway brought industry and induced population growth. Helsingin Pitäjä gained municipality rights in 1865, after which it was named Helsingin maalaiskunta ("Rural Municipality of Helsinki"). In 1952, the new international airport of Helsinki
Helsinki
opened in Vantaa for the 1952 Summer Olympics. In 1972, the municipality was renamed Vantaa
Vantaa
(Swedish: Vanda) and promoted to a köping (market town) (i.e. Vantaan kauppala/Vanda köping). In 1974, the town got full city rights as Vantaan kaupunki/Vanda stad or "City of Vantaa".[11] The city grew rapidly starting from 1960's and a railway line was built to the western side of the city in 1970's. On October 11, 2002, a bomb exploded in the mall of Myyrmanni
Myyrmanni
in Myyrmäki
Myyrmäki
district, killing 7 (including the perpetrator) and injuring 166 people. In 2015, an extension to the existing railway line, the Ring Rail Line opened, providing service to the airport and new residential and working districts. Geography[edit]

The districts and major regions of Vantaa

Location[edit] Vantaa
Vantaa
is located in southern Finland, in the region of Uusimaa
Uusimaa
and the Helsinki
Helsinki
sub-region. It is separated from the Gulf of Finland
Finland
by Helsinki. Prior to the abolition of Finnish provinces in 2009, Vantaa was a part of the Southern Finland
Finland
Province. The city borders Helsinki, the Finnish capital, which is to the south and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are Espoo
Espoo
to the west; Nurmijärvi, Kerava, and Tuusula
Tuusula
to the north; and Sipoo
Sipoo
to the east. Vantaa
Vantaa
is a part of the Finnish Capital Region, which is the inner core of the Greater Helsinki
Greater Helsinki
metropolitan area. Subdivision[edit] Main article: Districts
Districts
of Vantaa Vantaa
Vantaa
is divided into seven major regions (Finnish: suuralueet, Swedish: storområden): Tikkurila
Tikkurila
(Dickursby), Hakunila (Håkansböle), Koivukylä
Koivukylä
(Björkby), Korso, Aviapolis, Myyrmäki (Myrbacka), and Kivistö.[12] These major regions are then divided into a total of 60 city districts, the most populated of which are Myyrmäki, Martinlaakso, Hakunila, and Pakkala. Features[edit]

Rapids of river Vantaa

Vantaa
Vantaa
encompasses 240.35 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.[2] The city is mostly suburban and urban area with some rural landscape, notably in the districts of Sotunki
Sotunki
and Seutula. Average population density is 930.57/km2 (2,410.2/sq mi), which rises above 5,000 inhabitants per square kilometre (13,000/sq mi) in concentrated urban districts like Myyrmäki
Myyrmäki
and Tikkurila. The river Vantaa
Vantaa
runs through western Vantaa, and its tributary Keravanjoki runs through eastern Vantaa. For its area, Vantaa
Vantaa
has relatively few lakes. The city encompasses two natural lakes: Kuusijärvi in Kuninkaanmäki and Lammaslampi Pähkinärinne, Hämeenkylä. In addition to these, there is an artificial lake, Silvolan tekojärvi. Vantaa
Vantaa
shares two lakes with Espoo: Odilampi and Pitkäjärvi. Vantaa
Vantaa
exhibits frequent exposed granite bedrock ground, which is common in Finland. Resulting from erosion in the last glacial period (about 10,000 years ago), elevated surfaces often lack soil (superficial deposits), revealing bare stone unsuitable for most plant life. Other geological impacts of the last Ice Age include a series of eskers running through central Vantaa. Climate[edit]

Tammisto forest nature reserve

Vantaa
Vantaa
has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb), slightly above the threshold for subarctic classification. Although the city no longer (since 2009) has a coastline along the Baltic Sea, it is close enough to experience the mitigating influence of the sea and the Gulf Stream. The record low temperature in Vantaa
Vantaa
is −35.9 °C (−32.6 °F) and the record high is 34.0 °C (93.2 °F).

Climate data for Helsinki Airport
Helsinki Airport
(Aviapolis)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 8.2 (46.8) 10.0 (50) 17.5 (63.5) 23.6 (74.5) 28.8 (83.8) 31.4 (88.5) 34.0 (93.2) 31.5 (88.7) 25.3 (77.5) 18.2 (64.8) 10.5 (50.9) 9.6 (49.3) 34.0 (93.2)

Average high °C (°F) −2.4 (27.7) −2.7 (27.1) 1.5 (34.7) 8.7 (47.7) 15.8 (60.4) 19.6 (67.3) 22.5 (72.5) 20.5 (68.9) 14.8 (58.6) 8.6 (47.5) 2.6 (36.7) −0.7 (30.7) 9.1 (48.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) −5.0 (23) −5.7 (21.7) −1.9 (28.6) 4.1 (39.4) 10.4 (50.7) 14.6 (58.3) 17.7 (63.9) 15.8 (60.4) 10.7 (51.3) 5.6 (42.1) 0.4 (32.7) −3.2 (26.2) 5.3 (41.5)

Average low °C (°F) −8.1 (17.4) −8.9 (16) −5.4 (22.3) −0.2 (31.6) 4.8 (40.6) 9.5 (49.1) 12.6 (54.7) 11.3 (52.3) 6.9 (44.4) 2.7 (36.9) −2.1 (28.2) −6.0 (21.2) 1.4 (34.5)

Record low °C (°F) −35.9 (−32.6) −30.2 (−22.4) −27.2 (−17) −12.1 (10.2) −5.4 (22.3) −0.5 (31.1) 4.0 (39.2) 2.0 (35.6) −7.3 (18.9) −14.5 (5.9) −19.9 (−3.8) −29.5 (−21.1) −35.9 (−32.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 54 (2.13) 37 (1.46) 37 (1.46) 32 (1.26) 39 (1.54) 61 (2.4) 66 (2.6) 79 (3.11) 64 (2.52) 82 (3.23) 73 (2.87) 58 (2.28) 682 (26.86)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 38 74 131 196 275 266 291 219 143 84 37 26 1,780

Source: Climatological statistics for the normal period 1981–2010 [13] Sun and record temperatures 1981-2011 only

Demographics[edit] The city is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages.[8] A majority (88.6%) of the population are Finnish speakers while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. Vantaa's residents that speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish stand at 8.4% of the population. In 2011, 199,236 of the municipality's 203,001 residents lived in officially recognized urban areas (Finnish: taajama; Swedish: tätort). The remaining population lives in the few rural sections of Vantaa, such as those in Sotunki
Sotunki
and Seutula.[14] In 2016, 59.1% of the population were members of the Lutheran Church of Finland. Population[edit]

Vantaa
Vantaa
Population Growth 1980–2015[15]

Year Population

1980

132,050

1985

143,844

1990

152,263

1995

166,480

2000

178,471

2005

187,281

2010

200,055

2015

211,206

Economy[edit]

Finnair
Finnair
headquarters

Of those employed, two thirds are in the private sector. The most common industries in Vantaa
Vantaa
include the food, architectural engineering, and machine industries. In 2007, the unemployment rate was 6.3%. Companies that have their headquarters in Vantaa
Vantaa
(at the Helsinki Airport, in Aviapolis) include Finnair, Finavia
Finavia
and Nordic Regional Airlines.[7][16][17][18] Companies with headquarters in Vantaa
Vantaa
outside of Aviapolis
Aviapolis
include R-kioski, Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Oyj, Veikkaus
Veikkaus
Oy, and Metsähallitus. The City of Vantaa
Vantaa
has been in increasing debt since the early 2000s, due to a decrease in state funding and an increase in investments. A contributing factor to its situation is the high concentration of families with children, leading to comparatively larger social expenditure.[19] According to the former mayor Juhani Paajanen, the worst expenditures have ended, and the city's gains are increasing.[20] Arts and culture[edit]

Science centre
Science centre
Heureka

Music[edit] There are about 20 choirs in Vantaa,[21] like Vantaan Laulu and Vantaa Chamber Choir. Three actively performing concert bands Tikkurilan Soittokunta, Lumon Puhaltajat and Puhallinorkesteri Louhi exist at the east, north and west corners of the city respectively.[22] Vantaa
Vantaa
Pops (Vantaan Viihdeorkesteri in Finnish), conducted by a Welshman Nick Davies,[23] is the only professional full symphonic pops orchestra in Finland. Ankkarock
Ankkarock
was a rock music festival held every summer in Korso
Korso
between 1989–2010. Museums[edit] Tikkurila
Tikkurila
is home of the major science centre in Finland, Heureka. In addition there is the city museum next to the railway station in Tikkurila
Tikkurila
which has exhibitions with various themes on local history. The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland, designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. The Finnish Aviation Museum is located in Vantaa, near Helsinki
Helsinki
Airport. Politics[edit]

The city hall of Vantaa, located in Tikkurila

Vantaa's city council has 67 seats. Following the 2017 municipal election the council seats are allocated in the following way: Social Democrats 18 seats, National Coalition Party
National Coalition Party
17, Greens 12, True Finns 8, Left Alliance 5, Centre Party 3, Christian Democrats 2, Swedish People's Party 2.[24] Mayors[edit]

Lauri Lairala 1974–1989 Pirjo Ala-Kapee 1989–1997 Erkki Rantala 1997–2003 Juhani Paajanen 2003-2011 Jukka Peltomäki 2011 Kari Nenonen 2012-

Infrastructure[edit] Services[edit]

The main library of Vantaa, in Tikkurila

Vantaa
Vantaa
has two hospitals, Peijas Hospital
Hospital
in Asola and Katriina Hospital
Hospital
in Seutula. Peijas is responsible for emergency and short-term health services, while Katriina specializes in long-term care and elderly care. The Vantaa
Vantaa
branch of the HelMet library network has 10 libraries in Vantaa, with a total of 518,117 books in 2005. The main library is in Tikkurila. For sports, the city has five swimming halls, four sports halls, two gyms, six tennis courts, 69 hockey and skating rinks, and 19 lit-up running tracks. Additionally, Vantaa
Vantaa
has two golf courses, in Hiekkaharju
Hiekkaharju
and Keimola. Transportation[edit]

The Helsinki Airport
Helsinki Airport
(HEL), although associated with Helsinki, is located in Vantaa.

Vantaa
Vantaa
infrastructurally serves as the transportational hub of the Helsinki
Helsinki
metropolitan area. Several key freeways and highways, such as Ring III
Ring III
and Porvoonväylä, originate in or pass through the municipality. Additionally, two of the three railway lines exiting Helsinki
Helsinki
pass through Vantaa, connecting the city's 14 stations. All long-distance trains exiting Helsinki
Helsinki
stop at Tikkurila
Tikkurila
railway station in Vantaa, with the exception of train D. Public transport
Public transport
in Vantaa
Vantaa
consists of a bus network and commuter rail, provided by HSL/HRT and VR. Since the introduction of the Ring Rail Line in 2015, Vantaa
Vantaa
has had a total of 14 stations. Key railway stations also act as central bus stations. The Ring Rail Line
Ring Rail Line
is speeding up the development in Western parts of Vantaa. For example, the Vantaankoski area is foreseen to double the amount of jobs in the future. Planning ideas are sought through an ideas competition.[25] The largest airport in Finland, and the primary airport of Greater Helsinki, Helsinki
Helsinki
Airport, is located in Vantaa. In 2016, it attracted a total of 17.1 million passengers. Education[edit] Vantaa
Vantaa
has a total of 50 Finnish-speaking, five Swedish-speaking, and one English-speaking primary and junior high schools. The city has nine upper secondary schools, including Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Upper Secondary, Finland's largest upper secondary school. For vocational education, Vantaa
Vantaa
has two vocational schools and two universities of applied sciences: Metropolia and Laurea. International relations[edit] Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Vantaa
Vantaa
is twinned with:

Askim, Norway (1951) Frankfurt an der Oder, Germany (1987) Huddinge, Sweden (1951) Jinan, Shandong, China (2001) Kineshma, Russia
Russia
(1969)

Lyngby-Taarbæk, Denmark (1951) Matte Yehuda Regional Council, Israel (1967) Mladá Boleslav, Czech Republic (1978) Nuuk, Greenland (1965)

District of Rastatt, Germany (1968) Salgótarján, Hungary (1976) Seyðisfjörður, Iceland (1980) Słupsk, Poland (1987) Windhoek, Namibia (2002)

Gallery[edit]

The Church of St. Lawrence (Finnish: Pyhän Laurin kirkko), the oldest church in Vantaa
Vantaa
(ca. 1460)

Aerial view of Helsinki
Helsinki
Airport, located in Lentokenttä, Vantaa

The old railway station building of Tikkurila, now a museum

Ring III
Ring III
(national road 50, E18)

Tikkurila
Tikkurila
railway station, as of 2015[update]

Rural hills of Sotunki

Tikkurila
Tikkurila
Upper Secondary, the largest high school in Finland

Martintorni, the tallest building in Vantaa
Vantaa
at 56 m.

A panoramic view of Jumbo Shopping Centre
Jumbo Shopping Centre
in Aviapolis, Vantaa. Ring III runs through the foreground.

See also[edit]

Finland
Finland
portal

People from Vantaa Districts
Districts
of Vantaa Pro Vantaa

References[edit]

^ a b c "City of Vantaa
Vantaa
- City Management". Vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015.  ^ a b c "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.  ^ a b "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017.  ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.  ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.  ^ a b [1][dead link] ^ a b Government Decree on the Official Languages in Administrative Districts
Districts
for 2003–2012 (in Finnish); [2] (the same in Swedish). Retrieved on 7 July 2012 ^ Georg Haggren, Petri Halinen, Mika Lavento, Sami Raninen ja Anna Wessman (2015). Muinaisuutemme jäljet. Helsinki: Gaudeamus. pp. 48, 62, 72. ISBN 978-952-495-363-4. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Tarkiainen, Kari (2010). Ruotsin itämaa. Helsinki: Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland. p. 122. ISBN 978-951-583-212-2.  ^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Vantaan historiaa". Vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015.  ^ "City of Vantaa
Vantaa
- The Major Regions of Vantaa". Vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015.  ^ "Normal period 1981-2010". En.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi. Retrieved 24 December 2017.  ^ "Taajama-aste alueittain 31.12.2011". Tilastokeskus. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ "Väestö kielen mukaan sekä ulkomaan kansalaisten määrä ja maa-pinta-ala alueittain 1980–2012" (in Finnish). Tilastokeskus. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013.  ^ "Oy Air Finland
Finland
Ltd in English." Air Finland. Retrieved on 25 February 2010. ^ "Edulliset Lennot ja Lentoliput – Hae ja Varaa Lennot - SAS" (PDF). Blue1.com. Retrieved 24 December 2017.  ^ "About Us." Nordic Regional Airlines. Retrieved on October 25, 2016. " Nordic Regional Airlines
Nordic Regional Airlines
Oy Öljykuja 2, 01530 Vantaa, Finland" ^ Vantaan kuntakonsernianalyysi 2005, Bo-Erik Ekström 28.10.2005. ^ [3][dead link] ^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Kulttuuri". Vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015.  ^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Kulttuuri". Vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015.  ^ [4][dead link] ^ "Vantaa: Tulos puolueittain ja yhteislistoittain". Ministry of Justice. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2017.  ^ "Uusi Vantaankoski -ideakilpailu". Uusivantaankoski.fi. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Vantaa
Vantaa
and Northern Helsinki.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vantaa.

City of Vantaa
Vantaa
– Official website Map of Vantaa The Finnish Science Center Helsinki
Helsinki
Airport Vantaa
Vantaa
City Museum Helsinki.fi – Helsinki
Helsinki
region in a nutshell

Articles related to Vantaa

v t e

Districts
Districts
of Vantaa

Myyrmäki
Myyrmäki
(Myrbacka) area

Askisto Hämeenkylä (Tavastby) Hämevaara
Hämevaara
(Tavastberga) Kaivoksela (Gruvsta) Linnainen (Linnais) Martinlaakso
Martinlaakso
(Mårtensdal) Myyrmäki
Myyrmäki
(Myrbacka) Petikko Vantaanlaakso (Vandadalen) Vapaala (Friherrs) Varisto (Varistorna)

Kivistö
Kivistö
area

Keimola
Keimola
(Käinby) Kiila (Kila) Kivistö Lapinkylä (Lappböle) Luhtaanmäki (Luhtabacka) Myllymäki (Kvarnbacka) Piispankylä (Biskopsböle) Riipilä (Ripuby) Seutula
Seutula
(Sjöskog) Vestra (Västra)

Aviapolis
Aviapolis
area

Lentokenttä
Lentokenttä
(Flygfältet) Pakkala
Pakkala
(Backas) Tammisto (Rosendal) Veromies
Veromies
(Skattmans) Viinikkala (Vinikby) Ylästö (Övitsböle)

Tikkurila
Tikkurila
(Dickursby) area

Hakkila (Haxböle) Helsingin pitäjän kirkonkylä (Helsinge kyrkoby) Hiekkaharju
Hiekkaharju
(Sandkulla) Jokiniemi (Ånäs) Koivuhaka (Björkhagen) Kuninkaala (Fastböle) Ruskeasanta (Rödsand) Simonkylä (Simonsböle) Tikkurila
Tikkurila
(Dickursby) Viertola (Bäckby)

Koivukylä
Koivukylä
(Björkby) area

Asola Havukoski Ilola
Ilola
(Gladas) Koivukylä
Koivukylä
(Björkby) Päiväkumpu (Lövkulla) Rekola (Räckhals)

Korso
Korso
area

Jokivarsi Korso Leppäkorpi (Alkärr) Matari (Matar) Metsola (Skogsbrinken) Mikkola Nikinmäki (Nissbacka) Vallinoja (Fallbäcken) Vierumäki

Hakunila
Hakunila
(Håkansböle) area

Hakunila
Hakunila
(Håkansböle) Itä-Hakkila (Östra Haxböle) Kuninkaanmäki (Kungsbacka) Länsimäki
Länsimäki
(Västerkulla) Länsisalmi (Västersundom) Ojanko (Gjutan) Rajakylä (Råby) Sotunki
Sotunki
(Sottungsby) Vaarala (Fagersta)

v t e

Municipalities of Uusimaa

Municipalities

Askola Espoo Hanko Helsinki Hyvinkää Ingå Järvenpää Karkkila Kauniainen Kerava Kirkkonummi Lapinjärvi Lohja Loviisa Mäntsälä Myrskylä Nurmijärvi Pornainen Porvoo Pukkila Raseborg Sipoo Siuntio Tuusula Vantaa Vihti

Former municipalities

Bromarv Degerby Ekenäs Ekenäs landskommun Haaga Huopalahti Hyvinkään maalaiskunta Karis Karjalohja Kulosaari Liljendal Lohjan kunta Nummi Nummi-Pusula Oulunkylä Pernå Pohja Porvoon maalaiskunta Pusula Ruotsinpyhtää Sammatti Snappertuna Tenala

.