Vantaa (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈʋɑntɑː]; Swedish: Vanda) is
a city and municipality in Finland. It is part of the inner core of
the Finnish Capital Region along with Helsinki, Espoo, and Kauniainen.
With a population of 221,821 (31 August 2017),
Vantaa is the fourth
most populated city of Finland.
Vantaa is bordered by Helsinki, the Finnish capital, to the south;
Espoo to the southwest;
Nurmijärvi to the northwest;
Tuusula to the north; and
Sipoo to the east. The city encompasses
240.35 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi), of which
1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.
The largest airport in Finland, and the main airport and airline hub
of Greater Helsinki, the
Helsinki Airport, is located in Vantaa.
Companies with headquarters in
Vantaa include Finnair, Finavia,
Veikkaus Oy, and Metsähallitus. The city
also hosts a science center, Heureka.
The city of
Vantaa is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being
official languages. 88.6% of the population are Finnish speakers,
while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. 8.4% of the population
speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish.
5 Arts and culture
9 International relations
9.1 Twin towns and sister cities
11 See also
13 External links
The old station building of Tikkurila
The historical parish of Helsingin Pitäjä in the late 1800s
Vantaa has a rich history that dates back to the stone age. Before
Swedish colonisation of the area after the so-called second crusade to
Finland in the 13th century the area was inhabited by
Prior to the name
Vantaa being taken into use in 1974, the area was
known as Helsingin Pitäjä (Swedish: Helsinge; "
Socken of Helsinki").
The earliest record of the area is as Helsinge in 1351 when king
Magnus II of Sweden
Magnus II of Sweden granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa
to the Estonian Padise monastery. The rapids of river
known as Helsingfors, from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki
derives. Early settlement in
Vantaa was centered around the river, and
from it the city's current coat of arms derived its imagery.
Since the 14th century, the road between
Turku and Vyborg, King's
Road, has run through Vantaa. The road brought significant attention
to the city, and its location on the salmon rich river led to a
Ore deposits in Helsingin Pitäjä had been discovered in the 1700s,
but weren't utilized until
Finland transferred to Russian control in
the early 1800s.
Ore extraction and processing lead to rapid
industrialization in the area, with communities forming around
Tikkurila and Kerava. The industrial community in
Tikkurila included an expeller pressing plant, which currently
operates in the area as the paint manufacturer
In 1862, the railway between
constructed, and one of its seven stations was built in Tikkurila, on
its intersection with King's Road. The Swedish architect Carl Albert
Edelfelt designed a Renaissance Revival styled station building, which
is the oldest extant station building in
Finland and (as of 1978) has
been adapted into the
Vantaa City Museum. The railway brought industry
and induced population growth.
Helsingin Pitäjä gained municipality rights in 1865, after which it
was named Helsingin maalaiskunta ("Rural Municipality of Helsinki").
In 1952, the new international airport of
Helsinki opened in Vantaa
for the 1952 Summer Olympics.
In 1972, the municipality was renamed
Vantaa (Swedish: Vanda) and
promoted to a köping (market town) (i.e. Vantaan kauppala/Vanda
köping). In 1974, the town got full city rights as Vantaan
kaupunki/Vanda stad or "City of Vantaa".
The city grew rapidly starting from 1960's and a railway line was
built to the western side of the city in 1970's.
On October 11, 2002, a bomb exploded in the mall of
Myyrmäki district, killing 7 (including the perpetrator) and injuring
In 2015, an extension to the existing railway line, the Ring Rail Line
opened, providing service to the airport and new residential and
The districts and major regions of Vantaa
Vantaa is located in southern Finland, in the region of
Helsinki sub-region. It is separated from the Gulf of
Helsinki. Prior to the abolition of Finnish provinces in 2009, Vantaa
was a part of the Southern
The city borders Helsinki, the Finnish capital, which is to the south
and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are
Espoo to the
west; Nurmijärvi, Kerava, and
Tuusula to the north; and
Sipoo to the
Vantaa is a part of the Finnish Capital Region, which is the
inner core of the
Greater Helsinki metropolitan area.
Districts of Vantaa
Vantaa is divided into seven major regions (Finnish: suuralueet,
Tikkurila (Dickursby), Hakunila
Koivukylä (Björkby), Korso, Aviapolis, Myyrmäki
(Myrbacka), and Kivistö. These major regions are then divided
into a total of 60 city districts, the most populated of which are
Myyrmäki, Martinlaakso, Hakunila, and Pakkala.
Rapids of river Vantaa
Vantaa encompasses 240.35 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi),
of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water. The city is
mostly suburban and urban area with some rural landscape, notably in
the districts of
Sotunki and Seutula. Average population density is
930.57/km2 (2,410.2/sq mi), which rises above 5,000 inhabitants
per square kilometre (13,000/sq mi) in concentrated urban
Myyrmäki and Tikkurila.
Vantaa runs through western Vantaa, and its tributary
Keravanjoki runs through eastern Vantaa.
For its area,
Vantaa has relatively few lakes. The city encompasses
two natural lakes: Kuusijärvi in Kuninkaanmäki and Lammaslampi
Pähkinärinne, Hämeenkylä. In addition to these, there is an
artificial lake, Silvolan tekojärvi.
Vantaa shares two lakes with
Espoo: Odilampi and Pitkäjärvi.
Vantaa exhibits frequent exposed granite bedrock ground, which is
common in Finland. Resulting from erosion in the last glacial period
(about 10,000 years ago), elevated surfaces often lack soil
(superficial deposits), revealing bare stone unsuitable for most plant
life. Other geological impacts of the last Ice Age include a series of
eskers running through central Vantaa.
Tammisto forest nature reserve
Vantaa has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb), slightly above
the threshold for subarctic classification. Although the city no
longer (since 2009) has a coastline along the Baltic Sea, it is close
enough to experience the mitigating influence of the sea and the Gulf
Stream. The record low temperature in
Vantaa is −35.9 °C
(−32.6 °F) and the record high is 34.0 °C
Climate data for
Helsinki Airport (Aviapolis)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source: Climatological statistics for the normal period 1981–2010
 Sun and record temperatures 1981-2011 only
The city is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official
languages. A majority (88.6%) of the population are Finnish
speakers while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. Vantaa's
residents that speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish
stand at 8.4% of the population.
In 2011, 199,236 of the municipality's 203,001 residents lived in
officially recognized urban areas (Finnish: taajama; Swedish:
tätort). The remaining population lives in the few rural sections of
Vantaa, such as those in
Sotunki and Seutula.
In 2016, 59.1% of the population were members of the Lutheran Church
Vantaa Population Growth 1980–2015
Of those employed, two thirds are in the private sector. The most
common industries in
Vantaa include the food, architectural
engineering, and machine industries. In 2007, the unemployment rate
Companies that have their headquarters in
Vantaa (at the Helsinki
Airport, in Aviapolis) include Finnair,
Finavia and Nordic Regional
Airlines. Companies with headquarters in
Aviapolis include R-kioski,
Veikkaus Oy, and
The City of
Vantaa has been in increasing debt since the early 2000s,
due to a decrease in state funding and an increase in investments. A
contributing factor to its situation is the high concentration of
families with children, leading to comparatively larger social
expenditure. According to the former mayor Juhani Paajanen, the
worst expenditures have ended, and the city's gains are
Arts and culture
Science centre Heureka
There are about 20 choirs in Vantaa, like Vantaan Laulu and Vantaa
Chamber Choir. Three actively performing concert bands Tikkurilan
Soittokunta, Lumon Puhaltajat and Puhallinorkesteri Louhi exist at the
east, north and west corners of the city respectively.
(Vantaan Viihdeorkesteri in Finnish), conducted by a Welshman Nick
Davies, is the only professional full symphonic pops orchestra in
Ankkarock was a rock music festival held every summer in
Tikkurila is home of the major science centre in Finland, Heureka. In
addition there is the city museum next to the railway station in
Tikkurila which has exhibitions with various themes on local history.
The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland,
designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. The Finnish
Aviation Museum is located in Vantaa, near
The city hall of Vantaa, located in Tikkurila
Vantaa's city council has 67 seats. Following the 2017 municipal
election the council seats are allocated in the following way: Social
Democrats 18 seats,
National Coalition Party
National Coalition Party 17, Greens 12, True Finns
8, Left Alliance 5, Centre Party 3, Christian Democrats 2, Swedish
People's Party 2.
Lauri Lairala 1974–1989
Pirjo Ala-Kapee 1989–1997
Erkki Rantala 1997–2003
Juhani Paajanen 2003-2011
Jukka Peltomäki 2011
Kari Nenonen 2012-
The main library of Vantaa, in Tikkurila
Vantaa has two hospitals, Peijas
Hospital in Asola and Katriina
Hospital in Seutula. Peijas is responsible for emergency and
short-term health services, while Katriina specializes in long-term
care and elderly care. The
Vantaa branch of the HelMet library network
has 10 libraries in Vantaa, with a total of 518,117 books in 2005. The
main library is in Tikkurila.
For sports, the city has five swimming halls, four sports halls, two
gyms, six tennis courts, 69 hockey and skating rinks, and 19 lit-up
running tracks. Additionally,
Vantaa has two golf courses, in
Hiekkaharju and Keimola.
Helsinki Airport (HEL), although associated with Helsinki, is
located in Vantaa.
Vantaa infrastructurally serves as the transportational hub of the
Helsinki metropolitan area. Several key freeways and highways, such as
Ring III and Porvoonväylä, originate in or pass through the
municipality. Additionally, two of the three railway lines exiting
Helsinki pass through Vantaa, connecting the city's 14 stations. All
long-distance trains exiting
Helsinki stop at
station in Vantaa, with the exception of train D.
Public transport in
Vantaa consists of a bus network and commuter
rail, provided by HSL/HRT and VR. Since the introduction of the Ring
Rail Line in 2015,
Vantaa has had a total of 14 stations. Key railway
stations also act as central bus stations. The
Ring Rail Line
Ring Rail Line is
speeding up the development in Western parts of Vantaa. For example,
the Vantaankoski area is foreseen to double the amount of jobs in the
future. Planning ideas are sought through an ideas competition.
The largest airport in Finland, and the primary airport of Greater
Helsinki Airport, is located in Vantaa. In 2016, it
attracted a total of 17.1 million passengers.
Vantaa has a total of 50 Finnish-speaking, five Swedish-speaking, and
one English-speaking primary and junior high schools. The city has
nine upper secondary schools, including
Tikkurila Upper Secondary,
Finland's largest upper secondary school. For vocational education,
Vantaa has two vocational schools and two universities of applied
sciences: Metropolia and Laurea.
Twin towns and sister cities
Vantaa is twinned with:
Askim, Norway (1951)
Frankfurt an der Oder, Germany (1987)
Huddinge, Sweden (1951)
Jinan, Shandong, China (2001)
Lyngby-Taarbæk, Denmark (1951)
Matte Yehuda Regional Council, Israel (1967)
Mladá Boleslav, Czech Republic (1978)
Nuuk, Greenland (1965)
District of Rastatt, Germany (1968)
Salgótarján, Hungary (1976)
Seyðisfjörður, Iceland (1980)
Słupsk, Poland (1987)
Windhoek, Namibia (2002)
The Church of St. Lawrence (Finnish: Pyhän Laurin kirkko), the oldest
Vantaa (ca. 1460)
Aerial view of
Helsinki Airport, located in Lentokenttä, Vantaa
The old railway station building of Tikkurila, now a museum
Ring III (national road 50, E18)
Tikkurila railway station, as of 2015[update]
Rural hills of Sotunki
Tikkurila Upper Secondary, the largest high school in Finland
Martintorni, the tallest building in
Vantaa at 56 m.
A panoramic view of
Jumbo Shopping Centre
Jumbo Shopping Centre in Aviapolis, Vantaa. Ring
III runs through the foreground.
People from Vantaa
Districts of Vantaa
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Vantaa - City Management". Vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16
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2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland.
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^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration
of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
^ a b [dead link]
^ a b Government Decree on the Official Languages in Administrative
Districts for 2003–2012 (in Finnish);  (the same in Swedish).
Retrieved on 7 July 2012
^ Georg Haggren, Petri Halinen, Mika Lavento, Sami Raninen ja Anna
Wessman (2015). Muinaisuutemme jäljet. Helsinki: Gaudeamus.
pp. 48, 62, 72. ISBN 978-952-495-363-4. CS1 maint:
Multiple names: authors list (link)
^ Tarkiainen, Kari (2010). Ruotsin itämaa. Helsinki: Svenska
litteratursällskapet i Finland. p. 122.
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^ "City of
Vantaa - The Major Regions of Vantaa". Vantaa.fi. Retrieved
16 February 2015.
^ "Normal period 1981-2010". En.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi. Retrieved 24
^ "Taajama-aste alueittain 31.12.2011". Tilastokeskus. Retrieved 23
^ "Väestö kielen mukaan sekä ulkomaan kansalaisten määrä ja
maa-pinta-ala alueittain 1980–2012" (in Finnish). Tilastokeskus. 22
March 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
^ "Oy Air
Finland Ltd in English." Air Finland. Retrieved on 25
^ "Edulliset Lennot ja Lentoliput – Hae ja Varaa Lennot - SAS"
(PDF). Blue1.com. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
^ "About Us." Nordic Regional Airlines. Retrieved on October 25, 2016.
Nordic Regional Airlines
Nordic Regional Airlines Oy Öljykuja 2, 01530 Vantaa, Finland"
^ Vantaan kuntakonsernianalyysi 2005, Bo-Erik Ekström 28.10.2005.
^ [dead link]
^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Kulttuuri". Vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February
^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Kulttuuri". Vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February
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^ "Vantaa: Tulos puolueittain ja yhteislistoittain". Ministry of
Justice. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
^ "Uusi Vantaankoski -ideakilpailu". Uusivantaankoski.fi. Retrieved 24
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for
Vantaa and Northern Helsinki.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vantaa.
Vantaa – Official website
Map of Vantaa
The Finnish Science Center
Vantaa City Museum
Helsinki region in a nutshell
Articles related to Vantaa
Districts of Vantaa
Myyrmäki (Myrbacka) area
Tikkurila (Dickursby) area
Helsingin pitäjän kirkonkylä (Helsinge kyrkoby)
Koivukylä (Björkby) area
Hakunila (Håkansböle) area
Itä-Hakkila (Östra Haxböle)
Municipalities of Uusimaa