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The 40th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the
United States Senate The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature A legislature is an deliberative assembly, assembly with the authority to make laws for a Polity, politi ...
and the
United States House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, with the United States Senate, Senate being the upper house. Together they compose the national Bicameralism, bicameral legislature of the United S ...
. It met in
Washington, D.C. ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument The Washington Monument is an obelisk within the National Mall The National Mall is a Landscape architecture, landscape ...
from March 4, 1867, to March 4, 1869, during the third and fourth years of
Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the . The power of the pre ...

Andrew Johnson
's
presidency A presidency is an administration Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Commonwealth ...
. The apportionment of seats in the
House of Representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is ...
was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. Both chambers had a
Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, and is usually associated with the rule of law. ** Republicanism, the ideology in support of republics or against ...
majority. In the Senate, the Republicans had the largest majority a party has ever held.


Major events

* March 30, 1867:
Alaska Purchase The Alaska Purchase (russian: Продажа Аляски, Prodazha Aliaski, meaning "Sale of Alaska") was the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a ...

Alaska Purchase
* February 24, 1868:
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was initiated on February 24, 1868, when the United States House of Representatives resolved to Impeachment in the United States, impeach Andrew Johnson, the List of Presidents of the United States, 17th president ...
* May 16, 1868: President Johnson acquitted * May 26, 1868: President Johnson acquitted again * November 3, 1868: 1868 presidential election:
Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; ; April 27, 1822July 23, 1885) was an American military leader who served as the 18th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and he ...

Ulysses S. Grant
(R) defeated
Horatio Seymour Horatio Seymour (May 31, 1810February 12, 1886) was an American politician. He served as Governor A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the Executive (government), executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-n ...

Horatio Seymour
(D) * December 25, 1868: President Johnson granted unconditional pardons to all Civil War rebels * January 20, 1869:
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an American writer and activist who was a leader of the women's rights movement in the U.S. during the mid- to late-1800s. She was the main force behind the 1848 Seneca Falls C ...

Elizabeth Cady Stanton
was the first woman to testify before Congress


Major legislation

* Three Military Reconstruction Acts, continued: ** March 23, 1867, ch. 6, ** July 19, 1867, ch. 30, ** March 11, 1868, ch. 25, *July 27, 1868:
Expatriation Act of 1868 The Expatriation Act of 1868 was an act of the 40th United States Congress that declared, as part of the United States nationality law, that the right of Relinquishment of United States nationality, expatriation (ie. a Renunciation of citizens ...
, ch. 249,


Constitutional amendments

* July 10, 1868:
Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the Supremacy Clause, supreme law of the United States, United States of America. This founding document, originally com ...
declared
ratified Ratification is a principal's approval of an act of its agent that lacked the authority to bind the principal legally. Ratification defines the international act in which a state indicates its consent to be bound to a treaty if the parties intend ...

ratified
* February 26, 1869: Approved an amendment to the
Constutiton
Constutiton
prohibiting the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the
right to vote Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise, is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an Constituency, ele ...

right to vote
based on that citizen's "
race Race, RACE or "The Race" may refer to: * Race (biology), an informal taxonomic classification within a species, generally within a sub-species * Race (human categorization), classification of humans into groups based on physical traits, and/or s ...
,
color Color (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Currently, American Engli ...

color
, or previous condition of servitude", and submitted it to the
state legislatures A state legislature is a Legislature, legislative branch or body of a State (country subdivision), political subdivision in a Federalism, federal system. Two federations literally use the term "state legislature": * The legislative branches of e ...
for ratification ** Amendment was later ratified on February 3, 1870, becoming the
Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution The Fifteenth Amendment (Amendment XV) to the United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the Supremacy Clause, supreme law of the United States, United States of America. This founding document, originally compr ...


Treaty

* April 29, 1868:
Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868) The Treaty of Fort Laramie (also the Sioux Treaty of 1868) is an agreement between the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United Stat ...
, , signed * February 16, 1869:
Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868) The Treaty of Fort Laramie (also the Sioux Treaty of 1868) is an agreement between the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United Stat ...
ratified


Territories organized

*July 25, 1868:
Wyoming Territory The Territory of Wyoming was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 25, 1868, until July 10, 1890, when it was admitted to the United States, Union as the State of Wyoming. Cheyenne, Wyoming, Cheyenne was ...
organized,State of Wyoming web site, "CHRONOLOGY-Some Events in Wyoming History"
/ref> Sess. 2, ch. 135,


Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. During this Congress,
Arkansas Arkansas () is a U.S. state, state in the South Central United States, South Central region of the United States, home to more than three million people as of 2018. Its name is from the Osage language, a Dhegihan languages, Dhegiha Siouan la ...

Arkansas
,
Florida Florida is a U.S. state, state located in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. Florida is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia (U.S. state), Geor ...

Florida
,
Alabama (We dare defend our rights) , anthem = "Alabama (We dare defend our rights) , anthem = "Alabama (state song), Alabama" , image_map = Alabama in United States.svg , seat ...

Alabama
,
North Carolina North Carolina () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily news ...

North Carolina
,
Louisiana Louisiana (Standard French Standard French (in French: ''le français standard'', ''le français normé'', ''le français neutre'' eutral Frenchor ''le français international'' nternational French is an unofficial term for a standard ...

Louisiana
, and
South Carolina South Carolina () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspap ...

South Carolina
were readmitted to representation in both the Senate and the House.
Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region, bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north and east by ...
was readmitted with representation in the House only.


Senate


House of Representatives


Leadership


Senate

*
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
: Vacant *
President pro tempore A president pro tempore or speaker pro tempore is a constitutionally A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule o ...
:
Benjamin Wade Benjamin Franklin "Bluff" Wade (October 27, 1800March 2, 1878) was an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States Senator The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress The United S ...
(R) *
Republican Conference Chairman The Senate Republican Conference is the formal organization of the Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, and is usually associated with ...
: Henry B. Anthony * Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman:
James Rood Doolittle James Rood Doolittle (January 3, 1815July 27, 1897) was an Americans, American politician who served as a United States Senate, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin from March 4, 1857, to March 4, 1869. He was a strong supporter of President of the Unite ...


House of Representatives

*
Speaker Speaker may refer to: Roles * Speaker (politics), the presiding officer in a legislative assembly * Public speaker, one who gives a speech or lecture * A person producing speech, sometimes also called a speaker-hearer Electronics * Loudspeaker, a ...
:
Schuyler Colfax Schuyler Colfax Jr. (; March 23, 1823 – January 13, 1885) was an American journalist, businessman, and politician who served as the 17th vice president of the United States from 1869 to 1873, and prior to that as the 25th speaker of the House ...

Schuyler Colfax
(R), until March 3, 1869 ** Theodore M. Pomeroy (R), elected March 3, 1869. Served for 1 day.


Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district. :'' Skip to House of Representatives, below''


Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Classes of United States Senators, Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring 1868 and 1869 United States Senate elections, re-election in 1868 or 1869; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring 1870 and 1871 United States Senate elections, re-election in 1870 or 1871; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring 1872 and 1873 United States Senate elections, re-election in 1872 or 1873.


List of United States Senators from Alabama, Alabama

* 2. Willard Warner (R), from July 13, 1868 * 3. George E. Spencer (R), from July 13, 1868


List of United States Senators from Arkansas, Arkansas

* 2. Alexander McDonald (U.S. politician), Alexander McDonald (R), from June 22, 1868 * 3. Benjamin F. Rice (R), from June 23, 1868


List of United States Senators from California, California

* 1. John Conness (R) * 3. Cornelius Cole (R)


List of United States Senators from Connecticut, Connecticut

* 1. James Dixon (R) * 3. Orris S. Ferry (R)


List of United States Senators from Delaware, Delaware

* 1. George R. Riddle (D), until March 29, 1867 ** James A. Bayard, Jr. (D), from April 11, 1867 * 2. Willard Saulsbury, Sr. (D)


List of United States Senators from Florida, Florida

* 1. Adonijah Welch (R), from June 17, 1868 * 3. Thomas W. Osborn (R), from June 25, 1868


List of United States Senators from Georgia, Georgia

* 2. Vacant * 3. Vacant


List of United States Senators from Illinois, Illinois

* 2. Richard Yates (19th century politician), Richard Yates (R) * 3. Lyman Trumbull (R)


List of United States Senators from Indiana, Indiana

* 1. Thomas A. Hendricks (D) * 3. Oliver Hazard Perry Morton, Oliver H. P. T. Morton (R)


List of United States Senators from Iowa, Iowa

* 2. James W. Grimes (R) * 3. James Harlan (senator), James Harlan (R)


List of United States Senators from Kansas, Kansas

* 2. Edmund G. Ross (R) * 3. Samuel C. Pomeroy (R)


List of United States Senators from Kentucky, Kentucky

* 2. James Guthrie (American politician), James Guthrie (D), until February 7, 1868 ** Thomas C. McCreery (D), from February 19, 1868 * 3. Garrett Davis (D)


List of United States Senators from Louisiana, Louisiana

* 2. John S. Harris (R), from July 8, 1868 * 3. William P. Kellogg, William Pitt Kellogg (R), from July 9, 1868


List of United States Senators from Maine, Maine

* 1. Lot M. Morrill (R) * 2. William P. Fessenden, William Pitt Fessenden (R)


List of United States Senators from Maryland, Maryland

* 1. Reverdy Johnson (D), until July 10, 1868 ** William Pinkney Whyte (D), from July 13, 1868 * 3. George Vickers (D), from March 7, 1868


List of United States Senators from Massachusetts, Massachusetts

* 1. Charles Sumner (R) * 2. Henry Wilson (R)


List of United States Senators from Michigan, Michigan

* 1. Zachariah Chandler (R) * 2. Jacob M. Howard (R)


List of United States Senators from Minnesota, Minnesota

* 1. Alexander Ramsey (R) * 2. Daniel S. Norton (R)


List of United States Senators from Mississippi, Mississippi

* 1. Vacant * 2. Vacant


List of United States Senators from Missouri, Missouri

* 1. John B. Henderson (R) * 3. Charles D. Drake (R)


List of United States Senators from Nebraska, Nebraska

* 1. Thomas Tipton (R) * 2. John Milton Thayer, John M. Thayer (R)


List of United States Senators from Nevada, Nevada

* 1. William M. Stewart (R) * 3. James W. Nye (R)


List of United States Senators from New Hampshire, New Hampshire

* 2. Aaron H. Cragin (R) * 3. James W. Patterson (R)


List of United States Senators from New Jersey, New Jersey

* 1. Frederick T. Frelinghuysen (R) * 2. Alexander G. Cattell (R)


List of United States Senators from New York, New York

* 1. Edwin D. Morgan (R) * 3. Roscoe Conkling (R)


List of United States Senators from North Carolina, North Carolina

* 2. Joseph Carter Abbott, Joseph C. Abbott (R), from July 14, 1868 * 3. John Pool (R), from July 14, 1868


List of United States Senators from Ohio, Ohio

* 1.
Benjamin Wade Benjamin Franklin "Bluff" Wade (October 27, 1800March 2, 1878) was an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States Senator The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress The United S ...
(R) * 3. John Sherman (politician), John Sherman (R)


List of United States Senators from Oregon, Oregon

* 2. George Henry Williams, George H. Williams (R) * 3. Henry W. Corbett (R)


List of United States Senators from Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania

* 1. Charles R. Buckalew (D) * 3. Simon Cameron (R)


List of United States Senators from Rhode Island, Rhode Island

* 1. William Sprague (1830-1915), William Sprague (R) * 2. Henry B. Anthony (R)


List of United States Senators from South Carolina, South Carolina

* 2. Thomas J. Robertson (R), from July 15, 1868 * 3. Frederick A. Sawyer (R), from July 16, 1868


List of United States Senators from Tennessee, Tennessee

* 1. David T. Patterson (D) * 2. Joseph S. Fowler (R)


List of United States Senators from Texas, Texas

* 1. Vacant * 2. Vacant


List of United States Senators from Vermont, Vermont

* 1. George F. Edmunds (R) * 3. Justin Smith Morrill, Justin S. Morrill (R)


List of United States Senators from Virginia, Virginia

* 1. Vacant * 2. Vacant


List of United States Senators from West Virginia, West Virginia

* 1. Peter G. Van Winkle (R) * 2. Waitman T. Willey (R)


List of United States Senators from Wisconsin, Wisconsin

* 1. James Rood Doolittle, James R. Doolittle (R) * 3. Timothy O. Howe (R)


House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.


List of United States Representatives from Alabama, Alabama

* . Francis William Kellogg, Francis W. Kellogg (R), from July 22, 1868 * . Charles W. Buckley (R), from July 21, 1868 * . Benjamin W. Norris (R), from July 21, 1868 * . Charles W. Pierce (R), from July 21, 1868 * . John B. Callis (R), from July 21, 1868 * . Thomas Haughey (R), from July 21, 1868


List of United States Representatives from Arkansas, Arkansas

* . Logan H. Roots (R), from June 22, 1868 * . James M. Hinds (R), June 22, 1868 – October 22, 1868 ** James T. Elliott (R), from January 13, 1869 * . Thomas Boles (R), from June 22, 1868


List of United States Representatives from California, California

* . Samuel B. Axtell (D) * . William Higby (R) * . James A. Johnson (California politician), James A. Johnson (D)


List of United States Representatives from Connecticut, Connecticut

* . Richard D. Hubbard (D) * . Julius Hotchkiss (D) * . Henry H. Starkweather (R) * . William Henry Barnum, William H. Barnum (D)


List of United States Representatives from Delaware, Delaware

* . John A. Nicholson (D)


List of United States Representatives from Florida, Florida

* . Charles Memorial Hamilton, Charles M. Hamilton (R), from July 1, 1868


List of United States Representatives from Georgia, Georgia

* . Joseph W. Clift (R), from July 25, 1868 * . Nelson Tift (D), from July 25, 1868 * . William P. Edwards (R), from July 25, 1868 * . Samuel F. Gove (R), from July 25, 1868 * . Charles H. Prince (R), from July 25, 1868 * . Vacant * . Pierce M. B. Young (D), from July 25, 1868


List of United States Representatives from Illinois, Illinois

* . Norman B. Judd (R) * . John F. Farnsworth (R) * . Elihu B. Washburne (R) * . Abner C. Harding (R) * . Ebon C. Ingersoll (R) * . Burton C. Cook (R) * . Henry P. H. Bromwell (R) * . Shelby Moore Cullom, Shelby M. Cullom (R) * . Lewis W. Ross (D) * . Albert G. Burr (D) * . Samuel S. Marshall (D) * . Jehu Baker (R) * . Green B. Raum (R) * . John A. Logan (R)


List of United States Representatives from Indiana, Indiana

* . William E. Niblack (D) * . Michael C. Kerr (D) * . Morton C. Hunter (R) * . William S. Holman (D) * . George Washington Julian, George W. Julian (R) * . John Coburn (Indiana), John Coburn (R) * . Henry D. Washburn (R) * . Godlove Stein Orth, Godlove S. Orth (R) * .
Schuyler Colfax Schuyler Colfax Jr. (; March 23, 1823 – January 13, 1885) was an American journalist, businessman, and politician who served as the 17th vice president of the United States from 1869 to 1873, and prior to that as the 25th speaker of the House ...

Schuyler Colfax
(R) * . William Williams (Indiana), William Williams (R) * . John P. C. Shanks (R)


List of United States Representatives from Iowa, Iowa

* . James Falconer Wilson, James F. Wilson (R) * . Hiram Price (R) * . William B. Allison (R) * . William Loughridge (R) * . Grenville M. Dodge (R) * . Asahel W. Hubbard (R)


List of United States Representatives from Kansas, Kansas

* . Sidney Clarke (R)


List of United States Representatives from Kentucky, Kentucky

* . Lawrence S. Trimble (D) * . Vacant * . Elijah Hise (D), until May 8, 1867 ** Jacob Golladay (D), from December 5, 1867 * . J. Proctor Knott (D) * . Asa Grover (D) * . Thomas L. Jones (D) * . James B. Beck (D) * . George M. Adams (D) * . Samuel McKee (1833), Samuel McKee (R), from June 22, 1868


List of United States Representatives from Louisiana, Louisiana

* . J. Hale Sypher (R), from July 18, 1868 * . James Mann (1822–1868), James Mann (D), July 18, 1868 – August 26, 1868 * . Joseph P. Newsham (R), from July 18, 1868 * . Michel Vidal (R), from July 18, 1868 * . W. Jasper Blackburn (R), from July 18, 1868


List of United States Representatives from Maine, Maine

* . John Lynch (congressman), John Lynch (R) * . Sidney Perham (R) * . James G. Blaine (R) * . John A. Peters (1822-1904), John A. Peters (R) * . Frederick A. Pike (R)


List of United States Representatives from Maryland, Maryland

* . Hiram McCullough (D) * . Stevenson Archer (1827-1898), Stevenson Archer (D) * . Charles E. Phelps (C) * . Francis Thomas (R) * . Frederick Stone (D)


List of United States Representatives from Massachusetts, Massachusetts

* . Thomas D. Eliot (R) * . Oakes Ames (R) * . Ginery Twichell (R) * . Samuel Hooper (R) * . Benjamin Butler (politician), Benjamin F. Butler (R) * . Nathaniel Prentice Banks, Nathaniel P. Banks (R) * . George S. Boutwell (R) * . John D. Baldwin (R) * . William B. Washburn (R) * . Henry L. Dawes (R)


List of United States Representatives from Michigan, Michigan

* . Fernando C. Beaman (R) * . Charles Upson (R) * . Austin Blair (R) * . Thomas W. Ferry (R) * . Rowland E. Trowbridge (R) * . John F. Driggs (R)


List of United States Representatives from Minnesota, Minnesota

* . William Windom (R) * . Ignatius L. Donnelly (R)


List of United States Representatives from Mississippi, Mississippi

* . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant


List of United States Representatives from Missouri, Missouri

* . William A. Pile (R) * . Carman A. Newcomb (R) * . Thomas E. Noell (D), until October 3, 1867 ** James R. McCormick (D), from December 17, 1867 * . Joseph J. Gravely (R) * . Joseph W. McClurg (R), until July 1868 ** John H. Stover (R), from December 7, 1868 * . Robert T. Van Horn (R) * . Benjamin F. Loan (R) * . John F. Benjamin (R) * . George Washington Anderson, George W. Anderson (R)


List of United States Representatives from Nebraska, Nebraska

* . John Taffe (R)


List of United States Representatives from Nevada, Nevada

* . Delos R. Ashley (R)


List of United States Representatives from New Hampshire, New Hampshire

* . Jacob H. Ela (R) * . Aaron Fletcher Stevens, Aaron F. Stevens (R) * . Jacob Benton (R)


List of United States Representatives from New Jersey, New Jersey

* . William Moore (congressman), William Moore (R) * . Charles Haight (D) * . Charles Sitgreaves (D) * . John Hill (congressman), John Hill (R) * . George A. Halsey (R)


List of United States Representatives from New York, New York

* . Stephen Taber (D) * . Demas Barnes (D) * . William Erigena Robinson, William E. Robinson (D) * . John Fox (congressman), John Fox (D) * . John Morrissey (D) * . Thomas E. Stewart (CR) * . John W. Chanler (D) * . James Brooks (Whig), James Brooks (D) * . Fernando Wood (D) * . William H. Robertson (R) * . Charles Van Wyck, Charles H. Van Wyck (R) * . John H. Ketcham (R) * . Thomas Cornell (politician), Thomas Cornell (R) * . John V. L. Pruyn (D) * . John Augustus Griswold, John A. Griswold (R) * . Orange Ferriss (R) * . Calvin T. Hulburd (R) * . James M. Marvin (R) * . William C. Fields (R) * . Addison H. Laflin (R) * . Roscoe Conkling (R), until March 4, 1867 ** Alexander H. Bailey (R), from November 30, 1867 * . John C. Churchill (R) * . Dennis McCarthy (congressman), Dennis McCarthy (R) * . Theodore M. Pomeroy (R) * . William H. Kelsey (R) * . William S. Lincoln (R) * . Hamilton Ward, Sr. (R) * . Lewis Selye (IR) * . Burt Van Horn (R) * . James M. Humphrey (D) * . Henry H. Van Aernam (R)


List of United States Representatives from North Carolina, North Carolina

* . John R. French (R), from July 15, 1868 * . David Heaton (R), from July 25, 1868 * . Oliver H. Dockery (R), from July 13, 1868 * . John T. Deweese (R), from July 6, 1868 * . Israel G. Lash (R), from July 20, 1868 * . Nathaniel Boyden (C), from July 13, 1868 * . Alexander H. Jones (R), from July 6, 1868


List of United States Representatives from Ohio, Ohio

* . Benjamin Eggleston (R) * . Rutherford B. Hayes (R), until July 20, 1867 ** Samuel Fenton Cary, Samuel F. Cary (IR), from November 21, 1867 * . Robert C. Schenck (R) * . William Lawrence (Ohio), William Lawrence (R) * . William Mungen (D) * . Reader W. Clarke (R) * . Samuel Shellabarger (congressman), Samuel Shellabarger (R) * . Cornelius S. Hamilton (R), until December 22, 1867 ** John Beatty (congressman), John Beatty (R), from February 5, 1868 * . Ralph P. Buckland (R) * . James Mitchell Ashley, James M. Ashley (R) * . John Thomas Wilson, John T. Wilson (R) * . Philadelph Van Trump (D) * . George W. Morgan (D), until June 3, 1868 ** Columbus Delano (R), from June 3, 1868 * . Martin Welker (R) * . Tobias A. Plants (R) * . John Bingham (R) * . Ephraim R. Eckley (R) * . Rufus P. Spalding (R) * . James A. Garfield (R)


List of United States Representatives from Oregon, Oregon

* . Rufus Mallory (R)


List of United States Representatives from Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania

* . Samuel J. Randall (D) * . Charles O'Neill (Pennsylvania politician), Charles O'Neill (R) * . Leonard Myers (R) * . William D. Kelley (R) * . Caleb Newbold Taylor, Caleb N. Taylor (R) * . Benjamin Markley Boyer, Benjamin M. Boyer (D) * . John Martin Broomall, John M. Broomall (R) * . James Lawrence Getz, J. Lawrence Getz (D) * . Thaddeus Stevens (R), until August 11, 1868 ** Oliver James Dickey, Oliver J. Dickey (R), from December 7, 1868 * . Henry L. Cake (R) * . Daniel Myers Van Auken, Daniel M. Van Auken (D) * . Charles Denison (D), until June 27, 1867 ** George Washington Woodward, George W. Woodward (D), from November 21, 1867 * . Ulysses Mercur (R) * . George Funston Miller, George F. Miller (R) * . Adam John Glossbrenner, Adam J. Glossbrenner (D) * . William Henry Koontz, William H. Koontz (R) * . Daniel Johnson Morrell, Daniel J. Morrell (R) * . Stephen Fowler Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson (R) * . Glenni William Scofield, Glenni W. Scofield (R) * . Darwin Abel Finney, Darwin A. Finney (R), until August 25, 1868 ** Solomon Newton Pettis, S. Newton Pettis (R), from December 7, 1868 * . John Covode (R) * . James K. Moorhead (R) * . Thomas Williams (Pennsylvania politician), Thomas Williams (R) * . George Van Eman Lawrence, George V. Lawrence (R)


List of United States Representatives from Rhode Island, Rhode Island

* . Thomas Jenckes (R) * . Nathan F. Dixon (1812-1881), Nathan F. Dixon, Jr. (R)


List of United States Representatives from South Carolina, South Carolina

* . B. Frank Whittemore (R), from July 18, 1868 * . Christopher C. Bowen (R), from July 18, 1868 * . Manuel S. Corley, M. Simeon Corley (R), from July 25, 1868 * . James H. Goss (R), from July 18, 1868


List of United States Representatives from Tennessee, Tennessee

* . Roderick R. Butler (R) * . Horace Maynard (R) * . William Brickly Stokes, William B. Stokes (R) * . James Mullins (American politician), James Mullins (R) * . John Trimble (congressman), John Trimble (R) * . Samuel Mayes Arnell, Samuel M. Arnell (R) * . Isaac Roberts Hawkins, Isaac R. Hawkins (R) * . David Alexander Nunn, David A. Nunn (R)


List of United States Representatives from Texas, Texas

* . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant


List of United States Representatives from Vermont, Vermont

* . Frederick E. Woodbridge (R) * . Luke P. Poland (R) * . Worthington C. Smith (R)


List of United States Representatives from Virginia, Virginia

* . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant * . Vacant


List of United States Representatives from West Virginia, West Virginia

* . Chester D. Hubbard (R) * . Bethuel Kitchen (R) * . Daniel Polsley (R)


List of United States Representatives from Wisconsin, Wisconsin

* . Halbert E. Paine (R) * . Benjamin F. Hopkins (R) * . Amasa Cobb (R) * . Charles A. Eldredge (D) * . Philetus Sawyer (R) * . Cadwallader C. Washburn (R)


Non-voting members

* . Coles Bashford (I) * . George M. Chilcott (R) * . Walter A. Burleigh (R) * . Edward D. Holbrook (D) * . James M. Cavanaugh (D) * . Charles P. Clever (D), from September 2, 1867 - February 20, 1869 ** J. Francisco Chaves (R), from February 20, 1869 * . William H. Hooper (D) * . Alvan Flanders (R)


Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


Senate

* Replacements: 3 ** Democratic Party (United States), Democratic: 0 seat net loss **
Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, and is usually associated with the rule of law. ** Republicanism, the ideology in support of republics or against ...
: 0 seat net gain * Deaths: 1 * Resignations: 2 * Interim appointments: 1 * Seats from newly re-admitted states: 12 *Total seats with changes: 16 , - , List of United States Senators from Delaware, Delaware (1) , nowrap , George R. Riddle (D) , Died March 29, 1867.
Successor appointed April 5, 1867.
Appointee was subsequently United States Senate special election in Delaware, 1869, elected January 19, 1869, to finish the term.Byrd & Wolff, page 90 , nowrap , James A. Bayard, Jr. (D) , April 5, 1867 , - , List of United States Senators from Kentucky, Kentucky (2) , nowrap , James Guthrie (Kentucky politician), James Guthrie (D) , Resigned February 7, 1868, because of failing health.
Successor United States Senate special election in Kentucky, 1868, elected February 19, 1868. , nowrap , Thomas C. McCreery (D) , February 19, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from Maryland, Maryland (3) , Vacant , Filled vacancy caused by action of the Senate in declining to permit Philip Francis Thomas, Philip F. Thomas to qualify.
Successor elected March 7, 1868. , nowrap , George Vickers (D) , March 7, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from Florida, Florida (1) , Vacant , Florida re-admitted to the Union , nowrap , Adonijah Welch (R) , June 17, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from Arkansas, Arkansas (2) , rowspan=2 , Vacant , rowspan=2 , Arkansas re-admitted to the Union , nowrap , Alexander McDonald (U.S. politician), Alexander McDonald (R) , June 22, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from Arkansas, Arkansas (3) , nowrap , Benjamin F. Rice (R) , June 23, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from Florida, Florida (3) , Vacant , Florida re-admitted to the Union , nowrap , Thomas W. Osborn (R) , June 25, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from Louisiana, Louisiana (2) , rowspan=2 , Vacant , rowspan=2 , Louisiana re-admitted to the Union , nowrap , John S. Harris (R) , July 8, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from Louisiana, Louisiana (3) , nowrap , William Pitt Kellogg, William P. Kellogg (R) , July 9, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from Alabama, Alabama (2) , rowspan=2 , Vacant , rowspan=2 , Alabama re-admitted to the Union , nowrap , Willard Warner (R) , rowspan=3 , July 13, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from Alabama, Alabama (3) , nowrap , George E. Spencer (R) , - , List of United States Senators from Maryland, Maryland (1) , nowrap , Reverdy Johnson (D) , Resigned July 10, 1868, to become U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Successor appointed July 13, 1868. , nowrap , William Pinkney Whyte, William P. Whyte (D) , - , List of United States Senators from North Carolina, North Carolina (2) , rowspan=2 , Vacant , rowspan=2 , North Carolina re-admitted to the Union , nowrap , Joseph Carter Abbott, Joseph C. Abbott (R) , rowspan=2 , July 14, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from North Carolina, North Carolina (3) , nowrap , John Pool (R) , - , List of United States Senators from South Carolina, South Carolina (2) , rowspan=2 , Vacant , rowspan=2 , South Carolina re-admitted to the Union , nowrap , Thomas J. Robertson (R) , July 15, 1868 , - , List of United States Senators from South Carolina, South Carolina (3) , nowrap , Frederick A. Sawyer (R) , July 16, 1868


House of Representatives

* Replacements: 10 ** Democratic Party (United States), Democratic: 2 seat net loss **
Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, and is usually associated with the rule of law. ** Republicanism, the ideology in support of republics or against ...
: 0 seat net gain ** Republican Party (United States), Independent Republican: 1 seat net gain ** Conservatism in the United States, Conservative: 0 seat net gain * Deaths: 8 * Resignations: 3 * Contested election: 3 * Seats from re-admitted states: 32 *Total seats with changes: 44 , - , , Vacant , Vacancy in term , nowrap , Charles P. Clever (D) , September 2, 1867 , - , , rowspan=3 , Vacant , rowspan=3 , Arkansas re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , Logan H. Roots (R) , rowspan=3 , June 22, 1868 , - , , nowrap , James M. Hinds (R) , - , , nowrap , Thomas Boles (R) , - , , Vacant , John Duncan Young, John D. Young presented credentials but failed to qualify. Election was contested by McKee. , nowrap , Samuel McKee (1833), Samuel McKee (R) , June 22, 1868 , - , , Vacant , Florida re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , Charles Memorial Hamilton, Charles M. Hamilton (R) , July 1, 1868 , - , , rowspan=5 , Vacant , rowspan=5 , North Carolina re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , John T. Deweese (R) , rowspan=2 , July 6, 1868 , - , , nowrap , Alexander H. Jones (R) , - , , nowrap , Oliver H. Dockery (R) , rowspan=2 , July 13, 1868 , - , , nowrap , Nathaniel Boyden (C) , - , , nowrap , John R. French (R) , July 15, 1868 , - , , rowspan=5 , Vacant , rowspan=5 , Louisiana re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , J. Hale Sypher (R) , rowspan=5 , July 18, 1868 , - , , nowrap , James Mann (1822–1868), James Mann (D) , - , , nowrap , Joseph P. Newsham (R) , - , , nowrap , Michel Vidal (R) , - , , nowrap , W. Jasper Blackburn (R) , - , , rowspan=3 , Vacant , rowspan=3 , South Carolina re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , Benjamin Franklin Whittemore, Benjamin F. Whittemore (R) , rowspan=3 , July 18, 1868 , - , , nowrap , Christopher C. Bowen (R) , - , , nowrap , James H. Goss (R) , - , , Vacant , North Carolina re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , Israel G. Lash (R) , July 20, 1868 , - , , rowspan=6 , Vacant , rowspan=6 , Alabama re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , Charles Waldron Buckley, Charles W. Buckley (R) , rowspan=5 , July 21, 1868 , - , , nowrap , Benjamin White Norris, Benjamin W. Norris (R) , - , , nowrap , Charles Wilson Pierce, Charles W. Pierce (R) , - , , nowrap , John Benton Callis, John B. Callis (R) , - , , nowrap , Thomas Haughey (R) , - , , nowrap , Francis William Kellogg, Francis W. Kellogg (R) , July 22, 1868 , - , , rowspan=6 , Vacant , rowspan=6 , Georgia re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , Joseph W. Clift (R) , rowspan=6 , July 25, 1868 , - , , nowrap , Nelson Tift (D) , - , , nowrap , William P. Edwards (R) , - , , nowrap , Samuel F. Gove (R) , - , , nowrap , Charles H. Prince (R) , - , , nowrap , Pierce M. B. Young (D) , - , , Vacant , North Carolina re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , David Heaton (R) , July 25, 1868 , - , , Vacant , South Carolina re-admitted into the Union , nowrap , Manuel S. Corley (R) , July 25, 1868 , - , , nowrap , Roscoe Conkling (R) , Resigned March 4, 1867, after being elected to the US Senate , nowrap , Alexander H. Bailey (R) , November 30, 1867 , - , , nowrap , Elijah Hise (D) , Died May 8, 1867 , nowrap , Jacob Golladay (D) , December 5, 1867 , - , , nowrap , Charles Denison (D) , Died June 27, 1867 , nowrap , George Washington Woodward, George W. Woodward (D) , November 21, 1867 , - , , nowrap , Rutherford B. Hayes (R) , Resigned July 20, 1867, after being nominated Governor of Ohio , nowrap , Samuel Fenton Cary, Samuel F. Cary (IR) , November 21, 1867 , - , , nowrap , Thomas E. Noell (D) , Died October 3, 1867 , nowrap , James Robinson McCormick, James R. McCormick (D) , December 17, 1867 , - , , nowrap , Cornelius S. Hamilton (R) , Killed by insane son December 22, 1867 , nowrap , John Beatty (Ohio banker), John Beatty (R) , February 5, 1868 , - , , nowrap , George W. Morgan (D) , Lost contested election June 3, 1868 , nowrap , Columbus Delano (R) , June 3, 1868 , - , , nowrap , Joseph W. McClurg (R) , Resigned in July 1868 , nowrap , John Hubler Stover, John H. Stover (R) , December 7, 1868 , - , , nowrap , Thaddeus Stevens (R) , Died August 11, 1868 , nowrap , Oliver James Dickey, Oliver J. Dickey (R) , December 7, 1868 , - , , nowrap , Darwin Abel Finney, Darwin A. Finney (R) , Died August 25, 1868 , nowrap , Solomon Newton Pettis, S. Newton Pettis (R) , December 7, 1868 , - , , nowrap , James Mann (1822–1868), James Mann (D) , Died August 26, 1868 , Vacant , Not filled this term , - , , nowrap , James M. Hinds (R) , Assassinated October 22, 1868 , nowrap , James T. Elliott (R) , January 13, 1869 , - , , nowwap , Charles P. Clever (D) , Lost contested election February 20, 1869 , nowrap , José Francisco Chaves, J. Francisco Chaves (R) , February 20, 1869


Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


Senate

* United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Agriculture (Chairman: Simon Cameron; Ranking Member: Thomas W. Tipton) * United States Senate Committee on Appropriations, Appropriations (Chairman: Lot M. Morrill; Ranking Member: Cornelius Cole) * United States Senate Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate, Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate (Chairman: Aaron H. Cragin; Ranking Member: Charles R. Buckalew) * United States Senate Committee on Claims, Claims (Chairman: Timothy O. Howe; Ranking Member: Justin S. Morrill) * United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Commerce (Chairman: Zachariah Chandler; Ranking Member: Henry W. Corbett) * United States Senate Select Committee on Distributing Public Revenue Among the States, Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select) * United States Senate Committee on the District of Columbia, District of Columbia (Chairman: James Harlan (senator), James Harlan; Ranking Member: James W. Patterson) * United States Senate Committee on Education and Labor, Education * United States Senate Committee on Engrossed Bills, Engrossed Bills (Chairman: Joseph S. Fowler; Ranking Member: Daniel S. Norton) * United States Senate Committee on Finance, Finance (Chairman: John Sherman; Ranking Member: Alexander G. Cattell) * United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Foreign Relations (Chairman: Charles Sumner; Ranking Member: Oliver P. Morton) * United States Senate Select Committee on the Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson (Select) * United States Senate Select Committee on the Impeachment Trial Investigation, Impeachment Trial Investigation (Select) * United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, Indian Affairs (Chairman: John B. Henderson; Ranking Member: John M. Thayer) * United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Judiciary (Chairman: Lyman Trumbull; Ranking Member: Roscoe Conkling) * United States Senate Committee on Manufactures, Manufactures (Chairman: William Sprague IV; Ranking Member: Cornelius Cole) * United States Senate Committee on Military Affairs, Military Affairs and the Militia (Chairman: Henry Wilson; Ranking Member: Oliver P. Morton) * United States Senate Committee on Mines and Mining, Mines and Mining (Chairman: John Conness; Ranking Member: Richard Yates (politician, born 1815), Richard Yates) * United States Senate Committee on Naval Affairs, Naval Affairs (Chairman: James W. Grimes; Ranking Member: Frederick T. Frelinghuysen) * United States Senate Select Committee on the Ninth Census, Ninth Census (Select) * United States Senate Select Committee on the Ordnance and War Ships, Ordnance and War Ships (Select) (Chairman: Jacob M. Howard; Ranking Member: Charles D. Drake) * United States Senate Committee on the Pacific Railroad, Pacific Railroad (Chairman: Jacob M. Howard; Ranking Member: William M. Stewart) * United States Senate Committee on Patents, Patents and the Patent Office (Chairman: Waitman T. Willey; Ranking Member: Orris S. Ferry) * United States Senate Committee on Pensions, Pensions (Chairman: Peter G. Van Winkle; Ranking Member: Thomas W. Tipton) * United States Senate Committee on Post Office and Post Roads, Post Office and Post Roads (Chairman: Alexander Ramsey; Ranking Member: James Harlan (senator), James Harlan) * United States Senate Committee on Private Land Claims, Private Land Claims (Chairman: Godlove Stein Orth; Ranking Member: Daniel S. Norton) * United States Senate Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, Public Buildings and Grounds (Chairman: William Pitt Fessenden, William P. Fessenden; Ranking Member: Orris S. Ferry) * United States Senate Committee on Public Lands, Public Lands (Chairman: Samuel C. Pomeroy; Ranking Member: George Henry Williams, George H. Williams) * United States Senate Select Committee on Representative Reform, Representative Reform (Select) * United States Senate Committee on Retrenchment, Retrenchment (Chairman: George F. Edmunds; Ranking Member: James W. Patterson) * United States Senate Committee on Revision of the Laws, Revision of the Laws (Chairman: Roscoe Conkling; Ranking Member: N/A) * United States Senate Committee on Revolutionary Claims, Revolutionary Claims (Chairman: James W. Nye; Ranking Member: David T. Patterson) * United States Senate Committee on Rules, Rules * United States Senate Select Committee on the Tariff Regulation, Tariff Regulation (Select) * United States Senate Committee on Territories, Territories (Chairman: Richard Yates (politician, born 1815), Richard Yates; Ranking Member: Alexander Ramsey) * United States Senate Select Committee on the Treasury Printing Bureau, Treasury Printing Bureau (Select) * Committee of the whole, Whole


House of Representatives

* United States House Committee on Accounts, Accounts (Chairman: John M. Broomall; Ranking Member: William C. Fields) * United States House Committee on Agriculture, Agriculture (Chairman: Rowland E. Trowbridge; Ranking Member: John T. Wilson) * United States House Committee on Appropriations, Appropriations (Chairman: Thaddeus Stevens; Ranking Member: Benjamin F. Butler) * United States House Committee on Banking and Currency, Banking and Currency (Chairman: Theodore M. Pomeroy; Ranking Member: Norman B. Judd) * United States House Committee on Claims, Claims (Chairman: John A. Bingham; Ranking Member: Amasa Cobb) * United States House Committee on Coinage, Weights and Measures, Coinage, Weights and Measures (Chairman: William D. Kelley; Ranking Member: John Hill (New Jersey politician), John Hill) * United States House Committee on Commerce, Commerce (Chairman: Elihu B. Washburne; Ranking Member: James M. Humphrey) * United States House Committee on the District of Columbia, District of Columbia (Chairman: Ebon C. Ingersoll; Ranking Member: Fernando Wood) * United States House Committee on Education, Education and Labor (Chairman: Jehu Baker; Ranking Member: Thomas Cornell (politician), Thomas Cornell) * United States House Committee on Elections, Elections (Chairman: Henry L. Dawes; Ranking Member: Burton C. Cook) * United States House Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department, Expenditures in the Interior Department (Chairman: Chester D. Hubbard; Ranking Member: Ginery Twichell) * United States House Committee on Expenditures in the Navy Department, Expenditures in the Navy Department (Chairman: Charles Upson; Ranking Member: Francis Thomas) * United States House Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department, Expenditures in the Post Office Department (Chairman: William A. Pile; Ranking Member: John H. Ketcham) * United States House Committee on Expenditures in the State Department, Expenditures in the State Department (Chairman: Samuel M. Arnell; Ranking Member: Reader W. Clarke) * United States House Committee on Expenditures in the Treasury Department, Expenditures in the Treasury Department (Chairman: James M. Marvin; Ranking Member: Bethuel M. Kitchen) * United States House Committee on Expenditures in the War Department, Expenditures in the War Department (Chairman: William Williams (Indiana politician), William Williams; Ranking Member: Charles E. Phelps) * United States House Committee on Expenditures on Public Buildings, Expenditures on Public Buildings (Chairman: Cadwallader C. Washburn; Ranking Member: Stevenson Archer (1827–1898), Stevenson Archer) * United States House Committee on Freedmen's Affairs, Freedmen's Affairs (Chairman: Thomas D. Eliot; Ranking Member: Daniel J. Morrell) * United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Foreign Affairs (Chairman: Nathaniel P. Banks; Ranking Member: Austin Blair) * United States House Committee on Indian Affairs, Indian Affairs (Chairman: William Windom; Ranking Member: Glenni W. Scofield) * United States House Committee on Invalid Pensions, Invalid Pensions (Chairman: Sidney Perham; Ranking Member: George F. Miller) * United States House Committee on Judiciary, Judiciary (Chairman: James F. Wilson; Ranking Member: William Lawrence (Ohio Republican), William Lawrence) * United States House Committee on Manufactures, Manufactures (Chairman: Daniel J. Morrell; Ranking Member: William Moore (congressman), William Moore) * United States House Committee on Mileage, Mileage (Chairman: George Washington Anderson, George W. Anderson; Ranking Member: Green B. Raum) * United States House Committee on Military Affairs, Military Affairs (Chairman: James A. Garfield; Ranking Member: Green B. Raum) * United States House Committee on the Militia, Militia (Chairman: Halbert E. Paine; Ranking Member: Austin Blair) * United States House Committee on Mines and Mining, Mines and Mining (Chairman: William Higby; Ranking Member: Morton C. Hunter) * United States House Committee on Naval Affairs, Naval Affairs (Chairman: Frederick A. Pike; Ranking Member: Thomas W. Ferry) * United States House Committee on Pacific Railroads, Pacific Railroads (Chairman: Hiram Price; Ranking Member: Oakes Ames) * United States House Committee on Patents, Patents (Chairman: Thomas A. Jenckes; Ranking Member: Henry P.H. Bromwell) * United States House Committee on Post Office and Post Roads, Post Office and Post Roads (Chairman: John F. Farnsworth; Ranking Member: John Lynch (congressman), John Lynch) * United States House Committee on Private Land Claims, Private Land Claims (Chairman: Godlove Stein Orth; Ranking Member: Alexander H. Bailey) * United States House Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, Public Buildings and Grounds (Chairman: John Covode; Ranking Member: William Moore (congressman), William Moore) * United States House Committee on Public Expenditures, Public Expenditures (Chairman: Calvin T. Hulburd; Ranking Member: John Coburn (politician), John Coburn) * United States House Committee on Public Lands, Public Lands (Chairman: George W. Julian; Ranking Member: George Washington Anderson, George W. Anderson) * United States House Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business, Revisal and Unfinished Business (Chairman: Luke P. Poland; Ranking Member: William Windom) * United States House Committee on Revolutionary Claims, Revolutionary Claims (Chairman: Hamilton Ward Sr., Hamilton Ward; Ranking Member: Daniel Polsley) * United States House Committee on Revolutionary Pensions, Revolutionary Pensions and the War of 1812 (Chairman: Benjamin F. Loan; Ranking Member: Lewis Selye) * United States House Committee on Roads and Canals, Roads and Canals (Chairman: Burton C. Cook; Ranking Member: Grenville M. Dodge) * United States House Select Committee on Rules, Rules (Select) (Chairman:
Schuyler Colfax Schuyler Colfax Jr. (; March 23, 1823 – January 13, 1885) was an American journalist, businessman, and politician who served as the 17th vice president of the United States from 1869 to 1873, and prior to that as the 25th speaker of the House ...

Schuyler Colfax
; Ranking Member: James G. Blaine) * United States House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, Standards of Official Conduct * United States House Committee on Territories, Territories (Chairman: James M. Ashley; Ranking Member: James Mullins (American politician), James Mullins) * United States House Committee on Ways and Means, Ways and Means (Chairman: Robert C. Schenck; Ranking Member: John A. Logan) * Committee of the Whole (United States House of Representatives), Whole


Joint committees

* United States Congress Joint Special Committee on Conditions of Indian Tribes, Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special) * United States Congress Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills, Enrolled Bills (Chairman: Rep. Stephen F. Wilson; Vice Chairman: Rep. William S. Holman) * United States Congress Joint Committee on the Library, The Library (Chairman: John D. Baldwin; Vice Chairman: Rep. Rufus P. Spalding) * United States Congress Joint Committee on Printing, Printing (Chairman: Rep. Addison H. Laflin; Vice Chairman: Rep. Henry L. Cake) * United States Congress Joint Select Committee on Ordnance, Ordnance (Select) (Chairman: Rep. John A. Logan; Vice Chairman: Rep. Robert C. Schenck) * United States Congress Joint Committee to Reorganize the Civil Service in the Departments, Reorganize the Civil Service in the Departments * United States Congress Joint Committee on Retrenchment, Retrenchment (Chairman: Rep. Charles H. Van Wyck; Vice Chairman: Rep. Thomas A. Jenckes) * United States Congress Joint Committee on Revise and Equalize the Pay of the Employees of Each House, Revise and Equalize the Pay of the Employees of Each House * United States Congress Joint Committee to Examine the Accounts for Repairs and Furnishing of the Executive Mansion, To Examine the Accounts for Repairs and Furnishing of the Executive Mansion (Chairman: Rep. Rufus P. Spalding; Vice Chairman: Rep. Adam J. Glossbrenner)


Caucuses

* House Democratic Caucus, Democratic (House) * Senate Democratic Caucus, Democratic (Senate)


Employees


List of federal agencies in the United States#Legislative branch, Legislative branch agency directors

* Architect of the Capitol: Edward Clark (architect), Edward Clark, appointed August 30, 1865 * Librarian of Congress: Ainsworth Rand Spofford


Senate

* Chaplain of the United States Senate, Chaplain of the Senate: Edgar H. Gray (Baptist) * Secretary of the United States Senate, Secretary of the Senate: John W. Forney, until June 4, 1868 ** George C. Gorham, elected June 4, 1868 * Sergeant at Arms of the United States Senate, Sergeant at Arms of the Senate: George T. Brown


House of Representatives

* Chaplain of the United States House of Representatives, Chaplain of the House: Charles B. Boynton (Congregational church, Congregationalist) * Clerk of the United States House of Representatives, Clerk of the House: Edward McPherson * Doorkeeper of the United States House of Representatives, Doorkeeper of the House: Charles E. Lippincott * Messenger to the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Messenger to the Speaker: William D. Todd * Postmaster of the United States House of Representatives, Postmaster of the House: William S. King * Reading Clerk of the United States House of Representatives, Reading Clerks: Edward W. Barber (D) and William K. Mehaffey (R) * Sergeant at Arms of the United States House of Representatives, Sergeant at Arms of the House: Nehemiah G. Ordway


See also

* List of members of the United States House of Representatives in the 40th Congress by seniority * 1866 United States elections (elections leading to this Congress) ** 1866 and 1867 United States Senate elections ** 1866 United States House of Representatives elections * 1868 United States elections (elections during this Congress, leading to the next Congress) ** 1868 United States presidential election ** 1868 and 1869 United States Senate elections ** 1868 United States House of Representatives elections


Notes


References

* * *


External links


Statutes at Large, 1789-1875




* [https://web.archive.org/web/20060601025644/http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/cdocuments/hd108-222/index.html Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress]
U.S. House of Representatives: House History


* * {{USCongresses 40th United States Congress,