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The World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
(WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. The driver's world championship and manufacturer's world championship are separate championships, but based on the same point system. The series currently consists of 13 three-day events driven on surfaces ranging from gravel and tarmac to snow and ice. Each rally is split into 15–25 special stages which are run against the clock on closed roads. The WRC
WRC
was formed from well-known and popular international rallies, most of which had previously been part of the European Rally Championship or the International
International
Championship for Manufacturers, and the series was first contested in 1973. The World Rally Car
World Rally Car
is the current car specification in the series. It evolved from Group A
Group A
cars which replaced the banned Group B
Group B
supercars. World Rally Cars are built on production 1.6-litre four-cylinder cars, but feature turbochargers, anti-lag systems, four-wheel-drive, sequential gearboxes, aerodynamic parts and other enhancements bringing the price of a WRC
WRC
car to around US$1 million (€700,000 / £500,000).[1] The WRC
WRC
features three support championships, the Junior World Rally Championship (JWRC, formerly the WRC
WRC
Academy), the World Rally Championship 2 ( WRC
WRC
2, formerly the Super 2000
Super 2000
World Rally Championship), and the World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
3 ( WRC
WRC
3, formerly the Production World Rally Championship) which are contested on the same events and stages as the WRC, but with different regulations. The production car, super 2000 and junior entrants race through the stages after the WRC
WRC
drivers.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early 1.2 Group B
Group B
era 1.3 Group A
Group A
era 1.4 World Rally Car
World Rally Car
era

2 Structure

2.1 Power stage 2.2 Rally 2

3 Cars 4 Teams and drivers 5 Rallies 6 Coverage

6.1 TV 6.2 Radio 6.3 Internet streaming

7 Champions 8 Event wins 9 Evolution of the calendar 10 Other classes 11 Video games 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

History[edit] Early[edit] Main article: Group 4 (racing)

Group 4 Lancia
Lancia
Stratos HF.

The World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
was formed from well-known international rallies, nine of which were previously part of the International Championship for Manufacturers (IMC), which was contested from 1970 to 1972. The 1973 World Rally Championship
1973 World Rally Championship
was the inaugural season of the WRC
WRC
and began with the Monte Carlo Rally
Monte Carlo Rally
on January 19. Alpine-Renault
Alpine-Renault
won the first manufacturer's world championship with its Alpine A110, after which Lancia
Lancia
took the title three years in a row with the Ferrari V6-powered Lancia
Lancia
Stratos HF, the first car designed and manufactured specifically for rallying. The first drivers' world championship was not awarded until 1979, although 1977 and 1978 seasons included an FIA Cup for Drivers, won by Italy's Sandro Munari
Sandro Munari
and Finland's Markku Alén
Markku Alén
respectively. Sweden's Björn Waldegård became the first official world champion, edging out Finland's Hannu Mikkola
Hannu Mikkola
by one point. Fiat
Fiat
took the manufacturers' title with the Fiat
Fiat
131 Abarth in 1977, 1978 and 1980, Ford
Ford
with its Escort RS1800 in 1979 and Talbot
Talbot
with its Sunbeam Lotus in 1981. Waldegård was followed by German Walter Röhrl
Walter Röhrl
and Finn Ari Vatanen as drivers' world champions. Group B
Group B
era[edit] Main article: Group B

Group B
Group B
Audi
Audi
Quattro S1.

The 1980s saw the rear-wheel-drive Group 2 and the more popular Group 4 cars be replaced by more powerful four-wheel-drive Group B
Group B
cars. FISA legalized all-wheel-drive in 1979, but most manufacturers believed it was too complex to be successful. However, after Audi started entering Mikkola and the new four-wheel-drive Quattro in rallies for testing purposes with immediate success, other manufacturers started their all-wheel-drive projects. Group B regulations were introduced in the 1982, and with only a few restrictions allowed almost unlimited power. Audi
Audi
took the constructors' title in 1982 and 1984 and drivers' title in 1983 (Mikkola) and 1984 (Stig Blomqvist). Audi's French female driver Michèle Mouton
Michèle Mouton
came close to winning the title in 1982, but had to settle for second place after Opel
Opel
rival Röhrl. 1985 title seemed set to go to Vatanen and his Peugeot 205
Peugeot 205
T16 but a bad accident at the Rally Argentina
Rally Argentina
left him to watch compatriot and teammate Timo Salonen take the title instead. Italian Attilio Bettega
Attilio Bettega
had even a more severe crash with his Lancia
Lancia
037 at the Tour de Corse
Tour de Corse
and died instantly.

Group B
Group B
Ford
Ford
RS200.

Group B
Group B
Lancia
Lancia
Delta S4.

The 1986 started with impressive performances by Finns Henri Toivonen and Alén in Lancia's new turbo- and supercharged Delta S4, which could reportedly accelerate from 0–60 mph (96 km/h) in 2.3 seconds, on a gravel road.[2] However, the season soon took a dramatic turn. At the Rally Portugal, three spectators were killed and over 30 injured after Joaquim Santos lost control of his Ford
Ford
RS200. At the Tour de Corse, championship favourite Toivonen and his co-driver Sergio Cresto died in a fireball accident after plunging down a cliff. Only hours after the crash, Jean-Marie Balestre
Jean-Marie Balestre
and the FISA decided to freeze the development of the Group B
Group B
cars and ban them from competing in 1987. More controversy followed when Peugeot's Juha Kankkunen
Juha Kankkunen
won the title after FIA annulled the results of the San Remo Rally, taking the title from fellow Finn Markku Alén. Group A
Group A
era[edit] Main article: Group A

Group A
Group A
Lancia
Lancia
Delta HF Integrale. Lancia
Lancia
is the manufacturer with the most wins in the WRC: 11 world Championship for Manufacturers, with 6 consecutives.

Group A
Group A
Toyota Celica GT-Four
Toyota Celica GT-Four
ST205.

Group A
Group A
Ford
Ford
Escort RS Cosworth.

As the planned Group S
Group S
was also cancelled, Group A
Group A
regulations became the standard in the WRC
WRC
until 1997. A separate Group A
Group A
championship had been organized as part of the WRC
WRC
already in 1986, with Sweden's Kenneth Eriksson
Kenneth Eriksson
taking the title with a Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Golf GTI 16V.[3] Lancia
Lancia
was quickest in adapting to the new regulations and controlled the world rally scene with Lancia
Lancia
Delta HF, winning the constructors' title six years in a row from 1987 to 1992 and remains the most successful marque in the history of the WRC. Kankkunen and Miki Biasion both took two drivers' titles with the Lancia
Lancia
Delta HF. The 1990s then saw the Japanese manufacturers, Toyota, Subaru
Subaru
and Mitsubishi, become title favourites. Spain's Carlos Sainz
Carlos Sainz
driving for Toyota
Toyota
Team Europe took the 1990 and 1992 titles with a Toyota
Toyota
Celica GT-Four. Kankkunen moved to Toyota
Toyota
for the 1993 season and won his record fourth title, with Toyota
Toyota
taking its first manufacturers' crown. Frenchman Didier Auriol
Didier Auriol
brought the team further success in 1994, and soon Subaru
Subaru
and Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
continued the success of the Japanese constructors. Subaru's Scotsman Colin McRae
Colin McRae
won the drivers' world championship in 1995 and Subaru
Subaru
took the manufacturers' title three years in a row. Finland's Tommi Mäkinen
Tommi Mäkinen
driving a Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution won the drivers' championship four times in a row, from 1996 to 1999. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
also won the manufacturers' title in 1998. Another notable car was the Ford
Ford
Escort RS Cosworth, which was specifically designed for rallying. It was the first production car to produce downforce both at front and rear. World Rally Car
World Rally Car
era[edit] Main article: World Rally Car

Richard Burns
Richard Burns
in his Subaru
Subaru
Impreza WRC
WRC
after a Finnish stage.

Peugeot 307 WRC
Peugeot 307 WRC
and Ford Focus RS WRC
Ford Focus RS WRC
07 on a road section during the 2008 Monte Carlo Rally.

For the 1997, the World Rally Car
World Rally Car
regulations were introduced as an intended replacement for Group A
Group A
(only successive works Mitsubishis still conforming to the latter formula; until they, too, homologated a Lancer Evolution WRC
WRC
from the 2001 San Remo Rally). After the success of Mäkinen and the Japanese manufacturers, France's Peugeot
Peugeot
made a very successful return to the World Rally Championship. Finn Marcus Grönholm took the drivers' title in his first full year in the series and Peugeot
Peugeot
won the manufacturers' crown. England's Richard Burns
Richard Burns
won the 2001 title with a Subaru
Subaru
Impreza WRC, but Grönholm and Peugeot took back both titles in the 2002. 2003 saw Norway's Petter Solberg become drivers' champion for Subaru
Subaru
and Citroën
Citroën
continue the success of the French manufacturers. Citroën's Sébastien Loeb
Sébastien Loeb
went on to control the following seasons with his Citroën
Citroën
Xsara WRC. Citroën took the constructors' title three times in a row and Loeb surpassed Mäkinen's record of four consecutive drivers' titles, earning his ninth consecutive championship in 2012. Volkswagen Motorsport
Volkswagen Motorsport
entered the championship in 2013 and Sebastien Ogier
Sebastien Ogier
dominated the series with four consecutive titles. New World Rally Car
World Rally Car
rules were introduced for 2017 which generated faster and more aggressive cars. Structure[edit]

Škoda preparing their cars a day before the shakedown.

Each season normally consists of 13 rallies driven on surfaces ranging from gravel and tarmac to snow and ice. Points from these events are calculated towards the drivers' and manufacturers' world championships. The driver's championship and manufacturer's championship are separate championships, but based on the same point system. This means, for example, that Petter Solberg
Petter Solberg
driving for Subaru
Subaru
can win the driver's championship but Citroën
Citroën
can win the manufacturer's championship, which is what happened in 2003, and again in 2006 and 2007 when Sébastien Loeb
Sébastien Loeb
took his third and fourth WRC titles but Ford
Ford
won the manufacturer's championship. Under the current points system, points are awarded at the end of each rally to the top ten overall finishers in the World Rally Championship standings, as well as to the top ten finishers within the Super 2000 and Production Car (also known as WRC
WRC
2), two-wheel drive (also known as WRC
WRC
3) and Junior World Rally Championships. All categories use the following points structure:

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 

Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1

Despite how many drivers are in one team, constructors may only nominate two drivers to score points for the team as well as scoring for themselves. As only nominated drivers are counted while awarding points, competitors placed further down the final standings than tenth overall (if preceded by privateer drivers) can score them.

A stadium-based super special stage in Argentina.

In the current era, each rally usually consists of between fifteen and thirty special stages of distances ranging from under 2 km (1.2 mi) (known as super special stages) to over 50 kilometres (31 mi). These competitive stages are driven on closed roads which are linked by non-competitive road sections—open roads on which all road laws of that country must be adhered to. On average a day consists of a total of 400 kilometres (250 mi) of driving.[4] A WRC
WRC
event begins with reconnaissance (recce) on Tuesday and Wednesday, allowing crews to drive through the stages and create or update their pace notes. On Thursday, teams can run through the shakedown stage to practice and test their set-ups. The competition typically begins on Friday and ends on Sunday, though some rallies—most notably the Monte Carlo Rally—may be run over four or five days. Cars start the stages at two-minute intervals in clear weather, or three-minute intervals if it is decided that visibility may be a problem for competitors. Each day, or leg, has a few designated service parks between the stages, where the teams can – within strict time limits – perform maintenance and repairs on their cars. The service park also allows spectators and the media to get close to the teams and their cars and drivers. Between the days, after a 45-minute end of day service, cars are locked away in parc fermé,[4] a quarantine environment where teams are not permitted to access or work on their cars. Power stage[edit] First introduced in 2011, the "power stage" is the final stage of the rally. Additional World Championship points are available to the three (until 2016) fastest drivers through the stage (regardless of where they actually finished in the rally), with the fastest team receiving three points, the second-fastest receiving two points, and the third-fastest receiving one point. In 2017 the scoring system was amended so the five fastest drivers through the stage were awarded points from five for first to one for fifth. Top Winners (Updated after 2018 Rally Mexico)

Rank Driver Wins

1 Sébastien Ogier 34

2 Jari-Matti Latvala 14

3 Thierry Neuville 9

4 Sébastien Loeb 7

5 Mikko Hirvonen 5

Ott Tänak

Rally 2[edit] Originally known as "SuperRally," Rally 2 is a set of regulations that allow a driver who retires from an event to re-enter the next day at the cost of a seven-minute time penalty for each missed stage. This allows drivers who retire from an event to continue on and compete for World Championship points; however, if they retire on the final leg of a rally, re-entering is not possible. Similarly, the use of Rally 2 regulations is at the discretion of event organisers. Cars[edit] Main articles: Group B, Group A, Group R, World Rally Car, and Group N

Andy Priaulx
Andy Priaulx
driving a Ford Focus RS WRC
Ford Focus RS WRC
07 at the 2007 Race of Champions.

The current cars with 1.6 L direct injection turbo engines and four-wheel drive are built to World Rally Car
World Rally Car
regulations for racing across tarmac, gravel and snow. The power output is limited to around 380 bhp (225 kW). Current cars in the championship include the Citroën
Citroën
C3 WRC, Ford
Ford
Fiesta WRC, Toyota
Toyota
Yaris WRC
WRC
and the Hyundai i20 Coupe WRC. The Volkswagen Polo R WRC
Volkswagen Polo R WRC
ended its run with the close of the 2016 season.[5] The WRC
WRC
was formerly held for Group A
Group A
and Group B
Group B
rallycars. However, due to the increasing power, lack of reliability and a series of fatal accidents during the 1986 rally, Group B
Group B
was permanently banned. Later, in 1997, the Group A
Group A
cars evolved into the WRC
WRC
car spec, to ease the development of new cars and bring new makes to the competition. In 2011, new rules were introduced to encourage more manufacturers (and privateers) to take part, because the recent economic downturn had prompted several manufacturers to leave the championship. Cars in the Production Car World Rally Championship
Production Car World Rally Championship
are limited to production-based cars homologated under Group N
Group N
rules. Cars in the Super 2000
Super 2000
World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
are homologated under Super 2000 rules. Most cars in the Junior World Rally Championship
Junior World Rally Championship
are homologated under Super 1600
Super 1600
rules, but Group N
Group N
and selected Group A cars can also contest the series. Starting in 2013, a new category of rally cars known as Group R
Group R
were introduced as a replacement to the Group A
Group A
and Group N
Group N
rally categories, with cars classified under one of six categories based on their engine capacity and type, wheelbase, and drivetrain. As a result, no cars will be homologated under Group A
Group A
and Group N regulations and instead will be reclassified under Group R. Parallel to this, the Super 2000
Super 2000
and Production Car World Championships were restructured; Super 2000
Super 2000
and Group N
Group N
cars were merged into a single championship known as World Rally Championship-2
World Rally Championship-2
alongside R4 and R5 cars, whilst the Production Car World Championship was completely reimagined as the World Rally Championship-3
World Rally Championship-3
for two-wheel drive cars complying with R1, R2 and R3 regulations. Teams and drivers[edit]

Ford's Marcus Grönholm
Marcus Grönholm
at the Bunnings Jumps of the 2006 Rally Australia.

Marcus Grönholm
Marcus Grönholm
at the 2001 Rally Finland.

21 different manufacturers have won a World Rally Championship event,[6] and a further 11 have finished on the podium.[7] Suzuki and Subaru
Subaru
pulled out of the WRC
WRC
at the end of the 2008 championship, both citing the economic downturn then affecting the automotive industry for their withdrawal. Mini
Mini
and Ford
Ford
both pulled out of the WRC
WRC
at the end of the 2012 championship, due to a similar economic downturn affecting the European market, although Ford continued to give technical support to M-Sport. A typical WRC
WRC
team will consist of about 40 people on the events, with a further 60–100 at the team base.[8] Manufacturers and manufacturer-backed teams usually have two or three drivers participating in each rally who are eligible to score points. The total number of crews (driver and his co-driver) in the rallies varied from 47 (Monte Carlo and Mexico) to 108 (Great Britain) during the 2007.[9] In 2012, the Ford World Rally Team
Ford World Rally Team
and the Mini
Mini
WRC
WRC
Team both announced their departure from the World Rally Championships for the 2013 season. Volkswagen
Volkswagen
and Hyundai made their return to the championship in 2013 and 2014, respectively. Toyota
Toyota
announced it will return to the World Rally Championships for the 2017 season [10] with its Toyota
Toyota
Gazoo Racing team and its Toyota
Toyota
Yaris WRC
WRC
car. Also Citroën
Citroën
will return to the sport in 2017 with a fully factory-supported team after competing part-time in 2016 to focus on the development of their 2017-generation brand-new car based on the Citroën
Citroën
C3. Rallies[edit] See 2018 WRC
WRC
for current season's rallies and List of WRC
WRC
rallies for a list of all rallies. See also: World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
§ Evolution of the calendar Coverage[edit] TV[edit] Main article: List of World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
broadcasters

A cameraman at a hairpin turn at the 2007 Rallye Deutschland.

WRC
WRC
Promoter GmbH owns the commercial rights to the championship and through WRC
WRC
TV produces daily updates from each event after the day's stages have finished and the TV coverage has been processed. These daily highlight programs are 30 minutes in duration and cover in depth the day's stages, with in-car footage as well as driver interviews. Before the rally there is also a magazine-style preview programme that normally incorporates special driver, technical and team features as well as providing an overview of the upcoming rally's route. There is also a post-event review program, which lasts approximately an hour, that summarises the rally and the big events that took place during the event.

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
service park at the 2005 Cyprus
Cyprus
Rally.

This is then shown in more than 150 markets in multiple languages. The make up and format for these programmes can change from country to country depending on the local broadcaster but all use WRC
WRC
TV. In the United Kingdom, coverage of the 2017 season is split between four broadcasters. Channel 5 broadcasts the post-event review, while the preview programme is screened on its Spike network. BT Sport
BT Sport
has rights to live stages and daily highlights, Motors TV
Motors TV
has highlights rights and Welsh language channel S4C also covers the championship in its Ralio programme. In 2016, the cumulative worldwide TV audience for WRC
WRC
TV's programmes was more than 700 million. The programming was available in over 150 markets and more than 12,000 hours were screened globally.[11] Radio[edit] Live radio coverage is provided in English by WRC
WRC
Live via the Internet, featuring end of stage reports direct from the drivers and teams plus service park news. It also features contemporary music during breaks in rally coverage. This coverage can even simulcast on local radio or via a temporary licence, pending on the event and its organisers. They are also responsible for producing podcasts for each day of each event available for download. Internet streaming[edit] Coverage is provided by WRC
WRC
Promoter GmbH via video on demand at its WRC+ website featuring live special stages, highlights, timing, onboard footage and live map tracking. From 2018, WRC+ All Live was introduced, producing live coverage from all the stages during rally event. Champions[edit] Main articles: List of World Rally Championship Drivers' champions
List of World Rally Championship Drivers' champions
and List of World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
Constructors' champions

Marcus Grönholm
Marcus Grönholm
at the 2002 Rallye Deutschland
Rallye Deutschland
with Peugeot
Peugeot
206 WRC.

Petter Solberg
Petter Solberg
at the 2006 Cyprus
Cyprus
Rally.

Sébastien Loeb
Sébastien Loeb
during the Rally Catalunya
Rally Catalunya
2008 with Citroën
Citroën
C4 WRC.

Sébastien Loeb
Sébastien Loeb
at the 2011 Rally de Portugal
Rally de Portugal
with Citroën
Citroën
DS3 WRC.

Sébastien Ogier
Sébastien Ogier
at the 2016 Rally de Portugal
Rally de Portugal
with Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Polo R WRC.

Season Championship for Drivers

Championship for Manufacturers

Driver Car Manufacturer Car

2017 Sébastien Ogier Ford
Ford
Fiesta WRC Ford
Ford
(M-Sport) Ford
Ford
Fiesta WRC

2016 Sébastien Ogier Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Polo R WRC Volkswagen Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Polo R WRC

2015 Sébastien Ogier Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Polo R WRC Volkswagen Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Polo R WRC

2014 Sébastien Ogier Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Polo R WRC Volkswagen Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Polo R WRC

2013 Sébastien Ogier Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Polo R WRC Volkswagen Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Polo R WRC

2012 Sébastien Loeb Citroën
Citroën
DS3 WRC Citroën Citroën
Citroën
DS3 WRC

2011 Sébastien Loeb Citroën
Citroën
DS3 WRC Citroën Citroën
Citroën
DS3 WRC

2010 Sébastien Loeb Citroën
Citroën
C4 WRC Citroën Citroën
Citroën
C4 WRC

2009 Sébastien Loeb Citroën
Citroën
C4 WRC Citroën Citroën
Citroën
C4 WRC

2008 Sébastien Loeb Citroën
Citroën
C4 WRC Citroën Citroën
Citroën
C4 WRC

2007 Sébastien Loeb Citroën
Citroën
C4 WRC Ford Ford Focus RS WRC
Ford Focus RS WRC
06/07

2006 Sébastien Loeb Citroën
Citroën
Xsara WRC Ford Ford Focus RS WRC
Ford Focus RS WRC
06

2005 Sébastien Loeb Citroën
Citroën
Xsara WRC Citroën Citroën
Citroën
Xsara WRC

2004 Sébastien Loeb Citroën
Citroën
Xsara WRC Citroën Citroën
Citroën
Xsara WRC

2003 Petter Solberg Subaru
Subaru
Impreza WRC
WRC
2003 Citroën Citroën
Citroën
Xsara WRC

2002 Marcus Grönholm Peugeot
Peugeot
206 WRC Peugeot Peugeot
Peugeot
206 WRC

2001 Richard Burns Subaru
Subaru
Impreza WRC
WRC
2001 Peugeot Peugeot
Peugeot
206 WRC

2000 Marcus Grönholm Peugeot
Peugeot
206 WRC Peugeot Peugeot
Peugeot
206 WRC

1999 Tommi Mäkinen Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
VI Toyota Toyota
Toyota
Corolla WRC

1998 Tommi Mäkinen Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
V Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
V

1997 Tommi Mäkinen Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
IV Subaru Subaru
Subaru
Impreza WRC

1996 Tommi Mäkinen Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
III Subaru Subaru
Subaru
Impreza 555

1995 Colin McRae Subaru
Subaru
Impreza 555 Subaru Subaru
Subaru
Impreza 555

1994 Didier Auriol Toyota
Toyota
Celica Turbo 4WD Toyota Toyota
Toyota
Celica Turbo 4WD

1993 Juha Kankkunen Toyota
Toyota
Celica Turbo 4WD Toyota Toyota
Toyota
Celica Turbo 4WD

1992 Carlos Sainz Toyota
Toyota
Celica Turbo 4WD Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Delta HF Integrale

1991 Juha Kankkunen Lancia
Lancia
Delta Integrale 16V Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Delta Integrale 16V

1990 Carlos Sainz Toyota
Toyota
Celica GT-Four Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Delta Integrale 16V

1989 Miki Biasion Lancia
Lancia
Delta Integrale Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Delta Integrale

1988 Miki Biasion Lancia
Lancia
Delta Integrale Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Delta Integrale

1987 Juha Kankkunen Lancia
Lancia
Delta HF 4WD Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Delta HF 4WD

1986 Juha Kankkunen Peugeot 205
Peugeot 205
Turbo 16 E2 Peugeot Peugeot 205
Peugeot 205
Turbo 16 E2

1985 Timo Salonen Peugeot 205
Peugeot 205
Turbo 16 Peugeot Peugeot 205
Peugeot 205
Turbo 16

1984 Stig Blomqvist Audi
Audi
Quattro Audi Audi
Audi
Quattro

1983 Hannu Mikkola Audi
Audi
Quattro Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Rally 037

1982 Walter Röhrl Opel
Opel
Ascona 400 Audi Audi
Audi
Quattro

1981 Ari Vatanen Ford
Ford
Escort RS1800 Talbot Talbot
Talbot
Sunbeam Lotus

1980 Walter Röhrl Fiat
Fiat
131 Abarth Fiat Fiat
Fiat
131 Abarth

1979 Björn Waldegård Ford
Ford
Escort RS1800* Ford Ford
Ford
Escort RS1800

1978 Markku Alén*** Fiat
Fiat
131 Abarth** Fiat Fiat
Fiat
131 Abarth

1977 Sandro Munari*** Lancia
Lancia
Stratos HF Fiat Fiat
Fiat
131 Abarth

1976 No drivers' championship Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Stratos HF

1975 No drivers' championship Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Stratos HF

1974 No drivers' championship Lancia Lancia
Lancia
Stratos HF

1973 No drivers' championship Alpine-Renault Alpine-Renault
Alpine-Renault
A110

* – Björn Waldegård
Björn Waldegård
drove a Mercedes 450 SLC in two rallies in 1979

** – Markku Alén
Markku Alén
drove a Lancia Stratos HF
Lancia Stratos HF
in two rallies in 1978

*** – In 1977 and 1978, the drivers championship was the FIA Cup for Rally Drivers

No drivers title 1973–1976.

Event wins[edit] Main article: List of World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
records Updated after 2018 Rally Mexico. Drivers who have participated in the 2018 World Rally Championship
2018 World Rally Championship
are in bold.

Wins by driver[12]

Driver Total

1 Sebastien Loeb 78

2 Sebastien Ogier 42

3 Marcus Gronholm 30

4 Carlos Sainz 26

5 Colin McRae 25

6 Tommi Makinen 24

7 Juha Kankkunen 23

8 Didier Auriol 20

9 Markku Alen 19

10 Hannu Mikkola 18

Wins by nationality[13]

Nation Total

1 France 187

2 Finland 178

3 Sweden 43

4 Great Britain 42

5 Italy 30

6 Spain 28

7 Norway 17

Germany 17

9 Kenya 8

Belgium 8

Wins by manufacturer[14]

Manufacturer Total

1 Citroen 98

2 / Ford 89

3 Lancia 73

4 Peugeot 48

5 Subaru 47

6 Toyota 45

7 Volkswagen 44

8 Mitsubishi 34

9 Audi 24

10 Fiat 21

Evolution of the calendar[edit] See also: List of World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
rallies

Rally 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Tot.

Wales Rally GB

[15]

45

Tour de Corse

[15]

39

Portugal
Portugal
Rally

[15]

39

Rally Finland

[15]

45

Rally di Sanremo

[15]

30

Safari Rally

[15]

29

Press-on-Regardless Rally

2

Monte Carlo Rally

[15]

41

Acropolis Rally

[15]

38

Swedish Rally

[15]

42

Rallye du Maroc

3

Rally Poland

6

Österreichische Alpenfahrt

1

Rally Rideau Lakes

1

Critérium du Quebec

3

Rally New Zealand

31

Rallye Côte d'Ivoire[16]

15

Rally Argentina

[15]

37

Rally Brazil

2

Olympus Rally

3

Rally Australia

[15]

25

Rally Catalunya

[15]

28

Rally Indonesia

2

Rally China

*

1

Cyprus
Cyprus
Rally

8

Rallye Deutschland

16

Rally of Turkey

7

Rally di Sardegna

14

Rally Mexico

14

Rally Japan

6

Rally Norway

2

Rally Ireland

2

Rally Jordan

3

Rallye d'Alsace

5

Rally Bulgaria

1

Total 13 8 10 10 11 11 12 12 12 13 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 12 14 14 13 10 8 9 14 13 14 14 14 14 14 16 16 16 16 15 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 558

*cancelled during the season[17] Other classes[edit] Main articles: World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
support categories, World Rally Championship-2, World Rally Championship-3, and Junior World Rally Championship

A Super 1600
Super 1600
class Renault Clio.

Fiat
Fiat
Grande Punto Abarth S2000.

The World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
also features support championships called the World Rally Championship-2
World Rally Championship-2
(previously known as S-WRC), the World Rally Championship-3
World Rally Championship-3
(previously known as P-WRC) and the Junior World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
(J-WRC). These championships are contested on the same events and stages as the WRC. The Super 2000
Super 2000
World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
(S-WRC) was started in 2010. Within the Super 2000
Super 2000
category are competitions for drivers (known as the S-WRC) and another for teams (the World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
Cup). The cars in the championship are under the Super 2000
Super 2000
rules.[18] From 2013, WRC-2 replaced S- WRC
WRC
and including cars with four-wheel drive (R5, R4 and S2000).[19][20] The Production car World Rally Championship
Production car World Rally Championship
(P-WRC) began in 2002, replacing the FIA Group N
Group N
Cup which had been contested from 1987. Cars in the championship are production-based and homologated under Group N rules.[21] From 2013, the Production WRC
WRC
was renamed WRC-3 including Group R
Group R
cars with two-wheel drive (R3, R2 and R1).[19][20] The Junior World Rally Championship
Junior World Rally Championship
(J-WRC) was started in 2001, and can be contested with Super 1600, Group N
Group N
and selected Group A
Group A
cars. Drivers in the championship have to be 28 years or younger. There is no age limit for co-drivers.[22] The World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
Ladies Cup ran from 1990 to 1995 and could be won by any class of car. Louise Aitken-Walker was the first winner.[23]

Class WRC WRC-2 WRC-3 JWRC

Group WRC S2000, N4, R5 R1, R2, R3 R3T, S1600

Drivetrain Four-wheel drive Two-wheel drive

Minimum weight (kg) 1200 1230 980 1150

Typical power (hp) 300 280 210 163

Torque (N⋅m) 450 360 350 182

Video games[edit] Main article: List of World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
video games There have been many video games based on the World Rally Championship, and due to lack of licenses, many more based on only certain cars, drivers or events. Sega Rally was released in 1995, V-Rally
V-Rally
and Top Gear Rally
Top Gear Rally
in 1997 and the first game in the very popular Colin McRae
Colin McRae
Rally series in 1998. Rally Trophy, released in 2001 for Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
by Bugbear, concentrated on historic cars such as Alpine A110
Alpine A110
and Lancia
Lancia
Stratos. RalliSport Challenge, released in 2002 for Windows and Xbox by Digital Illusions CE, featured classic Group B
Group B
cars and hillclimb models along with modern WRC
WRC
cars. Fully FIA licensed WRC: World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
was released in 2001 for PlayStation 2
PlayStation 2
by Evolution Studios. The video game series had its fifth game, WRC: Rally Evolved, in 2005. Racing simulator Richard Burns Rally, released in 2004 for several platforms, has gathered recognition for its realism. Recent top-selling games include Colin McRae: DiRT 2, Sega Rally Revo and Dirt 3. Gran Turismo 5
Gran Turismo 5
will include the WRC
WRC
totally licensed. In October 2010, Black Bean Games released WRC: FIA World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
which features the cars, drivers and events of the 2010 World Rally Championship, including those from the three support categories. A downloadable patch was produced allowing players to drive in Group B
Group B
cars such as the Audi
Audi
Quattro.[24] Various cars whose participated in the WRC
WRC
such as Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Lancer WRC
WRC
and Ford
Ford
Fiesta RS WRC
WRC
have also appeared in the Facebook
Facebook
game Car Town. The WRC
WRC
video game license was acquired by French game development studio Kylotonn from Milestone S.r.l.
Milestone S.r.l.
after the release of WRC
WRC
4: FIA World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
in 2013. The first WRC
WRC
game by Kylotonn was WRC
WRC
5, released in 2015. This was followed by WRC
WRC
6 in 2016, and WRC
WRC
7 in 2017. See also[edit]

List of World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
records

Book: Rallying

References[edit]

^ "What is WRC? – The cars". WRC.com. Retrieved 2008-08-28.  ^ Biggs, Henry. "Top 10: Group B
Group B
rally cars". MSN
MSN
Cars UK. Retrieved 2007-12-18.  ^ " World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
for Drivers Champions". RallyBase. Retrieved 2007-12-21.  ^ a b "What is WRC?". Rally Ireland. Retrieved 2008-08-28.  ^ " Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Confirms It's Quitting the World Rally Championship". 2 November 2016.  ^ "Make wins". World Rally Archive. Retrieved 2015-08-17.  ^ "Make podium finishes". World Rally Archive. Retrieved 2015-08-17.  ^ "The service park". Rally Ireland. Retrieved 2008-08-30.  ^ "Season 2007 event statistics". World Rally Archive. Retrieved 2008-08-30.  ^ "Microsoft and Toyota
Toyota
join forces in FIA World Rally Championship". Retrieved 2016-10-22.  ^ http://www.wrc.com/factbook/2016-2017/#4 ^ http://juwra.com/driver_statistics_wins.html ^ http://juwra.com/driver_wins_by_nationalities.html ^ http://juwra.com/makes_wins.html ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Valid only for 2 Litres Cup ^ From 1982 to 1992 valid only for driver championship ^ "Rally China
China
cancelled due to weather damage - wrc.com". www.wrc.com. Retrieved 2016-08-16.  ^ "World Rally Championship". Wrc.com. Retrieved 2010-07-31.  ^ a b https://www.nesterallyfinland.fi/in-english/news-archive/exciting-changes-for-2013-wrc/ ^ a b http://openpaddock.net/2012/09/28/rally-exciting-changes-in-wrc-for-2013/ ^ "FIA Production car World Rally Championship". WRC.com. Retrieved 2007-01-26.  ^ "FIA Junior Rally Championship". WRC.com. Retrieved 2007-01-26.  ^ "rallybase.nl". rallybase.nl. Retrieved 2011-10-14.  ^ " WRC
WRC
the game, the official videogame of the 2010 FIA World Rally Championship, hits the shelves today!". RallyBuzz. 8 October 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to World Rally Championship.

News and information

WRC.com — official site World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
regulations fia.com

Results

eWRC-results.com — complex and up-to-date results database juwra.com – World Rally Archive — database and statistics

v t e

World Rally Championship

WRC seasons

Group 4

ICM (1970–72) 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981

Group B

1982 1983 1984 1985 1986

Group A

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

World Rally Car

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Support categories

WRC-2

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

WRC-3

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Junior WRC

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

DMACK
DMACK
Trophy

2014 2015 2016

2-L WRC

1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

v t e

Rallies in the World Rally Championship

Current (2018)

Monte Carlo Sweden Mexico Corsica (France) Argentina Portugal Sardinia (Italy) Finland Germany Turkey Wales (Great Britain) Catalonia (Spain) Australia

Former

Austria Brazil Bulgaria Critérium du Québec (Canada) Côte d'Ivoire China Cyprus Alsace (France) Greece Indonesia Ireland Japan Jordan Morocco New Zealand Norway Olympus (USA) Poland Press-on-Regardless (USA) Rideau Lakes (Canada) Safari Sanremo (Italy)

v t e

FIA

FIA World Motor Sport Council FIA Hall of Fame Commission Internationale de Karting FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy FIA Contract Recognition Board FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society International
International
Sporting Code

FIA World Championships

Formula One Formula E World Endurance Championship World Rally Championship

WRC-2 WRC-3 J-WRC

World Touring Car Championship World Rallycross Championship World Karting Championship FIA Cross-Country Rally World Cup Formula 2 Championship Formula 3 Championship (upcoming)

FIA European Championships

Formula 3 European Championship Masters Historic Formula One
Formula One
Championship European Rally Championship European Rallycross Championship European Touring Car Championship European Hill Climb Championship European Truck Racing Championship Alternative Energies Cup European Drag Racing Championship

Presidents

Etienne van Zuylen van Nijevelt (1904–1931) Robert de Vogüé (1931–1936) Jehan de Rohan-Chabot (1936–1958) Hadelin de Liedekerke Beaufort (1958–1963) Filippo Caracciolo di Castagneto (1963–1965) Wilfred Andrews (1965–1971) Amaury de Merode (1971–1975) Paul Alfons von Metternich-Winneburg (1975–1985) Jean-Marie Balestre
Jean-Marie Balestre
(1985–1993) Max Mosley
Max Mosley
(1993–2009) Jean Todt
Jean Todt
(2009–present)

FIA Drivers' Categorisation

Platinum Gold Silver Bronze

Others

List of FIA events List of FIA member organisations FIA Super Licence FIA Global Pathway FIA Heritage Certificate FIA Historic Technical Passport

v t e

World championships

List of world sports championships

Olympic sports

Team

Association football

men men's club women women's club

Baseball

men

Basketball

men women 3x3 basketball

Beach volleyball Curling Handball

men women

Field hockey

men women

Ice hockey

men women

Rugby sevens Softball

women

Volleyball

men men's club women women's club

Water polo

Individual

Archery Aquatic sports Athletics

outdoor race walking

Badminton

men women mixed individual

Biathlon Bobsleigh and skeleton Boxing (amateur) Canoeing

slalom sprint

Cycling

road track cyclo-cross mountain biking trials BMX

Equestrianism

Equestrian Games dressage eventing show jumping

Fencing Golf

men women

Gymnastics

artistic rhythmic trampolining

Ice skating

figure speed short track

Judo Karate Luge

artificial track natural track

Modern pentathlon Rowing Sailing Shooting Skiing

alpine nordic freestyle snowboarding

Sport climbing Table tennis Taekwondo Triathlon Weightlifting Wrestling

Discontinued

Basque pelota Cricket

men women

Lacrosse

men

Polo Roller hockey

men women

Paralympic sports

Team

Amputee Football CP Football Para ice hockey Wheelchair basketball Wheelchair rugby Wheelchair curling Goalball Sitting volleyball

Individual

Archery Athletics Badminton Cycling

Track cycling Road cycling

Powerlifting Skiing

Alpine Nordic

Swimming Table tennis

Cue sports

Carom billiards

Three-cushion

individual team

artistic five-pin

English billiards Crokinole Pocket billiards

eight-ball nine-ball ten-ball straight pool

Snooker

six-red ladies amateurs seniors

Mind sports

Backgammon Bridge Chess

open women

Draughts

men women checkers draughts-64 draughts-64 women

Go Puzzles Scrabble Sudoku Xiangqi

eSports

ESWC FIFA Dota 2 League of Legends

Motorsport

Auto racing

Alternative energy

Solar car

Formula One Formula Three Karting Rallying

WRC WRC-2 WRC-3 rally raid Rallycross

Sports car

endurance

Touring car

Motorcycle sports

Endurance Enduro Ice racing

individual team

Grand Prix Production

Superbike Supersport

Cross-country rally Motocross

individual nation Supercross sidecar

Sidecar Speedway

individual team

Trial

Other

Aeroplane sport

Aerobatic Aerobatic GP Air Race

Powerboating

F1 offshore

Radio-controlled racing

1:10 electric off-road

Tank biathlon

Other sports

Team

American football

men women

Australian football Bandy

men men's club women women's club

Ball hockey Baseball

men women

Beach handball Beach soccer Canoe polo Dancesport

Formation Latin

Fistball

men women

Flag football Floorball Futsal

men men's club women

Inline hockey

FIRS IIHF

Korfball Lacrosse

men women indoor under-19s

Netball Padel tennis Quidditch Ringette Roll Ball Roller derby Rugby league

men men's club women

Rugby union

men women

Sailing

Yachts Dinghies

Sepaktakraw Softball

men

Synchronized skating Tchoukball

Individual

Air sports

Ballooning Gliding Parachuting Paragliding

Aquatics

Surfing Water skiing

Athletics

cross country half marathon indoor 100 km Mountain running Long Distance Mountain running Snowshoe running Skyrunning Trail running

Bowling

Tenpin Bowls Indoor

Canoeing

marathon

Cycling

mountain bike marathon cyclo-cross

Darts

BDO PDC

Fishing

freshwater fly fishing

Gymnastics

acrobatic aerobic

Inline speed skating Kendo Kickboxing Orienteering

foot ski mountain bike

Pétanque Powerlifting

men women

Professional boxing

men women

Mounted games Racquetball Sambo Shooting

practical handgun practical rifle practical shotgun

Skiing

flying Ski mountaineering

Squash

individual doubles team

Roller skating

artistic

Swimming

short course

Triathlon

Ironman

Wrestling

Armwrestling Sumo Wushu

Other

Yo-yo

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 247853

.