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Victor David Sjöström (Swedish: [ˈvɪktɔɾ ˈɧœˈstɾœm] ( listen); in the United States
United States
sometimes known as Victor Seastrom; 20 September 1879 – 3 January 1960) was a pioneering Swedish film director, screenwriter, and actor. He began his career in Sweden, before moving to Hollywood
Hollywood
in 1924. Sjöström worked primarily in the silent era; his best known films include The Phantom Carriage (1921), He Who Gets Slapped
He Who Gets Slapped
(1924), and The Wind (1928). Sjöström was Sweden's most prominent director in the "Golden Age of Silent Film" in Europe. Later in life, he played the leading role in Ingmar Bergman's Wild Strawberries (1957).[2]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Filmography

2.1 As director 2.2 As actor

3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Born in Årjäng/Silbodal, in the Värmland
Värmland
region of Sweden, he was only a year old when his father, Olof Adolf Sjöström, moved the family to Brooklyn, New York. His mother died when he was seven years old in 1886. Sjöström returned to Sweden
Sweden
where he lived with relatives in Stockholm, beginning his acting career at 17 as a member of a touring theater company. Drawn from the stage to the fledgling motion picture industry, he made his first film in 1912 under the direction of Mauritz Stiller. Between then and 1923, he directed another forty-one films in Sweden, some of which are now lost. Those surviving include The Sons of Ingmar
The Sons of Ingmar
(1919), Karin, Daughter of Ingmar (1920) and The Phantom Carriage
The Phantom Carriage
(1921), all based on stories by the Nobel Prize–winning novelist Selma Lagerlöf. Many of his films from the period are marked by subtle character portrayal, fine storytelling and evocative settings in which the Swedish landscape often plays a key psychological role. The naturalistic quality of his films was enhanced by his (then revolutionary) preference for on-location filming, especially in rural and village settings.[citation needed] He is also noted as a pioneer of continuity editing in narrative filmmaking.[3] In the 1920s Sjöström accepted an offer from Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
to work in the United States. In Sweden, he had acted in his own films as well as in those for others, but in Hollywood
Hollywood
he devoted himself solely to directing. In 1924, using an anglicised name, Victor Seastrom, he made Name the Man, a dramatic film based on the Hall Caine
Hall Caine
novel, The Master of Man. He went on to direct great stars of the day such as Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, Lillian Gish, Lon Chaney, and Norma Shearer in another eight films in America before his first talkie in 1930. Uncomfortable with the modifications needed to direct talking films, Victor Sjöström
Victor Sjöström
returned to Sweden
Sweden
where he directed two more films before his final directing effort in 1937, an English language drama filmed in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Under the Red Robe. Over the following fifteen years, Sjöström returned to acting in the theatre, performed a variety of leading roles in more than a dozen films and worked as director of the Svensk Film Industri company. At age 78 he gave his final acting performance, probably his best remembered, as the elderly professor Isaak Borg in Ingmar Bergman's film Wild Strawberries (1957). Victor Sjöström
Victor Sjöström
died in Stockholm
Stockholm
at the age of eighty and was interred there in the Norra begravningsplatsen
Norra begravningsplatsen
(Northern cemetery). Filmography[edit] As director[edit]

Ett hemligt giftermål (1912) Trädgårdsmästaren (1912) Marriage Bureau (Äktenskapsbyrån) (1913) Laughter and Tears (Löjen och tårar) (1913) Lady Marion's Summer Flirtation (Lady Marions sommarflirt) (1913) The Voice of Passion (Blodets röst) (1913) The Conflicts of Life (Livets konflikter) (1913) Ingeborg Holm (Margaret Day) (1913) Half Breed (Halvblod) (1913) The Miracle (Miraklet, Within the Gates) (1913) The Poacher (Kärlek starkare än hat eller skogsdotterns hemlighet) (1914) The Clergyman (Prästen, Saints and Their Sorrows, The Parson) (1914) Judge Not (Dömen icke) (1914) The Strike (Strejken) (1914) A Good Girl Keeps Herself in Good Order (Bra flicka reder sig själv) (1914) Children of the Streets (Gatans barn) (1914) Daughter of the Peaks (Högfjällets dotter) (1914) Hearts That Meet (Hjärtan som mötas) (1914) One of the Many (En av de många) (1915) Guilt Redeemed (Sonad skuld) (1915) Det var i maj (1915) The Governor's Daughters (Landshövdingens döttrar, Det var i maj) (1915) Stick to Your Last, Shoemaker (Skomakare, bliv vid din läst) (1915) In the Hour of Trial (I prövningens stund) (1915) The Price of Betrayal (Judaspengar) (1915) The Ships That Meet (Skepp som mötas) (1916) The Sea Vultures (Havsgamar, Predators of the Sea) (1916) She Triumphs (Hon segrade) (1916) Kiss of Death (Dödskyssen) (1916) Therèse (1916) A Man There Was
A Man There Was
(Terje Vigen) (1917) The Lass from the Stormy Croft
The Lass from the Stormy Croft
(Tösen från Stormyrtorpet, The Girl from the Marsh Croft, The Woman He Chose) (1917) The Outlaw and His Wife
The Outlaw and His Wife
(Berg-Ejvind och hans hustru, Eyvind of the Hills, Love: The Only Law, You and I) (1918) Sons of Ingmar
Sons of Ingmar
(Ingmarssönerna, Dawn of Love) (1919) His Lordship's Last Will (Hans nåds testamente, His Grace's Last Testament, His Grace's Will) (1919) The Monastery of Sendomir
The Monastery of Sendomir
(Klostret i Sendomir, Secret of the Monastery) (1920) Karin Daughter of Ingmar (Karin Ingmarsdotter, God's Way) (1920) A Lover in Pawn (Mästerman) (1920) The Phantom Carriage
The Phantom Carriage
(Körkarlen, The Phantom Chariot, The Stroke of Midnight, Thy Soul Shall Bear Witness) (1921) Love's Crucible (Vem dömer, Mortal Clay) (1922) The Surrounded House (Det omringade huset, The House Surrounded) (1922) Fire on Board (Eld ombord, Jealousy, The Hell Ship) (1923) Name the Man (1924) He Who Gets Slapped
He Who Gets Slapped
(1924) Confessions of a Queen
Confessions of a Queen
(1925) The Tower of Lies
The Tower of Lies
(1925) The Scarlet Letter (1926) The Divine Woman
The Divine Woman
(1928) The Masks of the Devil (1928) The Wind (1928) A Lady to Love (1930) Father and Son (1930) Markurells of Wadköping (Markurells i Wadköping, Father and Son, Vater und Sohn) (1931) Under the Red Robe (1937)

As actor[edit]

Terje Vigen (A Man There Was, 1917) as Terje Vigen Thomas Graals bästa barn (Thomas Graal's First Child 1918) as Thomas Graal Körkarlen (The Phantom Carriage, 1921) as David Holm The Fight Continues (1941) Till glädje (To Joy, 1950, directed by Ingmar Bergman), as professor Sönderby Smultronstället (Wild Strawberries, 1957, directed by Ingmar Bergman), as professor Isak Borg

References[edit]

^ kommun, Årjängs. " Victor Sjöström
Victor Sjöström
- Årjängs kommun". www.arjang.se.  ^ Bo Florin, Transition and Transformation: Victor Sjostrom in Hollywood, 1923-1930 (Amsterdam University Press, 2013) ^ "The "golden age" of silent film - Sweden
Sweden
- bio, actress, children, wife, cinema, role, story". www.filmreference.com. 

External links[edit]

Victor Sjöström
Victor Sjöström
on IMDb Victor Sjöström
Victor Sjöström
at the Swedish Film Database
Swedish Film Database
Victor Sjöström
Victor Sjöström
at Virtual History "Victor Sjostrom and Mauritz Stiller" UC Santa Barbara Research Paper (2005) by Maximilian Schmige

v t e

Films directed by Victor Sjöström

A Ruined Life(1912) The Gardener (1912) Marriage Bureau Laughter and Tears Lady Marion's Summer Flirtation The Voice of Passion The Conflicts of Life(1913) Ingeborg Holm (1913) The Miracle(1913) Half Breed(1914) The Clergyman(1914) Judge Not(1914) The Strike(1914) A Good Girl Keeps Herself in Good Order(1914) Children of the Streets(1914) Daughter of the Peaks(1914) Hearts That Meet(1914) The Sea Vultures (1915) Guilt Redeemed(1915) In the Hour of Trial (1915) The Price of Betrayal (1915) The Ships That Meet (1916) Kiss of Death (1916) Therèse (1916) A Man There Was
A Man There Was
(1917) The Lass from the Stormy Croft
The Lass from the Stormy Croft
(1917) The Outlaw and His Wife(1918) Sons of Ingmar
Sons of Ingmar
(1919) His Lordship's Last Will (1919) The Monastery of Sendomir
The Monastery of Sendomir
(1920) Karin Daughter of Ingmar(1920) A Lover in Pawn (1920) The Phantom Carriage
The Phantom Carriage
(1921) Name the Man (1924) He Who Gets Slapped
He Who Gets Slapped
(1924) Confessions of a Queen
Confessions of a Queen
(1925) The Tower of Lies
The Tower of Lies
(1925) The Scarlet Letter (1926) The Divine Woman
The Divine Woman
(1928) The Masks of the Devil (1928) The Wind(1928) A Lady to Love (1930) Father and Son (1930) Under the Red Robe (1937)

v t e

National Board of Review Award for Best Actor

Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1946) Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
(1947) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1948) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1949) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1950) Richard Basehart
Richard Basehart
(1951) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1952) James Mason
James Mason
(1953) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Yul Brynner
Yul Brynner
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1958) Victor Sjöström
Victor Sjöström
(1959) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1960) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1961) Jason Robards
Jason Robards
(1962) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1963) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1964) Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1967) Cliff Robertson
Cliff Robertson
(1968) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1969) George C. Scott
George C. Scott
(1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1972) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
/ Robert Ryan
Robert Ryan
(1973) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975) David Carradine
David Carradine
(1976) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1978) Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Tom Conti
Tom Conti
(1983) Victor Banerjee
Victor Banerjee
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
/ Raúl Juliá
Raúl Juliá
(1985) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1988) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(1989) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
/ Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1990) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1991) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1992) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1996) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1997) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1998) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(1999) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2000) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(2001) Campbell Scott
Campbell Scott
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2007) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2008) George Clooney
George Clooney
/ Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2009) Jesse Eisenberg
Jesse Eisenberg
(2010) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2011) Bradley Cooper
Bradley Cooper
(2012) Bruce Dern
Bruce Dern
(2013) Michael Keaton
Michael Keaton
/ Oscar Isaac
Oscar Isaac
(2014) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 10034704 LCCN: n80158803 ISNI: 0000 0001 0869 413X GND: 118916629 SELIBR: 234329 SUDOC: 059210850 BNF: cb13899834h (data) BIBSYS: 90500142 BNE: XX1340734 SN