The Info List - Tübingen

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(German: [ˈtyːbɪŋən],  listen (help·info)) is a traditional university town in central Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 30 km (19 mi) south of the state capital, Stuttgart, on a ridge between the Neckar
and Ammer rivers. As of 2014[update][2] about one in three people living in Tübingen
is a student.


1 Geography 2 Regional structure 3 History 4 Overview 5 Main sights 6 Culture

6.1 Events

7 Notable residents 8 Districts 9 Population

9.1 Population development 9.2 Historical population

10 International relations 11 Infrastructure 12 Higher education 13 Schools 14 Gallery 15 See also 16 References 17 External links

Geography[edit] Immediately north of the city lies the Schönbuch, a densely wooded nature park. The Swabian Alb
Swabian Alb
mountains rise about 13 kilometres (8 miles) (beeline Tübingen
City to Roßberg (869m)) to the southeast of Tübingen. The Ammer and Steinlach
rivers discharge into the Neckar
river, which flows right through the town, just south of the medieval old town in an easterly direction. Large parts of the city are hilly, with the Schlossberg and the Österberg in the city centre and the Schnarrenberg and Herrlesberg, among others, rising immediately adjacent to the inner city.[3] The highest point is at about 500 m (1,640.42 ft) above sea level near Bebenhausen
in the Schönbuch
forest, while the lowest point is 305 m (1,000.66 ft) in the town's eastern Neckar valley. Nearby the Botanical Gardens of the city's university, in a small forest called Elysium, lies the geographical centre of the state of Baden-Württemberg. Regional structure[edit] Tübingen
is the capital of an eponymous district and an eponymous administrative region (Regierungsbezirk), before 1973 called Südwürttemberg-Hohenzollern. Tübingen
is, with nearby Reutlingen
(about 15 km (9.3 mi) east), one of the two centre cities of the Neckar-Alb region. Administratively, it is not part of the Stuttgart
Region, bordering it to the north and west (Esslingen district in the north and Böblingen district in the west). However, the city and northern parts of its district can be regarded as belonging to that region in a wider regional and cultural context. History[edit] Further information: County Palatine of Tübingen The area was probably first settled in the 12th millennium BC. The Romans left some traces here in AD 85, when they built a Limes frontier wall at the Neckar. Tübingen
itself dates from the 6th or 7th century, when the region was populated by the Alamanni. Some even argue that the Battle of Solicinium was fought at Spitzberg, a mountain in Tübingen, in AD 367, although there is no evidence for this. Tübingen
first appears in official records in 1191, and the local castle, Hohentübingen, has records going back to 1078 when it was besieged by Henry IV, king of Germany, its name transcribed in Medieval Latin
Medieval Latin
as Tuingia and Twingia. From 1146, Count Hugo V (1125–52) was promoted to count palatine, as Hugo I, establishing Tübingen
as the capital of a County Palatine of Tübingen. By 1231, Tübingen
was a civitas indicating recognition of civil liberties and a court system. In 1262, an Augustinian
monastery was established by Pope Alexander IV in Tübingen, in 1272, a Franciscan monastery followed. The latter existed until Duke Ulrich of Würtemmberg disestablished it in 1535 in course of the Protestant
Reformation, which the Duchy of Württemberg followed. In 1300, a Latin school (today's Uhland-Gymnasium) was founded. In 1342, the county palatine was sold to Ulrich III, Count of Württemberg and incorporated into the County of Württemberg.

Tübingen, Neckar
front. Left: plane trees growing on the Neckarinsel.

Shops lining town square.

Between 1470 and 1483, St. George's Collegiate Church was built. The collegiate church offices provided the opportunity for what soon afterwards became the most significant event in Tübingen's history: the founding of the Eberhard Karls University by Duke Eberhard im Bart of Württemberg in 1477, thus making it one of the oldest universities in Central Europe. It became soon renowned as one of the most influential places of learning in the Holy Roman Empire, especially for theology (a Protestant
faculty, Tübinger Stift, was established in 1535 in the former Augustinian
monastery). Today, the university is still the biggest source of income for the residents of the city and one of the biggest universities in Germany
with more than 22,000 students. Between 1622 and 1625, the Catholic League occupied Lutheran Württemberg in the course of the Thirty Years' War. In the summer of 1631, the city was raided. In 1635/36 the city was hit by the Plague. In 1638, Swedish troops conquered Tübingen. Towards the end of the war, French troops occupied the city from 1647 until 1649. In 1789, parts of the old town burned down, but were later rebuilt in the original style. In 1798 the Allgemeine Zeitung, a leading newspaper in early 19th-century Germany, was founded in Tübingen
by Johann Friedrich Cotta. From 1807 until 1843, the poet Friedrich Hölderlin lived in Tübingen
in a tower overlooking the Neckar. In the Nazi era, the Tübingen
Synagogue was burned in the Kristallnacht
on November 9, 1938. The Second World War
Second World War
left the city largely unscathed, mainly because of the peace initiative of a local doctor, Theodor Dobler. It was occupied by the French army and became part of the French occupational zone. From 1946 to 1952, Tübingen
was the capital of the newly formed state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern
(as French: Tubingue), before the state of Baden-Württemberg
was created by merging Baden, Württemberg- Baden
and Württemberg-Hohenzollern. The French troops had a garrison stationed in the south of the city until the end of the Cold War
Cold War
in the 1990s. In the 1960s, Tübingen
was one of the centres of the German student movement and the Protests of 1968
Protests of 1968
and has ever since shaped left and green political views. Some radicalized Tübingen
students supported the leftist Rote Armee Fraktion
Rote Armee Fraktion
terrorist group, with active member Gudrun Ensslin, a local and a Tübingen
student from 1960 to 1963, joining the group in 1968. Although it is largely impossible to notice such things today, as recently as the 1950s Tübingen
was a very socio-economically divided city, with poor local farmers and tradesmen living along the Stadtgraben (City Canal) and students and academics residing around the Alte Aula and the Burse, the old university buildings. There, hanging on the Cottahaus a sign commemorates Goethe's
stay of a few weeks while visiting his publisher. The German tendency to memorialize every minor presence of its historical greats (comparable to the statement "Washington slept here" in the United States) is parodied on the building next door. This simple building, once a dormitory, features a plain sign with the words "Hier kotzte Goethe" (lit.: " Goethe
puked here"). In the second half of the 20th century, Tübingen's administrative area was extended beyond what is now called the "core town" to include several outlying small towns and villages. Most notable among these is Bebenhausen, a village clustered around a castle and Bebenhausen Abbey, a Cistercian
cloister about 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Tübingen. Overview[edit] In 2011[update] the city had 89,000 inhabitants. Life in the city is dominated by its approximately 25,800 students. Tübingen
is best described as a mixture of old and distinguished academic flair, including liberal and green politics on the one hand and traditional German-style student fraternities on the other, with rural-agricultural environs and shaped by typical Lutheran-Pietist characteristics, such as austerity and a Protestant
work ethic, and traditional Swabian elements, such as frugality, order and tidiness. The city is home to many picturesque buildings from previous centuries and lies on the river Neckar. In 1995[update], the German weekly magazine Focus published a national survey according to which Tübingen
had the highest quality of life of all cities in Germany. Factors taken into consideration included the infrastructure, the integration of bicycle lanes into the road system, a bus system connecting surrounding hills and valleys, late night services, areas of the town that can be reached on foot, the pedestrianised old town, other amenities and cultural events offered by the university. Tübingen
is the city with the youngest average population in Germany. Main sights[edit] In central Tübingen, the Neckar
river divides briefly into two streams, forming the elongated Neckarinsel ( Neckar
Island), famous for its Platanenallee with high plane trees, some of which are more than 200 years old. Pedestrians can reach the island via stairs on the narrow ends leading down from two bridges spanning the Neckar. During the summer, the Neckarinsel is occasionally the venue for concerts, plays and literary readings. The row of historical houses across one side of the elongated Neckarinsel is called the Neckarfront and includes the house with adjoining tower where poet Friedrich Hölderlin stayed for the last 36 years of his life as he struggled with mental instability.

View from the Stiftskirche.

town hall.

and Hölderlinturm.


street art near Blaue Brücke

Tübingen's Altstadt
(old town) survived the Second World War
Second World War
due to the city's lack of heavy industry. The result is a growing domestic tourism business as visitors come to wander through one of the few completely intact historic Altstädte in Germany. The highlights of Tübingen
include its crooked cobblestone lanes, narrow-stair alleyways picking their way through the hilly terrain, streets lined with canals and well-maintained traditional half-timbered houses. Old town
Old town
landmarks include the Rathaus (City Hall) on Marktplatz (Market Square) and the castle, Schloß Hohentübingen, now part of the University of Tübingen. The central landmark is the Stiftskirche (Collegiate Church). Along with the rest of the city, the Stiftskirche was one of the first to convert to Martin Luther's protestant church. As such, it maintains (and carefully defends) several "Roman Catholic" features, such as patron saints. Below the Rathaus is a quiet, residential street called the Judengasse, the former Jewish neighborhood of Tübingen
until the town's Jews
were expelled in 1477. On the street corner is a plaque commemorating the fate of Tübingen's Jews. The centre of Tübingen
is the site of weekly and seasonal events, including regular market days on the Holzmarkt by the Stiftskirche
and the Marktplatz by the Rathaus, an outdoor cinema in winter and summer, festive autumn and Christmas markets and Europe's largest Afro-Brazilian festival. Students and tourists also come to the Neckar
river in the summer to visit beer gardens or go boating in Stocherkähne, the Tübingen equivalent of Oxford
and Cambridge
punts, only slimmer. A Stocherkahn carries up to 20 people. On the second Thursday of June all Stocherkahn punts take part in a major race, the Stocherkahnrennen. Bebenhausen
Abbey lies in the village of Bebenhausen, a district of Tübingen. A subdivision of the pilgrimage route Way of St. James starts here and runs through Tübingen. Culture[edit] Tübingen
has a notable arts culture as well as nightlife. In addition to the full roster of official and unofficial university events that range from presentations by the university's official poet in residence to parties hosted by the student associations of each faculty, the town can boast of several choirs, theatre companies and nightclubs. Also, Tübingen's Kunsthalle (art exhibition hall), on the "Wanne", houses two or three exhibits of international note each year. Events[edit] There are several festivals and open air markets on a regular basis:


Arab Movie Festival Arabisches Filmfestival


Latin American Movie Festival CineLatino (usually in April or May)


Rock Festival Rock im Tunnel (usually in May or June)


A Stocherkahn (poled boat).

Poled boat race (German: Stocherkahnrennen), second Thursday of June, 2pm, around the Neckar
Island Ract!festival, an alternative open air festival for free with music performances and workshops Tübinger Wassermusik: concerts on Stocherkahn boats


Tübinger Sommerinsel festival: various restaurants serving special meals and associations offering activities on the Neckar


Umbrisch-Provenzalischer Markt, open air market for Italian and French products Tübinger Stadtlauf marathon Retromotor oldtimer festival (usually second or third September weekend)


Jazz- und Klassiktage: jazz and classic music festival Kite festival Drachenfest on the hill Österberg (usually third Sunday in October) French movie festival Französische Filmtage


Terre de femmes movie festival FrauenWelten


Nikolauslauf marathon Die Feuerzangenbowle film and large amount of Feuerzangenbowle
drink made in a public square chocolate festival chocolART Christmas market

Notable residents[edit] Ivan Knežević

Notable Tübingen
residents and scholars included the poets Friedrich Hölderlin, Eduard Mörike
Eduard Mörike
and Ludwig Uhland, the neurologist Alois Alzheimer from whom Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease
takes its name, and Friedrich Miescher who was the first to discover nucleic acids. Wilhelm Schickard who was the main precursor to the mechanical calculator, was born in nearby Herrenberg. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Friedrich Schelling, David Friedrich Strauss, and Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
studied in Tübingen
at the Tübinger Stift, and Joseph Alois Ratzinger (Pope Benedict XVI) held a chair in dogmatic theology at the University. Hermann Hesse
Hermann Hesse
worked in Tübingen
as a bookseller trainee from 1895 to 1899. The most famous composer of Tübingen
was Friedrich Silcher, who worked as the university's music director from 1817 until 1860. And desert artist Carl Eytel
Carl Eytel
studied forestry at Tübingen
before emigrating to America in 1885 and eventually settling in Palm Springs, California. Tübingen
also is the home of scholars of international renown such as the Idealist philosopher Immanuel Hermann von Fichte, the theologian Hans Küng, jurisprudent Gerhard Anschütz, famous author Walter Jens, as well as Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard. Slovene refugee Protestant preacher Primož Trubar, who published the first two books in the Slovene language
Slovene language
and is regarded as the key consolidator of the Slovene identity, lived in Tübingen
and its suburb Derendingen and is buried there. Martin Luther's companion Philipp Melanchthon, called Praeceptor Germaniae (Teacher of Germany), studied here from 1512 to 1514. Former President of Germany
Horst Köhler
Horst Köhler
is a Tübingen
alumnus as well, as was former Chancellor of Germany
Kurt Georg Kiesinger. Nobel laureate and humanitarian Albert Schweitzer
Albert Schweitzer
published his PhD thesis in Tübingen
in 1899. Tübingen
is also the hometown of former track and field athlete Dieter Baumann, winner of the 5000m at the 1992 Summer Olympics. In 1990, the award-winning Israeli human rights lawyer Felicia Langer accepted a teaching position in Tübingen
and has resided there since then. American soccer coach Sigi Schmid, who has won Major League Soccer championships with the Los Angeles Galaxy
Los Angeles Galaxy
and Columbus Crew
Columbus Crew
and was an assistant coach for the U.S. at the 1994 FIFA World Cup, was born in Tübingen
and moved to Torrance, California
Torrance, California
as a child.

(lower right) on the Neckar, in southwest Germany.

Sung Yuri, a South Korean top actress and the youngest member of the K-Pop
girl group Fin.K.L., was born in Tübingen
in 1981. Her father, Sung Chong Hyon, received his doctorate degree in theology from Tübingen University
Tübingen University
and is currently a professor of New Testament at the Presbyterian College and Theological Seminary in Seoul, South Korea.[4] Greek singer Despina Vandi
Despina Vandi
was born in Tübingen, although her family moved back to Greece when Vandi was six years old. Districts[edit] Tübingen
is divided into 22 districts, a town core of twelve districts (population of about 51 000) and ten outer districts (suburbs) (population of about 31 000): Core city districts:

Französisches Viertel Österberg Schönblick/Winkelwiese Lustnau Südstadt Universität Waldhäuser Ost Wanne Weststadt Zentrum

Outer districts:

Bebenhausen Bühl Derendingen Hagelloch Hirschau Kilchberg Pfrondorf Unterjesingen Weilheim, Baden-Württemberg

Population[edit] Population development[edit] Since World War II, Tübingen's population has almost doubled from about 45,000 to the current 88,000, also due to the incorporation of formerly independent villages into the city in the 1970s. Currently, Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor
Boris Palmer (Green Party) has set the ambitious goal of increasing the population of Tübingen
to reach 100,000 within the next years. To achieve this, the city is closing gaps between buildings within the city proper by allowing new houses there; this is also to counter the tendency of urban sprawl and land consumption that has been endangering the preservation of rural landscapes of Southern Germany. [1] Historical population[edit]

Year Population

1871 16,176

1880 19,378

1890 20,913

1900 23,425

1910 28,499

1925 29,971

1933 34,112

1939 35,963

1950 44,221

1956 51,454

1961 58,768

1962 61,068

1963 61,484

1964 62,454

1965 63,450

Year Population

1966 64,886

1967 65,846

1968 67,054

1969 67,947

1970 66,788

1971 68,231

1972 69,650

1973 70,993

1974 71,175

1975 71,348

1976 71,558

1977 71,820

1978 71,193

1979 72,167

1980 73,132

Year Population

1981 74,500

1982 74,766

1983 75,013

1984 75,333

1985 75,825

1986 76,122

1987 71,701

1987 72,936

1988 76,046

1989 78,643

2001 82,444

2002 82,885

2003 83,137

2005 83,496

2006 83,557

¹ census result International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Tübingen
is twinned with:

Monthey, Switzerland, since 1959 Aix-en-Provence, France, since 1960[5][6] Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, since 1965 Durham, United Kingdom, since 1969 Aigle, Switzerland, since 1973[7]

Petrozavodsk, Russia, since 1989 Perugia, Italy, since 1994[8] Villa El Salvador, Peru, since 2006 Kilchberg, Switzerland, only district of Kilchberg, since 1956 Kingersheim, France, only district of Hirschau, since 1963

In November 2009 Tübingen's city council voted to enter into talks with the city of Moshi in Tanzania, with the aim of Moshi becoming Tübingen's eleventh twin city.[9] For their commitment to their international partnership, the Council of Europe awarded the Europe Prize to Tübingen
and Aix-en-Provence
in 1965.[10] The city's dedication to a European understanding is also reflected in the naming of several streets and squares, including the large Europaplatz (Europe Square) outside the railway station. Infrastructure[edit] By plane: Tübingen
is about 35 km (21.75 mi) from the Baden-Württemberg
state airport (Landesflughafen Stuttgart, also called Stuttgart
Airport). By automobile: Tübingen
is on the Bundesstraße 27
Bundesstraße 27
(a "federal road") that crosses through Baden-Württemberg, connecting the town with Würzburg, Heilbronn, Stuttgart
and the Landesflughafen (Stuttgart Airport) to the north and Rottweil
and Donaueschingen
to the south. By rail: Tübingen Hauptbahnhof
Tübingen Hauptbahnhof
is on the regional train line Neckar-Alb Railway-Bahn (Neckar-Alb-Bahn) from Stuttgart
Hauptbahnhof via Esslingen and Reutlingen
to Tübingen. The average time of travel to Stuttgart
is 1:01 hrs., with some trains taking only 45 mins. Other regional lines are the Hohenzollerische Landesbahn, connecting the town with Hechingen
and Sigmaringen
(so-called Zollernalb Railway), Zollernalbbahn and connections to Herrenberg
(Ammer Valley Railway, Ammertalbahn) and Horb
(Upper Neckar
Railway, Obere Neckarbahn). Since 2009, there is also a daily direct Intercity link to Mannheim, Cologne and Düsseldorf
as well as to Berlin. Local public transport: The town, due to its high student population, features an extensive public bus network with more than 20 lines connecting the city districts and places outside of Tübingen
such as Ammerbuch, Gomaringen
and Nagold. There are also several night bus lines in the early hours every Thursday to Sunday. A direct bus is available to Stuttgart
Airport (via Leinfelden-Echterdingen) as well as to Böblingen. Higher education[edit]

Tübingen University
Tübingen University
Main Building (Neue Aula)


The Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen
University of Tübingen
dates from 1477, making it one of the oldest in Germany. The city is also host to several research institutes including the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, The Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the MPG (and formerly the Max Planck Institute for Biology) and the Hertie-Institute for Clinical Brain Research. The university also maintains an excellent botanical garden, the Botanischer Garten der Universität Tübingen. Schools[edit] More than 10,000 children and young adults in Tübingen
regularly attend school. There are 30 schools in the town, some of which consist of more than one type of school. Of these, 17 are primary schools while the others are for secondary education: four schools are of the lowest rank, Hauptschule, three of the middle rank, Realschule, and six are Gymnasien (grammar schools). There also are four vocational schools (Berufsschule) and three special needs schools.

Primary schools

Freie Aktive Schule Tübingen Grundschule Innenstadt / Silcherschule Grundschule Weilheim Ludwig-Krapf-Schule Grundschule Hügelstraße Französische Schule Dorfackerschule Lustnau Grundschule Hirschau Grundschule Hechinger Eck Grundschule auf der Wanne Grundschule Aischbach Grundschule Winkelwiese / Waldhäuser Ost Grundschule Bühl Grundschule Bühl Grundschule Kilchberg Grundschule Hagelloch Grundschule Pfrondorf Grundschule Unterjesingen


Dorfackerschule Lustnau Mörikeschule Geschwister-Scholl-Schule Hauptschule


Walter-Erbe-Realschule Albert-Schweitzer-Realschule Geschwister-Scholl-Schule


Carlo-Schmid-Gymnasium Geschwister-Scholl-Schule Kepler-Gymnasium Uhland-Gymnasium Wildermuth-Gymnasium Freie Waldorfschule

Vocational schools (Berufsschulen)

Gewerbliche Schule Wilhelm-Schickard-Schule Mathilde-Weber-Schule Bildungs- und Technologiezentrum


Panorama from the Stiftskirche.

Houses in the snow


Reflection of houses in the Neckar

Fountain in front of the Rathaus

Fountain in front of St-Georg Stiftskirche

St Georg Stiftskirche
in snow

St Georg Stiftskirche
in winter

Carving at entry to Schloß


St. George being broken on the wheel, St. Georg Stiftskirche

See also[edit]

Deutsch-Amerikanisches Institut Tübingen



^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt
Statistisches Bundesamt
(in German). 2016.  ^ On student statistics, see here. ^ On the hilliness of Tübingen, see here. ^ Faculty List of the Presbyterian College and Theological Seminary current as of March 3, 2012 ^ Association of twinnings and international relations of Aix-en-Provence ^ Mairie of Aix-en-Provence
- Twinnings and partnerships Archived 2009-01-13 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Association Suisse des Communes et Régions d'Europe". L'Association suisse pour le Conseil des Communes et Régions d'Europe (ASCCRE) (in French). Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 2013-07-20.  ^ Perugia
Official site - Relazioni Internazionali Archived 2012-02-15 at the Wayback Machine.(in Italian) ^ Kaiser, Ute (17 November 2009). "Tansanische Stadt auserwählt. Tübinger Rat ist für Partnerschaft mit Moshi" [Tanzanian town chosen. Tübingen
city council in favour of partnership with Moshi.]. Schwäbisches Tagblatt (in German). Tübingen. Archived from the original on 14 December 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2009.  ^ "Sister Cities". Universitätsstadt Tübingen. Archived from the original on 14 December 2009. 

External links[edit]

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tübingen.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tübingen.

Official website (in German) Tübingen
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Eberhard Karls University (in German) (in English) Tourism
information (in German) Tübingen
page of German National Tourist Board (in English) Tübingen
Insider Tipps (in German) Tuebingen, city of culture (in English) War and Holocaust memorials in and around Tübingen
at the Sites of Memory webpage City Memorial Projects ( Jewish
and post-war history) website (in German) Tourism
Information for Tübingen
and the river Neckar
(in German) The Neckar
river and its staking boats, called "Stocherkahn". Detailed information about the traditional leisure attraction in Tübingen" (in German) Tübingen
Stocherkahn Manufacturers (in German) Student union of Tübingen
- registered society - housing for students (in German) Panorama 360 degree of Tuebingen (in German) Martin Biastoch: Tübinger Studenten im Kaiserreich. Eine sozialgeschichtliche Untersuchung, Sigmaringen
1996 (Contubernium — Tübinger Beiträge zur Universitäts- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte Bd. 44) ISBN 3-515-08022-8

v t e

Towns and municipalities in Tübingen

Ammerbuch Bodelshausen Dettenhausen Dußlingen Gomaringen Hirrlingen Kirchentellinsfurt Kusterdingen Mössingen Nehren Neustetten Ofterdingen Rottenburg am Neckar Starzach Tübingen

v t e

Capitals of states of the Federal Republic of Germany

Capitals of area states

(Saxony) Düsseldorf
(North Rhine-Westphalia) Erfurt
(Thuringia) Hanover
(Lower Saxony) Kiel
(Schleswig-Holstein) Magdeburg
(Saxony-Anhalt) Mainz
(Rhineland-Palatinate) Munich
(Bavaria) Potsdam
(Brandenburg) Saarbrücken
(Saarland) Schwerin
(Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Stuttgart
(Baden-Württemberg) Wiesbaden


Berlin City of Bremen
(State of Bremen) Hamburg

Capitals of former states

Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau
(South Baden, 1949–1952) Stuttgart
(Württemberg-Baden, 1949–1952) Tübingen
(Württemberg-Hohenzollern, 1949–1952)

1 Unlike the mono-city states Berlin
and Hamburg, the State of Bremen consists of two cities, thus state and capital are not identical.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 245608584 GND: 4061147-4 BNF: cb11940575