Queensland (SEQ) is a bio-geographical, political, and
administrative region of the state of
Queensland in Australia, which
contains 3.4 million people out of the state's population of 4.8
million. The area covered by South East
depending on the definition of the region, though it tends to include
Queensland's three largest cities: the capital city Brisbane; the Gold
Coast; and the Sunshine Coast. Its most common use is for political
purposes, and covers 22,420 square kilometres (8,660 sq mi)
and incorporates 11 local government areas, extending 240 kilometres
(150 mi) from Noosa in the north to the Gold Coast and New South
Wales border in the south (some sources include Tweed Heads (NSW)
which is contiguous as an urban area with Brisbane/Gold Coast), and
140 kilometres (87 mi) west to
Toowoomba (which is simultaneously
considered part of the
Darling Downs region).
Queensland was the first part of
Queensland to be settled
and explored by Europeans. Settlements initially arose in the Brisbane
and Ipswich areas with activity by European immigrants spreading in
all directions from there. Various industries such as timber cutting
and agriculture quickly developed at locations around the region from
the 1840s onwards. Transport links have been shaped by the range of
terrains found in South East Queensland.
The economy of South East
Queensland supports and relies on a wide
diversity of agricultural manufacturing industries, commerce and
tourism. The region has an integrated public transport system,
3.1 Regions and local government areas
3.2 Major cities
5.1 Immigration and population growth
5.2 Regional planning
7 See also
9 External links
South East Queensland, classified as an interim Australian bioregion,
comprises 7,804,921 hectares (19,286,380 acres) and includes the
Moreton Basin, South Burnett, and the
Scenic Rim along with ten other
biogeographic subregions. The term South East
Queensland has no
equivalent political representation. The area covers many lower house
seats at the federal and state levels. As
Queensland has no upper
house, there are no Legislative Council provinces or regions to bear
the name either.
Queensland's first railway linked Grandchester to Ipswich, 1865
Queensland was home to around 20,000 Aboriginals prior to
British occupation. The local tribes of the area were the Yuggurapul
of the Central
Brisbane area; the Yugumbeh people whose traditional
lands ranged from South of the Logan River, down to the Tweed River
and west to the McPherson Ranges; the Quandamooka people whose
traditional lands encompassed the
Moreton Bay Islands to the mouth of
Brisbane River to Tingalpa and south to the Logan River; and the
Gubbi Gubbi people whose traditional lands were known to exist north
of the Pine River, to Burrum River in the north, and west to the
Conondale ranges. According to history researchers the Aboriginal
population declined to around 10,000 over the next 60 years.
Early explorers in the area including Matthew Flinders, Allan
John Oxley and Patrick Logan. Around 1839, European
settlers were able to move into the region. Logging was the first
industry to develop. The first railway built in
Grandchester to Ipswich in 1865 along a narrow 1067 mm gauge.
Major floods were experienced in 1893, 1974 and 2011. In 2005, the
region suffered its worst drought in recorded history.
See also: History of Brisbane
Queensland's third highest peak, Mount Barney, is located in the south
of the region. The
Cunningham Highway passes southwest to the Darling
Downs via Cunninghams Gap. Several highways including the Bruce
Warrego Highway and the Pacific Motorway link to the
Wyaralong Dam was opened in 2011
The region is mountainous. McPherson Range, Teviot Range, D'Aguilar
Range, Little Liverpool Range,
Blackall Range as well as the
Springbrook Plateau and
Tamborine Mountain Plateau. Isolated volcanic
peaks are found at Moogerah Peaks and the Glass House Mountains. Along
the coast are several large islands including Bribie Island, Moreton
North Stradbroke Island
North Stradbroke Island with many smaller islands in
Moreton Bay. Several major water supply and flood mitigation dams have
been constructed here. The
Western Corridor Recycled Water Scheme
Western Corridor Recycled Water Scheme and
Gold Coast Desalination Plant were recently built to counter the
effects of drought in South East Queensland.
Regions and local government areas
Local government areas in the region
Queensland from the Landsat 7 satellite
Queensland generally consists of the following regions,
each of which is also a local government area (LGA):
Brisbane – the capital and largest city of Queensland. The Brisbane
metropolitan area consists of the City of Brisbane, as well as the
following local governments:
Ipswich City – an outer-suburban city with an industrial and mining
heritage west of Brisbane.
Logan City – a largely residential area between
Brisbane and the
Moreton Bay Region
Moreton Bay Region – a largely residential area between
the Sunshine Coast.
Redland City – a residential and agricultural area on the shores of
Moreton Bay to the south-east of Brisbane.
City of Gold Coast
City of Gold Coast – a major tourist and retirement destination to
the south of Brisbane, and the largest non-capital city in Australia.
Sunshine Coast Region
Sunshine Coast Region – a coastal tourist and agricultural region to
the north of Brisbane. The
Glass House Mountains
Glass House Mountains are a symbol of this
West Moreton, a rural area in the
Great Dividing Range
Great Dividing Range consisting of:
Toowoomba City – the
Toowoomba city is included in both the South
Queensland region and within Western Downs (although the full
Toowoomba region is only in western downs) region due to its
importance to both regions as a gateway city providing access to the
west of the state.
Lockyer Valley Region
Lockyer Valley Region – an agricultural area west of Ipswich, known
for its fruit and vegetable production.
Scenic Rim Region
Scenic Rim Region – a pastoral area inland from the Gold Coast known
for its scenic mountains and villages.
Somerset Region – a pastoral area north west of
location of two major dams supplying South East
Queensland with water.
This area is also known as the
Tweed Shire is actually within NSW but is often included in
planning processes for SEQ. While not officially part of the TransLink
public transport network, Surfside Buses run a seamless service across
the border that appears to passengers as though it is integrated.
A highly effective integrated ticketing system for public transport
has averted transport gridlock in the region.
The region is a complex, regional hybrid linking
Brisbane with several
surrounding cities. South East
Queensland includes the following
Brisbane, Queensland's capital and largest city
Gold Coast, Queensland's premier tourist destination and surfing mecca
to the south of Brisbane.
Sunshine Coast, another major tourist area to the north of Brisbane.
Toowoomba, nicknamed 'The Garden City', the most populous inland city
in the country after the national capital, Canberra.
Ipswich, Queensland's oldest provincial city and industrial centre to
Logan, a city between
Brisbane and the Gold Coast, mostly residential
with some light industry.
The Redlands, a residential and agricultural bushland/coastal area
south-east of Brisbane.
Redcliffe, a seaside urban area between
Brisbane and the Sunshine
New urban centres are currently being develop at Springfield, Ecco
Ripley, Yarrabilba and Flagstone. Some geographers suggest several
more master-planned communities will be needed to cater for the
expected population growth rates.
Brisbane Airport – The major international gateway to the region
offering services direct to California, Asia,
Oceania and the Middle
Gold Coast Airport
Gold Coast Airport – The second major gateway is one of Australia's
fastest growing airport offering services to Japan, Malaysia, New
Zealand and Singapore.
Sunshine Coast Airport
Sunshine Coast Airport – A domestic airport offering services to
Sydney and Melbourne.
Toowoomba Wellcamp Airport – The first privately funded major
airport in the country. Services the
Toowoomba and surrounding Darling
Downs region, with a view to becoming a major international freight
Archerfield Airport – a general aviation airport located
approximately 11 km south of the
Redcliffe Airport – a general aviation airport located on the
Redcliffe Peninsula approximately 28 km from the
RAAF Base Amberley
RAAF Base Amberley – the largest operational base of the air force
Australia located in south-western Ipswich approximately 50 km
Pineapple plantation at Cleveland, 1907
Milking cows at Mount Maroon, 1935
The region exports a number of crop products including broccoli,
onion, Chinese cabbage, sweet corn and celery. A sizeable vegetable
industry is established in the Lockyer Valley. Timber cutting, mining
and a range of agricultural pursuits including dairying were once
prominent in South East Queensland. Tourism, in part due to Brisbane
serving as major transport and export hub and destinations such as the
Gold Coast and the availability of land for industry, has grown in
recent decades together with specialised skills in professional
services and manufacturing.
As of 2014, the population of South East
Queensland is estimated to be
approximately 3.4 million, meaning that between one in six and one in
seven Australians call the region home. The regional population is
heavily urbanised and concentrated along the coast. The three largest
population centres of Brisbane, Gold Coast and the Sunshine Coast
account for 90 per cent of the region's population.
Immigration and population growth
Queensland is one of the fastest growing regions in
Australia. Growth in the state is fueled principally by migration from
the southern states and overseas. In 2010, South East Queensland's
population grew by an average of about 1,200 new residents each
The region has experienced significant population growth over the last
two decades, growing on average by 55,000 to 80,000 people a year
since 1986. South East
Queensland is expected to be
home to 4.4 million by 2031. A 2010 report concluded that the
region will reach 5.5 million people by 2051.
South East Queensland's future development will be heavily based on
the South East
Queensland Regional Plan, released by the Queensland
state government in 2005. The regional plan covers the period from
2009–2031 and focuses on slowing development along the coast, in
order to prevent creating a 200 km city, and instead aim for growth in
the west, in particular around Springfield and Beaudesert.
Infrastructure planning in South East
Queensland is almost exclusively
designed to facilitate trans-metropolitan travel and reduce traffic
See also: South East
Queensland Infrastructure Plan and Program
Koala Bushlands at Burbank, 2008
Predominantly rural landscapes lie to the west of the urbanised
coastal centres. The Lockyer Valley, a major agricultural area
referred to as "South East Queensland's Salad Bowl", lies outside
World Heritage listed rainforests are located along the
region's southern border ranges, an area known as the Scenic Rim, such
Lamington National Park
Lamington National Park and Main Range National Park.
Within the region, the koala is listed as vulnerable. The Australian
Koala Foundation says the animal is threatened by mining and land
development. Numbers in
Redland City have seen a dramatic decline
in recent years. The state government launched the Koala
Conservation Plan in 2006. The plan involved the rehabilitation of
cleared areas, domestic dogs containment and koala signage.
Another initiative was launched in 2010 to protect and rehabilitate
koala habitats by tree planting and the construction of koala friendly
After many years of water restrictions due to severe drought, the
Queensland lifted restrictions across the whole of South
Queensland on 1 January 2013.
Daylight Saving for South East Queensland
Rail network in South East Queensland
Shopping Centres in South East Queensland
The 200 Kilometre City
^ a b c "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2013–14".
Australian Bureau of Statistics. Estimated resident population
(ERP) at 30 June 2014.[dead link]
^ "Australia's bioregions (IBRA)". Department of Sustainability,
Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Commonwealth of
Australia. 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
^ Tony Moore (19 May 2012). "Joh-era politics? Not yet, says
Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 19 May
^ "History of Rail in Australia". Department of Infrastructure and
Transport. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
^ "Construction of our projects". WaterSecure. Retrieved 19 May
^ a b c Gleeson, Brian; Wendy Steele (2010). A climate for growth. St
Lucia, Queensland: University of
Queensland Press. p. 8.
ISBN 9780702237768. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
^ Tony Moore (27 June 2015). "SEQ population growth needs 12
Springfield-style mega cities to cope: planner".
Fairfax Media. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
^ "Vegetable production in South East Queensland". Department of
Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. 15 April 2014. Retrieved 4
^ "Business advantages in South East Queensland". The State of
Queensland. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
^ South East
Queensland Regional Plan – Part B: Growth management.
URL accessed on 21 January 2007.
^ Peter Hutson, Mark Saunders, Phillip Kohn & John Merrick (13
February 2008). "Human settlements: Population and settlement
patterns". Department of Environment and Resource Management.
Retrieved 31 March 2012. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list
^ "Population growth highlights and trends
Queensland 2011" (PDF).
Queensland Treasury. September 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
^ South East
Queensland – Department of Infrastructure and Planning
^ Marissa Calligeros (25 March 2010). "'Fortress Queensland':
population cap blasted".
Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 31
^ a b (7 December 2011). South East
Queensland Regional Plan.
Department of Local Government and Planning. Retrieved on 31 March
^ Darren Cartwright (11 March 2012). "Activists can't bear Newman's
koala protection plan". The
Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media.
Retrieved 31 March 2012.
^ a b Nadine McGrath (9 September 2007). "Koalas 'in crisis' in South
Brisbane Times. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
^ Tom Forbes & Nicole Jacobi (25 February 2010). "
plan seen as good start". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting
Corporation. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
^ "No water restrictions as Wivenhoe runs at high capacity". Brisbane
Times. Fairfax Media. 1 September 2013. Retrieved 1 September
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