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NEWARK (/ˈnuː.ərk/ or also locally /nʊərk/ ) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey
New Jersey
and the seat of Essex County . As one of the nation's major air, shipping, and rail hubs, the city had a population of 277,140 in 2010, making it the nation\'s 67th most-populous municipality , after being ranked 63rd in the nation in 2000. For 2015, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated a population of 281,944, an increase of 1.7% from the 2010 enumeration, ranking the city the 70th largest in the nation. Newark is the second largest city in the New York metropolitan area , located approximately 8 miles (13 km) west of lower Manhattan
Manhattan
.

Settled in 1666 by Puritans from New Haven Colony , Newark is one of the oldest European cities in the United States. Its location at the mouth of the Passaic River (where it flows into Newark Bay ), has made the city's waterfront an integral part of the Port of New York and New Jersey . Today, Port Newark-Elizabeth is the primary container shipping terminal of the busiest seaport on the American East Coast . In addition, Newark Liberty International Airport was the first municipal commercial airport in the United States, and today is one of its busiest.

Several leading companies have their headquarters in Newark, including Prudential , PSEG , Panasonic Corporation of North America , Audible.com , IDT Corporation , and Manischewitz . A number of important higher education institutions are also located in the city, including the Newark campus of Rutgers University
Rutgers University
(which includes law and medical schools and the Rutgers Institute of Jazz Studies ); the New Jersey
New Jersey
Institute of Technology ; and Seton Hall University's law school . The U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey
New Jersey
sits in the city as well. Local cultural venues include the New Jersey Performing Arts Center , Newark Symphony Hall , The Prudential Center and the Newark Museum .

Newark is divided into five political wards ; the East, West, South, North and Central wards and contains neighborhoods ranging in character from bustling urban districts to quiet suburban enclaves. Newark's Branch Brook Park is the oldest county park in the United States and is home to the nation's largest collection of cherry blossom trees, numbering over 5,000.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography and climate

* 2.1 Geography * 2.2 Neighborhoods * 2.3 Climate

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 2010 Census * 3.2 2000 Census

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Port Newark

* 5 Arts and culture

* 5.1 Architecture and sculptures * 5.2 Performing arts * 5.3 Museums, libraries, and galleries * 5.4 Newark Murals * 5.5 Festivals and parades

* 6 Media and communications

* 6.1 Newspapers * 6.2 Radio * 6.3 Telephone * 6.4 Television * 6.5 Filming in the city

* 7 Sports

* 8 Government

* 8.1 Local government * 8.2 Federal, state, and county representation * 8.3 Politics * 8.4 Political corruption

* 9 Education

* 9.1 Colleges and universities * 9.2 Public schools * 9.3 Private schools

* 10 Infrastructure

* 10.1 Transportation

* 10.1.1 Early modes of transport * 10.1.2 Roads and highways * 10.1.3 Public transportation

* 10.2 Healthcare

* 11 Public safety

* 11.1 Emergency Medical Services * 11.2 Fire department * 11.3 Law enforcement * 11.4 Crime

* 12 International relations

* 12.1 Twin towns—sister cities

* 13 Notable people * 14 See also

* 15 References

* 15.1 Footnotes * 15.2 Further reading

* 16 External links

HISTORY

Main articles: History of Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey
and Timeline of Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey

Newark was settled in 1666 by Connecticut
Connecticut
Puritans led by Robert Treat from the New Haven Colony . It was conceived as a theocratic assembly of the faithful, though this did not last for long as new settlers came with different ideas. On October 31, 1693 it was organized as a New Jersey
New Jersey
township based on the Newark Tract, which was first purchased on July 11, 1667. Newark was granted a Royal charter on April 27, 1713. It was incorporated on February 21, 1798 by the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature 's Township Act of 1798 , as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. During its time as a township, portions were taken to form Springfield Township (April 14, 1794), Caldwell Township (February 16, 1798; now known as Fairfield Township ), Orange Township (November 27, 1806), Bloomfield Township (March 23, 1812) and Clinton Township (April 14, 1834, remainder reabsorbed by Newark on March 5, 1902). Newark was reincorporated as a city on April 11, 1836, replacing Newark Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on March 18, 1836. The previously independent Vailsburg borough was annexed by Newark on January 1, 1905. In 1926, South Orange Township changed its name to Maplewood. As a result of this, a portion of Maplewood known as Ivy Hill was re-annexed to Newark's Vailsburg.

The name of the city is thought to derive from Newark-on-Trent , England, because of the influence by the original pastor, Abraham Pierson , who came from Yorkshire
Yorkshire
but may have ministered in Newark, Nottinghamshire . But Pierson is also supposed to have said that the community reflecting the new task at hand should be named "New Ark" for "New Ark of the Covenant and some of the colonists saw it as "New-Work", the settlers' new work with God. Whatever the origins, the name was shortened to Newark, although references to the name "New Ark" are found in preserved letters written by historical figures such as David Ogden in his claim for compensation, and James McHenry , as late as 1787.

During the American Revolutionary War British troops made several raids into the town.

The city saw tremendous industrial and population growth during the 19th century and early 20th century, and experienced racial tension and urban decline in the second half of the 20th century, culminating in the 1967 Newark riots . The city has experienced revitalization since the 1990s.

GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

GEOGRAPHY

According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
, the city had a total area of 26.107 square miles (67.617 km2), including 24.187 square miles (62.644 km2) of land and 1.920 square miles (4.973 km2) of water (7.35%) was water. It has the third-smallest land area among the 100 most populous cities in the U.S., behind neighboring Jersey City
Jersey City
and Hialeah, Florida . The city's altitude ranges from 0 (sea level) in the east to approximately 230 feet (70 m) above sea level in the western section of the city. Newark is essentially a large basin sloping towards the Passaic River , with a few valleys formed by meandering streams. Historically, Newark's high places have been its wealthier neighborhoods. In the 19th century and early 20th century, the wealthy congregated on the ridges of Forest Hill, High Street, and Weequahic.

Until the 20th century, the marshes on Newark Bay were difficult to develop, as the marshes were essentially wilderness, with a few dumps, warehouses, and cemeteries on their edges. During the 20th century, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
New Jersey
was able to reclaim 68 acres (28 ha) of the marshland for the further expansion of Newark Airport , as well as the growth of the port lands.

Newark is surrounded by residential suburbs to the west (on the slope of the Watchung Mountains ), the Passaic River and Newark Bay to the east, dense urban areas to the south and southwest, and middle-class residential suburbs and industrial areas to the north. The city is the largest in New Jersey's Gateway Region , which is said to have received its name from Newark's nickname as the "Gateway City". ‹ The template below (_Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

East Orange Bloomfield Township Belleville Township East Newark Harrison Kearny

Irvington Township Maplewood Township South Orange Village Township Jersey City
Jersey City

NEWARK

Hillside Township Elizabeth Bayonne

NEIGHBORHOODS

Main article: List of neighborhoods in Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey
Market and Broad Streets , Downtown Newark

Newark is New Jersey's largest and second-most racially diverse city (after neighboring Jersey City
Jersey City
). It is divided into five political wards , which are often used by residents to identify their place of habitation. In recent years, residents have begun to identify with specific neighborhood names instead of the larger ward appellations. Nevertheless, the wards remain relatively distinct. Industrial uses, coupled with the airport and seaport lands, are concentrated in the East and South Wards, while residential neighborhoods exist primarily in the North, Central, and West Wards.

State law requires that wards be compact and contiguous and that the largest ward may not exceed the population of the smallest by more than 10% of the average ward size. Ward boundaries are redrawn, as needed, by a board of ward commissioners consisting of two Democrats and two Republicans appointed at the county level and the municipal clerk. Redrawing of ward lines in previous decades have shifted traditional boundaries, so that downtown currently occupies portions of the East and Central Wards. The boundaries of the wards are altered for various political and demographic reasons and sometimes gerrymandered , especially the northeastern portion of the West Ward. Krueger Mansion in Newark's Central Ward

Newark's Central Ward, formerly known as the old Third Ward, contains much of the city's history including the original squares Lincoln Park , Military Park and Washington Park . The Ward contains the University Heights , The Coast/Lincoln Park , Government Center , Springfield/Belmont and Seventh Avenue neighborhoods. Of these neighborhood designations only University Heights, a more recent designation for the area that was the subject of the 1968 novel _Howard Street_ by Nathan Heard , is still in common usage. The Central Ward extends at one point as far north as 2nd Avenue.

In the 19th century, the Central Ward was inhabited by Germans and other white Catholic and Christian groups. The German inhabitants were later replaced by Jews , who were then replaced by Blacks . The increased academic footprint in the University Heights neighborhood has produced gentrification , with landmark buildings undergoing renovation. Located in the Central Ward is the largest health sciences university in the nation, UMDNJ- New Jersey
New Jersey
Medical School . It is also home to three other universities – New Jersey
New Jersey
Institute of Technology (NJIT), Rutgers University
Rutgers University
– Newark , and Essex County College . The Central Ward forms the present-day heart of Newark, and includes 26 public schools, two police precincts, including headquarters, four firehouses, and one branch library. Home in Forest Hill

The North Ward is surrounded by Branch Brook Park . Its neighborhoods include Broadway , Mount Pleasant , Upper Roseville and the affluent Forest Hill section. Forest Hill contains the Forest Hill Historic District, which is registered on state and national historic registers, and contains many older mansions and colonial homes . A row of residential towers with security guards and secure parking line Mt. Prospect Avenue in the Forest Hill neighborhood. The North Ward has lost geographic area in recent times; its southern boundary is now significantly further north than the traditional boundary near Interstate 280 . The North Ward historically had a large Italian population; demographics have transitioned to Latino in recent decades, though the ward as a whole remains ethnically diverse.

The West Ward comprises the neighborhoods of Vailsburg , Ivy Hill , West Side , Fairmount and Lower Roseville . It is home to the historic Fairmount Cemetery . The West Ward, once a predominately Irish-American, Polish, and Ukrainian neighborhood, is now home to neighborhoods composed primarily of Latinos, African Americans , and Caribbean
Caribbean
Americans . The West Ward has struggled in recent years with elevated rates of crime, particularly violent crime.

The South Ward comprises the Weequahic , Clinton Hill , Dayton , and South Broad Valley neighborhoods. The South Ward, once home to residents of predominately Jewish
Jewish
descent, now has ethnic neighborhoods made up primarily of African Americans and Hispanics . The South Ward is represented by Council Member John Sharpe James . The city's second-largest hospital, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center , can be found in the South Ward, as can 17 public schools, five daycare centers, three branch libraries, one police precinct, a mini precinct, and three fire houses.

The East Ward consists of much of Newark's Downtown commercial district, as well as the Ironbound neighborhood, where much of Newark's industry was located in the 19th century. Today, due to the enterprise of its immigrant population, the Ironbound (also known as "Down Neck" and "The Neck") is a destination for shopping, dining, and nightlife. A historically immigrant-dominated section of the city, the Ironbound in recent decades has been termed "Little Portugal" and "Little Brazil" due to its heavily Portuguese and Brazilian population; Newark being home to one of the largest Portuguese speaking communities in the United States. In addition, the East Ward has become home to various Latin Americans , African Americans, and commuters to Manhattan. Public education in the East Ward consists of East Side High School and six elementary schools. The ward is largely composed of densely packed housing, primarily large apartment buildings and rowhouses . Skyline of downtown Newark , seen from Harrison

CLIMATE

Newark lies in the humid subtropical (Köppen _Cfa/Dfa_), with mild, damp winters and hot, humid summers. The January daily mean is 32.6 °F (0.3 °C), and although temperatures below 10 °F (−12 °C) are to be expected in most years, sub-0 °F (−18 °C) readings are rare; conversely, some days may warm up to 50 °F (10 °C). The average seasonal snowfall is 29.5 inches (75 cm), though variations in weather patterns may bring sparse snowfall in some years and several major Nor\'easters in others, with the heaviest 24-hour fall of 25.9 inches (66 cm) occurring on December 26, 1947. Spring and autumn in the area are generally unstable yet mild. The July daily mean is 77.4 °F (25.2 °C), and highs exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on an average 27 days per year, not factoring in the oft-higher heat index .

The city receives precipitation ranging from 2.9 to 4.8 inches (74 to 122 mm) per month, usually falling on 8 to 12 days per month. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −14 °F (−26 °C) on February 9, 1934 to 108 °F (42 °C) on July 22, 2011.

CLIMATE DATA FOR NEWARK, NEW JERSEY (NEWARK LIBERTY INT\\'L )

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 74 (23) 76 (24) 89 (32) 97 (36) 99 (37) 102 (39) 108 (42) 105 (41) 105 (41) 93 (34) 85 (29) 76 (24) 108 (42)

MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 60.2 (15.7) 62.2 (16.8) 73.3 (22.9) 84.1 (28.9) 90.8 (32.7) 95.7 (35.4) 98.1 (36.7) 95.7 (35.4) 90.5 (32.5) 81.0 (27.2) 72.6 (22.6) 62.9 (17.2) 99.6 (37.6)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 38.8 (3.8) 42.3 (5.7) 50.7 (10.4) 62.0 (16.7) 72.1 (22.3) 81.5 (27.5) 86.0 (30) 84.0 (28.9) 76.7 (24.8) 65.3 (18.5) 54.6 (12.6) 43.5 (6.4) 63.1 (17.3)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 24.5 (−4.2) 26.9 (−2.8) 33.6 (0.9) 43.7 (6.5) 53.3 (11.8) 63.3 (17.4) 68.7 (20.4) 67.5 (19.7) 59.7 (15.4) 48.0 (8.9) 39.0 (3.9) 29.6 (−1.3) 46.5 (8.1)

MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) 7.8 (−13.4) 11.8 (−11.2) 17.9 (−7.8) 31.8 (−0.1) 42.4 (5.8) 52.4 (11.3) 60.5 (15.8) 57.8 (14.3) 47.2 (8.4) 36.0 (2.2) 25.9 (−3.4) 14.6 (−9.7) 5.6 (−14.7)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) −8 (−22) −14 (−26) 6 (−14) 16 (−9) 33 (1) 41 (5) 51 (11) 45 (7) 35 (2) 25 (−4) 12 (−11) −8 (−22) −14 (−26)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 3.53 (89.7) 2.88 (73.2) 4.18 (106.2) 4.20 (106.7) 4.09 (103.9) 4.02 (102.1) 4.76 (120.9) 3.70 (94) 3.82 (97) 3.60 (91.4) 3.65 (92.7) 3.80 (96.5) 46.24 (1,174.5)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 8.9 (22.6) 9.5 (24.1) 4.4 (11.2) .9 (2.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) .4 (1) 5.4 (13.7) 29.5 (74.9)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 10.4 9.8 11.0 11.5 11.3 11.0 10.1 9.7 8.6 8.7 9.5 10.6 122.1

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 5.0 3.7 2.4 .4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .4 2.9 14.7

Source: NOAA (normals 1981–2010, extremes 1931–present)

DEMOGRAPHICS

NEWARK, NEW JERSEY

CENSUS POP.

1810 8,008 * —

1820 6,507 * −18.7%

1830 10,953

68.3%

1840 17,290 * 57.9%

1850 38,894

125.0%

1860 71,941

85.0%

1870 105,059

46.0%

1880 136,508

29.9%

1890 181,830

33.2%

1900 246,070

35.3%

1910 347,469 * 41.2%

1920 414,524

19.3%

1930 442,337 * 6.7%

1940 429,760

−2.8%

1950 438,776

2.1%

1960 405,220

−7.6%

1970 381,930

−5.7%

1980 329,248

−13.8%

1990 275,221

−16.4%

2000 273,546

−0.6%

2010 277,140

1.3%

EST. 2016 281,764

1.7%

Population sources: 1810–1920 1810–1910 1840 1850–1870 1850 1870 1880–1890 1890–1910 1840–1930 1930–1990 2000 2010 * = Territory change in previous decade.

RACIAL "> Poverty rates, as of 2003

2000 CENSUS

Newark was the 64th-most-populous city as of the 2000 Census.

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 273,546 people, 91,382 households, and 61,956 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,495.0 per square mile (4,437.7/km²). There were 100,141 housing units at an average density of 4,208.1 per square mile (1,624.6//km²). The racial makeup of the city as of the 2000 Census was 53.46% (146,250) African American
African American
, 26.52% (72,537) White , 1.19% (3,263) Asian , 0.37% (1,005) Native American , 0.05% (135) Pacific Islander , 14.05% (38,430) from other races, and 4.36% (11,926) from two or more races. 29.47% (80,622) of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the 2000 Census, 49.2% of the city's 80,622 residents who identified themselves as Hispanic or Latino were from Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
, while 9.4% were from Ecuador
Ecuador
and 7.8% from the Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
. There is a significant Portuguese-speaking community concentrated in the Ironbound district. 2000 Census data showed that Newark had 15,801 residents of Portuguese ancestry (5.8% of the population), while an additional 5,805 (2.1% of the total) were of Brazilian ancestry.

There were 91,382 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.0% were married couples living together, 29.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.8 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 27.9% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females of age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,913, and the median income for a family was $30,781. Males had a median income of $29,748 versus $25,734 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,009. 28.4% of the population and 25.5% of families were below the poverty line . 36.6% of those under the age of 18 and 24.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The city's unemployment rate was 8.5%.

ECONOMY

Downtown Newark at night

More than 100,000 people commute to Newark each workday, making it the state's largest employment center with many white-collar jobs in insurance, finance, import-export, health-care, and government. As a major courthouse venue including federal, state, and county facilities, it is home to more than 1,000 law firms. The city is also a "college town", with nearly 50,000 students attending the city's universities and medical and law schools. Its airport, maritime port, rail facilities, and highway network make Newark the busiest transshipment hub on the East Coast in terms of volume.

Though Newark is not the industrial colossus of the past, the city does have a considerable amount of industry and light manufacturing. The southern portion of the Ironbound , also known as the Industrial Meadowlands, has seen many factories built since World War II, including a large Anheuser-Busch
Anheuser-Busch
brewery that opened in 1951 and distributed 7.5 million barrels of beer in 2007. The service industry is also growing rapidly, replacing those in the manufacturing industry, which was once Newark's primary economy. In addition, transportation has become a large business in Newark, accounting for more than 17,000 jobs in 2011.

Newark is one of nine cities in New Jersey
New Jersey
designated as eligible for Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits by the state's Economic Development Authority . Developers who invest a minimum of $50 million within 0.5 miles of a train station are eligible for pro-rated tax credit . After the election of Cory Booker , millions of dollars of public-private partnership investment were made in Downtown development but persistent underemployment continue to characterize many of the city\'s neighborhoods . Poverty remains a consistent problem in Newark. As of 2010, roughly one-third of the city's population was impoverished.

Newark is the third-largest insurance center in the United States, after New York City
New York City
and Hartford . The Prudential Financial
Prudential Financial
, Mutual Benefit Life , Fireman\'s Insurance , and American Insurance Company all originated in the city. The first, one of the largest insurance companies in the world, has its "home office in Newark. Many other companies are headquartered in the city, including IDT Corporation , NJ Transit
NJ Transit
, Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG), Manischewitz , Horizon Blue Cross and Blue Shield of New Jersey
New Jersey
. and Audible.com . In 2013 Panasonic
Panasonic
moved its North American headquarters to a new 250,000-square-foot (23,000 m2) office building.

Portions of Newark are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone . In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.

While for years Newark was a food desert with a dearth of supermarkets , several new ones have opened or are planning to open since 2000, including a ShopRite supermarket and the upscale Whole Foods .

PORT NEWARK

Port Newark with New Jersey
New Jersey
Turnpike in foreground Main article: Port Newark–Elizabeth Marine Terminal

Port Newark is the part of Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal and the largest cargo facility in the Port of New York and New Jersey
New Jersey
. Located on Newark Bay , it is run by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
New Jersey
and serves as the principal container ship facility for goods entering and leaving the New York metropolitan region and the northeastern quadrant of North America. The Port moved over $100 billion in goods in 2003, making it the 15th busiest in the world at the time, but was the number one container port as recently as 1985. Plans are underway for billions of dollars of improvements – larger cranes, bigger railyard facilities, deeper channels, and expanded wharves.

ARTS AND CULTURE

ARCHITECTURE AND SCULPTURES

See also: List of tallest buildings in Newark and National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, New Jersey Cathedral of the Sacred Heart

There are several notable Beaux-Arts buildings, such as the Veterans' Administration building, the Newark Museum , the Newark Public Library , and the Cass Gilbert -designed Essex County Courthouse. Notable Art Deco buildings include several 1930s era skyscrapers , such as the National Newark Building and Eleven 80 , the restored Newark Penn Station , and Arts High School . Gothic architecture
Gothic architecture
can be found at the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart by Branch Brook Park , which is one of the largest gothic cathedrals in the United States. It is rumored to have as much stained glass as the Cathedral of Chartres . Newark also has two public sculpture works by Gutzon Borglum —_Wars of America _ in Military Park and _ Seated Lincoln _ in front of the Essex County Courthouse. Moorish Revival buildings include Newark Symphony Hall and the Prince Street Synagogue , one of the oldest synagogue buildings in New Jersey.

PERFORMING ARTS

The New Jersey
New Jersey
Performing Arts Center , located near Military Park opened in 1997, is the home of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Symphony Orchestra and the New Jersey
New Jersey
State Opera , The center's programs of national and international music, dance, and theater make it the nation's sixth-largest performing arts center, attracting over 400,000 visitors each year.

Prior to the opening of the performing arts center, Newark Symphony Hall was home to the New Jersey
New Jersey
Symphony, the New Jersey
New Jersey
State Opera, and the Garden State Ballet, which stills maintains an academy there. The 1925 neo-classic building, originally built by the Shriners , has three performance spaces, including the main concert named in honor of famous Newarker Sarah Vaughan , offering rhythm and blues , rap , hip-hop , and gospel music concerts, and is part of the modern-day Chitlin\' Circuit .

The Newark Boys Chorus , founded in 1966, performs regularly in the city. The African Globe Theater Works presents a new works seasonally. The biennial Geraldine R. Dodge Poetry Festival took place in Newark for the first time in 2010.

Venues at the universities in the city are also used to present professional and semi-professional theater, dance, and music. Since its opening, the Prudential Center in 2007 has presented Diana Ross , Katy Perry , Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
, Britney Spears
Britney Spears
, The Eagles , Hannah Montana / Miley Cyrus , Spice Girls
Spice Girls
, Jonas Brothers
Jonas Brothers
, Metro Station , Metallica , Alicia Keys , Demi Lovato , David Archuleta , Taylor Swift and _ American Idol
American Idol
_ Live!, among others. Bon Jovi
Bon Jovi
performed a series of ten concerts to mark the venue's opening.

MUSEUMS, LIBRARIES, AND GALLERIES

Three buildings of the Newark Museum

The Newark Museum is the largest in New Jersey. Highlights of its collection include American and Tibetan art . The museum also contains science galleries, a planetarium, a gallery for children's exhibits, a fire museum, a sculpture garden and an 18th-century schoolhouse. Also part of the museum is the historic John Ballantine House , a restored Victorian mansion which is a National Historic Landmark . The museum co-sponsors the Newark Black Film Festival, which has premiered numerous films since its founding in 1974.

The city is also home to the New Jersey
New Jersey
Historical Society , which has rotating exhibits on New Jersey
New Jersey
and Newark. The Newark Public Library , the state's largest system with 11 locations, also produces a series of historical exhibits. The library houses more than a million volumes and has frequent exhibits on a variety of topics, many featuring items from its Fine Print and Special
Special
Collections.

Since 1962, Newark has been home to the Institute of Jazz Studies , the world's foremost jazz archives and research libraries. Located in the John Cotton Dana Library at Rutgers-Newark , the Institute houses more than 200,000 jazz recordings in all commercially available formats, more than 6,000 monograph titles, including discographies, biographies, history and criticism, published music, film and video; over 600 periodicals and serials, dating back to the early 20th century; and one of the country's most comprehensive jazz oral history collections, featuring more than 150 jazz oral histories, most with typed transcripts.

In February 2004, plans were announced for a new Smithsonian Institution -affiliated Museum of African American
African American
Music to be built in the city's Coast/Lincoln Park neighborhood . The museum will be dedicated to black musical styles, from gospel to rap . The new museum will incorporate the façade of the old South Park Presbyterian Church, where Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
once spoke. Congregation Ahavas Sholom

On December 9, 2007, the Jewish
Jewish
Museum of New Jersey
New Jersey
, located at 145 Broadway in the Broadway neighborhood, held its grand opening. The museum is dedicated to the cultural heritage of New Jersey's Jewish people. The museum is housed at Ahavas Sholom, the last continually operating synagogue in Newark. By the 1950s there were 50 synagogues in Newark serving a Jewish
Jewish
population of 70,000 to 80,000, once the sixth-largest Jewish
Jewish
community in the United States.

Newark is also home to numerous art galleries including the Paul Robeson Galleries at Rutgers University–Newark , as well as Aljira, a Center for Contemporary Art , City Without Walls , Gallery Aferro and Sumei Arts Center.

In April 2010, plans were announced for a new Children's Museum of New Jersey
New Jersey
to be created across from Newark Penn Station. These plans have yet to be realized. According to planners, due to a reported lack of funding and a poor economy, "the project went to sleep".

NEWARK MURALS

Since 2009, the Newark Planning Office, in collaboration with local arts organizations, has sponsored _Newark Murals_, and seen the creation of 21 outdoor murals about significant people, places, and events in the city. New initiatives through private sponsorship were announced in 2014.

FESTIVALS AND PARADES

Festivals and parades held annually or bi-annually include the Cherry Blossom Festival (April) in Branch Brook Park , the Portugal
Portugal
Day Festival (June) in The Ironbound , the McDonald\'s Gospelfest (June) at Prudential Center, the Lincoln Park Music Festival (July) at Lincoln Park , the Newark Black Film Festival (Summer) and Paul Robeson Awards (biennial), the Geraldine R. Dodge Poetry Festival (October, biennial) at various venues and the citywide Open Doors (October).

MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS

Newark is within the metro New York media market .

NEWSPAPERS

The state's leading newspaper, _ The Star-Ledger _, owned by Advance Publications , is based in Newark. The newspaper sold its headquarters in July 2014, with the offices of the publisher, the editorial board, columnists, and magazine relocating to the Gateway Center .

RADIO

With studio on the 6th floor and showy antenna on the roof, Bamberger's launched WOR to sell more radios.

Pioneer radio station WOR was started by Bamberger Broadcasting Service in 1922 and broadcast from studios at its retailer's downtown department store. Today the building serves telecom, colocation , and computer support industries.

Radio station WJZ (now WABC ) made its first broadcast in 1921 from the Westinghouse plant near Broad Street Station. It moved to New York City in the 1920s. Radio station WNEW-AM (now WBBR ) was founded in Newark in 1934 and later moved to New York City. WBGO , a National Public Radio affiliate with a format of standard and contemporary jazz, is at 54 Park Place in downtown Newark. WNSW AM-1430 (formerly WNJR) and WQXR (which was formerly WHBI and later WCAA) 105.9 FM are also licensed to Newark.

TELEPHONE

In 1915, the Bell System under ownership of American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) tested newly developed panel switching technology in Newark when they cutover the telephone exchanges _Mulberry_ and _Waverly_ to semi-mechanical operation on January 16 and June 12, respectively. The Panel system was the Bell System solution to the _big city_ problem, where an exchange had to serve large numbers of subscribers on both manual as well as automatically switched central offices without impacting negatively established user convenience and reliability. As originally introduced in these exchanges, subscribers telephones had no dials and customers continued to make calls by asking an operator to ring their called party, at which point the operator keyed the telephone number into the panel equipment, instead of making cord connections manually.

Most Panel installations across the country were replaced by modern systems during the 1970s and the last Panel switch was decommissioned in the BIgelow central office in Newark in 1983.

TELEVISION

New Jersey's first television station, WATV Channel 13, signed-on May 15, 1948, from studios at the Mosque Theater known as the "Television Center Newark." The studios were home to WNTA-13 beginning in 1958 and WNJU-47 until 1989.

WNET , a flagship station of the Public Broadcasting Service now on channel 13, and Spanish-language WFUT-TV , a UniMás owned-and-operated station , are licensed to Newark. Tempo Networks , producing for the pan- Caribbean
Caribbean
television market, is based in the city. NwkTV has been the city's government access channel since 2009 and broadcast on as Channel 78 on Optimum . The company has a high-tech call center in Newark, employing over 500 people. PBS network NJTV
NJTV
's main broadcasting studios ( NJTV
NJTV
is also a sister station of the Newark-licensed WNET) are also located in the Gateway Center Office Complex.

FILMING IN THE CITY

Numerous movies, television programs, and music videos have been shot in Newark, its period architecture and its streetscape seen as an ideal "urban setting". The Jersey Motion Picture and Television Commission is located in the city. In 2011, the city created the Newark Office of Film and Television in order to promote the making of media productions. Some months earlier the Ironbound Film "> Prudential Center

CLUB SPORT ESTABLISHED LEAGUE VENUE

New Jersey
New Jersey
Devils Ice Hockey
Ice Hockey
1982 (Moved to Newark in 2007) NHL Prudential Center

Seton Hall Pirates
Seton Hall Pirates
Basketball
Basketball
1908
1908
1909
1909
NCAA Big East Prudential Center

The New Jersey
New Jersey
Nets played two seasons (2010–2012) at the Prudential Center until moving to the Barclays Center
Barclays Center
. The New York Liberty of the Women\'s National Basketball Association (WNBA) also played there for three seasons (2011–2013) during renovations of Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
. The center has hosted 2012 Stanley Cup Finals , the 2011 NBA draft , the 2011 NBA draft , the 2013 NHL Entry Draft . EliteXC: Primetime , a mixed martial arts (MMA) event which took place on May 31, 2008, was the first MMA event aired in primetime on major American network television.

Newark was a host city and its airport a gateway for Super Bowl XLVIII which was played on February 2, 2014. The game took place at MetLife Stadium , home of the hosting teams New York Giants and New York Jets . Media Day, the first event leading up to the game, took place on January 28 at the Prudential Center. The original Vince Lombardi Trophy , produced by Tiffany "> , Newark's Municipal Council consists of the following members, all serving concurrent terms of office ending June 30, 2018:

* Council President Mildred C. Crump (At-Large) * Augusto Amador (East Ward) * Gayle Chaneyfield-Jenkins (Central Ward) * Carlos M. Gonzalez (At-Large) * John Sharpe James (South Ward) * Joseph A. McCallum Jr. (West Ward) * Eddie Osborne (At-Large) * Luis A. Quintana (At-Large) * Anibal Ramos Jr. (North Ward)

FEDERAL, STATE, AND COUNTY REPRESENTATION

Newark is split between the 8th and 10th Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 28th and 29th state legislative districts. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census , Newark had been split between the 27th , 28th and 29th state legislative districts. Prior to the 2010 Census, Newark had been split between the 10th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District , a change made by the New Jersey
New Jersey
Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. As part of the split that took effect in 2013, 123,763 residents in two non-contiguous sections in the city's north and northeast were placed in the 8th District and 153,377 in the southern and western portions of the city were placed in the 10th District.

New Jersey\'s Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D , West New York ). New Jersey\'s Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D , Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate
United States Senate
by Cory Booker (D , Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus , 2019).

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate , General Assembly ), the 28th Legislative District of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Ronald Rice (D , Newark) and in the General Assembly by Ralph R. Caputo (D, Nutley ) and Cleopatra Tucker (D, Newark). For the 2016–2017 session (Senate , General Assembly ), the 29th Legislative District of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Teresa Ruiz (D , Newark) and in the General Assembly by Eliana Pintor Marin (D, Newark) and Blonnie R. Watson (D, Newark). Watson was sworn into office on July 21, 2016, to fill the seat of L. Grace Spencer , who had resigned from office on June 30, 2016, to become a judge of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Superior Court . The Governor of New Jersey
New Jersey
is Chris Christie
Chris Christie
(R , Mendham Township ). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey
New Jersey
is Kim Guadagno
Kim Guadagno
(R, Monmouth Beach ).

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive , with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders . As of 2016 , the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr. The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2018. Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Britnee N. Timberlake (District 3 – East Orange , Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange ; East Orange) Freeholder Vice President Brendan W. Gill (at large; Montclair), Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark), Lebby C. Jones (at large; Irvington), Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston), Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark), Wayne L. Richardson (District 2 – Irvington , Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark), Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 – Caldwell , Cedar Grove , Essex Fells , Fairfield , Livingston , Millburn , North Caldwell , Roseland , Verona , West Caldwell and West Orange ; West Caldwell), and Cynthia D. Toro (District 5 – Belleville , Bloomfield , Glen Ridge , Montclair and Nutley ; Bloomfield). Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2020), Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (Fairfield, 2018) and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens II (2016).

POLITICS

On the national level, Newark leans strongly toward the Democratic Party. As of March 23, 2011, out of a 2010 Census population of 277,140 in Newark, there were 136,785 registered voters (66.3% of the 2010 population ages 18 and over of 206,253, vs. 77.7% in all of Essex County of the 589,051 ages 18 and up) of which, 68,393 (50.0% vs. 45.9% countywide) were registered as Democrats , 3,548 (2.6% vs. 9.9% countywide) were registered as Republicans , 64,812 (47.4% vs. 44.1% countywide) were registered as Unaffiliated and there were 30 voters registered to other parties.

In the 2012 presidential election , Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
received 95.0% of the vote (78,352 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 4.7% (3,852 votes), and other candidates with 0.4% (298 votes), among the 82,030 ballots cast by the city's 145,059 registered voters for a turnout of 56.5%. In the 2008 presidential election , Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
received 90.8% of the vote (77,112 ballots cast), ahead of Republican John McCain
John McCain
who received 7.0% of the vote (5,957 votes), with 84,901 of the city's 140,946 registered voters participating, for a turnout of 60.2% of registered voters. In the 2004 presidential election , Democrat John Kerry
John Kerry
received 85.9% of the vote (62,700 ballots), outpolling Republican George W. Bush , who received 12.8% (9,344), with 72,977 of 127,049 registered voters participating, for a turnout percentage of 57.4%.

In the 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 90.7% of the vote (69,042 cast); Republican, Donald Trump received 6.7% of the vote (5,094 cast); and other candidates received 1.5% of the vote (1,139 cast).

In the 2013 gubernatorial election , Democrat Barbara Buono received 80.8% of the vote (29,039 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 17.9% (6,443 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (437 votes), among the 37,114 ballots cast by the city's 149,778 registered voters (1,195 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 24.8%. In the 2009 Gubernatorial Election , Democrat Jon Corzine received 90.2% of the vote (36,637 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie
Chris Christie
who received 8.3% of the vote (5,957 votes), with 40,613 of the city's 134,195 registered voters (30.3%) participating.

POLITICAL CORRUPTION

Newark has been marred with episodes of political corruption throughout the years. Five of the previous seven mayors of Newark have been indicted on criminal charges, including the three mayors before Cory Booker: Hugh Addonizio , Kenneth Gibson and Sharpe James . As reported by _Newsweek_: "... every mayor since 1962 (except one, Cory Booker) has been indicted for crimes committed while in office".

Addonizio was mayor of Newark from 1962 to 1970. A son of Italian immigrants, a tailor and World War II veteran, he ran on a reform platform, defeating the incumbent, Leo Carlin, whom, ironically, Addonizio characterized as corrupt and a part of the political machine of the era. In December 1969, Addonizio and nine present or former officials of the municipal administration in Newark were indicted by a Federal grand jury; five other persons were also indicted. In July 1970, the former mayor, and four other defendants, were found guilty by a Federal jury on 64 counts each, one of conspiracy and 63 of extortion. In September 1970, Addonizio was sentenced to ten years in federal prison and fined $25,000 by Federal Judge George Herbert Barlow for his role in a plot that involved the extortion of $1.5 million in kickbacks, a crime that the judge said "tore at the very heart of our civilized society and our form of representative government".

His successor was Kenneth Gibson, the city's first African American mayor, elected in 1970. He pleaded guilty to federal tax evasion in 2002 as part of a plea agreement on fraud and bribery charges. During his tenure as mayor in 1980, Gibson was tried and acquitted of giving out no-show jobs by an Essex County jury.

Sharpe James, who defeated Gibson in 1986 and declined to run for a sixth term in 2006, was indicted on 33 counts of conspiracy , mail fraud , and wire fraud by a federal grand jury sitting in Newark. The grand jury charged James with spending $58,000 on city-owned credit cards for personal gain and orchestrating a scheme to sell city-owned land at below-market prices to his companion, who immediately re-sold the land to developers and gained a profit of over $500,000. James pleaded not guilty on 25 counts at his initial court appearance on July 12, 2007. On April 17, 2008, James was found guilty for his role in the conspiring to rig land sales at nine city-owned properties for personal gain. The former mayor was sentenced to serve up to 27 months in prison, and was released on April 6, 2010, for good behavior.

EDUCATION

COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

Newark is the home of the multiple institutions of higher education, including: a Berkeley College campus, the main campus of Essex County College , New Jersey
New Jersey
Institute of Technology (NJIT), the Newark Campus of Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences (formerly University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
New Jersey
), Rutgers University–Newark and Seton Hall University School of Law . Most of Newark's academic institutions are located in the city's University Heights district. The colleges and universities have worked together to help revitalize the area, which serves more than 60,000 students and faculty.

PUBLIC SCHOOLS

As of the 2006–2010 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
, 16.0% of Newark residents ages 25 and over had never attended high school and 15.9% didn't graduate, while 68.1% had at least graduated from high school, including the 12.3% who had earned a bachelor's degree or higher. The total school enrollment in Newark city was 75,025 in the 2006–2010 ACS, with pre-primary school enrollment of 10,560, elementary or high school enrollment of 46,691 and college enrollment of 17,774. Newark Public Schools headquarters

The Newark Public Schools , a state-operated school district, is the largest school system in New Jersey. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement that the state cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Schools Development Authority . As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its 76 schools had an enrollment of 34,861 students and 2,815.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.4:1.

Science Park High School , which was the 69th-ranked public high school in New Jersey
New Jersey
out of 322 schools statewide, in _New Jersey Monthly _ magazine's September 2010 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 50th in 2008 out of 316 schools. Technology High School has a GreatSchools rating of 9/10 was ranked 165th in _ New Jersey
New Jersey
Monthly's_ 2010 rankings. Newark high schools ranked in the bottom 10% of the _ New Jersey
New Jersey
Monthly_ 2010 list include Central (274th), East Side (293rd), Newark Vocational (304th), Weequahic (310th), Barringer (311th), Malcolm X Shabazz (314th) and West Side (319th). Facebook
Facebook
co-founder Mark Zuckerberg donated a challenge grant of $100 million to the district in 2010, choosing Newark because he stated he believed in Mayor
Mayor
Cory Booker and Governor Chris Christie's abilities.

Charter schools in Newark include the Robert Treat Academy Charter School , a National Blue Ribbon School drawing students from all over Newark. It remains one of the top performing K-8 schools in New Jersey based on standardized test scores. University Heights Charter School is another charter school, serving children in grades K-5, recognized as a 2011 Epic Silver Gain School. Gray Charter School , like Robert Treat, also won a Blue Ribbon Award. Also, Newark Collegiate Academy (NCA) opened in August 2007 and currently serves 420 students in grades 9–12. It will ultimately serve over 570 students, mostly matriculating from other charter schools in the area.

PRIVATE SCHOOLS

The city hosts three high schools as part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark : the coeducational Christ The King Prep , founded in 2007, is part of the Cristo Rey Community ; Saint Benedict\'s Preparatory School is an all-boys Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
high school founded in 1868 and conducted by the Benedictine monks of Newark Abbey, whose campus has grown to encompass both sides of MLK Jr. Blvd. near Market Street and includes a dormitory for boarding students; and Saint Vincent Academy , is an all-girls Roman Catholic high school founded and sponsored by the Sisters of Charity of Saint Elizabeth and operated continuously since 1869.

Link Community School is a non-denominational coeducational day school located serving approximately 128 students in seventh and eighth grades. The Newark Boys Chorus School was founded in the 1960s. University Heights Charter School, which opened in 2006, taught 614 students in grades PK-8 in 2014–2015.

INFRASTRUCTURE

TRANSPORTATION

New York City
New York City
and Jersey City
Jersey City
skylines as seen from Newark Liberty International Airport

Newark is a hub of air, road, rail, and ship traffic, making it a significant gateway into the New York metropolitan area and the mid-Atlantic United States . Newark Liberty International Airport is the second-busiest airport in the New York region and the 15th-busiest in the United States (in terms of passenger traffic). Newark Airport was the New York City
New York City
area's first commercial airport, opened in 1928 on land reclaimed by the Port Authority.

Just east of the airport lies Port Newark, the fifteenth-busiest port in the world and the largest container port on the East Coast of the United States . In 2003, the port moved over $100 billion in goods.

Early Modes Of Transport

Newark Trolley line on Market Street near the present-day courthouse

The Morris Canal , stretching 102 miles (164 km) to Newark from Phillipsburg on the Delaware River , was completed in 1831 and allowed coal and other industrial and agricultural products from Pennsylvania to be transported cheaply and efficiently to the New York metropolitan area . The canal's completion led to increased settlement in Newark, vastly increasing the population for years to come. After the canal was decommissioned, the its right of way was converted into the Newark City Subway , now known as the Newark Light Rail
Newark Light Rail
. Many of the subway stations still portray the canal in its original state, in the form of mosaic works.

As the city became increasingly congested further means of transportation were sought, eventually leading to horse-drawn trolleys . These, in turn, were replaced by electric trolleys that traveled down the main streets of downtown Newark, including Broad Street, and up Market Street near the courthouse The trolley cars did not last long as the personal motor vehicle quickly gained popularity and slowly made the trolley system seem like a burden.

Roads And Highways

As of May 2010 , the city had a total of 368.21 miles (592.58 km) of roadways, of which 318.77 miles (513.01 km) were maintained by the municipality, 17.61 miles (28.34 km) by Essex County and 22.66 miles (36.47 km) by the New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Transportation and 9.17 miles (14.76 km) by the New Jersey
New Jersey
Turnpike Authority . Newark Light Rail

Newark is served by numerous highways including the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95 ), Interstate 280 , Interstate 78
Interstate 78
, the Garden State Parkway , U.S. Route 1/9 , U.S. Route 22
U.S. Route 22
, and Route 21 . Newark is connected to the Holland Tunnel
Holland Tunnel
and Lower Manhattan
Manhattan
by the Pulaski Skyway , spanning both the Passaic and Hackensack Rivers , which was first constructed in 1938 and will be undergoing a $900 million renovation project.

Local streets in Newark conform to a quasi-grid form, with major streets radiating outward (like spokes on a wheel) from the downtown area. Some major roads in the city are named after the towns to which they lead, including South Orange Avenue, Springfield Avenue, and Bloomfield Avenue, as well as Broadway, which had been renamed from Belleville Avenue.

In a city extensively served by mass transit, 44.2% of Newark residents did not have a car as of the 2000 Census, ranked second in the U.S. to New York City
New York City
in the proportion of households without an automobile among cities with more than 250,000 people.

Public Transportation

Newark Penn Station

Newark Penn Station , situated just east of downtown, is the city's major train station. It is served by the interurban PATH train (which links Newark to Jersey City
Jersey City
and Manhattan), three NJ Transit
NJ Transit
(NJT) commuter rail lines, and Amtrak
Amtrak
service. It was designed by McKim, Mead "> Former Engine 8 firehouse in the Ironbound neighborhood

The city is protected by more than 700 full-time, paid firefighters of the Newark Fire Department (NFD). Founded in 1863, the NFD operates out of 16 firehouses, located throughout the city, organized into 3 battalions, under the command of a deputy chief. There is also a Safety Battalion, Battalion2, and a Special
Special
Operations Battalion, Battalion 6, on duty 24/7. The NFD operates 16 engine companies, 8 ladder companies, 1 rescue company, an Urban search and rescue
Urban search and rescue
(USAR) Collapse Rescue Unit, 2 fire boats, a scuba diving unit, an air cascade unit, a foam unit, a mobile command unit, a HazMat unit , and numerous special, support, and reserve units. The NFD responds to approximately 45,000 emergency calls annually. In 2006, the NFD responded to 2,681 fire and hazardous condition calls.

LAW ENFORCEMENT

The Newark Police Department is a city-operated law enforcement agency. As of January 2014, the force had 1,006 officers in its ranks.

The Essex County Sheriff's Office, New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit Police Department (headquartered in Penn Plaza East ) and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
New Jersey
Police Department are also within their jurisdiction in the city, as are the New Jersey
New Jersey
State Police . In April 2014, it was announced that the State Police would play a more prominent role in patrolling the streets of the city under the "TIDE-TAG" program. The Essex County College Police Department, New Jersey Institute of Technology Police Department and Rutgers University Police Department patrol their respective college campuses in the city.

CRIME

In 1996, _Money _ magazine ranked Newark "The Most Dangerous City in the Nation." By 2007, the city recorded a total of 99 homicides for the year, representing a significant drop from the record of 161 murders set in 1981. The number of murders in 2008 dropped to 65, a decline of 30% from the previous year and the lowest in the city since 2002 when there were also 65 murders.

In 2010, Newark recorded 90 homicides. March 2010 was the first calendar month since 1966 in which the city did not record a homicide. Overall, there was a 6% increase in crime numbers over the previous year, including a rise in carjackings for the third straight year, with the 337 incidents raising concerns that the city was returning to its status as the "car theft capital of the world". Along with the increase in crime, the Newark Police Department increased its recovery of illegally owned guns in 2011 to 696, up from 278 in 2010. The Federal Bureau of Investigation recorded 94 homicides in 2011 and 95 in 2012. In 2012 CNNMoney
CNNMoney
ranked Newark as the 6th most dangerous city in the United States based on numbers by FBI Crime in the United States 2011 report. The city had 10 murders in 10 days during the period ending September 6, 2013, a statistic largely attributed to the reduction of the police force. In 2013 Newark recorded 111 homicides, the first year ending in triple digits in seven years and the highest tally since 1990, accounting for 27% of all murders statewide. In 2014, the total number of homicides in Newark was 93, while Essex County as a whole had 117 murders. _ The Star-Ledger _ reported that there were 105 homicides in the city in 2015. Preliminary statistics as reported through December 25, 2016 showed the murders in the city totaled 93.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

The Consulate-General of Ecuador
Ecuador
in New Jersey
New Jersey
is located at 400 Market Street. The Consulate-General of Portugal
Portugal
in Newark is located at the main floor of the Newark Legal Center at One Riverfront Plaza. The Consulate-General of Colombia
Colombia
is located at 550 Broad Street . The Vice Consulate of Italy , was located at 1 Gateway Center , until it was closed in 2014 for economic reasons.

Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
visited the city in 1995 at which time he elevated the city's cathedral to a basilica to become the Cathedral Basilica
Basilica
of the Sacred Heart . In 2011, the Dalai Lama
Dalai Lama
was guest of honor at the _Newark Peace Education Summit_.

TWIN TOWNS—SISTER CITIES

Newark has 15 sister cities , as listed by Sister Cities International :

* Aveiro , Portugal * Banjul , Gambia * Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
, Minas Gerais, Brazil * Douala , Cameroon * Freeport , Bahamas * Ganja , Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
* Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
, Brazil * Kumasi
Kumasi
, Ghana * Monrovia , Liberia * Porto Alegre
Porto Alegre
, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil * Reserva, Paraná , Brazil * Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil * Seia , Portugal * Umuaka , Nigeria * Xuzhou , Jiangsu
Jiangsu
, China
China

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Main article: List of people from Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey

SEE ALSO

* List of elected officials in Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey
* List of Mayors of Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey

REFERENCES

FOOTNOTES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
. Accessed May 21, 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau . Accessed September 4, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ The Mayor, City of Newark. Accessed July 4, 2016. * ^ 2017 New Jersey
New Jersey
Mayors Directory, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Community Affairs . Accessed May 30, 2017. As of date accessed, Baraka was listed as mayor with an incorrect term-end date of December 31, 2017. * ^ About the Director, City of Newark. Accessed August 18, 2013. * ^ Office of the City Clerk, City of Newark. Accessed May 12, 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ _2012 New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislative District Data Book_, Rutgers University
Rutgers University
Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy , March 2013, p. 125. * ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Newark, Geographic Names Information System . Accessed March 8, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Newark city, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
. Accessed February 14, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State , p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Newark city, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Labor and Workforce Development . Accessed February 14, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Labor and Workforce Development . Accessed May 12, 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey
New Jersey
municipalities, United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
. Accessed June 16, 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ Gaquin, Deirdre A.; Ryan, Mary Meghan. _Places, Towns, and Townships 2012_, p. xvii. Bernan Press , 2012. ISBN 9781598885330 . Accessed August 6, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File
File
1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
. Accessed August 6, 2013. * ^ Dickson, Paul. _Labels for Locals: What to Call People from Abilene to Zimbabwe_, p. 160. HarperCollins
HarperCollins
, 2006. ISBN 9780060881641 . Accessed August 6, 2013. * ^ ZIP codes for Newark, New Jersey, United States Postal Service . Accessed February 14, 2012. * ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey
New Jersey
. Accessed August 18, 2013. * ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Newark, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 11, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
. Accessed September 4, 2014. * ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 28, 2012. * ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey
United States Geological Survey
. Accessed September 4, 2014. * ^ Newark - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Merriam-Webster . Accessed September 10, 2015. * ^ Newark, Dictionary Reference . Accessed September 10, 2015. * ^ New Jersey
New Jersey
County Map, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State . Accessed July 10, 2017. * ^ PEPANNRSIP - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2015 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - United States -- Places of 50,000+ Population from the 2015 Population Estimates, United States Census Bureau . Accessed August 5, 2016. * ^ History of Newark Liberty International Airport, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
New Jersey
. Accessed February 14, 2012. * ^ Facts Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 130. Accessed February 14, 2012. * ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. _The Origin of New Jersey
New Jersey
Place Names_, New Jersey
New Jersey
Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 10, 2015. * ^ Gannett, Henry . _The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States_, p. 222. United States Government Printing Office
United States Government Printing Office
, 1905. Accessed September 10, 2015. * ^ Staff. "Newark on Trent Shows Interest in Newark, New Jersey", p. 123. _Proceedings of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Historical Society_, Volume VI, 1921. Accessed September 10, 2015. "It seems to be understood that the name of Newark, New Jersey, is traceable to the influence of the first pastor of the settlement, Rev. Abraham Pierson, who was a native of Yorkshire, England, and is said to have probably ministered first to a church in Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire." * ^ Princeton Alumni Weekly vol. 78; The Puritans in America: a narrative anthology, by Andrew Delbanco, Alan Heimert * ^ National Archives, Kew, England, T 1/65261-64; Bernard C. Steiner and James McHenry, _The life and correspondence of James McHenry_ (Cleveland: Burrows Brothers Co., 1907) * ^ Munn, David C. _Battles and Skirmishes of the American Revolution in New Jersey_, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Environmental Protection , Bureau of Geology and Topography. * ^ Riche, Patrick. "Newark\'s Prudential Center: A Key Player in Newark\'s Re-Branding Efforts", _ Forbes
Forbes
_, January 10, 2012. Accessed June 25, 2012. "Newark is currently undergoing a major revitalization. The Prudential Center, the New Jersey
New Jersey
Performing Arts Center, The Newark Symphony, Riverfront Stadium and Red Bull Park in nearby Harrison and home to Major League Soccer's New York Red Bulls represent just part of the nearly $2 billion in construction underway." * ^ Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - United States - Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area, in Principal City, Not in Principal City, and County; and for Puerto Rico. United States Census Bureau American Fact Finder. Accessed June 4, 2012. * ^ The Official Website of the City of Newark, NJ Archived September 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine .. 2005. Accessed May 28, 2012. * ^ A View of Mt. Prospect, NewarkHistory.com. Accessed June 25, 2012. "Of the upper class districts of Old Newark – High Street, Lincoln Park, Weequahic and Forest Hill – Forest Hill is the most famous and best preserved." * ^ Erminio, Vinessa. "Gateway? Renaissance? A reviving city earns its nicknames", _ The Star-Ledger _, December 8, 2005. Accessed June 25, 2012. "Newark also was known as the Gateway City about 1960. This may have been because of a statewide tourism campaign in which regions of the state were designated with names. Newark, Jersey City
Jersey City
and the surrounding communities were called Gateway." * ^ Wards, City of Newark. Accessed May 20, 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ Living Here: Neighborhoods, Brick City Development Corporation for Newark, New Jersey. Accessed June 25, 2012. "The city is divided into five wards, each with distinct neighborhoods. Residential neighborhoods exist primarily in the North, Central and West Wards, while industry is concentrated largely in the East and South Wards near the airport and seaport.... East Ward. The most densely populated section of Newark, the East Ward, is home of one of the largest Portuguese-speaking communities in the country." * ^ Reock Jr., Ernest C. _Redistricting New Jersey
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After the Census of 2010_, Rutgers University
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Center for Government Studies, March 2008, pp. 7-9. Accessed September 10, 2015. "The law requires that wards be formed of compact and contiguous territory. The most precise requirement is that the population of the largest ward may not exceed the population of the smallest ward by more than 10% of the mean average population of the wards." * ^ Staff. "\'Obvious gerrymander,\' Scrimmage says of plans", _ Afro-American (newspaper) _, April 12, 1969. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ Hernandez, Roger. "Hispanics Deserve a Slice of the Pie", _ Rocky Mountain News _, May 31, 1991. Accessed June 25, 2012. "In Newark, New Jersey, Hispanic leaders are considering a lawsuit to reverse a decision that chops a heavily Hispanic ward among three legislative districts..." * ^ Waggoner, Walter H. "Voting Boundaries Awaited in Essex", _The New York Times _, November 27, 1977. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ Central Ward, City of Newark, backed up by the Internet Archive as of November 9, 2012. Accessed August 30, 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ North Ward, City of Newark, backed up by the Internet Archive as of April 5, 2014. Accessed August 30, 2015. * ^ West Ward, City of Newark, backed up by the Internet Archive as of June 23, 2014. Accessed August 30, 2015. * ^ Strunsky, Steve. "Fatal shooting of West Ward pizza chef is latest \'tragic and senseless\' Newark slaying", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com , March 4, 2012. Accessed August 30, 2015 * ^ South Ward, City of Newark, backed up by the Internet Archive as of April 5, 2014. Accessed August 30, 2015. * ^ Ironbound, Marriott . Accessed January 4, 2014. * ^ Home Page, Ironbound Business Improvement District, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 27, 2014. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Staff. "EPA Grant to Help
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. Accessed June 13, 2016/ * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Accessed April 18, 2016. * ^ Station Name: NJ NEWARK INTL AP , National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Accessed March 2, 2013. * ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey
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. Accessed June 16, 2017. * ^ _Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905_, New Jersey
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Department of State , 1906. Accessed August 6, 2013. * ^ Wack, Henry Wellington. _Official guide and manual of the 250th anniversary celebration of the founding of Newark, New Jersey, 1666-1916: The city of Newark, chief industrial center of New Jersey
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: historical, statistical and general review, together with numerous articles relating to the city and its celebration_, Newark Sales and Advertising Co., 1916. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ Bowen, Francis . _American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843_, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed August 6, 2013. Population for 1840 is listed as 17,303, which is 13 higher than the number shown in other sources. * ^ Raum, John O. _The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1_, p. 245, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 6, 2013. "Newark is now the largest city in the state and is extensively engaged in manufacturing. The population in 1850 was 38,894; in 1860 71,941; and in 1870, 105,059. The city is divided into fourteen wards ." * ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson . _The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850_, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed August 6, 2013. * ^ Staff. _A compendium of the ninth census, 1870_, p. 259. United States Census Bureau , 1872. Accessed August 6, 2013. * ^ Porter, Robert Percival. _Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75_, p. 98. United States Census Bureau , 1890. Accessed August 6, 2013. * ^ _Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890_, United States Census Bureau , p. 336. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ _Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I_, United States Census Bureau
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, p. 711. Accessed February 14, 2012. * ^ Table 6. New Jersey
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Department of Labor and Workforce Development . Accessed June 28, 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Newark city, New Jersey Archived May 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ., United States Census Bureau . Accessed August 21, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File
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1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Newark city, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau . Accessed August 21, 2013. * ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey\'s 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting", United States Census Bureau
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File
3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Newark city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau . Accessed July 20, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Gibson, Campbell; and Jung, Kay. "Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States", United States Census Bureau
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, February 2005. Accessed May 12, 2017. * ^ Table 27. Incorporated Places With 175,000 or More Inhabitants in 2010—Population: 1970 to 2010, United States Census Bureau
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. Accessed August 15, 2012. * ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey
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Department of Labor and Workforce Development , February 2011. Accessed November 20, 2012. * ^ 2010–2015 HUD Consolidated Plan "> * ^ Dolan, Thomas. "Newark and Its Gateway Complex - Part 2: Old Newark, New Newark", The Newark Metro. Accessed April 7, 2015. "Even prior to the riots, Newark was on a steady decline as residents began to leave the city. 'White flight' from Newark to the suburbs, which started in the '40s and accelerated in the '60s, meant that an increasing number of people who worked in the city no longer lived there." * ^ Burr, Ty. "Heart of Stone: Seeing the good one man can do", _ The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe
_, October 22, 2009. Accessed February 15, 2012. "The twin forces of light at Weequahic are principal Ron Stone and the school's alumni association, the latter made up almost entirely of white middle-class Jews. Until the Newark riots and ensuing white flight crippled the neighborhood in the late 1960s, Weequahic was one of the country's finest schools..." * ^ "Newark: A Brief History: From Puritan stronghold to industrial mecca to \'Renaissance City,\' Newark, New Jersey, one of the poorest cities in the US, has undergone a series of radical transformations.", PBS
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. Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ State Perry, Ravi K. (editor). "Chapter 3 - Beyond Booker: Assessing the Prospects of Black and Latino Mayoral Contenders in Newark, New Jersey" in _21st Century Urban Race Politics: Representing Minorities as Universal Interests_, p. 33. Emerald Group Publishing, 2013. ISBN 9781781901847 . Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ Gillespie, Andra. _The New Black Politician: Cory Booker, Newark, and Post-Racial America_, New York University Press , 2012. ISBN 978-0814732441 . Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Giambusso, David. "With Newark council president vote, Ras Baraka could win Latino support", _ The Star-Ledger _, September 22, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Wharton, Jonathon L. _A Post-Racial Change Is Gonna Come Newark, Cory Booker, and the Transformation of Urban America_, Springer Publishing , 2013. ISBN 9781137277725 . Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ Wilwohl, Joshua. "Report: Newarkers Among New Jersey\'s Poorest", Newark Patch, September 26, 2011. Accessed May 10, 2016. "U.S. Census Bureau statistics reveal there are 79,243 people living in poverty in the city of Newark. Those numbers, which were part of the census' American Community Survey
American Community Survey
released last Thursday, mean roughly one in three residents of New Jersey's largest city are poor." * ^ Cohn, D'Vera. "In Newark, a High-Stakes Push to Improve the Census; Overlooked Residents Cost City Dearly in \'90s", _The Washington Post _, March 25, 2000. Accessed June 14, 2016. "Census estimates show that Newark's population has leveled off at 267,000 after dropping for decades. Newark officials, including Campana, the city's assistant business manager and chief census technocrat, insist there are more than 300,000 people here." * ^ Mascarenhas, Rohan. "Census Bureau makes final push for N.J. residents to submit forms", _ The Star-Ledger _, April 15, 2010. Accessed September 13, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey
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. Accessed February 14, 2012. * ^ Census 2000 PHC-T-5. Ranking Tables for Incorporated Places of 100,000 or More: 1990 and 2000; Table 2. Incorporated Places of 100,000 or More, Ranked by Population: 2000, United States Census Bureau , April 2, 2001. Accessed May 12, 2017. * ^ QT-P9 - Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File
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1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Newark city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau
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File
3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Newark city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau . Accessed August 21, 2013. * ^ Mitter, Siddhartha. "In the battle for Newark, fears of becoming the next Detroit; Two visions of a city\'s turnaround clash in a heated election", Al Jazeera America , May 6, 2014. Accessed September 10, 2015. "An estimated 100,000 people commute to Newark each day, many to universities and county offices excluded from the city's property tax base." * ^ _Newark Data Book_, Newark Regional Business Partnership. Accessed September 10, 2015. * ^ Delgado, Samuel A. "Newark could be a real college town", _The Star-Ledger _, February 3, 2012. Accessed April 7, 2015. "With 60,000 students and faculty at six colleges and universities, Newark has the fifth-highest concentration of higher education on the East Coast, after Boston, New York City, Philadelphia
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and Washington, D.C." * ^ _Newark The Living Downtown Development Plan_, City of Newark, 2008. Accessed May 10, 2016. " Downtown Newark is the largest downtown in the state of New Jersey. Its assets include nearly 50,000 office workers, the headquarters of five major corporations, five university campuses with nearly 50,000 students and faculty, two hospital campuses, one of the best public transit systems in the nation among mid-sized cities, and important sports, cultural, and entertainment destinations...In 2000, the daytime population of Newark was estimated at over 330,000, including a workforce of 47,000 people within one half-mile of the intersection of Broad and Market Streets, Newark's legendary Four Corners." * ^ U.S. Port Ranking By Cargo Volume, American Association of Port Authorities , 2013. Accessed May 23, 2015. * ^ U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics, December 2014, United States Department of Transportation International Aviation Developments Series. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Mistry, Nisha. "Newark\'s Manufacturing Competitiveness: Findings and Strategies", Brookings Institution , May 28, 2013. Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ Morley, Hugh R. " Anheuser-Busch
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announces 60 NJ jobs cuts", _ The Record (Bergen County)
The Record (Bergen County)
_, January 20, 2015. Accessed June 14, 2016. "A company spokesman declined to say how many employees work at the plant, which was opened in 1951 and makes Budweiser, Bud Light and other company brands. In 2007, there were 800 workers at the brewery, which at that time shipped 7.5 million barrels of beer annually." * ^ Newark Data Book Archived December 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ., Newark Regional Business Partnership. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ "Incentive Programs - Urban Transit Hub Tax Credit Program", New Jersey
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Economic Development Authority . Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ Essex County: Newark - Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits, New Jersey Economic Development Authority . Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ Giambusso, David. "Cory Booker\'s legacy in Newark under spotlight as he looks to Senate", _ The Star-Ledger _, October 6, 2013. Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ Zernike, Kate. "Promise vs. Reality in Newark on Mayor\'s Watch", _ The New York Times _, December 13, 2012. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Zezima, Katie. "Bound for DC, Booker leaves mixed legacy in Newark", _ The Trentonian _, October 18, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Staff. "When Cory\'s gone", _ The Economist _, August 14, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Bradley, Bill. "Is Cory Booker Really the People\'s Choice?", _ Next City _, September 13, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Rose, Joel . "Cory Booker: Supermayor Or Self-Promoter?", National Public Radio
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, August 6, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Luxenberg, Stan. "Developers Rediscover Newark" Archived October 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ., National Real Estate Investor, May 18, 2011. Accessed August 15, 2012. "Downtown Newark accounts for 50,000 jobs. The city is the third largest insurance center in the U.S. after New York City
New York City
and Hartford, Conn." * ^ Burd, Joshua. "To see Newark rebirth, look up; As big names plan high rises in city, real estate firms see rising demand", _NJBiz_, August 13, 2012. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ About Newark Archived September 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ., Newark Regional Business Partnership. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ Verdon, Joan. " Manischewitz calls Newark a key ingredient in its growth plan", _ Herald News _, June 15, 2011. Accessed March 31, 2012. "Newark landed the new corporate headquarters of The Manischewitz Co., executives said Tuesday, because city officials provided one crucial ingredient — they moved quickly to solve problems." * ^ About Audible, Audible.com . Accessed September 10, 2015. "'The vision behind the move was to try to combine a missionary, disruptive, technology-driven company with Newark's transformation. I consider the Newark move one of the best decisions we've made as a company.' – Donald Katz, Audible Founder & CEO" * ^ Morley, Hugh R. "Hartz withdraws suit over Panasonic
Panasonic
move", _ The Record (Bergen County)
The Record (Bergen County)
_, September 12, 2011. Accessed September 13, 2011. * ^ De Poto, Tom. "Christie cuts ribbon on Panasonic\'s new headquarters in Newark, salutes bipartisanship", _ The Star-Ledger _, September 17, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Geographic and Leuchten, Donna. "Solving Newark\'s food desert problem is a measure of city\'s revitalization Opinion", _The Star-Ledger _, October 28, 2015. Accessed June 14, 2016. "The Whole Foods will bring healthful options to an area the USDA has designated a food desert, and in so doing, will create 200 new jobs." * ^ Lipton, Eric. "New York Port Hums Again, With Asian Trade", _ The New York Times _, November 22, 2004. Accessed September 13, 2011. "New York is not the only seaport lifted by the tide of Asian imports. No one expects it to regain its status as the world's busiest container port – a title it held until 1985 – or the nation's. Today it is ranked 15th in the world, 3rd in the United States." * ^ Terminal Improvements, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey . Accessed September 13, 2011. * ^ Baglivo, Vince. "South Orange synagogue supports Greater Newark Conservancy renovation of historic Prince Street synagogue", _The Star-Ledger _, October 26, 2010. Accessed June 25, 2012. "Built and dedicated by Oheb Shalom in 1884, the building is the second oldest synagogue structure in New Jersey
New Jersey
and one of the 35 oldest buildings, originally built as synagogues and still standing, in the United States." * ^ Ahearn, James. "Opinion: Mission accomplished, NJPAC chief moves on", _ The Record (Bergen County)
The Record (Bergen County)
_, October 26, 2010. Accessed April 7, 2015. "The first project, on a 1.2-acre lot across the street from the center, is conceived as a high-rise, multi-use tower, which at 44 stories would be the tallest building in the city.... The sixth-largest performing arts center in the country, home to the increasingly respected New Jersey
New Jersey
Symphony Orchestra, NJPAC attracts more than 400,000 patrons annually." * ^ About, Newark Symphony Hall . Accessed June 13, 2016. "Newark Symphony Hall enjoys a long and rich cultural history as New Jersey's oldest and largest showcase for the arts, education and entertainment programming. This multi-facility edifice was built by the Shriners, a Masonic order, in 1925 and known as the Salaam Temple." * ^ McGlone, Peggy. "Historic music hall has brighter days ahead", _ The Record (Bergen County)
The Record (Bergen County)
_, September 24, 2007. Accessed June 26, 2012. * ^ "2014 GERALDINE R. DODGE POETRY FESTIVAL TO BE HELD OCTOBER 23-26 AT NEW JERSEY PERFORMING ARTS CENTER AND NEWARK\'S DOWNTOWN ARTS DISTRICT", New Jersey
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Performing Arts Center , April 22, 2014. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Sanneh, Kelefa. "A Brand-New Arena and a Not-So-New Rock Star", _ The New York Times _, October 27, 2007. Accessed June 26, 2012. "And to celebrate the grand opening, the center — which may or may not come to be known by its publicist-approved nickname, the Rock — booked New Jersey's most indefatigable rock band, Bon Jovi, to play a 10-night stand." * ^ _A_ _B_ Newark Black Film Festival, Newark Museum . Accessed June 13, 2016. "Since its inception in 1974, the Newark Black Film Festival (NBFF) has become known among its peers as the longest running black film festival in the United States." * ^ Collection Development Policy Adopted by the Board of Trustees September 24, 1997 Archived July 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine ., Newark Public Library . Accessed June 26, 2012. "The Library system includes the Main Library, eight community branches, and two storefront facilities.... The Library's collection numbers 1.4 million cataloged volumes and nearly half a million titles. The collection includes books, compact discs, video and audio tapes." * ^ History of the Institute of Jazz Studies, Rutgers-Newark . Accessed September 10, 2015. "In 1984, the Institute became part of the Rutgers University
Rutgers University
Libraries and formally affiliated with the Dana Library at Rutgers – Newark." * ^ About IJS, Institute of Jazz Studies . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Lincoln Park Coast Cultural District/Museum of African American Music Archived July 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine ., Smithsonian Institution . Accessed September 10, 2015. * ^ About Us, Jewish
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Museum of New Jersey
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. Accessed September 10, 2015. * ^ About, Congregation Ahavas Sholom. Accessed May 12, 2017. * ^ Levinson, Jay. "This City is Just Memories", _ Jewish
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magazine_. Accessed June 28, 2012. "The Jewish
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community of Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey
is a page in history. The era of some 50 synagogues and 70,000 Jewish residents in the city during the 1950s is long over. Today there is just one remaining synagogue building which is owned by Jews, and it operates only on Shabbat." * ^ Frankston, Janet via Associated Press . "NEWARK\'S JEWISH HERITAGE TOURS VISIT LAST TRACES OF VANISHED COMMUNITY.", _Sun Sentinel _, July 28, 2006. Accessed June 28, 2012. "During its heyday, from the 1920s to the 1950s, between 65,000 and 80,000 Jews lived in New Jersey's largest city." * ^ About Paul Robeson Galleries, Rutgers University–Newark . Accessed September 10, 2015. * ^ Museums Giving Away a Film\'s Ending: It\'s Not Happy", _The New York Times _, December 13, 1998. Accessed January 19, 2012. "And the backdrop to these unhappy lives, the Ironbound -- a residential and industrial section outlined in Newark's southeast corner by various train lines -- emerges as a vicious trap of a neighborhood, a painful counterpoint to downtown Newark's spreading veneer of investment and municipal energy." * ^ Quinn, Zachary. "Analysis of _ New Jersey
New Jersey
Drive_", University of Minnesota Duluth . Accessed January 19, 2012. "The story takes place in Newark, New Jersey, the car theft capital of the world. And in this urban setting we find the young African American
African American
teens involved in stealing cars and dodging police in what can be described as empty lives, no goals, no focus and no direction. The only thing that these young men are interested in is the ride." * ^ About the series _Brick City_, Sundance Channel . Accessed January 19, 2012. * ^ via Associated Press . "\'The Sopranos\' draws stargazers in Newark", _ USA Today _, February 6, 2006. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Malanga, Steven. "Unglamorous Mobsters; As a 1988 HBO documentary reveals, the real Sopranos were brutal—and banal.", City Journal _, July 3, 2012. Accessed June 13, 2016._ * ^ _The Once and Future Newark_, Rutgers University
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, November 29, 2013. Accessed May 10, 2016. * ^ Petrecca, Laura. "Super Bowl 2014: New Jersey
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out in the cold?", _ USA Today _, December 9, 2013. Accessed May 10, 2016. * ^ Tuttle, Brad R. _How Newark Became Newark: The Rise, Fall, and Rebirth of an American City_, Rutgers University
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Press , 2009. ISBN 9780813544908 . Accessed May 10, 2016. * ^ Staff. " Prudential Center Opens Doors For First Devils Hockey Game", _Sports Business Daily_, October 29, 2007. Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Resident Life, New Jersey
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Medical School . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Hague, Jim. "Ridiculous auction last sad chapter for Newark Bears", _The Observer Online_, April 30, 2014. Accessed June 14, 2016. "After all, it was the kind of Saturday in April where baseball was played at the ballpark every year since 1999, when the Newark Bears rose from the ashes of an era long gone and brought professional baseball back to the Brick City for the first time in almost 50 full years. Sure, Rutgers-Newark and NJIT have also called Riverfront Stadium home since the $34 million facility was opened 15 years ago." * ^ Ivers, Dan. "Former Newark Bears stadium sold to NYC developer for $23M", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com , March 20, 2016. Accessed November 20, 2016. "The former home of the Newark Bears minor league baseball team — left to languish along Broad Street since the hard-luck franchise folded in 2013 — has been sold to a New York-based developer for $23.5 million.The site at the corner of Broad Street and Orange Street has been sold to the Lotus Equity Group, city officials confirmed this week. Lotus plans to demolish Riverfront Stadium and build a mixed-use, high-rise tower in its place." * ^ Mascarenhas, Rohan. "Red Bull Arena opening in Harrison sparks nearby redevelopment", _ The Star-Ledger _, March 20, 2010. Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Meadowlands Rail Service, NJ Transit
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. Accessed May 10, 2016. * ^ Mazzeo, Mike. "Chris Christie: No love lost for Nets", ESPN New York, April 24, 2012. Accessed June 26, 2012. "The New Jersey
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Nets are playing their final game in New Jersey
New Jersey
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at the end of this season, but the governor of New Jersey isn't about to get all nostalgic over it." * ^ "NEW YORK LIBERTY RETURN TO MADISON SQUARE GARDEN FOR 2012 HOME OPENER", Prudential Center , May 14, 2012. Accessed June 26, 2012. "The Liberty's 2012 season will mark the second of three seasons the team will call Prudential Center home court while Madison Square Garden continues a historic, top-to-bottom Transformation." * ^ Fowlkes, Ben. "UFC Not the First on Network TV, but Can It Learn From Others\' Mistakes?", mmafighting.com, November 9, 2011. Accessed July 9, 2015. "On May 31, 2008, EliteXC brought a live MMA event to primetime network television for the first time in American TV history. The aptly named _Primetime_ event went down in Newark's Prudential Center, and was loaded with EliteXC's most marketable stars, including Kimbo Slice, Gina Carano, Robbie Lawler, and Phil Baroni." * ^ Strunsky, Steve. "Newark airport gets upgrades for Super Bowl XLVIII", _ The Star-Ledger _, October 11, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Staff. " Super Bowl XLVIII To Create Traffic Jam At Newark, Teterboro Airports; Port Authority Is Consulting With Airports In Cities That Hosted Previous Super Bowls", WCBS-TV
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_, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Nix, Naomi. "Original Vince Lombardi trophy comes home to Newark", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com , January 7, 2014. Accessed June 13, 2016. "The first-ever Vince Lombardi trophy, which was made in Newark, arrived this week at the Newark Museum." * ^ Lee, Eunice. "UFC\'s Super Bowl weekend event moving to New Jersey in 2014", _ The Star-Ledger _, July 6, 2013. Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ Government, City of Newark. Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ Sherman, Ted. "Luis Quintana sworn in as Newark\'s first Latino mayor, filling unexpired term of Cory Booker", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com , November 4, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. "Newark Municipal Council President Luis Quintana was sworn in this morning as mayor, filling the unexpired term of Cory Booker, who resigned last week to take his seat as a newly elected U.S. senator." * ^ _A_ _B_ Lee, Eunice. "See Cory Booker\'s resignation letter as he bids farewell to Newark City Hall, goes to Washington", _The Star-Ledger _, October 30, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Sherman, Ted. "Luis Quintana sworn in as Newark\'s first Latino mayor, filling unexpired term of Cory Booker", _ The Star-Ledger _, November 4, 2013. Accessed November 13, 2015. * ^ via Associated Press . "With Booker leaving, who will run Newark?; Council President Luis Quintana expected to act as interim mayor; Booker to be sworn in as U.S. senator Thursday", FiOS1 , October 30, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Giambusso, David. "Quintana looks like a lock to become interim mayor of Newark", _ The Star-Ledger _, October 25, 2013. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ About Mayor
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. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community." * ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate
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Legislature . Accessed January 17, 2016. * ^ Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey
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Legislature . Accessed August 21, 2016. * ^ "Watson Sworn-In to Represent 29th Legislative District", New Jersey Assembly Democrats, July 21, 2016. Accessed August 21, 2016. * ^ "About the Governor". _State of New Jersey
New Jersey
_. Retrieved 2010-01-21. * ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". _State of New Jersey
New Jersey
_. Retrieved 2010-01-21. * ^ _A_ _B_ General Information, Essex County, New Jersey . Accessed December 13, 2016. "The County Executive, elected from the County at-large, for a four-year term, is the chief political and administrative officer of the County.... The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November." * ^ Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Britnee N. Timberlake, Freeholder President / District 3, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Brendan W. Gill, Freeholder Vice President / At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Rufus I. Johnson, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Lebby C. Jones, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Patricia Sebold, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Rolando Bobadilla, Freeholder District 1, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Wayne L. Richardson, Freeholder District 2, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014. * ^ Leonard M. Luciano, Freeholder District 4, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Cynthia D. Toro, Freeholder District 5, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Members of the Board, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Breakdown of Freeholder Districts, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ About, Essex County Clerk. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Armando B. Fontoura – Essex County Sheriff, Essex County Sheriff's Office. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Essex County Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens, II, Essex County Surrogate's Court. Accessed December 13, 2016. * ^ Voter Registration Summary - Essex, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of State , March 23, 2011. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. * ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. * ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State , December 23, 2008. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State , December 14, 2004. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ Petenko, Erin (November 11, 2016). "See How Your Tow Voted in the 2016 Presidential Election". _www.nj.com_. Advance Media. * ^ "Governor – Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. * ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. * ^ 2009 Governor: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State , December 31, 2009. Accessed June 25, 2012. * ^ Romano, Andrew. "The Swamps of Jersey - The Daily Beast", _ Newsweek _, March 10, 2010. Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ Grutzner, Charles. "U.S. INDICTS MAYOR OF NEWARK, 9 PRESENT OR FORMER OFFICIALS ON $253,000 EXTORTION CHARGES; ADDONIZIO ON BAIL Evasion of Tax Also Charged -- Boiardo Among Accused Mayor
Mayor
Addonizio Is Indicted on Extortion Charge", _ The New York Times _, December 18, 1969. Accessed November 13, 2016. " Mayor
Mayor
Hugh J. Addonizio and nine present or former officials of the municipal administration in Newark were indicted yesterday by a Federal grand jury with five other persons, among whom was Anthony (Tony Boy) Boiardo, a reputed member of the Mafia." * ^ Brady, Thomas F. "Addonizio and 4 Convicted Of Extortion by U.S. Jury", _ The New York Times _, July 23, 1970. Accessed November 13, 2016. "Hugh J. Addonizio, former Mayor
Mayor
of Newark, and four other defend ants were found guilty by Federal jury tonight on 64 counts each, one of conspiracy and 63 of extortion." * ^ Sullivan, Ronald. "Addonizio Given a 10-Year Term", _The New York Times _, September 23, 1970. Accessed November 13, 2016. "Former Mayor
Mayor
Hugh J. Addonizio of Newark was sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined $25,000 in Federal Court here today for conspiracy and extortion. Convicted of sharing in the proceeds of extorted kickbacks totaling $1.5 million from contractors on city water and sewer lines, Addonizio stood impassively with his head bowed as Judge George H. Barlow declared that his crimes were of 'monumental proportion' that 'tore at the very heart of our civilized society and our form of representative government.'" * ^ Barbanel, Josh. "HUGH J. ADDONIZIO, 67, EX-MAYOR OF NEWARK JAILED 5 YEARS, DEAD", _ The New York Times _, February 2, 1981. Accessed April 7, 2015. "Hugh J. Addonizio, a former Congressman and two-term Mayor
Mayor
of Newark who was sentenced to 10 years in Federal prison and fined $25,000 for conspiracy and extortion died early this morning at Riverview Hospital in Red Bank, N.J." * ^ Narvaez, Alfonso A. "GIBSON ACQUITTED OF A CONSPIRACY IN \'NO SHOW\' CASE", _ The New York Times _, October 22, 1982. Accessed September 10, 2015. " Mayor
Mayor
Kenneth A. Gibson was found not guilty today of conspiracy in connection with charges that he had helped create a 'no show' job for a former city official. But the Superior Court jury could not reach a unanimous verdict on a charge of official misconduct." * ^ Martin, John. "Judge, prosecutors clash over James\' 27-month jail term", NJ.com , July 29, 2008. Accessed April 7, 2015. "Former Newark mayor Sharpe James was ordered Tuesday to serve 27 months in prison and pay a $100,000 fine for fraud and conspiracy -- a sentence that capped a spectacular downfall for one of New Jersey's political titans, but one that incensed prosecutors who thought it was too light." * ^ Newark, Berkeley College . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ About, Essex County College . Accessed June 14, 2016. "The main campus is located in the heart of University Heights in Newark, New Jersey." * ^ About NJIT, New Jersey
New Jersey
Institute of Technology . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Rutgers Health Sciences at Newark, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Campus Resources and Facilities, Rutgers University–Newark . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ History, Seton Hall University School of Law . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Delgado, Samuel A. "Newark could be a real college town", _The Star-Ledger _, February 3, 2012. Accessed May 20, 2017. "With 60,000 students and faculty at six colleges and universities, Newark has the fifth-highest concentration of higher education on the East Coast, after Boston, New York City, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Washington, D.C.... With the recent burst in construction, Newark's universities off Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and the Central Ward are increasingly becoming residential campuses, as more students want the experience of living and studying in a big city." * ^ Abbott School Districts, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Education . Accessed June 1, 2016. Accessed August 15, 2012. * ^ About SDA, New Jersey
New Jersey
Schools Development Authority . Accessed January 8, 2017. * ^ SDA Capital Program, New Jersey
New Jersey
Schools Development Authority . Accessed January 8, 2017. * ^ District information for Newark Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics
National Center for Education Statistics
. Accessed December 7, 2016. * ^ Staff. "2010 Top High Schools", _ New Jersey
New Jersey
Monthly_, August 16, 2010. Accessed February 14, 2012. * ^ Margolin, Josh. " Facebook
Facebook
CEO Zuckerberg announces $100M grant to Newark schools on Oprah Winfrey show", NJ.com Statehouse Bureau, September 24, 2010. Accessed June 13, 2016. " Facebook
Facebook
CEO Mark Zuckerberg just announced on the Oprah Winfrey show that the title of a program to pump $100 million into the Newark school system is the 'Start Up Education Foundation.'" * ^ History Archived July 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ., Robert Treat Academy Charter School . Accessed September 13, 2011. * ^ University Heights Charter School wins national award Archived March 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine ., LocalTalkNews.com. Accessed February 19, 2012. * ^ About Us, Gray Charter School . Accessed February 19, 2012. * ^ About NCA Archived November 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine ., Newark Collegiate Academy . Accessed February 19, 2012. * ^ Essex County Catholic High Schools, Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Archdiocese of Newark . Accessed May 20, 2017. * ^ About NBCS, Newark Boys Chorus School. Accessed November 12, 2016. * ^ Annual Report 2014–2015, University Heights Charter School. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ _New Jersey\'s Long-Range Transportation Plan: Urban Supplement Report, City of Newark_, New Jersey
New Jersey
Department of Transportation , September 2008. Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ 2015 North American (ACI-NA) Top 50 airports, Airports Council International -North America. Accessed August 12, 2016. * ^ Lipton, Eric. "New York Port Hums Again, With Asian Trade", _ The New York Times _, November 22, 2004. Accessed June 26, 2012. "Last year, $100 billion worth of wares moved through the port, up 12 percent in just a year." * ^ Solarino, Audrey. "The history of the Morris Canal", _Suburban Trends_, May 20, 2010. Accessed June 28, 2012. * ^ "Broad & Market Street, Newark – 1928 Transportation Hospitals Consider Partnership", _ The New York Times _, November 6, 1995. Accessed March 11, 2012. "Newark Beth Israel, founded in 1901 and the only hospital in New Jersey
New Jersey
that performs heart and lung transplants, has 607 beds and about 3,300 employees." * ^ What Is, Columbus Hospital LTACH. Accessed August 30, 2015. * ^ Heininger, Claire. "Two Newark hospitals to close under deal; Mayor
Mayor
Booker \'furious\'", _ The Star-Ledger _, January 10, 2008. Accessed June 21, 2016. "Two struggling Newark hospitals – Saint James and Columbus – will close their doors this spring, while the city's third Catholic hospital will receive an infusion of cash under an agreement reached tonight." * ^ "Public Announcement: Closure of Mount Carmel Guild Behavior Health Hospital", Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Newark, January 31, 2010. Accessed June 21, 2016. * ^ Hull, Sarah. United Hospitals Medical Center Records 1873–1996, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey University Libraries Special
Special
Collections, July 1998, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 24, 2010. Accessed June 21, 2016. * ^ University Hospital Emergency Medical Services Archived January 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ., The University Hospital . Accessed June 26, 2012. "Ranking among the top providers in the country and representing among the busiest and most experienced units nationally, in excess of 125,000 requests for service are received annually within our coverage areas." * ^ Newark: Fire Incidents in 2006, New Jersey
New Jersey
(NJ), CityData.com. Accessed July 9, 2015. * ^ Queally, James. "Newark to hire 100 more cops after deadliest year since 1990", _ The Star-Ledger _, January 7, 2014. Accessed April 7, 2015. "The department was hammered by layoffs in 2010, during a statewide budget crunch that also led to mass cutbacks in Camden and Trenton. Newark lost 167 officers that year, and only has 1,006 officers in its ranks now." * ^ Queally, James. "State Troopers deployed to battle rising Newark crime as part of new initiative", _ The Star-Ledger _, April 16, 2014. Accessed April 7, 2015. * ^ Public Safety, Essex County College . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Department of Public Safety, New Jersey
New Jersey
Institute of Technology . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Rutgers Police - Newark Division, Rutgers University
Rutgers University
Police Department . Accessed June 14, 2016. * ^ Fried, Carla. "America\'s safest city: Amherst, N.Y.; the most dangerous: Newark, N.J", _ Money (magazine) _, January 1, 1997, Vol. 25, Issue 13, p. 22. Accessed June 21, 2016. * ^ Lueck, Thomas J. "As Newark Mayor
Mayor
Readies Crime Fight, Toll Rises", _ The New York Times _, January 8, 2007. Accessed October 6, 2007. "For all of 2006, the police said, Newark had 104 homicides, far below its record of 161 in 1981, but more than in any other year since 1995." * ^ Murr, Andrew; and Noonoo, Jemimah. "A Return To The Bad Old Days?", _ Newsweek _, August 17, 2007. "Murders rose 27 percent in Newark (population 280,000) in the past two years, as killings rose from 83 in 2004 to 104 last year. So far, the pace this year is slower—61 deaths since January." * ^ This link Archived November 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . contains a reference to a June 11, 2007 article in _ Newsday _ stating that "Meanwhile, homicides in Newark have jumped from 65 in 2002 to 113 last year, with nonfatal shootings also on the rise." "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved 2008-03-24. * ^ Newark and New York Comparative Crime Ratios per 100,000 People, area Connect. Accessed October 7, 2007. * ^ Schweber, Nate. "Newark Murder Rate Dropped 30 Percent in 2008", _ The New York Times _, January 3, 2009. Accessed February 15, 2012. "Newark recorded 67 homicides in 2008, according to the police, the fewest since 2002, when there were 65. In 2007, there were 97 homicides; in 2006, just over 100." * ^ "Crime in the United States by Metropolitan Statistical Area, 2010" in _Crime 2010_, Federal Bureau of Investigation . Accessed July 9, 2015. * ^ Queally, James. "Newark records first homicide-free month in more than 40 years", _ The Star-Ledger _, April 1, 2010. Accessed July 9, 2015. "For the first time in more than 40 years, an entire calendar month has come and gone without a homicide in the state's largest city. It's been 32 days since a homicide took place in Newark, marking the first time there has been a slay-free calendar month in the city since 1966." * ^ Queally, James. "Newark carjackings rise for 3rd straight year", _ The Star-Ledger _, February 3, 2012. Accessed July 9, 2015. "The increases have sparked concerns among business leaders and residents that the state's largest city is once again becoming the 'car theft capital of the world,' a dubious monicker it earned in the 1990s." * ^ Eustachewich, Lia. Newark Releases 2011 Crime Statistics, _Newark Patch_. January 26, 2012. Accessed May 3, 2012. * ^ Table 4 January to December 2011–2012 Offenses Reported to Law Enforcement by State by City 100,000 and over in population, _Crime 2012 • January–December 2012 Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report in the United States 2012_, Federal Bureau of Investigation . Accessed December 12, 2013. * ^ "Most Dangerous U.S. Cities: 6 - Newark, N.J.", CNNMoney
CNNMoney
, January 23, 2013. Accessed July 9, 2015. * ^ Samaha, Albert. "Newark\'s 10 Day Stretch of 10 Homicides Reflects Drop in Cop Numbers" Archived December 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine ., _ The Village Voice _, September 6, 2013. Accessed July 9, 2015. "And after three years, the cuts to the police budget produced a sad crescendo: In a 10 day stretch, from Monday August 26 to Wednesday September 4, there were 10 homicides in the city, as well as three more non-fatal shootings and one non-fatal stabbing." * ^ Queally, James; and Gaimbusso, David. "Ten days, 10 dead: Shooting deaths plague Newark", _ The Star-Ledger _, September 5, 2013. Accessed July 9, 2015. * ^ Johnson, Anthony. "Newark murders hit triple digits", WABC-TV , December 27, 2013. Accessed July 9, 2015."Murders in Newark hit triple digits this year for the first time in seven years.... So far in 2013, there have been 102 murders. The last time the murder rate was in triple digits was in 2007 when there were 107 murders." * ^ Queally, James. "N.J. homicides soared to seven-year high in 2013 after surges in Newark, Trenton", _ The Star-Ledger _, January 1, 2014. Accessed July 9, 2015. "A Star-Ledger survey of county prosecutors' offices found at least 409 people died violently last year. More than a quarter of those killings took place in Newark, where a spate of Christmas season slayings pushed the homicide total to 111, including one in the final hours of the year. The tally is the highest since 1990." * ^ NEW JERSEY Offenses Known to Law Enforcement by City, 2014, Federal Bureau of Investigation . Accessed June 13, 2016. * ^ Ivers, Dan. "Declines in Newark, Camden drive N.J. homicides to 5-year low in 2014", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com , January 1, 2015, updated January 5, 2015. "More than a third of those incidents took place in Essex County, where Newark and Irvington accounted for all but five of the county's 117 homicides. The state's largest city totaled 93 for the year — by far the highest in the state, but a sizeable reduction from the 111 it recorded last year." * ^ Ivers, Dan. "Despite progress in cities, N.J. homicides jump 4 percent in 2015", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com , January 1, 2016, updated January 14, 2016. Accessed June 13, 2016. "More than a quarter of those slayings took place in Newark, where a bloody finish to the year, which included 25 homicides over November and December, drove the city's total to 105*, according to police department statistics — an uptick of 12 over 2014." * ^ Moriarty, Thomas (December 27, 2016). "Newark sees greatest crime drop in nearly 50 years, officials say". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 5 February 2017. * ^ Home Page, Consulate-General of Ecuador
Ecuador
. Accessed November 12, 2016. * ^ Consulate General of Portugal
Portugal
in Newark, Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros . Accessed November 12, 2016. * ^ Home Page, Consulado de Colombia
Colombia
en newark. Accessed July 9, 2015. * ^ Haddon, Heather. "Saying Arrivederci to N.J.\'s Consulate", _ The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
_, September 17, 2013. Accessed July 9, 2015. "The Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has decided to close its consulate in Newark, the only full-fledged office in a state renowned as the home of Italian-American pop-culture fixtures such as Frank Sinatra and _The Sopranos._" * ^ Rose, Liza. "Planned closure of Italian consulate in Newark sparks criticism", _ The Star-Ledger _, September 20, 2013. Accessed July 9, 2015. "The Italian consulate in Newark is slated to close in March, passing its jurisdiction over to New York. Although 13 other Italian consulates worldwide are being shuttered due to fiscal woes, the New Jersey
New Jersey
office is the only location in the United States that is getting the boot." * ^ Home Page Archived February 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine ., Consulate of Italy in Newark. Accessed July 9, 2015. "THE CONSULATE OF ITALY IN NEWARK, NEW JERSEY IS CLOSED AS OF FEBRUARY 28, 2014." * ^ Regan, Brian. _Gothic Pride: The Story of Building a Great Cathedral in Newark_, p. 227. Rutgers University
Rutgers University
Press , 2012. ISBN 9780813553467 . Accessed July 9, 2015. "1995 – During his visit on October 4, Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
designates Scared Heart a minor basilica." * ^ Piazza, Jo. "Dalai Lama\'s Latest Peace Project: Newark", _The Wall Street Journal _, May 13, 2011. Accessed July 9, 2015. "The Tibetan spiritual leader has been to 62 countries on six continents in his 75 years on Earth, but until Thursday, he had never had an extended stay in Newark, save for a brief stop in 1990 to consecrate a Buddhist altar at the Newark Museum." * ^ _ Sister Cities International 2015 Membership Directory_, p. 42. Sister Cities International . Accessed August 31, 2015. * ^ Twin-cities of Azerbaijan, Azerbaijans.com. Accessed August 30, 2015. * ^ "Position Paper on Sister State and Sister City Relations Between Australia and China", Australia- China
China
Chamber of Commerce and Industry of New South Wales, dated November 14, 2001. Accessed August 30, 2015.

FURTHER READING

* City of Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey
(2005). _Newark\'s land use plan including historical data_ (PDF). Newark, New Jersey. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2011. * Cunningham, John T. (1966). _Newark_. Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Historical Society. * Galishoff, Stuart (1988). _Newark: The Nation's Unhealthiest City, 1832–1895_. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University
Rutgers University
Press. * Rabig, Julia. _The Fixers: Devolution, Development, and Civil Society in Newark, 1960–1990_. (U of Chicago Press, 2016). viii, 333 pp * Shales, Ezra (2010). _Made in Newark: Cultivating Industrial Arts and Civic Identity in the Progressive Era_. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rivergate Books/ Rutgers University
Rutgers University
Press. * Strummer, Helen M. (1994). _No Easy Walk: Newark, 1980–1993_. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. * 2005-Newark\'s land use plan including historical data

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: NEWARK, NEW JERSEY _ (category)

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for NEWARK, NEW JERSEY _.

_ Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica_ article about _NEWARK, NEW

.