NEVADA (/nɪˈvædə/ ; see pronunciations ) is a state in the
Western , Mountain West , and Southwestern regions of the United
States of America .
Nevada is the 7th most extensive , the 34th most
populous , but the 9th least densely populated of the 50 United States
. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County ,
which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where
three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located.
Nevada's capital is
Carson City .
Nevada is officially known as the
Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and
economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State", because it
achieved statehood during the Civil War (the words "Battle Born" also
appear on the state flag ); as the "
Sagebrush State", for the native
plant of the same name ; and as the "Sage-hen State".
Oregon to the northwest,
Idaho to the northeast,
California to the
Arizona to the southeast and
Utah to the east.
Nevada is largely desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great
Basin . Areas south of the
Great Basin are within the Mojave
Lake Tahoe and the Sierra
Nevada lie on the western edge. About
86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the
U.S. federal government , both civilian and military.
Before European contact, Native Americans of the
and Washoe tribes inhabited the land that is now Nevada. The first
Europeans to explore the region were Spanish. They called the region
Nevada (snowy) because of the snow which covered the mountains in
winter. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and
became part of
Mexico when it gained independence in 1821. The United
States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the
Mexican–American War , and it was incorporated as part of Utah
Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the
Comstock Lode in
1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation
Nevada Territory out of western
Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada
became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states
added to the Union during the Civil War (the first being West Virginia
Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In 1940, with a
population of just over 110,000 people,
Nevada was by far the
least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next
least-populated state. However, legalized gambling and lenient
marriage and divorce laws transformed
Nevada into a major tourist
destination in the 20th century.
Nevada is the only
U.S. state where
prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Clark County (Las
Vegas), Washoe County (Reno) and
Carson City (which, as an independent
city, is not within the boundaries of any county). The tourism
industry remains Nevada's largest employer, with mining continuing as
a substantial sector of the economy:
Nevada is the fourth-largest
producer of gold in the world.
* 1 Etymology and pronunciation
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 2.2 Flora and fauna
* 3 Counties
* 4 History
* 4.1 Before 1861
* 4.2 Separation from
* 4.3 Statehood (1864)
Gambling and labor
* 4.3.2 Nuclear testing
* 5 Demographics
* 5.1 Population
* 5.2 Birth data
* 5.3 Settlements
* 5.4 Locations by GDP
* 5.5 Ancestry
* 5.6 Religion
* 6 Economy
* 6.1 Mining
* 6.3 Taxation
* 6.4 Largest employers
* 7 Transportation
* 8 Law and government
* 8.1 Government
* 8.1.1 State agencies
* 8.2 Law
* 8.2.2 Divorce
* 8.2.3 Taxes
* 8.2.4 Gay rights
* 8.2.5 Incorporation
* 8.2.6 Financial institutions
* 8.2.7 Alcohol and other drugs
* 8.2.8 Smoking
* 8.2.9 Crime
* 9 Politics
* 9.1 State politics
* 9.2 National politics
* 9.3 Voting
* 10 Education
* 10.1 Public school districts
* 10.2 Colleges and universities
* 10.3 Research institutes
* 11 Parks and recreation areas
* 11.1 Recreation areas maintained by the federal government
* 11.1.1 Northern
* 11.1.2 Southern
* 11.2 Wilderness
* 11.3 State parks
* 12 Culture
* 12.1 Entertainment and tourism
* 12.2 Sports
Nevada sports teams
* 13 Military
* 14 Songs about
* 15 Future issues
* 16 State symbols
* 17 See also
* 18 Notes
* 19 References
* 20 External links
ETYMOLOGY AND PRONUNCIATION
The quartzite of the Prospect Mountain Formation on top of Jeff
Davis Peak in
Great Basin National Park A topographic map of
The name "Nevada" comes from the Spanish nevada , meaning
"snow-covered", after the Sierra
Nevada ("snow-covered mountain
Most Nevadans pronounce the second syllable of their state name using
the TRAP vowel (/nɪˈvædə/ ). Many from outside the Western United
States pronounce it with the PALM vowel (/nɪˈvɑːdə/ ). Although
the latter pronunciation is closer to the Spanish pronunciation, it is
not the pronunciation preferred by most Nevadans. State Assemblyman
Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate
(quasi-Spanish) pronunciation of Nevada, though the bill was not
supported by most legislators and never received a vote. The Nevadan
pronunciation is the de facto official one, since it is the one used
by the state legislature. At one time, the state's official tourism
organization, TravelNevada, stylized the name of the state as
"Nevăda", with a breve mark over the a indicating the locally
preferred pronunciation which is also available as a license plate
Mountains west of
Las Vegas in the Mojave
Vegetation at Timber Creek in the
Schell Creek Range Red Rock
National Conservation Area Scenery at Valley of Fire
Lake Tahoe on the
Nevada is almost entirely within the
Basin and Range Province , and
is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges
have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed
by the term
Great Basin .
Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a
mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold
temperatures in the winter. Occasionally, moisture from the Arizona
Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; Pacific storms may blanket
the area with snow. The state's highest recorded temperature was 125
°F (52 °C) in Laughlin (elevation of 605 feet or 184 meters) on June
29, 1994. The coldest recorded temperature was −52 °F (−47 °C )
set in San Jacinto in 1972, in the northeastern portion of the state.
Humboldt River crosses the state from east to west across the
northern part of the state, draining into the
Humboldt Sink near
Lovelock . Several rivers drain from the Sierra
including the Walker , Truckee , and Carson rivers. All of these
rivers are endorheic basins , ending in Walker Lake , Pyramid Lake ,
Carson Sink , respectively. However, not all of
Great Basin . Tributaries of the
Snake River drain the far
north, while the
Colorado River , which also forms much of the
Arizona , drains much of southern Nevada.
The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet
(4,000 m), harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky
islands for endemic species. The valleys are often no lower in
elevation than 3,000 feet (910 m), while some in central
above 6,000 feet (1,800 m).
The southern third of the state, where the
Las Vegas area is
situated, is within the Mojave
Desert . The area receives less rain in
the winter but is closer to the
Arizona Monsoon in the summer. The
terrain is also lower, mostly below 4,000 feet (1,200 m), creating
conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights.
California have by far the longest diagonal line (in
respect to the cardinal directions) as a state boundary at just over
400 miles (640 km). This line begins in
Lake Tahoe nearly 4 miles (6.4
km) offshore (in the direction of the boundary), and continues to the
Colorado River where the Nevada, California, and
merge 12 miles (19 km) southwest of the Laughlin Bridge.
The largest mountain range in the southern portion of the state is
the Spring Mountain Range , just west of Las Vegas. The state's lowest
point is along the
Colorado River, south of Laughlin.
Nevada has 172 mountain summits with 2,000 feet (610 m) of
Nevada ranks second in the
United States by number of
mountains, behind Alaska, and ahead of California, Montana, and
Nevada is the most mountainous state in the contiguous
Köppen climate types in
Nevada is the driest state in the United States. It is made up of
mostly desert and semi-arid climate regions, and, with the exception
Las Vegas Valley , the average summer diurnal temperature range
approaches 71 °F (22 °C) in much of the state. While winters in
Nevada are long and fairly cold, the winter season in the
southern part of the state tends to be of short duration and mild.
Most parts of
Nevada receive scarce precipitation during the year.
Most rain that falls in the state falls on the lee side (east and
northeast slopes) of the Sierra Nevada.
The average annual rainfall per year is about 7 inches (180 mm); the
wettest parts get around 40 inches (1,000 mm). Nevada's highest
recorded temperature is 125 °F (52 °C) at Laughlin on June 29, 1994
and the lowest recorded temperature is −50 °F (−46 °C) at San
Jacinto on January 8, 1937. Nevada's 125 °F (52 °C) reading is the
third highest statewide record high temperature of a U.S. state, just
behind Arizona's 128 °F (53 °C) reading and California's 134 °F (57
Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected cities in
FLORA AND FAUNA
The vegetation of
Nevada is diverse and differs by state area. Nevada
contains six biotic zones : alpine , sub-alpine , ponderosa pine ,
pinion-juniper , sagebrush and creosotebush . See also: List of taxa
List of counties in Nevada
Las Vegas Strip
, in Clark County
Carson City Mint in
Carson City . Carson City
is an independent city and the capital of Nevada.
Nevada is divided into political jurisdictions designated as counties
Carson City is officially a consolidated municipality; however, for
many purposes under state law it is considered to be a county. As of
1919 there were 17 counties in the state, ranging from 146 to 18,159
square miles (380 to 47,030 km2).
Lake County , one of the original nine counties formed in 1861, was
renamed Roop County in 1862. Part of the county became Lassen County,
California in 1864. The portion that remained in
Nevada was annexed in
1883 by Washoe County.
In 1969, Ormsby County was dissolved and the Consolidated
Carson City was created by the
Legislature in its
place co-terminous with the old boundaries of Ormsby County.
Bullfrog County was formed in 1987 from part of Nye County. After the
creation was declared unconstitutional the county was abolished in
Humboldt county was designated as a county in 1856 by Utah
Legislature and again in 1861 by the new Nevada
Clark County is the most populous county in Nevada, accounting for
nearly three-quarters of its residents. Las Vegas, Nevada's most
populous city, has been the county seat since the county was created
in 1909 from a portion of
Lincoln County, Nevada . Before that, it was
a part of
Arizona Territory . Clark County attracts numerous tourists.
An estimated 44 million people visited Clark County in 2014.
Washoe County is the second most populous county of Nevada. Its
county seat is Reno . Washoe County includes the Reno–Sparks
metropolitan area .
Lyon County is the third most populous county. It was one of the nine
original counties created in 1861. It was named after
Nathaniel Lyon ,
the first Union General to be killed in the Civil War . Its current
county seat is Yerington . Its first county seat was established at
Dayton on November 29, 1861.
PERCENT OF TOTAL
PERCENT OF TOTAL
POPULATION DENSITY (/MI2)
History of Nevada
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Mexico in 1824. Alta
California included today's Nevada.
Francisco Garcés was the first European in the area,
annexed as a part of the
Spanish Empire in the northwestern territory
New Spain . Administratively, the area of
Nevada was part of the
Commandancy General of the
Provincias Internas in the Viceroyalty of
New Spain .
Nevada became a part of Alta
California (Upper California)
province in 1804 when the Californias were split. With the Mexican War
of Independence won in 1821, the province of Alta
California became a
territory (state) of Mexico, with small population. Jedediah Smith
Las Vegas Valley in 1827, and
Peter Skene Ogden traveled
Humboldt River in 1828. When the
Mormons created the State of
Deseret in 1847, they laid claim to all of
Nevada within the Great
Basin and the
Colorado watershed. They also founded the first white
settlement in what is now Nevada, Mormon Station (modern day Genoa),
in 1851. In June 1855, William Bringhurst and 29 fellow Mormon
Utah arrived at a site just northeast of downtown
Las Vegas and built a 150-foot square adobe fort, the first permanent
structure erected in the valley, which remained under the control of
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City until the winter of 1858-1859.
As a result of the
Mexican–American War and the Treaty of
Mexico permanently lost Alta
California in 1848.
The new areas acquired by the
United States continued to be
administered as territories. As part of the
Mexican Cession (1848) and
California Gold Rush that used Emigrant Trails through
the area, the state\'s area evolved first as part of the Utah
Territory , then the
Nevada Territory (March 2, 1861; named for the
Nevada ). Sculpture representing a steam locomotive, in
Ely, Nevada. Early locomotives played an important part in Nevada's
See History of
Utah , History of
Las Vegas , and the discovery of the
first major U.S. deposit of silver ore in
Comstock Lode under Virginia
Nevada in 1859.
SEPARATION FROM UTAH TERRITORY
Nevada in the
American Civil War
American Civil War
Nevada territory in
On March 2, 1861, the
Nevada Territory separated from the Utah
Territory and adopted its current name, shortened from Sierra Nevada
(Spanish for "snow-covered mountain range").
The 1861 southern boundary is commemorated by
Markers 57 and 58 in Lincoln and Nye counties.
Nevada in the
American Civil War
American Civil War
Eight days before the presidential election of 1864 ,
the 36th state in the union. Statehood was rushed to the date of
October 31 to help ensure
Abraham Lincoln 's reelection on November 8
and post-Civil War Republican dominance in Congress, as Nevada's
mining-based economy tied it to the more industrialized Union . As it
turned out, however, Lincoln and the Republicans won the election
handily, and did not need Nevada's help.
Nevada is one of only two states to significantly expand its borders
after admission to the Union. (The other is Missouri, which acquired
additional territory in 1837 due to the
Platte Purchase .)
In 1866 another part of the western
Utah Territory was added to
Nevada in the eastern part of the state, setting the current eastern
Nevada achieved its current southern boundaries on January 18, 1867,
when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona
Territory west of the
Colorado River, essentially all of present-day
Nevada south of the 37th parallel . The transfer was prompted by the
discovery of gold in the area, and it was thought by officials Nevada
would be better able to oversee the expected population boom. This
area includes most of what is now Clark County and the Las Vegas
Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years (see
Silver mining in
Nevada ). When
Mark Twain lived in
Nevada during the period described
Roughing It , mining had led to an industry of speculation and
immense wealth. However, both mining and population declined in the
late 19th century. However, the rich silver strike at Tonopah in 1900,
followed by strikes in Goldfield and Rhyolite , again put Nevada's
population on an upward trend.
Gambling And Labor
Gambling erupted once more following a recession in the early
20th century, helping to build the city of
Unregulated gambling was commonplace in the early
Nevada mining towns
but was outlawed in 1909 as part of a nationwide anti-gambling
crusade. Because of subsequent declines in mining output and the
decline of the agricultural sector during the
Great Depression ,
Nevada again legalized gambling on March 19, 1931, with approval from
the legislature. Governor
Fred B. Balzar 's signature enacted the most
liberal divorce laws in the country and open gambling. The reforms
came just eight days after the federal government presented the $49
million construction contract for
Boulder Dam (now
Hoover Dam ).
Nevada Test Site , 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the city of Las
Vegas, was founded on January 11, 1951, for the testing of nuclear
weapons . The site consists of about 1,350 square miles (3,500 km2) of
desert and mountainous terrain. Nuclear testing at the
Site began with a 1 kiloton of TNT (4.2 TJ) bomb dropped on Frenchman
Flat on January 27, 1951. The last atmospheric test was conducted on
July 17, 1962, and the underground testing of weapons continued until
September 23, 1992. The location is known for having the highest
concentration of nuclear-detonated weapons in the U.S.
Over 80% of the state's area is owned by the federal government. The
primary reason for this is homesteads were not permitted in large
enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail
throughout desert Nevada. Instead, early settlers would homestead land
surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent
public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water
(this pattern of ranching still prevails).
Population density map of
United States Census Bureau estimates the population of
July 1, 2016 was 2,940,058, an increase of 56,300 residents (1.95%)
since the 2015 US Census estimate and an increase of 239,367 residents
(8.86%) since the 2010
United States Census .
Nevada had the second
highest percentage growth in population from 2015 to 2016.
Since the 2010 census, the population of
Nevada had a natural
increase of 87,581 (the net difference between 222,508 births and
134,927 deaths); and an increase due to net migration of 146,626 (of
which 104,032 was due to domestic and 42,594 was due to international
The center of population of
Nevada is in southern Nye County . In
this county, the unincorporated town of Pahrump , 60 miles (97 km)
Las Vegas on the
California state line, has grown very rapidly
from 1980 to 2010. At the 2010 census, the town had 36,441 residents.
Las Vegas grew from a gulch of 100 people in 1900 to 10,000 by 1950 to
100,000 by 1970, and was America's fastest-growing city and
metropolitan area from 1960 to 2000.
From about the 1940s until 2003,
Nevada was the fastest-growing state
in the US percentage-wise. Between 1990 and 2000, Nevada's population
increased 66%, while the USA's population increased 13%. Over two
thirds of the population of the state lives in the Clark County Las
Vegas metropolitan area .
Henderson and North
Las Vegas are among the USA's top 20
fastest-growing cities of over 100,000.
The rural community of Mesquite 65 miles (105 km) northeast of Las
Vegas was an example of micropolitan growth in the 1990s and 2000s.
Other desert towns like Indian Springs and Searchlight on the
Las Vegas have seen some growth as well.
Large numbers of new residents in the state originate from
California, which led some locals to feel their state is being
Note: Births within the table table do not add up, due to Hispanics
being counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a
higher overall number.
Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother
Hispanic (of any race)
Largest cities or towns in Nevada
Winnemucca Sand Dunes , north of Winnemucca
A small percentage of Nevada's population lives in rural areas. The
culture of these places differs significantly from the major
metropolitan areas. People in these rural counties tend to be native
Nevada residents, unlike in the
Las Vegas and Reno areas, where the
vast majority of the population was born in another state. The rural
population is also less diverse in terms of race and ethnicity. Mining
plays an important role in the economies of the rural counties, with
tourism being less prominent.
Ranching also has a long tradition in
LOCATIONS BY GDP
Ranked by per capita income in 2000
Incline Village-Crystal Bay
Zephyr Cove-Round Hill Village
Nevada locations by per capita income
According to 2016 Census Bureau data,
Nevada is now majority minority
Texas , New
Hawaii , and the District of
Columbia . As of July 1, 2016, the Census Bureau estimated that
Nevada was 75.1% White (49.9% non-Hispanic White), 9.6% Black or
African American, 8.7% Asian , 1.6% American Indian or
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Individuals from
two or more races made up 4.2% of the population. Hispanics of any
race made up 28.5% of the State's population.
According to the 2010 census estimates, racial distribution was as
White American (54.1%
Non-Hispanic White , 12.1% White
Black American (
African American )
* 1.2% American Indian and
Native Hawaiian and other
* 12.0% some other race
Hispanics or Latinos of any race made 26.5% of the population. In
1980, non-Hispanic whites made up 83.3% of the state's population.
NEVADA RACIAL BREAKDOWN OF POPULATION
Two or more races
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
The principal ancestries of Nevada's residents in 2009 have been
surveyed to be the following:
* 20.8% Mexican
* 13.3% German
* 10.0% Irish
* 9.2% English
* 6.3% Italian
* 3.8% American
* 3.6% Scandinavian (1.4% Norwegian , 1.4% Swedish , and 0.8% Danish
Nevada is home to many cultures and nationalities. As of 2011, 63.6%
of Nevada's population younger than age 1 were minorities. Las Vegas
is a minority majority city.
Nevada also has a sizable Basque ancestry
population. In Douglas , Mineral and Pershing counties, a plurality of
residents are of Mexican ancestry, with Clark County (Las Vegas) alone
being home to over 200,000 Mexican Americans . Nye County and Humboldt
County have a plurality of Germans ; and Washoe County has many Irish
Americans. Americans of English descent form pluralities in Lincoln
County , Churchill County , Lyon County , White Pine County and Eureka
Las Vegas is home to rapid-growing ethnic communities,
including Scandinavians , Italians , Poles , Greeks , Spaniards and
Armenians . Though, Mexicans are the majority of Latinos in the state,
Nevada has a relatively diverse Hispanic/Latino population.
Downtown Reno East
Las Vegas suburbs
Asian Americans lived in the state since the
California Gold Rush of
the 1850s brought thousands of Chinese miners to Washoe county. They
were followed by a few hundred Japanese farm workers in the late 19th
century. By the late 20th century, many immigrants from
China , Japan
, Korea, the
Bangladesh , India and
Vietnam came to the
Las Vegas metropolitan area. The city now has one of America's most
Asian American communities, with a mostly Chinese and
Taiwanese area known as "Chinatown" west of I-15 on Spring Mountain
Road. Filipino Americans form the largest
Asian American group in the
state, with a population of more than 113,000. They comprise 56.5% of
Asian American population in
Nevada and constitute about 4.3% of
the entire state's population.
African American sections of
Las Vegas and Reno can be found.
Many current African-American Nevadans are newly transplanted
residents from California.
According to the 2000 US Census , 16.19% of Nevada's population aged
5 and older speak Spanish at home, while 1.59% speak Filipino , and
1% speak Chinese .
At the 2010 census, 6.9% of the state's population were reported as
under 5, 24.6% were under 18, and 12.0% were 65 or older. Females
made up about 49.5% of the population.
Las Vegas was a major destination for immigrants from South Asia and
Latin America seeking employment in the gaming and hospitality
industries during the 1990s and first decade of the 21st century, but
farming and construction are the biggest employers of immigrant labor.
Senior citizens (over age 65) and infants, young children or
teenagers (under age 18) form large sections of the
The religious makeup of Nevadans includes large communities of Mormons
, Roman Catholics and
Evangelicals ; each is known for higher birth
rates and a younger than national average age.
American Jews represent
a large proportion of the active adult retirement community.
Data from 2000 and 2005 suggests the following figures:
Church attendance in
Nevada is among the lowest of all US states. In
a 2009 Gallup poll only 30% of Nevadans said they attended church
weekly or almost weekly, compared to 42% of all Americans (only four
states were found to have a lower attendance rate than Nevada).
Major religious affiliations of the people of
Nevada are: Protestant
35%, no religion 28%, Roman Catholic 25%,
Latter-day Saint 4%, Jewish
2%, Hindu less than 1%, Buddhist 0.5% and
Islam less than 0.1%. Parts
Nevada (in the eastern parts of the state) are situated in the
Mormon Corridor .
The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 were the
Catholic Church with 451,070; The Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-day Saints with 175,149; and the Southern Baptist Convention
with 45,535; Buddhist congregations 14,727; Bahá\'í 1,723; and
Muslim 1,700. The Jewish community is represented by The Rohr Jewish
Learning Institute and
RELIGION IN NEVADA
Nevada locations by per capita income
MGM Grand , with sign promoting it as The City of Entertainment
Lake Tahoe on the Nevada-
California border Goldstrike
(Post-Betze) Mine in the
Carlin Trend , the largest Carlin-type
deposit in the world, containing more than 35,000,000 troy ounces
(1,100 t) gold.
Cattle near the
Bruneau River in Elko County
Ranching in Washoe County
The economy of
Nevada is tied to tourism (especially entertainment
and gambling related), mining, and cattle ranching. Nevada's
industrial outputs are tourism, mining, machinery, printing and
publishing, food processing, and electric equipment. The Bureau of
Economic Analysis estimates Nevada's total state product in 2010 was
$126 billion. The state's per capita personal income in 2009 was
$38,578, ranking nineteenth in the nation. Nevada's state debt in
2012 was calculated to be $7.5 billion, or $3,100 per taxpayer. As of
December 2014, the state's unemployment rate was 6.8%.
The economy of
Nevada has long been tied to vice industries. "
founded on mining and refounded on sin—beginning with prizefighting
and easy divorce a century ago and later extending to gaming and
prostitution", said the August 21, 2010 issue of The Economist.
In portions of the state outside of the
Las Vegas and Reno
metropolitan areas mining plays a major economic role. By value, gold
is by far the most important mineral mined. In 2004, 6,800,000 ounces
(190,000,000 g) of gold worth $2.84 billion were mined in Nevada, and
the state accounted for 8.7% of world gold production (see Gold mining
Silver is a distant second, with 10,300,000 ounces
(290,000,000 g) worth $69 million mined in 2004 (see
Silver mining in
Nevada ). Other minerals mined in
Nevada include construction
aggregates, copper, gypsum, diatomite and lithium. Despite its rich
deposits, the cost of mining in
Nevada is generally high, and output
is very sensitive to world commodity prices.
Cattle ranching is a major economic activity in rural Nevada.
Nevada's agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, alfalfa, dairy
products, onions, and potatoes. As of January 1, 2006, there were an
estimated 500,000 head of cattle and 70,000 head of sheep in Nevada.
Most of these animals forage on rangeland in the summer, with
supplemental feed in the winter. Calves are generally shipped to
out-of-state feedlots in the fall to be fattened for market. Over 90%
of Nevada's 484,000 acres (196,000 ha) of cropland is used to grow hay
, mostly alfalfa, for livestock feed.
Nevada does not have a state income tax.
The state sales tax (similar to VAT or GST) in
Nevada is variable
depending upon the county. The minimum statewide tax rate is 6.85%,
with five counties (Elko, Esmeralda, Eureka, Humboldt, and Mineral)
charging this minimum amount. All other counties assess various option
taxes , making the combined state/county sales taxes rate in one
county as high as 8.25%, which is the amount charged in Clark County.
Sales tax in the other major counties: Carson at 7.745%, Washoe at
7.725%. The minimum
Nevada sales tax rate changed on July 1, 2009.
The largest employers in the state, as of the first fiscal quarter of
2011, are the following, according to the
Nevada Department of
Employment, Training and Rehabilitation:
Clark County School District
Washoe County School District
MGM Grand Hotel/
Aria Resort "> State route shield
California Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original
transcontinental railroad line in daily service from Chicago to
California , serving Elko , Winnemucca , and Reno. Amtrak
Thruway Motorcoaches also provide connecting service from
Las Vegas to
trains at Needles,
California , Los Angeles, and Bakersfield,
California ; and from
Stateline, Nevada , to Sacramento,
Las Vegas has had no passenger train service since Amtrak's Desert
Wind was discontinued in 1997, although there have been a number of
proposals to re-introduce service to either
Los Angeles or Southern
Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and south
Greyhound Lines provide some bus service to the state.
U.S. Route 50 , also known as "The Loneliest Road in America"
Road from Carrara,
Nevada towards the marble quarry in the background.
Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving
Las Vegas and other communities. I-215 and spur route I-515 also serve
Las Vegas metropolitan area. Interstate 80 crosses through the
northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt
Utah in the east and the
Truckee River westward through
Reno into California. It has a spur route, I-580 .
Nevada also is
served by several U.S. highways: US 6 , US 50 , US 93 , US 95 and US
395 . There are also 189
Nevada state routes . Many of Nevada's
counties have a system of county routes as well, though many are not
signed or paved in rural areas.
Nevada is one of a few states in the
U.S. that does not have a continuous interstate highway linking its
two major population centers—the road connection between the Las
Vegas and Reno areas is a combination of Interstate and U.S. highways.
The state is one of just a few in the country to allow semi-trailer
trucks with three trailers—what might be called a "road train " in
Australia. But American versions are usually smaller, in part because
they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes.
RTC Transit is the public transit system in the Las Vegas
metropolitan area. The agency is the largest transit agency in the
state and operates a network of bus service across the Las Vegas
Valley , including the use of The Deuce , double-decker buses , on the
Las Vegas Strip and several outlying routes. RTC RIDE operates a
system of local transit bus service throughout the Reno-Sparks
metropolitan area. Other transit systems in the state include Carson
City's JAC. Most other counties in the state do not have public
transportation at all.
Additionally, a 4-mile (6.4 km) monorail system provides public
transportation in the
Las Vegas area. The
services several casino properties and the
Las Vegas Convention Center
on the east side of the
Las Vegas Strip, running near Paradise Road,
with a possible future extension to
McCarran International Airport .
Several hotels also run their own monorail lines between each other,
which are typically several blocks in length.
McCarran International Airport in
Las Vegas is the busiest airport
serving Nevada. The
Reno-Tahoe International Airport (formerly known
as the Reno Cannon International Airport) is the other major airport
in the state.
LAW AND GOVERNMENT
A view of the
Nevada State Legislative Building in
Government of Nevada
Under the Constitution of the State of
Nevada , the powers of the
Nevada government are divided among three separate departments : the
Executive consisting of the
Governor of Nevada and their cabinet along
with the other elected constitutional officers; the Legislative
consisting of the
Legislature , which includes the Assembly and
the Senate ; and the Judicial consisting of the Supreme Court of
Nevada and lower courts.
Governor of Nevada is the chief magistrate of Nevada, the head
of the executive department of the state's government, and the
commander-in-chief of the state 's military forces . The current
Governor of Nevada is
Brian Sandoval , a Republican.
Legislature is a bicameral body divided into an Assembly
and Senate. Members of the Assembly serve for 2 years, and members of
the Senate serve for 4 years. Both houses of the
will be impacted by term limits starting in 2010, as Senators and
Assemblymen/women will be limited to a maximum of 12 years service in
each house (by appointment or election which is a lifetime limit)—a
provision of the constitution which was recently upheld by the Supreme
Nevada in a unanimous decision. Each session of the
Legislature meets for a constitutionally mandated 120 days in every
odd-numbered year, or longer if the Governor calls a special session.
Supreme Court of Nevada is the state supreme court . Original
jurisdiction is divided between the District Courts (with general
jurisdiction), and Justice Courts and Municipal Courts (both of
limited jurisdiction). Appeals from District Courts are made directly
Nevada Supreme Court, which under a deflective model of
jurisdiction, has the discretion to send cases to the
Nevada Court of
Appeals for final resolution.
Incorporated towns in Nevada, known as cities, are given the
authority to legislate anything not prohibited by law. A recent
movement has begun to permit home rule in incorporated
to give them more flexibility and fewer restrictions from the
Legislature. Town Boards for unincorporated towns are limited local
governments created by either the local county commission, or by
referendum, and form a purely advisory role and in no way diminish the
responsibilities of the county commission that creates them.
State departments and agencies:
* Attorney General
* Department of Business & Industry
* Department of Conservation & Natural Resources
* Consumer Health Assistance
* Controller's Office
* Department of Corrections
Nevada Department of Cultural Affairs
Nevada Commission on Economic Development
* Department of Education
Nevada Secretary of State, Election Division
* Department of Employment, Training "> The courthouse of the
Supreme Court of Nevada
In 1900, Nevada's population was the smallest of all states and was
shrinking, as the difficulties of living in a "barren desert" began to
outweigh the lure of silver for many early settlers. Historian
Lawrence Friedman has explained what happened next:
Nevada, in a burst of ingenuity, built an economy by exploiting its
sovereignty. Its strategy was to legalize all sorts of things that
were illegal in
California ... after easy divorce came easy marriage
and casino gaming. Even prostitution is legal in Nevada, in any county
that decides to allow it. Quite a few of them do.
With the advent of air conditioning for summertime use and Southern
Nevada's mild winters, the fortunes of the state began to turn around,
as it did for
Arizona , making these two states the fastest growing in
Prostitution in Nevada
Nevada is the only state where prostitution is legal (under the form
of licensed brothels ).
Prostitution is specifically illegal by state law in the state's
larger jurisdictions, which include Clark County (which contains Las
Vegas), Washoe County (which contains Reno), and the independent city
Carson City . Otherwise, it is legal in those counties which
specifically vote to permit it. When permitted, brothels are only in
rural or isolated parts of counties.
Nevada's early reputation as a "divorce haven" arose from the fact
that, before the no-fault divorce revolution in the 1970s, divorces
were difficult to obtain in the United States. Already having
legalized gambling and prostitution,
Nevada continued the trend of
boosting its profile by adopting one of the most liberal divorce
statutes in the nation. This resulted in Williams v. North Carolina
(1942) , 317 U.S. 287 (1942), in which the
U.S. Supreme Court ruled
North Carolina had to give "full faith and credit " to a Nevada
divorce. The Court modified its decision in Williams v. North Carolina
(1945), 325 U.S. 226 (1945), by holding a state need not recognize a
Nevada divorce unless one of the parties was domiciled there at the
time the divorce was granted and the forum state was entitled to make
its own determination.
As of 2009, Nevada's divorce rate was above the national average.
Nevada's tax laws are intended to draw new residents and businesses
to the state.
Nevada has no personal income tax or corporate income
tax . Since
Nevada does not collect income data it cannot share such
information with the federal government, the IRS .
Nevada's state sales tax rate is 6.85 percent. Counties may impose
additional rates via voter approval or through approval of the
Legislature; therefore, the applicable sales tax will vary by county
from 6.85 percent to 8.1 percent in Clark County. Clark County, which
includes Las Vegas, imposes four separate county option taxes in
addition to the statewide rate – 0.25 percent for flood control,
0.50 percent for mass transit, 0.25 percent for infrastructure, and
0.25 percent for more cops. In Washoe County, which includes Reno, the
sales tax rate is 7.725 percent, due to county option rates for flood
control, the ReTRAC train trench project, mass transit, and an
additional county rate approved under the Local Government Tax Act of
The lodging tax rate in unincorporated Clark County, which includes
Las Vegas Strip, is 12%. Within the boundaries of the cities of
Las Vegas and Henderson, the lodging tax rate is 13%.
Corporations such as
Apple Inc. allegedly have set up investment
companies and funds in
Nevada to avoid paying taxes.
Recognition of same-sex unions in Nevada
In 2009, the
Legislature passed a bill creating a domestic
partnership registry that enables gay couples to enjoy the same rights
as married couples. As of 2014, gay marriage is legal in Nevada.
Nevada provides friendly environment for the formation of
corporations, and many (especially California) businesses have
Nevada to take advantage of the benefits of the Nevada
Nevada corporations offer great flexibility to the Board of
Directors and simplify or avoid many of the rules that are cumbersome
to business managers in some other states. In addition,
Nevada has no
franchise tax , although it does require businesses to have a license
for which the business has to pay the state.
Similarly, many U.S. states have usury laws limiting the amount of
interest a lender can charge, but federal law allows corporations to
'import' these laws from their home state.
Alcohol And Other Drugs
Alcohol laws of Nevada and
Cannabis in Nevada
Nevada has very liberal alcohol laws. Bars are permitted to remain
open 24 hours, with no "last call ". Liquor stores , convenience
stores and supermarkets may also sell alcohol 24 hours per day, and
may sell beer, wine and spirits.
Nevada voters approved Question 2 , which legalized the
possession, transportation and cultivation of personal use amounts of
marijuana for adults age 21 years and older, and authorized the
creation of a regulated market for the sale of marijuana to adults age
21 years and older through state-licensed retail outlets. Nevada
voters had previously approved medical marijuana in 2000, but rejected
marijuana legalization in a similar referendum in 2006.
all forms remains illegal under federal law.
Non-alcohol drug laws are a notable exception to Nevada's otherwise
libertarian principles. It is notable for having the harshest
penalties for drug offenders in the country.
Nevada remains the only
state to still use mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines for
possession of drugs.
Nevada voters enacted a smoking ban ("The
Nevada Clean Indoor Air
Act") in November 2006 that became effective on December 8, 2006. It
outlaws smoking in most workplaces and public places. Smoking is
permitted in bars, but only if the bar serves no food, or the bar is
inside a larger casino. Smoking is also permitted in casinos, certain
hotel rooms, tobacco shops, and brothels. However, some businesses do
not obey this law and the government tends not to enforce it. In
2011, smoking restrictions in
Nevada were loosened for certain places
which allow only people age 21 or older inside.
In 2006, the crime rate in
Nevada was about 24% higher than the
national average rate, though crime has since decreased. Property
crimes accounted for about 85% of the total crime rate in Nevada,
which was 21% higher than the national rate. The remaining 20.3% were
violent crimes . A complete listing of crime data in the state for
2013 can be found here:
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS RESULTS
NEVADA REGISTERED VOTERS AS OF OCTOBER 2017
NUMBER OF VOTERS
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential
Due to heavy growth in the southern portion of the state, there is a
noticeable divide between politics of northern and southern Nevada.
The north has long maintained control of key positions in state
government, even while the population of southern
Nevada is larger
than the rest of the state combined. The north sees the high
population south becoming more influential and perhaps commanding
majority rule. The south sees the north as the "old guard" trying to
rule as an oligarchy . This has fostered some resentment, however, due
to a term limit amendment passed by
Nevada voters in 1994, and again
in 1996, some of the north's hold over key positions will soon be
forfeited to the south, leaving northern
Nevada with less power.
Nevada has been very Republican . The more
rural counties of the north are among the most conservative regions of
the country. Carson City, the state's capital, is a Republican-leaning
swing city/county. Washoe County, home to Reno, has historically been
strongly Republican, but now has become more of a Democratic-leaning
swing county. Clark County, home to Las Vegas, has been a stronghold
for the Democratic Party since it was founded in 1909, having voted
Republican only six times and once for a third party candidate. Clark
and Washoe counties have long dominated the state's politics. Between
them, they cast 87 percent of Nevada's vote, and elect a substantial
majority of the state legislature. The last Republican to carry Clark
County was George H.W. Bush in 1988, and the last Republican to carry
Washoe County was
George W. Bush
George W. Bush in 2004. The great majority of the
state's elected officials are either from
Las Vegas or Reno.
Nevada voted for the winner in every presidential election from 1912
to 2012, except in 1976 when it voted for
Gerald Ford over Jimmy
Carter . This includes
Nevada supporting Democrats
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy and
Lyndon B. Johnson in 1960 and 1964, respectively. Republican Richard
Nixon in 1968 and in 1972, Republican Ronald Reagan in 1980 and in
1984, Republican George H.W. Bush in 1988, Democrat
Bill Clinton in
1992 and 1996 , Republican
George W. Bush
George W. Bush in 2000 and 2004 , and
Barack Obama winning the state in both 2008 and 2012 . This
gives the state status as a political bellwether . From 1912 to 2012,
Nevada has been carried by the presidential victor the most out of any
state (26 of 27 elections). In 2016,
Nevada lost its bellwether status
when it narrowly cast its votes for
Hillary Clinton , against Donald
Trump , the latter of whom was the 2016 election winner.
one of only three states won by
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy in the American West
in the election of 1960 , albeit narrowly.
The state's U.S. Senators are Democrat
Catherine Cortez Masto , and
Dean Heller . The Governorship is held by
Brian Sandoval ,
a Republican from Reno.
Nevada is the only
U.S. state to have a none of the above option
available on its ballots. Officially called
None of These Candidates ,
the option was first added to the ballot in 1975 and is used in all
statewide elections, including president, US Senate and all state
constitutional positions. In the event none of These Candidates "wins"
the election, the candidate with the next-highest total is still
elected. Further information:
Elections in Nevada and Political party
Education in Nevada is achieved through public and private elementary
, middle , and high schools , as well as colleges and universities.
A May 2015 educational reform law expanded school choice options to
Nevada students who are at up to 185% of the federal poverty
level . Education savings accounts (ESAs) are enabled by the new law
to help pay the tuition for private schools. Alternatively, families
"can use funds in these accounts to also pay for textbooks and
PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICTS
Public school districts in
Carson City School District
Churchill County School District
Clark County School District , the fifth largest school district
in the United States
Douglas County School District
* Elko County School District
Esmeralda County School District
* Eureka County School District
Humboldt County School District
* Lander County School District
* Lincoln County School District
Lyon County School District
* Mineral County School District
Nye County School District
Pershing County School District
* Storey County School District
Washoe County School District
* White Pine County School District
COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
Nevada System of Higher Education
* University of Nevada,
Las Vegas (UNLV)
University of Nevada, Reno (Nevada)
Nevada State College
Truckee Meadows Community College (TMCC)
Great Basin College
College of Southern Nevada
College of Southern Nevada (CSN)
Western Nevada College (WNC)
Sierra Nevada College
Touro University Nevada
Roseman University of Health Sciences
Desert Research Institute
Nevada Aerospace Hall of Fame provides educational resources and
promotes the aerospace and aviation history of the state.
PARKS AND RECREATION AREAS
Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area , Calico basin
Great Basin National Park
Valley of Fire State Park
Valley of Fire State Park
RECREATION AREAS MAINTAINED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
California National Historic Trail
Humboldt National Forest
Great Basin National Park
Old Spanish National Historic Trail
Pony Express National Historic Trail
Ash Meadows National Wildlife Preserve
Bootleg Canyon Mountain Bike Park
Toiyabe National Forest
Inyo National Forest
Mount Charleston and the
Mount Charleston Wilderness
Spring Mountains and the
Spring Mountains National Recreation Area
Lake Mead National Recreation Area
Death Valley National Park
List of wilderness areas in Nevada
There are 68 designated wilderness areas in Nevada, protecting some
6,579,014 acres (2,662,433 ha) under the jurisdiction of the National
Park Service ,
U.S. Forest Service , and
Bureau of Land Management .
List of Nevada state parks
Nevada state parks comprise protected areas managed by the state
of Nevada, including state parks , state historic sites , and state
recreation areas . There are 24 state park units, including Van Sickle
Bi-State Park which opened in July 2011 and is operated in partnership
with the state of
ENTERTAINMENT AND TOURISM
Resort areas like Las Vegas, Reno,
Lake Tahoe , and Laughlin attract
visitors from around the nation and world. In FY08 the total of 266
casinos with gaming revenue over $1m for the year, brought in revenue
of $12 billion in gaming revenue, and $13 billion in non-gaming
revenue. A review of gaming statistics can be found at
Nevada has by far the most hotel rooms per capita in the United
States. According to the American Hotel and Lodging Association, there
were 187,301 rooms in 584 hotels (of 15 or more rooms). The state is
ranked just below California, Texas, Florida, and New York in total
number of rooms, but those states have much larger populations. Nevada
has one hotel room for every 14 residents, far above the national
average of one hotel room per 67 residents.
Prostitution is legal in parts of
Nevada in licensed brothels, but
only counties with populations under 400,000 have the option to
legalize it. Although prostitution is not a major part of the Nevada
economy, employing roughly 300 women as independent contractors, it is
a very visible endeavor. Of the 14 counties permitted to legalize
prostitution under state law, 8 have chosen to legalize brothels.
State law prohibits prostitution in Clark County (which contains Las
Vegas), and Washoe County (which contains Reno). However, prostitution
is legal in Storey County, which is part of the Reno–Sparks
metropolitan area .
Las Vegas § Sports , Sports in the
Las Vegas metropolitan
area , and Reno § Sports
Nevada is not well known for its professional sports teams, mainly
because major league sports in the past feared having direct
involvement with the sports gambling industry. However, this situation
lessened after they embraced daily fantasy sports (DFS) in 2014. The
Las Vegas Valley is home to the
Vegas Golden Knights of the National
Hockey League who began play in the
2017-18 NHL season at T-Mobile
Arena on the
Las Vegas Strip in
Paradise, Nevada . The Golden Knights
are currently the only major North American professional sports
franchise located in Nevada.
They will be joined by the
Oakland Raiders who at the start of the
2016 NFL season expressed interest in moving their team to
Las Vegas ,
and announced in January 2017 they would do so in either 2019 or 2020.
Nevada takes pride in college sports, most notably its college
football. College teams in the state include the
Nevada Wolf Pack
(representing the University of Nevada, Reno) and the UNLV Rebels
(representing the University of Nevada, Las Vegas), both in the
Mountain West Conference (MW).
UNLV is most remembered for its men\'s basketball program , which
experienced its height of supremacy in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Jerry Tarkanian , the Runnin' Rebels became one of the most
elite programs in the country. In 1990, UNLV won the Men's Division I
Championship by defeating Duke 103–73, which set tournament records
for most points scored by a team and largest margin of victory in the
national title game.
In 1991 , UNLV finished the regular season undefeated, a feat that
would not be matched in Division I men's basketball for more than 20
years . Forward Larry Johnson won several awards, including the
Naismith Award . UNLV reached the Final Four yet again, but lost their
national semifinal against Duke 79–77. The Runnin' Rebels were the
Associated Press pre-season No. 1 back to back (1989–90, 1990–91).
North Carolina is the only other team to accomplish that (2007–08,
The state's involvement in major-college sports is not limited to its
local schools. In the 21st century, the
Las Vegas area has become a
significant regional center for college basketball conference
tournaments. The MW,
West Coast Conference , and Western Athletic
Conference all hold their men's and women's tournaments in the area,
and the Pac-12 holds its men's tournament there as well. The Big Sky
Conference , after decades of holding its men's and women's conference
tournaments at campus sites, began holding both tournaments in Reno in
Las Vegas has hosted several professional boxing matches, most
recently at the
MGM Grand Garden Arena with bouts such as Mike Tyson
vs. Evander Holyfield ,
Evander Holyfield vs. Mike Tyson II , Oscar De
La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather and Oscar De La Hoya vs. Manny Pacquiao
and at the newer
T-Mobile Arena with
Canelo Álvarez vs. Amir Khan .
Along with significant rises in popularity in mixed martial arts
(MMA), a number of fight leagues such as the UFC have taken interest
Las Vegas as a primary event location due to the number of suitable
host venues. The
Mandalay Bay Events Center and MGM Grand Garden Arena
are among some of the more popular venues for fighting events such as
MMA and have hosted several UFC and other MMA title fights. The city
has held the most UFC events with 86 events.
The state is also home to the
Las Vegas Motor Speedway , which hosts
Kobalt Tools 400 . Two venues in the immediate
Las Vegas area host
major annual events in rodeo . The
Thomas & Mack Center , built for
UNLV men's basketball, hosts the National Finals
Rodeo . The PBR World
Finals, operated by the bull riding-only
Professional Bull Riders ,
was also held at the Thomas
Hawthorne Army Depot in Hawthorne ; the
Tonopah Test Range
Tonopah Test Range near Tonopah ; and
Nellis AFB in the northeast part
Las Vegas Valley .
Naval Air Station Fallon in Fallon ; NSAWC,
(pronounced "EN-SOCK") in western Nevada. NSAWC consolidated three
Command Centers into a single Command Structure under a flag officer
on July 11, 1996. The Naval Strike Warfare Center (STRIKE "U") based
at NAS Fallon since 1984, was joined with the Navy Fighter Weapons
TOPGUN ) and the Carrier Airborne Early Warning Weapons School
(TOPDOME) which both moved from NAS Miramar as a result of a Base
Realignment and Closure (BRAC) decision in 1993 which transferred that
installation back to the Marine Corps as MCAS Miramar. The Seahawk
Weapon School was added in 1998 to provide tactical training for Navy
These bases host a number of activities including the Joint Unmanned
Aerial Systems Center of Excellence , the Naval Strike and Air Warfare
Nevada Test and Training Range , Red Flag , the U.S. Air
Force Thunderbirds , the
United States Air Force Warfare Center , the
United States Air Force Weapons School , and the
United States Navy
Fighter Weapons School .
SONGS ABOUT NEVADA
Silver State Fanfare" – the official state march by Gerald G.
Willis. Codified by the
Legislature in 2001 at NRS 235.035
Nevada State March" by J.P. Meder (1848-1908), 1894
* "Sin City" by AC/DC
* "Sands of Nevada" from
Mark Knopfler 's 2000 release Sailing to
* "Sin City" from
Limbeck 's 2005 release
Let Me Come Home
Home Means Nevada ", the state song of Nevada, by Bertha Rafetto
* "Nevada" by Riders in the Sky from the album Best of the West
* "Night Time In Nevada" by Dulmage/Clint/Pascoe, 1931
* "Nevada's Grace" by Atreyu , twelfth track off 2004's The Curse
* "Battle Born" by The Killers , last track on the 2012 album also
named Battle Born
* "Winner's Casino" by Richmond Fontaine off the 2002 album
* "Reno" by Doug Supernaw off the album Red and Rio Grande released
* "Ooh Las Vegas" by Gram Parsons off the album Return of the
* "Darcy Farrow" by Jimmie Dale Gilmore off the album One Endless
Las Vegas " recorded by Elvis Presley (1963)
* "Goldfield" by Rocky Votolato off of the album Makers (2006)
* "Vegas Lights" from
Panic! at the Disco
Too Weird To Live, Too Rare To Die (released 2013)
Nevada enjoys many economic advantages, and the southern portion of
the state enjoys mild winter weather, but rapid growth has led to some
overcrowded roads and schools.
Nevada has the nation's 5th largest
school district in the
Clark County School District (projected fall
2007 enrollment is 314,000 students grades K-12).
Coyote Springs is a proposed community for 240,000 inhabitants in
Clark and Lincoln counties. It would be Nevada's largest planned city
. The town is being developed by
Harvey Whittemore and has generated
some controversy because of environmental concerns and allegations of
Playa areas of
* State animal : desert bighorn sheep
* State artifact: Tule duck decoy
* State bird : mountain bluebird
* State colors: silver and blue
State fish :
Lahontan cutthroat trout
* State flower : sagebrush (
Artemisia tridentata )
State fossil : ichthyosaur
State grass :
* State march: "
Silver State Fanfare" by Gerald G. Willis
* State metal: silver (Ag)
* State mottos : "Battle Born" and "All For Our Country"
State precious gemstone : Virgin Valley black fire opal
State semiprecious gemstone :
* State slogan : "The Battle Born State"
State song : "
Home Means Nevada " by Bertha Raffetto
State reptile : desert tortoise
State rock : sandstone
State soil : Orovada series
* State tartan: A particular tartan designed for
Nevada by Richard
* State trees : single-leaf pinyon pine (Pinus monophylla) and
bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva)
Index of Nevada-related articles
Outline of Nevada – organized list of topics about Nevada
Broken Hills , a
Nevada ghost town.
* ^ The distinction of highest point in
Nevada goes to the summit
of Boundary Peak, so named because it is very near the
California border, at the northern terminus of the White
Mountains. However, Boundary Peak can be considered a subsidiary
summit of Montgomery Peak, whose summit is in California, since the
topographic prominence of Boundary Peak is only 253 feet (77 m), which
falls under the often used 300-foot (91 m) cutoff for an independent
peak. Also, Boundary Peak is less than 1 mile (1.6 km) away from its
higher neighbor. Hence Boundary Peak can be described as not being
wholly within Nevada. By contrast, the prominence of Wheeler Peak,
13,063 feet (3,982 m), is quite large and in fact it is the twelfth
largest in the contiguous United States. Wheeler Peak is the highest
point in a radius of more than 200 square miles (520 km2) and is
entirely within the state of Nevada.
* ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates".
U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau .
June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
* ^ "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family
Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
* ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet.
U.S. National Geodetic Survey .
Retrieved October 20, 2011.
* ^ A B "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United
States Geological Survey . 2001. Archived from the original on October
15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
* ^ A B Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988
* ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan
and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011
(CBSA-EST2011-01)". 2011 Population Estimates.
United States Census
Bureau , Population Division. December 24, 2012. Archived from the
original (CSV ) on April 27, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
* ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated
Places in Nevada". Retrieved May 4, 2013.
* ^ Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Sage-brush State".
Encyclopedia Americana .
* ^ "Federal Land Acres in Nevada" (PDF). U.S. Dept. of the
Interior, Bureau of Land Management. Archived from the original (PDF)
on September 30, 2006. Retrieved May 7, 2009.
* ^ Rocha, Guy "Myth No. 12 – Why Did
Nevada Become a State?"
Archived October 24, 2013, at the
Wayback Machine ., "
Library and Archives", accessed January 9, 2011
* ^ "Race and Hispanic Origin: 1790 to 1990 by State" (PDF).
Census.gov. US Census. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
* ^ Bible, Bill "Protect Gaming\'s Legacy", "
Las Vegas Sun", August
11, 2000, accessed January 9, 2011
* ^ Jain, Priya "Betty Goes Reno", "Slate", July 21, 2010, accessed
January 9, 2011
* ^ "
Nevada Employment & Unemployment Estimates for November 2010",
Nevada Department of Employment, Training, and Rehabilitation"
* ^ "Frequently Asked Questions",
Nevada Mining Association,
accessed January 7, 2011
* ^ "Nevada". Wordreference.com. Retrieved February 24, 2007.
* ^ Clifton, Guy (August 22, 2010). "You heard it right: Bill would
let them say Ne-VAH-da".
Reno Gazette-Journal .
* ^ Archive.org "Wayback Machine" view from December 29, 2013:
"Nevada: A World Within. A State Apart.
Nevada Travel & Tourism".
Travelnevada.com. Archived from the original on December 29, 2013.
Retrieved October 7, 2016.
* ^ A B National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, N.C., and Storm
Phillips, Stormfax, Inc.
* ^ Osborn, Liz. "Driest states". Currentresults.com. Retrieved
January 17, 2013.
* ^ "
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