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Lausanne
Lausanne
(/loʊˈzæn/, French pronunciation: ​[lozan], German: Lausanne, and also Lausannen[3] Italian: Losanna, Romansh: Losanna)[4] is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and the capital and biggest city of the canton of Vaud. The city is situated on the shores of Lake Geneva
Lake Geneva
(French: Lac Léman, or simply Le Léman).[5] It faces the French town of Évian-les-Bains, with the Jura Mountains
Jura Mountains
to its north-west. Lausanne
Lausanne
is located 62 kilometres (38.5 miles) northeast of Geneva. Lausanne
Lausanne
has a population (as of November 2015) of 146,372,[6] making it the fourth largest city in Switzerland, with the entire agglomeration area having 420,000 inhabitants (as of March 2015).[7] The metropolitan area of Lausanne- Geneva
Geneva
(including Vevey-Montreux, Yverdon-les-Bains, and foreign parts) was over 1.2 million inhabitants in 2000.[8] Lausanne
Lausanne
is a focus of international sport, hosting the International Olympic Committee (which recognizes the city as the "Olympic Capital" since 1994),[9] the Court of Arbitration for Sport
Sport
and some 55 international sport associations.[10] It lies in a noted wine-growing region. The city has a 28-station metro system, making it the smallest city in the world to have a rapid transit system.[citation needed] Lausanne
Lausanne
will host the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics.[11]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Modern history and heritage

2 Geography

2.1 Topography 2.2 Climate

3 Politics

3.1 Coat of arms 3.2 Administrative divisions 3.3 Government 3.4 Parliament 3.5 Elections

3.5.1 National Council

4 Demographics

4.1 Population 4.2 Historic population 4.3 Religion 4.4 Crime

5 Transport 6 Economy 7 Education

7.1 Libraries 7.2 Tertiary education 7.3 Primary and secondary schools

8 Sights

8.1 Heritage sites of national significance 8.2 Culture 8.3 Monuments 8.4 Museums 8.5 Art galleries 8.6 Music

9 Sports 10 Notable people 11 See also 12 Notes and references 13 Bibliography 14 External links

History[edit] The Romans built a military camp, which they called Lousanna, at the site of a Celtic settlement, near the lake where currently Vidy
Vidy
and Ouchy
Ouchy
are situated; on the hill above was a fort called Lausodunon or Lousodunon (The "–y" suffix is common to many place names of Roman origin in the region (e.g.) Prilly, Pully, Lutry, etc.).[4] By the 2nd century AD, it was known as vikanor[um] Lousonnensium and in 280 as lacu Lausonio. By 400, it was civitas Lausanna, and in 990 it was mentioned as Losanna.[4]

Saint-François square, c. 1840

After the fall of the Roman Empire, insecurity forced the residents of Lausanne
Lausanne
to move to its current centre, a hilly site that was easier to defend. The city which emerged from the camp was ruled by the Dukes of Savoy and the Bishop of Lausanne. Then it came under Bern
Bern
from 1536 to 1798 and a number of its cultural treasures, including the hanging tapestries in the Cathedral, were permanently removed. Lausanne
Lausanne
has made a number of requests to recover them. After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes
Edict of Nantes
in 1685, Lausanne
Lausanne
became (along with Geneva) a place of refuge for French Huguenots. In 1729, a seminary was opened by Antoine Court and Benjamin Duplan. By 1750, 90 pastors had been sent back to France
France
to work clandestinely; this number would rise to 400. Official persecution ended in 1787; a faculty of Protestant
Protestant
theology was established at Montauban
Montauban
in 1808, and the Lausanne
Lausanne
seminary was finally closed on 18 April 1812.[12] During the Napoleonic Wars, the city's status changed. In 1803, it became the capital of a newly formed Swiss canton, Vaud, under which it joined the Swiss Federation.[4] Modern history and heritage[edit]

18th-century silver trumpet candlesticks from Lausanne

In 1964, the city played host to the Swiss National Exhibition,[13] displaying its newly found confidence to play host to major international events. From the 1950s to 1970s, a large number of Italians, Spaniards and Portuguese immigrated to Lausanne, settling mostly in the industrial district of Renens
Renens
and transforming the local diet. The city has served as a refuge for European artists. While under the care of a psychiatrist at Lausanne, T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
composed most of his 1922 poem The Wasteland ("by the waters of Leman I sat down and wept").[14] Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Hemingway
also visited from Paris with his wife during the 1920s, to holiday. In fact, many creative people — such as historian Edward Gibbon
Edward Gibbon
and Romantic era poets Shelley and Byron — have "sojourned, lived, and worked in Lausanne
Lausanne
or nearby".[15] The city has been traditionally quiet, but in the late 1960s and early 1970s, a series of demonstrations took place that exposed tensions between young people and the police. Later demonstrations took place to protest against the high cinema prices[citation needed][16], followed by protest against the G8 meetings in 2003.[17] Geography[edit] Topography[edit]

The agglomeration of Lausanne, Lake Geneva
Lake Geneva
and the Alps.

The Charles-Bessières bridge with Lausanne Metro
Lausanne Metro
car. In the background the cathedral of Notre-Dame and the old town.

The most important geographical feature of the area surrounding Lausanne
Lausanne
is Lake Geneva
Lake Geneva
(Lac Léman in French). Lausanne
Lausanne
is built on the southern slope of the Swiss plateau, with a difference in elevation of about 500 metres (1,640 ft) between the lakeshore at Ouchy
Ouchy
and its northern edge bordering Le Mont-sur-Lausanne
Le Mont-sur-Lausanne
and Épalinges. Lausanne
Lausanne
boasts a dramatic panorama over the lake and the Alps. In addition to its generally southward-sloping layout, the centre of the city is the site of an ancient river, the Flon, which has been covered since the 19th century. The former river forms a gorge running through the middle of the city south of the old city centre, generally following the course of the present Rue Centrale, with several bridges crossing the depression to connect the adjacent neighbourhoods. Due to the considerable differences in elevation, visitors should make a note as to which plane of elevation they are on and where they want to go, otherwise they will find themselves tens of metres below or above the street which they are trying to negotiate. The name Flon is also used for the metro station located in the gorge. The municipality includes the villages of Vidy, Cour, Ouchy, Mornex, Chailly, La Sallaz, Vennes, Montblesson, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, Montheron and Chalet-à-Gobet (871 m (2,858 ft)) as well as the exclave of Vernand. Lausanne
Lausanne
is located at the limit between the extensive wine-growing regions of Lavaux
Lavaux
(to the east) and la Côte (to the west). Lausanne
Lausanne
has an area, as of 2009[update], of 41.38–41.33 square kilometers (15.98–15.96 sq mi) (depending on calculation method). Of this area, 6.64 km2 (2.56 sq mi) or 16.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 16.18 km2 (6.25 sq mi) or 39.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 18.45 km2 (7.12 sq mi) or 44.6% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.05 km2 (12 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.0% is unproductive land.[18] Of the built-up area, industrial buildings made up 1.6% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 21.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 12.5%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.4% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 7.5%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 11.1% is used for growing crops and 4.2% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is in lakes.[18] The municipality was part of the old Lausanne District
Lausanne District
until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and it became the capital of the new district of Lausanne.[19] Climate[edit] Lausanne
Lausanne
has an average of 119.7 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives 1,153 mm (45.4 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is May during which time Lausanne
Lausanne
receives an average of 117 mm (4.6 in) of rain. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12.1 days. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 67 mm (2.6 in) of precipitation over 8.8 days.[20] The USDA Hardiness Zone
Hardiness Zone
for Lausanne- Pully
Pully
is 8b with an average minimum temperature of -7.0 C over the past 20 years (1997 - 2016), but at the lake level, it can be considered as 9a.

Climate data for Pully
Pully
(Lausanne) (1981–2010), Extremes (1981-2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 14.9 (58.8) 15.8 (60.4) 22.6 (72.7) 25.5 (77.9) 31.3 (88.3) 33.6 (92.5) 35.2 (95.4) 37.1 (98.8) 28.6 (83.5) 25.4 (77.7) 19.8 (67.6) 17.7 (63.9) 37.1 (98.8)

Average high °C (°F) 4.4 (39.9) 5.6 (42.1) 10.1 (50.2) 14.0 (57.2) 18.7 (65.7) 22.4 (72.3) 25.0 (77) 24.4 (75.9) 19.8 (67.6) 14.6 (58.3) 8.6 (47.5) 5.3 (41.5) 14.4 (57.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) 1.2 (34.2) 3.0 (37.4) 6.6 (43.9) 10.0 (50) 14.4 (57.9) 17.8 (64) 20.3 (68.5) 19.7 (67.5) 15.8 (60.4) 11.6 (52.9) 6.1 (43) 3.2 (37.8) 10.9 (51.6)

Average low °C (°F) 0.3 (32.5) 0.7 (33.3) 3.5 (38.3) 6.4 (43.5) 10.7 (51.3) 13.8 (56.8) 16.1 (61) 15.9 (60.6) 12.6 (54.7) 9.1 (48.4) 4.2 (39.6) 1.4 (34.5) 7.9 (46.2)

Record low °C (°F) −16.7 (1.9) −12.7 (9.1) −9.1 (15.6) −2.9 (26.8) 2.1 (35.8) 5.2 (41.4) 9 (48) 8.2 (46.8) 4.4 (39.9) −1.2 (29.8) −6.2 (20.8) −10.1 (13.8) −16.7 (1.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 77 (3.03) 67 (2.64) 78 (3.07) 87 (3.43) 117 (4.61) 112 (4.41) 92 (3.62) 110 (4.33) 114 (4.49) 113 (4.45) 93 (3.66) 92 (3.62) 1,153 (45.39)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 10.9 (4.29) 14.3 (5.63) 1.6 (0.63) 0.2 (0.08) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.1 (0.43) 7.0 (2.76) 35.1 (13.82)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.1 8.8 10.2 9.8 12.1 10.4 9.0 9.5 8.8 10.1 10.2 10.7 119.7

Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 2.9 2.8 1.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 1.9 9.8

Average relative humidity (%) 78 73 68 66 67 66 65 68 73 78 78 78 72

Mean monthly sunshine hours 72 97 159 179 201 229 252 234 183 128 79 58 1,872

Percent possible sunshine 29 37 46 47 48 54 59 58 52 42 32 26 46

Source #1: MeteoSwiss[20]

Source #2: StatistiqueVaud[21]

Politics[edit] Coat of arms[edit] The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules, chief argent.[22] Administrative divisions[edit] The city is divided into 18 quartiers, or districts, sometimes composed of several neighborhoods. They are: Centre (1), Maupas/Valency (2), Sébeillon/Malley (3), Montoie/Bourdonnette (4), Montriond/Cour (5), Sous-Gare/ Ouchy
Ouchy
(6), Montchoisi (7), Florimont/Chissiez (8), Mousquines/Bellevue (9), Vallon/Béthusy (10), Chailly/Rovéréaz (11), Sallaz/Vennes/Séchaud (12), Sauvabelin (13), Borde/Bellevaux (14), Vinet/Pontaise (15), Bossons/Blécherette (16), Beaulieu/Grey/Boisy (17), and Les Zones foraines (90) Government[edit] The Municipality (la Municipalité) constitutes the executive government of the City
City
of Lausanne
Lausanne
and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of seven councilors (French: conseiller municipal/conseillère municipale), each presiding over a directorte. One of the members act as mayor (syndic). In the mandate period 2016–2021 (la législature) the Municipality is presided by Monsieur le Syndic Grégoire Junod. Directoral tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Communal Council are carried by the Municipality. The regular election of the Municipality by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every five years. Any resident of Lausanne
Lausanne
allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipality. Since 14 April 2003, due to the constitution by canton of Vaud
Vaud
not only Swiss citizen have the right to vote and elect and being elected on communal level, but also foreigners with a residence permit of at least 10 years in Switzerland
Switzerland
and 3 years in the canton of Vaud.[23] The current mandate period is from 1 July 2016 to 30 June 2021. The delegates are elected by means of a system of Majorz. The mayor is later on elected as such by a public election as well by a system of Majorz, while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the collegiate. The executive body holds its meetings in the Town Hall (L'Hôtel de Ville), in the old city on Place de la Palud.[24] As of 2016[update], Lausanne's Municipality is made up of three representatives of the PS (Social Democratic Party, of whom one is also the mayor), and two members of PES (Green Party), and one each of le Parti Ouvrier et Populaire Vaudois (POP) & gauche en mouvement (an alliance of the left parties POP (Parti Suisse du Travail - Parti Ouvrier et Populaire) and solidaritéS and indépendant.e.s), and PLR (Les Libéraux-Radicaux (PLR)), giving the left parties a very strong six out of seven seats. The last election was held on 28 February/20 March 2016. The mayor was elected by two ballots on 17 April/8 May 2016.[25]

La Municipalité of Lausanne[25]

Councilor (conseiller municipal/ conseillère municipale) Party Directorate (Direction de(s), since) of elected since

Grégoire Junod[CM 1]      PS Culture and Urban Development (Culture et dévelopment urbain, 2016) 2011

Pierre-Antoine Hildbrand      PLR Security and Economy (Sécurité et économie, 2016) 2016

Oscar Tosato[CM 2]      PS Sports and Social Cohesion (Sports et cohésion sociale, 2002) 2001

Natacha Litzistorf      PES Housing, Environmental Development, and Building/Architecture (Logement, environnement et architecture, 2016) 2016

David Payot      POP & gauche en mouvement Childhood, Youth, and Quarters (Enfance, jeunesse et quartiers, 2016) 2016

Florence Germond      PS Finances and Mobility (Finances et mobilité, 2011) 2011

Jean-Yves Pidoux      PES Industrial Services (Services industriels, 2006) 2006

^ Mayor
Mayor
(Syndic) ^ Vice- Mayor
Mayor
(Vice-syndique) 2016

Simon Affolter is Town Chancellor (chancelier municipal) since for the Municipality. Parliament[edit]

Le Conseil communal of Lausanne
Lausanne
for the mandate period of 2016-2021   Ensemble à Gauche (POP, Sol, indépedant.e.s) (11%)   PS (33%)   Les Verts (PES) (17%)   Le Centre (PDC & pvl) (6%)   PLR (21%)   UDC (12%)

The Communal Council (Conseil communal) holds legislative power. It is made up of 100 members, with elections held every five years. The Communal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the Municipality and the administration. The sessions of the Communal Council are public. Unlike members of the Municipality, members of the Communal Council are not politicians by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their attendance. Any resident of Lausanne
Lausanne
allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Communal Council. Since 14 April 2003, due to the constitution by canton of Vaud
Vaud
not only Swiss citizen have the right to vote and elect and being elected on communal level, but also foreigners with a residence permit of at least 10 years in Switzerland
Switzerland
and 3 years in the canton of Vaud.[23] The Parliament
Parliament
holds its meetings in the Town Hall (Hôtel de Ville), in the old city on Place de la Palud.[26] The last election of the Communal Council was held on 28 February 2016 for the mandate period (la législature) from 1 June 2016 to 31 May 2021. Currently the Communal Council consist of 33 members of the Social Democratic Party (PS), 21 Les Libéraux-Radicaux (PLR), 17 Green Party (PES), 12 Swiss People's Party
Swiss People's Party
(UDC), 11 Ensemble à Gauche (an alliance of the left parties POP (Parti Suisse du Travail - Parti Ouvrier et Populaire) and solidaritéS and indépendant.e.s), and 6 Le Centre (an alliance of Christian Democratic People's Party (PDC) and Green Liberal Party (pvl)).[27] Elections[edit] National Council[edit] In the 2015 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the PS which received 30.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the PLR (18.6%), the Green Party (15.9%), and the UDC (15.4%). In the federal election, a total of 26,116 voters were cast, and the voter turnout was 41.0%.[28] Demographics[edit] Population[edit]

Largest groups of foreign residents 2013[29]

Nationality Amount % total (foreigners)

 Portugal 10,081 7.2 (17.2)

 France 9,968 7.2 (17.0)

 Italy 6,326 4.5 (10.8)

 Spain 4,558 3.3 (7.8)

 Kosovo 2,318 1.7 (4.0)

 Germany 1,377 1.0 (2.4)

 Turkey 934 0.7 (1.6)

 United Kingdom 859 0.6 (1.5)

 Brazil 840 0.6 (1.4)

 Ecuador 828 0.6 (1.4)

 Serbia 810 0.6 (1.4)

 Congo-Kinshasa 806 0.6 (1.4)

 Sri Lanka 784 0.6 (1.3)

 Morocco 749 0.5 (1.3)

 United States 724 0.5 (1.2)

 Belgium 668 0.5 (1.1)

 Tunisia 607 0.4 (1.0)

 China 604 0.4 (1.0)

 Canada 560 0.4 (1.0)

Lausanne
Lausanne
has a population (as of December 2016[update]) of 137,810.[2] As of 2013[update], 42% of the population were resident foreign nationals.[29] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009) the population has changed at a rate of 9.9%. It has changed at a rate of 8.3% due to migration and at a rate of 2.6% due to births and deaths.[30] The population of the greater Lausanne
Lausanne
area (grand Lausanne) is 402,900 (as of December 2014).[7] Of the population in the municipality, 58% or 80,828 have a Swiss citizenship, while 16,908 or 12.1% are from Lausanne
Lausanne
and still lived there in December 2013. There were 27,653 or 19.8% who are from somewhere else in the same canton, while 36,276 or 26.0% have a Swiss citizenship in another canton. 58,9562 or 42.0% have a foreign citizenship.[6] In 2000, most of the population spoke French (98,424 or 78.8%), with German being second most common (5,365 or 4.3%) and Italian being third (4,976 or 4.0%). There were 62 people who speak Romansh.[31] In 2008[update] there were 840 live births to Swiss citizens and 623 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 862 deaths of Swiss citizens and 127 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 22 while the foreign population increased by 496. There were 9 Swiss men and 57 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland. At the same time, there were 2230 non-Swiss men and 1802 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 883 and the non-Swiss population increased by 2221 people. This represents a population growth rate of 2.6%.[32] The age distribution, as of 2009[update], in Lausanne
Lausanne
is; 11,818 children or 9.4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 12,128 teenagers or 9.7% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 21,101 people or 16.8% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 22,158 people or 17.6% are between 30 and 39, 18,016 people or 14.4% are between 40 and 49, and 13,940 people or 11.1% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 11,041 people or 8.8% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 8,277 people or 6.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 5,896 people or 4.7% who are between 80 and 89, and there are 1,171 people or 0.9% who are 90 and older.[33]

View from Rue du Grand-Pont

As of 2000[update], there were 58,100 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 48,990 married individuals, 7,797 widows or widowers and 10,027 individuals who are divorced.[31] As of 2000[update] the average number of residents per living room was 0.64 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.61 per room.[30] In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43.1 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[34] About 6.5% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[35]

Stairs (escaliers du marché) in the old city.

As of 2000[update], there were 62,258 private households in the municipality, and an average of 1.9 persons per household.[30] There were 31,205 households that consist of only one person and 2,184 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 63,833 households that answered this question, 48.9% were households made up of just one person and there were 306 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 13,131 married couples without children and 11,603 married couples with children. There were 3,883 single parents with a child or children. There were 2,130 households that were made up of unrelated people, and 1,575 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[31] In 2000[update] there were 1,833 single family homes (or 23.1% of the total) out of a total of 7,925 inhabited buildings. There were 3,634 multi-family buildings (45.9%), along with 1,955 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (24.7%) and 503 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (6.3%). Of the single family homes 324 were built before 1919, while 153 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single family homes (498) were built between 1919 and 1945. The most multi-family homes (933) were built before 1919 and the next most (906) were built between 1919 and 1945. There were 180 multi-family houses built between 1996 and 2000.[36] In 2000[update] there were 69,383 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 3 rooms of which there were 22,408. There were 9,579 single room apartments and 7,388 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 61,056 apartments (88.0% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 6,840 apartments (9.9%) were seasonally occupied and 1,487 apartments (2.1%) were empty.[36] As of 2009[update], the construction rate of new housing units was 2.1 new units per 1000 residents.[30] As of 2003[update] the average price to rent an average apartment in Lausanne
Lausanne
was 1064.08 Swiss francs (CHF) per month (US$850, £480, €680 approx. exchange rate from 2003). The average rate for a one-room apartment was 597.46 CHF (US$480, £270, €380), a two-room apartment was about 792.33 CHF (US$630, £360, €510), a three-room apartment was about 1044.64 CHF (US$840, £470, €670) and a six or more room apartment cost an average of 2024.55 CHF (US$1620, £910, €1300). The average apartment price in Lausanne
Lausanne
was 95.3% of the national average of 1116 CHF.[37] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010[update], was 0.17%.[30] Historic population[edit] The historical population is given in the following chart:[4]

Historic population data[4]

Year Total population French-speaking German-speaking Catholic Protestant Other Jewish Islamic No religion given Swiss Non-Swiss

13th century 8,000-9,000

1650–1680 c. 5,100

1698 6,204

1764 7,191

1798 over 9,000

1813 c. 13,000

1850 17,108

970 16,101

16,023 1,085

1870 25,845

3,527 22,596

22,353 4,167

1888 33,340 25,750 5,704 4,575 28,431 1,034 184

28,205 5,135

1900 46,732 35,509 6,627 9,364 36,659 1,450 473

37,231 9,501

1910 64,446 46,293 9,669 15,597 46,166 3,167 989

48,647 15,799

1930 75,915 58,691 11,080 16,868 56,300 2,901 818

65,231 10,684

1950 106,807 88,226 12,403 27,218 75,559 2,349 1,009

97,119 9,688

1970 137,383 101,555 11,964 54,993 75,093 11,670 1,394 669 2,056 106,229 31,154

1990 128,112 95,455 6,799 56,464 48,496 19,103 919 2,775 14,548 88,905 39,207

2000 124,914 98,424 5,365 47,225 36,084 16,149 849 7,501 21,080 80,213 44,701

Religion[edit] From the Reformation in the 16th century, the city was mostly Protestant
Protestant
until the late 20th century, when it received substantial immigration, particularly from largely Catholic countries. Catholics now form a plurality of the city's population. From the 2000 census[update], 47,225 people (37.8% of the population) were Roman Catholic, while 33,993 (27.2%) belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 2,698 members of an Orthodox church (2.16%), there were 65 individuals (0.05%) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 4,437 individuals (3.55%) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 849 individuals (0.68%) who were Jewish, and 7,501 (6.00%) who were Muslim. There were 452 individuals who were Buddhist, 772 individuals who were Hindu and 343 individuals who belonged to another church. 21,080 (16.88%) belonged to no church, were agnostic or atheist, and 7,590 individuals (6.08%) did not answer the question.[31]

The Protestant
Protestant
Cathedral of Notre Dame dominates the Lausanne
Lausanne
skyline (left: Old Academy, right: Palais de Rumine).

Crime[edit] See also: Crime in Switzerland In 2014 the crime rate, of crimes listed in the Swiss Criminal Code, in Lausanne
Lausanne
was 167.3 per thousand residents. During the same period, the rate of drug crimes was 49.5 per thousand residents, and the rate of violations of immigration, visa and work permit laws was 21 per thousand residents.[38] Transport[edit] See also: Lausanne
Lausanne
railway station, Léman RER, Lausanne
Lausanne
Metro, and Transports publics de la région lausannoise

Public transport
Public transport
network

Lausanne-Flon is the hub of the metro system.

Lausanne
Lausanne
is served by an extensive network of local, national and international public transport. National and international passenger trains of the Swiss Federal Railways
Swiss Federal Railways
depart from Lausanne
Lausanne
railway station, which is also the hub of the Réseau Express Vaudois
Réseau Express Vaudois
commuter rail system, and a stop on the city's metro. The metro and local buses are operated by Transports publics de la région lausannoise
Transports publics de la région lausannoise
(TL), with many routes run using trolleybuses. Additional commuter trains are run by the Lausanne–Echallens–Bercher railway
Lausanne–Echallens–Bercher railway
(LEB) from Lausanne-Flon station. Ships across Lake Geneva
Lake Geneva
are provided by the Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le lac Léman
Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le lac Léman
(CGN). Lausanne
Lausanne
became the first city in Switzerland
Switzerland
to have a rubber-tyred metro system, with the m2 Line which opened in October 2008. The rolling stock is a shorter version of the one used on Paris Métro Line 14.[39] Further expansion of the system is planned, as is the re-introduction of trams.[40] Lausanne
Lausanne
is connected to the A1 motorway on its west side ( Geneva
Geneva
- Zürich
Zürich
axis) and to the A9 on its north and east side (for transit with Italy
Italy
and France); the interchange between these two motorways is on the north-west side of the city. Lausanne Airport
Lausanne Airport
is located at Blécherette, and also houses a Boeing 737 Simulator.[41] The city is also directly linked by train to the Geneva
Geneva
International Airport, four times an hour, in 42min. Economy[edit]

Aerial view of Lausanne
Lausanne
(railway station in the centre and Parc de Milan at the bottom).

As of  2010[update], Lausanne
Lausanne
had an unemployment rate of 8%. As of 2008[update], there were 114 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 25 businesses involved in this sector. 6,348 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 698 businesses in this sector. 83,157 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 6,501 businesses in this sector.[30] There were 59,599 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 47.4% of the workforce. In 2008[update] the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 75,041. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 93, of which 56 were in agriculture, 34 were in forestry or lumber production and 3 were in fishing or fisheries. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 6,057 of which 1,515 or (25.0%) were in manufacturing, 24 or (0.4%) were in mining and 3,721 (61.4%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 68,891. In the tertiary sector; 8,520 or 12.4% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 2,955 or 4.3% were in the movement and storage of goods, 4,345 or 6.3% were in a hotel or restaurant, 4,671 or 6.8% were in the information industry, 6,729 or 9.8% were the insurance or financial industry, 8,213 or 11.9% were technical professionals or scientists, 5,756 or 8.4% were in education and 14,312 or 20.8% were in health care.[42] In 2000[update], there were 55,789 workers who commuted into the municipality and 19,082 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net importer of workers, with about 2.9 workers entering the municipality for every one leaving. About 1.9% of the workforce coming into Lausanne
Lausanne
are coming from outside Switzerland, while 0.1% of the locals commute out of Switzerland
Switzerland
for work.[43] Of the working population, 40.9% used public transportation to get to work, and 35.1% used a private car.[30]

Philip Morris International, a tobacco company, has its international headquarters in Lausanne.[44] Tetra Laval, a multinational packaging corporation, has its international headquarters in Lausanne. Nespresso, an operating unit of the Nestlé Group, based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Logitech, the computer peripherals company has its headquarters in Lausanne.

Education[edit]

The École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
(photo) and the University of Lausanne
University of Lausanne
form a large campus near the lake Geneva.

In Lausanne
Lausanne
about 40,118 or (32.1%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 22,934 or (18.4%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 22,934 who completed tertiary schooling, 38.7% were Swiss men, 31.3% were Swiss women, 17.1% were non-Swiss men and 12.9% were non-Swiss women.[31] In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 12,244 students in the Lausanne
Lausanne
school district. In the Vaud
Vaud
cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts.[45] During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 2,648 children of which 1,947 children (73.5%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 6,601 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 5,244 students in those schools. There were also 399 students who were home schooled or attended another non-traditional school.[46] Lausanne
Lausanne
is home to a number of museums including; the Collection de l'art brut, the Espace Arlaud, the Fondation de l'Hermitage, the Musée cantonal d'archéologie et d'histoire, the Musée cantonal de géologie, the Musée cantonal de zoologie, the Cantonal Museum
Museum
of Fine Arts, the Museum
Museum
of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts, the Musée de l'Élysée
Musée de l'Élysée
and the Musée historique de Lausanne.[47] In 2009 the Collection de l'art brut
Collection de l'art brut
was visited by 27,028 visitors (the average in previous years was 33,356). The Espace Arlaud was visited by 9,222 visitors (the average in previous years was 14,206). The Fondation de l'Hermitage was visited by 89,175 visitors (the average in previous years was 74,839). The Musée cantonal d'archéologie et d'histoire was visited by 14,841 visitors (the average in previous years was 15,775). The Musée cantonal de zoologie was visited by 30,794 visitors (the average in previous years was 30,392). The Musée cantonal de géologie was visited by 28,299 visitors (the average in previous years was 24,248). The Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts
Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts
was visited by 26,456 visitors (the average in previous years was 26,384). The Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts
Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts
was visited by 28,554 visitors (the average in previous years was 22,879). The Musée de l'Élysée was visited by 36,775 visitors (the average in previous years was 37,757). The Musée historique de Lausanne
Lausanne
was visited by 23,116 visitors (the average in previous years was 22,851).[47] As of 2000[update], there were 12,147 students in Lausanne
Lausanne
who came from another municipality, while 2,258 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[43] Libraries[edit] Lausanne
Lausanne
is home to eight large libraries or collections of libraries. These libraries include: Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne, the library of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), the libraries of the Réseau EPFL, the Bibliothèque municipale de Lausanne, the Haute école de travail social et de la santé (EESP), the HECV Santé, the Haute école de la santé La Source and the École cantonale d'art de Lausanne
École cantonale d'art de Lausanne
(ECAL). There was a combined total (as of 2008[update]) of 3,496,260 books or other media in the libraries, and in the same year a total of 1,650,534 items were loaned out.[48] Tertiary education[edit] Lausanne
Lausanne
enjoys some world class education and research establishments (see also Lausanne
Lausanne
campus), including private schools, attended by students from around the world.

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne
(EPFL) University of Lausanne
University of Lausanne
(UNIL)

HEC Lausanne, Faculty of Business and Economics of the University of Lausanne

University Hospital of Lausanne
University Hospital of Lausanne
(CHUV), a hospital centre with associated research École hôtelière de Lausanne
École hôtelière de Lausanne
(EHL) École cantonale d'art de Lausanne
École cantonale d'art de Lausanne
(ECAL) International Institute for Management Development (IMD) Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration (IDHEAP) AISTS ("International Academy of Sports Science and Technology") Business School Lausanne
Business School Lausanne
(BSL) The Lausanne campus
Lausanne campus
of the University of the Nations Pepperdine University
Pepperdine University
maintains an international study campus in Lausanne

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2016)

International schools:

École française de Lausanne-Valmont Lycée Pareto (Italian school) Brillantmont International School International School of Lausanne

Sights[edit] Heritage sites of national significance[edit] There are 46 buildings or sites that are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance. Additionally, the entire old city of Lausanne
Lausanne
and the Vernand-Dessus region are listed in the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[49]

Religious Buildings: Notre-Dame Cathedral, Swiss Reformed Church
Swiss Reformed Church
of Saint-François, Swiss Reformed Church
Swiss Reformed Church
of Saint-Laurent and the Synagogue at Avenue de Florimont. Civic Structures: Former Hôpital at Rue Mercerie 24, Former Federal Tribunal, the Former Académie at Rue Cité-Devant 7, Casino de Montbenon, St-Maire Castle, Bois-de-Vaux Cemetery, Fondation de l’Hermitage and House de maître, Railway station, Beau-Rivage Palace, City
City
Hall, Hôtel des Postes, Administration Building of André & Cie. S.A., Administration Building of the Vaudoise Assurances, Apartment and Office Building at Rue du Grand-Chêne 8, Les Bains de Bellerive, l’Estérel House, House at Chemin de Chandolin 4, the Mon-Repos estate at Parc de Mon-Repos, Olympic Museum and Archives of the International Olympic Committee, the vessels of the CGN (La Suisse (1910), Savoie (1914), Simplon (1920), Rhône (1927)), Pont Chauderon, the Vernand-Dessus rural site, Site de l’Expo 64 avec Théatre de Vidy, the Tour Bel-Air and the University Hospital of Lausanne
Lausanne
(CHUV). Museums and Libraries: Former Residence of the Bishop of Lausanne which is now the Lausanne
Lausanne
Museum
Museum
of History, Bibliothèque des cèdres (former Bibliothèque des pasteurs), Beaulieu Castle
Beaulieu Castle
and the Collection de l'art brut, Fondation Toms Pauli Collection de tapisseries and d’art textile, Galeries Saint-François, Musée de l'Élysée, Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts
Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts
(MUDAC), Cantonal Botanical Museum
Museum
and Gardens, the Roman Museum, the Palais de Rumine with the Musée cantonal de géologie, Cantonal Museum
Museum
of Zoology, Cantonal Museum
Museum
of Fine Arts, Musée monétaire cantonal (Cabinet des médailles) and Musée cantonal d'archéologie et d'histoire. Archives: Archives of the Banque Vaudoise, Archives of the City
City
of Lausanne, Archives of Énergie Ouest Suisse (EOS), the Radio Suisse Romande archives and the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland
Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland
with archives. Archeological sites: The Roman era/medieval hill-top city and the prehistoric settlement and Roman era Vicus
Vicus
of Vidy
Vidy
(Lousanna).

The Casino de Montbenon

Lausanne
Lausanne
Cathedral

University Hospital of Lausanne
University Hospital of Lausanne
(CHUV)

Château Saint-Maire

Swiss Reformed Church
Swiss Reformed Church
of Saint-François

Swiss Reformed Church
Swiss Reformed Church
of Saint-Laurent

Fondation de l'Hermitage

Lausanne
Lausanne
railway station

Hôtel Beau-Rivage Palace

Administrative building of the Vaudoise Assurances

Musée de l'Élysée

Olympic Museum
Olympic Museum
and Archives of the International Olympic Committee

Ouchy
Ouchy
waterfront

Synagogue

The Sauvabelin Tower

Compagnie générale de navigation sur le lac Léman

Culture[edit]

In addition to the Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne, the Palais de Rumine
Palais de Rumine
hosts several museums.

The Orchestre de chambre de Lausanne, the Lausanne Opera
Lausanne Opera
and the Ensemble vocal de Lausanne
Lausanne
provide a diverse and rich musical life. The latter has been under the direction of Michel Corboz
Michel Corboz
for many years. In January, the Prix de Lausanne, a famous dance competition, takes place at the Palais de Beaulieu
Palais de Beaulieu
(the biggest theatre in Switzerland[50]) over a one-week period. The event attracts dancers and some of the big names in dance from all over the world. The Swiss Film Archive
Swiss Film Archive
is based in Lausanne
Lausanne
and the city hosts film festivals such as the Festival cinémas d'Afrique and the Lausanne Underground Film and Music Festival. In addition to modern cinemas, the "Capitole" (in activity since 1929) is the biggest cinema in Switzerland
Switzerland
(currently 867 seats).[51] The town hosted the Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
1989. Each July, the Festival de la cité is held in the old part of town. Other music festivals include the Bach Festival, the Festival et concours Bach de Lausanne, which follows the Nuit de musées (museums' night) in the fall season. Lausanne
Lausanne
is also the home of the Béjart Ballet. Monuments[edit]

Cathedral (restored by Viollet-le-Duc) Saint-Maire Castle (Château Saint-Maire) Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland Town Hall[52]

Museums[edit] Lausanne
Lausanne
is also the site of many museums:

Archizoom Musée Bolo Olympic Museum
Olympic Museum
(Musée olympique) Musée de l'Élysée Fondation de l'Hermitage ("Hermitage Foundation") Collection of Outsider Art (Collection de l'art brut) Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts
Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts
(Musée de design et d'arts appliqués contemporains) Lausanne
Lausanne
Museum
Museum
of History (Musée historique de Lausanne) Espace Arlaud (in French) Espace des inventions (in French) ("Science Center for Kids") Fondation Claude Verdan (in French) - Musée de la main (" Museum
Museum
of the Hand") Vivarium de Lausanne
Lausanne
(in French) Cantonal Botanical Museum
Museum
and Gardens (Musée et jardins botaniques cantonaux) Cantonal Museum
Museum
of Money (Musée monétaire cantonal) (in French) (formerly Cabinet cantonal des médailles - short presentation in English) Cantonal Museum
Museum
of Archeology and History (Musée cantonal d'archéologie et d'histoire) (in French) short presentation in English Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts
Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts
(Musée cantonal des beaux-arts) Cantonal Museum
Museum
of Zoology (Musée cantonal de zoologie) Cantonal Museum
Museum
of Geology (Musée cantonal de Géologie) (in French) Musée romain de Lausanne- Vidy
Vidy
("Lausanne- Vidy
Vidy
Roman Museum")

Art galleries[edit] Main contemporary art galleries:

Galerie Lucy Mackintosh (closed) Dubner Moderne Synopsism (in French) Espace Saint-François (in French)

Art centers or artist-run galleries:

Circuit (in French) Galerie Galerie 1m3 Doll espace d'art contemporain (in French)

Music[edit]

Contemporary composer Leonardo Balada's Symphony No. 4 is subtitled 'Lausanne'. Igor Stravinsky's L'Histoire du Soldat was premiered in Lausanne
Lausanne
in September 1918.

Sports[edit]

The seat of the International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
in Lausanne

Lausanne
Lausanne
is the host city of the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics.

Lausanne
Lausanne
is home to the IOC, with water sports available on the nearby lake and mountaineering in the nearby mountains. Cycling
Cycling
is also a common pastime, with the vineyards in the surrounding hills providing extensive views and challenging routes.[citation needed] There is an annual track and field meeting (Athletissima), road running through the city (the 20 km (12 mi) of Lausanne), the Tour de Romandie
Tour de Romandie
road cycling race, Marathon of Lausanne
Marathon of Lausanne
and triathlon competition, among other sports events. The two most important sports are ice hockey and football. Lausanne
Lausanne
will host the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics[53] and the 2020 IIHF World Championship.

Local

Lausanne
Lausanne
Hockey Club Lausanne- Sport
Sport
Football Club Lausanne-Sports Aviron Rowing Club Lausanne
Lausanne
Sharks American Football Club Federation of Swiss Bandy Stade Lausanne
Lausanne
Rugby Club Lausanne
Lausanne
University Club (Luc) Rugby

International

Lausanne
Lausanne
hosts the headquarters of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and Court of Arbitration for Sport
Sport
(CAS), and many other international sport associations:

European Athletics Association (EAA) International Baseball Federation
International Baseball Federation
(IBAF) International Federation for Equestrian Sports
International Federation for Equestrian Sports
(French: Fédération Équestre Internationale, FEI) International Fencing Federation
International Fencing Federation
(French: Fédération Internationale d'Escrime, FIE) International Golf Federation
International Golf Federation
(French: Fédération Internationale de Golf, FIG) International Federation of Gymnastics
International Federation of Gymnastics
(French: Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique, FIG) International Hockey Federation
International Hockey Federation
(French: Fédération Internationale de Hockey, FIH) International Rowing Federation
International Rowing Federation
(French: Fédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Aviron, FISA) International Skating Union
International Skating Union
(ISU) International Swimming Federation
International Swimming Federation
(French: Fédération Internationale de Natation, FINA) International Table Tennis Federation
International Table Tennis Federation
(ITTF) International Triathlon
Triathlon
Union (ITU) International University Sports Federation
International University Sports Federation
(French: Fédération Internationale du Sport
Sport
Universitaire, FISU) International Volleyball Federation
International Volleyball Federation
(French: Fédération Internationale de Volleyball, FIVB) International Wushu Federation (IWUF)[54] World Air Sports Federation
World Air Sports Federation
(French: Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, FAI) World Archery Federation
World Archery Federation
(WA) (French: Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc, FITA)

Notable people[edit]

Jean-Pascal Delamuraz
Jean-Pascal Delamuraz
was Mayor
Mayor
of Lausanne
Lausanne
before becoming member of the Federal Council

Auguste Piccard
Auguste Piccard
(on the right), physicist, inventor and explorer, was a resident of Lausanne.

Lausanne
Lausanne
is the birthplace of:

Timea Bacsinszky, tennis player David Bennent, actor Metropolitan Anthony (Bloom) of Sourozh, Russian Orthodox ecclesiastic located in Britain François-Louis David Bocion, artist and teacher Ernest Boiceau (1881-1950), artist and designer Marius Borgeaud, artist Hélène Boschi, pianist Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, traveler and orientalist Alejo Carpentier, Cuban-French writer Stéphane Chapuisat, footballer Albert Chavannes, philosopher Benjamin Constant, writer and politician Aloise Corbaz, outsider artist Charles Dutoit, conductor Egon von Furstenberg, fashion designer Eugène Grasset, decorative artist Dominique Lévy, art dealer[55] Ludovic Magnin, footballer Vincent Perez, film actor and director Bertrand Piccard, psychiatrist and balloonist Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz, writer Ubolratana Rajakanya, Thai princess Théophile Steinlen, Art Nouveau painter and printmaker James Thiérrée, actor Elizabeth Thompson
Elizabeth Thompson
(Lady Butler), British painter Bernard Tschumi, contemporary architect, writer, and educator Nanos Valaoritis Greek poet Félix Vallotton, post-impressionist painter Claude Haldi, race car driver André Wicky, race car driver and team owner Jacques Viret
Jacques Viret
(born 1943), French musicologist Stanislas Wawrinka, tennis player Jocelyn Wildenstein, Manhattan socialite

Notable residents:

Bhumibol Adulyadej, late king of Thailand, was educated at the École nouvelle de la Suisse romande Pierre Amoyal, Paris-born violinist; professor at Lausanne Conservatory Jean Anouilh, French dramatist Ingvar Kamprad, founder of IKEA Alice Bailly, Swiss painter and multimedia artist Maurice Béjart, choreographer Lorik Cana, professional footballer for Albania and Marseille Capucine, French actress and model Coco Chanel, fashion designer Pierre de Coubertin, French baron and founder of the International Olympic Committee Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, Swiss politician Helen of Greece and Denmark, Queen Mother of Romania Victoria Eugenia of Battenberg, Queen of Spain Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian jeweller Edward Gibbon, British historian Gloria Guinness, socialite and writer Oswald Heer, Swiss geologist and naturalist Stéphane Lambiel, men's figure skater, Olympic silver medalist and two-time world champion Sébastien Loeb, French rally driver Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Finnish president and field marshal James Mason, English actor Fernand Melgar, Swiss actor Jô Soares, Brazilian humorist Waldemar Haffkine, Ukrainian bacteriologist Paloma Picasso, fashion designer Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist, inventor and explorer George Sanders, English actor Albin Schram, renowned manuscript collector Georges Simenon, Belgian writer Jon Steele, American-born author Han Suyin, China-born writer Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect Pierre Viret, Swiss reformed theologian Serge Voronoff, surgeon buried in Lausanne

See also[edit]

Switzerland
Switzerland
portal

Franco-Provençal language Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
1989 International Academy of Sport
Sport
Science and Technology (AISTS) Lac de Sauvabelin, Tour de Sauvabelin Beau-Rivage Palace Scots Kirk, Lausanne
Scots Kirk, Lausanne
(Church of Scotland) List of mayors of Lausanne Lausanne
Lausanne
Conference, 1949 Treaty of Lausanne

Notes and references[edit]

^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017 ^ "Glossarium Helvetiae Historicum, Lausanne".  ^ a b c d e f Lausanne
Lausanne
in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 2014-06-30. ^ "03 - Suisse sud-ouest". Swiss National Map 1:200 000 - Switzerland on four sheets. Federal Office of Topography, swisstopo, Swiss Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport. 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2014.  ^ a b "Population totale selon l'origine, 1979-2013" (XLS). Scris.vd.ch (Statistics) (in French). Contrôle des Habitants de la Ville de Lausanne
Lausanne
/ StatVD, canton de Vaud. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.  ^ a b "Population size and population composition – Data, indicators – Agglomerations: Permanent resident population in urban and rural areas". Bfs.admin.ch (Statistics). Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel, Swiss Federal Administration. 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2015.  ^ "Office fédéral du développement territorial ARE – B3: Les aires métropolitaines". www.are.admin.ch (in French, German, and Italian). Federal Office for Spatial Development ARE. 7 June 2006. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2014.  ^ "Welcome to International Sports Federations". International Sports Federations. Retrieved 27 September 2009.  ^ Kucera, Andrea (28 April 2015). " Lausanne
Lausanne
– Hauptstadt des Sports". NZZ. Retrieved 28 April 2015.  ^ " Lausanne
Lausanne
named Winter Youth Olympic Games host for 2020". International Olympic Committee. 2016-10-27. Retrieved 2017-05-30.  ^ Lasserre, Claude (1997). Le séminaire de Lausanne, 1726-1812 : instrument de la restauration du protestantisme français : étude historique fondée principalement sur les documents inédits. Bibliothèque historique vaudoise, no 112 (in French). Lausanne: Bibliothèque historique vaudoise. ISBN 978-2-88454-112-1. OCLC 39222660.  Also OCLC 39228676 ^ " Lausanne
Lausanne
1964: Two ideas, one Expo". Swiss National Exhibitions - Expo-Archive. swissinfo/Swiss Radio International (SRI). Retrieved 27 September 2009.  ^ "The Waste Land - Modernism Lab Essays". Modernism.research.yale.edu. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2016.  ^ "The Fourteenth International Hemingway Society Conference : Hemingway's Extreme Geographies" (PDF). Unil.ch. Retrieved 18 January 2016.  ^ "Television in the United States
United States
History & Shows - The late 1960s and early '70s: the relevance movement". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-03-29.  ^ Reuters, ed. (2 June 2003). "Anti-G8 protests turn violent in Switzerland". Times of Malta. Retrieved 18 January 2016.  ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data. (in German) Retrieved 25 March 2010. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz. (in German) Retrieved 4 April 2011. ^ a b "Climate normals Pully
Pully
(Reference period 1981−2010)" (PDF). Zurich Airport, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Office of Metreology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2015.  ^ (in French) http://www.scris.vd.ch/Default.aspx?DocID=8033&DomId=1961. ^ " Lausanne
Lausanne
commune ( Vaud
Vaud
canton, Switzerland)". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 18 January 2016.  ^ a b "Qui peut voter?" (official site) (in French). Geneva, Switzerland: Secrétariat municipal, Ville de Lausanne. Retrieved 1 November 2015.  ^ "Municipalité" (official site) (in French). Lausanne, Switzerland: Hôtel de Ville de Lausanne. Retrieved 2016-11-17.  ^ a b "Composition de la Municipalité: Composition des directions pour la législature 2016-2021" (official site) (in French). Lausanne, Switzerland: Hôtel de Ville de Lausanne. Retrieved 2016-11-17.  ^ "Conseil communal" (official site) (in French). Geneva, Switzerland: Conseil communal, Ville de Lausanne. Retrieved 1 November 2015.  ^ "Conseil communal: résultats:Répartition des sièges, bilan final" (official site) (in French). Lausanne, Switzerland: Conseil communal, Ville de Lausanne. Retrieved 30 March 2016.  ^ "Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden" (official statistics) (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 4 March 2016. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-03.  ^ a b "Population totale par région du monde et selon la nationalité, 1979-2013" (XLS). Scris-lausanne.vd.ch/LS_pop_residante (Statistics) (in French). Contrôle des Habitants de la Ville de Lausanne
Lausanne
/ StatVD, canto de Vaud. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. data from December 2013  ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 21 June 2011. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived 9 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. (in German) Retrieved 2 February 2011. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 Archived 28 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine.. (in German) Retrieved 19 June 2010. ^ Canton of Vaud
Canton of Vaud
Statistical Office. (in French) Retrieved 29 April 2011. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)". Urban Audit Glossary (PDF). 2007. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2010.  ^ Urban Audit Glossary p. 17. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived 7 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. (in German) Retrieved 28 January 2011. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Rental prices 2003 data. (in German) Retrieved 26 May 2010. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland. Retrieved 5 April 2016. ^ Lambert, Anthony (2013). Switzerland
Switzerland
without a Car (5 ed.). Bradt Travel Guides. p. 258. ISBN 978-1841624471.  ^ "Les Axes forts - Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne". City
City
of Lausanne. Retrieved 18 August 2014.  ^ "JMS Boeing 737 Simulator". Thebigboss.ch. Retrieved 26 March 2013.  ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived 25 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. (in German) Retrieved 28 January 2011. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb Archived 4 August 2012 at Archive.is. (in German) Retrieved 24 June 2010. ^ "PMI.com homepage". Philipmorrisinternational.com. Retrieved 18 January 2016.  ^ "STATISTIQUE VAUD - Généralités : Organigramme". Scris.vd.ch. Retrieved 18 January 2016.  ^ Canton of Vaud
Canton of Vaud
Statistical Office - Scol. obligatoire/filières de transition. (in French) Retrieved 2 May 2011. ^ a b Canton of Vaud
Canton of Vaud
Statistical Office - Fréquentation de quelques musées et fondations, Vaud, 2001-2009. (in French) Retrieved 2 May 2011. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, list of libraries. (in German) Retrieved 14 May 2010. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011.  ^ (in French) Mathieu Signorell, "Beaulieu lâche les congrès pour les infirmiers après l'échec de Taoua", 24 heures, Saturday 14 February 2015. ^ "Le Capitole". Lecapitole.ch. Retrieved 18 January 2016.  ^ "Town Hall". Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2016.  ^ Goddard, Emily (12 July 2013). "Swiss President Maurer "very excited" about Youth Olympic bid as Lausanne
Lausanne
launches official application". Insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 18 January 2016.  ^ http://www.iwuf.org/iwuf/ ^ "Dominique Levy". Dominique-levy.com. Archived from the original on 23 June 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

Published in the 19th century

Switzerland. Coblenz: Karl Baedeker. 1863. 

Published in the 20th century

"Lausanne", Switzerland, Together with Chamonix and the Italian Lakes (26th ed.), Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1922, OCLC 4248970 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lausanne.

City
City
of Lausanne, official site The official tourism homepage of Lausanne Map of Lausanne Map of public transport Gilbert Coutaz: Lausanne
Lausanne
in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 2014-06-30. Lausanne
Lausanne
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Lausanne

Districts, places and parks

Lac de Sauvabelin La Cité Le Flon (metro station) Montbenon Parc de Milan Parc de Mon Repos Ouchy Vidy
Vidy
(Lousonna)

Buildings and monuments

Beau-Rivage Palace Cathedral Château d'Ouchy Château Saint-Maire Lausanne
Lausanne
Palace EPFL Learning Center Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland Palais de Beaulieu Palais de Rumine Tour de Sauvabelin

Museums and culture

Ballet Béjart Cantonal Botanical Garden Cantonal Museum
Museum
of Fine Arts Cantonal Museum
Museum
of Zoology Cantonal and University Library Conservatory Museum
Museum
of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts Collection de l'art brut Musée de l'Élysée Olympic Museum Lausanne
Lausanne
Opera Swiss Film Archive

Public transport

Bus
Bus
lines Lausanne-Flon station Metro lines Railway station Trolleybuses

v t e

Municipalities in the district of Lausanne, Switzerland

Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne Epalinges Jouxtens-Mézery Lausanne Le Mont-sur-Lausanne Romanel-sur-Lausanne

Canton of Vaud Districts of the canton of Vaud Municipalities of the canton of Vaud

v t e

Capitals of Swiss cantons

   

Aarau, Aargau Herisau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden Appenzell, Appenzell Innerrhoden Basel, Basel-Stadt

Liestal, Basel-Landschaft Bern, Bern Fribourg, Fribourg Geneva, Geneva

Glarus, Glarus Chur, Graubünden Delémont, Jura Lucerne, Lucerne

Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel Stans, Nidwalden Sarnen, Obwalden Schaffhausen, Schaffhausen

Schwyz, Schwyz Solothurn, Solothurn St. Gallen, St. Gallen Frauenfeld, Thurgau

Bellinzona, Ticino Altdorf, Uri Sion, Valais Lausanne, Vaud

Zug, Zug Zürich, Zürich

v t e

Cities in Switzerland
Switzerland
by population

300,000+

Zürich

100,000+

Basel Bern Geneva Lausanne Winterthur

30,000+

Bienne Chur Fribourg Köniz La Chaux-de-Fonds Lucerne Lugano Neuchâtel St. Gallen Schaffhausen Thun Uster Vernier

15,000+

Aarau Adliswil Allschwil Baar Baden Bellinzona Burgdorf Carouge Dietikon Emmen Frauenfeld Gossau Grenchen Herisau Horgen Kloten Kreuzlingen Kriens Lancy Littau Locarno Meyrin Monthey Montreux Muttenz Nyon Olten Onex Ostermundigen Pratteln Rapperswil-Jona Regensdorf Renens Schwyz Sierre Sion Solothurn Spiez Steffisburg Thalwil Vevey Volketswil Wädenswil Wettingen Wetzikon Wil Yverdon-les-Bains Zollikon Zug

v t e

Eurovision
Eurovision
Song Contest

History Host cities Languages Presenters Rules Voting Winners Winners discography

Contests

1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Countries

Active

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Inactive

Andorra Bosnia and Herzegovina Luxembourg Monaco Morocco Slovakia Turkey

Former

Lebanon Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro Yugoslavia

Relations

Armenia–Azerbaijan Russia–Ukraine

National selections

Current

Albania Armenia Belarus Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Hungary Iceland Israel Italy Latvia Lithuania Malta Moldova Montenegro Norway Poland Portugal Romania Serbia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom

Former

Austria Azerbaijan Belgium Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Estonia Finland Greece

Ellinikós Telikós Eurosong - A MAD Show

Ireland

The Late Late Show You're a Star

Israel Latvia

Eirodziesma Dziesma

Lithuania Macedonia Malta Montenegro Netherlands Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro Spain Switzerland United Kingdom Yugoslavia

Other awards

Marcel Bezençon Awards OGAE

OGAE
OGAE
Video Contest OGAE
OGAE
Second Chance Contest

Barbara Dex Award

Television and concerts

Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
Previews Songs of Europe Kvalifikacija za Millstreet Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision
Eurovision
Song Contest Best of Eurovision Eurovision
Eurovision
Song Contest's Greatest Hits

Category Portal

Preceded by Dornbirn, Austria
Austria
(2007) World Gymnaestrada
World Gymnaestrada
host city 2011 Succeeded by Helsinki, Finland
Finland
(2015)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 147349797 LCCN: n79121361 ISNI: 0000 0001 0944 4810 GND: 4034750-3 SELIBR: 152244 BNF: cb11881072f (data) HDS:

.