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(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

^† Joint Capital with Punjab †† Common for Punjab, Haryana
Haryana
and Chandigarh.

Symbols of Haryana

ANIMAL Black buck
Black buck

BIRD Black francolin
Black francolin

FLOWER Lotus

TREE Peepal

HARYANA (IPA: ), carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on linguistic basis, is one of the 29 states in India
India
. Situated in North India
India
with less than 1.4% (44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi)) of India's land area, it is ranked 21st in terms of area. Chandigarh
Chandigarh
is the capital, Faridabad in National Capital Region is the most populous city of the state and the Gurugram
Gurugram
is the financial hub of NCR with major Fortune 500
Fortune 500
companies located in it. Haryana
Haryana
has 6 administrative divisions , 22 districts , 72 sub-divisions, 93 revenue tehsils , 50 sub-tehsils, 140 community development blocks , 154 cities and towns , 6,841 villages and 6212 villages panchayats .

As the largest recipient of investment per capita since 2000 in India, and among one of the wealthiest and most economically developed regions in South Asia, Haryana
Haryana
has the India\'s third highest per capita income at ₹214,509 (US$3,300) against the national average of ₹112,432 (US$1,800) in year 2016–17. Haryana's 2017-18 estimated state GSDP of US$95 billion (52% services , 30% industries and 18% agriculture ) is growing at 12.96% 2012-17 CAGR and placed on the 14th position behind only much bigger states, is also boosted by 30 SEZs (mainly along DMIC , ADKIC and DWPE in NCR ), 7% national agricultural exports, 60% of national Basmati rice export, 67% cars, 60% motorbikes, 50% tractors and 50% refrigerators produced in India. In services, Gurugram
Gurugram
ranks number 1 in India
India
in IT growth rate and existing technology infrastructure, and number 2 in startup ecosystem , innovation and livability (Nov 2016).

Among the world\'s oldest and largest ancient civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Civilization
sites at Rakhigarhi village in Hisar district and Bhirrana
Bhirrana
in Fatehabad district are 9,000 years old . Rich in history , monuments , heritage , flora and fauna , human resources and tourism with well developed economy , national highways and state roads , it is bordered by Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
to the north-east, by river Yamuna along its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh , by Rajasthan
Rajasthan
to the west and south , and Ghaggar-Hakra River flows along its northern border with Punjab. Since Haryana
Haryana
surrounds the country's capital Delhi
Delhi
on three sides (north, west and south), consequently a large area of Haryana
Haryana
is included in the economically-important National Capital Region for the purposes of planning and development.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology

* 2 History

* 2.1 Pre-history * 2.2 Medieval * 2.3 Formation

* 3 People

* 3.1 Demographics and religion * 3.2 Languages

* 3.3 Culture

* 3.3.1 Folk theater and dances

* 3.3.2 Folk music and songs

* 3.3.2.1 Classical Haryanvi folk music * 3.3.2.2 Desi Haryanvi folk music * 3.3.2.3 Socially normative-cohesive impact

* 3.3.3 Cuisine

* 4 Geography

* 4.1 Plains and mountains * 4.2 Hydrography * 4.3 Climate

* 4.4 Flora and fauna

* 4.4.1 Forests * 4.4.2 Wildlife

* 4.5 Environmental and ecological issues

* 5 Administration

* 5.1 Divisions * 5.2 Districts * 5.3 Law and order * 5.4 Governance and e-governance

* 6 Economy

* 6.1 Agriculture

* 6.1.1 Crops * 6.1.2 Fruits, vegetables and spices * 6.1.3 Flowers and medicinal plants * 6.1.4 Livestock * 6.1.5 Research

* 6.2 Industrial sector

* 6.2.1 Manufacturing * 6.2.2 Utilities

* 6.3 Services sector

* 6.3.1 Transport

* 6.3.1.1 Roads and Highways * 6.3.1.2 Railway * 6.3.1.3 Metro * 6.3.1.4 Sky Way

* 6.3.2 Communication and media * 6.3.3 Healthcare

* 6.3.4 Education

* 6.3.4.1 Literacy * 6.3.4.2 Schools * 6.3.4.3 Universities and higher education

* 6.3.5 Sports

* 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The name Haryana
Haryana
is found in the works of the 12th-century AD Apabhramsha writer Vibudh Shridhar (VS 1189–1230).

The name Haryana
Haryana
has been derived from the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
words Hari (the Hindu
Hindu
god Vishnu
Vishnu
) and ayana (home), meaning "the Abode of God". However, scholars such as Muni Lal, Murli Chand Sharma, HA Phadke and Sukhdev Singh Chib believe that the name comes from a compound of the words Hari ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Harit, "green") and Aranya (forest). However, it is unlikely that both forest and green which allude to each other, would be used as two different words in a single name.

HISTORY

Main articles: History , National monuments , and State monuments

PRE-HISTORY

Main articles: Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Civilization
and Vedic Civilization Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra
Battle of Kurukshetra

The Vedic state of Brahmavarta is claimed to be located in south Haryana, where the initial Vedic scriptures were composed after the great floods some 10,000 years ago. Manusmriti , a flood time document composed by Manu and Bhrigu
Bhrigu
is now dated at 10,000 years old. Rakhigarhi village in Hisar district
Hisar district
and Bhirrana
Bhirrana
in Fatehabad district are home to the largest and one of the world\'s oldest ancient Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Civilization
sites, dated at over 9,000 years old. Evidence of paved roads, a drainage system, a large-scale rainwater collection storage system, terracotta brick and statue production, and skilled metal working (in both bronze and precious metals) have been uncovered. According to archaeologists, Rakhigarhi may be the origin of Harappan civilisation, which arose in the Ghaggar basin in Haryana
Haryana
and gradually and slowly moved to the Indus
Indus
valley.

MEDIEVAL

Ancient bronze and stone idols of Jain Tirthankara were found in archaeological expeditions in Badli
Badli
, Bhiwani ( Ranila
Ranila
, Charkhi Dadri , Badhara village), Dadri
Dadri
, Gurgaon
Gurgaon
( Ferozpur Jhirka), Hansi , Hisar (Agroha ), Kasan, Nahad, Narnaul , Pehowa
Pehowa
, Rewari
Rewari
, Rohad, Rohtak (Asthal- Abohar ) and Sonepat in Haryana.

After the sack of Bhatner fort during the Timurid conquests of India in 1398, Timur attacked and sacked the cities of Sirsa , Fatehabad , Sunam , Kaithal and Panipat . When he reached the town of Sarsuti, the residents, who were mostly non-Muslims, fled and were chased by a detachment of Timur's troops, with thousands of them being killed and looted by the troops. From there he travelled to Fatehabad, whose residents fled and a large number of those remaining in the town were massacred. The Ahirs resisted him at Ahruni but were defeated, with thousands being killed and many being taken prisoners while the town was burnt to ashes. From there he travelled to Tohana , whose Jat inhabitants were stated to be robbers according to Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi . They tried to resist but were defeated and fled. Timur's army pursued and killed 200 Jats, while taking many more as prisoners. He then sent a detachment to chase the fleeing Jats and killed 2,000 of them while their wives and children were enslaved and their property plundered. From there he proceeded to Kaithal whose residents were massacred and plundered, destroying all villages along the way. On the next day, he came to Assandh whose residents were "fire-worshippers " according to Yazdi, and had fled to Delhi. Next he travelled to and subdued Tughlaqpur fort and Salwan before reaching Panipat whose residents had already fled. He then marched on to Loni fort. Portrait of Hem Chandra Vikramaditya

The area that is now Haryana
Haryana
has been ruled by some of the major empires of India. Panipat is known for three seminal battles in the history of India. In the First Battle of Panipat (1526), Babur defeated the Lodis . In the Second Battle of Panipat (1556), Akbar defeated the local Haryanvi Hindu
Hindu
Emperor of Delhi, who belonged to Rewari
Rewari
. Hem Chandra Vikramaditya had earlier won 22 battles across India
India
from Punjab to Bengal, defeating Mughals and Afghans. Hemu had defeated Akbar's forces twice at Agra and the Battle of Delhi
Delhi
in 1556 to become the last Hindu
Hindu
Emperor of India
India
with a formal coronation at Purana Quila
Purana Quila
in Delhi
Delhi
on 7 October 1556. In the Third Battle of Panipat (1761), the Afghan king Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas .

FORMATION

Haryana
Haryana
as a state came into existence on 1 November 1966 the Punjab Reorganisation Act (1966). The Indian government set up the Shah Commission under the chairmanship of Justice JC Shah on 23 April 1966 to divide the existing state of Punjab and determine the boundaries of the new state of Haryana
Haryana
after consideration of the languages spoken by the people. The commission delivered its report on 31 May 1966 whereby the then-districts of Hisar , Mahendragarh , Gurgaon
Gurgaon
, Rohtak and Karnal were to be a part of the new state of Haryana. Further, the tehsils of Jind and Narwana in the Sangrur
Sangrur
district — along with Naraingarh , Ambala and Jagadhri — were to be included.

The commission recommended that the tehsil of Kharad, which includes Chandigarh
Chandigarh
, the state capital of Punjab, should be a part of Haryana. However, only a small portion of Kharad was given to Haryana. The city of Chandigarh
Chandigarh
was made a union territory , serving as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.

Bhagwat Dayal Sharma
Bhagwat Dayal Sharma
became the first Chief Minister of Haryana .

PEOPLE

DEMOGRAPHICS AND RELIGION

Religion in Haryana
Haryana
(2011) Hinduism
Hinduism
(87.46%) Islam
Islam
(7.03%) Sikhism
Sikhism
(4.91%) Jainism
Jainism
(0.21%) Christianity
Christianity
(0.20%) Buddhism (0.03%) Others (0.18%) See also: List of people from Haryana

According to the 2011 census, of total 25,350,000 population of Haryana, Hindus (87.46%) constitute the majority of the state's population with Sikhs (4.91%), Muslims (7.03%) (mainly Meos ) being the largest minorities.

Among Hindus, Jats (25% to 28%) are the single largest and socio-economically dominant caste , followed by the OBC (24%, including Ahir
Ahir
, Sain , Yadava , etc., excluding Jats), SC (21% , dalits, Balmiki , Chamar , Dhanak , Khatik , etc.) and other non-dalit non-SC castes (11% to 14%, such as Brahmins , Baniya , Ror ) and(16% to 17%,Khatris ).

Muslims are mainly found in the Mewat and Nuh districts. Haryana
Haryana
has the second largest Sikh
Sikh
population in India
India
after Punjab , and they mostly live in the districts adjoining Punjab , such as Hisar , Sirsa , Jind , Fatehabad , Kaithal , Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
, Ambala , Narnaul and Panchkula karnal.

LANGUAGES

Languages of Haryana
Haryana
(2001) Hindi
Hindi
(87.31%) Punjabi (10.57%) Urdu (1.23%) Others (0.89%) See also: Haryanvi , Bagri , Mewati , Pahari , and Sansi

Hindi
Hindi
was the sole official language of Haryana
Haryana
till 2010 and it is spoken by the majority of the population (87.31%). Haryana
Haryana
has 70% rural population who primarily speak Haryanvi dialect of Hindi, as well as other related dialects, such as Bagri and Mewati .

Punjabi was given the status of additional official language in 2010 as Haryana
Haryana
has the second largest Punjabi speaking population in India.

CULTURE

Haryana
Haryana
has its own unique traditional folk music , folk dances , saang (folk theater), cinema , belief system such as Jathera (ancestral worship), and arts such as Phulkari and Shisha embroidery.

Folk Theater And Dances

Folk music and dances of Haryana
Haryana
are based on satisfying cultural needs of primarily agrarian and martial natures of Haryanavi tribes.

HARYANVI MUSICAL FOLK THEATER main types are Saang , Rasa lila and Ragini . The Saang and Ragini form of theater was popularised by Lakhmi Chand .

HARYANVI FOLK DANCES AND MUSIC have fast energetic movements. Three popular categories of dance are: festive-seasonal, devotional, and ceremonial-recreational. The festive-seasonal dances and songs are Gogaji / Gugga , Holi
Holi
, Phaag , Sawan , Teej
Teej
. The devotional dances and songs are Chaupaiya , Holi
Holi
, Manjira , Ras Leela , Raginis ). The ceremonial-recreational dances and songs are of following types: legendary bravery (Kissa and Ragini of male warriors and female Satis), love and romance (Been and its variant Nāginī dance, and Ragini ), ceremonial (Dhamal Dance , Ghoomar , Jhoomar (male), Khoria, Loor, and Ragini ).

Folk Music And Songs

HARYANVI FOLK MUSIC are based on day to day themes and injecting earthy humor enlivens the feel of the songs. Haryanvi music takes two main forms: "Classical folk music" and " Desi Folk music" (Country Music of Haryana), and sung in the form of ballads and love, valor and bravery, harvest, happiness and pangs of parting of lovers.

Classical Haryanvi Folk Music

CLASSICAL HARYANVI FOLK MUSIC is based on Indian classical music
Indian classical music
. Hindustani classical ragas , learnt in gharana parampara of guru–shishya tradition , are used to sing songs of heroic bravery (such as Alha-Khand (1663-1202 CE) about bravery of Alha and Udal , Jaimal Fatta of Maharana Udai Singh II ), Brahmas worship and festive seasonal songs (such as Teej
Teej
, Holi
Holi
and Phaag songs of Phalgun month near Holi
Holi
). Kissa legendary folklores of bravery and love such as Nihalde Sultan, Sati Manorama, Jai Singh ki Mrityu, Saran de, etc. are some of the most popular folklores. Bravery songs are sung in high pitch.

Desi Haryanvi Folk Music

DESI HARYANVI FOLK MUSIC (HARYANVI COUNTRY FOLK MUSIC) The country-side or desi (native) form of Haryanvi music is based on Raag Bhairvi , Raag Bhairav , Raag Kafi , Raag Jaijaivanti , Raag Jhinjhoti and Raag Pahadi and used for celebrating community bonhomie to sing seasonal songs, ballads , ceremonial songs (wedding, etc.) and related religious legendary tales such as Puran Bhagat . Relationship and songs celebrating love and life are sung in medium pitch. Ceremonial and religious songs are sung in low pitch. Young girls and women usually sing entertaining and fast seasonal, love, relationship and friendship related songs such as Phagan (song for eponymous season/month), Katak (songs for the eponymous season/month), Samman (songs for the eponymous season/month), bande-bandi (male-female duet songs), sathne (songs of sharing heartfelt feelings among female friends). Older women usually sing devotional Mangal Geet (auspicious songs) and ceremonial songs such as Bhajan , Bhat (wedding gift to the mother of bride or groom by her brother), Sagai , Ban ( Hindu
Hindu
wedding ritual where pre-wedding festivities starts), Kuan-Poojan (a custom that is performed to welcome the birth of male child by worshiping the well or source of drinking water), Sanjhi and Holi
Holi
festival.

Socially Normative-cohesive Impact

Music and dance for Haryanvi people is a great way of demolishing societal differences as folk singers are highly esteemed and they are sought after and invited for the events, ceremonies and special occasions regardless of their caste or status. These inter-caste songs are fluid in nature, and never personalized for any specific caste, and they are sung collectively by women from different strata, castes, dialects. These songs do transform fluidly in dialect, style, words, etc. This adoptive style can be seen from the adoption of tunes of Bollywood movie songs into Haryanvi songs. Despite this continuous fluid transforming nature, Haryanvi songs have a distinct style of their own as explained above.

Cuisine

See also: North Indian cuisine

81% people of Haryana
Haryana
are vegetarian, and cuisine of Haryana
Haryana
is based on fresh, earthy and wholesome ethos of its agrarian culture, where staples are roti , saag , vegetarian sabzi and abundance of milk products such as homemade nooni or tindi ghee , ghee (clarified butter), milk , lassi , kheer .

GEOGRAPHY

Haryana
Haryana
is a landlocked state in northern India. It is between 27°39' to 30°35' N latitude and between 74°28' and 77°36' E longitude. The total geographical area of the state is 4.42 m ha, which is 1.4% of the geographical area of the country. The altitude of Haryana
Haryana
varies between 700 and 3600 ft (200 metres to 1200 metres) above sea level. Haryana
Haryana
has only 4% (compared to national 21.85%) area under forests.

PLAINS AND MOUNTAINS

Haryana
Haryana
has four main geographical features.

* The Yamuna - Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the state is also called Delhi
Delhi
doab consisting of Sutlej- Ghaggar doab (between Sutlej in north in Punjab and Ghaggar river flowing through northern Haryana), Ghaggar-Hakra doab (between Ghaggar river and Hakra or Drishadvati river which is the paleo channel of the holy Sarasvati River ) and Hakra- Yamuna doab (between Hakra river and Yamuna). See also: Doab
Doab
. * The Lower Shivalik Hills to the northeast in foothills of Himalaya

* The Bagar tract
Bagar tract
semi-desert dry sandy plain to the south -west. See also: Bangar and Khadir . * The Aravali Range 's northern most low rise isolated non-continuous outcrops in the south

HYDROGRAPHY

Yamuna River near the Haryana
Haryana
Border

The Yamuna , tributary of Ganges
Ganges
, flows along the state's eastern boundary.

Northern Haryana
Haryana
has several north-east to south-west flowing rivers originating from the Sivalik Hills
Sivalik Hills
of Himalayas
Himalayas
, such as Ghaggar-Hakra (palaeochannel of vedic Sarasvati river ), Chautang (paleochannel of vedic Drishadvati river , tributary of Ghagghar), Tangri river (tributary of Ghagghar), Kaushalya river (tributary of Ghagghar), Markanda River (tributary of Ghagghar), Sarsuti , Dangri
Dangri
, Somb river . Haryana's main seasonal river, the Ghaggar-Hakra, known as Ghaggar before the Ottu barrage and as the Hakra downstream of the barrage, rises in the outer Himalayas, between the Yamuna and the Satluj and enters the state near Pinjore in the Panchkula district , passes through Ambala and Sirsa , it reaches Bikaner in Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and runs for 460 km (290 mi) before disappearing into the deserts of Rajasthan. The seasonal Markanda River , known as the Aruna in ancient times, originates from the lower Shivalik Hills and enters Haryana
Haryana
west of Ambala , and swells into a raging torrent during monsoon is notorious for its devastating power, carries its surplus water on to the Sanisa Lake where the Markanda joins the Sarasuti and later the Ghaggar.

Southern Haryana
Haryana
has several south-east to north-west flowing seasonal rivulets originating from the Aravalli Range in and around the hills in Mewat region, including Sahibi River
Sahibi River
(called Najafgarh drain in Delhi), Dohan river (tributary of Sahibi, originates at Mandoli village near Neem Ka Thana in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and then disappears in Mahendragarh district), Krishnavati river (former tributary of Sahibi river, originates near Dariba and disappears in Mahendragarh district much before reaching Sahibi river) and Indori river (longest tributary of Sahibi River, originates in Sikar district of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and flows to Rewari
Rewari
district of Haryana), these once were tributaries of the Drishadwati /Saraswati river.

Major canals are Western Yamuna Canal , Sutlej Yamuna link canal (from Sutlej river tributary of Indus
Indus
), and Indira Gandhi Canal
Indira Gandhi Canal
.

Major dams are Kaushalya Dam in Panchkula district, Hathnikund Barrage and Tajewala Barrage on Yamuna in Yamunanagar district, Pathrala barrage on Somb river in Yamunanagar district, ancient Anagpur Dam near Surajkund in Faridabad district, and Ottu barrage on Ghaggar-Hakra River in Sirsa district.

Major lakes are Dighal Wetland, Basai Wetland
Basai Wetland
, Badkhal Lake
Badkhal Lake
in Faridabad, holy Brahma
Brahma
Sarovar and Sannihit Sarovar
Sannihit Sarovar
in Kurukshetra, Blue Bird Lake
Blue Bird Lake
in Hisar, Damdama Lake at Sohna
Sohna
in Gurgram district, Hathni Kund in Yamunanagar district, Karna Lake at Karnal, ancient Surajkund in Faridabad , and Tilyar Lake in Rohtak.

The Haryana
Haryana
State Waterbody Management Board is responsible for rejuvenation of 14,000 Johads of Haryana
Haryana
and up to 60 lakes in National Capital Region falling within the Haryana
Haryana
state.

Only hot spring of Haryana
Haryana
is the Sohna
Sohna
Sulphur Hot Spring at Sohna in Gurugram
Gurugram
district. Tosham Hill range has several sacred sulphur pond of religious significance that are revered for the healing impact of sulfur , such as Pandu Teerth Kund, Surya Kund, Kukkar Kund, Gyarasia Kund or Vyas Kund.

Seasonal waterfalls include Tikkar Taal twin lakes at Morni hiills , Dhosi Hill in Mahendragarh district and Pali village on outskirts of Faridabad.

CLIMATE

Haryana
Haryana
is extremely hot in summer at around 45 °C (113 °F) and mild in winter. The hottest months are May and June and the coldest December and January. The climate is arid to semi-arid with average rainfall of 354.5 mm. Around 29% of rainfall is received during the months from July to September, and the remaining rainfall is received during the period from December to February.

FLORA AND FAUNA

STATE SYMBOLS OF HARYANA FORMATION DAY 1 November (Day of separation from Punjab)

STATE MAMMAL Black buck
Black buck

STATE BIRD Black francolin
Black francolin

STATE TREE Peepal

STATE FLOWER Lotus

Forests

Forest Cover in the state in 2013 was 3.59% (1586 km2) and the Tree Cover in the state was 2.90% (1282 km2), giving a total forest and tree Cover of 6.49%. In 2016-17, 18,412 hectares were brought under tree cover by planting 14.1 million seedlings. Thorny, dry, deciduous forest and thorny shrubs can be found all over the state. During the monsoon , a carpet of grass covers the hills. Mulberry
Mulberry
, eucalyptus , pine, kikar, shisham and babul are some of the trees found here. The species of fauna found in the state of Haryana
Haryana
include black buck , nilgai , panther , fox , mongoose , jackal and wild dog. More than 450 species of birds are found here.

Wildlife

See also: List of National Parks "> Ten Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituencies in Haryana
Haryana
See also: List of cities in Haryana by population

The state is divided into divided into 6 revenue divisions, 5 Police Ranges and 3 Police Commissionerates (c. January 2017). Six revenue divisions are: Ambala , Rohtak , Gurgaon
Gurgaon
, Hisar , Karnal and Faridabad . Haryana
Haryana
has 10 municipal corporations (Gurigram, Faridabad, Ambala, Panchkula, Yamunanagar, Rohtak, Hisar, Panipat, Karnal and Sonepat), 18 municipal councils and 52 municipalities (c. Jan 2018).

Within these there are 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils, 140 blocks, 154 cities and towns, 6,841 villages, 6212 villages panchayats and numerous smaller dhanis .

DISTRICTS

Main article: List of districts of Haryana

DIVISIONS DISTRICTS

Ambala Ambala , Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
, Panchkula , Yamuna Nagar

Faridabad Faridabad , Palwal , Nuh

Gurgaon
Gurgaon
Gurgaon
Gurgaon
, Mahendragarh , Rewari
Rewari
,

Hisar Fatehabad , Jind , Hisar , Sirsa ,

Rohtak Jhajjar , Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri
, Rohtak , Sonipat , Bhiwani

Karnal Karnal , Panipat , Kaithal

LAW AND ORDER

Haryana Police
Haryana Police
force is the law enforcement agency of Haryana. Five Police Ranges are Ambala, Hissar, Karnal, Rewari
Rewari
and Rohtak. Three Police Commissionerates are Faridabad, Gurgaon
Gurgaon
and Panchkula. Cybercrime investigation cell is based in Gurgaon's Sector 51.

The highest judicial authority in the state is the Punjab and Haryana High Court , with next higher right of appeal to Supreme Court of India
India
. Haryana
Haryana
uses e-filing facility.

GOVERNANCE AND E-GOVERNANCE

See also: CMs , Assembly , Assembly constituencies , Lok Sabha constituencies , and Political dynasties

The Common Service Centres (CSCs) have been upgraded in all districts to offer hundreds of e-services to citizens, including application of new water connection, sewer connection, electricity bill collection, ration card member registration, result of HBSE , admit cards for board examinations, online admission form for government colleges, long route booking of buses, admission forms for Kurukshetra University and HUDA plots status inquiry. Haryana
Haryana
has become the first state to implement Aadhaar
Aadhaar
-enabled birth registration in all the districts. Thousands of all traditional offline state and central government services are also available 24/7 online through single unified UMANG app and portal as part of Digital India
India
initiative.

ECONOMY

Main articles: Economy of Haryana , SEZs in Haryana
Haryana
, Companies in Gurugram
Gurugram
, and Tourism in Haryana

Haryana's 14th placed 12.96% 2012-17 CAGR estimated 2017-18 GSDP of US$95 billion is split in to 52% services , 30% industries and 18% agriculture .

Services sector is split across 45% in real estate and financial & professional services, 26% trade and hospitality , 15% state and central govt employees, and 14% transport and logistics "> The headquarters of DLF Limited , India's largest real estate company, in Gurgaon, Haryana.

* Faridabad is one of the biggest industrial city of Haryana
Haryana
as well as North India. * Hissar , a NCR Counter Magnet city known as steel and cotton spinning hub as well as upcoming integrated industrial aerocity and aero MRO hub at Hisar Airport , is a fast developing city and the hometown of Navin Jindal and Subhash Chandra of Zee TV
Zee TV
fame. Savitri Jindal , Navin Jindal's mother, has been listed by Forbes
Forbes
as the third richest woman in world. * Panipat has heavy industry, including a refinery operated by the Indian Oil Corporation , a urea manufacturing plant operated by National Fertilizers
National Fertilizers
Limited and a National Thermal Power Corporation power plant. It is known for its woven modhas or round stools. * Sonepat : IMT Kundli , Nathupur, Rai and Bari are industrial areas with several Small and medium-sized enterprises , including come large ones such as Atlas cycles, E.C.E., Birla factory , OSRAM * Gurugram
Gurugram
: IMT Minesar , Dundahera and Sohna
Sohna
are industrial and logistics hub, that also has National Security Guards , Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs , National Brain Research Centre and National Bomb Data Centre.

Utilities

Haryana
Haryana
State has always given high priority to the expansion of electricity infrastructure, as it is one of the most important inputs for the development of the state. Haryana
Haryana
was the first state in the country to achieve 100% rural electrification in 1970 as well as the first in the country to link all villages with all-weather roads and provide safe drinking water facilities throughout the state.

Power in the state are:

* Renewable and non-polluting sources

* Hydroelectricity
Hydroelectricity

* Bhakra-Nangal Dam Hydroelectric Power Plant * WYC Hydro Electric Station , 62.4 MW, Yamunanagar

* Solar power stations

* Faridabad Solar Power Plant : being setup by HPGCL Faridabad (c.2016).

* Nuclear power
Nuclear power
stations

* Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant , 2800MW, Fatehabad, Phase-I 1400MW by 2021

* Coal-fired thermal power stations

* Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Station
Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Station
, 600MW, Yamunanagar, * Indira Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project
Indira Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project
, 1500MW, Jhajjar * Jhajjar Power Station , 1500MW * Panipat Thermal Power Station I , 440MW * Panipat Thermal Power Station II , 920MW * Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power Station , 1200MW, Hisar

SERVICES SECTOR

Transport

Admin map of Haryana
Haryana
with RTO codes

Roads And Highways

Haryana
Haryana
has a total road length of 26,062 kilometres (16,194 mi), including 2,482 kilometres (1,542 mi) 29 national highways , 1,801 kilometres (1,119 mi) state highways , 1,395 kilometres (867 mi) Major District Roads (MDR) and 20,344 kilometres (12,641 mi) Other District Roads (ODR) (c. December 2017). A fleet of 3,864 Haryana
Haryana
Roadways buses covers a distance of 1.15 million km per day, and it was the first state in the country to introduce luxury video coaches.

Ancient Delhi
Delhi
Multan Road and Grand Trunk Road
Grand Trunk Road
, South Asia's oldest and longest major roads, pass through Haryana. GT Road passes through the districts of Sonipat , Panipat , Karnal , Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
and Ambala in north Haryana
Haryana
where it enters Delhi
Delhi
and subsequently the industrial town of Faridabad on its way. The 135.6 kilometres (84.3 mi) Kundli-Manesar- Palwal Expressway(KMP) will provide a high-speed link to northern Haryana
Haryana
with its southern districts such as Sonepat, Gurgaon, Jhajjar and Faridabad.

The Delhi-Agra Expressway (NH-2) that passes through Faridabad is being widened to six lanes from current four lanes. It will further boost Faridabad 's connectivity with Delhi
Delhi
.

Railway

See also: Stations in Haryana
Haryana
, NWR history , NR history , and NCR history

Rail network in Haryana
Haryana
is covered by 5 rail divisions under 3 rail zones. Diamond Quadrilateral High-speed rail network , Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (72 km) and Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (177 km) pass through Haryana.

Bikaner railway division of North Western Railway zone manages rail network in western and southern Haryana
Haryana
covering Bhatinda-Dabwali-Hanumangarh line , Rewari-Bhiwani-Hisar-Bathinda line , Hisar-Sadulpur line and Rewari-Loharu-Sadulpur line. Jaipur railway division of North Western Railway zone manages rail network in south-west Haryana
Haryana
covering Rewari-Reengas-Jaipur line , Delhi-Alwar-Jaipur line and Loharu-Sikar line.

Delhi
Delhi
railway division of Northern Railway zone manages rail network in north and east and central Haryana
Haryana
covering Delhi- Ambala line , Delhi-Rohtak- Tohana line , Rewari– Rohtak line , Jind- Sonepat line and Delhi- Rewari
Rewari
line . Agra railway division of North Central Railway zone manages another very small part of network in south-east Haryana
Haryana
covering Palwal -Mathura line only.

Ambala railway division of Northern Railway zone manages small part of rail network in north-east Haryana
Haryana
covering Ambala- Yamunanagar line , Ambala- Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
line and UNESCO World Heritage Kalka–Shimla Railway .

Metro

Main articles: Delhi
Delhi
Metro and Gurugram
Gurugram
Metro

Delhi
Delhi
Metro connects the national capital Delhi
Delhi
with parts of Haryana state within NCR, including Bahadurgarh, Faridabad and with Rapid MetroRail Gurgaon
Gurgaon
. Faridabad has the longest metro network in the NCR Region consisting of 9 stations and track length being 14 km.

Sky Way

The Haryana
Haryana
and Delhi
Delhi
governments have constructed the 4.5-kilometre (2.8 mi) international standard Delhi
Delhi
Faridabad Skyway , the first of its kind in North India, to connect Delhi
Delhi
and Faridabad.

Communication And Media

Haryana
Haryana
has a statewide network of telecommunication facilities. Haryana
Haryana
Government has its own statewide area network by which all government offices of 22 districts and 126 blocks across the state are connected with each other thus making it the first SWAN of the country. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited and most of the leading private sector players (such as Reliance Infocom, Tata Teleservices , Bharti Telecom , Idea
Idea
Vodafone Essar , Aircel , Uninor and Videocon ) have operations in the state. Important areas around Delhi
Delhi
are an integral part of the local Delhi
Delhi
Mobile Telecommunication System. This network system would easily cover major towns like Faridabad and Gurgaon
Gurgaon
.

Electronic media
Electronic media
channels include, MTV
MTV
, 9XM , Star Group, SET Max , News Time , NDTV 24x7 and Zee Group
Zee Group
. The radio stations include All India
India
Radio
Radio
and other FM stations.

The major newspapers of Haryana
Haryana
include Dainik Bhaskar , Punjab Kesari , Jag Bani , Dainik Jagran , The Tribune , Amar Ujala , Hindustan Times
Hindustan Times
, Dainik Tribune , The Times of India
India
and Hari-Bhumi.

Healthcare

See also: Haryana Civil Medical Services , Teaching hospitals , and NRHM

The Total Fertility Rate of Haryana
Haryana
is 2.3. The Infant Mortality Rate is 41 (SRS 2013) and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 146 (SRS 2010–2012).

Education

Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS Rohtak

Literacy

Literacy rate in Haryana
Haryana
has seen an upward trend and is 76.64 percent as per 2011 population census. Male
Male
literacy stands at 85.38 percent, while female literacy is at 66.67 percent. In 2001, the literacy rate in Haryana
Haryana
stood at 67.91 percent of which male and female were 78.49 percent and 55.73 percent literate respectively. As of 2013 , Gurgaon
Gurgaon
city had the highest literacy rate in Haryana
Haryana
at 86.30% followed by Panchkula at 81.9 per cent and Ambala at 81.7 percent. In terms of districts, as of 2012 Rewari
Rewari
had the highest literacy rate in Haryana
Haryana
at 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 79%, and female 67%.

Schools

Haryana Board of School Education , established in September 1969 and shifted to Bhiwani in 1981, conducts public examinations at middle, matriculation, and senior secondary levels twice a year. Over seven lakh candidates attend annual examinations in February and March; 150,000 attend supplementary examinations each November. The Board also conducts examinations for Haryana
Haryana
Open School at senior and senior secondary levels twice a year. The Haryana
Haryana
government provides free education to women up to the bachelor\'s degree level.

In 2015-2016, there were nearly 20,000 schools, including 10,100 state government schools (36 Aarohi Schools, 11 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas, 21 Model Sanskriti Schools, 8744 government primary school, 3386 government middle school, 1284 government high school and 1967 government senior secondary schools), 7,635 private schools (200 aided, 6612 recognized unaided, and 821 unrecognied unaided private schools. )and several hundred other central government and private schools such as Kendriya Vidyalaya , Indian Army Public Schools , Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya and DAV schools affiliated to central government's CBSE and ICSE school boards.

Universities And Higher Education

See also: List of institutions of higher education in Haryana and List of Medical, Ayurvedic, Dental, Physiotherapy, Nursing and Para-medical colleges in Haryana
Haryana

Haryana
Haryana
has 29 universities and 299 colleges, including 115 government colleges, 88 govt-aided colleges and 96 self-finance colleges (c. Jan 2018). Hisar has three universities: Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana
Haryana
Agricultural University - Asia
Asia
's largest agricultural university, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology , Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary several national agricultural and veterinary research centres (National Research Centre on Equines ), Central Sheep Breeding Farm, National Institute on Pig Breeding and Research, Northern Region Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institute and Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes (CIRB); and more than 20 colleges including Maharaja Agrasen Medical College, Agroha .

Union Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad announced on 27 February 2016 that National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIELIT) would be set up in Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
to provide computer training to youth and a Software Technology Park of India
India
(STPI) would be set up in Panchkula ’s existing HSIIDC IT Park in Sector 23. Hindi
Hindi
and English are compulsory languages in schools whereas Punjabi, Sanskrit and Urdu are chosen as optional languages.

Sports

See also: Stadiums in Haryana
Haryana
Vijender Singh Beniwal
Vijender Singh Beniwal
, middleweight boxer from Bhiwani , Haryana
Haryana
Former volleyball player Balwant Sagwal

In the 2010 Commonwealth Games at Delhi, 22 out of 38 gold medals that India
India
won came from Haryana. During the 33rd National Games held in Assam
Assam
in 2007, Haryana
Haryana
stood first in the nation with a medal tally of 80, including 30 gold, 22 silver and 28 bronze medals.

The 1983 World-Cup-winning captain Kapil Dev is from Haryana. Nahar Singh Stadium was built in Faridabad in the year 1981 for international cricket. This ground has the capacity to hold around 25,000 people as spectators. Tejli Sports Complex is an Ultra-Modern sports complex in Yamuna Nagar . Tau Devi Lal Stadium in Gurgaon
Gurgaon
is a multi-sport complex.

Chief Minister of Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar announced the "Haryana Sports and Physical Fitness Policy", a policy to support 26 Olympic sports, on 12 January 2015 with the words "We will develop Haryana
Haryana
as the sports hub of the country."

Haryana
Haryana
is home to Haryana Gold , one of India's eight professional basketball teams which compete in the country's UBA Pro Basketball League .

SEE ALSO

* Book: India
India

* List of Monuments of National Importance in Haryana * List of State Protected Monuments in Haryana * Outline of Haryana * Politics of Haryana * Tourism in Haryana * Haryanvi cinema

* Haryana
Haryana
portal * Geography portal * Asia
Asia
portal * South Asia
Asia
portal * India
India
portal

NOTES

* ^ A B " Haryana
Haryana
at a Glance". Government of Haryana. Retrieved 1 March 2016. * ^ A B "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. pp. 85–86. Retrieved 16 February 2016. * ^ " Haryana
Haryana
Population Sex Ratio in Haryana
Haryana
Literacy rate data". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 13 August 2017. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T " Haryana
Haryana
State Budget 2017-18" (PDF). Haryana
Haryana
Finance Dept. Retrieved 7 October 2017. * ^ "This is NCR\'s new foodie magnet; have you been yet?". India Today . 26 March 2017. * ^ A B NIDM , p. 4. * ^ " Haryana
Haryana
Hurricane". indianexpress.com. Archived from the original on 15 May 2008. * ^ Byres, T.J. Rural labour relations in India. Taylor & Francis, 1999. ISBN 978-0-7146-8046-0 . * ^ "STATE WISE DATA" (PDF). Economic Statistical Organisation Punjab. Central Statistical Organisation, New Delhi. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 March 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2017. * ^ A B Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Haryana, India Brand Equity Foundation , Nov 2017. * ^ A B India’s Top 12 Tech Cities: Digital Indian Cities Survey, 2016, CEOWORLD magazine , Nov 2016. * ^ A B Did Climate Change Kill The Indus
Indus
Civilisation?, Swarajya magazine, 31 May 2016. * ^ An Early Attestation of the Toponym Ḍhillī, by Richard J. Cohen, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1989, pp. 513–519 हरियाणए देसे असंखगाम, गामियण जणि अणवरथ काम परचक्क विहट्टणु सिरिसंघट्टणु, जो सुरव इणा परिगणियं रिउ रुहिरावट्टणु बिउलु पवट्टणु, ढिल्ली नामेण जि भणियं Translation: there are countless villages in HARYANA country. The villagers there work hard. They don't accept domination of others, and are experts in making the blood of their enemies flow. Indra himself praises this country. The capital of this country is Dhilli. * ^ Haryana
Haryana
Britannica Online Encyclopedia * ^ Bijender K Punia (1993). Tourism management: problems and prospects. APH. p. 18. ISBN 978-81-7024-643-5 . * ^ "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India
India
- Haryana
Haryana
Plus". www.tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 4 August 2016. * ^ "Underworld Review - Graham Hancock Official Website". Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ Rakhigarhi, the biggest Harappan site, The Hindu
Hindu
, 27 March 2014 * ^ Atul Kumar Sinha Dowson, John (1871). The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period: Ed. from the Posthumous Papers of the Late Sir H. M. Elliot .. Trübner and Company. pp. en. * ^ Phadke, H.A. (1990). Haryana, Ancient and Medieval. Harman Publishing House. p. 123. * ^ Arnold P. Kaminsky; Roger D. Long (2011). India
India
Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 300. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3 . * ^ the punjab reorganisation act, 1966 - Chief Secretary, Haryana (PDF) * ^ History of Haryana - Haryana
Haryana
Day: A new state is born!, archived from the original on 2 October 2013 * ^ Haryana
Haryana
will get Chandigarh, Punjab can claim Lahore or Shimla, says a peeved Hooda, 25 July 2013 * ^ List of Haryana
Haryana
Chief Ministers from November 1, 1966 till date, The Indian Express
The Indian Express
, 21 October 2014 * ^ A B "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. * ^ "How polarisation of non-Jat votes brought BJP to shores in Haryana
Haryana
- Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 20 October 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ " Haryana
Haryana
government announced the formation of rules to register Anand Karaj, the Sikh
Sikh
marriage ceremony". * ^ Govt. of India, Census (2001). "Census India
India
2001" (PDF). Retrieved March 28, 2013. * ^ A B "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 4 December 2016. * ^ "Bagri". Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ "Revised Land and Revenue Settlement of Hisar District 9006-9011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ Gusain 2000 , p. 14. * ^ "Mina - South Asian people". Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ Moonis Raza (1993). Social structure and regional development: a social geography perspective : essays in honour of Professor Moonis Raza. Rawat Publications Original from-the University of California. p. 166. * ^ Sachchidananda Encyclopaedic Profile of Indian Tribes Volume 1 - 1996 817141298X p416. * ^ Bhatia, Sheveta (August 17, 2010). "Second Innings". Indian Express. Retrieved 17 March 2011. * ^ A B C D "Journal of Punjab Studies - Center for Sikh
Sikh
and Punjab Studies - UC Santa Barbara". www.global.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ A B A Glossary of the tribes & castes of Punjab by H. A Rose * ^ A B C D E F G H Manorma Sharma, 2007, Musical Heritage of India, Page 65. * ^ A B C D E S. C. Bhatt and Gopal K. Bhargava, 2006, Land and People of Indian States and Union Territories: 21 Arts and Crafts of Haryana. * ^ A B C Archived 7 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
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. * ^ A B "PIB Press Releases". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ Ramtanu Maitra: The Indira Gandhi Canal: greening the desert in India
India
EIR Volume 14, Number 7, February 13, 1987 * ^ "Kaushalya Dam". Hills of Morni. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2014. * ^ A B Tak, Prakash C.; Jagdish P. Sati; Anjum N. Rizvi (April 2010). "Status of waterbirds at Hathnikund Barrage wetland, Yamunanagar District, Haryana, India" (PDF). 2 (4): 841. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2011. * ^ Tak, Prakash C.; Jagdish P. Sati; Anjum N. Rizvi (April 2010). "Status of waterbirds at Hathnikund Barrage wetland, Yamunanagar District, Haryana, India" (PDF). 2 (4): 841. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2011. * ^ A B Haberman, David L. (2006). River of love in an age of pollution: the Yamuna River of northern India. University of California Press. p. 78. ISBN 978-0-520-24789-5 . Retrieved 2 June 2011. * ^ A B Peck, Lucy (2005). Delhi
Delhi
- A thousand years of Building. Suraj Kund dam and Surajkund tank. New Delhi: Roli Books Pvt Ltd. p. 29. ISBN 81-7436-354-8 . Retrieved 2009-09-05. One of the two significant structures in the area, the dam lies about 1 km to the north of the Anangpur village. A path from the main village street will lead you in to flat pastureland. Head for the small rocky hill ahead of you and climb over it. On the other side is another flat area, rather thickly covered in thorn trees. It is worth finding a way through them to the dam that straddles the gap between the two nearby hills. The dam is an impressive edifice 50 m wide and 7 m high built from accurately hewn quartzite blocks.---There is a passage for the egress of water at the level of the ground on the dammed side. The flat land across which you have walked is clearly caused by centuries of silt deposits in the lake that once existed behind this dam. The land around has been vwey heavily quarried recently, so further archaeological finds are unlikely. * ^ Madan Mohan. "Spatial Data Modeling in GIS for Historical Restoration and Conservation of Cultural Heritage of Seven Cities of Delhi" (pdf). Department of Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University) New Delhi, India. Retrieved 2009-09-07. * ^ Sir William Wilson Hunter, India
India
Office, Imperial gazetteer of India, Clarendon Press, 1908, ... It was agreed between the British Government and the State of Bikaner that the Dhanur lake, about 8 miles from Sirsa, should be converted into a reservoir by the construction of a masonry weir at Otu ... two canals, the northern and southern ... constructed with famine labor in 1896-7 ... 6.3 lakhs, of which 2.8 lakhs was debited to Bikaner ... * ^ Mukesh Bhardwaj (7 April 2002), "Tau here, Tau there, Tau everywhere", Indian Express, retrieved 28 November 2010, ... The prestigious Panipat Thermal Plant was named after Devi Lal, as was the new tourist complex at Ottu weir in Sirsa ... * ^ "बस साल भर बाद खेतों की प्यास बुझाएगी ओटू झील (Ottu reservoir will begin quenching the thirst of fields in only a year)", Dainik Jagran, 27 May 2010, retrieved 28 November 2010, ... किसानों की समस्या से निजात दिलाने में सहायक ओटू झील की याद बरबस किसानों व सिंचाई विभाग को आना लाज़िमी है। सिंचाई विभाग ने किसानों के हित को ध्यान में रखते हुए झील की खुदाई की गति तेज़ कर दी है (it is obvious that the suffering farmers and the irrigation department would look to the Ottu reservoir. Mindful of the farmers' interests, the irrigation department has accelerated the work to deepen Ottu reservoir) ... * ^ "Badkhal". Haryana
Haryana
Tourism, Government of Haryana. Archived from the original on 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2014-03-18. * ^ "Delhi\'s water bodies face threat of extinction". India
India
Today. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-18. * ^ "Lakes left high and dry: Study finds Delhi
Delhi
has lost over 190 of its 611 water bodies... and is doing nothing to save the rest". Daily Mail. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-18. * ^ United New of India
India
(29 March 2006). "Lakhs take dip in Brahma Sarovar on Occasion of Solar Eclipse". oneindia.in. UNI. Retrieved 25 October 2014. * ^ Dutt, K.G. (23 August 1998). "Three hundred thousand take holy dip". The Tribune India. Retrieved 25 October 2014. * ^ "Religious Places in Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
- Brahma
Brahma
Sarovar". Kurukshetra district website. Retrieved 2014-08-08. * ^ "Title: The Tribune - Hisar Bluebird lake, Published 23 December 2014, Accessed: 26 March 2016". Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ "Blue Bird (Hisar)". 11 October 2011. Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ Damdama lake, official website. * ^ Rajiv Tiwari, " Delhi
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Indus
Publishing, ISBN 81-7387-073-X * ^ Sharma, Y.D (2001). Delhi
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and its Neighbourhood. Surjakund and Anagpur Dam. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. p. 100 in 161. Archived from the original on 31 August 2005. Retrieved 5 September 2009. Page 100: Suraj Kund lies about 3 km south-east of Tughlaqabad in district Gurgaon---The reservoir is believed to have been constructed in the tenth century by King Surjapal of Tomar dynasty, whose existence is based on Bardic tradition. Page 101: About 2 km south-west of Surajkund, close to the village of Anagpur (also called Arangpur is a dam ascribed to Anagpal of the Tomar Dynasty, who is also credited with building the Lal Kot * ^ "Ticketed Monuments – Haryana: Suraj Kund". National Informatics Centre, Government of India. Retrieved 2009-09-05. * ^ Page 149, India: A Travel Guide, By B.R. Kishore, published 2001, Diamond Pocket Books (P) Limited, ISBN 81-284-0067-3 * ^ "List of zoos who have submitted their master plan" (PDF). Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ "Protected Area". haryanaforest.gov.in. Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ " Haryana
Haryana
to develop 50-60 small lakes, water bodies in NCR: Manohar Lal Khattar", Indian Express
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, 1 November 2017. * ^ " Haryana
Haryana
to constitute pond management authority ", Business Standard , 1 November 2017. * ^ " Sohna
Sohna
Hot Spring.", The Tribune. * ^ "Hotel Detail - Haryana Tourism Corporation Limited". haryanatourism.gov.in. Retrieved 4 December 2017. * ^ 2004, "Records, Volume 135, Part 1.", Geological Survey of India
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* ^ Conservation of Wildlife * ^ Fauna
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of Haryana, archived from the original on 2 December 2015

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Haryana
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Haryana
approves to create two new revenue divisions, Web India, 2 Feb 2017. * ^ Municipal taxes will be sanctioned to the weak bodies of the state, Dainik Jagran news, 11 Jan 2018. * ^ Haryana
Haryana
establishes five police ranges, business Standard, 16 January 2017. * ^ " Haryana
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Police", Haryana Police
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* ^ In Haryana, Gurgaon
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REFERENCES

* GoH (12 January 2015), Haryana
Haryana
Sports and Physical Fitness Policy (PDF), Government of Haryana * Atul Kumar Sinha; Abhay Kumar Singh, eds. (2007), Udayana New Horizons in History, Classics and Inter-Cultural studies, Anamika Publishers, ISBN 81-7975-168-6 * NIDM, National Disaster Risk Reduction Portal
Portal
- Haryana
Haryana
(PDF), National Institute of Disaster Management (MHA, GOI) * Sharma, Suresh K (2006). Haryana: Past and Present. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. p. 763. ISBN 81-8324-046-1 . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Khanna, C. L. (2008). Haryana
Haryana
General Knowledge. Agra: Upkar Prakashan. p. 75. ISBN 81-7482-383-2 . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Yadav, Ram B. (2008). Folk Tales & Legends of Haryana. Gurgaon: Pinnacle Technology. p. 305. ISBN 81-7871-162-1 . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Mittal, Satish Chandra (1986). Haryana, a Historical Perspective. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 183. Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Singh, Mandeep; Kaur, Harvinder (2004). Economic Development Of Haryana. New Delhi: Deep and Deep Publications. p. 234. ISBN 81-7629-558-2 . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Gandhi, Mahatma (1977). Gandhiji and Haryana: A collection of his speeches and writings pertaining to Haryana. Usha Publications. p. 158. Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Phadke, H. A. (1990). Haryana, ancient and medieval. Harman Publishing House. p. 256. ISBN 81-85151-34-2 . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Singh, Chattar (2004). Social and economic change in Haryana. National Book
Book
Organisation. p. 252. ISBN 81-87521-10-4 . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Yadav, Kripal Chandra (2002). Modern Haryana: History and culture, 1803–1966. Manohar Publishers & Distributors. p. 320. ISBN 81-7304-371-X . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Rai, Gulshan (1987). Formation of Haryana. B.R. Publishing Corporation. p. 223. ISBN 81-7018-412-6 . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Handa, Devendra (2004). Buddhist remains from Haryana. Sundeep Prakashan. p. 97. ISBN 81-7574-153-8 . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Haryana
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at a glance: Statistical overview & development indicators. Jagran Research Centre. 2007. p. 157. Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Singh, Chander Pal (2003). Early medieval art of Haryana. Koshal Book
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Depot. p. 168. ISBN 81-86049-07-X . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Handa, Devendra (2006). Sculptures from Haryana: Iconography and style. Indian Institute of Advanced Study. p. 286. ISBN 81-7305-307-3 . Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Journal of Haryana
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Studies. Kurukshetra: Kurukshetra
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University. 2008. Retrieved July 11, 2012. * Harvey, Bill; Harvey, William; Devasar, Nikhil; Grewal, Bikram; Oriental Bird Club (2006). Atlas of the birds of Delhi
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and Haryana. Rupa & Co. p. 352. ISBN 81-291-0954-9 . Retrieved July 11, 2012.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Find more aboutHARYANAat's sister projects

* Definitions from Wiktionary * Media from Wikimedia Commons * News from Wikinews * Travel guide from Wikivoyage

Government

* The Official Site of the Government of Haryana * Official Tourism Site of Haryana, India

General information

* Haryana
Haryana
Encyclopædia Britannica entry * Haryana
Haryana
at Curlie (based on DMOZ
DMOZ
) * Geographic data related to Haryana
Haryana
at OpenStreetMap
OpenStreetMap

* v * t * e

State of Haryana
Haryana

Capital : CHANDIGARH

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