^† Joint Capital with Punjab
†† Common for Punjab,
Haryana and Chandigarh.
Symbols of Haryana
HARYANA (IPA: ), carved out of the former state of
East Punjab on 1
November 1966 on linguistic basis, is one of the 29 states in
Situated in North
India with less than 1.4% (44,212 km2 (17,070 sq
mi)) of India's land area, it is ranked 21st in terms of area.
Chandigarh is the capital,
Faridabad in National Capital Region is the
most populous city of the state and the
Gurugram is the financial hub
of NCR with major
Fortune 500 companies located in it.
Haryana has 6
administrative divisions , 22 districts , 72 sub-divisions, 93 revenue
tehsils , 50 sub-tehsils, 140 community development blocks , 154
cities and towns , 6,841 villages and 6212 villages panchayats .
As the largest recipient of investment per capita since 2000 in
India, and among one of the wealthiest and most economically
developed regions in South Asia,
Haryana has the India\'s third
highest per capita income at ₹214,509 (US$3,300) against the
national average of ₹112,432 (US$1,800) in year 2016–17.
Haryana's 2017-18 estimated state GSDP of US$95 billion (52% services
, 30% industries and 18% agriculture ) is growing at 12.96% 2012-17
CAGR and placed on the 14th position behind only much bigger states,
is also boosted by 30 SEZs (mainly along DMIC , ADKIC and DWPE in NCR
), 7% national agricultural exports, 60% of national
export, 67% cars, 60% motorbikes, 50% tractors and 50% refrigerators
produced in India. In services,
Gurugram ranks number 1 in
IT growth rate and existing technology infrastructure, and number 2 in
startup ecosystem , innovation and livability (Nov 2016).
Among the world\'s oldest and largest ancient civilizations, the
Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Civilization sites at
Rakhigarhi village in Hisar
Fatehabad district are 9,000 years old .
Rich in history , monuments , heritage , flora and fauna , human
resources and tourism with well developed economy , national highways
and state roads , it is bordered by
Himachal Pradesh to the
north-east, by river
Yamuna along its eastern border with Uttar
Pradesh , by
Rajasthan to the west and south , and
flows along its northern border with Punjab. Since
the country's capital
Delhi on three sides (north, west and south),
consequently a large area of
Haryana is included in the
economically-important National Capital Region for the purposes of
planning and development.
* 1 Etymology
* 2 History
* 2.1 Pre-history
* 2.2 Medieval
* 2.3 Formation
* 3 People
* 3.1 Demographics and religion
* 3.2 Languages
* 3.3 Culture
* 3.3.1 Folk theater and dances
* 3.3.2 Folk music and songs
* 18.104.22.168 Classical Haryanvi folk music
Desi Haryanvi folk music
* 22.214.171.124 Socially normative-cohesive impact
* 3.3.3 Cuisine
* 4 Geography
* 4.1 Plains and mountains
* 4.2 Hydrography
* 4.3 Climate
* 4.4 Flora and fauna
* 4.4.1 Forests
* 4.4.2 Wildlife
* 4.5 Environmental and ecological issues
* 5 Administration
* 5.1 Divisions
* 5.2 Districts
* 5.3 Law and order
* 5.4 Governance and e-governance
* 6 Economy
* 6.1 Agriculture
* 6.1.1 Crops
* 6.1.2 Fruits, vegetables and spices
* 6.1.3 Flowers and medicinal plants
* 6.1.4 Livestock
* 6.1.5 Research
* 6.2 Industrial sector
* 6.2.1 Manufacturing
* 6.2.2 Utilities
* 6.3 Services sector
* 6.3.1 Transport
* 126.96.36.199 Roads and Highways
* 188.8.131.52 Railway
* 184.108.40.206 Metro
* 220.127.116.11 Sky Way
* 6.3.2 Communication and media
* 6.3.3 Healthcare
* 6.3.4 Education
* 18.104.22.168 Literacy
* 22.214.171.124 Schools
* 126.96.36.199 Universities and higher education
* 6.3.5 Sports
* 7 See also
* 8 Notes
* 9 References
* 10 External links
Haryana is found in the works of the 12th-century AD
Vibudh Shridhar (VS 1189–1230).
Haryana has been derived from the
Sanskrit words Hari (the
Vishnu ) and ayana (home), meaning "the Abode of God".
However, scholars such as Muni Lal, Murli Chand Sharma, HA Phadke and
Sukhdev Singh Chib believe that the name comes from a compound of the
words Hari (
Sanskrit Harit, "green") and Aranya (forest). However, it
is unlikely that both forest and green which allude to each other,
would be used as two different words in a single name.
Main articles: History , National monuments , and State monuments
Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Civilization and
Manuscript illustration of the
Battle of Kurukshetra
Battle of Kurukshetra
The Vedic state of
Brahmavarta is claimed to be located in south
Haryana, where the initial
Vedic scriptures were composed after the
great floods some 10,000 years ago.
Manusmriti , a flood time
document composed by Manu and
Bhrigu is now dated at 10,000 years old.
Rakhigarhi village in
Hisar district and
Bhirrana in Fatehabad
district are home to the largest and one of the world\'s oldest
Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Civilization sites, dated at over 9,000 years
old. Evidence of paved roads, a drainage system, a large-scale
rainwater collection storage system, terracotta brick and statue
production, and skilled metal working (in both bronze and precious
metals) have been uncovered. According to archaeologists, Rakhigarhi
may be the origin of Harappan civilisation, which arose in the Ghaggar
Haryana and gradually and slowly moved to the
Ancient bronze and stone idols of Jain
Tirthankara were found in
archaeological expeditions in
Ranila , Charkhi Dadri
, Badhara village),
Hansi , Hisar
(Agroha ), Kasan, Nahad,
Rewari , Rohad, Rohtak
Abohar ) and
Sonepat in Haryana.
After the sack of
Bhatner fort during the Timurid conquests of India
Timur attacked and sacked the cities of
Sirsa , Fatehabad ,
Panipat . When he reached the town of Sarsuti, the
residents, who were mostly non-Muslims, fled and were chased by a
detachment of Timur's troops, with thousands of them being killed and
looted by the troops. From there he travelled to Fatehabad, whose
residents fled and a large number of those remaining in the town were
Ahirs resisted him at Ahruni but were defeated, with
thousands being killed and many being taken prisoners while the town
was burnt to ashes. From there he travelled to
Tohana , whose Jat
inhabitants were stated to be robbers according to Sharaf ad-Din Ali
Yazdi . They tried to resist but were defeated and fled. Timur's army
pursued and killed 200 Jats, while taking many more as prisoners. He
then sent a detachment to chase the fleeing Jats and killed 2,000 of
them while their wives and children were enslaved and their property
plundered. From there he proceeded to
Kaithal whose residents were
massacred and plundered, destroying all villages along the way. On the
next day, he came to
Assandh whose residents were "fire-worshippers "
according to Yazdi, and had fled to Delhi. Next he travelled to and
subdued Tughlaqpur fort and
Salwan before reaching
residents had already fled. He then marched on to Loni fort.
Hem Chandra Vikramaditya
The area that is now
Haryana has been ruled by some of the major
empires of India.
Panipat is known for three seminal battles in the
history of India. In the First Battle of
Panipat (1526), Babur
defeated the Lodis . In the Second Battle of
Panipat (1556), Akbar
defeated the local Haryanvi
Hindu Emperor of Delhi, who belonged to
Hem Chandra Vikramaditya had earlier won 22 battles across
India from Punjab to Bengal, defeating Mughals and Afghans. Hemu had
defeated Akbar's forces twice at Agra and the Battle of
Delhi in 1556
to become the last
Hindu Emperor of
India with a formal coronation at
Purana Quila in
Delhi on 7 October 1556. In the Third Battle of
Panipat (1761), the Afghan king
Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the
Haryana as a state came into existence on 1 November 1966 the Punjab
Reorganisation Act (1966). The Indian government set up the Shah
Commission under the chairmanship of Justice JC Shah on 23 April 1966
to divide the existing state of Punjab and determine the boundaries of
the new state of
Haryana after consideration of the languages spoken
by the people. The commission delivered its report on 31 May 1966
whereby the then-districts of Hisar ,
Gurgaon , Rohtak
Karnal were to be a part of the new state of Haryana. Further, the
Narwana in the
Sangrur district — along with
Jagadhri — were to be included.
The commission recommended that the tehsil of Kharad, which includes
Chandigarh , the state capital of Punjab, should be a part of Haryana.
However, only a small portion of Kharad was given to Haryana. The
Chandigarh was made a union territory , serving as the capital
of both Punjab and Haryana.
Bhagwat Dayal Sharma
Bhagwat Dayal Sharma became the first
Chief Minister of Haryana .
DEMOGRAPHICS AND RELIGION
Christianity (0.20%) Buddhism
(0.03%) Others (0.18%) See also:
List of people from Haryana
According to the 2011 census, of total 25,350,000 population of
Haryana, Hindus (87.46%) constitute the majority of the state's
population with Sikhs (4.91%), Muslims (7.03%) (mainly Meos ) being
the largest minorities.
Among Hindus, Jats (25% to 28%) are the single largest and
socio-economically dominant caste , followed by the OBC (24%,
Yadava , etc., excluding Jats), SC (21% ,
Chamar , Dhanak ,
Khatik , etc.) and other non-dalit
non-SC castes (11% to 14%, such as Brahmins ,
Ror ) and(16%
to 17%,Khatris ).
Muslims are mainly found in the
Mewat and Nuh districts.
the second largest
Sikh population in
India after Punjab , and they
mostly live in the districts adjoining Punjab , such as Hisar , Sirsa
Jind , Fatehabad ,
Hindi (87.31%) Punjabi (10.57%)
Urdu (1.23%) Others (0.89%) See also: Haryanvi , Bagri , Mewati ,
Pahari , and Sansi
Hindi was the sole official language of
Haryana till 2010 and it is
spoken by the majority of the population (87.31%).
Haryana has 70%
rural population who primarily speak Haryanvi dialect of Hindi, as
well as other related dialects, such as Bagri and Mewati .
Punjabi was given the status of additional official language in 2010
Haryana has the second largest Punjabi speaking population in
Haryana has its own unique traditional folk music , folk dances ,
saang (folk theater), cinema , belief system such as Jathera
(ancestral worship), and arts such as Phulkari and Shisha
Folk Theater And Dances
Folk music and dances of
Haryana are based on satisfying cultural
needs of primarily agrarian and martial natures of Haryanavi tribes.
HARYANVI MUSICAL FOLK THEATER main types are
Rasa lila and
Ragini . The
Saang and Ragini form of theater was popularised by
Lakhmi Chand .
HARYANVI FOLK DANCES AND MUSIC have fast energetic movements. Three
popular categories of dance are: festive-seasonal, devotional, and
ceremonial-recreational. The festive-seasonal dances and songs are
Holi , Phaag , Sawan ,
Teej . The devotional dances
and songs are Chaupaiya ,
Holi , Manjira , Ras Leela , Raginis ). The
ceremonial-recreational dances and songs are of following types:
legendary bravery (Kissa and Ragini of male warriors and female
Satis), love and romance (Been and its variant
Nāginī dance, and
Ragini ), ceremonial (Dhamal Dance ,
Ghoomar , Jhoomar (male), Khoria,
Loor, and Ragini ).
Folk Music And Songs
HARYANVI FOLK MUSIC are based on day to day themes and injecting
earthy humor enlivens the feel of the songs. Haryanvi music takes two
main forms: "Classical folk music" and "
Desi Folk music" (Country
Music of Haryana), and sung in the form of ballads and love, valor
and bravery, harvest, happiness and pangs of parting of lovers.
Classical Haryanvi Folk Music
CLASSICAL HARYANVI FOLK MUSIC is based on
Indian classical music
Indian classical music .
Hindustani classical ragas , learnt in gharana parampara of
guru–shishya tradition , are used to sing songs of heroic bravery
Alha-Khand (1663-1202 CE) about bravery of
Alha and Udal ,
Jaimal Fatta of Maharana
Udai Singh II ), Brahmas worship and festive
seasonal songs (such as
Holi and Phaag songs of
Holi ). Kissa legendary folklores of bravery and love such as
Nihalde Sultan, Sati Manorama, Jai Singh ki Mrityu, Saran de, etc. are
some of the most popular folklores. Bravery songs are sung in high
Desi Haryanvi Folk Music
DESI HARYANVI FOLK MUSIC (HARYANVI COUNTRY FOLK MUSIC) The
country-side or desi (native) form of Haryanvi music is based on Raag
Bhairvi , Raag Bhairav , Raag Kafi , Raag
Jaijaivanti , Raag Jhinjhoti
and Raag Pahadi and used for celebrating community bonhomie to sing
seasonal songs, ballads , ceremonial songs (wedding, etc.) and related
religious legendary tales such as
Puran Bhagat . Relationship and
songs celebrating love and life are sung in medium pitch. Ceremonial
and religious songs are sung in low pitch. Young girls and women
usually sing entertaining and fast seasonal, love, relationship and
friendship related songs such as Phagan (song for eponymous
season/month), Katak (songs for the eponymous season/month), Samman
(songs for the eponymous season/month), bande-bandi (male-female duet
songs), sathne (songs of sharing heartfelt feelings among female
friends). Older women usually sing devotional Mangal Geet (auspicious
songs) and ceremonial songs such as
Bhajan , Bhat (wedding gift to the
mother of bride or groom by her brother), Sagai , Ban (
ritual where pre-wedding festivities starts), Kuan-Poojan (a custom
that is performed to welcome the birth of male child by worshiping the
well or source of drinking water),
Socially Normative-cohesive Impact
Music and dance for Haryanvi people is a great way of demolishing
societal differences as folk singers are highly esteemed and they are
sought after and invited for the events, ceremonies and special
occasions regardless of their caste or status. These inter-caste songs
are fluid in nature, and never personalized for any specific caste,
and they are sung collectively by women from different strata, castes,
dialects. These songs do transform fluidly in dialect, style, words,
etc. This adoptive style can be seen from the adoption of tunes of
Bollywood movie songs into Haryanvi songs. Despite this continuous
fluid transforming nature, Haryanvi songs have a distinct style of
their own as explained above.
North Indian cuisine
81% people of
Haryana are vegetarian, and cuisine of
based on fresh, earthy and wholesome ethos of its agrarian culture,
where staples are roti , saag , vegetarian sabzi and abundance of milk
products such as homemade nooni or tindi ghee , ghee (clarified
butter), milk , lassi , kheer .
Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. It is between
27°39' to 30°35' N latitude and between 74°28' and 77°36' E
longitude. The total geographical area of the state is 4.42 m ha,
which is 1.4% of the geographical area of the country. The altitude
Haryana varies between 700 and 3600 ft (200 metres to 1200 metres)
above sea level.
Haryana has only 4% (compared to national 21.85%)
area under forests.
PLAINS AND MOUNTAINS
Haryana has four main geographical features.
Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the state is
Delhi doab consisting of Sutlej-
Ghaggar doab (between
Sutlej in north in Punjab and
Ghaggar river flowing through northern
Ghaggar-Hakra doab (between
Ghaggar river and Hakra or
Drishadvati river which is the paleo channel of the holy Sarasvati
River ) and Hakra-
Yamuna doab (between Hakra river and Yamuna). See
* The Lower
Shivalik Hills to the northeast in foothills of Himalaya
Bagar tract semi-desert dry sandy plain to the south -west.
See also: Bangar and Khadir .
* The Aravali Range 's northern most low rise isolated
non-continuous outcrops in the south
Yamuna River near the
Yamuna , tributary of
Ganges , flows along the state's eastern
Haryana has several north-east to south-west flowing rivers
originating from the
Sivalik Hills of
Himalayas , such as
Ghaggar-Hakra (palaeochannel of vedic
Sarasvati river ), Chautang
(paleochannel of vedic
Drishadvati river , tributary of Ghagghar),
Tangri river (tributary of Ghagghar),
Kaushalya river (tributary of
Ghagghar), Markanda River (tributary of Ghagghar),
Somb river . Haryana's main seasonal river, the
Ghaggar-Hakra, known as
Ghaggar before the
Ottu barrage and as the
Hakra downstream of the barrage, rises in the outer Himalayas,
Yamuna and the
Satluj and enters the state near
Panchkula district , passes through
Sirsa , it reaches
Rajasthan and runs for 460 km (290 mi) before disappearing
into the deserts of Rajasthan. The seasonal Markanda River , known as
the Aruna in ancient times, originates from the lower Shivalik Hills
Haryana west of
Ambala , and swells into a raging torrent
during monsoon is notorious for its devastating power, carries its
surplus water on to the Sanisa Lake where the Markanda joins the
Sarasuti and later the Ghaggar.
Haryana has several south-east to north-west flowing
seasonal rivulets originating from the
Aravalli Range in and around
the hills in
Mewat region, including
Sahibi River (called
Najafgarh drain in Delhi),
Dohan river (tributary of Sahibi,
originates at Mandoli village near
Neem Ka Thana in Jhunjhunu district
Rajasthan and then disappears in
Krishnavati river (former tributary of Sahibi river, originates near
Dariba and disappears in
Mahendragarh district much before reaching
Sahibi river) and
Indori river (longest tributary of Sahibi River,
Sikar district of
Rajasthan and flows to
of Haryana), these once were tributaries of the
Major canals are Western
Yamuna Canal ,
Yamuna link canal
Sutlej river tributary of
Indus ), and
Indira Gandhi Canal
Indira Gandhi Canal .
Major dams are
Kaushalya Dam in
Panchkula district, Hathnikund
Tajewala Barrage on
Pathrala barrage on
Somb river in
Yamunanagar district, ancient
Anagpur Dam near
Faridabad district, and Ottu barrage
Ghaggar-Hakra River in
Major lakes are Dighal Wetland,
Basai Wetland ,
Badkhal Lake in
Brahma Sarovar and
Sannihit Sarovar in
Blue Bird Lake
Blue Bird Lake in Hisar,
Damdama Lake at
Hathni Kund in
Yamunanagar district, Karna Lake
at Karnal, ancient
Faridabad , and
Tilyar Lake in
Haryana State Waterbody Management Board is responsible for
rejuvenation of 14,000 Johads of
Haryana and up to 60 lakes in
National Capital Region falling within the
Only hot spring of
Haryana is the
Sohna Sulphur Hot Spring at Sohna
Tosham Hill range has several sacred sulphur
pond of religious significance that are revered for the healing impact
of sulfur , such as Pandu Teerth Kund, Surya Kund, Kukkar Kund,
Gyarasia Kund or Vyas Kund.
Seasonal waterfalls include Tikkar Taal twin lakes at
Morni hiills ,
Dhosi Hill in
Mahendragarh district and
Pali village on outskirts of
Haryana is extremely hot in summer at around 45 °C (113 °F) and
mild in winter. The hottest months are May and June and the coldest
December and January. The climate is arid to semi-arid with average
rainfall of 354.5 mm. Around 29% of rainfall is received during the
months from July to September, and the remaining rainfall is received
during the period from December to February.
FLORA AND FAUNA
STATE SYMBOLS OF HARYANA
1 November (Day of
separation from Punjab)
Forest Cover in the state in 2013 was 3.59% (1586 km2) and the Tree
Cover in the state was 2.90% (1282 km2), giving a total forest and
tree Cover of 6.49%. In 2016-17, 18,412 hectares were brought under
tree cover by planting 14.1 million seedlings. Thorny, dry, deciduous
forest and thorny shrubs can be found all over the state. During the
monsoon , a carpet of grass covers the hills.
Mulberry , eucalyptus ,
pine, kikar, shisham and babul are some of the trees found here. The
species of fauna found in the state of
Haryana include black buck ,
nilgai , panther , fox , mongoose , jackal and wild dog. More than 450
species of birds are found here.
See also: List of National Parks "> Ten
Lok Sabha constituencies
Haryana See also:
List of cities in Haryana by population
The state is divided into divided into 6 revenue divisions, 5 Police
Ranges and 3 Police Commissionerates (c. January 2017). Six
revenue divisions are:
Gurgaon , Hisar ,
Haryana has 10 municipal corporations (Gurigram,
Faridabad, Ambala, Panchkula, Yamunanagar, Rohtak, Hisar, Panipat,
Karnal and Sonepat), 18 municipal councils and 52 municipalities (c.
Within these there are 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 tehsils, 50
sub-tehsils, 140 blocks, 154 cities and towns, 6,841 villages, 6212
villages panchayats and numerous smaller dhanis .
List of districts of Haryana
Palwal , Nuh
Jind , Hisar ,
Charkhi Dadri ,
LAW AND ORDER
Haryana Police force is the law enforcement agency of Haryana. Five
Police Ranges are Ambala, Hissar, Karnal,
Rewari and Rohtak. Three
Police Commissionerates are Faridabad,
Gurgaon and Panchkula.
Cybercrime investigation cell is based in Gurgaon's Sector 51.
The highest judicial authority in the state is the Punjab and Haryana
High Court , with next higher right of appeal to Supreme Court of
Haryana uses e-filing facility.
GOVERNANCE AND E-GOVERNANCE
See also: CMs , Assembly , Assembly constituencies , Lok Sabha
constituencies , and Political dynasties
Common Service Centres (CSCs) have been upgraded in all districts
to offer hundreds of e-services to citizens, including application of
new water connection, sewer connection, electricity bill collection,
ration card member registration, result of HBSE , admit cards for
board examinations, online admission form for government colleges,
long route booking of buses, admission forms for Kurukshetra
University and HUDA plots status inquiry.
Haryana has become the
first state to implement
Aadhaar -enabled birth registration in all
the districts. Thousands of all traditional offline state and central
government services are also available 24/7 online through single
UMANG app and portal as part of Digital
Economy of Haryana , SEZs in
Haryana , Companies in
Gurugram , and
Tourism in Haryana
Haryana's 14th placed 12.96% 2012-17 CAGR estimated 2017-18 GSDP of
US$95 billion is split in to 52% services , 30% industries and 18%
Services sector is split across 45% in real estate and financial &
professional services, 26% trade and hospitality , 15% state and
central govt employees, and 14% transport and logistics "> The
DLF Limited , India's largest real estate company, in
Faridabad is one of the biggest industrial city of
Haryana as well
as North India.
* Hissar , a NCR Counter Magnet city known as steel and cotton
spinning hub as well as upcoming integrated industrial aerocity and
aero MRO hub at
Hisar Airport , is a fast developing city and the
Navin Jindal and
Subhash Chandra of
Zee TV fame. Savitri
Jindal , Navin Jindal's mother, has been listed by
Forbes as the third
richest woman in world.
Panipat has heavy industry, including a refinery operated by the
Indian Oil Corporation , a urea manufacturing plant operated by
National Fertilizers Limited and a National Thermal Power Corporation
power plant. It is known for its woven modhas or round stools.
Sonepat : IMT Kundli , Nathupur, Rai and Bari are industrial areas
Small and medium-sized enterprises , including come large
ones such as Atlas cycles, E.C.E., Birla factory ,
Gurugram : IMT Minesar ,
Sohna are industrial and
logistics hub, that also has
National Security Guards , Indian
Institute of Corporate Affairs ,
National Brain Research Centre and
National Bomb Data Centre.
Haryana State has always given high priority to the expansion of
electricity infrastructure, as it is one of the most important inputs
for the development of the state.
Haryana was the first state in the
country to achieve 100% rural electrification in 1970 as well as the
first in the country to link all villages with all-weather roads and
provide safe drinking water facilities throughout the state.
Power in the state are:
* Renewable and non-polluting sources
* Bhakra-Nangal Dam Hydroelectric Power Plant
* WYC Hydro Electric Station , 62.4 MW,
Solar power stations
Faridabad Solar Power Plant : being setup by HPGCL Faridabad
Nuclear power stations
Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant , 2800MW, Fatehabad, Phase-I 1400MW
* Coal-fired thermal power stations
Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Station
Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Station , 600MW, Yamunanagar,
Indira Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project
Indira Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project , 1500MW,
Jhajjar Power Station , 1500MW
Panipat Thermal Power Station I , 440MW
Panipat Thermal Power Station II , 920MW
Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power Station , 1200MW, Hisar
Admin map of
Haryana with RTO codes
Roads And Highways
Haryana has a total road length of 26,062 kilometres (16,194 mi),
including 2,482 kilometres (1,542 mi) 29 national highways , 1,801
kilometres (1,119 mi) state highways , 1,395 kilometres (867 mi) Major
District Roads (MDR) and 20,344 kilometres (12,641 mi) Other District
Roads (ODR) (c. December 2017). A fleet of 3,864
buses covers a distance of 1.15 million km per day, and it was the
first state in the country to introduce luxury video coaches.
Delhi Multan Road and
Grand Trunk Road
Grand Trunk Road , South Asia's oldest
and longest major roads, pass through Haryana. GT Road passes through
the districts of
Kurukshetra and Ambala
Haryana where it enters
Delhi and subsequently the industrial
Faridabad on its way. The 135.6 kilometres (84.3 mi)
Palwal Expressway(KMP) will provide a high-speed link
Haryana with its southern districts such as Sonepat,
Jhajjar and Faridabad.
The Delhi-Agra Expressway (NH-2) that passes through
being widened to six lanes from current four lanes. It will further
Faridabad 's connectivity with
See also: Stations in
Haryana , NWR history , NR history , and NCR
Rail network in
Haryana is covered by 5 rail divisions under 3 rail
Diamond Quadrilateral High-speed rail network , Eastern
Dedicated Freight Corridor (72 km) and Western Dedicated Freight
Corridor (177 km) pass through Haryana.
Bikaner railway division of
North Western Railway zone manages rail
network in western and southern
Bhatinda-Dabwali-Hanumangarh line , Rewari-Bhiwani-Hisar-Bathinda line
, Hisar-Sadulpur line and Rewari-Loharu-Sadulpur line. Jaipur
railway division of
North Western Railway zone manages rail network in
Haryana covering Rewari-Reengas-Jaipur line ,
Delhi-Alwar-Jaipur line and Loharu-Sikar line.
Delhi railway division of
Northern Railway zone manages rail network
in north and east and central
Haryana covering Delhi-
Ambala line ,
Tohana line , Rewari–
Rohtak line , Jind-
Rewari line .
Agra railway division of North Central
Railway zone manages another very small part of network in south-east
Palwal -Mathura line only.
Ambala railway division of
Northern Railway zone manages small part
of rail network in north-east
Haryana covering Ambala-
Kurukshetra line and UNESCO World Heritage Kalka–Shimla
Delhi Metro and
Delhi Metro connects the national capital
Delhi with parts of Haryana
state within NCR, including Bahadurgarh,
Faridabad and with Rapid
Faridabad has the longest metro network in the NCR
Region consisting of 9 stations and track length being 14 km.
Delhi governments have constructed the 4.5-kilometre
(2.8 mi) international standard
Faridabad Skyway , the first of
its kind in North India, to connect
Delhi and Faridabad.
Communication And Media
Haryana has a statewide network of telecommunication facilities.
Haryana Government has its own statewide area network by which all
government offices of 22 districts and 126 blocks across the state are
connected with each other thus making it the first SWAN of the
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited and most of the leading
private sector players (such as Reliance Infocom,
Tata Teleservices ,
Bharti Telecom ,
Vodafone Essar ,
have operations in the state. Important areas around
Delhi are an
integral part of the local
Delhi Mobile Telecommunication System. This
network system would easily cover major towns like
Electronic media channels include,
9XM , Star Group,
SET Max ,
News Time ,
NDTV 24x7 and
Zee Group . The radio stations include All
Radio and other FM stations.
The major newspapers of
Dainik Bhaskar , Punjab
Jag Bani ,
Dainik Jagran , The Tribune ,
Amar Ujala ,
Hindustan Times ,
Dainik Tribune , The Times of
India and Hari-Bhumi.
Haryana Civil Medical Services , Teaching hospitals , and
The Total Fertility Rate of
Haryana is 2.3. The Infant Mortality Rate
is 41 (SRS 2013) and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 146 (SRS
Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS
Literacy rate in
Haryana has seen an upward trend and is 76.64
percent as per 2011 population census.
Male literacy stands at 85.38
percent, while female literacy is at 66.67 percent. In 2001, the
literacy rate in
Haryana stood at 67.91 percent of which male and
female were 78.49 percent and 55.73 percent literate respectively. As
of 2013 ,
Gurgaon city had the highest literacy rate in
86.30% followed by
Panchkula at 81.9 per cent and
Ambala at 81.7
percent. In terms of districts, as of 2012
Rewari had the highest
literacy rate in
Haryana at 74%, higher than the national average of
59.5%: male literacy was 79%, and female 67%.
Haryana Board of School Education , established in September 1969 and
Bhiwani in 1981, conducts public examinations at middle,
matriculation, and senior secondary levels twice a year. Over seven
lakh candidates attend annual examinations in February and March;
150,000 attend supplementary examinations each November. The Board
also conducts examinations for
Haryana Open School at senior and
senior secondary levels twice a year. The
Haryana government provides
free education to women up to the bachelor\'s degree level.
In 2015-2016, there were nearly 20,000 schools, including 10,100
state government schools (36 Aarohi Schools, 11 Kasturba Gandhi Balika
Vidyalayas, 21 Model Sanskriti Schools, 8744 government primary
school, 3386 government middle school, 1284 government high school and
1967 government senior secondary schools), 7,635 private schools (200
aided, 6612 recognized unaided, and 821 unrecognied unaided private
schools. )and several hundred other central government and private
schools such as
Kendriya Vidyalaya ,
Indian Army Public Schools ,
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya and DAV schools affiliated to central
government's CBSE and ICSE school boards.
Universities And Higher Education
List of institutions of higher education in Haryana and
List of Medical, Ayurvedic, Dental, Physiotherapy, Nursing and
Para-medical colleges in
Haryana has 29 universities and 299 colleges, including 115
government colleges, 88 govt-aided colleges and 96 self-finance
colleges (c. Jan 2018). Hisar has three universities: Chaudhary
Haryana Agricultural University -
Asia 's largest
agricultural university, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and
Technology , Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary several national
agricultural and veterinary research centres (National Research Centre
on Equines ), Central Sheep Breeding Farm, National Institute on Pig
Breeding and Research, Northern Region Farm Machinery Training and
Testing Institute and Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes
(CIRB); and more than 20 colleges including Maharaja Agrasen Medical
College, Agroha .
Ravi Shankar Prasad announced on 27 February 2016 that
National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIELIT)
would be set up in
Kurukshetra to provide computer training to youth
and a Software Technology Park of
India (STPI) would be set up in
Panchkula ’s existing HSIIDC IT Park in Sector 23.
English are compulsory languages in schools whereas Punjabi, Sanskrit
and Urdu are chosen as optional languages.
See also: Stadiums in
Vijender Singh Beniwal
Vijender Singh Beniwal ,
middleweight boxer from
Haryana Former volleyball
player Balwant Sagwal
2010 Commonwealth Games at Delhi, 22 out of 38 gold medals
India won came from Haryana. During the 33rd National Games held
Assam in 2007,
Haryana stood first in the nation with a medal
tally of 80, including 30 gold, 22 silver and 28 bronze medals.
The 1983 World-Cup-winning captain
Kapil Dev is from Haryana. Nahar
Singh Stadium was built in
Faridabad in the year 1981 for
international cricket. This ground has the capacity to hold around
25,000 people as spectators. Tejli Sports Complex is an Ultra-Modern
sports complex in
Yamuna Nagar .
Tau Devi Lal Stadium in
Gurgaon is a
Chief Minister of Haryana
Manohar Lal Khattar announced the "Haryana
Sports and Physical Fitness Policy", a policy to support 26 Olympic
sports, on 12 January 2015 with the words "We will develop
the sports hub of the country."
Haryana is home to
Haryana Gold , one of India's eight professional
basketball teams which compete in the country's UBA Pro Basketball
List of Monuments of National Importance in Haryana
List of State Protected Monuments in Haryana
Outline of Haryana
Politics of Haryana
Tourism in Haryana
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हरियाणए देसे असंखगाम,
गामियण जणि अणवरथ काम
सिरिसंघट्टणु, जो सुरव इणा
पवट्टणु, ढिल्ली नामेण जि
भणियं Translation: there are countless villages in HARYANA
country. The villagers there work hard. They don't accept domination
of others, and are experts in making the blood of their enemies flow.
Indra himself praises this country. The capital of this country is
Haryana Britannica Online Encyclopedia
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29. ISBN 81-7436-354-8 . Retrieved 2009-09-05. One of the two
significant structures in the area, the dam lies about 1 km to the
north of the Anangpur village. A path from the main village street
will lead you in to flat pastureland. Head for the small rocky hill
ahead of you and climb over it. On the other side is another flat
area, rather thickly covered in thorn trees. It is worth finding a way
through them to the dam that straddles the gap between the two nearby
hills. The dam is an impressive edifice 50 m wide and 7 m high built
from accurately hewn quartzite blocks.---There is a passage for the
egress of water at the level of the ground on the dammed side. The
flat land across which you have walked is clearly caused by centuries
of silt deposits in the lake that once existed behind this dam. The
land around has been vwey heavily quarried recently, so further
archaeological finds are unlikely.
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southern ... constructed with famine labor in 1896-7 ... 6.3 lakhs, of
which 2.8 lakhs was debited to
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everywhere", Indian Express, retrieved 28 November 2010, ... The
Panipat Thermal Plant was named after Devi Lal, as was the
new tourist complex at Ottu weir in
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प्यास बुझाएगी ओटू झील (Ottu
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किसानों की समस्या से निजात
दिलाने में सहायक ओटू झील
की याद बरबस किसानों व
सिंचाई विभाग को आना
लाज़िमी है। सिंचाई विभाग
ने किसानों के हित को ध्यान
में रखते हुए झील की खुदाई
की गति तेज़ कर दी है (it is obvious that
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Ottu reservoir. Mindful of the farmers' interests, the irrigation
department has accelerated the work to deepen Ottu reservoir) ...
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Haryana Sports and Physical Fitness Policy
Government of Haryana
* Atul Kumar Sinha; Abhay Kumar Singh, eds. (2007), Udayana New
Horizons in History, Classics and Inter-Cultural studies, Anamika
Publishers, ISBN 81-7975-168-6
* NIDM, National Disaster Risk Reduction
National Institute of Disaster Management (MHA, GOI)
* Sharma, Suresh K (2006). Haryana: Past and Present. New Delhi:
Mittal Publications. p. 763. ISBN 81-8324-046-1 . Retrieved July 11,
* Khanna, C. L. (2008).
Haryana General Knowledge. Agra: Upkar
Prakashan. p. 75. ISBN 81-7482-383-2 . Retrieved July 11, 2012.
* Yadav, Ram B. (2008). Folk Tales & Legends of Haryana. Gurgaon:
Pinnacle Technology. p. 305. ISBN 81-7871-162-1 . Retrieved July 11,
* Mittal, Satish Chandra (1986). Haryana, a Historical Perspective.
New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 183. Retrieved July
* Singh, Mandeep; Kaur, Harvinder (2004). Economic Development Of
Haryana. New Delhi: Deep and Deep Publications. p. 234. ISBN
81-7629-558-2 . Retrieved July 11, 2012.
* Gandhi, Mahatma (1977). Gandhiji and Haryana: A collection of his
speeches and writings pertaining to Haryana. Usha Publications. p.
158. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
* Phadke, H. A. (1990). Haryana, ancient and medieval. Harman
Publishing House. p. 256. ISBN 81-85151-34-2 . Retrieved July 11,
* Singh, Chattar (2004). Social and economic change in Haryana.
Book Organisation. p. 252. ISBN 81-87521-10-4 . Retrieved
July 11, 2012.
* Yadav, Kripal Chandra (2002). Modern Haryana: History and culture,
1803–1966. Manohar Publishers & Distributors. p. 320. ISBN
81-7304-371-X . Retrieved July 11, 2012.
* Rai, Gulshan (1987). Formation of Haryana. B.R. Publishing
Corporation. p. 223. ISBN 81-7018-412-6 . Retrieved July 11, 2012.
* Handa, Devendra (2004). Buddhist remains from Haryana. Sundeep
Prakashan. p. 97. ISBN 81-7574-153-8 . Retrieved July 11, 2012.
Haryana at a glance: Statistical overview & development
indicators. Jagran Research Centre. 2007. p. 157. Retrieved July 11,
* Singh, Chander Pal (2003). Early medieval art of Haryana. Koshal
Book Depot. p. 168. ISBN 81-86049-07-X . Retrieved July 11, 2012.
* Handa, Devendra (2006). Sculptures from Haryana: Iconography and
style. Indian Institute of Advanced Study. p. 286. ISBN 81-7305-307-3
. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
* Journal of
Haryana Studies. Kurukshetra:
2008. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
* Harvey, Bill; Harvey, William; Devasar, Nikhil; Grewal, Bikram;
Oriental Bird Club (2006). Atlas of the birds of
Delhi and Haryana.
Rupa & Co. p. 352. ISBN 81-291-0954-9 . Retrieved July 11, 2012.
Find more aboutHARYANAat's sister projects
* Definitions from Wiktionary
* Media from Wikimedia Commons
* News from Wikinews
* Travel guide from Wikivoyage
* The Official Site of the Government of Haryana
* Official Tourism Site of Haryana, India
Haryana Encyclopædia Britannica entry
Haryana at Curlie (based on
* Geographic data related to
Capital : CHANDIGARH