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The Godavari
Godavari
is India's second longest river after the Ganga. Its source is in Triambakeshwar, Maharashtra.[4] It flows east for 1,465 kilometres (910 mi) draining the states of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
(48.6%), Telangana
Telangana
(18.8%), Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
(4.5%), Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
(10.9%), Madhya Pradesh (10.0%), Odisha
Odisha
(5.7%), Karnataka
Karnataka
(1.4%) and Puducherry (Yanam) and emptying into Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
through its extensive network of tributaries.[5] Measuring up to 312,812 km2 (120,777 sq mi), it forms one of the largest river basins in the Indian subcontinent, with only the Ganges
Ganges
and Indus
Indus
rivers having a larger drainage basin.[6] In terms of length, catchment area and discharge, the Godavari
Godavari
river is the largest in peninsular India, and had been dubbed as the Dakshina Ganga – Ganges
Ganges
of the South.[7] The river has been revered in Hindu
Hindu
scriptures for many millennia and continues to harbor and nourish a rich cultural heritage. In the past few decades, the river has been barricaded by a number of barrages and dams, restricting its flow. The river delta supports 729 persons/km2 – nearly twice the density average for the nation, and has been categorized as having substantial to greater risk of flooding with rising sea levels.[8][9]

Contents

1 Course

1.1 Within Maharashtra 1.2 Within Telangana 1.3 Within Andhra Pradesh

2 Tributaries 3 Religious significance 4 Settlements along the Godavari

4.1 Maharashtra 4.2 Telangana 4.3 Andhra Pradesh 4.4 Places of interest

5 Flora and fauna 6 Waterfalls 7 Crossings 8 Dams 9 Hydro power stations 10 Geology and sediment transfer in the Godavari
Godavari
Drainage Basin 11 Mineral deposits 12 Ecological concerns 13 In popular culture 14 See also 15 References 16 External links

Course[edit]

Godavari
Godavari
river basin.

Godavari
Godavari
River delta
River delta
extending into the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
(upper river in image).

Bhadrachalam
Bhadrachalam
Temple during 2005 floods[10]

The Godavari
Godavari
originates in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
of central India
India
near Nasik
Nasik
in Maharashtra, 80 km (50 mi) from the Arabian Sea. It flows for 1,465 km (910 mi), first eastwards across the Deccan Plateau
Deccan Plateau
then turns southeast, entering the West Godavari district and East Godavari district
East Godavari district
of Andhra Pradesh, until it splits into two distributaries that widen into a large river delta and flow into the Bay of Bengal.[11] The Godavari
Godavari
River has a coverage area of 312,812 km2 (120,777 sq mi), which is nearly one-tenth of the area of India
India
and is greater than the areas of England
England
and Ireland
Ireland
put together. The river basin is considered to be divided into 3 sections:

Upper (source to confluence with Manjira), Middle (between confluence of Manjira
Manjira
and Pranhita) and Lower ( Pranhita
Pranhita
confluence to mouth).

These put together account for 24.2% of the total basin area.[12] The rivers annual average water inflows are nearly 110 billion cubic metres.[13] Nearly 50% of the water availability is being harnessed. The water allocation from the river among the riparian states are governed by the Godavari
Godavari
Water Disputes Tribunal. The river has highest flood flows in India
India
and experienced recorded flood of 3.6 million cusecs in the year 1986 and annual flood of 1.0 million cusecs is normal.[14][15] Within Maharashtra[edit] In Maharashtra
Maharashtra
state where it takes origin, the river has an extensive course, the upper basin (origin to its confluence with Manjira) of which lies entirely within the state, cumulatively draining an area as large as 152,199 km2 (58,764 sq mi) – about half the area of Maharashtra.[16] Within Nashik
Nashik
District the river assumes a north-easterly course till it flows into the Gangapur Reservoir created by a dam of the same name. The reservoir along with the Kashypi Dam
Kashypi Dam
provides potable water to Nashik, one of the largest cities located on its banks. The river as it emerges through the dam, some 8 km (5.0 mi) upstream from Nashik, flows on a rocky bed undulated by a series of chasms and rocky ledges, resulting in the formation of two significant waterfalls – the Gangapur waterfalls and the Someshwar Waterfalls, the latter, located at Someshwar and more popularly known as the Dudhsagar Waterfall[17] About 10 km (6.2 mi) east of Gangapur the river passes the town of Nashik where it collects its effluents in the form of the river Nasardi on its right bank. About 0.5 km (0.31 mi) south direction from Nashik, the river bends sharply to the east, washing the base of a high cliff formerly the site of a Mughal fort, but which is now being eaten away by the action of floods. About 25 km (16 mi) below Nasik
Nasik
is the confluence of the Godavari
Godavari
and one of its tributaries, the Darna river. The stream occupies, for nine months in the year, a small space in a wide and gravelly bed, the greyish banks being 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) high, topped with a deep layer of black soil. A few kilometres after its meeting with the Darna, the Godavari
Godavari
swerves to the north-east, till the Banganga, from the north-west, meets it on the left. The course of the main stream then tends more decidedly south. At Nandur-Madhmeshwar, the Kadva, a second large affluent, brings considerable increase to the waters of the Godavari. The river begins its southeasterly course characteristic of rivers of the Deccan Plateau. The river beyond exits the Niphad
Niphad
Taluka of Nashik
Nashik
and enter the Kopargaon
Kopargaon
taluka, Ahmednagar District. Within Ahmednagar the river quickly completes its short course, flowing alongside the town of Kopargaon
Kopargaon
and reaching Puntamba. Beyond this the river has been deployed as a natural boundary between the following districts :

Ahmednagar and Aurangabad: Along the boundary here, it receives its first major tributary Pravara River, draining the former district, the confluence located at Pravarasangam. By virtue of a sub-tributary of Pravara – Mandohol, which originates in Pune District
Pune District
– the basin impinges the Pune District. The river at Paithan
Paithan
has been impounded by the Jayakwadi Dam
Jayakwadi Dam
forming the NathSagar Reservoir. Kalsubai
Kalsubai
located in Godavari
Godavari
basin, is the highest peak in Maharashtra. Beed
Beed
and Jalna Beed
Beed
and Parbhani: Located along here is its merger with Sindphana, an important tributary[18] which drains a considerably large area within Beed. The sub-tributary river Bindusara forms a landmark at Beed.

The river beyond, near the village Sonpeth, flows into Parbhani. Its course is relatively non-significant except for receiving two smaller streams – Indrayani and Masuli – merging at its left and right banks respectively. Within the last taluka of the district Parbhani, Purna, the river drains a major tributary of the same name: Purna[19] It then exits into the neighboring district of Nanded
Nanded
where 10 km (6.2 mi) before reaching the town Nanded, is impounded by the Vishnupuri Dam and thus with it, bringing Asia's largest lift irrigation projects to life. A little downstream from Nanded, the river receives Asna, a small stream, on its left bank.It then runs into the controversial Babli project soon ends its course within Maharashtra, albeit temporarily, at its merger with a major tributary – Manjira. The river after flowing into Telangana, re-emerges to run as a state boundary separating the Mancherial, Telangana
Telangana
from Gadchiroli, Maharashtra. At the state border, it runs between Sironcha
Sironcha
and Somnoor Sangam receiving one tributary at each of those nodal points – the Pranhita
Pranhita
and subsequently the Indravati. Within Telangana[edit]

Road Bridge over Godavari
Godavari
River at Bhadrachalam

Godavari
Godavari
enters into Telangana
Telangana
in Nizamabad district
Nizamabad district
at Kandakurthy where Manjira, Haridra rivers joins Godavari
Godavari
and forms Triveni Sangamam. The river flows along the border between Nirmal
Nirmal
and Mancherial
Mancherial
districts in the north and Nizamabad, Jagityal, Peddapalli Ramagundam
Ramagundam
districts to its south. About 12 km (7.5 mi) after entering Telangana
Telangana
it merges with the back waters of the Sriram Sagar Dam. The river after emerging through the dam gates, enjoys a wide river bed, often splitting to encase sandy islands. The river receives a minor but significant tributary Kadam river. It then emerges at its eastern side to act as state border with Maharashtra only to later enter into Bhadradri Kothagudem district. In this district the river flows through an important Hindu
Hindu
pilgrimage town – Bhadrachalam. The river further swells after receiving a minor tributary Kinnerasani River and exits into Andhra Pradesh. Within Andhra Pradesh[edit]

The river at Papi Hills
Papi Hills
in Andhra Pradesh.

The river near Yanam.

Within the state of Andhra Pradesh, it flows through hilly terrain of the Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
known as the Papi hills which explains the narrowing of its bed as it flows through a gorge for a few km, only to re-widen at Polavaram. Before crossing the Papi hills, it receives its last major tributary Sabari River
Sabari River
on its left bank. The river upon reaching the plains begins to widen out until it reaches Rajamundry. Arma Konda or Jindhagada Peak (1,680 m (5,510 ft) above msl) located near Paderu
Paderu
is the highest peak in the Godavari
Godavari
river basin as well as in Eastern Ghats.[20][21] After crossing Rajahmundry, the Godavari
Godavari
splits into two branches which are called Vriddha Gautami (Gautami Godavari) and Vasishta Godavari. Again the Gautami branch splits into two branches namely Gautami and Nilarevu. Similarly the Vasishta splits into two branches named Vasishta and Vainateya. These four branches which join the Bay of Bengal at different places, are forming a delta of length 170 km (110 mi) along the coast of the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
and is called the Konaseema
Konaseema
region. This delta along with the delta of the Krishna River
Krishna River
is called the Rice Granary of South India.[22] Tributaries[edit] The major tributaries of the river can be classified[23] as the left bank tributaries which include the Purna, Pranhita, Indravati
Indravati
and Sabari River
Sabari River
covering nearly 59.7% of the total catchment area of the basin and the right bank tributaries Pravara, Manjira, Manair together contributing 16.1% of the basin. Pranhita
Pranhita
is the largest tributary covering about 34% of its drainage basin. Though the river proper flows only for 113 km (70 mi), by virtue of its extensive tributaries Wardha, Wainganga, Penganga, the sub-basin drains all of Vidharba
Vidharba
region as well as the southern slopes of the Satpura Ranges. Indravati
Indravati
is the 2nd largest tributary, known as the "lifeline" of the Kalahandi, Nabarangapur
Nabarangapur
of Odisha
Odisha
& Bastar district
Bastar district
of Chhattisgarh. Due to their enormous sub-basins both Indravati
Indravati
and Pranhita
Pranhita
are considered rivers in their own right. Manjira
Manjira
is the longest tributary and holds the Nizam Sagar
Nizam Sagar
reservoir. Purna
Purna
is a prime river in the water scarce Marathwada
Marathwada
region of Maharashtra.

Drainage Basin of Godavari[24]   Upper, Middle and Lower Basins of Godavari
Godavari
(24.2%)    Pranhita
Pranhita
(34.87%)    Indravati
Indravati
(12.98%)    Manjira
Manjira
(9.86%)   Sabari (6.53%)    Purna
Purna
(4.98%)   Manair (4.18%)   Pravara (2.08%)

Major Tributaries of Godavari
Godavari
River

Tributary Bank Confluence Location Confluence Elevation Length Sub-basin area

Pravara Right Pravara Sangam, Nevasa, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra 463 m (1,519 ft) 208 km (129 mi) 6,537 km2 (2,524 sq mi)

Purna Left Jambulbet, Parbhani, Marathwada, Maharashtra 358 m (1,175 ft) 373 km (232 mi) 15,579 km2 (6,015 sq mi)

Manjira Right Kandakurthi, Renjal, Nizamabad, Telangana 332 m (1,089 ft) 724 km (450 mi) 30,844 km2 (11,909 sq mi)

Manair Right Arenda, Manthani, Karimnagar, Telangana 115 m (377 ft) 225 km (140 mi) 13,106 km2 (5,060 sq mi)

Pranhita Left Kaleshwaram, Mahadevpur, Karimnagar, Telangana 99 m (325 ft) 113 km (70 mi) 109,078 km2 (42,115 sq mi)

Indravati Left Somnoor Sangam, Sironcha, Gadchiroli, Maharashtra 82 m (269 ft) 535 km (332 mi) 41,655 km2 (16,083 sq mi)

Sabari Left Kunawaram, East Godavari, Andhra Pradesh 25 m (82 ft) 418 km (260 mi) 20,427 km2 (7,887 sq mi)

Other than these 7 principal ones, it has many smaller but significant ones draining into it. Religious significance[edit]

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v t e

Goddess Godavari

The river is sacred to Hindus
Hindus
and has several places on its banks, that have been places of pilgrimage for thousands of years. Amongst the huge numbers of people who have bathed in her waters as a rite of cleansing are said to have been the deity Baladeva 5000 years ago and the saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
500 years ago. Every twelve years, Pushkaram fair is held on the banks of the river. A legend has it that the sage Gautama lived in the Brahmagiri Hills at Tryambakeshwar
Tryambakeshwar
with his wife Ahalya. The couple lived the rest of their lives in the then village called Govuru, known as Kovvur
Kovvur
("cow") since the British rule. Ahalya lived in a nearby place called Thagami (now Thogummi). The sage, as a reason for the practice of annadanam ("giving away food" to the needy), started cultivating rice crops and other crops. Once, the god Ganesha, on the wish of the munis, sent a miraculous cow maaya-dhenu, which resembled a normal cow. It entered the sage's abode and started spoiling the rice while he was meditating. Since cattle is sacred to Hindus
Hindus
and shall always be treated with respect, he put the dharbha grass on the cow. But, to his surprise, it fell dead. Seeing what happened before their eyes, the munis and their wives cried out, "We thought that Gautama-maharishi is a righteous man, but he committed bovicide (killing of a cow or cattle)!". The sage wished to atone for this grievous sin. Therefore, he went to Nashik
Nashik
and observed tapas to Lord Tryambakeshwara (a manifestation of the god Shiva), on the advice of the munis, praying for atonement and asking Him to make the Ganges
Ganges
flow over the cow. Shiva
Shiva
was pleased with the sage and diverted the Ganges
Ganges
which washed away the cow and gave rise to the Godavari
Godavari
river in Nashik. The water stream flowed past Kovvur
Kovvur
and ultimately merged with the Bay of Bengal. Settlements along the Godavari[edit]

Trimbakeshwar

Maharashtra[edit]

Nashik
Nashik
(Holy city and site of Simhastha Kumbha Mela
Kumbha Mela
bathing festivals) Trimbakeshwar
Trimbakeshwar
(shrine to the Jyotirlinga
Jyotirlinga
of the god Shiva) Kopargaon Puntamba
Puntamba
– A place of pilgrimage with a number of ancient temples including the last resting place (Samadhi) of Sant Changdev
Changdev
in Puntamba. Paithan
Paithan
(Ancient capital of the Satavahana dynasty) Gangakhed Nanded
Nanded
(Location of the Hazur Sahib Nanded
Nanded
Sikh gurdwara) Sironcha
Sironcha
(Town situated near the confluence of Godavari
Godavari
and Pranahita rivers)

Telangana[edit]

Kaleshwara Mukteswara Swamy Temple

Basara, Nirmal
Nirmal
district(Gnana Saraswati
Saraswati
Temple) Goodem gutta, Adilabad
Adilabad
(Temple) Luxettipet, Adilabad. Mancherial, Adilabad Nirmal, Nirmal district
Nirmal district
( Nirmal
Nirmal
Toys) Chennur, Adilabad Tadpakal, Nizamabad (Armoor Toys) Battapur, Nizamabad (Armoor Toys) Dharmapuri, TelanganaDharmapuri, Karimnagar
Karimnagar
( Narasimha Swamy
Narasimha Swamy
Temple) Godavarikhani, Ramagundam, Sripada Yellampalli project Manthani, Peddapalli district (Gautameshwara Swami (Siva) Temple, Sri Rama, Sarswathi Temples) Kaleshwaram, Jayashankar Bhupalpally district
Jayashankar Bhupalpally district
(Kaleswara Mukhteswara swamy (Siva) Temple) Mahadevpur
Mahadevpur
Jayashankar Bhupalpally district Eturunagaram, Jayashankar Bhupalpally district Bhadrachalam, Bhadradri Kothagudem district

Andhra Pradesh[edit]

Antarvedi
Antarvedi
temple

Rajamundry, East Godavari
East Godavari
(Sri Kotilingeswara Alayam) Mukteswaram, East Godavari
East Godavari
(Sri Kshana Muktheswaraswamivari Devalayam) Ravulapalem, East Godavari Dowleswaram, East Godavari
East Godavari
(Where the Akhanda Godavari
Godavari
splits into two streams called "Gautami" and "Vashista" before joining Bay of Bengal) Kotipalli, East Godavari
East Godavari
(Sri Someswaraswamivari Alayam) Antarvedi, East Godavari
East Godavari
( Antarvedi
Antarvedi
is famous for the Sri Laxmi Narasimhaswamivari Mandhiram constructed between the 15th and 16th centuries. There is also a temple of Lord Siva that is older than Narasimha Swamy
Narasimha Swamy
temple. The temple's idol of Lord Siva was installed by Lord Srirama. Yanam (Yanam is located in East Godavari
East Godavari
District, where the Gautami joins Bay of Bengal) Polavaram, West Godavari
West Godavari
(Sri Bhadrakalisametha Sri Veereswaraswamivari Mandhiram) Pattiseema, West Godavari
West Godavari
(Sri Veerabhadraswamivari Devalayam) Kovvur, West Godavari
West Godavari
(Sundareswaraswamivari Alayam) Tallapudi, West Godavari Narsapur, West Godavari

Places of interest[edit] Sites of pilgrimage include:

Basar (originally, Vyasara) – Sri Gyana Saraswati
Saraswati
temple is situated on the banks of Godavari
Godavari
in Adilabad
Adilabad
district, Telangana. It is about 210 km (130 mi) from state capital Hyderabad and accessible by road and rail (nearest major station: Nizamabad, although Basar station also exists). It is considered that the sage Vyasa
Vyasa
wrote the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
on the banks of Godavari
Godavari
at this location near Harsha house it is the beautiful scenario, and thus the place came to be known as Vyasara. Bhadrachalam
Bhadrachalam
Hindu
Hindu
Temple of Lord Rama. Dharmapuri, Telangana
Telangana
Hindu
Hindu
Temple of Lord Narasimha. Godavari flows from north to south in Dharmapuri, hence the river is locally called 'Dakshina Vahini' [South Flowing] Kaleshwaram
Kaleshwaram
– Sri Kaleswara Mukhteswara swamy Temple is situated here on the banks of Triveni sangamam of rivers godavari and pranahita. It is 125 kilometres away from Karimnagar
Karimnagar
city, 115 km away from Warangal
Warangal
city. Trimbakeshwar
Trimbakeshwar
– One of the twelve Jyotirlingas and ancient temple of Lord Shiva. Nanded
Nanded
– Takht Sri Hazur Sahib, one of the five most sacred places in Sikhism. Nashik
Nashik
– One of the four Sinhastha Kumbh Mela, Hindu
Hindu
pilgrimage place. Paithan
Paithan
– Saint Eknath's native place, famous Jayakwadi dam, and a beautiful garden named after Sant Dnyneshwar.

Scenic View of Araku Valley
Araku Valley
in Andhra Pradesh

Antarvedi, East Godavari
East Godavari
( Antarvedi
Antarvedi
is famous for the Laxmi Narasimha Swamy temple constructed between the 15th and 16th centuries. There is also a temple of Lord Siva that is older than Narasimha Swamy
Narasimha Swamy
temple. The temple's idol of Lord Siva was installed by Lord Srirama. Konaseema
Konaseema
– Delta of Godavari. Pattiseema – A village where a Hindu
Hindu
temple is located on a small hill on an island in the river. Kovvur
Kovvur
– A village where cows resided and a place where the maaya-dhenu fell dead. Footprints of the maaya-dhenu were seen even today in the famous place Kovvur
Kovvur
called "Goshpadakshetram" also called "Gopadala Revu" where the footprints of the holy cow are seen near the temple of Lord Shiva. Also a village which is the reason for the birth of river Godavari. Famous for a Sanskrit school which has been built 63 years back. Rajahmundry
Rajahmundry
– A town known for its role in Telugu culture and birthplace of writers such as Nannaya, one of the Kavitrayam trinity of poets who translated the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
into Telugu. The Godavari Pushkaralu is a major local festival that is staged every 12 years. Araku Valley
Araku Valley
which is a popular hill station in Vishakhapatnam District. Lambasingi
Lambasingi
hill station known for snowfall during winter season in Vishakhapatnam district. Deomali peak located in the Godavari
Godavari
basin is the highest peak (1672 m msl) in Odisha
Odisha
state. Mandasa village in Srikakulam district- famous for Sri Vasudev Perumal temple, famous for sweet "kova", near mahendragiri hill (highest peak in eastern ghats).

Flora and fauna[edit] See also: Wildlife sanctuaries of India, Tiger reserves of India, and List of national parks of India

The Krishna
Krishna
Godavari
Godavari
Basin is one of the main nesting sites of the endangered Olive Ridley sea turtle. Godavari
Godavari
is also a home to the endangered fringed-lipped carp (Labeo fimbriatus).[25] The Coringa mangrove forests in the Godavari
Godavari
delta are the second largest mangrove formation in the country. Part of this has been declared as the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, renowned for reptiles. They also provide an important habitat to a wide variety of fish and crustaceans. These forests also act as barriers against cyclones, tropical storms, and storm surges, thus protecting the nearby villages. The Jayakwadi Bird Sanctuary is another haven for birds located near the town of Paithan
Paithan
spread across the back waters of the NathSagar Reservoir formed by impounding the Godavari
Godavari
by the massive Jayakwadi Dam. Its 341 km2 area is dotted by islands within the reservoir which serve as nesting sites for the birds.[26] The Nandurmadmeshwar Bird Sanctuary is located along the back waters of the Godavari
Godavari
river near Nashik
Nashik
at its confluence with Kadva River.[27] It is known as the Bharatpur of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
for the wide diversity of bird life that it harbours.

The following are few other wildlife sanctuaries located in the river basin.

Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary Indravati
Indravati
National Park Kanger Ghati National Park Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary Manjira
Manjira
Wildlife Sanctuary Pocharam Forest & Wildlife Sanctuary Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project Pench National Park Bor Wildlife Sanctuary Navegaon National Park Nagzira
Nagzira
Wildlife Sanctuary Gautala Wildlife Sanctuary Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Painganga Wildlife Sanctuary

Waterfalls[edit] See also: List of waterfalls of India Duduma Waterfalls
Duduma Waterfalls
is 175 metres (574 ft) high and one of the highest waterfalls in southern India. It is located on the Sileru river which forms boundary between Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
and Odisha
Odisha
states. The following are few other waterfalls located in the river basin

Teerathgarh Chitrakoot Sahastrakunda Kuntala Pochera Bogatha

Panoramic view of downstream pond below the Chitrakoote Falls

Crossings[edit]

Havelock Bridge
Havelock Bridge
on the left and Godavari
Godavari
Arch Bridge on the right

There are 4 bridges spanning the river between East Godavari
East Godavari
and West Godavari
Godavari
districts.

Old Godavari
Godavari
Bridge (also known as Havelock bridge, and named after then Madras governor) Godavari
Godavari
Bridge (also known as Rail-cum-road bridge and Kovvur- Rajahmundry
Rajahmundry
Bridge) Godavari
Godavari
Arch Bridge (also known as New railway bridge) Fourth Bridge (also known as new road bridge)

Old Godavari
Godavari
Bridge

Construction of this bridge started in 1876, and was completed in 1897. It was constructed under the supervision of F.T. Granville Walton who had constructed the Dufferin Bridge over the Ganges, and Granville Mills, both British engineers. Spanning over 3 km in length, it linked the East Godavari
East Godavari
and West Godavari
West Godavari
districts. The bridge has been a vital link enabling trains to run between Chennai and Howrah. Trains continued over the bridge for a century until 1997, when train services over the bridge were suspended after the construction of two additional bridges.

Godavari
Godavari
Bridge

Construction of this bridge started in 1970, and was completed in 1974. It serves as both a railway and a roadway between the East Godavari
Godavari
and West Godavari
West Godavari
Districts.

Godavari
Godavari
Arch Bridge

This bridge was completed in 1997, was built upstream of the earlier bridges.

Fourth Bridge

This bridge is the newest. It was opened to public from Godavari Pushkaras 2015. This is a road connectivity bridge link supposed to ease traffic flow between Rajamundry
Rajamundry
and Kovvur Dams[edit]

An upstream view of Jayakwadi Dam.

Sriram Sagar Dam.

Dowleswaram
Dowleswaram
Dam near Rajahmundry
Rajahmundry
on the river.

The main Godavari
Godavari
River up to the confluence with Pranhita
Pranhita
tributary is dammed fully to utilize the available water for irrigation. However, its main tributaries Pranhita, Indravati
Indravati
and Sabari which join in the lower reaches of the basin, carry three times more water compared to main Godavari. In 2015, the water surplus Godavari
Godavari
River is linked to the water deficit Krishna River
Krishna River
by commissioning the Polavaram
Polavaram
right bank canal with the help of Pattiseema lift scheme to augment water availability to the Prakasam Barrage
Prakasam Barrage
located in Andhra Pradesh. More dams are constructed in the Godavari
Godavari
River basin
River basin
than in any other river basin of India.[28] The following are the few dams located in the river basin:

Gangapur Dam : This is a large earth fill dam with gross water storage of 215.88 million cubic metres,[29] and located 10 km (6.2 mi) upstream from Nashik
Nashik
city. The reservoir known as the Gangapur Bandh Sagar provides drinking water to the Nashik
Nashik
city and also supplies water to the thermal power station situated downstream at Eklahare. Jayakwadi dam : Located near Paithan, it is one of the largest earthen dams in India. This dam was built to address the dual problems of flooding along the banks, during monsoon months, and that of drought, rest of the year, in the Marathwada
Marathwada
region. Two 'left' and 'right' canals provide the irrigation to fertile land up to Nanded district. This dam has contributed to industrial development of Aurangabad and Jalna, Maharashtra.[30] Majalgaon Dam
Majalgaon Dam
is also constructed under Jayakwadi stage 2 to expand the irrigation potential further in Parbhani, Nanded
Nanded
and Beed
Beed
districts. Vishnupuri barrage: Asia's Largest Lift Irrigation project, the Vishnupuri Prakalp[31] has been constructed on the river at a distance of 5 km (3.1 mi) from the city Nanded. Ghatghar Dam
Ghatghar Dam
was built for hydro power generation by diverting the water of Pravara tributary outside Godavari
Godavari
river basin to a west flowing river which joins Arabian sea. Upper Vaitarna
Vaitarna
reservoir was built across west flowing Vaitarna
Vaitarna
river merging some part of Godavari
Godavari
river catchment area. Godavari
Godavari
water impounded in this reservoir is diverted outside the river basin for Mumbai
Mumbai
city drinking water supply after generating hydro power. Sriram Sagar Dam : This is another multipurpose project on the Godavari
Godavari
River on the borders of Adilabad
Adilabad
and Nizamabad District. It is near the town of Pochampad, 60 km away from Nizamabad. It has been described by The Hindu
Hindu
as a "lifeline for a large part of Telangana".[32] It serves the irrigation needs in Karimnagar, Warangal, Adilabad, Nalgonda, and Khammam
Khammam
districts and also generates power. Dowleswaram
Dowleswaram
Barrage was built by Sir Arthur Cotton
Arthur Cotton
in 1852. It got damaged in 1987 floods, and rebuilt as a barrage cum roadway soon after and named after him. The roadway connects Dowleswaram
Dowleswaram
in East Godavari
Godavari
and Vijjeswaram in West Godavari. The irrigation canals of this barrage also form part of National Waterway 4.

Hydro power stations[edit]

Upper Indiravati power house

The Godavari
Godavari
River is one of the rivers whose water energy is least harnessed for generating hydro electricity.[33] The 600 MW capacity Upper Indravati
Indravati
hydro power station is the biggest hydro power station which diverts Godavari
Godavari
River water to the Mahanadi River
Mahanadi River
basin.[34] The following is the list of hydro electric power stations excluding small and medium installations.

Hydroelectric power stations on Godavari
Godavari
river

Name of the project Rated Power (in MW)

Upper Indravati 600

Machkund 120

Balimela 510

Upper Sileru 240

Lower Sileru 460

Upper Kolab 320

Pench 160

Ghatghar pumped storage 250

Polavaram
Polavaram
(under construction) 960

Geology and sediment transfer in the Godavari
Godavari
Drainage Basin[edit]

Generalized Geological Map of Godavari
Godavari
Drainage Basin

The primary/initial catchment of the Godavari
Godavari
drainage basin is largely represented by the basalt of the Deccan Volcanic Province (~50% of the total basin area). This is followed by the Precambrian granites and gneisses of the eastern Dharwar Craton, sandstones, shales and limestones of the Gondwana
Gondwana
Supergroup, various sedimentary units of Cuddapah and Vindhyan basins, charnockites and khondalites of the Proterozoic
Proterozoic
Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
Mobile Belt and the sandstones of the Rajahmundry
Rajahmundry
Formation.[35] The Godavari
Godavari
River carries the largest sediment load among the peninsular rivers and the majority of the mass transfer in Godavari
Godavari
occurs during the monsoon.[36] Mineral magnetic studies of the Godavari
Godavari
River sediments suggest that the floodplains in the entire stretch of the river are characterized by a Deccan basalt source. The bed loads on the other hand are of sourced from local bedrock. Influx of Deccan source in the Godavari
Godavari
River up to the delta regions and possibly in the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
off the Godavari, therefore, can be related to the intensive chemical weathering in the Deccan basalts.[37] Abrupt increase in δ13C values and decrease in TOC content accompanied with a significant increase in ferrimagnetic mineral concentration in Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
sediments from ~3.2 to 3.1 cal. ka BP reflected a shift of organic carbon and sediment source and a severe decline in vegetation coverage. Such phenomena indicate intensified deforestation and soil/rock erosion in the Deccan Plateau producing higher ferrimagnetic mineral inputs, which is in agreement with significant expansion of agricultural activities in the Deccan Chalcolithic cultural period.[38] Mineral deposits[edit] See also: List of mines in India Godavari
Godavari
river basin is endowed with rich mineral deposits such as oil & gas, coal, iron, lime stone, manganese, copper, bauxite, granite, laterite, etc. The following are the few noted deposits:

Krishna
Krishna
Godavari
Godavari
Basin, oil & gas Godavari
Godavari
Valley Coalfield, coal Wardha Valley Coalfield, coal Pench Kanhan Coalfield, coal Bailadila iron, iron Rowghat Mines, iron Araku hills, bauxite Malanjkhand, copper MOIL, manganese

Ecological concerns[edit]

Dried up Godavari
Godavari
exposing flood basalt river bed as seen from the back of Changdev
Changdev
temple in Puntamba

The frequent drying up of the Godavari
Godavari
river in the drier months has been a matter of great concern. Indiscriminate damming along the river has been cited as an obvious reason. Within Maharashtra
Maharashtra
sugarcane irrigation has been blamed as one of the foremost causes.[39] In 2013, the river was at its all-time low in the Nizamabad district of Telangana. This had hit the growth of fish, making the life of fishermen miserable.The water-level was so low that people could easily walk into the middle of the river. Shortage in rainfall and closure of the controversial Babli project gates in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
was thought to have affected the water flow in the river and water availability to the Sriram Sagar Project
Sriram Sagar Project
except during above 20% excess monsoon (i.e. one out of four years) years.[40] A study has found that the delta is at a greater risk as the rate of sediment aggradation (raising the level of the delta through sediment deposition) no longer exceeds relative sea-level rise.[41] It further states that the suspended sediment load at the delta has reduced from 150·2 million tons during 1970–1979 to 57·2 million tons by 2000–2006,[42] which translates into a three-fold decline in the past 4 decades. Impacts of this can be seen in destroyed villages like Uppada
Uppada
in Godavari
Godavari
delta,[43] destruction of Mangrove forests and fragmentation of shoreline – possibly a fallout of dam construction. Said to further epitomise the insensitivity towards Godavari, is the Polavaram
Polavaram
Project which is touted to be gigantic – both in terms of size and violations.[44] Deemed as being pointless and politically driven,[45] the project raises questions about environmental clearance, displacement of upstream human habitations,[46] loss of forest cover, technicalities in the dam design which are said to play down flood threats and unsafe embankments. High alkalinity water is discharged from the ash dump areas of many coal fired power stations into the river which further increases the alkalinity of the river water whose water is naturally of high alkalinity since the river basin is draining vast area of basalt formations.[47] This problem aggravates during the lean flow months in entire river basin. Already the Godavari
Godavari
basin area in Telangana
Telangana
is suffering from high alkalinity and salinity water problem which is converting soils in to unproductive sodic alkali soils.[48] The following are the few coal fired power stations located in the river basin:

Thermal power stations in Godavari
Godavari
river basin

Name of Power Station Rated Power (in MW)

Koradi Thermal Power Station 2,600

Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station 1,340

Tirora Thermal Power Station 3,300

Butibori Power Project 600

Rattan India
India
Nashik
Nashik
TPS 1,350

Chandrapur STPS 3,340

Mauda Super Thermal Power Station 1,000

Parli Thermal Power Station 1,130

Dhariwal Power Station 300

Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station 910

Wardha Warora Power Plant 540

Pench Thermal Power Plant 1,320

Lanco Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Thermal Power 1,320

NTPC Ramagundam 2,600

Kothagudem Thermal Power Station 1,720

Kakatiya Thermal Power Station 1,100

Ramagundam
Ramagundam
B Thermal Power Station 60

Manuguru
Manuguru
Heavy water plant's power station N/A

Singareni thermal power station 1,800

Bhadradri Thermal Power Plant 1,080

In popular culture[edit] One of the ships of the Indian Navy
Indian Navy
has been named INS Godavari
Godavari
after the river. See also[edit]

Godavari
Godavari
Water Disputes Tribunal Detailed list of Tributaries Godavari
Godavari
River Basin Irrigation Projects

Godavari
Godavari
Arch Bridge Godavari
Godavari
Bridge Old Godavari
Godavari
Bridge

List of dams and reservoirs in India River basins in Madhya Pradesh Godavari
Godavari
Maha Pushkaram

References[edit]

^ Godāvari River at GEOnet Names Server ^ Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, R.D.; Sharma, K.D (2005-09-10). "Water Resources of India" (PDF). Current Science. Bengaluru: Current Science Association. 89 (5): 794–811. Retrieved 2013-10-13.  ^ "Sage River Database". Archived from the original on June 21, 2010. Retrieved 2011-06-16.  ^ " Godavari
Godavari
river basin map" ^ "Integrated Hydrological DataBook (Non-Classified River Basins)" (PDF). Central Water Commission. p. 9. Retrieved 2015-10-13.  ^ http://india-wris.nrsc.gov.in/wrpinfo/index.php?title=Basins ^ "Dakshina Ganga (Ganga of South India) – River Godavari". Important India. Retrieved 2015-10-21.  ^ http://www.igbp.net/download/18.62dc35801456272b46d4b/1398850074082/NL82-Deltas_infographic.pdf ^ South Asia Network on Dams
Dams
Rivers and People (2014). "Shrinking and Sinking Deltas: Major role of Dams
Dams
in delta subsidence and effective sea level rise" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ "India: Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Flood 2005 situation report, 21Sep 2005". 29 May 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ " Godavari
Godavari
basin status report, March 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 15 November 2015.  ^ "Rivers of Western Ghats". Retrieved 2006-12-09.  ^ "Spatial variation in water supply and demand across river basins of India" (PDF). IWMI Research Report 83. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "When Bhadrachalam
Bhadrachalam
was under a sheet of water". Retrieved 26 May 2014.  ^ "Water flow data at Polavaram". Retrieved 26 May 2014.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-21. Retrieved 2015-10-19.  ^ "Dudhsagar Waterfalls, Nashik". Nashik
Nashik
Directory. Retrieved 2015-10-18.  ^ " Beed
Beed
district". Government of Maharashtra. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ "Subbasin of Godavari". Hydrology and Water Resources Information System for India. Retrieved 2015-10-21. [permanent dead link] ^ "Arma Konda, India". Retrieved 22 January 2015.  ^ "Mountain peaks database". Retrieved 15 November 2015.  ^ Kakani Nageswara Rao, et al.; Holocene environmental changes of the Godavari
Godavari
Delta, east coast of India, inferred from sediment core analyses and AMS 14C dating, Geomorphology, 175–176 (2012) pp.163–175 ^ Central Water Commission (2012). "Integrated Hydrological Data Book (Non-classified river basins)" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ "Hydrology and water resources information for India". www.nih.ernet.in. National Institute of Hydrology, India. Archived from the original on 21 April 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2015.  ^ Venkateshwarlu, K. (2012-05-03). "Godavari". The Hindu. Retrieved 2012-05-16.  ^ Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Forest Department. "Aurangabad Circle". Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ Nashik. "Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird Sanctuary". Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ " Dams
Dams
in Godavari
Godavari
basin". Retrieved 2015-10-17.  ^ " Dams
Dams
in Nashik
Nashik
District". National Informatics Centre (NIC), Collectorate, Nashik. Archived from the original on 2013-08-10. Retrieved 2015-10-17.  ^ vijdiw. "Jaikwadi Dam and Its Nath Sagar Reservoir". authorstream.com. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ "Vishnupuri barrage B00473". Retrieved 30 July 2016.  ^ Maharashtra
Maharashtra
projects hit Sriram Sagar project inflows: BJP. The Hindu, May 16, 2005 ^ "Power Houses in Godavari
Godavari
Basin". Retrieved 27 March 2015.  ^ "Upper Indravati
Indravati
Power_House PH01496". Retrieved 27 March 2015.  ^ Kulkarni, Y. R.; Sangode, S. J.; Meshram, D. C.; Patil, S. K.; Dutt, Yatindra (2014-04-01). "Mineral magnetic characterization of the Godavari
Godavari
river sediments: Implications to Deccan basalt weathering". Journal of the Geological Society of India. 83 (4): 376–384. doi:10.1007/s12594-014-0054-x. ISSN 0016-7622.  ^ Bikshamaiah, G.; Subramanian, V. (1980-04-01). "Chemical and sediment mass transfer in the Godavari
Godavari
River basin
River basin
in India". Journal of Hydrology. 46 (3): 331–342. doi:10.1016/0022-1694(80)90085-2.  ^ Kulkarni, Y. R.; Sangode, S. J.; Meshram, D. C.; Patil, S. K.; Dutt, Yatindra (2014-04-01). "Mineral magnetic characterization of the Godavari
Godavari
river sediments: Implications to Deccan basalt weathering". Journal of the Geological Society of India. 83 (4): 376–384. doi:10.1007/s12594-014-0054-x. ISSN 0016-7622.  ^ Cui, Meng; Wang, Zhanghua; Nageswara Rao, Kakani; Sangode, S J; Saito, Yoshiki; Chen, Ting; Kulkarni, Y R; Naga Kumar, K Ch V; Demudu, G (2017-06-29). "A mid- to late-Holocene record of vegetation decline and erosion triggered by monsoon weakening and human adaptations in the south-east Indian Peninsula". The Holocene: 0959683617715694. doi:10.1177/0959683617715694. ISSN 0959-6836.  ^ Pawar, Yogesh (18 March 2013). "Krishna, Godavari
Godavari
basins drying up". Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ J. Keller, A. Keller and G. Davids. " River basin
River basin
development phases and implications of closure" (PDF). Retrieved 25 August 2012.  ^ R Prasad. "Sinking Indian deltas put millions at risk". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People (2014). "Godavari's Story". Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ B Hema Malini; K Nageswara Raol (10 November 2004). "Coastal erosion and habitat loss along the Godavari
Godavari
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Polavaram
fraud". Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ Times of India
India
(5 July 2015). " Polavaram
Polavaram
dam works to begin on Oct. 22". Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ Rediff News (29 May 2014). " Telangana
Telangana
bandh over Modi govt's ordinance on Polavaram". Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ Chemical weathering
Chemical weathering
in the Krishna
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Basin and Western Ghats
Western Ghats
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Alkalinity
and salinity bane of soil in T state". Retrieved 23 October 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Godavari
Godavari
River.

Godavari
Godavari
basin Rivers Network: Godavari
Godavari
watersheds webmap Godavari
Godavari
River in 1911 Nashik
Nashik
City Contrasting Behavior of Osmium in the Godavari
Godavari
River Estuary, India, 2001 Variations of Monsoon Rainfall in Godavari
Godavari
River Basin irfca.org

v t e

Godavari
Godavari
basin

Rivers

Major tributaries

Godavari Pranhita Indravati Sabari Manjira Manair Wardha Wainganga Penganga

Minor tributaries

Pravara Kinnerasani Purna Sileru Sindphana Taliperu

Sub-tributaries

Adan Banganga Bindusara Darna Kadva Kanhan Kolar Nasardi Pench Purna Shivana

Dams, barrages

Jayakwadi Dam Majalgaon Dam Kaleshwaram
Kaleshwaram
Lift Irrigation Project Sriram Sagar Project Nizam Sagar Upper Wardha Dam Singur Reservoir Neher water system Dowleswaram
Dowleswaram
Barrage Balimela
Balimela
Reservoir Devadula lift irrigation scheme Upper Dudhana Dam Godavari
Godavari
River Basin Irrigation Projects Pattiseema Lift Irrigation Project

Geographical features / regions

Marathwada Vidarbha Coastal Andhra Konaseema Deccan Plateau Western Ghats Eastern Ghats

Riparian districts

Maharashtra

Nashik Ahmednagar Aurangabad Parbhani Nanded Gadchiroli Beed Amravati Bhandara Gondia Chandrapur Wardha Nagpur Yavatmal Washim Buldhana Hingoli

Madhya Pradesh

Balaghat Seoni Betul Chhindwara

Odisha

Kalahandi Koraput Malkangiri

Chhattisgarh

Bastar Bijapur

Karnataka

Bidar

Telangana

Medak Sangareddy Siddipet Nizamabad Kamareddy Adilabad Nirmal Mancherial Komaram Bheem Asifabad Karimnagar Jagtial Peddapalli Rajanna Sircilla Warangal
Warangal
Urban Warangal
Warangal
rural Jayashankar Bhupalpally Jangaon Mahabubabad Bhadradri Kothagudem Khammam

Andhra Pradesh

West Godavari East Godavari Vishakapatnam

Cities

Nashik Nagpur Nanded Rajahmundry Warangal Koraput Bastar Bidar

Languages / people

Indo-Aryan languages Marathi Bhili Khandeshi Andh Banjari Odia Bhunjia Hindi Dravidian languages Kolami Goni Telugu Kannadiga Duruwa Multani Urdu

Coalfields

Godavari
Godavari
Valley Coalfield Wardha Valley Coalfield Kamptee Coalfield Pench Kanhan Coalfield

Oil / gas fields

Krishna
Krishna
Godavari
Godavari
Basin Ravva oil field

Industries

Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station Koradi Thermal Power Station Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station Wardha Warora Power Plant Lanco Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Power Plant Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Dhariwal Power Station Rattan India
India
Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Kothagudem Thermal Power Station Kakatiya Thermal Power Station Parli Thermal Power Station NTPC Ramagundam NTPC Mauda Super Thermal Power Station Ramagundam
Ramagundam
B Thermal Power Station Tiroda Thermal Power Station Butibori Power Project Heavy Water Plant at Manuguru Waluj MIDC Shendra MIDC Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park Ballarpur Industries HAL Sunabeda NALCO Damanjodi

Transport

NH 5 National Highway 6 (India)(old numbering) NH 7 Godavari
Godavari
Bridge Old Godavari
Godavari
Bridge Godavari
Godavari
Arch Bridge Hyderabad- Godavari
Godavari
Valley Railways Visakhapatnam–Vijayawada section Bilaspur– Nagpur
Nagpur
section Nagpur–Hyderabad line

Pollution concerns, River basin's sustainable productivity & ecology

Algal bloom
Algal bloom
in reservoirs High alkalinity of river water in the river basin upstream of Pochampadu dam Frequent floods in tail end area of the river basin Alkali salts / high pH water run off from ash / red mud dumps of coal fired power stations / bauxite ore enrichment Excessive silting of reservoirs due to deforestation and mining activities

Related topics

Godavari
Godavari
Water Disputes Tribunal

Other basins

Mahanadi–Brahmani–Baitarani Damodar Kosi Narmada Son Krishna Penna

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of Maharashtra

Rivers

Adan Banganga Bhima Bindusara Dahisar Daman Ganga Darna Dnyanganga Girna Godavari Gomai Indravati Indrayani Kadva Karha Kolar Koyna Krishna Kundali Kundalika Mithi Mula Mula-Mutha Mutha Narmada Nira Oshiwara Painganga Panchganga Panzara Patalganga Pavana Poisar Pranahita Purna
Purna
(Tapti tributary) Purna
Purna
( Godavari
Godavari
tributary) Savitri Shahanur Shivana Sindphana Tansa Tapti Tasso Ulhas Vaan Vashishti Wainganga Wardha

Waterfalls

Kune Devkund Pandavgad Thoseghar Lingmala Dugarwadi Vihigaon Dhobi Marleshwar Amboli Ghat Baneshwar Randha Sahasrakund

Lakes

Gorewada Khindsi Lonar crater Rankala Salim Ali Shivaji/Shivsagar Talao Pali Upvan Venna Talwat Hidkal Bhigwan Mahakali Sandhur

Dams

Bhandardara Bhatghar Bhushi Chaskaman Dhom Hetwane Itiadoh Kanher Jayakwadi Khadakwasla Kolkewadi Koyna Mulshi Navegaon Nilwande Panshet Pawna Susri Tansa Temghar Tilari Totladoh Ujjani Vaitarna Varasgaon Veer Vihar Yeldari Waghur Walwan

Related topics

Godavari
Godavari
basin Narmada basin Krishna
Krishna
basin

Hydrography
Hydrography
of surrounding areas

Gujarat Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh Andhra Pradesh Karnataka

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Hydrography
Hydrography
of Telangana

Rivers

Godavari Krishna Maner Pranhita Munneru Manjira Musi Palar Tungabhadra Bhima Penganga Wardha Dindi Taliperu

Waterfalls

Kuntala Bogatha Pochera Mallela Theertham Paarakaphi Savatula Gundam Sirnapally Gayatri

Lakes

Bhadrakali Himayat Sagar Hussain Sagar Lotus Pond Osman Sagar Pakhal Palair Ramappa Shamirpet Saroornagar Laknavaram Ramanthapur Kapra Safilguda Ramakrishnapuram Edulabad Waddepally

Dams

Nagarjuna Sagar Srisailam Sriram Sagar Nizam Sagar Singur Jurala Lower Manair Dam

LMD

Pulichinthala Yellampalli Rajolibanda Dam Icchampally Manjira

Related topics

Godavari
Godavari
basin Krishna
Krishna
basin

Hydrography
Hydrography
of surrounding areas

Andhra Pradesh Chhattisgarh Karnataka Maharashtra Odisha Tamil Nadu

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Hydrography
Hydrography
of Andhra Pradesh

Coastal

Bay of Bengal Coromandel

Beaches

Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Mission Beach Yarada Beach Vodarevu Beach Uppada
Uppada
Beach Suryalanka Beach Mypadu Beach Kalingapatnam Beach Bheemili Beach Manginapudi Beach Rushikonda Beach

Estuaries/Creeks

Krishna
Krishna
estuary Narava Gedda creek

Marshes

Coringa Krishna
Krishna
delta mangrove

Rivers

Arani Bendi Gedda Borramma Gedda Budameru Bahuda Champavathi Cheyyeru Chitravathi Galeru Garibula Gedda Godavari Gosthani Gundlakamma Jhanjavati Kandaleru Kandivalasa Kalangi Kinnerasani Koringa Krishna Kundu Mahendratanaya Madala Maldevi Manneru Munneru Murredu Nadari Nagari Nagavali Narava Gedda Palar Paleru Papagni Pedda Gedda Peddavagu Penna Ponnaiyar Sabari Sileru Sarada Swarnamukhi Tammileru Tandava Tungabhadra Vamsadhara Varaha Vedavathi Yeleru Yerrakaluva

Waterfalls

Duduma Ethipothala Kailasakona Mallela Theertham Talakona Ubbalamadugu

Lakes

Pulicat Lake Kolleru Lake

Dams

Alaganoor Balimela Brahmamsagar Dowleswaram Gandikota Gotta barrage Gundlakamma Jalaput Jeedipalli Kalyani Kandaleru Kanithi Meghadri Mid Penna Mylavaram Nagarjuna Nagarjuna Sagar tail pond Nellore anicut Penna Ahobilam Polavaram Prakasham Pulichinthala Raiwada Rajolibanda Sangam anicut Somasila Srisailam Sunkesula Tatipudi Thotapalli Veligallu Veligonda Veligodu Yeleru

Inland waterways

National Waterway 4

Ports (Existing/proposed)

Dugarajapatnam Port Gangavaram Port Kakinada Port Krishnapatnam Port Machilipatnam Port Visakhapatnam Port

Islands

Sriharikota Nagarjunakonda Bhavani Lanka Hope island

Related topics

Godavari
Godavari
basin Krishna
Krishna
basin Penna basin

Hydrography
Hydrography
of surrounding areas

Odisha Chhattisgarh Maharashtra Karnataka Tamil Nadu Telangana

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Hydrography
Hydrography
of the Indian subcontinent

Inland rivers

Beas Betwa Bhagirathi Brahmaputra Chambal Chenab Damodar Godavari Gandaki Ganges Ghaghara Indus Jhelum Kali Kaveri Kosi Krishna Luni Mahanadi Mahaweli Meghna Narmada Padma Ravi Sarasvati Sankosh Sharda Son Sutlej Tapti Yamuna

Inland lakes, deltas, etc.

Ganges
Ganges
Basin Ganges
Ganges
Delta Indus
Indus
Delta Dal Lake Pookode Lake Skeleton Lake Chilika Lake Lake Powai Borith Lake Saiful Muluk Gosaikunda Nizam Sagar Red Hills Lake Malampuzha Kerala
Kerala
backwaters Pulicat Lake

Coastal

Indian Ocean Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Mannar Laccadive Sea Palk Strait

Categories

Lakes of Bangladesh / India
India
/ Nepal / Pakistan Reservoirs and dams in India Rivers of Bangladesh / Bhutan / India
India
/ Nepal / Pakistan

v t e

Western Ghats

Rivers

Bhadra Bhavani Bhima Chalakudy Chittar Godavari Gurupura Kabini Kali Kallayi Kaveri Koyna Krishna Kundali Malaprabha Manimuthar Netravati Pachaiyar Parambikulam Saraswati Savitri Sharavati Tambaraparani Tapti Tunga Venna

Regions

Desh, Maharashtra Goa
Goa
Gap Konkan Malabar Malenadu North Malabar Kongu Nadu Palakkad Gap Tulu Nadu

Peaks

Agastya
Agastya
Mala Anamudi Anginda Anjaneri Banasura Biligirirangana Betta Brahmagiri Chembra Dhodap Doddabetta Gangamoola Harishchandragad Kalsubai Kemmangundi Kudremukh Kumarikkal Mala Kodachadri Kumara Parvata Meesapulimala Mullayanagiri Marunthuvazh Malai Nedumpara Peak Ponmudi Pushpagiri Paithalmala Raigad Salher Saptashrungi Sispara Sonsogor Tadiandamol Taramati Vavul Mala Vellarimala Ranipuram Vagamon

Hills

Ambanad Hills Anaimalai Hills Biligiriranga Hills Cardamom Hills Nilgiri mountains Satmala Range Selbari Range Palni Hills Trimbakeshwar
Trimbakeshwar
Range

Waterfalls

Abbey Chunchanakatte Dudhsagar Falls Gokak Irupu Jog Kalhatti Mallalli Falls Sathodi Lushington Sivasamudram Athirapally Falls Vazhachal Falls Hogenakkal

States

Tamil Nadu Gujarat Karnataka Kerala Maharashtra Goa

Parks & Reserves

Annekal Reserved Forest Anshi National Park Aralam Reserved Forest Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve Agasthyavanam Biological Park Bandipur National Park Bannerghatta National Park Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary Chandoli National Park Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary Dandeli National Park Eravikulam National Park Grass Hills National Park Anamalai Tiger Reserve Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Karian Shola National Park Karnala Bird Sanctuary Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary Kudremukh
Kudremukh
National Park Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary Mudumalai National Park Mudumalai Tiger Reserve Mukurthi National Park Nagarhole Rajiv Gandhi National Park New Amarambalam Reserved Forest Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Palani Hills National Park Parambikulam Tiger Reserve Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary Periyar National Park Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary SAI Sanctuary Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary Silent Valley National Park Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Places

Bhivpuri Chiplun Chiplun Kalsubai Khandala Kudremukh Kodagu Karjat Kasara Lonavla Lavasa Mahabaleshwar Malshej Ghat Matheran Panchgani Raigad Fort Rajgad Fort Shivneri Fort Tamhini Ghat

Ghats

Amboli Ghat Bhor Ghat Tamhini Ghat Amba Ghat Bhor Road Ghat Chorla Ghat Goa
Goa
Gap Kasara
Kasara
Road Ghat Kumbharli Ghat Malshej Ghat Naneghat Charmadi
Charmadi
ghat Shiradi
Shiradi
ghat Bisle ghat Sampaje
Sampaje
ghat Palakkad Gap Varandha Ghat

Related

Mountains of Kerala Mountains of Maharashtra

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 243195

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