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Giovanni Giorgio Moroder (Italian: [dʒoˈvanni ˈdʒordʒo moˈrɔːder]; born 26 April 1940)[1][2] is an Italian singer, songwriter, DJ and record producer. A four-time Grammy Award winner, Moroder is frequently credited with pioneering Italo disco and electronic dance music,[3] and is dubbed the "Father of Disco".[4]

When in Munich in the 1970s, he started his own record label called Oasis Records, which several years later became a subdivision of Casablanca Records. He produced singles for Donna Summer during the late-1970s disco era, including "Love to Love You Baby", "I Feel Love", " Donna Summer
Donna Summer
song)">Last Dance", "MacArthur Park", " Donna Summer
Donna Summer
song)">Hot Stuff", " Donna Summer
Donna Summer
song)">Bad Girls", "Dim All the Lights", "No More Tears (Enough Is Enough)", and " Donna Summer
Donna Summer
song)">On the Radio", and is the founder of the former Musicland Studios in Munich, a recording studio used by many artists including Electric Light Orchestra, Led Zeppelin, Queen and Elton John.

Moroder also composed the soundtrack for the film Midnight Express, which won a Golden Globe and an Academy Award, and contained the international hit "Chase". He also produced a number of electronic disco songs for the Three Degrees, two albums for Sparks, and a handful of songs on Bonnie Tyler's album Bitterblue as well as her 1985 single "Here She Comes". In 1990, he composed "Un'estate italiana", the official theme song of the 1990 FIFA World Cup.

He created a score of songs for many performers including David Bowie, Kylie Minogue, Irene Cara, Janet Jackson, Madleen Kane, Melissa Manchester, Blondie, Japan and France Joli. Moroder has stated that the work of which he is most proud is Berlin's "Take My Breath Away".[5] This song and "Flashdance... What a Feeling" earned him the Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Original Score">Golden Globe and the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Song"> Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Song in 1986 and 1983 respectively. In 2004, he was inducted into the Dance Music Hall of Fame.[6]

Early life

Giovanni Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
was born on 26 April 1940 in Urtijëi in South Tyrol, Italy. His mother called him "Hansjörg" (German: [ˈhansjœɐ̯k mɔˈʁoːdɐ]), the German version of his first and second names, as while he was growing up they lived in a mixed German, Italian and Ladin-speaking environment in South Tyrol in northern Italy.[7][8]

Career

Moroder made his first steps in music in the Scotch-Club in Aachen and then released a few singles under the name "Giorgio" beginning in 1963 after moving to Berlin, singing in Italian, Spanish, English, and German.

1969–83: Contribution to electronic music

He came to prominence in 1969, when his recording "Looky Looky", released on Ariola Records, was awarded a gold disc in October 1970.[9] He then made a name for himself in studios around Germany in the early 1970s. Often collaborating with lyricist Pete Bellotte, Moroder had a number of hits in his own name including "Son of My Father"[7] in 1972, a No. 1 hit in the UK for Chicory Tip, before releasing the synthesizer-driven Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
album)">From Here to Eternity
, a notable chartbuster in 1977. That same year he co-wrote and produced the seminal Donna Summer hit single "I Feel Love",[7][10] the first track in the Hi-NRG genre. The following year he released "Chase", the theme from the film Midnight Express. "Chase" is often used on the American syndicated late-night radio show "Coast to Coast" and was also used as an entrance theme for wrestling's group The Midnight Express. These songs achieved some chart success in the United Kingdom, the United States and across Europe, and everywhere disco-mania was spreading. The full film score for Midnight Express which featured "Chase" won him his first Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score"> Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score in 1979.

In 1979 Moroder released his album Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
album)">E=MC²
. Text on the album's cover stated that it was the "first electronic live-to-digital album." He also released three albums between 1977–1979 under the name Munich
Munich
Machine. In 1980, he composed and produced two film soundtrack albums: the first for Foxes and the second for American Gigolo. A double album of the Foxes soundtrack was released on the disco label Casablanca Records which includes Donna Summer's hit single "On the Radio", which Moroder both produced and co-wrote. The Foxes soundtrack also contains a song titled "Bad Love", written and performed by the singer-actress Cher and produced by Moroder. The American Gigolo
American Gigolo
(soundtrack)">American Gigolo soundtrack featured the Moroder-produced "Call Me" by Blondie, a US and UK number one hit. The combined club play of the album's tracks was number two for five weeks on the disco/dance charts.[11] In 1982 he wrote the soundtrack of the movie Cat People, including the hit single "Cat People (Putting Out Fire)" featuring David Bowie. In 1983, Moroder produced the soundtrack for the film Scarface. During its initial release, the album was only available in a few countries and strictly through import in the United States. Notable Moroder-produced tracks included "Scarface (Push It to the Limit)" by Paul Engemann, " Debbie Harry
Debbie Harry
song)">Rush Rush" by Debbie Harry and " Amy Holland song)">She's on Fire" by Amy Holland.

1984–92: Recognition and hiatus

Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
with his longtime collaborator Donna Summer and her husband Bruce Sudano. On the left Moroder's wife Francisca Gutierrez

In 1984, Moroder compiled a new restoration and edit of the silent film Metropolis (1927) and provided it with a contemporary soundtrack. This soundtrack includes seven pop music tracks from Pat Benatar, Jon Anderson, Adam Ant, Billy Squier, Loverboy, Bonnie Tyler and Freddie Mercury. He also integrated the old-fashioned intertitles into the film as subtitles as a means of improving continuity, and he also increased the film's framerate to 24 frames a second. Since the original speed was unknown this choice was controversial. Known as the "Moroder version", it sparked debate among film buffs, with outspoken critics and supporters of the film falling into equal camps.[12][13] Most critics agree that, the opinion of film purists aside, Moroder's version was a welcome addition.[14][15] In 1984, Moroder worked with Philip Oakey of The Human League to make the album Philip Oakey
Philip Oakey
& Giorgio Moroder"> Philip Oakey
Philip Oakey
& Giorgio Moroder
, which was a UK singles chart hit with "Together in Electric Dreams", title track to the 1984 film Electric Dreams. The same year saw him collaborating with Kajagoogoo frontman Limahl for their worldwide hit "The NeverEnding Story".

In 1986, Moroder collaborated with his protégé Harold Faltermeyer (of "Axel F") and lyricist Tom Whitlock to create the score for the film Top Gun (1986) which included Kenny Loggins' hit "Danger Zone" and Berlin's "Take My Breath Away". He also wrote the theme song to the film Over the Top, "Meet Me Half Way" which was also performed by Kenny Loggins. In 1987 Moroder produced and co-wrote Falco's song "Body Next to Body". Moroder wrote the official theme songs, " Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
song)">Reach Out", for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, and "Hand in Hand", for the 1988 Seoul Olympics and "Un'estate italiana" for the 1990 Football World Cup. On March 12, 1992 Moroder released his fourteenth studio album, Forever Dancing, his last solo project for years.[16] For two decades he released no albums,[10] focusing largely on remixes and visual art during most of the 1990s and early 2000s.[17] With Daniel Walker he produced soundtrack for Leni Riefenstahl's last film Impressionen unter Wasser.

2013–present: Return and collaborations

In 2013 Moroder returned to music and composed, produced and performed the theme music for Google's "Racer".[18] Moroder contributed to Daft Punk's 2013 studio album Random Access Memories, admitting that he was a fan of their song " Daft Punk
Daft Punk
song)">One More Time" before working with the group.[19] His voice and story are on the album track "Giorgio by Moroder". On the track he states, "My name is Giovanni Giorgio, but everybody calls me Giorgio."[20] In summer 2013, Giorgio became a DJ, debuting in the US at the Red Bull Music Academy in New York City.[21][22] He is touring worldwide and playing his classics from the 70s and 80s and new remixes. In 2014, Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
reworked an old classic from the 1960s called "Doo Bee Doo" (2014 version), which was used in the Volkswagen 2014 Super Bowl commercial, "Wings".[23][24] In March 2014, singer Kelis announced a collaboration with Moroder on her Facebook page.[25] The following month, Moroder released his official remix of Coldplay's " Coldplay
Coldplay
song)">Midnight" from their album Coldplay
Coldplay
album)">Ghost Stories
.[26] He also announced that he will work with the French electro-pop producer Madeon[27] and American singer Lana Del Rey.[28][29] On 9 June 2014, Adult Swim released a new Hi-NRG Disco single by Moroder (named "Giorgio's Theme").[30] Moroder also remixed Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga's rendition of "I Can't Give You Anything but Love".[31]

Moroder's latest solo studio album, Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
album)">Déjà Vu
, was released on June 12, 2015.[32] It features collaborations with Kylie Minogue, Britney Spears, Sia, Charli XCX, Mikky Ekko, Foxes and Matthew Koma, among others.[31] On 16 January, the collaboration with Kylie Minogue, " Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
song)">Right Here, Right Now", was leaked to the internet ahead of its official release.[33] The song, along with a video teaser, was officially released on 20 January 2015[34] and on April 18, 2015 reached number one on the US Dance Club Songs, becoming Moroder's first chart-topper in 15 years.[35] In March 2015, Moroder supported Minogue during the Australian leg of her Kiss Me Once Tour.[36][37] Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
and Sia collaborated in May 2015 on the title track from Moroder's LP Déjà Vu.[38] In September 2015, Moroder was featured on Kylie Minogue's EP Kylie + Garibay on the song "Your Body". In 2016, he and Raney Shockne wrote and composed the music to the video game Tron RUN/r. The soundtrack album was released on 31 May 2016.[39][40] In October 2016, Moroder produced "One More Day" for SISTAR, one of Korea's top girl groups.[41] They debuted the song live on October 8, at Korea's DMC Festival 2016, with Moroder being present in the audience.[42][43] The music video for the song was released on November 22, alongside the official digital release of the track.[41]

Awards

Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
with some of his awards in 2007

Moroder has won three Academy Awards: Best Original Score for Midnight Express (1978); Best Song for "Flashdance...What a Feeling", from the film Flashdance (1983); and Best Song for "Take My Breath Away", from Top Gun (1986). Moroder also won two of his four Grammy Awards for Flashdance: Best Album or Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special
Special
and Best Instrumental Composition for the track "Love Theme from Flashdance". The third was awarded for Best Dance Recording for the song "Carry On". On 20 September 2004 Moroder was honored at the Dance Music Hall of Fame ceremony, held in New York, when he was inducted for his achievements and contributions as a producer. In 2005, Moroder was named a Commendatore Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana,[44] and in 2010 Bolzano awarded him the Grande Ordine al Merito della Provincia autonoma di Bolzano. In 2011, he was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award by the World Soundtrack Academy. In 2014, Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
won his fourth Grammy Award for Daft Punk's Random Access Memories (Album of the Year).

Legacy

The British alternative rock duo Curve covered "I Feel Love" in 1992. The song was later included on the double CD compilation The Way of Curve, released in 2004. Bronski Beat covered "I Feel Love" and "Love to Love You Baby" for their debut album Bronski Beat album)">The Age of Consent (1984). " Lil Wayne
Lil Wayne
song)">On Fire", the second single from rapper Lil Wayne's seventh studio album Lil Wayne
Lil Wayne
album)">Rebirth
, contains allusions from Amy Holland's song "She's on Fire" and was inspired in its entirety by Scarface.[45] " Rick Ross
Rick Ross
song)">Push It", the second single from rapper Rick Ross' debut album Port of Miami, samples "Scarface (Push It to the Limit)" and the story of the video has a very similar theme to the film Scarface. It was produced by J. R. Rotem.

His song "Tears" was sampled and used as the basis of the DJ Shadow song "Organ Donor" on his 1996 album Endtroducing...... Canadian hip hop group Swollen Members sampled the song in "Fuel Injected" and "Meltdown". It also appears on the song "Tragedy" by RZA. The main melody and chord progression form the basis of "Marz" by folk musician John Grant and " The Cat Empire
The Cat Empire
album)">Only Light" by Australian ska band The Cat Empire. Hip hop duo Mobb Deep used a sample from the song "Tony's Theme" in their song G.O.D. Pt. III. His song "E=MC²" was sampled and used for J. Dilla's song of the same title. One of his early compositions, "Doo-Bee-Doo-Bee-Doo" from 1969, was featured for many years in silent sketches on The Benny Hill Show as part of a medley that also included "Mah Nà Mah Nà", a 4/4 adaptation of Ludwig van Beethoven's "Für Elise", and "Gimme Dat Ding".

The theme from Midnight Express was sampled by hip-hop duo OutKast for their song "Return of the Gangsta", and by hip-hop producer J Dilla for "Phantom of the Synths", a beat later used by MF DOOM for "Gazzillion Ear" and by Jay Electronica for "Dimethyltryptamine". Professional wrestling
Professional wrestling
tag team The Midnight Express used the theme as their ring entry music in the 1980s.

"Chase" was used as the entrance theme music for the professional wrestling tag team The Midnight Express throughout the early 1980s as well as in a number of montage videos for NBC's Major League Baseball coverage and CBS's coverage of the NBA.

Moroder's opening theme from the film Scarface is sampled by Nas and Mobb Deep
Mobb Deep
for the track "It's Mine". "Leopard Tree Dream" from Cat People is sampled by Cannibal Ox in the song "Iron Galaxy." "The Legend of Babel" theme from the Metropolis soundtrack was covered by DJ Dado. British electronica musician Little Boots covered "Love Kills", which was written in collaboration with Freddie Mercury. "Future Lovers", a song from American recording artist Madonna's 2005 album Confessions on a Dance Floor, has a bass line inspired by Donna Summer's Moroder-produced hit "I Feel Love". Furthermore, Madonna opened her 2006 Confessions Tour with a medley of "Future Lovers" and "I Feel Love". The version of "Live To Tell" Madonna performed on The Confessions Tour
Confessions Tour
heavily samples Moroder's song "Tears". Suns of Arqa's album "Technomor" includes the track "Moroder Vibe" which contains elements of "I Feel Love". Underworld's 1999 album, Beaucoup Fish, contains a song titled "Shudder/King of Snake", which contains an interpolation of the bass line from "I Feel Love". Santo, Sam and Ed’s Total Football on Fox Sports Australia uses a clip of "Looky Looky" for the intro of the segment of the same name. Template
Template
Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]

In February 2016, Shooter Jennings, the son of outlaw country singer Waylon Jennings, released a tribute album entitled Countach (For Giorgio), his seventh studio album.[46] Shooter Jennings
Shooter Jennings
stated that Moroder's music from the movies Midnight Express (1978), Cat People (1982) and The NeverEnding Story (1984) had a major influence on him as a child which "...set the foundation for the music of my entire life."[46]

Before his career reboot with Daft Punk, Moroder dedicated decades to his personal hobbies/projects. He designed a car with Marcello Gandini and ex-Lamborghini personnel, the Cizeta-Moroder V16T. Also in a recent interview, he spoke about architectural design of a pyramid-like apartment that was supposed to take place in Dubai. It was never built. Other projects included creating his own cognac liquor and getting involved with digital and neon art and putting on shows. [47]

In 2017 he was exposed in connection with a large financial scandal related to the bank Hottinger & Cie.[48]

Discography

See also

References

  1. ^ Tobias Rüther (26 April 2010). " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    zum Siebzigsten: Ich fühle Liebe". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
     
  2. ^ "Giorgio Moroder". laut.de. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Jim Poe. "Giorgio Moroder: 10 groundbreaking tunes Music". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-08-24. 
  4. ^ "This record was a collaboration between Philip Oakey, the big-voiced lead singer of the techno-pop band the Human League, and Giorgio Moroder, the Italian-born father of disco who spent the '80s writing synth-based pop and film music." Evan Cater. " Philip Oakey
    Philip Oakey
    & Giorgio Moroder: Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved December 21, 2009.
     
  5. ^ "He felt love with Donna Summer, now its Deja Vu for Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    - 11/06/2015". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 2015-08-24.
     
  6. ^ " Disco
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    stars to enter Hall of Fame". BBC News. 4 September 2004. Retrieved 2010-07-13.
     
  7. ^ a b c Moroder, Giorgio (December 17, 2014). "Giorgio Moroder: 'I Was Always Interested in the Hits'". The-Talks.com, excerpting Purple Fashion Magazine. Interview with Sven Schumann. Retrieved April 19, 2015. 
  8. ^ Yeboah, Anna (April 17, 2015). " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    Loves EDM". Retrieved November 3, 2017.
     
  9. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 259. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  10. ^ a b "Hitler's filmmaker to release new film". BBC. 7 January 2002. 
  11. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco: 1974–2003. Record Research. p. 288. 
  12. ^ "New Metropolis Sparks Controversy at Cannes". Variety. 16 May 1984. 
  13. ^ Elsaesser, Thomas (2002). "Innocence Restored? Reading and Re-reading a 'Classic': Georgio Moroder's Metropolis". In Minden, Michael; Bachmann, Holger. Fritz Lang's Metropolis: Cinematic Visions of Technology and Fear. Boydell & Brewer. p. 124. ISBN 1-57113-146-9. Retrieved August 18, 2017 – via Google Books. Moroder's reissue...was bound to offend the purists if only because it smacked of such crass commercialism and seemed so evidently calculated to jump the culture barrier. 
  14. ^ Jurkiewicz, Kenneth (March 1990). "Using Film in the Humanities Classroom: The Case of Metropolis". The English Journal. 79 (3): 47. Although harshly criticized for its synthesized rock score, Moroder's reconstruction does have the virtue of clarifying a muddled plotline...Moroder's new version provides some illuminating changes in narrative continuity and character motivation, while still preserving the integrity of Lang's extravagant satiric vision. 
  15. ^ Bertellini, Giorgio (Autumn 1995). "Restoration, Genealogy and Palimpsests". Film History. 7 (3): 277–290. 
  16. ^ a b " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    – Forever Dancing". Allmusic. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
     
  17. ^ Lamphier, Jason (2015-05-05). "The Comeback of the Summer: Disco
    Disco
    King Giorgio Moroder". Out.com. Here Media Inc.
     
  18. ^ GiorgioMoroder. " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    – Racer (2013)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
     
  19. ^ Cubarrubia, RJ (3 April 2013). "Giorgio Moroder: Daft Punk's New Album Is 'A Step Forward' for Dance Music". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 3 April 2013. [...] Thomas and Guy-Manuel, they are perfectionists (4:21 min). They had to do something which is different. Still dance, still electronic; but give that human touch back. (7:40 min) 
  20. ^ GiorgioMoroder. " Daft Punk
    Daft Punk
    Giorgio by Moroder
    Giorgio by Moroder
    (2013)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
     
  21. ^ "Listen to Giorgio Moroder's US DJ debut at Brooklyn's Output club". The Verge. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  22. ^ GiorgioMoroder. " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    – DJ Set – Live @ Deep Space (New York)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
     
  23. ^ "2014 Volkswagen
    Volkswagen
    Game Day Commercial: Wings". YouTube. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
     
  24. ^ "Doo Bee Doo 2014 (feat. Caroline Brooks): Giorgio Moroder: MP3 Downloads". Amazon.com. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  25. ^ " Kelis
    Kelis
    – Timeline Photos". Facebook. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
     
  26. ^ GiorgioMoroder. " Coldplay
    Coldplay
    – Midnight ( Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    Remix)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
     
  27. ^ " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    – Timeline Photos". Facebook.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
     
  28. ^ Wolk, Douglas. "Giorgio Moroder, Dance Music Legend, on Remixing Coldplay's 'Midnight' and 'Crazy' Lana Del Rey". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  29. ^ " Madeon
    Madeon
    Collabs With Giorgio Moroder". Blog.lessthan3.com. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
     
  30. ^ GiorgioMoroder. " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    – Giorgio's Theme (2014)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
     
  31. ^ a b Peters, Mitchell (17 November 2014). " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    to Release First Studio Album in Over 30 Years". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
     
  32. ^ Geslani, Michelle (24 April 2015). "Listen to Britney Spears
    Britney Spears
    and Giorgio Moroder's surprisingly great cover of "Tom's Diner" — listen". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
     
  33. ^ " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    "Right Here, Right Now" (ft. Kylie Minogue)". Exclaim.ca. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
     
  34. ^ Caulfield, Keith (20 January 2015). " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    & Kylie Minogue
    Kylie Minogue
    Drop Single 'Right Here, Right Now'". Billboard. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
     
  35. ^ " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    Returns to Dance Charts After 38 Years".
     
  36. ^ Fonseca, Nicholas (13 February 2015). " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    will join Kylie Minogue
    Kylie Minogue
    for her Kiss Me Once tour". Sydneyland Time Out. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
     
  37. ^ " Kylie Minogue
    Kylie Minogue
    teams up with Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    on 'Kiss Me Once' tour - watch". NME. Time Inc. UK. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
     
  38. ^ " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    - Déjà vu ft. Sia". YouTube. 2015-05-05. Retrieved 2015-08-24.
     
  39. ^ "Giorgio Moroder's 'TRON RUN/r' Video Game Soundtrack Getting Release With Remixes". Billboard.com. 
  40. ^ " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    Releasing Tron Soundtrack With Autechre, Plaid, Bibio Remixes, More". Pitchfork.com.
     
  41. ^ a b "'One More Day': Sistar's Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    Collabo Is a LGBT Vengeance Thriller". PopCrush. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
     
  42. ^ " Sistar
    Sistar
    Collaborates With Legendary Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    On Their New Song 'One More Day'". OfficiallyKmusic.com.
     
  43. ^ MBCkpop (8 October 2016). "[2016 DMC Festival] SISTAR (Produced by.Giorgio Moroder) - One More Day, 씨스타 - 원 모어 데이 20161008" – via YouTube. 
  44. ^ "Presidenza della Repubblica". Quirinale.it. 26 May 2005. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  45. ^ Lil Wayne's 'On Fire' Inspired By 'Scarface,' Producer Dre Says – MTV.com
  46. ^ a b Sterdan, Darryl. "Lord of Moroder" in The Ottawa Sun. 19 March 2016
  47. ^ "Giorgio Moroder: Back to the Future". 22 May 2013. 
  48. ^ "Hottinger & Cie: Der Bankraub - brand eins online". www.brandeins.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-04-10. 
  49. ^ " Giorgio Moroder
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    – Solitary Men". Allmusic. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
     
  50. ^ " Giorgio Moroder
    Giorgio Moroder
    – To Be Number One". Allmusic. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
     

External links