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Fife
Fife
([ˈfəif]; Scottish Gaelic: Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland. It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire. By custom it is widely held to have been one of the major Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib, and is still commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife
Fife
within Scotland. Fife
Fife
is one of the six local authorities part of the Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and South East Scotland
Scotland
city region. It is a lieutenancy area, and was a county of Scotland
Scotland
until 1975. It was very occasionally known by the anglicisation Fifeshire in old documents and maps compiled by English cartographers and authors. A person from Fife
Fife
is known as a Fifer. Fife
Fife
was a local government region divided into three districts: Dunfermline, Kirkcaldy
Kirkcaldy
and North-East Fife. Since 1996 the functions of the district councils have been exercised by the unitary Fife Council. Fife
Fife
is Scotland's third largest local authority area by population. It has a resident population of just under 367,000, over a third of whom live in the three principal towns of Dunfermline, Kirkcaldy
Kirkcaldy
and Glenrothes. The historic town of St Andrews
St Andrews
is located on the northeast coast of Fife. It is well known for the University of St Andrews, one of the most ancient universities in the world and is renowned as the home of golf.

Contents

1 History 2 Governance 3 Geography 4 Towns and villages 5 Culture 6 Notable Fifers 7 Sports 8 Media 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

The historical headquarters of Fife
Fife
County Council, in Cupar

Fife, bounded to the north by the Firth of Tay
Firth of Tay
and to the south by the Firth of Forth, is a natural peninsula whose political boundaries have changed little over the ages. The Pictish king list and De Situ Albanie documents of the Poppleton manuscript mention the division of the Pictish realm into seven sub-kingdoms or provinces, one being Fife, though this is now regarded as a medieval invention.[2]:70–72 The earliest known reference to the common epithet The Kingdom of Fife dates from only 1678, in a proposition that the term derives from the quasi-regal privileges of the Earl of Fife.[2]:132 The notion of a kingdom may derive from a misintrepretation of an extract from Wyntoun.[2]:133 The name is recorded as Fib in A.D. 1150 and Fif in 1165. It was often associated with Fothriff. The hill-fort of Clatchard Craig, near Newburgh, was occupied as an important Pictish stronghold between the sixth and eighth centuries AD.[3][4] Fife
Fife
was an important royal and political centre from the reign of King Malcolm III
Malcolm III
onwards, as the leaders of Scotland
Scotland
gradually moved southwards away from their ancient strongholds around Scone. Malcolm had his principal home in Dunfermline
Dunfermline
and his wife Margaret was the main benefactor of Dunfermline
Dunfermline
Abbey. The Abbey replaced Iona
Iona
as the final resting place of Scotland's royal elite, with Robert I amongst those to be buried there. The Earl of Fife
Earl of Fife
was until the 15th century considered the principal peer of the Scottish realm, and was reserved the right of crowning the nation's monarchs, reflecting the prestige of the area. A new royal palace was gradually constructed at Falkland, formerly the stronghold of Clan MacDuff, and was used by successive monarchs of the House of Stuart, who favoured Fife
Fife
for its rich hunting grounds. King James VI of Scotland
Scotland
described Fife
Fife
as a "beggar's mantle fringed wi gowd",[5] the golden fringe being the coast and its chain of little ports with their thriving fishing fleets and rich trading links with the Low Countries. Wool, linen, coal and salt were all traded. Salt pans heated by local coal were a feature of the Fife
Fife
coast in the past. The distinctive red clay pan tiles seen on many old buildings in Fife
Fife
arrived as ballast on trading boats and replaced the previously thatched roofs. In 1598, King James VI employed a group of 12 men from Fife, who became known as the Fife
Fife
adventurers, to colonise the Isle of Lewis
Isle of Lewis
in an attempt to begin the "civilisation" and de-gaelicisation of the region. This endeavour lasted until 1609 when the colonists, having been opposed by the native population, were bought out by Kenneth Mackenzie, the clan chief of the Mackenzies. Fife
Fife
became a centre of heavy industry in the 19th century. Coal had been mined in the area since at least the 12th century, but the number of pits increased ten-fold as demand for coal grew in the Victorian period. Previously rural villages such as Cowdenbeath
Cowdenbeath
rapidly swelled into towns as thousands moved to Fife
Fife
to find work in its mines. The opening of the Forth and Tay rail bridges linked Fife
Fife
with Dundee and Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and allowed the rapid transport of goods. Modern ports were constructed at Methil, Burntisland
Burntisland
and Rosyth. Kirkcaldy
Kirkcaldy
became the world centre for the production of linoleum. Postwar
Postwar
Fife
Fife
saw the development of Scotland's second new town, Glenrothes. Originally to be based around a coal mine, the town eventually attracted a high number of modern Silicon Glen
Silicon Glen
companies to the region. Fife
Fife
Council and Fife Constabulary
Fife Constabulary
also centre their operations in Glenrothes. There are numerous notable historical buildings in Fife, some of which are managed by the National Trust for Scotland
Scotland
or Historic Scotland. They include Dunfermline
Dunfermline
Abbey (the last resting place of Scottish royalty), the palace in Culross, Ravenscraig Castle
Ravenscraig Castle
in Kirkcaldy, Dysart Harbour area, Balgonie Castle
Balgonie Castle
near Coaltown of Balgonie, Falkland Palace
Falkland Palace
(hunting palace of the Scottish Kings), Kellie Castle near Pittenweem, Hill of Tarvit
Hill of Tarvit
(a historical house), St. Andrews Castle, St. Andrews Cathedral and St. Rule's Tower. Governance[edit]

Fife
Fife
House, seat of Fife
Fife
Council

Fifeshire & Kinross-shire
Kinross-shire
Civil Parish map. https://archive.org/stream/imperialgazettee01wils#page/n778/mode/1up Parishes outlined in red

Fife
Fife
is represented by five constituency members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) and four members of the United Kingdom parliament (MPs) who are sent to Holyrood and the British Parliament respectively. Since the 2015 General Election, all four of the MPs constituencies have been held by the Scottish National Party.[6] Three of the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
constituencies are held by the Scottish National Party: Cowdenbeath, Dunfermline, Fife
Fife
Mid and Glenrothes
Glenrothes
. One is held by the Scottish Liberal Democrats: North East Fife.[7] Fife
Fife
Council's administrative headquarters and Police Scotland's P Division (formerly Fife
Fife
Constabulary) are based in Glenrothes. The Council meetings take place in Fife
Fife
House (formerly known as Glenrothes
Glenrothes
House) in the town centre. The west wing of the building was built by the Glenrothes
Glenrothes
Development Corporation (GDC) as their offices in 1969, which was later used as the headquarters of Fife Regional Council.[8] The former administrative seat was Cupar.[1] Since the last Scottish election in 2012, Fife Council
Fife Council
has been run as a minority by the Labour party, with a total of 35 seats, with support of Tory and independent councillors. Alex Rowley was elected leader of Fife Council
Fife Council
but demitted office following his election as an MSP. David Ross
Ross
succeeded as leader in February 2014. The SNP and the other parties form the opposition. Geography[edit] Fife
Fife
is a peninsula in eastern Scotland
Scotland
bordered on the north by the Firth of Tay, on the east by the North Sea
North Sea
and by the Firth of Forth to the south. The route to the west is partially blocked by the mass of the Ochil Hills. Almost all road traffic into and out of Fife
Fife
has to pass over one of four bridges, south on the Forth Road Bridge (public transport and cyclists only) and Queensferry Crossing, west on the Kincardine Bridge
Kincardine Bridge
or north-east via the Tay Road Bridge, the exception being traffic headed north on the M90. Tolls were abolished on the Tay Road Bridge
Tay Road Bridge
and Forth Road Bridge
Forth Road Bridge
on 11 February 2008. There are extinct volcanic features, such as the Lomond Hills
Lomond Hills
which rise above rolling farmland, and Largo Law, a volcanic plug in the east. At 522 metres (1,713 ft), the West Lomond
West Lomond
is the highest point in Fife. The coast has fine but small harbours, from the industrial docks in Burntisland
Burntisland
and Rosyth
Rosyth
to the fishing villages of the East Neuk
East Neuk
such as Anstruther
Anstruther
and Pittenweem. The large area of flat land to the north of the Lomond Hills, through which the River Eden flows, is known as the Howe of Fife.

Looking across the farmland of North East Fife
Fife
to the distant Lomond Hills

North of the Lomond Hills
Lomond Hills
can be found villages and small towns in a primarily agricultural landscape. The areas in the south and west of Fife, including the towns of Dunfermline, Glenrothes, Kirkcaldy
Kirkcaldy
and the Levenmouth
Levenmouth
region are lightly industrial and more densely populated. The only areas which could claim to be heavily industrial are Rosyth, around the naval dockyard and perhaps the Mossmorran Natural Gas Liquids fractionation plant on the outskirts of Cowdenbeath. The east corner of Fife, generally that east of a line between Leven and St Andrews
St Andrews
is recognised throughout Scotland
Scotland
as the East Neuk
East Neuk
(or corner) of Fife, small settlements around sheltered harbours, with distinctive vernacular "Dutch" or corbie (crow) stepped gabled and stone-built architecture – an area much sought after as second homes of the Edinburgh
Edinburgh
professional classes since the Forth Road Bridge
Forth Road Bridge
was built[citation needed]. The fishing industry on which the East Neuk settlements were built has declined in recent years with the main fishing fleet now operating from Pittenweem
Pittenweem
and the harbour in Anstruther
Anstruther
being used as a marina for pleasure craft. Towns and villages[edit] Cupar
Cupar
took over as county town from Crail
Crail
in the early 13th century. Glenrothes
Glenrothes
is now the administrative centre, after the decision to locate the headquarters of the newly established Fife
Fife
Regional Council there in 1975. Fife's three major towns are Kirkcaldy, Dunfermline
Dunfermline
and Glenrothes. According to the 2012 estimate, Dunfermline
Dunfermline
is the largest settlement by population,[9] followed by Kirkcaldy
Kirkcaldy
then Glenrothes. The next most sizeable towns by population are St Andrews, Cowdenbeath, Rosyth, Methil
Methil
and Dalgety Bay. The rest of Fife
Fife
includes smaller towns such as Inverkeithing, Kincardine, Anstruther, Lochgelly, Burntisland, Leven, Newburgh, Tayport
Tayport
and Cupar, and villages such as Springfield, Kinglassie, Kinghorn, Elie, Auchtertool, Crossgates, Ballingry and Auchtermuchty. The county was formerly divided into parishes, often but not always based on a town or village:

Abbotshall Abdie Aberdour Anstruther
Anstruther
Easter Anstruther
Anstruther
Wester Arngask (Perthshire) Auchterderran Auchtermuchty Auchtertool Ballingry Balmerino Beath Buckhaven Burntisland Cameron Carnbee Carnock Cellardyke Ceres Collessie Cowdenbeath Crail Creich Crossgates Culross
Culross
(Perthshire) Cults Cupar Dairsie Dalgety Dunbog Dunfermline Dunino Dysart Elie Falkland Ferry Port on Craig Flisk Forgan Freuchie Glenrothes Inverkeithing
Inverkeithing
& Rosyth Kelty Kemback Kennoway Kilconquhar Kilmany Kilrenny Kinghorn Kinglassie Kingsbarns Kingskettle Kirkcaldy Ladybank Largo Leslie Leuchars Leven Lochgelly Logie Lumphinnans Markinch Methil Monimail Moonzie Newburgh Newburn Pitlessie Pittenweem Saline Scoonie St Andrews
St Andrews
& St Leonards St Monance
St Monance
(and Abercrombie) Strathmiglo Thornton Torryburn Wellwood Wemyss

Culture[edit]

Falkland Palace

Scottish Lowlands
Scottish Lowlands
farm. Detail from Slezer's Prospect of Dunfermline, 1693

A closer view of the Lomond Hills, seen from Auchtermuchty

Fife
Fife
contains 4,961 listed buildings and 48 conservation areas.[10] Domestic sites of importance include Falkland Palace, Kellie Castle, Dunfermline
Dunfermline
Palace, St Andrews
St Andrews
Castle, Culross
Culross
Palace and Kirkcaldy's Ravenscraig Castle. Fife
Fife
has a number of ecclesiastical sites of historical interest. St Andrews
St Andrews
Cathedral was home to the powerful Archbishopric of St Andrews, and later became a centre of the Scottish Reformation, while Dunfermline
Dunfermline
Abbey was the last resting place of a number of Scottish kings. Balmerino
Balmerino
and Culross
Culross
abbeys were both founded in the 13th century by the Cistercians, while a century before Lindores Abbey
Lindores Abbey
was founded by the Tironensians
Tironensians
outside Newburgh; all were highly important sites. The Stanza Poetry Festival, East Neuk
East Neuk
Festival, Pittenweem
Pittenweem
Arts Festival are events of national cultural importance. Smaller festivals like Cupar
Cupar
Arts Festival also take place. The Byre Theatre
Byre Theatre
in St Andrews and Adam Smith
Adam Smith
Theatre in Kirkcaldy
Kirkcaldy
were both highly regarded as touring venues, the latter also being the base of the grand opera company Fife
Fife
Opera. The Byre has re-opened in Autumn, 2014[11] following its going into administration in 2012.[12] Notable Fifers[edit]

Robert Adam, architect Stuart Adamson, musician (Big Country, The Skids) Robert Hope Moncrieff Aitken
Robert Hope Moncrieff Aitken
(1826–1887), Lieutenant
Lieutenant
in the 13th, Bengal Native Infantry, awarded the Victoria Cross Ian Anderson, musician, frontman of Jethro Tull Iain Banks, writer Lady Anne Barnard, travel writer, artist and socialite of the period Andrew Whyte Barclay, (1817–1884), physician, Lumleian lecturer, and Harveian orator Jim Baxter, footballer Guy Berryman, bassist from the band Coldplay Sir James Black, pharmacologist and nobel prize winner Sir Ernley Blackwell, lawyer and civil servant Martin Grehan, Footballer Edith Bowman, BBC Radio 1/6 DJ Gordon Brown, former British Prime Minister and Chancellor of the Exchequer and former MP for Kirkcaldy
Kirkcaldy
and Cowdenbeath Scott Brown, Scotland
Scotland
and Celtic F.C.
Celtic F.C.
footballer Gregory Burke, playwright Alexander Buchanan Campbell, architect Andrew Carnegie, industrialist and philanthropist Henry Chisholm
Henry Chisholm
(1822-1881), steel industry executive Jim Clark, two-times Formula One World Drivers' Champion James Clephan, Lieutenant
Lieutenant
on board HMS Spartiate during the Battle of Trafalgar Archibald Constable
Archibald Constable
(1774–1827), publisher, bookseller and stationer Kenneth Cranham, actor King Creosote, musician David Danskin, principal founding member of Arsenal FC Barbara Dickson, singer and actress Thomas Millie Dow
Thomas Millie Dow
(1848–1919), artist, a member of the Glasgow School Philip Charles Durham, sailor and captain of HMS Defiance at Trafalgar Marjorie Fleming
Marjorie Fleming
(1803–1811), child writer and poet Sir Sandford Fleming, (1827–1915), engineer, who proposed worldwide standard time zones, engineered on the Intercolonial Railway
Intercolonial Railway
and the Canadian Pacific Railway Valentine Fleming
Valentine Fleming
(1882–1917), member of parliament and father of the author Ian Fleming John Forbes, named the city of Pittsburgh Chris Fusaro, rugby player Thomas Lomar Gray (1850–1908), engineer noted for his pioneering work in seismology Thomas Hardy, (1747–1798), minister of religion, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
Scotland
and Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Edinburgh
Edinburgh
University Alexander Henderson (c.1583–1646), theologian, and an important ecclesiastical statesman Shirley Henderson, actress Peter Horne, rugby player Bob Howie and Dave Howie, rugby players Henrietta Keddie (1827–1914), novelist who wrote under the pseudonym Sarah Tytler Deborah Knox, Olympic gold medallist in curling Craig Levein, Scottish former professional footballer and manager Jackie Leven, singer-songwriter Wallace Lindsay, classical scholars, palaeographer, Professor of Humanity at St Andrews
St Andrews
University Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie, 16th-century writer Anne Macaulay musicologist, archaeologist, author and lecturer Douglas Mackinnon, director Val McDermid, writer Ken McNaught, footballer, Aston Villa F.C. centre back, 1982 European Cup Winner Willie McNaught, footballer, Raith Rovers F.C.
Raith Rovers F.C.
defender Tom Nairn (born 1932), political theorist of nationalism Rab Noakes
Rab Noakes
(born 1947) singer, songwriter, record producer Aileen Paterson, author/illustrator Dr John Philip (1775–1851), missionary in South Africa David Pitcairn
David Pitcairn
(1749–1809), physician John Pitcairn
John Pitcairn
(1722–1775), British Marine officer killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill William Pitcairn
William Pitcairn
(1712–1791), physician Ian Rankin, writer David Rollo, rugby player Craig Russell (British author), writer Dougray Scott, actor John Scrimgeour of Myres (fl. 16th century) Master of Work for royal buildings for James V and Mary, Queen of Scots Alexander Selkirk, seafarer and inspiration for Robinson Crusoe Sir Jimmy Shand, accordion player Adam Smith, philosopher and economist Jordan Smith, actor Mary Fairfax Somerville
Mary Fairfax Somerville
(1780–1872), science writer and polymath Catherine Steele (1903–1995), plant biochemist [13] Lawrence Storione, miner and anarchist organiser Sir John Struthers (1823–1899) first Regius Professor
Regius Professor
of Anatomy
Anatomy
at the University of Aberdeen John McDouall Stuart
John McDouall Stuart
(1815–1866), explorer of Australia's interior Michaela Tabb, first female snooker referee to appear at the Crucible William Tennant, scholar and poet John Thomson, former Celtic F.C.
Celtic F.C.
goalkeeper KT Tunstall, musician Jack Vettriano, artist William Montgomery Watt
William Montgomery Watt
(1909–2006), historian, Emeritus Professor in Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Edinburgh Sir David Wilkie, painter Alexander Wilson (1714–1786), surgeon, type-founder, astronomer, mathematician and meteorologist James Wilson, signer of US Declaration of Independence, appointed by George Washington
George Washington
to first Supreme Court Jocky Wilson, darts player James Yorkston, musician Douglas Young (1913–1973), poet, scholar, translator, and leader of the Scottish National Party

Sports[edit] St Andrews
St Andrews
in Fife
Fife
is the home of golf, being the town in which the sport was invented, and the Royal and Ancient Golf
Golf
Club still has responsibility for overseeing the rules of the game today. Fife
Fife
has four senior football clubs: Cowdenbeath, Raith Rovers, Dunfermline
Dunfermline
Athletic and East Fife. Fife Flyers are the UK's oldest ice hockey club and play in Britain's top flight, the Elite Ice Hockey League. Fife
Fife
is also home to eight rugby union clubs. Dunfermline
Dunfermline
RFC, Fife Southern RFC based in Rosyth, Glenrothes
Glenrothes
RFC, Howe of Fife RFC
Howe of Fife RFC
based in Cupar, Kirkcaldy
Kirkcaldy
RFC, Madras RFC, Waid Academy RFC and University of St Andrews
St Andrews
RFC - the oldest rugby club in Fife. Fife Lions are the sole rugby league club. Kingdom Kangaroos are Fife's only Australian Rules Football
Australian Rules Football
team, with training held in Rosyth
Rosyth
and Kirkcaldy. Aberdour
Aberdour
Shinty Club have two men's teams, two women's teams and multiple youth squads. Media[edit] Locally published newspapers include the Fife Free Press in Kirkcaldy; the Dunfermline
Dunfermline
Press in Dunfermline; the Glenrothes
Glenrothes
Gazette in Glenrothes, the East Fife
Fife
Mail in Leven, the Fife
Fife
Herald in Cupar
Cupar
/ Howe of Fife
Fife
and the St Andrews
St Andrews
Citizen in St Andrews. DC Thompson publishes Fife
Fife
and West Fife
Fife
editions of the Dundee Courier & Advertiser,[14] and the Counties Edition of the Evening Telegraph is sold in Fife. The only Fife-based radio station is Kingdom FM. There is also a community radio station that broadcasts each evening and is run solely by youths, called Fife
Fife
Youth Radio. Other local radio stations, Radio Tay and Edinburgh's 97.3 Forth One, broadcast to the northern and southern parts of the region respectively. See also[edit]

Abbeys and priories in Scotland Castles in Scotland Duke of Fife Earl of Fife Fire and Rescue Authority (Scotland) Historic houses in Scotland Kingdom Housing Association List of places in Fife Museums in Scotland

References[edit]

^ a b Complete Atlas of the British Isles. Readers' Digest. 1965. p. 218.  ^ a b c Taylor, Simon; Gilbert Márkus (2012). The Place-Names of Fife, Volume 5. Donington, Lincs.: Shaun Tyas. ISBN 9781907730085.  ^ "The site record for Clatchard Craig
Clatchard Craig
at RCAHMS". Canmore.rcahms.gov.uk.  ^ "Excavation Summary by the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland" (PDF).  ^ "A Dictionary of Scottish Phrase and Fable". google.co.uk.  ^ "MPs of Fife". Parliament UK. Retrieved 1 August 2015.  ^ " Scotland
Scotland
Election 2016". BBC News.  ^ Ferguson A History of Glenrothes
Glenrothes
p.91. ^ "Mid 2012 population estimates of settlements" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 October 2014.  ^ "Fife's listed buildings". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 25 August 2009.  ^ " Byre Theatre
Byre Theatre
to reopen after University of St Andrews
St Andrews
agree rescue package". Herald Scotland.  ^ " Byre Theatre
Byre Theatre
in St Andrews
St Andrews
board 'deeply regrets' closure". BBC News. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.  ^ "Steele biography". www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-28.  ^ "The Courier - British Newspapers Online". 

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Fife
Fife
(Scotland).

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fife.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Fife.

External links[edit]

Fife
Fife
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Knowfife Dataset Fife
Fife
Direct Fife
Fife
Today Kingdom of Fife
Fife
Tourist Board The Fife
Fife
Post Fife
Fife
Coastal Path Fife
Fife
Youth Radio Kingdom FM Pupils in Fife
Fife
report on issues that are important to them for Radiowaves Fife
Fife
Community Portal FifeLink – an online community for Fife National Library of Scotland: SCOTTISH SCREEN ARCHIVE (selection of archive films relating to Fife)

v t e

Traditional provinces and districts of Scotland

Major districts (former counties, provincial lordships and rural deaneries)

The Aird Annandale Angus Argyll Atholl Boyne Buchan Badenoch Breadalbane Caithness Carrick Clydesdale
Clydesdale
(or Strathclyde) Cowal Cunningham Desnes Eskdale Farines Fife Fothriff Galloway Garioch Garmoran The Glenkens Gowrie Kintyre Knapdale Kyle Lauderdale Lennox Liddesdale Lochaber Lorn Lothian Mar Mearns Menteith Merse Moray Nithsdale The Rhinns Ross
Ross
(Easter and Wester) Stormont Strathavon Strathbogie Strathearn Strathgryfe Strathnaver Strathspey Sutherland Teviotdale Tweeddale

Minor districts

Applecross Appin Ardgour Ardmeanach Ardnamurchan Assynt Avondale Balquhidder Benderloch The Black Isle Braemar Coigach Cromar Cromdale Douglasdale Durness Dùthaich MhicAoidh Eddrachilles Enzie Ettrickdale Ewesdale Formartine Gairloch Glen Albyn Glen Almond Glen Cassley Glen Clova Glen Dochart Glenelg Glen Esk Glengarry Glen Lethnot Glen Lyon Glen Moriston Glen Orchy Glen Prosen Glenshee Glen Spean Glen Urquhart Gruinard Howe of Fife Howe of the Mearns Kintail Kintyre Knoydart Lochalsh Loch Broom Locheil The Machars Midmar Moidart Morar Morven Muir of Ord Rannoch Moor Rhinns of Kells Strathallan Strathardle Strathbran Strathbraan Strathcarron (Forth) Strathcarron (Oykel) Strathconon Strathdearn Strathdeveron Strathdee (Deeside) Strathdon Strathfarrar Strath Gartney Strathglass Strathisla Strathmore Strath of Kildonan Strath Oykel Strath Tay Strathyre Sunart Trossachs

Insular districts For smaller islands, usually districts in their own right, see List of Scottish islands

Islands of the Clyde

Arran Cumbrae

Islay

The Oa Rinns of Islay

Mull

Aros Ross
Ross
of Mull

Skye

Duirinish Minginish Sleat Trotternish Waternish

Outer Hebrides

Harris (North Harris, South Harris) Lewis
Lewis
(The Lochs, West Side, Point, Back)

Orkney

Pomona Hoy
Hoy
and Walls Rousay Shapinsay South Ronaldsay Westray

Shetland

Mainland (Central Mainland, North Mainland, South Mainland, West Mainland) Fetlar Unst Whalsay Yell North Isles

Border areas

Debatable Lands East March Middle March West March

v t e

Council areas of Scotland

Aberdeen Aberdeenshire Angus Argyll
Argyll
and Bute Clackmannanshire Dumfries and Galloway Dundee East Ayrshire East Dunbartonshire East Lothian East Renfrewshire Edinburgh Falkirk Fife Glasgow Highland Inverclyde Midlothian Moray Na h-Eileanan Siar (Western Isles) North Ayrshire North Lanarkshire Orkney Perth and Kinross Renfrewshire Scottish Borders Shetland South Ayrshire South Lanarkshire Stirling West Dunbartonshire West Lothian

List by area, population, density

v t e

Former local government regions of Scotland

Borders Central Dumfries and Galloway Fife Grampian Highland Lothian Strathclyde Tayside

v t e

Former local government counties of Scotland

Subdivisions created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889
Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889
and abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973

Aberdeenshire Angus Argyll Ayrshire Banffshire Berwickshire Bute Caithness Clackmannanshire Dumfriesshire Dunbartonshire East Lothian Fife Inverness-shire Kincardineshire Kinross-shire Kirkcudbrightshire Lanarkshire Midlothian Moray Nairnshire Orkney Peeblesshire Perthshire Renfrewshire Ross
Ross
and Cromarty Roxburghshire Selkirkshire Shetland Stirlingshire Sutherland West Lothian Wigtownshire

Subdivisions abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889

Cromartyshire Ross-shire

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 151207259 ISNI: 0000 0000 9146 3

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