EDWARD SMALL (born EDWARD SCHMALHEISER, February 1, 1891, Brooklyn,
New York – January 25, 1977,
Los Angeles, California
Los Angeles, California ) was a film
producer from the late 1920s through 1970, who was enormously prolific
over a fifty-year career. He is best known for the movies The Count of
Monte Cristo (1934), The Man in the Iron Mask (1939), The Corsican
Brothers (1941), Brewster\'s Millions (1945), Raw Deal (1948), Black
Magic (1949), Witness for the Prosecution (1957) and Solomon and Sheba
* 1 Career
* 1.1 Asher Small Rogers
* 1.3 RKO
Edward Small Productions
* 1.5 Columbia and
* 1.6.1 Bernard Small and Reliance
* 1.7 Return to
* 1.8 Television
* 1.9 British Productions
* 1.10 Later career
* 2 Select Filmography
* 2.1 Unmade Films
* 2.2 Films developed by Small made by others
* 3 References
* 3.1 Sources
* 4 External links
Small was the son of Jewish Austrian-born Philip Schmalheiser and
Prussian-born Rose Lewin, and had three sisters and two brothers. He
began his career as a talent agent in New York City. In 1917, he moved
his agency to Los Angeles. Among his acting clients was a young Hedda
Hopper . His first production appears to have been the wartime
propaganda film, Who\'s Your Neighbor? (1917).
In the 1920s the
Edward Small Company produced stage sketches. He
William Goetz get his start in the industry by recommending him
for a job at Corinne Griffith.
ASHER SMALL ROGERS
Small began producing films in the 1920s, when it became his
full-time occupation. He formed the firm Asher, Small and Rogers,
where he was a partner with Charles Rogers and E.M Asher. Their
early films included
The Sporting Lover (1926), The Cohens and Kellys
(1926) (so popular it led to several sequels), The Gorilla (1927),
McFadden\'s Flats (1927), Ladies\' Night in a Turkish Bath (1928), The
Cohens and the Kellys in Paris (1928), My Man (1928) (with Fanny Brice
Companionate Marriage (1929).
Many of these early films were comedies, based on a stage play. In
1926 he said, "Making a comedy requires far more care than is
necessary for any other form of screen production because audiences
are more exacting than in any other form of entertainment."
"Picture making is a youngster's game," he added the same year. "When
a man gets older he doesn't want to take a chance to try something
new. And this business moves so fast that if you don't change your
methods with every picture you're out of luck. In a few years I won't
have a thing to do with the creative. Afraid, I'll hire young men with
plenty of nerve to handle that for me."
In early 1928 Asher Small Rogers dissolved. However they then
re-teamed and started producing films; towards the end of the year
they invested in a studio complex in Sherman Oaks.
Small then worked for a time at Columbia Pictures, making Song of
Love (1929). For his own company he made
Clancy in Wall Street (1930).
He sent an expedition to the Arctic and they made the documentary
In 1932, Small formed
Reliance Pictures together with partner Harry
M. Goetz. The new company was to be made with finance from Art Cinema,
a subsidiary company of
United Artists , in a deal brokered by Joseph
Schenck . On the basis of this verbal commitment, Small and Goetz
started pre production on three films. However, when Schenck presented
the deal to Art Cinema's board, it was turned down. An embarrassed
Schenck decided personally put up half the cost of the three films,
with the other half met by Small and Goetz. The films were I Cover the
Waterfront (1933), Palooka (1934) (with
Jimmy Durante ), and The Count
of Monte Cristo (1934); the latter, starring
Robert Donat and the
first screen credit for Philip Dunne , was a big hit especially.
William Phipps then stepped in to provide financing in Schenck's
place and Reliance made five more movies for
United Artists over two
Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round (1934), Let \'Em Have It (1935),
Red Salute (1935),
The Melody Lingers On
The Melody Lingers On (1935) and Last of the
Mohicans (1936); the latter, with
Randolph Scott was a sizeable
In 1935 Small announced plans to make a series of 4,000 feet films
(i.e. short features) based on short stories and novelettes as an
alternative to the double bill but this did not seem to come to
After making The Last of the Mohicans, Small left
United Artists and
established himself as an associate producer at RKO in January 1936;
the studio bought out Reliance. Small said he was motivated by the
move to make larger budgeted movies, including Robber Barons (which
became The Toast of New York), Son of Monte Cristo, Gunga Din and a
Jack Oakie comedies. Small:
I intend to produce a different type of historical productions. There
will be less of the awesomeness and less of the blind respect that has
often marked the modern's approach to a historical character. Diamond
The Story of Louis Pasteur are only the beginning. Napoleon,
Marie Antoinette , and Mary of Scotland, contemplated, will be great
steps in the direction of honesty. We have on our schedules the
filming of the stories of
Beau Brummell and Jim Fisk and we are
contemplating a minimum of punch-pulling. Newsreels are telling the
truth about people, showing them as they are. Feature pictures are
going to do the same thing; they will make men and women out of
Small's time at RKO resulted in six pictures: The Bride Walks Out
We Who Are About to Die (1937), Sea Devils (1937), New Faces
of 1937 (1937),
Super-Sleuth (1937) (with
Jack Oakie ) and The Toast
of New York (1937). Some of these performed well but others were less
successful, particularly the expensive
The Toast of New York , which
was RKO's biggest money losing picture of 1937. However he did sell
the studio his rights to Gunga Din which he had purchased from the
Rudyard Kipling estate in 1936 and became a big hit later on. (He made
Son of Cristo later at
United Artists and never produced a Beau
Brummel film.) Small departed from RKO in 1938.
EDWARD SMALL PRODUCTIONS
In January 1938 Small returned to
United Artists with his own unit,
Edward Small Productions, under a three-year deal to make six films a
year. The following year he announced plans to make seven films
worth $5 million over the next 12 months. Plans for some of these
were delayed due to war but he made most of them, starting with The
Duke of West Point (1938), which starred
Louis Hayward who Small put
under a long term contract. This was followed by King of the Turf
(1939); The Man in the Iron Mask (1939) starring Hayward, one of
Small's most popular films;
My Son, My Son! , with Hayward; The Son of
Monte Cristo (1940) with Hayward;
South of Pago Pago (1940), with Jon
Hall; and Kit Carson (1940), with Hall.
In 1940 Small stopped making movies for six months as he renegotiated
his deal with United Artists. He spoke out against rising costs and
the impact of the double bill on filmmakers.
He recommenced production in early 1941 with another popular
swashbuckler, an adaptation of The Corsican Brothers . He made five
more movies for
United Artists -
International Lady (1941), A
Gentleman After Dark (1942), Twin Beds (1942), Friendly Enemies
(1942), ending with
Miss Annie Rooney (1942) starring
Shirley Temple .
In March 1942 he threatened to strike again due to unhappiness with
United Artists managed to come to terms and he produced a
fresh series, including a series of farces such as Up in Mabel\'s Room
Abroad with Two Yanks (1944), Brewster\'s Millions (1945), and
Getting Gertie\'s Garter (1945).
In June 1945 he announced a plan to make ten films worth $10 million
but he could not come to terms with
United Artists and ended up
leaving the studio that year.
In 1942 Small invested in the play Sweet Charity. In 1944 Binnie
Edward Small Productions claiming they had breached a
promise to build her up into a star.
COLUMBIA AND EAGLE LION
Edward Small made his next film for Universal International,
Temptation (1946). He also produced
The Return of Monte Cristo for
Columbia, with Hayward; then in mid-1946 signed another deal with
United Artists. For them he made Black Magic (1949) with Orson
Welles , shot in Rome.
In the late 1940s Small moved over to
Eagle Lion where he made the
popular film noirs
T-Men (1947) and Raw Deal (1948) For a time there
was talk Small would take over the young studio. However Small fell
Eagle Lion over billing on T Men and withdrew from his
planned participation in the film Twelve Against the Underworld. He
later argued that the company could not guarantee funding for a
In 1948 Small said he had personally made $2 million in profit from
ten films over the past 18 months. He was making 16 films worth $8.5
million. However he was not optimistic about the future of
independent film production, saying that filmmakers needed to look
He made a series of films for Columbia: The Black Arrow (1948), with
The Fuller Brush Man (1948) with
Red Skelton ; Walk a Crooked
In 1949 Small signed a two-year contract with
Columbia Pictures ,
which specifically excluded Small's long-gestating film about Rudolph
Valentino , Valentino. He ended up making eleven films for the studio
over seven years where Columbia allowed him profit sharing after
Columbia made up their investment in the film.
Valentino (1951), which Small had developed since 1938, was released
His other Columbia films included Lorna Doone (1951), a swashbuckler;
some Westerns with George Montgomery, The Texas Rangers (1951), Indian
Uprising (1951) and Cripple Creek (1952); Scandal Sheet (1952) from a
Sam Fuller ; and The Brigand (1952), starring Valentinos
Bernard Small And Reliance
In 1947, Reliance Pictures, headed by Small's son Bernard and Ben
Pivar, signed an agreement with
20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox to release six films
starting with Strange Penalty, based on the story Lady from Shanghai,
starring Alan Curtis and directed by
Jean Yarbrough . They later made
The Creeper (1948), two Bulldog Drummonds and The Indian Scout. They
also developed a series of action films based on Leatherstocking Tales
plus the films The Challenge, 13 Lead Soldiers, Santa Fe Uprising,
Killers of the Sea, and The Cat Man.
RETURN TO UNITED ARTISTS
In 1950 Small returned to
United Artists to make two Westerns with
actor George Montgomery,
Davy Crockett, Indian Scout (1950) and The
Iroquois Trail (1950). The films were well received and in 1951 Small
Arthur Krim and
Bob Benjamin acquire 50% of UA. He then
signed a contract to make thirteen more movies for that company, ten
within the first year, starting with
Kansas City Confidential . This
deal ultimately resulted in over seventy films over the next ten
years. During this time he would occasionally make movies for other
studios as well but
United Artists were his main distributor. David
Picker , head of the production for UA, later wrote that "I counted 76
films that Eddie made for the company simply because he was there to
start it all. Now that's loyalty."
Most of Small's UA movies were budgeted between $100,000 and
$300,000, and were not expected to make large profits on theatrical
release but stood to earn considerable money being sold to television.
They were usually shot within seven to nine days and went for around
seventy minutes, starring lesser ranked names who were paid around
$25,000. The majority were Westerns and crime melodramas (in contrast
with his Columbia Films, which were mostly swashbucklers); towards the
end of the 1950s he also increasingly made films aimed at the teenage
market. The rise in television saw the market for these films die out
in the early 1960s.
His UA films included
Kansas City Confidential (1952), The Bandits of
Captain John Smith and Pocahontas (1953), Dragon\'s
Gold (1953), and Gun Belt (1953).
In order to supply his product Small operated a number of companies
during this period: Fame Productions, Theme Pictures, Motion Picture
Investors, Associated Players in 1953 he had a six-picture deal with
the team of
Clarence Greene and
Russell Rouse which later became a
12-picture deal. His most prolific producer was
Robert E. Kent for
such companies as Peerless and Vogue.
Small occasionally made large budgeted films, usually in partnership
with other producers, such as
Arthur Hornblow Jnr. (Witness for the
Tyrone Power (
Solomon and Sheba
Solomon and Sheba ) and Victor Saville
The Greengage Summer ).
In 1950 Small sold a package of 26 films he produced to show on
American television through his Peerless Television Productions.
In 1953 he bought 50% of Arrow Productions.
Small later served as chairman of the board of the TV distribution
Television Programs of America whose shows include Private
Secretary, Fury, '
Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion
Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion , Hawkeye and
the Last of the Mohicans , Halls of Ivy and '
Ramar of the Jungle . In
1957 he sold his interest in the company for $1.5 million.
In the late 1950s and early 1960s Small made a number of films in the
UK. He made several low-budget comedies and horror films (including
Vincent Price and director
Sidney J. Furie ) as well as more
prestigious productions such as
The Greengage Summer (1961).
In the mid to late 1960s Small cut back on his output and
concentrated on making comedies with
Bob Hope and
Elke Sommer .
In 1970 Small announced he had two television series and four films
ready for production but only one was made, The Christine Jorgensen
Story (1970), which was Small's final movie.
In 1973 director
Phil Karlson , who made eight films for Small,
called him "probably, in his field - and he made some very good films
- the most successful producer in our entire industry. Financially, no
doubt about it.The man is a multi-millionaire."
He has a star on the
Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame for his television work
located at 1501 Vine Street. His mausoleum is at Hollywood Forever
Cemetery in Los Angeles.
* Who\'s Your Neighbor? (1917)
The Sporting Lover (1926) (ASR/FN)
The Cohens and the Kellys (1926) (Universal)
* The Gorilla (1927) (ASR/FN)
* McFadden\'s Flats (1927) (ASR/FN)
* Ladies\' Night in a Turkish Bath (1928)(ASR/FN)
The Cohens and the Kellys in Paris
The Cohens and the Kellys in Paris (1928) (Universal)
* My Man (1928) (Warner Bros)
Companionate Marriage (1928)(ASR/FN)
* Song of Love (1929) (Columbia)
Clancy in Wall Street (1930) (ES)
* Igloo (1932) (ES/Universal)
I Cover the Waterfront
I Cover the Waterfront (1933) (R/UA)
* Palooka (1933) (R/UA)
* The Count of Monte Cristo (1934) (R/UA)
Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round (1934) (R/UA)
The Legion of Valour (1935) (R/UA)
Red Salute (1935) (R/UA)
The Melody Lingers On
The Melody Lingers On (1935) (R/UA)
* The Last of the Mohicans (1936) (R/UA)
The Bride Walks Out (1936) (RKO)
We Who Are About to Die (1937) (RKO)
* Sea Devils (1937) (RKO)
New Faces of 1937
New Faces of 1937 (1937) (RKO)
Super-Sleuth (1937) (RKO)
The Toast of New York (1937) (RKO)
The Duke of West Point (1938) (ES/UA)
King of the Turf (1939) (ES/UA)
* The Man in the Iron Mask (1939) (ES/UA)
My Son, My Son! (1940) (ES/UA)
The Son of Monte Cristo
The Son of Monte Cristo (1940) (ES/UA)
South of Pago Pago (1940) (ES/UA)
* Kit Carson (1940) (ES/UA)
International Lady (1941) (ES/UA)
Pimpernel Smith (1941) (UA) (US distributor)
* The Corsican Brothers (1941) (ES/UA)
A Gentleman After Dark
A Gentleman After Dark (1942) (ES/UA)
* Twin Beds (1942) (ES/UA)
Miss Annie Rooney (1942) (ES/UA)
Friendly Enemies (1942) (ES/UA)
The Foreman Went to France (1943) (US distributor)
* Up in Mabel\'s Room (1944) (ES/UA)
Abroad with Two Yanks (1944) (ES/UA)
* Brewster\'s Millions (1945) (ES/UA)
* Getting Gertie\'s Garter (1945) (ES/UA)
* Temptation (1946) (Universal)
The Return of Monte Cristo (1946) (ES/C)
T-Men (1947) (ES/EL)
* The Black Arrow (1948) (ES/C)
The Fuller Brush Man (1948) (ES/C)
* Raw Deal (1948) (ES/EL)
Walk a Crooked Mile
Walk a Crooked Mile (1948) (ES/C)
* Black Magic (1949) (ES/UA)
Davy Crockett, Indian Scout (1950) (ES/UA)
The Iroquois Trail (1950) (ES/UA)
* Valentino (1951) (ES/C)
* Lorna Doone (1951) (ES/C)
* The Texas Rangers (1951) (ES/C)
* Indian Uprising (1952)
* Scandal Sheet (1952) (C)
* The Brigand (1952) (Motion Picture Investors/C)
* Cripple Creek (1952)
Kansas City Confidential (1952) (Assoc Players/UA)
Bandits of Corsica (1953) (Global/UA)
Captain John Smith and Pocahontas (1953) (R/UA)
* Dragon\'s Gold (1953) (WSP/UA)
* Gun Belt (1953) (G/UA)
The Neanderthal Man (1953) (G/UA)
99 River Street (1953) (ES/UA)
Raiders of the Seven Seas (1953) (G/UA)
* Sabre Jet (1953) (UA)
The Steel Lady (1953) (W/UA)
* Wicked Woman (1953) (ES/UA)
Captain Kidd and the Slave Girl (1954) (W/UA)
Khyber Patrol (1954) (W/UA)
The Lone Gun (1954) (W/UA)
Overland Pacific (1954) (R/UA)
* Return to Treasure Island (1954) (R/UA)
Southwest Passage (1954) (ES/UA)
Down Three Dark Streets (ES/1954)
* New York Confidential (1955) (Warners)
The Naked Street
The Naked Street (1955) (W/UA)
* Top Gun (1955) (Fame/UA)
* Comanche (1955) (Carl Krueger/UA)
Gun Brothers (1956) (Grand/UA)
* UFO (1956) (Ivar/UA)
Chicago Confidential (1957) (Peerless/UA)
Five Steps to Danger (1957) (Grand/UA)
Gun Duel in Durango (1957) (Peerless/UA)
The Iron Sheriff (1957) (Grand/UA)
* Monkey on My Back (1957) (Imperial/UA)
Curse of the Faceless Man (1958) (RKP/UA)
* Hong Kong Confidential (1958) (V/UA)
It! The Terror from Beyond Space (1958) (V/UA)
Toughest Gun in Tombstone (1958) (Peerless/UA)
* Witness for the Prosecution (1958) (ES/UA)
The Four Skulls of Jonathan Drake (1959) (Premium/UA)
Guns, Girls, and Gangsters (1959) (Imperial/UA)
Inside the Mafia (1959) (Preimum/UA)
Invisible Invaders (1959) (PremiumUA)
Pier 5, Havana (1959) (REK/UA)
Riot in Juvenile Prison (1959) (V/UA)
Solomon and Sheba
Solomon and Sheba (1959) (ES/UA)
* Timbuktu (1959) (had name removed from credits) (I/UA)
Vice Raid (1959) (I/UA)
Cage of Evil (1960) (Z/UA)
* Dog\'s Best Friend (1960) (UA)
Gunfighters of Abilene (1960) (Z/UA)
The Music Box Kid (1960) (Premium/UA)
Noose for a Gunman (1960) (Premium/UA)
* Oklahoma Territory (1960) (Premium/UA)
Three Came to Kill (1960) (Premium/UA)
The Walking Target
The Walking Target (1960) (Z/UA)
Boy Who Caught a Crook (1961) (HF/UA)
The Cat Burglar
The Cat Burglar (1961) (HF/UA)
* Doctor Blood\'s Coffin (1961) (CP/UA)
Frontier Uprising (1961) (Z/UA)
Five Guns to Tombstone (1961) (Z/UA)
The Flight that Disappeared
The Flight that Disappeared (1961) (HF/UA)
The Gambler Wore a Gun (1961) (Z/UA)
* Gun Fight (1961) (Z/UA)
Mary Had a Little... (1961) (CP/UA)
Operation Bottleneck (1961) (Z/UA)
Police Dog Story (1961) (Z/UA)
Secret of Deep Harbor
Secret of Deep Harbor (1961) (HF/UA)
The Snake Woman (1961) (CP/UA)
Three on a Spree (1961) (CP/UA)
When the Clock Strikes (1961) (HF/UA)
You Have to Run Fast (1961) (HF/UA)
The Greengage Summer (1961) (PKL/Columbia)
* Beauty and the Beast (1962) (HF/UA)
The Clown and the Kid (1962) (HF/UA)
* Deadly Duo (1962) (HF/UA)
Gun Street (1962) (HF/UA)
Incident in an Alley (1962) (HF/UA)
* Jack the Giant Killer (1962) (Z/UA)
Saintly Sinners (1962) (HF/UA)
* Tower of London (1962) (Admiral/UA)
* Diary of a Madman (1963) (Admiral/UA)
* Twice Told Tales (1963) (Admiral/UA)
* I\'ll Take Sweden (1965) (ES/UA)
Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number!
Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number! (1966) (ES/UA)
* Frankie and Johnny (1966) (UA)
The Wicked Dreams of Paula Schultz
The Wicked Dreams of Paula Schultz (1968) (ES/UA)
The File of the Golden Goose
The File of the Golden Goose (1969) (CP/UA)
The Christine Jorgensen Story
The Christine Jorgensen Story (1970) (Eprod/UA)
* ASR = Asher Small Rogers
* C = Columbia
* CP = Caralan Productions
* ES =
Edward Small Productions
* FN = First National
* HF = Harvard Film Corporation
* R = Reliance
* UA = United Artists
* Z = Zenith Pictures
* The Painted Face by
Bayard Veiller (1928)
* The Broadway Melody (1929)
* first talking movie for
* Sojourn (1930)
* The Cradle of Jazz (1929) directed by Ted Wilde – stopped by
Wilde's death from an old war wound in 1929 while directing a play for
* sequel to
McFadden's Flats (1929)
* Mayor Harding of New York (1932) – abandoned after protests
* Style (1932) from a story by Adela Harland set in the fashion
industry to star
* If Christ Came to Chicago (1933)
* Mr Helen Green (1933)
* untitled film with
Lawrence Tibbett – cancelled because
Tibbett insisted on story and cast approval
Beau Brummell (1934) with
* Lusitania (1935)
* Amateur Girl (1935) with Constance Cummings and Robert Young
* David Garrick (1935)
* The Mark of
Zorro (1935) – later (1953) with Anthony Dexter
* Yosesmite (1935) – Western from script by Philip Dunne
* Robin Hood (1935) with
* adaptation of The Beggar\'s Opera (1935)
* Clementina (1936)
* The Lost World, Two Orphans and College Carnival (1938) – for
* Beach Boy (1938) with Jon Hall
* The Maginot Line (1938) with
* The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1939)
* adaptation of Food of the Gods (1939)
* Quantrill the Radier (1939)
* By Any Other Name (1939) – play by Warren Musell about Edward de
Vere , the Earl of Oxford
* Christopher Columbus (1940–46)
* Attack (1940) from a script by George Bruce about war maneuvers
* Le Grande Homme' (1940) starring
Jack Oakie by David Dousseau
* Heels to the Sky (1941) – a story of an American in the RAF
* My Official Wife by
Ernest Vajda , Sabotage, She Was a Working
* The Docks of New York (1941)
* Winter Soldiers (1942)
* Clementina by
A.E.W. Mason (1942)
* When Knighthood Was in Flower (1942)
* But Is It Love (1942) with
* The Raft (1943) with
* The Guy from Mike's Place (1943)
* The Notorious Nancy Gray (1943)
* Big Time (1943) with
* remake of
Two Arabian Knights (1944) with Dennis O'Keefe and
* remake of Are You a Mason? (1944)
* When the Cat's Away (1944)
* Two Yanks in Paris (1945) – sequel to
Abroad with Two Yanks
* A Time to be Born (1945) from book by
* Lucretia Borgia (1945)
* D'Artagnan (1945)
* adaptation of
The Scarlet Letter (1946)
* Kate Fennigate (1946) from novel by
* The O'Flynn (1946)
* The Treasure of Monte Cristo (1948)
* Twelve Against the Underworld (1948) for
* Crime on the Waterfront (1948) based on a series of newspaper
* The Los Angeles Story (1948) based on a script by
* remake of The Sheik (1950)
* Far West (1953) with producer Arthur Hornblow written by Sonya
* Cannibal Island (1953) a historical adventure tale with Lex Barker
* The Mad Magician (1953)
* Hercules (1953) with
* The Unseen Hand (1953)
* The Last Notch (1954) based on script by John Gilroy
* The Brass Ring (1954)
* Dateline Indo China (1954) with Denise Darcel
* film about a female Pinkerton detective
* If I Can't Have You (1955) with Andrew Stone
* Women Confidential (1957) by Lee Mortimer
* adaptation of
Agatha Christie 's
The Mousetrap (1958) with Victor
* Dear Spy, adaptation of novel Legacy of a Spy (1959) with script
* Sgt Pike (1960) a Western with about a Southerner fighting for the
North – mentioned at times for John Wayne, Gary Cooper and Charlton
* 36-26-36 (1965) – an original script by John Helmer
* The Shameless Virgin (1968) with
Elke Sommer from a script by Nat
FILMS DEVELOPED BY SMALL MADE BY OTHERS
* Gunga Din (1939)
The Shanghai Gesture (1941)
* Two Years Before the Mast (1946)
* ^ Mother of Small, Film Producer, Dies Los Angeles Times 12 Feb
* ^ Sea Movie Will Mark Pidgeon Film Return, Hopper, Hedda. Chicago
Daily Tribune 6 Jan 1961: b12.
* ^ LOS ANGELES TO BE PRODUCTION CENTER Los Angeles Times 27 Jan
* ^ Goetz Looks to Future, Past, Thomas, Kevin. Los Angeles Times 7
May 1966: 22.
* ^ Nils Worked Days, Nights and Was Ill, Los Angeles Times 29 Apr
* ^ LOEW'S INAUGURATE CHANGE Los Angeles Times 5 Nov 1926: A11.
* ^ AMERICAN AUDIENCES REVISE IDEA OF VIRTUE AND COMEDY Los Angeles
Times 14 Nov 1926: C23
* ^ SMALL 'PICKS THE WINNERS': Discoverer of Many Favorites Plans
"Quickies" With Unknown Casts to Unearth New Talent Miller, Barbara.
Los Angeles Times 5 Dec 1926: C18.
* ^ A B FLASHES: PRODUCERS REUNITED ASHER SMALL AND ROGERS ANNOUNCE
PLANS Kingsley, Grace. Los Angeles Times 23 Mar 1928: A8.
* ^ SOUND STUDIOS ANNOUNCED: Plant to Cost $750,000 Will be
Constructed in Studio City-Sherman Oaks District, Los Angeles Times 16
Dec 1928: E2.
* ^ Balio 2009, p. 117
* ^ A B HOLLYWOOD DATE-LINE By DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL.HOLLYWOOD.. New
York Times 24 Nov 1935: X5.
* ^ A B Robert Donat,
Jack Oakie and Other Stars to Glisten on
R.-K.-O. Program: Small Closes Deal for Reliance Films Kiepura's Next
European Feature in Charge of "Casta Diva" Director; Jean Arthur and
Melvyn Douglas to Join Talents, Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 27
Jan 1936: A15.
* ^ Agreement Reached With Robert Donat, Now Abroad, to Come Here
for Film: Old Contract May Complicate Matters Fans Mob Bette Davis in
East–Studio Puts Her in "Mountain Justice;" John Boles Most Likely
Choice for Alessandro Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 31 Mar 1936:
* ^ A FILM COMBINATION.: R.K.O. Radio Studios to Release All
Reliance Pictures. New York Times 27 Jan 1936: 20.
* ^ Switching Around of Movie Executives Goes On and On: Transfer
Companies Do Booming Business as Film Bosses Move From One Lot to
Another, With All Assistants Scott, John. Los Angeles Times 2 Feb
* ^ Richard B. Jewell, RKO Radio Pictures: A Titan is Born, Uni of
California Press 2012 p. 155
* ^ NEWS OF THE SCREEN:
Edward Small Returns to Produce at United
Artists–'Mannequin' Opens Here at Capitol Today Coast Scripts Of
Local Origin Elektra' Is Repeated
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New
York Times 20 Jan 1938: 19.
* ^ A B "Christmas Carol" Will Ring Out Ere Yuletide: "Beau
Brummell" Slated Wanger-Dieterle Deal Donat Signs for Term Hope
Hampton Records Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 23 May 1938: A14.
* ^ Early Day Film Producer Dies: John F. Miller Also Served as
Reporter; Led Veteran Activities Los Angeles Times 25 May 1939: A22.
* ^ PRODUCERS GIRD FOR WAR: The Cinema Capital Contemplates Its
Probable Effects Upon the Industry By DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL. New York
Times 10 Sep 1939: X3.
* ^ Louella O. Parson's: Close-Ups and Long-Shots Of the Motion
Picture Scene The Washington Post 6 July 1940: 10
* ^ A B "Columbia Signs Ida Lupino to Play Role of Ellen Creed in
'Ladies in Retirement': HISTORICAL FILM IS DUE De Mille's 'Land of
Liberty' to Open at Criterion – 'Play Girl' Listed at Palace"
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 29 Jan 1941: 21.
* ^ SOME NEWS HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE WEST COAST: Fox Has Its First War
Experience With Navy Censors – Mr. Small Shuts Down By THOMAS F.
BRADYHOLLYWOOD.. New York Times 22 Mar 1942: X3.
* ^ A B C D SCREEN NEWS: Bromfield's 'Colorado' to Have Johnson as
Star Of Local Origin
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 8
Jan 1945: 14.
* ^ NEWS OF THE STAGE: 'Sweet Charity' Opens Tonight – Film
Commitment May Interfere With Run of Miss Hepburn's Play New York
Times 28 Dec 1942: 23.
* ^ Temperance Group Seeks Writ of Mandate Los Angeles Times 2 May
* ^ MICHAEL TODD SET TO FILM 'GREAT SON': Ferber Novel Will Be His
First Universal Picture – Hellinger Acquires 'Criss-Cross' "Variety
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 4 June
* ^ A B "SMALL, EAGLE-LION BREAK RELATIONS: Producer Holds
Distributors Minimized His Contribution to Recent Film 'T-Men'" by
THOMAS F. BRADY
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 27 Mar
* ^ A B C HOLLYWOOD DOSSIER: Long Hunt for Actor to Play Valentino
Finally Ends – Other Studio Items By THOMAS F. BRADYHOLLYWOOD.. New
York Times 14 Aug 1949: X3.
* ^ "METRO WILL FILM STORY OF ISRAEL: ' The Road' Listed by Studio
as Telling of Birth of Nation – Marcus to Do Script" by THOMAS F.
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 21 Dec 1949: 41.
* ^ pp. 135–6 Dick, Bernard F. The Merchant Prince of Poverty
Row: Harry Cohn of
Columbia Pictures University Press of Kentucky
* ^ "VAN HEFLIN TO STAR IN FILM FOR METRO: Gets Lead in 'Upward to
Stars,' Story by Charles Martin – Ava Gardner in Cast" by THOMAS F.
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 10 Oct 1947: 32.
* ^ "Two Meetings Slated for AIME Groups" Los Angeles Times 8 Mar
* ^ DRAMA AND FILM: French Import Touted; Scott Liked for 'Sarah'
Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 10 Oct 1947: A9.
* ^ "ROWLAND, ANSELL PLAN NEW MOVIE: Film Classics Producers List
'Medal of Honor' as Next – To Be Done in Mexico" by THOMAS F. BRADY
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 23 Jan 1948: 27.
* ^ "WINDUST TO DIRECT BETTE DAVIS' NEXT: ' Featured for June' Is
Listed by Warners for Film Star, After 'Winter Meeting'" by THOMAS F.
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 1 Dec 1947: 27
* ^ Bernard Small at
* ^ Of Local Origin New York Times 16 May 1952: 18.
* ^ Aldo Ray and Dick York Team Up; 'Anything Goes' Likely for Phil
Harris Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 11 Jan 1955: B7.
* ^ David Picker, Musts, Maybes and Nevers: A Book About The
Movies, CreateSpace Independent, 2013 p. 31
* ^ Tino Balio, United Artists: The Company That Changed the Film
Industry, Wisconsin Press, 1987 pp. 120–124
* ^ "SMALL PLANS FILM ABOUT CRIME HERE: Hopes to Team Muni and Raft
in 'New York Confidential' – Contract Parley Today" by THOMAS M.
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 9 Sep 1953: 38.
* ^ A B "GREENE AND ROUSE TO MAKE 12 FILMS: They Form Team to
Produce, Write and Direct With the Backing of Edward Small" By THOMAS
Special to The New York Times.. New York Times 31 Aug 1954:
* ^ Kristin' Seen as Challenge: Kaufman Phones Terry Moore;
'Diamonds' Polished for Laage Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 21
Nov 1957: C11.
* ^ "PHIL CAREY CAST IN DISNEY MOVIE: Actor to Star With Mineo in
'Tonka' – Negulesco to Direct 'The Blessing'" by THOMAS M. PRYOR
Special to The New York Times.. New York Times 20 June 1958: 27.
Working Within the Hollywood System, eds. Todd McCarthy and Charles
Flynn (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1975), pp. 327-345. Rpt. Cine Resort,
Oct. 7 2014
* ^ Allmovie
Edward Small at
Find a Grave
Find a Grave
* ^ Of Local Origin, New York Times 10 July 1943: 8.
* ^ "PARAMOUNT MAKES SILENT FILM: Alice Day to Play Lead in First
National's "Drag;" Fox Follies Not Mere Revue-Will Have Story; E. H.
Griffith Signing With Columbia" Kingsley, Grace. Los Angeles Times 15
Mar 1929: A10.
* ^ "SHE'LL SET VOGUE IN VOICE FILMS" Los Angeles Times 22 Apr
* ^ "SHEARER FILM ULTRA IN PLOT: "Divorce" Draws Crowds to
Criterion Star's Effort Surpassing One on
Talk Screen Excellent
Supporting Cast Seen in Feature" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times
16 May 1930: A9.
* ^ "NEW DRAMA ARRIVES AT MAYAN SOON: Helen Menken Has Leading Role
in New Play "Top O' The Hill" " Los Angeles Times 17 June 1929: A7.
* ^ "APOPLEXY FATAL TO FILM DIRECTOR: RITES FOR TED WILDE TOMORROW
Masons to be in Charge of Services for Director Who Died Unexpectedly"
Los Angeles Times 18 Dec 1929: A7.
* ^ "DUFFY TO RETURN IN MYSTERY: "Cat and Canary" Listed at
President; Dale Winter Costars in Play" Los Angeles Times 25 Dec 1929:
* ^ "Noted Director Also Sculptor" Los Angeles Times 10 Sep 1932:
* ^ "Herbert Mundin Enjoys His Job in 'Cavalcade': Grows Red
Whiskers to Play the Butler." Shaffer, George. Chicago Daily Tribune
30 Sep 1932: 19.
* ^ A B C
United Artists a Little Ahead for The Time of Year" The
Washington Post 12 Feb 1933: S5.
* ^ "Success of Song Features Results in Five-Picture Offer for
Lawrence Tibbett: Big Plans Ahead for Famous Opera Singer Walter
Wanger Out to Sign Formidable Group of Movie Names; "The Great
Ziegfeld" Not to Start Until November" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles
Times 25 Sep 1934: 19.
* ^ "Broadway: Men and Maids." by Ed Sullivan. The Washington Post
5 May 1936: 16.
* ^ "Eight Music Publishers in International Tie-up for Expected
Opera Cycle: Meyer Appointed to Negotiate All Sales Fay Wray Wins Star
Role in "Mills of the Gods;" Selznick Signs Clemence Dane; Joe
Morrison in "Win or Lose" "Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 8 Oct
* ^ "Timeliness Declared Vital in Selecting Story Plots" Los
Angeles Times 7 Aug 1935: 12.
* ^ A B "United Artists, Despite the Loss of Twentieth Century,
Sees Big Season Ahead: Many Pictures Scheduled for Early Release
Help Out; At Circus Coincidence; Amusement Jottings.
(Reprinted from Yesterday's Last Edition.)" by Nelson B. Bell.. The
Washington Post 14 June 1935: 20.
* ^ "ANNOUNCES NEW FILMS.: Reliance Studios Executive Tells of
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 22 Aug
* ^ "Looking at Hollywood: Glenn Ford Is Scheduled to Make Picture,
'The Americano,' in Brazil" Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 30
Mar 1953: b6.
* ^ "Walter Connoolly Summoned East to Play Lead in "Soak the Rich"
Picture: Player to Work for Hecht, MacArthur
Edward Small Will Star
George Houston in Saga of California Indians; Rudy Vallee to Stay in
East for Next Production" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 Sep
* ^ "First American Cinema Version of "Beggar's Opera" Planned by
Reliance: Houston Mentioned as Chief Character Joan Bennett Will Emote
Opposite Ronald Colman in "Man Who Broke the Bank;" William Powell
Film Announced" Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 20 Aug 1935: 19.
* ^ James Flood and
Edward Small Split Over 'Coast Patrol' –
Cantor for Winchell-Bernie Film.
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New
York Times 14 Oct 1936: 31.
* ^ STUDIO AND SCREEN: Successful Revivals – Return of Valentino
– Old Films and New Productions The Manchester Guardian
(1901–1959) 7 July 1938: 12.
* ^ "SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: RKO and
United Artists Seek
Anna Neagle – Metro Plans Remake of 'Desert Song' NEW ROLE FOR MISS
FAYE Slated for 'Life of William Tell'–Goldwyn Prepares to Film
'Beach Boy' Plans for Alice Faye Coast Scripts Of Local Origin"
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 22 Nov 1938: 26.
* ^ "SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD:
Edward Small Plans to Make
'The Maginot Line'–
Louis Hayward Will Be Star IF I WERE KING' TO
OPEN Premiere at Paramount Today to Feature Ronald Colman and Basil
Rathbone Jack London Story for Screen Of Local Origin"
Special to THE
NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 28 Sep 1938: 29.
* ^ "DRAMA: 'Sleepy Hollow' Tale to Promote 'Classics'" Schallert,
Edwin. Los Angeles Times 14 Oct 1939: A7.
* ^ A B "Marshall Will Play in 'My Son, My Son': Europe Lures
Notables Students Belittle Stars Tommy Kelly Assigned Ann Sheridan's
New Role" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 Mar 1939: 15.
* ^ "SHOWDOWN SOUGHT IN TICKET CODE ROW: Theatre League Refuses New
Talks With Brokers and Demands Action ISSUE OF PAY WILL WAIT Equity
Delays Its Decision on the Higher Scale–Reginald Denny May Return
Ainley May Succeed Downing Baltimore Booking Canceled Golden Gets
Script Friday" New York Times 13 Dec 1939: 35.
* ^ "HOLLYWOOD'S PROMISES FOR 1940: COMING-OF-AGE OF UNITED
ARTISTS" The Scotsman Edinburgh, Scotland 9 Jan 1940: 9.
* ^ Columbus Enterprise Builds Up Momentum Schallert, Edwin. Los
Angeles Times 12 Aug 1946: A2.
* ^ "SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: 'Attack' Purchased by Fox
– George Murphy Assigned to 'Little Nellie Kelly' FOUR FILMS THIS
WEEK Tom Brown's School Days' at Music Hall and 'Fugitive' at Rialto
on Thursday Of Local Origin" by DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL
Special to THE
NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 24 June 1940: 19.
* ^ John Carroll Build-up to Stardom Assured Schallert, Edwin. Los
Angeles Times 28 Sep 1940: A9.
* ^ "Cary Grant Withdrawing From Leading Role in 'The Man Who Came
to Dinner': 2 NEW FILMS HERE TODAY Road to Zanzibar' and 'The Penalty'
Arrive – Chaplin Festival Sets Records" By DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL