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Chiltern Railways[1] is a British train operating company owned by Arriva UK Trains
Arriva UK Trains
that has operated the Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
franchise since July 1996. It operates commuter/regional rail passenger services from its Central London
London
terminus at London Marylebone
London Marylebone
along the M40 corridor to destinations in Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
and Warwickshire, as well as long-distance services to the West Midlands along two routes. Services on the Chiltern Main Line run from London Marylebone to Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill, Stratford-upon-Avon
Stratford-upon-Avon
and Oxford, with some peak-hour services to Kidderminster. Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
also runs trains on the London to Aylesbury Line
London to Aylesbury Line
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
(with some trains terminating at Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Parkway instead), on the Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and Oxford
Oxford
to Bicester branch lines.

Contents

1 History 2 Services

2.1 Peak-time extension to Kidderminster 2.2 Parliamentary trains 2.3 Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Railway Centre

3 Tickets 4 Performance 5 Project Evergreen

5.1 Evergreen 1 5.2 Evergreen 2 5.3 Evergreen 3

5.3.1 Phase 1 5.3.2 Phase 2

6 Rolling stock

6.1 Current fleet 6.2 Past fleet

7 Gerrards Cross incident 8 Plans

8.1 Active

9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

History[edit] In June 1996 M40 Trains[2] was awarded the Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
franchise by the Director of Passenger Rail Franchising for a period of seven years with operations commencing on 21 July 1996.[3] M40 Trains was a management buyout led by some former British Rail
British Rail
managers who held a combined 51% shareholding backed by John Laing (26%) and 3i (23%). A restructure in March 1999 saw John Laing taking an 84% shareholding with the remaining 16% owned by the former British Rail managers.[4][5] In March 2000 the Shadow Strategic Rail Authority
Strategic Rail Authority
announced M40 Trains and Go-Ahead had been shortlisted to bid for the next Chiltern franchise.[6][7] In August 2000 M40 Trains was awarded a new franchise, to run for 20 years conditional on various investments being made.[8][9][10] The new franchise started on 3 March 2002. In August 2002 John Laing acquired the remaining 16% of shares in M40 Trains it did not already own.[11] In September 2006 John Laing was purchased by Henderson Equity Partners.[12] In December 2004 Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
took over operation of passenger services on the Leamington Spa to Stratford-upon-Avon
Stratford-upon-Avon
branch line from First Great Western Link. In June 2006 M40 Trains was invited by the Department for Transport
Department for Transport
to lodge a bid to operate the Snow Hill Lines
Snow Hill Lines
lines then operated by Central Trains, as part of the letting of the West Midlands franchise. The bid was not successful.[13][14] In July 2007 Henderson Equity Partners put Laing Rail up for sale.[15] Arriva
Arriva
and Go-Ahead both expressed an interest in acquiring Laing Rail,[16][17] but by December 2007 only Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
of Germany and NedRail of the Netherlands remained in the bidding contest.[18][19] In January 2008 Laing Rail was purchased by Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
and Chiltern became part of the DB Regio
DB Regio
group.[20][21] A restructure in early 2011 saw DB Regio
DB Regio
become a subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains.[22] In May 2011 Chiltern took over operating services on the Oxford
Oxford
to Bicester Line from First Great Western.[23][24] Services[edit]

The main entrance to London
London
Marylebone

Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
operates regular services on five routes. The Chiltern Main Line is the core route for the majority of Chiltern Railways services and is one of two "mainline routes" operated by the company. The route runs between the UK's major cities of London
London
and Birmingham
Birmingham
(Marylebone and Snow Hill stations respectively) and also passes through the large towns of High Wycombe, Banbury, Royal Leamington Spa, Warwick
Warwick
and Solihull. Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
operates trains along the entire line, with services ranging from stopping suburban trains (e.g. London Marylebone
London Marylebone
- Gerrards Cross) to high-speed, express trains running the full length of the line between London Marylebone
London Marylebone
and Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street. The fastest timetabled journey from Birmingham
Birmingham
to London
London
via this route is 99 minutes (compared with 82 minutes using Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
services between Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street and London
London
Euston via the West Coast Main Line).[25] In addition to the Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
services, CrossCountry also operates regular services on the line north of Banbury, and London Midland
London Midland
operates regular services north of Dorridge. The London to Aylesbury Line
London to Aylesbury Line
is the second "mainline route" operated by the company. The route links London
London
(Marylebone) with the town of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
via Amersham. All Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
on this route run the full length of the line between Marylebone and Aylesbury
Aylesbury
stations and call at all stations north of Amersham; most trains are extended one station further to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Parkway. The line runs alongside London
London
Underground's Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
between Finchley Road (just north of Marylebone station) and Harrow-on-the-Hill, with each operator running on separate tracks. Beyond Harrow-on-the-Hill, the tracks are shared between Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
and Metropolitan line services. This is the only situation where National Rail services use non- Network Rail
Network Rail
tracks and it uses a unique unregulated track-access agreement with London
London
Underground.[26] Beyond Amersham (where the Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
terminates), all services are operated by Chiltern Railways only. The other three routes regularly served by the company are all branch lines. The Princes Risborough to Aylesbury Line
Princes Risborough to Aylesbury Line
links Princes Risborough, on the Chiltern Main Line, with Aylesbury, on the London to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line. Most trains on the line continue beyond Princes Risborough to London
London
Marylebone, which gives Aylesbury
Aylesbury
an alternative route to reach central London; however, a few services terminate at Princes Risborough. The Oxford to Bicester Line
Oxford to Bicester Line
branches off the Chiltern Main Line just south of Bicester and links the town with Oxford. The line is mostly served by express services to and from Marylebone. Until December 2016, the line terminated a few miles northeast of Oxford, at the nearby Oxford
Oxford
Parkway station; however, the line was since extended to the main Oxford
Oxford
station.[27] The Leamington to Stratford Line
Leamington to Stratford Line
branches off the Chiltern Main Line at Hatton (a few miles west of Leamington Spa) and runs to Stratford-upon-Avon. The branch line is also operated by regular London Midland
London Midland
services. As of September 2017, its routes off-peak Monday to Friday include:[25][28]

Chiltern Main Line

Route Freq. Calling at

London Marylebone
London Marylebone
to Gerrards Cross 1tph Wembley
Wembley
Stadium, Sudbury & Harrow Road (limited service), Sudbury Hill Harrow, Northolt Park, West Ruislip, Denham, Denham Golf Club (southbound only)

London Marylebone
London Marylebone
to High Wycombe 1tph Wembley
Wembley
Stadium, South Ruislip, Gerrards Cross, Beaconsfield

London Marylebone
London Marylebone
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
via High Wycombe 1tph Gerrards Cross, Seer Green and Jordans, Beaconsfield, High Wycombe, Saunderton, Princes Risborough, Monks Risborough, Little Kimble (irregular) Little Kimble is mostly served hourly, but there are two-hour gaps between some services.

London Marylebone
London Marylebone
to Banbury 1tph Denham Golf Club (northbound only), Gerrards Cross, Beaconsfield, High Wycombe, Princes Risborough, Haddenham & Thame Parkway, Bicester North, Kings Sutton (1tp2h)

London Marylebone
London Marylebone
to Oxford 2tph 1tph High Wycombe
High Wycombe
(northbound only), Bicester Village, Oxford
Oxford
Parkway

1tph High Wycombe
High Wycombe
(southbound only), Haddenham & Thame Parkway, Bicester Village, Islip (limited service), Oxford
Oxford
Parkway

London Marylebone
London Marylebone
to Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill 1tph Bicester North, Banbury, Leamington Spa, Warwick, Warwick
Warwick
Parkway, Dorridge, Solihull, Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street

London Marylebone
London Marylebone
to Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street 1tph High Wycombe, Banbury, Leamington Spa, Warwick
Warwick
Parkway, Solihull

Leamington Spa shuttle

Route Freq. Calling at

Leamington Spa to Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street 1tp2h Warwick, Hatton, Lapworth, Dorridge, Solihull

Leamington Spa to Stratford-upon-Avon 1tp2h Warwick, Hatton, Claverdon (limited service), Bearley (limited service), Wilmcote, Stratford-upon-Avon
Stratford-upon-Avon
Parkway

London
London
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line

Route Freq. Calling at

London Marylebone
London Marylebone
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
(and Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Parkway) via Amersham 2tph Harrow-on-the-Hill, Rickmansworth, Chorleywood, Chalfont & Latimer, Amersham, Great Missenden, Wendover, Stoke Mandeville 1tph extended to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Parkway (non-stop from Aylesbury)

tph = train(s) per hour tp2h = train(s) per 2 hours

Peak-time extension to Kidderminster[edit] At peak times on weekdays, some services between London Marylebone
London Marylebone
and Birmingham
Birmingham
are extended beyond the latter, to and from Kidderminster (via Stourbridge Junction). These trains run to Marylebone in the morning peak, and return towards Kidderminster in the evening peak.[25] The trains also call at some stations between Birmingham Moor Street and Kidderminster, although not all services have the same calling pattern. As of July 2016, there are four trains in each direction between Marylebone and Kidderminster, plus another one which is extended only as far as Stourbridge Junction. On Saturdays, there are also four morning trains from Kidderminster to Marylebone but there is no return service in the evening. There is no Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
service to Kidderminster on Sundays.[25] Regular trains between Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street, Stourbridge Junction and Kidderminster are operated by London Midland
London Midland
as part of its Snow Hill route service.[29] Parliamentary trains[edit]

The booking hall and main entrance to Banbury

Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
operates two parliamentary train services:[25]

Cherwell Valley Line: On weekdays, in the very late evening, there is a single daily service running on the Cherwell Valley Line
Cherwell Valley Line
between Banbury
Banbury
and Oxford, operated by Chiltern Railways. This service starts from Stratford-upon-Avon, runs southbound to Oxford
Oxford
before terminating and returning north as far as Banbury. The northbound service also calls at Tackley and Heyford, the two intermediate stations on this section of the line. New North Main line: the company also operates a weekday parliamentary service on the New North Main Line
New North Main Line
to and from London
London
Paddington, in the late morning. Currently, there is one train per day running from South Ruislip, via the single-track line parallel to the Central line to London
London
Paddington, and a return service to High Wycombe
High Wycombe
back the same way.[30][31]

The New North Main line offers an alternative route to central London for the Chiltern Main Line and can be used to divert trains away from Marylebone when the station is closed for engineering works. Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Railway Centre[edit] On certain Bank Holiday Mondays, services are extended from Aylesbury to the Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Railway Heritage Centre facilities at Quainton Road, a short way north of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Parkway. Tickets[edit] Since winning the franchise, Chiltern has introduced "Route: High Wycombe" tickets for the Chiltern route between Birmingham
Birmingham
and London that are considerably cheaper than "Route: Any Permitted" tickets, valid on the faster Virgin service to London
London
Euston as well a number of other operators and routes. Chiltern offers only Standard Class, not Standard and First Class as on Virgin services. However, Chiltern does offer a premium economy "Business Zone" cabin on a small number of Birmingham
Birmingham
to London
London
peak-time trains. Passengers pay an upgrade of £10 (off-peak) or £25 (peak time) to sit in a larger first-class-style seat;[32] and formerly, this upgrade came with complimentary refreshments, but as of the new timetable in May 2017, refreshment services have been cut on all Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
services, meaning the "Business Zone" no longer comes with complimentary refreshments.[33] Performance[edit]

A refurbished Class 165 unit near South Hampstead

Chiltern was considered one of the best operators in Britain, with Public Performance Measure (PPM) regularly over 90%,[34] until the introduction of changes[35] in November 2015 and infrastructure issues saw punctuality fall to 86% in December 2015.[36] Chiltern's PPM is measured on stricter conditions than its long-distance rivals, such as Virgin Trains, as Chiltern has a 5-minute window for performance while others have a 10-minute window. Performance figures published by Network Rail
Network Rail
rate Chiltern Railways sixth in train operating companies in the UK at 89.4% (PPM – period 9) and 94.3% (MAA) for the year to 12 December 2015.[37] A new timetable introduced on 4 September 2011, combined with significant disruption caused by engineering work, caused a negative reaction from customers. A petition to have the service reviewed was started, and articles highlighting the plight of commuters appeared in the local press.[38] A new timetable introduced on 10 December 2012 also met with frustration and opposition from some customers, particularly those using Saunderton and Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
stations.[39]

Chiltern passenger numbers in millions (annual rolling average) 2010/11-2016/17 Q3.[40][41]

Project Evergreen[edit] Evergreen is the name given by Chiltern to the major infrastructure works that the company has committed to over the 20-year duration of its franchise to improve routes and services. This has been divided into three distinct phases. Evergreen 1[edit] The main focus of phase 1 was the redoubling of the Chiltern Main Line between Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
and Bicester North in 1998 and Bicester North and Aynho Junction in 2001, together with the reconstruction of Haddenham and Thame Parkway from a single platform to two platforms, the installation of a new platform at Princes Risborough, and the raising of the line speed limit.[42] Evergreen 2[edit] Phase 2 began after the award of Chiltern's new 20-year franchise. This entailed a realignment of the route through Beaconsfield
Beaconsfield
to allow speeds to be increased to 75 mph, improved signalling between High Wycombe
High Wycombe
and Bicester and between Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
and Aylesbury, the construction of two new platforms at London
London
Marylebone on the old carriage sidings, and the construction of a new depot at Wembley.[42] Evergreen 3[edit] The Department for Transport, Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
and Network Rail agreed in January 2010 to a £250m upgrade of the Chiltern Main Line.[43][44] Phase 1[edit] Phase 1 of the project, now complete, involved upgrading the Marylebone – Birmingham
Birmingham
Chiltern Main Line to permit 100 mph (160 km/h) running on an additional 50 miles (80 km) of route. Junctions at Neasden, Northolt and Aynho were remodelled to permit higher speeds.[45] The 'up' through track has been restored at Princes Risborough, the existing 'up' line becoming a platform loop, a new turnback siding has been provided at Gerrards Cross, and a new, straighter 'down' through track built from Northolt Junction (where the original layout favoured the now little-used Paddington route) to Ruislip Gardens. The existing 'down' track continues to serve South Ruislip station. The former speed restrictions through Bicester North have been removed to permit 100 mph running.[45] Two additional terminating platforms at Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street were reopened in December 2010. Accelerated services were initially planned to start in May 2011, but there were delays and it was not until 5 September 2011 that Chiltern was able to introduce a new timetable to take advantage of the improvements.[46][47] As a result of the speed increases, journey times have been reduced significantly. From Marylebone, the fastest peak-hour journey time to Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street is now 90 minutes, instead of 117 minutes previously. The table below outlines the peak timetable improvements.[43]

Fastest Peak Time from London
London
(mins)

Previous Post Phase 1

Gerrards Cross 21 18

High Wycombe 34 23

Princes Risborough 41 32

Bicester 56 44

Banbury 63 50

Leamington Spa 85 67

Solihull 107 84

Birmingham
Birmingham
(Moor Street) 117 92

Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
former chairman Adrian Shooter
Adrian Shooter
said, "This is the biggest passenger rail project for several generations not to call on the taxpayer for support. Working closely with Network Rail, we are going to create a new main-line railway for the people of Oxfordshire and the Midlands. This deal demonstrates that real improvements to rail services can be paid for without public subsidy by attracting people out of their cars and on to trains." Phase 2[edit]

Construction of Oxford
Oxford
Parkway station in April 2015

In October 2012 the Secretary of State for Transport
Secretary of State for Transport
granted permission for work to begin on Phase 2 of the Evergreen 3 project, with services between London Marylebone
London Marylebone
and Oxford.[48][49] Under Phase 2, a quarter-of-a-mile double track has been constructed joining the Oxford to Bicester Line
Oxford to Bicester Line
at Bicester Village to the Chiltern Main Line, allowing a new Oxford
Oxford
to London Marylebone
London Marylebone
service to operate. A new station, Oxford
Oxford
Parkway, has been constructed at Water Eaton; the service between Oxford
Oxford
Parkway and London
London
started on 26 October 2015, with the link from Oxford
Oxford
Parkway to Oxford
Oxford
becoming operational on 12 December 2016.[27] All signalling on the route (including the new platforms at Oxford) is controlled by Marylebone Signalling Centre. As part of Phase 2, the Oxford
Oxford
to Bicester Village service transferred from First Great Western to Chiltern in May 2011.[23] Part of the line between Wolvercote Tunnel (on the outskirts of Oxford) and Bicester Village was restored to double track, and the scheme included additional platforms at Oxford, Islip and Bicester Village. Network Rail
Network Rail
provided the capital for the upgrade and will recover this through a facility charge over the subsequent 30 years, initially payable by Chiltern until its franchise expires, and then by the next franchisee. The infrastructure upgrade was carried out by main contractor BAM Nuttall, in partnership with Jarvis and WS Atkins.[43][50][51] Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
County Council supported the scheme, but had to be convinced of the benefits of the new Oxford
Oxford
Parkway station at Water Eaton, which is in the Green Belt.[52] There was a further setback to the plan when in November 2011 a planning inspector withheld approval because it was found that bats were roosting in Wolvercote Tunnel. Great Crested Newts also have a breeding habitat close to the route.[53] The "bat problem" however seems to have been resolved.[54] Rolling stock[edit]

Class 165 Turbos at Chiltern Railways's main London
London
terminus, Marylebone

Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
inherited a fleet of 34 Class 165 Turbos from British Rail. In December 2004 a further five Class 165s were transferred from First Great Western Link. All 39 were overhauled by Bombardier in Ilford
Ilford
in 2003 – 2005, including the installation of air-conditioning and removal of the hopper opening windows.[55] As they were designed for suburban rather than InterCity use, they tend to be concentrated on services to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and Banbury, although this stock can be found operating the service between Birmingham
Birmingham
and Leamington Spa. Chiltern ordered several batches of Class 168 Clubmans, entering service between 1998 and 2004, and now has nine three-carriage and ten four-carriage sets. These operate across the network. In April 2003 Chiltern restored a Class 121 Bubble Car for use on the Aylesbury
Aylesbury
to Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
shuttles, a second following in May 2011 after overhaul at Tyseley TMD.[56][57] In March 2013, a third Class 121 (121032) was acquired from Arriva
Arriva
Trains Wales for use as a spare parts donor. On 19 May 2017 the Chiltern Bubble cars ran for the last time as they were becoming too difficult to maintain. In January 2008 Chiltern ordered four two-coach Class 172 Turbostars. These entered service in June 2011.[58] Because they cannot be fitted with tripcock safety equipment necessary to operate on London Underground lines, they cannot operate via Amersham unless attached to a Class 165 or 168. Although initially intended for use on all-stations services out of London, they frequently operate to Birmingham. From December 2010 Chiltern began operating two peak-hour loco-hauled services consisting of a Class 67 hauling Mark 3 coaches and a Driving Van Trailer. One set was hired from fellow DB Regio
DB Regio
subsidiary Wrexham & Shropshire to operate a Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street to London Marylebone service while the other was made up of some DB-Regio-owned Mark 3s painted in British Rail
British Rail
blue/grey and Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
livery and operated from Banbury
Banbury
to London
London
Marylebone.[59] After Wrexham & Shropshire ceased operations in January 2011, Chiltern began using a second ex-Wrexham & Shropshire set from May 2011. For the introduction of Chiltern's new timetable in September 2011 they had a Mainline logo and blue stripes added to their silver livery.[60] Motive power was provided by Class 67s, 67010, 67012-015 and 67018, all modified to operate with Driving Van Trailers. In 2012 the ex-Wrexham & Shropshire Mark 3s were overhauled fitted with sliding plug doors (similar to those fitted to South West Trains' Class 444 Desiros) and toilet retention tanks by Wabtec. Once this programme is complete, a further ten Mark 3s will be overhauled by Wabtec
Wabtec
to create a fifth set and bring the existing sets up to six coaches.[61] In 2012 the DB-Regio-owned Mark 3s used on the peak-hour Banbury
Banbury
service were given a light overhaul at LNWR, Bristol, and the Virgin-liveried examples repainted into British Rail
British Rail
blue/grey. To allow Class 168s to be cascaded to the new Oxford
Oxford
services as part of Evergreen 3, more Mark 3s are to be returned to service in the future.[62] The Class 170 Turbostars currently with First TransPennine Express were to be transferred to Chiltern Railways.[63] MP Stephen Hammond revealed on 12 March 2014 that all the class 170/3s will remain with First TransPennine Express
First TransPennine Express
until the May 2015 timetable change. In January 2015 it was confirmed Chiltern will take 5 of the First TransPennine Class 170s from May 2015 and the other four from February 2016. The units where originally meant to be cascaded to Chiltern at the end of the TransPennine franchise, but this was later changed to July 2016. Upon delivery, the Class 170s will be modified to allow them to be used with Chiltern's existing Class 168s, and will be reclassified as Class 168/3s. First TransPennine will sublease Class 156s from Northern Rail
Northern Rail
(which were originally intended to be used for extra capacity on Northern Rail
Northern Rail
services) to cover for the shortfall until February 2016.[64] Chiltern received all the units in July 2016, which are numbered 168321-168329. In early 2014, Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
agreed a sub-lease from DRS for six Class 68 locomotives for use on its London Marylebone
London Marylebone
to Birmingham service. The new locomotives are planned to eventually replace the existing fleet of Class 67s. Maintenance and commissioning for the new fleet will be assisted by DRS.[65] Current fleet[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Carriages Unit Numbers Total Routes operated Built

mph km/h

Class 165/0 Network Turbo

DMU 75 120 2 165001-165028 28 London
London
Marylebone- Gerrards Cross/High Wycombe/Aylesbury/Aylesbury Vale Parkway/Bicester North/Banbury/Stratford-upon-Avon Leamington Spa- Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street (stopper)

1990–92

3 165029-165039 11

Class 168/0 Clubman

DMU 100 160 4 168001-168005 5 London
London
Marylebone- Oxford
Oxford
/ Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street/ Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill/Kidderminster (occasional service) 1998

Class 168/1 Clubman

DMU 100 160 3 168108-168113 6 London
London
Marylebone- Oxford
Oxford
/ Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street/ Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill 2000

4 168106-168107 2

Class 168/2 Clubman

DMU 100 160 3 168214, 168218-168219 3 London Marylebone
London Marylebone
- Oxford
Oxford
/ Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street/ Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill/ Kidderminster (occasional service) 2004

4 168215-168217 3

Class 168/3 Clubman

DMU 100 160 2 168321-168329 9 London Marylebone
London Marylebone
- Oxford
Oxford
/ Birmingham
Birmingham
Moor Street/ Birmingham
Birmingham
Snow Hill 2000

Class 172/1 Turbostar[66]

DMU 100 160 2 172101-172104 4 London
London
Marylebone-Bicester North/Stratford-upon-Avon 2011

Class 68[67]

Diesel locomotive 100 160 N/A 68008-68015 8 Chiltern Main Line 2014

Mark 3[68][69]

Passenger Carriage 110 175 6 N/A 31 Chiltern Main Line 1975–88

Driving Van Trailer 110 175 N/A 82301-82305, 82309 6 Chiltern Main Line 1988

Past fleet[edit] Former units operated by Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
include:

Class Image Type Top speed Carriages Unit Numbers Total Routes operated Built Withdrawn

mph km/h

Class 121 Bubble Car

DMU 70 112 1 121020, 121034 2 Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line 1959–60 19th May 2017 [70]

Gerrards Cross incident[edit] Main article: Gerrards Cross Tunnel Tesco
Tesco
proposed building a supermarket over the railway line near Gerrards Cross railway station
Gerrards Cross railway station
in 1996,[71] which, following an initial objection by the local council was approved by the Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott in July 1998. Due to a lack of space in the area, Tesco
Tesco
had proposed building over the railway line, which would free up a large area of land suitable for the development.[71] During construction, the partially built tunnel collapsed on 30 June 2005. Nobody was injured but the line was closed for over six weeks, eventually reopening on 20 August 2005. Compensation by Tesco
Tesco
to Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
and Network Rail
Network Rail
was estimated to be between £200m and the retailer pledged to fund a media campaign to win back passengers lost by the closure of its route[clarification needed][citation needed]. Construction of the tunnel finally resumed in January 2009.[72] The store opened in late November 2010.[73] Plans[edit] Active[edit]

Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
refurbished 165001 at London
London
Marylebone

The refurbished interior of a Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
Class 165/0

Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
168107 at London
London
Marylebone

The refurbished interior of a Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
Class 168/1

In addition to the completed Evergreen initiatives, other potential enhancements for Chiltern's route have been discussed, but had not progressed as at the end of 2017. These include:

Lengthening of platforms at South Ruislip, West Ruislip, Saunderton, Kings Sutton, Sudbury Hill Harrow, Sudbury and Harrow Road and Northolt Park to accommodate eight vehicles, thereby obviating the need for vehicles to be locked out of use on departure from London Marylebone. The restoration of the quadruple track between South Ruislip
South Ruislip
(Northolt Junction) and West Ruislip, allowing trains to call at both stations without blocking the line. Triple track currently exists at West Ruislip, with the up platform loop still in situ, and at South Ruislip, with the Down Main through line also in situ. This would involve the reconstruction of the new down platform at West Ruislip, and the reconstruction of the up platform at South Ruislip.[citation needed] Restoration of fast through lines at Beaconsfield
Beaconsfield
as part of a longer-term aspiration for a 90-minute journey time between London
London
and Birmingham.[74] Double-track the line from Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
to Aylesbury.[citation needed] Remodelling Banbury
Banbury
Station and tracks.[75] Building of the West Hampstead interchange
West Hampstead interchange
to allow easy interchange with the London
London
Overground - North London
London
Line, Jubilee line, Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
and Thameslink
Thameslink
services.[76] New Chiltern Metro Service that would operate 4+tph for Wembley Stadium, Sudbury & Harrow Road, Sudbury Hill Harrow, Northolt Park, South Ruislip
South Ruislip
and West Ruislip. This would require a reversing facility at West Ruislip, passing loops at Sudbury Hill Harrow, and a passing loop at Wembley
Wembley
Stadium (part of the old down fast line is in use as a central reversing siding, for stock movements and additionally for 8-car football shuttles to convey passengers to the stadium for events).[77] This 'Chiltern Metro' service was not programmed into the last round of franchising agreements. Re-opening the line between Oxford
Oxford
and Princes Risborough,[78][79] which would provide an alternative to the Oxford-Paddington route. The Oxford
Oxford
to Banbury
Banbury
spur would then be handed over to the Chiltern Main Line to create a diversionary loop from Princes Risborough
Princes Risborough
to Banbury via Oxford. This option would require an expensive crossing of the M40 motorway. Re-opening the passenger line between between Oxford
Oxford
and Bedford as part of the East West Rail
East West Rail
project, and from Aylesbury
Aylesbury
to East West Rail at Claydon LNE Junction
Claydon LNE Junction
to provide a route to Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
via Bletchley .[78] Two miles of the line north of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
re-opened on 14 December 2008 terminating at a new station, Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Parkway.[80] However in late 2017 the Government announced that the private company, East West Rail
East West Rail
Ltd., had been formed to build and operate the line exclusively.[81][82] Opening a rail line from Aylesbury
Aylesbury
to an M6-M1 Parkway Station near Rugby.[83] If this ever happened it would constitute a major re-opening of much of the Great Central Main Line, closed in the 1960s. Re-opening the former Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
branch line to Uxbridge High Street, continuing the route to Heathrow Airport. This would give Birmingham
Birmingham
a direct rail link with Britain's largest airport.[citation needed] Extending Oyster Pay-as-you-go to High Wycombe
High Wycombe
and Aylesbury.[84] The Croxley Rail Link
Croxley Rail Link
received approval on 31 July 2013.[85]

Since successful completion of Project Evergreen 3 has fulfilled Chiltern Railways' obligation to invest in infrastructure, there is no clear road to completion for these projects.[86] See also[edit]

London
London
Transport portal

Chiltern Main Line London
London
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line Varsity Line Deutsche Bahn, Chiltern Railways' owner London
London
Midland

References[edit]

^ Companies House extract company no 3007939 The Chiltern Railway Company Limited ^ Companies House extract company no 3005018 M40 Trains Limited ^ "M40 to put new stock on Chiltern". The Independent (London). 26 June 1996. ^ "Fat cat row in Chiltern bid". Accountancy Age. 1 March 1999. ^ "Full steam ahead". Accountancy Age. 14 April 1999. ^ Six Companies Shortlisted for First Franchise Replacement Round. Shadow Strategic Rail Authority. 14 March 2000. ^ Go-Ahead shortlisted for Chiltern and South Central rail franchises. Go-Ahead. 14 March 2000. ^ Laing Rail to Build upon Chiltern Success John Laing 10 August 2000 ^ " Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
to Ride Again". Coventry & Warwickshire
Warwickshire
News. 10 August 2000. ^ "Chiltern wins first 20-year franchise". The Guardian
The Guardian
(London). 19 February 2002. ^ "Review (proof 2)" (PDF). Retrieved 23 November 2012.  ^ "Laing accepts £887m takeover bid". BBC News. 19 September 2006. ^ "Bidders announced for rail franchises". New Civil Engineer. 19 September 2006. ^ Department for Transport
Department for Transport
Announces Winner of West Coast Franchise. Department for Transport. 21 June 2007. ^ " Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
is on the market". Railnews. Stevenage. 31 July 2007. Archived from the original on 8 November 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2007.  ^ Milmo, Dan (7 September 2007). " Arriva
Arriva
poised to bid for Chiltern". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 September 2007.  ^ "Go-Ahead interested in Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
bid – CEO". Reuters. 7 September 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.  ^ O'Connell, Dominic (9 December 2007). "Rail rivals line up Chiltern". The Sunday Times. London. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ " Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
and NedRail line up Chiltern". business-sale.com. 11 December 2007. ^ " Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
announces acquisition of Laing Rail" (Press release). Chiltern Railways. 21 January 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2008.  ^ " Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
buys Laing Rail". Construction News. 21 January 2008/ ^ "Review of the year to 31 December 2010: Strongly positioned for future growth" (Press release). Arriva. 3 May 2011.  ^ a b " Oxford
Oxford
to Bicester Town Service Change of Train Operator". First Great Western. Retrieved 28 April 2011.  ^ Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
takes over Bicester to Oxford
Oxford
services Chiltern Railways news 28 April 2011 ^ a b c d e May - December 2017 timetable ^ Yonge, John (November 2008) [1994]. Jacobs, Gerald, ed. Railway Track Diagrams 5: Southern & TfL (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. maps 41C, 42A, 42B, 43A. ISBN 978-0-9549866-4-3.  ^ a b "Chiltern Oxford
Oxford
Launch". Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
News. Chiltern Railways. Retrieved 20 January 2016.  ^ Route Map ^ London Midland
London Midland
Train Times ^ "Riding the Parliamentary Train out of Paddington". IanVisits. Retrieved 8 December 2017.  ^ " Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
Timetable" (PDF).  ^ https://www.chilternrailways.co.uk/faq/on-board-our-trains ^ https://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/chiltern-railways-axes-all-onboard-catering-a3540181.html ^ "Proportion of trains running on time".  ^ " Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
admits problems". 16 November 2015.  ^ "Performance".  ^ "Rail performance results period 9". Network Rail.  ^ Dunhill, Lawrence (24 September 2011). " Beaconsfield
Beaconsfield
commuters say new Chiltern line is 'misery'". Bucks Free Press. High Wycombe. Retrieved 5 October 2011.  ^ Cain, Rebecca (4 January 2011). "Commuters call for a return to a better train service". Bucks Free Press. Princes Risborough. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ https://dataportal.orr.gov.uk/displayreport/report/html/fd00d7e2-f1e1-4e39-be2d-87e22859aaf1 ^ http://dataportal.orr.gov.uk/displayreport/report/html/2b2e2c38-c822-4e1f-9fb4-b049b3c13899 ^ a b Chiltern Renaissance – The Evergreen Success Rail.co 26 October 2011 ^ a b c "£250 investment from Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
creates new main line" (PDF) (Press release). Chiltern Railways. 15 January 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2012.  ^ "£250m Rail Investment to Bring Much Faster Journeys for Chiltern Passengers" (Press release). Network Rail. 15 January 2010.  ^ a b "Evergreen 3 progress". Modern Railways. London. December 2010. p. 9.  ^ " Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
plan to make Bicester well connected". Railnews. Stevenage. 29 August 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2008.  ^ "Project Evergreen 3". Chiltern Railways. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 August 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2009.  ^ " Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
given green light to build new rail line between Oxford
Oxford
and London" (Press release). Chiltern Railways. 18 October 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.  ^ McGregor, Sam (19 October 2012). "New £130m rail link to London approved". Oxford
Oxford
Mail. ^ " Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
announces £250m improvements and new main line to be built by BAM Nuttall". New Civil Engineer (London). 15 January 2010. ^ " BAM Nuttall
BAM Nuttall
lands £190 million Evergreen 3 Contract for Chiltern Railways" (Press release). Camberley: BAM Nuttall. January 2010.  ^ "Rail link plan runs into problems". Oxford
Oxford
Mail. 15 September 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2009.  ^ Little, Reg (17 November 2011). "Rail line hits buffers amid bat risk fear". The Oxford
Oxford
Times. p. 1.  ^ "Chiltern Railways: Oxford– London
London
line statement". 8 March 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2012.  ^ Our Train Fleet. Chiltern Railways. ^ "BR green 'bubble car' headlines £1million upgrade by Chiltern". Rail Express. 27 May 2011. ^ 55034 Class 121 Driving Motor Brake Second (Returned to Mainline use) The Railcar Association ^ Angel Trains orders 'Green Trains' for the UK Rail Market Angel Trains 31 January 2008 ^ "Chiltern commence Birmingham
Birmingham
loco-hauled" Archived 16 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Rail Express. 14 December 2010. ^ "Chiltern mounts Silver Trains Challenge to Virgin". Railnews. 5 September 2011. ^ " Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
puts refurbished Mk 111 coaches into service". Railway Gazette. 31 May 2012. ^ Comfort, Nick; Pritchard, Robert (2010). "Marylebone-Birmingham expresses from December". Today's Railways. Sheffield (99): 7.  ^ "Campaigners' fury as nine TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express
trains sent south in 'crazy and scandalous' move". Manchester Evening News. 3 March 2014.  ^ Wilson, James (9 January 2015). "Train users in Mid Cheshire suffer capacity setback". The Knutsford Guardian. Retrieved 28 February 2015.  ^ "Chiltern leases six Class 68 locos for Mainline services in £15m deal". Cognitive Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 12 August 2014.  ^ "Angel Trains orders 'green trains' for the UK rail market" (Press release). Angel Trains. 31 January 2008.  ^ "Angel Trains orders 'green trains' for the UK rail market" (Press release). rail technology magazine. 15 April 2014.  ^ "Passenger Board Annual Report 08/09" (PDF). Chiltern Railways. 24 June 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 December 2009.  ^ "Coaching Stock Design Contract for Chiltern Railways". Railway Technology. 21 July 2009.  ^ "Retirement of the Class 121 "Bubble Car" Chiltern Railways". www.chilternrailways.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-12.  ^ a b Glancey, Jonathan (25 August 2005). "In a hole". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2009.  ^ Hansford, Mark (15 January 2009). " Tesco
Tesco
restarts work at tunnel collapse site". New Civil Engineer. London. Retrieved 6 May 2009.  ^ Abell, Jack (3 December 2010). " Tesco
Tesco
finally opens its doors". Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Advertiser. Uxbridge. Retrieved 13 December 2010.  ^ "Route plans 2008: Route 16: Chilterns" (PDF). Network Rail. April 2008. p. 12.  ^ "Route plans 2007: Route 17: West Midlands" (PDF). Network Rail. 2007. p. 35.  ^ "Planning Framework for West Hampstead Interchange Area Appendix 2". London
London
Borough of Camden. 19 April 2005. p. 25. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011.  ^ "There's more to Chiltern than the Chilterns – The Case for a Chiltern Metro". London
London
Travel Watch. January 2001. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007.  ^ a b Buggins, Arryn (10 August 2000). "Bid To Reopen Central Railway To Passengers". CWN. Coventry. Retrieved 15 April 2008.  ^ "Route plans 2007: Route 16: Chilterns" (PDF). Network Rail. 2007. p. 17.  ^ "Services at Aylesbury's new train station to begin on Sunday". The Bucks Herald. Aylesbury. 9 December 2008.  ^ "Chancellor accepts East West Rail
East West Rail
targets and strengthens plans with extra cash". www.railtechnologymagazine.com.  ^ Transport Secretary officially launches East West Railway Company at Bletchley Park East West Rail, 22 November 2017 ^ Buggins, Arryn (11 August 2000). "The Next Train Calling at Rugby... Could be Chiltern". CWN. Coventry. Retrieved 15 April 2008.  ^ "Exciting times ahead for passengers using Chiltern Railways!" (Press release). Chiltern Railways. 22 January 2007.  ^ "The Croxley Rail Link
Croxley Rail Link
Order 2013" (PDF). The Stationery Office. Statutory Instruments 2013 No. 1967. Retrieved 21 October 2013.  ^ "Private Sector Specification and Delivery of Enhancement" (PDF). International Council on Systems Engineering. 22 June 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

Holley, Mel (11–24 February 1998). "The quiet revolution". RAIL. No. 324. EMAP Apex Publications. pp. 26–29. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chiltern Railways.

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