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Cher
Cher
(/ʃɛər/; born Cherilyn Sarkisian (Armenian: Շերիլին Սարգսյան); May 20, 1946) is an American singer and actress. Sometimes called the Goddess of Pop, she has been described as embodying female autonomy in a male-dominated industry. She is known for her distinctive contralto singing voice and for having worked in numerous areas of entertainment, as well as adopting a variety of styles and appearances during her six-decade-long career. Cher
Cher
gained popularity in 1965 as one-half of the folk rock husband-wife duo Sonny & Cher
Cher
after their song "I Got You Babe" reached number one on the American and British charts. By the end of 1967, they had sold 40 million records worldwide and had become, according to Time magazine, rock's "it" couple.[1] She began her solo career simultaneously, releasing in 1966 her first million-seller song, "Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)". She became a television personality in the 1970s with her shows The Sonny & Cher
Cher
Comedy Hour, watched by over 30 million viewers weekly during its three-year run, and Cher. She emerged as a fashion trendsetter by wearing elaborate outfits on her television shows. While working on television, Cher
Cher
established herself as a solo artist with the U.S. Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart-topping singles "Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves", "Half-Breed", and "Dark Lady". After her divorce from Sonny Bono
Sonny Bono
in 1975, she launched a comeback in 1979 with the disco album Take Me Home and earned $300,000 a week for her 1980–82 concert residency in Las Vegas. In 1982, Cher
Cher
made her Broadway debut in the play Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean and starred in its film adaptation. She subsequently earned critical acclaim for her performances in films such as Silkwood
Silkwood
(1983), Mask (1985), and Moonstruck
Moonstruck
(1987), for which she won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Actress. She then revived her musical career by recording the rock-inflected albums Cher
Cher
(1987), Heart of Stone (1989), and Love Hurts (1991), all of which yielded several successful singles. Cher
Cher
reached a new commercial peak in 1998 with the album Believe, whose title track became the biggest-selling single of all time by a female artist in the UK. It features the pioneering use of Auto-Tune, also known as the " Cher
Cher
effect". Her 2002–2005 Living Proof: The Farewell Tour became one of the highest-grossing concert tours of all time, earning $250 million. In 2008, she signed a $180 million deal to headline the Colosseum at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas for three years. After seven years of absence, she returned to film in the 2010 musical Burlesque. Cher's first studio album in 12 years, Closer to the Truth (2013), became her highest-charting solo album in the U.S. when it debuted at number three on the Billboard 200. Cher
Cher
has won a Grammy Award, an Emmy Award, an Academy Award, three Golden Globe Awards, a Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
Award, and a special CFDA Fashion Award, among several other honors. She has sold 100 million records worldwide to date, becoming one of the best-selling music artists in history. She is the only artist to date to have a number-one single on a Billboard chart in each decade from the 1960s to the 2010s. Outside of her music and acting, she is noted for her political views, philanthropic endeavors, and social activism, including LGBT
LGBT
rights and HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS
prevention.

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 1946–1961: Early life 1.2 1962–1965: Solo career breakthrough 1.3 1965–1967: Sonny and Cher's rise to pop stardom 1.4 1967–1970: Backlash from the younger generation, first marriage 1.5 1971–1974: Television career breakthrough, first musical comeback 1.6 1974–1979: Divorce from Sonny Bono, second marriage, decline of popularity 1.7 1979–1982: Second musical comeback, shift from disco music to rock 1.8 1982–1987: Film career breakthrough, musical hiatus 1.9 1987–1992: Film stardom, third musical comeback 1.10 1992–1997: Health and professional struggles, directing debut 1.11 1998–2000: Death of Sonny Bono, fourth musical comeback 1.12 2001–2013: Touring success, Vegas residency, return to film 1.13 2013–present: Return to music and touring, Broadway project

2 Artistry

2.1 Music and voice 2.2 Films, music videos, and performances

3 Public image 4 Other interests

4.1 Philanthropy 4.2 Politics

5 Impact and influence

5.1 Gay icon

6 Achievements and recognition 7 Discography 8 Concerts 9 Filmography 10 See also 11 References

11.1 Footnotes 11.2 Sources

12 External links

Life and career[edit] 1946–1961: Early life[edit]

Cher
Cher
as a high school student in 1960

Cher
Cher
was born Cherilyn Sarkisian in El Centro, California, on May 20, 1946.[2] Her father, John Sarkisian, was an Armenian-American
Armenian-American
truck driver with drug and gambling problems; her mother, Georgia Holt (born Jackie Jean Crouch), was an occasional model and bit-part actress who claimed Irish, English, German, and Cherokee ancestry.[3] Cher's father was rarely home when she was an infant,[4] and her parents divorced when Cher
Cher
was ten months old.[2] Her mother later married actor John Southall, by whom she had another daughter, Georganne, Cher's half-sister.[5] Now living in Los Angeles, Cher's mother began acting while working as a waitress. She changed her name to Georgia Holt and played minor roles in films and on television. Holt also secured acting parts for her daughters as extras on television shows like The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet.[4] Her mother's relationship with Southall ended when Cher
Cher
was nine years old, but she considers him her father and remembers him as a "good-natured man who turned belligerent when he drank too much".[6] Holt remarried and divorced several more times, and she moved her family around the country (including New York, Texas, and California).[4] They often had little money, and Cher recounted having had to use rubber bands to hold her shoes together.[6] At one point, her mother left Cher
Cher
at an orphanage for several weeks.[7] Although they met every day, both found the experience traumatic.[6] When Cher
Cher
was in fifth grade, she produced a performance of the musical Oklahoma! for her teacher and class. She organized a group of girls, directing and choreographing their dance routines. Unable to convince boys to participate, she acted the male roles and sang their songs. By age nine, she had developed an unusually low voice.[8] Fascinated by film stars, Cher's role model was Audrey Hepburn, particularly due to her role in the 1961 film Breakfast at Tiffany's. Cher
Cher
began to take after the unconventional outfits and behavior of Hepburn's character.[9] She was disappointed by the absence of dark-haired Hollywood actresses whom she could emulate.[9] She had wanted to be famous since childhood but felt unattractive and untalented, later commenting, "I couldn't think of anything that I could do ... I didn't think I'd be a singer or dancer. I just thought, well, I'll be famous. That was my goal."[10] In 1961, Holt married bank manager Gilbert LaPiere, who adopted Cher (under the name Cheryl LaPiere)[11] and Georganne, and enrolled them at Montclair College Preparatory School, a private school in Encino, whose students were mostly from affluent families. The school's upper-class environment presented a challenge for Cher; biographer Connie Berman wrote, "[she] stood out from the others in both her striking appearance and outgoing personality."[10] A former classmate commented, "I'll never forget seeing Cher
Cher
for the first time. She was so special ... She was like a movie star, right then and there ... She said she was going to be a movie star and we knew she would."[10] Despite not being an excellent student, Cher
Cher
was intelligent and creative, according to Berman. She earned high grades, excelling in French and English classes. As an adult, she discovered that she had dyslexia. Cher
Cher
achieved notoriety for her unconventional behavior: she performed songs for students during the lunch hours and surprised peers when she wore a midriff-baring top.[9] She later recalled, "I was never really in school. I was always thinking about when I was grown up and famous."[4] 1962–1965: Solo career breakthrough[edit] At age 16, Cher
Cher
dropped out of school, left her mother's house, and moved into Los Angeles with a friend. She took acting classes and worked to support herself, dancing in small clubs along Hollywood's Sunset Strip
Sunset Strip
and introducing herself to performers, managers, and agents.[12] According to Berman, "[Cher] did not hesitate to approach anyone she thought could help her get a break, make a new contact, or get an audition."[13] Cher
Cher
met performer Sonny Bono
Sonny Bono
in November 1962 when he was working for record producer Phil Spector.[13] Cher's friend moved out, and Cher
Cher
accepted Sonny's offer to be his housekeeper.[14] Sonny introduced Cher
Cher
to Spector, who used her as a backup singer on many recordings, including the Ronettes' "Be My Baby" and the Righteous Brothers' "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'".[15] Spector produced her first single, the commercially unsuccessful "Ringo, I Love You", which Cher
Cher
recorded under the name Bonnie Jo Mason.[16] Cher
Cher
and Sonny became close friends, eventual lovers, and performed their own unofficial wedding ceremony in a hotel room in Tijuana, Mexico, on October 27, 1964.[15][17] Although Sonny had wanted to launch Cher
Cher
as a solo artist, she encouraged him to perform with her because she suffered from stage fright, and he began joining her onstage, singing the harmonies. Cher
Cher
disguised her nervousness by looking at Sonny; she later commented that she sang to the people through him.[18] In late 1964, they emerged as a duo called Caesar & Cleo, releasing the poorly received singles "Do You Wanna Dance?", "Love Is Strange", and "Let the Good Times Roll".[19] Cher
Cher
signed with Liberty Records' Imperial imprint in the end of 1964, and Sonny became her producer. The single "Dream Baby", released under the name "Cherilyn", received airplay in Los Angeles.[16] Encouraged by Imperial, Cher
Cher
worked with Sonny on her second solo single on the label, a cover version of Bob Dylan's "All I Really Want to Do",[16] which peaked at number 15 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
in 1965.[20] Meanwhile, the Byrds had released their own version of the same song. When competition on the singles charts started between Cher
Cher
and the Byrds, the group's record label began to promote the B-side of the Byrds' single. Roger McGuinn
Roger McGuinn
of the Byrds commented, "We loved the Cher
Cher
version ... We didn't want to hassle. So we just turned our record over."[21] Cher's debut album, All I Really Want to Do
All I Really Want to Do
(1965), reached number 16 on the Billboard 200;[22] it was later described by AllMusic's Tim Sendra as "one of the stronger folk-pop records of the era".[23] 1965–1967: Sonny and Cher's rise to pop stardom[edit]

Sonny & Cher
Cher
in Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, 1966

In early 1965, Caesar and Cleo began calling themselves Sonny & Cher.[24] Following the recording of "I Got You Babe", they traveled to England in July 1965 at the Rolling Stones' advice; Cher
Cher
recalled, "[they] had told us ... that Americans just didn't get us and that if we were going to make it big, we were going to have to go to England."[25] According to writer Cintra Wilson, "English newspaper photographers showed up when S&C were thrown out of the London Hilton [because of their outfits] the night they arrived—literally overnight, they were stars. London went gaga for the heretofore-unseen S&C look, which was neither mod nor rocker."[26] "I Got You Babe" reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart[27] and became, according to AllMusic's Bruce Eder, "one of the biggest-selling and most beloved pop/rock hits of the mid-'60s";[16] Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
listed it among "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time" in 2003.[28] As the song knocked the Beatles off the top of the British charts, English teenagers began to emulate Sonny and Cher's fashion style, such as bell-bottoms, striped pants, ruffled shirts, industrial zippers and fur vests.[29] Upon their return to the U.S., the duo made several appearances on the teen-pop showcases Hullabaloo and Shindig![30] and completed a tour of some of the largest arenas in the U.S.[31] Their shows attracted Cher
Cher
look-alikes—"girls who were ironing their hair straight and dyeing it black, to go with their vests and bell-bottoms".[32] Cher
Cher
expanded her creative range by designing a clothing line.[33] Sonny and Cher's first album, Look at Us
Look at Us
(1965), released for the Atco Records division of Atlantic Records,[16] spent eight weeks at number two on the Billboard 200, behind the Beatles' Help!.[34] Their material became popular, and the duo successfully competed with the dominant British Invasion
British Invasion
and Motown
Motown
sounds of the era.[33] Sonny and Cher
Cher
charted ten Billboard top 40 singles between 1965 and 1972, including five top-ten singles: "I Got You Babe", "Baby Don't Go", "The Beat Goes On", "All I Ever Need Is You", and "A Cowboy's Work Is Never Done".[35] At one point, they had five songs in the top 50 at the same time, a feat equaled only by the Beatles and Elvis Presley.[36] By the end of 1967, they had sold 40 million records worldwide and had become, according to Time magazine's Ginia Bellafante, rock's "it" couple.[1] Cher's following releases kept her solo career fully competitive with her work with Sonny.[16] The Sonny Side of Chér
The Sonny Side of Chér
(1966) features "Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)", which reached number two in America and became her first million-seller solo single. Chér, also released in 1966, contains the Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
and Hal David
Hal David
composition "Alfie", which was added to the credits of the American version of the 1966 film of the same name and became the first stateside version of the popular song. With Love, Chér
With Love, Chér
(1967) includes songs described by biographer Mark Bego as "little soap-opera stories set to rock music" such as the U.S. top-ten single "You Better Sit Down Kids".[37] 1967–1970: Backlash from the younger generation, first marriage[edit]

Cher
Cher
on the set of the television series The Man from U.N.C.L.E., 1967

By the end of the 1960s, Sonny and Cher's music had ceased to chart. According to Berman, "the heavy, loud sound of groups like Jefferson Airplane and Cream made the folk-rock music of Sonny and Cher
Cher
seem too bland."[38] Cher
Cher
later commented, "I loved the new sound of Led Zeppelin, Eric Clapton, the electric-guitar oriented bands. Left to myself, I would have changed with the times because the music really turned me on. But Son[ny] didn't like it—and that was that."[39] Their monogamous lifestyle during the period of the sexual revolution[40] and the anti-drug position they adopted at the height of the drug culture eventually made the duo lose their popular appeal among American youths.[41] According to Bego, "in spite of their revolutionary unisex clothes, Sonny and Cher
Cher
were quite 'square' when it came to sex and drugs."[41] In an attempt to recapture their young audience, the duo produced and starred in the film Good Times (1967), which was commercially unsuccessful.[38] Cher's next album, Backstage (1968), in which she runs in diverse musical directions, including Brazilian jazz and anti-war protest settings, was not a commercial success.[42] In 1969, she was dropped from Imperial Records. Sonny and Cher
Cher
had been dropped from Atco; however, the label wanted to sign Cher
Cher
for a solo album.[43] 3614 Jackson Highway (1969) was recorded without the guidance of Sonny and incorporates experiments in soul music; AllMusic's Mark Deming proclaimed it "the finest album of her career".[44] Displeased with the 3614 Jackson Highway
3614 Jackson Highway
album, Sonny prevented Cher
Cher
from releasing more recordings for Atco.[43] Meanwhile, Sonny dated others, and by the end of the 1960s their relationship had begun to unravel. According to People magazine, "[Sonny] tried desperately to win her back, telling her he wanted to marry and start a family."[45] They officially married after she gave birth on March 4, 1969 to Chastity Bono (who later became Chaz Bono).[45][46] That year, the duo spent $500,000 and mortgaged their home to make the film Chastity. Written and directed by Sonny, who did not appear in the movie, it tells the story of a young woman, played by Cher, searching for the meaning of life.[47] The art film failed commercially, putting the couple $190,000 in debt with back taxes. However, some critics noted that Cher
Cher
showed signs of acting potential;[31] Cue magazine wrote, " Cher
Cher
has a marvelous quality that often makes you forget the lines you are hearing."[38] At the lowest point of their career, the duo put together a nightclub routine that relied on a more adult approach to sound and style.[48] According to writer Cintra Wilson, "Their lounge act was so depressing, people started heckling them. Then Cher
Cher
started heckling back. Sonny ... reprimanded her; then she'd heckle Sonny".[26] The heckling became a highlight of the act and attracted viewers.[26] Television executives took note, and the couple began making guest appearances on prime-time shows, in which they presented a "new, sophisticated, and mature" image.[49] Cher
Cher
adopted alluring, low-cut gowns that became her signature outfits.[49] 1971–1974: Television career breakthrough, first musical comeback[edit]

Cher
Cher
(right) with Farrah Fawcett
Farrah Fawcett
on The Sonny & Cher
Cher
Comedy Hour

CBS
CBS
head of programming Fred Silverman offered Sonny and Cher
Cher
their own television program after he noticed them as guest-hosts on The Merv Griffin Show in 1971.[50] The Sonny & Cher
Cher
Comedy Hour premiered as a summer replacement series on August 1, 1971, and had six episodes. Because it was a ratings success, the couple returned that December with a full-time show.[31] Watched by more than 30 million viewers weekly during its three-year run,[48] The Sonny & Cher
Cher
Comedy Hour was praised for the comedic timing, and deadpan Cher
Cher
mocked Sonny about his looks and short stature. According to Berman, they "exuded an aura of warmth, playfulness, and caring that only enhanced their appeal. Viewers were further enchanted when a young Chastity also appeared on the show. They seemed like a perfect family."[51] Cher
Cher
honed her acting skills in sketch comedy roles such as the brash housewife Laverne, the sardonic waitress Rosa, and historical vamps,[52] including Cleopatra and Miss Sadie Thompson.[53] The Bob Mackie
Bob Mackie
designed clothing Cher wore was part of the show's attraction, and her style influenced the fashion trends of the 1970s.[54] In 1971, Sonny and Cher
Cher
signed with the Kapp Records
Kapp Records
division of MCA Records, and Cher
Cher
released the single "Classified 1A", in which she sings from the point of view of a soldier who bleeds to death in Vietnam. Written by Sonny, who felt that her first solo single on the label had to be poignant and topical, the song was rejected by radio station programmers as uncommercial.[55] Since Sonny's first attempts at reviving their recording career as a duo had also been unsuccessful, Kapp Records
Kapp Records
recruited Snuff Garrett to work with them. He produced Cher's first U.S. solo number-one single, "Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves", which "proved that ... Garrett knew more about Cher's voice and her persona as a singer than Sonny did", writes Bego.[55] Billboard called it "one of the 20th century's greatest songs".[56] It was featured on the 1971 album Chér (eventually reissued under the title Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves), which was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[57] Its second single, "The Way of Love", reached number seven on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart[58] and established Cher's more confident image as a recording artist.[16] In 1972, Cher
Cher
released the all-ballad set Foxy Lady, demonstrating the evolution of her vocal abilities, according to Bego.[59] Following the release of the album, Garrett quit as producer after disagreeing with Sonny about the kind of material Cher
Cher
should record.[60] At Sonny's insistence, in 1973 Cher
Cher
released an album of standards called Bittersweet White Light, which was commercially unsuccessful.[61] That year, lyricist Mary Dean brought Garrett "Half-Breed", a song about the daughter of a Cherokee mother and a white father, that she had written especially for Cher. Although Garrett did not have Cher
Cher
as a client at the time, he was convinced that "it's a smash for Cher
Cher
and for nobody else", so he held the song for months until he got Cher back.[60] "Half-Breed" was featured on the album of the same name and became Cher's second U.S. solo number-one single.[62] Both the album and the single were certified gold by the RIAA.[63] Cher's third U.S. solo number-one single was "Dark Lady", in 1974, from the namesake album.[62] Later that year, she released a Greatest Hits album that, according to Billboard magazine, proved her to be "one of the most consistent hitmakers of the past five years", as well as a "proven superstar who always sells records".[64] Between 1971 and 1973, Sonny and Cher's recording career was revived with four albums released under Kapp Records
Kapp Records
and MCA Records: Sonny & Cher
Cher
Live (1971), All I Ever Need Is You (1972), Mama Was a Rock and Roll Singer, Papa Used to Write All Her Songs (1973), and Live in Las Vegas Vol. 2 (1973).[65] Cher
Cher
later commented on this period: "I could do a whole album ... in three days ... We were on the road ... and we were doing the Sonny & Cher
Cher
Show".[66] 1974–1979: Divorce from Sonny Bono, second marriage, decline of popularity[edit]

Cher
Cher
performing with David Bowie
David Bowie
on the Cher
Cher
show, 1975

Cher
Cher
and Sonny had marital problems since late 1972, but appearances were maintained until 1974. "The public still thinks we are married," Sonny wrote in his diary at the time, "[and] that's the way it has to be."[67] In February 1974, Sonny filed for a separation, citing "irreconcilable differences".[68] A week later, Cher
Cher
countered with a divorce suit and charged Sonny with "involuntary servitude", claiming that he withheld money from her and deprived her of her rightful share of their earnings.[68] The couple battled in court over finances and the custody of Chastity, which was eventually granted to Cher.[68] Their divorce was finalized on June 26, 1975.[69] In 1974, Cher
Cher
won the Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy for The Sonny & Cher
Cher
Comedy Hour.[70] The same year, Sonny premiered a solo show on ABC, The Sonny Comedy Revue, which carried the creative team behind the Sonny and Cher
Cher
show. It was canceled after 13 weeks.[71] During the divorce proceedings, Cher
Cher
had a two-year romantic relationship with record executive David Geffen, who freed her from her business arrangement with Sonny, under which she was required to work exclusively for Cher
Cher
Enterprises, the company he ran.[72] Geffen secured a $2.5 million deal for Cher
Cher
with Warner Bros. Records,[73] and she began work on her first album under that label in 1975. According to Bego, "it was their intention that [this album] was going to make millions of fans around the world take her seriously as a rock star, and not just a pop singer."[74] Despite Cher's efforts to develop her musical range by listening to artists such as Stevie Wonder, Elton John, James Taylor, Carly Simon, Joni Mitchell, and Bob Dylan, the resulting album Stars was commercially and critically unsuccessful.[74] Janet Maslin of The Village Voice wrote, " Cher
Cher
is just no rock and roller ... Image, not music, is Cher
Cher
Bono's main ingredient for both records and TV."[75] The album has since become a cult classic and is generally considered among her best work.[66]

Cher
Cher
with then-husband Gregg Allman
Gregg Allman
in 1975

On February 16, 1975, Cher
Cher
returned to television with a solo show on CBS. Called Cher, it began as a highly rated special with guests Flip Wilson, Elton John, and Bette Midler.[76] The show was produced by Geffen and centered on Cher's songs, monologues, comedy performance, and her variation of clothing,[77] which was the largest for a weekly TV show.[78] Early critical reception was favorable; the Los Angeles Times exclaimed that "Sonny without Cher
Cher
was a disaster. Cher
Cher
without Sonny, on the other hand, could be the best thing that's happened to weekly television this season."[78] Cher
Cher
lasted for less than a year, replaced by a new show in which she professionally reunited with ex-husband Sonny;[79] she said, "doing a show alone was more than I could handle."[80] On June 30, 1975, four days after finalizing her divorce from Sonny, Cher
Cher
married rock musician Gregg Allman, co-founder of The Allman Brothers Band.[81] She filed for divorce nine days later because of his heroin and liquor problems, but they reconciled within a month.[82] They had one son, Elijah Blue, on July 10, 1976.[83] Sonny and Cher's TV reunion, The Sonny and Cher
Cher
Show, debuted on CBS
CBS
in February 1976—the first show ever to star a divorced couple. Although the show was a ratings success on its premiere,[84] Cher
Cher
and Sonny's insulting onscreen banter about their divorce,[79] her reportedly extravagant lifestyle, and her troubled relationship with Allman caused a public backlash[85] that eventually contributed to the show's cancellation in August 1977.[84] Cher's next albums, I'd Rather Believe in You
I'd Rather Believe in You
(1976) and Cherished (1977), the latter a return to her pop style at Warner's producers' insistence, were commercially unsuccessful.[86] In 1977, under the rubric "Allman and Woman", she recorded alongside Allman the duet album Two the Hard Way. Their relationship ended following the release of the album,[82] and their divorce was finalized in 1979.[87] Beginning in 1978,[88] she had a two-year[89] live-in relationship with Kiss member Gene Simmons.[90] That year, she legally changed her name from Cherilyn Sarkisian La Piere Bono Allman to Cher, to eliminate the use of four surnames.[91] She returned to prime time television with the specials Cher... Special
Cher... Special
(1978)[92] and Cher ... and Other Fantasies (1979).[93] 1979–1982: Second musical comeback, shift from disco music to rock[edit]

Cher
Cher
performing in Las Vegas, 1981

A single mother with two children, Cher
Cher
realized that she had to make a choice about the direction of her singing career. Deciding to temporarily abandon her desire to be a rock singer, she signed with Casablanca Records
Casablanca Records
and launched a comeback with the single "Take Me Home" and the album of the same name, both of which capitalized on the disco craze.[94] Both the album and the single became instant successes, remained bestsellers for more than half of 1979,[94] and were certified gold by the RIAA.[63] Sales of the album may have been boosted[94] by the image of a scantily clad Cher
Cher
in a Viking
Viking
outfit on its cover.[95] Despite her initial lack of enthusiasm for disco music, she changed her mind after the success, commenting, "I never thought I would want to do disco ... [but] it's terrific! It's great music to dance to. I think that danceable music is what everybody wants."[94] Encouraged by the popularity of Take Me Home, Cher
Cher
planned to return to rock music in her next album, Prisoner (1979).[96] The album's cover features Cher
Cher
draped in chains as a "prisoner of the press",[97] which caused controversy among feminist groups for her perceived portrayal of a sex slave.[98] She included rock songs, which made the disco release seem unfocused and led to its commercial failure.[97] Prisoner produced the single "Hell on Wheels", featured on the soundtrack of the film Roller Boogie. The song exploits the late 1970s roller-skating fad and contributed to its popularity.[66] In 1980, alongside Italian record producer Giorgio Moroder, Cher
Cher
wrote her last Casablanca disco recording, "Bad Love", for the film Foxes.[99] She formed the rock band Black Rose that year with her then-lover, guitarist Les Dudek. Although Cher
Cher
was the lead singer, she did not receive top billing because she wanted to create the impression that all band members were equal. Since she was easily recognized when she performed with the band, she developed a punk look by cutting her trademark long hair. Despite appearances on television, the band failed to earn concert dates.[100] Their album Black Rose received unfavorable reviews; Cher
Cher
told Rolling Stone, "The critics panned us, and they didn't attack the record. They attacked me. It was like, 'How dare Cher
Cher
sing rock & roll?'"[48] During the band's active period, Cher
Cher
was simultaneously doing a concert residency in Las Vegas, earning $300,000 a week.[101] Its companion television special Cher ... A Celebration at Caesars aired on Lifetime in April 1983.[102] Black Rose disbanded in 1981.[103] That year, she released a duet with musician Meat Loaf
Meat Loaf
called "Dead Ringer for Love", which reached number five on the UK Singles Chart
UK Singles Chart
and was later described by AllMusic's Donald A. Guarisco as "one of the more inspired rock duets of the 1980s".[104] In 1982, Columbia Records released the album I Paralyze, later deemed by Bego as Cher's "strongest and most consistent solo album in years" despite its low sales.[105] 1982–1987: Film career breakthrough, musical hiatus[edit] With decreasing album sales and a lack of commercially successful singles, Cher
Cher
decided to further develop her acting career.[106] While she had previously aspired to venture into film, she had only the critically and commercially unsuccessful movies Good Times and Chastity to her credit, and the Hollywood establishment did not take her seriously as an actress.[106] She moved to New York in 1982 to take acting lessons with Lee Strasberg, founder of the Actors Studio, but never enrolled after her plans changed.[26] She auditioned for and was signed by director Robert Altman
Robert Altman
for the Broadway stage production Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean, playing a member of a James Dean
James Dean
fan club holding a 20-year reunion. That year, Altman cast her again in the film adaptation of the same title.[107] Cher
Cher
credits Altman for launching her acting career: "Without Bob [Robert Altman] I would have never had a film career. Everyone told him not to cast me ... I am convinced that Bob was the only one who was brave enough to do it."[108] Director Mike Nichols, who had seen Cher
Cher
onstage in Jimmy Dean, offered her the part of Dolly Pelliker, a plant co-worker and Meryl Streep's lesbian roommate in the film Silkwood.[107] When it premiered in 1983, audiences questioned Cher's ability as an actress. She recalls attending a film preview during which the audience laughed when they saw her name in the credits.[109] For her performance, Cher won the Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture.[107] In 1985, Cher
Cher
formed the film production company Isis.[110] Her next film, Mask (1985), reached number two at the box office[111] and was Cher's first critical and commercial success as a leading actress.[107] For her role as a drug addict biker with a teenage son who has a severe physical deformity, she won the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress.[107] During the making of the film, however, she clashed with director Peter Bogdanovich. She attended the 58th Academy Awards in a tarantula-like costume "to show her scorn for the 'system'", according to authors James Parish and Michael Pitts.[107] The incident garnered her much publicity.[112] By 1987, Cher
Cher
was receiving attention for her controversial lifestyle, including her tattoos, plastic surgeries, exhibitionist fashion sense, and affairs with younger men.[113] She had romantic relationships with actors Val Kilmer, Eric Stoltz, and Tom Cruise, hockey player Ron Duguay, film producer Josh Donen, Bon Jovi
Bon Jovi
guitarist Richie Sambora, and Rob Camilletti, an 18-years-younger bagel baker whom she dated from 1986 to 1989.[114] 1987–1992: Film stardom, third musical comeback[edit] Cher
Cher
starred in three films in 1987.[107] In Suspect, she played a public defender who is both helped and romanced by one of the jurors in the homicide case she is handling. Along with Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
and Michelle Pfeiffer, she starred as one of three divorcees involved with a mysterious and wealthy visitor from hell who comes to a small New England town in the comedy horror The Witches of Eastwick. In Norman Jewison's romantic comedy Moonstruck, she played an Italian widow in love with her fiancé's younger brother.[107] The two latter films ranked among the top ten highest-grossing films of 1987, at number ten and five, respectively.[115] For her performance in Moonstruck, Cher won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Actress[116] and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical.[70] By 1988, Cher
Cher
had become one of the most bankable actresses of the decade, commanding $1 million per film.[107] That year, she released the fragrance Uninhibited, which earned about $15 million in its first year sales.[117]

Cher
Cher
performing during a benefit concert for Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation in 1989

In 1987, Cher
Cher
signed with Geffen Records and revived her musical career with what music critics Johnny Danza and Dean Ferguson describe as "her most impressive string of hits to date", establishing her as a "serious rock and roller ... a crown that she'd worked long and hard to capture".[66] Michael Bolton, Jon Bon Jovi, Desmond Child, and Richie Sambora
Richie Sambora
produced her first Geffen album,[66] Cher, which was certified platinum by the RIAA.[63] It features the rock ballad "I Found Someone", her first U.S. top-ten single in more than eight years.[66] Cher's 19th studio album Heart of Stone (1989) was certified triple platinum by the RIAA.[63] The music video for its second single, "If I Could Turn Back Time",[118] caused controversy due to Cher's performance on a Navy warship, straddling a cannon,[119] and wearing a leather thong that revealed her tattooed buttocks.[120] The song topped the Australian charts for seven weeks,[118] reached number three on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart and became one of Cher's most successful singles.[20] Other songs from Heart of Stone to reach the U.S. top ten were "After All", a duet with Peter Cetera, and "Just Like Jesse James".[121] At the 1989 People's Choice Awards, Cher
Cher
won the Favorite All-Around Female Star Award.[122] She embarked on the Heart of Stone Tour
Heart of Stone Tour
in 1990.[123] Most critics liked the tour's nostalgic nature and admired Cher's showmanship.[124] Its parent television special Cher
Cher
at the Mirage (1991) was filmed during a concert in Las Vegas.[123] In her first film in three years, Mermaids (1990), Cher
Cher
paid tribute to her own mother in this story about a woman who moves her two daughters from town to town at the end of a love affair.[110] She conflicted with the film's first two directors, Lasse Hallström
Lasse Hallström
and Frank Oz, who were replaced by Richard Benjamin.[125] Believing Cher would be the star attraction, the producers allowed her creative control for the film.[126] Mermaids was a moderate box office success and received mixed reviews.[127] One of the two songs Cher
Cher
recorded for the film's soundtrack,[128] "The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)", topped the UK Singles Chart
UK Singles Chart
for five weeks.[129] Cher's final studio album for Geffen Records, Love Hurts
Love Hurts
(1991),[130] stayed at number one in the UK for six weeks and produced the UK top-ten single "Love and Understanding".[129] The album was certified gold by the RIAA.[63] In later years, Cher
Cher
commented that her Geffen label "hit years" had been especially significant to her, "because I was getting to do songs that I really loved ... songs that really represented me, and they were popular!"[66] She released the exercise book Forever Fit in 1991,[131] followed by the 1992 fitness videos CherFitness: A New Attitude and CherFitness: Body Confidence.[73] She embarked on the Love Hurts Tour
Love Hurts Tour
during 1992.[132] That year, the UK-only[133] compilation album Greatest Hits: 1965–1992 peaked at number one in the country for seven weeks.[129] It features three new songs: "Oh No Not My Baby", "Whenever You're Near", and "Many Rivers to Cross".[134] 1992–1997: Health and professional struggles, directing debut[edit] Partially due to her experiences filming Mermaids, Cher
Cher
turned down leading roles in such films as The War of the Roses and Thelma & Louise.[125] According to Berman, "After the success of Moonstruck, she was so worried about her next career move that she was overly cautious."[135] In the early 1990s, she contracted the Epstein–Barr virus[125] and developed chronic fatigue syndrome, which left her too exhausted to sustain her music and film careers.[136] Because she needed to earn money and was not healthy enough to work on other projects, she starred in infomercials launching health, beauty, and diet products,[137] which earned her close to $10 million in fees.[138] The skits were parodied on Saturday Night Live[139] and critics considered them a sellout,[138] many suggesting her film career was over.[140] She told Ladies' Home Journal, "Suddenly I became the Infomercial Queen and it didn't occur to me that people would focus on that and strip me of all my other things."[137] Cher
Cher
made cameo appearances in the Robert Altman
Robert Altman
films The Player (1992) and Prêt-à-Porter (1994).[132] In 1994, she started a mail-order catalogue business, Sanctuary, selling Gothic-themed products,[141] and contributed a rock version of "I Got You Babe" to MTV's animated series Beavis and Butt-head.[142] Alongside Chrissie Hynde, Neneh Cherry, and Eric Clapton, she topped the UK Singles Chart in 1995 with the charity single "Love Can Build a Bridge".[143] Later that year, she signed with Warner Music UK's label WEA and released the album It's a Man's World (1995), which came out of her idea of covering men's songs from a woman's point of view.[130] In general, critics favored the album and its R&B influences, some saying her voice had improved.[144] Stephen Holden of The New York Times
The New York Times
wrote that "From an artistic standpoint, this soulful collection of grown-up pop songs ... is the high point of her recording career."[145] It's a Man's World reached number 10 on the UK Albums Chart
UK Albums Chart
and spawned the UK top-ten single "One by One".[129] Tracks were remixed for the American release of the album, abandoning its original rock sound in favor of a style more accessible to U.S. radio;[146] it reached number 64 on the Billboard 200.[147] In 1996, Cher
Cher
played the wife of a businessman who hires a hitman to murder her in the Chazz Palminteri-scripted dark comedy film Faithful. Although the film received negative reviews from critics, Cher
Cher
was praised for her role;[148] The New York Times' Janet Maslin wrote that she "does her game best to find comic potential in a victim's role."[149] Cher
Cher
refused to promote the film, claiming it was "horrible".[125] She made her directing debut with a segment in the abortion-themed anthology If These Walls Could Talk
If These Walls Could Talk
(1996), in which she starred as a doctor murdered by an anti-abortion fanatic.[144] It drew the highest ratings for an original HBO
HBO
movie to date, registering an 18.7 rating with a 25 share in HBO
HBO
homes[150] and attracting 6.9 million viewers.[151] Her music played a large role in the American TV series The X-Files
The X-Files
episode "The Post-Modern Prometheus", which aired in November 1997.[152] Written for her,[153] it tells the story of a scientist's grotesque creature who adores Cher because of her role in Mask, in which her character cares for her disfigured son.[154] 1998–2000: Death of Sonny Bono, fourth musical comeback[edit]

Sonny and Cher's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Following Sonny Bono's death in a skiing accident in 1998, Cher delivered a tearful eulogy at his funeral, calling him "the most unforgettable character" she had met.[155] She paid tribute to him by hosting the CBS
CBS
special Sonny & Me: Cher
Cher
Remembers, which aired on May 20, 1998.[156] That month, Sonny and Cher
Cher
received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
for Television.[157] Later that year, Cher published The First Time, a collection of autobiographical essays of "first-time" events in her life, which critics praised for revealing the singer to be down to earth and genuine.[158] Although the manuscript was almost finished when Sonny died, she could not decide whether to include his death in the book; she feared being criticized for capitalizing on the event. She later told Rolling Stone, "I couldn't ignore it, could I? I might have if I cared more about what people think than what I know is right for me." [159] Cher's 22nd studio album Believe (1998) marked a musical departure for her, as it comprises dance-pop songs, many of which capture the "disco-era essence"; Cher
Cher
said, "It's not that I think this is a '70s album ... but there's a thread, a consistency running through it that I love.'"[66] Believe was certified quadruple platinum by the RIAA[63] and went on to be certified gold or platinum in 39 countries,[160] selling 10 million copies worldwide.[161] The album's title track reached number one in more than 23 countries[162] and sold over 10 million copies worldwide.[163] It became the best-selling recording of 1998 and 1999, respectively, in the UK[162] and the U.S.,[164] and Cher's most successful single to date.[165] "Believe" topped the UK Singles Chart
UK Singles Chart
for seven weeks and became the biggest-selling single of all time by a female artist in the UK, selling over 1.7 million copies in the country as of November 2013.[166] It also topped the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart for four weeks,[167] selling over 1.8 million units in the U.S. as of December 1999.[168] The song earned Cher
Cher
the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Dance Recording.[169] On January 31, 1999, Cher
Cher
performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" at the Super Bowl XXXIII.[170] Two months later, she sang on the television special VH1 Divas
VH1 Divas
Live 2, which attracted 19.4 million viewers.[171] According to VH1, it was the most popular, and most watched program in the television network's history, as Cher's presence was "a huge part of making it exactly that."[172] Capitalizing on the success of "Believe", Cher's former record company Geffen Records released the compilation album If I Could Turn Back Time: Cher's Greatest Hits (1999), which features the previously unreleased song "Don't Come Cryin' to Me".[173] It was certified gold by the RIAA.[63] The Do You Believe? tour ran from 1999 to 2000 and was sold out in every American city it was booked in,[174] amassing a global audience of more than 1.5 million.[175] Its companion television special, Cher: Live in Concert – From the MGM Grand in Las Vegas (1999), was the highest rated original HBO
HBO
program in 1998–99,[176] registering a 9.0 rating among adults 18 to 49 and a 13.0 rating in the HBO
HBO
universe of about 33 million homes.[177] In November 1999, Cher
Cher
released the compilation album The Greatest Hits, which sold three million copies outside of the U.S. as of January 2000.[175] Cher
Cher
was named the number-one dance artist of 1999 by Billboard.[164] At the 1999 World Music Awards, she received the Legend Award for her "lifelong contribution to the music industry".[178] Her next film, Franco Zeffirelli's Tea with Mussolini
Tea with Mussolini
(1999),[179] got mixed reviews, but she earned critical acclaim for her performance as a rich, flamboyant American socialite whose visit to Italy is not welcome among the Englishwomen; one reviewer from Film Comment
Film Comment
wrote, "It is only after she appears that you realize how sorely she's been missed from movie screens! For Cher
Cher
is a star. That is, she manages the movie star trick of being at once a character and at the same time never allowing you to forget: that's Cher."[180] Not.com.mercial
Not.com.mercial
(2000) was written mostly by Cher
Cher
after she had attended a songwriters' conference in 1994; it marked her first attempt at writing most of the tracks for an album. As the album was rejected by her record label for being uncommercial, she chose to sell it only on her website. In the song "Sisters of Mercy", she criticized as "cruel, heartless and wicked" the nuns who prevented her mother from retrieving her from a Catholic orphanage. The Catholic church denounced the song.[181] 2001–2013: Touring success, Vegas residency, return to film[edit]

Cher
Cher
performing during Living Proof: The Farewell Tour in 2004

Cher's highly anticipated dance-oriented follow-up to Believe,[182] Living Proof (2001), entered the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
at number nine[183] and was certified gold by the RIAA.[63] The album includes the UK top-ten single "The Music's No Good Without You"[129] and "Song for the Lonely", the latter song dedicated to "the courageous people of New York" following the September 11 attacks.[182] In May 2002, she performed during the benefit concert VH1 Divas
VH1 Divas
Las Vegas.[184] At the 2002 Billboard Music Awards, she won the Dance/Club Play Artist of the Year Award[185] and was presented with the Artist Achievement Award by Steven Tyler
Steven Tyler
for having "helped redefine popular music with massive success on the Billboard charts".[186] That year, her wealth was estimated at $600 million.[187] In June 2002, Cher
Cher
embarked on the Living Proof: The Farewell Tour,[188] announced as the final live concert tour of her career, although she vowed to continue making records and films.[189] The show highlighted her successes in music, television, and film, featuring video clips from the 1960s onwards and an elaborate backdrop and stage set-up.[190] Initially scheduled for 49 shows,[191] the worldwide tour was extended several times. By October 2003, it had become the most successful tour ever by a woman, grossing $145 million from 200 shows and playing to 2.2 million fans.[192] A collection of live tracks taken from the tour was released in 2003 as the album Live! The Farewell Tour.[193] The NBC
NBC
special Cher
Cher
– The Farewell Tour (2003) attracted 17 million viewers.[194] It was the highest rated network-TV concert special of 2003[195] and earned Cher
Cher
the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety, Music, or Comedy Special.[196] After leaving Warner UK in 2002, Cher
Cher
signed a worldwide deal with the U.S. division of Warner Bros. Records
Warner Bros. Records
in September 2003.[197] The Very Best of Cher
Cher
(2003), a greatest-hits collection that surveys her entire career, peaked at number four on the Billboard 200[198] and was certified double platinum by the RIAA.[63] She played herself in the Farrelly brothers
Farrelly brothers
comedy Stuck on You (2003), mocking her public image as she appears in bed with a much younger boyfriend.[199] Her 326-date Farewell Tour ended in 2005 as one of the highest-grossing concert tours of all time, seen by over 3.5 million fans and earning $250 million.[200] In 2008, she began a three-year, 200-performance residency at the Colosseum at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, for which she earned a reported $60 million per year.[201] Titled Cher, the production featured state-of-the-art video and special effects, elaborate set designs,[202] 14 dancers, four aerialists and more than 20 costume changes.[203] Cher
Cher
returned to film in the 2010 musical Burlesque, playing a nightclub impresario whom a young Hollywood hopeful is looking to impress. One of the two songs she recorded for the film's soundtrack, the power ballad "You Haven't Seen the Last of Me",[204] reached number one on the Billboard Dance Club Songs
Dance Club Songs
chart in January 2011, making Cher
Cher
the only artist to date to have a number-one single on a Billboard chart in each decade from the 1960s to the 2010s.[205] In November 2010, she received the honor of placing her handprints and footprints in cement in the courtyard in front of Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood.[206] The next year, she lent her voice to Janet the Lioness in the comedy Zookeeper.[207] Dear Mom, Love Cher, a documentary she produced about her mother Georgia Holt, aired on Lifetime in May 2013.[208] 2013–present: Return to music and touring, Broadway project[edit]

Cher
Cher
performing during the Dressed to Kill Tour in 2014

Closer to the Truth, Cher's 25th studio album and the first since 2001's Living Proof, entered the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
at number three in October 2013, her highest position on that chart to date.[34] Michael Andor Brodeur from The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe
commented that "Cher's 'Goddess of Pop' sash remains in little danger of undue snatching; at 67, she sounds more convincing than J-Lo or Madonna reporting from 'the club'".[209] Cher
Cher
premiered the lead single "Woman's World" on the season four finale of the talent show The Voice, her first live TV performance in over a decade.[208] She later joined the show's season five as judge Blake Shelton's team adviser.[210] On June 30, 2013, Cher
Cher
headlined the annual Dance on the Pier benefit, celebrating Gay Pride day. It became the event's first sellout in five years.[211] In November 2013, she appeared as a guest performer and judge on the seventeenth season of ABC's Dancing with the Stars, during its eighth week, which was dedicated to her.[212] She embarked on the Dressed to Kill Tour in March 2014, nearly a decade after announcing her "farewell tour".[213] She quipped about that fact during the shows, saying this would actually be her last farewell tour while crossing fingers.[214] The tour's first leg, which included 49 sold-out shows in North America, grossed $54.9 million.[213] In November 2014, she cancelled all remaining dates due to an infection that affected kidney function.[215] On May 7, 2014, Cher
Cher
confirmed a collaboration with American hip hop group Wu-Tang Clan
Wu-Tang Clan
on their album Once Upon a Time in Shaolin. Credited as Bonnie Jo Mason, she uses an alias of hers originated in 1964.[216] Only one copy of the album has been produced, and it was sold by online auction in November 2015.[217] After appearing as Marc Jacobs' guest at the 2015 Met Gala, Cher
Cher
posed for his brand's fall/winter advertising campaign.[218] The fashion designer stated, "This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time."[219] Cher
Cher
first mentioned plans for a Broadway musical based on her life and music in June 2012. At that time, she revealed that the show would feature three actresses playing herself during different stages of her life. By 2015, she was still working on the project, enlisting writer Rick Elice to develop the script.[220] In late 2016, it was announced Jason Moore had signed on to direct, while Flody Suarez and Jeffrey Seller would serve as producers. Billed as The Cher
Cher
Show, a staged reading was workshopped in New York City from January 2–14, 2017.[221] Classic Cher, a series of shows in cooperation with AEG Live, will see her perform 30 live concerts in the newly built Park Theater at Monte Carlo Resort and Casino and The Theater at MGM National Harbor. Opening night was on February 8, 2017.[222] At the 2017 Billboard Music Awards, Cher
Cher
performed "Believe" and "If I Could Turn Back Time", her first awards show performance in more than 15 years, and was presented with the Billboard Icon Award by Gwen Stefani, who called her "a role model for showing us how to be strong and true to ourselves [and] the definition of the word Icon."[223] Artistry[edit] Music and voice[edit]

"Believe" (1998)

"Believe" features the pioneering use of Auto-Tune, also known as the " Cher
Cher
effect".[224]

"Believe" without Auto-Tune

For comparison, Auto-Tune
Auto-Tune
is not applied in this section

Problems playing these files? See media help.

Cher
Cher
has employed various musical styles, including folk rock, pop rock, power ballads, disco, new wave music, rock music, punk rock, arena rock, and hip hop;[225] she said she has done this to "remain relevant and do work that strikes a chord".[226] Her music has mainly dealt with themes of heartbreak, independence, and self-empowerment for women; by doing so, she became "a brokenhearted symbol of a strong but decidedly single woman", according to Out magazine's Judy Wieder.[227] Goldmine magazine's Phill Marder credited Cher's "nearly flawless" song selection as what made her a notorious rock singer; while several of her early songs were penned by or sung with Sonny Bono, most of her solo successes, which outnumbered Sonny and Cher's successes, were composed by independent songwriters, selected by Cher.[228] Not.com.mercial
Not.com.mercial
(2000), the singer's first album mostly written by herself, presents a "1970s singer-songwriter feel" that proves " Cher
Cher
adept in the role of storyteller", according to AllMusic's Jose F. Promis.[229] Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
writes, "There were a lot of great records by female singers in the early days of rock ... None, however, reflected the authority and command that we associate with rock 'n' roll today as much as [Cher's] key early hits".[230] Some of Cher's early songs discuss subjects rarely addressed in American popular music such as divorce, prostitution, unplanned and underaged pregnancy, and racism.[228] According to AllMusic's Joe Viglione, the 1972 single "The Way of Love" is "either about a woman expressing her love for another woman, or a woman saying au revoir to a gay male she loved" ("What will you do/When he sets you free/Just the way that you/Said good-bye to me").[231] Her ability to carry both male and female ranges allowed her to sing solo in androgynous and gender-neutral songs.[231] Cher
Cher
has a contralto singing voice,[232] described by author Nicholas E. Tawa as "bold, deep, and with a spacious vibrato".[225] Ann Powers of The New York Times
The New York Times
called it "a quintessential rock voice: impure, quirky, a fine vehicle for projecting personality."[233] AllMusic's Bruce Eder wrote that the "tremendous intensity and passion" of Cher's vocals coupled with her "ability to meld that projection with her acting skills" can provide "an incredibly powerful experience for the listener." [234] Paul Simpson, in his book The Rough Guide to Cult Pop (2003), posits that " Cher
Cher
[is] the possessor of one of the huskiest, most distinctive voices in pop ... which can work wonders with the right material directed by the right producer".[235] He further addresses the believability of her vocal performances: "she spits out the words ... with such conviction you'd think she was delivering an eternal truth about the human condition".[235] Writing about Cher's musical output during the 1960s, Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
stated that "Rock was subsequently blessed with the staggering blues exclamations of Janis Joplin
Janis Joplin
in the late '60s and the raw poetic force of Patti Smith
Patti Smith
in the mid-'70s. Yet no one matched the pure, seductive wallop of Cher".[230] By contrast, her vocal performances during the 1970s were described by Eder as "dramatic, highly intense ... [and] almost as much 'acted' as sung".[16] First heard in the 1980 record Black Rose,[236] Cher employed sharper, more aggressive vocals in her hard rock-oriented albums, establishing her sexually confident image.[237] For the 1995 album It's a Man's World, she restrained her vocals, singing in higher registers and without vibrato.[130] The 1998 song "Believe" has an electronic vocal effect proposed by Cher,[226] and was the first commercial recording to feature Auto-Tune—an audio processor originally intended to disguise or correct off-key inaccuracies in vocal music recordings—as a deliberate creative effect. After the success of the song, the technique became known as the " Cher
Cher
effect"[224] and has since been widely used in popular music.[238] Cher
Cher
continued to use Auto-Tune
Auto-Tune
on the albums Living Proof (2001)[239] and Closer to the Truth (2013).[240] In an interview in 2013, Cher
Cher
reflected on how her voice had evolved during the course of her career, eventually getting stronger and suppler over the years. While she didn't really like it at the beginning, working with vocal coaches had made a significant difference; she stated in the Toronto Sun: "It's so freaky because people my age are having to lose notes and I'm gaining notes, so that's pretty shocking."[241] Films, music videos, and performances[edit] See also: Cher
Cher
videography

Cher
Cher
performing during the Dressed to Kill Tour in 2014

Author Yvonne Tasker, in her book Working Girls: Gender and Sexuality in Popular Cinema (2002), notes that Cher's film roles often mirrors her public image as a rebellious, sexually autonomous, and self-made woman.[242] In her films, she recurrently serves as a social intermediary to disenfranchised male characters, such as Eric Stoltz's elephantiasis victim in Mask (1985), Liam Neeson's mute homeless veteran in Suspect (1987), and Nicolas Cage's socially isolated baker with a wooden hand in Moonstruck
Moonstruck
(1987).[243] Film critic Kathleen Rowe wrote of Moonstruck
Moonstruck
that the depiction of Cher's character as "a 'woman on top' [is] enhanced by the unruly star persona Cher
Cher
brings to the part'.[244] Jeff Yarbrough of The Advocate
The Advocate
wrote that Cher
Cher
was "one of the first superstars to 'play gay' with compassion and without a hint of stereotyping", as she portrays a lesbian in the 1983 film Silkwood.[245] Cher's public image is also reflected in her music videos and live performances, in which she "repeatedly comments on her own construction, on her search for perfection and on the performance of the female body", wrote Tasker.[246] Unlike other music video and stage acts of that time who often featured female backers who would mimic the singer's performance, Cher
Cher
uses a male dancer dressed as her in the 1992 concert video Cher
Cher
at the Mirage;[246] Author Diane Negra commented, "In authorizing her own quotation, Cher
Cher
acknowledges herself as fictionalized production, and proffers to her audience a pleasurable plurality."[247] James Sullivan of the San Francisco Chronicle wrote that " Cher
Cher
is well aware that her chameleonic glitz set the stage for the current era of stadium-size razzle-dazzle. She's comfortable enough to see such imitation as flattery, not theft."[248] Cher
Cher
was ranked 17th on VH1's list of the "50 Greatest Women of the Video Era".[249] The 1980 video for "Hell on Wheels" involves cinematic techniques[250] and was one of the first music videos ever.[251] Deemed "controversial" for her performance on a Navy warship, straddling a cannon,[119] and wearing a leather thong that revealed her tattooed buttocks,[120] the 1989 music video for "If I Could Turn Back Time" was the first ever to be banned by MTV.[246] Public image[edit] Time magazine's Cady Lang described Cher
Cher
as a "cultural phenomenon [who] has forever changed the way we see celebrity fashion."[252] Cher emerged as a fashion trendsetter in the 1960s, popularizing "hippie fashion with bell-bottoms, bandanas, and Cherokee-inspired tunics".[253] She began working as a model in 1967 for photographer Richard Avedon
Richard Avedon
after then-Vogue magazine editor Diana Vreeland discovered her at a party for Jacqueline Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy
that year.[253] Avedon took the controversial photo of Cher
Cher
in a beaded and feathered nude gown for the cover of Time magazine in 1975.[254] Through her 1970s television shows, she became a sex symbol with her inventive and revealing Bob Mackie-designed outfits, and fought the network censors to bare her navel.[113] Although Cher
Cher
has been erroneously[nb 1] attributed to being the first woman to expose her navel on television, she was the most prominent to do so[257] since the establishment of the American Code of Practices for Television Broadcasters
Code of Practices for Television Broadcasters
in 1951,[258] which prompted network censors to ban navel exposure on U.S. television.[259] People dubbed Cher
Cher
the "pioneer of the belly beautiful".[260] In 1972, after she was featured on the annual "Best Dressed Women" lists, Mackie stated: "There hasn't been a girl like Cher
Cher
since Dietrich and Garbo. She's a high-fashion star who appeals to people of all ages."[261]

Cher
Cher
exposing her navel for a scene from an Egyptian soap opera skit on The Sonny and Cher
Cher
Show, 1977

In May 1999, after the Council of Fashion Designers of America recognized Cher
Cher
with an award for her influence in fashion, Robin Givhan of the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
called her a "fashion visionary" for "striking just the right note of contemporary wretched excess".[262] Givhan referenced Tom Ford, Anna Sui
Anna Sui
and Dolce & Gabbana as "[i]nfluential designers [who] have evoked her name as a source of inspiration and guidance."[262] She concluded that "Cher's Native American showgirl sexpot persona now seems to epitomize the fashion industry's rush to celebrate ethnicity, adornment and sex appeal."[262] Vogue proclaimed Cher
Cher
"[their] favorite fashion trendsetter" and wrote that "[she] set the grounds for pop stars and celebrities today", describing her as "[e]ternally relevant [and] the ruler of outré reinvention".[263] Alexander Fury of The Independent lauded Cher
Cher
as "the ultimate fashion icon" and traced her influence among female celebrities such as Beyoncé, Jennifer Lopez, and Kim Kardashian, stating that "[t]hey all graduated from the Cher
Cher
school of never sharing the stage, with anyone, or anything ... They're trying to share the spotlight, to have Cher's success."[264] Cher
Cher
has attracted media attention for her physical appearance—particularly her youthful looks and her tattoos. Journalists have often called her the "poster girl" of plastic surgery.[265] Author Grant McCracken, in his book Transformations: Identity Construction in Contemporary Culture (2008), draws a parallel between Cher's plastic surgeries and the transformations in her career: "Her plastic surgery is not merely cosmetic. It is hyperbolic, extreme, over the top ... Cher
Cher
has engaged in a transformational technology that is dramatic and irreversible."[265] Caroline Ramazanoglu, author of Up Against Foucault: Explorations of Some Tensions Between Foucault and Feminism (1993), wrote that "Cher's operations have gradually replaced a strong, decidedly 'ethnic' look with a more symmetrical, delicate, 'conventional' ... and ever-youthful version of female beauty ... Her normalised image ... now acts as a standard against which other women will measure, judge, discipline and 'correct' themselves."[266] Cher
Cher
has six tattoos. The Baltimore Sun
The Baltimore Sun
called her the "Ms. Original Rose Tattoo".[267] She got her first tattoo in 1972.[267] According to Sonny Bono, "Calling her butterfly tattoos nothing was like ignoring a sandstorm in the Mojave. That was exactly the effect Cher
Cher
wanted to create. She liked to do things for the shock they created. She still does. She'll create some controversy and then tell her critics to stick it."[268] In the late 1990s, she began having laser treatments to remove her tattoos.[269] The process was still underway in the 2000s. She commented, "When I got tattooed, only bad girls did it: me and Janis Joplin
Janis Joplin
and biker chicks. Now it doesn't mean anything. No one's surprised."[270] In 1992, Madame Tussauds
Madame Tussauds
wax museum honored Cher
Cher
as one of the five "most beautiful women of history" by creating a life-size statue.[271] She was ranked 26th on VH1's list of the "100 Sexiest Artists" published in 2002.[272] Cher's presence on social media has drawn analysis from journalists. Time named her "Twitter's most outspoken (and beloved) commentator".[252] The New York Times
The New York Times
writer Jenna Wortham commended Cher
Cher
on her social media usage, saying "Most celebrities' social-media feeds feel painfully self-aware and thirsty ... In her own way, Cher
Cher
is an outlier, perhaps the last unreconstructed high-profile Twitter
Twitter
user to stand at her digital pulpit and yell (somewhat) incomprehensibly, and be rewarded for it. Online, authenticity and originality are often carefully curated myths. Cher
Cher
thrives on a version of nakedness and honesty that is rarely celebrated in the public eye."[273] Monica Heisey of The Guardian
The Guardian
called Cher's Twitter profile "a jewel in the bizarro crown of the internet", and stated, "While many celebrities use Twitter
Twitter
for carefully crafted self-promotion, Cher
Cher
just lets it all hang out."[274] Other interests[edit] Philanthropy[edit] Cher's primary philanthropic endeavors have included support of health research and patients' quality of life, anti-poverty initiatives, veterans rights, and vulnerable children.[275] The Cher
Cher
Charitable Foundation supports international projects such as the Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund, Operation Helmet, and the Children's Craniofacial Association.[276]

Cher
Cher
at an amfAR event, 2015

Beginning in 1990, Cher
Cher
served as a donor and as the National Chairperson and Honorary Spokesperson for the Children's Craniofacial Association, whose mission is to "empower and give hope to facially disfigured children and their families".[275] The annual Cher's Family Retreat is held each June to provide craniofacial patients, their siblings and parents an opportunity to interact with others who have endured similar experiences. She supports and promotes Get A-Head Charitable Trust, which aims to improve the quality of life for people with head and neck diseases.[275] Cher
Cher
is a donor, fundraiser, and international spokesperson for Keep a Child Alive, an organization that seeks to accelerate action to combat the AIDS pandemic, including the provision of antiretroviral medicine to children and their families with HIV/AIDS.[275] In 1996, she hosted the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR) Benefit alongside Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
at the Cannes Film Festival.[277] In 2015, she received the amfAR Award of Inspiration for "her willingness and ability to use her fame for the greater good" and for being "one of the great champions in the fight against AIDS".[278] Cher
Cher
has been a vocal supporter of American soldiers and returning veterans. She has contributed resources to Operation Helmet, an organization that provides free helmet upgrade kits to troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. She has contributed to the Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund, which serves military personnel who have been disabled in operations in Iraq
Iraq
and Afghanistan, and those severely injured in other operations.[275] In 1993, she participated in a humanitarian effort in Armenia, taking food and medical supplies to the war-torn region.[279] Cher
Cher
has engaged in the construction of houses with Habitat for Humanity and served as the Honorary National Chair of a Habitat's elimination of poverty housing initiative "Raise the Roof", an effort to engage artists in the organization's work while on tour.[275] In 2007, she became the primary supporter of the Peace Village School (PVS) in Ukunda, Kenya, which "provides nutritious food, medical care, education and extracurricular activities for more than 300 orphans and vulnerable children, ages 2 to 13 years."[275] Her support enabled the school to acquire land and build permanent housing and school facilities, and in partnership with Malaria No More
Malaria No More
and other organizations, she piloted an effort to eliminate malaria mortality and morbidity for the children, their caregivers and the surrounding community.[275] In 2016, after the discovery of lead contamination in the drinking water of Flint, Michigan, Cher
Cher
donated more than 180,000 bottles of water to the city as part of a partnership with Icelandic Glacial.[280] Cher's older child, Chaz Bono
Chaz Bono
(born Chastity Bono), first came out as a lesbian at age 17, which reportedly caused Cher
Cher
to feel "guilt, fear and pain".[281] However, she soon came to accept Chaz's sexual orientation, and came to the conclusion that LGBT
LGBT
people "didn't have the same rights as everyone else, [and she] thought that was unfair".[282] She was the keynote speaker for the 1997 national Parents, Families, & Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) convention, and has since become one of the LGBT
LGBT
community's most vocal advocates.[282] In May 1998, she received the GLAAD Vanguard Award for having "made a significant difference in promoting equal rights for lesbians and gay men".[283] On June 11, 2009, Chaz came out as a transgender man, and his transition from female to male was legally finalized on May 6, 2010.[46] Politics[edit]

Cher
Cher
during her July 12, 2006 visit at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, Germany, which treats injured U.S. military personnel serving in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Iraq

Cher
Cher
has said that she is not a registered Democrat, but has attended many Democratic conventions and events.[284] Over the years, Cher's political views have attracted media attention, and she has been an outspoken critic of the conservative movement. In an interview with Vanity Fair, she was critical of a variety of political topics, including Republican politicians like Sarah Palin
Sarah Palin
and Jan Brewer.[201] She has commented that she did not understand why anyone would be a Republican because eight years under the administration of George W. Bush "almost killed [her]".[285] During the 2000 United States presidential election, ABC News
ABC News
wrote that she was determined to do "whatever possible to keep him [Bush] out of office".[284] She told the site, "If you're black in this country, if you're a woman in this country, if you are any minority in this country at all, what could possibly possess you to vote Republican? ... You won't have one fucking right left."[284] She added, "I don't like Bush. I don't trust him. I don't like his record. He's stupid. He's lazy."[284] On October 27, 2003, Cher
Cher
anonymously called a C-SPAN
C-SPAN
phone-in program to recount a visit she made to maimed soldiers at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center and criticized the lack of media coverage and government attention given to injured servicemen. She remarked that she watches C-SPAN
C-SPAN
every day. Although she identified herself as an unnamed entertainer, she was recognized by the C-SPAN
C-SPAN
host, who subsequently questioned her about her 1992 support for independent presidential candidate Ross Perot. She said, "When I heard him talk right in the beginning, I thought that he would bring some sort of common-sense business approach and also less partisanship, but then ... I was completely disappointed like everyone else when he just kind of cut and run and no one knew exactly why ... Maybe he couldn't have withstood all the investigation that goes on now".[286] On Memorial Day
Memorial Day
weekend in 2006, Cher
Cher
called into C-SPAN's Washington Journal endorsing Operation Helmet, a group that provides helmets to help soldiers avoid head injuries while in the war zone.[287] On June 14, 2006, she made a guest appearance on C-SPAN
C-SPAN
with Dr. Bob Meaders, the founder of Operation Helmet.[288] That year, in an interview with Stars and Stripes, she explained her "against the war in Iraq
Iraq
but for the troops" position: "I don't have to be for this war to support the troops because these men and women do what they think is right. They do what they're told to do. They do it with a really good heart. They do the best they can. They don't ask for anything."[289] Cher
Cher
supported Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
in her 2008 presidential campaign.[201] After Obama won the Democratic nomination, she supported his candidacy on radio[290] and TV programs.[291] However, in a 2010 interview with Vanity Fair, she commented that she "still thinks Hillary would have done a better job", although she "accepts the fact that Barack Obama inherited insurmountable problems".[201] During the 2012 United States presidential election, Cher
Cher
and comedian Kathy Griffin
Kathy Griffin
released a public service announcement titled "Don't Let Mitt Turn Back Time on Women's Rights". In the PSA, the pair criticized Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
for his support of Richard Mourdock, the U.S. Senate candidate who suggested that pregnancies resulting from rape were "part of God's plan".[292] In September 2013, Cher
Cher
declined an invitation to perform at the 2014 Winter Olympics opening ceremony in Russia due to the country's controversial anti-gay legislation that overshadowed preparations for the event.[293] In June 2015, after Donald Trump
Donald Trump
announced his candidacy for president, she made a series of critical comments on Twitter, stating that "Donald Trump's punishment is being Donald Trump".[294] Impact and influence[edit]

Wax figure of Cher
Cher
wearing an outfit similar to the one she wore at the 60th Academy Awards
60th Academy Awards
in 1988

According to Goldmine magazine's Phill Marder, Cher
Cher
"has been and remains today one of the Rock Era's most dominant figures".[295] He described her as the leader of an effort in the 1960s to "advance feminine rebellion in the rock world [and] the prototype of the female rock star, setting the standard for appearance, from her early hippie days to her later outlandish outfits, and her attitude—the perfect female punk long before punk even was a rock term."[228] According to Jeff Miers from The Buffalo News, "Her music has changed with the times over the decades, rather than changing those times through groundbreaking work"; however, he felt that subsequent female singers such as Cyndi Lauper, Christina Aguilera, Lady Gaga, and Madonna, whom he calls "her generation's Cher", were heavily inspired by Cher's abilities to combine "showmanship with deep musicality ... to make valid statements in a wide variety of trend-driven idioms ... to ease effortlessly between pop subgenres [and] to shock without alienating her fans", as well as by her charismatic stage presence and the strong LGBT
LGBT
support among her fan base.[296] Billboard's Keith Caulfield wrote that "There's divas, and then there's Cher."[297] She is commonly referred to by the media as the "Goddess of Pop."[298] Cher
Cher
has repeatedly reinvented herself through various personas,[299] for which Professor Richard Aquila from Ball State University
Ball State University
called her "the ultimate pop chameleon".[300] The New York Times
The New York Times
declared Cher
Cher
as the "Queen of the Comeback".[145] According to author Lucy O'Brien, " Cher
Cher
adheres to the American Dream of reinvention of self: 'Getting old does not have to mean getting obsolete.'"[301] Author Craig Crawford, in his book The Politics of Life: 25 Rules for Survival in a Brutal and Manipulative World (2007), describes Cher
Cher
as "a model of flexible career management", and relates her career successes to a constant reshaping of her image according to the evolving trends of popular culture.[302] He further explains that she billed "each dramatic turnaround of style as another example of rebellion—an image that allowed her to make calculated changes while appearing to be consistent."[302] Author Grant McCracken stated, "The term 'reinvention' is now often used to talk about the careers of American celebrities. But in Cher's case, it is particularly apt [because she] is inclined to lock on to each new fashion wave [and] is swept violently down the diffusion stream and out of fashion. Only substantial re-creation permits her to return to stardom."[265] Her "integrity" and "perseverance" are highlighted in the Reaching Your Goals book series of illustrated inspirational stories for children, in which her life is detailed emphasizing the importance of self-actualization: "For years, Cher
Cher
worked hard to become a successful singer. Then she worked hard to become an actress. Even when she needed money, she turned down movie roles that weren't right for her. Her goal has always been to be a good actress, not just a rich and famous one."[243] Cher's "ability to forge an immensely successful and lengthy career as a woman in a male-dominated entertainment world"[296] has drawn attention from feminist critics.[303] According to author Diane Negra, Cher
Cher
was presented in the beginning of her career as a product of male creativity;[304] Cher
Cher
remembers, "It was a time when girl singers were patted on the head for being good and told not to think".[145] However, her image eventually changed due to her "refusal of dependence on a man and the determination not only to forge a career (as an actor) on her own terms but to refuse the conventional role assigned to women over forty years old in an industry that fetishises youth", wrote author Yvonne Tasker.[305] She was featured in the 16th-anniversary edition of Ms. magazine as an "authentic feminist hero" and a 1980s role model for women: "Cher, the straightforward, tattooed, dyslexic single mother, the first Oscar winner to have entered into matrimony with a known heroin addict and to have admitted to being a fashion victim by choice, has finally landed in an era that's not afraid to applaud real women."[306] Stephanie Brush from The New York Times
The New York Times
wrote, following the telecast of Cher's Oscar win in 1988, that she "performs the function for women moviegoers that Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
has always fulfilled for men. Free of the burden of ever having been America's sweetheart, she is the one who represents us [women] in our revenge fantasies, telling all the fatheads ... exactly where they can go. You need to be more than beautiful to get away with this. You need to have been Cher
Cher
for 40 years."[40] Alec Mapa
Alec Mapa
of The Advocate
The Advocate
elaborates: "While the rest of us were sleeping, Cher's been out there for the last four decades living out every single one of our childhood fantasies ... Cher
Cher
embodies an unapologetic freedom and fearlessness that some of us can only aspire to."[307] Rolling Stone's Jancee Dunn
Jancee Dunn
wrote, " Cher
Cher
is the coolest woman who ever stood in shoes. Why? Because her motto is, 'I don't give a shit what you think, I'm going to wear this multicolored wig.' There are folks all over America who would, in their heart of hearts, love to date people half their age, get multiple tattoos and wear feathered headdresses. Cher
Cher
does it for us."[308] Alexander Fury of The Independent
The Independent
wrote that Cher
Cher
"represents a seemingly immortal, omnipotent, uni-monikered level of fame."[264] Bego stated: "No one in the history of show business has had a career of the magnitude and scope of Cher's. She has been a teenage pop star, a television hostess, a fashion magazine model, a rock star, a pop singer, a Broadway actress, an Academy Award-winning movie star, a disco sensation, and the subject of a mountain of press coverage."[309] Gay icon[edit] Cher
Cher
is considered a gay icon, and many in the LGBT
LGBT
community have embraced her as a popular culture icon. The reverence held for Cher
Cher
by members of the community has been attributed to her accomplishments in her career, her sense of style and her longevity.[310] Cher
Cher
has often been imitated by drag queens, including RuPaul's Drag Race
RuPaul's Drag Race
contestants Chad Michaels
Chad Michaels
and Charlie Hides.[311] Thomas Rogers of Salon magazine commented that "[d]rag queens imitate women like Judy Garland, Dolly Parton and Cher
Cher
because they overcame insult and hardship on their path to success, and because their narratives mirror the pain that many gay men suffer on their way out of the closet."[311] Cher's performance as a lesbian in the film Silkwood
Silkwood
as well as her transition to dance music and social activism in recent years has further contributed to her becoming a gay icon.[312] Her older child, Chaz Bono, first came out as gay at 17, which caused Cher
Cher
feelings of "guilt, fear and pain".[312] She later characterized this as "a very un-Cher-like reaction." However, Cher
Cher
soon came to accept Chaz's sexual orientation, and reached the conclusion that LGBT people "didn't have the same rights as everyone else", which she thought was unfair.[313] She was the keynote speaker for the 1997 national Parents, Families, & Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) convention.[312][313] Cher
Cher
has since become one of the gay community's most vocal advocates. On June 11, 2009 Chaz Bono
Chaz Bono
came out as a transgender individual, and his transition to male was legally finalized on May 6, 2010.[314] In 1998 Cher
Cher
was honored with a GLAAD Media Award
GLAAD Media Award
from the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation and in November 1999, The Advocate named Cher
Cher
as one of the '25 Coolest Women'.[315] In October 2005 the Bravo program Great Things About Being... declared Cher
Cher
"the number one greatest thing about being gay."[316] William J. Mann, author of Gay Pride: A Celebration of All Things Gay and Lesbian, comments "[w]e'll be dancing to a ninety-year-old Cher
Cher
when we're sixty. Just watch",[317] and in a 2007 'Top Ten Gay Icons', formed by Digital Spy, it was stated that: "US comedian Jimmy James was spot-on when he quipped: "After a nuclear holocaust, all that will be left are cockroaches and Cher"."[318] The NBC
NBC
sitcom Will & Grace acknowledged her status by making her the idol of gay character Jack McFarland.[319] Cher
Cher
guest-starred as herself twice on the sitcom, in 2000 and 2002.[319] In 2000, Cher
Cher
made a cameo on the show, in which Jack believed her to be a drag queen and said he could "do" a better Cher
Cher
himself. In 2002, she portrayed God in Jack's imagined version of Heaven.[319] Achievements and recognition[edit] See also: List of awards and nominations received by Cher Throughout her solo career, Cher
Cher
has sold 100 million records worldwide, becoming one of the best-selling music artists of all time.[201][320] She is the only artist to date to have a number-one single on a Billboard chart in each decade from the 1960s to the 2010s.[205] She has held U.S. Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
number-one singles over the longest period of time in history: 33 years, seven months and three weeks between "I Got You Babe", which topped the chart for the first time on August 14, 1965, and "Believe", whose last week at number one was April 3, 1999.[167] With "Believe", she became the oldest female artist to have a U.S. number-one song in the rock era, at the age of 52.[321] Billboard ranked her at number 43 on their "Greatest Hot 100 Artists of All Time" list.[322] In 2014, the magazine listed her as the 23rd highest-grossing touring act since 1990, with total earned revenue of $351.6 million and 4.5 million attendance at her shows.[323] In 2003, Cher
Cher
appeared at number 41 on VH1's list of "The 200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons", which recognizes "the folks that have significantly inspired and impacted American society".[324] She was ranked 31st on VH1's list of "The 100 Greatest Women in Music", based on the period 1992–2012.[325] Esquire magazine placed her at number 44 on their list of "The 75 Greatest Women of All Time".[326] In a 2001 poll, Biography magazine ranked her as their third favorite leading actress of all time, behind Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
and Katharine Hepburn.[327] She was featured on the "100 Greatest Movie Stars of our Time" list compiled by People.[328] She is one of the few artists to win three of the four major American entertainment awards (EGOT—Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony),[329] and one of five actor-singers to have had a U.S. number-one single and won an acting Academy Award.[52] Discography[edit] Main articles: Cher albums discography
Cher albums discography
and Cher
Cher
singles discography See also: Sonny & Cher
Cher
discography

All I Really Want to Do
All I Really Want to Do
(1965) The Sonny Side of Chér
The Sonny Side of Chér
(1966) Chér (1966) With Love, Chér
With Love, Chér
(1967) Backstage (1968) 3614 Jackson Highway
3614 Jackson Highway
(1969) Chér (1971) Foxy Lady (1972) Bittersweet White Light
Bittersweet White Light
(1973) Half-Breed (1973) Dark Lady (1974) Stars (1975) I'd Rather Believe in You
I'd Rather Believe in You
(1976) Cherished
Cherished
(1977) Take Me Home (1979) Prisoner (1979) I Paralyze
I Paralyze
(1982) Cher
Cher
(1987) Heart of Stone (1989) Love Hurts
Love Hurts
(1991) It's a Man's World (1995) Believe (1998) Not.com.mercial
Not.com.mercial
(2000) Living Proof (2001) Closer to the Truth (2013)

Concerts[edit] Main article: List of Cher
Cher
concerts Tours

Cher in Concert
Cher in Concert
(1979–1982) Heart of Stone Tour
Heart of Stone Tour
(1990) Love Hurts Tour
Love Hurts Tour
(1992) Do You Believe? (1999–2000) Living Proof: The Farewell Tour (2002–2005) Dressed to Kill Tour (2014)

Residencies

A Celebration at Caesars Palace (1979–1982) Cher
Cher
(2008–2011) Classic Cher
Classic Cher
(2017–2018)

Filmography[edit] Main article: Cher
Cher
filmography

Good Times (1967) Chastity (1969) Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean (1982) Silkwood
Silkwood
(1983) Mask (1985) Suspect (1987) The Witches of Eastwick (1987) Moonstruck
Moonstruck
(1987) Mermaids (1990) The Player (1992) Prêt-à-Porter (1994) Faithful (1996) If These Walls Could Talk
If These Walls Could Talk
(1996) Tea with Mussolini
Tea with Mussolini
(1999) Stuck on You (2003) Burlesque
Burlesque
(2010) Zookeeper (2011) Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again (2018)

See also[edit]

Biography portal Cher
Cher
portal

Book: Cher

Honorific nicknames in popular music List of best-selling music artists List of highest-grossing concert tours List of people of self-identified Cherokee ancestry Mononymous persons Culture of the United States

References[edit] Notes

^ Nichelle Nichols
Nichelle Nichols
and BarBara Luna
BarBara Luna
in the TV series Star Trek
Star Trek
episode "Mirror, Mirror" on October 6, 1967,[255] and Diana Ewing in the episode "The Cloud Minders" of the same program on February 28, 1969.[256]

Footnotes[edit]

^ a b Bellafante, Ginia (January 19, 1998). "Appreciation: The Sonny Side of Life". Time. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ a b Berman 2001, p. 17. ^ Bego 2001, p. 11: Sarkisian's profession; Berman 2001, p. 17: Sarkisian's nationality and personal problems, Crouch's profession; Cheever, Susan (May 17, 1993). "In a Broken Land". People. Retrieved January 16, 2016. : Sarkisian's nationality, Crouch's ancestry. ^ a b c d Parish & Pitts 2003, p. 147. ^ Berman 2001, pp. 17–18. ^ a b c Berman 2001, p. 18. ^ Bego 2001, p. 10. ^ Cher
Cher
& Coplon 1998, p. 39. ^ a b c Berman 2001, p. 22. ^ a b c Berman 2001, p. 21. ^ "Cheryl Lapiere, Born 05/20/1946 in California". California Birth Index. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ Berman 2001, p. 23. ^ a b Berman 2001, p. 24. ^ Berman 2001, p. 27. ^ a b Berman 2001, p. 28. ^ a b c d e f g h Eder, Bruce. "Cher — Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ " Cher
Cher
divorces Sonny". Record-Journal. June 28, 1975. Retrieved April 24, 2016.  ^ Cher
Cher
& Coplon 1998, p. 94. ^ Bego 2001, pp. 29–30. ^ a b Caulfield, Keith (May 20, 2014). "Cher's 20 Biggest Billboard Hits". Billboard. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ Bego 2001, p. 40. ^ "Cher — Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ Sendra, Tim. " All I Really Want to Do
All I Really Want to Do
– Cher — Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ Cher
Cher
& Coplon 1998, p. 98. ^ Cher
Cher
& Coplon 1998, pp. 108–109. ^ a b c d Wilson, Cintra (February 22, 2000). "Cher". Salon. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ Caulfield, Keith (August 14, 2015). "Rewinding the Charts: Fifty Years Ago, Sonny & Cher
Cher
'Got' to No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ "500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 16, 2015.  ^ Cher
Cher
& Coplon 1998, pp. 110–111. ^ Cher
Cher
& Coplon 1998, p. 114. ^ a b c Parish & Pitts 2003, p. 149. ^ Cher
Cher
& Coplon 1998, p. 116. ^ a b Parish & Pitts 2003, p. 148. ^ a b Caulfield, Keith (October 2, 2013). " Cher
Cher
Earns Highest-Charting Solo Album Ever on Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ "Sonny & Cher
Cher
– Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ DeCaro, Frank (May 31, 1998). "Style Over Substance; Got You Babe: Cher
Cher
Reclaims Her History". The New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2016.  ^ Bego 2001, pp. 45–54. ^ a b c Berman 2001, p. 31. ^ Cher
Cher
& Coplon 1998, p. 134. ^ a b Brush, Stephanie (March 20, 1988). "Cher: Yes? No? (Check Only One)". The New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ a b Bego 2001, pp. 55–56. ^ Bego 2001, p. 54. ^ a b Bego 2001, pp. 58–59. ^ Deming, Mark. " 3614 Jackson Highway
3614 Jackson Highway
– Cher — Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ a b Green, Michelle (August 5, 1991). "Sonny on Cher". People. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ a b "Chaz Bono, Cher's child, becomes a man after Southern California judges grants gender change". Herald Sun. May 7, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ Berman 2001, pp. 31–32. ^ a b c Johnson, Anne Janette (2002). " Cher
Cher
Facts, information, pictures". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ a b Berman 2001, pp. 32–33. ^ Berman 2001, p. 33. ^ Berman 2001, pp. 33–34. ^ a b Erickson, Hal. "Cher — Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos". AllMovie. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ Mansour 2005, p. 450. ^ Bego 2001, pp. 76–78. ^ a b Bego 2001, pp. 68–72. ^ Rob Tannenbaum, Rob (May 19, 2017). "Cher's 'Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves': Why It's One of the 20th Century's Greatest Songs". Billboard. Retrieved September 10, 2017.  ^ Bego 2001, p. 72. ^ Bronson 1997, p. 301. ^ Bego 2001, p. 81. ^ a b Bronson 1997, p. 345. ^ Bego 2001, pp. 81–82. ^ a b Bronson 1997, p. 359. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Gold & Platinum". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ Kirsch, Bob (November 17, 1974). "Top Album Picks". Billboard. Retrieved January 16, 2016.  ^ Larkin 2011, p. 2999. ^ a b c d e f g h Danza, Johnny; Ferguson, Dean. "Cher: Back To The Dance Floor!". About.com. Archived from the original on September 18, 2005.  ^ "On the Record". People. May 11, 1998. Retrieved January 17, 2016.  ^ a b c Berman 2001, p. 35. ^ Bono 1992, p. 4. ^ a b "Cher". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved January 17, 2016.  ^ Hyatt 2003, p. 231. ^ Higgins, Bill (November 2, 2012). "How David Geffen Romanced Cher and Built a Music Empire". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 17, 2016.  ^ a b Crampton & Rees 1999, p. 194. ^ a b Bego 2001, pp. 97–98. ^ Berman 2001, p. 41. ^ Bego 2001, p. 101. ^ Berman 2001, p. 36. ^ a b Bego 2001, p. 102. ^ a b Lonergan & Studwell 1999, p. 208. ^ Bego 2001, p. 105. ^ " Cher
Cher
marries Greg Allman — Jun 30, 1975". History. Retrieved January 17, 2016.  ^ a b Cagle, Jess (July 10, 1992). " Gregg Allman
Gregg Allman
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Bego, Mark (2001). Cher: If You Believe. Taylor Trade Publications. ISBN 0-8154-1153-7.  Berman, Connie (2001). Cher. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7910-5907-4.  Bernstein, Robert A. (2003). Straight Parents, Gay Children: Keeping Families Together. Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1-56025-452-1.  Bono, Sonny (1992). And the Beat Goes On. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-69367-0.  Bronson, Fred (1997). The Billboard Book
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of Number One Hits. Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-7641-5.  Carson, Mina; Lewis, Tisa; Shaw, Susan M. (2004). Girls Rock! Fifty Years of Women Making Music. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2904-4.  Cher; Coplon, Jeff (1998). The First Time. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-80900-1.  Chunovic, Louis (2000). One Foot on the Floor: The Curious Evolution of Sex on Television from I Love Lucy to South Park. TV Books. ISBN 1-57500-186-1.  Crampton, Luke; Rees, Dafydd (1999). Rock Stars Encyclopedia. Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7894-4613-8.  Crawford, Craig (2007). The Politics of Life: 25 Rules for Survival in a Brutal and Manipulative World. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 1-4422-1297-7.  Hochman, Steve (1999). Popular Musicians. Salem Press. ISBN 0-89356-990-9.  Howard, Josiah (2014). Cher: Strong Enough. Plexus Publishing. ISBN 0-85965-897-X.  Hyatt, Wesley (2003). Short-Lived Television Series, 1948–1978: Thirty Years of More Than 1,000 Flops. McFarland. ISBN 1-4766-0515-7.  Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.  Laufenberg, Norbert B. (2005). Entertainment Celebrities. Trafford Publishing. ISBN 1-4120-5335-8.  Lonergan, David F.; Studwell, William Emmett (1999). The Classic Rock and Roll Reader: Rock Music from Its Beginnings to the Mid-1970s. Psychology Press. ISBN 0-7890-0151-9.  Mansour, David (2005). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-9307-1.  McCracken, Grant David (2008). Transformations: Identity Construction in Contemporary Culture. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-21957-4.  Negra, Diane (2001). Off-White Hollywood: American Culture and Ethnic Female Stardom. Psychology Press. ISBN 0-415-21678-8.  Parish, James Robert; Pitts, Michael R. (2003). Hollywood Songsters: Allyson to Funicello. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-94332-9.  Plumez, Jacqueline Hornor (2002). Mother Power: Discover the Difference That Women Have Made All Over the World. EBSCO Publishing. ISBN 1-4022-5247-1.  Quirk, Lawrence J. (1991). Totally Uninhibited: The Life and Wild Times of Cher. William Morrow and Company. ISBN 0-688-09822-3.  Ramazanoglu, Caroline (1993). Up Against Foucault: Explorations of Some Tensions Between Foucault and Feminism. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-05011-1.  Roedy, Bill (2011). What Makes Business Rock: Building the World's Largest Global Networks. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 1-118-00476-0.  Semonche, John E. (2007). Censoring Sex: A Historical Journey Through American Media. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-7425-5132-6.  Simpson, Paul (2003). The Rough Guide to Cult Pop. Rough Guides. ISBN 1-84353-229-8.  Sonneborn, Liz (2002). A to Z of American Women in the Performing Arts. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-4398-1.  Tasker, Yvonne (2002). Working Girls: Gender and Sexuality in Popular Cinema. Routledge. ISBN 1-134-82660-5.  Tawa, Nicholas E. (2005). Supremely American: Popular Song in the 20th Century. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-5295-0.  Trier-Bieniek, Adrienne (2014). Gender & Pop Culture: A Text-Reader. Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 94-6209-575-2.  Ullman, Dana (2007). The Homeopathic Revolution: Why Famous People and Cultural Heroes Choose Homeopathy. North Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-55643-671-8.  Zuckoff, Mitchell (2009). Robert Altman: The Oral Biography. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 0-307-27335-0. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutCherat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata

Official website Cher
Cher
at Encyclopædia Britannica Cher
Cher
at AllMovie Cher
Cher
at AllMusic Cher
Cher
in the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
Directory Cher
Cher
on IMDb Cher
Cher
at the TCM Movie Database

v t e

Cher

Albums Singles Filmography Tours Videography Awards

Studio albums

All I Really Want to Do The Sonny Side of Chér Chér With Love, Chér Backstage 3614 Jackson Highway Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves Foxy Lady Bittersweet White Light Half-Breed Dark Lady Stars I'd Rather Believe in You Cherished Take Me Home Prisoner I Paralyze Cher Heart of Stone Love Hurts It's a Man's World Believe not.com.mercial Living Proof Closer to the Truth

Compilations

Golden Greats Superpack Vol. 1 and 2 Greatest Hits Greatest Hits: 1965–1992 If I Could Turn Back Time: Cher's Greatest Hits The Greatest Hits The Very Best of Cher Gold

Soundtracks

Chastity Mermaids Burlesque

Music video releases

The Video Collection The Very Best of Cher: The Video Hits Collection

Live releases

Extravaganza: Live at the Mirage Live in Concert Live! The Farewell Tour The Farewell Tour Live at the Mirage

Other video releases

CherFitness: A New Attitude CherFitness: Body Confidence

Tours and residencies

Cher
Cher
in Concert Heart of Stone Tour Love Hurts
Love Hurts
Tour Do You Believe? Living Proof: The Farewell Tour Cher Dressed to Kill Tour Classic Cher

Television

The Sonny & Cher
Cher
Comedy Hour Cher Cher... Special Dear Mom, Love Cher

Books

The Ugly Duckling (audiobook)

Related music

Sonny Bono
Sonny Bono
(first husband) Sonny & Cher

discography

Gregg Allman
Gregg Allman
(second husband) "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" "Be My Baby" Two the Hard Way Black Rose "Love Can Build a Bridge"

Related tours

Two the Hard Way
Two the Hard Way
Tour The Black Rose Show

Related articles

Cher
Cher
as a gay icon Chaz Bono
Chaz Bono
(son) Elijah Blue Allman (son) Mego Sonny & Cher
Cher
Toys Uninhibited

Book Category Portal

v t e

Cher
Cher
singles

1960s

"All I Really Want to Do" "Where Do You Go" "Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)" "Alfie" "I Feel Something in the Air" "Sunny" "Hey Joe" "You Better Sit Down Kids" "For What It's Worth"

1970s

"Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves" "The Way of Love" "Living in a House Divided" "Don't Hide Your Love" "Am I Blue" "Half-Breed" "Dark Lady" "Train of Thought" "Take Me Home" "Wasn't It Good" "Hell on Wheels"

1980s

"Rudy" "I Paralyze" "I Found Someone" "We All Sleep Alone" "Skin Deep" "Main Man" "After All" "If I Could Turn Back Time" "Just Like Jesse James"

1990s

"Heart of Stone" "You Wouldn't Know Love" "Baby I'm Yours" "The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)" "Love and Understanding" "Save Up All Your Tears" "Love Hurts" "Could've Been You" "When Lovers Become Strangers" "Oh No Not My Baby" "Whenever You're Near" "Many Rivers to Cross" "Walking in Memphis" "One by One" "Not Enough Love in the World" "The Sun Ain't Gonna Shine Anymore" "Paradise Is Here" "Believe" "Strong Enough" "All or Nothing" "Dov'è l'amore"

2000s

"The Music's No Good Without You" "Song for the Lonely" "Alive Again" "A Different Kind of Love Song" "When the Money's Gone" "Love One Another"

2010s

"You Haven't Seen the Last of Me" "Woman's World" "I Hope You Find It" "Take It Like a Man" "I Walk Alone"

Guest singles

"A Love Like Yours (Don't Come Knocking Everyday)" "Dead Ringer for Love" "I Got You Babe" "It Ain't Necessarily So" "Love Can Build a Bridge" "Più che puoi" "Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered"

Book Category Portal

Awards for Cher

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Actress

1928–1950

Janet Gaynor
Janet Gaynor
(1928) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1929) Norma Shearer
Norma Shearer
(1930) Marie Dressler
Marie Dressler
(1931) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1932) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1933) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1934) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1935) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1936) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1937) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1938) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1939) Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
(1940) Joan Fontaine
Joan Fontaine
(1941) Greer Garson
Greer Garson
(1942) Jennifer Jones
Jennifer Jones
(1943) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1944) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1945) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1946) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1947) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1950)

1951–1975

Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1951) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1952) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1954) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1955) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1956) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1957) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1958) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1959) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1960) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1961) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1962) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1963) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1964) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1965) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1966) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1967) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1968) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1969) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1972) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1973) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(1974) Louise Fletcher
Louise Fletcher
(1975)

1976–2000

Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1980) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1983) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1984) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1985) Marlee Matlin
Marlee Matlin
(1986) Cher
Cher
(1987) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1988) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1989) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(1990) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1994) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1995) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1996) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1997) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(1998) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000)

2001–present

Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2001) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2002) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2003) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2009) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2010) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
Award for Best Actress

1946–1975

Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1946) Isa Miranda
Isa Miranda
(1949) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1951) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) cast of Bolshaya Semya (1955) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1956) Giulietta Masina
Giulietta Masina
(1957) Bibi Andersson
Bibi Andersson
/ Eva Dahlbeck
Eva Dahlbeck
/ Barbro Hiort af Ornäs / Ingrid Thulin (1958) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1959) Melina Mercouri
Melina Mercouri
/ Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1960) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1961) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Rita Tushingham
Rita Tushingham
(1962) Marina Vlady
Marina Vlady
(1963) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
/ Barbara Barrie
Barbara Barrie
(1964) Samantha Eggar
Samantha Eggar
(1965) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1966) Pia Degermark
Pia Degermark
(1967) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1969) Ottavia Piccolo
Ottavia Piccolo
(1970) Kitty Winn (1971) Susannah York
Susannah York
(1972) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1973) Marie-José Nat
Marie-José Nat
(1974) Valerie Perrine
Valerie Perrine
(1975)

1976–2000

Dominique Sanda
Dominique Sanda
/ Mari Törőcsik
Mari Törőcsik
(1976) Shelley Duvall
Shelley Duvall
/ Monique Mercure (1977) Jill Clayburgh
Jill Clayburgh
/ Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(1980) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1981) Jadwiga Jankowska-Cieślak
Jadwiga Jankowska-Cieślak
(1982) Hanna Schygulla
Hanna Schygulla
(1983) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1984) Norma Aleandro
Norma Aleandro
/ Cher
Cher
(1985) Barbara Sukowa
Barbara Sukowa
/ Fernanda Torres
Fernanda Torres
(1986) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
(1987) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
/ Jodhi May / Linda Mvusi
Linda Mvusi
(1988) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1989) Krystyna Janda
Krystyna Janda
(1990) Irène Jacob
Irène Jacob
(1991) Pernilla August
Pernilla August
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Virna Lisi
Virna Lisi
(1994) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1995) Brenda Blethyn
Brenda Blethyn
(1996) Kathy Burke (1997) Élodie Bouchez
Élodie Bouchez
/ Natacha Régnier
Natacha Régnier
(1998) Séverine Caneele
Séverine Caneele
/ Émilie Dequenne
Émilie Dequenne
(1999) Björk
Björk
(2000)

2001–present

Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2001) Kati Outinen (2002) Marie-Josée Croze
Marie-Josée Croze
(2003) Maggie Cheung
Maggie Cheung
(2004) Hana Laszlo
Hana Laszlo
(2005) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
/ Carmen Maura
Carmen Maura
/ Lola Dueñas
Lola Dueñas
/ Chus Lampreave
Chus Lampreave
/ Blanca Portillo / Yohana Cobo
Yohana Cobo
(2006) Jeon Do-yeon
Jeon Do-yeon
(2007) Sandra Corveloni (2008) Charlotte Gainsbourg
Charlotte Gainsbourg
(2009) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
(2010) Kirsten Dunst
Kirsten Dunst
(2011) Cristina Flutur / Cosmina Stratan (2012) Bérénice Bejo
Bérénice Bejo
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Emmanuelle Bercot
Emmanuelle Bercot
/ Rooney Mara
Rooney Mara
(2015) Jaclyn Jose (2016) Diane Kruger
Diane Kruger
(2017)

v t e

David di Donatello
David di Donatello
Award for Best Foreign Actress

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1957) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1959) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1960) Brigitte Bardot
Brigitte Bardot
(1961) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1962) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1963) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1964) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1965) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1966) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
/ Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1967) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
/ Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1968) Mia Farrow
Mia Farrow
/ Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1969) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1970) Ali MacGraw
Ali MacGraw
(1971) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1972) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1973) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
/ Tatum O'Neal
Tatum O'Neal
(1974) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1975) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
/ Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1976) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
/ Annie Girardot
Annie Girardot
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
/ Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1978) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
/ Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1979) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(1980) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(1981) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1982) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1983) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1984) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1985) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1986) Norma Aleandro
Norma Aleandro
(1987) Cher
Cher
(1988) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1989) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1990) Anne Parillaud
Anne Parillaud
(1991) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
/ Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1992) Emmanuelle Béart
Emmanuelle Béart
/ Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
/ Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1993) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1994) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1995) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1996)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical

Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1950) June Allyson
June Allyson
(1951) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1952) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1953) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1954) Jean Simmons
Jean Simmons
(1955) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1956) Kay Kendall
Kay Kendall
/ Taina Elg
Taina Elg
(1957) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1958) Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
(1959) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1960) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1961) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1962) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1963) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1964) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1965) Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
(1966) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1967) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1968) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1969) Carrie Snodgress (1970) Twiggy
Twiggy
(1971) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1972) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1973) Raquel Welch
Raquel Welch
(1974) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1975) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
/ Marsha Mason
Marsha Mason
(1977) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
/ Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1978) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1980) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1981) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1982) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(1983) Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
(1984) Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
(1985) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1986) Cher
Cher
(1987) Melanie Griffith
Melanie Griffith
(1988) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1989) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1990) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1991) Miranda Richardson
Miranda Richardson
(1992) Angela Bassett
Angela Bassett
(1993) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(1994) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(1995) Madonna (1996) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1997) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(1998) Janet McTeer
Janet McTeer
(1999) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2000) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2001) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2002) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2003) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2006) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2007) Sally Hawkins
Sally Hawkins
(2008) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2009) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(2010) Michelle Williams (2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2012) Amy Adams
Amy Adams
(2013) Amy Adams
Amy Adams
(2014) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Saoirse Ronan
Saoirse Ronan
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy

Donna Reed
Donna Reed
(1962) Inger Stevens
Inger Stevens
(1963) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1964) Anne Francis
Anne Francis
(1965) Marlo Thomas
Marlo Thomas
(1966) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1967) Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
(1968) Carol Burnett/ Julie Sommars
Julie Sommars
(1969) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1970) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1971) Jean Stapleton
Jean Stapleton
(1972) Cher/ Jean Stapleton
Jean Stapleton
(1973) Valerie Harper
Valerie Harper
(1974) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1975) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1976) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1977) Linda Lavin
Linda Lavin
(1978) Linda Lavin
Linda Lavin
(1979) Katherine Helmond
Katherine Helmond
(1980) Eileen Brennan
Eileen Brennan
(1981) Debbie Allen
Debbie Allen
(1982) Joanna Cassidy
Joanna Cassidy
(1983) Shelley Long
Shelley Long
(1984) Estelle Getty/ Cybill Shepherd
Cybill Shepherd
(1985) Cybill Shepherd
Cybill Shepherd
(1986) Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
(1987) Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
(1988) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(1989) Kirstie Alley
Kirstie Alley
(1990) Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
(1991) Roseanne Barr
Roseanne Barr
(1992) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1993) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1994) Cybill Shepherd
Cybill Shepherd
(1995) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1996) Calista Flockhart
Calista Flockhart
(1997) Jenna Elfman
Jenna Elfman
(1998) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(1999) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(2000) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(2001) Jennifer Aniston
Jennifer Aniston
(2002) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(2003) Teri Hatcher
Teri Hatcher
(2004) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
(2005) America Ferrera
America Ferrera
(2006) Tina Fey
Tina Fey
(2007) Tina Fey
Tina Fey
(2008) Toni Collette
Toni Collette
(2009) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2010) Laura Dern
Laura Dern
(2011) Lena Dunham
Lena Dunham
(2012) Amy Poehler
Amy Poehler
(2013) Gina Rodriguez
Gina Rodriguez
(2014) Rachel Bloom
Rachel Bloom
(2015) Tracee Ellis Ross
Tracee Ellis Ross
(2016) Rachel Brosnahan
Rachel Brosnahan
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture

Katina Paxinou
Katina Paxinou
(1943) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1944) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1945) Anne Baxter
Anne Baxter
(1946) Celeste Holm
Celeste Holm
(1947) Ellen Corby
Ellen Corby
(1948) Mercedes McCambridge
Mercedes McCambridge
(1949) Josephine Hull (1950) Kim Hunter
Kim Hunter
(1951) Katy Jurado
Katy Jurado
(1952) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1953) Jan Sterling
Jan Sterling
(1954) Marisa Pavan
Marisa Pavan
(1955) Eileen Heckart (1956) Elsa Lanchester
Elsa Lanchester
(1957) Hermione Gingold
Hermione Gingold
(1958) Susan Kohner
Susan Kohner
(1959) Janet Leigh
Janet Leigh
(1960) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1962) Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1963) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1964) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1965) Jocelyne LaGarde (1966) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1967) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1968) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1969) Karen Black/ Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1970) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1971) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1972) Linda Blair
Linda Blair
(1973) Karen Black
Karen Black
(1974) Brenda Vaccaro
Brenda Vaccaro
(1975) Katharine Ross
Katharine Ross
(1976) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1977) Dyan Cannon
Dyan Cannon
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Mary Steenburgen
Mary Steenburgen
(1980) Joan Hackett
Joan Hackett
(1981) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1982) Cher
Cher
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Meg Tilly
Meg Tilly
(1985) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1988) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1989) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Joan Plowright
Joan Plowright
(1992) Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
(1993) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1994) Mira Sorvino
Mira Sorvino
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Kim Basinger
Kim Basinger
(1997) Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
(1998) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1999) Kate Hudson
Kate Hudson
(2000) Jennifer Connelly
Jennifer Connelly
(2001) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2002) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2003) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2004) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2005) Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
(2006) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Melissa Leo
Melissa Leo
(2010) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2011) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2012) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2013) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2014) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2015) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2016) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2017)

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Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year

1951–1975

Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1951) Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1952) Mamie Eisenhower
Mamie Eisenhower
(1953) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1954) Debbie Reynolds
Debbie Reynolds
(1955) Peggy Ann Garner
Peggy Ann Garner
(1956) Carroll Baker
Carroll Baker
(1957) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1958) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1959) Carol Lawrence
Carol Lawrence
(1960) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1961) Piper Laurie
Piper Laurie
(1962) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1963) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1964) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1965) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1966) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1967) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1968) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1969) Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
(1970) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1971) Ruby Keeler
Ruby Keeler
(1972) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1973) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1974) Valerie Harper
Valerie Harper
(1975)

1976–2000

Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1976) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1977) Beverly Sills
Beverly Sills
(1978) Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
(1979) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1980) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1981) Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
(1982) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1983) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
(1984) Cher
Cher
(1985) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1986) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1987) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1988) Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
(1989) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1990) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1991) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1992) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1993) Meg Ryan
Meg Ryan
(1994) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1995) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1996) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1997) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1998) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1999) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(2000)

2001–present

Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
(2001) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(2002) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(2003) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2004) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2005) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2006) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2007) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2008) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2009) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2010) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Amy Poehler
Amy Poehler
(2015) Kerry Washington
Kerry Washington
(2016) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2017) Mila Kunis
Mila Kunis
(2018)

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Billboard Year-End number one singles (1980–1999)

1980: "Call Me" – Blondie 1981: " Bette Davis
Bette Davis
Eyes" – Kim Carnes 1982: "Physical" – Olivia Newton-John 1983: "Every Breath You Take" – The Police 1984: "When Doves Cry" – Prince 1985: "Careless Whisper" – Wham!
Wham!
featuring George Michael 1986: "That's What Friends Are For" – Dionne & Friends 1987: "Walk Like an Egyptian" – The Bangles 1988: "Faith" – George Michael 1989: "Look Away" – Chicago 1990: "Hold On" – Wilson Phillips 1991: "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" – Bryan Adams 1992: "End of the Road" – Boyz II Men 1993: "I Will Always Love You" – Whitney Houston 1994: "The Sign" – Ace of Base 1995: "Gangsta's Paradise" – Coolio
Coolio
featuring L.V. 1996: "Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)" – Los del Río 1997: "Candle in the Wind 1997"/"Something About the Way You Look Tonight" – Elton John 1998: "Too Close" – Next 1999: "Believe" – Cher

Complete list (1946–1959) (1960–1979) (1980–1999) (2000–2019)

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Best-selling singles by year in the United Kingdom

1952–1969

1952: "Auf Wiederseh'n Sweetheart" – Vera Lynn
Vera Lynn
(UK) 1953: "I Believe" – Frankie Laine 1954: "Secret Love" – Doris Day 1955: "Rose Marie" – Slim Whitman 1956: "I'll Be Home" – Pat Boone 1957: "Diana" – Paul Anka 1958: "Jailhouse Rock" – Elvis Presley 1959: "Living Doll" – Cliff Richard
Cliff Richard
(UK) 1960: "It's Now or Never" – Elvis Presley 1961: "Wooden Heart" – Elvis Presley 1962: "I Remember You" – Frank Ifield (UK) 1963: "She Loves You" – The Beatles
The Beatles
(UK) 1964: "Can't Buy Me Love" – The Beatles
The Beatles
(UK) 1965: "Tears" – Ken Dodd
Ken Dodd
(UK) 1966: "Green, Green Grass of Home" – Tom Jones (UK) 1967: "Release Me" – Engelbert Humperdinck (UK) 1968: "Hey Jude" – The Beatles
The Beatles
(UK) 1969: "Sugar, Sugar" – The Archies

1970–1989

1970: "The Wonder of You" – Elvis Presley 1971: "My Sweet Lord" – George Harrison
George Harrison
(UK) 1972: "Amazing Grace" – The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
Band (UK) 1973: "Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree" – Tony Orlando and Dawn 1974: "Tiger Feet" – Mud (UK) 1975: "Bye Bye Baby" – Bay City Rollers
Bay City Rollers
(UK) 1976: "Save Your Kisses for Me" – Brotherhood of Man
Brotherhood of Man
(UK) 1977: "Mull of Kintyre" / "Girls' School" – Wings (UK) 1978: "Rivers of Babylon" / "Brown Girl in the Ring" – Boney M. 1979: "Bright Eyes" – Art Garfunkel 1980: "Don't Stand So Close to Me" – The Police
The Police
(UK) 1981: "Don't You Want Me" – The Human League
The Human League
(UK) 1982: "Come On Eileen" – Dexys Midnight Runners
Dexys Midnight Runners
(UK) 1983: "Karma Chameleon" – Culture Club
Culture Club
(UK) 1984: "Do They Know It's Christmas?" – Band Aid (UK) 1985: "The Power of Love" – Jennifer Rush 1986: "Don't Leave Me This Way" – The Communards (UK) 1987: "Never Gonna Give You Up" – Rick Astley
Rick Astley
(UK) 1988: "Mistletoe and Wine" – Cliff Richard
Cliff Richard
(UK) 1989: "Ride on Time" – Black Box

1990–2009

1990: "Unchained Melody" – The Righteous Brothers 1991: "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" – Bryan Adams 1992: "I Will Always Love You" – Whitney Houston 1993: "I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)" – Meat Loaf 1994: "Love Is All Around" – Wet Wet Wet
Wet Wet Wet
(UK) 1995: "Unchained Melody" – Robson & Jerome (UK) 1996: "Killing Me Softly" – Fugees 1997: "Something About the Way You Look Tonight" / "Candle in the Wind 1997" – Elton John
Elton John
(UK) 1998: "Believe" – Cher 1999: "...Baby One More Time" – Britney Spears 2000: "Can We Fix It?" – Bob the Builder
Bob the Builder
(UK) 2001: "It Wasn't Me" – Shaggy featuring Rikrok
Rikrok
(UK) 2002: "Anything Is Possible" / "Evergreen" – Will Young
Will Young
(UK) 2003: "Where Is the Love?" – The Black Eyed Peas 2004: "Do They Know It's Christmas?" – Band Aid 20 (UK) 2005: "Is This the Way to Amarillo" – Tony Christie
Tony Christie
featuring Peter Kay (UK) 2006: "Crazy" – Gnarls Barkley 2007: "Bleeding Love" – Leona Lewis
Leona Lewis
(UK) 2008: "Hallelujah" – Alexandra Burke
Alexandra Burke
(UK) 2009: "Poker Face" – Lady Gaga

2010–present

2010: "Love the Way You Lie" – Eminem
Eminem
featuring Rihanna 2011: "Someone Like You" – Adele
Adele
(UK) 2012: "Somebody That I Used to Know" – Gotye
Gotye
featuring Kimbra 2013: "Blurred Lines" – Robin Thicke
Robin Thicke
featuring T.I.
T.I.
& Pharrell Williams 2014: "Happy" – Pharrell Williams 2015: "Uptown Funk" – Mark Ronson
Mark Ronson
(UK) featuring Bruno Mars 2016: "One Dance" – Drake featuring Wizkid and Kyla (UK) 2017: "Shape of You" - Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
(UK)

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Billboard Icon Award

2011: Neil Diamond 2012: Stevie Wonder 2013: Prince 2014: Jennifer Lopez 2016: Celine Dion 2017: Cher

Billboard Music Awards

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 101870495 LCCN: n50038010 ISNI: 0000 0000 8170 7438 GND: 118871609 SELIBR: 45755 SUDOC: 078060192 BNF: cb138924383 (data) MusicBrainz: bfcc6d75-a6a5-4bc6-8282-47aec8531818 NKC: jo2002106468 BNE: XX887

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