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BROMSGROVE is a town in Worcestershire , England
England
. The town is about 16 miles (26 km) north-east of Worcester
Worcester
and 13 miles (21 km) south-west of Birmingham
Birmingham
city centre. It had a population of 29,237 in 2001 (39,644 in the wider Bromsgrove/ Catshill urban area). Bromsgrove is the main town in the larger Bromsgrove District .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Governance and local politics * 3 Demography

* 4 Geography

* 4.1 Climate * 4.2 Landmarks

* 5 Economy

* 6 Facilities

* 6.1 Municipal facilities * 6.2 Transport

* 6.3 Education

* 6.3.1 State schools * 6.3.2 Independent schools * 6.3.3 Special
Special
schools * 6.3.4 Further education

* 6.4 Sport * 6.5 Attractions

* 7 Entertainment and arts

* 7.1 Bromsgrove Festival

* 8 Clubs and societies

* 8.1 Town twinning and friendship links

* 9 Notable residents

* 9.1 Medieval * 9.2 1500–1700 * 9.3 18th century * 9.4 19th century * 9.5 20th and 21st century

* 10 Further reading * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is first documented in the early 9th century as Bremesgraf. Later in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
of 909 AD Bromsgrove is mentioned as Bremesburh. Then in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is referenced as Bremesgrave. The Breme part of the place name is almost certainly an Anglo-Saxon personal name.

In the Anglo-Saxon times, Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
had a woodland economy consisting of hunting, maintenance of haies and pig farming. At the time of Edward the Confessor , the manor of Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is known to have been held by Earl Edwin . After the conquest, Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
was held by the King. Among the manor's possessions were 13 salt pans at Droitwich , with three workers, producing 300 mits. The King had the right to sell the salt from his pans before any other salt in the town.

It was at the centre of a very large parish and its church of St John the Baptist was certainly of minster status. Bromsgrove, along with all the towns in north Worcestershire , was committed to defending the city of Worcester
Worcester
and is recorded to have contributed burgesses to Droitwich in 1086. There may also have been Anglo-Saxon or Norman fortifications in Bromsgrove, but other than in literature no physical archaeological evidence remains.

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
was first granted the right to a market day in 1200, and in 1317 was given the right hold a Tuesday market and three-day fair every 29 August at the Decollation of St John the Baptist. Market day changed several times over the period, settling on Tuesday from 1792 onwards. Fairs were held twice yearly, in June and October by the eighteenth century, with the modern pleasure fairs originating from the June horse and pleasure fair.

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
and the area surrounding it was put under forest law when the boundaries of Feckenham Forest were extended hugely by Henry II . Forest law was removed from the Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
area in 1301 in the reign of Edward I , when the boundaries were moved back.

In the later Middle Ages, Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
was a centre for the wool trade. Manufacture of cloth, particularly narrow cloth and friezes is first recorded in 1533. It fell into decline by the 1700s. By 1778, 140 hands (i.e., people) were employed in the manufacture of linsey and linen employed 180. By comparison, nail making employed 900 hands by this time.

Nail making was introduced by the French Huguenots in the 17th century and became a thriving industry. At one point Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
was the world centre of nail making. Mechanisation quickly put the industry into decline.

The Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Union Workhouse , on the Birmingham
Birmingham
Road, was opened in 1838 and closed in 1948 and is in use as an office building today.

In 1841, Bromsgrove railway works was established. It was primarily a maintenance facility but also built steam locomotives . The works provided employment for people in Bromsgrove. In 1964, following a reorganisation of railway workshops, the works closed and was demolished. The site is now a housing estate . One of the turntable pits still remains.

Major restoration of the Norman and 13th century St. John the Baptist church was carried out in 1858 by Sir George Gilbert Scott . In the churchyard here are the graves of two railwaymen, Tom Scaife and Joseph Rutherford who were killed when their steam locomotive blew up while climbing the steepest mainline railway gradient in England, at the nearby Lickey Incline, on 10 November 1840. The driver and his number two died instantly. St. Peter
St. Peter
's Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Church in Worcester
Worcester
Road was built by Gilbert Blount in 1858.

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
was home for many years to the famous Bromsgrove Guild of Applied Arts , a company of craftsmen who produced many fine works of sculpture, ironwork, etc., including the gates of Buckingham Palace (whose locks are stamped with the Guild's name), the lifts on the Lusitania and the famous statue adorning the Fortune Theatre in Drury Lane .

GOVERNANCE AND LOCAL POLITICS

See also: Bromsgrove (UK Parliament constituency) and Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
's Member of Parliament is Sajid Javid
Sajid Javid
. As a largely rural constituency with affluent residential areas, Bromsgrove District is strongly Conservative -supporting area with further seats being won by the party in the local elections at the expense of 'other' candidates.

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
constituency was last represented by Labour by Terry Davies , who defeated Conservative Hal Miller as the result of 10.1% swing in a by-election in 1971. Miller was elected to the new Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
and Redditch
Redditch
constituency in 1974, and represented Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
constituency from 1983 to 1992. He was succeeded by Roy Thomason , who was censured by the House of Commons Select Committee on Standards and Privileges for failing to declare loans made to him. He decided not to re-stand after the local Conservative Association opened nominations to other candidates. He was succeeded by Julie Kirkbride in 1997. She did not contest the seat in 2010 following the Westminster expenses scandal , in which she was found to have over-claimed by £29,243.

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
has its own youth branch of Conservatives called Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Conservative Future , a Labour Party and Labour club and Liberal Democrat Party. Labour voting is strongest in the Whitford, Sidemoor and Charford wards of the town.

DEMOGRAPHY

According to the 2001 census the population of Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is 29,237 and the population for the larger Bromsgrove District is 87,837.

In Bromsgrove, White British is by far the largest race, at 96% of the district population (87,837) with 4% (3,734) from an ethnic minority.

GEOGRAPHY

The solid geology of Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is that of the Triassic
Triassic
(late Scythian to early Ladinian ) Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Sandstone
Sandstone
. It shows red bed facies and was probably laid down by rivers flowing through an arid landscape or in ephemeral , shallow lakes. The uppermost beds were deposited by a brief marine transgression. The soil is very good for market gardening and growing vegetables due to Marl bands. The district is at a general elevation of between 200 feet (61 m) to 300 feet (91 m) above sea level.

CLIMATE

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the United Kingdom.

CLIMATE DATA FOR BROMSGROVE

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 7 (45) 8 (46) 11 (52) 13 (55) 16 (61) 19 (66) 22 (72) 22 (72) 18 (64) 14 (57) 10 (50) 7 (45) 14 (57)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 3 (37) 2 (36) 4 (39) 4 (39) 7 (45) 10 (50) 12 (54) 12 (54) 10 (50) 8 (46) 5 (41) 3 (37) 7 (45)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 37.6 (1.48) 25.4 (1) 24.3 (0.957) 32.4 (1.276) 27.1 (1.067) 35.8 (1.409) 31.0 (1.22) 38.5 (1.516) 39.9 (1.571) 43.8 (1.724) 36.7 (1.445) 33.1 (1.303) 405.6 (15.969)

Source:

LANDMARKS

Grafton Manor
Grafton Manor

There is a statue of Alfred Edward Housman in the high street, which was erected in 1985. There is also a sculpture of a dryad and boar in the high street , commemorating the work of the Bromsgrove Guild .

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is home to Grafton Manor
Grafton Manor
which dates back to the 14th century. It has a rich history, with one of the daughters of John Talbot married to Robert Wintour , who was involved in the Gunpowder plot .

ECONOMY

In 2004, 33,175 people in Bromsgrove District were in employment. Manufacturing, retail, and services were the biggest sectors of employment in 2001.

Many of Bromsgrove's residents find employment in Birmingham
Birmingham
, Redditch
Redditch
, Worcester
Worcester
and other places along the motorway network. MG Rover was a major employer of Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
residents until its collapse in May 2005. Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is still home to LG Harris Ltd , a paint brush manufacturer in Stoke Prior (known locally as "Harris Brush" or just "The Brush"). Business parks in Aston Fields and Buntsford Hill are helping to revitalise the local economy, in addition to newer developments such as Saxon and Harris Business Parks. Bromsgrove District Council is aiming to create a technology corridor along the A38 to take advantage of the area's road links.

FACILITIES

MUNICIPAL FACILITIES

Sanders Park

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
has a public community library situated in the centre of the town. The library offers not only books but also music CDs, spoken word, foreign language tapes and videos "> Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
railway station Graves of railway engineers Scaife and Rutherford, killed in an engine explosion in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
station in 1840 See also: Bus transport in Bromsgrove

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is intersected by the A38 which was bypassed to the east of the town in 1980, the M5 motorway
M5 motorway
borders the west side and the M42 motorway starts at the north of the town.

Bromsgrove railway station is situated to the south of the town. It sits at the foot of the Lickey Incline
Lickey Incline
which is the steepest Incline on the British mainline network meaning most freight trains require assistance from a locomotive at the rear. Between 1919 and 1956 this was operated by a purpose built locomotive known by drivers as Big Bertha . There are frequent trains to Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street , Worcester
Worcester
Foregate Street and Hereford . On 4 May 2007, Network Rail announced that a new station would be built, to replace the existing structure, at a cost in the region of £10–12 million. The station opened in July 2016.

There is also a bus station adjacent to the high street. Buses operate to a wide area of Worcestershire and the West Midlands .

EDUCATION

State Schools

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
schools use a three-tier education system (first school , middle school , high school).

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
has 15 first schools in its district: Lickey End First School, Finstall First School, Charford First School,Dodford First School Milfields First School, St. Peters Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
First School, Stoke Prior First School, Blackwell First School, Sidemoor First School, Catshill First School, Tardebigge CofE First School, Fairfield First School, Hanbury CofE First School and Meadows First School.

There are five Middle Schools : Alvechurch Middle School, Catshill Middle School, Aston Fields Middle School, St John's Church of England Middle School Academy, and Parkside Middle School.

There are two high schools, North Bromsgrove High School and South Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
High School opposite Charford . South Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is a specialist school in foreign languages and I.T, noted for its extensive use of information technology. A previous headteacher, Philip McTague, was heavily involved in political action to reduce the gap in funding between Worcestershire state schools and others across the country. North Bromsgrove High School has now been classed for a specialist status in media and Creative Arts . Both were rebuilt by BAM in 2007.

Independent Schools

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is also home to Bromsgrove School , a co-educational independent school founded in 1553 with three campuses catering for pupils from nursery to sixth-form that offers boarding facilities. Former pupils include Digby Jones , head of the CBI for many years and the actors Ian Carmichael , Richard Wattis and Trevor Eve .

Special
Special
Schools

There are two special schools in Bromsgrove, one is Chadsgrove School and Specialist Sports College the other Rigby Hall School.

Further Education

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is the main site of Heart of Worcestershire College , formerly North East Worcestershire (NEW) College until 1 August 2014 following a merger. In May 2011, NEW College built a motorcycle academy with a £1.7 million grant from Advantage West Midlands, it has been extensively equipped by Harley Davidson .

SPORT

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is home to:

* Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Rugby Football
Football
Club , one of the oldest rugby union clubs in the country. It was formed on 28 September 1872. * Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Sporting Football
Football
Club. A fan owned club formed in 2009 by fans of the dissolved Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Rovers club. * Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Cricket
Cricket
, Hockey
Hockey
and Tennis Club. * Mercian Divers Scuba Diving Club – affiliated to the BSAC ( British Sub-Aqua Club ). * North East Worcestershire Ravens rugby league club, who play in the Midlands Rugby League . * Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Indoor Bowls Club (also providing outdoor bowls) based in Charford

ATTRACTIONS

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Museum

Avoncroft Museum of Historic Buildings has its home in Bromsgrove. This museum includes the National telephone kiosk Collection. The Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Museum on Birmingham
Birmingham
Road reopened in May 2016.

The Worcester
Worcester
and Birmingham
Birmingham
Canal which runs close to Bromsgrove, is a destination for leisure activities such as walking and coarse fishing and there are several narrowboat hire centres situated in nearby villages. The Tardebigge lock flight , with 30 locks , is the longest in the UK. Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is 5 miles (8.0 km) away from the historic country house Hanbury Hall , which is open to the public. The town's leisure venues include a nightclub featuring a mixture of styles, and pubs in the town centre include a Wetherspoons pub, a Slug and Lettuce pub and a number of traditional pubs. Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is close to the countryside attractions of the Lickey Hills , the Clent Hills , the Waseley Hills .

ENTERTAINMENT AND ARTS

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
is host to a centre for the arts, Artrix , located on Slideslow Drive. Artrix is a multi purpose arts centre that provides theatre, cinema screening recently released films and National Theatre Live performances, rock concerts, folk music, comedians and classical music concerts from Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Concerts, ESO and Midland Sinfonia. Artrix also has a vibrant youth theatre group and a new arts outreach team. From 2012 the dance studio has been converted to hold a maximum of 90 people and provides a space for intimate music, comedy and small theatre.

The World War II film Our Father was partially filmed on location in Bromsgrove.

BROMSGROVE FESTIVAL

Since 1960, Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
has held an annual classical music festival , with an international reputation.

CLUBS AND SOCIETIES

Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
War Memorial

Although with no official function, Bromsgrove's Court Leet continues to exist as a ceremonial body, being sanctioned under the Administration of Justice Act 1977. The Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Society is a charity formed in 1980 to protect the built and natural environment of the town. The Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Society of Model Engineers was formed in 1982 and operates a track at the Avoncroft Museum of Historic Buildings . The Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Photographic Society was formed in 1950 and organises talks in Stoke Prior. Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
has a Rotary Club formed in 1936 and chartered in 1937.

TOWN TWINNING AND FRIENDSHIP LINKS

In May 1980, Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
was twinned with the German town of Gronau . A formal friendship link document was signed between Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
and the district of Saint-Sauveur-Lendelin in Normandy, France, in July 1999. Annual exchange visits are made by Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
and District Twinning Association members to each town with great success.

TWINNING

* Gronau , Germany

FRIENDSHIP LINK

* Saint-Sauveur-Lendelin , Manche, France * Drumlish , Longford, Ireland

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

See also: People from Bromsgrove District and People from Bromsgrove

The notable residents of Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
include those educated at Bromsgrove School (see People educated at Bromsgrove School ). Among the Old Bromsgrovians are a field marshal , five winners of the Victoria Cross and one winner of the George Cross .

MEDIEVAL

* Edmund de Grafton, Member of Parliament for Worcestershire in several early Parliaments. * Richard Bromsgrove , Abbot of Evesham * Sir Humphrey Stafford of Grafton, died 1449 fighting the Cade rebellion and character in Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 2 . * Sir Humphrey Stafford of Grafton, executed in at Tyburn in 1486 for the rebellion against Henry VII .

1500–1700

* Sir Gilbert Talbot , KG (died 1517/18), owner of Grafton Manor
Grafton Manor
* Sir John Talbot (died 1549), owner of Grafton Manor
Grafton Manor
, buried in St John the Baptist Church, Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
* Sir John Talbot (died 1611), owner of Grafton Manor
Grafton Manor
, Catholic recusant suspected wrongly of involvement in the Gunpowder Plot
Gunpowder Plot
* Gertrude Wintour, née Talbot, daughter of Sir John Talbot . She was the wife of the Robert Wintour executed for his involvement in the Gunpowder Plot * Francis Talbot , who died as the result of a duel at Barn Elms with the Duke of Buckingham over his wife * Anna Talbot , wife of Francis and famous beauty * William Dugard , schoolmaster, seventeenth century

18TH CENTURY

* Sarah Bache , hymn writer, born in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
about 1771 * Charlotte Badger , considered to be the first Australian female pirate, born in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
in 1778

19TH CENTURY

Grave of Mabel Tolkien (née Suffield, 1870–1904), mother of J. R. R. Tolkien , in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Grave of Sir Thomas Chavasse (1854-1913) and his family in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove

* Benjamin Bomford , farmer * George Cadbury , creator of Cadbury chocolates. * Sir Thomas Frederick Chavasse (1854-1913) surgeon, member of the Chavasse family , buried in Bromsgrove. His daughter Gladys (1893-1962) was engaged to her cousin Noel Chavasse VC and Bar , MC * John Corbett , the Salt King, lived in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
prior to building Chateau Impney . * John Cotton (architect) (1844–1934), influential local architect ("Cotton of Bromsgrove") * Alfred Edward Housman , 1859, poet. * Clemence Housman , sister of Alfred, author and suffragette * Laurence Housman , brother of Alfred, illustrator, playwright, writer and left-wing political activist * John Lisseter Humphreys , Governor of North Borneo * Benjamin Maund , botanist and chemist, publisher and bookseller * Mabel Tolkien (1870–1904), mother of J. R. R. Tolkien , buried in Bromsgrove * Elijah Walton , artist, lived in Lickey, died there in 1880

20TH AND 21ST CENTURY

* Singer/actor, Michael Ball , was born in Bromsgrove. * Some members of Beat Union were born in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
and Redditch. * Michael Buerk , BBC News
BBC News
presenter and journalist, once worked for the local ' Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Messenger ' newspaper. * Dan Bull , internet activist and musician was born in Bromsgrove. * Joyce Carpenter (1930-1973), of Charford , smallest woman in Britain (29 inches); subject of ATV Today interview recently reviewed as part of Disability Film Festival Day * Nicola Charles , actress, was born in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
in 1969. * Lisa Clayton (born 1958), sailor, lived in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
with her parents * Jonathan Coe , author, was born in Lickey in 1961. * Jimmy Davis (1982–2003), footballer with Manchester United , Swindon Town and Watford F.C. was born in Bromsgrove. * Fyfe Dangerfield , musician grew up in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
and attended Bromsgrove School * Nicholas Evans , author, best known for The Horse Whisperer . was born in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
and attended Bromsgrove School * Declan Fitzpatrick was born in Bromsgrove. * Craig Fagan , Hull City footballer . Lived in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
in his childhood. * Walter Gilbert (sculptor) of the Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Guild * Rear-Admiral Sir David William Haslam (1923–2009), Royal Navy officer and Governor of Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
School, died in Bromsgrove * Geoffrey Hill , (1932-2016) poet. * Anthony E. Pratt (1903–1994), the inventor of the board game Cluedo , is buried in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Cemetery. * Sally Price, Photographer. * Mathew Priest , Musician of the Indie rock band Dodgy . * Pat Roach (1937–2004), wrestler and actor is buried in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Cemetery. * Gary Rowett former professional footballer and former Manager at Birmingham
Birmingham
City FC . * David Rudkin , playwright, taught at North Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
High School in the early 1960s. His play Afore Night Come (1962) was inspired by his experiences in the countryside close to Bromsgrove. * Alan M. Smith , 1962, footballer . * Andy Smith , 1967, a professional darts player with a nickname known to fans as the 'pie-man', was born here. * Trudie Styler was born in Bromsgrove. * Jim Swire , 1936, doctor and father of Lockerbie victim. * Matt Teale , 1975, newsreader and journalist was born in Bromsgrove. * Sir John Vane (1927–2004), pharmacologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
(1982); born in Tardebigge * Mark Williams , 1959, actor, famous for portraying Arthur Weasley in the Harry Potter
Harry Potter
film franchise, along with the title character in the BBC
BBC
's Father Brown television series based on the books by G.K. Chesterton . * Russell Williams was born in Bromsgrove.

FURTHER READING

* Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
(Images of England) – ISBN 0-7524-1146-2 * Glory Gone: The Story of Nailing in Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
– ISBN 0-9513525-1-2 * Bygone Bromsgrove, a collection of essays about aspects of local history, including Grafton Manor
Grafton Manor
, local watermills, railways, canals and the nailmaking industry, first published in 1981. ISBN 978-0-9509471-4-3 * The Extraordinary Adventures of Benjamin Sanders, Buttonmaker of Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
ISBN 978-0-9509471-2-9 * The Bromsgrove Guild – an Illustrated History, edited by Quintin Watt ISBN 978-0-9509471-6-7

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Bromsgrove
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Cemetery". Find A Grave. Retrieved 3 August 2009. * ^ Awdry, W.; Foster, John; Richards, Alan (1 January 1981). "Bygone Bromsgrove: an illustrated story of the town in days gone by". Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Society. Retrieved 13 June 2016 – via The Open Library. * ^ Richards, Alan (1 December 1984). "The Extraordinary Adventures of Benjamin Sanders, Buttonmaker of Bromsgrove". Bromsgrove
Bromsgrove
Society. Retrieved 13 June 2016 – via The Open Library. * ^ OpenLibrary.org. "The Bromsgrove Guild (Open Library)". Retrieved 13 June 2016.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for BROMSGROVE

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