HOME
The Info List - Alpes-de-Haute-Provence


--- Advertisement ---



Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
(French pronunciation: ​[alp.də.ot.pʁɔ.vɑ̃s]; Occitan: Aups d'Auta Provença) is a French department in the south of France, it was formerly part of the province of Provence. Its inhabitants are called the Bas-Alpins or Bas-Alpines referring to the department of Basses-Alpes which was the former name of the department until 13 April 1970.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Hydrology 1.2 Climate

2 Arrondissements and cantons 3 Demographics

3.1 A departmental resort 3.2 A very dense and very uneven settlement

4 History

4.1 Heraldry

5 Administrative division

5.1 Current Status 5.2 Ancient communes and changes to the administrative divisions of the communes 5.3 Politics

6 Economy

6.1 Primary Sector 6.2 Industry 6.3 Tertiary

7 Tourism

7.1 Gastronomy

8 Local media

8.1 Print Media 8.2 Local radio 8.3 Local TV 8.4 Website

9 Infrastructure

9.1 Road network 9.2 Rail network

10 Notable People associated with the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Department

10.1 Scientists 10.2 Artists 10.3 Other historical figures 10.4 Sports 10.5 Miscellaneous

11 Learned societies and associations 12 Movies and TV films made in the department 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Geography[edit]

Map of the Department

Bounded in the east by Italy, the Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
department is surrounded by the departments of Alpes-Maritimes, Var, Vaucluse, Drôme, and Hautes-Alpes. It can be divided into three zones depending on the terrain, climate, population, and economy:

the plateaux, hills and valleys of Haute-Provence, which comprise one-third of the area but two thirds of the population and the most important cities of the department with almost all of the economic activity apart from mountain tourism. The valley of the Durance, the artery of the department, cuts the rest of the department into two halves:

the Lower Alps: an intermediate mountain area with valleys and very remote villages the High Alps: including the valleys of Ubaye, Blanche, and the high Verdon (upstream of Colmars-les-Alpes) where the economy is built around mountain tourism (skiing). In the Haute-Ubaye, the mountain peaks exceed 3000 m above sea level and all the passes are close to or above 2000 m in altitude. In this part of the department is one of the highest roads in Europe: the main road D64 reaches an altitude of 2802 m near the Col de la Bonette
Col de la Bonette
(2715 m) and connects the region of Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
to the Tinée
Tinée
and Vésubie
Vésubie
valleys.

The relief of the land compartmentalises the region: the enclosed valleys are difficult to access so dividing the country into as many local areas which communicate very little with the outside. In 1877, 55 communes only had access to trails or mule paths.[1] The seismic hazard is moderate (zone 3) to medium (zone 4) with different faults such as the Durance
Durance
located in the department.[2] The main cities are Manosque, Digne-les-Bains, Sisteron, Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban, Oraison, Forcalquier, Les Mées, Pierrevert, Villeneuve, Sainte-Tulle, Gréoux-les-Bains, Barcelonnette, and Castellane. Hydrology[edit]

Hydrology and Topography

The main river is the Durance
Durance
which runs in the west of the department. It is in the Durance
Durance
valley that the most important traffic routes are found: the A51 highway and the railway main line. Almost all of the department is in the watershed of the Durance
Durance
except for the extreme south-east (the cantons of Annot and Entrevaux) which are drained by the Var. The main tributaries of the Durance
Durance
in the department are the Ubaye, the Bléone, the Asse, the Verdon on the left bank, the Buëch, the Jabron, and the Largue on the right bank. The Durance
Durance
and its tributaries have a torrential character, with a transition between the snow regime of the high valleys and the mediterranean rainfall regime in the lower mountains and below. The summer low water levels are severe and violent floods occur when heavy rains fall which is often in autumn. The Durance, Verdon, Bléone, and Buëch
Buëch
have had the construction of several dams and the diversion of parts of the river for irrigation and power generation in the 20th century. Climate[edit] The climate of the Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
department is a Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
degrading by altitude and latitude. In fact, while in the lower valleys and flat lands of Haute- Provence
Provence
an inland Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
prevails, by contrast in the hills it is more mixed with the valley of the Ubaye
Ubaye
characteristic of the inner Alps, with a marked continentality: winters are very harsh with stormy summers. In between, the two influences mingle in the area of the Lower Alps. The characteristics of both climate trends are found throughout the department to a greater or lesser extent:

dry air and little fog (less than 20 days per year) infrequent rainfall (less than 90 days per year) but heavy (650 to 1500 mm per year) frequent thunderstorms in the mountains in summer High sunshine hours in all seasons (2550 to 2850 hours per year) high thermal amplitudes, diurnal (over 10 °C) and annual (18 °C) fresh and bright winters very hot summers barely tempered by altitude.

Haute- Provence
Provence
is therefore very interesting for European astronomers looking for a partly cloudy night sky and untouched by light pollution. Many amateur observatories have been built and the Observatoire de Haute- Provence
Provence
is one of the largest observatories in continental Europe. It is an active astronomy research centre.

Comparison of local Meteorological data with other cities in France[3]

Town Sunshine

(hours/yr) Rain

(mm/yr) Snow

(days/yr) Storm

(days/yr) Fog

(days/yr)

National Average 1,973 770 14 22 40

Saint Auban[4] 2,774 695 9 33 6

Paris 1,661 637 12 18 10

Nice 2,724 767 1 29 1

Strasbourg 1,693 665 29 29 56

Brest 1,605 1,211 7 12 75

Climate data for Saint Auban

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 9.0 (48.2) 10.8 (51.4) 14.6 (58.3) 17.2 (63) 21.7 (71.1) 26.1 (79) 29.9 (85.8) 29.3 (84.7) 24.4 (75.9) 19.0 (66.2) 13.0 (55.4) 9.2 (48.6) 18.7 (65.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) 4.3 (39.7) 5.4 (41.7) 8.7 (47.7) 11.3 (52.3) 15.5 (59.9) 20.0 (68) 22.7 (72.9) 22.3 (72.1) 18.2 (64.8) 13.6 (56.5) 8.3 (46.9) 4.9 (40.8) 12.9 (55.2)

Average low °C (°F) −0.4 (31.3) 0.0 (32) 2.8 (37) 5.4 (41.7) 9.2 (48.6) 12.8 (55) 15.5 (59.9) 15.3 (59.5) 11.9 (53.4) 8.2 (46.8) 3.6 (38.5) 0.6 (33.1) 7.1 (44.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 45.0 (1.772) 37.1 (1.461) 41.7 (1.642) 67.1 (2.642) 63.6 (2.504) 53.0 (2.087) 34.3 (1.35) 55.8 (2.197) 79.1 (3.114) 84.2 (3.315) 73.0 (2.874) 61.0 (2.402) 694.9 (27.358)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 5.2 4.6 5.2 8.0 7.5 5.9 4.1 4.6 5.8 7.6 6.4 6.4 71.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 170 187 232 225 260 302 343 310 247 191 159 148 2,774

Source: Meteorological data for Saint Auban - 461m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015 (in French)

Arrondissements and cantons[edit] Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
is subdivided into 4 arrondissements, 15 cantons and 198 communes.

Arrondissement # of communes

Barcelonnette 14

Castellane 32

Digne-les-Bains 65

Forcalquier 87

See also: Communes of the Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
department Demographics[edit] The population was once fairly evenly distributed in the territory, including in the mountainous areas where mountain agriculture was well developed. From the middle of the 19th century, however, it began to decline due to a strong rural exodus. There were more than 150,000 inhabitants in 1850 but it fell to less than 100,000 after the First World War. It was not until 1960 that the trend changed upwards quite strongly from less than 90,000 in 1954 to nearly 140,000 in 1999 and 153,000 in 2005. However, if this figure is close to the number of inhabitants had department 150 years earlier, the distribution and activity of the population are very different. The population is now concentrated in the valley of the Durance
Durance
and the South West of the department, and agriculture employs less than ever before. Services, mainly tourism and local services, is now the main industry. The department has never really developed: in 1870 there were 27 small mines (one lead, four oil shale and 22 lignite).[5] A departmental resort[edit] According to the general census of the population, 32.8% of available housing in the department are second homes. A very dense and very uneven settlement[edit] The department of Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
is one of the least densely populated of France with barely more than 20 inhabitants per km2. The population is concentrated mainly in the valleys of the Durance, the Bléone
Bléone
(up to Digne) and the nearby flat lands. The rest of the department is sparsely populated (less than 10 inhabitants per km2 over most of the territory). Half of the Communes have less than 200 inhabitants, 17 communes have less than 50 and many villages have been abandoned. The towns are small: only Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
and Manosque
Manosque
approach or exceed 20,000 people. The arrondissements of Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
and Castellane
Castellane
are the two least populated arrondissements in France and the only ones in France with less than 10,000 inhabitants. The city of Castellane
Castellane
is the smallest sub-prefecture in France. Among the 15 cantons in the department, 5 have a resident population of less than 10,000 inhabitants: Barcelonnette, Castellane, Riez, Seyne, and Valensole. The ten most populous communes are[6] (figures for 2010 and population change from 2009):

Town Pop. Incr./Decr.

Manosque 22,105

Digne-les-Bains 16,922

Sisteron 7,450

Oraison 5,392

Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban 5,266

Forcalquier 4,680

Pierrevert 3,682

Les Mées 3,630

Villeneuve 3,514

Sainte-Tulle 3,344

In contrast, the two towns with less than 20 inhabitants according to the latest census: Archail
Archail
(17 inhabitants) and Majastres
Majastres
are isolated from main roads. History[edit] Nord-de- Provence
Provence
was one of the 83 original departments created during the French Revolution
French Revolution
on 4 March 1790 under the Act of 22 December 1789. It was renamed Haute- Provence
Provence
then Basses-Alpes. On 12 August 1793, the department of Vaucluse
Vaucluse
was created from parts of the departments of Bouches-du-Rhône, Drôme, and Basses-Alpes. Basses-Alpes lost the canton of Sault to Vaucluse
Vaucluse
at this point. Seventeen years later, in 1810, the canton of Barcillonnette was transferred over to Hautes-Alpes. The department of Basses-Alpes was occupied by fascist Italy from November 1942 to September 1943.[7] On 13 April 1970, the department of Basses-Alpes was renamed Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. Here is an unflattering excerpt from an article called "Basse Alpes" from the Atlas Larousse published at the beginning of the 20th century: "Scattered whitish rocks stand out like bones, a thin topsoil where bushes languish, some mountain flowers and stunted trees ... these mountains form almost everywhere a dreadful desert which will not have more inhabitants: this is the Sahara
Sahara
without the sun of Africa, with the snows of Siberia." (P. Joanne). On these steep slopes deforestation and flooding have resulted in a lack of fertile soil and agriculture has been the most miserable. There is a small harvest of wheat, wine in small quantities (but good), and truffles in large numbers. In the southern part, which has the climate of Provence, there are olive trees, mulberry trees, and orange trees. Aromatic plants abound, and there are 250,000 beehives. Manosque
Manosque
because its location is by far the second largest city of the department (with 5,500 inhabitants). Near Manosque
Manosque
are the lignite and gypsum mines. Despite a fairly active trade in olive oil, wine and raw silk, this department is also one of the least populated. (Larousse Illustrated Atlas, Printing Larousse, Paris, 1900). Heraldry[edit]

Blazon: Azure, a fleur de lys of Or surmounted by a Label of three points gules all over a terrace in base argent indented of three points.

Administrative division[edit] Current Status[edit]

Arrondissement of Barcelonnette: 15 communes Arrondissement of Castellane: 32 communes Arrondissement of Digne-les-Bains: 65 communes Arrondissement of Forcalquier: 87 communes

A total of 199 communes and 15 cantons. Ancient communes and changes to the administrative divisions of the communes[edit] The rural exodus of the 19th and 20th centuries has had a significant impact on the population of towns: some were completely or almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants which led to the disappearance of fifty communes since the creation of the department. Some villages still exist and sometimes gave their name to a new commune created by mergers (e.g. La Mure-Argens) and others are nothing more than a pile of stones (like Levens in the commune of Majastres). They are sometimes listed on maps (e.g. Bédejun in the commune of Chaudon-Norante). At its formation, the department had 270 communes (262 after changing the limits of the department) but it is now 200. Apart from eight communes which were attached either to Hautes-Alpes
Hautes-Alpes
(the three communes of the Barcillonnette canton, or to Vaucluse
Vaucluse
(the canton of Sault) many communes have di)sappeared. In 1854, the state of communes in the department was as follows:[8]

Arrondissement of Barcelonnette: 20 communes, 4 cantons Arrondissement of Castellane: 48 communes, 6 cantons Arrondissement of Digne-les-Bains: 87 communes, 9 cantons Arrondissement of Forcalquier: 51 communes, 6 cantons Arrondissement of Sisteron
Sisteron
(former): 50 communes, 5 cantons

in total 256 towns and 30 townships.

Special
Special
cases of mergers and changes in municipal boundaries

some communes have chosen a name without historical connection, e.g. Val-de-Chalvagne
Val-de-Chalvagne
formed by the merger of three communes (Castellet-Saint-Cassian, Montblanc and Villevieille) some communes have absorbed a large number of others - such was the case of Digne and Castellane
Castellane
with seven towns merged: Villars-Brandis, Taloire, Eoulx, Taulane, Chasteuil, and Castillon when creating the namesake

Also some other noteworthy atypical cases:

merger then separation: Archail
Archail
and Draix
Draix
then split between Saint-Martin-les-Eaux
Saint-Martin-les-Eaux
and Manosque merger with one commune then another: Aurent (merged with Braux then Castellet-lès-Sausses) a first merger of two communes followed by a merger with another commune: Peyresq
Peyresq
with La Colle-Saint-Michel (under the name of Saint-Michel-Peyresq), the new entity was then merged with Thorame-Haute merged communes but not adjacent: Le Poil merged with Senez.

There are still some cases of communal associations since 1973 (some have also gone more or less quickly in favour of a "simple aggregation"). For example, La Mure-Argens
La Mure-Argens
with Argens enjoying this status (with the Mayor delegated specifically for Argens, a city hall annex and an electoral district). Politics[edit] The department has an electoral tradition markedly old left. There are strong republican traditions such as the number of Political clubs during the French Revolution
French Revolution
and the resistance to the coup of Napoleon III
Napoleon III
in 1851. The tradition of the left is also manifested in rural areas since all cantons devoted to agriculture very early showed an inclination to vote for Republican candidates. The installation of the large chemical plant at Saint-Auban
Saint-Auban
also had a favorable effect on the vote for the left (see below) and has been a breeding ground for the political organization of the left in the department by the trade union movement. The power station at Sainte-Tulle
Sainte-Tulle
also supplied many activists to leftist organizations. Exceptions in the department: the alpine areas of Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
and the upper valley of the Verdon, both territories of emigration but also with a garrison of Chasseurs Alpins
Chasseurs Alpins
in the first. These areas, deeply Catholic, have long opted for elected conservatives - one of the most famous being the former Minister of the Third Republic, Paul Reynaud. A definition of the political choices of the county population is often translated as: the higher the altitude rises, the more the popular vote looks to the right. Since the end of the First World War
First World War
the department has been most often depicted, both by the Senate and the National Assembly, as an electoral issue of either the PCF or, especially, the socialist movement - the SFIO or the PS, or by the radical left. A landmark of the Resistance during the Second World War, at Liberation the department deeply changed is roots to the left, a change that has not really been challenged since. A change, which may be temporary however, was recorded in 2007 when, for the first time in local political history, a right-wing deputy elected in the previous election (in 2002) was re-elected to the National Assembly. The other seat is occupied by the President of the General Council, Jean-Louis Bianco, a former Minister with François Mitterrand. In the Senate, the Department is represented by Claude Domeizel, a former Socialist mayor of Volx. François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand
won the majority of votes of the inhabitants of the department in 1974, 1981, and 1988 although in the last two cases it was 53% of the vote. In 1995, Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac
was leading the second round of the presidential election with just over 52% but less than the national score. In 2002 it was Jean Marie Le Pen
Jean Marie Le Pen
who topped the first round. Finally, in 2007, Nicolas Sarkozy, who reached the top in the first round, with nearly 30% of the votes, gained 53.2% in the second round. In European referendums, the department has voted "No" during the consultation on the Maastricht Treaty
Maastricht Treaty
at 51.6% (majority of 2238 votes) and "No" during the consultation on the European Constitutional Treaty at 60.3% (majority 16,575 votes). The President of the General Council is the Socialist Jean-Louis Bianco.

Party seats

• Socialist Party 12

• Miscellaneous Left 6

Miscellaneous Right 6

• French Communist Party 3

• Citizen and Republican Movement 1

Union for a Popular Movement 2

Economy[edit] The department has, by its own characteristics (mountainous and low population), a character marked by a relatively weak industrial base and a move towards the creation of jobs in the areas of trades and services. Thus, according to the survey on labour needs by ASSEDIC, most of the jobs available are now from the professions of sociocultural and sports activities (1031 offers listed out of 4752 total in the department), hotel (968 offers), cleaning (438 offers), catering (345 offers). Of all these offers at least three quarters were for seasonal jobs. However, significant changes in the sociological situation of the department are to be expected from the implementation of the ITER project at the mouth of the Durance
Durance
valley. Primary Sector[edit] In the Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
department agriculture has had a very important place in the economy but the food-producing polyculture has given way to a much more specialized agriculture oriented around fruit, cereals and high value added products (honey, perfumes, and essential oils, cosmetics, olives, and wine). The cultivated species are temperate species, especially those at higher altitude, and Mediterranean species at low altitude. The production is of a wide variety. In recent years, an increase in the cultivation of lavender has emerged, particularly in the area of Saint-André-les-Alpes. The utilised agricultural area is 165,809 hectares mostly devoted to farming activities such as grass meadows for over 96,000 hectares. According to the agricultural census of 2000, the department has 2,947 farms, more than the 1,500 farms under the previous census carried out twelve years previously. The average farm size has increased from 32 to 56 hectares. This is an area of arboriculture particularly along the Durance, which is the main farming area in terms of number of farms (829 in total). It is followed by the crop sector (mostly grain) with 740 farms with the rest in the livestock sector. One of the characteristics of the department is that there are 614 farms devoted to breeding animals other than cattle. These are for the breeding of sheep and goats, including the production of milk used for cheese making under Appellation d'origine contrôlée
Appellation d'origine contrôlée
(AOC) for Banon cheese. The winemakers of Pierrevert
Pierrevert
also have an appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) ranking for their production. The Alpes de Hautes- Provence
Provence
department is a region where 49.1% of the area is forested or 343,691 hectares, with an average rate of 39.4% for the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
region.[9] The National Office of Forests (ONF) manages 86,000 hectares. The main species exploited are Scots pine, black pine, larch, pubescent oak (or white oak), and beech. Fir
Fir
and spruce are less common.[10] The 2003 heat wave
2003 heat wave
caused the decline of many species of trees, consequently accelerating the return of Mediterranean oaks, alders and linden.[11] Industry[edit] Industry is relatively small in terms of business establishments but has several relatively large companies. At the end of 2004 the department had 937 establishments with 17 exceeding fifty employees. This is particularly the case of the historic plant at Saint-Auban (the Arkema
Arkema
factory formerly Elf-Atochem), the Sanofi
Sanofi
of Sisteron factory (north of Saint-Auban), and Manosque
Manosque
(L'Occitane factory). Some more specialized factories (olive oil, perfumes, wines) produce products with high added value. At the end of 2006, according to ASSEDIC data, the industrial sector employed 4,261 employees in the department, or a little over 14% of private sector employees. In the Chemistry sub-sector there are 1,761 employees and agribusiness has 1,205 employees: these are the two main divisions. The chemical sector includes segments of: pharmacy ( Sanofi
Sanofi
factory, cited above, with more than 650 employees), basic chemistry (Arkema factory, with more than 500 employees), and cosmetics with more than 450 people. The industrial sector has lost nearly 400 jobs since 2001 particularly from downsizing at Arkema
Arkema
and despite the good financial health of Total S.A.
Total S.A.
which owns it. This may change with the implementation of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
(ITER). The Building sector and public works account for 1,387 active establishments with more than half (758) institutions without any employees (artisans established their behalf). In late 2006, the sector employed more than 3,900 employees including nearly 1,500 in the public works sector particularly driven by the completion of major infrastructure (motorway A51 and others). Tertiary[edit] After the depopulation caused by the rural exodus, the department pioneered agritourism in the 1950s although it is no longer the leader in France in this field. Approximately 120 farms offer tourist activities (accommodation, catering or leisure),[12] with 70 certified.[13] The tertiary sector includes very different enterpriises. Commercial activities have undergone considerable change, and had in 2004 2,473 establishments but with 1,396 (over 56%) with no employees. In late 2006, however, this sector employed 6,478 people in more than 1,000 establishments. Employee headcounts have risen sharply since 2001 as there have been a total of 627 additional jobs (more than 10% of the workforce) since that date. The number of employees is about 22% of the workforce employed in the private sector. This has resulted from the development, particularly in the cities of Manosque
Manosque
and Digne, of major retail shopping areas. Nearly 1,600 employees in the services sector are employed there. Service activities cover a total of 7,322 institutions in late 2004 with 4,323 (over 59%) with no employees. It is this sector, however which has the largest number of establishments with more than 50 employees - 96 establishments. At the end of 2006, this sector employed, among others, 1,141 employees in the transport sector, 3,425 employeees in business services, and more than 4,000 in the field of services to individuals. These sectors are evolving and increasing their activities. The positive migration flow for the department often originates from the arrival of retired households, due in particular to the significant increase in numbers of elderly and home care services. The transport sector created sixty additional jobs but it was especially the service sector enterprises and service to individuals (e.g. health and social activity) experienced a dramatic and significant growth. The health sector has substantially increased its importance in the economy with over a thousand more jobs, especially in the segments of short-term caregiving and maintenance, with nearly 850 related jobs. This is largely explained by the fact that the major industrial companies in the department, such as companies in the construction sector, use temporary workers, instead of hiring full-time. In the canton of Volonne, where Saint-Auban
Saint-Auban
is, the reduction in industrial jobs (160 jobs lost on the Arkema
Arkema
work site) is partially offset by the increase in temporary employment (100 additional jobs ). Similarly, in Manosque, the first city of the department in terms of employment, and sustainable development (2,000 more jobs in five years), the increase in temporary jobs has been spectacular - reaching 400 jobs. These jobs are in, among other things, the cosmetics industry, the construction industry and public works, and retail. Large retail chains in the city prefer this mode of hiring to permanent staff. In the field of health and social activities, there has been significant job creation also with 760 more jobs, bringing to 13% the share of employees in the sector in terms of total private employment. This increase is particularly in hospitality and accommodation with nearly a thousand employees, an increase of about 150 jobs since 2001, while the area of home care now employs 741 employees instead of 457 five years earlier. Finally, note that voluntary work, with nearly 1,000 jobs offered, is also present in the department. Tourism[edit] The beautiful scenery provides the background to many activities and sights. Eleven villages have been classified as having special architectural character. In particular there are:

The town of Sisteron
Sisteron
with its ancient citadel and narrow streets The Gorge of Verdon (Europe's Grand Canyon) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
Hot-spa town Moustiers-Sainte-Marie
Moustiers-Sainte-Marie
Pottery Forcalquier
Forcalquier
Cathedral

In summer many aerial sports use the surrounding mountains such as gliding, hang gliding and paragliding. In winter there is extensive skiing at eleven ski resorts.

Digne-les-Bains

Forcalquier

Sisteron

Rocher de La Baume

Moustiers-Sainte-Marie

Verdon Gorge

The Aiguille de Chambeyron
Aiguille de Chambeyron
and the Marinet Lake in the Ubaye
Ubaye
Valley

Gastronomy[edit] Famous dishes from the commune:

Black Pudding
Black Pudding
traditionally cooked with leeks[14] Scrambled eggs with truffles from Riez Pattes a la main de Fours Sisteron
Sisteron
Lamb Pierrevert
Pierrevert
wine (AOC since 1997) Lavender
Lavender
Honey Banon cheese Génépi
Génépi
from the Ubaye
Ubaye
Valley Pieds paquets
Pieds paquets
from Sisteron Henri Bardouin de Forcalquier
Forcalquier
Liqueurs.

Local media[edit] Print Media[edit] Daily newspapers: La Provence, le Dauphine Libere, and La Marseillaise. All three have a local edition. Weekly Newspaper: Haute Provence
Provence
info Free Newspapers: J'y Vais Provence, a bimonthly journal. Cultural information and portraits of artists of the department. Local radio[edit]

Alpes 1 (based at Gap, Hautes-Alpes), transmits to the regions of Digne-les-Bains, Sisteron, Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
and Allos Durance
Durance
FM (based at Reillane), transmits in the regions of Manosque, Digne-les-Bains, and Sisteron Fréquence Mistral (based in Manosque), transmits in the regions of Manosque, Digne-les-Bains, Sisteron, and Castellane Grimaldi FM (based in Puget-Théniers
Puget-Théniers
(Alpes-Maritimes)) transmits to the cantons of Annot and Entrevaux Là la radio (based at Gap (Hautes-Alpes)) transmits to the regions of Allos, Barcelonnette, and Colmars-les-Alpes Radio Oxygène (based in Fréjus
Fréjus
(Var)), transmits in the regions of Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
and Val d'Allos; Radio Star (based in Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône)), transmits in the regions of Manosque, Digne-les-Bains, and Sisteron Radio Verdon (based in Saint-Julien-le-Montagnier
Saint-Julien-le-Montagnier
(Var)), transmits to the regions of Manosque
Manosque
and Castellane Radio Zinzine (based at Limans), funded by the Longo Maï cooperative, transmits to the areas of Manosque, Digne-les-Bains, Sisteron, and Forcalquier.

Local TV[edit]

Télévision Locale Provence
Provence
(TLP) is available through TNT channel 30 in the area of Manosque
Manosque
and Val de Durance, by satellite in the FRANSAT package, by Internet on ADSL Orange, SFR/Neuf, Numéricâble in Avignon and its region (soon to be Free)

Website[edit]

jy: This free cultural news site was launched in January 2011. There are more than 200 cultural events in the department every week.

A free bimonthly magazine is associated with the website providing close-ups of artists and events in the region. Distributed to 4,000 copies in town halls, tourist offices and shops, it is to this day the strongest support media for the department.

Verdon Info: Information on the area Pays Asses-Verdon-Vaïre-Var ( Arrondissement of Castellane).

Infrastructure[edit] Road network[edit] Many roads in Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
are narrow and winding due to terrain. These natural conditions make access to certain parts of the department rather difficult, especially in winter, and particularly the communes in the Arrondissements of Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
and Castellane. They are therefore quite isolated from the rest of the department and the region. National Highway N85 between Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
and Castellane
Castellane
passes through several narrow gorges including that of Taulanne which is especially narrow. Rail network[edit] There are several railway lines in Alpes de Haute-Provence. These are:

the Chemins de Fer de Provence
Provence
line (known as the Train des pignes) from Nice
Nice
- Digne two lines of the SNCF:

the Lyon-Perrache - Marseille-Saint-Charles (via Grenoble) line the Saint-Auban
Saint-Auban
- Digne line (service provided by coaches) is now abandoned. It formed the junction between the Train des Pignes and the Lyon- Marseille
Marseille
lines. A project to reopen the line is being studied and included in the planning between the State and Region.

Old abandoned lines:

the Volx
Volx
- Forcalquier
Forcalquier
line the Volx
Volx
- Cavaillon line the Chorges - Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
line (never opened)

Notable People associated with the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Department[edit] Scientists[edit]

Pierre Gassendi
Pierre Gassendi
(1592 at Champtercier
Champtercier
- 1655), mathematician, philosopher, theologian and astronomer. Jean Solome (1674-1752), historian from Moustiers-Sainte-Marie Prior Laurensi (1719-1808), historian. Jean Marc Gaspard Itard
Jean Marc Gaspard Itard
(1774 at Oraison
Oraison
- 1838), a famous doctor for his work on the case of the Feral child, Victor of Aveyron, and pioneer of the ear, nose and throat speciality Jean Aimé Édouard de Laplane (1774-1870), historian from Sisteron Simon-Jude Honnorat (1783 at Allos
Allos
- 1852), physician, naturalist, regional linguist Elzéard Gras-Bourget (1788-1860) Judge and historian Father Jean-Joseph-Maxime Feraud (1810 at Riez
Riez
- 1897), historian Alphonse Eugene Beau called Beau de Rochas (1815 at Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
- 1893) thermodynamics engineer, inventor of the four-stroke engine, and turbine engine Dr. Antoine Ollivier (1823 - ?), a medical doctor and archaeologist from Ubaye Jean-Esprit Pellissier (1831 at Allos
Allos
- 1905), historian François Arnaud (1843-1908), mountaineer, politician, lawyer, geographer and linguist from Ubaye. Raymond Collier (1921-2000), director of the Departmental Archives of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Lucienne Roubin (1924 in Upper Verdon - 1999), sociologist and historian. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (1932-2007), Nobel prize in physics in 1991. Spent his childhood in Barcelonnette

Artists[edit]

Painters

Eugene Martel (1869 at Revest-du-Bion
Revest-du-Bion
- 1947) Raoul Dufy
Raoul Dufy
(1877-1953 at Forcalquier) Serge Fiorio (1911-2011), born in Switzerland, died at Viens, Vaucluse, he settled in the Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
in 1947 Paul Martin (1830-1903) and his son Étienne Martin (1856-1945). Naturalist painters and botanists

Singers / Musicians

Albertet de Sisteron
Sisteron
(1194-1221), troubadour Jean-Philippe Argento (1972 at Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
- ) Damien Saez (1977- )

Others

Joseph Olérys, Faiencer of the 18th century Jean Daviot (1962 at Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
- ), visual artist Bernar Venet
Bernar Venet
(1941 at Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban), visual artist

Fictional Characters

Elzéard Bouffier, the shepherd in The Man Who Planted Trees by Jean Giono

Other historical figures[edit]

Military

Joseph de Richery
Joseph de Richery
(1757 at Allons - 1798 at Eoulx) Rear Admiral who distinguished himself during the wars of the Revolution Pierre Charles Silvestre de Villeneuve
Pierre Charles Silvestre de Villeneuve
(1763 at Valensole
Valensole
- 1806), admiral of the French fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar Louis Alexis Desmichels (1779 at Digne - 1845), an officer of the First Empire, General Paul Touvier (1915 at Saint-Vincent-sur-Jabron
Saint-Vincent-sur-Jabron
- 1996), leader of the Milice
Milice
in Lyon, the first Frenchman condemned for crimes against humanity Bruno Dary
Bruno Dary
(1952 at Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
- ), Military governor of Paris

Political and financial

Jacques-Antoine Manuel
Jacques-Antoine Manuel
(1775 at Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
- 1827), fourth deputy (MP) under the Bourbon Restoration Hippolyte Fourtoul (1811 Digne - 1856), Minister of Education under the Second Empire The Brothers Arnaud originators of the Ubayens emigration movement to Mexico and Louisiana in the 19th and early 20th century André Honnorat (1868-1950), originally from Allos
Allos
and Barcelonnette, Minister of Public Education and Fine Arts in 1920 Paul Reynaud
Paul Reynaud
(1878 at Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
- 1966), former President of the Council of Ministers (1940) Henri Laugier (1888 at Mane - 1973), Deputy Secretary General of the UN Jean-Louis Bianco
Jean-Louis Bianco
(1943 - ), deputy for Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
and president of the department's general council

Sports[edit]

Motor Sports

Jean Rolland (1935 at Digne - 1967), racing driver Jean-Michel Bayle (1969 at Manosque
Manosque
- ) motocross champion Mickael Maschio (1973 at Digne - ), French motocross driver

Footballers

René Gallice (1919 at Forcalquier
Forcalquier
- 1999), former professional soccer player Alain Boghossian (1970 at Digne - ), former professional soccer player, world champion in 1998, assistant coach of the French football team since 2008.

Skiers

Honoré Bonnet (1919-2005) coach of the French ski team at the 1968 Winter Olympics Carole Merle (1964 at Sauze), the most successful French skier in the history of the World Cup

Cyclists

Édouard Fachleitner, (1921-2008), racing cyclist called the Shepherd from Manosque Julien El Fares
Julien El Fares
(1985 at Manosque
Manosque
- ) cyclist.

Rugby Players

Grégory Bernard, (1984 at Digne - ), second line at Auch

Philosophers, poets, writers

Alphonse Rabbe (1786 at Riez
Riez
- 1830), romantic poet in prose, Album of a pessimist Paul Arène
Paul Arène
(1843 at Sisteron
Sisteron
- 1896) writer and poet Lazarine Negro (1848-1899), a poet from Manosque, a member of Félibrige Elemir Bourges
Elemir Bourges
(1852 at Manosque
Manosque
- 1925), novelist, member of the Académie Goncourt Alexandra David-Neel
Alexandra David-Neel
(1868-1969), explorer and Franco-Belgian writer, a resident of Digne in 1926 until his death in 1969 Germaine Waton Ferry (1885 at Riez
Riez
- 1956), poet, member of Félibrige Alexandre Arnoux (1884-1973), novelist, playwright Maria Borrely (1890 at Puimoisson
Puimoisson
- 1963), novelist Regis Messac (1893-1945), writer Jean Giono (1895 at Manosque
Manosque
- 1970), writer Jean Proal (1904 at Seyne-les-Alpes - 1969), writer Pierre Magnan (1922 at Manosque
Manosque
- 2012), writer Cécile Sauvage (1883-1927), poet, lived in Digne Felicien Champsaur (1858 at Turriers
Turriers
- 1934), writer Pierre Martel (1923-2001), founder of Alpes de Lumiere (Alpine Lights) Pierre Bottero (1964 at Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
- 2009), writer

Miscellaneous[edit]

Religious

Tulle de Manosque
Manosque
(?-430), daughter of Eucherius of Lyon Fauste de Riez
Riez
(408-495), bishop and theologian of free will Mayeul de Cluny
Mayeul de Cluny
(906 at Valensole
Valensole
- 994). Fourth abbot of Cluny. John of Matha
John of Matha
(1160 at Faucon-de- Barcelonnette
Barcelonnette
- 1215), priest, founder of the Trinitarian Order
Trinitarian Order
to recover prisoners of the Saracens Jacques Chastan (1803 at Marcoux - 1839), priest of Foreign Missions Society

People in the news

Jack Cecil Drummond
Jack Cecil Drummond
(1891-1952), assassinated at Lurs
Lurs
with his wife and daughter which triggered the Dominici affair

Others

The families Simiane, Agoult, and Ponteves, nobles of Provence Learned societies and associations[edit]

Société scientifique et littéraire des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, founded in 1878 by Father Jean-Joseph-Maxime Feraud Alpes de Lumière, a nonprofit organization founded in 1953 by Pierre Martel and state-approved Proserpine,[15] a non-profit association founded in 1993 in order to know and protect the butterflies of Haute-Provence. Manages the butterfly garden (insects release) at Digne-les-Bains. Sabença de la Valeia is a learned society from the Ubaye
Ubaye
Valley. It researches, studies and disseminates everything about the valley.

Movies and TV films made in the department[edit] (TV films in Italics)

1925: Les Misérables by Henri Fescourt with Gabriel Gabrio (in French) 1934: Les Misérables by Raymond Bernard with Harry Baur
Harry Baur
(in French) 1953: La Route Napoléon by Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
with Pierre Fresnay
Pierre Fresnay
(in French) 1958: L'Eau vive by François Villiers with Pascale Audret (in French) 1960: Crésus by Jean Giono with Fernandel
Fernandel
(in French) 1970: La Maison des bories by Jacques Doniol-Valcroze
Jacques Doniol-Valcroze
with Marie Dubois, Maurice Garrel, Mathieu Carrière, and Marie-Véronique Maurin (in French) 1973: L'Affaire Dominici by Claude Bernard-Aubert with Jean Gabin, Victor Lanoux, and Gérard Darrieu (in French) 1981: Les Babas Cool by François Leterrier with Christian Clavier, Marie-Anne Chazel, and Anémone
Anémone
(actress) (in French) 1986: Jean de Florette
Jean de Florette
by Claude Berri
Claude Berri
with Daniel Auteuil, Gérard Depardieu, and Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(in French) 1988: La Maison assassinée by Georges Lautner
Georges Lautner
with Patrick Bruel
Patrick Bruel
(in French) 1989: Après la guerre by Jean-Loup Hubert with Richard Bohringer
Richard Bohringer
(in French) 1995: Le Hussard sur le toit by Jean-Paul Rappeneau
Jean-Paul Rappeneau
with Juliette Binoche, Olivier Martinez, and François Cluzet
François Cluzet
(in French) 2003: L'Affaire Dominici by Pierre Boutron with Michel Serrault
Michel Serrault
and Michel Blanc
Michel Blanc
(in French) 2006: Les Courriers de la mort by Philomène Esposito with Victor Lanoux (in French) 2007: C'est mieux la vie quand on est grand by Luc Béraud with Daniel Russo (in French) 2010: Le Sang des Atrides by Bruno Gantillon with Victor Lanoux (in French)

See also[edit]

Cantons of the Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
department Communes of the Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
department Arrondissements of the Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
department

References[edit]

^ Raymond Collier, Haute- Provence
Provence
monumental and artistic, Digne, Imprimerie Louis Jean, 1986, 559 p., p 420 (in French) ^ Decree on seismic risk in the department of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, 2010 (in French) ^ Paris, Nice, Strasbourg, Brest ^ Data from the Station at Saint Auban from 1981 to 2010 (in French) ^ Irène Magnaudeix, Sitting Stone, Moving Stone: usage and representation of stone by the inhabitants of Haut-Vançon, Mane, Les Alpes de Lumière, Forcalquier, 2004. ISBN 978-2-906162-73-0, p 124 (in French) ^ INSEE 2010 ^ Stéphane Simonnet, Atlas of the Libération of France, Autrement, Paris, 1994, reprinted 2004, (ISBN 2-7467-0495-1), p 60, (in French) ^ Encyclopédies théologiques Dictionary of Sacred and Ecclesiastical Geography published by M. l'abbé Jacques-Paul Migne, 1854, éditeur de la bibliothèque universelle du clergé (in French) ^ Forest Inventory for Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
(in French) ^ Lilian Micas, Actual Changes in a forest area, Verdons, no 26-27, December 2008, p. 117 (in French) ^ Lilian Micas, Actual Changes in a forest area, Verdons, no 26-27, December 2008, p. 123. ^ Aurélie Volle, Agritourism
Agritourism
and biological productions in AHP, indicaters of reinvigoration of campaigns?, Méditerranée, 107/2006, p 67 (in French) ^ Aurélie Volle, Agritourism
Agritourism
and biological productions in AHP, indicaters of reinvigoration of campaigns?, Méditerranée, 107/2006, p. 68. ^ Jean-Robert Pitte, Alpine Delicacies, Pigs and Piglets: the quest for pure fat, L’Alpe No. 42, Autumn 2008, p 8 (in French) ^ The Garden of Butterflies (in French)

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Alpes-de-Haute-Provence.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alpes-de-Haute-Provence.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Basses-Alpes.

Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) (in French) Conseil général website Abbeys in the Alps (fr. with translator) (in French) Prefecture website (in English) Préfecture web-site in English (in French) SPLAF Detailed information in French Sisteron
Sisteron
guide (in French) Department of Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
(04) The accounts of the Communes and groupings: - Individual and Consolidated data "Principle Budget and annexes" (in French) Website for Alpes-de-Haute- Provence
Provence
and Basses-Alpes, well documented and illustrated (anecdotes, personalities) (in French) Robbery in the Basses-Alpes..., by Abbot Maurel (1899). Text online. (in French) The Plague of 1720 in the Basses-Alpes, by Abbot Maurel (1908). Text online. (in French) Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (in French) Visit to the Valley of La Blanche, Seyne-les-Alpes and nearby villages (in French) The Alps of Hautes Provences, Mural Paintings from the 11th to the 16th centuries

v t e

Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 139090781 LCCN: n81036014 GND: 4084997-1 SUDOC: 026359014 BNF:

.