HOME
The Info List - AVE


--- Advertisement ---



Alta Velocidad Española (AVE)[a] is a service of high-speed rail in Spain
Spain
operated by Renfe, the Spanish national railway company, at speeds of up to 310 km/h (193 mph).[2] Alta Velocidad Española translates to "Spanish High Speed", but the initials are also a play on the word ave, meaning "bird". As of August 2017, the Spanish AVE
AVE
system is the longest HSR network in Europe with 3,240 km (2,010 mi)[3] and the second longest in the world, after China's.[1][4] AVE
AVE
trains run on a network of high-speed rail track owned and managed by ADIF (Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias), where other high-speed (Avant (es), Alvia) and mid-speed (Altaria) services also operate. The first line was opened in 1992, connecting the cities of Madrid, Córdoba and Seville. Unlike the rest of the Iberian broad gauge network, the AVE
AVE
uses standard gauge. This permits direct connections to outside Spain
Spain
through the link to the French network at the Perthus tunnel. AVE
AVE
trains are operated by Renfe, but private companies may be allowed to operate trains in the future using other brands, in accordance with European Union
European Union
legislation. Some TGV-derived trains used to run on the broad-gauge network at slower speeds, but these were branded separately as Euromed until new rolling stock was commissioned for these services.

Contents

1 History

1.1 New rail link to Andalusia 1.2 AVANT – Media Distancia 1.3 Madrid–Barcelona 1.4 Northern corridors 1.5 Eastern corridors 1.6 International connection with France 1.7 Incidents and accidents

2 Operational services

2.1 International services

3 Trains 4 Lines in operation

4.1 North-western corridor

4.1.1 Madrid–Zamora 4.1.2 The Atlantic Axis

4.2 North corridor

4.2.1 Madrid–León

4.3 North-eastern corridor

4.3.1 Madrid–Barcelona 4.3.2 Barcelona– Perpignan
Perpignan
(France) 4.3.3 Madrid–Huesca

4.4 Eastern corridor

4.4.1 Madrid–Castellón 4.4.2 Madrid–Alicante

4.5 South corridor

4.5.1 Madrid–Seville 4.5.2 Madrid–Málaga 4.5.3 Madrid–Toledo

5 Lines under construction

5.1 Madrid
Madrid
interconnector 5.2 North-western corridor

5.2.1 Zamora–Ourense

5.3 North corridor

5.3.1 León–Gijón 5.3.2 Valladolid–Vitoria 5.3.3 Basque Y

5.4 North-eastern corridor

5.4.1 Tunnel Sants–La Sagrera

5.5 Eastern corridor

5.5.1 Alicante–Cartagena

5.6 South corridor

5.6.1 Seville–Granada 5.6.2 Madrid–Jaén

5.7 Mediterranean corridor

5.7.1 Tarragona–Almería

5.8 South-western corridor

5.8.1 Madrid–Extremadura

6 Lines planned

6.1 Cantabrian Sea
Cantabrian Sea
corridor 6.2 Two seas corridor 6.3 Central- Pyrenees
Pyrenees
corridor 6.4 North corridor – Madrid-Santander high-speed line

7 Passenger usage 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

Map showing high-speed railway lines currently (January 2018) in operation.

Map showing high-speed lines already in operation, under construction or planned (updated January 2018).

New rail link to Andalusia[edit] Main articles: Madrid– Seville
Seville
high-speed rail line and Madrid– Málaga
Málaga
high-speed rail line Towards the end of the 1980s a new line was planned to join the Castilian Meseta with Andalusia
Andalusia
without passing through the Despeñaperros
Despeñaperros
Natural Park. After considering various options it was decided that a standard-gauge line, allowing for Spain's first high-speed rail link, would be built. The project was named NAFA (Nuevo Acceso Ferroviario a Andalucía, New Rail Link to Andalusia) and was meant to help revitalise the stagnant southern Spanish economy. The line was inaugurated on 14 April 1992 to coincide with Expo 92 being held in Seville. Seven days later on 21 April 1992 commercial service began with six daily services stopping at Madrid, Seville, Córdoba, Puertollano
Puertollano
and Ciudad Real. In October 1992 RENFE began the AVE
AVE
Lanzadera (Shuttle) service between Madrid
Madrid
and Puertollano
Puertollano
and Ciudad Real. It has been suggested[by whom?] that the PSOE government chose the French Alstom
Alstom
bid over the Siemens
Siemens
and Talgo
Talgo
bids for political rather than technical reasons,[citation needed] rewarding the French government for its assistance in capturing ETA activists who took "sanctuary" across the border in southern France.[5][citation needed] Seville's hosting of the 1992 World's Fair prompted the choice of that city for the inaugural AVE
AVE
line, with its being the home town of then Spanish president Felipe Gonzalez
Felipe Gonzalez
also playing some role. Seville
Seville
is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain
Spain
and the fourth largest city in Spain, after Madrid, Barcelona
Barcelona
and Valencia, with a population of over 700,000 and a metropolitan area of almost 1.5 million people. It is also the capital of Andalusia, Spain's most populous autonomous community (region). In January 1993 the Talgo
Talgo
200 Madrid– Málaga
Málaga
service began, using AVE
AVE
lines as far as Córdoba and then Spanish-gauge conventional track to reach Málaga. On 23 April that year, the AVE
AVE
set a new top speed of 356.8 km/h (221.7 mph) on a test run. Later in 1993 the mixed-method services Talgo
Talgo
200 Madrid– Cádiz
Cádiz
and Talgo
Talgo
200 Madrid– Huelva
Huelva
began. In 1994 AVE
AVE
trains on the Madrid– Seville
Seville
line began to run at 300 km/h, cutting journey times by at least 40 minutes and covering the 471 km in 2½ hours, though it is unlikely that much of a saving came from the increase in maximum speed, because only a small section of the line near Los Yébenes has the alignments for 300 km/h operation. The maximum permitted speed is 270 km/h between Atocha station and Brazatortas, save for the approaches to the intermediate stations (Atocha, Ciudad Real
Ciudad Real
and Puertollano). Beyond Brazatortas, the line is only authorised for 250 km/h operation, which drops to 215 km/h in the Sierra Morena
Sierra Morena
mountains and 90 km/h around Córdoba station.[6] It is more likely that time savings occurred as a result of there being fewer intermediate stops. Although in 1999 RENFE began a mixed-service Talgo
Talgo
200 Madrid– Algeciras
Algeciras
route, this was, along with the other mixed services, transferred to Grandes Líneas Renfe
Renfe
(RENFE's Spanish gauge long-distance brand) following changes to plans for high-speed rail in Spain. The last segment of the Madrid–Málaga high-speed rail line
Madrid–Málaga high-speed rail line
was completed on 24 December 2007 when the new high speed railway section between the cities of Córdoba and Málaga
Málaga
was inaugurated. It is a standard gauge railway line of 155 km in length and is designed for speeds of 300 km/h (186 mph). It has compatibility with neighbouring countries' railway systems as well. In October 2015 an extension of the Madrid- Seville
Seville
high-speed rail line to Cádiz
Cádiz
was completed after 14 years of works and put in service by Alvia
Alvia
trains for speeds up to 200 km/h.[7] AVANT – Media Distancia[edit]

Class 104 train.

Class 114 train.

In 1992, a new high-speed medium distance service (AV Media Distancia operating under the AVE
AVE
Lanzadera brand) began between Madrid, Ciudad Real and Puertollano, using spare class 100 trains. In November 2003 a new service began between Seville
Seville
and Córdoba using new class 104 trains,[citation needed] reducing journey times between the two cities to 40 minutes. In 2005 the brand was renamed RENFE Avant, and all services started to use class 104 trains, leaving class 100 for AVE services. The construction of a 21-kilometre (13 mi) stretch of high-speed line from Madrid
Madrid
to Toledo allowed the inauguration of a medium distance service in November 2005. The journey time between the two cities is now less than 30 minutes. The high-speed link combined with high property prices in Madrid
Madrid
has encouraged many Madrid
Madrid
commuters to settle in Ciudad Real, the first stop on the Madrid– Seville
Seville
line. There has, however, been controversy over the construction of this line as the change to standard-gauge track meant that large towns such as Getafe, Aranjuez
Aranjuez
and Algodor, which now have no commercial services, lost their direct services to Toledo. Furthermore, since Toledo is now connected by standard-gauge track it is impossible for other passenger or goods trains to reach it that have not come from other high-speed lines. Further Avant services have been launched with the expansion of the AVE
AVE
lines to Valladolid, Barcelona, Málaga
Málaga
and Galicia. See below for details of all Avant services. In the Valladolid
Valladolid
line, new class 114 trains are used. Both Avant class 104 and class 114 trains are based in Pendolino
Pendolino
designs, without tilting capacity: - Avant class 104 trains are based in ETR 480 - Avant class 114 trains are based in ETR 600 Class 121 trains based on the Alvia
Alvia
S-120 train-sets are also used for some Avant services. Madrid–Barcelona[edit] Main article: Madrid– Barcelona
Barcelona
high-speed rail line The Madrid– Zaragoza
Zaragoza
Barcelona
Barcelona
line was inaugurated on 20 February 2008, after parts of the line had operated since 2003 (Madrid–Zaragoza–Lleida) and 2006 (Lleida–Tarragona). This line is currently one of the world's fastest long-distance trains in commercial operation,[8] with non-stop trains covering the 621 km (386 mi) between the two cities in just 2 hours 30 minutes, and those calling at all stations in 3 hours 10 minutes. The line includes a spur railway that branches off at Zaragoza
Zaragoza
towards Huesca
Huesca
in north Aragon. The Madrid- Huesca
Huesca
high-speed rail line was inaugurated in 2005. Northern corridors[edit] Main articles: Madrid–Leon high-speed rail line, Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line, and Atlantic Axis high-speed rail line The first instalment of a high-speed rail corridor in the north and north-west of Spain
Spain
was the 179.6 km section Madrid–Segovia– Valladolid
Valladolid
which was put in operation on 22 December 2007. It includes a tunnel of 28 kilometres (17 mi) at Guadarrama, which is the fourth longest train tunnel in Europe. The extension of the line with the 162.7 km section Valladolid–Venta de Baños–Leon was inaugurated on 29 September 2015. Valladolid
Valladolid
will become the hub for all AVE
AVE
lines connecting the north and north-west of Spain
Spain
with the rest of the country. On April 24, 2010, it was announced a 55 km high-speed spur would leave the Madrid– Valladolid
Valladolid
route at Segovia
Segovia
and continue to Ávila. Initial plans were expected to be complete by the end of 2010 but as of 2015 this line remains unfinished.[9] In the north-west of Spain
Spain
the Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line is scheduled to be completed before 2018 when the Olmedo–Zamora– Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
part will be connected to the Madrid–Leon line at Olmedo south of Valladolid.[10] The 87.1 km northern section between Ourense
Ourense
and Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
was inaugurated in December 2011[11] and the 107 km southern section, between Olmedo (130 km north of Madrid
Madrid
on the Madrid–Leon line) and Zamora entered revenue service on 17 December 2015 by Alvia trains.[12] This line will be connected in the region of Galicia with the 156 km Atlantic Axis high-speed rail line
Atlantic Axis high-speed rail line
that connects the cities of Vigo
Vigo
and A Coruña
A Coruña
via Santiago de Compostela. The Atlantic Axis was inaugurated in April 2015 and the section A Coruña– Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
opened in 2009 and was electrified in 2011.[13] Eastern corridors[edit] Main article: Madrid–Levante high-speed rail network The Madrid–Levante network connects Madrid
Madrid
with the Mediterranean coast of the Levante Region (Eastern Spain). The Madrid–Cuenca– Valencia
Valencia
line was officially finished on Friday, 10 Dec 2010,[14] with commercial trips starting on Saturday 18 Dec 2010. Non-stop trains between Madrid
Madrid
and Valencia
Valencia
cover the 391 km (243 mi) in 1 hour 38 minutes.[15] The Madrid–Albacete– Alicante
Alicante
line was inaugurated on 17 June 2013. Trains cover the distance between Madrid
Madrid
and Alicante
Alicante
in 2 hour 12 minutes. On 22 January 2018 the extension section of the line to Castellón was inaugurated introducing a new AVE
AVE
service Madrid-Castellón which cut the journey time between the two cities by further 30 minutes to total 2 hours and 25 minutes.[16][17] When fully operational the Madrid–Levante network will total 955 km of high-speed rail connecting Madrid, Cuenca, Albacete, Valencia, Alicante, Elche, Castellón, Murcia
Murcia
and Cartagena.[18][19] International connection with France[edit]

Map showing the evolution of the high-speed rail interconnection between Spain
Spain
and France

Networks of Major High Speed Rail Operators in Europe

Main article: Perpignan– Barcelona
Barcelona
high-speed rail line See also: High-speed rail
High-speed rail
in Europe A milestone for the AVE
AVE
network was reached in December 2013 when it was connected to the rest of Europe via France.[20][21] The connecting link was the construction of the 131-kilometre (81.4 mi) Barcelona– Figueres
Figueres
section of the Perpignan– Barcelona
Barcelona
high-speed line, an extension of the Madrid– Barcelona
Barcelona
line, completed in January 2013 at a cost of €3.7 billion.[22][23][24] The international 44.5-kilometre (27.7 mi) Perpignan–Figueres section of the line opened in December 2010 and includes the new 8.3-kilometre (5.2 mi) Perthus Tunnel under the Pyrenees.[25] Incidents and accidents[edit]

Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
derailment Euromed 2002 accident

Operational services[edit] Currently the Spanish high-speed network is made up of the following services:

AVE
AVE
Madrid– Seville
Seville
via Ciudad Real, Puertollano, and Córdoba. AVE
AVE
Madrid–León via Segovia, Valladolid
Valladolid
and Palencia. AVE
AVE
Madrid– Barcelona
Barcelona
via Guadalajara, Calatayud, Zaragoza, Lleida and Tarragona. AVE
AVE
Madrid– Figueres
Figueres
via Guadalajara, Calatayud, Zaragoza, Lleida, Tarragona, Barcelona
Barcelona
and Girona. AVE
AVE
Madrid– Huesca
Huesca
via Guadalajara, Calatayud, Zaragoza
Zaragoza
and Tardienta. AVE
AVE
Madrid– Málaga
Málaga
via Ciudad Real, Puertollano, Córdoba, Puente Genil-Herrera and Antequera. AVE
AVE
Madrid– Valencia
Valencia
via Cuenca and Requena-Utiel. AVE
AVE
Madrid–Castellón via Cuenca and Valencia. AVE
AVE
Madrid– Alicante
Alicante
via Cuenca, Albacete
Albacete
and Villena. AVE
AVE
Barcelona– Seville
Seville
via Tarragona, Lleida, Zaragoza, Ciudad Real, Puertollano
Puertollano
and Córdoba. AVE
AVE
Barcelona– Málaga
Málaga
via Tarragona, Lleida, Zaragoza, Ciudad Real, Puertollano, Córdoba, Puente Genil-Herrera and Antequera. AVE
AVE
Valencia– Seville
Seville
via Cuenca, Ciudad Real, Puertollano
Puertollano
and Córdoba. AVANT[26] (mid distance) Madrid–Ciudad Real–Puertollano. AVANT (mid distance) Madrid–Toledo. AVANT (mid distance) Madrid– Valladolid
Valladolid
via Segovia. AVANT (mid distance) Málaga–Córdoba– Seville
Seville
via Antequera
Antequera
and Puente Genil-Herrera. AVANT (mid distance) Calatayud–Zaragoza. AVANT (mid distance) Barcelona– Lleida
Lleida
via Tarragona. AVANT (mid distance) Barcelona− Figueres
Figueres
via Girona. AVANT (mid distance) A Coruña–Santiago de Compostela–Ourense. AVANT (mid distance) Valencia–Requena Utiel. ALVIA[27] (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Bilbao, via Valladolid
Valladolid
and Burgos. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Irun, via Valladolid, Burgos, Vitoria-Gasteiz
Vitoria-Gasteiz
and San Sebastián. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Gijón, via Valladolid and León. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Ponferrada, via Valladolid
Valladolid
and León. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Santander, via Valladolid, Palencia
Palencia
and Torrelavega. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Logroño, via Calatayud. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Pamplona, via Calatayud. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Pontevedra, via Segovia, Medina del Campo, Zamora, Ourense
Ourense
and Vigo. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Ferrol, via Zamora, Ourense, Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
and A Coruña. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Cádiz, via Ciudad Real, Córdoba and Sevilla. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Huelva, via Cordoba. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Madrid–Salamanca, via Olmedo and Medina del Campo. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Gijón–Castellón, via León, Valladolid, Madrid
Madrid
and Valencia. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Gijón–Oropesa del Mar, via León, Valladolid, Madrid, Valencia
Valencia
and Castellón. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Alicante–Ferrol, via Madrid, Zamora, Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
and A Coruña. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Alicante–Gijón, via Madrid, Valladolid, León and Oviedo. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Alicante–Santander, via Madrid, Segovia, Valladolid
Valladolid
and Palencia. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Barcelona–Irun, via Zaragoza, Pamplona
Pamplona
and San Sebastián. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Barcelona–Bilbao, via Zaragoza and Logroño. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Barcelona–León, via Zaragoza, Pamplona, Vitoria-Gasteiz
Vitoria-Gasteiz
and Burgos. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Barcelona–Gijón, via Zaragoza, Pamplona, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Burgos
Burgos
and León. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Barcelona–A Coruña, via Zaragoza, Pamplona, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Burgos, León, Ponferrada and Santiago de Compostela. ALVIA (mixed high-speed/conventional) Barcelona–Vigo, via Zaragoza, Pamplona, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Burgos, León and Ourense. With connection services to Gijón
Gijón
in León and to A Coruña
A Coruña
in Monforte de Lemos

The central hub of the AVE
AVE
system is Madrid's Puerta de Atocha, except for the Madrid–León line, which terminates at Chamartín station. International services[edit]

Madrid-Barcelona-Perpignan-Montpellier- Marseille
Marseille
(non-stop Madrid Barcelona) Barcelona-Perpignan-Montpellier-Lyon Barcelona-Perpignan-Toulouse

TGV
TGV
service

Barcelona-Perpignan-Montpellier-Paris

All services stop at Girona and Figueres. Trains[edit] Currently, there are several series of high-speed trains that run the AVE
AVE
service:

S/100, manufactured by Alstom S/102, manufactured by Talgo
Talgo
and Bombardier S/103, manufactured by Siemens, marketed globally under the brand Siemens
Siemens
Velaro S/112, manufactured by Talgo
Talgo
and Bombardier

There are also other series of trains that are considered high-speed, but do not run under the AVE
AVE
name. They run under the brand Alvia
Alvia
and Avant, and are variable gauge trains. They can run on high-speed lines at a maximum of 250 km/h (155 mph), and can also change between standard- and Iberian-gauge lines without stopping. The trains that are operated under the Alvia
Alvia
and Avant brand are:

Alvia
Alvia
S-120, manufactured by CAF and Alstom Alvia
Alvia
S-130, manufactured by Talgo
Talgo
and Bombardier Alvia
Alvia
S-730, manufactured by Talgo
Talgo
and Bombardier Avant S-121, manufactured by CAF and Alstom Avant S-104, manufactured by Alstom
Alstom
and CAF Avant S-114, manufactured by Alstom
Alstom
and CAF

A Talgo
Talgo
350 train at Madrid
Madrid
Atocha station.

AVE
AVE
train Talgo
Talgo
350

Talgo
Talgo
350 train at Lleida
Lleida
Pirineus station

AVE
AVE
"Alstom" trainset at Córdoba.

A RENFE AVE
AVE
S/103 ( Siemens
Siemens
Velaro E) at Figueres
Figueres
Vilafant railway station in 2013.

Lines in operation[edit] Currently there are five corridors with nine main lines in operation, and two spur lines connecting the cities of Toledo with the Madrid- Seville
Seville
main line and Huesca
Huesca
with the Madrid– Barcelona
Barcelona
main line.

Line Connected Cities Year of inauguration Operational top speed Type of trains

North-western corridor

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Galicia Ourense
Ourense
· Santiago de Compostela 2011 250 km/h or 155 mph S-121, S-730

Madrid
Madrid
Chamartín · Segovia
Segovia
· Olmedo · Zamora 2015

HSR Atlantic Axis Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
· A Coruña 2011 250 km/h or 155 mph S-121, S-730

Vigo
Vigo
· Pontevedra
Pontevedra
· Santiago de Compostela 2015

North corridor

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– León Madrid
Madrid
Chamartín · Segovia
Segovia
· Valladolid 2007 300 km/h or 186 mph S-102, S-114

Valladolid
Valladolid
· Venta de Baños
Venta de Baños
· Palencia
Palencia
· León 2015

North-eastern corridor

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Barcelona Madrid
Madrid
Atocha · Guadalajara-Yebes · Calatayud
Calatayud
· Zaragoza
Zaragoza
· Lleida 2003 310 km/h or 193 mph S-100, S-103, S-112, S-120, S-121

Lleida
Lleida
· Camp de Tarragona 2006

Camp de Tarragona
Tarragona
· Barcelona-Sants 2008

HSR Barcelona
Barcelona
– Perpignan Figueres
Figueres
· Perpignan
Perpignan
(France) 2009 300 km/h or 186 mph S-100, SNCF TGV
TGV
Duplex

Barcelona-Sants · Barcelona-Sagrera · Girona · Figueres 2013

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Huesca Madrid
Madrid
Atocha · Guadalajara-Yebes · Calatayud
Calatayud
· Zaragoza
Zaragoza
· Tardienta · Huesca 2005 300 km/h or 186 mph S-102

Eastern corridor

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Castellón Madrid
Madrid
Atocha · Cuenca · Requena-Utiel
Requena-Utiel
· Valencia 2010 300 km/h or 186 mph S-102, S-112, S-130

Valencia
Valencia
· Castellón 2018 S-112, S-130

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Alicante Madrid
Madrid
Atocha · Cuenca · Albacete 2010 300 km/h or 186 mph S-112, S-130

Albacete
Albacete
· Villena
Villena
· Alicante 2013

Southern corridor

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Seville Madrid
Madrid
Atocha · Ciudad Real
Ciudad Real
· Puertollano
Puertollano
· Córdoba · Sevilla 1992 300 km/h or 186 mph S-100, S-102, S-103, S-112, S-104

Sevilla
Sevilla
· Jerez de la Frontera
Jerez de la Frontera
· Cádiz 2015 200 km/h or 124 mph S-130

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Málaga Madrid
Madrid
Atocha · Ciudad Real
Ciudad Real
· Puertollano
Puertollano
· Córdoba · Puente Genil-Herrera · Antequera-Santa Ana · Málaga 2007 300 km/h or 186 mph S-102, S-103, S-112, S-104

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Toledo Madrid
Madrid
Atocha · Toledo 2005 250 km/h or 155 mph S-104

North-western corridor[edit]

Map of the high-speed rail network (newly built and upgraded lines). Also shows under construction, planned or in study lines.

Madrid–Zamora[edit] The Madrid–Zamora line is the open section of the under construction Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line
Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line
connecting Madrid
Madrid
to Zamora via Segovia. The line shares a common section with the Madrid–Leon line for the part between Madrid
Madrid
and Olmedo. The Madrid–Zamora line entered revenue service on 17 December 2015 by Alvia
Alvia
S-730 (Patito, max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) trains that cover the distance in 1 hour and 33 minutes.[12] Part of the line up to Medina del Campo is also used for the Alvia
Alvia
Madrid– Salamanca
Salamanca
service. The Atlantic Axis[edit] The Atlantic Axis high-speed railway line is connecting the two main cities of Vigo
Vigo
and A Coruña
A Coruña
(Corunna) via Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
in the northwestern Spanish region of Galicia. The railway, 155.6 km in length, is an upgrade of the former non electrified single railway line between the town of Ferrol and the Portuguese border for the part between A Coruña
A Coruña
and Vigo, into a double electrified high-speed line. The new rebuilt railway permits mixed use traffic with a maximum design speed of 250 km/h for passenger trains.[28] The new railway was inaugurated in April 2015 and shortened the distance between the two cities by 22 km, from 178 km to 156 km, and cut the travel time from around 3 hours on the old railway down to 1 hour and 20 minutes on the new one. 37 tunnels totalling 59 km and 34 bridges totalling 15 km form part of the rebuilt railway.[29] The line is served by Avant S-121 (max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) train-sets for the routes between A Coruña and Vigo[30] and between A Coruña
A Coruña
and Ourense
Ourense
and by S-730 (Patito, max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) train-sets for the Alvia
Alvia
services connecting Galicia with other Spanish regions. The line will be connected at Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
with the Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line, which as of 2015 is under construction. North corridor[edit] Madrid–León[edit] The Madrid–Leon high-speed rail line
Madrid–Leon high-speed rail line
connects Madrid
Madrid
with León passing the cities of Segovia, Valladolid
Valladolid
and Palencia. The line supports the longest railway tunnel in Spain
Spain
at 28 km in length and is served by up to two S-102 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains per day with the fastest schedule lasting 2 hours and 6 minutes. Other trainsets used on the Madrid–Leon line include S-120 (max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) and S-130 (Patito, max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) for the Alvia
Alvia
services. North-eastern corridor[edit] Madrid–Barcelona[edit] Madrid– Barcelona
Barcelona
high-speed railway line connects Madrid
Madrid
with Barcelona
Barcelona
in the north east of Spain
Spain
passing through the cities of Guadalajara, Calatayud, Zaragoza
Zaragoza
(Saragossa), Lleida
Lleida
(Lérida) and Tarragona
Tarragona
where the future Tarragona– Valencia
Valencia
high-speed railway line will connect. The line has a length of 621 km and a travel time of two and a half hours for the direct trains using the route avoiding entering Zaragoza
Zaragoza
(Saragossa) and Lleida
Lleida
(Lérida). The line is served by S-103 (max speed 350 km/h or 217 mph) trains. Seventeen trains run now every day between 6:00 and 21:00 hrs. Direct trains Barcelona– Seville
Seville
and Barcelona–Malaga that do not make a stop in Madrid
Madrid
are also scheduled combining the Madrid–Barcelona line with one of the southern corridor's existing lines. S-112 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains are used for these services and cover these distances in less than 6 hours. Barcelona– Perpignan
Perpignan
(France)[edit] The international high-speed section across the border, Perpignan– Figueres
Figueres
(44.4 km), of the Perpignan–Barcelona high-speed rail line opened in December 2010. Since then, French TGV trains operate from Paris. The Spanish high-speed section Barcelona– Figueres
Figueres
opened on January 7, 2013[31][32] Nine Spanish services initially serviced the line, with 8 being a through service to Madrid, which also connected with two French TGV
TGV
services from Paris. Previously French TGV
TGV
services connected Paris
Paris
and Barcelona
Barcelona
by means of a shuttle train on the standard Barcelona–Figueres line.[33][34][35] Direct Barcelona-Paris, Madrid-Marseille, Barcelona- Lyon
Lyon
and Barcelona- Toulouse
Toulouse
high-speed trains between France and Spain
Spain
started on December 15, 2013.[36] Madrid–Huesca[edit] The Zaragoza- Huesca
Huesca
section branches off from the Madrid–Barcelona line at Zaragoza
Zaragoza
and connects with the city of Huesca
Huesca
and serves the connection train station for regional trains in the town of Tardienta. The line first put in operation in 2005 and is served by up to two S-102 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains per day with the fastest train journey between the two cities lasting 2 hours and 5 minutes. Eastern corridor[edit] Madrid–Castellón[edit] The Madrid–Castellón line connects the city of Castellón with the city of Madrid
Madrid
passing through the cities of Cuenca, Requena-Utiel
Requena-Utiel
and Valencia. The section It is serviced by S-112 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains, assembled by the Talgo-Bombardier consortium. Direct trains to Valencia
Valencia
cover the 391 km in 98 minutes while thirty trains run every day between 05:00 and 21:00, fifteen in each direction. For the service Madrid–Castellón AVE
AVE
trains cover the distance in 2 hours and 25 minutes and 4 trains per day are scheduled, two in each direction.[17] The line is part of the Madrid–Levante network (see below). Direct trains Valencia– Seville
Seville
that do not make a stop in Madrid
Madrid
are also scheduled combining the existing lines of Madrid–Castellón and Madrid-Seville. S-102 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains are used for this service and cover the whole distance in 3 hours and 50 minutes. Madrid–Alicante[edit] A 350 km/h line branches off from the Madrid–Castellón Line and connects the city of Alicante
Alicante
with the city of Madrid
Madrid
passing through the cities of Cuenca, Albacete
Albacete
and Villena.[37] It is part of the Madrid–Levante HSR network and is serviced by S-112 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains that cover the distance in up to 2 hours and 12 minutes. Direct trains Toledo– Albacete
Albacete
were also scheduled in the past, combining four of the existing lines, but this service was eventually terminated due to low demand. South corridor[edit] Madrid–Seville[edit] The Madrid– Seville
Seville
high-speed railway line connects Madrid
Madrid
with Seville
Seville
in the south of Spain, passing through the cities of Ciudad Real, Puertollano
Puertollano
and Córdoba, where the Madrid– Málaga
Málaga
high-speed rail line branches off towards Málaga
Málaga
just outside Los Mochos near Almodóvar del Río. The route travels across the plains of Castile, travelling through the Sierra Morena
Sierra Morena
mountains just before reaching Córdoba, before going onward towards Seville
Seville
through the largely flat land surrounding the Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
river. The Madrid– Seville
Seville
line was the first dedicated passenger high-speed rail line to be built in Spain
Spain
and was completed in time for Seville's Expo 92. With a length of 472 km, the fastest train journey between the two cities takes 2 hours and 20 minutes. The line is served by S-100 (max speed 300 km/h or 186 mph) trains. The extension section of the Madrid- Seville
Seville
high-speed rail line to Cádiz
Cádiz
is served by Alvia trains that connect the city of Cádiz
Cádiz
to Madrid
Madrid
and reach speeds up to 200 km/h in this section.[7] Madrid–Málaga[edit] The Madrid–Málaga high-speed rail line
Madrid–Málaga high-speed rail line
connects the city of Málaga with the city of Madrid. The line shares a common section with the Madrid– Seville
Seville
high-speed rail line up to the city of Córdoba and then includes a 155 km long spur line up to the city of Málaga. It is served by S-102 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) and S-103 (max speed 350 km/h or 217 mph) trains and the fastest train journey between the two cities takes 2 hours and 20 minutes. Apart from the traffic to and from the city of Málaga, the line also handles the traffic to the cities of Granada
Granada
and Algeciras. In the future, the line will also support the traffic between Madrid and the Costa del Sol
Costa del Sol
high-speed rail line. Madrid–Toledo[edit] The Madrid–Toledo high-speed rail line
Madrid–Toledo high-speed rail line
branches off from the Seville and Málaga
Málaga
routes around the depot at La Sagra. The Avant service between the two cities offers journey times of half an hour on trains with a maximum speed of 250 km/h. Lines under construction[edit] Currently there are six corridors with eight lines under construction.

Line Connected Cities Year expected to be completed

North-western corridor

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Galicia Zamora · Ourense 2019

North corridor

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Asturias León · La Robla -

La Robla
La Robla
· Pola de Lena after 2020

Pola de Lena
Pola de Lena
· Oviedo
Oviedo
· Gijón –

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Basque Country Venta de Baños
Venta de Baños
· Burgos 2018

Burgos
Burgos
· Miranda de Ebro
Miranda de Ebro
· Vitoria 2023[38]

Basque Y Vitoria · Bilbao
Bilbao
· San Sebastián
San Sebastián
· Irún
Irún
· French border 2023

Eastern corridor

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Levante Alicante
Alicante
· Murcia
Murcia
· Cartagena 2018

Southern corridor

HSR Andalusian Transverse Axis Antequera
Antequera
· Granada 2018

Antequera
Antequera
· Sevilla 2020

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Jaén Mora · Alcázar de San Juan -

Alcázar de San Juan
Alcázar de San Juan
· Manzanares -

Linares · Casas de Torrubia -

Grañena · Jaén 2018[39]

Mediterranean corridor

HSR Catalonia–Andalusia Tarragona
Tarragona
· Vandellós 2019

Valencia
Valencia
· Murcia 2019

Murcia
Murcia
· Almería 2023

South-western corridor

HSR Madrid
Madrid
– Extremadura Plasencia
Plasencia
· Badajoz 2020

Madrid
Madrid
· Plasencia 2023[40]

Madrid
Madrid
interconnector[edit]

Map of the planned high-speed rail network (newly built and upgraded lines).

A new interconnecting tunnel is planned between Madrid
Madrid
Atocha and Madrid
Madrid
Chamartín stations. Currently, trains going to Valladolid leave from Chamartín and trains going to Seville, Málaga
Málaga
and Barcelona
Barcelona
leave from Atocha station. Also, there is a single daily service in each direction running along the Barcelona– Seville
Seville
and Barcelona– Málaga
Málaga
routes, which uses the high-speed bypass around Madrid
Madrid
(the only alternative is to have the driver walk from one end of the train to the other, which would have a negative effect on journey times). The tunnel will allow services serving northern cities to travel non-stop or with a stop through Madrid
Madrid
and onward to southern cities (or vice versa), without the driver having to change ends or bypass Madrid, a valuable source of passengers: currently, someone wanting to travel from Valladolid
Valladolid
to Málaga, for instance, must travel from Valladolid
Valladolid
Campo Grande station to Madrid
Madrid
Chamartín station before taking a Cercanías
Cercanías
service to Atocha; then finally taking an onward train to Málaga. On April 24, 2010, tunnelling started on the 7.3 km route connecting Atocha and Chamartin.[9] The tunnel itself is now complete, and the tracks are in place. The electric line is currently being installed, with these works expected to be completed in early 2018, and service started within the same year.[41] North-western corridor[edit] Zamora–Ourense[edit] The Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line
Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line
will connect the city of Madrid
Madrid
with the region of Galicia and the Atlantic Axis high-speed rail line in the North West of Spain
Spain
via Santiago de Compostela. The line will include a new 424 km long high-speed railway section that starts at Olmedo 130 km to the north of Madrid
Madrid
on the Madrid–Leon high-speed rail line
Madrid–Leon high-speed rail line
and ends at Santiago de Compostela. Construction on the northernmost part of this section between the cities of Ourense
Ourense
and Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
began late 2004 and this part was inaugurated in December 2011. The southern part between Olmedo and Zamora entered revenue service on 17 December 2015.[12] Constructions on the central part, which crosses some of Spain's most remote and fragile nature areas, are expected be completed in 2019. The line is currently served by Alvia
Alvia
trains.[42] North corridor[edit] León–Gijón[edit]

León–Oviedo–Gijón

Madrid– Asturias
Asturias
high-speed railway is the line connecting Madrid
Madrid
to the region of Asturias
Asturias
in the north of Spain. The new under construction section branches off the Valladolid–Vitoria high-speed section at Venta de Baños: 205 km north of Madrid
Madrid
and then reaches the cities of Oviedo
Oviedo
and Gijón
Gijón
via Palencia
Palencia
and León.[43] This section includes the 24,7 km long Pajares Base Tunnel (Variante de Pajares) which runs under a very mountainous area between the Province of León
Province of León
and the Principality of Asturias.[44] Construction started in 2009 (except variante de pajares which started 2003) and reached León in September 2015 and expected to reach Oviedo and Gijón
Gijón
after 2020.[45] Valladolid–Vitoria[edit]

Valladolid–Burgos–Vitoria-Gasteiz[46]

The extension of the Madrid– Valladolid
Valladolid
section towards the Basque Country began construction in 2009. This 223.4 kilometres (138.8 mi) railway line will run parallel to the 244.8 kilometres (152.1 mi) long existing railway line. Originally it was to be used as a mixed-use high-speed railway line, but it has since been changed to a passenger-dedicated railway line, leaving the existing railway line for freight trains. The line was forecast to open the Valladolid– Burgos
Burgos
part around 2013 and the Burgos–Vitoria-Gasteiz part in 2014 or 2015. However, due to delays the line is not expected to open before 2023, although the Valladolid– Burgos
Burgos
section is expected to enter full revenue service in 2018. At Vitoria it will be connected to the Basque high-speed railway line (Basque Y), thus reaching the French border. Once opened, the travel time between Valladolid
Valladolid
and Vitoria will be around an hour. Basque Y[edit]

Bilbao–Vitoria-Gasteiz–San Sebastian–French border[47]

The Basque high-speed railway line (Basque Y) will connect the three Basque capitals, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Bilbao
Bilbao
and San Sebastián. Construction began in October 2006 and the line was forecast to open in 2016. However, due to delays in construction, the line is expected to put in service in 2023 according to the new estimations. The three Basque capitals will be further connected with Madrid
Madrid
via Valladolid, and with the French border via Irun
Irun
and Bayonne. North-eastern corridor[edit] Tunnel Sants–La Sagrera[edit] The Sants–La Sagrera tunnel links the Sants station in Barcelona through the Eixample
Eixample
with the future La Sagrera station. The tunnel passes under the streets of Provença and Mallorca, using a short part of the Diagonal to link between these streets. In the Carrer de Mallorca, the tunnel passes directly in front of Gaudí's masterpiece, the basilica of the Sagrada Família, and in the Carrer de Provença, another Gaudí work, the Casa Milà. In a long campaign against this route, the Board of the Sagrada Família
Sagrada Família
and other parties argued that the tunnel would damage the church, whose construction is still in progress. In this discussion about different routes, the one now built is also called the Provença tunnel because part of its route passes under this street. The tunnel boring machine Barcino passed the Sagrada Família
Sagrada Família
in October 2010, and reached its final destination a few months later. Rail traffic is planned to start in 2012, initially without stops at the La Sagrera station, which is expected to be completed in 2016. In March 2012, railway equipment was installed, with a special elastic isolation of the rails in order to dampen vibrations at the sections passing close to Gaudí's architectural works, using the Edilon system.[48][49] Eastern corridor[edit] Alicante–Cartagena[edit]

Alicante–Murcia–Cartagena

This is an under construction section, part of the Madrid–Levante network of high-speed railways connecting the capital with the Mediterranean coast. Consisting of 955 kilometres (593 mi) of railways with an estimated cost of 12.5 billion euros, it is the most expensive high-speed railway project in Spain. The network will consist of both dedicated passenger high-speed railways designed for trains running above 300 kilometres per hour (190 mph) and high-speed railways shared with freight trains.[18] The network is to be opened in stages, starting with the Madrid–Valencia/Albacete section, which was opened in December 2010,[14][50] followed by Albacete/Valencia– Alicante
Alicante
in June 2013[51] and finally reaching the cities of Castellón and Murcia
Murcia
by 2018 and a branch line to Cartagena. South corridor[edit] Seville–Granada[edit]

Transversal Rail Axis (Eje Ferroviario transversal de Andalucía),[52] the Andalusian high-speed rail line connecting Huelva, Seville, Granada
Granada
and Almería. Part of the line is financed and built by the Andalusian government.

The southern Andalusian transverse high-speed railway line is a 503.7-kilometre railway running between the cities of Huelva
Huelva
and Almería, passing the cities of Seville
Seville
and Granada. The line is designed for speeds up to 250 kilometres per hour, except for the 130-kilometre Antequerra– Granada
Granada
and the 103-kilometre Seville– Huelva
Huelva
parts of the line, which are designed for speeds in excess of 300 kilometres per hour. A connection between Huelva and the Portuguese border is being studied.[citation needed] When finished the journey between Huelva
Huelva
and Almería
Almería
in the new line is estimated to last 3 hours and 35 minutes.[53] The first section of the line between Antequera
Antequera
and Granada
Granada
is expected to put in service by the first semester of 2018 connecting the city of Granada
Granada
to the rest of the high speed network via the Madrid– Málaga
Málaga
high-speed rail line. The section between Seville
Seville
and Antequera
Antequera
is expected to be completed in 2020. Madrid–Jaén[edit]

Madrid–Alcázar de San Juan–Jaén

This high-speed railway line will be part passenger-dedicated high-speed railway (Madrid–Alcázar de San Juan) and part shared with freight trains (Alcázar de San Juan–Jaén). The first 99 km of the line will use the already existing Madrid-Seville high-speed railway line. From there, a 67.5 km branch line will be constructed towards Alcázar de San Juan. From Alcázar de San Juan
Alcázar de San Juan
the existing railway line will be upgraded to allow passenger trains to run up to 250 km/h; a new double-tracked route through the Despeñaperros
Despeñaperros
mountain range will be built to replace the existing single-tracked route. This part of the high-speed railway also forms part of the Madrid– Algeciras
Algeciras
freight corridor. An extension of the line to Granada
Granada
is being investigated; however, the complicated terrain between Jaén and Granada
Granada
might make it uneconomical. Mediterranean corridor[edit] Tarragona–Almería[edit]

Tarragona–Valencian Community– Murcia
Murcia
Region–Almería

The high-speed Barcelona- Figueres
Figueres
section (from Barcelona
Barcelona
to the French border) was inaugurated in January 2013.[54] The journey from the centre of Barcelona
Barcelona
to the centre of Girona takes now 37 minutes (compared to the hour and a half it took), and to Figueres
Figueres
in 53 minutes (instead of two hours). Girona and Figueres
Figueres
will be 14 minutes from each other. The Perpignan
Perpignan
(France)- Figueres
Figueres
section opened in 2010. One lacking high-speed section on the French side, between Montpellier
Montpellier
and Nîmes, is scheduled to open in July 2018, allowing almost continuous high-speed travel from the French high-speed network to the Spanish one.[55] The French government, on the other hand, recently announced indefinite delays to the Montpellier- Perpignan
Perpignan
high speed section that was originally planned for 2020. The section linking Tarragona
Tarragona
to Almería
Almería
via Valencia
Valencia
and Murcia
Murcia
is expected to be completed by 2023. The final section between Almería
Almería
and Algeciras, passing through Málaga, will be built at a later point of time and an alternative and longer route looks likely.[56] South-western corridor[edit] Madrid–Extremadura[edit]

Madrid–Talavera de la Reina–Cáceres–Mérida–Badajoz

This line was initially planned as Lisbon– Madrid
Madrid
high-speed rail line in order to connect the two peninsular capitals, Madrid
Madrid
and Lisbon
Lisbon
in 2 hours and 45 minutes.[57][58] This line had been a key issue in bilateral summits in recent years and was about to link Spain’s high-speed rail network with the planned High-speed rail
High-speed rail
in Portugal, a project announced by the Portuguese government in February 2009. Construction on the Spanish side began in late 2008 on a segment between the cities of Badajoz
Badajoz
and Mérida. Both Spanish and Portuguese track were to be completed around 2013, later the Portuguese government brought forward its plans from 2015 but the Portuguese froze works in June 2011 and eventually cancelled the project in March 2012.[59][60][61] In 2016 the European Union's European Regional Development Fund, gave Spain
Spain
€205.1m towards the €312.1m needed for the track between Navalmoral de la Mata
Navalmoral de la Mata
and Mérida, Spain. [62] The section on the Spanish side between Madrid
Madrid
and Badajoz
Badajoz
is expected to be completed in 2023. With a length of 439 km on the Spanish side, of which 48 km are part of the already built Madrid– Seville
Seville
high-speed rail line, it will connect cities like Talavera de la Reina, Navalmoral de la Mata, Plasencia, Cáceres, Mérida and Badajoz.[57] The Almonte River Viaduct was completed in May 2016 to carry this line. It is a concrete arch bridge with a span of 384 meters (1,260 feet), ranking among the longest in the world of this type of bridge.[63][64] Lines planned[edit] In the short term, other connections to the LGV are planned. After the connection to France
France
at La Jonquera
La Jonquera
in Catalonia, another connection is proposed at Irun
Irun
in the Basque Country. Other new lines are under consideration, including a line connecting Soria
Soria
to the Madrid– Barcelona
Barcelona
line at Calatayud. Finally, the Madrid–Barcelona line currently terminates in Barcelona's Estació de Sants, but a new station is under construction at La Sagrera on the northern edge of the city. In the long term, the Spanish government has an ambitious plan to make 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) of high-speed railway operational, with all provincial capitals at most only 4 hours from Madrid, and 6½ hours from Barcelona. According to the Strategic Plan for railway infrastructures developed by the Spanish Ministerio de Fomento (Ministry of Public Works), called PEIT, and published in 2005, a second expansion program is planned to start when the last lines of the first program still under construction begin operation. This plan initially had a ten-year scope, ending in 2020, and its ambition was to make the 300 km/h (186 mph) network reach 10,000 kilometres (6,200 mi) by the end of that year.[65] However, this program has been now postponed to indefinite time frame since the first expansion program is still on going. When both programs will be completed, the Spanish high-speed network will be the most extensive network in Europe, with several operational links with France
France
and Portugal, and this is the most ambitious high-speed rail plan in the European Union. Cantabrian Sea
Cantabrian Sea
corridor[edit]

Galicia–Asturias–Cantabria–Basque Country–French border

The 430 km high-speed line will connect Ferrol in Galicia with Bilbao
Bilbao
in the Basque Country passing through the regions of Asturias and Cantabria
Cantabria
along the Cantabrian Sea
Cantabrian Sea
coast in the north Spain. The line will be further connected to the Atlantic Axis high-speed rail line on the west, the Basque Y
Basque Y
high-speed railway line on the east and the north corridor (future Madrid- Gijón
Gijón
high-speed railway line) in Asturias
Asturias
region. The travel time between El Ferrol and Bilbao
Bilbao
in the new line is estimated to last 1 hour and 48 minutes.[66] The line is not yet projected but it is planned to be completed before 2024.[67] Two seas corridor[edit]

Valencian Community–Aragon–La Rioja–Navarre–Basque Country–French border

The line will connect the Valencian Community
Valencian Community
with the Basque Country region and the French border passing through the regions of Aragon, Navarre
Navarre
and La Rioja, with further connection to the TGV
TGV
network via Irun
Irun
towards Bordeaux
Bordeaux
and Paris. The line will include two connections between the region of Aragon
Aragon
and the Basque Country, one via Pamplona in Navarre
Navarre
towards the French border and one via Logroño
Logroño
in La Rioja towards Bilbao. Connected cities will include Valencia, Teruel, Zaragoza, Pamplona, Logroño, Vitoria-Gasteiz, San Sebastián
San Sebastián
and Bilbao
Bilbao
with possible further connection to Santander. The travel time between Valencia
Valencia
and Bilbao
Bilbao
in the new high-speed line will be decreased from 9 hours down to roughly 4 hours.[68] The line is not yet projected. Central- Pyrenees
Pyrenees
corridor[edit]

Zaragoza–Huesca–French border–Toulouse

A new high-capacity rail connecting Spain
Spain
with France
France
on international standard gauge track is considered via a 40 km tunnel through the central Pyrenees
Pyrenees
mountains. The line, also called Trans-Pyrenean Central Corridor (Travesía Central de los Pirineos) or TCP project, will serve both passenger high-speed trains as well as large freight trains and will connect directly Zaragoza
Zaragoza
to Toulouse
Toulouse
via Huesca
Huesca
a distance of 355 km in length.[69][70] Ten possible alternatives are being considered for crossing the mountains, all of them including tunnels at low altitude and other possible stops include Tarbes
Tarbes
or Pau. There is currently no clear provision on its construction.[71] North corridor – Madrid-Santander high-speed line[edit]

Madrid–Segovia–Valladolid–Palencia–Villaprovedo–Reinosa–Santander

A new high-speed line is planned to branch off from the current Madrid–Leon high-speed rail line
Madrid–Leon high-speed rail line
at Palencia
Palencia
and as a part of the north corridor will connect the region of Cantabria
Cantabria
to the high-speed rail network with direct connection to Madrid. According to the plans the city of Santander will be connected via Villaprovedo and Reinosa. An agreement for completing the line by the end of 2015 was signed on 11 August 2010 including the agreement to call tenders for the section between Palencia
Palencia
and Villaprovedo before the end of March 2011 and for the Villaprovedo Reinosa
Reinosa
section before the end of 2012.[72] However the line still remains unprojected. Passenger usage[edit] The still growing network transported a record 17.5 million passengers in 2015, counted twice (entry and exit).[73] Though the network length is extensive, it lags in ridership behind comparable high-speed rail systems in Japan, France, Germany, China, Taiwan, and Korea. See also[edit]

Rail transport
Rail transport
in Spain High-speed rail
High-speed rail
in Europe Train categories in Europe

Notes[edit]

^ Spanish pronunciation:

[ˈalta βeloθiˈðað espaˈɲola], [ˈaβe]

References[edit]

^ a b "Infraestructuras y Estaciones. Líneas de Alta Velocidad". ADIF.  ^ "Madrid — Barcelona
Barcelona
at 310 km/h with ETCS Level 2". Railway Gazette International. London. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.  ^ " Adif
Adif
- Líneas de alta velocidad". www.adifaltavelocidad.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-08-17.  ^ "High speed line opens to Alacant". Railway Gazette International. 18 June 2013.  ^ "Rafa Sánchez, concejal del PSOE: "Gerardo Velasco es un mal educado" - interview with Rafa Sánchez". Diario La Torre (in Spanish). Málaga. 10 August 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2008.  ^ Ferropedia. LAV Madrid-Sevilla. ^ a b "Fomento culmina la obra de alta velocidad entre Sevilla
Sevilla
y Cádiz". lavozdigital.es (in Spanish).  ^ It is planned that in 2012 high-speed services will link Madrid
Madrid
and Barcelona
Barcelona
with Paris-Gare de Lyon
Lyon
and later perhaps London St Pancras (using the Eurotunnel and the HS1 line). "High-Speed Train To Link Madrid, Barcelona
Barcelona
Travel News from Fodor's Travel Guides". www.fodors.com. Retrieved 28 January 2009.  ^ a b DVV Media UK. "Boring begins beneath Madrid". Railway Gazette.  ^ "Los AVE
AVE
de pruebas entre Olmedo y Zamora comenzarán a circular a finales de septiembre". La Opinión de Zamora. 23 August 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.  ^ " Ourense
Ourense
- A Coruña
A Coruña
broad gauge high speed line opens". Railway Gazette International. 23 December 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2015.  ^ a b c Fran Hurtado (15 December 2015). "El AVE
AVE
Madrid-Zamora se estrena este jueves sin actos inaugurales". noticias.lainformacion.com. Retrieved 23 December 2015.  ^ Fernando Puente (20 April 2015). " Spain
Spain
inaugurates Galicia high-speed line". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 19 November 2015.  ^ a b Europa Press (10 December 2010). "Diplomáticos y periodistas extranjeros conocen el AVE
AVE
a Valencia
Valencia
en un viaje de simulación". europapress.es.  ^ "King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía open the AVE
AVE
high speed train line between Madrid
Madrid
and Valencia". Typically Spanish. Malaga. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 19 December 2010.  ^ Pablo García (22 January 2018). "Una avería para en Sagunto el AVE Madrid-Castellón en su estreno con Rajoy a bordo". El Independiente.  ^ a b JANDRO ROURES (17 January 2018). "Rajoy inaugurará el lunes el AVE
AVE
Castellón- Madrid
Madrid
que empezará a circular el martes con 4 trenes diarios". elmundo.es.  ^ a b "Líneas de alta velocidad, Línea Madrid
Madrid
- Castilla La Mancha - Comunidad Valenciana - Región de Murcia". ADIF. Retrieved 26 January 2018.  ^ "High speed lines Madrid — Castilla La Mancha — Valencian Community — Region of Murcia
Murcia
line". ADIF. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "High speed services between France
France
and Spain
Spain
launched". Railway Gazette. 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2014-04-11.  ^ "Paris- Barcelona
Barcelona
TGVs set for December 15 launch". International Railway Journal. 2013-11-28. Retrieved 2014-04-11.  ^ " Spain
Spain
completes Iberia's high-speed link to Europe". International Railway Journal. 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2014-04-11.  ^ "High speed line opens between Barcelona
Barcelona
and Figueres". Railway Gazette. 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2014-04-11.  ^ "Barcelona- Figueres
Figueres
HS line to open January 7". International Railway Journal. 2012-12-12. Retrieved 2014-04-11.  ^ "Perpignan– Figueres
Figueres
link inaugurated". Railway Gazette. 2011-01-27. Retrieved 2014-04-11.  ^ "AVANT trains at Renfe.es". Renfe. Retrieved 1 February 2018.  (mid distance) ^ " Alvia
Alvia
trains at Renfe.es". Renfe. Retrieved 1 February 2018.  (mixed high-speed/conventional) ^ "Infraestructuras y Estaciones. Líneas de Alta Velocidad". Adif.  ^ "Fase final de las obras del Eje Atlántico y de la nueva estación de Vigo-Urzáiz". fomento.gob.es. 30 March 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2015.  ^ C. Prego (15 April 2015). " Renfe
Renfe
estrena el Eje Atlántico el sábado con una rebaja del 50% en las tarifas". La Opinion A Coruña. Retrieved 23 November 2015.  ^ DVV Media UK. "High speed line opens between Barcelona
Barcelona
and Figueres". Railway Gazette.  ^ Fernando Puente. " Barcelona
Barcelona
- Figueres
Figueres
HS line to open January 7". railjournal.com.  ^ Today's railways Europe, issue 202, page 41, timetable news ^ shuttle + TGV
TGV
Spanish railways website ^ Joan Miró Trenhotel Spanish railways website ^ " AVE
AVE
rail connection between Barcelona
Barcelona
and Paris
Paris
to open in December". thinkspain.com.  ^ "Los Reyes inaugurarán el AVE
AVE
a Valencia, y los Príncipes la conexión a Albacete". Europa Press (in Spanish). 10 December 2010. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014.  ^ "Rajoy destaca que el AVE
AVE
llegará a Burgos
Burgos
este año y el tramo a Vitoria estará en 2019". diariodeburgos.es (in Spanish). 17 May 2015.  ^ "Las obras del tramo Grañena-Jaén de la Línea de Alta Velocidad se reanudan y se espera que acaben a final de 2018".  ^ El AVE
AVE
a Extremadura se eterniza: Fomento encarga ahora el estudio para el tramo Madrid-Cáceres ^ "Fomento presenta obras para agilizar en Madrid
Madrid
tráfico de AVE
AVE
a la Comunitat". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-08-24.  ^ "High speed lines Madrid-Galicia line Zamora-Lubián– Ourense
Ourense
and Ourense-Santiago". ADIF. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "High-Speed Lines León — Palencia
Palencia
Line". ADIF. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "High Speed Lines Leon — Asturias
Asturias
high speed line". ADIF. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "New AVE
AVE
high speed train service to Palencia
Palencia
and Leon opens". ADIF. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.  ^ "High-Speed Lines Valladolid — Burgos — Vitoria Line". ADIF. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "High Speed Lines Vitoria — Bilbao — San Sebastián Line". ADIF. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ Comorera, Ramon (12 March 2012). "Doble aislante de vibraciones en las obras de Gaudí" [Double Isolation of Vibrations at the Gaudí constructions]. El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 March 2012.  ^ Map of the tunnel route and details if the railway equipment in the tunnel in a PDF in El Periodico ^ "Railway Gazette: Madrid — Valencia
Valencia
high speed line opening dates confirmed". Retrieved 2010-10-16.  ^ "The new HSL between Albacete
Albacete
and Alicante
Alicante
opened on June the 18th (translation)" (PDF). formento.es (in Spanish).  ^ "High-speed Lines Antequera — Granada". ADIF. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "3 horas y 35 minutos de Huelva
Huelva
a Almería". juntadeandalucia.es. 22 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2016.  ^ high-speed Barcelona- Figueres
Figueres
section ^ " Nîmes
Nîmes
Montpellier
Montpellier
bypass carries first freight". Railway Gazette International. 13 December 2017.  ^ "The Mediterranean Rail Corridor will be a reality in 2020". Catalan news agency. 17 March 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2015.  ^ a b "High Speed Lines Madrid — Extremadura — Portuguese Border line". ADIF. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "Alta Velocidade em Síntese" (in Portuguese). Rave.pt. Archived from the original on 4 October 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "Pointers December 2009". Railway Gazette International. London. 6 December 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "Portugal's cutbacks halt high-speed train to Spain". The Guardian. London. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2011.  ^ "High speed programme axed". Railwaygazette.com. Retrieved 2015-11-11.  ^ "ESI funds to improve Madrid
Madrid
– Lisboa connection". Retrieved 2017-04-14.  ^ "Almonte River Viaduct". . Structurae. ^ Arribas, David. Closing the Mouth. Roads & Bridges, Arlington Heights, Illinois. September 6, 2016. ^ "Strategic Infrastructures and Transport Plan (PEIT)". Archived from the original on 2010-06-26. Retrieved 2010-08-25.  ^ "El AVE
AVE
del Cantábrico unirá Ferrol y Bilbao
Bilbao
en menos de dos horas". La voz de Galicia. 2003-01-25. Retrieved 2015-10-29.  ^ Ramón Muñiz (2015-05-29). "Pastor aprueba el plan de infraestructuras que promete un AVE
AVE
por la costa antes de 2024". GIJÓN: elcomercio.es. Retrieved 2015-10-29.  ^ "El AVE
AVE
unirá en cuatro horas el Cantábrico y el Mediterráneo". El País. 2009-11-04. Retrieved 2015-10-29.  ^ "Catalans shocked by decision to prioritise the Central Railway Corridor". Catalan news agency. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2015.  ^ Dr. Jaap Vleugel (October 2006). "Natural cross-border barriers to the development of Trans-European Transport Networks" (PDF) (Press release). Brussels: EUROPEAN UNION Committee of the Regions. Delft University of Technology. Retrieved 2015-11-02.  ^ "Trans-Pyrenean Central Corridor, Spain
Spain
- France". Environmental Justice Atlas. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.  ^ "High speed concession plan". Railwaygazette.com. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2015.  ^ http://economia.elpais.com/economia/2016/05/20/actualidad/1463758343_740934.html#sumario1

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to High speed railway lines in Spain.

AVE
AVE
(Renfe)

Articles related to AVE
AVE
(Alta Velocidad Española)

v t e

High-speed rail
High-speed rail
in Spain

Lines in service

Madrid–Barcelona–Figueres Madrid–Castellón/Alicante Madrid–Seville Madrid–Málaga Madrid–León Barcelona–Perpignan Madrid–Toledo Atlantic Axis Seville–Cádiz[es]

Lines under construction

Madrid-Galicia Basque Y Madrid
Madrid
– Basque Country[es] Mediterranean rail corridor[es] Andalusian transverse axis[es] Madrid
Madrid
– Extremadura[es] León – Asturias[es] Madrid
Madrid
– Jaén[es]

Planned lines

Madrid–Lisbon Porto–Vigo Two seas corridor[es] Central- Pyrenees
Pyrenees
corridor[es]

Rolling stock

S/100 S/102 S/103 ( Siemens
Siemens
Velaro) S/112 S/114 S/120
S/120
, S/121 S/130 S/353 S/354 S/490

Services

AVE Avant Alvia Altaria Alaris Arco Eva (proposed)

v t e

Rail transport
Rail transport
in Spain

Operators

Renfe Renfe
Renfe
Feve Euskotren Trena FGC FGV SFM FS Acciona COMSA Rail Transport

Commuter rail

Asturias Catalonia
Catalonia
(Barcelona, Camp de Tarragona
Tarragona
and Girona) Bilbao Cádiz Madrid Málaga Murcia/Alicante Santander San Sebastián Seville Valencia Zaragoza

Metro/Light rail

Alicante Barcelona

Metro Trambaix Trambesòs

Bilbao

Metro Tram

Granada Jaén Madrid

Metro Metro Ligero

Málaga Murcia Palma Parla Seville

Metro MetroCentro

Sóller Tenerife Valencia Vitoria-Gasteiz Zaragoza

Defunct systems

Vélez- Málaga
Málaga
Tram

Future operators

Air Nostrum

v t e

High-speed rail

Part of rail transport

Technologies

Conventional Hovertrain Maglev Vactrain

High-speed trains

300 km/h (186 mph) or more

Alstom
Alstom
AGV Avelia Liberty AVE
AVE
Class 100, 102, 103 China Railways CRH 2C, 3C, 380A, 380B, 380C, 380D, CR400AF, 400BF; MTR CRH380A ETR 500 ETR 1000 Eurostar e300; e320 ICE 3 KTX-I, II (Sancheon) Oaris Shinkansen
Shinkansen
Series 500, N700, E5, E6, H5, L0 AVRIL TGV
TGV
Sud-Est (refurbished), Atlantique, Réseau, Duplex, POS, 2N2 TCDD HT80000 Thalys
Thalys
PBA, PBKA THSR 700T Transrapid Shanghai Maglev
Maglev
Train Siemens
Siemens
Velaro Bombardier Zefiro

250–299 km/h (155–186 mph)

China Railways CRH 1A, 1B, 1E, 2A, 2B, 2E, 5 China Star New Pendolino ICE 1, 2 RENFE Class 120, 121, 130 Sapsan SBB RABe 501, RABe 503 Shinkansen
Shinkansen
Series 200, 300, 700, 800, E2, E3, E7, W7 TCDD HT65000 TGV
TGV
Sud-Est (original), La Poste V250

200–249 km/h (124–155 mph)

Acela Express Adelante APT AVE
AVE
Class 101/Euromed CRH6A ER200 GMB Class 71
GMB Class 71
(Flytoget) IC4 InterCity 125 InterCity 225 Brightline ICE T, TD ICE 4 (ICx) Javelin NSB Class 73 NSB Class 74 Pendolino Railjet Regina Shinkansen
Shinkansen
series 0, 100, 400, E1, E4 SBB RABDe 500, RABDe 502, RABe 502, Re 460 SJ 2000, SJ X40 Z-TER (Z 21500) Sokol Class 800, Class 801, Class 802 Talgo
Talgo
XXI Voyager/Meridian X3

Experimental and prototype high-speed trains (category)

High-speed railway line

List of high-speed railway lines

By country

planned networks in italics

Africa

Morocco

Americas

Argentina Brazil Canada Mexico United States

Asia

China

Hong Kong

India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan South Korea Malaysia and Singapore Philippines Saudi Arabia Russia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Uzbekistan Vietnam

Europe

Austria Belgium Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Italy Latvia Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Russia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom

Oceania

Australia

Planned high-spe

.