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Najafgarh
NAJAFGARH is a town in the South West Delhi
Delhi
district in the National Capital Territory of Delhi
Delhi
, India
India
. It is one of the three subdivisions of the Southwest Delhi
Delhi
district. Najafgarh
Najafgarh
is located at the outskirts of the southwestern part of Delhi
Delhi
near the Haryana border, a distance of 29 kilometres (18 miles) from the New Delhi
Delhi
City Center . It has a mixture of rural and urban populations from Delhi and Haryana. Due to the presence of a lot of freehold land, Najafgarh is one of the fastest developing tehsil (sub-district) in the southwest district of Delhi. Najafgarh
Najafgarh
is primarily known for being an economic and transport hub in rural Delhi
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Jhajjar
JHAJJAR is a city in Jhajjar district
Jhajjar district
in the Indian state of Haryana . It was split off of the Rohtak district on 15 July 1997. The City is situated on the road connecting Rewari to Rohtak(NH-71),Charkhi Dadri to Delhi and Gurgaon to Bhiwani. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Colonial era * 2 Demographics * 3 Transportation * 4 Prominent personalities * 5 See also * 6 References HISTORYCOLONIAL ERA See also: Haryana
Haryana
in 1857 , Ballabhgarh
Ballabhgarh
history , Farrukhnagar history , Nahar Singh , and Rao Tula Ram For their participation in 1857 rebellion, three main chiefs of Haryana
Haryana
were tried and hanged at Kotwali in Chandani Chowk of Old Delhi . Nahar Singh , the Raja of Ballabhgarh
Ballabhgarh
, was hanged on 9 January 1858
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Mughal Army
The ARMY OF THE MUGHAL EMPIRE was the force by which the Mughal emperors established their empire in the 15th century and expanded it to its greatest extent at the beginning of the 18th century. Although its origins, like the Mughals themselves, were in the cavalry-based armies of central Asia, its essential form and structure was established by the empire's third emperor, Akbar
Akbar
. The army had no regimental structure and the soldiers were not directly recruited by the emperor. Instead, individuals, such as nobles or local leaders, would recruit their own troops, referred to as a mansab, and contribute them to the army. CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 Organisation and troop types * 2.1 Standing army * 2.2 Mansabdars * 2.3 Branches * 2.3.1 Cavalry * 2.4 Infantry * 2.5 Artillery * 2.6 Navy * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading ORIGINThe Mughals originated in Central Asia
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Shah Alam II
ALI GAUHAR (25 June 1728 – 19 November 1806), historically known as SHAH ALAM II, was the sixteenth Mughal Emperor . He was the son of Alamgir II . Shah Alam II became the emperor of a crumbling Mughal empire , his power was so depleted during his reign that it led to a saying in the Persian language
Persian language
, Sultanat-e-Shah Alam, Az Dilli ta Palam, meaning, 'The kingdom of Shah Alam is from Delhi
Delhi
to Palam', Palam being a suburb of Delhi. Shah Alam faced many invasions mainly by the Emir of Afghanistan , Ahmed Shah Abdali , which led to the Third Battle of Panipat between the Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
, who maintained suzerainty over Mughal affairs in Delhi
Delhi
and the Afghans led by Abdali
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Jharoda Kalan
JHARODA KALAN is a village in South West district , Delhi , India . The Police Training College of the Department of Police, Delhi is located in Jharoda Kalan. The CRPF camp is located here. REFERENCES * ^ "Jharoda Kalan". OneFiveNine.com. Retrieved 19 January 2012. This article related to a location in the Indian state of Delhi is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Chhawla
CHHAWLA is a census town in South West district in the state of Delhi , India . DEMOGRAPHICSAs of 2001 India census , Chhawla had a population of 9047. Males constitute 57% of the population and females 43%. Chhawla has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 83% and female literacy of 68%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Chhawla village is a big Jat dominated village. It is the bigges and second richest village of Delhi. Chhawla contributes 23% (approximately) of Delhi's wealth.Leaders like Yogesh Kashyap, Rajpal Shokeen, Somesh Shokeen and the first Joint Secretary of RLA college evening from chhawla Sandeep Shokeen belong to this village. REFERENCES * ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01
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North-Western Provinces
The NORTH-WESTERN PROVINCES was an administrative region in British India . In 1836, The North-Western Provinces was established by merging all the administrative divisions of the Ceded and Conquered Provinces . In 1858, the nawab-ruled state of Oudh was annexed and merged with North-Western Provinces to form the renamed North-Western Provinces and Oudh. In 1902, this province was reorganized to form the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh Allahabad served as its capital in 1858 when it also became the capital of India for a day. CONTENTS * 1 Area * 2 Administration * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References AREAThe province included all divisions of the present-day state of Uttar Pradesh with the exception of the Lucknow Division and Faizabad Division of Awadh
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British East India
The EAST INDIA COMPANY (EIC), also known as the HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY (HEIC) or the BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY and informally as JOHN COMPANY, was an English and later British joint-stock company , which was formed to pursue trade with the "East Indies " (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia ), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of the Indian subcontinent . Originally chartered as the "Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies", the company rose to account for half of the world's trade, particularly in basic commodities including cotton, silk, indigo dye , salt, saltpetre , tea and opium . The company also ruled the beginnings of the British Empire in India. The company received a Royal Charter from Queen Elizabeth I on 31 December 1600, making it the oldest among several similarly formed European East India Companies . Wealthy merchants and aristocrats owned the company's shares
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Rohillas
The ROHILLA PATHANS (Pashto : روهیله‎, Urdu
Urdu
: روہیلہ‎, Hindi : रोहिला), or ROHILLA AFGHAN, is a community of Urdu
Urdu
-speaking people of Pashtun ethnicity, historically found in Rohilkhand , a region in the state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
, North India
India
. It forms the largest Pashtun diaspora community in India, and has given its name to the Rohilkhand region. Historically, the terms Pashtun and Afghan were synonymous, but the present-day Indian constitution does not recognize Pathan (the term used by those east of the Indus for Pashtuns) as being synonymous with Afghan
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Delhi District
PUNJAB, also spelled PANJAB, was a province of British India . Most of the Punjab region was annexed by the East India Company in 1849, and was one of the last areas of the Indian subcontinent to fall under British control. It comprised five administrative divisions, Delhi , Jullundur , Lahore , Multan and Rawalpindi and a number of princely states . In 1947, the partition of India led to the province being divided into East Punjab and West Punjab , in the newly created Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan respectively
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Punjab Province (British India)
PUNJAB, also spelled PANJAB, was a province of British India
British India
. Most of the Punjab region
Punjab region
was annexed by the East India
India
Company in 1849, and was one of the last areas of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
to fall under British control. It comprised five administrative divisions, Delhi
Delhi
, Jullunder , Lahore
Lahore
, Multan
Multan
and Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
and a number of princely states
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British Raj
Indian languages GOVERNMENT Colony
Colony
MONARCH OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND EMPEROR/EMPRESS A • 1858–1901 Victoria • 1901–1910 Edward VII
Edward VII
• 1910–1936
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Zabita Khan
ZABITA KHAN ROHILLA (died 21 January 1785) was Rohilla chieftain in the time of the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II . He was the son of the Rohilla Sardar
Sardar
Najib-ud-Daula
Najib-ud-Daula
, who founded the city of Najibabad . Zabita Khan
Zabita Khan
is also known to have fought alongside his father during the Battle of Panipat in 1761. After the death of his father on 30 October 1770, Zabita took over. During his rule, the Marathas captured, first Delhi
Delhi
in 1771 and then Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
in 1772, forcing him to flee to the camp of the Nawab of Awadh
Nawab of Awadh
, Shuja-ud-Daula
Shuja-ud-Daula

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Sikhs
A SIKH (/siːk, sɪk/ ; Punjabi : ਸਿੱਖ sikkh ) is a follower of Sikhism , a panentheistic religion which originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region of Northwestern Indian subcontinent . The term "Sikh" has its origin in the Sanskrit words शिष्य (śiṣya ; disciple, student) or शिक्ष (śikṣa; instruction). A Sikh, according to Article I of the Sikh Rehat Maryada (the Sikh code of conduct), is "any human being who faithfully believes in One Immortal Being; ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh ; Guru Granth Sahib ; the teachings of the ten Gurus and the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru ". "Sikh" properly refers to adherents of Sikhism as a religion, not an ethnic group. However, because Sikhism has seldom sought converts, most Sikhs share strong ethno-religious ties
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Mughal Tribe
The MUGHALS (Persian : مغول‎‎; Urdu : مغل‎; Arabic : مغول‎‎, also spelled Moghul or Mogul) are a number of culturally related clans of India , Pakistan and Bangladesh . They are descended from the various Central Asian Mongolic tribes that settled in the region. The term Mughal (or Mughul in Persian) literally means Mongolian. CONTENTS * 1 History and origin * 2 In North India * 2.1 Uttar Pradesh * 2.2 Delhi * 3 References HISTORY AND ORIGIN The third Mughal Emperor Akbar leads his armies during the Siege of Ranthambore in the year 1569. Mughal warriors practicing horseback archery. (Akbarnama ) During the time of the Mongol Empire in the 13–14th century, the army of Genghis Khan swept across Central Asia and into Persia. Over subsequent centuries, descendants of these soldiers inter-married with Persian and Turkish Muslims, converted to Islam, and adopted the Persian language and culture
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